aerial plant components

Summary

Summary: The above-ground plant without the roots.

Top Publications

  1. Shinomiya K, Inoue T, Utsu Y, Tokunaga S, Masuoka T, Ohmori A, et al. Hypnotic activities of chamomile and passiflora extracts in sleep-disturbed rats. Biol Pharm Bull. 2005;28:808-10 pubmed
    ..No significant effects were observed with chamomile and passiflora extracts on delta activity during non-REM sleep. In conclusion, chamomile extract is a herb having benzodiazepine-like hypnotic activity...
  2. De Abreu M, Malafronte N, Van Kiem P, Braca A. A new iridoid from Adenosma caeruleum R. Br. Fitoterapia. 2009;80:358-60 pubmed publisher
    ..Br. Their structures were elucidated by spectral evidence. ..
  3. Li W, Jiang C, Chu S, Zuo M, Liu Z. Chemical composition and toxicity against Sitophilus zeamais and Tribolium castaneum of the essential oil of Murraya exotica aerial parts. Molecules. 2010;15:5831-9 pubmed publisher
    ..castaneum adults with LC(50) values of 8.29 and 6.84 mg/L, respectively. The essential oils also show contact toxicity against S. zeamais and T. castaneum adults with LD(50) values of 11.41 and 20.94 microg/adult, respectively...
  4. Grivicich I, Ferraz A, Faria D, Regner A, Schwartsmann G, Henriques A, et al. Synergistic effect of three benzopyrans isolated from Hypericum polyanthemum in U-373 MG glioblastoma cell line. Phytother Res. 2008;22:1577-80 pubmed publisher
    ..A synergistic effect was noticed when the three benzopyrans were used simultaneously. The cytotoxicity noted could be related to an arrest in G2/M phase, leading to apoptosis in the U-373 MG glioblastoma cell line. ..
  5. Montemurro F, Diacono M, Vitti C, Debiase G. Biodegradation of olive husk mixed with other agricultural wastes. Bioresour Technol. 2009;100:2969-74 pubmed publisher
    ..The findings highlighted that among the four composting processes, the best general results were found for one of the two GWCs produced. ..
  6. García de Cortázar Atauri I, Brisson N, Gaudillere J. Performance of several models for predicting budburst date of grapevine (Vitis vinifera L.). Int J Biometeorol. 2009;53:317-26 pubmed publisher
    ..For each cultivar, we provide the parameter estimates that showed the best performance for both the BRIN model and the GDD model with a base temperature of 5 degrees C. ..
  7. Ebrahimabadi A, Mazoochi A, Kashi F, Djafari Bidgoli Z, Batooli H. Essential oil composition and antioxidant and antimicrobial properties of the aerial parts of Salvia eremophila Boiss. from Iran. Food Chem Toxicol. 2010;48:1371-6 pubmed publisher
    ..The plant was also screened for its antimicrobial activity and good to moderate inhibitions were recorded for its essential oil and methanol extract against most of the tested microorganisms. ..
  8. Sultana N, Akhter M, Khan R, Afza N, Tareen R, Malik A. Nematicidal natural products from the aerial parts of Buddleja crispa. Nat Prod Res. 2010;24:783-8 pubmed publisher
    ..incognita at 0.5% concentration. Compound 1 was more potent than the nematicide Azadirachta indica at the same concentration. Negative results were obtained for the nematicidal activity of petroleum ether extract of B. crispa leaves...
  9. Zhou K, Chen L, Zhuang Y, Wang N, Yao X, Qiu F. Two new ent-labdane diterpenoid glycosides from the aerial parts of Andrographis paniculata. J Asian Nat Prod Res. 2008;10:939-43 pubmed publisher
    ..Their structures were elucidated as 3-O-beta-D-glucosyl-14-deoxyandrographiside (1) and 3-O-beta-D-glucosyl-14-deoxy-11,12-didehydroandrographiside (2) by means of 1D and 2D NMR spectral and chemical methods. ..

More Information

Publications161 found, 100 shown here

  1. Tian J, Yang X, Di Y, Ma Y, Li L, Li L, et al. Antioxidant lignans from Mananthes patentiflora. Planta Med. 2009;75:534-7 pubmed publisher
    ..All three compounds revealed potent antioxidant activities within the concentration range tested (0.08-50.0 microM). ..
  2. Remichkova M, Dimitrova P, Philipov S, Ivanovska N. Toll-like receptor-mediated anti-inflammatory action of glaucine and oxoglaucine. Fitoterapia. 2009;80:411-4 pubmed publisher
    ..The reduction of pro-inflammatory cytokines and increase of anti-inflammatory IL-10 are indicative for their use in different acute and chronic inflammatory diseases. ..
  3. Ishizaki T, Ohsumi C, Totsuka K, Igarashi D. Analysis of glutamate homeostasis by overexpression of Fd-GOGAT gene in Arabidopsis thaliana. Amino Acids. 2010;38:943-50 pubmed publisher
    ..In addition, ammonium supply by photorespiration does not limit glutamate biosynthesis, but glutamine and glycine are important. This study will contribute to the understanding of glutamate homeostasis in plants. ..
  4. Mahomoodally M, Gurib Fakim A, Subratty A. Screening for alternative antibiotics: an investigation into the antimicrobial activities of medicinal food plants of Mauritius. J Food Sci. 2010;75:M173-7 pubmed publisher
    ..In conclusion, the observed antimicrobial properties would tend to further validate the medicinal properties of these commonly used endemic medicinal and food plants of Mauritius. ..
  5. Pattanayak S, Mazumder P. Effect of Dendrophthoe falcata (L.f.) Ettingsh on female reproductive system in Wistar rats: a focus on antifertility efficacy. Contraception. 2009;80:314-20 pubmed publisher
    ..All observations suggest that the extract has antifertility effect and is safe at effective doses employed in the study. ..
  6. Ai J, Tschirner U. Fiber length and pulping characteristics of switchgrass, alfalfa stems, hybrid poplar and willow biomasses. Bioresour Technol. 2010;101:215-21 pubmed publisher
    ..Considering the short fibers and low yields, all four biomass types will likely only be used in paper manufacturing if they offer considerable economic advantage over traditional pulp wood. ..
  7. Sakamoto H, Laudares E, Crotti A, Lopes N, Vichnewski W, Lopes J, et al. Sesquiterpenes lactones and flavonoids from Eremanthus argenteus (Asteraceae). Nat Prod Commun. 2010;5:681-4 pubmed
    ..In addition, two known sesquiterpene lactones and three flavonoids were isolated. Their structures were established on the basis of spectroscopic and spectrometric data. ..
  8. Mahboubi M, Haghi G. Antimicrobial activity and chemical composition of Mentha pulegium L. essential oil. J Ethnopharmacol. 2008;119:325-7 pubmed publisher
    ..The flowering aerial parts of Mentha pulegium L. (Labiatae) has been traditionally used for its antiseptic properties for treatment of infectious diseases...
  9. Qin J, Jin H, Zhu J, Fu J, Hu X, Liu X, et al. Japonicones E-L, dimeric sesquiterpene lactones from Inula japonica Thunb. Planta Med. 2010;76:278-83 pubmed publisher
    ..All the isolates were tested for inhibitory effects against LPS-induced NO production in RAW264.7 macrophages. Among the compounds tested, japonicone F (2) showed the strongest activity with the IC(50) value of 4.1 microg/mL. ..
  10. Li B, Lee J, Hayashi K, Ito Y, Sun W, Wang X, et al. Two new monoterpenes from Sibiraea angustata. J Nat Med. 2010;64:89-92 pubmed publisher
    ..The structures of 1 and 2 were established on the basis of spectroscopic and chemical data. ..
  11. Vera N, Misico R, Sierra M, Asakawa Y, Bardon A. Eudesmanes from Pluchea sagittalis. Their antifeedant activity on Spodoptera frugiperda. Phytochemistry. 2008;69:1689-94 pubmed publisher
    ..Our results, from feeding choice tests, indicated that most of the compounds deter larval feeding at the cited concentration. ..
  12. Zhao D, Matsunami K, Otsuka H. Iridoid glucoside, (3R)-oct-1-en-3-ol glycosides, and phenylethanoid from the aerial parts of Caryopteris incana. J Nat Med. 2009;63:241-7 pubmed publisher
    ..This paper deals with structural elucidation of the new compounds. ..
  13. Wang X, Zhong F, Li D, Zhu B. [Study on extraction process of total flavonoids in Herba Desmodii Styracifolii]. Zhong Yao Cai. 2008;31:900-2 pubmed
    ..85%. The optimum extraction process of total flavonoids in Herba Desmodii Styracifolii is reliable and this method is easy and accurate so that it can be used for the extraction of total flavonoids in Herba Desmodii Styracifolii. ..
  14. Owolabi M, Lajide L, Villanueva H, Setzer W. Essential oil composition and insecticidal activity of Blumea perrottetiana growing in southwestern Nigeria. Nat Prod Commun. 2010;5:1135-8 pubmed
    ..3%) and (E)-caryophyllene (3.9%). The essential oil demonstrated notable insecticidal activity against the red flour beetle, Tribolium castaneum, consistent with traditional uses of the plant as an insecticide and anthelmintic. ..
  15. Gupta S, Nirmal S, Patil R, Asane G. Anti-arthritic activity of various extracts of Sida rhombifolia aerial parts. Nat Prod Res. 2009;23:689-95 pubmed publisher
    ..Results showed that the polar constituents (ethanol and aqueous extracts) of the plant S. rhombifolia were useful in the treatment of arthritis...
  16. Li M, Shang X, Zhang R, Jia Z, Fan P, Ying Q, et al. Antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory activities of iridoid glycosides extract of Lamiophlomis rotata (Benth.) Kudo. Fitoterapia. 2010;81:167-72 pubmed publisher
    ..All of these results suggested that the iridoid glycosides extract possesses the significant antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory activities. ..
  17. Ibarra A, Feuillere N, Roller M, Lesburgere E, Beracochea D. Effects of chronic administration of Melissa officinalis L. extract on anxiety-like reactivity and on circadian and exploratory activities in mice. Phytomedicine. 2010;17:397-403 pubmed publisher
    ..Therefore, our results demonstrate that Cyracos has anxiolytic-like effects under moderate stress conditions and does not alter activity levels...
  18. Lee J, Hong S. Comparative analysis of chemical compositions and antimicrobial activities of essential oils from Abies holophylla and Abies koreana activities of essential oils from Abies holophylla and Abies koreana. J Microbiol Biotechnol. 2009;19:372-7 pubmed
    ..5-2.2 mg/ml. As a whole, A.koreanaoil showed better antibacterial and antifungal properties than A.holophylla oil. ..
  19. Cigremis Y, Ulukanli Z, Ilcim A, Akgoz M. In vitro antioxidant and antimicrobial assays of acetone extracts from Nepeta meyeri Bentham. Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci. 2010;14:661-8 pubmed
    ..Acetone extract of Nepeta meyeri (Labiatae) was screened for antioxidant and antimicrobial activities...
  20. Pie M, Tschá M, Marteleto F. Antisymmetry in female strobili of Pinus taeda. Braz J Biol. 2007;67:801-2 pubmed
  21. Moein M, Moein S, Ahmadizadeh S. Radical scavenging and reducing power of Salvia mirzayanii subfractions. Molecules. 2008;13:2804-13 pubmed publisher
    ..23 +/- 4.2) and the lowest in subfraction F (5.23 +/- 0.18). The greatest total flavonoid content was established in subfraction D (1.84 +/- 0.01) and the lowest was in subfraction A (0.108 +/- 0.007). ..
  22. Ortíz A, Cardoso Taketa A, Monroy M, Arellano J, Hernandez G, Villarreal M. Transformed cell suspension culture of Galphimia glauca producing sedative nor-friedelanes. Planta Med. 2010;76:386-92 pubmed publisher
    ..The sedative activity of compounds 10 and 13 was demonstrated in ICR mice by using the sodium pentobarbital-induced hypnosis model. No cytotoxicity of 10 and 13 was exhibited against KB, MCF-7 and HF6 human cancer cell lines...
  23. Sanches N, Anjos R, Mosquera B. 40K/137Cs discrimination ratios to the aboveground organs of tropical plants. J Environ Radioact. 2008;99:1127-35 pubmed publisher
    ..The (40)K/(137)Cs discrimination ratios were approximately equal to unity in different compartments of each individual plant, suggesting the possibility of using caesium to predict the behaviour of potassium in several tropical species. ..
  24. Bagal Kestwal D, Kestwal R, Chiang B. Fabrication of photometric dip-strip test systems for detection of beta(1-->3)-D-glucan using crude beta(1-->3)-D-glucanase from sprouts of Vigna aconitifolia. Biosens Bioelectron. 2009;24:2566-73 pubmed publisher
    ..Hence System-II was employed for analyzing beta(1-->3)-D-glucan contents in various pharmaceutical samples. It was found that without any sample pre-treatment the percent error of detection was less than 5. ..
  25. Pertino M, Schmeda Hirschmann G. The corrected structure of rosmaridiphenol, a bioactive diterpene from Rosmarinus officinalis. Planta Med. 2010;76:629-32 pubmed publisher
    ..The correct structure of rosmaridiphenol should therefore be changed to 11,12-dihydroxy-8,11,13-icetexatrien-1-one. ..
  26. Goryluk A, Rekosz Burlaga H, Błaszczyk M. Isolation and characterization of bacterial endophytes of Chelidonium majus L. Pol J Microbiol. 2009;58:355-61 pubmed
    ..Of the twelve isolates examined, 11 were species of Bacillus thuringiensis and one was Bacillus amyloliquefaciens...
  27. Pourmorad F, Ebrahimzadeh M, Mahmoudi M, Yasini S. Antinociceptive activity of methanolic extract of Epilobium hirsutum. Pak J Biol Sci. 2007;10:2764-7 pubmed
    ..LD50 was obtained 1.5+/-0.1 g kg(-1). EH extract did not induce locomotor impairment in mice at any tested doses...
  28. Chen H, Li X, Chen J, Guo S, Cai B. Simultaneous determination of eleven bioactive compounds in Saururus chinensis from different harvesting seasons by HPLC-DAD. J Pharm Biomed Anal. 2010;51:1142-6 pubmed publisher
  29. Qin M, Xu Q, Shao Z, Gao Y, Fu Y, Lu X, et al. Effect of bio-treatment on the lipophilic and hydrophilic extractives of wheat straw. Bioresour Technol. 2009;100:3082-7 pubmed publisher
    ..In addition, the bio-treatment could increase the lignin concentration in hot-water extractives of wheat straw. ..
  30. Bicker J, Petereit F, Hensel A. Proanthocyanidins and a phloroglucinol derivative from Rumex acetosa L. Fitoterapia. 2009;80:483-95 pubmed publisher
    ..In addition a so far unknown phloroglucinolglycoside (1-O-beta-D-(2,4-dihydroxy-6-methoxyphenyl)-6-O-(4-hydroxy-3,5-dimethoxybenzoyl)-glucopyranoside) was isolated...
  31. Ishida S, Okasaka M, Ramos F, Kashiwada Y, Takaishi Y, Kodzhimatov O, et al. New alkaloid from the aerial parts of Codonopsis clematidea. J Nat Med. 2008;62:236-8 pubmed publisher
    ..The structure of the new compound was elucidated by two-dimensional nuclear magnetic resonance and other spectral examinations...
  32. Aghazadeh S, Yazdanparast R. Inhibition of JNK along with activation of ERK1/2 MAPK pathways improve steatohepatitis among the rats. Clin Nutr. 2010;29:381-5 pubmed publisher
    ..Moreover, the inhibitory effect of T. polium on the development and progression of NASH is apparently governed by the attenuation of JNK activation and augmentation of ERK1/2 activity through phosphorylation. ..
  33. Capanlar S, Böke N, Yasa I, Kirmizigül S. A novel glycoside from Acanthus hirsutus (Acanthaceae). Nat Prod Commun. 2010;5:563-6 pubmed
    ..Compound 2 was the first report from this genus. Antimicrobial and antioxidant activity of the extracts and the novel compound were investigated by determining MIC (microg/mL) and IC50 (microg/mL) values, respectively. ..
  34. Kuang H, Sun S, Yang B, Xia Y, Feng W. New megastigmane sesquiterpene and indole alkaloid glucosides from the aerial parts of Bupleurum chinense DC. Fitoterapia. 2009;80:35-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Chaihuxinosides A and B were characterized as 11-hydroxyl-4-en-3,9-dioxo- megastigmane-11-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside (1), and 3-carboxy-indole-10-O-beta-D-glucopyranosyl(1-->2)-beta-D-glucopyranosyl ester (9), respectively. ..
  35. Feng T, Xu Y, Cai X, Du Z, Luo X. Antimicrobially active isoquinoline alkaloids from Litsea cubeba. Planta Med. 2009;75:76-9 pubmed publisher
    ..The bioactivities of isoquinoline alkaloids are also at least partly responsible for the pharmacological function of the folk medicinal plant Litsea cubeba...
  36. Jimenez L, Angulo V, Rodriguez A, Sanchez R, Ferrer A. Pulp and paper from vine shoots: neural fuzzy modeling of ethylene glycol pulping. Bioresour Technol. 2009;100:756-62 pubmed publisher
    ..5 to develop fuzzy neural model that reproduced the experimental results of the dependent variables with errors less than 5%. The model is therefore effective with a view to simulating the ethylene glycol pulping process. ..
  37. Rollinger J, Schuster D, Danzl B, Schwaiger S, Markt P, Schmidtke M, et al. In silico target fishing for rationalized ligand discovery exemplified on constituents of Ruta graveolens. Planta Med. 2009;75:195-204 pubmed publisher
    ..GRAVEOLENS on three different proteins has shown promise as an IN SILICO tool for rational target fishing and pharmacological profiling of extracts and single chemical entities in natural product research...
  38. Ugur A, Sarac N, Duru M, Beyatli Y. In vitro study of antibacterial activity on multi-resistant bacteria and chemical composition of the chloroform extract of endemic Centaurea drabifolia subsp. cappadocica. Nat Prod Commun. 2009;4:1267-70 pubmed
    ..The major compounds of the chloroform extract were spathulenol (14.1%), caryophyllene oxide (12.5%), octadecanol (10.2%), ethyl palmitate (7.7%), [Z,Z]-10,12-hexadecadienal (6.0%), 3-hydroxy p-anisaldehyde (5.9%) and pentacosane (5.8%). ..
  39. Sauer M, Friml J. Immunolocalization of proteins in plants. Methods Mol Biol. 2010;655:253-63 pubmed publisher
    ..Additionally, for bulky or hard tissue types, a variation of this protocol for paraffin-embedded sections is given. ..
  40. Allouche N, Morleo B, Thoison O, Dumontet V, Nosjean O, Guéritte F, et al. Biologically active tetralones from New Caledonian Zygogynum spp. Phytochemistry. 2008;69:1750-5 pubmed publisher
    ..The compounds showed binding affinity for peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPAR-gamma) and significant inhibitory activity against KB cancer cell line...
  41. Formisano C, Rigano D, Senatore F, Celik S, Bruno M, Rosselli S. Volatile constituents of aerial parts of three endemic Centaurea species from Turkey: Centaurea amanicola Hub.-Mor., Centaurea consanguinea DC. and Centaurea ptosimopappa Hayek and their antibacterial activities. Nat Prod Res. 2008;22:833-9 pubmed publisher
    ..The study on the biological activity of the oils showed an action mainly against the Gram-positive pathogens. ..
  42. Asgary S, Moshtaghian J, Hosseini M, Siadat H. Effects of alfalfa on lipoproteins and fatty streak formation in hypercholesterolemic rabbits. Pak J Pharm Sci. 2008;21:460-4 pubmed
    ..The indication that dietary alfalfa may have preventive effects on the progression of fatty streak formation calls for more studies to clarify the mechanisms of the effect. ..
  43. Perrone A, Masullo M, Plaza A, Hamed A, Piacente S. Flavone and flavonol glycosides from Astragalus eremophilus and Astragalus vogelii. Nat Prod Commun. 2009;4:77-82 pubmed
    ..Their structures were elucidated by extensive spectroscopic methods including 1D- (1H, 13C and TOCSY) and 2D-NMR (DQF-COSY, HSQC, HMBC) experiments, as well as ESIMS analysis. ..
  44. Vilela F, de Mesquita Padilha M, Dos Santos E Silva L, Alves da Silva G, Giusti Paiva A. Evaluation of the antinociceptive activity of extracts of Sonchus oleraceus L. in mice. J Ethnopharmacol. 2009;124:306-10 pubmed publisher
    ..Sonchus oleraceus L. has been used to relieve pain in Brazilian folk medicine...
  45. Alonso Castro A, Zapata Bustos R, Romo Yáñez J, Camarillo Ledesma P, Gomez Sanchez M, Salazar Olivo L. The antidiabetic plants Tecoma stans (L.) Juss. ex Kunth (Bignoniaceae) and Teucrium cubense Jacq (Lamiaceae) induce the incorporation of glucose in insulin-sensitive and insulin-resistant murine and human adipocytes. J Ethnopharmacol. 2010;127:1-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Tecoma stans and Teucrium cubense exert their antidiabetic effects stimulating glucose uptake in both insulin-sensitive and insulin-resistant murine and human adipocytes without significant proadipogenic or antiadipogenic side effects. ..
  46. Gao D, Chundawat S, Krishnan C, Balan V, Dale B. Mixture optimization of six core glycosyl hydrolases for maximizing saccharification of ammonia fiber expansion (AFEX) pretreated corn stover. Bioresour Technol. 2010;101:2770-81 pubmed publisher
    ..7%): betaX (3.8%). These results demonstrate a rational strategy for the development of a minimal, synergistic enzymes cocktail that could reduce enzyme usage and maximize the fermentable sugar yields from pretreated lignocellulosics. ..
  47. Sundberg S. Size matters for violent discharge height and settling speed of Sphagnum spores: important attributes for dispersal potential. Ann Bot. 2010;105:291-300 pubmed publisher
    ..The discharge heights and the slow settling of spores affect dispersal distances positively and may help to explain the wide distribution of most boreal Sphagnum species. ..
  48. Tadros M, Mohamed M, Youssef A, Sabry G, Sabry N, Khalifa A. Proapoptotic and prepulse inhibition (PPI) disrupting effects of Hypericum perforatum in rats. J Ethnopharmacol. 2009;122:561-6 pubmed publisher
    ..The exacerbating effect of St. John's wort extract on PPI deficit may provide a limitation for using the extract to manage cognitive disturbance in psychotic and Huntington's disease patients manifesting PPI deficit. ..
  49. Dunford N, Edwards J. Nutritional bioactive components of wheat straw as affected by genotype and environment. Bioresour Technol. 2010;101:422-5 pubmed publisher
    ..A fundamental understanding of variations of PC and PS contents and compositions in wheat straw requires further research involving samples collected over several years. ..
  50. Areche C, Schmeda Hirschmann G, Theoduloz C, Rodriguez J. Gastroprotective effect and cytotoxicity of abietane diterpenes from the Chilean Lamiaceae Sphacele chamaedryoides (Balbis) Briq. J Pharm Pharmacol. 2009;61:1689-97 pubmed publisher
    ..The selective cytotoxicity of compounds 1 and 5 against AGS cells and fibroblasts, respectively, merit additional studies. ..
  51. Watthanachaiyingcharoen R, Komatsu K, Zhu S, Vajragupta O, Leelamanit W. Authentication of Coscinium fenestratum among the other Menispermaceae plants prescribed in Thai folk medicines. Biol Pharm Bull. 2010;33:91-4 pubmed
    ..Thus, the 18S rRNA gene and ITS gene sequences with PCR-RFLPs were proven to be powerful molecular markers for identifying C. fenestratum and distinguishing it from the other two Menispermaceae plants...
  52. Wang S, Zhang G, Guan J, Zhu L, Chen L, Pan C, et al. A new arylbenzofuran from the aerial parts of alfalfa. J Nat Med. 2009;63:189-91 pubmed publisher
    ..together with three known compounds. The structure of the new compound (1) was determined by spectroscopic methods. ..
  53. Yamashita N, Vinyard C, Tan C. Food mechanical properties in three sympatric species of Hapalemur in Ranomafana National Park, Madagascar. Am J Phys Anthropol. 2009;139:368-81 pubmed publisher
    ..simus feeding on culm pith and H. griseus and H. aureus feeding on young leaf bases are related to the toughnesses of protective coverings and the lemurs' exploitation of mechanical vulnerabilities in these plants...
  54. Wu C, Yin X, Ma L, Zhou Z, Chen H. Operational characteristics of a 1.2-MW biomass gasification and power generation plant. Biotechnol Adv. 2009;27:588-92 pubmed publisher
    ..The problems in this plant are discussed in the light of operational experience of MW-scale biomass gasification and power generation plants. ..
  55. Siebert M, Patterson T, Gilles G, Nolting S, Braxton L, Leonard B, et al. Quantification of Cry1Ac and Cry1F Bacillus thuringiensis insecticidal proteins in selected transgenic cotton plant tissue types. J Econ Entomol. 2009;102:1301-8 pubmed
    ..The data presented here provides a means to understand observed levels of efficacy (patterns of insect damage) by comparing the spatial and temporal dynamics of expression for Cry1Ac and Cry1F in PhytoGen 440W transgenic cotton. ..
  56. Buyuksari U, Ayrilmis N, Avci E, Koc E. Evaluation of the physical, mechanical properties and formaldehyde emission of particleboard manufactured from waste stone pine (Pinus pinea L.) cones. Bioresour Technol. 2010;101:255-9 pubmed publisher
    ..The cone of the stone pine can be considered as an alternative to wood material in the manufacture of particleboard used in indoor environment due to lower thickness swelling, water absorption and formaldehyde emission. ..
  57. Hegazy M, Abd El Razek M, Nagashima F, Asakawa Y, Pare P. Rare prenylated flavonoids from Tephrosia purpurea. Phytochemistry. 2009;70:1474-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Structures were established by 1D and 2D NMR spectroscopy, as well as by HR-MS analysis; for compounds 2 and 3, structures were confirmed by X-ray analysis...
  58. Hu X, Luo Y, Chen X, Zhou L, Zhang G. Chemical constituents of Nouelia insignis Franch. J Asian Nat Prod Res. 2008;10:125-31 pubmed publisher
    ..The structure of ent-11alpha,16alpha-epoxy-15alpha-hydroxy-16S-kaur-19-oic acid (4) was confirmed by X-ray crystallographic analysis. ..
  59. Djarri L, Medjroubi K, Akkal S, Elomri A, Seguin E, Groult M, et al. Variability of two essential oils of Kundmannia sicula (L.) DC., a traditional Algerian medicinal plant. Molecules. 2008;13:812-7 pubmed
    ..2%) and germacrene D (3.2%), while in the ElKala sample the main compounds were found to be salvial-4(14)en-1-one (16.4%), 1,5-epoxysalvial-4(14)ene (6.5%), chrysanthenyl acetate (5.2%) and alpha-amorphene (2.9%). ..
  60. Ogunbinu A, Flamini G, Cioni P, Ogunwande I, Okeniyi S. Essential oil constituents of Eclipta prostrata (L.) L. and Vernonia amygdalina Delile. Nat Prod Commun. 2009;4:421-4 pubmed
    ..8 and 12.9%) in the leaves and stem, respectively. In addition, (E)-beta-farnesene (10.0%) was also identified in significant amount in the stem bark. On the other hand, the major component of V. amygdalina oil was alpha-muurolol (45.7%)...
  61. Zhang Y, Sun H. Immunosuppressive effect of ethanol extract of Artemisia annua on specific antibody and cellular responses of mice against ovalbumin. Immunopharmacol Immunotoxicol. 2009;31:625-30 pubmed publisher
    ..This study provided evidence to understand the therapeutic effects of A. annua for treatment of some autoimmune diseases and an immunosuppressive natural products to further researches to be developed as immunosuppressant. ..
  62. Kuhnen S, Bernardi Ogliari J, Dias P, da Silva Santos M, Ferreira A, Bonham C, et al. Metabolic fingerprint of Brazilian maize landraces silk (stigma/styles) using NMR spectroscopy and chemometric methods. J Agric Food Chem. 2010;58:2194-200 pubmed publisher
    ..Thus the combination of (1)H NMR and PCA is a useful tool for the discrimination of maize silks in respect to their chemical composition, including rapid authentication of the raw material of current pharmacological interest. ..
  63. Wang X, Jia Y. Study on adsorption and remediation of heavy metals by poplar and larch in contaminated soil. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2010;17:1331-8 pubmed publisher
    ..The research findings could be used as a basis to develop ecological engineering technologies for environmental control and remediation of pollution caused by heavy metals in soils. ..
  64. Herrera Ruiz M, Roman Ramos R, Zamilpa A, Tortoriello J, Jiménez Ferrer J. Flavonoids from Tilia americana with anxiolytic activity in plus-maze test. J Ethnopharmacol. 2008;118:312-7 pubmed publisher
    ..These results supported the use of Tilia americana in Mexican traditional medicine as well as the anxiolytic effect of a rich flavonoid fraction without affect motor activity...
  65. Martínez A, González Trujano M, Pellicer F, López Muñoz F, Navarrete A. Antinociceptive effect and GC/MS analysis of Rosmarinus officinalis L. essential oil from its aerial parts. Planta Med. 2009;75:508-11 pubmed publisher
    ..This study suggests an involvement, at least in part, of the serotonergic system via 5-HT(1A) receptors and endogenous opioids in the antinociceptive effect of R. officinalis essential oil in the PIFIR model...
  66. Abdel Shafy S, El Khateeb R, Soliman M, Abdel Aziz M. The efficacy of some wild medicinal plant extracts on the survival and development of third instar larvae of Chrysomyia albiceps (Wied) (Diptera: Calliphoridae). Trop Anim Health Prod. 2009;41:1741-53 pubmed publisher
    ..albiceps larvae while hexane extracts of E. aegyptiaca, A. herba-alba and A. monosperma are considered the most promising plant preparations against the larvae by using thin film technique. ..
  67. Wang D, Bai J, Sun F, Yang D. Chemical constituents and antidepressant activity of the new species Hypericum enshiense occurring in China. Phytomedicine. 2010;17:410-3 pubmed publisher
    ..enshiense might possess potential antidepressant-like activity in the animal behavioral models, and this species might act as a new potential resource for developing antidepressants to treat depressive disorders. ..
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    ..The adsorption isotherms by applying the Langmuir method showed that the monolayer adsorption capacity of carbon activated at 800 degrees C could reach 110.9 mg/g. ..
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    ..Meanwhile, andrographolide is not toxic to P3HR1 cells when the concentration is below 5 microg/ml, indicating that the compound is potentially useful as an anti-EBV drug. ..
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    ..Compound 1 was a new compound, coumpounds 2-6 were obtained from the plant for the first time. ..
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    ..Reducing sugars (25.78+/-0.14 mg g(-1)) and UV-absorbing lignin-derived compound values were considerably higher in xylanase-treated samples. T. lanuginosus MC 134 has a potential application in the pulp and paper industries. ..
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    ..On the other hand, the phototoxicity of the plants may also be used therapeutically. Further studies regarding the phototoxicity of active components extracted from both live and dried oriental medicinal plants are necessary. ..
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    ..When the rate of dry matter from rhizome rise, the content of volatile oil in rhizome rises quickly with the increase of dry matter in rhizome. The optimal harvest time is in mid-December. ..
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    ..Gaertn. F. The structure of the new compound was elucidated on the basis of detailed analysis of spectroscopic data and chemical reaction. ..
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    ..Of note, the EC(50) values of two phenylethanoid glycosides reached almost thrice that of alpha-tocopherol...
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    ..paniculata and vitamin E, and may help to develop therapeutic means against nicotine-induced disorders. ..
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    ..globulus EO. These results support previous studies on these oils and suggest an additional option to treat MRSA infections. Clinical and further analytical trials of these data are necessary to confirm the obtained outcomes. ..
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    ..Examination of this herbal medicine in patients with IBD as a supplement would further reveal the potential of Teucrium...
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    ..The kinetics data of tea stalk lignocellulose showed a good fit with the Langmuir isotherm model. It is considered that tea stalk lignocellulose is an alternative low-cost adsorbent for preparing decaffeinated tea catechins. ..
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    ..The effect of chloroform extract on the trachea was also tested; it did not relax pre-contractions in guinea pig trachealis induced KCl, carbachol or histamine. ..
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    ..2%), myristicin (22.4%) and sabinene (8.9%). Antibacterial activities of the flower, leaf and stem oils were evaluated using the micro-dilution broth method. Inhibitory effects on Escherichia coli and Salmonella typhi were recorded. ..
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    ..Compounds 6, 7 and 9 were reported for the first time. HPLC-PDA-ESI-MS/MS provides a new powerful approach to identify germacrane sesquiterpene lactones in E. lindleyanum rapidly and accurately. ..
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    ..These results suggest that a major effect of the NAM genes is an increased efflux of nutrients from the vegetative tissues and a higher partitioning of nutrients to grain. ..
  87. Cetojević Simin D, Canadanović Brunet J, Bogdanovic G, Djilas S, Cetković G, Tumbas V, et al. Antioxidative and antiproliferative activities of different horsetail (Equisetum arvense L.) extracts. J Med Food. 2010;13:452-9 pubmed publisher
    ..The results obtained suggest that the horsetail extracts could be used as an easily accessible source of natural antioxidants and as potential phytochemicals...
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    ..The antioxidant activity of dichloromethanic, ethanolic and acetonic total extracts of aerial parts was evaluated...
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    ..Hence, maize detritus, and associated Cry1Ab proteins, are widely distributed and persistent in the headwater streams of a Corn Belt landscape. ..
  90. Warashina T, Noro T. 8,12;8,20-Diepoxy-8,14-secopregnane glycosides from the aerial parts of Asclepias tuberosa. Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo). 2010;58:172-9 pubmed
    ..The structure of each of these compounds was elucidated based on the interpretation of NMR and MS measurements and from chemical evidence. ..
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    ..In the present study, the aim was to discover novel, effective plant-based extracts for the activity against malaria...
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    ..Other biorefinery options, including supercritical water gasification and the effectual utilization of the bio-crude oil, are also addressed...