breast feeding


Summary: The nursing of an infant at the mother's breast.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV-1 through breastfeeding by treating mothers with triple antiretroviral therapy in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania: the Mitra Plus study
    Charles Kilewo
    Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 52:406-16. 2009
  2. ncbi Mechanisms underlying the association between breastfeeding and obesity
    Cynthia J Bartok
    Department of Kinesiology, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA
    Int J Pediatr Obes 4:196-204. 2009
  3. ncbi What works? Interventions for maternal and child undernutrition and survival
    Zulfiqar A Bhutta
    Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan
    Lancet 371:417-40. 2008
  4. ncbi Factors influencing the composition of the intestinal microbiota in early infancy
    John Penders
    Department of Epidemiology, Nutrition and Toxicology Research Institute Maastricht, Maastricht University, PO Box 616, 6200 MD Maastricht, Netherlands
    Pediatrics 118:511-21. 2006
  5. ncbi Mortality of infected and uninfected infants born to HIV-infected mothers in Africa: a pooled analysis
    Marie Louise Newell
    Centre for Paediatric Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Institute of Child Health, London WC1N 1EH, UK
    Lancet 364:1236-43. 2004
  6. pmc Antiretroviral regimens in pregnancy and breast-feeding in Botswana
    R L Shapiro
    Division of Infectious Diseases, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, 110 Francis St, Suite GB, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    N Engl J Med 362:2282-94. 2010
  7. pmc Maternal or infant antiretroviral drugs to reduce HIV-1 transmission
    Charles S Chasela
    University of North Carolina Project, Lilongwe, Malawi
    N Engl J Med 362:2271-81. 2010
  8. ncbi Breast-feeding and childhood obesity--a systematic review
    S Arenz
    Institute for Social Paediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, Ludwig Maximilians University, D 81377 Munich, Germany
    Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 28:1247-56. 2004
  9. ncbi Exclusive breastfeeding promotion by peer counsellors in sub-Saharan Africa (PROMISE-EBF): a cluster-randomised trial
    Thorkild Tylleskar
    Centre for International Health, University of Bergen, PO Box 7800, 5020 Bergen, Norway
    Lancet 378:420-7. 2011
  10. ncbi Breastfeeding and child cognitive development: new evidence from a large randomized trial
    Michael S Kramer
    Department of Pediatrics, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 65:578-84. 2008

Detail Information

Publications367 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV-1 through breastfeeding by treating mothers with triple antiretroviral therapy in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania: the Mitra Plus study
    Charles Kilewo
    Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 52:406-16. 2009
    ..The main aim of this study was to reduce breast-milk transmission of HIV-1 by treating HIV-1-infected women with highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) during breastfeeding...
  2. ncbi Mechanisms underlying the association between breastfeeding and obesity
    Cynthia J Bartok
    Department of Kinesiology, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA
    Int J Pediatr Obes 4:196-204. 2009
    ..These three protective effects may promote slower growth and lower body fat levels in breastfed infants, which reduce risk of overweight and obesity later in life...
  3. ncbi What works? Interventions for maternal and child undernutrition and survival
    Zulfiqar A Bhutta
    Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan
    Lancet 371:417-40. 2008
    ..To eliminate stunting in the longer term, these interventions should be supplemented by improvements in the underlying determinants of undernutrition, such as poverty, poor education, disease burden, and lack of women's empowerment...
  4. ncbi Factors influencing the composition of the intestinal microbiota in early infancy
    John Penders
    Department of Epidemiology, Nutrition and Toxicology Research Institute Maastricht, Maastricht University, PO Box 616, 6200 MD Maastricht, Netherlands
    Pediatrics 118:511-21. 2006
    ..The aim of this study was to examine the contribution of a broad range of external influences to the gut microbiotic composition in early infancy...
  5. ncbi Mortality of infected and uninfected infants born to HIV-infected mothers in Africa: a pooled analysis
    Marie Louise Newell
    Centre for Paediatric Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Institute of Child Health, London WC1N 1EH, UK
    Lancet 364:1236-43. 2004
    ..With individual data from seven randomised mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) intervention trials, we estimate mortality in African children born to HIV-infected mothers and analyse selected risk factors...
  6. pmc Antiretroviral regimens in pregnancy and breast-feeding in Botswana
    R L Shapiro
    Division of Infectious Diseases, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, 110 Francis St, Suite GB, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    N Engl J Med 362:2282-94. 2010
    ..The most effective highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) to prevent mother-to-child transmission of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) in pregnancy and its efficacy during breast-feeding are unknown...
  7. pmc Maternal or infant antiretroviral drugs to reduce HIV-1 transmission
    Charles S Chasela
    University of North Carolina Project, Lilongwe, Malawi
    N Engl J Med 362:2271-81. 2010
    ..We evaluated the efficacy of a maternal triple-drug antiretroviral regimen or infant nevirapine prophylaxis for 28 weeks during breast-feeding to reduce postnatal transmission of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) in Malawi...
  8. ncbi Breast-feeding and childhood obesity--a systematic review
    S Arenz
    Institute for Social Paediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, Ludwig Maximilians University, D 81377 Munich, Germany
    Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 28:1247-56. 2004
    ..To investigate the relationship between breast-feeding and obesity in childhood...
  9. ncbi Exclusive breastfeeding promotion by peer counsellors in sub-Saharan Africa (PROMISE-EBF): a cluster-randomised trial
    Thorkild Tylleskar
    Centre for International Health, University of Bergen, PO Box 7800, 5020 Bergen, Norway
    Lancet 378:420-7. 2011
    ..Exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) is reported to be a life-saving intervention in low-income settings. The effect of breastfeeding counselling by peer counsellors was assessed in Africa...
  10. ncbi Breastfeeding and child cognitive development: new evidence from a large randomized trial
    Michael S Kramer
    Department of Pediatrics, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 65:578-84. 2008
  11. ncbi Promotion of Breastfeeding Intervention Trial (PROBIT): a randomized trial in the Republic of Belarus
    M S Kramer
    Department of Pediatrics, McGill University Faculty of Medicine, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    JAMA 285:413-20. 2001
    ..Potential sources of bias in such studies have led to doubts about the magnitude of these health benefits in industrialized countries...
  12. ncbi Duration of breastfeeding and risk of overweight: a meta-analysis
    Thomas Harder
    Clinic of Obstetrics, Division of Experimental Obstetrics, Charite University Medicine, Berlin, Germany
    Am J Epidemiol 162:397-403. 2005
    ..94, 0.98). The definitions of overweight and age had no influence. These findings strongly support a dose-dependent association between longer duration of breastfeeding and decrease in risk of overweight...
  13. ncbi Extended antiretroviral prophylaxis to reduce breast-milk HIV-1 transmission
    Newton I Kumwenda
    Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    N Engl J Med 359:119-29. 2008
    ..Effective strategies are urgently needed to reduce mother-to-child transmission of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) through breast-feeding in resource-limited settings...
  14. pmc What are the causal effects of breastfeeding on IQ, obesity and blood pressure? Evidence from comparing high-income with middle-income cohorts
    Marie Jo A Brion
    MRC Centre for Causal Analyses in Translational Epidemiology, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 40:670-80. 2011
    ..This is applied to assessing causal effects of breastfeeding on child blood pressure (BP), body mass index (BMI) and intelligence quotient (IQ)...
  15. pmc Breastfeeding and the risk for diarrhea morbidity and mortality
    Laura M Lamberti
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    BMC Public Health 11:S15. 2011
    ..We estimate the protective effects conferred by varying levels of breastfeeding exposure against diarrhea incidence, diarrhea prevalence, diarrhea mortality, all-cause mortality, and hospitalization for diarrhea illness...
  16. ncbi Systematic review of peer support for breastfeeding continuation: metaregression analysis of the effect of setting, intensity, and timing
    Kate Jolly
    Department of Public Health, Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Birmingham, UK
    BMJ 344:d8287. 2012
    To examine the effect of setting, intensity, and timing of peer support on breast feeding.
  17. pmc Effect of breastfeeding promotion interventions on breastfeeding rates, with special focus on developing countries
    Aamer Imdad
    Division of Women and Child Health, The Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan
    BMC Public Health 11:S24. 2011
    ..There is much interest in the effectiveness of breastfeeding promotion interventions on breastfeeding rates in early infancy...
  18. pmc Implications of the new WHO guidelines on HIV and infant feeding for child survival in South Africa
    Tanya Doherty
    Medical Research Council, Francie van Zyl Drive, Parrow, Cape Town, South Africa
    Bull World Health Organ 89:62-7. 2011
    ..This paper presents the latest evidence regarding mortality and morbidity associated with feeding practices in the context of HIV and suggests a modification of current policy to prioritize child survival for all South African children...
  19. ncbi Maternal obesity and pregnancy outcome: a study of 287,213 pregnancies in London
    N J Sebire
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Imperial College School of Medicine at St Mary's Hospital, London, UK
    Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 25:1175-82. 2001
    ..The basis of many of the complications is likely to be related to the altered metabolic state associated with morbid obesity...
  20. pmc Neutralization escape variants of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 are transmitted from mother to infant
    Xueling Wu
    Division of Human Biology, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, 1100 Fairview Ave N, Seattle, WA 98109 1024, USA
    J Virol 80:835-44. 2006
  21. ncbi Breast-feeding and cognitive development: a meta-analysis
    J W Anderson
    Metabolic Research Group, Veterans Affairs Medical Center
    Am J Clin Nutr 70:525-35. 1999
  22. ncbi The validity and reliability of maternal recall of breastfeeding practice
    Ruowei Li
    Maternal and Child Nutrition Branch, Division of Nutrition and Physical Activity, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30341 3714, USA
    Nutr Rev 63:103-10. 2005
    ..Further and more extensive studies on maternal recall of breastfeeding history and ways to improve such recall are warranted...
  23. pmc Reproductive history and oral contraceptive use in relation to risk of triple-negative breast cancer
    Amanda I Phipps
    Division of Public Health Sciences, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA 98109 1024, USA
    J Natl Cancer Inst 103:470-7. 2011
    ..Hormonally mediated risk factors may be differentially related to risk of triple-negative and ER+ breast cancers...
  24. ncbi Effects of prolonged and exclusive breastfeeding on child height, weight, adiposity, and blood pressure at age 6.5 y: evidence from a large randomized trial
    Michael S Kramer
    Department of Pediatrics, McGill University Faculty of Medicine, Montreal, PQ, Canada
    Am J Clin Nutr 86:1717-21. 2007
    ..The evidence that breastfeeding protects against obesity and a variety of chronic diseases comes almost entirely from observational studies, which have a potential for bias due to confounding, selection bias, and selective publication...
  25. ncbi Trustful bonds: a key to "becoming a mother" and to reciprocal breastfeeding. Stories of mothers of very preterm infants at a neonatal unit
    Renée Flacking
    Department of Women s and Children s Health, Uppsala University, S 751 85 Uppsala, Sweden
    Soc Sci Med 62:70-80. 2006
    ..The contextual setting should be modeled such as to create conditions for a trustful and reciprocal mother-infant bond...
  26. ncbi Perceptions of the role of maternal nutrition in HIV-positive breast-feeding women in Malawi
    Margaret E Bentley
    University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA
    J Nutr 135:945-9. 2005
  27. pmc Poor newborn care practices - a population based survey in eastern Uganda
    Peter Waiswa
    Makerere University School of Public Health, Kampala, Uganda
    BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 10:9. 2010
    ..We assessed socioeconomic differences in use of newborn care practices in order to inform policy and programming in Uganda...
  28. pmc Triple-antiretroviral prophylaxis to prevent mother-to-child HIV transmission through breastfeeding--the Kisumu Breastfeeding Study, Kenya: a clinical trial
    Timothy K Thomas
    Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, Us centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDC, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    PLoS Med 8:e1001015. 2011
  29. ncbi Fish oil supplementation in pregnancy and lactation may decrease the risk of infant allergy
    Catrin Furuhjelm
    Division of Pediatrics, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, Linkoping University, Linkoping, Sweden
    Acta Paediatr 98:1461-7. 2009
    ..Maternal intake of omega-3 (omega-3) polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) during pregnancy has decreased, possibly contributing to a current increased risk of childhood allergy...
  30. pmc A systematic review of maternal obesity and breastfeeding intention, initiation and duration
    Lisa H Amir
    Mother and Child Health Research, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Australia
    BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 7:9. 2007
    ..The aim of this paper is to examine the relationship between maternal overweight and obesity and breastfeeding intention and initiation and duration...
  31. ncbi The roles of long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids in pregnancy, lactation and infancy: review of current knowledge and consensus recommendations
    Berthold Koletzko
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Munich, Munchen, Germany
    J Perinat Med 36:5-14. 2008
    ..Dietary LC-PUFA supply should continue after the first six months of life, but currently there is not sufficient information for quantitative recommendations...
  32. ncbi Breastfeeding plus infant zidovudine prophylaxis for 6 months vs formula feeding plus infant zidovudine for 1 month to reduce mother-to-child HIV transmission in Botswana: a randomized trial: the Mashi Study
    Ibou Thior
    Department of Immunology and Infectious Diseases, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Mass 02115, USA
    JAMA 296:794-805. 2006
    ..Postnatal transmission of human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV) via breastfeeding reverses gains achieved by perinatal antiretroviral interventions...
  33. ncbi Women's perceptions and experiences of breastfeeding support: a metasynthesis
    Virginia Schmied
    School of Nursing and Midwifery, University of Western Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
    Birth 38:49-60. 2011
    ..The aim of this metasynthesis was to examine women's perceptions and experiences of breastfeeding support, either professional or peer, to illuminate the components of support that they deemed "supportive."..
  34. ncbi Late postnatal transmission of HIV-1 in breast-fed children: an individual patient data meta-analysis
    Anna Coutsoudis
    J Infect Dis 189:2154-66. 2004
  35. ncbi "I wanted to do a good job": experiences of 'becoming a mother' and breastfeeding in mothers of very preterm infants after discharge from a neonatal unit
    Renée Flacking
    Department of Women s and Children s Health, Uppsala University, S 751 85 Uppsala, Sweden
    Soc Sci Med 64:2405-16. 2007
    ..If our proposed model is valid, it is vital that these findings are considered by those involved in the short- and long-term care in order to support the mothers to establish a secure bond, comprising both attachment and attunement...
  36. ncbi Human milk protection against infectious diarrhea: implications for prevention and clinical care
    Ardythe L Morrow
    Center for Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Cincinnati Children s Hospital Medical Center, 3333 Burnet Ave, 5041, Cincinnati, OH 45229 3039, USA
    Semin Pediatr Infect Dis 15:221-8. 2004
    ..The number of deaths of children that could be prevented worldwide each year if these breastfeeding recommendations were followed has been estimated to be more than 1 million...
  37. ncbi Optimal duration of exclusive breastfeeding
    Michael S Kramer
    Departments of Pediatrics and Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Occupational Health, McGill University Faculty of Medicine, Montreal, Canada
    Cochrane Database Syst Rev 8:CD003517. 2012
    ..Much of the recent debate in developed countries has centred on the micronutrient adequacy, as well as the existence and magnitude of health benefits, of this practice...
  38. pmc Qualitative study of decisions about infant feeding among women in east end of London
    P Hoddinott
    Macduff Medical Practice, Macduff, Banffshire AB44 1PR
    BMJ 318:30-4. 1999
    To improve understanding of how first time mothers who belong to a socioeconomic group with particularly low rates of breast feeding decide whether or not to initiate breast feeding.
  39. ncbi Treatment acceleration program and the experience of the DREAM program in prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV
    Leonardo Palombi
    DREAM Program University Tor Vergata, Piazza S Egidio 3 a, 00153 Rome, Italy
    AIDS 21:S65-71. 2007
  40. pmc Cross sectional, community based study of care of newborn infants in Nepal
    David Osrin
    International Perinatal Care Unit, Institute of Child Health, University College London, London WC1N 1EH
    BMJ 325:1063. 2002
    ..To determine home based newborn care practices in rural Nepal in order to inform strategies to improve neonatal outcome...
  41. ncbi Prevention in neglected subpopulations: prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV infection
    Lynne M Mofenson
    Pediatric, Adolescent and Maternal AIDS Branch, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Rockville, Maryland 20852, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 50:S130-48. 2010
    ..This article will review the research on prevention of MTCT of HIV infection in resource-limited countries and the challenges to expansion of the benefits of preventive interventions for MTCT throughout the world...
  42. pmc Support for healthy breastfeeding mothers with healthy term babies
    Mary J Renfrew
    Mother and Infant Research Unit, Department of Health Sciences, University of York, York, UK
    Cochrane Database Syst Rev 5:CD001141. 2012
    ..However, breastfeeding rates in many countries currently do not reflect this recommendation...
  43. ncbi The burden of suboptimal breastfeeding in the United States: a pediatric cost analysis
    Melissa Bartick
    Department of Medicine, Cambridge Health Alliance and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Pediatrics 125:e1048-56. 2010
    ..The 2001 study can be updated by using current breastfeeding rates and adding additional diseases analyzed in the 2007 breastfeeding report from the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality...
  44. pmc Duration of lactation and risk factors for maternal cardiovascular disease
    Eleanor Bimla Schwarz
    Department of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, USA
    Obstet Gynecol 113:974-82. 2009
    ..To examine dose-response relationships between the cumulative number of months women lactated and postmenopausal risk factors for cardiovascular disease...
  45. ncbi Lactobacilli in the intestinal microbiota of Swedish infants
    Siv Ahrne
    Department of Food Technology, Engineering and Nutrition, Lund University, Box 124, 22100 Lund, Sweden
    Microbes Infect 7:1256-62. 2005
    ..Our results suggest that certain Lactobacillus species, especially L. rhamnosus, thrive in the intestinal flora of breast-fed infants. After weaning they are replaced by other Lactobacillus species of types found in food...
  46. pmc Weight status in the first 6 months of life and obesity at 3 years of age
    Elsie M Taveras
    Department of Ambulatory Care and Prevention, Harvard Medical School, Harvard Pilgrim Health Care, 133 Brookline Ave, 6th Floor, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    Pediatrics 123:1177-83. 2009
    ..The goal was to examine the associations of weight-for-length at birth and at 6 months with obesity at 3 years of age...
  47. pmc Breastfeeding with maternal antiretroviral therapy or formula feeding to prevent HIV postnatal mother-to-child transmission in Rwanda
    Cecile Alexandra Peltier
    INT 108 ESTHER Phase 2 Project Luxembourg Lux Development in Kigali, Rwanda
    AIDS 23:2415-23. 2009
    ..To assess the 9-month HIV-free survival of children with two strategies to prevent HIV mother-to-child transmission...
  48. ncbi Maternal supplementation with very-long-chain n-3 fatty acids during pregnancy and lactation augments children's IQ at 4 years of age
    Ingrid B Helland
    Institute for Nutrition Research, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway Peter Möller, avd Orkla, ASA, Oslo, Norway
    Pediatrics 111:e39-44. 2003
  49. ncbi Randomized clinical trial of pacifier use and bottle-feeding or cupfeeding and their effect on breastfeeding
    Cynthia R Howard
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, Rochester, New York, USA
    Pediatrics 111:511-8. 2003
  50. ncbi Risk factors for suboptimal infant breastfeeding behavior, delayed onset of lactation, and excess neonatal weight loss
    Kathryn G Dewey
    Department of Nutrition, University of California, Davis 95616 8669, USA
    Pediatrics 112:607-19. 2003
  51. ncbi Effect of community-based promotion of exclusive breastfeeding on diarrhoeal illness and growth: a cluster randomised controlled trial
    Nita Bhandari
    Department of Paediatrics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
    Lancet 361:1418-23. 2003
    ..Exclusive breastfeeding is recommended until age 6 months. We assessed the feasibility, effectiveness, and safety of an educational intervention to promote exclusive breastfeeding for this length of time in India...
  52. ncbi Child feeding practices are associated with child nutritional status in Latin America: innovative uses of the demographic and health surveys
    Marie T Ruel
    International Food Policy Research Institute IFPRI, Washington, DC 20006, USA
    J Nutr 132:1180-7. 2002
    ..The data available in DHS data sets can thus be used effectively to create a composite child feeding index and to identify vulnerable groups that could be targeted by nutrition education and behavior change interventions...
  53. pmc Effect of breast feeding on risk of coeliac disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies
    A K Akobeng
    Department of Paediatric Gastroenterology, Booth Hall Children s Hospital, Central Manchester, Manchester, UK
    Arch Dis Child 91:39-43. 2006
    Coeliac disease (CD) is a disorder that may depend on genetic, immunological, and environmental factors. Recent observational studies suggest that breast feeding may prevent the development of CD.
  54. ncbi Predictors of breastfeeding duration: evidence from a cohort study
    Jane A Scott
    Division of Developmental Medicine, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, Scotland
    Pediatrics 117:e646-55. 2006
    ..To report the duration of breastfeeding among a population of Australian women and to identify factors that are associated with the duration of full breastfeeding to 6 months and any breastfeeding to 12 months...
  55. ncbi Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and the developing central nervous system (CNS) - Implications for dietary recommendations
    Philippe Guesnet
    INRA, UR909 Unité de Nutrition et Régulation Lipidique des Fonctions Cérébrales Nurélice, CRJ, F 78352 Jouy en Josas Cedex, France
    Biochimie 93:7-12. 2011
  56. ncbi Maternal recall of breastfeeding duration by elderly women
    Joanne H E Promislow
    Epidemiology Branch, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 161:289-96. 2005
    ..The observed misclassification, if nondifferential with respect to outcome, would appreciably attenuate estimates of dose-response associations between breastfeeding duration and later health...
  57. ncbi Correlates of mother-to-child human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) transmission: association with maternal plasma HIV-1 RNA load, genital HIV-1 DNA shedding, and breast infections
    G C John
    Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA
    J Infect Dis 183:206-212. 2001
    ..Use of methods that decrease infant exposure to HIV-1 in maternal genital secretions or breast milk may enhance currently recommended perinatal HIV-1 interventions...
  58. pmc Breast-feeding and risk for childhood obesity: does maternal diabetes or obesity status matter?
    Elizabeth J Mayer-Davis
    Center for Research in Nutrition and Health Disparities, University of South Carolina, Arnold School of Public Health, 2718 Middleburg Dr, Columbia, SC 29208, USA
    Diabetes Care 29:2231-7. 2006
    ..We sought to evaluate whether maternal diabetes or weight status attenuates a previously reported beneficial effect of breast-feeding on childhood obesity...
  59. ncbi The relationship between infant-feeding outcomes and postpartum depression: a qualitative systematic review
    Cindy Lee Dennis
    University of Toronto, Lawrence S Bloomberg Faculty of Nursing, 155 College St, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5T 1P8
    Pediatrics 123:e736-51. 2009
    ..Despite the detailed research related to these maternal and infant health outcomes, the relationship between maternal mood and breastfeeding remains equivocal...
  60. ncbi Factors that positively influence breastfeeding duration to 6 months: a literature review
    Shahla Meedya
    School of Nursing and Midwifery, Faculty of Health, Newcastle University, University Drive, Callaghan, NSW, Australia
    Women Birth 23:135-45. 2010
    ..What modifiable factors positively influence breastfeeding duration to 6 months postpartum?..
  61. pmc Appropriate infant feeding practices result in better growth of infants and young children in rural Bangladesh
    Kuntal K Saha
    International Centre for Diarrhoeal Diseases and Research, Bangladesh, Dhaka, Bangladesh
    Am J Clin Nutr 87:1852-9. 2008
    ..The World Health Organization and the United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund recommend a global strategy for feeding infants and young children for proper nutrition and health...
  62. pmc Oral microbial profile discriminates breast-fed from formula-fed infants
    Pernilla L Holgerson
    Department of Odontology, Cariology, Umea University, Umea, Sweden
    J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 56:127-36. 2013
    ..The aims of the present study were to compare the oral microbiota in breast-fed and formula-fed infants, and investigate growth inhibition of streptococci by infant-isolated lactobacilli...
  63. ncbi Low adherence to recommended infant feeding strategies among HIV-infected women: results from the pilot phase of a randomized trial to prevent mother-to-child transmission in Botswana
    Roger L Shapiro
    Botswana Harvard AIDS Institute Partnership, Botswana
    AIDS Educ Prev 15:221-30. 2003
    ..Breast examination may be a useful adjunct to self-report, but needs to be validated and standardized. Low adherence to infant feeding strategies that differ from local norms will reduce their effectiveness in preventing MTCT...
  64. ncbi Detection of breastfeeding and weaning in modern human infants with carbon and nitrogen stable isotope ratios
    B T Fuller
    Research Laboratory for Archaeology and the History of Art, University of Oxford, Oxford OX1 3QJ, United Kingdom
    Am J Phys Anthropol 129:279-93. 2006
    ..These findings can be used to refine the isotopic analysis of breastfeeding and weaning patterns in past and modern populations...
  65. ncbi Counseling and choosing between infant-feeding options: overall limits and local interpretations by health care providers and women living with HIV in resource-poor countries (Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Cameroon)
    Alice Desclaux
    Institut de Recherche pour le Développement UMR 145, BP 1386, Dakar, Senegal
    Soc Sci Med 69:821-9. 2009
    ..Beyond structural constraints that hinder the adoption of preventive infant feeding patterns, addressing these issues may help improve counseling practices...
  66. ncbi The breastfeeding self-efficacy scale: psychometric assessment of the short form
    Cindy Lee Dennis
    Faculty of Nursing, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs 32:734-44. 2003
    ..The purpose of this study was to reduce the number of items on the original Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy Scale (BSES) and psychometrically assess the revised BSES-Short Form (BSES-SF)...
  67. ncbi Influences on breastfeeding outcomes for healthy term and preterm/sick infants
    Sharon L Perrella
    School of Biomedical, Biomolecular, and Chemical Sciences, The University of Western Australia, Crawley, Western Australia, Australia
    Breastfeed Med 7:255-61. 2012
    ..This study investigated breastfeeding outcomes and factors associated with duration of breastfeeding in cohorts of healthy term and sick/preterm infants...
  68. ncbi Systematic review and meta-analysis investigating breast feeding and childhood wheezing illness
    Bronwyn K Brew
    Woolcock Institute of Medical Research, The University of Sydney, NSW, Australia
    Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 25:507-18. 2011
    There is conflicting evidence concerning the relationship between breast feeding and wheezing illness...
  69. ncbi Healthcare professionals' and mothers' perceptions of factors that influence decisions to breastfeed or formula feed infants: a comparative study
    Amy Brown
    School of Human Sciences, Swansea University, UK
    J Adv Nurs 67:1993-2003. 2011
    ..This article is a report of a study comparing healthcare professionals' and mothers' perceptions of factors that influence the decision to breastfeed or formula feed an infant...
  70. pmc Growth patterns of breast fed and formula fed infants in the first 12 months of life: an Italian study
    C Agostoni
    Department of Pediatrics, San Paolo Hospital, University of Milan, 8 Via A di Rudini, 20142 Milan, Italy
    Arch Dis Child 81:395-9. 1999
    ..To compare the growth patterns of breast fed and formula fed Italian infants in the first 12 months of life using World Health Organisation (WHO) reference data...
  71. pmc Early cessation of breastfeeding amongst women in South Africa: an area needing urgent attention to improve child health
    Tanya Doherty
    Medical Research Council, Francie van Zyl Drive, Parow, Cape Town, South Africa
    BMC Pediatr 12:105. 2012
    ..Early cessation of breastfeeding has been found to have negative effects on child morbidity and survival in several studies in Africa. This paper reports on determinants of early breastfeeding cessation among women in South Africa...
  72. ncbi Long-term effects of the intrauterine environment, birth weight, and breast-feeding in Pima Indians
    D J Pettitt
    Diabetes and Arthritis Epidemiology Section, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, Phoenix, Arizona, USA
    Diabetes Care 21:B138-41. 1998
  73. ncbi Breast-feeding protects against celiac disease
    Anneli Ivarsson
    Department of Clinical Sciences, Pediatrics, Umea University, Umea, Sweden
    Am J Clin Nutr 75:914-21. 2002
    ..Celiac disease, or permanent gluten-sensitive enteropathy, is an immunologic disease strictly dependent on exposure to wheat gluten or related proteins in rye and barley...
  74. pmc Calcium intake of rural Gambian infants: a quantitative study of the relative contributions of breast milk and complementary foods at 3 and 12 months of age
    L M A Jarjou
    MRC Keneba, Fajara, The Gambia
    Eur J Clin Nutr 66:673-7. 2012
    ..There is a paucity of information from developing countries on total calcium intake during infancy, and potential consequences for growth and bone development...
  75. ncbi Factors associated with very early weaning among primiparas intending to breastfeed
    M Avery
    University of Minnesota, Minneapolis 55455 0342, USA
    Matern Child Health J 2:167-79. 1998
    ..Predictors were demographic variables, Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) variables, breastfeeding knowledge, and difficulties experienced during the first month...
  76. pmc The quiet revolution: breastfeeding transformed with the use of breast pumps
    Kathleen M Rasmussen
    Division of Nutritional Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
    Am J Public Health 101:1356-9. 2011
    ..As a result, the time has come to determine the prevalence of exclusive and periodic breast milk expression and the consequences of these behaviors for the health of mothers and their infants...
  77. ncbi Impact of fatty acid status on growth and neurobehavioural development in humans
    Maria Makrides
    Child Nutrition Research Centre, Women s and Children s Health Research Institute, Flinders Medical Centre, 72 King William Road, Bedford Park, SA 5006, Australia
    Matern Child Nutr 7:80-8. 2011
    ..Further work is required to determine whether dietary n-3 LCPUFA is neuroprotective for children from disadvantaged or low-income backgrounds...
  78. ncbi Feeding effects on growth during infancy
    Michael S Kramer
    Department of Pediatrics, McGill University, Faculty of Medicine, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    J Pediatr 145:600-5. 2004
    ..To examine the effects of formula, other milks, other liquids, cereals, and other solid foods on growth during infancy...
  79. ncbi Breast feeding, parental allergy and asthma in children followed for 8 years. The PIAMA birth cohort study
    S Scholtens
    Institute for Risk Assessment Sciences, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Thorax 64:604-9. 2009
    It is unclear how the association between breast feeding and asthma develops with age of the child and how this association over time is influenced by maternal or paternal allergy...
  80. pmc Infants perceived as "fussy" are more likely to receive complementary foods before 4 months
    Heather Wasser
    Department of Nutrition, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27516, USA
    Pediatrics 127:229-37. 2011
    ..Our purpose was to assess early infant-feeding patterns in a cohort of low-income black mothers and to examine associations between maternal perception of infant temperament and complementary feeding (CF) before 4 months...
  81. pmc Effects of cessation of breastfeeding in HIV-1-exposed, uninfected children in Malawi
    Taha E Taha
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 53:388-95. 2011
    ..We assessed morbidity rates during short intervals that accompanied weaning and cumulative mortality among HIV-exposed, uninfected infants enrolled in the postexposure prophylaxis of infants in Malawi (PEPI-Malawi) trial...
  82. ncbi Association between infant breastfeeding and early childhood caries in the United States
    Hiroko Iida
    Department of Dentistry, School of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York, USA
    Pediatrics 120:e944-52. 2007
    ..The objective of this study was to assess the potential association of breastfeeding and other factors with the risk for early childhood caries among young children in the United States...
  83. ncbi Breastfeeding protects against infectious diseases during infancy in industrialized countries. A systematic review
    Liesbeth Duijts
    Department of Pediatrics, Erasmus Medical Center, 3000 CB Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Matern Child Nutr 5:199-210. 2009
    ..The optimal duration of exclusive breastfeeding for protection against infectious diseases needs to be studied in more detail...
  84. ncbi Factors associated with defecation patterns in 0-24-month-old children
    Vildan Taylan Tunc
    Department of Family Practice, Ankara Numune Research and Education Hospital, Ankara, Turkey
    Eur J Pediatr 167:1357-62. 2008
    ..3% of these infants defecated less than once a day...
  85. ncbi Perception of risk regarding the use of medications and other exposures during pregnancy
    Hedvig Nordeng
    Department of Pharmacy, School of Pharmacy, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
    Eur J Clin Pharmacol 66:207-14. 2010
    ..Perception of risk may impact a woman's decision to take a needed drug during pregnancy. There is a paucity of research on this topic in the literature...
  86. ncbi Initiation of lactation in women after preterm delivery
    Mark D Cregan
    Department of Biochemistry, The University of Western Australia, 35 Stirling Highway, Crawley 6009, Australia
    Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 81:870-7. 2002
    ..Lactogenesis II describes the onset of copious milk secretion, and the success of lactogenesis II has been determined in women by measuring the changes in the composition of mammary secretion in the immediate postpartum period...
  87. ncbi Longitudinal investigation of the faecal microbiota of healthy full-term infants using fluorescence in situ hybridization and denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis
    Laure C Roger
    Microbial Ecology and Health Group, Food Microbial Sciences Unit, Department of Food and Nutritional Sciences, University of Reading, Whiteknights Campus, PO Box 226, Reading RG6 6AP, UK
    Microbiology 156:3317-28. 2010
    ..These data can be of help to future clinical trials (e.g. targeted weaning products) to organize protocols and obtain a more accurate outline of the changes and dynamics of the infant GI microbiota...
  88. ncbi Women's morbidity and mortality in the first 2 years after delivery according to HIV status
    Anna Coutsoudis
    Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, University of KwaZulu Natal, Durban, South Africa
    AIDS 24:2859-66. 2010
    ..Better knowledge of the impact of HIV status on morbidity and mortality patterns of women after delivery is important to improve clinical and policy recommendations...
  89. pmc Infant-feeding patterns and cardiovascular risk factors in young adulthood: data from five cohorts in low- and middle-income countries
    Caroline Hd Fall
    MRC Epidemiology Resource Centre, University of Southampton, Southampton General Hospital, Southampton, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 40:47-62. 2011
    ..Infant-feeding patterns may influence lifelong health. This study tested the hypothesis that longer duration of breastfeeding and later introduction of complementary foods in infancy are associated with reduced adult cardiovascular risk...
  90. ncbi Major factors influencing breastfeeding rates: Mother's perception of father's attitude and milk supply
    S Arora
    Family Medicine Department, Hamot Medical Center, Erie, Pennsylvania, USA
    Pediatrics 106:E67. 2000
    ..To determine factors influencing feeding decisions, breastfeeding and/or bottle initiation rates, as well as breastfeeding duration...
  91. ncbi Nursing caries, linear hypoplasia, and nursing and weaning habits in Tanzanian infants
    M Matee
    Department of Microbiology, Muhimbili University College of Health Sciences, Dar-es-Salaam, Tanzania
    Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 22:289-93. 1994
    ..Risk factors such as breast feeding frequency and duration during day and night, bottle feeding and weaning habits were assessed through a ..
  92. ncbi Impact of infant feeding practices on childhood obesity
    Nancy F Butte
    Department of Pediatrics, USDA ARS Children s Nutrition Research Center, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas 77030, USA
    J Nutr 139:412S-6S. 2009
    ..Nevertheless, other genetic and environmental determinants such as socioeconomic status, parental obesity, smoking, birth weight, and rapid infancy weight gain far supersede infant-feeding practices as risk factors for childhood obesity...
  93. ncbi Epidemic of coeliac disease in Swedish children
    A Ivarsson
    Department of Clinical Science, Umea University, Sweden
    Acta Paediatr 89:165-71. 2000
    ..e. amount of gluten given, age at introduction of gluten, and whether breastfeeding was ongoing or not when gluten was introduced. Other factor(s) may also have contributed, and the search for these should be intensified...
  94. pmc Factors associated with weaning in full term and preterm infants
    M S Fewtrell
    MRC Childhood Nutrition Research Centre, Institute of Child Health, 30 Guilford Street, London WC1N 1EH, UK
    Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed 88:F296-301. 2003
    ..The optimal age for the introduction of solid foods (weaning) in infants is poorly researched yet may have implications for both short and longer term health. Many parents do not comply with current guidelines...
  95. ncbi Determinants of early weaning and use of unmodified cow's milk in infants: a systematic review
    Katrien Wijndaele
    MRC Epidemiology Unit, Institute of Metabolic Science, Box 285, Addenbrooke s Hospital, Hills Rd, Cambridge, CB2 0QQ, United Kingdom
    J Am Diet Assoc 109:2017-28. 2009
    ..Of these determinants, improving advice given by health care providers appears the most tractable area for intervention in the short term...
  96. ncbi Breast milk immune complexes are potent inducers of oral tolerance in neonates and prevent asthma development
    E Mosconi
    INSERM, U924, Valbonne, France
    Mucosal Immunol 3:461-74. 2010
    ..These observations may pave the way for the identification of key factors for primary prevention of immune-mediated diseases such as asthma...
  97. ncbi Acute respiratory infections in children: a community based longitudinal study in south India
    D Acharya
    Deptt of Community Medicine, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal, Karnataka
    Indian J Public Health 47:7-13. 2003
    ..But the incidence of pneumonia was significantly higher among infants (p<0.00002). Children of poor housing with smoke producing conditions suffered more frequently (p,002)...
  98. ncbi Do early infant feeding practices vary by maternal ethnic group?
    Lucy J Griffiths
    MRC Centre of Epidemiology for Child Health, UCL Institute of Child Health, 30 Guilford Street, London WC1N 1EH, UK
    Public Health Nutr 10:957-64. 2007
    ..To examine UK country and ethnic variations in infant feeding practices...
  99. ncbi Smoking in pregnancy and lactation: a review of risks and cessation strategies
    Adrienne Einarson
    The Hospital for Sick Children, Division of Clinical Pharmacology, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada
    Eur J Clin Pharmacol 65:325-30. 2009
    ..Despite documented evidence of harm to fetus and infant, a substantial number of women continue to smoke during pregnancy and lactation...
  100. ncbi Extended antenatal antiretroviral use correlates with improved infant outcomes throughout the first year of life
    Maria C Marazzi
    Division of Infectious Diseases, David Geffen UCLA School of Medicine, Los Angeles, California 90095, USA
    AIDS 24:2819-26. 2010
    ..To evaluate the effect of extended antenatal triple antiretroviral therapy (ART) on infant outcomes...
  101. ncbi Early nutrition in preterm infants and later blood pressure: two cohorts after randomised trials
    A Singhal
    Medical Research Council Childhood Nutrition Research Centre, Institute of Child Health, London, UK
    Lancet 357:413-9. 2001
    ..We undertook such a study to test the hypothesis that early diet programmes blood pressure in later life in children randomly assigned different diets at birth...

Research Grants76

    Shahin Lockman; Fiscal Year: 2004
  2. Community Participation Research of Breastfeeding Disparities in African American
    Tamar Ringel Kulka; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..organizations, business and lay persons in partnering and collaborating to assess, address and improve breast feeding among African American women in Durham County...
  3. Metabolic Adapation and Control of Lactation in Humans
    Morey W Haymond; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..specific mammary gland mRNA (alpha-Iactalbumin, GLUT 1, GLUT 3, and PEPCK) in lactating women with established breast feeding with a healthy term infant and in mothers of premature infants using prospective blinded trial to determine ..
  4. Evolution of the Immune Response to Cytomegalovirus Transmitted via Breast Milk
    Lynn Puddington; Fiscal Year: 2010
  5. Lactation and Incidence of Diabetes Mellitus in CARDIA Women
    ERICA PAULINE GUNDERSON; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Breastfeeding is a modifiable health behavior that may be translated into public health interventions for prevention of DM, including women with a history of GDM. ..
  6. Improving Outcomes for Women with GDM and Their Infants
    Alison M Stuebe; Fiscal Year: 2013
  7. Planning a clinical trial of Flash-heated breast milk to decrease morbidity, impr
    Caroline J Chantry; Fiscal Year: 2010
    Kathleen C Light; Fiscal Year: 2010
  9. QTL and QTL Genes Underlying Lactation Performance
    Darryl L Hadsell; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The experiments described in this proposal will use powerful new mouse genetic tools to identify and map the genes which could regulate lactation outcomes in breastfeeding women. ..
  10. IGF-II regulation of FABPs in the breast cancer survival disparity among AA women
    ..Our studies will provide much needed information about the mechanisms involved in the protective effect lactation induces in the breast and will potentially offer new tools for preventive breast cancer treatment. ..
  11. Effect of a sanitation &nutrition intervention on HIV-exposed infant health
    JEAN HAWES HUMPHREY; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..This study will test provision of a nutrition, sanitation, and hygiene intervention as an approach to minimize HIV-exposure while also promoting growth and health in young children born to HIV-positive mothers in developing countries. ..
  12. Oligosaccharide moieties of human milk glycans that inhibit pathogens
    David S Newburg; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The availability of synthetic human milk glycans suitable for oral consumption that inhibit HIV or rotavirus could have large impact on these important threats to public health. ..
  13. Milk oligosaccharides, bifidobacteria and intestinal epithelium.
    Maciej Chichlowski; Fiscal Year: 2011
  14. Infant immunoprophylaxis against a primate lentivirus
    RUTH MARGRIT RUPRECHT; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..with brnmAbs, and 2) to develop immunoprophylaxis for intrapartum HIV transmission and transmission via breast feeding. The Specific Aims for the Merit Extension period are to: 1...
  15. Functional role of the Spot 14 gene in dietary regulation of milk fat synthesis
    KEVIN JOHN HARVATINE; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..factors and has significant implications in development of recommendations on dietary fat content and meal timing in breast feeding women. The project is also expected to yield new insight into the role of S14 in metabolic regulation. )
  16. CAT B Existing Wyoming PRAMS
    Joseph Grandpre; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..In addition, PRAMS fact sheets will be created for specific MCH priority issues and updated annually. All fact sheets, reports, press releases, and slide show presentations will be posted to the Wyoming PRAMS website. ..
  17. Genetic Susceptibility to PCB-induced Motor Dysfunction
    CHRISTINE PERDAN CURRAN; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The proposed research is designed to identify neural pathways affected by PCB exposure and humans at highest risk of PCB developmental neurotoxicity using a mouse model that mirrors known genetic variations in humans. ..
  18. Clinical Risk Prediction Modeling in Rheumatoid Arthritis
    Elizabeth W Karlson; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..abstract_text> ..
  19. Early Infant Feeding and Epigenetic Modification in Tumor Suppressor Genes
    Anne Merewood; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..1 ..
  20. Vertical CMV transmission in the setting of maternal HIV-1 infection in Kenya
    JENNIFER ANN SLYKER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The research findings will be central to the design of interventions to interrupt vertical cytomegalovirus transmission, a strategy aimed at reducing morbidity and mortality in HIV- infected infants. ..
  21. Mothers and Others: Family-based Obesity Prevention for Infants and Toddlers
    Margaret E Bentley; Fiscal Year: 2013
  22. Mucosal Immune Ontogeny and Intestinal Microbiota in Infants
    Edward N Janoff; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Children are particularly susceptible to mucosal infections. We do not as yet know how the immune response, which protects us against infections, develops in children. This proposal addresses this issue. ..
  23. Effect of breast feeding on immunologic priming in young infants.
    John W Sleasman; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..who are breast fed have improved duration and magnitude of vaccine responses but the mechanisms by which breast feeding enhances immunologic priming are unknown...
  24. Behavioral Change in the Mother/Infant Dyad: Preventing Postpartum Depression
    CATHERINE E MONK; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..We propose teaching parenting skills to increase infant nocturnal sleep and reduce fuss/cry behavior to women likely to develop PPD to see if we can prevent the onset of this disorder. ..
  25. Effect of Nutrition, Immunity, and Vaccines on Pediatric Enteric Infections
    Juan S Leon; Fiscal Year: 2013
    Jaco Homsy; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The findings of this study will inform policy about the effectiveness of retesting and counseling HIV-negative pregnant and lactating women in sSA. ..
  27. Assessing the Influence of Oxytocin on Postpartum Depression Using Brain Imaging
    Julia R Heiman; Fiscal Year: 2010
  28. Impact of maternal HAART on HIV-infected breastfeeding infants: Malawi
    Susan H Eshleman; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We will determine whether initiation of treatment in breastfeeding women poses any risk to breastfeeding infants who are HIV-infected, by inducing resistance to antiretroviral drugs in the infant's virus. ..
  29. Phone-Based Postpartum Continuing Care: Smoking Cessation Beginning in Pregnancy
  30. HAART to Prevent HIV Transmission to Infants In Botswana
    Roger L Shapiro; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The Botswana government has given explicit support for this protocol to occur in four existing Botswana-Harvard AIDS Institute Partnership (BHP) locations to help guide future policy decisions. ..
  31. Absorption of maternal antibodies from the gastrointestinal tract
    Lynn Puddington; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Our preliminary data challenge fundamental concepts in the basic understanding of the biology of FcRn, a molecular target with tremendous therapeutic potential to positively impact health in children and adults. ..
  32. Properties of HIV-1 DNA/RNA Assays for Detecting HIV Infection in Infants
    Raji Balasubramanian; Fiscal Year: 2012
  33. Newborn Screening, Malnutrition and Lung Disease in Children with Cystic Fibrosis
    HuiChuan J Lai; Fiscal Year: 2013
  34. HIV Testing and Educating Male Partners to Improve Maternal and Infant Outcomes
    Carey Farquhar; Fiscal Year: 2013
  35. Assessing feeding practices, immune activation, and HIV risk in African infants
    HEATHER BERYL JASPAN; Fiscal Year: 2013
  36. Early determinants of childhood obesity: Etiology disparities policy analysis
    Summer Sherburne Hawkins; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..abstract_text> ..
  37. Addressing Health Literacy and Numeracy to Prevent Childhood Obesity
    Hsiang Shonna Yin; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..abstract_text> ..
  38. Sleep and biological rhythms after fetal exposure to antidepressants
    Amy L Salisbury; Fiscal Year: 2013
  39. Feasibility and Cost of WHO PMTCT Option A vs. B in Rural and Urban Uganda
    Philippa Musoke; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The results of this study will provide critical evidence to inform operational decisions regarding the feasibility of the current WHO PMTCT recommendations in the context of resource-limited settings. ..
  40. Role of breast milk in development of neonatal oral tolerance to foods
    KIRSI JARVINEN-SEPPO; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..NARRATIVE: This research aims to solve a health concern of great public interest: should breastfeeding mothers avoid or eat potential food allergens in order to avoid development of food allergy in their children. ..
  41. Oral Transmission of HIV through Breastfeeding
    Louise Kuhn; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..1) whether higher concentrations of innate immune factors in breast milk are associated with lower rates of breast feeding- associated HIV transmission, independent of HIV-1 RNA and DNA concentrations in breast milk and especially ..
  42. Plugging Hair ARV Levels as Adherence Biomarkers into HIV Prevention Trials
    Monica Gandhi; Fiscal Year: 2013
  43. New Jersey Pregnancy Risks Assessment and Monitoring System (PRAMS)- a surveillan
    INGRID MORTON; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Publications - Updating several NJ PRAMS data briefs are planned and will be posted on the NJ PRAMS website. Significant Project Changes - There are no significant project changes planned for 20 II. ..
  44. Lopinavir/ritonavir + zidovudine to prevent perinatal HIV in Thailand
    Marc J Lallemant; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..5%). ..
  45. Breastmilk Transmission of HIV: Virology, Pharmacokinetics, and Adherence in BAN
    Susan A Fiscus; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..With these data we will be able to develop strategies that will prevent future transmissions, such as improving adherence, or using combination maternal HAART and infant prophylaxis. ..
    CAROL NESEL; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..k. ..
  47. Breastfeeding RCT: Adolescent Neurocognitive and Respiratory Function
    Emily Oken; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Understanding the causal effects of breastfeeding is important to maximize the population- wide impact of guidelines focusing on early nutrition, by providing robust data, ensuring consistent conclusions, and minimizing potential harms. ..
    CAROL NESEL; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..k. ..
    CAROL NESEL; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..k. ..
    Wendy A Woodward; Fiscal Year: 2013 apparently normal breast tissue adjacent to IBC tumors, we hypothesize that epidemiology factors including breast feeding and obesity stimulate macrophage, mesenchymal stem cell and breast stem cell (MMS) interactions prior to the ..
  51. Efficacy of an Exercise Intervention for the Prevention of PostPartum Depression
    Beth A Lewis; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..If efficacious, our intervention could be disseminated in "real world settings" in an effort to prevent postpartum depression. ..
    CAROL NESEL; Fiscal Year: 2009
  53. Feeding of Infants with Single Ventricle Heart Disease: Physiology and Behavior
    Britt Frisk Pados; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The knowledge gained will be used to develop more appropriate feeding strategies for these vulnerable infants so they can achieve better growth and avoid complications. ..
  54. Maternal, Clinician &Hospital Factors in Breastmilk for Premature Infants
    Henry Chong Lee; Fiscal Year: 2013
  55. The Role of Human Milk in Infant Nutrition and Health
    Ardythe L Morrow; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Our focus and approach addresses NIH Road Map 2008 priorities pertaining to inflammation, the microbiome, and phenotyping. ..
    Candace Mulready-Ward; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..PRAMS data have, and will continue to, inform NYC's priorities related to improving the health of women and children, and its choice of programs, policies and activities toward that end. ..
  57. Complementary feeding: a Global Network cluster randomized controlled trial
    K Michael Hambidge; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..A positive multi-country outcome of this trial will demonstrate the broad effectiveness of a BCC education model for achieving a local, food-based approach for adequate complementary feeding. ..
  58. HIV-1 and Protective Immunity against Common Childhood Pathogens
    Carey Farquhar; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..These two studies address problems of major public health importance and will allow Dr. Farquhar to continue mentoring US and Kenyan trainees as she broadens her research agenda. ..
  59. Mechanisms for HIV-1 Persistence in Human Mammary Tissue and Breast Milk Cells
    Stephanie M Dorosko; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..This K08 project will take place within the context of expert mentorship and strong institutional support. ..
  60. Category B: Hawaii Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS)
    Danette Wong Tomiyasu; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Hawai'i PRAMS standard questions address topics such as breastfeeding, dental care, drug use, general health, HIV, and maternal health conditions. ..
  61. Maternal and Infant Health and HAART Outcomes in the Mashi PMTCT Study, Botswana
    Shahin Lockman; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..placebo exposure;and pediatric neurodevelopmental and growth outcomes, by infant feeding modality and antiretroviral exposure history. ..
  62. Effect of Feeding Buddies on Adherence to WHO PMTCT Guidelines in South Africa
    ..Feeding buddies could be a simple, low-cost strategy for strengthening existing facility-level efforts to implement the new PMTCT guidelines, and ultimately could contribute toward improving HIV-free survival. ..
  63. Developmental and Growth Outcomes for ARV Exposed HIV Uninfected African Children
    Mary Glenn Fowler; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This in turn will help inform PMTCT policies. ..
  64. Surfaces designed for the quantification of long-chain fatty acids
    STEVEN MEYERS; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..We hypothesize that the knowledge of the calorie content of their own breast milk will give mothers confidence to continue their breastfeeding practices at this critical time in their child's life. ..
    Richard Semba; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..The relationship between mastitis and breastmilk HIV load and the epidemiology and microbiology of mastitis will be examined in a new cohort of HIV-infected lactating women. ..
    JOSEPH POTTER; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..The results of the study will have implications for a number of controversies concerning the determinants and consequences of reproductive behavior in developing countries...
  67. The Economics of Natural Disasters and Epidemics
    Ashlesha Datar; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..In order to control for such unobserved differences, our second estimation strategy will use multiple waves of DHS data for countries to estimate models that will include area and time fixed effects. ..
  68. Bioactivity and Vitamins in Flash-heated Breastmilk
    Caroline Chantry; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Information from these analyses will be used in linear programming to predict how the described changes in nutrient content of milk due to heating would affect the overall dietary needs of the child and the associated costs. ..
    Roger Shapiro; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Ultimately, these findings will further elucidate the risks and benefits of breast feeding among HIV-1 subtype C infected mothers...
  70. Biodemographic Tools for Investigating Postpartum Amenorrhea
    DARRYL HOLMAN; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The resulting endocrine tools will also be useful for other large-scale (field) studies that require measurement of relative metabolic load. ..
  71. Vitamins, Breast Milk HIV Shedding and Child Health
    Eduardo Villamor; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
    CHRISTOPHER RUHM; Fiscal Year: 2002 Does parental employment in the early years of the child's life influence the extent and duration of breast feeding provision of preventive medical care, other maternal into fetal development, birth weight, gestational age, or ..
  73. Formula with antimicrobials to decrease infant mortality
    Koteswara Chintalacharuvu; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  74. Resistance in HIV-infected infants after extended ARV prophylaxis: PEPI-Malawi
    Susan H Eshleman; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..These studies will facilitate the design and implementation of programs for prevention of HIV mother-to-child transmission in resource-poor settings. ..
  75. HIV-1 Specific Cytotoxic T Lymphocytes in Breastmilk
    Grace John Stewart; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The resulting findings will be relevant to development of vaccines for prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV-1. ..
  76. Feasibility Study of Probiotics for Growth Faltering
    Christine Wanke; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..increases at the time of weaning and is linked to an increased incidence of diarrheal disease when exclusive breast feeding is supplemented by additional foods...