flowering tops


Summary: Tops of plants when in flower, including the stems, leaves and blooms.

Top Publications

  1. Julier B, Huguet T, Chardon F, Ayadi R, Pierre J, Prosperi J, et al. Identification of quantitative trait loci influencing aerial morphogenesis in the model legume Medicago truncatula. Theor Appl Genet. 2007;114:1391-406 pubmed
    ..Mapping of candidate genes indicates a co-location between a homologue of Constans gene or a flowering locus T (FT) gene and the QTL of flowering date on chromosome 7. Other candidate genes for several QTLs are described. ..
  2. Kojima S, Takahashi Y, Kobayashi Y, Monna L, Sasaki T, Araki T, et al. Hd3a, a rice ortholog of the Arabidopsis FT gene, promotes transition to flowering downstream of Hd1 under short-day conditions. Plant Cell Physiol. 2002;43:1096-105 pubmed
  3. Fleischer T, Ameade E, Sawer I. Antimicrobial activity of the leaves and flowering tops of Acanthospermum hispidum. Fitoterapia. 2003;74:130-2 pubmed
    The ethanolic extracts of the leaves and flowering tops of Acanthospermum hispidum showed varying degrees of activity against a wide range of pathogenic bacteria...
  4. Babb S, Muehlbauer G. Genetic and morphological characterization of the barley uniculm2 (cul2) mutant. Theor Appl Genet. 2003;106:846-57 pubmed
    ..Finally, to facilitate future positionally cloning of cul2, we positioned cul2 on chromosome 6(6H) of the barley RFLP map...
  5. Razavi S, Nejad Ebrahimi S. Chemical composition, allelopatic and cytotoxic effects of essential oils of flowering tops and leaves of Crambe orientalis L. from Iran. Nat Prod Res. 2009;23:1492-8 pubmed publisher
    Crambe orientalis L. (Brassicaceae), a perennial herb, is indigenous to Iran. The essential oils of flowering tops and leaves of the plant were evaluated by GC-MS. Our results showed that while 2-methyl-5-hexenitrile (19...
  6. Schmidt T, von Raison J, Willuhn G. New triterpene esters from flowerheads of Arnica lonchophylla. Planta Med. 2004;70:967-77 pubmed
    ..Eur.), A. chamissonis ssp. foliosa and A. angustifolia ssp. attenuata. A search for sesquiterpene lactones in the flowers of A. lonchophylla resulted in the identification of small amounts of helenalin and 11alpha,13-dihydrohelenalin. ..
  7. Le Q, Nguyen Q, Nagasawa N, Kume T, Yoshii F, Nakanishi T. Biological effect of radiation-degraded alginate on flower plants in tissue culture. Biotechnol Appl Biochem. 2003;38:283-8 pubmed
    ..The survival ratios of the transferred flower plantlets treated with irradiated alginate were almost the same as the control value under greenhouse conditions. However, better growth was attained for the treated plantlets. ..
  8. Simão D, Scatena V, Bouman F. Developmental anatomy and morphology of the ovule and seed of heliconia (heliconiaceae, zingiberales). Plant Biol (Stuttg). 2006;8:143-54 pubmed
    ..Most of these characteristics are shared with other Zingiberales, although the derivation of the operculum from the funicle and the formation of the main mechanical layer by the endocarp are unique to the Heliconiaceae...
  9. Amasino R. Take a cold flower. Nat Genet. 2004;36:111-2 pubmed

More Information

Publications125 found, 100 shown here

  1. Curtis I, Nam H, Yun J, Seo K. Expression of an antisense GIGANTEA (GI) gene fragment in transgenic radish causes delayed bolting and flowering. Transgenic Res. 2002;11:249-56 pubmed
    ..Production of late-flowering germplasms of radish may allow this important crop to be cultivated over an extended period and also provide further food to the famine countries of S/E Asia. ..
  2. YAO X, Wang X, Gu C, Zeng H, Chen W, Tang H. Chemical composition, N-nitrosamine inhibition and antioxidant and antimicrobial properties of essential oil from Coreopsis tinctoria flowering tops. Nat Prod Res. 2016;30:1170-3 pubmed publisher
    ..The oil showed antioxidant and antimicrobial capacities and had a stronger nitrite-scavenging and N-nitrosamine inhibitory properties. ..
  3. Kim H, Hyun Y, Park J, Park M, Park M, Kim M, et al. A genetic link between cold responses and flowering time through FVE in Arabidopsis thaliana. Nat Genet. 2004;36:167-71 pubmed
    ..Dual roles of FVE in regulating the flowering time and the cold response may have an evolutionary advantage for plants by increasing their survival rates. ..
  4. Raal A, Kirsipuu K. Total flavonoid content in varieties of Calendula officinalis L. originating from different countries and cultivated in Estonia. Nat Prod Res. 2011;25:658-62 pubmed publisher
    ..There appeared to be no conclusive relationship between the total flavonoid content and the colour of ligulate and tubular florets of C. officinalis. ..
  5. Ranjan A, Fiene G, Fackendahl P, Hoecker U. The Arabidopsis repressor of light signaling SPA1 acts in the phloem to regulate seedling de-etiolation, leaf expansion and flowering time. Development. 2011;138:1851-62 pubmed publisher
    ..SPA1 action in the phloem may also result in mechanical stimuli that affect cell elongation and cell division in other tissues. ..
  6. Lee K, Yang M, Ha T, Park K, Park K. Isolation and identification of dihydrochrysanolide and its 1-epimer from Chrysanthemum coronarium L. Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 2002;66:862-5 pubmed
    ..The isolated compounds (1-3) were examined for their cytotoxic activity against such human cell lines as A549, PC-3 and HCT-15. ..
  7. Huang S, Tang L, Sun J, Lu Y. Pollinator response to female and male floral display in a monoecious species and its implications for the evolution of floral dimorphism. New Phytol. 2006;171:417-24 pubmed
    ..The results suggest that the lack of selection on large male displays may affect the evolution of floral dimorphism in this species. ..
  8. Xue W, Xing Y, Weng X, Zhao Y, Tang W, Wang L, et al. Natural variation in Ghd7 is an important regulator of heading date and yield potential in rice. Nat Genet. 2008;40:761-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Natural mutants with reduced function enable rice to be cultivated in temperate and cooler regions. Thus, Ghd7 has played crucial roles for increasing productivity and adaptability of rice globally. ..
  9. Wyatt S, Rashotte A, Shipp M, Robertson D, Muday G. Mutations in the gravity persistence signal loci in Arabidopsis disrupt the perception and/or signal transduction of gravitropic stimuli. Plant Physiol. 2002;130:1426-35 pubmed
    ..These results are consistent with GPS loci affecting an aspect of the gravity signal perception/transduction pathway that occurs after statolith sedimentation, but before auxin transport. ..
  10. Carraro N, Forestan C, Canova S, Traas J, Varotto S. ZmPIN1a and ZmPIN1b encode two novel putative candidates for polar auxin transport and plant architecture determination of maize. Plant Physiol. 2006;142:254-64 pubmed
    ..We conclude that BIF2 is important for PIN organization and could play a role in the establishment of polar auxin fluxes in maize inflorescence, indirectly modulating the process of axillary meristem formation and development. ..
  11. Russell S, Gou X, Wei X, Yuan T. Male gamete biology in flowering plants. Biochem Soc Trans. 2010;38:598-603 pubmed publisher
    ..Much of the expression in the male germline that appears to be distinct from patterns of pollen vegetative cell expression may be the result of chromosomal level regulation of transcription. ..
  12. Reinprecht Y, Poysa V, Yu K, Rajcan I, Ablett G, Pauls K. Seed and agronomic QTL in low linolenic acid, lipoxygenase-free soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merrill) germplasm. Genome. 2006;49:1510-27 pubmed
    ..Linolenic acid and lipoxygenase loci did not overlap yield QTL, suggesting that it should be possible to develop high-yielding lines resistant to oxidative degradation by marker-assisted selection (MAS). ..
  13. Nagasawa N, Miyoshi M, Sano Y, Satoh H, Hirano H, Sakai H, et al. SUPERWOMAN1 and DROOPING LEAF genes control floral organ identity in rice. Development. 2003;130:705-18 pubmed
    ..Based on genetic and molecular results, we postulate a model of stamen and carpel specification in rice, with DL as a novel gene controlling carpel identity and acting mutually and antagonistically to the class B gene, SPW1. ..
  14. Doi K, Izawa T, Fuse T, Yamanouchi U, Kubo T, Shimatani Z, et al. Ehd1, a B-type response regulator in rice, confers short-day promotion of flowering and controls FT-like gene expression independently of Hd1. Genes Dev. 2004;18:926-36 pubmed
    ..Microarray analysis further revealed a few MADS box genes downstream of Ehd1. Our results indicate that a novel two-component signaling cascade is integrated into the conserved pathway in the photoperiodic control of flowering in rice. ..
  15. Kähler C, Derezinski T, Bocian Sobkowska J, Keckeis A, Zacke G. Spicae aetheroleum in uncomplicated acute bronchitis: a double-blind, randomised clinical trial. Wien Med Wochenschr. 2017;: pubmed publisher
    ..a phytomedicine obtained by steam distillation of the flowering tops of Lavandula latifolia, as compared to placebo in adult patients with acute bronchitis...
  16. Funamoto Y, Yamauchi N, Shigyo M. Control of isoperoxidases involved in chlorophyll degradation of stored broccoli (Brassica oleracea) florets by heat treatment. J Plant Physiol. 2006;163:141-6 pubmed
    ..This suggests that both Types II and III could be closely associated with Chl degradation in broccoli florets and that HT might inhibit floret senescence by suppression of isoperoxidase activities. ..
  17. Ungerer M, Halldorsdottir S, Purugganan M, Mackay T. Genotype-environment interactions at quantitative trait loci affecting inflorescence development in Arabidopsis thaliana. Genetics. 2003;165:353-65 pubmed
    ..High-resolution mapping will be necessary to distinguish between the alternative explanations of pleiotropy and tight linkage among multiple genes. ..
  18. Tian F, Zhu Z, Zhang B, Tan L, Fu Y, Wang X, et al. Fine mapping of a quantitative trait locus for grain number per panicle from wild rice (Oryza rufipogon Griff.). Theor Appl Genet. 2006;113:619-29 pubmed
    ..All these results reinforced the idea that gpa7 might play an important role in the regulation of grain number per panicle and the ratio of secondary branches per panicle during the domestication of rice panicle. ..
  19. Saito C, Uemura T, Awai C, Tominaga M, Ebine K, Ito J, et al. The occurrence of 'bulbs', a complex configuration of the vacuolar membrane, is affected by mutations of vacuolar SNARE and phospholipase in Arabidopsis. Plant J. 2011;68:64-73 pubmed publisher
  20. Fonseca F, Neto J, Martins V, Nolasco G. Genomic variability of prune dwarf virus as affected by agricultural practice. Arch Virol. 2005;150:1607-19 pubmed
    ..However, a clear divergence between almond and other hosts sequences could be found. It is discussed that the observed differences between almond and other hosts variants may derive from differences in agricultural practices. ..
  21. Chen H, Jiang S, Zheng J, Lin Y. Improving panicle exsertion of rice cytoplasmic male sterile line by combination of artificial microRNA and artificial target mimic. Plant Biotechnol J. 2013;11:336-43 pubmed publisher
    ..This approach provides a paradigm to tune the expression of endogenous genes to achieve the desired phenotype by combining amiRNA and artificial target mimicry technologies. ..
  22. Valentao P, Fernandes E, Carvalho F, Andrade P, Seabra R, Bastos M. Hydroxyl radical and hypochlorous acid scavenging activity of small centaury (Centaurium erythraea) infusion. A comparative study with green tea (Camellia sinensis). Phytomedicine. 2003;10:517-22 pubmed
    ..Green tea exhibited a dual effect at the hydroxyl radical scavenging assay, stimulating deoxyribose degradation at lower dosages...
  23. Uga Y, Nonoue Y, Liang Z, Lin H, Yamamoto S, Yamanouchi U, et al. Accumulation of additive effects generates a strong photoperiod sensitivity in the extremely late-heading rice cultivar 'Nona Bokra'. Theor Appl Genet. 2007;114:1457-66 pubmed
    ..These results suggest that the strong PS in 'Nona Bokra' was generated mainly by the accumulation of additive effects of particular alleles at previously identified QTLs. ..
  24. Afifi F, Aburjai T. Antiplatelet activity of Varthemia iphionoides. Fitoterapia. 2004;75:629-33 pubmed
    ..Volatile oil and the alcoholic extract did not exhibit any anti-platelet activity. Structures of the isolated compounds (1)-(4) were determined by spectroscopic methods (UV, IR, MS, (1)H-NMR). ..
  25. Wade M, McCauley D. Paternal leakage sustains the cytoplasmic polymorphism underlying gynodioecy but remains invasible by nuclear restorers. Am Nat. 2005;166:592-602 pubmed
    ..Paternal leakage enhances the stability of joint cytonuclear polymorphism by reducing the chance that a CMS allele is lost by drift. ..
  26. Lu X, He Y, Chen M, Tian S, Bai S. Daylength responses of various morphogenetic events after panicle initiation in late japonica rice (Oryza sativa L. ssp. japonica). Plant Biol (Stuttg). 2008;10:365-73 pubmed publisher
    ..These findings lay a foundation for future investigations into how potentially common photoperiodic signalling system(s) are integrated with diversified developmental events. In addition, we discussed the essential nature of PGMS rice. ..
  27. Spring O, Zipper R, Conrad J, Vogler B, Klaiber I, da Costa F. Sesquiterpene lactones from glandular trichomes of Viguiera radula (Heliantheae; Asteraceae). Phytochemistry. 2003;62:1185-9 pubmed
    ..All compounds were detected in glandular trichomes, which were micromechanically collected from the anther appendages and analyzed by HPLC. Structure identification was performed by NMR and MS techniques. ..
  28. Patil S, Dayanand A. Optimization of process for the production of fungal pectinases from deseeded sunflower head in submerged and solid-state conditions. Bioresour Technol. 2006;97:2340-4 pubmed
    ..Under optimum conditions, maximum production of exo-pectinase was 34.2U/g in SSF and endo-pectinase was 12.6U/ml in SmF. ..
  29. Shitsukawa N, Takagishi A, Ikari C, Takumi S, Murai K. WFL, a wheat FLORICAULA/LEAFY ortholog, is associated with spikelet formation as lateral branch of the inflorescence meristem. Genes Genet Syst. 2006;81:13-20 pubmed
    ..As development of floret proceeds, the WFL transcripts were detectable in the developing palea, but not in other floral organs, suggesting that WFL may play a novel role in developing palea in the wheat floret. ..
  30. Dong C, Hu X, Tang W, Zheng X, Kim Y, Lee B, et al. A putative Arabidopsis nucleoporin, AtNUP160, is critical for RNA export and required for plant tolerance to cold stress. Mol Cell Biol. 2006;26:9533-43 pubmed
    ..Our study suggests that Arabidopsis AtNUP160 is critical for the nucleocytoplasmic transport of mRNAs and that it plays important roles in plant growth and flowering time regulation and is required for cold stress tolerance. ..
  31. Matsunaga S. Sex chromosome-linked genes in plants. Genes Genet Syst. 2006;81:219-26 pubmed
    ..However, more detailed studies will be required to help explain the basis for the fact that heteromorphic sex chromosomes in angiosperms are large. ..
  32. Toma C, Ollivier E, Delmas F, DiGiorgio C, Balansard G. [Anti-leishmaniasis activity of some extracts isolated from Nigella damascena (Ranunculaceae)]. Rev Med Chir Soc Med Nat Iasi. 2007;111:285-9 pubmed
    ..In these countries the seeds are venerated by all the Muslim people and thus they are quoted in the Koran for their therapeutic effects...
  33. Penin A, Chub V, Ezhova T. [The principles of data formalization for building the genetic-morphological model of shoot development in flowering plants]. Ontogenez. 2002;33:421-8 pubmed
    ..Each variant of the module structure corresponds to specific pattern of genes activity. Such integration of the data on genetic and structural aspects of morphogenesis can form a basis for mathematical modeling of plant development. ..
  34. Vrijdaghs A, Goetghebeur P, Muasya A, Caris P, Smets E. Floral ontogeny in ficinia and isolepis (cyperaceae), with focus on the nature and origin of the gynophore. Ann Bot. 2005;96:1247-64 pubmed
    ..The gynophore in Ficinia originates as a hypogynous stalk, from which the typical gynophore lobes develop. The gynophore is not homologous with the perianth. ..
  35. Yang J, Zhang J, Wang Z, Liu K, Wang P. Post-anthesis development of inferior and superior spikelets in rice in relation to abscisic acid and ethylene. J Exp Bot. 2006;57:149-60 pubmed
    ..A higher ratio of ABA to ethylene in rice spikelets is required to maintain a faster grain-filling rate. ..
  36. McSteen P, Malcomber S, Skirpan A, Lunde C, Wu X, Kellogg E, et al. barren inflorescence2 Encodes a co-ortholog of the PINOID serine/threonine kinase and is required for organogenesis during inflorescence and vegetative development in maize. Plant Physiol. 2007;144:1000-11 pubmed
    ..We provide further support that bif2, and by analogy PID, is required for initiation of both axillary meristems and lateral primordia. ..
  37. Ochogavía A, Seijo J, Gonzalez A, Podio M, Duarte Silveira E, Machado Lacerda A, et al. Characterization of retrotransposon sequences expressed in inflorescences of apomictic and sexual Paspalum notatum plants. Sex Plant Reprod. 2011;24:231-46 pubmed publisher
    ..Our results suggest that these elements could be participating in regulatory pathways related to apomixis and sexuality...
  38. Dirlewanger E, Quero García J, Le Dantec L, Lambert P, Ruiz D, Dondini L, et al. Comparison of the genetic determinism of two key phenological traits, flowering and maturity dates, in three Prunus species: peach, apricot and sweet cherry. Heredity (Edinb). 2012;109:280-92 pubmed publisher
    ..Our results provide a basis for the identification of genes involved in flowering and maturity dates that could be used to develop cultivar ideotypes adapted to future climatic conditions...
  39. Kawakami A, Yoshida M, Van den Ende W. Molecular cloning and functional analysis of a novel 6&1-FEH from wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) preferentially degrading small graminans like bifurcose. Gene. 2005;358:93-101 pubmed publisher
    ..The results strongly suggest that this unique FEH might play an important role in the degradation of branched, low DP wheat graminan (like bifurcose) in wheat crowns in the high fructan content season...
  40. Rueda E, Dezar C, Gonzalez D, Chan R. Hahb-10, a sunflower homeobox-leucine zipper gene, is regulated by light quality and quantity, and promotes early flowering when expressed in Arabidopsis. Plant Cell Physiol. 2005;46:1954-63 pubmed
    ..We propose that Hahb-10 functions in a signalling cascade(s) that control(s) plant responses to light quality and quantity, and may also be involved in gibberellin transduction pathways. ..
  41. Leipner J, Jompuk C, Camp K, Stamp P, Fracheboud Y. QTL studies reveal little relevance of chilling-related seedling traits for yield in maize. Theor Appl Genet. 2008;116:555-62 pubmed publisher
    ..However, a high chilling tolerance of the seedling seemingly had an insignificant or small negative effect on the yield. ..
  42. Zapata P, Tucker G, Valero D, Serrano M. Quality parameters and antioxidant properties in organic and conventionally grown broccoli after pre-storage hot water treatment. J Sci Food Agric. 2013;93:1140-6 pubmed publisher
    ..In addition, organic broccoli maintained higher concentrations of bioactive compounds (ascorbic acid and phenolics) and antioxidant potential during storage than conventional broccoli, with higher potential health beneficial effects. ..
  43. Luo R, YAO X, Liu X, Zhang Y, Ying X. Evaluation of the Nitric Oxide and Nitrite Scavenging Capability, N-Nitrosamine Formation Inhibitory Activity, and Optimization of Ultrasound-Assisted Aqueous Two-Phase System Extraction of Total Saponins from Coreopsis tinctoria Flowering Tops by Re. Appl Biochem Biotechnol. 2018;184:763-776 pubmed publisher
    Coreopsis tinctoria flowering tops (CTFs) is a popular health product as herbal tea or as a traditional medicinal herb that is rich in saponins and exerts substantial biological activity...
  44. Wardlaw I. Interaction between drought and chronic high temperature during kernel filling in wheat in a controlled environment. Ann Bot. 2002;90:469-76 pubmed
  45. Locatelli A, Federizzi L, Milach S, Wight C, Molnar S, Chapados J, et al. Loci affecting flowering time in oat under short-day conditions. Genome. 2006;49:1528-38 pubmed
  46. Li H, Wang T, Shi Y, Fu J, Song Y, Wang G, et al. Isolation and characterization of induced genes under drought stress at the flowering stage in maize (Zea mays). DNA Seq. 2007;18:445-60 pubmed
    ..The present work provided a valuable starting point for further elucidation of the roles played by these genes/gene products in drought tolerance in maize. ..
  47. Kouzi S, Nuzum D. Arnica for bruising and swelling. Am J Health Syst Pharm. 2007;64:2434-43 pubmed
  48. Murchie E, Yang J, Hubbart S, Horton P, Peng S. Are there associations between grain-filling rate and photosynthesis in the flag leaves of field-grown rice?. J Exp Bot. 2002;53:2217-24 pubmed
    ..Hence in these field experiments Rubisco accumulated to a level in excess of photosynthetic requirements, serving as a store of nitrogen for grain filling. ..
  49. Smith H, Campbell B, Hake S. Competence to respond to floral inductive signals requires the homeobox genes PENNYWISE and POUND-FOOLISH. Curr Biol. 2004;14:812-7 pubmed
    ..These studies establish a link between the competence to receive floral inductive signals and restructuring of the SAM during floral evocation. ..
  50. Ping Y, Yu T, Liu Y, Zhu Y. [Genomic context of nucleus influences mitochondrial gene expression of HL-type rice]. Yi Chuan. 2004;26:186-8 pubmed
    ..Many different fragments are obtained from hybrids, but not from sterile line or remainder line. According to the results, it is concluded that there are extensive effects of nuclear background on mitochondrial gene expression. ..
  51. Trombetta D, Occhiuto F, Perri D, Puglia C, Santagati N, De Pasquale A, et al. Antiallergic and antihistaminic effect of two extracts of Capparis spinosa L. flowering buds. Phytother Res. 2005;19:29-33 pubmed
    ..The different mechanisms of action of CAP-H and CAP-C may be related to a difference in the extraction procedure and, thus, in their qualitative[sol ]quantitative chemical profile...
  52. Kanrar S, Onguka O, Smith H. Arabidopsis inflorescence architecture requires the activities of KNOX-BELL homeodomain heterodimers. Planta. 2006;224:1163-73 pubmed
  53. Doust A. Architectural evolution and its implications for domestication in grasses. Ann Bot. 2007;100:941-50 pubmed
    ..Increasingly, exploring the phylogenetic context of the crop grasses will suggest new ways to identify and create combinations of morphological traits that will best suit our future needs. ..
  54. Yan C, Zhou J, Yan S, Chen F, Yeboah M, Tang S, et al. Identification and characterization of a major QTL responsible for erect panicle trait in japonica rice (Oryza sativa L.). Theor Appl Genet. 2007;115:1093-100 pubmed
    ..These data demonstrated that H90 could be used for marker-aided selection for the PE trait in breeding and in the cloning of qPE9-1. ..
  55. Chen Y, Guo Q, Zhu Z, Zhang L. Changes in bioactive components related to the harvest time from the spicas of Prunella vulgaris. Pharm Biol. 2012;50:1118-22 pubmed publisher
    ..vulgaris has been used as traditional medicine in China for over a hundred years. To our best knowledge, no study has been conducted to determine the influence of harvesting time on concentrations of bioactive compounds of P. vulgaris...
  56. van der Fels Klerx H, Olesen J, Madsen M, Goedhart P. Climate change increases deoxynivalenol contamination of wheat in north-western Europe. Food Addit Contam Part A Chem Anal Control Expo Risk Assess. 2012;29:1593-604 pubmed publisher
    ..Using predictive models on a more local scale could be helpful to assist other monitoring measures to safeguard food safety in the wheat supply chain. ..
  57. Juteau F, Jerkovic I, Masotti V, Milos M, Mastelic J, Bessiere J, et al. Composition and antimicrobial activity of the essential oil of Artemisia absinthium from Croatia and France. Planta Med. 2003;69:158-61 pubmed
    ..As they contain no thujone, antimicrobial screening was performed on samples of French origin and showed that A. absinthium oil inhibited the growth of both tested yeasts (Candida albicans and Saccharomyces cerevisiae var. chevalieri). ..
  58. Sawa M, Kay S. [Molecular mechanism by which plant determines flowering timing with circadian clock]. Tanpakushitsu Kakusan Koso. 2008;53:739-46 pubmed
  59. Ren M, Chen Q, Li L, Zhang R, Guo S. Functional analysis of a reproductive organ predominant expressing promoter in cotton plants. Sci China C Life Sci. 2005;48:452-9 pubmed
    ..The results showed that the arf1 promoter was a typical reproductive organ-specific promoter. Hopefully, the arf1 promoter can be a regulatory element for designing cotton reproductive organs with desired characteristics...
  60. Darbah J, Kubiske M, Nelson N, Oksanen E, Vapaavuori E, Karnosky D. Effects of decadal exposure to interacting elevated CO2 and/or O3 on paper birch (Betula papyrifera) reproduction. Environ Pollut. 2008;155:446-52 pubmed publisher
    ..The evidence from this study indicates that elevated CO(2) may have a largely positive impact on forest tree reproduction and regeneration while elevated O(3) will likely have a negative impact...
  61. Prado B, Rabanal R, Sánchez Mateo C. Evaluation of the central properties of several Hypericum species from the Canary Islands. Phytother Res. 2002;16:740-4 pubmed
    ..The observations suggest that the infusions of these Hypericum species possess antidepressant activity in mice, without inducing muscle relaxation, anticholinergic and sedative properties...
  62. Mathews S, Burleigh J, Donoghue M. Adaptive evolution in the photosensory domain of phytochrome A in early angiosperms. Mol Biol Evol. 2003;20:1087-97 pubmed
    ..The episode of selection occurred very early in the history of flowering plants, suggesting that innovation in phyA may have given the first angiosperms some adaptive advantage...
  63. Hamburger M, Adler S, Baumann D, Förg A, Weinreich B. Preparative purification of the major anti-inflammatory triterpenoid esters from Marigold (Calendula officinalis). Fitoterapia. 2003;74:328-38 pubmed
    ..During the work-up of the faradiol esters, accompanying minor compounds of the triterpene ester fraction were purified and identified by spectroscopic means as maniladiol 3-O-laurate and myristate...
  64. Maurel K, Sakr S, Gerbe F, Guilliot A, Bonhomme M, Rageau R, et al. Sorbitol uptake is regulated by glucose through the hexokinase pathway in vegetative peach-tree buds. J Exp Bot. 2004;55:879-88 pubmed
    ..These results represent the first steps towards a better understanding of polyol transport control in plants...
  65. Wu J, Yang X, Wang H, Li H, Li L, Li X, et al. The introgression of chromosome 6P specifying for increased numbers of florets and kernels from Agropyron cristatum into wheat. Theor Appl Genet. 2006;114:13-20 pubmed
    ..The increased number of florets and kernels within a spike of the wheat-A. cristatum hybrids thus was controlled by gene(s) located on A. cristatum chromosome 6P...
  66. Soltis D, Bell C, Kim S, Soltis P. Origin and early evolution of angiosperms. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2008;1133:3-25 pubmed publisher
    ..Variation in spatial expression of floral regulators may control major differences in floral morphology between basal angiosperms and eudicot models...
  67. Vacher C, Kossler T, Hochberg M, Weis A. Impact of interspecific hybridization between crops and weedy relatives on the evolution of flowering time in weedy phenotypes. PLoS ONE. 2011;6:e14649 pubmed publisher
    ..Unfortunately, we could not verify this association in the present experiment. ..
  68. Olesen J, Børgesen C, Elsgaard L, Palosuo T, Rötter R, Skjelvåg A, et al. Changes in time of sowing, flowering and maturity of cereals in Europe under climate change. Food Addit Contam Part A Chem Anal Control Expo Risk Assess. 2012;29:1527-42 pubmed publisher
    ..There were considerable differences in predicted timing of sowing, flowering and maturity between the two climate model projections applied...
  69. Hennig L, Taranto P, Walser M, Schonrock N, Gruissem W. Arabidopsis MSI1 is required for epigenetic maintenance of reproductive development. Development. 2003;130:2555-65 pubmed
    ..Efficient formation of heterochromatin, but not methylation of centromeric DNA repeats, depends on AtMSI1 presence demonstrating a key role of AtMSI1 in maintenance of chromatin structure...
  70. Horvath D, Anderson J, Chao W, Foley M. Knowing when to grow: signals regulating bud dormancy. Trends Plant Sci. 2003;8:534-40 pubmed
    ..Epigenetic-like regulation of endodormancy suggests a possible role for chromatin remodeling similar to that known for the vernalization responses during flowering...
  71. Vujanovic V, Hamel C, Yergeau E, St Arnaud M. Biodiversity and biogeography of Fusarium species from northeastern North American asparagus fields based on microbiological and molecular approaches. Microb Ecol. 2006;51:242-55 pubmed
    ..proliferatum in asparagus fields is proposed. Intraspecific molecular differences in F. proliferatum and F. oxysporum were detected in the EF-1 alpha sequences and compared with well-characterized strains of North America...
  72. Nakabayashi I, Karahara I, Tamaoki D, Masuda K, Wakasugi T, Yamada K, et al. Hypergravity stimulus enhances primary xylem development and decreases mechanical properties of secondary cell walls in inflorescence stems of Arabidopsis thaliana. Ann Bot. 2006;97:1083-90 pubmed
    ..The aim of this study was to examine effects of hypergravity stimulus on morphology and development of primary xylem vessels and on mechanical properties of isolated secondary wall preparations in inflorescence stems of arabidopsis...
  73. Azhaguvel P, Komatsuda T. A phylogenetic analysis based on nucleotide sequence of a marker linked to the brittle rachis locus indicates a diphyletic origin of barley. Ann Bot. 2007;100:1009-15 pubmed
    ..Barley (Hordeum vulgare ssp. vulgare) cultivation started between 9500 and 8400 years ago, and was a major part of ancient agriculture in the Near East. The brittle rachis is a critical trait in the domestication process...
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