Genomes and Genes
Summary: High-energy radiation or particles from extraterrestrial space that strike the earth, its atmosphere, or spacecraft and may create secondary radiation as a result of collisions with the atmosphere or spacecraft.
Publications201 found, 100 shown here
- A new Mars radiation environment model with visualizationG De Angelis
Old Dominion University, Norfolk, VA 23508, USA
Adv Space Res 34:1328-32. 2004..The Mars Radiation Environment Model has been made available worldwide through the Space Ionizing Radiation Effects and Shielding Tools (SIREST) website, a project of NASA Langley Research Center...
- Quiescent adult neural stem cells are exceptionally sensitive to cosmic radiationJuan M Encinas
Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, Cold Spring Harbor, NY 11724, USA
Exp Neurol 210:274-9. 2008..Our finding raises an important concern about cognitive and emotional risks associated with radiation exposure...
- Cosmic radiation increases the risk of nuclear cataract in airline pilots: a population-based case-control studyVilhjalmur Rafnsson
Department of Preventive Medicine, University of Iceland, Neshagi 16, 107 Reykjavik, Iceland
Arch Ophthalmol 123:1102-5. 2005..Aviation involves exposure to ionizing radiation of cosmic origin. The association between lesions of the ocular lens and ionizing radiation is well-known...
- Estimating the cosmic radiation dose for a cabin crew with flight timetablesKatja Kojo
Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority STUK, Helsinki, Finland
J Occup Environ Med 49:540-5. 2007Because of the lack of recorded flight history for cabin crew, a retrospective assessment of exposure to cosmic radiation is complicated. Our aim was to develop an assessment method for occupational exposure based on flight timetables.
- Exposure of airline pilots and cabin crew to cosmic radiation during flight--what's the fuss?M K Lim
Department of Community, Occupational and Family Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, National University of Singapore, MD3, 16 Medical Drive, Singapore 117597
Ann Acad Med Singapore 30:494-8. 2001..In 2000, the European Union had gone ahead with legislation which requires all European airlines to monitor cosmic radiation levels during flight and to inform aircrew of the possible health risks...
- Antioxidant metabolism in Xenopus laevis embryos is affected by stratospheric balloon flightAngela M Rizzo
Institute of General Physiology and Biochemistry G Esposito, University of Milan, Via D Trentacoste 2, 20134 Milan, Italy
Cell Biol Int 31:716-23. 2007..These preliminary data demonstrate that flight on a stratospheric balloon might affect antioxidant metabolism, though it is not yet possible to correlate these results with low radiation exposure during flight...
- Cosmic radiation and cancer mortality among airline pilots: results from a European cohort study (ESCAPE)I Langner
School of Public Health, Division of Epidemiology and Medical Statistics, University of Bielefeld, P O Box 100 131, 33501 Bielefeld, Germany
Radiat Environ Biophys 42:247-56. 2004b>Cosmic radiation is an occupational risk factor for commercial aircrews...
- Comparison of graphite, aluminum, and TransHab shielding material characteristics in a high-energy neutron fieldG D Badhwar
Radiat Meas 35:545-9. 2002..It is a continuation of a previous study using regolith and doped polyethylene materials. This paper describes the results and their comparison with the previous study...
- Equivalent dose measurements on board an Armenian Airline flight and Concorde (correction of Concord) (9-17 km)A B Akopova
Yerevan Physics Institute, Yerevan, Armenia
Radiat Meas 35:561-4. 2002The results of investigations of the neutron component (E=1-10 MeV) of cosmic radiation on board the "Armenian Airlines" aircrafts using nuclear photoemulsion are presented...
- Nuclear model calculations and their role in space radiation researchL W Townsend
Nuclear Engineering Department, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996 2300, USA
Adv Space Res 30:907-16. 2002..Model shortcomings are discussed and future needs presented...
- Radiation protection guidance for activities in low-Earth orbitL W Townsend
Nuclear Engineering Department, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996-2300, USA
Adv Space Res 30:957-63. 2002..The report of SC 75 was published in December 2000 as NCRP Report No. 132. In this presentation an overview of the findings and recommendations of the committee report will be presented...
- A comparison of quality factors and weighting factors for characterizing astronaut radiation exposuresNeal Zapp
Adv Space Res 30:965-74. 2002..We compare calculations done based on identical fields of radiation representative of that encountered by the MIR space station, applying each of these two methods...
- Radiation risk during long-term spaceflightV M Petrov
State Research Center of the RF-Institute for Biomedical Problems, Moscow, Russia
Adv Space Res 30:989-94. 2002..Peculiarities of the impact of permanent radiation sources (galactic cosmic rays and trapped radiation) and the variable one (solar cosmic rays) are taken into consideration...
- Estimation of a cosmonaut's radiation hazard during long-term space missions on the basis of a generalized dosimetric functionA V Shafirkin
State Research Centre of the RF-Institute for Biomedical Problems, Moscow, Russia
Adv Space Res 30:995-8. 2002..In terms of the generalized dose, it is possible to assess the nature and extent of lowering a crew working capacity, as well as radiation risk, both during a flight and post flight period...
- Measurements of the high energy neutron component of cosmic radiation fields in aircraft using etched track dosemetersD T Bartlett
National Radiological Protection Board, Chilton, Didcot, Oxon OX11 0RQ, UK
Radiat Meas 33:243-53. 2001Measurements of the complex cosmic radiation field in aircraft at altitude are made with a passive survey meter comprising routine-use thermoluminescent detectors and etched track detectors...
- Dosimetry and microdosimetry characteristics measured on board the MIR station during the 28th basic expeditionFrantisek Spurny
Department of Radiation Dosimetry, Nuclear Physics Institute, Czech Academy of Sciences, Prague, Czech Republic
Radiat Meas 35:539-43. 2002..Total dosimetric characteristics obtained as a sum of both components mentioned are a little lower than previously reported...
- Radiation dose measurements aboard the Mir using the R-16 instrumentV G Mitricas
Institute of Biomedical Problems, Moscow, Russia
Radiat Meas 35:515-25. 2002....
- Analysis of the neutron component at high altitude mountains using active and passive measurement devicesM Hajek
Atominstitute of the Austrian Universities, Vienna, Austria
Nucl Instrum Methods Phys Res A 476:69-73. 2002..The total dose equivalent rate determined by the HTR-method was 210 +/- 15 nSv/h. The results are in good agreement with LET-spectrometer and Sievert counter measurements carried out simultaneously...
- Microdosimetric spectra and LET distributions on board the Mir space station obtained with a particle track detectorF Spurny
Nuclear Physics Institute, Department of Dosimetry, Czech Academy of Sciences, Prague, Czech Republic
Radiat Prot Dosimetry 100:507-10. 2002..It was also found that these doses vary from one expedition to another. The correlation of these variations with the solar activity level was studied...
- Radiation on the Mir Orbital Station. Special issueE V Benton
U San Francisco, CA
Radiat Meas 35:375-543. 2002
- Radiation measurements on the Mir Orbital StationG D Badhwar
Radiat Meas 35:393-422. 2002..6 +/- 0.5 degrees N. These measurements are of direct applicability to the International Space Station. This paper represents a comprehensive review of Mir Space Station radiation data available from a variety of sources...
- The high-energy heavy-particle fluences in the orbits of manned space stationsD G Baranov
Ioffe Physico-Technical Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg, Russia
Radiat Meas 35:423-31. 2002..The analysis demonstrates a high effectiveness of the described methods when applied to quite a number of space physics problems...
- Dosimetry inside MIR station using a silicon detector telescope (DOSTEL)R Beaujean
Institut fur Experimentelle und Angewandte Physik, Universitat Kiel, Kiel, Germany
Radiat Meas 35:433-8. 2002..1 (SAA). Separate LET spectra and temporal variations of the absorbed dose rates and of the mean quality factors are presented for these two radiation components as well as for solar energetic particles of the November 6, 1997 event...
- Passive dosimetry aboard the Mir Orbital Station: internal measurementsE R Benton
Eril Research, Inc, San Rafael, CA 94915 0788, USA
Radiat Meas 35:439-55. 2002..This indicates that in low earth orbit, trapped protons in the South Atlantic Anomaly are responsible for the major fraction of the total dose equivalent...
- Passive dosimetry aboard the Mir Orbital Station: external measurementsE R Benton
Eril Research, Inc, San Rafael, CA 94915 0788, USA
Radiat Meas 35:457-71. 2002..In order to overcome problems with detector saturation after standard chemical processing, measurement of LET spectrum in the least shielded CR-39 PNTD layer (0.005 g/cm2 Al) was carried out using an atomic force microscope...
- TEPC measurements obtained on the Mir space stationJ F Bottollier-Depois
Institute for Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety, IRSN, Fontenay aux Roses, France
Radiat Meas 35:485-8. 2002..This data also provides information about the dose and the quality factor of the radiation to which the cosmonauts were exposed during different missions. These data are compared with measurements obtained using a solid state detector...
- Dose equivalents inside the MIR Space Station measured by the combination of CR-39 plates and TLDs and their comparison with those on Space Shuttle STS-79, -84 and -91 missionsTadayoshi Doke
Tsukuba Space Center, National Space Development Agency of Japan, Ibaraki, Japan
Radiat Meas 35:505-10. 2002..Finally, the differences between our results and those obtained by another group using passive dosimeters on the MIR are discussed...
- Energy spectrum of 50-250 MeV/nucleon iron nuclei inside the MIR space craftW Gunther
Department of Physics, University of Siegen, Siegen, Germany
Radiat Meas 35:511-4. 2002....
- Lifetime total radiation risk of cosmonauts for orbital and interplanetary flightsA V Shafirkin
State Research Centre of the RF-Institute for Biomedical Problems, Moscow, Russia
Adv Space Res 30:999-1003. 2002..Dependences of the delayed radiation consequences mentioned above on flight duration, spacecraft shielding thicknesses, solar activity and cosmonauts' age are analyzed...
- Radiation risk and human space explorationW Schimmerling
Adv Space Res 31:27-34. 2003..The NASA Strategic Plan to accomplish these objectives in a manner consistent with the high priority assigned to the protection and health maintenance of crews will be presented...
- [Influence of chronic exposure to low doses of space ionizing radiation on the character of formation of microbial assemblage in the habitat of orbital station]V V Tsetlin
State Research Centre of Russian Federation Institute of Biomedical Problems, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, 123007 Russia
Radiats Biol Radioecol 43:172-5. 2003....
- Fragmentation of 1 GeV/nucleon iron ions in thick targets relevant for space explorationC La Tessa
Chalmers University of Technology, Nuclear Science and Engineering, Gothenburg, Sweden
Adv Space Res 35:223-9. 2005....
- A space radiation shielding model of the Martian radiation environment experiment (MARIE)W Atwell
The Boeing Company, Houston, TX 77058 3556, USA
Adv Space Res 33:2219-21. 2004..The results show good agreement between the model calculations and the MARIE measurements as presented for the March 2002 dataset...
- Austrian dose measurements onboard space station MIR and the International Space Station--overview and comparisonT Berger
Atominstitute of the Austrian Universities, Vienna, Austria
Adv Space Res 34:1414-9. 2004..The Austrian dosimeter sets for this first exposure on the ISS contained five different kinds of passive thermoluminescent dosimeters. First results showed a position dependent absorbed dose rate at the ISS...
- Radiation measurement on the International Space StationA B Akopova
Yerevan Physics Institute, Yerevan, Armenia
Radiat Meas 39:225-8. 2005..5-2.2 x 10(3) keV/micrometers and the value of equivalent dose 360 microSv/day was estimated. The flux of biologically dangerous heavy particles with Z > or = 2 was measured (3.85 x 10(3) particles/cm2)...
- The biological effects of space radiation during long stays in spaceKen Ohnishi
Department of Biology, Nara Medical University School of Medicine, Kashihara, Nara, Japan
Biol Sci Space 18:201-5. 2004..In order to understand the exact RBE and any interaction with microgravity, the ISS centrifugation system will be a critical tool, and it is hoped that this system will be in operation as soon as possible...
- Radiation analysis for manned missions to the Jupiter systemG De Angelis
Old Dominion University, Norfolk, VA 23508, USA
Adv Space Res 34:1395-403. 2004..Particle transport has been performed with the HZETRN heavy ion code for hadrons and with an in-house developed transport code for electrons and bremsstrahlung photons. The obtained doses have been compared to dose exposure limits...
- Interplanetary crew doses and dose equivalents: variations among different bone marrow and skin sitesJ L Hoff
Department of Nuclear Engineering, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996-2300, USA
Adv Space Res 34:1347-52. 2004..These position-specific results are compared with the average values usually used for radiation protection purposes. Various thicknesses of aluminum shielding, representative of nominal spacecraft, are used in the analyses...
- Deep space environments for human explorationJ W Wilson
NASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, VA 23681 2199, USA
Adv Space Res 34:1281-7. 2004..Design scenarios are then evaluated for these missions. The underlying assumptions in arriving at the model environments and their impact on mission exposures within various shield materials will be discussed...
- Instrumentation for investigation of the depth-dose distribution by the Liulin-5 instrument of a human phantom on the Russian segment of ISS for estimation of the radiation risk during long term space flightsJ Semkova
Solar Terrestrial Influences Laboratory, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia, Bulgaria
Adv Space Res 34:1297-301. 2004..spectra, flux and dose rates for protons and the biologically-relevant heavy ion components of the galactic cosmic radiation will be measured simultaneously with near real time resolution at different depths of the phantom by a ..
- Space radiation transport properties of polyethylene-based compositesR K Kaul
NASA Marshall Space Flight Center, SD 46, AL 35812, USA
Ann N Y Acad Sci 1027:138-49. 2004..This paper presents measured and calculated results for the radiation transport properties of these samples...
- [Anthropogenic sources of radiation hazard in the near-Earth space]G A Fedoseev
Aviakosm Ekolog Med 38:3-14. 2004..Specifically, consideration is given to the facts of negative effects of space power reactor facilities on results of orbital astrophysical investigations...
- On the neutron contribution to the exposure level onboard space vehiclesF Spurny
Department of Radiation Dosimetry, Nuclear Physics Institute AS CR, Na Truhlářce 39 64, 180 86 Praha 8, Czech Republic
Radiat Prot Dosimetry 126:519-23. 2007..Total dosimetry characteristics obtained in this way are in reasonable agreement with other data, neutron contribution representing approximately 40% of the total dose equivalent for the flight duration outside of the SAA...
- Investigation of dose and flux dynamics in the Liulin-5 dosimeter of the tissue-equivalent phantom onboard the Russian segment of the International Space StationJ Semkova
Solar Terrestrial Influences Laboratory, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia, Bulgaria
Adv Space Res 31:1383-8. 2003..Presented are the test results of the prototype unit. Liulin-5 will be flown on the ISS in the year 2003...
- Space radiation health: a brief primerPaul Todd
SHOT, Inc, Greenville, IN, USA
Gravit Space Biol Bull 16:1-4. 2003..Potential countermeasures include shielding, medication consisting of radical scavengers, anti-oxidant consumption, cytokines, and cell transplants...
- Evaluation of the dynamic cutoff rigidity model using dosimetry data from the STS-28 flightD F Smart
Air Force Research Laboratory, Space Vehicles Directorate (VSBS, Bedford, MA 01731, USA
Adv Space Res 31:841-6. 2003..We find a one-to-one correspondence between the portion of the orbit predicted to be subjected to solar protons and the portion of the orbit where solar particle dose measurements were obtained...
- HUMEX, a study on the survivability and adaptation of humans to long-duration exploratory missions, part I: lunar missionsG Horneck
German Aerospace Center DLR, Cologne, Germany
Adv Space Res 31:2389-401. 2003..reduced gravity (on the Moon) and abrupt gravity changes (during launch and landing), of the effects of cosmic radiation including solar particle events, of psychological issues as well as general health care...
- Assessing exposure to cosmic radiation on board aircraftJ F Bottollier-Depois
Human Health Protection and Dosimetry Division, Institute for Protection and Nuclear Safety, Fontenay aux Roses, France
Adv Space Res 32:59-66. 2003The assessment of exposure to cosmic radiation on board aircraft is one of the preoccupations of organizations responsible for radiation protection...
- The "SCORPION" experiment onboard the International Space Station. Preliminary resultsV Borisov
Scobeltysn Institute of Nuclear Physics, Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia
Adv Space Res 32:2373-8. 2003..At the same time the growth of micromicets on the samples of various materials was studied. The description of the "SCORPION" experiment and the preliminary results obtained onboard the RS ISS in 2002 are presented...
- SPE dose prediction using locally weighted regressionJ W Hines
Department of Nuclear Engineering, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996 2300, USA
Radiat Prot Dosimetry 116:131-4. 2005..It uses a locally weighted regression model, which is easier to train, and provides predictions as accurate as the neural network models that were used previously...
- Track-etched detectors for the dosimetry of the radiation of cosmic originF Spurny
Nuclear Physics Institute, Department of Radiation Dosimetry, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, CZ 18086 Prague, Czech Republic
Radiat Prot Dosimetry 109:375-81. 2004..It was found that they correlate with the results of other independent investigations...
- [Habitable zone]Takeshi Naganuma
Biol Sci Space 19:8-24. 2005
- Implementation of ALARA radiation protection on the ISS through polyethylene shielding augmentation of the Service Module Crew QuartersM R Shavers
Radiation Biophysics Group, Wyle Laboratories, Houston, TX 77058, USA
Adv Space Res 34:1333-7. 2004..Verification of shield concepts requires results from specific designs to be compared with onboard dosimetry...
- LET distributions from CR-39 plates on Space Shuttle missions STS-84 and STS-91 and a comparison of the results of the CR-39 plates with those of RRMD-II and RRMD-III telescopesH Tawara
High Energy Accelerator Research Organization, Radiation Science Center, Oho 1 1, Tsukuba shi, Ibaraki 305 0801, Japan
Radiat Meas 35:119-26. 2002....
- On the radiosensitivity of man in spaceR D Esposito
Department of Physics, University Federico II, Napoli, Italy
Adv Space Res 27:345-54. 2001..A dedicated computer code was written and applied to solar particle events and to the mission to Mars. The results suggest that altered myelopoiesis and lymphopoiesis in microgravity might increase human radiosensitivity in space...
- Issues in deep space radiation protectionJ W Wilson
NASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, VA, USA
Acta Astronaut 49:289-312. 2001..Methods for optimization of spacecraft shielding and the associated role of materials selection are discussed. One material which may prove to be an important radiation protection material is hydrogenated carbon nanofibers...
- Radiation transport modeling and assessment to better predict radiation exposure, dose, and toxicological effects to human organs on long duration space flightsP Denkins
Johnson Space Center, Systems Engineering and Technology Assessment, Houston, TX 77058, USA
Acta Astronaut 49:313-9. 2001..In space. exposure to radiation generally includes all of the critical organs. Biological and toxicological impacts have been included for discussion along with alternative risk mitigation methods--shielding and anti-carcinogens...
- Measurements of LET distribution and dose equivalent onboard the Space Shuttle IML-2 (STS-65) and S/MM#4 (STS-79)T Hayashi
Advanced Research Center for Science and Engineering, Waseda University, Tokyo, Japan
Biol Sci Space 11:355-64. 1997....
- Proton Irradiation Facility and space radiation monitoring at the Paul Scherrer InstituteW Hajdas
Paul Scherrer Institute, Villigen, Switzerland
Phys Med 17:119-23. 2001..Future missions as e.g. INTEGRAL, STRV-1c and PROBA will be equipped with new SREMs...
- Simulation of the low-Earth-orbit dose rates using secondary radiations from the HZE particles at NIRS-HIMACH Yasuda
International Space Radiation Laboratory (iSRL, National Institute of Radiological Sciences Inage-ku, Chiba, Japan
Phys Med 17:133-6. 2001..These results demonstrate the possibility of this facility for radiobiology studies of the effects of low dose rates comparable to the LEO environment...
- Radiation shielding of astronauts in interplanetary flights: the CREAM surveyor to Mars and the magnetic lens system for a spaceshipP Spillantini
INFN and University, Firenze, Italy
Phys Med 17:249-54. 2001..A parallel technical study is also in progress to define the workable techniques and the possible configurations of a system of magnetic lenses for protecting the crew of a spaceship...
- European dosimetry activities for the ISSG Reitz
German Aerospace Center (DLR, Institute of Aerospace Medicine, Radiation Biology, Koln, Germany
Phys Med 17:283-6. 2001..This report comprises some selected results of recent manned missions and indicates where improvements should be achieved and closes with the description of future measurements planned onboard the International Space Station (ISS)...
- Once we know all the radiobiology we need to know, how can we use it to predict space radiation risks and achieve fame and fortune?F A Cucinotta
NASA, Johnson Space Center, Houston, TX 77058, USA
Phys Med 17:5-12. 2001....
- CD4+ lymphocyte responses to pulmonary infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis in naÃ¯ve and vaccinated BALB/c miceC M Mason
Pulmonary/Critical Care Medicine, Department of Medicine, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, New Orleans, LA 70112, USA
Tuberculosis (Edinb) 81:327-34. 2001..information on the biological damage produced by the bombardment of heavy high-energy (HZE) particles of cosmic radiation during spaceflight. Such data are required for estimating radiation hazards in manned spaceflight...
- Comparison of natural background dose rates for residents of the Amargosa Valley, NV, to those in Leadville, CO, and the states of Colorado and NevadaDade W Moeller
Dade W Moeller and Associates, Inc, 257 River Island Road, New Bern, NC 28562, USA
Health Phys 91:338-53. 2006..community was selected for comparison because of its altitude (3,200 m) and accompanying relatively high cosmic radiation dose rate, and the fact the size of its population is comparable to that of the Amargosa Valley...
- The effect of acute dose charge particle radiation on expression of DNA repair genes in miceMuhammad Akram Tariq
Department of Biomolecular Engineering, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064, USA
Mol Cell Biochem 349:213-8. 2011The space radiation environment consists of trapped particle radiation, solar particle radiation, and galactic cosmic radiation (GCR), in which protons are the most abundant particle type...
- Astrobiological aspects of the mutagenesis of cosmic radiation on bacterial sporesRalf Moeller
German Aerospace Center DLR, Institute of Aerospace Medicine, Radiation Biology Department, Cologne, Germany
Astrobiology 10:509-21. 2010..In this study, spores of B. subtilis were used to study the effects of galactic cosmic radiation (GCR) on spore survival and induced mutagenesis...
- Monitoring antioxidant defenses and free radical production in space-flight, aviation and railway engine operators, for the prevention and treatment of oxidative stress, immunological impairment, and pre-mature cell agingC De Luca
Lab Tissue Engineering and Cutaneous Physiopathology, Istituto Dermopatico dell Immacolata IRCCS, Via Monti di Creta, Rome, Italy
Toxicol Ind Health 25:259-67. 2009..Long route aviation pilots display elevated oncogenic risk, connected with cosmic radiation overexposure, and high mortality rates for cardiovascular causes...
- Dosimetry for occupational exposure to cosmic radiationD T Bartlett
National Radiological Protection Board, Chilton, Oxon, UK
Radiat Prot Dosimetry 70:395-404. 1997In the course of their work, aircraft crew and frequent flyers are exposed to elevated levels of cosmic radiation of galactic and solar origin and secondary radiation produced in the atmosphere, aircraft structure, etc...
- Involvement of homologous recombination repair after proton-induced DNA damageC Rostek
Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, College of Medicine, University of Saskatchewan, B313 Health Sciences Building, 107 Wiggins Road, Saskatoon, SK S7N 5E5, Canada
Mutagenesis 23:119-29. 2008Protection from chronic exposure to cosmic radiation, which is primarily composed of protons, in future manned missions to Mars and beyond is considered to be a key unresolved issue...
- Spaceflight induces both transient and heritable alterations in DNA methylation and gene expression in rice (Oryza sativa L.)Xiufang Ou
Key Laboratory of Molecular Epigenetic of MOE and Institute of Genetics and Cytology, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130024, China
Mutat Res 662:44-53. 2009Spaceflight represents a complex environmental condition in which several interacting factors such as cosmic radiation, microgravity and space magnetic fields are involved, which may provoke stress responses and jeopardize genome ..
- Validation of the galactic cosmic ray and geomagnetic transmission modelsG D Badhwar
NASA Lyndon B Johnson Space Center, Attn SN, 2101 NASA Road 1, Houston, TX 77058 3696, USA
Radiat Meas 33:361-7. 2001..This spectrometer has provided the first high statistics data set for galactic cosmic radiation protons, and helium, as well as limited spectral data on carbon and oxygen nuclei in the International Space ..
- [Comparative analysis of alfalfa seeds between space flight mutation and its control by Raman spectroscopy]Wei Bo Ren
Grassland Research Institute of Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Huhhot 010010, China
Guang Pu Xue Yu Guang Pu Fen Xi 30:988-90. 2010..and fatty acid may be explained by the consumption both during the repair process of DNA damage induced by cosmic radiation and during the germination of seeds because the dormancy of alfalfa seeds had been broken up by space flight ..
- Induction and repair of DNA strand breaks in bovine lens epithelial cells after high LET irradiationC Baumstark-Khan
Institute of Aerospace Medicine, German Aerospace Center, Koln, Germany
Adv Space Res 31:1583-91. 2003..effectiveness (RBE), because the spacial and temporal distribution of initial physical damage induced by cosmic radiation differ significantly from that of X-rays...
- Induction and processing of oxidative clustered DNA lesions in 56Fe-ion-irradiated human monocytesDoug Tsao
Biology Department, East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina 27858 4353, USA
Radiat Res 168:87-97. 2007Space and cosmic radiation is characterized by energetic heavy ions of high linear energy transfer (LET)...
- The possible effects on health, comfort and safety of aircraft cabin environmentsT P Brown
Medical Research Council, Institute for Environment and Health, 94 Regent Road, Leicester LE1 7DD, England
J R Soc Promot Health 121:177-84. 2001..expressed by the participants fell into five main areas: deep vein thrombosis, air quality, infection, cosmic radiation, and jet lag and work patterns...
- Radioactivity in atomic-bomb samples from exposure to environmental neutronsS Endo
Research Institute for Radiation Biology and Medicine, Hiroshima University, 1 2 3 Kasumi, Minami Ku, Hiroshima 734 8553, Japan
Health Phys 93:689-95. 2007..While it was shown recently that secondary neutrons from cosmic radiation and other sources have probably been the reason for the high measured concentrations of the long-lived ..
- [Radiation exposure and air quality aboard commercial airplanes]L Bergau
Deutsche Lufthansa AG, Frankfurt Main
Z Arztl Fortbild Qualitatssich 93:491-4. 1999The amount of exposure to cosmic radiation during air travel is next to a number of additional factors mainly dependent on the flight level of the aircraft...
- Measurement of the energy spectrum of cosmic-ray induced neutrons aboard an ER-2 high-altitude airplaneP Goldhagen
U S Department of Energy, Environmental Measurements Laboratory, New York, NY 10014 4811, USA
Nucl Instrum Methods Phys Res A 476:42-51. 2002..aircraft are a large occupationally exposed group with a relatively high average effective dose from galactic cosmic radiation. Crews of future high-speed commercial aircraft flying at higher altitudes would be even more exposed...
- In vivo and in vitro measurements of complex-type chromosomal exchanges induced by heavy ionsK George
Wyle Life Sciences, Houston, TX 77058, USA
Adv Space Res 31:1525-35. 2003..blood lymphocytes after long-term space flight, because crews are exposed to HZE particles from galactic cosmic radiation. However, in a cytogenetic study of ten astronauts after long-term missions on the Mir or International Space ..
- Comparative analysis of cell killing and autosomal mutation in mouse kidney epithelium exposed to 1 GeV/nucleon iron ions in vitro or in situAmy Kronenberg
Life Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720, USA
Radiat Res 172:550-7. 2009Astronauts receive exposures to high-energy heavy ions from galactic cosmic radiation. Although high-energy heavy ions are mutagenic and carcinogenic, their mutagenic potency in epithelial cells, where most human cancers develop, is ..
- An assessment of annual whole-body occupational radiation exposure in Ireland (1996-2005)P A Colgan
Radiological Protection Institute of Ireland, 3 Clonskeagh Square, Dublin 14, Ireland
Radiat Prot Dosimetry 128:12-20. 2008..By comparison, previous estimates of exposure of Irish air crew to cosmic radiation have given rise to an estimated collective dose of 12 000 man mSv...
- Mutation induction in human lymphoid cells by energetic heavy ionsA Kronenberg
Life Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
Adv Space Res 14:339-46. 1994One of the concerns for extended space flight outside the magnetosphere is exposure to galactic cosmic radiation. In the series of studies presented herein, the mutagenic effectiveness of high energy heavy ions is examined using human B-..
- Biological effects of high-energy neutrons measured in vivo using a vertebrate modelWendy W Kuhne
Institute of Molecular Medicine and Genetics, Medical College of Georgia, Augusta, Georgia 30912, USA
Radiat Res 172:473-80. 2009Interaction of solar protons and galactic cosmic radiation with the atmosphere and other materials produces high-energy secondary neutrons from below 1 to 1000 MeV and higher...
- Radioactivity and thyroid cancerChristopher Reiners
Clinic and Polyclinic of Nuclear Medicine University of Würzburg
Hormones (Athens) 8:185-91. 2009There is no evidence that natural radiation (cosmic radiation or from natural radioiosotopes) increases the risk for thyroid diseases...
- Effect of high altitude on protein metabolism in Bolivian childrenJose L San Miguel
Instituto Boliviano de Biologia de Altura, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Mayor de San Andres, P O Box 641 La Paz, Bolivia
High Alt Med Biol 3:377-86. 2002..exposure to bacterial and parasitic infections; and life in a multistress environment (high altitude, cold, cosmic radiation, low ambient humidity)...
- Determination of the health hazards due to background radiation sources in the city of Adapazari, Northwestern TurkeyEnis Kapdan
Department of Health Physics, Cekmece Nuclear Researches and Training Center CNAEM, Istanbul, Turkey
Isotopes Environ Health Stud 47:93-100. 2011..08 and 0.35 mSv at outdoor and indoor atmospheres, respectively. The annual average cosmic radiation doses were found to be 0.08 and 0...
- EURADOS intercomparison 2006 to harmonise European early warning dosimetry systemsH Dombrowski
Physikalisch Technische Bundesanstalt, Bundesallee 100, 38116 Braunschweig, Germany
Radiat Prot Dosimetry 135:1-20. 2009..these systems, their following basic parameters were investigated: the response to terrestrial and cosmic radiation, the detectors' inherent background, the response at low dose rates, the energy dependence of the response as ..
- Analysis of spontaneous and bleomycin-induced chromosome damage in peripheral lymphocytes of long-haul aircrew members from ArgentinaAlejandro D Bolzán
Laboratorio de Citogenética y Mutagénesis, Instituto Multidisciplinario de Biología Celular IMBICE, La Plata, Argentina
Mutat Res 639:64-79. 2008..The possibility that occupational exposure of flight personnel to cosmic radiation can induce an adaptive response in their peripheral lymphocytes that can be detected by a subsequent in vitro ..
- Lethality of high linear energy transfer cosmic radiation to Escherichia coli DNA repair-deficient mutants during the 'SL-J/FMPT' space experimentK Harada
Health Research Foundation, Kyoto, Japan
FEMS Microbiol Lett 164:39-45. 1998We investigated the lethal and mutagenic effects of high linear energy transfer cosmic radiation on 11 strains of Escherichia coli, including DNA repair-deficient mutants, using the Radiation Monitoring Container and Dosimeter in the ..
- Light charged-particle production in 96 MeV neutron-induced reactions on carbon and oxygenU Tippawan
Fast Neutron Research Facility, Department of Physics, Chiang Mai University, Thailand
Radiat Prot Dosimetry 126:35-9. 2007..for radiation therapy at neutron beams, and for dosimetry of high-energy neutrons produced by high-energy cosmic radiation interacting with nuclei (nitrogen and oxygen) in the atmosphere...
- Response of a Si-diode-based device to fast neutronsFrantisek Spurny
Nuclear Physics Institute of the AS CR, Praha, Czech Republic
Radiat Meas 39:219-23. 2005..are frequently used for charged particle's detection; one application being in the investigation of cosmic radiation fields...
- Science of the conscious mindGiorgio A Ascoli
Center for Neural Informatics, Structure, and Plasticity, and Molecular Neuroscience Department, Krasnow Institute for Advanced Study, George Mason University, Fairfax, Virginia 22030, USA
Biol Bull 215:204-15. 2008Human beings have direct access to their own mental states, but can only indirectly observe cosmic radiation and enzyme kinetics...
- Heavy ion radiobiology for hadrontherapy and space radiation protectionMarco Durante
Department of Physics and INFN, University Federico II, Naples, Italy
Radiother Oncol 73:S158-60. 2004..particles is needed for both heavy-ion therapy (hadrontherapy) and protection from the exposure to galactic cosmic radiation in long-term manned space missions. Although the exposure conditions (e.g. high- vs...
- Shuttle radiation dose measurements in the International Space Station orbitsGautam D Badhwar
NASA Johnson Space Center, Houston, Texas 77058 3696, USA
Radiat Res 157:69-75. 2002..simple function of the solar deceleration potential has been derived that can be used to predict the galactic cosmic radiation (GCR) dose rates to within +/-10%...
- HZETRN: neutron and proton production in quasi-elastic scattering of GCR heavy-ionsM R Shavers
Loma Linda University Radiobiology Program, 11175 Campus Street, CSP A 1010 Loma Linda, CA 92354, USA
Radiat Meas 33:347-53. 2001..shielding design and evaluation has provided a series of deterministic computer codes that describe galactic cosmic radiation (GCR), solar particle events, and experimental beams at particle accelerators...
- Preliminary studies to develop a personal dosemeter for use by aircraft crewR P Stokes
DERA Radiation Protection Services, Institute of Naval Medicine, Gosport, Hants, UK
J Radiol Prot 21:13-20. 2001..The sensitivity of CR-39 to the neutron component of cosmic radiation was estimated by irradiating samples of the plastic at the CERN-CEC High Energy Reference Field Facility...
- Bubble detector investigations in ChinaShi Lun Guo
China Institute of Atomic Energy, P O Box 275 96, Beijing 102413, China
Radiat Prot Dosimetry 120:491-4. 2006..unique not only for neutron dosimetry but also for monitoring and identifying high-energy heavy ions such as cosmic radiation in the space...
- Risk of breast cancer in female flight attendants: a population-based study (Iceland)V Rafnsson
Department of Preventive Medicine, University of Iceland, Reykjavik
Cancer Causes Control 12:95-101. 2001To study whether increased cancer risk, particularly of cancer types previously related to radiation, was found among cabin attendants, using employment time as a surrogate of exposure to cosmic radiation.
- Long-term investigation of anthropogenic and naturally occurring radionuclides at reference sites in western SwedenSara Almgren
Department of Radiation Physics, University of Gothenburg, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, SE 413 45 Goteborg, Sweden
J Environ Radioact 100:599-604. 2009..dose rate was about twice as high as the calculated rate, even after subtracting the contribution from cosmic radiation. This may be explained by the fact that intensimeters generally are calibrated to measure the quantity ..
- Simulations of the MATROSHKA experiment at the international space station using PHITSL Sihver
Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden
Radiat Environ Biophys 49:351-7. 2010..The results indicate that PHITS is a suitable tool for estimation of doses received from cosmic radiation and for study of the shielding of spacecraft against cosmic radiation.
- Magnetic Flow Sorter for Pancreatic Islet IsolationPaul Todd; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- Imaging & Localizing Device Using the Barkhausen EffectJohn Dicello; Fiscal Year: 2003..Existing reconstruction techniques will be adapted to provide absolute spatial information. With fusion, images can be combined with CT, MRI, or PET for anatomical and physiological information. ..
- Magnetic Sorter Channels for Stem CellsPaul Todd; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- Predictors of Skin Cancer in Commercial Airline PilotsJoyce Nicholas; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- RADIATION BIOLOGY TRAINING GRANTAnn Kennedy; Fiscal Year: 2007..It is expected that graduates of the training program will continue with their research and academic careers in radiation biology and oncology. ..
- CRCNS: Input/Output Relationship in CA3 Pyramidal CellsGiorgio Ascoli; Fiscal Year: 2007..In addition to the dissemination of results in conferences and peer-reviewed publications, all models will be publicly distributed through internet archives. ..
- Generation and Description of Neuronal Morphology and ConnectivityGiorgio A Ascoli; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- Cancer Risks Attributable To Radiation from Pediatric CTDavid Brenner; Fiscal Year: 2006..The target audiences will be radiologists, pediatricians, family physicians, and the CT industry. We will use telephone interviews supplemented with survey questions, to aid in web content decisions. ..
- Radiation-Induced Mutagenesis and Apoptotic RegulationAmy Kronenberg; Fiscal Year: 2006..It is the secondary mutations that lead to advance, aggressive disease in people. ..
- RADIOLOGICAL RESEARCH ACCELERATOR FACILITY (RARAF)David Brenner; Fiscal Year: 2007....
- GENERATION AND DESCRIPTION OF DENDRITIC MORPHOLOGYGiorgio Ascoli; Fiscal Year: 2007..This will require the design and implementation of novel neuroinformatics tools for data handling and integration, and their distribution to the wider neuroscience community. ..
- HIGH LET RADIATION & GENOMIC INSTABILITY IN HUMAN CELLSAmy Kronenberg; Fiscal Year: 2001..The results obtained with low fluence iron-ion exposures will serve as a model for terrestrial exposures to radon and neutrons. ..
- High Stability Accelerator for Sub-Cellular MicrobeamDavid Brenner; Fiscal Year: 2003..We have considerably more demand for microbeam time than we can cope with, primarily because of limited physicist manpower. ..
- RADIOLOGICAL RESEARCH ACCELERATOR FACILITY (RARAF)David Brenner; Fiscal Year: 2002..abstract_text> ..
- GENERATION AND DESCRIPTION OF DENDRITIC MORPHOLOGYGiorgio Ascoli; Fiscal Year: 2002..We believe that this package, portable to all major platforms and freely distributed, will further neuroanatomy, computational modeling, and scientific education. ..