biomass

Summary

Summary: Total mass of all the organisms of a given type and/or in a given area. (From Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990) It includes the yield of vegetative mass produced from any given crop.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Biomass recalcitrance: engineering plants and enzymes for biofuels production
    Michael E Himmel
    Chemical and Biosciences Center, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, CO 80401, USA
    Science 315:804-7. 2007
  2. doi Metagenomic discovery of biomass-degrading genes and genomes from cow rumen
    Matthias Hess
    Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute, Walnut Creek, CA 94598, USA
    Science 331:463-7. 2011
  3. pmc Microbial cellulose utilization: fundamentals and biotechnology
    Lee R Lynd
    Chemical and Biochemical Engineering, Thayer School of Engineering and Department of Biological Sciences, Dartmouth College, Hanover, New Hampshire 03755, USA
    Microbiol Mol Biol Rev 66:506-77, table of contents. 2002
  4. ncbi Consolidated bioprocessing of cellulosic biomass: an update
    Lee R Lynd
    Thayer School of Engineering, Dartmouth College, Hanover, New Hampshire 03755, USA
    Curr Opin Biotechnol 16:577-83. 2005
  5. doi Microbial production of fatty-acid-derived fuels and chemicals from plant biomass
    Eric J Steen
    Joint BioEnergy Institute, Emeryville, California 94608, USA
    Nature 463:559-62. 2010
  6. pmc Insights into the oxidative degradation of cellulose by a copper metalloenzyme that exploits biomass components
    R Jason Quinlan
    Novozymes, Inc, Davis, CA 95618, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:15079-84. 2011
  7. doi Stimulation of lignocellulosic biomass hydrolysis by proteins of glycoside hydrolase family 61: structure and function of a large, enigmatic family
    Paul V Harris
    Novozymes Inc, 1445 Drew Avenue, Davis, California 95618, USA
    Biochemistry 49:3305-16. 2010
  8. pmc The biomass objective function
    Adam M Feist
    GT Life Sciences, Inc, 10520 Wateridge Circle, San Diego, CA 92122, USA
    Curr Opin Microbiol 13:344-9. 2010
  9. ncbi The path forward for biofuels and biomaterials
    Arthur J Ragauskas
    School of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA 30332, USA
    Science 311:484-9. 2006
  10. ncbi The worldwide leaf economics spectrum
    Ian J Wright
    Department of Biological Sciences, Macquarie University, New South Wales 2109, Australia
    Nature 428:821-7. 2004

Detail Information

Publications341 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Biomass recalcitrance: engineering plants and enzymes for biofuels production
    Michael E Himmel
    Chemical and Biosciences Center, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, CO 80401, USA
    Science 315:804-7. 2007
    Lignocellulosic biomass has long been recognized as a potential sustainable source of mixed sugars for fermentation to biofuels and other biomaterials...
  2. doi Metagenomic discovery of biomass-degrading genes and genomes from cow rumen
    Matthias Hess
    Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute, Walnut Creek, CA 94598, USA
    Science 331:463-7. 2011
    ..deconstruct plant polysaccharides represents a major bottleneck for industrial-scale conversion of cellulosic biomass into biofuels...
  3. pmc Microbial cellulose utilization: fundamentals and biotechnology
    Lee R Lynd
    Chemical and Biochemical Engineering, Thayer School of Engineering and Department of Biological Sciences, Dartmouth College, Hanover, New Hampshire 03755, USA
    Microbiol Mol Biol Rev 66:506-77, table of contents. 2002
    ..examined at successively higher levels of aggregation encompassing the structure and composition of cellulosic biomass, taxonomic diversity, cellulase enzyme systems, molecular biology of cellulase enzymes, physiology of ..
  4. ncbi Consolidated bioprocessing of cellulosic biomass: an update
    Lee R Lynd
    Thayer School of Engineering, Dartmouth College, Hanover, New Hampshire 03755, USA
    Curr Opin Biotechnol 16:577-83. 2005
    ..mediated processes seem promising for energy conversion, in particular for the conversion of lignocellulosic biomass into fuels...
  5. doi Microbial production of fatty-acid-derived fuels and chemicals from plant biomass
    Eric J Steen
    Joint BioEnergy Institute, Emeryville, California 94608, USA
    Nature 463:559-62. 2010
    ..to this important class of chemicals would be through the microbial conversion of renewable feedstocks, such as biomass-derived carbohydrates...
  6. pmc Insights into the oxidative degradation of cellulose by a copper metalloenzyme that exploits biomass components
    R Jason Quinlan
    Novozymes, Inc, Davis, CA 95618, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:15079-84. 2011
    The enzymatic degradation of recalcitrant plant biomass is one of the key industrial challenges of the 21st century. Accordingly, there is a continuing drive to discover new routes to promote polysaccharide degradation...
  7. doi Stimulation of lignocellulosic biomass hydrolysis by proteins of glycoside hydrolase family 61: structure and function of a large, enigmatic family
    Paul V Harris
    Novozymes Inc, 1445 Drew Avenue, Davis, California 95618, USA
    Biochemistry 49:3305-16. 2010
    ..of a biorefinery capable of producing renewable transportable fuels such as ethanol from abundant lignocellulosic biomass. Among the many families of glycoside hydrolases that catalyze cellulose and hemicellulose hydrolysis, few are ..
  8. pmc The biomass objective function
    Adam M Feist
    GT Life Sciences, Inc, 10520 Wateridge Circle, San Diego, CA 92122, USA
    Curr Opin Microbiol 13:344-9. 2010
    ..To computationally predict cell growth using FBA, one has to determine the biomass objective function that describes the rate at which all of the biomass precursors are made in the correct ..
  9. ncbi The path forward for biofuels and biomaterials
    Arthur J Ragauskas
    School of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA 30332, USA
    Science 311:484-9. 2006
    b>Biomass represents an abundant carbon-neutral renewable resource for the production of bioenergy and biomaterials, and its enhanced use would address several societal needs...
  10. ncbi The worldwide leaf economics spectrum
    Ian J Wright
    Department of Biological Sciences, Macquarie University, New South Wales 2109, Australia
    Nature 428:821-7. 2004
    ..Reliable quantification of the leaf economics spectrum and its interaction with climate will prove valuable for modelling nutrient fluxes and vegetation boundaries under changing land-use and climate...
  11. ncbi Lignin modification improves fermentable sugar yields for biofuel production
    Fang Chen
    Plant Biology Division, Samuel Roberts Noble Foundation, 2510 Sam Noble Parkway, Ardmore, Oklahoma 73401, USA
    Nat Biotechnol 25:759-61. 2007
    Recalcitrance to saccharification is a major limitation for conversion of lignocellulosic biomass to ethanol...
  12. ncbi Effects of biodiversity on the functioning of trophic groups and ecosystems
    Bradley J Cardinale
    Department of Ecology, Evolution and Marine Biology, University of California at Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, California 93106, USA
    Nature 443:989-92. 2006
    ..and examine how this alters the efficiency by which communities capture resources and convert those into biomass. So far, the generality of patterns and processes observed in individual studies have been the subjects of ..
  13. ncbi Global analysis of nitrogen and phosphorus limitation of primary producers in freshwater, marine and terrestrial ecosystems
    James J Elser
    School of Life Sciences, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287, USA
    Ecol Lett 10:1135-42. 2007
    ..Thus, contrary to some prevailing paradigms, freshwater, marine and terrestrial ecosystems are surprisingly similar in terms of N and P limitation...
  14. doi Rebuilding global fisheries
    Boris Worm
    Biology Department, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS B3H 4J1, Canada
    Science 325:578-85. 2009
    ..Impacts of international fleets and the lack of alternatives to fishing complicate prospects for rebuilding fisheries in many poorer regions, highlighting the need for a global perspective on rebuilding marine resources...
  15. ncbi Biodiesel from microalgae
    Yusuf Chisti
    Institute of Technology and Engineering, Massey University, Private Bag 11 222, Palmerston North, New Zealand
    Biotechnol Adv 25:294-306. 2007
    ..Oil productivity of many microalgae greatly exceeds the oil productivity of the best producing oil crops. Approaches for making microalgal biodiesel economically competitive with petrodiesel are discussed...
  16. doi Spreading dead zones and consequences for marine ecosystems
    Robert J Diaz
    Virginia Institute of Marine Science, College of William and Mary, Gloucester Point, VA 23062, USA
    Science 321:926-9. 2008
    ..Dead zones have now been reported from more than 400 systems, affecting a total area of more than 245,000 square kilometers, and are probably a key stressor on marine ecosystems...
  17. doi Feedstocks for lignocellulosic biofuels
    Chris Somerville
    Energy Biosciences Institute, The University of California Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
    Science 329:790-2. 2010
    ..However, there has been relatively little discussion of what types of plants may be useful as bioenergy crops...
  18. ncbi Hydrolysis of lignocellulosic materials for ethanol production: a review
    Ye Sun
    Department of Biological and Agricultural Engineering, North Carolina State University, Raleigh 27695 7625, USA
    Bioresour Technol 83:1-11. 2002
    Lignocellulosic biomass can be utilized to produce ethanol, a promising alternative energy source for the limited crude oil...
  19. pmc Estimation of the total parasite biomass in acute falciparum malaria from plasma PfHRP2
    Arjen M Dondorp
    Faculty of Tropical Medicine, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand
    PLoS Med 2:e204. 2005
    ..P. falciparum releases a specific histidine-rich protein (PfHRP2) into plasma. Quantitative measurement of plasma PfHRP2 concentrations may reflect the total parasite biomass in falciparum malaria.
  20. ncbi Challenges in engineering microbes for biofuels production
    Gregory Stephanopoulos
    Department of Chemical Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
    Science 315:801-4. 2007
    ..There is justified optimism that the full potential of biofuel production from cellulosic biomass will be obtainable in the next 10 to 15 years.
  21. doi Biomass allocation to leaves, stems and roots: meta-analyses of interspecific variation and environmental control
    Hendrik Poorter
    Plant Sciences IBG2, Forschungszentrum Julich, D 52425 Julich, Germany
    New Phytol 193:30-50. 2012
    We quantified the biomass allocation patterns to leaves, stems and roots in vegetative plants, and how this is influenced by the growth environment, plant size, evolutionary history and competition...
  22. doi Genomics of cellulosic biofuels
    Edward M Rubin
    DOE Joint Genome Institute, 2800 Mitchell Drive, Walnut Creek, California 94598, USA
    Nature 454:841-5. 2008
    The development of alternatives to fossil fuels as an energy source is an urgent global priority. Cellulosic biomass has the potential to contribute to meeting the demand for liquid fuel, but land-use requirements and process ..
  23. pmc Targeted discovery of glycoside hydrolases from a switchgrass-adapted compost community
    Martin Allgaier
    Deconstruction Division, Joint BioEnergy Institute, Emeryville, California, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 5:e8812. 2010
    ....
  24. pmc A genome-scale metabolic reconstruction for Escherichia coli K-12 MG1655 that accounts for 1260 ORFs and thermodynamic information
    Adam M Feist
    Department of Bioengineering, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA
    Mol Syst Biol 3:121. 2007
    ..of EcoCyc leading to the inclusion of the activities of 1260 ORFs, (2) characterization and quantification of the biomass components and maintenance requirements associated with growth of E...
  25. ncbi Inhibition of ethanol-producing yeast and bacteria by degradation products produced during pre-treatment of biomass
    H B Klinke
    Department of Plant Research, Risø National Laboratory, P O Box 49, 4000 Roskilde, Denmark
    Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 66:10-26. 2004
    ..The resulting hydrolyzsates contain substances inhibitory to fermentation-depending on both the raw material (biomass) and the pre-treatment applied...
  26. ncbi Partitioning selection and complementarity in biodiversity experiments
    M Loreau
    Laboratoire d Ecologie, UMR 7625, Ecole Normale Superieure, 46 rue d Ulm, 75230 Paris Cedex 05, France
    Nature 412:72-6. 2001
    ..experiments have provided evidence that reduced species diversity may impair ecosystem processes such as plant biomass production...
  27. ncbi From plant traits to plant communities: a statistical mechanistic approach to biodiversity
    Bill Shipley
    Departement de Biologie, Universite de Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, Quebec J1K 2R1, Canada
    Science 314:812-4. 2006
    ....
  28. ncbi Features of promising technologies for pretreatment of lignocellulosic biomass
    Nathan Mosier
    Laboratory of Renewable Resources Engineering, Department of Agricultural and Biological Engineering, Purdue University, Potter Engineering Center, 500 Central Drive, West Lafayette, IN 47907 2022, USA
    Bioresour Technol 96:673-86. 2005
    ..structural and compositional factors hinder the enzymatic digestibility of cellulose present in lignocellulosic biomass. The goal of any pretreatment technology is to alter or remove structural and compositional impediments to ..
  29. pmc Baselines and degradation of coral reefs in the Northern Line Islands
    Stuart A Sandin
    Center for Marine Biodiversity and Conservation, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, California, USA
    PLoS ONE 3:e1548. 2008
    ..Sharks and other top predators overwhelmed the fish assemblages on Kingman and Palmyra so that the biomass pyramid was inverted (top-heavy)...
  30. doi From dwarves to giants? Plant height manipulation for biomass yield
    Maria G Salas Fernandez
    Department of Agronomy, 1126E Agronomy Hall, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011, USA
    Trends Plant Sci 14:454-61. 2009
    The increasing demand for lignocellulosic biomass for the production of biofuels provides value to vegetative plant tissue and leads to a paradigm shift for optimizing plant architecture in bioenergy crops...
  31. doi Nitrogen additions and microbial biomass: a meta-analysis of ecosystem studies
    Kathleen K Treseder
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697, USA
    Ecol Lett 11:1111-20. 2008
    ..In this meta-analysis, I synthesized responses of microbial biomass to N additions in 82 published field studies...
  32. pmc Insights into plant biomass conversion from the genome of the anaerobic thermophilic bacterium Caldicellulosiruptor bescii DSM 6725
    Phuongan Dam
    Institute of Bioinformatics, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, USA
    Nucleic Acids Res 39:3240-54. 2011
    ..It is a promising anaerobic bacterium for studying high-temperature biomass conversion. Its genome contains 2666 protein-coding sequences organized into 1209 operons...
  33. ncbi Transcriptional regulation of biomass-degrading enzymes in the filamentous fungus Trichoderma reesei
    Pamela K Foreman
    Genencor International, Inc, Palo Alto, California 94304, USA
    J Biol Chem 278:31988-97. 2003
    ..produces and secretes profuse quantities of enzymes that act synergistically to degrade cellulase and related biomass components. We partially sequenced over 5100 random T. reesei cDNA clones...
  34. pmc Efficient degradation of lignocellulosic plant biomass, without pretreatment, by the thermophilic anaerobe "Anaerocellum thermophilum" DSM 6725
    Sung Jae Yang
    Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, USA
    Appl Environ Microbiol 75:4762-9. 2009
    Very few cultivated microorganisms can degrade lignocellulosic biomass without chemical pretreatment...
  35. doi Significant contribution of Archaea to extant biomass in marine subsurface sediments
    Julius S Lipp
    Organic Geochemistry Group, Department of Geosciences and MARUM Center for Marine Environmental Sciences, University of Bremen, PO Box 330 440, 28334 Bremen, Germany
    Nature 454:991-4. 2008
    ..of live cells, are attributable to archaeal membranes, suggesting that Archaea constitute a major fraction of the biomass. Results obtained from modified quantitative polymerase chain reaction and slot-blot hybridization protocols ..
  36. ncbi Diversity and productivity in a long-term grassland experiment
    D Tilman
    Department of Ecology, Evolution and Behavior, University of Minnesota, St Paul, MN 55108, USA
    Science 294:843-5. 2001
    ..7 times greater biomass than monocultures...
  37. pmc Genome-scale reconstruction and analysis of the Pseudomonas putida KT2440 metabolic network facilitates applications in biotechnology
    Jacek Puchałka
    Synthetic and Systems Biology Group, Helmholtz Center for Infection Research HZI, Braunschweig, Germany
    PLoS Comput Biol 4:e1000210. 2008
    ..revealed that the metabolic network structure is the main factor determining the accuracy of predictions, whereas biomass composition has negligible influence...
  38. doi An outlook on microalgal biofuels
    Rene H Wijffels
    Wageningen University, Bioprocess Engineering, Post Office Box 8129, 6700 EV Wageningen, Netherlands
    Science 329:796-9. 2010
    ....
  39. doi Bioconversion of lignocellulosic biomass: biochemical and molecular perspectives
    Raj Kumar
    Radiation Biotechnology Unit, Division of Radiation Biology and Radiation Protection, Institute of Nuclear Medicine and Allied Sciences, New Delhi, 110054 India
    J Ind Microbiol Biotechnol 35:377-91. 2008
    ..Lignocelluloses as agricultural, industrial and forest residuals account for the majority of the total biomass present in the world...
  40. ncbi Positive interactions among alpine plants increase with stress
    Ragan M Callaway
    Division of Biological Sciences, University of Montana, Missoula, Montana 59812, USA
    Nature 417:844-8. 2002
    ..Here we show that the biomass, growth and reproduction of alpine plant species are higher when other plants are nearby...
  41. pmc Absence of branches from xylan in Arabidopsis gux mutants reveals potential for simplification of lignocellulosic biomass
    Jennifer C Mortimer
    Department of Biochemistry, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 1QW, United Kingdom
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:17409-14. 2010
    ..The results also demonstrate the potential for manipulating and simplifying the structure of xylan to improve the properties of lignocellulose for bioenergy and other uses...
  42. doi The 2010 Amazon drought
    Simon L Lewis
    School of Geography, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, UK
    Science 331:554. 2011
    ..By using relationships between drying and forest biomass responses measured for 2005, we predict the impact of the 2010 drought as 2...
  43. doi Nutrient co-limitation of primary producer communities
    W Stanley Harpole
    Department of Ecology, Evolution and Organismal Biology, Iowa State University, 133 Bessey Hall, Ames, IA 50010, USA
    Ecol Lett 14:852-62. 2011
    ..We found support for strict definitions of co-limitation in 28% of the studies: i.e. community biomass responded to only combined N and P addition, or to both N and P when added separately...
  44. doi Land clearing and the biofuel carbon debt
    Joseph Fargione
    The Nature Conservancy, 1101 West River Parkway, Suite 200, Minneapolis, MN 55415, USA
    Science 319:1235-8. 2008
    ..In contrast, biofuels made from waste biomass or from biomass grown on degraded and abandoned agricultural lands planted with perennials incur little or no ..
  45. pmc Global patterns and predictions of seafloor biomass using random forests
    Chih Lin Wei
    Department of Oceanography, Texas A and M University, College Station, Texas, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 5:e15323. 2010
    A comprehensive seafloor biomass and abundance database has been constructed from 24 oceanographic institutions worldwide within the Census of Marine Life (CoML) field projects...
  46. ncbi Emergent biogeography of microbial communities in a model ocean
    Michael J Follows
    Department of Earth, Atmospheric and Planetary Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 54 1514 MIT, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
    Science 315:1843-6. 2007
    ..This flexible representation of community structure can be used to explore relations between ecosystems, biogeochemical cycles, and climate change...
  47. doi Plants integrate information about nutrients and neighbors
    James F Cahill
    Department of Biological Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB T6G 2E9, Canada
    Science 328:1657. 2010
    ....
  48. doi Recent changes in phytoplankton communities associated with rapid regional climate change along the western Antarctic Peninsula
    Martin Montes-Hugo
    Coastal Ocean Observation Lab, Institute of Marine and Coastal Sciences, School of Environmental and Biological Sciences, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ 08901, USA
    Science 323:1470-3. 2009
    ..Regional changes in phytoplankton coincide with observed changes in krill (Euphausia superba) and penguin populations...
  49. pmc Net energy of cellulosic ethanol from switchgrass
    M R Schmer
    U S Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service, University of Nebraska, 314 Biochemistry Hall, P O Box 830737, Lincoln, NE 68583 0737, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:464-9. 2008
    ..We managed switchgrass as a biomass energy crop in field trials of 3-9 ha (1 ha = 10,000 m2) on marginal cropland on 10 farms across a wide ..
  50. doi Regulation of plant biomass production
    Taku Demura
    Graduate School of Biological Sciences, Nara Institute of Science and Technology, 8916 5 Takayama cho, Ikoma, Nara 630 0192, Japan
    Curr Opin Plant Biol 13:299-304. 2010
    Plant biomass used for cellulosic biofuel production is primarily from vegetative tissues. Therefore, an increase in the vegetative growth of plants will lead to a higher production of plant biomass...
  51. ncbi Nitrogen limitation of net primary productivity in terrestrial ecosystems is globally distributed
    David S LeBauer
    Department of Earth System Science, University of California, Irvine, California 92054, USA
    Ecology 89:371-9. 2008
    ..These results suggest that the global N and C cycles interact strongly and that geography can mediate ecosystem response to N within certain biome types...
  52. ncbi Rapid worldwide depletion of predatory fish communities
    Ransom A Myers
    Biology Department, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada B3H 4J1
    Nature 423:280-3. 2003
    ..We constructed trajectories of community biomass and composition of large predatory fishes in four continental shelf and nine oceanic systems, using all available ..
  53. pmc An insect herbivore microbiome with high plant biomass-degrading capacity
    Garret Suen
    Department of Energy Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center, University of Wisconsin Madison, Madison, Wisconsin, United States of America
    PLoS Genet 6:e1001129. 2010
    ..the fungus garden microbiome of leaf-cutter ants is composed of a diverse community of bacteria with high plant biomass-degrading capacity...
  54. ncbi Soil carbon sequestration impacts on global climate change and food security
    R Lal
    Carbon Management and Sequestration Center, Ohio State University Columbus, OH 43210, USA
    Science 304:1623-7. 2004
    ..5 to 1 kg/ha for cowpeas. As well as enhancing food security, carbon sequestration has the potential to offset fossil fuel emissions by 0.4 to 1.2 gigatons of carbon per year, or 5 to 15% of the global fossil-fuel emissions...
  55. ncbi Ecosystem stability and compensatory effects in the Inner Mongolia grassland
    Yongfei Bai
    Laboratory of Quantitative Vegetation Ecology, Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100093, China
    Nature 431:181-4. 2004
    ..First, that January-July precipitation is the primary climatic factor causing fluctuations in community biomass production; second, that ecosystem stability (conversely related to variability in community biomass production) ..
  56. ncbi Trends in biotechnological production of fuel ethanol from different feedstocks
    Oscar J Sánchez
    Department of Chemical Engineering, National University of Colombia at Manizales, Cra 27 No 64 60 Of F 505, Manizales, Caldas, Colombia
    Bioresour Technol 99:5270-95. 2008
    ..fuel ethanol from sucrose-containing feedstocks (mainly sugar cane), starchy materials and lignocellulosic biomass are described along with the major research trends for improving them...
  57. doi Comparison of dilute acid and ionic liquid pretreatment of switchgrass: Biomass recalcitrance, delignification and enzymatic saccharification
    Chenlin Li
    Joint BioEnergy Institute, Physical Biosciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Emeryville, CA, USA
    Bioresour Technol 101:4900-6. 2010
    The efficiency of two biomass pretreatment technologies, dilute acid hydrolysis and dissolution in an ionic liquid, are compared in terms of delignification, saccharification efficiency and saccharide yields with switchgrass serving as a ..
  58. pmc Unraveling the complex trait of crop yield with quantitative trait loci mapping in Brassica napus
    Jiaqin Shi
    National Key Laboratory of Crop Genetic Improvement, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, China
    Genetics 182:851-61. 2009
    ..The idea of estimating indicator QTL for yield QTL and identifying potential candidate genes for yield provides an advance in methodology for complex traits...
  59. pmc Expression of biomass-degrading enzymes is a major event during conidium development in Trichoderma reesei
    Benjamin Metz
    Institute of Chemical Engineering, University of Technology of Vienna, Vienna, Austria
    Eukaryot Cell 10:1527-35. 2011
    ..reesei, contributes to the hypothesis that the ability to hydrolyze plant biomass is a major trait of this fungus enabling it to break dormancy and reinitiate vegetative growth after a period of ..
  60. ncbi Determinants of woody cover in African savannas
    Mahesh Sankaran
    Natural Resource Ecology Laboratory, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado 80523, USA
    Nature 438:846-9. 2005
    ..These results provide insights into the nature of African savannas and suggest that future changes in precipitation may considerably affect their distribution and dynamics...
  61. pmc Abrolhos bank reef health evaluated by means of water quality, microbial diversity, benthic cover, and fish biomass data
    Thiago Bruce
    Department of Marine Biology, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro UFRJ, Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
    PLoS ONE 7:e36687. 2012
    ..using measurements of four ecosystem components: (i) inorganic and organic nutrient concentrations, [1] fish biomass, [1] macroalgal and coral cover and (iv) microbial community composition and abundance...
  62. doi Transition of cellulose crystalline structure and surface morphology of biomass as a function of ionic liquid pretreatment and its relation to enzymatic hydrolysis
    Gang Cheng
    Joint BioEnergy Institute, Emeryville, California, USA
    Biomacromolecules 12:933-41. 2011
    ..and eucalyptus ( Eucalyptus globulus ), and its influence on cellulose hydrolysis kinetics of the resultant biomass. These feedstocks were pretreated using 1-ethyl-3-methyl imidazolium acetate ([C2mim][OAc]) at 120 and 160 °C ..
  63. doi Extremely thermophilic microorganisms for biomass conversion: status and prospects
    Sara E Blumer-Schuette
    Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27695 7905, United States
    Curr Opin Biotechnol 19:210-7. 2008
    ..temperatures are able to utilize a variety of carbohydrates pertinent to the conversion of lignocellulosic biomass to bioenergy. The range of substrates utilized depends on growth temperature optimum and biotope...
  64. doi Deconstruction of lignocellulosic biomass to fuels and chemicals
    Shishir P S Chundawat
    Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
    Annu Rev Chem Biomol Eng 2:121-45. 2011
    ..To produce infrastructure-compatible fuels from biomass, two challenges remain: overcoming plant cell wall recalcitrance to extract sugar and phenolic intermediates, and ..
  65. doi Comparative genomic analysis of the thermophilic biomass-degrading fungi Myceliophthora thermophila and Thielavia terrestris
    Randy M Berka
    Novozymes, Inc, Davis, CA, USA
    Nat Biotechnol 29:922-7. 2011
    ..enzymes and thermophilic cell factories may afford economic advantages in the production of many chemicals and biomass-based fuels...
  66. pmc Phylogenetic, microbiological, and glycoside hydrolase diversities within the extremely thermophilic, plant biomass-degrading genus Caldicellulosiruptor
    Sara E Blumer-Schuette
    Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina 27695 7905, USA
    Appl Environ Microbiol 76:8084-92. 2010
    ..toward the capacity of these extremely thermophilic bacteria to degrade the complex carbohydrate content of plant biomass. Seven species from this genus (C. saccharolyticus, C. bescii, C. hydrothermalis, C. owensensis, C...
  67. pmc OptStrain: a computational framework for redesign of microbial production systems
    Priti Pharkya
    Department of Chemical Engineering, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802, USA
    Genome Res 14:2367-76. 2004
    ..In summary, OptStrain provides a useful tool to aid microbial strain design and, more importantly, it establishes an integrated framework to accommodate future modeling developments...
  68. doi Loss of plant species after chronic low-level nitrogen deposition to prairie grasslands
    Christopher M Clark
    Department of Ecology, Evolution and Behavior, 100 Ecology, 1987 Upper Buford Circle, University of Minnesota, St Paul, Minnesota 55108, USA
    Nature 451:712-5. 2008
    ..A second experiment showed that a decade after cessation of nitrogen addition, relative plant species number, although not species abundances, had recovered, demonstrating that some effects of nitrogen addition are reversible...
  69. ncbi Woodsmoke health effects: a review
    Luke P Naeher
    Department of Environmental Health Science, College of Public Health, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia, USA
    Inhal Toxicol 19:67-106. 2007
    ..of smoke from wildland fires and agricultural burning, and related controlled human laboratory exposures to biomass smoke; the epidemiology of outdoor and indoor woodsmoke exposures from residential woodburning in developed ..
  70. ncbi Plant species richness and functional composition drive overyielding in a six-year grassland experiment
    Elisabeth Marquard
    Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry, Hans Knöll Strasse 10, 07745 Jena, Germany
    Ecology 90:3290-302. 2009
    Plant diversity has been shown to increase community biomass in experimental communities, but the mechanisms resulting in such positive biodiversity effects have remained largely unknown...
  71. ncbi Climate-driven trends in contemporary ocean productivity
    Michael J Behrenfeld
    Department of Botany and Plant Pathology, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon 97331, USA
    Nature 444:752-5. 2006
    ..The distribution of phytoplankton biomass and NPP is defined by the availability of light and nutrients (nitrogen, phosphate, iron)...
  72. ncbi Soil biota and exotic plant invasion
    Ragan M Callaway
    Division of Biological Sciences, The University of Montana, Missoula, Montana 59812, USA
    Nature 427:731-3. 2004
    ..But in soils from North America, Centaurea cultivates soil biota with increasingly positive effects on itself, which may contribute to the success of this exotic species in North America...
  73. pmc Flux balance analysis of primary metabolism in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii
    Nanette R Boyle
    School of Chemical Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907, USA
    BMC Syst Biol 3:4. 2009
    ..organisms convert atmospheric carbon dioxide into numerous metabolites along the pathways to make new biomass. Aquatic photosynthetic organisms, which fix almost half of global inorganic carbon, have great potential: as a ..
  74. doi The carbon balance of terrestrial ecosystems in China
    Shilong Piao
    Department of Ecology, College of Urban and Environmental Science, and Key Laboratory for Earth Surface Processes of the Ministry of Education, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
    Nature 458:1009-13. 2009
    ..carbon balance of China and its driving mechanisms during the 1980s and 1990s using three different methods: biomass and soil carbon inventories extrapolated by satellite greenness measurements, ecosystem models and atmospheric ..
  75. ncbi Shifts in caterpillar biomass phenology due to climate change and its impact on the breeding biology of an insectivorous bird
    Marcel E Visser
    Netherlands Institute of Ecology NIOO KNAW, P O Box 40, 6666 ZG, Heteren, The Netherlands
    Oecologia 147:164-72. 2006
    ..We measured caterpillar biomass over a 20-year period and showed that the annual peak date is correlated with temperatures from 8 March to 17 May...
  76. ncbi Multiple controls of community structure and dynamics in a sublittoral marine environment
    Bernat Hereu
    Departament d Ecologia, Facultat de Biologia, Universitat de Barcelona, Diagonal 645, 08028 Barcelona, Spain
    Ecology 89:3423-35. 2008
    ..Most algae showed a marked annual cycle, with a biomass peak in late spring/summer and low biomass in winter, following seasonal fluctuations in resource availability, ..
  77. doi Shifts in lake N:P stoichiometry and nutrient limitation driven by atmospheric nitrogen deposition
    James J Elser
    School of Life Sciences, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287, USA
    Science 326:835-7. 2009
    ....
  78. ncbi Ethanol fermentation from biomass resources: current state and prospects
    Yan Lin
    Asian Center for Environmental Research, Meisei University, Tokyo, Japan
    Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 69:627-42. 2006
    In recent years, growing attention has been devoted to the conversion of biomass into fuel ethanol, considered the cleanest liquid fuel alternative to fossil fuels...
  79. pmc Application of a high-density oligonucleotide microarray approach to study bacterial population dynamics during uranium reduction and reoxidation
    Eoin L Brodie
    Department of Environmental Science, Policy, and Management, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
    Appl Environ Microbiol 72:6288-98. 2006
    ..High-density phylogenetic microarrays constitute a powerful tool, enabling the detection and monitoring of a substantial portion of the microbial population in a routine, accurate, and reproducible manner...
  80. doi Plant species traits are the predominant control on litter decomposition rates within biomes worldwide
    William K Cornwell
    Faculty of Earth and Life Sciences, Department of Systems Ecology, Institute of Ecological Science, Vrije Universiteit, De Boelelaan 1085, 1081 HV Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Ecol Lett 11:1065-71. 2008
    ..This connection between plant strategies and decomposability is crucial for both understanding vegetation-soil feedbacks, and for improving forecasts of the global carbon cycle...
  81. pmc Network analysis of enzyme activities and metabolite levels and their relationship to biomass in a large panel of Arabidopsis accessions
    Ronan Sulpice
    Max Planck Institute of Molecular Plant Physiology, 14476 Potsdam Golm, Germany
    Plant Cell 22:2872-93. 2010
    ..metabolism and generate a matrix to investigate species-wide connectivity between metabolites, enzymes, and biomass. Most enzyme activities change in a highly coordinated manner, especially those in the Calvin-Benson cycle...
  82. ncbi Flux balance analysis of photoautotrophic metabolism
    Avantika A Shastri
    School of Chemical Engineering, Purdue University, 480 Stadium Mall Dr, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907, USA
    Biotechnol Prog 21:1617-26. 2005
    ..We also theoretically evaluated the effect of gene deletions or additions on biomass yield and metabolic flux distributions.
  83. doi A global perspective on belowground carbon dynamics under nitrogen enrichment
    Lingli Liu
    Environmental Media Assessment Group MD B243 01, National Center for Environmental Assessment, Office of Research and Development, U S EPA, Research Triangle Park, NC 27711, USA
    Ecol Lett 13:819-28. 2010
    ..N addition inhibited microbial activity as indicated by a reduction in microbial respiration (-8%) and microbial biomass carbon (-20%)...
  84. pmc Automated assay for screening the enzymatic release of reducing sugars from micronized biomass
    David Navarro
    Architecture et Fonction des Macromolecules Biologiques, UMR 6098, CNRS et Université d Aix Marseille I et II, 163 avenue de Luminy CP 925, 13288 Marseille Cedex 09, France
    Microb Cell Fact 9:58. 2010
    ..production cost of bioethanol obtained from fermentation of the sugars provided by degradation of lignocellulosic biomass (i.e...
  85. pmc Genome-scale dynamic modeling of the competition between Rhodoferax and Geobacter in anoxic subsurface environments
    Kai Zhuang
    Department of Chemical Engineering and Applied Chemistry, Institute of Biomaterials and Biomedical Engineering, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    ISME J 5:305-16. 2011
    ..that under nitrogen fixation, higher carbon and electron fluxes would be diverted toward respiration rather than biomass formation in Geobacter, providing a potential explanation for enhanced in situ U(VI) reduction in low-ammonium ..
  86. ncbi Biodiversity and ecosystem stability in a decade-long grassland experiment
    David Tilman
    Department of Ecology, Evolution and Behavior, University of Minnesota, 1987 Upper Buford Circle, St Paul, Minnesota 55108, USA
    Nature 441:629-32. 2006
    ..Ecosystem stability was also positively dependent on root mass, which is a measure of perenniating biomass. Temporal stability of the ecosystem increased with diversity, despite a lower temporal stability of individual ..
  87. pmc Impacts of plant diversity on biomass production increase through time because of species complementarity
    Bradley J Cardinale
    Department of Ecology, Evolution, and Marine Biology, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA 93106, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:18123-8. 2007
    ..experiments that have manipulated the richness of plants to examine how plant diversity affects the production of biomass. We show that mixtures of species produce an average of 1...
  88. pmc Heterosis
    James A Birchler
    Division of Biological Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri 65211, USA
    Plant Cell 22:2105-12. 2010
    ..to the phenomenon that progeny of diverse varieties of a species or crosses between species exhibit greater biomass, speed of development, and fertility than both parents...
  89. doi Synthetic enzyme mixtures for biomass deconstruction: production and optimization of a core set
    Goutami Banerjee
    Department of Energy, Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center, Michigan State University, E Lansing, Michigan 48824, USA
    Biotechnol Bioeng 106:707-20. 2010
    ..Commercial enzyme cocktails for the conversion of plant biomass to fermentable sugars are complex mixtures containing more than 80 proteins of suboptimal activities and relative ..
  90. ncbi Progress and challenges in enzyme development for biomass utilization
    Sandra T Merino
    Novozymes Inc, 1445 Drew Ave, CA 95618, Davis, USA
    Adv Biochem Eng Biotechnol 108:95-120. 2007
    ..Here we describe advances in enzyme technology for use in the production of biofuels and the challenges that remain...
  91. doi Ecosystem energetic implications of parasite and free-living biomass in three estuaries
    Armand M Kuris
    Department of Ecology, Evolution and Marine Biology and Marine Science Institute, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106, USA
    Nature 454:515-8. 2008
    Parasites can have strong impacts but are thought to contribute little biomass to ecosystems. We quantified the biomass of free-living and parasitic species in three estuaries on the Pacific coast of California and Baja California...
  92. doi A large and persistent carbon sink in the world's forests
    Yude Pan
    U S Department of Agriculture Forest Service, Newtown Square, PA 19073, USA
    Science 333:988-93. 2011
    ..Our total forest sink estimate is equivalent in magnitude to the terrestrial sink deduced from fossil fuel emissions and land-use change sources minus ocean and atmospheric sinks...
  93. doi Anaerobic digestion of microalgae as a necessary step to make microalgal biodiesel sustainable
    Bruno Sialve
    INRA, UR050, Laboratoire de Biotechnologie de l Environnement, Avenue des Etangs, Narbonne F 11100, France
    Biotechnol Adv 27:409-16. 2009
    ..In the perspective of setting up massive cultures, the management of large quantities of residual biomass and the high amounts of fertilizers must be considered...
  94. pmc Chloroplast-derived enzyme cocktails hydrolyse lignocellulosic biomass and release fermentable sugars
    Dheeraj Verma
    Department of Molecular Biology and Microbiology, Burnett School of Biomedical Sciences, College of Medicine, University of Central Florida, Orlando, FL 32816 2364, USA
    Plant Biotechnol J 8:332-50. 2010
    ..first report of using plant-derived enzyme cocktails for production of fermentable sugars from lignocellulosic biomass. Limitations of higher cost and lower production capacity of fermentation systems are addressed by chloroplast-..
  95. pmc Reconstruction and analysis of genome-scale metabolic model of a photosynthetic bacterium
    Arnau Montagud
    Instituto Universitario de Matemática Pura y Aplicada, Universidad Politecnica de Valencia, Camino de Vera 14, Valencia, Spain
    BMC Syst Biol 4:156. 2010
    ..In order to enable efficient use of metabolic potential of Synechocystis sp. PCC6803, it is of importance to develop tools for uncovering stoichiometric and regulatory principles in the Synechocystis metabolic network...
  96. pmc Interactions among predators and the cascading effects of vertebrate insectivores on arthropod communities and plants
    Kailen A Mooney
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697 2525, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:7335-40. 2010
    Theory on trophic interactions predicts that predators increase plant biomass by feeding on herbivores, an indirect interaction called a trophic cascade...
  97. doi Agriculture. Sustainable biofuels redux
    G Philip Robertson
    W K Kellogg Biological Station and Department of Crop and Soil Sciences, Michigan State University, Hickory Corners, MI 49060, USA
    Science 322:49-50. 2008
  98. doi Global response patterns of terrestrial plant species to nitrogen addition
    Jianyang Xia
    State Key Laboratory of Vegetation and Environmental Change, Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xiangshan, Beijing 100093, China
    New Phytol 179:428-39. 2008
    ..Across 456 terrestrial plant species included in the analysis, biomass and N concentration were increased by 53.6 and 28.5%, respectively, under N enrichment...
  99. pmc Biomass content governs fermentation rate in nitrogen-deficient wine musts
    Cristian Varela
    Departamento de Ingeniería Química y Bioprocesos, Escuela de Ingeniería, Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile, Santiago, Chile
    Appl Environ Microbiol 70:3392-400. 2004
    ..A lack of nitrogen diminishes a yeast's metabolic activity, as well as the biomass yield, although it has not been clear which of these two interdependent factors is more significant in sluggish ..
  100. ncbi Grassland responses to global environmental changes suppressed by elevated CO2
    M Rebecca Shaw
    Department of Global Ecology, Carnegie Institution of Washington, 260 Panama Street, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
    Science 298:1987-90. 2002
    ..These findings indicate the importance of a multifactor experimental approach to understanding ecosystem responses to global change...
  101. ncbi How do plants respond to nutrient shortage by biomass allocation?
    Christian Hermans
    Laboratoire de Physiologie et de Génétique Moléculaire des Plantes, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Boulevard du Triomphe CP 242, 1050 Brussels, Belgium
    Trends Plant Sci 11:610-7. 2006
    ..changes in their environment; when mineral elements are scarce, they often allocate a greater proportion of their biomass to the root system...

Research Grants79

  1. A Plant-Derived Recombinant Bioscavenger to Prevent Insecticide Neurotoxicity
    Yvonne Rosenberg; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..rBChE using the plant expression system which is versatile and inexpensive due to its ability to yield a large biomass in GMP conditions (Phase I) and (2) as a result of their unsialyted and atypical glycans, these recombinant plant ..
  2. INDOOR AIR POLLUTION AND CHILD ARI: A RANDOMIZED TRIAL
    Kirk Smith; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Such conditions are common in less-developed countries (LDCs), where some two-thirds of households rely on biomass fuels (wood, dung, crop residues)...
  3. Indoor woodsmoke PM and asthma: a randomized trial
    Anthony Ward; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The results from this project will be translatable to other regions in the US and the world where biomass burning is commonly used for heating and cooking. Relevance: This study will determine if reductions in PM2...
  4. Cookstove Replacement for Prevention of ARI and Low Birthweight in Nepal
    James M Tielsch; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..for poor, rural areas in developing countries and the strong observational association between open burning of biomass fuel sources and ARI in young children and low birth weight, we have designed a community-based randomized trial ..
  5. Cookstove Replacement for Prevention of ARI and Low Birthweight in Nepal
    James Tielsch; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..for poor, rural areas in developing countries and the strong observational association between open burning of biomass fuel sources and ARI in young children and low birth weight, we have designed a community-based randomized trial ..
  6. Microbial Mediation of Habitat Selection and Production
    Edward Walker; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Secondly, we will quantify microbial processing of nutrients and accrual of microbial biomass in larval habitats, and link them to adult production...
  7. Research Training on Chronic Lung Diseases in Southern Africa
    Thomas Robins; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..g., ambient air pollution, burning of biomass fuels in domiciles, indoor and outdoor exposure to bioaerosols, environmental tobacco smoke)and occupational (e.g...
  8. Novel accelerated in vitro breeding for phytoremediation
    MIHALY CZAKO; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..built on the successful demonstration of the feasibility of our novel technology for in vitro breeding of a large biomass plant for field-scale phytoremediation...
  9. Indoor woodsmoke PM and asthma: a randomized trial
    ANTHONY JOHN contact WARD; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The results from this project will be translatable to other regions in the US and the world where biomass burning is commonly used for heating and cooking. Relevance: This study will determine if reductions in PM2...
  10. LARVAL MOSQUITO FEEDING AND MICROBIAL INTERACTIONS
    Edward Walker; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..tree holes, tires); (2) to examine experimentally the relationships between limiting nutrients, microbial biomass and diversity, and surface microlayer water fractions to mosquito growth and adult mosquito production for Aedes ..
  11. Model-driven Media Optimization in Hybridoma Cell Line
    Iman Famili; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..to microbial systems, productivity and product titers in mammalian cell cultures are low mainly due to the low biomass concentration achievable in standard mammalian cell culture...
  12. COMMUNITY COMPOSITION AND PHYSIOLOGY OF ORAL BIOFILMS
    David White; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..define a species-composition measurement using phospholipid-bound fatty-acid (PLFA) profiles of whole-community biomass, and will validate that measurement by correlation with checkerboard hybridization and cultivable flora methods...
  13. LARVAL MOSQUITO FEEDING AND MICROBIAL INTERACTIONS
    Edward Walker; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..but it is constrained by conversion of refractile organic material into ingestible and digestible microbial biomass. The tree hole habitat of several mosquito species is our model system to study this phenomenon...
  14. Nano-scale Mechanisms of Metal(loid) Rhizostabilization in Desert Mine Tailings
    JONATHAN CHOROVER; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..with the goal of root zone metal accumulation to avoid metals from entering the food chain through above-ground biomass. The role of plant roots and microbes in promoting mineral dissolution-precipitation reactions and associated ..
  15. Nano-scale Mechanisms of Metal(loid) Rhizostabilization in Desert Mine Tailings
    JONATHAN D CHOROVER; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..with the goal of root zone metal accumulation to avoid metals from entering the food chain through above-ground biomass. The role of plant roots and microbes in promoting mineral dissolution-precipitation reactions and associated ..
  16. Nano-scale Mechanisms of Metal(loid) Rhizostabilization in Desert Mine Tailings
    JONATHAN D CHOROVER; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..with the goal of root zone metal accumulation to avoid metals from entering the food chain through above-ground biomass. The role of plant roots and microbes in promoting mineral dissolution-precipitation reactions and associated ..
  17. Discovery of genes that extend yeast lifespan: Aging in immobilized cell reactors
    RAPHAEL ROSENZWEIG; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..These reactors continue to produce close-to-theoretical yields of ethanol but very little biomass, relative to substrate input...
  18. Expression of Human Therapeutic Proteins in Chloroplasts
    Henry Daniell; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Tobacco is an ideal choice because of its large biomass, ease of scale-up (million seeds pen plant), genetic manipulation and an impending need to explore alternative ..
  19. Metabolic Engineering Studies of Extreme Thermoacidophily
    Robert Kelly; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..the Crenarcheaota (not all of which are extreme thermoacidophiles) comprise a significant fraction of the global biomass, and are relevant beyond extreme niches...
  20. Discovery of Anticancer Drugs from Cyanobacteria
    Frederick Valeriote; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..collected and cultured tropical marine microalgae, mainly cyanobacteria, with a focus on those of low natural biomass or found in symbiosis with marine invertebrates, such as sponges and tunicates and to characterize "super-..
  21. Effects of cooking smoke on health
    Vinod Mishra; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..heating causes substantial ill health in developing countries where a majority of households rely on unprocessed biomass fuels such as wood, crop residues, and dung cakes, but research on this subject is limited and many uncertainties ..
  22. REGULATION OF THE HEAT SHOCK RESPONSE IN E. COLI
    Carol Gross; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: Project relevance Microbes account for fully half of the world's biomass and are of immense importance to life on earth, for reasons as diverse as performing mineral recycling in our ..