adolescent development


Summary: The continuous sequential physiological and psychological changes during ADOLESCENCE, approximately between the age of 13 and 18.

Top Publications

  1. Selemon L. A role for synaptic plasticity in the adolescent development of executive function. Transl Psychiatry. 2013;3:e238 pubmed publisher
    ..Greater insight into the neurobiology of the adolescent brain is needed to fully understand the molecular basis for heightened vulnerability during adolescence to the injurious effects of substance abuse and stress. ..
  2. McAdams T, Gregory A, Rowe R, Zavos H, Barclay N, Lau J, et al. The Genesis 12-19 (G1219) Study: a twin and sibling study of gene-environment interplay and adolescent development in the UK. Twin Res Hum Genet. 2013;16:134-43 pubmed publisher
    ..In this article, we describe the sample, data collection, and measures used. We also summarize some of the key findings to date. ..
  3. Chen J, Li X, Zhang J, Natsuaki M, Leve L, Harold G, et al. The Beijing Twin Study (BeTwiSt): a longitudinal study of child and adolescent development. Twin Res Hum Genet. 2013;16:91-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Findings from this study are expected to help understanding of the etiological mechanisms underlying child and adolescent normal and abnormal development in regions undergoing substantial social, cultural, and economic changes. ..
  4. Best J, Miller P. A developmental perspective on executive function. Child Dev. 2010;81:1641-60 pubmed publisher
    ..g., developmental sequences, trajectories, and processes) and suggests research needed for constructing a developmental framework encompassing early childhood through adolescence. ..
  5. Colrain I, Baker F. Changes in sleep as a function of adolescent development. Neuropsychol Rev. 2011;21:5-21 pubmed publisher
  6. Lerner R, Lerner J, von Eye A, Bowers E, Lewin Bizan S. Individual and contextual bases of thriving in adolescence: a view of the issues. J Adolesc. 2011;34:1107-14 pubmed publisher
    ..evidence about the empirical usefulness of the PYD perspective and discuss how research testing the PYD model has new and important implications for both adolescent development research and for the application of developmental science.
  7. Shek D, Chak Y. Design of training programs for a positive youth development program: Project P.A.T.H.S. in Hong Kong. Int J Adolesc Med Health. 2010;22:345-67 pubmed
    ..The training programs cover theories of adolescent development, positive youth development, background and curricula of the Project P.A.T.H.S...
  8. Shek D. Positive youth development and behavioral intention to gamble among Chinese adolescents in Hong Kong. Int J Adolesc Med Health. 2010;22:163-72 pubmed
    ..The present findings suggest that promoting positive youth development is a possible strategy that can help to prevent adolescent problem gambling. ..
  9. Güroğlu B, van den Bos W, Crone E. Fairness considerations: increasing understanding of intentionality during adolescence. J Exp Child Psychol. 2009;104:398-409 pubmed publisher
    ..Taken together, the results demonstrate a linear developmental transition in fairness considerations that may have important implications for our understanding of social interactions during adolescence. ..

More Information


  1. Tarokh L, Carskadon M, Achermann P. Trait-like characteristics of the sleep EEG across adolescent development. J Neurosci. 2011;31:6371-8 pubmed publisher
    ..The present study examines whether a trait-like sleep EEG pattern is detectable across adolescent development. Two consecutive nights of standard sleep recordings were performed in 19 9-10-year-old children and 26 15-..
  2. Shek D. Quantitative evaluation of the training program of the Project P.A.T.H.S. in Hong Kong. Int J Adolesc Med Health. 2010;22:425-35 pubmed
  3. Klimstra T, Hale W, Raaijmakers Q, Branje S, Meeus W. Maturation of personality in adolescence. J Pers Soc Psychol. 2009;96:898-912 pubmed publisher
    ..For all change facets, the authors found evidence for gender differences in the timing of adolescent personality maturation, as girls were found to mature earlier than boys. ..
  4. Shirtcliff E, Dahl R, Pollak S. Pubertal development: correspondence between hormonal and physical development. Child Dev. 2009;80:327-37 pubmed publisher
    ..The PDS and PBIP were similarly related to basal hormones. Self-report may be adequate when precise agreement is unnecessary. Multiple measures of puberty are viable options, each with respective strengths. ..
  5. Lewin Bizan S, Bowers E, Lerner R. One good thing leads to another: cascades of positive youth development among American adolescents. Dev Psychopathol. 2010;22:759-70 pubmed publisher
    ..We discuss the limitations and future directions of this research and the implications of developmental cascades for applications to policies and programs. ..
  6. Peper J, Hulshoff Pol H, Crone E, Van Honk J. Sex steroids and brain structure in pubertal boys and girls: a mini-review of neuroimaging studies. Neuroscience. 2011;191:28-37 pubmed publisher
    ..This article is part of a Special Issue entitled: Neuroactive Steroids: Focus on Human Brain. ..
  7. De Goede I, Branje S, Meeus W. Developmental changes in adolescents' perceptions of relationships with their parents. J Youth Adolesc. 2009;38:75-88 pubmed publisher
  8. van Leijenhorst L, Gunther Moor B, Op de Macks Z, Rombouts S, Westenberg P, Crone E. Adolescent risky decision-making: neurocognitive development of reward and control regions. Neuroimage. 2010;51:345-55 pubmed publisher
    ..These findings support the hypothesis that risky behavior in adolescence is associated with an imbalance caused by different developmental trajectories of reward and regulatory brain circuitry. ..
  9. Lee T, Shek D. Positive youth development programs targeting students with greater psychosocial needs: a replication. ScientificWorldJournal. 2010;10:261-72 pubmed publisher
    ..The present study provides support for the effectiveness of the Tier 2 Program of the Project P.A.T.H.S. in Hong Kong for the Full Implementation Phase. ..
  10. Crowley S, Acebo C, Carskadon M. Human puberty: salivary melatonin profiles in constant conditions. Dev Psychobiol. 2012;54:468-73 pubmed publisher
    ..These findings also indicate that the melatonin decline during puberty is not entirely accounted for by body mass or by age. ..
  11. Jucaite A, Forssberg H, Karlsson P, Halldin C, Farde L. Age-related reduction in dopamine D1 receptors in the human brain: from late childhood to adulthood, a positron emission tomography study. Neuroscience. 2010;167:104-10 pubmed publisher
    ..The present PET-study provides new evidence on the development of D1DR in humans in vivo which is of critical importance for understanding of the biology of neurodevelopmental disorders. ..
  12. Bava S, Jacobus J, Mahmood O, Yang T, Tapert S. Neurocognitive correlates of white matter quality in adolescent substance users. Brain Cogn. 2010;72:347-54 pubmed publisher
    ..This study examined the cognitive manifestations of altered white matter microstructure in chronic marijuana and alcohol-using (MJ+ALC) adolescents...
  13. Kia Keating M, Dowdy E, Morgan M, Noam G. Protecting and promoting: an integrative conceptual model for healthy development of adolescents. J Adolesc Health. 2011;48:220-8 pubmed publisher build on the interconnectedness of risk, protection, and assets within the ecological systems affecting adolescent development. This article draws on extant research to delineate linkages between the risk and resilience and positive ..
  14. Forbes E, Phillips M, Silk J, Ryan N, Dahl R. Neural systems of threat processing in adolescents: role of pubertal maturation and relation to measures of negative affect. Dev Neuropsychol. 2011;36:429-52 pubmed publisher
    ..Amygdala and VLPFC reactivity were correlated with negative affect and depressive symptoms. Threat-processing changes during puberty may facilitate changes in social behavior and negative affect. ..
  15. Liu J, Lester B. Reconceptualizing in a dual-system model the effects of prenatal cocaine exposure on adolescent development: a short review. Int J Dev Neurosci. 2011;29:803-9 pubmed publisher
  16. Leung J, Shek D. Quantitative and qualitative approaches in the study of poverty and adolescent development: separation or integration?. Int J Adolesc Med Health. 2011;23:115-21 pubmed
    ..and qualitative approaches to study the impact of economic disadvantage on family processes and adolescent development. Quantitative research has the merits of objectivity, good predictive and explanatory power, parsimony, ..
  17. Shek D, Wong K. Qualitative evaluation of the training program of the Project P.A.T.H.S. in Hong Kong. Int J Adolesc Med Health. 2010;22:413-23 pubmed
    ..This qualitative evaluation study provides support for the effectiveness of the training program in the Project P.A.T.H.S. in Hong Kong. ..
  18. Shek D, Sun R. Effectiveness of the Tier 1 Program of Project P.A.T.H.S.: findings based on three years of program implementation. ScientificWorldJournal. 2010;10:1509-19 pubmed publisher
    ..Similarly, differences between experimental participants who perceived the program to be beneficial and control participants were found. ..
  19. Shek D, Sun R. Subjective outcome evaluation based on secondary data analyses: the project P.A.T.H.S. in Hong Kong. ScientificWorldJournal. 2010;10:224-37 pubmed publisher
    ..11%) were also reported. The present study replicated the findings reported in previous studies and suggests that the Tier 1 Program of the Project P.A.T.H.S. is beneficial to the development of the program participants. ..
  20. Dumontheil I, Apperly I, Blakemore S. Online usage of theory of mind continues to develop in late adolescence. Dev Sci. 2010;13:331-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Thus, while theory of mind tasks are passed by age 4, these data indicate that the interaction between theory of mind and executive functions continues to develop in late adolescence. ..
  21. Shek D, Chak Y. Training evaluation of the Secondary 3 Training Program of the Project P.A.T.H.S. in Hong Kong. Int J Adolesc Med Health. 2011;23:333-9 pubmed
    ..A.T.H.S. generated positive reactions, enhanced learning, and desired behavioral changes in the program participants. ..
  22. Squeglia L, Jacobus J, Tapert S. The influence of substance use on adolescent brain development. Clin EEG Neurosci. 2009;40:31-8 pubmed
    ..Methodological and treatment implications are provided. ..
  23. Shek D, Yu L. A review of validated youth prevention and positive youth development programs in Asia. Int J Adolesc Med Health. 2011;23:317-24 pubmed
    ..Finally, there were very few rigorously designed evaluative studies of prevention and positive youth development programs over a long period of time. ..
  24. Shek D, Chak Y. Subjective outcome evaluation of the Secondary 2 Training Program of the Project P.A.T.H.S. in Hong Kong. Int J Adolesc Med Health. 2011;23:325-32 pubmed
    ..The present findings provide support for the effectiveness of the Secondary 2 Training Program (Experimental Implementation Phase) of the Project P.A.T.H.S. in Hong Kong. ..
  25. Guerra N, Bradshaw C. Linking the prevention of problem behaviors and positive youth development: core competencies for positive youth development and risk prevention. New Dir Child Adolesc Dev. 2008;2008:1-17 pubmed publisher
  26. O DONNELL P. Adolescent onset of cortical disinhibition in schizophrenia: insights from animal models. Schizophr Bull. 2011;37:484-92 pubmed publisher
    ..These observations provide the foundation for novel research-based therapeutic approaches and perhaps will even lead to ways to prevent the progression of the disease in predisposed subjects. ..
  27. Shek D, Ma C. Impact of the project P.A.T.H.S. In the junior secondary school years: individual growth curve analyses. ScientificWorldJournal. 2011;11:253-66 pubmed publisher
    ..The present findings strongly suggest that the Project P.A.T.H.S. is making an important positive impact for junior secondary school students in Hong Kong. ..
  28. Shek D, Wong K. Subjective outcome evaluation of the training program of the Project P.A.T.H.S. based on qualitative findings. Int J Adolesc Med Health. 2010;22:437-47 pubmed
  29. Casey B, Duhoux S, Malter Cohen M. Adolescence: what do transmission, transition, and translation have to do with it?. Neuron. 2010;67:749-60 pubmed publisher
    ..This review examines changes in explorative and emotive behaviors during the transition into and out of adolescence and the underlying neurobiological bases in the context of adaptive and maladaptive functions. ..
  30. Geier C, Terwilliger R, Teslovich T, Velanova K, Luna B. Immaturities in reward processing and its influence on inhibitory control in adolescence. Cereb Cortex. 2010;20:1613-29 pubmed publisher
    ..In sum, our findings suggest mechanisms that may underlie adolescents' vulnerability to poor decision-making and risk-taking behavior. ..
  31. Keijsers L, Loeber R, Branje S, Meeus W. Bidirectional links and concurrent development of parent-child relationships and boys' offending behavior. J Abnorm Psychol. 2011;120:878-89 pubmed publisher
    ..The discussion focuses on the theoretical implications of these two types of longitudinal associations. ..
  32. Paus T, Keshavan M, Giedd J. Why do many psychiatric disorders emerge during adolescence?. Nat Rev Neurosci. 2008;9:947-57 pubmed publisher
  33. Crocetti E, Klimstra T, Keijsers L, Hale W, Meeus W. Anxiety trajectories and identity development in adolescence: a five-wave longitudinal study. J Youth Adolesc. 2009;38:839-49 pubmed publisher
    ..Findings indicated that the high anxiety adolescents displayed a more troublesome identity development than their low anxiety peers, since their commitments became weaker with age, and they reconsidered them intensively. ..
  34. Mabbott D, Rovet J, Noseworthy M, Smith M, Rockel C. The relations between white matter and declarative memory in older children and adolescents. Brain Res. 2009;1294:80-90 pubmed publisher
    ..Our findings support the role of white matter in facilitating connectivity between cerebral regions important for declarative memory. ..
  35. Jenni O, Chaouch A, Caflisch J, Rousson V. Correlations between motor and intellectual functions in normally developing children between 7 and 18 years. Dev Neuropsychol. 2013;38:98-113 pubmed publisher
    ..However, because the magnitude of correlations is generally weak, we suggest that motor and intellectual domains in healthy children are largely independent. ..
  36. Dalskov S, Müller M, Ritz C, Damsgaard C, Papadaki A, Saris W, et al. Effects of dietary protein and glycaemic index on biomarkers of bone turnover in children. Br J Nutr. 2014;111:1253-62 pubmed publisher
    ..However, the difference in the change in the level of osteocalcin between the high-protein/high-GI group and the low-protein/high-GI group warrants further investigation and should be confirmed in other studies. ..
  37. Milburn N, Lightfoot M. Adolescents in wartime US military families: a developmental perspective on challenges and resources. Clin Child Fam Psychol Rev. 2013;16:266-77 pubmed publisher
    ..US military families are a unique group of young people who are experiencing the usual milestones of adolescent development, including establishing their identities and becoming autonomous, while they face the challenges of ..
  38. Peverill M, McLaughlin K, Finn A, Sheridan M. Working memory filtering continues to develop into late adolescence. Dev Cogn Neurosci. 2016;18:78-88 pubmed publisher
  39. Sizonenko S, Babiloni C, Sijben J, Walhovd K. Brain imaging and human nutrition: which measures to use in intervention studies?. Adv Nutr. 2013;4:554-6 pubmed publisher
    ..In this symposium, the utility of existing brain imaging technologies to assess the effects of nutritional intervention in humans is described. Examples of current research showing the utility of these markers are reviewed. ..
  40. Gaete V. [Adolescent psychosocial development]. Rev Chil Pediatr. 2015;86:436-43 pubmed publisher
    ..Psychological, cognitive, social, sexual and moral development of young people in each of them are described in this article. ..
  41. Ramey H, Rose Krasnor L, Busseri M, Gadbois S, Bowker A, Findlay L. Measuring psychological engagement in youth activity involvement. J Adolesc. 2015;45:237-49 pubmed publisher
    ..Also, as anticipated, psychological engagement was associated with features of the activity setting and perceived impact. ..
  42. Sutharsan R, O Callaghan M, Williams G, Najman J, Mamun A. Rapid growth in early childhood associated with young adult overweight and obesity--evidence from a community based cohort study. J Health Popul Nutr. 2015;33:13 pubmed publisher
    ..Rapid weight gain in the first 5 years of life in children increased their risk of a higher BMI and WC in young adulthood, in contrast slow weight gain was inversely associated with weight status at 21 years. ..
  43. Johnson S, Wolke D. Behavioural outcomes and psychopathology during adolescence. Early Hum Dev. 2013;89:199-207 pubmed publisher
    ..The high prevalence of psychiatric disorders, present in around 25% of preterm adolescents, requires long term screening and intervention. ..
  44. Audi L, Fernandez Cancio M, Camats N, Carrascosa A. Growth hormone deficiency: an update. Minerva Endocrinol. 2013;38:1-16 pubmed
  45. O Reilly M, Sozo F, Harding R. Impact of preterm birth and bronchopulmonary dysplasia on the developing lung: long-term consequences for respiratory health. Clin Exp Pharmacol Physiol. 2013;40:765-73 pubmed publisher
    ..Because the incidence of preterm birth is not declining, it will continue to be a major cause of respiratory ill-health in adults. ..
  46. Vetter N, Altgassen M, Phillips L, Mahy C, Kliegel M. Development of affective theory of mind across adolescence: disentangling the role of executive functions. Dev Neuropsychol. 2013;38:114-25 pubmed publisher
    ..Affective theory of mind was positively related to age, and all three executive functions. Specifically, inhibition explained the largest amount of variance in age-related differences in affective theory of mind. ..
  47. Nichols S, Cadogan F. Anthropometry and blood pressure changes in a Caribbean adolescent population of African ancestry: an evaluation of longitudinal data using a multilevel mixed regression approach. West Indian Med J. 2012;61:674-83 pubmed
    ..Anthropometric measures are important covariates of age-related blood pressure changes and cross-sectional data may provide a more cost-effective and useful proxy for generating age-related blood pressure estimates in this population. ..
  48. Kelishadi R, Motlagh M, Roomizadeh P, Abtahi S, Qorbani M, Taslimi M, et al. First report on path analysis for cardiometabolic components in a nationally representative sample of pediatric population in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA): the CASPIAN-III Study. Ann Nutr Metab. 2013;62:257-65 pubmed publisher
    ..The results of this study underline the imperative need for the weight loss and lifestyle change from childhood as the first-line preventive strategy for metabolic syndrome and noncommunicable diseases. ..
  49. Partadiredja G, Sutarman -, Yahya T, Nuryana C, Susilowati R. Curcumin alters motor coordination but not total number of Purkinje cells in the cerebellum of adolescent male Wistar rats. J Integr Med. 2013;11:32-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Curcumin may exert beneficial effects on the motor coordination of adolescent rats exposed to ethanol via undetermined hormetic mechanisms. ..
  50. Schooling C. Life course epidemiology: recognising the importance of puberty. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2015;69:820 pubmed publisher
  51. Tateno M, Teo A, Tateno Y. Eleven-year follow up of boy with Asperger's syndrome and comorbid gender identity disorder of childhood. Psychiatry Clin Neurosci. 2015;69:658 pubmed publisher
  52. MacCabe J, Wicks S, Lofving S, David A, Berndtsson Å, Gustafsson J, et al. Decline in cognitive performance between ages 13 and 18 years and the risk for psychosis in adulthood: a Swedish longitudinal cohort study in males. JAMA Psychiatry. 2013;70:261-70 pubmed publisher
    ..This suggests an impairment of late neurodevelopment affecting the acquisition of verbal skills in adolescent boys and young men who later develop psychosis. ..
  53. Walters G, Ruscio J. Trajectories of youthful antisocial behavior: categories or continua?. J Abnorm Child Psychol. 2013;41:653-66 pubmed publisher
    ..The implications of these results for future research on developmental trajectories of antisocial behavior are discussed. ..