color

Summary

Top Publications

  1. doi Direct multiplexed measurement of gene expression with color-coded probe pairs
    Gary K Geiss
    NanoString Technologies Inc, 201 Elliott Ave West, Suite 300, Seattle, Washington 98119, USA
    Nat Biotechnol 26:317-25. 2008
  2. ncbi Quantification of histochemical staining by color deconvolution
    A C Ruifrok
    Department of Pathology, University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston 77030, USA
    Anal Quant Cytol Histol 23:291-9. 2001
  3. pmc Dual-color click beetle luciferase heteroprotein fragment complementation assays
    Victor Villalobos
    Molecular Imaging Center, Mallinckrodt Institute of Radiology, Department of Developmental Biology, Washington University, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Chem Biol 17:1018-29. 2010
  4. doi Symbiotic bacterium modifies aphid body color
    Tsutomu Tsuchida
    Molecular Entomology Laboratory, RIKEN Advanced Science Institute, Wako 351 0198, Japan
    Science 330:1102-4. 2010
  5. pmc Intensity-based analysis of dual-color gene expression data as an alternative to ratio-based analysis to enhance reproducibility
    Koen Bossers
    Neuroregeneration Laboratory, Netherlands Institute for Neuroscience, Meibergdreef 47, 1105 BA Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    BMC Genomics 11:112. 2010
  6. ncbi Transgenic strategies for combinatorial expression of fluorescent proteins in the nervous system
    Jean Livet
    Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology and Center for Brain Science, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138, USA
    Nature 450:56-62. 2007
  7. ncbi High sensitivity of human melatonin, alertness, thermoregulation, and heart rate to short wavelength light
    Christian Cajochen
    Centre for Chronobiology, Psychiatric University Clinic, Wilhelm Kleinstr 27, CH 4025 Basel, Switzerland
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 90:1311-6. 2005
  8. doi The Dark brown plumage color in chickens is caused by an 8.3-kb deletion upstream of SOX10
    Ulrika Gunnarsson
    Department of Medical Biochemistry and Microbiology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden
    Pigment Cell Melanoma Res 24:268-74. 2011
  9. ncbi Flower color modification by engineering of the flavonoid biosynthetic pathway: practical perspectives
    Yoshikazu Tanaka
    Institute for Plant Science, Suntory Holdings Ltd, Osaka
    Biosci Biotechnol Biochem 74:1760-9. 2010
  10. doi Genetic engineering of flavonoid pigments to modify flower color in floricultural plants
    Masahiro Nishihara
    Iwate Biotechnology Research Center, 22 174 4, Narita, Kitakami, Iwate, 024 0003, Japan
    Biotechnol Lett 33:433-41. 2011

Research Grants

  1. Adaptation and visual coding
    Michael Webster; Fiscal Year: 2008
  2. SALIENCE, ADAPTATION, AND NATURAL IMAGE STATISTICS
    Michael Webster; Fiscal Year: 2001
  3. SALIENCE, ADAPTATION, AND NATURAL IMAGE STATISTICS
    Michael Webster; Fiscal Year: 2002
  4. SALIENCE, ADAPTATION, AND NATURAL IMAGE STATISTICS
    Michael Webster; Fiscal Year: 2003
  5. Adaptation and visual coding
    Michael Webster; Fiscal Year: 2009
  6. SALIENCE, ADAPTATION, AND NATURAL IMAGE STATISTICS
    Michael Webster; Fiscal Year: 2000
  7. SALIENCE, ADAPTATION, AND NATURAL IMAGE STATISTICS
    Michael Webster; Fiscal Year: 2002
  8. Adaptation and visual coding
    Michael A Webster; Fiscal Year: 2010
  9. Adaptation and visual coding
    Michael Webster; Fiscal Year: 2006
  10. Adaptation and visual coding
    Michael Webster; Fiscal Year: 2007

Detail Information

Publications239 found, 100 shown here

  1. doi Direct multiplexed measurement of gene expression with color-coded probe pairs
    Gary K Geiss
    NanoString Technologies Inc, 201 Elliott Ave West, Suite 300, Seattle, Washington 98119, USA
    Nat Biotechnol 26:317-25. 2008
    ..Finally, a comparison of transcript levels for 21 genes across seven samples measured by the nCounter system and SYBR Green real-time PCR demonstrated similar patterns of gene expression at all transcript levels...
  2. ncbi Quantification of histochemical staining by color deconvolution
    A C Ruifrok
    Department of Pathology, University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston 77030, USA
    Anal Quant Cytol Histol 23:291-9. 2001
    ..OBJECTIVE: To develop a flexible method of separation and quantification of immunohistochemical staining by means of color image analysis...
  3. pmc Dual-color click beetle luciferase heteroprotein fragment complementation assays
    Victor Villalobos
    Molecular Imaging Center, Mallinckrodt Institute of Radiology, Department of Developmental Biology, Washington University, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Chem Biol 17:1018-29. 2010
    ..Luciferase heteroprotein fragment complementation systems enabled dual-color quantification of two discrete pairs of interacting proteins simultaneously or two distinct proteins interacting ..
  4. doi Symbiotic bacterium modifies aphid body color
    Tsutomu Tsuchida
    Molecular Entomology Laboratory, RIKEN Advanced Science Institute, Wako 351 0198, Japan
    Science 330:1102-4. 2010
    b>Color variation within populations of the pea aphid influences relative susceptibility to predators and parasites...
  5. pmc Intensity-based analysis of dual-color gene expression data as an alternative to ratio-based analysis to enhance reproducibility
    Koen Bossers
    Neuroregeneration Laboratory, Netherlands Institute for Neuroscience, Meibergdreef 47, 1105 BA Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    BMC Genomics 11:112. 2010
    Ratio-based analysis is the current standard for the analysis of dual-color microarray data...
  6. ncbi Transgenic strategies for combinatorial expression of fluorescent proteins in the nervous system
    Jean Livet
    Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology and Center for Brain Science, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138, USA
    Nature 450:56-62. 2007
    ..The ability of the Brainbow system to label uniquely many individual cells within a population may facilitate the analysis of neuronal circuitry on a large scale...
  7. ncbi High sensitivity of human melatonin, alertness, thermoregulation, and heart rate to short wavelength light
    Christian Cajochen
    Centre for Chronobiology, Psychiatric University Clinic, Wilhelm Kleinstr 27, CH 4025 Basel, Switzerland
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 90:1311-6. 2005
    ....
  8. doi The Dark brown plumage color in chickens is caused by an 8.3-kb deletion upstream of SOX10
    Ulrika Gunnarsson
    Department of Medical Biochemistry and Microbiology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden
    Pigment Cell Melanoma Res 24:268-74. 2011
    ..Lower tyrosinase activity leads to a shift toward a more pheomelanistic (reddish) plumage color, which is the characteristic feature of the DB phenotype.
  9. ncbi Flower color modification by engineering of the flavonoid biosynthetic pathway: practical perspectives
    Yoshikazu Tanaka
    Institute for Plant Science, Suntory Holdings Ltd, Osaka
    Biosci Biotechnol Biochem 74:1760-9. 2010
    The status quo of flavonoid biosynthesis as it relates to flower color is reviewed together with a success in modifying flower color by genetic engineering...
  10. doi Genetic engineering of flavonoid pigments to modify flower color in floricultural plants
    Masahiro Nishihara
    Iwate Biotechnology Research Center, 22 174 4, Narita, Kitakami, Iwate, 024 0003, Japan
    Biotechnol Lett 33:433-41. 2011
    ..So far, the main pigments targeted for flower color modification are anthocyanins that contribute to a variety of colors such as red, pink and blue, but recent ..
  11. doi Simultaneous multi-lifetime multi-color STED imaging for colocalization analyses
    Johanna Bückers
    Department of NanoBiophotonics, Max Planck Institute for Biophysical Chemistry, Am Fassberg 11, 37077 Gottingen, Germany
    Opt Express 19:3130-43. 2011
    ..Furthermore, we propose a setup having a second STED beam for long duration multicolor recording...
  12. doi Globally altered structural brain network topology in grapheme-color synesthesia
    Jürgen Hänggi
    Division Neuropsychology, Institute of Psychology, University of Zurich, CH 8050 Zurich, Switzerland
    J Neurosci 31:5816-28. 2011
    ..g., specific graphemes evoke the perception of particular colors). Grapheme-color synesthesia (GCS) has been proposed to arise from abnormal local cross-activation between grapheme and color areas ..
  13. pmc Modeling the emergence of universality in color naming patterns
    Andrea Baronchelli
    Departament de Fisica i Enginyeria Nuclear, Universitat Politecnica de Catalunya, Campus Nord B4, 08034 Barcelona, Spain
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:2403-7. 2010
    The empirical evidence that human color categorization exhibits some universal patterns beyond superficial discrepancies across different cultures is a major breakthrough in cognitive science...
  14. pmc Multimodal nanoprobes for radionuclide and five-color near-infrared optical lymphatic imaging
    Hisataka Kobayashi
    Molecular Imaging Program, Center for Cancer Research, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892 1088, USA
    ACS Nano 1:258-64. 2007
    ..platform linked to both radionuclides and optical probes, permitting dual-modality scintigraphic and five-color near-infrared optical lymphatic imaging using a multiple-excitation spectrally resolved fluorescence imaging ..
  15. ncbi Neural correlates of the classic color and emotional stroop in women with abuse-related posttraumatic stress disorder
    J Douglas Bremner
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Emory Center for Positron Emission Tomography, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Biol Psychiatry 55:612-20. 2004
    ..Dysfunction of the anterior cingulate/medial prefrontal cortex has been implicated in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The purpose of this study was to use the Stroop task as a probe of anterior cingulate function in PTSD...
  16. doi Single-molecule four-color FRET visualizes energy-transfer paths on DNA origami
    Ingo H Stein
    Angewandte Physik Biophysik, Amalienstrasse 54, Ludwig Maximilians Universitat, 80799 Munich, Germany
    J Am Chem Soc 133:4193-5. 2011
    ..We used single-molecule four-color FRET with alternating laser excitation to sort subpopulations and to visualize the control of energy transfer.
  17. ncbi A prospective study using color flow duplex ultrasonography for abdominal perforator mapping in microvascular breast reconstruction
    Katrin Seidenstucker
    SANA Hospital Düsseldorf, Department of Plastic and Aesthetic Surgery, Interdisciplinary Breast Center of Heinrich Heine University, Dusseldorf, Germany
    Med Sci Monit 16:MT65-70. 2010
    ..We hypothesize that color flow duplex ultrasonography is a reliable method for mapping the abdominal perforator anatomy and avoids the ..
  18. doi Evaluation of a 12-color flow cytometry panel to study lymphocyte, monocyte, and dendritic cell subsets in humans
    Patrick Autissier
    Department of Biology, Boston College, Chestnut Hill, Massachusetts 02467, USA
    Cytometry A 77:410-9. 2010
    ..The aim of this work was to analyze the phenotype of human lymphocyte, monocyte, and DC subsets using a single 12-color flow cytometry panel...
  19. ncbi Stimulus and response conflict in the color-word Stroop task: a combined electro-myography and event-related potential study
    Dénes Szucs
    University of Cambridge, Centre for Neuroscience, Faculty of Education, Cambridge, UK
    Brain Res 1325:63-76. 2010
    We aimed to separate stimulus and response conflict in a manual color-word Stroop task by combining electro-myography (EMG) and event-related brain potentials (ERPs)...
  20. pmc Decoding and reconstructing color from responses in human visual cortex
    Gijs Joost Brouwer
    Department of Psychology and Center for Neural Science, New York University, New York, NY 10003, USA
    J Neurosci 29:13992-4003. 2009
    How is color represented by spatially distributed patterns of activity in visual cortex? Functional magnetic resonance imaging responses to several stimulus colors were analyzed with multivariate techniques: conventional pattern ..
  21. doi Individualized EEG source reconstruction of Stroop interference with masked color words
    Maximilian Bruchmann
    Institute for Biomagnetism and Biosignalanalysis, University of Muenster, Munster, Germany
    Neuroimage 49:1800-9. 2010
    A masked version of the classic color Stroop task was used to study interference effects with stimuli of variable visibility. Pattern masks with different stimulus onset asynchronies (SOAs) reduced the visibility in three steps...
  22. ncbi Antioxidant and antimicrobial capacity of several monofloral Cuban honeys and their correlation with color, polyphenol content and other chemical compounds
    Jose M Alvarez-Suarez
    Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Marche Polytechnic University, Via Ranieri 65, 60100 Ancona, Italy
    Food Chem Toxicol 48:2490-9. 2010
    ..A correlation between radical-scavenging activity and total phenolic content was found. Correlation existed also between color vs phenolics content, vs flavonoid content or between phenolic vs flavonoid.
  23. doi Effects of pH values of hydrogen peroxide bleaching agents on enamel surface properties
    B Xu
    Prosthodontics Department, Wuhan University, Wuhan, China
    Oper Dent 36:554-62. 2011
    ..pH value has a significant influence on the color changes after bleaching (p<0.001)...
  24. doi Fluorescence quantum yields of a series of red and near-infrared dyes emitting at 600-1000 nm
    Knut Rurack
    Division 1 5 Bioanalytics, BAM Bundesanstalt für Materialforschung und prüfung, Berlin, Germany
    Anal Chem 83:1232-42. 2011
    ..In addition, the effects of temperature and the presence of oxygen on the fluorescence quantum yield of Rh-101 have been assessed...
  25. ncbi Universal screening for biliary atresia using an infant stool color card in Taiwan
    Cheng Hui Hsiao
    Department of Pediatrics, Cardinal Tien Hospital Yung Ho Branch, Taipei, Taiwan
    Hepatology 47:1233-40. 2008
    ..We established a universal screening system using an infant stool color card to promote the early diagnosis and treatment of biliary atresia...
  26. ncbi Mutations in the agouti (ASIP), the extension (MC1R), and the brown (TYRP1) loci and their association to coat color phenotypes in horses (Equus caballus)
    S Rieder
    Laboratoire de Génétique Biochimique et de Cytogénétique, Département de Génétique Animale, INRA Centre de Recherche de Jouy, 78352 Jouy en Josas Cedex, France
    Mamm Genome 12:450-5. 2001
    Coat color genetics, when successfully adapted and applied to different mammalian species, provides a good demonstration of the powerful concept of comparative genetics...
  27. ncbi Physiologically induced color-pattern changes in butterfly wings: mechanistic and evolutionary implications
    Joji M Otaki
    The BCPH Unit of Molecular Physiology, Laboratory of Cell and Functional Biology, Department of Chemistry, Biology and Marine Science, Faculty of Science, University of the Ryukyus, 1 Senbaru, Nishihara, Okinawa 903 0213, Japan
    J Insect Physiol 54:1099-112. 2008
    A mechanistic understanding of the butterfly wing color-pattern determination can be facilitated by experimental pattern changes...
  28. ncbi Colour preferences influences odour learning in the hawkmoth, Macroglossum stellatarum
    Anna Balkenius
    Department of Cell and Organism Biology, Lund University, Helgonavagen 3, S 223 62 Lund, Sweden
    Naturwissenschaften 93:255-8. 2006
    ..stellatarum can use more than one modality in their foraging behaviour and that the system is plastic. By manipulating the preferences for the different colours, their influence on odour learning could be changed...
  29. doi Brightness, contrast, and color balance of digital versus film retinal images in the age-related eye disease study 2
    Larry D Hubbard
    Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Wisconsin Madison, Madison, Wisconsin 53711 1068, USA
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 49:3269-82. 2008
    To analyze brightness, contrast, and color balance of digital versus film retinal images in a multicenter clinical trial, to propose a model image from exemplars, and to optimize both image types for evaluation of age-related macular ..
  30. pmc Skin blood perfusion and oxygenation colour affect perceived human health
    Ian D Stephen
    Perception Lab, School of Psychology, University of St Andrews, Scotland, UK
    PLoS ONE 4:e5083. 2009
    ..We show, therefore, that skin blood perfusion and oxygenation influence perceived health in a way that may be important to mate choice...
  31. doi Adaptive population divergence in cryptic color-pattern following a reduction in gene flow
    Patrik Nosil
    Zoology Department and Biodiversity Research Centre, University of British Columbia, Vancouver BC, V6T 1Z4, Canada
    Evolution 63:1902-12. 2009
    ..Here, I report increased adaptive divergence in cryptic color pattern between a pair of Timema insect populations following an experimental reduction in between-population gene ..
  32. doi Influence of filler on the difference between the transmitted and reflected colors of experimental resin composites
    Yong keun Lee
    Department of Dental Biomaterials Science and Dental Research Institute, School of Dentistry, Seoul National University, 28 Yeongeon dong, Jongro Gu, Seoul, Republic of Korea
    Dent Mater 24:1243-7. 2008
    ..This study sought to determine the influence of filler size and amount on the difference between the transmitted and reflected colors and the translucency of experimental resin composites...
  33. ncbi Strong environmental determination of a carotenoid-based plumage trait is not mediated by carotenoid availability
    J D Hadfield
    Division of Biology, Imperial College London, Ascot, Berkshire, UK
    J Evol Biol 19:1104-14. 2006
    ..The low heritability of this colour trait suggests environmental factors are likely to underlie the majority of variation in these processes...
  34. ncbi Coordinating perceptually grounded categories through language: a case study for colour
    Luc Steels
    Artificial Intelligence Laboratory, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Pleinlaan 2 1050 Brussels
    Behav Brain Sci 28:469-89; discussion 489-529. 2005
    ..Specifically, we argue that the collective choice of a shared repertoire must integrate multiple constraints, including constraints coming from communication...
  35. pmc Feature-selective attention enhances color signals in early visual areas of the human brain
    M M Muller
    Institut fur Psychologie I, Universitat Leipzig, Seeburgstrasse 14 20, 04103 Leipzig, Germany
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:14250-4. 2006
    ..stimulus processing (the steady-state visual evoked potential, SSVEP) to investigate feature-specific attention to color cues...
  36. ncbi Visual and spectrophotometric shade analysis of human teeth
    S Paul
    Clinic of Fixed and Removable Prosthodontics and Dental Material Sciences, Center for Dental and Oral Medicine, University of Zurich, Plattenstrasse 11, 8028 Zurich, Switzerland
    J Dent Res 81:578-82. 2002
    Due to interhuman differences in the perception of color, visual shade assessment of human teeth is lacking standardization that may be improved by the use of a spectrophotometer...
  37. pmc Blue light activates the sigmaB-dependent stress response of Bacillus subtilis via YtvA
    Marcela Avila-Perez
    Department of Molecular Microbial Physiology, Swammerdam Institute for Life Sciences, Faculty of Science, University of Amsterdam, Nieuwe Achtergracht 166, 1018WV Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    J Bacteriol 188:6411-4. 2006
    ..These effects were absent in the dark and in red light but present under blue-light illumination. Thus, activation of the general stress response in B. subtilis is modulated by blue light...
  38. ncbi Color vision
    Karl R Gegenfurtner
    Department of Psychology, Giessen University, Otto Behaghel Strasse 10, 35394 Giessen, Germany
    Annu Rev Neurosci 26:181-206. 2003
    b>Color vision starts with the absorption of light in the retinal cone photoreceptors, which transduce electromagnetic energy into electrical voltages...
  39. doi Two-color single-photon photoinitiation and photoinhibition for subdiffraction photolithography
    Timothy F Scott
    Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309 0424, USA
    Science 324:913-7. 2009
    ..Here, we demonstrate a two-color irradiation scheme whereby initiating species are generated by single-photon absorption at one wavelength while ..
  40. ncbi Color image discriminant models and algorithms for face recognition
    Jian Yang
    Department of Computer Science, New Jersey Institute of Technology, Newark, NJ 07102, USA
    IEEE Trans Neural Netw 19:2088-98. 2008
    This paper presents a basic color image discriminant (CID) model and its general version for color image recognition. The CID models seek to unify the color image representation and recognition tasks into one framework...
  41. pmc Image analysis software based on color segmentation for characterization of viability and physiological activity of biofilms
    Luis E Chavez de Paz
    Department of Oral Biology, Faculty of Odontology, Malmo University, Malmö 20506, Sweden
    Appl Environ Microbiol 75:1734-9. 2009
    ..By identifying color tonalities in situ, the software independently processed the color subpopulations and characterized the viability ..
  42. ncbi Blue or red? Exploring the effect of color on cognitive task performances
    Ravi Mehta
    Sauder School of Business, University of British Columbia, 2053 Main Mall, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z2, Canada
    Science 323:1226-9. 2009
    Existing research reports inconsistent findings with regard to the effect of color on cognitive task performances. Some research suggests that blue or green leads to better performances than red; other studies record the opposite...
  43. doi Optimal designs for one- and two-color microarrays using mixed models: a comparative evaluation of their efficiencies
    Valéria Lima Passos
    Department of Methodology and Statistics, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    J Comput Biol 16:67-83. 2009
    Comparative studies between the one- and two-color microarrays provide supportive evidence for similarities of results on differential gene expression. So far, no design comparisons between the two platforms have been undertaken...
  44. doi Wireless capsule endoscopy color video segmentation
    Michal Mackiewicz
    School of Computing Sciences, University ofEast Anglia, NR47TJ Norwich, UK
    IEEE Trans Med Imaging 27:1769-81. 2008
    This paper describes the use of color image analysis to automatically discriminate between oesophagus, stomach, small intestine, and colon tissue in wireless capsule endoscopy (WCE)...
  45. doi The role of predators in maintaining the geographic organization of aposematic signals
    Mathieu Chouteau
    Group for Interuniversity Research in Limnology and Aquatic Environment GRIL and Department of Biological Sciences, University of Montreal, Montreal, Quebec H3C 3J7, Canada
    Am Nat 178:810-7. 2011
    ..We tested this assumption by placing clay frog models, representing distinct color morphs of the Peruvian poison dart frog Ranitomeya imitator and a nonconspicuous frog, reciprocally between ..
  46. doi Effects of the infant stool color card screening program on 5-year outcome of biliary atresia in Taiwan
    Tien Hau Lien
    Department of Pediatrics, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan
    Hepatology 53:202-8. 2011
    In Taiwan, a screening system using an infant stool color card to promote the early diagnosis of biliary atresia (BA) was established in 2002...
  47. pmc The modelling of avian visual perception predicts behavioural rejection responses to foreign egg colours
    Phillip Cassey
    School of Biosciences, Birmingham University, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
    Biol Lett 4:515-7. 2008
    ..Biologically realistic sensory models provide an important tool for relating variability of behavioural responses to perceived phenotypic variation...
  48. ncbi Allele substitution at a flower colour locus produces a pollinator shift in monkeyflowers
    H D Bradshaw
    Department of Biology, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195, USA
    Nature 426:176-8. 2003
    ..cardinalis yup allele had yellow-orange flowers and received 68-fold more hummingbird visits than the wild type. These results indicate that an adaptive shift in pollinator preference may be initiated by a single major mutation...
  49. ncbi The bleaching of teeth: a review of the literature
    Andrew Joiner
    Unilever Oral Care, Quarry Road East, Bebington, Wirral, CH63 3JW, UK
    J Dent 34:412-9. 2006
    ..To review current knowledge of tooth whitening with respect to external bleaching methods...
  50. doi Tensor discriminant color space for face recognition
    Su Jing Wang
    College of Computer Science and Technology, Jilin University, Changchun 130012, China
    IEEE Trans Image Process 20:2490-501. 2011
    Recent research efforts reveal that color may provide useful information for face recognition. For different visual tasks, the choice of a color space is generally different...
  51. pmc Molecular evidence for color discrimination in the Atlantic sand fiddler crab, Uca pugilator
    Premraj Rajkumar
    Department of Biological Sciences, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio 45221, USA
    J Exp Biol 213:4240-8. 2010
    ..Many have species-specific body color patterns that may act as signals for intra- and interspecific communication...
  52. doi Dietary antioxidants, lipid peroxidation and plumage colouration in nestling blue tits Cyanistes caeruleus
    Stephen D Larcombe
    Division of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Faculty of Biomedical and Life Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK
    Naturwissenschaften 97:903-13. 2010
    ..Moreover, interpreting the biological relevance of different biomarkers of antioxidant status represents a challenge for evolutionary ecology...
  53. doi Red, rank, and romance in women viewing men
    Andrew J Elliot
    Department of Clinical and Social Sciences in Psychology, University of Rochester, RC Box 270266, Rochester, NY 14617 0266, USA
    J Exp Psychol Gen 139:399-417. 2010
    ..Participants showed no awareness that the research focused on the influence of color. These findings indicate that color not only has aesthetic value but can carry meaning and impact psychological ..
  54. pmc Can eggs in a cavity be a female secondary sexual signal? Male nest visits and modelling of egg visual discrimination in blue tits
    Marie Jeanne Holveck
    Centre d Ecologie Fonctionnelle et Evolutive, CEFE CNRS, Montpellier, France
    Biol Lett 6:453-7. 2010
    ..Consequently, we need a better understanding of underlying visual mechanisms in dim-light environments and behavioural discrimination experiments before confirming the signalling potential of eggshell coloration...
  55. pmc Partitioning histopathological images: an integrated framework for supervised color-texture segmentation and cell splitting
    Hui Kong
    Department of Biomedical Informatics, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43201, USA
    IEEE Trans Med Imaging 30:1661-77. 2011
    ..Instead of using pixel color intensities, the color-texture extracted at the local neighborhood of each pixel is utilized as the input to our ..
  56. pmc An ecological valence theory of human color preference
    Stephen E Palmer
    Department of Psychology, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:8877-82. 2010
    b>Color preference is an important aspect of visual experience, but little is known about why people in general like some colors more than others...
  57. pmc Two-color photoactivatable probe for selective tracking of proteins and cells
    Arkadiusz Welman
    Edinburgh Cancer Research Centre, Institute of Genetics and Molecular Medicine, University of Edinburgh, Crewe Road South, Edinburgh EH4 2XR, Scotland, United Kingdom
    J Biol Chem 285:11607-16. 2010
    ..Green Cherry (G(PA)C), the first genetically encoded "continuously red-photoactivatable green" two-color probe for live cell imaging...
  58. doi Implementation of a color-capable optofluidic microscope on a RGB CMOS color sensor chip substrate
    Shuo Pang
    Department of Electrical Engineering, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA
    Lab Chip 10:411-4. 2010
    We report the implementation of a color-capable on-chip lensless microscope system, termed color optofluidic microscope (color OFM), and demonstrate imaging of double stained Caenorhabditis elegans with lacZ gene expression at a light ..
  59. doi Electrophysiological evidence for effects of color knowledge in object recognition
    Aitao Lu
    Center for Studies of Psychological Application, South China Normal University, Guangzhou, 510631, China
    Neurosci Lett 469:405-10. 2010
    ..perceptual processes, including N1, P2, and N2, differentiated between objects in their appropriate or congruent color from these objects in an inappropriate or incongruent color...
  60. doi A four-color colloidal multiplexing nanoparticle system
    Oliver Ehlert
    Freiburg Materials Research Center, University of Freiburg, Germany
    ACS Nano 2:120-4. 2008
    ..The particles were phase transferred into polar solvents by means of silica encapsulation and were characterized by transmission electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, and photoluminescence spectroscopy...
  61. doi Achieving lambda/20 resolution by one-color initiation and deactivation of polymerization
    Linjie Li
    Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA
    Science 324:910-3. 2009
    ..We anticipate application of this technique for the fabrication of diverse two- and three-dimensional structures with a feature size that is a small fraction of the wavelength of the light employed...
  62. pmc mRNA transcript quantification in archival samples using multiplexed, color-coded probes
    Patricia P Reis
    Division of Applied Molecular Oncology, Princess Margaret Hospital, Ontario Cancer Institute, University Health Network, Toronto, ON, Canada
    BMC Biotechnol 11:46. 2011
    ..We assessed the ability of this technology for mRNA expression quantification in archived formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded (FFPE) oral carcinoma samples...
  63. ncbi Effect of core and veneer thicknesses on the color parameters of two all-ceramic systems
    Tamer E Shokry
    Department of Fixed Prosthodontics, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Al Azhar University, Egypt
    J Prosthet Dent 95:124-9. 2006
    ..Specific contributions of the core and the veneer thickness on the appearance of layered disk specimens are not well characterized...
  64. ncbi Color-coded fluorescence imaging of tumor-host interactions
    Robert M Hoffman
    AntiCancer, 7917 Ostrow Street, San Diego, California 92111, USA
    Nat Protoc 1:928-35. 2006
    ..The 'color-coded' tumor-host models enable imaging and therefore a deeper understanding of the host cells involved and their ..
  65. ncbi Extraordinary AFLP fingerprint similarity despite strong assortative mating between reef fish color morphospecies
    Felipe S Barreto
    Department of Biological Sciences and Center for Marine Science, University of North Carolina at Wilmington, Wilmington, NC 28409, USA
    Evolution 62:226-33. 2008
    ..The Caribbean hamlets (genus Hypoplectrus) are a flock of reef fish morphospecies with highly distinct color pattern that mate like with like, but show little mitochondrial or microsatellite DNA differentiation...
  66. pmc Color naming reflects optimal partitions of color space
    Terry Regier
    Department of Psychology, University of Chicago, 5848 South University Avenue, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:1436-41. 2007
    The nature of color categories in the world's languages is contested...
  67. ncbi Microsatellite analysis of Japanese sea cucumber, Stichopus (Apostichopus) japonicus, supports reproductive isolation in color variants
    Manami Kanno
    Laboratory of Integrative Aquatic Biology, Graduate School of Agriculture Science, Tohoku University, Onagawa, Miyagi, 9862242, Japan
    Mar Biotechnol (NY) 8:672-85. 2006
    The genetic relationship among the three color variants (Red, Green, and Black) of the Japanese sea cucumber, S. japonicus, was investigated using 11 microsatellite markers...
  68. doi Two-photon dual-color imaging using fluorescent proteins
    Hiroyuki Kawano
    Nat Methods 5:373-4. 2008
  69. pmc Dual-color proteomic profiling of complex samples with a microarray of 810 cancer-related antibodies
    Christoph Schröder
    Division of Functional Genome Analysis, Deutsches Krebsforschungszentrum, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany
    Mol Cell Proteomics 9:1271-80. 2010
    ..presented for the production, quality assessment, and reproducible application of antibody microarrays in a two-color mode with an array of 1,800 features, representing 810 antibodies that were directed at 741 cancer-related ..
  70. ncbi The location of heart melanocytes is specified and the level of pigmentation in the heart may correlate with coat color
    Ichiro Yajima
    Developmental Genetics of Melanocytes, UMR 146 CNRS, Institut Curie, Orsay Cedex, France
    Pigment Cell Melanoma Res 21:471-6. 2008
    ..In this respect, melanocytes found in the valves and septa of the heart are probably not essential in a healthy and non-stressful environment...
  71. ncbi Colors and pterin pigmentation of pierid butterfly wings
    B Wijnen
    Department of Neurobiophysics, University of Groningen, Nijenborgh 4, NL 9747 AG Groningen, The Netherlands
    J Insect Physiol 53:1206-17. 2007
    ..The evolution of pierid wing coloration is discussed...
  72. ncbi Color and antioxidant properties of cyanidin-based anthocyanin pigments
    Florian C Stintzing
    Institute of Food Technology, Section Plant Foodstuff Technology, Hohenheim University, Garbenstrasse 25, 70599 Stuttgart, Germany
    J Agric Food Chem 50:6172-81. 2002
    ..to determine the effect of structural variation on a number of chemical and physical properties: CIELAB color coordinates, visual detection thresholds, hydration constants (pK(H)), and in vitro antioxidant activities (ORAC)...
  73. pmc Biomolecular network motif counting and discovery by color coding
    Noga Alon
    School of Mathematical Sciences, Tel Aviv University, Ramat Aviv, Israel
    Bioinformatics 24:i241-9. 2008
    ..In this article, we show how to apply the 'color coding' technique for counting non-induced occurrences of subgraph topologies in the form of trees and bounded ..
  74. ncbi Anthocyanins, flavonols, and free radical scavenging activity of Chinese bayberry (Myrica rubra) extracts and their color properties and stability
    Jinsong Bao
    Institute of Nuclear Agricultural Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hua Jiachi Campus, Hangzhou 310029, People s Republic of China
    J Agric Food Chem 53:2327-32. 2005
    ..32 and 1.31 mM TEAC/100 g. Different fruit color was reflected by the surface color and pigment extract color...
  75. ncbi Variation in color between intended matched shade and fabricated shade of dental porcelain
    Alvin G Wee
    Section of Restorative Dentistry, Prosthodontics, and Endodontics, College of Dentistry, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210 9422, USA
    J Prosthet Dent 87:657-66. 2002
    The total quantifiable color difference between shade matching and shade duplication has not been investigated formally.
  76. ncbi Magnetoencephalographic investigation of human cortical area V1 using color stimuli
    F Fylan
    Applied Psychology, Aston University, Aston Triangle, Birmingham, B4 7ET, United Kingdom
    Neuroimage 6:47-57. 1997
    ..The spatial-frequency tuning was lowpass and the temporal-frequency tuning was multimodal, with peaks at 0 and 4 Hz. The results demonstrate the use of MEG as a technique for investigating activity from discrete regions of cortex...
  77. ncbi Color and opacity variations in three different resin-based composite products after water aging
    Alessandro Vichi
    University of Siena, Italy
    Dent Mater 20:530-4. 2004
    Correct shade selection and clinical procedures may be invalidated as a result of intrinsic color shifting with time...
  78. ncbi Segregation distortion for seed testa color in Mungbean (Vigna radiata L. Wilcek)
    C J Lambrides
    University of Queensland School of Land and Food Sciences, St Lucia, Brisbane 4072, Australia
    J Hered 95:532-5. 2004
    ..In this study, inheritance data are presented for the trait seed testa color segregating in large populations (more than 200 individuals) derived from closely related mungbean (Vigna radiata ..
  79. ncbi Blue news: NTP binding properties of the blue-light sensitive YtvA protein from Bacillus subtilis
    Valentina Buttani
    Department of Physics, University of Parma, Italy
    FEBS Lett 580:3818-22. 2006
    ..These results support the idea that STAS domains may have a general NTP binding role and open a way to investigate the molecular functionality of YtvA-STAS...
  80. ncbi Effect ofartificial accelerated aging on color stability and surface roughness of indirect composites
    Fabíola Rejane Zanin
    Departmento de Materiais Dentários e Prótese FORP USP, Sao Paulo, Brasil
    Eur J Prosthodont Restor Dent 16:10-4. 2008
    ..This study assessed the changes in color and surface roughness of three indirect composite resins after accelerated aging...
  81. ncbi Color stability and degree of cure of direct composite restoratives after accelerated aging
    Aspasia Sarafianou
    Department of Prosthodontics, School of Dentistry, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens, Greece
    Oper Dent 32:406-11. 2007
    This study evaluated the color changes and amount of remaining C = C bonds (%RDB) in three dental composites after hydrothermal- and photoaging.
  82. pmc The primary visual cortex fills in color
    Yuka Sasaki
    NMR Center, Department of Radiology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Charlestown, MA 02129, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 101:18251-6. 2004
    ..Here, we measured functional MRI signals corresponding to "neon color spreading": an illusory transparent surface with long-range color filling-in, one of the important mediums in ..
  83. ncbi Color stability of composites subjected to accelerated aging after curing using either a halogen or a light emitting diode source
    Fernanda de Carvalho Panzeri Pires-de-Souza
    School of Dentistry of Ribeirao Preto, University of Sao Paulo, Ribeirao Preto, SP, Brazil
    Braz Dent J 18:119-23. 2007
    The purpose of this study was to evaluate, in vitro, the color stability of three composite resins of two different shades (A3 and C3) cured with either a quartz tungsten halogen (QTH) or a light emitting diode (LED) source...
  84. ncbi Contingent aftereffects distinguish conscious and preconscious color processing
    Edward Vul
    Department of Psychology, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, California 92092 0109, USA
    Nat Neurosci 9:873-4. 2006
    ..processing? Using aftereffects induced by quickly alternating images, we show that cortical mechanisms track color much faster than perception, responding well to color alternations that are too rapid to be perceptible...
  85. pmc Double vision: pigment genes do more than just color
    Surendra S Ambegaokar
    Department of Neurology, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX, USA
    Fly (Austin) 5:206-9. 2011
    ..186, p. 435-42). Here we discuss further possible effects of mini-white and evidence for autophagy as a mediator of white enhancement of tau toxicity...
  86. ncbi Hemispheric asymmetries in blood flow during color stimulation
    Zlatko Trkanjec
    University Department of Neurology, Sestre Milosrdnice University Hospital, Vinogradska 29, HR 10 000 Zagreb, Croatia
    J Neurol 254:861-5. 2007
    ..between left and right PCA with eyes opened and closed, but MBFV were significantly higher in right PCA for each color than corresponding MBFV in left PCA...
  87. ncbi Rainbow color map (still) considered harmful
    David Borland
    University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA
    IEEE Comput Graph Appl 27:14-7. 2007
  88. pmc Genetic differentiation among populations and color variants of sea cucumbers (Stichopus japonicus) from Korea and China
    Jung Ha Kang
    Biotechnology Research Division, NFRDI, Busan 619 705, Korea
    Int J Biol Sci 7:323-32. 2011
    ..In addition, given that sea cucumber color affects market price, with the rare, possibly reproductively isolated, red type being the most valuable, an ..
  89. ncbi Color compatibility of resin composites of identical shade designation
    Rade D Paravina
    Department of Restorative Dentistry and Biomaterials, Houston Biomaterials Research Center, The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Texas 77030 3402, USA
    Quintessence Int 37:713-9. 2006
    The aim of this study was to evaluate color compatibility of corresponding resin composite shades keyed to Vitapan Classical shade guide (Vita).
  90. pmc Color and luminance influence, but can not explain, binocular rivalry onset bias
    Jody Stanley
    Psychological Sciences, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria, Australia
    PLoS ONE 6:e18978. 2011
    ..targets of equal brightness for brief presentations in eight locations of the near periphery and reported the color that was first dominant in each location...
  91. ncbi Selected questionnaire size and color combinations were significantly related to mailed survey response rates
    Timothy J Beebe
    Department of Health Sciences Research, Survey Research Center, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
    J Clin Epidemiol 60:1184-9. 2007
    To determine the degree to which mailed survey response rates, response times, and nonresponse bias are affected by questionnaire size and color.
  92. pmc Color standardization and optimization in whole slide imaging
    Yukako Yagi
    Department of Pathology, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School 101 Merrimac St, Suite 820, Boston, MA 02114, USA
    Diagn Pathol 6:S15. 2011
    Standardization and validation of the color displayed by digital slides is an important aspect of digital pathology implementation...
  93. pmc Universality of color names
    Delwin T Lindsey
    Department of Psychology, Ohio State University, Mansfield, OH 44906, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:16608-13. 2006
    We analyzed the World Color Survey (WCS) color-naming data set by using k-means cluster and concordance analyses...
  94. ncbi Changes in brown eggshell color as the hen ages
    A Z Odabaşi
    Food Science and Human Nutrition Department, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611 0370, USA
    Poult Sci 86:356-63. 2007
    The color of eggshells from eggs laid by commercial-type Hy-Line brown hens 25 wk of age was studied over a period of 10 mo...
  95. ncbi The Petrolisthes galathinus complex: species boundaries based on color pattern, morphology and molecules, and evolutionary interrelationships between this complex and other Porcellanidae (Crustacea: Decapoda: Anomura)
    Alexandra Hiller
    Department of Animal Ecology and Systematic Zoology, Justus Liebig University, Heinrich Buff Ring 26 32, 35392 Giessen, Germany
    Mol Phylogenet Evol 40:547-69. 2006
    ..Petrolistes galathinus has been traditionally viewed as a highly variable species containing several different color forms, we consider it to be a complex of at least 6 morphologically similar species with similar ecological ..
  96. ncbi Color and translucency of A2 shade resin composites after curing, polishing and thermocycling
    Yong keun Lee
    Department of Dental Biomaterials Science, Dental Research Institute, College of Dentistry, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea
    Oper Dent 30:436-42. 2005
    This study determined the differences in values and changes of color and translucency of eight brands of A2 shade resin composites after curing, polishing and thermocycling (TC)...
  97. ncbi Effects of background color on GnRH and MCH levels in the barfin flounder brain
    Noriko Amiya
    School of Fisheries Sciences, Kitasato University, Ofunato, Iwate 022 0101, Japan
    Gen Comp Endocrinol 155:88-93. 2008
    Effects of background color on gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) and melanin-concentrating hormone (MCH) levels in the brain of the barfin flounder Verasper moseri were monitored to investigate the interaction of GnRH and MCH in the ..
  98. ncbi Mapping one of the 2 genes controlling lemon ray flower color in sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.)
    Bing Yue
    Department of Plant Sciences, North Dakota State University, Fargo, ND 58105, USA
    J Hered 99:564-7. 2008
    ..The segregation pattern fits a 15:1 (chi2(15:1) = 0.32, P > 0.5) ratio, suggesting that the lemon ray flower color is conditioned by 2 independent recessive genes that had been contributed individually by each of the parents...
  99. ncbi The effect of ceramic thickness and number of firings on the color of two all-ceramic systems
    Ozge Ozturk
    Department of Prosthodontics, University of Ankara, Faculty of Dentistry, Ankara, Turkey
    J Prosthet Dent 100:99-106. 2008
    ..have been advocated for superior esthetics, and various materials have been used to improve ceramic core strength, but there is a lack of information on how color is affected by different core substructures and fabrication procedures.
  100. ncbi Resolution of multiple green fluorescent protein color variants and dyes using two-photon microscopy and imaging spectroscopy
    R Lansford
    California Institute of Technology, Biological Imaging Center, Beckman Institute, Division of Biology, 139 74 Pasadena, California 91125, USA
    J Biomed Opt 6:311-8. 2001
    ..tissue penetration and reduced phototoxicity; however, in TPLSM the excitation and emission spectra of GFP and its color variants [e.g...
  101. ncbi Population heterogeneity and color stimulus heterogeneity in agent-based color categorization
    Natalia L Komarova
    Department of Mathematics, University of California, Irvine, CA, USA
    J Theor Biol 253:680-700. 2008
    Investigating the interactions between universal and culturally specific influences on color categorization across individuals and cultures has proven to be a challenge for human color categorization and naming research...

Research Grants120 found, 100 shown here

  1. Adaptation and visual coding
    Michael Webster; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..This principle is central to models of color vision (where color is encoded relative to a neutral white point) and has recently been proposed to account for ..
  2. SALIENCE, ADAPTATION, AND NATURAL IMAGE STATISTICS
    Michael Webster; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..pattern-selective) adaptation in the human visual system, and how this adaptation regulates the perception of color and form in stimuli characteristic of the natural visual environment...
  3. SALIENCE, ADAPTATION, AND NATURAL IMAGE STATISTICS
    Michael Webster; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..pattern-selective) adaptation in the human visual system, and how this adaptation regulates the perception of color and form in stimuli characteristic of the natural visual environment...
  4. SALIENCE, ADAPTATION, AND NATURAL IMAGE STATISTICS
    Michael Webster; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..pattern-selective) adaptation in the human visual system, and how this adaptation regulates the perception of color and form in stimuli characteristic of the natural visual environment...
  5. Adaptation and visual coding
    Michael Webster; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..This principle is central to models of color vision (where color is encoded relative to a neutral white point) and has recently been proposed to account for ..
  6. SALIENCE, ADAPTATION, AND NATURAL IMAGE STATISTICS
    Michael Webster; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..pattern-selective) adaptation in the human visual system, and how this adaptation regulates the perception of color and form in stimuli characteristic of the natural visual environment...
  7. SALIENCE, ADAPTATION, AND NATURAL IMAGE STATISTICS
    Michael Webster; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..pattern-selective) adaptation in the human visual system, and how this adaptation regulates the perception of color and form in stimuli characteristic of the natural visual environment...
  8. Adaptation and visual coding
    Michael A Webster; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This principle is central to models of color vision (where color is encoded relative to a neutral white point) and has recently been proposed to account for ..
  9. Adaptation and visual coding
    Michael Webster; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This principle is central to models of color vision (where color is encoded relative to a neutral white point) and has recently been proposed to account for ..
  10. Adaptation and visual coding
    Michael Webster; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This principle is central to models of color vision (where color is encoded relative to a neutral white point) and has recently been proposed to account for ..
  11. COLOR CONSTANCY
    DAVID BRAINARD; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Vision is useful because it informs us about physical properties of the environment. In the case of color, one important function is to provide information about object identity - color is generally considered a ..
  12. NEURAL BASIS OF SHAPE FROM TEXTURE
    Qasim Zaidi; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The project will provide rules for classifying natural textures as effective or ineffective at conveying shape which will be useful in computer simulations of realistic scenes. ..
  13. ATTENTION IN SEARCH AND DISCRIMINATION
    DONALD BLOUGH; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..An exemplar model of discrimination and attention attempts to predict key results of these experiments and integrate them with other discrimination data. ..
  14. MECHANISMS OF COLOR DETECTION, INDUCTION AND ADAPTATION
    Qasim Zaidi; Fiscal Year: 2001
    DESCRIPTION: This proposal aims to elucidate the functioning of neural mechanisms in four domains of complex color and brightness perception...
  15. Processes of Discrimination and Attention
    DONALD BLOUGH; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The work stresses the collection of quantitative data suitable for mathematical modeling; an exemplar model of discrimination and memory is used to predict key results. ..
  16. Processes of Discrimination and Attention
    DONALD BLOUGH; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The work stresses the collection of quantitative data suitable for mathematical modeling; an exemplar model of discrimination and memory is used to predict key results. ..
  17. COLOR CONSTANCY
    DAVID BRAINARD; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Vision is useful because it informs us about physical properties of the environment. In the case of color, one important function is to provide information about object identity - color is generally considered a ..
  18. ATTENTION IN SEARCH AND DISCRIMINATION
    DONALD BLOUGH; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..An exemplar model of discrimination and attention attempts to predict key results of these experiments and integrate them with other discrimination data. ..
  19. Processes of Discrimination and Attention
    DONALD BLOUGH; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The work stresses the collection of quantitative data suitable for mathematical modeling; an exemplar model of discrimination and memory is used to predict key results. ..
  20. NEURAL BASIS OF SHAPE FROM TEXTURE
    Qasim Zaidi; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..These results will be useful both in understanding the causes of neurological deficits in shape perception, and in building artificial visual aids for patients with such deficits. ..
  21. ATTENTION IN SEARCH AND DISCRIMINATION
    DONALD BLOUGH; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..An exemplar model of discrimination and attention attempts to predict key results of these experiments and integrate them with other discrimination data. ..
  22. NEURAL BASIS OF SHAPE FROM TEXTURE
    Qasim Zaidi; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..These results will be useful both in understanding the causes of neurological deficits in shape perception, and in building artificial visual aids for patients with such deficits. ..
  23. MECHANISMS OF COLOR DETECTION, INDUCTION AND ADAPTATION
    Qasim Zaidi; Fiscal Year: 2008
    Possibly the most important functions of color vision are the identification of objects and materials across illuminants, and of illuminants across sets of objects...
  24. MECHANISMS OF COLOR DETECTION, INDUCTION AND ADAPTATION
    Qasim Zaidi; Fiscal Year: 2007
    unreadable] DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Possibly the most important functions of color vision are the identification of objects and materials across illuminants and of illuminants across sets of objects...
  25. NEURAL BASIS OF SHAPE FROM TEXTURE
    Qasim Zaidi; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..These results will be useful both in understanding the causes of neurological deficits in shape perception, and in building artificial visual aids for patients with such deficits. ..
  26. MECHANISMS OF COLOR DETECTION, INDUCTION AND ADAPTATION
    Qasim Zaidi; Fiscal Year: 2006
    unreadable] DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Possibly the most important functions of color vision are the identification of objects and materials across illuminants and of illuminants across sets of objects...
  27. NEURAL BASIS OF SHAPE FROM TEXTURE
    Qasim Zaidi; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The project will provide rules for classifying natural textures as effective or ineffective at conveying shape which will be useful in computer simulations of realistic scenes. ..
  28. Processes of Discrimination and Attention
    DONALD BLOUGH; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The work stresses the collection of quantitative data suitable for mathematical modeling; an exemplar model of discrimination and memory is used to predict key results. ..
  29. COLOR CONSTANCY
    DAVID BRAINARD; Fiscal Year: 2009
    PROVIDED. Vision is useful because it informs us about physical properties of the environment. In the case of color, one important function is to provide information about object identity - color isgenerally considered a perceptual ..
  30. Processes of Discrimination and Attention
    DONALD BLOUGH; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The work stresses the collection of quantitative data suitable for mathematical modeling; an exemplar model of discrimination and memory is used to predict key results. ..
  31. ATTENTION IN SEARCH AND DISCRIMINATION
    DONALD BLOUGH; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..An exemplar model of discrimination and attention attempts to predict key results of these experiments and integrate them with other discrimination data. ..
  32. MECHANISMS OF COLOR DETECTION, INDUCTION AND ADAPTATION
    Qasim Zaidi; Fiscal Year: 2000
    DESCRIPTION: This proposal aims to elucidate the functioning of neural mechanisms in four domains of complex color and brightness perception...
  33. COLOR CONSTANCY
    DAVID BRAINARD; Fiscal Year: 2009
    PROVIDED. Vision is useful because it informs us about physical properties of the environment. In the case of color, one important function is to provide information about object identity - color isgenerally considered a perceptual ..
  34. NEURAL BASIS OF SHAPE FROM TEXTURE
    Qasim Zaidi; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..The project will provide rules for classifying natural textures as effective or ineffective at conveying shape which will be useful in computer simulations of realistic scenes. ..
  35. MECHANISMS OF COLOR DETECTION, INDUCTION AND ADAPTATION
    Qasim Zaidi; Fiscal Year: 2010
    Possibly the most important functions of color vision are the identification of objects and materials across illuminants, and of illuminants across sets of objects...
  36. MECHANISMS OF COLOR DETECTION, INDUCTION AND ADAPTATION
    Qasim Zaidi; Fiscal Year: 2002
    DESCRIPTION: This proposal aims to elucidate the functioning of neural mechanisms in four domains of complex color and brightness perception...
  37. NEURAL BASIS OF SHAPE FROM TEXTURE
    Qasim Zaidi; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The project will provide rules for classifying natural textures as effective or ineffective at conveying shape which will be useful in computer simulations of realistic scenes. ..
  38. COLOR CONSTANCY
    David H Brainard; Fiscal Year: 2010
    PROVIDED. Vision is useful because it informs us about physical properties of the environment. In the case of color, one important function is to provide information about object identity - color isgenerally considered a perceptual ..
  39. Processing Photoperiod Information by the Immune System
    Brian Prendergast; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ....
  40. CELLULAR INFORMATION PROCESSING IN THE HIPPOCAMPUS
    Daniel Johnston; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..We expect that the results of our studies will provide important information about the functional significance of these disease-related changes in dendrites. ..
  41. CELLULAR INFORMATION PROCESSING IN HIPPOCAMPUS
    Daniel Johnston; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..potential in the dendrites during synaptic activity? 4) How do dendrites of CA3 neurons integrate and modify incoming synaptic inputs and how do active synapses communicate with other active (and inactive) synapses in the dendrites?..
  42. NEURAL BASIS OF SHAPE FROM TEXTURE
    Qasim Zaidi; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..These results will be useful both in understanding the causes of neurological deficits in shape perception, and in building artificial visual aids for patients with such deficits. ..
  43. Responses and Equivalence Classes
    Peter Urcuioli; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  44. PHARMACOLOGY OF MOSSY FIBER SYNAPTIC PLASTICITY
    Daniel Johnston; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  45. Processing Photoperiod Information by the Immune System
    Brian Prendergast; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  46. OPTICAL NANOSENSORS FOR SUBCELLULAR CHEMICAL IMAGING
    Raoul Kopelman; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..The long range goal is to achieve single molecule on of the chemical spatial resolution and chemical sensitivity. ..
  47. Sleep and neural plasticity in developing neocortex
    Marcos Frank; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..We will then investigate the role of sleep in the cortical plasticity elicited by reverse-MD. ..
  48. Eyestrain in Radiologists
    Elizabeth Krupinski; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Only by developing a better understanding of the nature of observer error, may we discover effective approaches to reducing the errors. ..
  49. CELLULAR INFORMATION PROCESSING IN THE HIPPOCAMPUS
    Daniel Johnston; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..We expect that the results of our studies will provide important information about the functional significance of these disease-related changes in dendrites. ..
  50. COLOR CONSTANCY
    DAVID BRAINARD; Fiscal Year: 2008
    PROVIDED. Vision is useful because it informs us about physical properties of the environment. In the case of color, one important function is to provide information about object identity - color isgenerally considered a perceptual ..
  51. CALCIUM METABOLISM IN ADOLESCENT BOYS
    Connie Weaver; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..Optimizing calcium accretion during this rapid period of growth should maximize peak bone mass within the genetic potential and reduce risk of osteoporosis later. ..
  52. 'Optical Nanosensors for Subcellular Chemical Imaging'
    Raoul Kopelman; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Such refined chemical imaging is expected to accelerate biomedical research in many areas. ..
  53. Eyestrain in Radiologists
    Elizabeth Krupinski; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Only by developing a better understanding of the nature of observer error, may we discover effective approaches to reducing the errors. ..
  54. CALCIUM METABOLISM IN ADOLESCENT BOYS
    Connie Weaver; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Optimizing calcium accretion during this rapid period of growth should maximize peak bone mass within the genetic potential and reduce risk of osteoporosis later. ..
  55. MIPS XII Conference
    Elizabeth Krupinski; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  56. Graded Structures for Damage Resistant All-Ceramic Restorations
    Yu Zhang; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ....
  57. Graded Structures for Damage Resistant All-Ceramic Restorations
    Yu Zhang; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  58. Eyestrain in Radiologists
    Elizabeth Krupinski; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Only by developing a better understanding of the nature of observer error, may we discover effective approaches to reducing the errors. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  59. NEURAL BASIS OF SHAPE FROM TEXTURE
    Qasim Zaidi; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..These results will be useful both in understanding the causes of neurological deficits in shape perception, and in building artificial visual aids for patients with such deficits. ..
  60. Nanoparticle Enabled Intraoperative Imaging and Therapy
    Raoul Kopelman; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ....
  61. Medical Image Perception Society Confrence XI
    Elizabeth Krupinski; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  62. Using light to increase visual and perceptual cues and decrease falls risk
    MARIANA FIGUEIRO; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  63. CALCIUM METABOLISM IN ADOLESCENT GIRLS AND YOUNG WOMEN
    Connie Weaver; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..Correlations with hormone levels and biochemical markers of bone turnover will also be made...
  64. Fine-scale recombination, variation, divergence, and codon bias in Drosophila
    MOHAMED A contact NOOR; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  65. Graded Structures for Damage Resistant All-Ceramic Restorations
    Yu Zhang; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ....
  66. MECHANISMS OF COLOR DETECTION, INDUCTION AND ADAPTATION
    Qasim Zaidi; Fiscal Year: 1999
    DESCRIPTION: This proposal aims to elucidate the functioning of neural mechanisms in four domains of complex color and brightness perception...
  67. MECHANISMS OF COLOR DETECTION, INDUCTION AND ADAPTATION
    Qasim Zaidi; Fiscal Year: 2009
    Possibly the most important functions of color vision are the identification of objects and materials across illuminants, and of illuminants across sets of objects...
  68. Responses and Equivalence Classes
    Peter Urcuioli; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  69. Prospective Study of DNA Repair Gene Variants in Breast Cancer
    Jiali Han; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..This innovative work is essential to advance this field, and it has substantial potential for application to other areas of cancer susceptibility. ..
  70. Cohort Study of Genetic Susceptibility to Cutaneous Malignant Melanoma
    Jiali Han; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..This research will contribute to the scientific basis for identifying individuals at high risk for melanoma and providing individualized risk management strategies. ..
  71. MR-Guided Delivery and Monitoring of Magnetocapsules Immunoprotecting Islet Cells
    JEFF BULTE; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  72. Training Program in Substance Use, HIV and Related Infections
    Steffanie Strathdee; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..S. city in close proximity to a developing country (i.e., Mexico), creating the opportunity for hands-on training experiences that can be transported elsewhere as trainees develop into independent investigators. ..
  73. Epigenetic Effects of Resveratrol
    Edward Sauter; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..As more and more Americans turn to nutraceuticals for a healthier lifestyle, studies like these are increasingly important in the fight against cancer. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  74. SPATIO-TEMPORAL IMAGING OF EMOTION AND FEAR
    WILLIAM PERLSTEIN; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Completion of this award would place the candidate in the position to continue programmatic research along these lines and provide a unique contribution to the cognitive neuroscience study of emotion and its disorders. ..
  75. Modulation of Dendritic K+ Channels in Hippocampus
    Daniel Johnston; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The results of these experiments will provide basic information important for studies of temporal lobe epilepsy, Alzheimer's disease, schizophrenia, and depression. ..
  76. BALTIMORE NEEDLE EXCHANGE PROGRAM EVALUATION
    Steffanie Strathdee; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..In meeting the above specific aims, the proposed study will have an important impact on policies surrounding NEP in the United States and elsewhere. ..
  77. CELLULAR INFORMATION PROCESSING IN THE HIPPOCAMPUS
    Daniel Johnston; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..We expect that the results of our studies will provide important information about the functional significance of these disease-related changes in dendrites. ..
  78. TRANSCRIPTOME OF METASTATIC PROSTATE CANCER
    Gennadi Glinsky; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Subsequently the expression profile of these protein products will be studied in human prostate tumor samples by immunofluorescence analysis and immunohistochemistry to better correlate gene expression changes with phenotype. ..
  79. STUDIES OF INTERACTION BETWEEN EYE MOVEMENT AND VISION
    Peter Schiller; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ....
  80. CENTRAL AND PERIPHERAL PROCESSES IN VISUAL ADAPTATION
    STEVEN SHEVELL; Fiscal Year: 1993
    DESCRIPTION (Investigator's Abstract): This research investigates visual processes that mediate perception of color and brightness in complex scenes...
  81. PSYCHOPHYSICAL STUDIES OF COLOR-DEFECTIVE OBSERVERS
    Joel Pokorny; Fiscal Year: 1992
    This proposal is directed toward the study of normal color vision, and to the assessment of the color defects which occur in individuals with stationary, hereditary color defects and those which occur in various retinal and choroidal ..
  82. GENETIC MAPPING RESOURCE FOR COMMON MAMMALIAN DISEASES
    Leslie Lyons; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The proposed research is significant because it will provide a framework map comparable to humans in three species that have complex and simple disease traits that plague humans. ..
  83. Intervention to Prevent Delayed Diagnosis of Oral Cancer
    Alvin Wee; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ....
  84. Orthotopic models of tumor angiogenesis and blood flow
    Meng Yang; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..New developments in Phase I include the construction of dual-color cancer cells with GFP in the nucleus and RFP in the cytoplasm (Cancer Res 64, 4251-6, 2004; 65, 4246-52, 2005) ..
  85. Epidemiology of HIV and Hepatitis C Among Injecting Drug Users in Tijuana
    Steffanie Strathdee; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..S. cities, which has implications for policy making and program planning for both countries. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  86. Neural Reactivity to Stress
    Peter Gianaros; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  87. MR and BL Tracking of Stem/Progenitor Cells in the CNS
    Jeff W Bulte; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The ultimate goal is to develop ways of reporting on successful cell transplantation without removing any tissue, and to provide neurologists with a means to evaluate stem cell treatment in their patients. ..