maternal nutrition

Summary

Summary: Nutrition of a mother which affects the health of the FETUS and INFANT as well as herself.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Circulating insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-I and IGF binding proteins -1 and -3 and placental development in the guinea-pig
    C T Roberts
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Adelaide University, South Australia
    Placenta 23:763-70. 2002
  2. ncbi Effects of feed restriction during organogenesis on embryo-fetal development in rabbit
    G D Cappon
    Pfizer Global Research and Development, Groton, Connecticut, USA
    Birth Defects Res B Dev Reprod Toxicol 74:424-30. 2005
  3. ncbi The Cohen diabetic rat as a model for fetal growth restriction: vitamins C and E reduce fetal oxidative stress but do not restore normal growth
    Asher Ornoy
    Laboratory of Teratology, Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, Diabetes Research Unit, Hebrew University Hadassah Medical School and Hospital, Jerusalem, Israel
    Reprod Toxicol 28:521-9. 2009
  4. pmc Levels and risk factors for perinatal mortality in Ahmedabad, India
    D V Mavalankar
    National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892
    Bull World Health Organ 69:435-42. 1991
  5. ncbi Food cravings, aversions and pica among pregnant women in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
    C N M Nyaruhucha
    Sokoine University of Agriculture, Department of Food Science and Technology, P O Box 3006, Morogoro, Tanzania
    Tanzan J Health Res 11:29-34. 2009
  6. ncbi Oviduct structure and function and reproductive modes in amphibians
    M H Wake
    Department of Integrative Biology, University of California, Berkeley 94720 3140, USA
    J Exp Zool 282:477-506. 1998
  7. ncbi Maternal fumonisin exposure as a risk factor for neural tube defects
    J Gelineau-van Waes
    Department of Genetics, Cell Biology and Anatomy, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, Nebraska, USA
    Adv Food Nutr Res 56:145-81. 2009
  8. ncbi Effects of altitude versus economic status on birth weight and body shape at birth
    D A Giussani
    Department of Physiology, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge CB2 3EG, United Kingdom
    Pediatr Res 49:490-4. 2001
  9. ncbi Gestational nutrition improves outcomes of vaginal deliveries in Jordan: an epidemiologic screening
    Hiba A Bawadi
    Department of Nutrition and Food Technology, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan
    Nutr Res 30:110-7. 2010
  10. ncbi A molecular and genetic view of human renal and urinary tract malformations
    A S Woolf
    Nephro Urology Unit, Institute of Child Health, University College London, England, United Kingdom
    Kidney Int 58:500-12. 2000

Detail Information

Publications203 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Circulating insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-I and IGF binding proteins -1 and -3 and placental development in the guinea-pig
    C T Roberts
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Adelaide University, South Australia
    Placenta 23:763-70. 2002
    Restricting maternal nutrition before and throughout pregnancy in the guinea-pig restricts foetal growth in part by altering placental structural determinants of substrate transfer function...
  2. ncbi Effects of feed restriction during organogenesis on embryo-fetal development in rabbit
    G D Cappon
    Pfizer Global Research and Development, Groton, Connecticut, USA
    Birth Defects Res B Dev Reprod Toxicol 74:424-30. 2005
    Appropriate maternal nutrition and body weight gain during pregnancy is well established as a major factor in healthy prenatal development in humans...
  3. ncbi The Cohen diabetic rat as a model for fetal growth restriction: vitamins C and E reduce fetal oxidative stress but do not restore normal growth
    Asher Ornoy
    Laboratory of Teratology, Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, Diabetes Research Unit, Hebrew University Hadassah Medical School and Hospital, Jerusalem, Israel
    Reprod Toxicol 28:521-9. 2009
    ..In addition, we treated the pregnant rats with antioxidants (vitamins C and E added to their food) to evaluate the effects of antioxidants in the prevention of FGR and in changing the redox state of the fetuses...
  4. pmc Levels and risk factors for perinatal mortality in Ahmedabad, India
    D V Mavalankar
    National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892
    Bull World Health Organ 69:435-42. 1991
    ..Estimates of attributable risk derived from the prevalence of exposures in the population survey suggest that improvements in maternal nutrition and antenatal and intrapartum care could result in marked reductions of perinatal mortality.
  5. ncbi Food cravings, aversions and pica among pregnant women in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
    C N M Nyaruhucha
    Sokoine University of Agriculture, Department of Food Science and Technology, P O Box 3006, Morogoro, Tanzania
    Tanzan J Health Res 11:29-34. 2009
    ..Soil consumption was the pica observed in most women. Since aversions and cravings are closely linked to dietary intake of pregnant woman understanding these behaviours is important in addressing maternal nutrition.
  6. ncbi Oviduct structure and function and reproductive modes in amphibians
    M H Wake
    Department of Integrative Biology, University of California, Berkeley 94720 3140, USA
    J Exp Zool 282:477-506. 1998
    ..ovoviviparity (developing embryos retained in the oviducts, born at a diversity stages of development, no maternal nutrition in addition to yolk) and viviparity (oviductal retention of developing young, maternal nutrition after yolk ..
  7. ncbi Maternal fumonisin exposure as a risk factor for neural tube defects
    J Gelineau-van Waes
    Department of Genetics, Cell Biology and Anatomy, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, Nebraska, USA
    Adv Food Nutr Res 56:145-81. 2009
    ..Fumonisins appear to be an environmental risk factor for birth defects, although other aspects of maternal nutrition and genetics play interactive roles in determining pregnancy outcome...
  8. ncbi Effects of altitude versus economic status on birth weight and body shape at birth
    D A Giussani
    Department of Physiology, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge CB2 3EG, United Kingdom
    Pediatr Res 49:490-4. 2001
    ..Although the effects of maternal nutrition on fetal growth have been extensively studied, comparatively little is known about the effects of ..
  9. ncbi Gestational nutrition improves outcomes of vaginal deliveries in Jordan: an epidemiologic screening
    Hiba A Bawadi
    Department of Nutrition and Food Technology, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan
    Nutr Res 30:110-7. 2010
    ..This retrospective survey tested the hypothesis that maternal nutrition (macronutrients intake, micronutrients intake, and weight gain) during gestation will impact gestational ..
  10. ncbi A molecular and genetic view of human renal and urinary tract malformations
    A S Woolf
    Nephro Urology Unit, Institute of Child Health, University College London, England, United Kingdom
    Kidney Int 58:500-12. 2000
    ..are mutations, chemical and pharmaceutical teratogens, obstruction of fetal urinary flow, and alterations of maternal nutrition. The focus of this review is to consider how mutations and other alterations of gene expression during ..
  11. ncbi The policy challenge of coexisting undernutrition and nutrition-related chronic diseases
    W Philip T James
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine and the International Obesity Task Force, 231 North Gower Street, London NWI 2NS, UK
    Matern Child Nutr 1:197-203. 2005
    ..The UN's Standing Committee on Nutrition's commission highlighted the crucial role of maternal nutrition and low birthweights, the need for a life cycle approach to prevention and the current global effects of ..
  12. ncbi A practical approach to maternal phenylketonuria management
    F Maillot
    Charles Dent Metabolic Unit, The National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery, London, UK
    J Inherit Metab Dis 30:198-201. 2007
    ..in the target range (100-250 micromol/L) before and throughout the pregnancy, and to ensure adequate maternal nutrition and appropriate weight gain...
  13. ncbi Animal models of placental angiogenesis
    L P Reynolds
    Center for Nutrition and Pregnancy, Department of Animal and Range Sciences, North Dakota State University, Fargo, ND 58105 5727, USA
    Placenta 26:689-708. 2005
    ..Lastly, the recent development of animal models of compromised pregnancies, including those resulting from maternal nutrition (both restriction and excess), multiple fetuses, environmental stress (heat stress and high altitude), and ..
  14. ncbi Effect of early gestation feeding, birth weight, and gender of progeny on muscle fiber characteristics of pigs at slaughter
    G Bee
    Swiss Federal Research Station for Animal Production, Posieux 1726, Switzerland
    J Anim Sci 82:826-36. 2004
    b>Maternal nutrition and progeny birth weight affect muscle fiber development in the pig, thereby influencing early postnatal growth rate...
  15. ncbi The elimination of child poverty and the pivotal significance of the mother
    Michael A Crawford
    Institute of Brain Chemistry and Human Nutrition, London Metropolitan University, North Campus, 166 220 Holloway Rd, London N7 8DB
    Nutr Health 19:175-86. 2008
    ..It elimination will involve the elimination poor maternal nutrition, low birthweight and its life long consequences in chronic ill health and poor learning...
  16. ncbi Maternal nutrition and birth size among urban affluent and rural women in India
    A N Kanade
    Biometry and Nutrition Unit, Agharkar Research Institute, Pune, India
    J Am Coll Nutr 27:137-45. 2008
    Varying results of worldwide intervention programs to pregnant mothers necessitate the need to understand the relationship between maternal nutrition and birth size among well nourished and undernourished mothers.
  17. ncbi Maternal nutrition and reproduction of daughters in wild house mice (Mus musculus)
    D Meikle
    Department of Zoology, Miami University, Oxford, OH 45056, USA
    Reproduction 122:437-42. 2001
    ..However, studies of sons born to females that were subjected to the same food deprivation protocol indicate that maternal food deprivation may have a much greater effect on the reproduction of sons than on that of daughters...
  18. ncbi Effects of exclusive breastfeeding for four versus six months on maternal nutritional status and infant motor development: results of two randomized trials in Honduras
    K G Dewey
    Department of Nutrition and Program in International Nutrition, University of California, Davis, California 95616 8669, USA
    J Nutr 131:262-7. 2001
    To examine whether the duration of exclusive breastfeeding affects maternal nutrition or infant motor development, we examined data from two studies in Honduras: the first with 141 infants of low-income primiparous women and the second ..
  19. pmc A principal components approach to parent-to-newborn body composition associations in South India
    Sargoor R Veena
    Epidemiology Research Unit, Holdsworth Memorial Hospital, Mysore, South India
    BMC Pediatr 9:16. 2009
    Size at birth is influenced by environmental factors, like maternal nutrition and parity, and by genes. Birth weight is a composite measure, encompassing bone, fat and lean mass. These may have different determinants...
  20. ncbi Maternal nutritional status & practices & perinatal, neonatal mortality in rural Andhra Pradesh, India
    Mahtab S Bamji
    Dangoria Charitable Trust, Hyderabad, India
    Indian J Med Res 127:44-51. 2008
    ..Impact of such a link worker on perinatal/ neonatal mortality has been positive. The present study attempts to examine the association of maternal nutrition and related factors with perinatal, and neonatal mortality in these villages.
  21. ncbi Maternal energy stores and diet composition during pregnancy program adolescent blood pressure
    L S Adair
    Department of Nutrition, Schools of Public Health and Medicine, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27516 3997, USA
    Circulation 104:1034-9. 2001
    ..Human epidemiological studies that use birth weight as a proxy for fetal malnutrition fail to identify specific aspects of maternal nutrition responsible for programming.
  22. pmc Why do foreign-born blacks have lower infant mortality than native-born blacks? New directions in African-American infant mortality research
    Kenneth D Rosenberg
    Center for Child and Family Health, Oregon Division of Human Services, Portland 97232, USA
    J Natl Med Assoc 94:770-8. 2002
    This study focuses attention on maternal nutrition and stress as possible reasons for excess black infant mortality after exploring lower infant mortality for the infants of foreign-born black mothers compared to native-born black mothers.
  23. ncbi Micronutrients and fetal growth
    Caroline H D Fall
    MRC Environmental Epidemiology Unit, University of Southampton, Southampton General Hospital, Southampton, Hampshire SO16 6YD, United Kingdom
    J Nutr 133:1747S-1756S. 2003
    ..The link between maternal nutrition and fetal nutrition is indirect...
  24. ncbi The Dutch famine and its long-term consequences for adult health
    Tessa Roseboom
    Department of Clinical Epidemiology Biostatistics and Bioinformatics, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Early Hum Dev 82:485-91. 2006
    Small size at birth is linked with an increased risk of chronic diseases in later life. Poor maternal nutrition during gestation may contribute to restricted fetal growth, leading to increased disease susceptibility in later life...
  25. ncbi Intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR): epidemiology and etiology
    Agustín Romo
    Fetal Medicine Unit, Miguel Servet University Children s Hospital, Zaragoza, Spain
    Pediatr Endocrinol Rev 6:332-6. 2009
    ..cardiac volume, etc, socioeconomic factors with key incidence in the mother's nutrition level, where a poor maternal nutrition level would be the key factor in this group...
  26. ncbi Early embryonic environment, the fetal pituitary-adrenal axis and the timing of parturition
    I C McMillen
    Centre for the Origins of Adult Health, Discipline of Physiology, School of Molecular and Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Sciences, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
    Endocr Res 30:845-50. 2004
    ..We have also reported that a moderate restriction of maternal nutrition to during the periconceptional period (from 60 days before and for one week after conception) resulted in an ..
  27. ncbi Risk factors for isolated biliary atresia, National Birth Defects Prevention Study, 1997-2002
    Natalie S The
    National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Am J Med Genet A 143:2274-84. 2007
    ..alcohol use, maternal illicit drug use, maternal health, maternal medication use, maternal vitamin use, and maternal nutrition. Infants of non-Hispanic black mothers were more likely to have biliary atresia than infants of non-Hispanic ..
  28. ncbi Low maternal nutrition during pregnancy reduces the number of Sertoli cells in the newborn lamb
    Bielli Alejandro
    Department of Morphology and Development, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Uruguay, Montevideo
    Reprod Fertil Dev 14:333-7. 2002
    ..Depending on the ability of the Sertoli cell population to recover between birth and puberty, this may limit the ultimate number of Sertoli cells and, hence, the future capacity for sperm production and fertility...
  29. ncbi Bone mass in Indian children--relationships to maternal nutritional status and diet during pregnancy: the Pune Maternal Nutrition Study
    A Ganpule
    Diabetes Unit, Banoo Coyaji Building, KEM Hospital and Research Centre, Rasta Peth, Pune 4110011, Maharashtra, India
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 91:2994-3001. 2006
    ..Six years postnatally, total body and total spine bone mineral content and bone mineral density (BMD) were measured using dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) in the children (n = 698 of 762 live births) and both parents...
  30. pmc Maternal protein-energy supplementation does not affect adolescent blood pressure in The Gambia
    Sophie Hawkesworth
    MRC International Nutrition Group, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 38:119-27. 2009
    Birthweight, and by inference maternal nutrition during pregnancy, is thought to be an important determinant of offspring blood pressure but the evidence base for this in humans is lacking data from randomized controlled trials.
  31. ncbi Increased maternal nutrition increases leptin expression in perirenal and subcutaneous adipose tissue in the postnatal lamb
    B S Muhlhausler
    Early Origins of Adult Health Research Group, Sansom Research Institute, University of South Australia, Adelaide 5000, Australia
    Endocrinology 148:6157-63. 2007
    The present study tested the hypothesis that exposure to an increased level of maternal nutrition before birth results in altered expression of adipogenic, lipogenic, and adipokine genes in adipose tissue in early postnatal life...
  32. pmc High fat diet-induced maternal obesity alters fetal hippocampal development
    Mihai D Niculescu
    Nutrition Research Institute, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, United States
    Int J Dev Neurosci 27:627-33. 2009
    The importance of maternal nutrition for fetal brain development is increasingly recognized...
  33. pmc Developmental plasticity of the microscopic placental architecture in relation to litter size variation in the common marmoset monkey (Callithrix jacchus)
    J N Rutherford
    Institute for Policy Research, Laboratory for Human Biology Research, Department of Anthropology, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL 60208 4100, USA
    Placenta 30:105-10. 2009
    ..demand, shaped by factors such as number of fetuses, may alter placental regulation of exchange, even when maternal nutrition restriction is not overt...
  34. pmc Reducing stillbirths: behavioural and nutritional interventions before and during pregnancy
    Mohammad Yawar Yakoob
    Division of Maternal and Child Health, The Aga Khan University, Karachi 74800, Pakistan
    BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 9:S3. 2009
    ..Interventions to reduce these risks could reduce the resulting burden of stillbirths, but the evidence for the impact of such interventions has not yet been comprehensively evaluated...
  35. ncbi The fetal origins hypothesis: placental insufficiency and inheritance versus maternal malnutrition in well-nourished populations
    Tore Henriksen
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, The National Hospital, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
    Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 81:112-4. 2002
    ..Fetal malnutrition has two main causes, poor maternal nutrition and placental insufficiency...
  36. ncbi Maternal nutritional knowledge and child nutritional status in the Volta region of Ghana
    Lily Yaa Appoh
    Department of Psychology, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway
    Matern Child Nutr 1:100-10. 2005
    ..Further analysis with logistic regression revealed that maternal nutrition knowledge was independently associated with nutritional status after the effects of other significant ..
  37. ncbi Histone modifications, not DNA methylation, cause transcriptional repression of p16 (CDKN2A) in the mammary glands of offspring of protein-restricted rats
    Shasha Zheng
    Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    J Nutr Biochem 22:567-73. 2011
    b>Maternal nutrition during pregnancy is an important intrauterine factor that results in persistent alteration of the offspring epigenome and that associates with health outcome in later life...
  38. ncbi Polymorphisms located in the region containing BHMT and BHMT2 genes as maternal protective factors for orofacial clefts
    Adrianna Mostowska
    Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, Poland
    Eur J Oral Sci 118:325-32. 2010
    ..Because the effects of maternal nutrition on fetal development are well known, we decided to pursue the question of whether polymorphic variants of ..
  39. ncbi South Asian diets and insulin resistance
    Anoop Misra
    Department of Diabetes and Metabolic Diseases, Fortis Hospital, Vasant Kunj, New Delhi 110070, India
    Br J Nutr 101:465-73. 2009
    ..Inadequate maternal nutrition in pregnancy, low birth weight and childhood 'catch-up' obesity may be important for the development of the ..
  40. ncbi Fetal endocrinology and development--manipulation and adaptation to long-term nutritional and environmental challenges
    M E Symonds
    Academic Division of Child Health, School of Human Development, University Hospital, Nottingham NG7 2UH, UK
    Reproduction 121:853-62. 2001
    ..In contrast, the adipose tissue of fetuses with accelerated growth, stimulated by increasing maternal nutrition in the second half of gestation, has more protein for the long form of the prolactin receptor and more ..
  41. ncbi Early onset of coronary artery disease after prenatal exposure to the Dutch famine
    Rebecca C Painter
    Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics and the Developmental Origins of Adult Disease Centre, University of Southampton, Southampton, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 84:322-7; quiz 466-7. 2006
    ..Limited evidence suggests that maternal undernutrition at the time of conception is associated with increased cardiovascular disease risk in adult offspring...
  42. ncbi Relationship between maternal dietary patterns and hypospadias
    Christianne A R de Kort
    Centre for Research in Environmental Epidemiology CREAL, Barcelona, Spain
    Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 25:255-64. 2011
    Little is known about the role of maternal nutrition in the development of hypospadias, which is the most common urogenital congenital anomaly...
  43. ncbi Rapid growth in infancy: balancing the interests of the child
    Lawrence T Weaver
    Division of Developmental Medicine, University of Glasgow, and Royal Hospital for Sick Children, Glasgow, Scotland
    J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 43:428-32. 2006
    ..it will be prudent to balance the short- and long-term interests of the child by endeavoring to (1) optimize maternal nutrition and health, to avoid low birth weight, (2) breast-feed ideally, (3) consider birth weight, gestation and ..
  44. ncbi Effects of maternal protein nutrition and subsequent grazing on chicory (Cichorium intybus) on parasitism and performance of lambs
    A Kidane
    Animal Health, Scottish Agricultural College, West Mains Road, Edinburgh, EH9 3JG, Scotland
    J Anim Sci 88:1513-21. 2010
    ..07) for the chicory compared with the grass/clover plots. There were no interactions (P > 0.10) between maternal nutrition and grazed forage type on performance or parasitological measurements...
  45. ncbi Hyperlipidic hypercholesterolemic diet in prepubertal rabbits affects gene expression in the embryo, restricts fetal growth and increases offspring susceptibility to obesity
    O Picone
    INRA, UMR 1198 Biologie du Developpement et Reproduction, F 78350 Jouy en Josas, France
    Theriogenology 75:287-99. 2011
    ..05). These data illustrate the importance of maternal nutrition before and during gestation in the establishment and control of the growth trajectory of the conceptus and ..
  46. ncbi Increased maternal nutrition of sows has no beneficial effects on muscle fiber number or postnatal growth and has no impact on the meat quality of the offspring
    P M Nissen
    Department of Food Science, Danish Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Tjele, Denmark
    J Anim Sci 81:3018-27. 2003
    ..and concentrations and content of DNA and RNA of the offspring were not significantly affected by increased maternal nutrition. The ST muscle weight was lower in offspring from A25-50 than control sows (P = 0.019)...
  47. ncbi Consequences of birth weight for postnatal growth performance and carcass quality in pigs as related to myogenesis
    C Rehfeldt
    Research Unit Muscle Biology and Growth, Research Institute for the Biology of Farm Animals, D 18196 Dummerstorf, Germany
    J Anim Sci 84:E113-23. 2006
    ..Interactions between maternal nutrition and the somatotropic axis in determining prenatal growth and myogenesis are worthy of further investigation.
  48. ncbi The mediating effect of maternal nutrition knowledge on the association between maternal schooling and child nutritional status in Lesotho
    M T Ruel
    , Guatemala, Guatemala
    Am J Epidemiol 135:904-14. 1992
    The present study tested whether maternal nutrition knowledge was a mediating factor in the association between maternal schooling and child nutritional status, and whether the mechanism involved differed according to socioeconomic status...
  49. ncbi Perceptions of the role of maternal nutrition in HIV-positive breast-feeding women in Malawi
    Margaret E Bentley
    University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA
    J Nutr 135:945-9. 2005
    A neglected issue in the literature on maternal nutrition and HIV is how HIV-positive women perceive their own bodies, health, and well-being, particularly in light of their infection, and whether these perceptions influence their infant ..
  50. ncbi Evidence of infant blood pressure programming by maternal nutrition during pregnancy: a prospective randomized controlled intervention study
    Jonna Aaltonen
    Functional Foods Forum, Department of Pediatrics, University of Turku, Turku, Finland
    J Pediatr 152:79-84, 84.e1-2. 2008
    To evaluate the impact of maternal nutrition during pregnancy on infant blood pressure.
  51. ncbi Maternal nutrition and perinatal survival
    D Rush
    School of Nutrition Science and Policy, Tufts University, 711 Washington Street, Boston, MA 02111, USA
    J Health Popul Nutr 19:S217-64. 2001
    This review addresses the relationship between maternal nutrition and the survival of the foetus and infant...
  52. ncbi Effects of maternal nutrition and porcine growth hormone (pGH) treatment during gestation on endocrine and metabolic factors in sows, fetuses and pigs, skeletal muscle development, and postnatal growth
    Charlotte Rehfeldt
    Division of Muscle Biology and Growth, Research Institute for the Biology of Farm Animals, D 18196 Dummerstorf, Germany
    Domest Anim Endocrinol 27:267-85. 2004
    Prenatal growth is very complex and a highly integrated process. Both maternal nutrition and the maternal somatotropic axis play a significant role in coordinating nutrient partitioning and utilization between maternal, placental and ..
  53. ncbi The lifecycle effects of nutrition and body size on adult adiposity, diabetes and cardiovascular disease
    C S Yajnik
    Diabetes Unit, KEM Hospital Research Centre, Rasta Peth, Pune, India
    Obes Rev 3:217-24. 2002
    This study was undertaken to review the links between maternal nutrition, offspring's birth weight and the propensity to early insulin resistance and high diabetes rates in Indian adults...
  54. pmc Vitamin B12 and folate concentrations during pregnancy and insulin resistance in the offspring: the Pune Maternal Nutrition Study
    C S Yajnik
    Diabetes Unit, KEM Hospital and Research Centre, Pune, Maharashtra, India
    Diabetologia 51:29-38. 2008
    ..We studied the association between maternal vitamin B12, folate and tHcy status during pregnancy, and offspring adiposity and insulin resistance at 6 years...
  55. ncbi Maternal nutrition: effects on health in the next generation
    Caroline Fall
    MRC Epidemiology Resource Centre, University of Southampton, Southampton General Hospital, Southampton, UK
    Indian J Med Res 130:593-9. 2009
    ..Progress has been made in understanding the role of specific nutrients in the maternal diet. In the Pune Maternal Nutrition Study, low maternal vitamin B12 status predicted increased adiposity and insulin resistance in the children, ..
  56. ncbi Effects of maternal nuclear genome on the timing of puberty in mice offspring
    Yuxun Zhou
    Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Donghua University, Shanghai 201620, People s Republic of China
    J Endocrinol 193:405-12. 2007
    ..b>Maternal nutrition administration during late gestation in rats revealed that the time of onset of puberty in daughter rats was ..
  57. pmc Deficits in trace fear conditioning in a rat model of fetal alcohol exposure: dose-response and timing effects
    Pamela S Hunt
    Department of Psychology, College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, VA 23187 8795, USA
    Alcohol 43:465-74. 2009
    ..confirming that many of the observed effects are the result of alcohol exposure, and not secondary to poor maternal nutrition or adverse home environments...
  58. ncbi Nutritional regulation of fetal growth
    Frank H Bloomfield
    Liggins Institute, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand
    Nestle Nutr Inst Workshop Ser 74:79-89. 2013
    ..In contrast, manipulating maternal nutrition during later stages of pregnancy has a smaller than expected effect on fetal growth...
  59. ncbi Developmental determinants of blood pressure in adults
    Linda Adair
    Department of Nutrition, Schools of Public Health and Medicine, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599 8120, USA
    Annu Rev Nutr 25:407-34. 2005
    ..on proposed mechanisms and epidemiologic evidence for developmental origins of adult BP and hypertension, considering associations with birth weight, maternal nutrition during pregnancy, child growth patterns, and infant feeding.
  60. ncbi Schoolchildren, maternal nutrition and generating healthy brains: the importance of lifecycle education for fertility, health and peace
    Simon H House
    The McCarrison Society for Nutrition and Health, International Society of Prenatal and Perinatal Psychology and Medicine, Association for Prenatal and Perinatal Psychology and Health, North America
    Nutr Health 20:51-76. 2009
    ..There could be no better investment financially, let alone in enhancing people's lives...
  61. ncbi The epidemiology of preterm labor--a global perspective
    Philip Steer
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College London, UK
    J Perinat Med 33:273-6. 2005
    ..should predominantly be aimed at the prevention and treatment of infectious disease, and the improvement of maternal nutrition. Without this, medical intervention tends to increase the rate of preterm birth without corresponding ..
  62. ncbi Understandings of prenatal nutrition among Argentine women
    Camber M Hess
    School of Nursing, Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah, USA
    Health Care Women Int 33:153-67. 2012
    b>Maternal nutrition is an important determinant of birth outcome and infant health...
  63. ncbi Maternal dietary restriction and selenium supply alters messenger ribonucleic acid expression of angiogenic factors in maternal intestine, mammary gland, and fetal jejunal tissues during late gestation in pregnant ewe lambs
    T L Neville
    Center for Nutrition and Pregnancy, Department of Animal Sciences, North Dakota State University, Fargo, North Dakota 58108, USA
    J Anim Sci 88:2692-702. 2010
    ..Data indicate that expression of angiogenic factors and receptors in maternal intestine, mammary gland, and fetal jejunum are responsive to maternal nutrition and likely explain observed changes in tissue vascularity.
  64. pmc Maternal nutrition affects reproductive output and sex allocation in a lizard with environmental sex determination
    Daniel A Warner
    School of Biological Sciences, University of Sydney, New South Wales 2006, Australia
    Proc Biol Sci 274:883-90. 2007
    ..These responses to maternal nutrition generate a link between sex and offspring size, in a direction likely to enhance maternal fitness if large ..
  65. ncbi Identifying placental epigenetic alterations in an intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) rat model induced by gestational protein deficiency
    Stella Marie Reamon-Buettner
    Toxicology and Environmental Hygiene, Fraunhofer Institute for Toxicology and Experimental Medicine, Nikolai Fuchs Strasse 1, 30625 Hannover, Germany Electronic address
    Reprod Toxicol 45:117-24. 2014
    Poor maternal nutrition during gestation can lead to intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR), a main cause of low birth weight associated with high neonatal morbidity and mortality...
  66. ncbi Mouse early extra-embryonic lineages activate compensatory endocytosis in response to poor maternal nutrition
    Congshan Sun
    Centre for Biological Sciences, University of Southampton, Southampton General Hospital, Southampton SO16 6YD, UK
    Development 141:1140-50. 2014
    ..Moreover, activation appears mediated through RhoA GTPase signalling. Our data indicate early embryos regulate and stabilise endocytosis as a mechanism to compensate for poor maternal nutrient provision. ..
  67. ncbi Adaptive responses by mouse early embryos to maternal diet protect fetal growth but predispose to adult onset disease
    Adam J Watkins
    School of Biological Sciences, University of Southampton, Southampton SO16 7PX, United Kingdom
    Biol Reprod 78:299-306. 2008
    Poor maternal nutrition during pregnancy can alter postnatal phenotype and increase susceptibility to adult cardiovascular and metabolic diseases. However, underlying mechanisms are largely unknown...
  68. ncbi Your faith or mine: a pregnancy spacing intervention in an ultra-orthodox Jewish community in Israel
    Daphna Birenbaum-Carmeli
    Faculty of Welfare and Health Sciences, University of Haifa, Haifa, Israel
    Reprod Health Matters 16:185-91. 2008
    ..Thus, maternal nutrition, pelvic floor tone, dental health, maternal exhaustion and competition over number of children were added...
  69. pmc The role of oxygen in prenatal growth: studies in the chick embryo
    Dino A Giussani
    Department of Physiology, Development and Neuroscience, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge, UK
    J Physiol 585:911-7. 2007
    ..could be isolated, by assessing them directly without alteration to the maternal or placental physiology or maternal nutrition during development...
  70. ncbi Epigenetic manifestations in diet-related disorders
    E C M Mariman
    Department of Human Biology, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    J Nutrigenet Nutrigenomics 1:232-9. 2008
    ..At the same time, maternal nutrition might be used to actively direct fetal development with consequences for later life performance such as ..
  71. ncbi Maternal stress and placental vascular function and remodeling
    Lawrence P Reynolds
    Department of Animal Sciences, NDSU 7630, P O Box 6050, Fargo, ND 58103 6050, USA
    Curr Vasc Pharmacol 11:564-93. 2013
    ..We then summarize our current understanding of how maternal stress, including inadequate maternal nutrition as well as the application of assisted reproductive technologies (ART), leads to compromised placental ..
  72. ncbi Deaths from cerebrovascular diseases correlated to month of birth: elevated risk of death from subarachnoid hemorrhage among summer-born
    K Nonaka
    Department of Hygiene, Teikyo University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan
    Int J Biometeorol 44:182-5. 2000
    It has been suggested that maternal nutrition, and fetal and infant growth have an important effect on the risk of cardiovascular disease in adult life...
  73. ncbi Priorities for future public health research in orofacial clefts
    Mahsa M Yazdy
    National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Cleft Palate Craniofac J 44:351-7. 2007
    ..Research gaps identified by the participants for additional public health research included: the roles of maternal nutrition, obesity, and diabetes in the etiology of OFCs; psychosocial outcomes for children with OFCs; the quality of ..
  74. ncbi Risk factors of fetal macrosomia: role of maternal nutrition
    Walid Denguezli
    Department of Obstetric and Gynaecology, University Hospital Fattouma Bourguiba, Monastir, Tunisia
    Tunis Med 87:564-8. 2009
    ..To assess the effect of maternal diet during pregnancy on the risk of delivering a large for gestational baby (macrosome)...
  75. ncbi Maternal undernutrition programs tissue-specific epigenetic changes in the glucocorticoid receptor in adult offspring
    Ghazala Begum
    Faculties of Life Sciences and Medical and Human Sciences, Manchester Academic Health Sciences Centre, University of Manchester, 3 016 AV Hill Building, Manchester M13 9PT United Kingdom
    Endocrinology 154:4560-9. 2013
    ..Overall, these results suggest that moderate changes in maternal nutrition, around the time of conception, signal life-long and tissue-specific epigenetic alterations in a key gene ..
  76. ncbi Maternal nutrition, low nephron number, and hypertension in later life: pathways of nutritional programming
    Susan P Bagby
    OHSU Heart Research Center and Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, Department of Medicine and Research Service, Oregon Health and Science University and Portland Veterans Administration Medical Center, Portland, OR 97239, USA
    J Nutr 137:1066-72. 2007
    ..Effective interventions have not yet been defined. Suboptimal maternal nutrition, pervasive in both developed and developing countries, offers a window of opportunity to enhance the ..
  77. pmc Influence of gender roles and rising food prices on poor, pregnant women's eating and food provisioning practices in Dhaka, Bangladesh
    Adrienne V Levay
    James P, Grant School of Public Health, 5th Floor Level 6, ICDDR, B Building, BRAC University, 68 Shahid Tajuddin Ahmed Sharani, Mohakhali, Dhaka 1212, Bangladesh
    Reprod Health 10:53. 2013
    ..While there is an abundance of useful quantitative research centered on maternal nutrition and food insecurity measurements in Bangladesh, missing is an understanding of how food insecurity is ..
  78. ncbi Selenoproteins and maternal nutrition
    A C Pappas
    Department of Nutritional Physiology and Feeding, Faculty of Animal Science and Aquaculture, Agricultural University of Athens, Athens, Greece
    Comp Biochem Physiol B Biochem Mol Biol 151:361-72. 2008
    ..b>Maternal nutrition affects the performance and health of the progeny...
  79. pmc Maternal nutrient restriction and the fetal left ventricle: decreased angiotensin receptor expression
    Jeffrey S Gilbert
    Center for Pregnancy and Newborn Research, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Texas Health Science Center, San Antonio, TX, USA
    Reprod Biol Endocrinol 3:27. 2005
    Adequate maternal nutrition during gestation is requisite for fetal nutrition and development...
  80. ncbi Diet during pregnancy, neonatal outcomes and later health
    Vivienne M Moore
    Department of Public Health, University of Adelaide, Australia
    Reprod Fertil Dev 17:341-8. 2005
    ..Consequences of inadequate maternal nutrition, for the offspring, may depend on timing during gestation, reflecting critical windows for fetal development...
  81. ncbi Differential effects of maternal obesity and weight loss in the periconceptional period on the epigenetic regulation of hepatic insulin-signaling pathways in the offspring
    Lisa M Nicholas
    Sansom Institute for Health Research, School of Pharmacy and Medical Sciences, University of South Australia, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
    FASEB J 27:3786-96. 2013
    ..01) expression in the lamb. Our findings highlight the sensitivity of the epigenome to maternal nutrition around conception and the need for dietary interventions that maximize metabolic benefits and minimize ..
  82. ncbi Prevention and treatment of allergic asthma in pregnancy: from conventional drugs to new therapeutical approaches
    Angela P Cadavid
    Grupo Reproducción, Universidad de Antioquia, Medellin, Colombia
    Curr Pharm Biotechnol 12:758-64. 2011
    ..This proposal fits with the recently appreciated approaches to allergy prevention for the newborn child by a balanced maternal nutrition and omega-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid consumption.
  83. ncbi Gender-linked hypertension in offspring of lard-fed pregnant rats
    Imran Y Khan
    Maternal and Fetal Research Unit, GKT Department of Women s Health, St Thomas Hospital, London, UK
    Hypertension 41:168-75. 2003
    Epidemiological studies suggest an association between maternal nutrition and offspring cardiovascular disease...
  84. ncbi Lactational amenorrhoea in well-nourished Toba women of Formosa, Argentina
    Claudia Valeggia
    Department of Anthropology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, USA
    J Biosoc Sci 36:573-95. 2004
    ..This study sought to disentangle the relative impact that intense breast-feeding practices and maternal nutrition have on the regulation of ovarian function in nursing women...
  85. ncbi Reproductive success and failure: the role of winter body mass in reproductive allocation in Norwegian moose
    Jos M Milner
    Faculty of Applied Ecology and Agricultural Sciences, Hedmark University College, Koppang, Norway
    Oecologia 172:995-1005. 2013
    ..positioning system (GPS)-collared females throughout the reproductive cycle and focused on the role of maternal nutrition during gestation in determining reproductive success using a quasi-experimental approach to manipulate ..
  86. ncbi Impact of maternal nutrition during pregnancy on pituitary gonadotrophin gene expression and ovarian development in growth-restricted and normally grown late gestation sheep fetuses
    P Da Silva
    Rowett Research Institute, Bucksburn, Aberdeen AB21 9SB, UK
    Reproduction 123:769-77. 2002
    The influence of maternal nutrition during pregnancy on anterior pituitary gonadotrophin gene expression and ovarian development in sheep fetuses during late gestation was investigated...
  87. ncbi Maternal nutritional plane and selenium supply during gestation impact visceral organ mass and intestinal growth and vascularity of neonatal lamb offspring
    A M Meyer
    Center for Nutrition and Pregnancy, Department of Animal Sciences, North Dakota State University, Fargo 58108, USA
    J Anim Sci 91:2628-39. 2013
    ..Despite similar small intestinal mass at 20 d of age, jejunal growth, vascularity, and gene expression were altered by maternal nutrition during gestation.
  88. pmc Intrauterine growth restriction alters term fetal baboon hypothalamic appetitive peptide balance
    Cun Li
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Center for Pregnancy and Newborn Research, The University of Texas Health Science Center San Antonio, 7703 Floyd Curl Drive, San Antonio, Texas 78229, USA
    J Endocrinol 217:275-82. 2013
    ..We developed a fetal baboon IUGR model resulting from reduced maternal nutrition. Pregnant baboons were fed ad libitum, controls (CTR; n=24), or 70% CTR diet to produce IUGR (n=14)...
  89. ncbi A lifecourse study of risk for hyperinsulinaemia, dyslipidaemia and obesity (the central metabolic syndrome) at age 49-51 years
    L Parker
    Paediatric and Lifecourse Epidemiology Research Group, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, Sir James Spence Institute of Child Health, Royal Victoria Infirmary, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK
    Diabet Med 20:406-15. 2003
    Suboptimal maternal nutrition and catch-up growth in early childhood predispose to insulin resistance and other components of metabolic syndrome in later life...
  90. ncbi Expression of agouti-related peptide, neuropeptide Y, pro-opiomelanocortin and the leptin receptor isoforms in fetal mouse brain from pregnant dams on a protein-restricted diet
    Paul L Terroni
    Centre for Developmental Origins of Health and Disease, University of Southampton, School of Medicine, Princess Anne Hospital, Level F mailpoint 887, Coxford Road, Southampton, UK
    Brain Res Mol Brain Res 140:111-5. 2005
    ..Levels of expression for these genes were altered in brains of E12 fetuses from pregnant dams on a protein-restricted diet, suggesting that the fetal brain is responsive to changes in maternal nutrition prior to birth.
  91. ncbi The effect of maternal undernutrition on ovine fetal growth
    J C Osgerby
    Department of Veterinary Basic Sciences, Royal Veterinary College, Hawkshead Lane, North Mymms, Hatfield, Hertfordshire, AL9 7TA, UK
    J Endocrinol 173:131-41. 2002
    Modifications in maternal nutrition during pregnancy can significantly disrupt fetal growth and subsequent post-natal health and survival...
  92. ncbi Effects of maternal undernutrition during early pregnancy on apoptosis regulators in the ovine fetal ovary
    R G Lea
    Rowett Research Institute, Greenburn Road, Bucksburn, Aberdeen, AB21 9SB, UK
    Reproduction 131:113-24. 2006
    ..At day 50, maternal nutrition had no effect on Ki67, predominant in germ cells, or Bax and Mcl-1, predominant in the oocytes...
  93. ncbi Epigenetics and maternal nutrition: nature v. nurture
    Rebecca Simmons
    Department of Pediatrics, Children s Hospital Philadelphia and University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Proc Nutr Soc 70:73-81. 2011
    ..The contributions of histone acetylation, histone methylation and DNA methylation to the process of adipogenesis in vivo remain to be evaluated...
  94. ncbi In utero exposure and breast cancer development: an epigenetic perspective
    Jacob Hill
    Helfgott Research Institute, National College of Natural Medicine, Portland, Oregon
    J Environ Pathol Toxicol Oncol 33:239-45. 2014
    ..Identifying the influence of environmental toxicants, hormonal exposure, maternal nutrition, and maternal disease on fetal epigenetics may have potential for development of new therapeutic approaches ..
  95. ncbi Pre- and early postnatal nongenetic determinants of type 2 diabetes
    Susan E Ozanne
    Department of Clinical Biochemistry, University of Cambridge, Addenbrookes Hospital, Hills Road, Cambridge, CB2 2QR, UK
    Expert Rev Mol Med 4:1-14. 2002
    ..This effect can exist independently of genetic factors. There is also direct evidence that poor maternal nutrition and maternal smoking cause both a reduction in birthweight and subsequent loss of glucose tolerance...
  96. ncbi Do neurotrophins regulate the feto-placental development?
    Sylvain Mayeur
    Universite Lille Nord de France, Unité Environnement Périnatal et Croissance, EA 4489, Equipe dénutritions maternelles périnatales, Université de Lille1, Bâtiment SN4, F 59655 Villeneuve d Ascq, France
    Med Hypotheses 76:726-8. 2011
    ..and peripheral fetal organs, including the placenta; (2) neurotrophins may constitute a link between the maternal nutrition and the fetal nutrients demand and thus could act as a nutrient sensor for the development and efficiency of ..
  97. ncbi Maternal high-fat feeding through pregnancy and lactation predisposes mouse offspring to molecular insulin resistance and fatty liver
    Nicole G Ashino
    Universidade Braz Cubas, CEP 08 773 380, Mogi das Cruzes, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    J Nutr Biochem 23:341-8. 2012
    ..It is interesting that all changes observed were independent of postweaning diet in 14-week-old offspring. Therefore, these data further reinforce the importance of maternal nutrition to adult offspring health.
  98. pmc The epigenome as a potential mediator of cancer and disease prevention in prenatal development
    Pushpinder Kaur
    Linus Pauling Science Center, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon 97331, USA
    Nutr Rev 71:441-57. 2013
    ..Recently, many studies have demonstrated the impact of maternal nutrition on the fetal epigenome...
  99. ncbi Impact of a clinic-based growth monitoring programme on maternal nutrition knowledge in Lesotho
    M T Ruel
    Institute of Nutrition of Central America and Panama INCAP, Guatemala
    Int J Epidemiol 21:59-65. 1992
    ..These need to be better incorporated into present clinic nutrition education. Whether improvements in growth monitoring would further significantly improve nutrition education remains to be seen...
  100. pmc Sources of food affect dietary adequacy of Inuit women of childbearing age in Arctic Canada
    Sara E Schaefer
    Nutrition Research Institute, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Kannapolis, NC 28081, USA
    J Health Popul Nutr 29:454-64. 2011
    ..quality of diet, which is of particular concern for women of childbearing age due to the potential impact of maternal nutrition status on the next generation...
  101. ncbi Maternal folic acid supplementation to dams on marginal protein level alters brain fatty acid levels of their adult offspring
    Shobha Rao
    Biometry and Nutrition Unit, Agharkar Research Institute, Pune 411004, India
    Metabolism 55:628-34. 2006
    Studies on fetal programming of adult diseases have highlighted the importance of maternal nutrition during pregnancy. Folic acid and long-chain essential polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFAs) have independent effects on fetal growth...

Research Grants62

  1. Pre Natal Nutrition and Adult Disease
    L Lumey; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The specific exposures, including any potential role of maternal nutrition, have not been determined...
  2. Maternal obesity depresses essential fatty acid transport in the placenta
    PERRIE F O'TIERNEY-GINN; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The candidate's five-year career goal is to become an independent investigator in the areas of maternal nutrition and placental nutrient transport and metabolism...
  3. Maternal obesity depresses essential fatty acid transport in the placenta
    PERRIE F O'TIERNEY-GINN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Abstract The candidate's five-year career goal is to become an independent investigator in the areas of maternal nutrition and placental nutrient transport and metabolism...
  4. Exploring persistent epigenetic changes after prenatal famine exposure in humans
    L H Lumey; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..and men born in 1944-1945 to examine in the next two years whether the prenatal environment and specifically maternal nutrition in pregnancy are associated with changes in genomic DNA methylation levels in adulthood...
  5. Maternal Dietary Patterns and Child Weight Status
    Chantel L Martin; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Research studies suggest that the origins of obesity may be as early as during fetal development and maternal nutrition during pregnancy may play a role in programming the fetus for later development of obesity...
  6. Nutrition, Deregulation of Imprinted Genes
    Cathrine Hoyo; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..from which we will evaluate the methylation profile and loss of imprinting in IGF2 and DLK1 in relation to maternal nutrition. At ages one, two and three, we will collect buccal cells, infant data on usual diet, weight and height ..
  7. Maternal nutrient restriction: Effects on offspring immune function
    Mark J Nijland; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Poor maternal nutrition during pregnancy has been associated with increased neonatal mortality and susceptibility to infection and a higher incidence of chronic diseases including cardiovascular ..
  8. Molecular Basis and Consequences of Early Developmental Epigenetic Programming
    David Serre; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We hypothesize that maternal nutrition influences the intrauterine environment and can induce genome-wide DNA methylation changes in multiple ..
  9. The Role of Maternal Nutrition in the Teratogenesis of Alcohol in Humans
    Robert Colin Carter; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  10. Undernutrition in Pregnancy and Developmental Programming of Vascular Function
    Chengwen Sun; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..have set forth two specific aims that address our primary objective of determining the mechanism(s) whereby maternal nutrition during pregnancy alters endothelial regulation of coronary arterial tone...
  11. Exploring Interactions between Folate and Environmental Risk Factors for Autism
    REBECCA JEAN SCHMIDT; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..As the first researchers to examine maternal nutrition in association with autism risk, we found that mothers of children with autism were significantly less ..
  12. Pre- and peri-natal predictors of childhood obesity
    Matthew W Gillman; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..from animal experiments, they raise several questions: 7 To what extent are prenatal factors such as maternal nutrition (e.g...
  13. Informing Evidence-based Maternal Weight Gain Guidelines for Twin Pregnancies
    JENNIFER ANNE HUTCHEON; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This project directly responds to PA-12-061 for research on the effects of maternal nutrition on mothers, infants and children...
  14. Dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI of placental circulation
    Antonio Frias; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Of growing concern is maternal nutrition during pregnancy due to the global obesity epidemic and the availability and consumption of a high calorie/..
  15. Centers for Birth Defects Research and Prevention (CBDRPs)
    Charlotte A Hobbs; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..single nucleotide polymorphisms), pro-oxidant lifestyle factors (smoking, alcohol, obesity), maternal nutrition (e.g., low dietary folate), and maternal innate immunity (impaired function in immune response genes)...
  16. The Role of Leptin in Placental Development
    Laura Clamon Schulz; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..development is a complex process that involves interactions among multiple cell types and may be affected by maternal nutrition during pregnancy...
  17. The Global Network and Preconception Maternal Nutrition
    Nancy F Krebs; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Network including the development and leadership of Common Network projects as exemplified by Preconception Maternal Nutrition. Study Objective: Determine the public health benefits in resource-poor populations of providing a ..
  18. Transgenerational inheritance of prenatal obesogen exposure
    Toshihiro Shioda; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Prenatal and early postnatal events such as maternal nutrition, drug, and chemical exposure are received, remembered, and then manifested in health consequences later in ..
  19. Interdisciplinary Center on Epigenetics Science and Society
    Nancy Press; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..cancer therapies, but it also creates vulnerabilities, such as lifelong risk of disease from inadequate maternal nutrition or nurturing...
  20. Role of maternal diet and allelic imbalance in behavior.
    William Valdar; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The goal of this proposal is to identify genes whose actions are modulated by maternal nutrition and that influence behavior in adult offspring...
  21. Developmental Programming by Mismatch of Pre-and Postnatal Nurtition
    Mark J Nijland; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE (provided by applicant): Poor maternal nutrition is prevalent in the USA where food is abundant postnatally...
  22. Epigenomics Data Analysis and Coordination Center at Baylor College of Medicine
    Aleksandar Milosavljevic; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Importantly, because epigenomic phenomena are affected by nutrition and environment, including maternal nutrition during pregnancy, increased understanding of epigenomics may lead to better health through changes in human ..
  23. Maternal Nutrition Education and Early Childhood Caries: A Randomized Field Trial
    BENJAMIN WILK CHAFFEE; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..public health challenges from both persistent under nutrition and an increasingly overweight population, maternal nutrition counseling to improve feeding practices from the very start of life may prove particularly impactful...
  24. Study of Neural Tube Defects Etiology: Genome and Exposome
    Huiping Zhu; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The results of our studies will help defining the relationships among maternal exposure, maternal nutrition, immune responses, maternal/embryonic genetics, and NTD risk...
  25. Hormonal and Nutritional Regulation of Hypothalamic Neurogenesis
    Sebastien G Bouret; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We also suggest that alteration of maternal nutrition affects neurogenesis in the hypothalamus of the offspring...
  26. Changing Chronic Illness Trajectories among Native Hawaiians
    MARY ONEHA; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Obesity is the common link among many disparities. Our target is to reduce perinatal obesity through improving maternal nutrition and breastfeeding durations;thus, improving the health trajectory of Native Hawaiian children.
  27. The Developmental Origins of Disease and Deterioration in Old Age
    David J Barker; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Specific Aim 1: To determine how maternal nutrition and childhood living conditions predict all cause mortality, taking into account socio-economic conditions ..
  28. Nutrient Signals and Programming of Pancreas Development
    Ernesto Bernal-Mizrachi; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..provided by applicant): Extensive epidemiological evidence in humans and animal models suggests that poor maternal nutrition increases the susceptibility of the offspring to develop type-2 diabetes...
  29. Maternal-Fetal Nutrition Controls Expression of Cell Cycle Genes in Offspring
    Yuan Xiang Pan; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..mammary gland cancer risk is unclear, which retards our further determining the physiological role of maternal nutrition in cancer prevention...
  30. PRENATAL ALCOHOL IN SUDDEN INFANT DEATH SYNDROME AND STILLBIRTH (PASS)
    HENDRIK JOHANNES ODENDAAL; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..weeks and remains present at 1 postnatal month and 12 postnatal months;and 3) this alcohol toxicity is modified by other environmental and placental factors, such as maternal nutrition, maternal smoking, and placental perfusion failure.
  31. Trajectory of FASD across the Lifespan: New Understandings in Intervention
    PHILIP ALAN MAY; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..a detailed case control study of maternal nutrition in the prenatal period...
  32. The Role of Leptin in Placental Development
    Laura Schulz; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..development is a complex process that involves interactions among multiple cell types and may be affected by maternal nutrition during pregnancy...
  33. Is bisphenol A diglycidyl ether (BADGE) and obesogen?
    Bruce Blumberg; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Prenatal and early postnatal events such as maternal nutrition, drug, and chemical exposure are received, remembered, and then manifested in health consequences later in ..
  34. Exposure to Indoor Air Pollutants and Birth Outcomes
    Amna Siddiqui; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Known risk factors include poor maternal nutrition, low socioeconomic status, inadequate health care and smoking...
  35. NUTRIENT BIOMARKERS, GENES AND OROFACIAL CLEFTS
    Ronald Munger; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Our multidisciplinary study of maternal nutrition and risk of clefting in the context of genes related to metabolic pathways may lead to a better ..
  36. EPIDEMIOLOGICAL STUDY OF RISKS TO REPRODUCTIVE OUTCOMES
    Judith Brown; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..It is postulated that maternal nutrition exposures before and during pregnancy, and changes in them over time, influence birth weight...
  37. Fetal Programming Fructose and Insulin Resistance
    SHAWN DONKIN; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Available information indicates that maternal nutrition causes lasting changes in expression of insulin responsive genes in liver of the offspring as predisposing ..
  38. Sleep and Adiposity: A Prospective Twin Study
    Xiaobin Wang; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..in which numerous potential confounding factors-including age, gestational age, pregnancy complications, maternal nutrition, environmental exposure, and parental socioeconomic status-are precisely matched, can minimize confounding ..
  39. RAPID ISOLATION OF DIET-RESPONSIVE OBESITY GENES
    Craig Warden; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Maternal effects refer to the observation that maternal nutrition or genotype can program obesity of progeny...
  40. MATERNAL NUTRITION AND PREGNANCY OUTCOME
    Carl Keen; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ....
  41. PROGRAMMING GLUCOCORTICOID SECRETION DURING FETAL LIFE
    David Phillips; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..It also has the potential to provide outcome measures in trials of maternal nutrition or other interventions to improve fetal growth and well-being, and by identifying affected individuals early ..
  42. Obesity development and CVD risk factor clustering in Filipino women & offspring
    Linda Adair; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  43. Effect of Health on Education & Work in Filipino Youth
    Linda Adair; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  44. Prenatal Nutrition and Adverse Birth Outcomes in HIV-Infected Women in Malawi
    Linda Adair; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  45. Nutrition, Fetal Growth, and Placental Angiogenesis
    Lawrence P Reynolds; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..abstract_text> ..
  46. THE MAJOR ANGIOGENIC FACTORS IN PLACENTAL ANGIOGENESIS
    Lawrence Reynolds; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  47. The Feasibility of Replacement Feeding as an HIV Prevention Method in Malawi
    Margaret Bentley; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  48. Infant Care, Feeding, and Risk of Obesity
    Margaret Bentley; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..For type specifications, see instructions on page 6.) j RESEARCH GRANT ! TABLE OF CONTENTS Page Numbers Face Page .' 1 Description, ..
  49. Mechanisms by which GDM Leads to Diabetes in Offspring
    Rebecca Simmons; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..non-F2 animals. ..
  50. Programming of gene expression during fetal life
    S Ozanne; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  51. BETA-2 ADRENERGIC RECEPTOR POLYMORPHISMS AND ASTHMA
    Augusto Litonjua; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..End of Abstract) ..
  52. Pregnancy Related Weight Gain: A Link to Obesity
    Anna Maria Siega Riz; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..These data, both the quantitative and qualitative, will be used to identify modifiable behaviors for pregnant women that are associated with gaining weight above the recommended ranges and postpartum weight retention. ..
  53. From embryo to adult: mechanisms of fetal programming
    Tom Fleming; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..in vitro treatment for human infertility and (b) in the wider context of the established link between poor maternal nutrition and increased risk of adult onset disease, such as coronary heart disease, stroke and hypertension (fetal ..
  54. Molecular Mechanisms of Ovarian Follicular Activation
    JOANNE FORTUNE; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Elucidation of these fundamental mechanisms has practical implications for the development of new contraceptive technologies and alleviation of infertility. ..
  55. WATER COMPARTMENTALIZATION IN CHRONIC FETAL ANEMIA
    Lowell Davis; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  56. IRON SUPPLEMENTS AND ZINC IN PREGNANCY AND LACTATION
    Janet King; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Results from this comprehensive, longitudinal study will provide new data on the effects of iron supplementation on zinc utilization during pregnancy and lactation. ..
  57. Arginine and Ovine Model for Fetal Growth Restriction
    Guoyao Wu; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This will ultimately promote favorable pregnancy outcomes while saving billions of healthcare dollars in the U.S. and worldwide. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  58. EPIDERMAL GROWTH FACTOR, OBESITY & INSULIN RESISTANCE
    James Young; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..A principal tenet of this proposal is that early life events which predispose animals to become obese differ from those which promote subsequent development in insulin resistance. ..
  59. Effects of Maternal Diet on SNS Development in Offspring
    James Young; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Identifying connections among growth, SNS development and obesity offers a potential means for identifying obesity-prone individuals early in life with the ultimate objective of intervening in an effective and appropriate manner. ..
  60. Longitudinal Lung Function Changes--Aging/Genetics/Risk
    Augusto Litonjua; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The results of this proposal will shed light on potential mechanisms that affect lung function decline in aging. ..