air pressure

Summary

Summary: The force per unit area that the air exerts on any surface in contact with it. Primarily used for articles pertaining to air pressure within a closed environment.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi The effects of common airway maneuvers on airway pressure and flow in children undergoing adenoidectomies
    Heinz Bruppacher
    Division of Pediatric Anesthesia, University Children s Hospital Beider Basel, Switzerland
    Anesth Analg 97:29-34, table of contents. 2003
  2. ncbi Bilabial contact pressure and oral air pressure during tracheoesophageal speech
    Jeff Searl
    Department of Communication Disorders, Bowling Green State University, Ohio, USA
    Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 116:304-11. 2007
  3. pmc Comparison of the effects of 40% oxygen and two atmospheric absolute air pressure conditions on stress-induced premature senescence of normal human diploid fibroblasts
    Sangnam Oh
    Department of Preventive Medicine, College of Medicine, Korea University, Seoul, South Korea
    Cell Stress Chaperones 13:447-58. 2008
  4. pmc Insect hygroreceptor responses to continuous changes in humidity and air pressure
    H Tichy
    Department of Neurobiology, University of Vienna, Althanstrasse 14, 1090 Vienna, Austria
    J Neurophysiol 103:3274-86. 2010
  5. doi Influence of air pressure, humidity, solar radiation, temperature, and wind speed on ambulatory visits due to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in Bavaria, Germany
    Uta Ferrari
    Division of Respiratory Medicine Campus Innnenstadt, Ludwig Maximilians Universitat Munich, Ziemssenstraße 1, 80336, Munich, Germany
    Int J Biometeorol 56:137-43. 2012
  6. doi Air pressure pulsation solid state fermentation of feruloyl esterase by Aspergillus niger
    W Zeng
    State Key Laboratory of Biochemistry, Institute of Process Engineering, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China
    Bioresour Technol 100:1371-5. 2009
  7. ncbi Rigid-flexible outer sheath model using slider linkage locking mechanism and air pressure for endoscopic surgery
    Akihiko Yagi
    Graduate School of Information Science and Techonology, The University of Tokyo, 7 3 1 Hongo Bunkyo ku, Tokyo, 133 8656, Japan
    Med Image Comput Comput Assist Interv 9:503-10. 2006
  8. ncbi Yarrowia lipolytica lipase production enhanced by increased air pressure
    M Lopes
    IBB Institute for Biotechnology and Bioengineering, Centre for Biological Engineering, Universidade do Minho, Campus de Gualtar, Braga, Portugal
    Lett Appl Microbiol 46:255-60. 2008
  9. ncbi Incorrect needle position during lumbar epidural steroid administration: inaccuracy of loss of air pressure resistance and requirement of fluoroscopy and epidurography during needle insertion
    Walter S Bartynski
    Department of Radiology, Division of Neuroradiology, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 26:502-5. 2005
  10. ncbi Good short-term agreement between measured and calculated tracheal pressure
    M Lichtwarck-Aschoff
    Department of Surgical Sciences, Section of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, Uppsala University, Sweden
    Br J Anaesth 91:239-48. 2003

Research Grants

  1. TONGUE JAW LINKAGES IN FEEDING
    Jeffrey Palmer; Fiscal Year: 2002
  2. Tongue-Jaw Linkages in Feeding
    Jeffrey Palmer; Fiscal Year: 2005
  3. Linguapalatal Contact Pressures During Speech
    JEFFREY SEARL; Fiscal Year: 2003
  4. VELOPHARYNGEAL FUNCTION FOR SPEECH AFTER PALATAL SURGERY
    William Williams; Fiscal Year: 2004
  5. EFFICACY OF VOICE TREATMENT FOR PARKINSONS DISEASE
    Lorraine Ramig; Fiscal Year: 2001
  6. ANIMAL RESOURCES FACILITY IMPROVEMENT
    Richard Larson; Fiscal Year: 2004
  7. Early Detection of Keratoconus
    Ronald H Silverman; Fiscal Year: 2010
  8. Early Detection of Keratoconus
    Ronald Silverman; Fiscal Year: 2009
  9. SPEECH AND RESPIRATORY AERODYNAMICS IN CLEFT PALATE
    David Zajac; Fiscal Year: 2003
  10. A System for Management of Nasal CPAP Therapy
    LAUGHTON MILES; Fiscal Year: 2006

Detail Information

Publications209 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi The effects of common airway maneuvers on airway pressure and flow in children undergoing adenoidectomies
    Heinz Bruppacher
    Division of Pediatric Anesthesia, University Children s Hospital Beider Basel, Switzerland
    Anesth Analg 97:29-34, table of contents. 2003
    ..We conclude that CL may improve airway patency and ventilation, whereas JT with or without CPAP was the most effective maneuver to overcome airway obstruction in children with adenoidal hyperplasia...
  2. ncbi Bilabial contact pressure and oral air pressure during tracheoesophageal speech
    Jeff Searl
    Department of Communication Disorders, Bowling Green State University, Ohio, USA
    Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 116:304-11. 2007
    This study compared bilabial contact pressure (CPsp) and oral air pressure (Po) for /p/, /b/, and /m/ produced by tracheoesophageal (TE) versus laryngeal speakers...
  3. pmc Comparison of the effects of 40% oxygen and two atmospheric absolute air pressure conditions on stress-induced premature senescence of normal human diploid fibroblasts
    Sangnam Oh
    Department of Preventive Medicine, College of Medicine, Korea University, Seoul, South Korea
    Cell Stress Chaperones 13:447-58. 2008
    ....
  4. pmc Insect hygroreceptor responses to continuous changes in humidity and air pressure
    H Tichy
    Department of Neurobiology, University of Vienna, Althanstrasse 14, 1090 Vienna, Austria
    J Neurophysiol 103:3274-86. 2010
    ..Accurately controlled, homogeneous mechanical input was delivered by modulating air pressure. Both the moist and dry cells responded not only to changes in air pressure but also in the opposite direction, ..
  5. doi Influence of air pressure, humidity, solar radiation, temperature, and wind speed on ambulatory visits due to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in Bavaria, Germany
    Uta Ferrari
    Division of Respiratory Medicine Campus Innnenstadt, Ludwig Maximilians Universitat Munich, Ziemssenstraße 1, 80336, Munich, Germany
    Int J Biometeorol 56:137-43. 2012
    ..It also serves as a model for the further evaluation of the impact of meteorological factors on health, and could easily be applied to other diseases or other regions...
  6. doi Air pressure pulsation solid state fermentation of feruloyl esterase by Aspergillus niger
    W Zeng
    State Key Laboratory of Biochemistry, Institute of Process Engineering, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China
    Bioresour Technol 100:1371-5. 2009
    b>Air pressure pulsation solid state fermentation (APP-SSF) was applied to produce feruloyl esterase (FAE) by Aspergillus niger. With the optimization of some variables by orthogonal design, the optimal condition obtained was 0...
  7. ncbi Rigid-flexible outer sheath model using slider linkage locking mechanism and air pressure for endoscopic surgery
    Akihiko Yagi
    Graduate School of Information Science and Techonology, The University of Tokyo, 7 3 1 Hongo Bunkyo ku, Tokyo, 133 8656, Japan
    Med Image Comput Comput Assist Interv 9:503-10. 2006
    ..We developed a slider-link mechanism and a gear stopper controlled by air pressure for rigid mode. We designed and fabricated the prototype with a diameter of 16 mm and length of 290 mm...
  8. ncbi Yarrowia lipolytica lipase production enhanced by increased air pressure
    M Lopes
    IBB Institute for Biotechnology and Bioengineering, Centre for Biological Engineering, Universidade do Minho, Campus de Gualtar, Braga, Portugal
    Lett Appl Microbiol 46:255-60. 2008
    ..To study the cellular growth and morphology of Yarrowia lipolytica W29 and its lipase and protease production under increased air pressures...
  9. ncbi Incorrect needle position during lumbar epidural steroid administration: inaccuracy of loss of air pressure resistance and requirement of fluoroscopy and epidurography during needle insertion
    Walter S Bartynski
    Department of Radiology, Division of Neuroradiology, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 26:502-5. 2005
    Loss of air pressure resistance leads to a high rate (25.7%) of inaccurate needle-tip placement in the posterior soft tissues of the back during lumbar epidural steroid administration employing a 20-gauge Tuohy needle...
  10. ncbi Good short-term agreement between measured and calculated tracheal pressure
    M Lichtwarck-Aschoff
    Department of Surgical Sciences, Section of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, Uppsala University, Sweden
    Br J Anaesth 91:239-48. 2003
    ..P(tr) can either be measured with a catheter or, alternatively, calculated from the pressure-flow data available from the ventilator...
  11. ncbi Resistive load of laryngeal mask airway and ProSeal laryngeal mask airway in mechanically ventilated patients
    G Natalini
    Department of Anesthesia, Intensive Care and Emergency, Casa di Cura Poliambulanza, Brescia, Italy
    Acta Anaesthesiol Scand 47:761-4. 2003
    ..In this randomized, crossover study, PLMA and LMA resistances were compared...
  12. ncbi [High-frequency oscillatory ventilation. Ventilation procedure for adults with acute lung failure]
    M David
    Klinik fur Anasthesiologie, Johannes Gutenberg Universitat, Langenbeckstr 1, 55131 Mainz, Deutschland
    Anaesthesist 56:485-90. 2007
    ..The effect of HFVO on the morbidity and mortality outcome, however, still needs to be characterized...
  13. ncbi Dependence of lung injury on inflation rate during low-volume ventilation in normal open-chest rabbits
    Edgardo D'Angelo
    Istituto di Fisiologia Umana I, Via Mangiagalli 32, 20133 Milan, Italy
    J Appl Physiol (1985) 97:260-8. 2004
    ....
  14. ncbi Evaluation of the oesophageal-tracheal double-lumen tube (Combitube) during general anaesthesia
    Werner Rabitsch
    Department of Internal Medicine I, Intensive Care Unit, University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria
    Wien Klin Wochenschr 116:90-3. 2004
    ..Evaluation of safety and effectiveness of the Combitube during general anaesthesia...
  15. ncbi Developmental changes in upper airway dynamics
    Carole L Marcus
    The Eudowood Division of Pediatric Respiratory Sciences, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21287 2533, USA
    J Appl Physiol (1985) 97:98-108. 2004
    ..Infants appear to have a different pattern of upper airway activation than older children. We speculate that the pharyngeal airway responses present in normal children are a compensatory response for a relatively narrow upper airway...
  16. ncbi Effects of volume shift on the pressure-volume curve of the respiratory system in ALI/ARDS patients
    D Chiumello
    Department of Anesthesia and Intensive Care, IRCCS Foundation, Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Mangiagalli, Regina Elena, Milan, Italy
    Minerva Anestesiol 73:109-18. 2007
    ..Another possible confounding factor is the volume shift, primarily blood, out of the chest wall when the intrathoracic pressures rise. We set out to quantify the volume shift and investigate its mechanisms...
  17. ncbi [Comparison of volume preset and pressure preset ventilators during daytime nasal ventilation in chronic respiratory failure]
    C Perrin
    , Centre Hospitalier et Universitaire de Nice, France
    Rev Mal Respir 18:41-8. 2001
    ..Our results show that pressure-preset ventilator is an adequate alternative to the volume-preset device for daytime non invasive ventilation in chronic respiratory insufficiency...
  18. ncbi Guidelines for inspiratory flow setting when measuring the pressure-volume relationship
    Fábio E Bensenor
    Anesthesia Department, Hospital das Clinicas, Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de Sao Paulo, Brazil
    Anesth Analg 97:145-50, table of contents. 2003
    ..Chest wall compliances showed no difference between flows. We concluded that flows < or =12 L/min minimize P-t during intraoperative PV curves acquisition. Compliances suggest 6 L/min as the most adequate flow...
  19. ncbi Oversized endotracheal tube in pediatric anesthesia practice: its objective detection
    Praveen Kumar Neema
    Anesth Analg 97:1857-8. 2003
  20. ncbi Proteoglycan fragmentation and respiratory mechanics in mechanically ventilated healthy rats
    Andrea Moriondo
    Dipartimento di Scienze Biomediche Sperimentali e Cliniche, Universita degli Studi dell Insubria, via J H Dunant 5, 21100 Varese, Italy
    J Appl Physiol 103:747-56. 2007
    ....
  21. ncbi A pilot study to evaluate the SMART BAG: a new pressure-responsive, gas-flow limiting bag-valve-mask device
    Horst G Wagner-Berger
    Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, Leopold Franzens University, Innsbruck, Austria
    Anesth Analg 97:1686-9. 2003
    ..Respiratory variables were measured using a pulmonary monitor. The SMART BAG resulted in significantly decreased inspiratory flow rate and peak airway pressure while providing adequate tidal volume delivery...
  22. ncbi Perfluorocarbon and accuracy of tidal volume estimation
    Kevin Morris
    Crit Care Med 31:2081-2. 2003
  23. ncbi Open-lung protective ventilation with pressure control ventilation, high-frequency oscillation, and intratracheal pulmonary ventilation results in similar gas exchange, hemodynamics, and lung mechanics
    Khaled A Sedeek
    Department of Anesthesia Respiratory Care, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Anesthesiology 99:1102-11. 2003
    ....
  24. ncbi Estimating respiratory system compliance during mechanical ventilation using artificial neural networks
    Gaetano Perchiazzi
    Department of Clinical Physiology, Uppsala University Hospital, Sweden Department of Emergency and Transplantation, Bari University Hospital, Italy
    Anesth Analg 97:1143-8, table of contents. 2003
    ..67 +/- 1.52 mL/cm H(2)O (bias +/- SD). We could conclude that ANN, during volume-controlled mechanical ventilation, can extract C(RS) without needing to stop inspiratory flow...
  25. ncbi Thoracic sympathetic block reduces respiratory system compliance
    Fábio Ely Martins Benseñor
    Anesthesia Department, Hospital das Clinicas, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    Sao Paulo Med J 125:9-14. 2007
    ..However, intraoperative thoracic sympathetic block may trigger airway hyperreactivity. This study weighed up these beneficial and undesirable effects on intraoperative respiratory mechanics...
  26. ncbi Laryngeal resistance before and after minor surgery: endotracheal tube versus Laryngeal Mask Airway
    Atsuko Tanaka
    Graduate School of Medicine, Chiba University, Chiba, Japan
    Anesthesiology 99:252-8. 2003
    ....
  27. ncbi A single pulmonary mechano-sensory unit possesses multiple encoders in rabbits
    Jerry Yu
    Departments of Medicine, and Physiology and Biophysics, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY 40292, USA
    Neurosci Lett 362:171-5. 2004
    ..Unit activity of SARs results from encoder interactions and undergoes significant integration before reaching the central nervous system...
  28. ncbi The effects of tracheostomy cuff deflation during continuous positive airway pressure
    D H Conway
    Department of Anaesthesia, Manchester Royal Infirmary, Oxford Road, Manchester M13 9WL, UK
    Anaesthesia 59:652-7. 2004
    ..These results suggest that pressures fall slightly following cuff deflation but this is associated with respiratory stability and may allow patients to talk and swallow...
  29. ncbi Detection of mediator-induced airway constriction by barometric plethysmography in mice
    Yih Loong Lai
    Departments of Physiology, National Taiwan University, College of Medicine, Taipei 100, Taiwan
    Chin J Physiol 47:161-7. 2004
    ..These data suggest that there was no sufficient evidence to indicate that Penh could be a good indicator of bronchoconstriction for the whole airways...
  30. ncbi Functional principles of positive pressure ventilators: implications for patient-ventilator interaction
    Richard D Branson
    University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH 45267 0558, USA
    Respir Care Clin N Am 11:119-45. 2005
    ..Clinician's need not be engineers but should understand how individual device mechanics and algorithms can affect patient ventilator synchrony...
  31. ncbi The effect of a bellows leak in an Ohmeda 7810 ventilator on room contamination, inspired oxygen, airway pressure, and tidal volume
    Samsun Lampotang
    Department of Anesthesiology, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA
    Anesth Analg 101:151-4, table of contents. 2005
    ..A 4-mm bellows tear in an Ohmeda 7810 ventilator allows anesthetic gases to contaminate ambient air but does not cause clinically significant changes in Fio(2), exhaled Vt, PIP, or PEEP...
  32. ncbi Comparison of LMA Unique, Ambu laryngeal mask and Soft Seal laryngeal mask during routine surgical procedures
    H Francksen
    University Hospital Schleswig Holstein, Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, Schwanenweg 21, D 24105 Kiel, Germany
    Eur J Anaesthesiol 24:134-40. 2007
    ....
  33. ncbi Inspiratory muscle endurance testing: pulmonary ventilation and electromyographic analysis
    Maria Elizabeth P Nobre
    Department of Physical Therapy, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Recife, Brazil
    Respir Physiol Neurobiol 155:41-8. 2007
    ....
  34. ncbi [Optimization of oxygen delivery by mechanical ventilation -- new concepts]
    R Kopp
    Klinik fur Anasthesiologie, Universitatsklinikum Aachen
    Anasthesiol Intensivmed Notfallmed Schmerzther 40:601-4. 2005
  35. ncbi Comparison of mucosal pressures induced by cuffs of different airway devices
    Herbert Ulrich-Pur
    Intensive Care Unit 13i2, Department of Internal Medicine I, Medical University Vienna, Austria
    Anesthesiology 104:933-8. 2006
    ..The aim of this study was to compare pressures exerted on the pharyngeal, tracheal, and esophageal mucosa by different devices designed for securing the patient's airways...
  36. ncbi [Use of the size 3 ProSeal laryngeal mask airway in children. Results of a randomized crossover investigation with the Classic laryngeal mask airway]
    K Goldmann
    Klinik für Anästhesie und Intensivtherapie, Philipps Universitat, Marburg
    Anaesthesist 55:148-53. 2006
    ..The ProSeal laryngeal mask airway (PLMA) forms a more effective seal of the airway than the CLMA and facilitates gastric tube placement in adults. The size 3 PLMA can be used in adults and children...
  37. ncbi New concepts of the management of one-lung ventilation
    Mert Senturk
    Department of Anesthesiology, Istanbul University, Istanbul Medical Faculty, Turkey
    Curr Opin Anaesthesiol 19:1-4. 2006
    ..Hypoxemia is considered to be the most important challenge during one-lung ventilation. Recent studies, however, have shown that one-lung ventilation can involve some lung damage and can therefore be per se a cause of hypoxemia...
  38. ncbi Effect of inspiratory time on tidal volume delivery in anesthesia and intensive care unit ventilators operating in pressure control mode
    Avery Tung
    Department of Anesthesia and Critical Care, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
    J Clin Anesth 17:8-15. 2005
    ..To compare the effect of inspiratory time and lung compliance on tidal volume (Vt) delivery in anesthesia and intensive care unit (ICU) ventilators operating in pressure control mode...
  39. ncbi Measurement of pulsatile tidal volume, pressure amplitude, and gas flow during high-frequency percussive ventilation, with and without partial cuff deflation
    Patrick F Allan
    Pulmonary Medicine Flight, Wilford Hall Medical Center, 759th MSGS MCCP, 2200 Bergquist Drive, Lackland Air Force Base TX 78236, USA
    Respir Care 52:45-9. 2007
    ....
  40. ncbi Effect of mechanical ventilation on cytokine response to intratracheal lipopolysaccharide
    Thomas C Whitehead
    Departments of Anesthesia and Critical Care Medicine, St Michael s Hospital, University of Toronto, Canada
    Anesthesiology 101:52-8. 2004
    ..The authors tested the hypothesis that intratracheal lipopolysaccharide amplifies the cytokine response to mechanical ventilation...
  41. ncbi A randomized controlled trial comparing the ProSeal Laryngeal Mask Airway with the Laryngeal Tube Suction in mechanically ventilated patients
    Luis A Gaitini
    Anesthesia Department, Bnai Zion Medical Center, Haifa, Israel
    Anesthesiology 101:316-20. 2004
    ..N, Germany) is a new laryngeal tube that also has an additional channel for gastric tube placement. This study compared the placement and functions of these two devices...
  42. ncbi Expiratory flow limitation in morbidly obese postoperative mechanically ventilated patients
    A Koutsoukou
    Critical Care Department and Pulmonary Services, Evangelismos General Hospital, University of Athens Medical School, Athens, Greece
    Acta Anaesthesiol Scand 48:1080-8. 2004
    ....
  43. ncbi Persistence of diaphragmatic contraction influences the pulmonary inflammatory response to mechanical ventilation
    Fabienne Bregeon
    Laboratoire de Physiopathologie Respiratoire EA 2201, Institut Jean Roche, Faculte de Medecine, Universite de la Mediterranee, Marseille, France
    Respir Physiol Neurobiol 142:185-95. 2004
    ....
  44. ncbi Developing a strategy to improve ventilation in an unprotected airway with a modified mouth-to-bag resuscitator in apneic patients
    Achim von Goedecke
    Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, Medical University of Innsbruck, Anichstrasse 35, 6020 Innsbruck, Austria
    Anesth Analg 99:1516-20; table of contents. 2004
    ....
  45. ncbi Hemodynamic and respiratory changes during lung recruitment and descending optimal positive end-expiratory pressure titration in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome
    Ildiko Toth
    Department of Anaesthesia and Intensive Therapy, University of Pecs, Hungary
    Crit Care Med 35:787-93. 2007
    ..To investigate respiratory and hemodynamic changes during lung recruitment and descending optimal positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) titration...
  46. ncbi Upper airway dynamic responses in children with the obstructive sleep apnea syndrome
    Carole L Marcus
    Eudowood Division of Pediatric Respiratory Sciences, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA
    Pediatr Res 57:99-107. 2005
    ..Further, we speculate that this compensatory response is lacking in children with OSAS, most likely due to either habituation to chronic respiratory abnormalities during sleep or to mechanical damage to the upper airway...
  47. ncbi Size 2 ProSeal laryngeal mask airway: a randomized, crossover investigation with the standard laryngeal mask airway in paediatric patients
    K Goldmann
    Department of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care Therapy, Philipps University Marburg, 35033 Marburg, Germany
    Br J Anaesth 94:385-9. 2005
    ..The new ProSeal LMA (PLMA) has been shown to form a more effective seal than the SLMA and to facilitate gastric tube placement in adults. The first paediatric size PLMA became available recently...
  48. ncbi Open and closed-circuit endotracheal suctioning in acute lung injury: efficiency and effects on gas exchange
    Sigismond Lasocki
    Surgical Intensive Care Unit, Department of Anesthesiology, Bichat Claude Bernard Hospital, University of Paris VII, Paris, France
    Anesthesiology 104:39-47. 2006
    ..The authors designed a two-part study aimed at comparing gas exchange and efficiency between OES and CES performed at two levels of negative pressure...
  49. ncbi Additional work of breathing and breathing patterns in spontaneously breathing patients during pressure support ventilation, automatic tube compensation and amplified spontaneous pattern breathing
    G Aguilar
    Eur J Anaesthesiol 22:312-4. 2005
  50. ncbi Optimal oxygen concentration during induction of general anesthesia
    Lennart Edmark
    Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, Central Hospital, Vasteras, and Research Associate, Department of Medical Sciences, Clinical Physiology, University Hospital, Uppsala, Sweden
    Anesthesiology 98:28-33. 2003
    ..The use of 100% oxygen during induction of anesthesia may produce atelectasis. The authors investigated how different oxygen concentrations affect the formation of atelectasis and the fall in arterial oxygen saturation during apnea...
  51. ncbi Set positive end-expiratory pressure during protective ventilation affects lung injury
    Muneyuki Takeuchi
    Department of Anesthesia Respiratory Care, Massachusetts General Hospital, The Center for Blood Research, Boston 02114, USA
    Anesthesiology 97:682-92. 2002
    ..The most appropriate method of determining positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) level during a lung protective ventilatory strategy has not been established...
  52. ncbi [Experimental results of using the "open lung concept"]
    H Wauer
    Klinik fur Anasthesiologie und Operative Intensivmedizin, Universitatsklinikum Charite, Humboldt Universitat zu Berlin, Campus Charite Mitte
    Anaesthesiol Reanim 27:32-7. 2002
    ..Using low tidal volumes alone, complete reopening was not achieved in an experimentally induced acute lung injury. After recruitment manoeuvres, it was possible to reopen the lung and keep it open by application of a sufficient PEEP...
  53. ncbi Pressure support compared with controlled mechanical ventilation in experimental lung injury
    Rolf Dembinski
    Department of Anesthesiology, Universitaetsklinikum der RWTH Aachen, Pauwelsstrasse 30, 52074 Aachen, Germany
    Anesth Analg 94:1570-6, table of contents. 2002
    ..005). We conclude that, in this model of ALI, PSV improves gas exchange because of a reduction of .V(A)/.Q inequality. However, improvements in .V(A)/.Q distribution may be more effective with CMV than with PSV...
  54. ncbi Safety of pressure-volume curve measurement in acute lung injury and ARDS using a syringe technique
    Warren L Lee
    InterDepartmental Critical Care Medicine Division Drs Lee and Stewart and the Department of Medicine, Division of Respirology Drs Mehta and Lapinsky, University of Toronto
    Chest 121:1595-601. 2002
    ..To assess the safety of frequent pressure-volume (PV) curve measurement in patients with acute lung injury (ALI)/ARDS...
  55. ncbi Use of the ProSeal laryngeal mask airway in an infant with a repaired H-type tracheoesophageal fistula and tracheomalacia
    Patrick N Olomu
    Methodist Children s Hospital, San Antonio, TX, USA
    Paediatr Anaesth 18:74-6. 2008
    ..This case report demonstrates that the PLMA may be a useful and practical alternative to tracheal intubation in an infant with a tenuous airway...
  56. doi Design of a new variable-ventilation method optimized for lung recruitment in mice
    Apiradee Thammanomai
    Department of Biomedical Engineering, Boston University, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    J Appl Physiol (1985) 104:1329-40. 2008
    ..In addition, variable stretch patterns delivered to the lung by VV can reduce the progression of lung injury due to ventilation in injured mice...
  57. pmc Effects of leptin deficiency on postnatal lung development in mice
    Kewu Huang
    Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Appl Physiol (1985) 105:249-59. 2008
    ..These data support the hypothesis that leptin is critical to postnatal lung remodeling, particularly related to increased V(40) and enlarged alveolar surface area...
  58. ncbi A randomised, crossover comparison between the CobraPLA and the LMA Classic in paralysed patients
    S B Nam
    Department of Anaesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Anaesthesia and Pain Research Institute, Yonsei University College of Medicine, 146 92 Dogok dong, Kangnam Gu, Seoul, Korea
    Anaesthesia 62:1285-8. 2007
    ..Our data show that the CobraPLA can be used to secure a patent airway during controlled ventilation in selected patients...
  59. ncbi Impedance, gas mixing, and bimodal ventilation in constricted lungs
    Ron C Anafi
    Department of Aerospace Engineering and Mechanics, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis 55455, USA
    J Appl Physiol 94:1003-11. 2003
    ..Model predictions and experimental data agree well. We conclude that, as a result of the bistability of the terminal airways, the ventilation distribution in the constricted lung is bimodal...
  60. ncbi [Proportional assist ventilation combined with automatic tube compensation. A promising concept of augmented spontaneous breathing?]
    H Wrigge
    Klinik und Poliklinik fur Anasthesiologie und spezielle Intensivmedizin, Rheinische Friedrich Wilhelms Universitat, Bonn
    Anaesthesist 52:341-8. 2003
    ....
  61. ncbi Positive end-expiratory pressure delays the progression of lung injury during ventilator strategies involving high airway pressure and lung overdistention
    Franco Valenza
    Istituto di Anestesia e Rianimazione, Ospedale Maggiore di Milano, Italy
    Crit Care Med 31:1993-8. 2003
    ..This study, however, set out to investigate the protective role of PEEP with respect to the time needed to reach similar levels of lung injury...
  62. ncbi Modeling airflow-related shear stress during heterogeneous constriction and mechanical ventilation
    Gianluca Nucci
    Department of Information Engineering, University of Padova, Padova 35131, Italy
    J Appl Physiol (1985) 95:348-56. 2003
    ..We conclude that elevated airflow-related shear stress on the epithelial cell layer can occur during heterogeneous constriction and conjecture that this may constitute a mechanism contributing to ventilator-induced lung injury...
  63. pmc Pressure-volume behaviour of the rat upper airway: effects of tongue muscle activation
    E Fiona Bailey
    Department of Physiology, College of Medicine, The University of Arizona, Tucson 85721 0093, USA
    J Physiol 548:563-8. 2003
    ..05). In conclusion, both co-activation and independent protrudor muscle activation increase airway stiffness. However, their effects on airway size are complex and depend on the condition of the airway at the time of activation...
  64. ncbi Spatial distribution of human respiratory system transfer impedance
    R L Dellaca
    Dipartimento di Bioingegneria, Politecnico di Milano, Italy
    Ann Biomed Eng 31:121-31. 2003
    ..For this reason, we conclude that above 8 Hz Ztr represents rib cage mechanics almost exclusively...
  65. ncbi Analysis of the interplay between neurochemical control of respiration and upper airway mechanics producing upper airway obstruction during sleep in humans
    G S Longobardo
    Department of Medicine, UMDNJ New Jersey Medical School, 185 South Orange Avenue, MSB I 510 Newark, NJ 07103, USA
    Exp Physiol 93:271-87. 2008
    ..Low arousal thresholds and increased upper airway resistance are two factors that promoted the occurrence and persistence of obstructive sleep apnoeas...
  66. ncbi [Mechanical interaction between patient and ventilator in biphasic positive airway pressure (BIPAP)--digital and mechanical simulations]
    S Maisch
    Klinik fur Anasthesiologie, Universitatsklinikum Hamburg Eppendorf, Germany
    Anasthesiol Intensivmed Notfallmed Schmerzther 37:665-73. 2002
    ..Clinical observation and physiological reasoning suggest, that in BIPAP patient and ventilator can interact in various ways. This study was to elucidate the mechanical interaction...
  67. ncbi The mechanics of the middle-ear at static air pressures: the role of the ossicular joints, the function of the middle-ear muscles and the behaviour of stapedial prostheses
    K B Huttenbrink
    HNO Universitätsklinik Münster, West Germany
    Acta Otolaryngol Suppl 451:1-35. 1988
    In an experimental study, the mechanical behaviour of the ossicle-chain during changes of the static air pressure was analyzed microscopically and with a radiographic magnification technique in temporal bone preparations...
  68. ncbi [Future direction of medical care system for patients with infectious disease and the new infectious diseases control law in Japan--centering around a category 1 hospital]
    Y Takeda
    Funabashi Public Health Center
    Kansenshogaku Zasshi 74:687-93. 2000
    ..a category 1 hospital, (2) whether strict isolation with precautions against airborne spread including negative air pressure with anterior-room should be required, (3) plague is not a dangerous disease and the patient with plague is not ..
  69. ncbi Preparation of codeine-resinate and chlorpheniramine-resinate sustained-release suspension and its pharmacokinetic evaluation in beagle dogs
    Huan Xiang Zeng
    Department of Pharmaceutics, Shenyang Pharmaceutical University, Shenyang, P R China
    Drug Dev Ind Pharm 33:649-65. 2007
    ..the inlet air temperature was 50-60 degrees C, the outlet air temperature was 32-38 degrees C, the atomizing air pressure was 2.0 bar and the fluidized air pressure was adjusted as required...
  70. ncbi Effect of muscimol microinjections into the prepositus hypoglossi and the medial vestibular nuclei on cat eye movements
    P Mettens
    Laboratory of Neurosciences, University of Mons, Belgium
    J Neurophysiol 72:785-802. 1994
    ..Muscimol was injected into the brain stem of the alert cat through a micropipette by an air pressure system. 4...
  71. ncbi Malleus-to-footplate ossicular reconstruction prosthesis positioning: cochleovestibular pressure optimization
    Sunil Puria
    Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Stanford University School of Medicine, Palo Alto, USA
    Otol Neurotol 26:368-79. 2005
    ..To determine 1) the best position for hydroxylapatite malleus-to-footplate (MFP), ossicular replacement prosthesis (ORP) in reconstructed ears, and 2) whether preserving the stapes superstructure (SS), when present, has acoustic advantages...
  72. doi Pharmacology of Schisandra chinensis Bail.: an overview of Russian research and uses in medicine
    Alexander Panossian
    Swedish Herbal Institute Research and Development, Spårvägen 2, SE 432 96 Askloster, Sweden
    J Ethnopharmacol 118:183-212. 2008
    ..heat shock, skin burn, cooling, frostbite, immobilisation, swimming under load in an atmosphere with decreased air pressure, aseptic inflammation, irradiation, and heavy metal intoxication...
  73. ncbi Tympanometry and laser Doppler interferometry measurements on otitis media with effusion model in human temporal bones
    Chenkai Dai
    University of Oklahoma, Norman, Oklahoma, USA
    Otol Neurotol 28:551-8. 2007
    ..The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of middle ear fluid and pressure on tympanic membrane mobility by using laser Doppler interferometry and to compare these results with tympanometry...
  74. ncbi Effects of meteorological conditions on spore plumes
    M Burch
    Faculty of Biological Science, The University of Tulsa, 600 S College Ave, Tulsa, OK 74104, USA
    Int J Biometeorol 46:107-17. 2002
    ..and then correlated with hourly meteorological data including temperature, rainfall, wind speed, dew point, air pressure, and wind direction...
  75. pmc Wind direction and its linkage with Vibrio cholerae dissemination
    Shlomit Paz
    Department of Geography and Environmental Studies, University of Haifa, Haifa, Israel
    Environ Health Perspect 115:195-200. 2007
    ..The relevance of climatic events as causative factors for cholera epidemics is well known. However, examinations of the involvement of climatic factors in intracontinental disease distribution are still absent...
  76. ncbi The influence of weather and environment on pulmonary embolism: pollutants and fossil fuels
    Ralf Clauss
    Nuclear Medicine, Royal Surrey County Hospital, Egerton Road, Guildford, Surrey GU27XX, UK
    Med Hypotheses 64:1198-201. 2005
    ..of positive scans was compared to environmental factors such as temperature, humidity, vapour pressure, air pressure and rainfall. Multiple linear regression was used to establish the significance of these relations...
  77. ncbi Syringe pumped high speed flow cytometry of oceanic phytoplankton
    Mikhail V Zubkov
    National Oceanography Centre, Southampton, UK
    Cytometry A 69:1010-9. 2006
    ..Commercial flow cytometers in which sheath and core streams are driven by air pressure cannot produce sufficiently high, stable sample flow rate...
  78. ncbi Cycling on Earth, in space, on the Moon
    P E Di Prampero
    Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Udine, Italy
    Eur J Appl Physiol 82:345-60. 2000
    ..5 x C(d) x A(f) x rhoa. In turn, rhoa depends on air pressure (P(B)) and temperature (T): rhoa=rho0 x 0.359 x P(B) x T(-1), where rho0 is the air density at 760 mmHg (101...
  79. ncbi [A survey of present situation of general intensive care unit in second grade hospitals and construction of intensive care network in Guangdong province]
    Qi Guo
    Guangzhou Institute of Respiratory Disease, First Affiliated Hospital, Guangzhou Medical College, Guangzhou 510120, Guangdong, China
    Zhongguo Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue 19:619-22. 2007
    ..To investigate the present situation of general intensive care unit (ICU) in second grade hospitals, and to establish intensive care network for the Department of Public Health of Guangdong province in Guangdong province...
  80. ncbi Tensile bond strength of Er,Cr:YSGG laser-irradiated human dentin and analysis of dentin-resin interface
    Bor Shiunn Lee
    Graduate Institute of Clinical Dentistry, College of Medicine, National Taiwan University and National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan
    Dent Mater 23:570-8. 2007
    ....
  81. doi Hourly predictive artificial neural network and multivariate regression tree models of Alternaria and Cladosporium spore concentrations in Szczecin (Poland)
    Agnieszka Grinn-Gofron
    Department of Plant Taxonomy and Phytogeography, University of Szczecin, Waska 13, 71 415 Szczecin, Poland
    Int J Biometeorol 53:555-62. 2009
    ..Relative humidity (RH), air temperature, air pressure and clouds most strongly and significantly influenced the concentration of Alternaria spores...
  82. ncbi The use of a mobile lithotripter in the treatment of tennis elbow and plantar fasciitis
    A Mehra
    Trauma and Orthopaedics, Royal Glamorgan Hospital, Llantrisant, South Wales, CF72 8XR
    Surgeon 1:290-2. 2003
    ..To evaluate the use of the mobile lithotripter in the treatment of tennis elbow and plantar fasciitis...
  83. pmc Volume-sensitive chloride conductance in bovine chromaffin cell membrane
    P Doroshenko
    Max Planck Institut fur biophysikalische Chemie, Gottingen, Germany
    J Physiol 449:197-218. 1992
    ..2. Application of air pressure (about +5 cmH2O or 490 Pa) through the patch pipette caused an increase in the cell volume and concomitant ..
  84. doi Cortical representation of tympanic membrane movements due to pressure variation: an fMRI study
    Agnes Job
    Institut de Recherche Biomédicale des Armées, antenne CRSSA, 24 Avenue des Maquis du Gresivaudan, La Tronche, France
    Hum Brain Mapp 32:744-9. 2011
    ..We applied small air pressure variations to the tympanic membrane while performing a 3T-fMRI study...
  85. doi Effect of oxygen gradients on the activity and microbial community structure of a nitrifying, membrane-aerated biofilm
    Leon S Downing
    Department of Civil Engineering and Geological Sciences, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, Indiana 46556, USA
    Biotechnol Bioeng 101:1193-204. 2008
    ..Nitrifying MABs were grown on a hollow-fiber membrane exposed to 3 mg N/L ammonium. The MAB intra-membrane air pressure was varied to achieve different DO concentrations at the biofilm base, and the bulk liquid was anoxic or with 2 ..
  86. ncbi [The mechanics and function of the middle ear. Part 1: The ossicular chain and middle ear muscles]
    K B Huttenbrink
    INO Universitätsklinik Münster
    Laryngorhinootologie 71:545-51. 1992
    ..function of the ossicular chain must rigorously be separated from its behaviour at changes of static, ambient air pressure. The middle ear, working as a sensitive pressure receptor also reacts to these pressure changes with ..
  87. doi A rapid and efficient inoculation method for Tomato spotted wilt tospovirus
    B Mandal
    Department of Plant Pathology, University of Georgia, Coastal Plain Experiment Station, Tifton, GA 31793, USA
    J Virol Methods 149:195-8. 2008
    ..The spray application of chilled inoculum at the rate of 1.1 ml/plant and at an air pressure of 4.1 bar resulted in systemic infection nearly to a 100% of the tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum) plants inoculated...
  88. ncbi Influence of meteorological factors and air pollution on the outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome
    Quan Cai Cai
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Fudan University, 138 Yi Xue Yuan Road, Shanghai 200032, China
    Public Health 121:258-65. 2007
    ..To understand the association between the outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and meteorological factors and air pollution...
  89. ncbi Are US hospitals making progress in implementing guidelines for prevention of Mycobacterium tuberculosis transmission?
    L P Manangan
    Hospital Infections Program, National Center for Infectious Diseases, and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Arch Intern Med 158:1440-4. 1998
    ..Outbreaks of tuberculosis (TB) in hospitals have occurred when the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) guideline recommendations for preventing the transmission of Mycobacterium tuberculosis were not fully implemented...
  90. ncbi A population-based study of the associations of stroke occurrence with weather parameters in Siberia, Russia (1982-92)
    V L Feigin
    Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Institute of Internal Medicine SB RAMS, Novosibirsk, Russia
    Eur J Neurol 7:171-8. 2000
    ..was evaluated in relation to aggregated daily mean values of ambient temperature, relative humidity and air pressure by means of Poisson regression analysis to estimate the rate ratio (RR) with corresponding confidence interval (..
  91. ncbi Use of a portable forced air system to convert existing hospital space into a mass casualty isolation area
    Robert A Rosenbaum
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Christiana Care Health System, Newark, DE 19718, USA
    Ann Emerg Med 44:628-34. 2004
    ..This project was conducted to determine whether negative-pressure isolation for multiple patients can be achieved quickly and effectively using general hospital space not previously dedicated to respiratory isolation...
  92. ncbi Venous Doppler velocimetry in relationship to central venous pressure and heart rate during hypoxia in the ovine fetus
    S Gudmundsson
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Lund, University Hospital MAS, Malmo, Sweden
    J Perinat Med 27:81-90. 1999
    ..The aim of this study was to examine fetal venous blood velocity in relationship to pressure gradient across the DV during hypoxia in a fetal lamb preparation...
  93. ncbi [Aerodynamics study on pressure changes inside pressure-type whole-body plethysmograph produced by flowing air]
    Wei Hua Xu
    Respiration Department, Tongde Hospital of Zhejiang Province, Hangzhou 430030, China
    Sheng Li Xue Bao 62:42-8. 2010
    ..001). This observation revealed that flowing air made an extra effect on air pressure in the plethysmograph...
  94. ncbi Pressure-assisted capillary electrophoresis electrospray ionization mass spectrometry for analysis of multivalent anions
    Tomoyoshi Soga
    Institute for Advanced Biosciences, Keio University, Tsuruoka, Yamagata 997 0017, Japan
    Anal Chem 74:6224-9. 2002
    ..It was also necessary to drive a constant liquid flow toward the MS by applying air pressure to the inlet capillary during electrophoresis to maintain a conductive liquid junction between the capillary ..
  95. ncbi Comparison of three techniques to measure unsaturated-zone air permeability at Picatinny Arsenal, NJ
    M S Olson
    Department of Civil Engineering, University of Virginia, Charlottesville 22904 4742, USA
    J Contam Hydrol 53:1-19. 2001
    ..air pump tests and calibration of air permeability to air pressures measured in the field under natural air pressure conditions using a numerical airflow model...
  96. pmc Weather and the transmission of bacillary dysentery in Jinan, northern China: a time-series analysis
    Ying Zhang
    Discipline of Public Health, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia
    Public Health Rep 123:61-6. 2008
    ....
  97. ncbi Does static ear canal pressure influence pure tone pitch perception?
    Daniel Rowan
    Institute of Sound and Vibration Research, University of Southampton, Southampton, UK
    Acta Otolaryngol 124:286-9. 2004
    That static ear canal air pressure (ECP) influences the frequency of spontaneous otoacoustic emissions (SOAEs) suggests that it may influence intracochlear, in addition to middle ear, processes...
  98. doi A new minimally invasive method for the transtubal, microendoscopic application of fluids to the middle ear
    Ingo Todt
    Department of Otolaryngology at UKB, Hospital of the University of Berlin, Charite Medical School, Berlin, Germany
    Minim Invasive Ther Allied Technol 17:300-2. 2008
    The Eustachian (or auditory) tube is of central importance for the regulation of ambient air pressure changes within the middle ear spaces. Dysfunction of the Eustachian tube usually leads to chronic inflammatory changes of the middle ear...
  99. ncbi Pathology of blast-related brain injury
    Jeffery D Kocsis
    Yale University School of Medicine, Neuroscience Research Center 127A, VA CT Healthcare System, West Haven, CT 06516, USA
    J Rehabil Res Dev 46:667-72. 2009
    ..Direct injuries to the brain result from rapid shifts in air pressure (primary blast injury), from impacts with munitions fragments and other objects propelled by the explosion (..
  100. ncbi Aerodynamics of the human larynx during vocal fold vibration
    Randall L Plant
    Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, AK Native Medical Center, Anchorage, Alaska 99508, USA
    Laryngoscope 115:2087-100. 2005
    ....
  101. ncbi Nasal obstruction as a common side-effect of sildenafil citrate
    A Faruk Kiroglu
    Department of Otolaryngology, Yuzuncu Yil University, School of Medicine, Van, Turkey
    Tohoku J Exp Med 208:251-4. 2006
    ..the nasal patency was examined by active anterior rhinomanometry (a method of assessing nasal resistance) using air pressure of 150 Pascal...

Research Grants71

  1. TONGUE JAW LINKAGES IN FEEDING
    Jeffrey Palmer; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..c) respiration will become slower and less regular during feeding, and high frequency oscillations in nasal air pressure will occur in chewing when the fauces are open; d) the soft palate will exhibit some intrinsic rhythmicity, but ..
  2. Tongue-Jaw Linkages in Feeding
    Jeffrey Palmer; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Some experiments will also include respiratory measures (expansion of the thoracoabdominal cavity and nasal air pressure). We will test the following hypotheses: 1...
  3. Linguapalatal Contact Pressures During Speech
    JEFFREY SEARL; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..LPCP variation as a function of various speaker behaviors, and 5) evaluate the relationship between LPCP, oral air pressure (P) and linguanalatal contact area (LPCA)...
  4. VELOPHARYNGEAL FUNCTION FOR SPEECH AFTER PALATAL SURGERY
    William Williams; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..to establish velopharyngeal competency results in speech characterized by hypernasality, loss of intraoral air pressure through the nose, and articulation disorders...
  5. EFFICACY OF VOICE TREATMENT FOR PARKINSONS DISEASE
    Lorraine Ramig; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..cricothyroid (CT), thyroarytenoid (TA) & lateral cricoarytenoid (LCA)) activity, subglottal air pressure and sound pressure level in these patients; 2) evaluate the changes in patterns of laryngeal EMG (CT, TA & ..
  6. ANIMAL RESOURCES FACILITY IMPROVEMENT
    Richard Larson; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..the inability of the existing system to maintain proper humidity, temperature, air exchange rates, and room air pressure gradients in several rooms/areas of the building...
  7. Early Detection of Keratoconus
    Ronald H Silverman; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..in conjunction with the Ocular Response Analyzer, an instrument that causes a similar effect by use of an air pressure pulse...
  8. Early Detection of Keratoconus
    Ronald Silverman; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..in conjunction with the Ocular Response Analyzer, an instrument that causes a similar effect by use of an air pressure pulse...
  9. SPEECH AND RESPIRATORY AERODYNAMICS IN CLEFT PALATE
    David Zajac; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..speech production, (ii) the limits of the respiratory system to respond to sudden venting of intraoral air pressure during production of bilabial stop consonants, and (iii) the possible role of respiratory and laryngeal ..
  10. A System for Management of Nasal CPAP Therapy
    LAUGHTON MILES; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The most effective treatment for OSA prevents the upper airway collapse during sleep by increasing the air pressure by a device called nasal-CPAP; however it is usually important and sometimes essential to be able to monitor ..
  11. An Ear Device Enabling Hands Free Wheelchair Control
    Ravi Vaidyanathan; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This method consists of detecting specific tongue motions through monitoring of air pressure in the aural cavity, and correlating air flow in the ear-canal to tongue motion...
  12. CONSTRAINTS AND STRATEGIES IN SPEECH PRODUCTION
    Joseph Perkell; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..transducer system; we also gather anatomical data with MRI and we make measurements of EMG, contact pressures, air pressure and air flow...
  13. Kinematic Comparison of Speech and Nonspeech Oral Tasks
    Susan Shaiman; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..g., intraoral air pressure, labial displacement), the overlapping nature of sequential gestures, and the degree of learning and ..
  14. NANOCOMPOSITE MEMBRANE FOR OXYGEN CONCENTRATION
    LINDA TEMPELMAN; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The relationship of input air pressure, temperature, and humidity on the diffusion rates and selectivity for oxygen through this membrane will be ..
  15. Velopharyngeal Function During Oral Sound Production in Healthy Children
    Jeannette D Hoit; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..using a noninvasive aeromechanical approach (developed in our laboratory) that involves the monitoring of nasal air pressure in relation to the acoustic signal...
  16. Acquisition of Rule-governed vs. Lexical Stress
    Susan Guion; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Acoustic measures of duration, fundamental frequency, and amplitude as well as physical measures of airflow and air pressure will be compared in stressed vs...
  17. MEMS Three-Way Microvalve Modules for Braille Display
    FREDERICK LISY; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..approach is in the use of MEMS technology to develop robust and low-cost microvalves which are used to modulate air pressure applied to an inflatable flexible polymer surface in order to raise and lower individual tactile dots...
  18. DYNAMIC PATTERNS OF SPEECH AERODYNAMICS IN CHILDREN
    LAURA KOENIG; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Smoothed versions of the intraoral air pressure signals will be measured to determine the shape and temporal characteristics of the pressure pulse during ..
  19. AMBULATORY AIRFLOW-PRESSURE MONITOR FOR SLEEP MEDICINE
    DAVID KRAUSMAN; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Nasal air pressure, however, provides a quantitative measurement of airflow sufficiently accurate to detect both hypopneas and ..
  20. Robust Surfaces for Multi-Line Braille Displays
    JOSEPH SNYDER; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The microvalves are used to control air pressure delivered to each Braille dot to control deployment...
  21. Wafer-Level Packaged Microvalve for Braille Display
    GERARD SKEBE; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The microvalves control air pressure delivered to each Braille dot to control deployment...