somatotypes

Summary

Summary: A particular category of body build, determined on the basis of certain physical characteristics. The three basic body types are ectomorph (thin physique), endomorph (rounded physique), and mesomorph (athletic physique). The typology was devised by the American psychologist William Herbert Sheldon (1899-1977). Somatotypes have been related to personality in early studies.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Body image perception, satisfaction and somatotype in male and female athletes and non-athletes: results using a novel morphing technique
    Arthur D Stewart
    Biomedical Sciences, University of Aberdeen, Foresterhill, Aberdeen AB25 2ZD, UK
    J Sports Sci 21:815-23. 2003
  2. ncbi Anthropometric, body composition and somatotype differences of Greek elite female basketball, volleyball and handball players
    I A Bayios
    Department of Games and Sports, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Science, University of Athens, Athens, Greece
    J Sports Med Phys Fitness 46:271-80. 2006
  3. ncbi [Comparison of somatotype differences of soccer and handball players based on the methods of German and Anglo-American schools of constitutional biology]
    Christoph Raschka
    Institut für Sportwissenschaften der Johann Wolfgang Goethe Universitit, Frankfurt am Main
    Anthropol Anz 65:303-16. 2007
  4. ncbi Relationship between morphologic somatotypes and standing posture equilibrium
    P Allard
    Department of Kinesiology, University of Montreal, PQ, Canada
    Ann Hum Biol 28:624-33. 2001
  5. ncbi Relation between adolescent idiopathic scoliosis and morphologic somatotypes
    R LeBlanc
    Department of Biomedical Sciences, Medical Faculty, , Succursale Centre Ville, , Canada
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 22:2532-6. 1997
  6. ncbi Body mass index: a scientific evidence-based inquiry
    Djalma Rabelo Ricardo
    Universidade Gama Filho e Clinimex, Clínico de Medicina do Exercício, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
    Arq Bras Cardiol 79:61-78. 2002
  7. ncbi Sexual dimorphism from birth to age 60 in relation to the type of body shape
    Holle Greil
    Department of Human Biology, Institute of Biochemistry and Biology, University of Potsdam, Germany
    Anthropol Anz 65:61-73. 2007
  8. ncbi [Somatotypic characteristic of children aged 8 to 12 years--residents of South Russia]
    V V Sokolov
    Morfologiia 127:43-5. 2005
  9. ncbi [Age-related changes of somatotype and body mass components in girls]
    R V Tambovtseva
    Morfologiia 127:48-51. 2005
  10. ncbi Anthropometric characteristics of elite cricket fast bowlers
    Max Stuelcken
    School of Exercise and Sports Science, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Sydney, Lidcombe, NSW, Australia
    J Sports Sci 25:1587-97. 2007

Detail Information

Publications140 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Body image perception, satisfaction and somatotype in male and female athletes and non-athletes: results using a novel morphing technique
    Arthur D Stewart
    Biomedical Sciences, University of Aberdeen, Foresterhill, Aberdeen AB25 2ZD, UK
    J Sports Sci 21:815-23. 2003
    ..We conclude that the method is reliable and that body image includes sex-specific, anthropometric, perceptual and personality-related components...
  2. ncbi Anthropometric, body composition and somatotype differences of Greek elite female basketball, volleyball and handball players
    I A Bayios
    Department of Games and Sports, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Science, University of Athens, Athens, Greece
    J Sports Med Phys Fitness 46:271-80. 2006
    ....
  3. ncbi [Comparison of somatotype differences of soccer and handball players based on the methods of German and Anglo-American schools of constitutional biology]
    Christoph Raschka
    Institut für Sportwissenschaften der Johann Wolfgang Goethe Universitit, Frankfurt am Main
    Anthropol Anz 65:303-16. 2007
    ..1 +/- 7.9 cm) very to highly significantly higher than for the smaller soccer players (body height: 178.6 +/- 5.8 cm), whereby no important proportional differences were registered...
  4. ncbi Relationship between morphologic somatotypes and standing posture equilibrium
    P Allard
    Department of Kinesiology, University of Montreal, PQ, Canada
    Ann Hum Biol 28:624-33. 2001
    ..Using anthropometric measurements, the morphologic somatotypes were defined in terms of body composition and structure...
  5. ncbi Relation between adolescent idiopathic scoliosis and morphologic somatotypes
    R LeBlanc
    Department of Biomedical Sciences, Medical Faculty, , Succursale Centre Ville, , Canada
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 22:2532-6. 1997
    ..with an age-matched control group of 62 unaffected girls using a classification technique based on morphologic somatotypes. Morphotypes were evaluated with standardized pre-established criteria based on Sheldon's technique...
  6. ncbi Body mass index: a scientific evidence-based inquiry
    Djalma Rabelo Ricardo
    Universidade Gama Filho e Clinimex, Clínico de Medicina do Exercício, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
    Arq Bras Cardiol 79:61-78. 2002
    ..To objectively and critically assess body mass index and to propose alternatives for relating body weight and height that are evidence-based and that eliminate or reduce the limitations of the body mass index...
  7. ncbi Sexual dimorphism from birth to age 60 in relation to the type of body shape
    Holle Greil
    Department of Human Biology, Institute of Biochemistry and Biology, University of Potsdam, Germany
    Anthropol Anz 65:61-73. 2007
    ....
  8. ncbi [Somatotypic characteristic of children aged 8 to 12 years--residents of South Russia]
    V V Sokolov
    Morfologiia 127:43-5. 2005
    ....
  9. ncbi [Age-related changes of somatotype and body mass components in girls]
    R V Tambovtseva
    Morfologiia 127:48-51. 2005
    ..Most sensitive time points in the time-course of somatotype establishment in girls are the ages of 12 and 14 years...
  10. ncbi Anthropometric characteristics of elite cricket fast bowlers
    Max Stuelcken
    School of Exercise and Sports Science, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Sydney, Lidcombe, NSW, Australia
    J Sports Sci 25:1587-97. 2007
    ..These reference data should be useful to practitioners and researchers interested in cricket. Further research is needed to clarify why only male fast bowlers had variables that were proportionally large relative to height...
  11. pmc Physique traits of lightweight rowers and their relationship to competitive success
    G J Slater
    Australian Institute of Sport, Belconnen, Canberra, ACT 2616, Australia
    Br J Sports Med 39:736-41. 2005
    ..Physique traits and their relationship to competitive success were assessed amongst lightweight rowers competing at the 2003 Australian Rowing Championships...
  12. ncbi [Anthropometric parameters and body composition in girls with Shereshevsky-Turner syndrome]
    Iu A Fefelova
    Morfologiia 127:66-8. 2005
    ..6%) was detected. Patients with megalosomatic constitution were rare: subathletic and auriplastic somatotypes were detected in 5.9% each, athletic somatotype was absent...
  13. ncbi [Short countryside children in view of anthropometric research]
    Urszula Czerniak
    Katedra Antropologii i Biometrii AWF w Poznaniu
    Pediatr Endocrinol Diabetes Metab 13:130-4. 2007
    ..The research allow to describe which factors influence the biological development of children from the village. The aim of the study is the estimation of body build type and body proportions of short village children...
  14. ncbi Waist girth normalized to body build in obesity assessment
    Grete Heinz
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 14:60-8. 2005
    ..6/67.4). With %WD normalized for WRG, hence unaffected by intra-group or inter-group variations in the Chest Sum, %WD thresholds may better identify health risks linked to abdominal obesity than existing WG thresholds...
  15. ncbi [Endomorphy in childhood and adolescence as predictor of aerobic capacity]
    J Taeymans
    Sportverletz Sportschaden 18:167-71. 2004
  16. ncbi Effects of shape parameters on the attractiveness of a female body
    J Fan
    Institute of Textiles and Clothing, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Kowloon, Hong Kong
    Percept Mot Skills 105:117-32. 2007
    ....
  17. pmc Anthropometric characteristics, body composition and somatotype of elite junior tennis players
    Cristóbal Sánchez-Muñoz
    Faculty of Physical Activity and Sport Sciences, University of Granada, Granada, Spain
    Br J Sports Med 41:793-9. 2007
    ....
  18. ncbi Association between somatotypes and blood pressure in an adult Chuvasha population
    Leonid Kalichman
    Human Population Biology Research Unit, Department of Anatomy and Anthropology, Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Ramat Aviv, Tel Aviv 69978, Israel
    Ann Hum Biol 31:466-76. 2004
    The relationship between blood pressure (BP) and anthropometrical characteristics has been indeed examined extensively, but only a few studies have investigated any connection of somatotypes to BP.
  19. ncbi Playboy Playmate curves: changes in facial and body feature preferences across social and economic conditions
    Terry F Pettijohn
    Department of Psychology, Mercyhurst College, Erie, PA 06546 0001, USA
    Pers Soc Psychol Bull 30:1186-97. 2004
    ..These results suggest that environmental security may influence perceptions and preferences for women with certain body and facial features...
  20. ncbi [Sports anthropological investigations on somatotypology of elite karateka]
    Jürgen Fritzsche
    Institut für Biologie der Johann Wolfgang Goethe Universität, Frankfurt am Main
    Anthropol Anz 65:317-29. 2007
    The goal of this work was to find differences between the somatotypes of elite karateka. For this purpose the somatotypes of Conrad, Heath & Carter were used...
  21. ncbi The superior mesenteric artery syndrome in patients with spinal deformity
    Haluk Altiok
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Shriners Hospitals for Children, Chicago, IL, USA
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 30:2164-70. 2005
    ..A retrospective review...
  22. ncbi Patients with eating disorders and their siblings. An investigation of body image perceptions
    Dieter Benninghoven
    Clinic for Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University of Schleswig Holstein, Campus Luebeck, Ratzeburger Allee 160, 23538 Luebeck, Germany
    Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry 17:118-26. 2008
    ..Body image was more negative in patients than in their sisters. Siblings of patients with eating disorders seem to be rather unimpaired in terms of body image disturbances...
  23. ncbi Maturity-associated variation in the body size and proportions of elite female gymnasts 14-17 years of age
    Albrecht L Claessens
    Faculty of Kinesiology and Rehabilitation Sciences, Department of Biomedical Kinesiology, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
    Eur J Pediatr 165:186-92. 2006
    ..The results highlight the need to consider maturity-associated variation in the body dimensions of gymnasts before attributing their characteristics to the demands of regular training...
  24. ncbi Comparisons of physical characteristics and performances among female collegiate rowers
    Rebecca A Battista
    Department of Kinesiology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, USA
    J Sports Sci 25:651-7. 2007
    ..Leg length was estimated and Heath-Carter anthropometric somatotypes were calculated...
  25. ncbi Evidence for higher heritability of somatotype compared to body mass index in female twins
    Victor Machado Reis
    Department of Sport Sciences, University of Tras os Montes and Alto Douro, Apartadao, Villa Real, Portugal
    J Physiol Anthropol 26:9-14. 2007
    ..42 and 0.52). The results of the present study have indicated that the somatotype may be more sensible to genetic influences than the BMI in females...
  26. ncbi Tracking of anthropometric parameters and bioelectrical impedance in pubertal boys and girls
    Aire Leppik
    Centre of Behavioural and Health Sciences, University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia
    Coll Antropol 30:753-60. 2006
    ..In conclusion, our results indicate that during puberty the detailed anthropometric parameters and body impedance tracked highly. However, the tracking of PAI and Tanner stages was significant but relatively low...
  27. ncbi [Somatotypes of male and female competitive Ju-Jutsuka]
    Christoph Raschka
    Institut für Sportwissenschaften der Johann Wolfgang Goethe Universität Frankfurt Main
    Anthropol Anz 64:435-46. 2006
    ..4 % (male competitors) to 21.8 % (male non-competitors) and 21.2 % (female competitors) to 23.6 % (female non-competitors), which appears still optimizable in comparison to other martial arts collectives...
  28. ncbi Olympic lightweight and open-class rowers possess distinctive physical and proportionality characteristics
    D A Kerr
    Curtin University of Technology, Perth, WA, Australia
    J Sports Sci 25:43-53. 2007
    ..01). In conclusion, the rowers in this sample demonstrated distinctive physical characteristics that distinguish them from non-rowers and other sports performers...
  29. ncbi Physiological and anthropometric characteristics of young soccer players according to their playing position: relevance for the selection process
    Susana M Gil
    Faculty of Physical Activity and Sports Sciences, University of the Basque Country, Vitoria Gasteiz, Alava, Spain
    J Strength Cond Res 21:438-45. 2007
    ..These differences fit with their different workload in a game. Therefore, training programs should include specific sessions for each positional role...
  30. ncbi Somatotype and blood pressure of rural South African children aged 6-13 years: Ellisras longitudinal growth and health study
    P J Makgae
    Department of Kinesiology and Physical Education, University of the North, South Africa
    Ann Hum Biol 34:240-51. 2007
    ..However, a high endomorphy rating has been associated with hypertension in adults, posing a serious threat to their health status, while receiving little attention in children...
  31. ncbi Body change strategies in children: relationship to age and gender
    Z Lawrie
    Children s Nutrition Research Centre, Discipline of Paediatrics and Child Health, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia
    Eat Behav 8:357-63. 2007
    ..The different practices used by each gender demonstrate that different body image ideals hold for boys and girls...
  32. ncbi The usefulness of body image tests in the prevention of eating disorders
    Chie Yamamoto
    Department of International and Environmental Medical Sciences, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, Kobe 650 0017, Japan
    Kobe J Med Sci 53:79-91. 2007
    ..In this study, we conducted a survey of 12-15 year-old public junior high school students to extract factors related to abnormal eating behavior and determine what information could be used by schools to prevent eating disorders...
  33. pmc Anthropometric and physiological characteristics of junior elite volleyball players
    M J Duncan
    Newman College of Higher Education, PE and Sports Studies, Bartley Green, Birmingham, UK
    Br J Sports Med 40:649-51; discussion 651. 2006
    ..To investigate the anthropometric and physiological characteristics of junior elite volleyball players...
  34. ncbi Anthropometric dimensions of male powerlifters of varying body mass
    Justin W L Keogh
    Institute of Sport and Recreation Research New Zealand, Auckland University of Technology, Auckland, New Zealand
    J Sports Sci 25:1365-76. 2007
    ....
  35. ncbi [Morphological and functional characteristics of 9- to 22-year-old female athletes involved in sports aerobics]
    Iu S Filipova
    Fiziol Cheloveka 32:98-103. 2006
  36. ncbi Anthropometry and somatotype of competitive female figure skaters 11-22 years. Variation by competitive level and discipline
    D V Monsma
    Department of Physical Education, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29072
    J Sports Med Phys Fitness 45:491-500. 2005
    ..Variation in anthropometric characteristics and somatotype of female figure skaters by level of competition and discipline was examined...
  37. ncbi The pursuit of muscularity among adolescent boys in Fiji and Tonga
    Lina A Ricciardelli
    School of Psychology, Deakin University, 221 Burwood Highway, Burwood, Victoria 3125, Australia
    Body Image 4:361-71. 2007
    ..Boys' reasons for pursing muscularity included the attainment of strength and fitness, sporting performance, physical work, dominance, and health. These findings are examined in relation to previous research with Western adolescent boys...
  38. ncbi Physiological variables to use in the gender comparison in highly trained runners
    S Maldonado-Martin
    Department of Research and Development, Medical Services, Athletic Club of Bilbao, Basque Country, Spain
    J Sports Med Phys Fitness 44:8-14. 2004
    ....
  39. ncbi Body-image perceptions: reliability of a BMI-based Silhouette Matching Test
    Michael Peterson
    Department of Health and Exercise Sciences, University of Delaware, Newark, DE 19716, USA
    Am J Health Behav 27:355-63. 2003
    ..To assess the reliability of a BMI-based Silhouette Matching Test (BMI-SMT)...
  40. ncbi [Effect of different somatotypes on the intensity of changes of indices of height and body mass during early childhood]
    M A Kornev
    Department of Human Anatomy, St Petersburg State Pediatric Medical Academy
    Morfologiia 123:72-5. 2003
    ..This regularity was found in all the somatotypes with the exclusion of the boys of macrosomal type aged 6-7 years, in whom the maximal reduction of growth of ..
  41. ncbi Anthropometric characteristics evolution in elite rhythmic gymnasts
    Alessandra di Cagno
    Unit of Sport Sciences, Department of Health Sciences, University Institute of Movement Sciences IUSM, Roma, Italy
    Ital J Anat Embryol 113:29-35. 2008
    ..Moreover, higher differences between seniors and juniors of FFM values in 2006 indicated the more intensive training of the second period for seniors...
  42. ncbi Sex differences in relative foot length and perceived attractiveness of female feet: relationships among anthropometry, physique, and preference ratings
    Martin Voracek
    Department of Basic Psychological Research, School of Psychology, University of Vienna, Austria
    Percept Mot Skills 104:1123-38. 2007
    ..The preference for small feet in women was convergent across different methods of evaluating attractiveness. Directions for investigations in this emerging field of research on physical attractiveness are discussed...
  43. doi Drive for leanness: assessment and relationship to gender, gender role and objectification
    Linda Smolak
    Department of Psychology, Kenyon College, Gambier, OH 43022, USA
    Body Image 5:251-60. 2008
    ..DLS appeared to measure a distinct component of body image. Feminine gender role was only related to DT while masculine gender role was related to DL, DT, and DM, raising important questions about the gender differences in body image...
  44. doi Defining body deception and its role in peer based social comparison theories of body dissatisfaction
    Tom Hildebrandt
    Eating and Weight Disorders Program, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, One Gustave L Levy Place, Box 1230, New York, NY 10029, USA
    Body Image 5:299-306. 2008
    ..An integrated model for the role of body deception in body image disturbance is proposed...
  45. ncbi Using a height-weight classification for analysis of food energy and main nutrient contents in 24-hours menus of 17-23-year-old Estonian female students
    Jana Peterson
    Centre for Physical Anthropology, University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia
    Anthropol Anz 65:51-9. 2007
    ..BMI characterises only obesity and cannot replace the characterisation of different body types. In our study, BMI of the small and the leptosomic class was almost equal, although these body types differ greatly from each other...
  46. ncbi Body size, composition, and blood pressure of high-altitude Quechua from the Peruvian Central Andes (Huancavelica, 3,680 m)
    S Toselli
    Dipartimento di Biologia Evoluzionistica Sperimentale, , Italy
    Am J Hum Biol 13:539-47. 2001
    ..Similar results are obtained when percentage fat is estimated. Somatotypes are dominant in mesomorphy with very low ectomorphy...
  47. ncbi Eating disorders in athletes: a review of the literature
    S Byrne
    Department of Psychology, University of Western Australia
    J Sci Med Sport 4:145-59. 2001
    ..A fourth section of the paper evaluates studies which have addressed the issue of gender differences in eating disorders among athletes. Suggestions are made for guidelines that will improve future research in this area...
  48. ncbi Sex, age and caste differences in somatotypes of Rajput and scheduled caste adolescents from the Sirmour District of Himachal Pradesh, India
    Rajan Gaur
    Department of Anthropology, Panjab University, Chandigarh, India
    Anthropol Anz 66:81-97. 2008
    b>Somatotypes of a cross-sectional sample of 544 rural adolescents ranging in age from 11 to 17 years are described. The sample included 269 Rajput (141 girls and 128 boys) and 275 Scheduled Caste (135 girls and 140 boys) subjects...
  49. ncbi Anthropometric and physiological traits: age changes among the Oraon agricultural labourers of the Jalpaiguri District, northern West Bengal, India
    Subrata K Roy
    Anthropology and Human Genetics Unit, Indian Statistical Institute, Calcutta, India
    Anthropol Anz 61:445-60. 2003
    ..e. grip strength and back strength declines after the age of 25 years or so. However, no generalization can be made out of this, because of the cross-sectional nature of the present study...
  50. ncbi [Criteria of dimensional typology of the face and body constitution of young men]
    V N Zviagin
    Sud Med Ekspert 50:9-13. 2007
    ..Estimating equations to determine individual variant of general face size and shape and male somatotype by V. V. Bunak and Shtefko-Ostrovsky schemes were done for practical use the received results...
  51. ncbi [Sports anthropology investigation on female participants of the German Sports-Aerobic-Masters compared to non-sports participating young females]
    Christoph Raschka
    Institut für Sportwissenschaft der Johann Wolfgang Goethe Universität, Frankfurt am Main
    Anthropol Anz 61:461-72. 2003
    ..The aerobic group is also characterised by the smallest body fat percentage, whereas the non-exercising group shows the opposite. This is also proven by the body mass index...
  52. ncbi Anthropometric features and body composition of young athletes practicing karate at a high and medium competitive level
    M Giampietro
    Department of Neurosciences, University of Tor Vergata, Via Montpellier 1, I 00133, Rome, Italy
    Acta Diabetol 40:S145-8. 2003
    ..Moreover, both groups of athletes are characterized by a low percentage of fat mass, particularly the elite group...
  53. ncbi Morphological characteristics of Olympic sprint canoe and kayak paddlers
    T R Ackland
    The University of Western Australia, Australia
    J Sci Med Sport 6:285-94. 2003
    ..The morphology of elite paddlers appears to have altered during the past 25 years toward a more compact, robust physique. This trend is especially noticeable for the female competitors...
  54. ncbi [Effect of anthropotechnogenic chemical factors on formation of somatotypes in children and adolescents of school age]
    G V Iudin
    Department of Human Anatomy, Course of Operative Surgery and Topographic Anatomy, Ivanovo State Medical Academy
    Morfologiia 123:86-8. 2003
    ....
  55. doi Assessment of male anthropometric trends and the effects on simulated heat stress responses
    Miyo Yokota
    Biophysics and Biomedical Modeling Division, US Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine, MA, 01760 5007, USA
    Eur J Appl Physiol 104:297-302. 2008
    ..Anthropometric somatotypes were identified and physiological responses of the different somatotypes to simulated heat stress (35 degrees C/..
  56. ncbi Five-class height-weight model for systematization of seventeen-year-old recruits' anthropometric data
    Mart Lintsi
    Centre for Physical Anthropology, Medical Faculty, University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia
    Anthropol Anz 61:435-43. 2003
    ..In class 5 all heights and the relative bone mass were bigger. The present investigation confirms the hypothesis that the five height-weight class system is applicable to seventeen-year-old recruits...
  57. ncbi Physical and performance differences among forwards, defensemen, and goalies in elite women's ice hockey
    Christina A Geithner
    Department of Exercise Science, Gonzaga University, Spokane, WA 92258, USA
    J Strength Cond Res 20:500-5. 2006
    ..9 years of age). A full anthropometric battery was conducted on each player. Heath-Carter anthropometric somatotypes were calculated. Percent body fat (%fat) was estimated from both general and population-specific equations...
  58. doi Minimally invasive per-catheter patent ductus arteriosus occlusion in dogs using a prototype duct occluder
    T P Nguyenba
    Veterinary Clinical Sciences Department, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Minnesota, Saint Paul, MN 55108, USA
    J Vet Intern Med 22:129-34. 2008
    ..Per-catheter patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) occlusion in dogs with devices intended for humans is associated with technical difficulties, high rates of procedure abandonment, device migration, and residual ductal flow...
  59. ncbi Age, body composition, and reproductive indices as predictors of radiographic hand osteoarthritis in Chuvashian women
    L Kalichman
    Department of Physical Therapy, The Stanley Steyer School of Health Professions, Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Ramat Aviv, Tel Aviv 69978, Israel
    Scand J Rheumatol 36:53-7. 2007
    ....
  60. ncbi Effect of physical training on body composition in Moscow adolescents
    Elena Godina
    Institute and Museum of Anthropology, Moscow State University, Russia
    J Physiol Anthropol 26:229-34. 2007
    ..The program included anthropometric measurements, evaluation of sexual maturation indices, somatotypes, and "functional" traits (diastolic and systolic blood pressure, pulse rate, hand grip, etc)...
  61. ncbi Factors affecting the work productivity of Oraon agricultural laborers of Jalpaiguri district, West Bengal
    Subrata K Roy
    Anthropology and Human Genetics Unit, Indian Statistical Institute, Calcutta 700 035, India
    Am J Phys Anthropol 117:228-35. 2002
    ..This study presents anthropometric measurements, somatotypes, food intakes, energy expenditures, and work outputs of Oraon agricultural laborers of the Jalpaiguri district, ..
  62. ncbi The influence of gender and somatotype on single-leg upright standing postural stability in children
    Alex J Y Lee
    Department of Physical Education, National Hsinchu University of Education, Hsinchu, Taiwan
    J Appl Biomech 23:173-9. 2007
    The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of gender and somatotypes on single-leg upright standing postural stability in children...
  63. ncbi Morphologic discrimination among healthy subjects and patients with progressive and nonprogressive adolescent idiopathic scoliosis
    R LeBlanc
    Program of Biomedical Sciences, Medical Faculty, Universite de Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 23:1109-15; discussion 1115-6. 1998
    ..A prospective and controlled comparative study...
  64. doi Human physique and sexual attractiveness in men and women: a New Zealand-U.S. comparative study
    Barnaby J Dixson
    School of Biological Sciences, Victoria University of Wellington, Wellington, New Zealand
    Arch Sex Behav 39:798-806. 2010
    ..In Study 1, women in both countries rated mesomorphic (muscular) and average male somatotypes as most attractive, followed by ectomorphic (slim) and endomorphic (heavily built) figures...
  65. ncbi [Somatotype and schizophrenia. A case-control study]
    G Pailhez
    Institut d Atenció Psiquiátrica Salut Mental i Toxicomanies, Hospital del Mar IMAS, Unidad Docente Universidad Autónoma de Barcelona UDIMAS
    Actas Esp Psiquiatr 37:258-66. 2009
    To compare somatotypes of schizophrenic patients and healthy controls and to examine some associations between somatic (joint mobility, somatotype) and psychopathological (anxiety, clinical seriousness and schizophrenic types) features.
  66. ncbi [Experiences with development of morphological typology of the face]
    M A Negascheva
    Lehrstuhl für Anthropologic, Fakultat fur Biologie, Lomonosow Staatsuniversität, Moskau, Russland
    Anthropol Anz 58:299-308. 2000
    ..The methods of multivariate analysis reveal steady connection between somatotypes and features of a facial structure. Though the level of correlation does not exceed 0.3-0...
  67. ncbi Evaluation of anthropometrical reference parameters for hemoglobin mass in endurance athletes
    Y O Schumacher
    Abtlg Sportmedizin, Medizinische Universitaetsklinik Freiburg Freiburg, Germany
    J Sports Med Phys Fitness 48:509-14. 2008
    ..The aim of the present study was therefore to evaluate three different anthropometrical parameters (body weight, body surface area [BSA] and lean body mass [LBM] with respect to tHb...
  68. ncbi Use of 3-dimensional body scans for body-image research
    Tanya Domina
    Department of Human Environmental Studies, 102 Wightman, Central Michigan University, Mt Pleasant, MI 48859, USA
    Percept Mot Skills 106:653-8. 2008
    ..97, kappa = .80). The potential of utilizing 3-dimensional images either as more realistic somatotypes in contour-rating scales or as a measurement of body-image satisfaction using computer manipulation of a ..
  69. ncbi Development of fat distribution patterns in children and its association with the type of body shape assessed by the Metric-Index
    Christiane Scheffler
    University of Potsdam, Institute of Biochemistry and Biology, Human Biology, Potsdam, Germany
    Anthropol Anz 69:45-55. 2012
    ..This pattern can be used to check the individual's risk of overweight and to recommend preventive healthcare interventions...
  70. doi The PAWPER tape: A new concept tape-based device that increases the accuracy of weight estimation in children through the inclusion of a modifier based on body habitus
    Mike Wells
    Division of Emergency Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, 7 York Road, Parktown, Johannesburg, South Africa
    Resuscitation 84:227-32. 2013
    ..This study was conducted to evaluate the accuracy of the PAWPER tape, a new two-step weight-estimation tape device which employs a length-based habitus-modified weight estimation system...
  71. doi Female anthropometric variability and their effects on predicted thermoregulatory responses to work in the heat
    Miyo Yokota
    U S Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine USARIEM, Natick, MA 01760 5007, USA
    Int J Biometeorol 56:379-85. 2012
    ..S. Army male soldiers were evaluated. Five somatotypes were identified in U.S. Army male multivariate anthropometric distribution...
  72. doi Matching voice and face identity from static images
    Lauren W Mavica
    Department of Psychology, Florida Atlantic University, 777 Glades Road, Boca Raton, FL 33431, USA
    J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 39:307-12. 2013
    ..Performance in the matching task was not correlated with the degree of agreement on any of the rated dimensions...
  73. doi Selecting a somatic type: the role of anorexia in the rest cure
    Lori Duin Kelly
    Carroll University, Waukesha, WI 53186, USA
    J Med Humanit 33:15-26. 2012
    ..However, although the Rest Cure undeniably alleviated some physical symptoms, it did not address underlying issues of what had caused so many of these patients to take to their beds in the first place, often for years at a time...
  74. doi Novel polymorphisms of the APOA2 gene and its promoter region affect body traits in cattle
    Yang Zhou
    College of Animal Science and Technology, Northwest A and F University, Shaanxi Key Laboratory of Agricultural Molecular Biology, Yangling, Shaanxi 712100, China
    Gene 531:288-93. 2013
    ..05 or P<0.01). The results of this study suggested the bovine APOA2 gene may be a strong candidate gene for body traits in the cattle breeding program...
  75. doi Anthropometric profile, vertical jump, and throwing velocity in elite female handball players by playing positions
    Helena Vila
    Department of Physical Activity and Sport Sciences, San Antonio Catholic University of Murcia, Guadalupe, Murcia, Spain
    J Strength Cond Res 26:2146-55. 2012
    ..Statistical differences have been established between wings and other specific playing positions, especially with pivot and backs. Coaches can use this information to select players for the different specific positions...
  76. doi Men's preference for the ovulating female is triggered by subtle face shape differences
    Cora Bobst
    Institute of Psychology, University of Bern, Muesmattstrasse 45, 3012 Bern, Switzerland
    Horm Behav 62:413-7. 2012
    ..We conclude that subtle shape differences in faces are sufficient to trigger men's preference for a woman in her fertile cycle phase...
  77. ncbi The effects of non-extraction orthodontic treatment on the vertical dimension: a comparison of a dolichofacial and a mesofacial group
    Chia Hung Lin
    Aust Orthod J 28:37-43. 2012
    ..The present study aimed to investigate whether dolichofacial patients responded differently compared with mesofacial patients to non-extraction orthodontic treatment with respect to vertical changes in facial height...
  78. doi Effects of gender, media influences, and traditional gender role orientation on disordered eating and appearance concerns among Latino adolescents
    Vera Lopez
    Justice and Social Inquiry, School of Social Transformation, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287, USA
    J Adolesc 36:727-36. 2013
    ..Our findings highlight the importance of continued research on gender, media, and cultural influences as they relate to disordered eating and appearance concerns among Latino youth. ..
  79. doi Cross-validation of the very short form of the Physical Self-Inventory (PSI-VS): invariance across genders, age groups, ethnicities and weight statuses
    Alexandre J S Morin
    Department of Psychology, University of Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, Quebec, Canada
    Body Image 8:404-10. 2011
    ..The results also confirm the convergent validity and scale score reliability of the PSI-VS subscales...
  80. doi Setting the bar: divergent sociocultural norms for women's and men's ideal appearance in real-world contexts
    Vanessa M Buote
    Wilfrid Laurier University, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
    Body Image 8:322-34. 2011
    ..Finally, experimental results show that homogeneous, rigid norms (like those typically encountered by women) are more harmful to body image than heterogeneous, flexible norms (like those typically encountered by men)...
  81. ncbi Somatic versus nonsomatic shoulder and back pain experience in middle age in relation to body build, physical fitness, bone mineral content, gamma-glutamyltransferase, occupational workload, and psychosocial factors
    H Bergenudd
    Department of Orthopaedics, , Lund University, Sweden
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 16:1051-5. 1991
    ....
  82. pmc The John Insall Award: Both morphotype and gender influence the shape of the knee in patients undergoing TKA
    Johan Bellemans
    University Hospitals of the Catholic University, Leuven, Belgium
    Clin Orthop Relat Res 468:29-36. 2010
    ..The shape of the knee is therefore not only dependent on gender, but also on the morphotype of the patient...
  83. doi Dry heat, moist heat and body fat: are heating modalities really effective in people who are overweight?
    J Petrofsky
    Department of Physical Therapy, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA 92350, USA
    J Med Eng Technol 33:361-9. 2009
    ..We observed that the greater the impairment in heat transfer to muscle from skin covered by body fat, the warmer the skin temperature increase during the modality...
  84. ncbi Analysis of BMI of preschool children--results of longitudinal studies
    Christiane Scheffler
    Institute of Biochemistry and Biology, Human Biology, Potsdam University, Germany
    Anthropol Anz 67:53-63. 2009
    ..Endangered girls are of pyknomorphic body type. In contrast, the boys' results are independent of the body type. Obesity of boys therefore is strongly assumed to be caused by environmental factors...
  85. doi Heat transfer to deep tissue: the effect of body fat and heating modality
    J S Petrofsky
    Department of Physical Therapy, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA 92350, USA
    J Med Eng Technol 33:337-48. 2009
    ..Cold packs and hot packs were very ineffective in changing muscle temperature under these same conditions. Body fat plays a major role, as did limb blood flow in controlling the movement of heat across the limb...
  86. doi Sociocultural influences on body dissatisfaction and body change behaviors among Malaysian adolescents
    David Mellor
    School of Psychology, Deakin University, Burwood Highway, Burwood, Victoria 3125, Australia
    Body Image 6:121-8. 2009
    ..Findings are discussed in relation to Western research, and it is concluded that cultural nuances need to be considered when investigating these phenomena...
  87. ncbi Why do young women diet? The roles of body fat, body perception, and body ideal
    A J Gruber
    Biological Psychiatry Laboratory, McLean Hospital, Belmont, MA 02478, USA
    J Clin Psychiatry 62:609-11. 2001
    ..To assess the relative roles of body fat, body perception, and body ideals as motivations for dieting in college women...
  88. ncbi Morphological evolution of athletes over the 20th century: causes and consequences
    K Norton
    School of Physical Education, Exercise and Sport Studies, University of South Australia, Underdale, Australia
    Sports Med 31:763-83. 2001
    ..Future scenarios also include 'gene-farming' through assortative mating and athlete gamete banks...
  89. ncbi [Short athletes in view of anthropometric research]
    Anna Demuth
    Katedra Antropologii i Biometrii AWF im, Eugeniusza Piaseckiego w Poznaniu
    Pediatr Endocrinol Diabetes Metab 14:171-6. 2008
    ..The aim of this work, which is just a part research introduced in sport environment undertaking morphologic and motoric problems of development conditions, is the description of somatic structure of short growth sportsmen...
  90. ncbi [Interactions of human psycho-somato-visceral functions]
    R K Loktieva
    Taras Shevchenko National University, Kiev
    Fiziol Zh 47:31-6. 2001
    ..Each group of persons is characterised by combination of properties that differ statistically from other groups. Some of this properties are genetic dependent...
  91. doi Exposure to slim images in mass media: television commercials as reminders of restriction in restrained eaters
    Doeschka J Anschutz
    Behavioural Science Institute, Radboud University, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    Health Psychol 27:401-8. 2008
    ..The aim of the present study was to explore the effects of exposure to slim images and diet-related products in commercials on actual food intake in relation to dietary restraint...
  92. doi Overconcern with weight and shape is not the same as body dissatisfaction: evidence from a prospective study of pre-adolescent boys and girls
    Karina L Allen
    School of Psychology, The University of Western Australia, 35 Stirling Highway, Crawley, Western Australia, 6009, Australia
    Body Image 5:261-70. 2008
    ..Findings provide support for the theoretical differences between body dissatisfaction and overconcern with weight and shape, and highlight the importance of focusing on specific body image variables...
  93. doi Eye-tracking of men's preferences for waist-to-hip ratio and breast size of women
    Barnaby J Dixson
    School of Biological Sciences, Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand
    Arch Sex Behav 40:43-50. 2011
    ..These results provide quantitative data on eye movements that occur during male judgments of the attractiveness of female images, and indicate that assessments of the female hourglass figure probably occur very rapidly...
  94. ncbi Body composition and somatotype of the elite of Polish fencers
    Katarzyna Sterkowicz-Przybycień
    Department of Theory and Methodology of Gymnastics, University School of Physical Education, Krakow, Poland
    Coll Antropol 33:765-72. 2009
    ..An experienced evaluator performed 10 measurements necessary to designate somatotypes by means of Heath-Carter method and to estimate the percentage of body fat and composition...
  95. doi Genome-wide association study of the four-constitution medicine
    Chang Shik Yin
    Acupuncture and Meridian Science Research Center, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, Republic of Korea
    J Altern Complement Med 15:1327-33. 2009
    ....
  96. ncbi Perception of body shapes by anorexics and mature and teenage females
    B Baluch
    School of Psychology, Middlesex University, Enfield, England
    J Clin Psychol 53:167-75. 1997
    ..Both mature and teenage females rated the fat female body shape more positively than did the anorexics. The implications of these findings are discussed...
  97. ncbi Genetics of human body size and shape: pleiotropic and independent genetic determinants of adiposity
    G Livshits
    Tel Aviv University, Israel
    Ann Hum Biol 25:221-36. 1998
    ..The similarity of results in the three different samples indicates that the findings may be deemed valid and reliable descriptions of the genetic variation and covariation pattern of adiposity traits in the human species...
  98. ncbi Chinese and American college students' body-image: perceived body shape and body affect
    W Chen
    Department of Physical Education, Temple University, Philadelphia, PA 19122, USA
    Percept Mot Skills 87:395-403. 1998
    ..Both Chinese and American men valued physical strength as a major component for body satisfaction...
  99. pmc Life-course weight characteristics and the risk of gestational diabetes
    E H Yeung
    Epidemiology Branch, Division of Epidemiology, Statistics, and Prevention Research, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, 6100 Executive Blvd, 7B03, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Diabetologia 53:668-78. 2010
    ..We prospectively determined the risk of gestational diabetes mellitus in association with life-course weight characteristics and adult abdominal adiposity...
  100. doi Refinement of the tripartite influence model for men: dual body image pathways to body change behaviors
    Tracy L Tylka
    Department of Psychology, Ohio State University, Marion, OH, United States
    Body Image 8:199-207. 2011
    ..Internalization of the mesomorphic ideal, muscularity dissatisfaction, and body fat dissatisfaction played key meditational roles within the model...
  101. ncbi Somatotype, role and performance in elite volleyball players
    E Gualdi-Russo
    Department of Experimental Evolutionistic Biology, Anthropology Section, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy
    J Sports Med Phys Fitness 41:256-62. 2001
    ..The purpose of the present study was to examine the importance of the somatometric components of elite male and female volleyball players in relation to their different game roles and levels of performance...

Research Grants35

  1. Weight cycling and mortality in women
    Alison Field; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ....
  2. Assessment of Appearance and Performance Enhancing Drug Use
    Thomas Hildebrandt; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ....
  3. Weight Maintenance among Youth and Middle-Aged Women
    Alison Field; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ....
  4. Genetics of Menopause - A Pilot Study
    Siu Hui; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..After promising regions are identified that may harbor genes that control the age of onset and symptoms of menopause, follow-up molecular genetic studies will attempt to identify the specific genes in the future. ..
  5. The Effects of Parenting and Family Functioning on Adolescent Behavior
    Jelani Mandara; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..If so, it will have important implications for the design and success of larger studies and family-based prevention interventions. ..
  6. Social transition and risk for disordered eating
    Anne Becker; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  7. Weight Maintenance among Youth and Middle-Aged Women
    Alison Field; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  8. Empirical eating disorder classification and validation using prospective studies
    Nadia Micali; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  9. 1/2-Preventing Eating Disorders and Reducing Comorbidity
    CBARR BARR TAYLOR; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..If so, this finding, combined with our previous research would have a major public health impact on reducing eating disorder rates. ..
  10. Food and Beverage Patterns that Predict Weight Gain Among Adolescents
    Alison E Field; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..We propose to study how these beverage and food intake patterns are related to weight gain among adolescents and young adults. ..
  11. Outcome of Adolescent-Onset Eating Disorders
    Anna Bardone Cone; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ....
  12. The Development of Eating Disorders in Males and Females
    Alison Field; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Moreover, since this is the only large prospective cohort study to assess the development of eating disorders in males, our results will make a lasting contribution to the field. ..
  13. CONSEQUENCES AND CORRELATES OF WEIGHT FLUCTUATIONS
    Alison Field; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Conversely, if only unintentional weight loss is associated with increased risk, then the current recommendations for overweight people to lose weight or at least not gain weight would be appropriate. ..
  14. IMPACT OF CHILDHOOD OBESITY AND GROWTH ON MORTALITY
    Aviva Must; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  15. INTERVENTIONS TO REDUCE EATING DISORDER RISK FACTORS
    C Taylor; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The application focuses on issues relevant to recently described NIMH priorities in prevention. Developing and evaluating interventions to reduce eating disorders in this high-risk population is of extreme public health importance. ..
  16. Changing Cafeteria Portion Sizes to Prevent Weight Gain
    Stella Volpe; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Thus, our next step would be to work with larger communities to focus on altering portion sizes in cafeterias, and even restaurants that do not offer "all you can eat" options. ..
  17. Obesity and Psychopathology: Longitudinal Study of Youth
    Aviva Must; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  18. Weight Control and Weight Change Among Adolescent
    Alison Field; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  19. Internet Weight Control Program for Bingeing Adolescents
    Craig Taylor; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The proposal focuses on issues directly relevant to NIDDK priorities and the Surgeon General's call to action to prevent and decrease pediatric overweight and obesity, which is a serious public health concern. ..
  20. Empirical eating disorder classification and validation using prospective studies
    ALISON E contact FIELD; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ....