insemination

Summary

Summary: The deposit of SEMEN or SPERMATOZOA into the VAGINA to facilitate FERTILIZATION.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Sophisticated sperm allocation in male fowl
    Tommaso Pizzari
    Department of Animal Environment and Health, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Skara PO Box 234, SE 532 23, Sweden
    Nature 426:70-4. 2003
  2. pmc Cost of mating and insemination capacity of a genetically modified mosquito Aedes aegypti OX513A compared to its wild type counterpart
    Irka Bargielowski
    Faculty of Natural Sciences, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 6:e26086. 2011
  3. pmc Effects of the insemination of hydrogen peroxide-treated epididymal mouse spermatozoa on γH2AX repair and embryo development
    Jianfeng Xiao
    Reproductive Center, The First Affiliated Hospital of Shantou University Medical College, Shantou University, Shantou, Guangdong, People s Republic of China
    PLoS ONE 7:e38742. 2012
  4. ncbi Differential effects of insemination volume and substance on reproductive changes in honey bee queens (Apis mellifera L.)
    E L Niño
    Department of Entomology, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC, USA
    Insect Mol Biol 22:233-44. 2013
  5. pmc Sugar deprivation reduces insemination of Anopheles gambiae (Diptera: Culicidae), despite daily recruitment of adults, and predicts decline in model populations
    C M Stone
    Department of Entomology, The Ohio State University, 318 West 12th Ave, Aronoff Laboratory, Columbus, OH 43210, USA
    J Med Entomol 46:1327-37. 2009
  6. ncbi Effects of instrumental insemination and insemination quantity on Dufour's gland chemical profiles and vitellogenin expression in honey bee queens (Apis mellifera)
    Freddie Jeanne Richard
    Department of Entomology, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27695 7613, USA
    J Chem Ecol 37:1027-36. 2011
  7. ncbi Switchover to the mated state by spermathecal activation in female Anopheles gambiae mosquitoes
    Marc J Klowden
    Division of Entomology, University of Idaho, 233 AgSci Building, Moscow, ID 83844 2339, USA
    J Insect Physiol 52:679-84. 2006
  8. ncbi Treatment with the GnRH antagonist ganirelix prevents premature LH rises and luteinization in stimulated intrauterine insemination: results of a double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicentre trial
    C B Lambalk
    Department of Reproductive Medicine, Vrije Universiteit Medical Centre, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, and Civic Parkdale Clinic, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    Hum Reprod 21:632-9. 2006
  9. pmc Twin intromittent organs of Drosophila for traumatic insemination
    Yoshitaka Kamimura
    Laboratory of Animal Ecology, Department of Ecology and Systematics, Graduate School of Agriculture, Hokkaido University, Kita 9, Nishi 9, Sapporo 060 8589, Japan
    Biol Lett 3:401-4. 2007
  10. pmc Traumatic insemination in the plant bug genus Coridromius Signoret (Heteroptera: Miridae)
    Nikolai J Tatarnic
    School of Biological Sciences, Heydon Laurence Building, A08, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia
    Biol Lett 2:58-61. 2006

Detail Information

Publications240 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Sophisticated sperm allocation in male fowl
    Tommaso Pizzari
    Department of Animal Environment and Health, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Skara PO Box 234, SE 532 23, Sweden
    Nature 426:70-4. 2003
    ..Our results indicate that female promiscuity leads to the evolution of sophisticated male sexual behaviour...
  2. pmc Cost of mating and insemination capacity of a genetically modified mosquito Aedes aegypti OX513A compared to its wild type counterpart
    Irka Bargielowski
    Faculty of Natural Sciences, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 6:e26086. 2011
    ..repressible, lethal positive feedback system (OX513A) with its wild type counterpart with respect to their insemination capacities and the cost of courtship and mating...
  3. pmc Effects of the insemination of hydrogen peroxide-treated epididymal mouse spermatozoa on γH2AX repair and embryo development
    Jianfeng Xiao
    Reproductive Center, The First Affiliated Hospital of Shantou University Medical College, Shantou University, Shantou, Guangdong, People s Republic of China
    PLoS ONE 7:e38742. 2012
    ..Cryopreservation of human semen for assisted reproduction is complicated by cryodamage to spermatozoa caused by excessive reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation...
  4. ncbi Differential effects of insemination volume and substance on reproductive changes in honey bee queens (Apis mellifera L.)
    E L Niño
    Department of Entomology, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC, USA
    Insect Mol Biol 22:233-44. 2013
    ..In the present study, we use instrumental insemination of honey bee queens to examine the role of the insemination substance and volume in triggering post-mating ..
  5. pmc Sugar deprivation reduces insemination of Anopheles gambiae (Diptera: Culicidae), despite daily recruitment of adults, and predicts decline in model populations
    C M Stone
    Department of Entomology, The Ohio State University, 318 West 12th Ave, Aronoff Laboratory, Columbus, OH 43210, USA
    J Med Entomol 46:1327-37. 2009
    Our research tests the hypothesis that the inability to sugar-feed reduces the insemination rate in mosquito populations...
  6. ncbi Effects of instrumental insemination and insemination quantity on Dufour's gland chemical profiles and vitellogenin expression in honey bee queens (Apis mellifera)
    Freddie Jeanne Richard
    Department of Entomology, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27695 7613, USA
    J Chem Ecol 37:1027-36. 2011
    ..virgin, single drone- (SDI), and multi-drone- (MDI) inseminated queens to study the effects of instrumental insemination and insemination quantity on the pheromone profiles of the Dufour's gland, and the expression of the egg-yolk ..
  7. ncbi Switchover to the mated state by spermathecal activation in female Anopheles gambiae mosquitoes
    Marc J Klowden
    Division of Entomology, University of Idaho, 233 AgSci Building, Moscow, ID 83844 2339, USA
    J Insect Physiol 52:679-84. 2006
    ..Unlike male Ae. aegypti that can inseminate up to seven females after their testes are removed, An. gambiae do not store sperm in the vas deferens and without testes would be unable to inseminate any females...
  8. ncbi Treatment with the GnRH antagonist ganirelix prevents premature LH rises and luteinization in stimulated intrauterine insemination: results of a double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicentre trial
    C B Lambalk
    Department of Reproductive Medicine, Vrije Universiteit Medical Centre, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, and Civic Parkdale Clinic, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    Hum Reprod 21:632-9. 2006
    ..This study was designed to assess whether the use of ganirelix in women undergoing stimulated IUI could prevent the occurrence of premature LH rises and luteinization (LH+progesterone rises)...
  9. pmc Twin intromittent organs of Drosophila for traumatic insemination
    Yoshitaka Kamimura
    Laboratory of Animal Ecology, Department of Ecology and Systematics, Graduate School of Agriculture, Hokkaido University, Kita 9, Nishi 9, Sapporo 060 8589, Japan
    Biol Lett 3:401-4. 2007
    In several animals, male genitalia create insemination wounds in areas outside the genital orifice of females...
  10. pmc Traumatic insemination in the plant bug genus Coridromius Signoret (Heteroptera: Miridae)
    Nikolai J Tatarnic
    School of Biological Sciences, Heydon Laurence Building, A08, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia
    Biol Lett 2:58-61. 2006
    In traumatic insemination, males pierce females with hypodermic genitalia and ejaculate into the body cavity rather than into the genital tract...
  11. ncbi Uterine activity, sperm transport, and the role of boar stimuli around insemination in sows
    P Langendijk
    Department of Animal Science, Wageningen University, P O Box 338, 6700 AH Wageningen, The Netherlands
    Theriogenology 63:500-13. 2005
    ..that affect myometrial activity, and the possible role of uterine contractions in the process of (artificial) insemination, sperm transport and fertilization. Myometrial activity in the sow increases during estrus...
  12. ncbi Time of insemination and its effect on in-vitro fertilization, cleavage and pregnancy rates in GnRH agonist/HMG-stimulated cycles
    I Khan
    Centre for Reproductive Medicine, Academic Hospital, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Belgium
    Hum Reprod 4:921-6. 1989
    ..Under both protocols, a delay of 2, 4 or 6 h in insemination showed no significant differences in the fertilization, cleavage or pregnancy rates...
  13. ncbi Frequency of multiple inseminations in field-collected Anopheles gambiae females revealed by DNA analysis of transferred sperm
    Frederic Tripet
    Department of Pathology and Center for Tropical Diseases, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 68:1-5. 2003
    ..gambiae s.s. Thus polyandry occurred within-form in 1.7% of examined females while other multiple inseminations may be linked to processes of reproductive isolation between forms of An. gambiae...
  14. ncbi Sperm-induced modification of the oviductal gene expression profile after natural insemination in mice
    Alireza Fazeli
    Academic Unit of Reproductive and Developmental Medicine, University of Sheffield, Sheffield S10 2SF, United Kingdom
    Biol Reprod 71:60-5. 2004
    ..has a recognition system for spermatozoa that can detect the arrival of spermatozoa in the oviduct after insemination, resulting in alterations of the oviductal transcriptome...
  15. ncbi Effect of La Crosse virus infection on insemination rates in female Aedes triseriatus (Diptera: Culicidae)
    E S Gabitzsch
    Arthropod Borne and Infectious Disease Laboratory, Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Pathology, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523, USA
    J Med Entomol 43:850-2. 2006
    ..After 6 d, insemination rates were determined by detection of sperm in the spermathecae...
  16. pmc Effects of insemination quantity on honey bee queen physiology
    Freddie Jeanne Richard
    Department of Entomology, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 2:e980. 2007
    ..Because it is not possible to control the natural mating behavior of queens, we used instrumental insemination and compared queens inseminated with semen from either a single drone (single-drone inseminated, or SDI) or 10 ..
  17. pmc Extended letrozole regimen versus clomiphene citrate for superovulation in patients with unexplained infertility undergoing intrauterine insemination: a randomized controlled trial
    Usama M Fouda
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt
    Reprod Biol Endocrinol 9:84. 2011
    The aim of this randomized controlled trial was to compare the efficacy of extended letrozole regimen with clomiphene citrate in women with unexplained infertility undergoing superovulation and intrauterine insemination (IUI).
  18. ncbi Sperm interactions from insemination to fertilization
    D Rath
    Institute of Farm Animal Genetics, Mariensee FLI, Germany
    Reprod Domest Anim 43:2-11. 2008
    ..A better understanding of the highly complex processes taking place between insemination and fertilization will be necessary to improve the efficiency of conventional reproductive techniques as well ..
  19. ncbi Evidence for costs of mating and self-fertilization in a simultaneous hermaphrodite with hypodermic insemination, the Opisthobranch Alderia willowi
    Nicole Smolensky
    Department of Biological Sciences, California State University, Los Angeles, California 90032 8201, USA
    Biol Bull 216:188-99. 2009
    ..Traumatic mating by hypodermic insemination has repeatedly evolved in hermaphroditic taxa, but evidence for the fitness costs of such male-advantage traits ..
  20. ncbi A Cox proportional-hazards model with time-dependent covariates to evaluate the relationship between body-condition score and the risks of first insemination and pregnancy in a high-producing dairy herd
    W Suriyasathaporn
    Department of Herd Health and Reproduction, Utrecht University, Netherlands
    Prev Vet Med 37:159-72. 1998
    ..was used to qualify the relationship between body-condition score on a scale of 1 to 5 and risks of first insemination and pregnancy. Cows with body condition at calving < 3 had lower first-insemination risks...
  21. pmc Estimation of second polar body retention rate after conventional insemination and intracytoplasmic sperm injection: in vitro observations from more than 5000 human oocytes
    Richard Porter
    Division of Cell Sciences, University of Southampton, Highfield, Southampton, United Kingdom
    J Assist Reprod Genet 20:371-6. 2003
    Tripronucleate (3pn) development after conventional insemination (CONV) or ICSI was analyzed to estimate the rate of second polar body retention giving rise to 3pn formation.
  22. ncbi Structure of the vector tissue in piscicolid leeches (Annelida, Hirudinea, Rhynchobdellida, Piscicolidae)
    Piotr Swiatek
    Department of Animal Histology and Embryology, Silesian University, Bankowa 9, 40 007 Katowice, Poland
    J Morphol 268:64-73. 2007
    Hypodermic insemination occurs in piscicolid leeches (Hirudinea, Rhynchobdellida, Piscicolidae). The spermatophore is implanted in a specialized region of the leech body, the copulatory area...
  23. pmc Repeated inseminations required for natural fertility in a wild bird population
    Janos Torok
    Behavioural Ecology Group, Department of Systematic Zoology and Ecology, Eotvos University, H 1117, Pázmány P sétány 1 C Budapest, Hungary
    Proc Biol Sci 270:641-7. 2003
    ..Our results thus provide evidence that repeated inseminations function to ensure fertilization success. We discuss possible constraints on sperm production and utilization that may have contributed to this pattern...
  24. pmc Multiple deleterious effects of experimentally aged sperm in a monogamous bird
    Joel White
    Laboratoire de Fonctionnement et Evolution des Systèmes Ecologiques, Universite Pierre et Marie Curie, 75005 Paris, France
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:13947-52. 2008
    ..We experimentally manipulated the age of the sperm fertilizing kittiwake eggs by fitting males with anti-insemination rings for variable periods of time preceding egg-laying...
  25. ncbi Pathways and destination of some male gland secretions in female Locusta migratoria migratorioides (R&F) after insemination
    Martin Lay
    Institut für Biologie I, Universitat Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany
    Arch Insect Biochem Physiol 55:1-25. 2004
    ..These results extend the functions of the spermatheca and the role of the male during the reproductive process...
  26. pmc Semen activates the female immune response during early pregnancy in mice
    Martina Johansson
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology and Reproductive Medicine Unit, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
    Immunology 112:290-300. 2004
    b>Insemination elicits inflammatory changes in female reproductive tissues, but whether this results in immunological priming to paternal antigens or influences pregnancy outcome is not clear...
  27. pmc Highly variable sperm precedence in the stalk-eyed fly, Teleopsis dalmanni
    Laura S Corley
    Galton Laboratory, Department of Biology, University College London, Wolfson House, 4 Stephenson Way, London NW1 2HE, UK
    BMC Evol Biol 6:53. 2006
    When females mate with different males, competition for fertilizations occurs after insemination. Such sperm competition is usually summarized at the level of the population or species by the parameter, P2, defined as the proportion of ..
  28. ncbi Absence of diurnal variation in semen parameters in normospermic men
    Marinko M Biljan
    Montreal Fertility Centre, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Fertil Steril 83:477-9. 2005
    ..Results of this prospective longitudinal study on 570 normospermic men suggest that the time of day that a sample is produced does not have an influence on semen parameters...
  29. ncbi Novel males' capacity to disrupt early pregnancy in mice (Mus musculus) is attenuated via a chronic reduction of males' urinary 17beta-estradiol
    Elliott A Beaton
    Department of Psychology, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ont, Canada L8S 4K1
    Psychoneuroendocrinology 30:688-97. 2005
    ..These data support the notion that male excretions of estrogens may in part mediate novel-male-induced pregnancy disruptions, although other influences of aromatization on behaviour and metabolism remain possibilities...
  30. ncbi Evolutionary biology: scramble for the eggs
    Matthew J G Gage
    Nature 426:22-3. 2003
  31. ncbi Mating behavior, insemination and sperm transfer in the ground beetle Carabus insulicola
    Yasuoki Takami
    Center for Ecological Research, Kyoto University, Otsu, Shiga, Japan
    Zoolog Sci 19:1067-73. 2002
    Mating behavior and the processes of insemination and sperm transfer in the ground beetle Carabus insulicola were analyzed. C...
  32. pmc Adenovirus-mediated gene delivery and in vitro microinsemination produce offspring from infertile male mice
    Mito Kanatsu-Shinohara
    Department of Medical Chemistry, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606 8501, Japan
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 99:1383-8. 2002
    ....
  33. ncbi Effect of diet composition on weight gain, sperm transfer, and insemination in the cat flea (Siphonaptera: Pulicidae)
    Susan R Dean
    Department of Entomology, Texas A and M University, College Station 77843 2475, USA
    J Med Entomol 39:370-5. 2002
    ..15 M sodium chloride to which 0.005 M ATP was added. Insemination did not occur in starved fleas or those fed protein-free diets...
  34. ncbi Genetic correlations between body condition scores and fertility in dairy cattle using bivariate random regression models
    Y de Haas
    Institute of Animal Sciences, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology ETH Zentrum, Zurich, Switzerland
    J Anim Breed Genet 124:277-85. 2007
    ..The fertility traits were days to first service (DFS), days between first and last insemination (DFLI), calving interval (CI), number of services per conception (NSPC) and conception rate to first ..
  35. ncbi Sperm ultrastructure in the inseminating Macropsobrycon uruguayanae (Teleostei: Characidae: Cheirodontinae)
    Cristina L C de Oliveira
    Departamento de Zoologia, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
    J Morphol 269:691-7. 2008
    ..The origin and function of these cells could not be determined. The specializations seen in the spermatozoa are discussed as possible adaptations related to the habit of insemination.
  36. ncbi Treatment of male infertility due to spinal cord injury using rectal probe electroejaculation: the Israeli experience
    R J Heruti
    Department of Neuro-Rehabilitation, Sheba Medical Center, Tel-Hashomer 52621, Israel
    Spinal Cord 39:168-75. 2001
    ..1%). Out of 33 couples who wished to achieve pregnancy, 26 reached the stage of insemination. Four pregnancies were achieved after 33 cycles of In-Uterine-Insemination (pregnancy rate 28...
  37. ncbi Prenatal maternal effects on body condition score, female fertility, and milk yield of dairy cows
    G Banos
    Department of Animal Production, School of Veterinary Medicine, Box 393, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, GR 54124 Thessaloniki, Greece
    J Dairy Sci 90:3490-9. 2007
    ..3% of the mean). Finally, overall maternal effects accounted for a significant proportion of the total phenotypic variance of calving interval (1.4 +/- 0.6%) and nonreturn rate (1.1 +/- 0.5%)...
  38. ncbi Characteristics and fate of the spermatozoa of Inachus phalangium (Decapoda, Majidae): description of novel sperm structures and evidence for an additional mechanism of sperm competition in Brachyura
    Rocco Rorandelli
    Dipartimento di Biologia Animale e Genetica Leo Pardi, University of Florence, 50125 Florence, Italy
    J Morphol 269:259-71. 2008
    ....
  39. pmc Coolidge effect in pond snails: male motivation in a simultaneous hermaphrodite
    Joris M Koene
    Department of Animal Ecology, Faculty of Earth and Life Sciences, Vrije Universiteit, De Boelelaan 1085, 1081 HV Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    BMC Evol Biol 7:212. 2007
    ..Based on this knowledge, patterns of sexual role alternations within mating pairs can be explained...
  40. ncbi Sperm transfer and reproductive biology in species of hermaphroditic bivalves (Galeommatoidea: Montacutidae)
    Thomas H Fox
    North Georgia College and State University, Dahlonega, Georgia, USA
    J Morphol 268:936-52. 2007
    ..In the simultaneous hermaphroditic M. substriata the nucleate paraspermatozoa associate with the euspermatozoa to form spherical spermatozeugmata that are stored in the testis...
  41. ncbi Reproductive isolation in birds: postcopulatory prezygotic barriers
    Tim R Birkhead
    Department of Animal and Plant Sciences, The University of Sheffield, Sheffield, S10 2TN, UK
    Trends Ecol Evol 22:266-72. 2007
    ..Future research will serve the dual purpose of providing more detail of the mechanisms of both heterospecific and conspecific prezygotic processes...
  42. ncbi Factors influencing sperm transfer and insemination in cat fleas (Siphonaptera: Pulicidae) fed on an artificial membrane system
    Susan R Dean
    Department of Entomology, Texas A and M University, College Station 77843 2475, USA
    J Med Entomol 39:475-9. 2002
    Sperm transfer through the epididymis, a prerequisite for insemination of cat fleas, Ctenocephalides felis (Bouché) was stimulated by exposure of unfed male fleas to juvenile hormone III residues for 3 d at 25 degrees C or exposure of ..
  43. ncbi Cytochalasin-D retards sperm incorporation deep into the egg cytoplasm but not membrane fusion with the egg plasma membrane
    Manuel Sánchez-Gutiérrez
    Departamento de Biologia Celular, Centro de Investigacón y de Estudios Avanzados del Instituto Politécnico Nacional, Apdo Postal 14 740, Mexico, DF
    Mol Reprod Dev 63:518-28. 2002
    ..b>Insemination of eggs with Cyt-D treated spermatozoa did not change early fertilization events such as the egg cortical ..
  44. pmc Strategic sperm allocation under parasitic sex-ratio distortion
    Alison M Dunn
    School of Biology, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, UK
    Biol Lett 2:78-80. 2006
    ..Our results indicate that strategic sperm allocation under male rarity will have a greater impact on infected females and has the potential to regulate spread of parasitic feminisers in host populations...
  45. ncbi Relationship between profitability and type traits and derivation of economic values for reproduction and survival traits in Chianina beef cows
    F Forabosco
    Associazione Nazionale Allevatori Bovini Italiani da Carne, 06070 S Martino in Colle, Italy
    J Anim Sci 83:2043-51. 2005
    ..in beef cows, specifically, production expressed as the number of calves born alive per year (NACY), age at the insemination that resulted in the birth of the first calf (FI), and length of productive life (LPL); and 3) to investigate ..
  46. ncbi Factors associated with early and mid-to-late fetal loss in lactating and nonlactating Holstein cattle in a hot climate
    F D Jousan
    Department of Animal Sciences, University of Florida, Gainesville, 32611 0910, USA
    J Anim Sci 83:1017-22. 2005
    ..Also, days open and SCCS at breeding were related to ability of lactating females to maintain pregnancy, but there were no relationships between fetal loss and milk yield, lactation number, number of times inseminated, or season...
  47. ncbi Success at first insemination in Australian Angus cattle: analysis of uncertain binary responses
    M L Spangler
    Animal and Dairy Science Department, University of Georgia, Athens, 30602 2771, USA
    J Anim Sci 84:20-4. 2006
    ..were used to investigate 2 methods of analyzing uncertain binary responses for success or failure at first insemination. A linear mixed model that included herd, year, and month of mating as fixed effects; unrelated service sire, ..
  48. ncbi Leucocyte population changes in the reproductive tract of the ewe in response to insemination
    Jennifer L Scott
    School of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences, James Cook University, Solander Drive, Douglas, Qld 4811, Australia
    Reprod Fertil Dev 18:627-34. 2006
    Leucocyte changes after insemination may affect conceptus implantation, but information regarding leucocyte populations in the ruminant reproductive tract is limited...
  49. ncbi Cryptic forcible insemination: male snakes exploit female physiology, anatomy, and behavior to obtain coercive matings
    Richard Shine
    School of Biological Sciences A08, University of Sydney, New South Wales, 2006, Australia
    Am Nat 162:653-67. 2003
    ..Forcible insemination is usually inferred from direct physical battles between the sexes and has been dismissed on intuitive grounds ..
  50. ncbi Phenogenetics of a suppressor and an enhancer gene of the lozenge34k allel of Drosophila melanogaster
    V S Beeson
    J Exp Zool 193:177-90. 1975
    ..Except for the phototactic response of lozenge-suppressed flies, the functional ability of the compound eye can be correlated with its morphology...
  51. ncbi Seminal fluid signaling in the female reproductive tract: lessons from rodents and pigs
    S A Robertson
    Research Centre for Reproductive Health, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Adelaide, SA 5005, Australia
    J Anim Sci 85:E36-44. 2007
    ..Cytokines and prostaglandins synthesized in the male accessory glands are transferred to the female at insemination, where they bind to receptors on target cells in the cervix and uterus, activating changes in gene expression ..
  52. ncbi Reproductive activity and survival of Culex pipiens pallens and Culex quinquefasciatus (Diptera: Culicidae) in Japan at high temperature
    Tsutomu Oda
    Department of General Education the School of Allied Medical Sciences Nagasaki University Japan
    J Med Entomol 39:185-90. 2002
    The egg hatchability, insemination, and longevity of Japanese Culex pipiens pallens Coquillett and Japanese Culex quinquefasciatus Say were compared at 25 and 30 degrees C. Egg hatchability was high in Cx. p...
  53. pmc Japanese quail (Coturnix japonica) inseminations are more likely to fertilize eggs in a context predicting mating opportunities
    Elizabeth Adkins-Regan
    Department of Neurobiology and Behavior, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853 7601, USA
    Proc Biol Sci 270:1685-9. 2003
    ....
  54. pmc Adenovirus-mediated gene delivery into mouse spermatogonial stem cells
    Masanori Takehashi
    Department of Molecular Genetics, Horizontal Medical Research Organization, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606 8501, Japan
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:2596-601. 2007
    ..Nevertheless, these results suggest that adenovirus may inadvertently integrate into the patient's germ line and indicate that there is no barrier to adenovirus infection in spermatogonial stem cells...
  55. ncbi Paternal antigen-bearing cells transferred during insemination do not stimulate anti-paternal CD8+ T cells: role of estradiol in locally inhibiting CD8+ T cell responses
    Matthew M Seavey
    David H Smith Center for Vaccine Biology and Immunology, and Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Rochester Medical Center, 601 Elmwood Avenue, Rochester, NY 14642, USA
    J Immunol 177:7567-78. 2006
    ..Since semen has been shown to mediate immune modulation, we tested whether exposure to paternal Ag during insemination activated or tolerized anti-paternal CD8+ T cells...
  56. ncbi Comparison of ICSI and conventional IVF in patients with increased oocyte immaturity
    Tyl H Taylor
    Main Line Fertility, 130 S Bryn Mawr Avenue, Suite 1000, D Wing, Bryn Mawr, PA 19010, USA
    Reprod Biomed Online 17:46-52. 2008
    ..This study was observational in nature, and included 91 patients who were treated using split insemination techniques. The fertilization rates for the ICSI group and the IVF group were 41.1 +/- 15.0% and 53.2 +/- 19...
  57. ncbi Inseminated female mice (Mus musculus) investigate rather than avoid novel males that disrupt pregnancy, but sires protect pregnancy
    Denys deCatanzaro
    Department of Psychology, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada
    J Comp Psychol 118:251-7. 2004
    ..Inseminated females do not reliably avoid males that disturb pregnancy unless the sire is immediately present...
  58. ncbi Mitogen-activated protein kinase and cell cycle progression during mouse egg activation induced by various stimuli
    Q Y Sun
    Department of Life Sciences, Bar Ilan University, Ramat Gan, Israel
    Z Naturforsch C 54:285-94. 1999
    ..MAP kinase activity increased between 1 and 2.5 h post-insemination, at which time the second polar body was emitted and sperm chromatin was dispersed; its activity decreased ..
  59. ncbi Reproductive performance of lactating dairy cows treated with cloprostenol at the time of insemination
    F Lopez-Gatius
    Department of Animal Production, University of Lleida, Lleida, Spain
    Theriogenology 62:677-89. 2004
    The effect of intravenous cloprostenol treatment at the time of insemination on reproductive performance was consecutively evaluated in three different subpopulations of high producing lactating dairy cows: Study (1) early postpartum ..
  60. ncbi Improved prediction of ovulation time may increase pregnancy rates to artificial insemination in lactating dairy cattle
    C D Hockey
    School of Veterinary Science, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia
    Reprod Domest Anim 45:e239-48. 2010
    ..potential for improving pregnancy rates (proportions of inseminations that result in pregnancy) to artificial insemination (AI) if the time of ovulation could be predicted with more certainty...
  61. ncbi Ovarian follicle diameter at timed insemination and estrous response influence likelihood of ovulation and pregnancy after estrous synchronization with progesterone or progestin-based protocols in suckled Bos indicus cows
    M F Sá Filho
    Departamento de Reprodução Animal, FMVZ USP, 05508 270 São Paulo, SP, Brazil
    Anim Reprod Sci 120:23-30. 2010
    ..the present study were to evaluate factors associated with estrous synchronization responses and pregnancy per insemination (P/AI) in Bos indicus beef cows submitted to progesterone-based fixed-time artificial insemination (FTAI) ..
  62. ncbi The effects of different insemination regimes on fertility in mares
    H Sieme
    National Stud of Lower Saxony, Niedersaechsisches Landgestuet Celle, Spoerckenstr 10, 29221 Celle, Germany
    Theriogenology 60:1153-64. 2003
    This study investigated the effects of different artificial insemination (AI) regimes on the pregnancy rate in mares inseminated with either cooled or frozen-thawed semen...
  63. ncbi Enzyme immunoassay of 17 beta-estradiol, estrone conjugates, and testosterone in urinary and fecal samples from male and female mice
    C Muir
    Department of Psychology, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
    Horm Metab Res 33:653-8. 2001
    ..Females that were parturient following insemination excreted relatively low levels of urinary testosterone compared to non-parturient females...
  64. ncbi Ethical and legal issues in the use of related donors for therapeutic insemination
    Lorna A Marshall
    Center for Fertility and Reproductive Endocrinology, Virginia Mason Medical Center, 1100 Ninth Ave, X11 FC, Seattle, Washington 98111, USA
    Urol Clin North Am 29:855-61. 2002
    Donor insemination involving family members can be complex. Although it may offer some advantages to the requesting individuals, to the donor, or to the family, related donation does raise a significant number of concerns...
  65. ncbi Effects of resynchronization programs on pregnancy per artificial insemination, progesterone, and pregnancy-associated glycoproteins in plasma of lactating dairy cows
    I M Thompson
    Department of Animal Sciences, University of Florida, Gainesville 32611, USA
    J Dairy Sci 93:4006-18. 2010
    Objectives were to develop a timed artificial insemination (TAI) resynchronization program to improve pregnancy per AI and to evaluate responses of circulating progesterone and pregnancy-associated glycoproteins in lactating cows...
  66. ncbi Fertility after different artificial insemination methods using a synthetic semen extender in sheep
    Mami Hiwasa
    Laboratory of Animal Reproduction, Obihiro University of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Obihiro, Japan
    J Reprod Dev 55:50-4. 2009
    ..The three methods of artificial insemination (AI) were cervical AI with fresh-diluted or frozen-diluted semen at observed estrus, and an intrauterine AI ..
  67. ncbi Study on the transmission of Toxoplasma gondii by semen in rabbits
    Shi Guo Liu
    Department of Parasitology, Xinxiang Medical College, Xinxiang 453003, China
    Zhongguo Ji Sheng Chong Xue Yu Ji Sheng Chong Bing Za Zhi 24:166-70. 2006
    ..To confirm the transmission of Toxoplasma gondii by semen and to investigate the impact of vaginal status on the transmission of T. gondii in female rabbits...
  68. ncbi Effect of live weight development and reproduction in first parity on reproductive performance of second parity sows
    L L Hoving
    Adaptation Physiology Group, Wageningen Institute of Animal Sciences WIAS, Wageningen University, 6700 AH Wageningen, The Netherlands
    Anim Reprod Sci 122:82-9. 2010
    ..e. pregnancy rate as well as litter size. Measures of sow development (live weight at first insemination, farrowing and weaning) and reproduction (total number of piglets born, weaning to insemination interval, ..
  69. ncbi Sensitivity to exogenous gonadotropins for ovulation induction and laparoscopic artificial insemination in the cheetah and clouded leopard
    J G Howard
    National Zoological Park, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, District of Columbia 20008, USA
    Biol Reprod 56:1059-68. 1997
    ..assessed in the cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus) and clouded leopard (Neofelis nebulosa) to help optimize artificial insemination (AI). Eighteen female cheetahs were used on 29 occasions and were given i.m...
  70. ncbi New estrus synchronization and artificial insemination protocol for goats based on male exposure, progesterone and cloprostenol during the non-breeding season
    A Lopez-Sebastian
    Departamento de Reproduccion Animal, INIA, Avda Puerta de Hierro s n, km 5, 9, 28040 Madrid, Spain
    Theriogenology 68:1081-7. 2007
    ..and synchronize ovulation in goats during the non-breeding season, allowing for systematic timed artificial insemination (AI), without the need for prior estrus detection. This method (IMA...
  71. ncbi [Descent of ova and embryos in cows superovulated with serum gonadotropin]
    L Holy
    Vysoká skola veterinární, Brno
    Vet Med (Praha) 37:353-64. 1992
    ..Donor cows were slaughtered 3, 4, 5, 6, and 7 days after the second insemination and isolated reproductive organs (Fig...
  72. ncbi Fertility and its relationship to motility characteristics of spermatozoa in ewes after cervical, transcervical, and intrauterine insemination with frozen-thawed ram semen
    L G Sanchez-Partida
    Department of Animal Science, University of Adelaide, Glen Osmond, Australia
    J Androl 20:280-8. 1999
    The fertility of ewes after artificial insemination and the relationship between fertility and motility characteristics assessed by a computerized motility analysis system were examined with ram semen frozen in diluents reported to ..
  73. ncbi [Intrauterine insemination: state-of-the-art in humans]
    D Royere
    Service de Médecine et Biologie de la Reproduction, UMR 6175 physiologie de la reproduction et des comportements, INRA CNRS HARAS université de Tours, CHU Bretonneau, 2, boulevard Tonnelé, 37044 Tours, France
    Gynecol Obstet Fertil 32:873-9. 2004
    Despite its being used for a long time, intrauterine insemination (i.u.i.) remains debated as to its precise place and efficacy among assisted reproductive technologies...
  74. ncbi Review of available infertility treatments
    Sandra L Hrometz
    College of Pharmacy, Ohio Northern University, Ada, Ohio 45810, USA
    Drugs Today (Barc) 45:275-91. 2009
    ..The single follicle is then fertilized secondary to timed intercourse or artificial insemination, where semen is injected directly into the uterus...
  75. ncbi Effects of treatment of anestrous dairy cows with gonadotropin-releasing hormone, prostaglandin, and progesterone
    S McDougall
    Animal Health Centre, PO Box 21, Morrinsville, New Zealand, 3300
    J Dairy Sci 93:1944-59. 2010
    ..sodium cloprostenol, followed 54 to 56h later by 100 microg of gonadorelin, followed by fixed-time artificial insemination at 13 to 18h after the final GnRH injection (Ovsynch); (2) as for (1) but with placement of an intravaginal ..
  76. ncbi Transvaginal follicular aspiration and embryo development in superstimulated early postpartum beef cows and subsequent fertility after artificial insemination
    J F Aller
    Biotecnología de la Reproducción, Estacion Experimental Agropecuaria Balcarce, Instituto Nacional de Tecnologia Agropecuaria, C C 276, 7620 Balcarce, Argentina
    Anim Reprod Sci 119:1-8. 2010
    ..30 to 80 postpartum and (iii) if repeated OPU negatively affect fertility following a fixed-time artificial insemination protocol. After parturition suckled Angus cows (n = 30) were divided in three groups (n = 10 group(-1))...
  77. ncbi Pregnancy rates to timed artificial insemination in dairy cows treated with gonadotropin-releasing hormone or porcine luteinizing hormone
    M G Colazo
    Dairy Research and Technology Centre, Alberta Agriculture and Rural Development, Edmonton, AB, Canada
    Theriogenology 72:262-70. 2009
    ..versus gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) on ovulatory response and pregnancy rate after timed artificial insemination (TAI) in 605 lactating dairy cows. Cows (mean+/-SEM: 2.4+/-0.08 lactations, 109.0+/-2.5 d in milk, and 2.8+/-0...
  78. ncbi Porcine field fertility with two different insemination doses and the effect of sperm morphology
    K Alm
    Department of Clinical Veterinary Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Helsinki, Saarentaus, Finland
    Reprod Domest Anim 41:210-3. 2006
    In swine artificial insemination, several dose regimens are applied, ranging from 1.5 x 10(9) to 6.0 x 10(9) spermatozoa per intra-cervical insemination dose...
  79. ncbi Effect of beta-mercaptoethanol during in vitro fertilization procedures on sperm penetration into porcine oocytes and the early development in vitro
    Hiroaki Funahashi
    The Graduate School of Natural Science and Technology, Okayama University, Tsushima Naka, Okayama 700 8530, Japan
    Reproduction 130:889-98. 2005
    ..bME) during a transient co-culture of gametes for 10 min, and/or the following culture until 6-9 h after insemination, on sperm penetration of porcine in vitro maturation (IVM) oocytes and the early development in vitro...
  80. ncbi Measurement of interferon-tau (IFN-tau) stimulated gene expression in blood leukocytes for pregnancy diagnosis within 18-20d after insemination in dairy cattle
    J C Green
    Division of Animal Sciences, University of Missouri, 158 Animal Science Research Center, 920 East Campus Drive, Columbia, MO 65211, USA
    Anim Reprod Sci 121:24-33. 2010
    The objective was to diagnose pregnancy within 18d after insemination by measuring interferon-tau (IFN-tau)-stimulated genes (ISG) expression in circulatory leukocytes...
  81. ncbi Expected net present value of pure and mixed sexed semen artificial insemination strategies in dairy heifers
    N J Olynk
    Department of Agricultural Economics, Michigan State University, East Lansing 48824, USA
    J Dairy Sci 90:2569-76. 2007
    ..The decreased conception rates (CR) experienced with sexed semen make virgin heifers better suited for insemination with sexed semen than lactating dairy cows...
  82. ncbi Ovulation induction in rabbit does submitted to artificial insemination by adding buserelin to the seminal dose
    Luis A Quintela
    Unit of Reproduction and Obstetrics, Department of Animal Pathology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Santiago de Compostela, 27002 Lugo, Spain
    Reprod Nutr Dev 44:79-88. 2004
    ..if a GnRH analogue, buserelin, could be used for ovulation induction in rabbit does submitted to artificial insemination (AI) by intravaginal administration, by adding the hormone to the seminal dose...
  83. ncbi Relationship between size of the ovulatory follicle and pregnancy success in beef heifers
    G A Perry
    USDA ARS, Fort Keogh Livestock and Range Research Laboratory, Miles City, MT 59301, USA
    J Anim Sci 85:684-9. 2007
    Previous research indicated that the size of the ovulatory follicle at the time of insemination significantly influenced pregnancy rates and embryonic/fetal mortality after fixed-timed AI in postpartum cows, but no effect on pregnancy ..
  84. ncbi Effect of interval between induction of ovulation and artificial insemination (AI) and supplemental progesterone for resynchronization on fertility of dairy cows subjected to a 5-d timed AI program
    R S Bisinotto
    Department of Animal Sciences, University of Florida, Gainesville 32611, USA
    J Dairy Sci 93:5798-808. 2010
    Objectives were to investigate 2 intervals from induction of ovulation to artificial insemination (AI) and the effect of supplemental progesterone for resynchronization on fertility of lactating dairy cows subjected to a 5-d timed AI ..
  85. ncbi Embryo production from superovulated Holstein-Friesian dairy heifers and cows after insemination with frozen-thawed sex-sorted X spermatozoa or unsorted semen
    J Peippo
    MTT Agrifood Research Finland, Biotechnology and Food Research, Building H, FI 31600 Jokioinen, Finland
    Anim Reprod Sci 111:80-92. 2009
    ..The proportion of transferable female embryos produced approximately doubled when insemination was with X-sorted spermatozoa compared to insemination with unsorted semen (heifers 96.4% versus 41.1%; cows 81...
  86. ncbi Is Doublesynch protocol a new alternative for timed artificial insemination in anestrous dairy cows
    O A Oztürk
    Department of Reproduction and Artificial Insemination, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Istanbul University, Avcilar, Istanbul, Turkey
    Theriogenology 73:568-76. 2010
    ..Timed artificial insemination (TAI) was performed 16 to 20 h after the second GnRH in both treatment groups...
  87. ncbi Follicular wave of the ovulatory follicle and not cyclic status influences fertility of dairy cows
    R S Bisinotto
    Department of Animal Sciences, University of Florida, Gainesville 32611, USA
    J Dairy Sci 93:3578-87. 2010
    Two experiments evaluated the influence of follicular wave at artificial insemination (AI) on fertility of dairy cows...
  88. ncbi Strategies to improve the fertility of frozen-thawed boar semen for artificial insemination
    J Roca
    Department of Medicine and Animal Surgery, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Campus de Espinardo, University of Murcia, E 30071, Murcia, Spain
    Soc Reprod Fertil Suppl 62:261-75. 2006
    Although cryopreservation of boar semen for artificial insemination (AI) was developed 35 years ago, cryopreservation conditions and AI strategies are still considered sub-optimal...
  89. ncbi Cost-effectiveness of recombinant follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) versus human FSH in intrauterine insemination cycles: a statistical model-derived analysis
    Sandro Gerli
    Department of Medical Surgical Specialties and Public Health, Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Perugia, Perugia, Italy
    Gynecol Endocrinol 24:18-23. 2008
    ..designed to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of two different protocols of stimulation in intrauterine insemination (IUI) cycles...
  90. ncbi Superovulatory response following ablation-induced follicular wave emergence at random stages of the oestrous cycle in cattle
    D R Bergfelt
    Department of Veterinary Anatomy, Western College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Canada
    Anim Reprod Sci 49:1-12. 1997
    ..PGF2 alpha (Estrumate, 500 micrograms) was given 48 h after the superstimulatory treatment and artificial insemination was done 60 and 72 h later...
  91. ncbi Influence of post-ovulatory insemination on sperm distribution, pregnancy and the infiltration by cells of the immune system, and the distribution of CD2, CD4, CD8 and MHC class II expressing cells in the sow endometrium
    K Kaeoket
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden
    J Vet Med A Physiol Pathol Clin Med 50:169-78. 2003
    ..lymphocyte subpopulations and MHC class II expressing cells in the sow endometrium following post-ovulatory insemination in relation to clinical findings and pregnancy outcome...
  92. ncbi Factors influencing upfront single-and multiple-ovulation incidence, progesterone, and luteolysis before a timed insemination resynchronization protocol
    J S Stevenson
    Department of Animal Sciences and Industry, Kansas State University, Manhattan 66506 0201
    J Dairy Sci 90:5542-51. 2007
    ..determine relationships among factors influencing responses to the first GnRH injection in a timed artificial insemination (TAI) protocol and subsequent fertility after altering timing of the second GnRH injection and AI relative to ..
  93. ncbi Distribution of spermatozoa and embryos in the female reproductive tract after unilateral deep intra uterine insemination in the pig
    P Tummaruk
    Department of Obstetrics Gynaecology and Reproduction, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Chulalongkorn University, Pathumwan, Bangkok, Thailand
    Reprod Domest Anim 42:603-9. 2007
    ..either the spermatozoa or the embryos in the reproductive tracts of sows after unilateral, deep, intra uterine insemination (DIUI)...
  94. ncbi Effect of flunixin meglumine and carprofen on pregnancy rates in dairy cattle
    X von Krueger
    Clinic for Animal Reproduction, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Freie Universitaet, Berlin, Germany
    J Dairy Sci 93:5140-6. 2010
    ..2 mg of FM i.m./kg of body weight twice on d 14/15 and 15/16 after insemination, whereas heifers in the control group (n=194) remained untreated...
  95. ncbi JSAR Innovative Technology Award. Development of ovulation synchronization and fixed time artificial insemination in dairy cows
    Kyoji Yamada
    Shibetsu Veterinary Clinical Center, Nemuro District NOSAI, Hokkaido, Japan
    J Reprod Dev 51:177-86. 2005
    ..Problems with missing estrous signs and decrease in conception rate by artificial insemination (AI) performed at wrong timing have caused low AI conception rates...
  96. ncbi Factors affecting conception rates following artificial insemination or embryo transfer in lactating Holstein cows
    D G B Demetrio
    Departamento de Produção Animal, FMVZ, UNESP, Botucatu, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    J Dairy Sci 90:5073-82. 2007
    ..objective of this study was to evaluate the factors that may affect conception rates (CR) following artificial insemination (AI) or embryo transfer (ET) in lactating Holstein cows. Estrous cycling cows producing 33.1 +/- 7...
  97. ncbi The effect of subclinical ketosis in early lactation on reproductive performance of postpartum dairy cows
    R B Walsh
    Department of Population Medicine, University of Guelph, Ontario, Canada, N1G 2W1
    J Dairy Sci 90:2788-96. 2007
    ..for both repeated measures within cow and clustering at the herd level, non-pregnant cows after first insemination tended to have increased circulating BHBA concentrations from 3 wk before calving to 9 wk after calving ..
  98. ncbi Timing of artificial insemination in postpartum beef cows following administration of the CO-Synch + controlled internal drug-release protocol
    D C Busch
    Division of Animal Science, S132 ASRC, University of Missouri, Columbia 65211, USA
    J Anim Sci 86:1519-25. 2008
    ..Artificial insemination was performed at predetermined fixed times [54 h (FTAI 54; n = 424) or 66 h (FTAI 66; n = 427) after PGF(2alpha)..
  99. ncbi [Results of intrauterine insemination in the Netherlands]
    P Steures
    VU Medisch Centrum, afd Verloskunde en Gynaecologie, Amsterdam
    Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd 150:1127-33. 2006
    To assess the results of intrauterine insemination (IUI) in the Netherlands.
  100. ncbi Semen-induced luteal phase and identification of a LH surge in the koala (Phascolarctos cinereus)
    S D Johnston
    School of Animal Studies, The University of Queensland, 4072, Australia
    Reproduction 128:629-34. 2004
    ..2, koalas on day 2 of oestrus were exposed to one of the following treatments (n=9 per group): artificial insemination with 1 ml 0...
  101. ncbi Prostaglandin F2alpha treatment associated with timed artificial insemination in ewes
    A Menchaca
    Laboratory of Reproductive Physiology, Faculty of Veterinary Sciences, Lasplaces, Uruguay
    Reprod Domest Anim 39:352-5. 2004
    ..PGF2alpha) doses at 10-day intervals or more did not result in acceptable pregnancy rates in timed artificial insemination (TAI) programmes in ewes...

Research Grants62

  1. Outcomes of Infertility Treatments in Clinic and Population-Based Cohorts
    Joseph B Stanford; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..treatments range from less invasive medical treatments (including ovulation induction and artificial insemination) to assisted reproductive technologies (ART), which complete early stages of human reproduction in vitro...
  2. Cooperative Multicenter Reproductive Medicine Network (U10)
    MARCELLE IVONNE CEDARS; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..aims: 1) Determine if coQIO supplementation reduces time to delivery after ovarian stimulation and intrauterine insemination followed by in vitro fertilization (IVF)/intracytoplasmiG sperm injection (ICSI);2) Determine if coQIO ..
  3. Validation of Novel Infertility Biomarker
    PETER SUTOVSKY SUTOVSKY; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..anticipate that the SPTRX3 based test will allow clinicians to make a treatment decision between intrauterine insemination (IUI) versus IVF/ICSI in the general infertility clinic-population...
  4. Response of Rhesus Sperm to Freezing: Recovery from Osmotic and Oxidative Stress
    Stuart A Meyers; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..efficient macaque sperm cryopreservation and will aid in successful propagation of germplasm through artificial insemination and in vitro fertilization programs...
  5. The Utility of Empiric Medical Treatment of Infertile Oligo-asthenospermic Men
    Peter R Casson; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We hypothesize that when used in conjunction with controlled ovulation induction (COI)/intrauterine insemination (lUl), EMT represents effective therapy...
  6. Luteal Progesterone Supplementation in Clomiphene Citrate-IUI Cycles
    KARL RICHARD HANSEN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Our concept proposal titled "Luteal Progesterone Supplementation in Clomiphene Citrate-lntrauterine Insemination (CC-IUI) Treatment Cycles for Unexplained Infertility" provides a demonstration of the collaborative nature of ..
  7. Cyclic AMP Action During Sperm Function
    George L Gerton; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..research detailed in this application may allow the clinician to modify in vitro fertilization and artificial insemination methodologies to enhance capacitation...
  8. Determinants of Use of Safer Conception Strategies Among HIV Clients in Uganda
    GLENN JOHN WAGNER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Low cost safer conception strategies include antiretroviral therapy, timed unprotected intercourse, and manual insemination, but little known about the knowledge, acceptability and use of conception risk reduction methods among PLHA in ..
  9. "Physical and Chemical Cues that Guide Sperm Migration"
    Mingming Wu; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Infertility affects about 7% of married couples in the US and the success rate of artificial insemination in the cattle industry has been dropping over the past several years...
  10. Families created by assisted reproduction: parenting and child development
    SUSAN ESTHER GOLOMBOK; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..With donor insemination, the child is genetically related to the mother but not the father, and with egg donation it is the mother with ..
  11. Development of an Economic Process to Store and Recover Homozygous Mouse Strains
    MICHAEL VAN WILES; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Strains will then be reconstituted using a combination of surgical artificial insemination (surgical AI) and ovarian transplant...
  12. Rat sperm cryobanking for genetic resources
    Yuksel Agca; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..protocols for epididymal rat sperm which would allow reconstitution of genetics by using standard artificial insemination and in-vitro fertilization methods...
  13. Exploring the Role of Semen Amyloids in Promoting HIV Infection and Fertilization
    Nadia R Roan; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..In this aim, I propose in viro fertilization (IVF) and in vivo artificial insemination experiments to determine if the semen fibris we have characterized promote the fusion of murine gametes...
  14. The Floral Dimension of African Malaria
    Woodbridge A Foster; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..host-plant preferences, volatile plant attractants, plant-inhibited Plasmodium development, severely reduced insemination ability of plantdeprived males, and reduced egg production and survival of females lacking plant sugars, but ..
  15. BASIC AND APPLIED RESEARCH ON SPERM CRYOPRESERVATION
    James Overstreet; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..so that more sperm competent to fertilize eggs will survive frozen storage, and the success rate of artificial insemination will be increased...
  16. Male Subfertility By Ni2+ Poisoning of Ca2+ Channels ?
    Susan Benoff; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..of Ni2+ in human blood and seminal plasma will be correlated with in vitro fertilization, with artificial insemination rates, and with biomarkers of sperm function, using specimens collected in the course of prior studies of metal ..
  17. MAINTENANCE OF A RODENT BREEDING AND HOLDING FACILITY
    RONALD SCHUELER; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..Breeding protocols shall include operator assisted natural service, artificial insemination, and fostering procedures as needed...
  18. YOUNG FROM STORED AND IMPAIRED MOUSE SPERM
    John Biggers; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..A working algorithm can be identified using current assisted reproductive techniques: artificial insemination, in vitro fertilization, intracellular sperm injection, embryo culture and embryo transfer...
  19. OXIDATIVE DAMAGE TO CRYOPRESERVED SPERM
    BAYARD STOREY; Fiscal Year: 1992
    The need to preserve sperm samples, intended for artificial insemination (AI), through freezing for periods of time adequate to test donors for HIV has focussed attention on the damage to the sperm cells brought about by the process of ..
  20. HUMAN SPERM ZONA ACCEPTOR: ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS
    Susan Benoff; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..ion channel isofomis, with poor sperm-fertilization-potential biomarkers and low fertility by IVF, artificial insemination and coitus...
  21. Lesbians' Use of Assisted Reproductive Technologies
    Jacquelyne Luce; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..drugs, seeking access to IVF services, engaging in surrogacy arrangements and employing low-tech methods of insemination outside of medical settings...
  22. FUNDAMENTAL CRYOBIOLOGY OF HUMAN SPERMATOZOA
    John Critser; Fiscal Year: 1992
    Use of frozen human semen is now essential for artificial insemination by donor programs; as this permits the storage of semen until each donor is retested for the human immunosuppressive virus after sufficient time has elapsed for ..
  23. RMU--EVALUATION OF TREATMENTS OF MALE FACTOR INFERTILITY
    Luigi Mastroianni; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..A research proposal is presented for a multicenter randomized trail to compare the efficacy of intrauterine insemination (IUI), IUI with ovarian stimulation and GIFT in the treatment of male factor infertility...
  24. Vanadocenes as a New Class of Spermicidal Drugs
    OSMOND D CRUZ; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..we will test our hypothesis that vaginally delivered gel-microemulsion formulation of VDDTC prior to artificial insemination will prevent the conception without side effects...
  25. Nutritional Ecology of Adult Anopheles gambiae
    WOODBRIDGE FOSTER; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Females, in turn, are dependent on male insemination for their own reproduction, and in addition require mammalian blood to develop eggs...
  26. ARTIFICIAL INSEMINATION AND EMBRYO TRANSFER
    DUAN KRAEMER; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..in breeding and treatment of infertility of chimpanzees, procedures for: sperm cryopreservation and artificial insemination; superovulation; embryo collection and intra- and inter-species embryo transfer...
  27. SPERM TRANSPORT IN THE FEMALE RABBIT
    James Overstreet; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..Observations on sperm transport after natural mating by cryptorchid males and artificial insemination of immotile sperm will clarify the importance of sperm motility for entry into the cervix and passage to the ..
  28. CONTRACEPTION WITH MINI DOSE ANTIPROGESTIN IN MACAQUES
    MARY ZELINSKI WOOTEN; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Resumption of oocyte meiosis, fertilization after insemination in vitro and development of resultant embryos of blastocysts during in vitro coculture with somatic cells will ..
  29. COOPERATIVE MULTICENTER REPRODUCTIVE MEDICINE NETWORK
    Joseph Hill; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..The first protocol is a 2x2 comparison of intrauterine vs intracervical insemination, each with or without gonadotropin stimulation of the ovaries...
  30. DATA COORDINATING CENTER REPRODUCTIVE MEDICINE NETWORK
    Robert Canfield; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..The first protocol is a 2x2 comparison of intrauterine vs intracervical insemination, each with or without gonadotropin stimulation of the ovaries...
  31. Optimal Infertility Therapy RCT: Women 40 and Older
    Richard Reindollar; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..treatment arms: four cycles of immediate in vitro fertilization (IVF), two cycles of clomiphene/intrauterine insemination (IUI) followed by four cycles of IVF, or two cycles of FSH/IUI followed by four cycles of IVF...
  32. CRYOPRESERVATION OF SPERMATOZOA IN RARE MODELS
    Budhan Pukazhenthi; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The ultimate research aim is to improve the efficiency of assisted reproduction, specifically artificial insemination (AI), for propagating cats valuable to biomedical research and for conserving endangered felids...
  33. FERTILITY DRUGS AND OVARIAN CANCER
    Mary Croughan; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..g., because of male-factor infertility or for donor insemination), and fertile women treated with OIAs for the purposes of ovum donation to determine the possible independent ..
  34. A NOVEL APPROACH TO GERM-LIINE PRESERVATION IN MACAQUES
    Stuart Meyers; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..and then harvested from male mice or recipient macaques by semen collection and subsequently used in artificial insemination and IVF programs at the Regional Primate Research Centers in the US...
  35. The Disclosure Decision after the Use of Donor Gametes
    Robert Nachtigall; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..parents undergo in decisions about disclosure of children's donor status by couples who have used either donor insemination of sperm (DI) or donor egg (DO); 2) Determine the respective roles of stigma, gender, and ethical issues in ..
  36. A SPERM RECOMBINANT ANTIGEN AS AN IMMUNOCONTRACEPTIVE
    MICHAEL O RAND; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..The female rabbits and mice will be actively immunized with the fusion protein and after insemination, their fertility determined...
  37. CRYOPRESERVATION OF EJACULATED AND EPIDIDYMAL SPERM
    Alan Trounson; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..strains of mice as mentioned in (1); (3) use the above methods in conjunction with intrauterine or oviductal insemination and/or in vitro fertilization methodologies and/or intracytoplasmic sperm injection so as to attain the highest ..
  38. CRYOBANKING OF MOUSE SPERMATOZOA
    Jerome Sherman; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..Cryosurvival will be assessed in terms of percent and type of motility, membrane integrity, in vitro fertilization and in vivo insemination with progeny production.
  39. PROCESSING CRYOPRESERVED HUMAN SPERM
    RUPERT AMANN; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..and, at a rate safe for the sperm, replacement of cryo-extender with a buffer appropriate for intrauterine insemination (IUI) and not irritating to tissues--automatically and safely (for sperm and operator) without dilution or ..
  40. ROLE OF THE MHC IN EARLY MAMMALIAN DEVELOPMENT
    Carol Warner; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..For instance, donor sperm could be selected based on the Ped gene phenotypes of the donor and recipient, to maximize the chances of a successful pregnancy either after artificial insemination or in vitro fertilization.
  41. NOVEL CONTRACEPTIVES WITH ANTI-HIV ACTIVITY
    OSMOND D CRUZ; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..The preclinical data on in vivo efficacies of WHI-05 and WHI-07 will be essential to further explore the utility of these novel drugs for clinical studies in human patients. ..
  42. METVAN: A Novel Anticancer Agent
    OSMOND D CRUZ; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The knowledge gained from these studies described under Specific Aims 1-2 is expected to facilitate the design of innovative treatment regimens employing METVAN for metastatic breast cancer and brain tumor patients. ..
  43. PHI 346: A Novel Dual-Function Microbicide
    OSMOND D CRUZ; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Following successful completion of the Phase I in vivo efficacy studies, gel formulation of PHI-346 will be further explored as a vaginal dual-function microbicide in Phase II. ..
  44. FLP-102: Rationally Engineered Antiviral Protein
    OSMOND D CRUZ; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The preclinical data on FLP-102 will be essential to further explore the utility of this novel recombinant PAP mutant for Phase II. ..
  45. Vanadocenes as a New Class of Spermicidal Drugs
    OSMOND D CRUZ; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  46. Phase II SBIR: WHI-07: A Novel Dual-Function Microbicide
    OSMOND D CRUZ; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  47. Stampidine: A Novel Broad-Spectrum Anti-HIV Microbicide
    OSMOND D CRUZ; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Specific Aims 1 and 2 may provide the foundation for the clinical development of STAMP in Phase II studies as a safe, effective broad-spectrum anti-HIV microbicide without conception-inhibiting functions. ..
  48. PHI-443: Novel Non-Spermicidal Anti-HIV Microbicide
    OSMOND D CRUZ; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Specific Aims 1 and 2 may provide the foundation for the clinical development of PHI-443 in Phase II studies as a safe, effective broad-spectrum anti-HIV microbicide without conception-inhibiting functions. ..
  49. ENHANCING IN VITRO PRODUCTION OF RARE EMBRYOS
    Rebecca Spindler; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
  50. The ARTs in Action in Nonhuman Primates
    Don Wolf; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..This arrangement will permit attendees to attend both meetings and should encourage participation by research trainees and fellows. ..
  51. NUCLEAR TRANSFER IN RHESUS MONKEYS
    Don Wolf; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Also, the simplicity of separating IVF-produced embryos at early cleavage stages with the transfer of individual blastomeres or groups of blastomeres to surrogate zonae offers a low technology method of cloning that will be evaluated. ..
  52. EVALUATION OF THE POTENCY OF RHESUS MONKEY STERM CELLS
    Don Wolf; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..abstract_text> ..
  53. Defining the Mechanisms involved in Luteolysis
    Milo C Wiltbank; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Completion of this research will validate a new in vivo model for luteolysis and provide insight into the interactions of specific gene expression cascades and signal transduction pathways during luteolysis. ..
  54. PROPAGATION OF MONKEY MODELS OF HUMAN DISEASE
    Shoukhrat Mitalipov; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The applicants will select the optimal approach to twinning in year 1 and produce 5 sets of identical twins per year during years 2-5 of the study. ..
  55. CONFOCAL MICROSCOPE
    Gary Wessel; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The requested instrument would significantly enhance the research productivity of the broad, interdisciplinary community of researchers described here, and greatly improve the biological image capabilities in the region. ..
  56. Fetal Basis of Sexual Dysfunction: Brain Differentiation
    D N Rao Veeramachaneni; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..By using a relevant and yet practical animal model the proposed studies will advance the knowledge base in pollutant-induced sexual/erectile dysfunction, an area pivotal to reproductive health/success in humans. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  57. Wayne State University Clinical Translational Science
    Michael Diamond; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  58. MARKER ASSISTED SELECTION OF BOVINE BLASTOCYSTS
    HANS KUBISCH; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  59. Anti-ischemic Resuscitation Fluid
    Martin Bluth; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  60. Mechanisms Causing Cryptorchidism and Fetal Transformation of Testicular Cells
    D N Rao Veeramachaneni; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Results will clarify the interaction of genetics and EDAs as cause of cryptorchidism. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..