cosmic radiation

Summary

Summary: High-energy radiation or particles from extraterrestrial space that strike the earth, its atmosphere, or spacecraft and may create secondary radiation as a result of collisions with the atmosphere or spacecraft.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi A new Mars radiation environment model with visualization
    G De Angelis
    Old Dominion University, Norfolk, VA 23508, USA
    Adv Space Res 34:1328-32. 2004
  2. ncbi Getting ready for the manned mission to Mars: the astronauts' risk from space radiation
    Christine E Hellweg
    DLR, Institut für Luft und Raumfahrtmedizin, Strahlenbiologie, 51147, Cologne, Germany
    Naturwissenschaften 94:517-26. 2007
  3. ncbi Immunofluorescence detection of clustered gamma-H2AX foci induced by HZE-particle radiation
    N Desai
    Wyle Laboratories, Houston, Texas, USA
    Radiat Res 164:518-22. 2005
  4. ncbi Space radiation cancer risks and uncertainties for Mars missions
    F A Cucinotta
    NASA Johnson Space Center, Radiation Health Office, Mail Code SA2, Houston, TX 77058, USA
    Radiat Res 156:682-8. 2001
  5. pmc The hazards of space travel
    Richard B Setlow
    Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York, USA
    EMBO Rep 4:1013-6. 2003
  6. ncbi Cytogenetic analysis in human lymphocytes after exposure to simulated cosmic radiation which reflects the inflight radiation environment
    A Heimers
    Department of Physics, University of Bremen, Germany
    Int J Radiat Biol 75:691-8. 1999
  7. ncbi Low (20 cGy) doses of 1 GeV/u (56)Fe--particle radiation lead to a persistent reduction in the spatial learning ability of rats
    Richard A Britten
    Department of Radiation Oncology, Eastern Virginia Medical School, Norfolk, Virginia 23507, USA
    Radiat Res 177:146-51. 2012
  8. doi Repair of HZE-particle-induced DNA double-strand breaks in normal human fibroblasts
    Aroumougame Asaithamby
    Division of Molecular Radiation Biology, Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas 75390, USA
    Radiat Res 169:437-46. 2008
  9. pmc 9,400 years of cosmic radiation and solar activity from ice cores and tree rings
    Friedhelm Steinhilber
    Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology, Eawag, Uberlandstrasse 133, 8600 Dubendorf, Switzerland
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 109:5967-71. 2012
  10. pmc Galactic cosmic radiation leads to cognitive impairment and increased aβ plaque accumulation in a mouse model of Alzheimer's disease
    Jonathan D Cherry
    Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, Rochester, New York, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 7:e53275. 2012

Detail Information

Publications215 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi A new Mars radiation environment model with visualization
    G De Angelis
    Old Dominion University, Norfolk, VA 23508, USA
    Adv Space Res 34:1328-32. 2004
    ..The Mars Radiation Environment Model has been made available worldwide through the Space Ionizing Radiation Effects and Shielding Tools (SIREST) website, a project of NASA Langley Research Center...
  2. ncbi Getting ready for the manned mission to Mars: the astronauts' risk from space radiation
    Christine E Hellweg
    DLR, Institut für Luft und Raumfahrtmedizin, Strahlenbiologie, 51147, Cologne, Germany
    Naturwissenschaften 94:517-26. 2007
    ..The paper describes present-day estimates of equivalent doses from GCR and solar cosmic radiation behind various shields and radiation risks for astronauts on a mission to Mars.
  3. ncbi Immunofluorescence detection of clustered gamma-H2AX foci induced by HZE-particle radiation
    N Desai
    Wyle Laboratories, Houston, Texas, USA
    Radiat Res 164:518-22. 2005
    ..Qualitative analyses of these distributions provide insights into DNA damage processing kinetics for high charge and energy (HZE) ions, including evidence of increased clustering of DNA damage and slower processing with increasing LET...
  4. ncbi Space radiation cancer risks and uncertainties for Mars missions
    F A Cucinotta
    NASA Johnson Space Center, Radiation Health Office, Mail Code SA2, Houston, TX 77058, USA
    Radiat Res 156:682-8. 2001
    ..Because GCR exposures involve multiple particle or delta-ray tracks per cellular array, our results suggest that the shape of the dose response at low dose rates may be an additional uncertainty for estimating space radiation risks...
  5. pmc The hazards of space travel
    Richard B Setlow
    Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York, USA
    EMBO Rep 4:1013-6. 2003
  6. ncbi Cytogenetic analysis in human lymphocytes after exposure to simulated cosmic radiation which reflects the inflight radiation environment
    A Heimers
    Department of Physics, University of Bremen, Germany
    Int J Radiat Biol 75:691-8. 1999
    ..To determine the relative biological effectiveness (RBE) of a mixed neutron-gamma-radiation field and its high LET component on the induction of chromosome aberrations in human lymphocytes...
  7. ncbi Low (20 cGy) doses of 1 GeV/u (56)Fe--particle radiation lead to a persistent reduction in the spatial learning ability of rats
    Richard A Britten
    Department of Radiation Oncology, Eastern Virginia Medical School, Norfolk, Virginia 23507, USA
    Radiat Res 177:146-51. 2012
    Exposure to galactic cosmic radiation (GCR) is considered to be a potential health risk in long-term space travel, and it represents a significant risk to the central nervous system (CNS)...
  8. doi Repair of HZE-particle-induced DNA double-strand breaks in normal human fibroblasts
    Aroumougame Asaithamby
    Division of Molecular Radiation Biology, Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas 75390, USA
    Radiat Res 169:437-46. 2008
    ..Collectively, these data demonstrate that the inability of cells to rejoin DSBs within clustered DNA lesions likely contributes to the greater biological effectiveness of HZE particles...
  9. pmc 9,400 years of cosmic radiation and solar activity from ice cores and tree rings
    Friedhelm Steinhilber
    Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology, Eawag, Uberlandstrasse 133, 8600 Dubendorf, Switzerland
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 109:5967-71. 2012
    Understanding the temporal variation of cosmic radiation and solar activity during the Holocene is essential for studies of the solar-terrestrial relationship...
  10. pmc Galactic cosmic radiation leads to cognitive impairment and increased aβ plaque accumulation in a mouse model of Alzheimer's disease
    Jonathan D Cherry
    Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, Rochester, New York, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 7:e53275. 2012
    Galactic Cosmic Radiation consisting of high-energy, high-charged (HZE) particles poses a significant threat to future astronauts in deep space...
  11. pmc In vivo space radiation-induced non-targeted responses: late effects on molecular signaling in mitochondria
    Mohit R Jain
    Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, New Jersey Medical School Cancer Center, Newark, NJ 07103, USA
    Curr Mol Pharmacol 4:106-14. 2011
    ..They further demonstrate that 'network analyses' is an effective tool towards characterizing the signaling pathways that mediate the long-term biological effects of space radiation...
  12. ncbi Oxidative DNA damage and cytogenetic effects in flight engineers exposed to cosmic radiation
    I H Zwingmann
    Department of Health Risk Analysis and Toxicology, Maastricht University, The
    Environ Mol Mutagen 32:121-9. 1998
    ..appeared significantly increased in comparison with controls and was associated with cumulative exposure to cosmic radiation. Frequencies of peripheral lymphocyte chromosome aberrations, micronuclei and hprt mutations appeared also to ..
  13. ncbi Fundamental space radiobiology
    Gregory A Nelson
    Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA, USA
    Gravit Space Biol Bull 16:29-36. 2003
    ....
  14. pmc Quiescent adult neural stem cells are exceptionally sensitive to cosmic radiation
    Juan M Encinas
    Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, Cold Spring Harbor, NY 11724, USA
    Exp Neurol 210:274-9. 2008
    ..Our finding raises an important concern about cognitive and emotional risks associated with radiation exposure...
  15. ncbi Exposure of airline pilots and cabin crew to cosmic radiation during flight--what's the fuss?
    M K Lim
    Department of Community, Occupational and Family Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, National University of Singapore, MD3, 16 Medical Drive, Singapore 117597
    Ann Acad Med Singapore 30:494-8. 2001
    ..In 2000, the European Union had gone ahead with legislation which requires all European airlines to monitor cosmic radiation levels during flight and to inform aircrew of the possible health risks...
  16. ncbi Cosmic radiation increases the risk of nuclear cataract in airline pilots: a population-based case-control study
    Vilhjalmur Rafnsson
    Department of Preventive Medicine, University of Iceland, Neshagi 16, 107 Reykjavik, Iceland
    Arch Ophthalmol 123:1102-5. 2005
    ..Aviation involves exposure to ionizing radiation of cosmic origin. The association between lesions of the ocular lens and ionizing radiation is well-known...
  17. ncbi Estimating the cosmic radiation dose for a cabin crew with flight timetables
    Katja Kojo
    Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority STUK, Helsinki, Finland
    J Occup Environ Med 49:540-5. 2007
    Because of the lack of recorded flight history for cabin crew, a retrospective assessment of exposure to cosmic radiation is complicated. Our aim was to develop an assessment method for occupational exposure based on flight timetables.
  18. ncbi Antioxidant metabolism in Xenopus laevis embryos is affected by stratospheric balloon flight
    Angela M Rizzo
    Institute of General Physiology and Biochemistry G Esposito, University of Milan, Via D Trentacoste 2, 20134 Milan, Italy
    Cell Biol Int 31:716-23. 2007
    ..These preliminary data demonstrate that flight on a stratospheric balloon might affect antioxidant metabolism, though it is not yet possible to correlate these results with low radiation exposure during flight...
  19. pmc Two- and three-dimensional models for risk assessment of radiation-enhanced colorectal tumorigenesis
    Andres I Roig
    University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas, Dallas, TX, USA
    Radiat Res 171:33-40. 2009
    ....
  20. ncbi Cosmic radiation and cancer mortality among airline pilots: results from a European cohort study (ESCAPE)
    I Langner
    School of Public Health, Division of Epidemiology and Medical Statistics, University of Bielefeld, P O Box 100 131, 33501 Bielefeld, Germany
    Radiat Environ Biophys 42:247-56. 2004
    b>Cosmic radiation is an occupational risk factor for commercial aircrews...
  21. ncbi Assessing exposure to cosmic radiation on board aircraft
    J F Bottollier-Depois
    Human Health Protection and Dosimetry Division, Institute for Protection and Nuclear Safety, Fontenay aux Roses, France
    Adv Space Res 32:59-66. 2003
    The assessment of exposure to cosmic radiation on board aircraft is one of the preoccupations of organizations responsible for radiation protection...
  22. ncbi HUMEX, a study on the survivability and adaptation of humans to long-duration exploratory missions, part I: lunar missions
    G Horneck
    German Aerospace Center DLR, Cologne, Germany
    Adv Space Res 31:2389-401. 2003
    ..reduced gravity (on the Moon) and abrupt gravity changes (during launch and landing), of the effects of cosmic radiation including solar particle events, of psychological issues as well as general health care...
  23. ncbi The high-energy heavy-particle fluences in the orbits of manned space stations
    D G Baranov
    Ioffe Physico Technical Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, St Petersburg, Russia
    Radiat Meas 35:423-31. 2002
    ..The analysis demonstrates a high effectiveness of the described methods when applied to quite a number of space physics problems...
  24. ncbi Radiation measurements on the Mir Orbital Station
    G D Badhwar
    NASA Johnson Space Center, Houston, TX 77058 3696, USA
    Radiat Meas 35:393-422. 2002
    ..6 +/- 0.5 degrees N. These measurements are of direct applicability to the International Space Station. This paper represents a comprehensive review of Mir Space Station radiation data available from a variety of sources...
  25. ncbi Microdosimetric spectra and LET distributions on board the Mir space station obtained with a particle track detector
    F Spurny
    Nuclear Physics Institute, Department of Dosimetry, Czech Academy of Sciences, Prague, Czech Republic
    Radiat Prot Dosimetry 100:507-10. 2002
    ..It was also found that these doses vary from one expedition to another. The correlation of these variations with the solar activity level was studied...
  26. ncbi Investigation of dose and flux dynamics in the Liulin-5 dosimeter of the tissue-equivalent phantom onboard the Russian segment of the International Space Station
    J Semkova
    Solar Terrestrial Influences Laboratory, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia, Bulgaria
    Adv Space Res 31:1383-8. 2003
    ..Presented are the test results of the prototype unit. Liulin-5 will be flown on the ISS in the year 2003...
  27. ncbi Analysis of the neutron component at high altitude mountains using active and passive measurement devices
    M Hajek
    Atominstitute of the Austrian Universities, Vienna, Austria
    Nucl Instrum Methods Phys Res A 476:69-73. 2002
    ..The total dose equivalent rate determined by the HTR-method was 210 +/- 15 nSv/h. The results are in good agreement with LET-spectrometer and Sievert counter measurements carried out simultaneously...
  28. ncbi Space radiation health: a brief primer
    Paul Todd
    SHOT, Inc, Greenville, IN, USA
    Gravit Space Biol Bull 16:1-4. 2003
    ..Potential countermeasures include shielding, medication consisting of radical scavengers, anti-oxidant consumption, cytokines, and cell transplants...
  29. ncbi Evaluation of the dynamic cutoff rigidity model using dosimetry data from the STS-28 flight
    D F Smart
    Air Force Research Laboratory, Space Vehicles Directorate VSBS, Bedford, MA 01731, USA
    Adv Space Res 31:841-6. 2003
    ..We find a one-to-one correspondence between the portion of the orbit predicted to be subjected to solar protons and the portion of the orbit where solar particle dose measurements were obtained...
  30. ncbi Measurements of the high energy neutron component of cosmic radiation fields in aircraft using etched track dosemeters
    D T Bartlett
    National Radiological Protection Board, Chilton, Didcot, Oxon OX11 0RQ, UK
    Radiat Meas 33:243-53. 2001
    Measurements of the complex cosmic radiation field in aircraft at altitude are made with a passive survey meter comprising routine-use thermoluminescent detectors and etched track detectors...
  31. ncbi LET distributions from CR-39 plates on Space Shuttle missions STS-84 and STS-91 and a comparison of the results of the CR-39 plates with those of RRMD-II and RRMD-III telescopes
    H Tawara
    High Energy Accelerator Research Organization, Radiation Science Center, Oho 1 1, Tsukuba shi, Ibaraki 305 0801, Japan
    Radiat Meas 35:119-26. 2002
    ....
  32. ncbi Comparison of graphite, aluminum, and TransHab shielding material characteristics in a high-energy neutron field
    G D Badhwar
    NASA Johnson Space Center, Houston, Texas 77058 3696, USA
    Radiat Meas 35:545-9. 2002
    ..It is a continuation of a previous study using regolith and doped polyethylene materials. This paper describes the results and their comparison with the previous study...
  33. ncbi A comparison of quality factors and weighting factors for characterizing astronaut radiation exposures
    Neal Zapp
    Wyle Laboratories, Houston, TX 77058, USA
    Adv Space Res 30:965-74. 2002
    ..We compare calculations done based on identical fields of radiation representative of that encountered by the MIR space station, applying each of these two methods...
  34. ncbi Radiation protection guidance for activities in low-Earth orbit
    L W Townsend
    Nuclear Engineering Department, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996 2300, USA
    Adv Space Res 30:957-63. 2002
    ..The report of SC 75 was published in December 2000 as NCRP Report No. 132. In this presentation an overview of the findings and recommendations of the committee report will be presented...
  35. ncbi Estimation of a cosmonaut's radiation hazard during long-term space missions on the basis of a generalized dosimetric function
    A V Shafirkin
    State Research Centre of the RF Institute for Biomedical Problems, Moscow, Russia
    Adv Space Res 30:995-8. 2002
    ..In terms of the generalized dose, it is possible to assess the nature and extent of lowering a crew working capacity, as well as radiation risk, both during a flight and post flight period...
  36. ncbi Nuclear model calculations and their role in space radiation research
    L W Townsend
    Nuclear Engineering Department, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996 2300, USA
    Adv Space Res 30:907-16. 2002
    ..Model shortcomings are discussed and future needs presented...
  37. ncbi Radiation risk and human space exploration
    W Schimmerling
    National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Washington, DC 20546, USA
    Adv Space Res 31:27-34. 2003
    ..The NASA Strategic Plan to accomplish these objectives in a manner consistent with the high priority assigned to the protection and health maintenance of crews will be presented...
  38. ncbi [Influence of chronic exposure to low doses of space ionizing radiation on the character of formation of microbial assemblage in the habitat of orbital station]
    V V Tsetlin
    State Research Centre of Russian Federation Institute of Biomedical Problems, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, 123007 Russia
    Radiats Biol Radioecol 43:172-5. 2003
    ....
  39. ncbi Equivalent dose measurements on board an Armenian Airline flight and Concorde (correction of Concord) (9-17 km)
    A B Akopova
    Yerevan Physics Institute, Yerevan, Armenia
    Radiat Meas 35:561-4. 2002
    The results of investigations of the neutron component (E=1-10 MeV) of cosmic radiation on board the "Armenian Airlines" aircrafts using nuclear photoemulsion are presented...
  40. ncbi Lifetime total radiation risk of cosmonauts for orbital and interplanetary flights
    A V Shafirkin
    State Research Centre of the RF Institute for Biomedical Problems, Moscow, Russia
    Adv Space Res 30:999-1003. 2002
    ..Dependences of the delayed radiation consequences mentioned above on flight duration, spacecraft shielding thicknesses, solar activity and cosmonauts' age are analyzed...
  41. ncbi Dosimetry and microdosimetry characteristics measured on board the MIR station during the 28th basic expedition
    Frantisek Spurny
    Department of Radiation Dosimetry, Nuclear Physics Institute, Czech Academy of Sciences, Prague, Czech Republic
    Radiat Meas 35:539-43. 2002
    ..Total dosimetric characteristics obtained as a sum of both components mentioned are a little lower than previously reported...
  42. ncbi Radiation dose measurements aboard the Mir using the R-16 instrument
    V G Mitricas
    Institute of Biomedical Problems, Moscow, Russia
    Radiat Meas 35:515-25. 2002
    ....
  43. ncbi Energy spectrum of 50-250 MeV/nucleon iron nuclei inside the MIR space craft
    W Gunther
    Department of Physics, University of Siegen, Siegen, Germany
    Radiat Meas 35:511-4. 2002
    ....
  44. ncbi Dose equivalents inside the MIR Space Station measured by the combination of CR-39 plates and TLDs and their comparison with those on Space Shuttle STS-79, -84 and -91 missions
    Tadayoshi Doke
    Tsukuba Space Center, National Space Development Agency of Japan, Ibaraki, Japan
    Radiat Meas 35:505-10. 2002
    ..Finally, the differences between our results and those obtained by another group using passive dosimeters on the MIR are discussed...
  45. ncbi TEPC measurements obtained on the Mir space station
    J F Bottollier-Depois
    Institute for Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety, IRSN, Fontenay aux Roses, France
    Radiat Meas 35:485-8. 2002
    ..This data also provides information about the dose and the quality factor of the radiation to which the cosmonauts were exposed during different missions. These data are compared with measurements obtained using a solid state detector...
  46. ncbi Passive dosimetry aboard the Mir Orbital Station: external measurements
    E R Benton
    Eril Research, Inc, San Rafael, CA 94915 0788, USA
    Radiat Meas 35:457-71. 2002
    ..In order to overcome problems with detector saturation after standard chemical processing, measurement of LET spectrum in the least shielded CR-39 PNTD layer (0.005 g/cm2 Al) was carried out using an atomic force microscope...
  47. ncbi Passive dosimetry aboard the Mir Orbital Station: internal measurements
    E R Benton
    Eril Research, Inc, San Rafael, CA 94915 0788, USA
    Radiat Meas 35:439-55. 2002
    ..This indicates that in low earth orbit, trapped protons in the South Atlantic Anomaly are responsible for the major fraction of the total dose equivalent...
  48. ncbi Dosimetry inside MIR station using a silicon detector telescope (DOSTEL)
    R Beaujean
    Institut fur Experimentelle und Angewandte Physik, Universitat Kiel, Kiel, Germany
    Radiat Meas 35:433-8. 2002
    ..1 (SAA). Separate LET spectra and temporal variations of the absorbed dose rates and of the mean quality factors are presented for these two radiation components as well as for solar energetic particles of the November 6, 1997 event...
  49. ncbi Radiation risk during long-term spaceflight
    V M Petrov
    State Research Center of the RF Institute for Biomedical Problems, Moscow, Russia
    Adv Space Res 30:989-94. 2002
    ..Peculiarities of the impact of permanent radiation sources (galactic cosmic rays and trapped radiation) and the variable one (solar cosmic rays) are taken into consideration...
  50. ncbi European dosimetry activities for the ISS
    G Reitz
    German Aerospace Center (DLR, Institute of Aerospace Medicine, Radiation Biology, Koln, Germany
    Phys Med 17:283-6. 2001
    ..This report comprises some selected results of recent manned missions and indicates where improvements should be achieved and closes with the description of future measurements planned onboard the International Space Station (ISS)...
  51. ncbi The biological effects of space radiation during long stays in space
    Ken Ohnishi
    Department of Biology, Nara Medical University School of Medicine, Kashihara, Nara, Japan
    Biol Sci Space 18:201-5. 2004
    ..In order to understand the exact RBE and any interaction with microgravity, the ISS centrifugation system will be a critical tool, and it is hoped that this system will be in operation as soon as possible...
  52. ncbi The "SCORPION" experiment onboard the International Space Station. Preliminary results
    V Borisov
    Scobeltysn Institute of Nuclear Physics, Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia
    Adv Space Res 32:2373-8. 2003
    ..At the same time the growth of micromicets on the samples of various materials was studied. The description of the "SCORPION" experiment and the preliminary results obtained onboard the RS ISS in 2002 are presented...
  53. ncbi Deep space environments for human exploration
    J W Wilson
    NASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, VA 23681 2199, USA
    Adv Space Res 34:1281-7. 2004
    ..Design scenarios are then evaluated for these missions. The underlying assumptions in arriving at the model environments and their impact on mission exposures within various shield materials will be discussed...
  54. ncbi Instrumentation for investigation of the depth-dose distribution by the Liulin-5 instrument of a human phantom on the Russian segment of ISS for estimation of the radiation risk during long term space flights
    J Semkova
    Solar Terrestrial Influences Laboratory, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia, Bulgaria
    Adv Space Res 34:1297-301. 2004
    ..spectra, flux and dose rates for protons and the biologically-relevant heavy ion components of the galactic cosmic radiation will be measured simultaneously with near real time resolution at different depths of the phantom by a ..
  55. ncbi Implementation of ALARA radiation protection on the ISS through polyethylene shielding augmentation of the Service Module Crew Quarters
    M R Shavers
    Radiation Biophysics Group, Wyle Laboratories, Houston, TX 77058, USA
    Adv Space Res 34:1333-7. 2004
    ..Verification of shield concepts requires results from specific designs to be compared with onboard dosimetry...
  56. ncbi Radiation measurement on the International Space Station
    A B Akopova
    Yerevan Physics Institute, Yerevan, Armenia
    Radiat Meas 39:225-8. 2005
    ..5-2.2 x 10(3) keV/micrometers and the value of equivalent dose 360 microSv/day was estimated. The flux of biologically dangerous heavy particles with Z > or = 2 was measured (3.85 x 10(3) particles/cm2)...
  57. ncbi Interplanetary crew doses and dose equivalents: variations among different bone marrow and skin sites
    J L Hoff
    Department of Nuclear Engineering, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996 2300, USA
    Adv Space Res 34:1347-52. 2004
    ..These position-specific results are compared with the average values usually used for radiation protection purposes. Various thicknesses of aluminum shielding, representative of nominal spacecraft, are used in the analyses...
  58. ncbi Radiation analysis for manned missions to the Jupiter system
    G De Angelis
    Old Dominion University, Norfolk, VA 23508, USA
    Adv Space Res 34:1395-403. 2004
    ..Particle transport has been performed with the HZETRN heavy ion code for hadrons and with an in-house developed transport code for electrons and bremsstrahlung photons. The obtained doses have been compared to dose exposure limits...
  59. ncbi Austrian dose measurements onboard space station MIR and the International Space Station--overview and comparison
    T Berger
    Atominstitute of the Austrian Universities, Vienna, Austria
    Adv Space Res 34:1414-9. 2004
    ..The Austrian dosimeter sets for this first exposure on the ISS contained five different kinds of passive thermoluminescent dosimeters. First results showed a position dependent absorbed dose rate at the ISS...
  60. ncbi Fragmentation of 1 GeV/nucleon iron ions in thick targets relevant for space exploration
    C La Tessa
    Chalmers University of Technology, Nuclear Science and Engineering, Gothenburg, Sweden
    Adv Space Res 35:223-9. 2005
    ....
  61. ncbi [Habitable zone]
    Takeshi Naganuma
    Hiroshima University
    Biol Sci Space 19:8-24. 2005
  62. ncbi On the neutron contribution to the exposure level onboard space vehicles
    F Spurny
    Department of Radiation Dosimetry, Nuclear Physics Institute AS CR, Na Truhlářce 39 64, 180 86 Praha 8, Czech Republic
    Radiat Prot Dosimetry 126:519-23. 2007
    ..Total dosimetry characteristics obtained in this way are in reasonable agreement with other data, neutron contribution representing approximately 40% of the total dose equivalent for the flight duration outside of the SAA...
  63. ncbi Measurements of LET distribution and dose equivalent onboard the Space Shuttle IML-2 (STS-65) and S/MM#4 (STS-79)
    T Hayashi
    Advanced Research Center for Science and Engineering, Waseda University, Tokyo, Japan
    Biol Sci Space 11:355-64. 1997
    ....
  64. ncbi On the radiosensitivity of man in space
    R D Esposito
    Department of Physics, University Federico II, Napoli, Italy
    Adv Space Res 27:345-54. 2001
    ..A dedicated computer code was written and applied to solar particle events and to the mission to Mars. The results suggest that altered myelopoiesis and lymphopoiesis in microgravity might increase human radiosensitivity in space...
  65. ncbi Issues in deep space radiation protection
    J W Wilson
    NASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, VA, USA
    Acta Astronaut 49:289-312. 2001
    ..Methods for optimization of spacecraft shielding and the associated role of materials selection are discussed. One material which may prove to be an important radiation protection material is hydrogenated carbon nanofibers...
  66. ncbi Radiation transport modeling and assessment to better predict radiation exposure, dose, and toxicological effects to human organs on long duration space flights
    P Denkins
    Johnson Space Center, Systems Engineering and Technology Assessment, Houston, TX 77058, USA
    Acta Astronaut 49:313-9. 2001
    ..In space. exposure to radiation generally includes all of the critical organs. Biological and toxicological impacts have been included for discussion along with alternative risk mitigation methods--shielding and anti-carcinogens...
  67. ncbi Radiation shielding of astronauts in interplanetary flights: the CREAM surveyor to Mars and the magnetic lens system for a spaceship
    P Spillantini
    INFN and University, Firenze, Italy
    Phys Med 17:249-54. 2001
    ..A parallel technical study is also in progress to define the workable techniques and the possible configurations of a system of magnetic lenses for protecting the crew of a spaceship...
  68. ncbi Simulation of the low-Earth-orbit dose rates using secondary radiations from the HZE particles at NIRS-HIMAC
    H Yasuda
    International Space Radiation Laboratory (iSRL, National Institute of Radiological Sciences Inage-ku, Chiba, Japan
    Phys Med 17:133-6. 2001
    ..These results demonstrate the possibility of this facility for radiobiology studies of the effects of low dose rates comparable to the LEO environment...
  69. ncbi SPE dose prediction using locally weighted regression
    J W Hines
    Department of Nuclear Engineering, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996 2300, USA
    Radiat Prot Dosimetry 116:131-4. 2005
    ..It uses a locally weighted regression model, which is easier to train, and provides predictions as accurate as the neural network models that were used previously...
  70. ncbi Once we know all the radiobiology we need to know, how can we use it to predict space radiation risks and achieve fame and fortune?
    F A Cucinotta
    NASA, Johnson Space Center, Houston, TX 77058, USA
    Phys Med 17:5-12. 2001
    ....
  71. ncbi Proton Irradiation Facility and space radiation monitoring at the Paul Scherrer Institute
    W Hajdas
    Paul Scherrer Institute, Villigen, Switzerland
    Phys Med 17:119-23. 2001
    ..Future missions as e.g. INTEGRAL, STRV-1c and PROBA will be equipped with new SREMs...
  72. ncbi Track-etched detectors for the dosimetry of the radiation of cosmic origin
    F Spurny
    Nuclear Physics Institute, Department of Radiation Dosimetry, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, CZ 18086 Prague, Czech Republic
    Radiat Prot Dosimetry 109:375-81. 2004
    ..It was found that they correlate with the results of other independent investigations...
  73. ncbi [Anthropogenic sources of radiation hazard in the near-Earth space]
    G A Fedoseev
    Aviakosm Ekolog Med 38:3-14. 2004
    ..Specifically, consideration is given to the facts of negative effects of space power reactor facilities on results of orbital astrophysical investigations...
  74. ncbi A space radiation shielding model of the Martian radiation environment experiment (MARIE)
    W Atwell
    The Boeing Company, Houston, TX 77058 3556, USA
    Adv Space Res 33:2219-21. 2004
    ..The results show good agreement between the model calculations and the MARIE measurements as presented for the March 2002 dataset...
  75. ncbi Space radiation transport properties of polyethylene-based composites
    R K Kaul
    NASA Marshall Space Flight Center, SD 46, AL 35812, USA
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1027:138-49. 2004
    ..This paper presents measured and calculated results for the radiation transport properties of these samples...
  76. ncbi CD4+ lymphocyte responses to pulmonary infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis in naïve and vaccinated BALB/c mice
    C M Mason
    Pulmonary/Critical Care Medicine, Department of Medicine, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, New Orleans, LA 70112, USA
    Tuberculosis (Edinb) 81:327-34. 2001
    ..information on the biological damage produced by the bombardment of heavy high-energy (HZE) particles of cosmic radiation during spaceflight. Such data are required for estimating radiation hazards in manned spaceflight...
  77. ncbi Comparison of natural background dose rates for residents of the Amargosa Valley, NV, to those in Leadville, CO, and the states of Colorado and Nevada
    Dade W Moeller
    Dade W Moeller and Associates, Inc, 257 River Island Road, New Bern, NC 28562, USA
    Health Phys 91:338-53. 2006
    ..community was selected for comparison because of its altitude (3,200 m) and accompanying relatively high cosmic radiation dose rate, and the fact the size of its population is comparable to that of the Amargosa Valley...
  78. doi The effect of acute dose charge particle radiation on expression of DNA repair genes in mice
    Muhammad Akram Tariq
    Department of Biomolecular Engineering, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064, USA
    Mol Cell Biochem 349:213-8. 2011
    The space radiation environment consists of trapped particle radiation, solar particle radiation, and galactic cosmic radiation (GCR), in which protons are the most abundant particle type...
  79. doi Astrobiological aspects of the mutagenesis of cosmic radiation on bacterial spores
    Ralf Moeller
    German Aerospace Center DLR, Institute of Aerospace Medicine, Radiation Biology Department, Cologne, Germany
    Astrobiology 10:509-21. 2010
    ..In this study, spores of B. subtilis were used to study the effects of galactic cosmic radiation (GCR) on spore survival and induced mutagenesis...
  80. ncbi Monitoring antioxidant defenses and free radical production in space-flight, aviation and railway engine operators, for the prevention and treatment of oxidative stress, immunological impairment, and pre-mature cell aging
    C De Luca
    Lab Tissue Engineering and Cutaneous Physiopathology, Istituto Dermopatico dell Immacolata IRCCS, Via Monti di Creta, Rome, Italy
    Toxicol Ind Health 25:259-67. 2009
    ..Long route aviation pilots display elevated oncogenic risk, connected with cosmic radiation overexposure, and high mortality rates for cardiovascular causes...
  81. ncbi Dosimetry for occupational exposure to cosmic radiation
    D T Bartlett
    National Radiological Protection Board, Chilton, Oxon, UK
    Radiat Prot Dosimetry 70:395-404. 1997
    In the course of their work, aircraft crew and frequent flyers are exposed to elevated levels of cosmic radiation of galactic and solar origin and secondary radiation produced in the atmosphere, aircraft structure, etc...
  82. ncbi Spaceflight induces both transient and heritable alterations in DNA methylation and gene expression in rice (Oryza sativa L.)
    Xiufang Ou
    Key Laboratory of Molecular Epigenetic of MOE and Institute of Genetics and Cytology, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130024, China
    Mutat Res 662:44-53. 2009
    Spaceflight represents a complex environmental condition in which several interacting factors such as cosmic radiation, microgravity and space magnetic fields are involved, which may provoke stress responses and jeopardize genome ..
  83. ncbi Involvement of homologous recombination repair after proton-induced DNA damage
    C Rostek
    Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, College of Medicine, University of Saskatchewan, B313 Health Sciences Building, 107 Wiggins Road, Saskatoon, SK S7N 5E5, Canada
    Mutagenesis 23:119-29. 2008
    Protection from chronic exposure to cosmic radiation, which is primarily composed of protons, in future manned missions to Mars and beyond is considered to be a key unresolved issue...
  84. ncbi Validation of the galactic cosmic ray and geomagnetic transmission models
    G D Badhwar
    NASA Lyndon B Johnson Space Center, Attn SN, 2101 NASA Road 1, Houston, TX 77058 3696, USA
    Radiat Meas 33:361-7. 2001
    ..This spectrometer has provided the first high statistics data set for galactic cosmic radiation protons, and helium, as well as limited spectral data on carbon and oxygen nuclei in the International Space ..
  85. ncbi [Comparative analysis of alfalfa seeds between space flight mutation and its control by Raman spectroscopy]
    Wei Bo Ren
    Grassland Research Institute of Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Huhhot 010010, China
    Guang Pu Xue Yu Guang Pu Fen Xi 30:988-90. 2010
    ..and fatty acid may be explained by the consumption both during the repair process of DNA damage induced by cosmic radiation and during the germination of seeds because the dormancy of alfalfa seeds had been broken up by space flight ..
  86. ncbi Induction and repair of DNA strand breaks in bovine lens epithelial cells after high LET irradiation
    C Baumstark-Khan
    Institute of Aerospace Medicine, German Aerospace Center, Koln, Germany
    Adv Space Res 31:1583-91. 2003
    ..effectiveness (RBE), because the spacial and temporal distribution of initial physical damage induced by cosmic radiation differ significantly from that of X-rays...
  87. ncbi Induction and processing of oxidative clustered DNA lesions in 56Fe-ion-irradiated human monocytes
    Doug Tsao
    Biology Department, East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina 27858 4353, USA
    Radiat Res 168:87-97. 2007
    Space and cosmic radiation is characterized by energetic heavy ions of high linear energy transfer (LET)...
  88. ncbi The possible effects on health, comfort and safety of aircraft cabin environments
    T P Brown
    Medical Research Council, Institute for Environment and Health, 94 Regent Road, Leicester LE1 7DD, England
    J R Soc Promot Health 121:177-84. 2001
    ..expressed by the participants fell into five main areas: deep vein thrombosis, air quality, infection, cosmic radiation, and jet lag and work patterns...
  89. ncbi Radioactivity in atomic-bomb samples from exposure to environmental neutrons
    S Endo
    Research Institute for Radiation Biology and Medicine, Hiroshima University, 1 2 3 Kasumi, Minami Ku, Hiroshima 734 8553, Japan
    Health Phys 93:689-95. 2007
    ..While it was shown recently that secondary neutrons from cosmic radiation and other sources have probably been the reason for the high measured concentrations of the long-lived ..
  90. ncbi [Radiation exposure and air quality aboard commercial airplanes]
    L Bergau
    Deutsche Lufthansa AG, Frankfurt Main
    Z Arztl Fortbild Qualitatssich 93:491-4. 1999
    The amount of exposure to cosmic radiation during air travel is next to a number of additional factors mainly dependent on the flight level of the aircraft...
  91. ncbi Measurement of the energy spectrum of cosmic-ray induced neutrons aboard an ER-2 high-altitude airplane
    P Goldhagen
    U S Department of Energy, Environmental Measurements Laboratory, New York, NY 10014 4811, USA
    Nucl Instrum Methods Phys Res A 476:42-51. 2002
    ..aircraft are a large occupationally exposed group with a relatively high average effective dose from galactic cosmic radiation. Crews of future high-speed commercial aircraft flying at higher altitudes would be even more exposed...
  92. ncbi Comparative analysis of cell killing and autosomal mutation in mouse kidney epithelium exposed to 1 GeV/nucleon iron ions in vitro or in situ
    Amy Kronenberg
    Life Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720, USA
    Radiat Res 172:550-7. 2009
    Astronauts receive exposures to high-energy heavy ions from galactic cosmic radiation. Although high-energy heavy ions are mutagenic and carcinogenic, their mutagenic potency in epithelial cells, where most human cancers develop, is ..
  93. ncbi In vivo and in vitro measurements of complex-type chromosomal exchanges induced by heavy ions
    K George
    Wyle Life Sciences, Houston, TX 77058, USA
    Adv Space Res 31:1525-35. 2003
    ..blood lymphocytes after long-term space flight, because crews are exposed to HZE particles from galactic cosmic radiation. However, in a cytogenetic study of ten astronauts after long-term missions on the Mir or International Space ..
  94. ncbi An assessment of annual whole-body occupational radiation exposure in Ireland (1996-2005)
    P A Colgan
    Radiological Protection Institute of Ireland, 3 Clonskeagh Square, Dublin 14, Ireland
    Radiat Prot Dosimetry 128:12-20. 2008
    ..By comparison, previous estimates of exposure of Irish air crew to cosmic radiation have given rise to an estimated collective dose of 12 000 man mSv...
  95. ncbi Mutation induction in human lymphoid cells by energetic heavy ions
    A Kronenberg
    Life Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
    Adv Space Res 14:339-46. 1994
    One of the concerns for extended space flight outside the magnetosphere is exposure to galactic cosmic radiation. In the series of studies presented herein, the mutagenic effectiveness of high energy heavy ions is examined using human B-..
  96. doi Determination of the health hazards due to background radiation sources in the city of Adapazari, Northwestern Turkey
    Enis Kapdan
    Department of Health Physics, Cekmece Nuclear Researches and Training Center CNAEM, Istanbul, Turkey
    Isotopes Environ Health Stud 47:93-100. 2011
    ..08 and 0.35 mSv at outdoor and indoor atmospheres, respectively. The annual average cosmic radiation doses were found to be 0.08 and 0...
  97. ncbi EURADOS intercomparison 2006 to harmonise European early warning dosimetry systems
    H Dombrowski
    Physikalisch Technische Bundesanstalt, Bundesallee 100, 38116 Braunschweig, Germany
    Radiat Prot Dosimetry 135:1-20. 2009
    ..these systems, their following basic parameters were investigated: the response to terrestrial and cosmic radiation, the detectors' inherent background, the response at low dose rates, the energy dependence of the response as ..
  98. ncbi Radioactivity and thyroid cancer
    Christopher Reiners
    Clinic and Polyclinic of Nuclear Medicine University of Würzburg
    Hormones (Athens) 8:185-91. 2009
    There is no evidence that natural radiation (cosmic radiation or from natural radioiosotopes) increases the risk for thyroid diseases...
  99. ncbi Analysis of spontaneous and bleomycin-induced chromosome damage in peripheral lymphocytes of long-haul aircrew members from Argentina
    Alejandro D Bolzán
    Laboratorio de Citogenética y Mutagénesis, Instituto Multidisciplinario de Biología Celular IMBICE, La Plata, Argentina
    Mutat Res 639:64-79. 2008
    ..The possibility that occupational exposure of flight personnel to cosmic radiation can induce an adaptive response in their peripheral lymphocytes that can be detected by a subsequent in vitro ..
  100. ncbi Effect of high altitude on protein metabolism in Bolivian children
    Jose L San Miguel
    Instituto Boliviano de Biologia de Altura, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Mayor de San Andres, P O Box 641 La Paz, Bolivia
    High Alt Med Biol 3:377-86. 2002
    ..exposure to bacterial and parasitic infections; and life in a multistress environment (high altitude, cold, cosmic radiation, low ambient humidity)...

Research Grants60

  1. Checkpoint Regulation of Stalled and Collapsed Replication Forks
    FRANK BENJAMIN COUCH; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..insults, arising from both endogenous metabolic processes and exogenous sources such as ultraviolet or cosmic radiation. Misrepair of these lesions results in mutations which lead to the development of cancer...
  2. DETECTION OF ATHEROSCLEROSIS IN SYSTEMIC LUPUS ERYTHEMATOSUS
    Michelle Petri; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..4 rems to the whole body. Naturally occurring radiation (cosmic radiation, radon, etc ... ) produces whole body radiation exposures of about 0.3 rems per year...
  3. DETECTION OF ATHEROSCLEROSIS IN SYSTEMIC LUPUS ERYTHEMATOSUS
    Michelle Petri; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..4 rems to the whole body. Naturally occurring radiation (cosmic radiation, radon, etc ... ) produces whole body radiation exposures of about 0.3 rems per year...
  4. DETECTION OF ATHEROSCLEROSIS IN SYSTEMIC LUPUS ERYTHEMATOSUS
    Michelle Petri; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..4 rems to the whole body. Naturally occurring radiation (cosmic radiation, radon, etc ... ) produces whole body radiation exposures of about 0.3 rems per year...
  5. DETECTION OF ATHEROSCLEROSIS IN SYSTEMIC LUPUS ERYTHEMATOSUS
    Michelle Petri; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..4 rems to the whole body. Naturally occurring radiation (cosmic radiation, radon, etc ... ) produces whole body radiation exposures of about 0.3 rems per year...
  6. DETECTION OF ATHEROSCLEROSIS IN SYSTEMIC LUPUS ERYTHEMATOSUS
    Michelle Petri; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..4 rems to the whole body. Naturally occurring radiation (cosmic radiation, radon, etc ... ) produces whole body radiation exposures of about 0.3 rems per year...
  7. HIGH LET RADIATION & GENOMIC INSTABILITY IN HUMAN CELLS
    Amy Kronenberg; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..The results obtained with low fluence iron-ion exposures will serve as a model for terrestrial exposures to radon and neutrons. ..
  8. Radiation-Induced Mutagenesis and Apoptotic Regulation
    Amy Kronenberg; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..It is the secondary mutations that lead to advance, aggressive disease in people. ..
  9. HIGH LET RADIATION & GENOMIC INSTABILITY IN HUMAN CELLS
    Amy Kronenberg; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..The results obtained with low fluence iron-ion exposures will serve as a model for terrestrial exposures to radon and neutrons. ..
  10. Radiation-Induced Mutagenesis and Apoptotic Regulation
    Amy Kronenberg; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..It is the secondary mutations that lead to advance, aggressive disease in people. ..
  11. Radiation-Induced Mutagenesis and Apoptotic Regulation
    Amy Kronenberg; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..It is the secondary mutations that lead to advance, aggressive disease in people. ..
  12. HIGH LET RADIATION & GENOMIC INSTABILITY IN HUMAN CELLS
    Amy Kronenberg; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..The results obtained with low fluence iron-ion exposures will serve as a model for terrestrial exposures to radon and neutrons. ..
  13. Radiation-Induced Mutagenesis and Apoptotic Regulation
    Amy Kronenberg; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..It is the secondary mutations that lead to advance, aggressive disease in people. ..
  14. RADIATION BIOLOGY TRAINING GRANT
    Ann Kennedy; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..It is expected that graduates of the training program will continue with their research and academic careers in radiation biology and oncology. ..
  15. Imaging & Localizing Device Using the Barkhausen Effect
    John Dicello; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Existing reconstruction techniques will be adapted to provide absolute spatial information. With fusion, images can be combined with CT, MRI, or PET for anatomical and physiological information. ..
  16. RADIATION BIOLOGY TRAINING GRANT
    Ann Kennedy; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..It is expected that graduates of the training program will continue with their research and academic careers in radiation biology and oncology. ..
  17. Predictors of Skin Cancer in Commercial Airline Pilots
    Joyce Nicholas; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  18. Magnetic Flow Sorter for Pancreatic Islet Isolation
    Paul Todd; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ....
  19. Magnetic Sorter Channels for Stem Cells
    Paul Todd; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  20. Magnetic Flow Sorter for Pancreatic Islet Isolation
    Paul Todd; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  21. CANCER BIOLOGY TRAINING GRANT
    Jerry Shay; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This Cancer Biology Training Program will serve the needs of all North Texas, an area where no current cancer research training is present. ..
  22. The Role of Telomeres and Telomerase in Cancer
    Jerry Shay; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  23. CANCER BIOLOGY TRAINING GRANT
    Jerry Shay; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..This Cancer Biology Training Program will serve the needs of all North Texas, an area where no current cancer research training is present. ..
  24. GENERATION AND DESCRIPTION OF DENDRITIC MORPHOLOGY
    Giorgio Ascoli; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This will require the design and implementation of novel neuroinformatics tools for data handling and integration, and their distribution to the wider neuroscience community. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  25. CRCNS: Input/Output Relationship in CA3 Pyramidal Cells
    Giorgio Ascoli; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..In addition to the dissemination of results in conferences and peer-reviewed publications, all models will be publicly distributed through internet archives. ..
  26. RADIOLOGICAL RESEARCH ACCELERATOR FACILITY (RARAF)
    David Brenner; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ....
  27. GENERATION AND DESCRIPTION OF DENDRITIC MORPHOLOGY
    Giorgio Ascoli; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..This will require the design and implementation of novel neuroinformatics tools for data handling and integration, and their distribution to the wider neuroscience community. ..
  28. RADIOLOGICAL RESEARCH ACCELERATOR FACILITY (RARAF)
    David Brenner; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ....
  29. CRCNS: Input/Output Relationship in CA3 Pyramidal Cells
    Giorgio Ascoli; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..In addition to the dissemination of results in conferences and peer-reviewed publications, all models will be publicly distributed through internet archives. ..
  30. Neuroinformatics of the Hippocampus: From System-Level to Neuronal Arborizations
    Giorgio Ascoli; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ....
  31. Generation and Description of Neuronal Morphology and Connectivity
    Giorgio Ascoli; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  32. Generation and Description of Neuronal Morphology and Connectivity
    Giorgio A Ascoli; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  33. GENERATION AND DESCRIPTION OF DENDRITIC MORPHOLOGY
    Giorgio Ascoli; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This will require the design and implementation of novel neuroinformatics tools for data handling and integration, and their distribution to the wider neuroscience community. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  34. CRCNS: Input/Output Relationship in CA3 Pyramidal Cells
    Giorgio Ascoli; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..In addition to the dissemination of results in conferences and peer-reviewed publications, all models will be publicly distributed through internet archives. ..
  35. RADIOLOGICAL RESEARCH ACCELERATOR FACILITY (RARAF)
    David Brenner; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
  36. High Stability Accelerator for Sub-Cellular Microbeam
    David Brenner; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..We have considerably more demand for microbeam time than we can cope with, primarily because of limited physicist manpower. ..
  37. Cancer Risks Attributable To Radiation from Pediatric CT
    David Brenner; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The target audiences will be radiologists, pediatricians, family physicians, and the CT industry. We will use telephone interviews supplemented with survey questions, to aid in web content decisions. ..
  38. GENERATION AND DESCRIPTION OF DENDRITIC MORPHOLOGY
    Giorgio Ascoli; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..We believe that this package, portable to all major platforms and freely distributed, will further neuroanatomy, computational modeling, and scientific education. ..
  39. GENERATION AND DESCRIPTION OF DENDRITIC MORPHOLOGY
    Giorgio Ascoli; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..This will require the design and implementation of novel neuroinformatics tools for data handling and integration, and their distribution to the wider neuroscience community. ..
  40. Cancer Risks Attributable To Radiation from Pediatric CT
    David Brenner; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The target audiences will be radiologists, pediatricians, family physicians, and the CT industry. We will use telephone interviews supplemented with survey questions, to aid in web content decisions. ..
  41. RADIOLOGICAL RESEARCH ACCELERATOR FACILITY (RARAF)
    David Brenner; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..abstract_text> ..
  42. GENERATION AND DESCRIPTION OF DENDRITIC MORPHOLOGY
    Giorgio Ascoli; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..We believe that this package, portable to all major platforms and freely distributed, will further neuroanatomy, computational modeling, and scientific education. ..
  43. Cancer Risks Attributable To Radiation from Pediatric CT
    David Brenner; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The target audiences will be radiologists, pediatricians, family physicians, and the CT industry. We will use telephone interviews supplemented with survey questions, to aid in web content decisions. ..
  44. CRCNS: Input/Output Relationship in CA3 Pyramidal Cells
    Giorgio Ascoli; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..In addition to the dissemination of results in conferences and peer-reviewed publications, all models will be publicly distributed through internet archives. ..
  45. RADIOLOGICAL RESEARCH ACCELERATOR FACILITY (RARAF)
    David Brenner; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..abstract_text> ..
  46. GENERATION AND DESCRIPTION OF DENDRITIC MORPHOLOGY
    Giorgio Ascoli; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..We believe that this package, portable to all major platforms and freely distributed, will further neuroanatomy, computational modeling, and scientific education. ..
  47. GENERATION AND DESCRIPTION OF DENDRITIC MORPHOLOGY
    Giorgio Ascoli; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..This will require the design and implementation of novel neuroinformatics tools for data handling and integration, and their distribution to the wider neuroscience community. ..
  48. CRCNS: Input/Output Relationship in CA3 Pyramidal Cells
    Giorgio Ascoli; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..In addition to the dissemination of results in conferences and peer-reviewed publications, all models will be publicly distributed through internet archives. ..
  49. RADIOLOGICAL RESEARCH ACCELERATOR FACILITY (RARAF)
    David Brenner; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..abstract_text> ..
  50. Cancer Risks Attributable To Radiation from Pediatric CT
    David Brenner; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The target audiences will be radiologists, pediatricians, family physicians, and the CT industry. We will use telephone interviews supplemented with survey questions, to aid in web content decisions. ..
  51. CENTER FOR HIGH-THROUGHPUT MINIMALLY-INVASIVE DOSIMETRY
    David Brenner; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..