- Soft sweeps: molecular population genetics of adaptation from standing genetic variation
Section of Evolutionary Biology, Department of Biology II, Ludwig Maximilians University Munich, Germany
Genetics 169:2335-52. 2005
..We find that soft sweeps with weaker selective footprints are likely under both scenarios if the mutation rate and/or the selection coefficient is high...
- Molecular responses to dehydration and low temperature: differences and cross-talk between two stress signaling pathways
Laboratory of Plant Molecular Biology, Tsukuba Life Science Center, Institute of Physical and Chemical Research RIKEN, Tsukuba, 305 0074, Japan
Curr Opin Plant Biol 3:217-23. 2000
..Recent studies are providing evidence of differences between dehydration-signaling and cold-stress-signaling cascades, and of cross-talk between them...
- OsDREB genes in rice, Oryza sativa L., encode transcription activators that function in drought-, high-salt- and cold-responsive gene expression
Joseph G Dubouzet
Biological Resources Division, Japan International Research Center for Agricultural Sciences JIRCAS, 1 1 Ohwashi, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305 8686, Japan
Plant J 33:751-63. 2003
..OsDREB1A is potentially useful for producing transgenic monocots that are tolerant to drought, high-salt, and/or cold stresses...
- Optimality and evolutionary tuning of the expression level of a protein
Department of Molecular Cell Biology and Department of Physics of Complex Systems, The Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot 76100, Israel
Nature 436:588-92. 2005
..Thus, protein expression from the lac operon seems to be a solution of a cost-benefit optimization problem, and can be rapidly tuned by evolution to function optimally in new environments...
- Different trajectories of parallel evolution during viral adaptation
H A Wichman
Department of Biological Sciences, University of Idaho, Moscow, ID 83844, USA
Science 285:422-4. 1999
..However, the order of these changes differed between replicates, and parallel substitutions did not reflect the changes with the largest beneficial effects or indicate a common trajectory of adaptation...
- An implicit plan overrides an explicit strategy during visuomotor adaptation
Department of Neurology, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, New York 10032, USA
J Neurosci 26:3642-5. 2006
..This suggests that the motor system requires that planned and executed trajectories remain congruous in visual space, and enforces this correspondence even at the expense of an opposing explicit task goal...
- Experimental evolution of parasites
Universitat Basel, Zoologisches Institut, Rheinsprung 9, 4051 Basel, Switzerland
Science 282:1432-5. 1998
..Understanding why parasite virulence seldom escalates similarly in natural populations could help us to manage virulence and deal with emerging diseases...
- Interacting adaptive processes with different timescales underlie short-term motor learning
Maurice A Smith
Division of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA
PLoS Biol 4:e179. 2006
..Our results suggest that motor adaptation depends on at least two distinct neural systems that have different sensitivity to error and retain information at different rates...
- Transcriptome changes for Arabidopsis in response to salt, osmotic, and cold stress
Joel A Kreps
Torrey Mesa Research Institute, Syngenta, 3115 Merryfield Row, San Diego, California 92121, USA
Plant Physiol 130:2129-41. 2002
..Although these results identify hundreds of potentially important transcriptome changes, the biochemical functions of many stress-regulated genes remain unknown...
- Selection on heritable phenotypic plasticity in a wild bird population
Daniel H Nussey
Netherlands Institute of Ecology NIOO KNAW, Post Office Box 40, 6666 ZG Heteren, Netherlands
Science 310:304-6. 2005
..This temporal trend is concurrent with climate change causing a mismatch between the breeding times of the birds and their caterpillar prey. Continued selection on plasticity can act to alleviate this mismatch...
- Quantifying generalization from trial-by-trial behavior of adaptive systems that learn with basis functions: theory and experiments in human motor control
Laboratory for Computational Motor Control, Department of Biomedical Engineering, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21205 2195, USA
J Neurosci 23:9032-45. 2003
- Visual adaptation: physiology, mechanisms, and functional benefits
Department of Neuroscience, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY 10461, USA
J Neurophysiol 97:3155-64. 2007
..I conclude with a brief discussion of some important open questions in the field...
- Applications of prism adaptation: a tutorial in theory and method
Gordon M Redding
Department of Psychology, Illinois State University, Campus Box 4620, Normal, IL 61790 4620, USA
Neurosci Biobehav Rev 29:431-44. 2005
- Adaptive norm-based coding of facial identity
School of Psychology, The University of Western Australia, 35 Stirling Highway, Crawley, WA 6009, Australia
Vision Res 46:2977-87. 2006
..Component identities were also harder to detect in morphs of opposite than non-opposite face pairs. We propose an adaptive norm-based coding model of face identity...
- Mechanisms causing rapid and parallel losses of ribose catabolism in evolving populations of Escherichia coli B
V S Cooper
Center for Microbial Ecology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824, USA
J Bacteriol 183:2834-41. 2001
- Adaptive radiation in a heterogeneous environment
P B Rainey
Department of Plant Sciences, University of Oxford, UK
Nature 394:69-72. 1998
..These results demonstrate that the elementary processes of mutation and selection alone are sufficient to promote rapid proliferation of new designs and support the theory that trade-offs in competitive ability drive adaptive radiation...
- Genome divergence in two Prochlorococcus ecotypes reflects oceanic niche differentiation
School of Oceanography, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195, USA
Nature 424:1042-7. 2003
..Some of these genes have obvious roles in determining the relative fitness of the ecotypes in response to key environmental variables, and hence in regulating their distribution and abundance in the oceans...
- Constraint to adaptive evolution in response to global warming
J R Etterson
University of Minnesota, Department of Ecology, Evolution and Behavior, Minnesota Center for Community Genetics, 1987 Upper Buford Circle, St Paul, MN 55108, USA
Science 294:151-4. 2001
..Predicted rates of evolutionary response are much slower than the predicted rate of climate change...
- Impacts of climate warming on terrestrial ectotherms across latitude
Curtis A Deutsch
Program on Climate Change and Department of Oceanography and Department of Biology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:6668-72. 2008
..Our analyses imply that, in the absence of ameliorating factors such as migration and adaptation, the greatest extinction risks from global warming may be in the tropics, where biological diversity is also greatest...
- Incipient speciation by divergent adaptation and antagonistic epistasis in yeast
Jeremy R Dettman
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Toronto, Mississauga, Ontario, L5L 1C6, Canada
Nature 447:585-8. 2007
- Population genomics of marine fishes: identifying adaptive variation in space and time
Einar E Nielsen
Technical University of Denmark, National Institute of Aquatic Resources, Vejlsøvej 39, Silkeborg, Denmark
Mol Ecol 18:3128-50. 2009
- Parallel adaptations to high temperatures in the Archaean eon
Laboratoire de Biometrie et Biologie Evolutive, CNRS, Universite de Lyon, Université Lyon I, 43 Boulevard du 11 Novembre, 69622 Villeurbanne, France
Nature 456:942-5. 2008
..This analysis unifies apparently contradictory results into a coherent depiction of the evolution of an ecological trait over the entire tree of life...
- Components of sensorimotor adaptation in young and elderly subjects
Institute for Physiology and Anatomy, German Sport University, 50927, Koln, Germany
Exp Brain Res 160:259-63. 2005
..This conclusion is supported by two additional findings: compared with young subjects our seniors performed less well on a cognitive screening test and acquired no explicit knowledge about the nature of the imposed visual distortion...
- The art of the probable: system control in the adaptive immune system
R N Germain
Lymphocyte Biology Section, Laboratory of Immunology, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892 1892, USA
Science 293:240-5. 2001
- Evidence of HIV-1 adaptation to HLA-restricted immune responses at a population level
Corey B Moore
Centre for Clinical Immunology and Biomedical Statistics, Royal Perth Hospital and Murdoch University, Level 2 North Block, Royal Perth Hospital, Wellington Street, WA 6000, Australia
Science 296:1439-43. 2002
..At a population level, the degree of HLA-associated selection in viral sequence was predictive of viral load. These results support a fundamental role for HLA-restricted immune responses in driving and shaping HIV-1 evolution in vivo...
- Time course of change in vasodilator function and capacity in response to exercise training in humans
Toni M Tinken
Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Science, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, UK
J Physiol 586:5003-12. 2008
- Importance of hemodynamic forces as signals for exercise-induced changes in endothelial cell phenotype
M Harold Laughlin
Department of Biomedical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, 1600 E Rollins Rd, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211, USA
J Appl Physiol (1985) 104:588-600. 2008
..We conclude that available evidence suggests that exercise signals formation of beneficial endothelial cell phenotype at least in part through changes in SS and wall stretch in the arteries...
- Escherichia coli acid resistance: tales of an amateur acidophile
John W Foster
Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of South Alabama College of Medicine, Mobile, Alabama 36695, USA
Nat Rev Microbiol 2:898-907. 2004
..Surprisingly, certain microorganisms that grow at neutral pH have elegantly regulated systems that enable survival during excursions into acidic environments. The best-characterized acid-resistance system is found in E. coli...
- Adaptation to gradual as compared with sudden visuo-motor distortions
F A Kagerer
Motor Control Laboratory, Arizona State University, Tempe 85287 0404, USA
Exp Brain Res 115:557-61. 1997
..Results suggest that gradually increasing feedback distortion allows more complete adaptation than a large, sudden distortion onset...
- Maternal effects provide phenotypic adaptation to local environmental conditions
Laura F Galloway
Department of Biology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22904 4328, USA
New Phytol 166:93-9. 2005
..Evaluating maternal environmental effects in an ecological context demonstrates that they may provide phenotypic adaptation to local environmental conditions...
- Concurrent adaptations of left and right arms to opposite visual distortions
Institute of Physiology and Anatomy, German Sport University, 50927 Koln, Germany
Exp Brain Res 162:513-9. 2005
..The reduced aftereffects observed under bimanual conditions can be attributed to the well-known phenomenon of bimanual coupling, which is unrelated to adaptation...
- Adaptive evolution of non-coding DNA in Drosophila
Section of Ecology, Behavior and Evolution, Division of Biological Sciences, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093, USA
Nature 437:1149-52. 2005
..These results imply that, although positive selection is clearly an important facet of protein evolution, adaptive changes to non-coding DNA might have been considerably more common in the evolution of D. melanogaster...
- Kin selection and parasite evolution: higher and lower virulence with hard and soft selection
Department of Biology, University of California San Diego 92093, USA
Q Rev Biol 75:261-75. 2000
..We recognize that hard selection for virulence is more difficult to document, but we take our results to suggest that a kin selection model with soft selection may have general applicability...
- Arabidopsis AtMYC2 (bHLH) and AtMYB2 (MYB) function as transcriptional activators in abscisic acid signaling
Biological Resources Division, Japan International Research Center for Agricultural Sciences, 1 1 Ohwashi, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305 8686, Japan
Plant Cell 15:63-78. 2003
..These results indicate that both AtMYC2 and AtMYB2 proteins function as transcriptional activators in ABA-inducible gene expression under drought stress in plants...
- Cerebellar contributions to adaptive control of saccades in humans
Department of Biomedical Engineering, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
J Neurosci 29:12930-9. 2009
- Introduced species and their missing parasites
Mark E Torchin
Marine Science Institute and Department of Ecology, Evolution and Marine Biology, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106, USA
Nature 421:628-30. 2003
- The genetics of adaptive shape shift in stickleback: pleiotropy and effect size
Arianne Y K Albert
Department of Zoology and Biodiversity Research Centre, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada
Evolution 62:76-85. 2008
..Our results are consistent with predictions of the geometric model of adaptation. Shape evolution in stickleback results from a few genes with large and possibly widespread effects and multiple genes of smaller effect...
- Cellular and developmental adaptations to hypoxia: a Drosophila perspective
Nuria Magdalena Romero
Instituto Leloir, Patricias Argentinas, Buenos Aires, Argentina
Methods Enzymol 435:123-44. 2007
..Paradoxically, Sima is a negative regulator of growth. This suggests that Sima is engaged in a negative feedback loop that limits growth upon stimulation of InR/TOR pathways...
- Role of guanylate cyclase-activating proteins (GCAPs) in setting the flash sensitivity of rod photoreceptors
The Mary D Allen Laboratory for Vision Research, Doheny Eye Institute, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles 90089 9112, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 98:9948-53. 2001
..We conclude that GCAPs strongly regulate GC activity in mouse rods, decreasing the flash sensitivity in darkness and increasing the incremental flash sensitivity in bright steady light, thereby extending the rod's operating range...
- Improving water use in crop production
J I L Morison
Department of Biological Sciences, University of Essex, Wivenhoe Park, Colchester CO4 3SQ, UK
Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 363:639-58. 2008
- Enhanced accumulation of BiP in transgenic plants confers tolerance to water stress
F C Alvim
Departamento de Biologia Vegetal, , , Minas Gerais, Brazil
Plant Physiol 126:1042-54. 2001
..These results suggest that overexpression of BiP in plants may prevent endogenous oxidative stress...
- Evolutionary and functional insights into the mechanism underlying high-altitude adaptation of deer mouse hemoglobin
Jay F Storz
School of Biological Sciences, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE 68588, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:14450-5. 2009
..The experimental measures of O(2)-binding properties corroborated the tests of selection by demonstrating a functional difference between the products of alternative alleles...
- Limited transfer of learning between unimanual and bimanual skills within the same limb
Centre for Neuroscience Studies, Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario K7L 3N6, Canada
Nat Neurosci 9:1364-6. 2006
..These results suggest partial, but not complete, overlap in the learning processes involved in the acquisition of unimanual and bimanual skills...
- Transgenerational plasticity is adaptive in the wild
Laura F Galloway
Department of Biology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22904 4328, USA
Science 318:1134-6. 2007
..4 times greater fitness than otherwise. Transgenerational plasticity has evolved in response to natural variation in light and provides a flexible mechanism by which sedentary organisms cope with heterogeneous environments...
- Remodeling of blood vessels: responses of diameter and wall thickness to hemodynamic and metabolic stimuli
Axel R Pries
Department of Physiology, Charite Universitatsmedizin Berlin, Campus Benjamin Franklin, Berlin, Germany
Hypertension 46:725-31. 2005
- Significance of the V-type ATPase for the adaptation to stressful growth conditions and its regulation on the molecular and biochemical level
K J Dietz
Department of Physiology and Biochemistry of Plants, Faculty of Biology, University of Bielefeld, D 33501 Bielefeld, Germany
J Exp Bot 52:1969-80. 2001
..The mechanisms known to regulate the V-ATPase are summarized in this paper with an emphasis on their implications for growth and development under stress...
- Response of plant metabolism to too little oxygen
Max Planck Institute of Molecular Plant Physiology, Am Muhlenberg 1, 14476 Golm, Germany
Curr Opin Plant Biol 6:247-56. 2003
..Recently, advances have been made in elucidating possible oxygen-sensing systems and regulatory components that are involved in these responses...
- Adaptation and the cost of complexity
H A Orr
Department of Biology, University of Rochester, New York 14627, USA
Evolution 54:13-20. 2000
..The present results also suggest that one can define an effective number of dimensions characterizing an adapting species...
- Duration-dependent FMRI adaptation and distributed viewer-centered face representation in human visual cortex
Department of Psychology, University of Minnesota, 75 East River Parkway, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
Cereb Cortex 17:1402-11. 2007
..Our findings suggest that long- and short-term fMRI adaptations may reflect selective properties of different neuronal mechanisms...
- Bacterial biofilms: from the natural environment to infectious diseases
Department of Veterinary Molecular Microbiology, Departments of Microbiology and Civil Engineering, Center for Biofilm Engineering, Montana State University, Bozeman, Montana, USA
Nat Rev Microbiol 2:95-108. 2004
..The implications of these survival and propagative mechanisms in the context of both the natural environment and infectious diseases are discussed in this review...
- Prototype-referenced shape encoding revealed by high-level aftereffects
D A Leopold
, , Germany
Nat Neurosci 4:89-94. 2001
..The results suggest that the encoding of faces and other complex patterns draws upon contrastive neural mechanisms that reference the central tendency of the stimulus category...
- Goalpha regulates olfactory adaptation by antagonizing Gqalpha-DAG signaling in Caenorhabditis elegans
Molecular Genetics Research Laboratory and Graduate Program in Biophysics and Biochemistry, Graduate School of Science, University of Tokyo, 7 3 1 Hongo, Bunkyo ku, Tokyo 113 0033, Japan
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:1112-7. 2006
..Our results suggest that down-regulation of EGL-30-DAG signaling by GOA-1 underlies olfactory adaptation and plasticity of chemotaxis...
- Representation of perceived object shape by the human lateral occipital complex
Department of Brain and Cognitive Science, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
Science 293:1506-9. 2001
..These data indicate that the LOC represents not simple image features, but rather higher level shape information...
- Transcriptional and physiological adaptation to defective protein-O-mannosylation in Candida albicans
Pilar D Cantero
Institut fur Mikrobiologie, Heinrich Heine Universitat Dusseldorf, Dusseldorf, Germany
Mol Microbiol 64:1115-28. 2007
..While known signalling pathways modulate adaptation for a short-term, long-term adaptation requires calcineurin, adjustments of remaining Pmt activities and of glycolytic flow...
- Evolution of high mutation rates in experimental populations of E. coli
P D Sniegowski
Department of Biology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia 19104, USA
Nature 387:703-5. 1997
..Our results corroborate computer simulations of mutator evolution in adapting clonal populations, and may help to explain observations that associate high mutation rates with emerging pathogens and with certain cancers...
- The small noncoding DsrA RNA is an acid resistance regulator in Escherichia coli
Richard A Lease
Wadsworth Center, New York State Department of Health, Center for Medical Sciences, Albany, New York, USA
J Bacteriol 186:6179-85. 2004
..Whether DsrA targets acid resistance genes directly by base pairing or indirectly via perturbation of RpoS and/or H-NS is not known, but in either event, our results suggest that DsrA RNA may enhance the virulence of pathogenic E. coli...
- E-CAI: a novel server to estimate an expected value of Codon Adaptation Index (eCAI)
Evolutionary Genomics Group, Department of Biochemistry and Biotechnology, Rovira i Virgili University URV, Campus Sescelades, c Marcelli Domingo s n, 43007 Tarragona, Spain
BMC Bioinformatics 9:65. 2008
..Though several freely available programs calculate the CAI for a given DNA sequence, none of them corrects for compositional biases or provides confidence intervals for CAI values...
- Long-term experimental evolution in Escherichia coli. XIII. Phylogenetic history of a balanced polymorphism
Daniel E Rozen
Ecology, Evolutionary Biology, and Behavior Program, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
J Mol Evol 61:171-80. 2005
..Based on their phylogenetic history and independent evolutionary trajectories, S and L fulfill Cohan's criteria for being different asexual species...
- Evolution of thermal dependence of growth rate of Escherichia coli populations during 20,000 generations in a constant environment
V S Cooper
Center for Microbial Ecology, Michigan State University, East Lansing 48824, USA
Evolution 55:889-96. 2001
..Antagonistic pleiotropy therefore is more likely to be responsible for the evolution of thermal specialization observed in maximum growth rate...
- Endothelial function of young healthy males following whole body resistance training
Dept of Kinesiology, Ivor Wynne Centre, McMaster University, 1280 Main Street West, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada L8S 4K1
J Appl Physiol 98:2185-90. 2005
..Thus arterial adaptations with high-pressure loads, such as those experienced during resistance exercise, may be quite different compared with endurance training...
- High guanine-cytosine content is not an adaptation to high temperature: a comparative analysis amongst prokaryotes
L D Hurst
Department of Biology and Biochemistry, University of Bath, UK
Proc Biol Sci 268:493-7. 2001
..Against the expectations of the thermal adaptation hypothesis, within prokaryotes GC content in protein-coding genies, even at relatively freely evolving sites, cannot be considered an adaptation to the thermal environment...
- Costs and benefits of cold acclimation in field-released Drosophila
Torsten N Kristensen
Department of Genetics and Biotechnology, University of Aarhus, P O Box 50, DK 8830 Tjele, Denmark
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:216-21. 2008
- Understanding the adaptive growth strategy of Lactobacillus plantarum by in silico optimisation
Top Institute Food and Nutrition WCFS, Wageningen, The Netherlands
PLoS Comput Biol 5:e1000410. 2009
..Hence, these results provide thorough understanding of adaptive evolution, allowing in silico predictions of the resulting flux states, provided that the selective growth conditions favor yield optimization as the winning strategy...
- Regulatory and metabolic rewiring during laboratory evolution of ethanol tolerance in E. coli
Department of Molecular Biology, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA
Mol Syst Biol 6:378. 2010
..Remarkably, these laboratory-evolved strains, by and large, follow the same adaptive paths as inferred from our coarse-grained search of the fitness landscape...
- Evolution of a polyphenism by genetic accommodation
Department of Biology, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708, USA
Science 311:650-2. 2006
..Evidently, mechanisms that regulate developmental hormones can mask genetic variation and act as evolutionary capacitors, facilitating the origin of novel adaptive phenotypes...
- Long-term experimental evolution in Escherichia coli. XI. Rejection of non-transitive interactions as cause of declining rate of adaptation
J Arjan G M de Visser
Laboratory of Genetics, Wageningen University, Arboretumlaan 4, 6703 BD Wageningen, The Netherlands
BMC Evol Biol 2:19. 2002
..Alternatively, this deceleration might be caused by non-transitive competitive interactions, in particular such that the measured advantage of later genotypes relative to earlier ones would be greater if they competed directly...
- The rise and fall of mutator bacteria
E9916, , , , 156 rue de Vaugirard, 75015 Paris, France
Curr Opin Microbiol 4:582-5. 2001
..The evolution of bacterial populations may happen through alternating periods of high and low mutation rates. The cost and benefits of high mutation rates in the course of bacterial adaptive evolution are reviewed...
- Task difficulty and performance induce diverse adaptive patterns in gain and shape of primary auditory cortical receptive fields
Neuroscience and Cognitive Sciences Program, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA
Neuron 61:467-80. 2009
..These adaptive STRF changes were largest in high-performance sessions, confirming a close correlation with behavior...
- Adaptations to submarine hydrothermal environments exemplified by the genome of Nautilia profundicola
Barbara J Campbell
University of Delaware, Lewes, Delaware, USA
PLoS Genet 5:e1000362. 2009
- Fundamental evolutionary limits in ecological traits drive Drosophila species distributions
Centre for Environmental Stress and Adaptation Research, Department of Genetics, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Melbourne 3010, Australia
Science 325:1244-6. 2009
..We predict that such species are likely to be constrained in their evolutionary responses to future climate changes...
- Persistence of motor adaptation during constrained, multi-joint, arm movements
R A Scheidt
Department of Biomedical Engineering, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL 60622, USA
J Neurophysiol 84:853-62. 2000
- The fate of microbial mutators
J Arjan G M de Visser
Laboratory of Genetics, Wageningen University, Dreijenlaan 2, 6703 HA Wageningen, The Netherlands
Microbiology 148:1247-52. 2002
- The genome of Rhizobium leguminosarum has recognizable core and accessory components
J Peter W Young
Department of Biology, University of York, York, UK
Genome Biol 7:R34. 2006
..We have sequenced the genome of R. leguminosarum biovar viciae strain 3841...
- Prism adaptation during walking generalizes to reaching and requires the cerebellum
Susanne M Morton
Kennedy Krieger Institute Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
J Neurophysiol 92:2497-509. 2004
..In contrast, prism adaptation during isolated movements of the limbs is probably recalibrated by effector-specific mechanisms. The cerebellum is an essential component in the network for both types of prism adaptation...
- Auditory-visual integration during multimodal object recognition in humans: a behavioral and electrophysiological study
M H Giard
INSERM U280, 151, cours Albert Thomas, F 69424 Lyon Cedex 03, France
J Cogn Neurosci 11:473-90. 1999
- Hybridization and adaptive mate choice in flycatchers
Department of Animal Ecology, Evolutionary Biology Centre, Uppsala University, SE-752 36 Uppsala, Sweden
Nature 411:45-50. 2001
..Apparent hybridization may thus represent adaptive mate choice under some circumstances...
- Rapid, local adaptation of zooplankton behavior to changes in predation pressure in the absence of neutral genetic changes
Laboratory of Aquatic Ecology, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Ch. De Beriotstraat 32, B-3000 Leuven, Belgium
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 98:6256-60. 2001
- Parallel genetic evolution within and between bacteriophage species of varying degrees of divergence
Jonathan P Bollback
Department of Biology, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark
Genetics 181:225-34. 2009
- Evolutionary capacitance as a general feature of complex gene networks
Department of Biological Sciences, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305 5020, USA
Nature 424:549-52. 2003
..Thus, there might exist a large class of evolutionary capacitors whose effects on phenotypic variation complement the systemic, environment-induced effects of Hsp90...
- The viral polymerase mediates adaptation of an avian influenza virus to a mammalian host
Institut fur Virologie, Universitätsklinikum Giessen und Marburg, D 35033 Marburg, Germany
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 102:18590-5. 2005
..These activity-enhancing mutations of the viral polymerase complex demonstrate convergent evolution in nature and, therefore, may be a prerequisite for adaptation to a new host paving the way for new pandemic viruses...
- Orientation-specific adaptation in human visual cortex
Geoffrey M Boynton
The Salk Institute, La Jolla, California 92037 1099, USA
J Neurosci 23:8781-7. 2003
- Altered levels of proline dehydrogenase cause hypersensitivity to proline and its analogs in Arabidopsis
Vakgroep Moleculaire Genetica, Departement Plantengenetica, Vlaams Interuniversitair Instituut voor Biotechnologie, Universiteit Gent, K L Ledeganckstraat 35, B 9000 Gent, Belgium
Plant Physiol 128:73-83. 2002
..These findings demonstrate that altered At-PDH levels lead to weakly modified free Pro accumulation with a limited impact on plant development and growth, suggesting a tight control of Pro homeostasis and/or gene redundancy...
- HIF-1-mediated expression of pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase: a metabolic switch required for cellular adaptation to hypoxia
Jung whan Kim
Graduate Program of Pathobiology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
Cell Metab 3:177-85. 2006
..These studies reveal a hypoxia-induced metabolic switch that shunts glucose metabolites from the mitochondria to glycolysis to maintain ATP production and to prevent toxic ROS production...
- Physiological bases of mosquito ecology
Institute of Zoology, University of Zurich, Winterthurerstr 190, CH 8057 Zurich, Switzerland
J Vector Ecol 28:1-11. 2003
..These studies led to the recognition of distinctly different physiological strategies, for which the term "physiotype" has been coined, providing a basis for understanding the different ecotypes...
- Reach adaptation: what determines whether we learn an internal model of the tool or adapt the model of our arm?
Department of Neurology, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
J Neurophysiol 100:1455-64. 2008
..Gradual changes in the tool's dynamics increased the extent to which the nervous system recalibrated the model of the subject's own arm...
- The repertoire and dynamics of evolutionary adaptations to controlled nutrient-limited environments in yeast
Lewis Sigler Institute for Integrative Genomics, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ, USA
PLoS Genet 4:e1000303. 2008
..Thus, in addition to answering basic mechanistic questions about evolutionary mechanisms, our work suggests that experimental evolution can also shed light on the function and regulation of individual metabolic pathways...
- African cichlid fish: a model system in adaptive radiation research
Department of Aquatic Ecology and Evolution, Institute of Zoology, University of Bern, Switzerland
Proc Biol Sci 273:1987-98. 2006
- What can we learn from resource pulses?
Louie H Yang
Section of Evolution and Ecology, University of California, One Shields Avenue, Davis, California 95616, USA
Ecology 89:621-34. 2008
..We suggest that the study of resource pulses provides opportunities to understand the dynamics of many specific systems, and may also contribute to broader ecological questions at individual, population, and community levels...
- A systems view of nitrogen nutrient and metabolite responses in Arabidopsis
Elena A Vidal
Departamento de Genetica Molecular y Microbiologia, Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile, Alameda 340, Santiago, Chile
Curr Opin Plant Biol 11:521-9. 2008
..We discuss recent advances in this direction...
- Capsule enlargement in Cryptococcus neoformans confers resistance to oxidative stress suggesting a mechanism for intracellular survival
Servicio de Micologia, Centro Nacional de Microbiologia, Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Carretera Majadahonda Pozuelo, Km 2, Majadahonda, 28220, Madrid, Spain
Cell Microbiol 10:2043-57. 2008
..neoformans cells produced resistance to phagocytosis. Our results suggest that capsular enlargement is a mechanism that enhances C. neoformans survival when ingested by phagocytic cells...
- Neuroimaging studies of priming
R N A Henson
Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, University College London, London WC1N 3AR, UK
Prog Neurobiol 70:53-81. 2003
..Interpretation of the findings is not always clear-cut, however, given potential confounding factors such as explicit memory, and several recommendations are made for future neuroimaging studies of priming...
- Long-lasting amelioration of visuospatial neglect by prism adaptation
Dipartimento di Psicologia, Universita degli Studi di Bologna, Bologna, Italy
Brain 125:608-23. 2002
..In conclusion, these findings show that prism adaptation is a productive way of achieving long-lasting improvements in neglect treatment...
- Evolution of metal hyperaccumulation required cis-regulatory changes and triplication of HMA4
Max Planck Institute of Molecular Plant Physiology, D 14476 Potsdam, Germany
Nature 453:391-5. 2008
..The elucidation of a natural strategy for metal hyperaccumulation enables the rational design of technologies for the clean-up of metal-contaminated soils and for bio-fortification...
- Prism adaptation and unilateral neglect: review and analysis
Gordon M Redding
Department of Psychology, Illinois State University, Campus Box 4620, Normal, IL 61790 4620, USA
Neuropsychologia 44:1-20. 2006
..Investigation of therapeutic prism adaptation requires methods that permit identification of both the calibration dysfunction and ameliorating realignment...
- The dynamics of adaptation on correlated fitness landscapes
Department of Biology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:18638-43. 2009
..Applying these methods to data from a long-term experiment, we infer the sign and strength of epistasis among beneficial mutations in the Escherichia coli genome...
- Odorant-specific adaptation pathways generate olfactory plasticity in C. elegans
H A Colbert
Department of Anatomy, University of California, San Francisco 94143 0452, USA
Neuron 14:803-12. 1995
..Mutations in adp-1 and osm-9 do not diminish the ability of unadapted animals to respond to odorants, indicating that odorant sensation and odorant adaptation are distinct processes...
- Decreasing xanthine oxidase-mediated oxidative stress prevents useful cellular adaptations to exercise in rats
Mari Carmen Gomez-Cabrera
Catholic University of Valencia, Spain
J Physiol 567:113-20. 2005
- A mutant of the Arabidopsis phosphate transporter PHT1;1 displays enhanced arsenic accumulation
Departamento de Genética Molecular de Plantas, Centro Nacional de Biotecnologia, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas, Cantoblanco, E 28049 Madrid, Spain
Plant Cell 19:1123-33. 2007
..Furthermore, the repression effect of As(V) on Pi starvation responses may reflect a regulatory mechanism to protect plants from the extreme toxicity of arsenic...
- Adaptation and incipient sympatric speciation of Bacillus simplex under microclimatic contrast at "Evolution Canyons" I and II, Israel
Institute of Evolution, International Graduate Center of Evolution, University of Haifa, Haifa 31905, Israel
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 102:15924-9. 2005
..We conclude that, despite different biology, prokaryotes, like sexually reproducing eukaryotes, may consist of true species and parallel ecological speciation in eukaryotes...
- Prism adaptation can improve contralesional tactile perception in neglect
Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, University College, London, UK
Neurology 60:1829-31. 2003
..This finding suggests a potential role for prismatic adaptation in the rehabilitation of multiple sensory modalities in patients with neglect...
- Prism adaptation in the rehabilitation of patients with visuo-spatial cognitive disorders
INSERM, U 534, Espace et Action, Bron, France
Curr Opin Neurol 19:534-42. 2006
..The clinical outcome of prism adaptation highlights the need for a theoretical reconsideration of some previous stances to neurological rehabilitation...