plant stomata


Summary: Closable openings in the epidermis of plants on the underside of leaves. They allow the exchange of gases between the internal tissues of the plant and the outside atmosphere.

Top Publications

  1. Carins Murphy M, Jordan G, Brodribb T. Ferns are less dependent on passive dilution by cell expansion to coordinate leaf vein and stomatal spacing than angiosperms. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0185648 pubmed publisher
  2. Albert R, Acharya B, Jeon B, Zañudo J, Zhu M, Osman K, et al. A new discrete dynamic model of ABA-induced stomatal closure predicts key feedback loops. PLoS Biol. 2017;15:e2003451 pubmed publisher
    ..The high validation rate of our model illustrates the advantages of discrete dynamic modeling for complex, nonlinear systems common in biology. ..
  3. Zhu H, Li X, Zhai W, Liu Y, Gao Q, Liu J, et al. Effects of low light on photosynthetic properties, antioxidant enzyme activity, and anthocyanin accumulation in purple pak-choi (Brassica campestris ssp. Chinensis Makino). PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0179305 pubmed publisher
    ..This study provides valuable information for further deciphering genetic mechanisms and improving agronomic traits in purple pak-choi under optimal light requirements. ..
  4. Vahabi K, Sherameti I, Bakshi M, Mrozinska A, Ludwig A, Reichelt M, et al. The interaction of Arabidopsis with Piriformospora indica shifts from initial transient stress induced by fungus-released chemical mediators to a mutualistic interaction after physical contact of the two symbionts. BMC Plant Biol. 2015;15:58 pubmed publisher
    ..indica induce stress and defense responses in the host. Root colonization results in the down-regulation of defense responses and the activation of genes involved in promoting plant growth, metabolism and performance. ..
  5. Sun S, Qi G, Gao Q, Wang H, Yao F, Hussain J, et al. Protein kinase OsSAPK8 functions as an essential activator of S-type anion channel OsSLAC1, which is nitrate-selective in rice. Planta. 2016;243:489-500 pubmed
    ..Together, this research suggests that OsSAPK8 is a counterpart of AtOST1 for the activation of OsSLAC1, which is a nitrate-selective anion channel. ..
  6. Shtein I, Shelef Y, Marom Z, Zelinger E, Schwartz A, Popper Z, et al. Stomatal cell wall composition: distinctive structural patterns associated with different phylogenetic groups. Ann Bot. 2017;119:1021-1033 pubmed publisher
    ..Such taxon-specific spatial patterns of cell wall components could imply different biomechanical functions, which in turn could be a consequence of differences in environmental selection along the course of plant evolution. ..
  7. Prodhan M, Issak M, Nakamura T, Munemasa S, Nakamura Y, Murata Y. Chitosan signaling in guard cells requires endogenous salicylic acid. Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 2017;81:1536-1541 pubmed publisher
    ..These results provide evidence that endogenous SA is a crucial element in CHT-induced stomatal closure. ..
  8. Muller M, Seifert S, Lübbe T, Leuschner C, Finkeldey R. De novo transcriptome assembly and analysis of differential gene expression in response to drought in European beech. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0184167 pubmed publisher
    ..This study gives first insights into the genomic drought stress response of European beech, and provides new genetic resources for adaptation research in this species. ..
  9. Sade N, Moshelion M. The dynamic isohydric-anisohydric behavior of plants upon fruit development: taking a risk for the next generation. Tree Physiol. 2014;34:1199-202 pubmed publisher

More Information


  1. Slot M, Winter K. In situ temperature response of photosynthesis of 42 tree and liana species in the canopy of two Panamanian lowland tropical forests with contrasting rainfall regimes. New Phytol. 2017;214:1103-1117 pubmed publisher
    ..These results should facilitate the scaling up of photosynthesis in relation to temperature from leaf to stand level in species-rich tropical forests. ..
  2. Arnaud D, Lee S, Takebayashi Y, Choi D, Choi J, Sakakibara H, et al. Cytokinin-Mediated Regulation of Reactive Oxygen Species Homeostasis Modulates Stomatal Immunity in Arabidopsis. Plant Cell. 2017;29:543-559 pubmed publisher
    ..Thus, the CK signaling pathway regulates ROS homeostasis in guard cells, which leads to enhanced stomatal immunity and plant resistance to bacteria. ..
  3. Pariyar S, Chang S, Zinsmeister D, Zhou H, Grantz D, Hunsche M, et al. Xeromorphic traits help to maintain photosynthesis in the perhumid climate of a Taiwanese cloud forest. Oecologia. 2017;184:609-621 pubmed publisher
    ..Air pollutants, particularly hygroscopic aerosol, may disturb this functionality by enhancing condensation and reducing the surface tension of leaf surface water. ..
  4. Serna L. Emerging parallels between stomatal and muscle cell lineages. Plant Physiol. 2009;149:1625-31 pubmed publisher
  5. Corratgé Faillie C, Ronzier E, Sanchez F, Prado K, Kim J, Lanciano S, et al. The Arabidopsis guard cell outward potassium channel GORK is regulated by CPK33. FEBS Lett. 2017;591:1982-1992 pubmed publisher
    ..Further work on CPK33 indicates that GORK activity is enhanced by CPK33 and unaffected by a nonfunctional CPK33 (CPK33-K102M). Furthermore, Ca2+ -induced stomatal closure is impaired in two cpk33 mutant plants. ..
  6. Ogata T, Nagatoshi Y, Yamagishi N, Yoshikawa N, Fujita Y. Virus-induced down-regulation of GmERA1A and GmERA1B genes enhances the stomatal response to abscisic acid and drought resistance in soybean. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0175650 pubmed publisher
    ..Thus, the ALSV-VIGS system could constitute part of a next-generation molecular breeding pipeline to accelerate drought resistance breeding in soybean. ..
  7. Zhu M, Zhang T, Ji W, Silva Sanchez C, Song W, Assmann S, et al. Redox regulation of a guard cell SNF1-related protein kinase in Brassica napus, an oilseed crop. Biochem J. 2017;474:2585-2599 pubmed publisher
    ..Taken together, these data indicate that BnSnRK2.4-1C, an SnRK preferentially expressed in guard cells, is redox-regulated with potential roles in guard cell signal transduction. ..
  8. Buckley T, Schymanski S. Stomatal optimisation in relation to atmospheric CO2. New Phytol. 2014;201:372-7 pubmed publisher
  9. Anderegg W, Wolf A, Arango Velez A, Choat B, Chmura D, Jansen S, et al. Plant water potential improves prediction of empirical stomatal models. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0185481 pubmed publisher
    ..Such improvements in stomatal simulation are greatly needed to help unravel and predict the response of ecosystems to future climate extremes. ..
  10. Khokon M, Salam M, Jammes F, Ye W, Hossain M, Okuma E, et al. MPK9 and MPK12 function in SA-induced stomatal closure in Arabidopsis thaliana. Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 2017;81:1394-1400 pubmed publisher
    ..These results imply that MPK9 and MPK12 are positive regulators of SA signaling in Arabidopsis guard cells. ..
  11. Dai L, Li P, Shang B, Liu S, Yang A, Wang Y, et al. Differential responses of peach (Prunus persica) seedlings to elevated ozone are related with leaf mass per area, antioxidant enzymes activity rather than stomatal conductance. Environ Pollut. 2017;227:380-388 pubmed publisher
    ..Results could provide a theoretical basis for selecting and breeding the ozone-resistant cultivars of peach trees grown in high O3-polluted regions. ..
  12. Chen Q, Li Y, Fan X. Molecule mechanism for regulating stomatal development in plants. Yi Chuan. 2017;39:302-312 pubmed publisher
    ..We also outline the stomatal development processes mediated by crosstalk between exogenous and intrinsic signals, and propose a model of multilevel regulation of stomatal development. ..
  13. Pornsiriwong W, Estavillo G, Chan K, Tee E, Ganguly D, Crisp P, et al. A chloroplast retrograde signal, 3'-phosphoadenosine 5'-phosphate, acts as a secondary messenger in abscisic acid signaling in stomatal closure and germination. elife. 2017;6: pubmed publisher
    ..Thus, PAP exhibits many secondary messenger attributes and exemplifies how retrograde signals can have broader roles in hormone signaling, allowing chloroplasts to fine-tune physiological responses. ..
  14. Haworth M, Elliott Kingston C, McElwain J. Stomatal control as a driver of plant evolution. J Exp Bot. 2011;62:2419-23 pubmed publisher
  15. Lin G, Zhang L, Han Z, Yang X, Liu W, Li E, et al. A receptor-like protein acts as a specificity switch for the regulation of stomatal development. Genes Dev. 2017;31:927-938 pubmed publisher
    ..Taken together, our data demonstrate that TMM dictates the specificity of ERfs for the perception of different EPFs, thus functioning as a specificity switch for the regulation of the activities of ERfs. ..
  16. Merilo E, Jalakas P, Kollist H, Brosché M. The role of ABA recycling and transporter proteins in rapid stomatal responses to reduced air humidity, elevated CO2, and exogenous ABA. Mol Plant. 2015;8:657-9 pubmed publisher
  17. Harley P, Eller A, Guenther A, Monson R. Observations and models of emissions of volatile terpenoid compounds from needles of ponderosa pine trees growing in situ: control by light, temperature and stomatal conductance. Oecologia. 2014;176:35-55 pubmed
    ..Differences between the monoterpene composition of ambient air and needle emissions imply a significant non-needle emission source enriched in ?-3-carene. ..
  18. Webb A. Focus issue: calcium signaling. Plant Physiol. 2013;163:457-8 pubmed publisher
  19. Dodd I. Abscisic acid and stomatal closure: a hydraulic conductance conundrum?. New Phytol. 2013;197:6-8 pubmed publisher