Summary: A specialty in which manual or operative procedures are used in the treatment of disease, injuries, or deformities.
Publications245 found, 100 shown here
- Visual-spatial ability and fMRI cortical activation in surgery residentsKyle R Wanzel
Department of Surgery, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Am J Surg 193:507-10. 2007..In the current study, we used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to identify patterns of cortical activation associated with mental rotation ability in those same residents...
- ACGME duty-hour restrictions decrease resident operative volume: a 5-year comparison at an ACGME-accredited university general surgery residencyAmir Damadi
Department of Surgery, Michigan State University College of Human Medicine, Lansing, Michigan 48912, USA
J Surg Educ 64:256-9. 2007..the operative experience of chief residents at the Michigan State University Integrated Residency Program in General Surgery before and after duty-hour restrictions mandated by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education.
- Propensity-score matching in the cardiovascular surgery literature from 2004 to 2006: a systematic review and suggestions for improvementPeter C Austin
Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences, the Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada
J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 134:1128-35. 2007I conducted a systematic review of the use of propensity score matching in the cardiovascular surgery literature. I examined the adequacy of reporting and whether appropriate statistical methods were used.
- Effect of a decision aid on knowledge and treatment decision making for breast cancer surgery: a randomized trialTimothy Whelan
Department of Medicine, McMaster University, Hamilton Health Sciences, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
JAMA 292:435-41. 2004..Consequently, the choice of treatment should be based on a patient's preferences...
- An Internet-based survey of factors influencing medical student selection of a general surgery careerAmalia Cochran
Salt Lake City Veterans Affairs Healthcare System and Department of Surgery, University of Utah Health Sciences Center, Salt Lake City, UT 84132, USA
Am J Surg 189:742-6. 2005This study descriptively analyzes characteristics of general surgery residency and practice and their influence on student interest in surgical careers.
- Surgeons' perceptions and injuries during and after urologic laparoscopic surgeryOfer N Gofrit
Department of Surgery, Section of Urology, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60637, USA
Urology 71:404-7. 2008..We undertook this study to assess the prevalence of surgeons' deleterious perceptions or injuries related to laparoscopic urologic surgery.
- Teleconferencing surgery enhances effective communication and enriches medical educationThomas P McIntyre
Department of Surgery, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02215, USA
Surg Laparosc Endosc Percutan Tech 18:45-8. 2008..Students enrolled in the third-year core clerkship in surgery participated in both TC and OR teaching sessions...
- Implicit motor learning in surgery: implications for multi-taskingR S W Masters
Institute of Human Performance, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, China
Surgery 143:140-5. 2008..Our intention was to elaborate current understanding of implicit and explicit processes that underpin observational learning in the surgical environment...
- Robotic surgery, telerobotic surgery, telepresence, and telementoring. Review of early clinical resultsG H Ballantyne
Minimally Invasive and Telerobotic Surgery Institute, Hackensack University Medical Center, 20 Prospect Avenue, Hackensack, NJ, USA
Surg Endosc 16:1389-402. 2002..The inherent limitations of traditional laparoscopic surgery make it difficult to perform these operations...
- The impact of surgical technique on postoperative hypoparathyroidism in bilateral thyroid surgery: a multivariate analysis of 5846 consecutive patientsOliver Thomusch
Department of General Surgery, Albert Ludwigs University Freiburg, Hugstetter Strasse 55, D 79106 Freiburg, Germany
Surgery 133:180-5. 2003Limited information exists about risk factors for postoperative hypoparathyroidism after bilateral thyroid surgery.
- Training for advanced laparoscopic surgeryCarsten N Gutt
Department of Surgery, Ruprecht Karls University, Heidelberg, Germany
Eur J Surg 168:172-7. 2002To evaluate the efficiency of training for advanced minimally-invasive surgery in rats.
- ESPEN Guidelines on Enteral Nutrition: Surgery including organ transplantationA Weimann
Klinik f Allgemein und Visceralchirurgie, Klinikum St Georg, Leipzig, Germany
Clin Nutr 25:224-44. 2006Enhanced recovery of patients after surgery ("ERAS") has become an important focus of perioperative management...
- The performance of master surgeons on the Advanced Dundee Endoscopic Psychomotor Tester: contrast validity studyNader K Francis
Department of Surgery and Molecular Oncology, Ninewells Hospital and Medical School, University of Dundee, Dundee DD1 9SY, Scotland, UK
Arch Surg 137:841-4. 2002..The contrast validity of the Advanced Dundee Endoscopic Psychomotor Tester (ADEPT) was determined by comparing the performance of "master surgeons" with that of surgical trainees (also called junior surgeons) on the system...
- Skill retention following proficiency-based laparoscopic simulator trainingDimitrios Stefanidis
Tulane Center for Minimally Invasive Surgery, Tulane University School of Medicine, New Orleans, LA 70112 2699, USA
Surgery 138:165-70. 2005..The purpose of this study was to assess skill retention after completion of a validated laparoscopic skills curriculum...
- Influences on choice of surgery as a career: a study of consecutive cohorts in a medical schoolDejano T Sobral
Faculty of Medicine, University of Brasilia, Brazil
Med Educ 40:522-9. 2006..To examine the differential impact of person-based and programme-related features on graduates' dichotomous choice between surgical or non-surgical field specialties for first-year residency...
- Association of hospital and surgeon volume of total hip replacement with functional status and satisfaction three years following surgeryJeffrey N Katz
Division of Rheumatology, Immunology and Allergy, Brigham and Women s Hospital, 75 Francis Street, B 3, Boston, MA 02115, USA
Arthritis Rheum 48:560-8. 2003To evaluate whether hospital volume and surgeon volume of total hip replacements (THRs) are associated with patient-reported functional status and satisfaction with surgery 3 years postoperatively.
- Learning curves and impact of previous operative experience on performance on a virtual reality simulator to test laparoscopic surgical skillsTeodor P Grantcharov
Department of Surgical Gastroenterology L, Aarhus University, Kommunehospitalet, Aarhus, Denmark
Am J Surg 185:146-9. 2003..The study was carried out to analyze the learning rate for laparoscopic skills on a virtual reality training system and to establish whether the simulator was able to differentiate between surgeons with different laparoscopic experience...
- Surgeon and hospital characteristics as predictors of major adverse outcomes following colon cancer surgery: understanding the volume-outcome relationshipKevin G Billingsley
Department of Surgery, Oregon Health and Science University, 3181 SW Sam Jackson Park Road, Portland, OR 97239, USA
Arch Surg 142:23-31; discussion 32. 2007Although numerous studies have demonstrated an association between surgical volume and improved outcome in cancer surgery, the specific structures and mechanisms of care that are associated with volume and lead to improved outcomes ..
- Cumulative operative experience is decreasing during general surgery residency: a worrisome trend for surgical trainees?John C Kairys
Department of Surgery, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA 19107, USA
J Am Coll Surg 206:804-11; discussion 811-3. 2008..Early studies evaluating the mean number of operations performed as surgeon reported no major change. The experiences of residents as first assistant and teaching assistant have not been closely examined...
- Effect of the 80-hour work week on resident operative experience in general surgeryArthur M Carlin
Department of Surgery, Henry Ford Hospital, 2799 West Grand Blvd, Detroit, MI 48202, United States
Am J Surg 193:326-9; discussion 329-30. 2007..The goal of this study was to determine the effect of the 80-hour work week on resident operative experience...
- Surgery in developing countries: essential training in residencyDoruk Ozgediz
Global Health Sciences, and Department of General Surgery, University of California San Francisco, 513 Parnassus, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA
Arch Surg 140:795-800. 2005..A surgical elective in a developing country setting is an essential new component in academic residency training...
- Virtual reality training improves operating room performance: results of a randomized, double-blinded studyNeal E Seymour
Department of Surgery, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut 06520 8062, USA
Ann Surg 236:458-63; discussion 463-4. 2002..To demonstrate that virtual reality (VR) training transfers technical skills to the operating room (OR) environment...
- Psychologic well-being of surgery residents after inception of the 80-hour workweek: a multi-institutional studyS Mahmood Zaré
Department of Surgery, Boston VA Health Care System, MA, USA
Surgery 138:150-7. 2005..Our published data from the preceding year indicated significant impairment in psychologic well-being among surgery residents...
- Feasibility, reliability and validity of an operative performance rating system for evaluating surgery residentsJennine L Larson
Department of Surgery, Southern Illinois University School of Medicine, Springfield 62794 9638, USA
Surgery 138:640-7; discussion 647-9. 2005..These evaluations lack objective assessment of operative skills. We describe an operative performance rating system (OPRS) designed to provide objective operative performance ratings using a sentinel procedure format...
- A new era of robotic surgery assisted by a computer-enhanced surgical systemMakoto Hashizume
Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan
Surgery 131:S330-3. 2002Computer-enhanced robotic surgery has now been introduced into general surgical practice...
- Institutional conditions and individual experiences in the career-entry period of Swiss medical residents--a qualitative studyBarbara Buddeberg-Fischer
Department of Psychosocial Medicine, University Hospital Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
Swiss Med Wkly 136:26-32. 2006....
- Mentoring women in academic surgery: overcoming institutional barriers to successEddie L Hoover
J Natl Med Assoc 98:1542-5. 2006..Therefore, institutions must continue to identify the barriers that deter women from entering surgery, to develop research tools to understand how to improve the process of developing leadership skills among women ..
- Survey of the knowledge, attitude and practice of Nigerian surgery trainees to HIV-infected persons and AIDS patientsClement A Adebamowo
Division of Oncology, Department of Surgery, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria
BMC Surg 2:7. 2002..This study set out to determine the knowledge, attitude and risk perception of Nigerian surgery residents to HIV infection and AIDS.
- [Quality of surgical continuing education in Germany]J Ansorg
Berufsverband der Deutschen Chirurgen, BDC Service, Berlin
Dtsch Med Wochenschr 130:508-13. 2005..Aim of the study was to evaluate the surgical training in Germany from the viewpoint of the residents...
- Has implementation of the 80-hour work week made a career in surgery more appealing to medical students?Mark W Arnold
Department of Surgery, The Ohio State University College of Medicine and Public Health, 1654 Upham Dr, 308 Means Hall, Columbus, OH 43210 1250, USA
Am J Surg 189:129-33. 2005..This study was conducted to determine if a surgical career became more appealing to medical students with the resident work week limited to 80 hours...
- The learning curve in pancreatic surgeryJennifer F Tseng
Department of Surgery and the UMass Memorial Cancer Center, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA 01605, USA
Surgery 141:694-701. 2007Pancreatic surgery is technically complex. We hypothesized that a learning curve existed for pancreaticoduodenectomy even for surgeons who had completed their training.
- Current issues facing academic surgery departments: stakeholders' viewsSteven Michael Santilli
Department of Surgery, University of Minnesota Medical School, Vascular Surgery Services, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455, USA
Acad Med 83:66-73. 2008To determine the issues important to stakeholders in today's academic surgery departments, to query key stakeholders about possible solutions, and to investigate the correlation of organizational alignment among department stakeholders ..
- Towards a national clinical minimum data set for general surgeryD R Prytherch
Department of Information Systems and Computer Applications, University of Portsmouth, Portsmouth, UK
Br J Surg 90:1300-5. 2003....
- The specialty of colon and rectal surgery: its impact on patient care and role in academic medicineWalter E Longo
Department of Surgery, Division of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut 06510, USA
Yale J Biol Med 76:63-77. 2003The specialty of colon and rectal surgery, a specialty of general surgery, has evolved from the field of proctology...
- Does a general surgery clerkship influence student perceptions of surgeons and surgical careers?Amalia Cochran
Salt Lake City Veterans Affairs Healthcare System and Department of Surgery, University of Utah Health Sciences Center, Salt Lake City, Utah 84132, USA
Surgery 134:153-7. 2003..We evaluated the impact of a general surgery clerkship on medical student perceptions of surgeons and surgical careers and of the clerkship on student ..
- Attributes of trainers for postgraduate training in general surgery--a national consensusJ S Ker
Clinical Skills Centre, Faculty of Medicine, Dentistry and Nursing, University of Dundee
Surgeon 1:215-20. 2003..The aim of this study was to obtain consensus amongst consultant surgeons on the attributes of a good surgical trainer that can be used to inform continuing professional development programmes for trainers...
- A survey of Canadian general surgery residents' interest in international surgeryAnise Barton
Department of Surgery, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada
Can J Surg 51:125-9. 2008This survey of Canadian general surgery residents was designed to determine their interest level, past experiences and awareness of opportunities in the field of international surgery.
- VR robotic surgery: randomized blinded study of the dV-Trainer robotic simulatorThomas S Lendvay
American Urological Association Office of Education, Baltimore, MD, USA
Stud Health Technol Inform 132:242-4. 2008..and validity of a da Vinci robotic virtual reality simulator platform tested during a pediatric robotic surgery post-graduate course during the annual American Urological Association meeting in June 2007...
- Effects of a twenty-four hour call period on resident performance during simulated endoscopic sinus surgery in an accreditation council for graduate medical education-compliant training programDavid M Jakubowicz
Division of Otolaryngology, Maimonides Medical Center, Brooklyn, NY, USA
Laryngoscope 115:143-6. 2005..The study sought to determine whether an endoscopic sinus surgery simulator (ES3) measured performance changes before and after a 24-hour on-call period in residents following ..
- Do they understand? (part II): assent of children participating in clinical anesthesia and surgery researchAlan R Tait
Department of Anesthesiology, University of Michigan Health Systems, Ann Arbor 48109, USA
Anesthesiology 98:609-14. 2003..This study was designed to determine children's understanding of the elements of disclosure for studies in which they had assented to participate...
- Characterizing the general surgery workforce in rural AmericaMatthew J Thompson
Department of Family Medicine, Washington, Wyoming, Alaska, Montana, Idaho Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington, Seattle 98195 8280, USA
Arch Surg 140:74-9. 2005..General surgeons form a crucial component of the medical workforce in rural areas of the United States. Any decline in their numbers could have profound effects on access to adequate health care in such areas...
- Voluntary changes in surgery career paths: a survey of the program directors in surgeryJon B Morris
Department of Surgery, Abington Memorial Hospital, 1200 Old York Road, Suite 604, Abington, PA 19001, USA
J Am Coll Surg 196:611-6. 2003This article attempts to quantify the current scope of attrition, identify the reasons why categorical residents are leaving general surgery residency programs voluntarily, and correlate the program directors' and residents' perspectives.
- Enhancing the mission of academic surgery by promoting scientific writing skillsPamela A Derish
Department of Surgery, University of California, San Francisco, California 94143 0104, USA
J Surg Res 140:177-83. 2007..and trainees and to help them complete their manuscripts and grant proposals more quickly, the Department of Surgery at the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF) established a service dedicated to scientific writing and ..
- Factors influencing career choice among medical students interested in surgeryAli Azizzadeh
Michael E DeBakey Department of Surgery, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas 77030, USA
Curr Surg 60:210-3. 2003The number of applicants to general surgery programs has recently declined. We set out to determine factors that influence career choice among medical students.
- Evidence-based surgeryJonathan L Meakins
Nuffield Department of Surgery, John Radcliffe Hospital, University of Oxford, Headington, Oxford OX3 9DU, England, UK
Surg Clin North Am 86:1-16, vii. 2006....
- The in-house education of clinical clerks in surgery and the role of housestaffSam Minor
Department of Surgery, Queen s University, Kingston, ON, Canada
Am J Surg 184:471-5. 2002..This study proposes a methodology by which a surgical clerkship curriculum can be evaluated...
- Impact of mandatory resident work hour limitations on medical students' interest in surgeryGeorge Miller
Department of Surgery, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY 10016, USA
J Am Coll Surg 199:615-9. 2004The number of US medical students applying for general surgery residency has been declining...
- Action ethical dilemmas in surgery: an interview study of practicing surgeonsKirsti Torjuul
Sør Trøndelag University College, Faculty of Nursing, Trondheim, Norway
BMC Med Ethics 6:E7. 2005..The aim of this study was to describe the kinds of ethical dilemmas surgeons face during practice...
- Competency-based student self-assessment on a surgery rotationD Scott Lind
Department of Surgery, University of Florida College of Medicine, Gainesville 32610, USA
J Surg Res 105:31-4. 2002..Therefore, the purpose of this study was to evaluate the ability of medical students to perform self-assessment during a third-year surgery clerkship.
- Wireless virtual instrument measurement of surgeons' physical and mental workloads for robotic versus manual minimally invasive surgeryWarren D Smith
Biomedical Engineering, California State University, Sacramento, 6000 J Street, Sacramento, CA 95819 6019, USA
Stud Health Technol Inform 94:318-24. 2003The human-technology interface in traditional minimally invasive surgery (MIS) is difficult for the surgeon. Efforts to improve this interface include the use of robotic surgery systems...
- Critical analysis of clinical research reporting in pediatric surgery: justifying the need for a new standardShawn J Rangel
Department of Surgery Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA
J Pediatr Surg 38:1739-43. 2003Clinical practice in surgery relies heavily on observational data in which accurate and nonbiased reporting is critical...
- The demand for surgery: an analysis of referrals from Australian general practitionersRussell L Gruen
Flinders University NT Clinical School, Menzies School of Health Research, Darwin, Australia
ANZ J Surg 74:863-8. 2004..We aimed to describe referrals from general practitioners (GPs) to surgeons in Australia using a classification of surgical disorders developed especially for primary care settings...
- Breast surgery as a specialized practiceTerre D Quinn McGlothin
Richardson Regional Hospital, Richardson, TX 75080, USA
Am J Surg 190:264-8. 2005The interest in breast surgery as a specialized practice has expanded over the last decade as technology advances and medicine became more complex and specialized overall...
- Assessing the learning curve for the acquisition of laparoscopic skills on a virtual reality simulatorV Sherman
Department of Surgery, McGill University Health Centre, 1650 Cedar Avenue, L9 309 Montreal, Quebec H3G1A4, Canada
Surg Endosc 19:678-82. 2005..The aim of this study was to develop summary metrics and assess the construct validity for a virtual reality laparoscopic simulator (LapSim) by comparing the learning curves of three groups with different levels of laparoscopic expertise...
- Training, practice, and referral patterns in hepatobiliary and pancreatic surgery: survey of general surgeonsElijah Dixon
Department of Surgery, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
J Gastrointest Surg 9:109-14. 2005Subspecialization has changed the way that general surgery is practiced. Hepatobiliary and pancreatic surgery (HPB) is maturing as a subspecialty...
- Improvement of foot pedals used during surgery based on new ergonomic guidelinesM A van Veelen
Delft University of Technology, Faculty of Industrial Design Engineering, Landbergstraat 15, 2628 CE Delft, The Netherlands
Surg Endosc 17:1086-91. 2003This study aims to create new ergonomic guidelines for the design of foot pedals used during surgery.
- William Stewart Halsted: his life and contributions to surgeryMichael P Osborne
Breast Service, New York Presbyterian Hospital, New York, NY 10021, USA
Lancet Oncol 8:256-65. 2007William Stewart Halsted was a pioneer of surgery in the USA and made many wide-ranging contributions, including the surgical treatment of breast cancer...
- Eye motion parameters correlate with level of experience in video-assisted surgery: objective testing of three tasksErgun Kocak
Department of Surgery, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210, USA
J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A 15:575-80. 2005..Our objective was to apply this new technology in the setting of video-assisted surgery to evaluate eye motion parameters among surgeons of varying experience.
- Placebo surgery research: a blinding imperativePaul S Heckerling
Department of Medicine M C 718, University of Illinois, 840 South Wood Street, Chicago, IL 60612, USA
J Clin Epidemiol 59:876-80. 2006In placebo surgery research, intervention group subjects receive a real surgical procedure, and control subjects receive a sham surgical procedure...
- A comprehensive simulation for wait time reduction and capacity planning applied in general surgeryPeter T VanBerkel
Department of Industrial Engineering, Dalhousie University, P O Box 1000, Halifax, Nova Scotia B3J 1W2, Canada
Health Care Manag Sci 10:373-85. 2007..paper describes the use of operational research techniques to analyze the wait list for the Division of General Surgery at the Capital District Health Authority in Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada...
- Proving the effectiveness of virtual reality simulation for training in laparoscopic surgeryRajesh Aggarwal
Department of Biosurgery and Surgical Technology, Imperial College London, United Kingdom
Ann Surg 246:771-9. 2007..The aim of this study was to compare learning curves for laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) after training on a proficiency based virtual reality (VR) curriculum with that of a traditionally trained group...
- A novel approach to high definition, high-contrast video capture in abdominal surgeryPeter H Cosman
South Western Sydney Professorial Upper Gastrointestinal Surgical Unit, University of Sydney, Royal North Shore Hospital, Sydney, NSW, Australia
Ann Surg 245:533-5. 2007....
- Decreasing delays in urgent and expedited surgery in a university teaching hospital through audit and communication between peri-operative and surgical directoratesJ F Cosgrove
Anaesthesia and Critical Care, Newcastle upon Tyne Hospitals NHS Trust, Freeman Hospital, Newcastle upon Tyne NE7 7DN, UK
Anaesthesia 63:599-603. 2008National Confidential Enquiry into Patient Outcome and Death guidelines for urgent surgery recommend a fully staffed emergency operating theatre and restriction of 'after-midnight' operating to immediate life-, limb- or organ-threatening ..
- Trauma and emergency surgery: an evolutionary direction for trauma surgeonsLynette A Scherer
Department of Surgery, University of California, Davis Health Sysytem, Sacramento, 95817, USA
J Trauma 56:7-12. 2004..To enhance operative experience, our trauma surgeons began caring for all general surgery emergencies...
- Women in academic general surgeryAnneke T Schroen
Department of Surgery, University of Virginia School of Medicine, PO Box 800709, Charlottesville, VA 22908 0709, USA
Acad Med 79:310-8. 2004To portray the professional experiences of men and women in academic general surgery with specific attention to factors associated with differing academic productivity and with leaving academia.
- Virtual patients in undergraduate surgery education: a randomized controlled studyJavad H Vash
Academic Centre for Education, Culture and Research, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
ANZ J Surg 77:54-9. 2007This study aims to clarify the effects of implementing a series of virtual patients in undergraduate surgery education on various dimensions of skills as applied to clinical problems.
- Challenges in developing paediatric surgery in Sub-Saharan AfricaS Mhando
Kilimanjaro Christian Medical Centre KCMC, Moshi, Tanzania
Pediatr Surg Int 22:425-7. 2006The aim of the present study is to report on the difficulties in developing paediatric surgery in a teaching hospital in Tanzania...
- Selection of individuals for training in surgerySimon Bann
Department of Surgery, Chelsea and Westminster Hospital, Fulham Rd, London SW6, UK
Am J Surg 190:98-102. 2005..This article considers psychometric assessment as a methodology of preselecting surgeons and considers objective assessment as a possibility during the foundational education period...
- Laparoscopic surgery: current status, issues and future developmentsA Cuschieri
Scuola Superiore Sant Anna di Studi Universitari, Pisa, Italy
Surgeon 3:125-30, 132-3, 135-8. 2005Laparoscopic surgery has come a long way since its introduction two decades ago...
- Documenting a learning curve and test-retest reliability of two tasks on a virtual reality training simulator in laparoscopic surgeryNancy J Hogle
College of Physicians and Surgeons, Department of Surgery, Columbia University, New York, New York, USA
J Surg Educ 64:424-30. 2007..The purpose of this study was to document and show the learning curve and test-retest reliability of 2 tasks on a virtual reality-training simulator (LapSim; Surgical Science, Göteborg, Sweden) in laparoscopic surgery.
- Brief communication of the Residency Review Committee-Surgery (RRC-S) on residents' surgical volume in general surgeryKirby I Bland
Am J Surg 190:345-50. 2005The Residency Review Committee-Surgery (RRC--S), 1 of 10 surgical specialties of the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) has monitored the surgical volume of all general surgical residents closely...
- Augmented reality in surgeryJeffrey H Shuhaiber
Department of Surgery, University of Illinois at Chicago, USA
Arch Surg 139:170-4. 2004To evaluate the history and current knowledge of computer-augmented reality in the field of surgery and its potential goals in education, surgeon training, and patient treatment.
- Status of trauma and acute care surgery in the United StatesAndrew B Peitzman
Department of Surgery, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh 15213, USA
Ulus Travma Acil Cerrahi Derg 14:1-4. 2008Acute Care Surgery (ACS) is an evolving specialty. The components, as defined by the American Association for the Surgery of Trauma are trauma, surgical critical care and emergency surgery...
- Early perioperative outcomes and pancreaticoduodenectomy in a general surgery residency training programCraig P Fischer
Department of Surgery, The Methodist Hospital, Weill Medical College of Cornell University, Houston, TX 77030, USA
J Gastrointest Surg 10:478-82. 2006Current trends in national health care are triggering a reassessment of training in general surgery. Currently, 75% of general surgery residents seek postgraduate fellowship training, and significant debate has occurred regarding the ..
- Why do women consent to surgery, even when they do not want to? An interactionist and Bourdieusian analysisMary Dixon-Woods
Department of Health Sciences, University of Leicester, 22 28 Princess Road West, Leicester LE1 6TP, UK
Soc Sci Med 62:2742-53. 2006..Evidence is now beginning to emerge that people may consent to surgery even when reluctant to do so...
- Survey of resident training in robotic surgeryHarry W Donias
Department of Surgery, State University of New York at Buffalo, USA
Am Surg 68:177-81. 2002Robotics has been recognized as a major driving force in the advancement of minimally invasive surgery. However, the extent to which General Surgery residents are being trained to use robotic technology has never been assessed...
- [Problem-based learning for surgery. Increased motivation with less teaching personnel?]C Langelotz
Universitätsklinik für Allgemein, Visceral, Gefäss und Thoraxchirurgie, Universitäre Medizin Berlin Charité Campus Mitte, Berlin
Chirurg 76:481-6. 2005..The introduction of small learning groups requires considerable increases in staff. Problem-based learning could increase the motivation to acquire knowledge but without being as staff-intensive...
- Virtual reality simulation for the operating room: proficiency-based training as a paradigm shift in surgical skills trainingAnthony G Gallagher
Emory Endosurgery Unit, Department of Surgery, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA
Ann Surg 241:364-72. 2005..The learning and practice of minimally invasive surgery (MIS) makes unique demands on surgical training programs...
- Proving the value of simulation in laparoscopic surgeryGerald M Fried
Steinberg Bernstein Centre for Minimally Invasive Surgery, Department of Surgery, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec
Ann Surg 240:518-25; discussion 525-8. 2004..To assess the McGill Inanimate System for Training and Evaluation of Laparoscopic Skills (MISTELS) physical laparoscopic simulator for construct and predictive validity and for its educational utility...
- Laparoscopic skills training and assessmentR Aggarwal
Department of Surgical Oncology and Technology, Imperial College, London, UK
Br J Surg 91:1549-58. 2004The introduction of laparoscopic techniques to general surgery was associated with many unnecessary complications, which led to the development of skills laboratories to train novice laparoscopic surgeons...
- Prevalence of lumbar total disc replacement candidates in a community-based spinal surgery practiceChristian I Fras
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, The University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
J Spinal Disord Tech 21:126-9. 2008..This study was a retrospective record review of consecutive lumbar surgical patients seen by one surgeon in a private, community setting over a 15-month period...
- Study habits of surgery residents and performance on American Board of Surgery In-Training examinationsAnna M Derossis
Department of Surgery, McGill University, 3755 Cote St Catherine Road, Pav A 510, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Am J Surg 188:230-6. 2004The purpose of this study was to evaluate the study habits (SHs) of surgery residents preparing for the annual American Board of Surgery In-Training Examination (ABSITE).
- Issues in the recruitment and success of women in academic surgerySeema S Sonnad
Department of Surgery, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA
Surgery 132:415-9. 2002We undertook a national survey of male and female academic surgeons to identify issues and perceptions surrounding the success of women in surgery.
- The future of academic surgery--a consensus conference held at the Royal College of Surgeons of England, 2 September 2005P A Brennan
Queen Alexandra Hospital, Portsmouth PO6 3LY, United Kingdom
Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg 45:488-9. 2007..All Specialist Advisory Committees and specialist associations were represented, except for orthopaedic surgery. The future of both academic surgery and training were discussed...
- Randomized clinical trial of virtual reality simulation for laparoscopic skills trainingT P Grantcharov
Department of Surgical Gastroenterology, Aarhus University, Kommunehospitalet, Aarhus, Denmark
Br J Surg 91:146-50. 2004..This study examined the impact of virtual reality (VR) surgical simulation on improvement of psychomotor skills relevant to the performance of laparoscopic cholecystectomy...
- Learning curve for cytoreductive surgery and perioperative intraperitoneal chemotherapy for peritoneal surface malignancy--a journey to becoming a Nationally Funded Peritonectomy CenterTristan D Yan
Nationally Funded Peritonectomy Center, Department of Surgery, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, Australia
Ann Surg Oncol 14:2270-80. 2007Cytoreductive surgery (CRS) combined with perioperative intraperitoneal chemotherapy (PIC) for peritoneal surface malignancy is associated with a morbidity rate of 30-50% and a mortality rate of 1-10%...
- Limits of evidence-based surgeryKarem Slim
Department of General and Digestive Surgery, Hotel Dieu, Boulevard Leon Malfreyt, 63058, Clermont Ferrand, France
World J Surg 29:606-9. 2005..Limits are related to the low quantity and quality of randomized controlled trials and meta-analyses in surgery, the difficulties when critically appraising the literature and applying the results of evidence to individual ..
- Canadian Pediatric Surgical Network: a population-based pediatric surgery network and database for analyzing surgical birth defects. The first 100 cases of gastroschisisErik D Skarsgard
Department of Surgery, British Columbia Children s Hospital, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada
J Pediatr Surg 43:30-4; discussion 34. 2008..The aim of this study is to create a national pediatric surgical network and database for gastroschisis (GS) that tracks cases from diagnosis to hospital discharge...
- Contributions of Ibn Zuhr (Avenzoar) to the progress of surgery: a study and translations from his book Al-TaisirRabie E Abdel-Halim
Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, King Saud University, College of Medicine and King Khalid University Hospital, PO Box 2925, Riyadh 11461, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Saudi Med J 26:1333-9. 2005..Abu-Marwan Abdel-Malik Ibn Zuhr (Avenzoar, 1093-1162 AD) aimed at evaluating his contributions to the progress of surgery and providing English translations of relevant excerpts...
- Canadian surgeons and the introduction of blood transfusion in war surgeryPeter H Pinkerton
Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathobiology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Transfus Med Rev 22:77-86. 2008..Their efforts were reinforced by the arrival in 1917 of American surgeons bringing their experience with transfusion. By war's end, blood transfusion was generally accepted as the treatment of choice for severe blood loss...
- Could variations in technical skills acquisition in surgery be explained by differences in cortical plasticity?Daniel R Leff
Royal Society Wolfson Medical Image Computing Laboratory, Imperial College London, United Kingdom
Ann Surg 247:540-3. 2008SUMMARY/BACKGROUND: Variations in technical performance in surgery are known to exist but are poorly understood. Gaining an appreciation of these differences may have implications for technical skills training, assessment, and selection...
- Preclinical predictors of surgery NBME exam performanceRosemary A Kozar
Department of Surgery, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, Texas 77030, USA
J Surg Res 140:204-7. 2007The passing score for the National Board of Medical Examiner's Surgery Subject Examination (NBME-SS) was raised at an urban academic medical school, resulting in a doubling of the number of students failing their surgical clerkship...
- Agreement between surgeons and an independent panel with respect to surgical site fusion after single-level anterior cervical spine surgery: a prospective, multicenter studyRichard L Skolasky
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA
Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 31:E503-6. 2006..Prospective multicenter cohort study...
- Outpatient laparoscopic surgery: feasibility and consequences for education and health care costsJ Skattum
Gastrosurgical Department, Ullevaal University Hospital, Oslo, Norway
Surg Endosc 18:796-801. 2004The purpose of this paper is to describe the outcome of ambulatory laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC), antireflux surgery, adrenalectomy and splenectomy and possible implications for surgical education and health care costs.
- CUDA-based real time surgery simulationYouquan Liu
Department of Mechanical Aerospace and Nuclear Engineering, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY, USA
Stud Health Technol Inform 132:260-2. 2008In this paper we present a general software platform that enables real time surgery simulation on the newly available compute unified device architecture (CUDA)from NVIDIA...
- What do surgery residents do on their call nights?John M Morton
Department of Surgery, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, USA
Am J Surg 188:225-9. 2004..Surgical resident education is entering a critical era of achieving core competencies despite work hour restrictions. An assessment of on-call activity is needed to maximize educational merit...
- Robotic surgery and cancer: the present state, problems and future visionMakoto Hashizume
Department of Disaster and Emergency Medicine, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan
Jpn J Clin Oncol 34:227-37. 2004In the 1990s, laparoscopic surgery entirely changed the traditional style of surgical operations. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy has spread rapidly and is now established as the standard treatment...
- Is the reexcision rate higher if breast conservation surgery is performed by surgical trainees?Krishna Moorthy
Breast Care Unit, Department of Surgery, Bedford Hospital, Bedford, MK42 9DJ, United Kingdom
Am J Surg 188:45-8. 2004..The aim of this study was to compare the reexcision and local recurrence rates between consultants (attending surgeons) and surgical trainees (residents) after breast conservation surgery.
- Decentralization of breast cancer surgery in the United StatesJoan M Neuner
Department of Medicine, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee 53226, USA
Cancer 101:1323-9. 2004..The authors sought to determine whether surgical volumes for breast cancer in the United States frequently reach this threshold...
- Predictors for medical students entering a general surgery residency: National survey resultsClifford Y Ko
David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California at Los Angeles, Stanford University, Palo Alto, Calif, USA
Surgery 136:567-72. 2004The number of general surgery (GS) residency applicants had been decreasing before 2003...
- Spatial ability, experience, and skill in laparoscopic surgeryMadeleine M Keehner
Department of Surgery, University of California, San Francisco, 513 Parnassus Ave, Room S 550, San Francisco, CA 94143 0475, USA
Am J Surg 188:71-5. 2004..In this study, we explored the role of spatial ability in laparoscopic surgical skills in two groups, one experienced and the other relatively inexperienced...
- Gut Ischemia/Reperfusion Injury: Modulation by NutrientsRosemary Kozar; Fiscal Year: 2006..member at the University of Texas-Houston Medical School (UTHMS), where she is a member of the Department of Surgery. She first acquired basic research skills as a NRSA Fellow while obtaining her PhD at Baylor College of Medicine...
- INFORMED CONSENT FOR STUDIES INVOLVING SURGICAL PATIENTSALAN TAIT; Fiscal Year: 2002..of the anesthesiologist/surgeon-patient relationship which dictates that consent is often sought just before surgery, in a less than private setting, and at a time when the patient is most anxious...
- Videoscopic Drainage of Infected Pancreatic CollectionsKaren Horvath; Fiscal Year: 2004..The long-term goal is to use data obtained from this study as the basis for a multicenter, Phase III, randomized study comparing the VARD to the current standard of care, open surgical necrosectomy. ..
- Patient-Centeredness in Care of Vulnerable PopulationsMary Catherine Beach; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- Fetal Wound Repair- Cellular and Molecular MechanismsThomas Krummel; Fiscal Year: 2005..We are uniquely qualified to complete this proposal due to our long history of fetal wound healing research and our successful use of the cellular and molecular techniques described herein. ..
- Mental Health and Labor Market OutcomesRoland Sturm; Fiscal Year: 2004....
- Surgical Care and Outcomes Assessment Program Comparative Effectiveness ResearchDavid R Flum; Fiscal Year: 2010..SCOAP CERTN's initial CER focus will be in vascular surgery and interventions, but the project will be a gateway for investigators from all clinical disciplines to evaluate ..
- Novel Signaling Targets in GI Neuroendocrine TumorsHerbert Chen; Fiscal Year: 2005..These tumors often cause debilitating symptoms due to excessive hormonal secretion. Besides surgery, there are limited curative and palliative treatments available to patients with GI NE tumors, emphasizing the ..
- Epidemiologic Parameters of Rare Cancer Risk FactorsColin Begg; Fiscal Year: 2005..All of these aims are motivated by an international study of the genetic epidemiology of melanoma that is currently in progress. ..
- Prevention of Catheter-Associated Blood Stream InfectionsDavid Warren; Fiscal Year: 2007..I will build on the experience outlined in this proposal to establish myself an independent investigator in healthcare epidemiology, studying nosocomial infections and developing interventions to prevent them. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Pirfenidone in Children with PNs in NF1Roger Packer; Fiscal Year: 2006..Abstract Not Provided ..
- Oregon's Parity Law: Comprehensive Parity in Today's Healthcare EnvironmentKENNETH MCCONNELL; Fiscal Year: 2009..Our proposed research will provide insight about the tradeoffs between expanding coverage for mental health and substance abuse disorders and the total cost of care. ..
- Trauma Center Brief Alcohol Treatments and Cost EffectivenesThomas J Esposito; Fiscal Year: 2010..New knowledge of the effectiveness, benefits and costs of these two Bl approaches would allow surgeons and trauma centers to make informed choices about alcohol interventions in trauma settings. ..
- PATIENT PREFERENCES FOR DISCLOSURE: A NATIONAL SURVEYWendy Levinson; Fiscal Year: 2002..abstract_text> ..
- NEW APPROACHES TO EVALUATION AND TREATMENT OF ACROMEGALYPamela Freda; Fiscal Year: 2003..Through Dr. Kalmon Post, I have access to a large cohort of patients who have had pituitary surgery. I also have access to a large number of carefully stored tumor specimens with which I can learn the molecular ..
- Statistical Methods for Identifying Clonal TumorsColin B Begg; Fiscal Year: 2011..PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: Cancers can be cured by surgery or they may spread subsequently to other parts of the body. This latter process is known as metastasis...
- DNA methylation patterns as biomarker for breast cancerKristin Skinner; Fiscal Year: 2003..These future studies will determine whether DNA methylation changes can be used a) to stratify women at risk for breast cancer and b) as a surrogate endpoint in chemoprevention trials. ..
- Assessing Treatment-Related Harms in Prostate CancerH Welch; Fiscal Year: 2007..The entire process will be repeated on a cohort of men who receive a transurethral resection of the prostate. ..
- MUSCLE PROTEIN TURNOVER AND AMINO ACID UPTAKE IN SEPSISPer Olof J Hasselgren; Fiscal Year: 2010..Increased understanding of the mechanisms driving muscle wasting will help improve prevention and treatment of this debilitating condition. ..
- Transfer of the CD40 ligand gene to esophageal carcinomaRobert Korst; Fiscal Year: 2007..a placebo, in a randomized, blinded fashion) to resectable, stage I-III esophageal cancer 5 or 15 days prior to surgery. Patients in both parts will be evaluated with FDG-PET both before and after vector administration at defined ..
- Colorectal Cancer Screening - Primary Care StrategiesDavid Weller; Fiscal Year: 2006..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Regionalizing Cancer SurgeryVivian Ho; Fiscal Year: 2007..However, regionalization will reduce the number of hospitals performing surgery in each local market, leading to reduced hospital competition...
- Phase II Clinical Trial Utilizing Lithium for Patients with Neuroendocrine TumorsHerbert Chen; Fiscal Year: 2008..These tumors often cause debilitating symptoms due to excessive hormonal secretion. Besides surgery, there are limited curative and palliative treatments available to patients with metastatic NE tumors, ..
- Regulating Neuroendocrine Phenotype in CancerHerbert Chen; Fiscal Year: 2010..Besides surgery, there are limited curative and palliative treatments available to patients with NE tumors, emphasizing the need ..
- Adoption of osteoporosis screening in older womenJoan Neuner; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Fetal Biology and Therapy Training ProgramAlan Flake; Fiscal Year: 2008..Penn Graduate School and IHGT. This request is made for 2 Trainee slots in year 1, 3 Trainee slots in year 2, and 4 Trainee slots each year thereafter. ..
- Strategies for prenatal stem cell transplantationAlan W Flake; Fiscal Year: 2010..The ultimate goal of these studies is to develop safe and effective strategies that can be translated to the in utero treatment of a broad range of human genetic hematologic disorders including Sickle Cell Disease and Thalassemia. ..
- C/EBP, atrogin-1, and muscle wastingPer Olof Hasselgren; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Vein wall remodeling after DVT is matrix metalloproteinase dependentPeter Henke; Fiscal Year: 2009..This proposal will provide important mechanistic insight into the pathophysiology of post-phelbitic syndrome with real potential translation to decreasing the morbidity from this under-acknowledged disease. ..
- Function of the Urethra in Continent WomenKimberly Kenton; Fiscal Year: 2008..Normative ranges will be calculated for EMG, current perception thresholds, and urethral pressures for Caucasian and African American women. These data can then be used by other centers as reference data. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Certificate of Need and Cardiac OutcomesVivian Ho; Fiscal Year: 2006..Certificate of Need (CON) regulations lead to improved outcomes for patients who receive coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG) or percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA)...
- RCT of Arthroscopic Partial Meniscectomy in OAJeffrey Katz; Fiscal Year: 2004Osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee is common, disabling and costly. Arthroscopic surgery is used frequently in patients with OA who have not responded to nonoperative therapies...
- A Method for Validating Gene - Disease AssociationsColin Begg; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..
- Signaling Pathways in Medullary Thyroid CancerHerbert Chen; Fiscal Year: 2004..Besides surgery, there are limited curative and palliative treatments available to patients with MTC, emphasizing the need for ..
- Minicomputer Upgrade for the Clinical Resarch DatabaseColin Begg; Fiscal Year: 2002..This proposal is a request for funds to upgrade the hardware platform once again to maintain the performance of the system in the face of these rapidly increasing demands. ..
- INFORMED DECISION MAKING IN OLDER PATIENTS AND SURGEONSWendy Levinson; Fiscal Year: 2004..patients is critical in helping patients make informed choices particularly about major interventions, like surgery. Communication to help patients make informed choices is not only imperative from an ethical and legal ..
- Planning Grant for SOD III Multicenter TrialPeter Cotton; Fiscal Year: 2004..This trial will answer several of the important questions raised by the expert panel at the NIH State of the Science of ERCP Conference, held in January. ..
- Bariatric Surgery Outcome/Cost in Medicare BeneficiariesDavid Flum; Fiscal Year: 2006..10% are under the age of 65, this younger, medically disabled group includes many patients who undergo bariatric surgery. The specific aims of this research are to: 1...
- C/EBP and IL-6 Production in Mucosa and EnterocytesPer Olof Hasselgren; Fiscal Year: 2006....
- MODULATING ENDOTHELIAL ADAPTATION TO FLOWGARY NACKMAN; Fiscal Year: 2003..In vascular surgery, the need for improved small diameter vascular grafts has been recognized...
- Fetal Stromal Progenitor CellsAlan Flake; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- Thrombus resolution is CXC chemokine dependentPeter Henke; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- PRENATAL STRATEGIES FOR TREATMENT OF HEMOGLOBINOPATHIESAlan Flake; Fiscal Year: 2002..abstract_text> ..
- CHILDRENS NATIONAL MEDICAL CENTERRoger Packer; Fiscal Year: 2003....
- NEW APPROACHES TO EVALUATION AND TREATMENT OF ACROMEGALYPamela Freda; Fiscal Year: 2003..My sponsor, Dr. Wardlaw, continues to be committed to providing me with the guidance I need to pursue my research plans and to facilitate my transition to independent investigator. ..
- OUTCOMES OF OLDER WOMEN WITH EARLY STAGE BREAST CANCERANN NATTINGER; Fiscal Year: 2008Breast cancer surgery in the U.S. exhibits little regionalization, with a large number of low volume providers. Several studies now show that higher surgeon volume of cases is associated with better 5-year survival...
- Oncology Clinical Trial Accrual StudyANNEKE SCHROEN; Fiscal Year: 2009....
- Academic Industry Relationships in GeneticsEric Campbell; Fiscal Year: 2006..Results will be disseminated through publications in peer-reviewed journals and presentations at scientific meetings. ..
- Beta-Blockade Reduces Catabolism in Severely Injured Trauma PatientsJeffrey Johnson; Fiscal Year: 2007..This information will provide a platform from which to launch both basic science and clinical research into the (-adrenergic system and its effects on inflammation, catabolism, and functional outcome [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Are Volume Standards Accurate Measures of Quality?Laurent Glance; Fiscal Year: 2005..quality report card, selective referral of patients to high-volume hospitals has been advocated for high-risk surgery on the grounds that procedure volume is a quality proxy...
- Elective Surgery as a Teachable Moment for Smoking CessationDavid Warner; Fiscal Year: 2007..Events such as the diagnosis of smoking-related illnesses (e.g. cancer) and the scheduling of surgery spontaneously (i.e., in the absence of interventions) increase the rate of quitting...
- Quality of Follow-up Care for Breast Cancer SurvivorsANN NATTINGER; Fiscal Year: 2006..g. age, gender, specialty) and of patient characteristics (e.g. race, socioeconomic status, initial therapy). The results will yield important public policy information regarding breast cancer surveillance care. ..
- SYSTEMATIC COMBINATION OF ANATOMY AND NOMENCLATUREJonathan Silverstein; Fiscal Year: 2004....
- Government Industry Relationships in ScienceEric Campbell; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Evaluating the Impact of Simulated Team Training on Patient SafetyDaniel Scott; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] DESCRIPTION (not provided by the applicant): [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Enhancing Oversight of Human Subjects ResearchThomas Russell; Fiscal Year: 2002..4) Incorporate consideration of the requirements of the HIPAA patient privacy regulations into the design of current and future studies. ..
- Randomized trial of educational outcomes of Web Initiative in Surgical EducationADINA LUBA KALET; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- Data Sharing & Data Withholding Among Trainees in Scien*Eric Campbell; Fiscal Year: 2002..Hypotheses will be tested using univariate and multivariate statistical techniques. Results will be disseminated through publications in peer-reviewed journals and presentations at scientific meetings. ..
- Academic Industry Relationships Among IRB MembersEric Campbell; Fiscal Year: 2005..Results will be disseminated through publications in peer-reviewed journals and presentations at scientific meetings. ..