- Biodiversity hotspots for conservation priorities
Green College, Oxford University, Headington, UK
Nature 403:853-8. 2000
..4% of the land surface of the Earth. This opens the way for a 'silver bullet' strategy on the part of conservation planners, focusing on these hotspots in proportion to their share of the world's species at risk...
- Microbial diversity in the deep sea and the underexplored "rare biosphere"
Mitchell L Sogin
Josephine Bay Paul Center, Marine Biological Laboratory at Woods Hole, 7 MBL Street, Woods Hole, MA 02543, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:12115-20. 2006
..Members of the rare biosphere are highly divergent from each other and, at different times in earth's history, may have had a profound impact on shaping planetary processes...
- MEGAN analysis of metagenomic data
Daniel H Huson
Center for Bioinformatics, Tubingen University, Sand 14, 72076 Tubingen, Germany
Genome Res 17:377-86. 2007
..Also, simulations that evaluate the performance of the approach for different read lengths are presented...
- A globally coherent fingerprint of climate change impacts across natural systems
Integrative Biology, Patterson Laboratories 141, University of Texas, Austin, Texas 78712, USA
Nature 421:37-42. 2003
..This suite of analyses generates 'very high confidence' (as laid down by the IPCC) that climate change is already affecting living systems...
- Coral reefs under rapid climate change and ocean acidification
Centre for Marine Studies, University of Queensland, St Lucia, 4072 Queensland, Australia
Science 318:1737-42. 2007
..As the International Year of the Reef 2008 begins, scaled-up management intervention and decisive action on global emissions are required if the loss of coral-dominated ecosystems is to be avoided...
- Emerging fungal threats to animal, plant and ecosystem health
Matthew C Fisher
Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Imperial College, London W2 1PG, UK
Nature 484:186-94. 2012
..We argue that nascent fungal infections will cause increasing attrition of biodiversity, with wider implications for human and ecosystem health, unless steps are taken to tighten biosecurity worldwide.
- Global biodiversity scenarios for the year 2100
O E Sala
Department of Ecology and Instituto de Investigaciones Fisiológicas y Ecológicas vinculadas a la Agricultura, Faculty of Agronomy, University of Buenos Aires, Avenida San Martin 4453, Buenos Aires 1417, Argentina
Science 287:1770-4. 2000
..Plausible changes in biodiversity in other biomes depend on interactions among the causes of biodiversity change. These interactions represent one of the largest uncertainties in projections of future biodiversity change...
- A global map of human impact on marine ecosystems
Benjamin S Halpern
National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis, 735 State Street, Santa Barbara, CA 93101, USA
Science 319:948-52. 2008
..We developed an ecosystem-specific, multiscale spatial model to synthesize 17 global data sets of anthropogenic drivers of ecological ..
- Climate change, human impacts, and the resilience of coral reefs
T P Hughes
Centre for Coral Reef Biodiversity, James Cook University, Townsville, Qld 4811, Australia
Science 301:929-33. 2003
..International integration of management strategies that support reef resilience need to be vigorously implemented, and complemented by strong policy decisions to reduce the rate of global warming...
- Global consequences of land use
Jonathan A Foley
Center for Sustainability and the Global Environment SAGE, University of Wisconsin, 1710 University Avenue, Madison, WI 53726, USA
Science 309:570-4. 2005
..We face the challenge of managing trade-offs between immediate human needs and maintaining the capacity of the biosphere to provide goods and services in the long term...
- Terrestrial ecosystem carbon dynamics and climate feedbacks
Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry, Hans Knöll Strasse 10, D 07745 Jena, Germany
Nature 451:289-92. 2008
- Status and trends of amphibian declines and extinctions worldwide
Simon N Stuart
IUCN Species Survival Commission Conservation International Center for Applied Biodiversity Science Biodiversity Assessment Unit, 1919 M Street N W, Washington, DC 20036, USA
Science 306:1783-6. 2004
..The lack of conservation remedies for these poorly understood declines means that hundreds of amphibian species now face extinction...
- Emerging infectious diseases of wildlife--threats to biodiversity and human health
Institute of Ecology, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, USA
Science 287:443-9. 2000
- Cryptic species as a window on diversity and conservation
Department of Biological Sciences, National University of Singapore, 14 Science Drive 4, Singapore 117543, Republic of Singapore
Trends Ecol Evol 22:148-55. 2007
..The discovery of cryptic species is likely to be non-random with regard to taxon and biome and, hence, could have profound implications for evolutionary theory, biogeography and conservation planning...
- Confronting the coral reef crisis
D R Bellwood
Centre for Coral Reef Biodiversity, Dept of Marine Biology, James Cook University, Townsville, Queensland 4811, Australia
Nature 429:827-33. 2004
..These findings have profound implications for restoration of degraded reefs, management of fisheries, and the focus on marine protected areas and biodiversity hotspots as priorities for conservation...
- Rapid range shifts of species associated with high levels of climate warming
I Ching Chen
Department of Biology, University of York, Wentworth Way, York YO10 5DD, UK
Science 333:1024-6. 2011
..Rapid average shifts derive from a wide diversity of responses by individual species...
- Global biodiversity: indicators of recent declines
Stuart H M Butchart
United Nations Environment Programme World Conservation Monitoring Centre, 219 Huntingdon Road, Cambridge CB3 0DL, UK
Science 328:1164-8. 2010
- A large and persistent carbon sink in the world's forests
U S Department of Agriculture Forest Service, Newtown Square, PA 19073, USA
Science 333:988-93. 2011
..Using forest inventory data and long-term ecosystem carbon studies, we estimate a total forest sink of 2.4 ± 0...
- Functional metagenomic profiling of nine biomes
Elizabeth A Dinsdale
Department of Biology, San Diego State University, San Diego, California 92182, USA
Nature 452:629-32. 2008
- Anthropogenic ocean acidification over the twenty-first century and its impact on calcifying organisms
James C Orr
Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l Environnement, UMR CEA CNRS, CEA Saclay, F 91191 Gif sur Yvette, France
Nature 437:681-6. 2005
..Our findings indicate that conditions detrimental to high-latitude ecosystems could develop within decades, not centuries as suggested previously...
- Environmental niche equivalency versus conservatism: quantitative approaches to niche evolution
Dan L Warren
Department of Evolution and Ecology, University of California, Davis, California 95616, USA
Evolution 62:2868-83. 2008
..We suggest various randomization tests that may prove useful in other areas of ecology and evolutionary biology...
- Uses and misuses of bioclimatic envelope modeling
Miguel B Araujo
Department of Biodiversity and Evolutionary Biology, National Museum of Natural Sciences, CSIC, Calle Jose Gutierrez Abascal, 2 28006, Madrid, Spain
Ecology 93:1527-39. 2012
- Fingerprints of global warming on wild animals and plants
Terry L Root
Center for Environmental Science and Policy, Institute for International Studies, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305, USA
Nature 421:57-60. 2003
- Community genomics among stratified microbial assemblages in the ocean's interior
Edward F DeLong
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
Science 311:496-503. 2006
..Comparative genomic analyses of stratified microbial communities have the potential to provide significant insight into higher-order community organization and dynamics...
- Trophic downgrading of planet Earth
James A Estes
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95060, USA
Science 333:301-6. 2011
..These findings emphasize the urgent need for interdisciplinary research to forecast the effects of trophic downgrading on process, function, and resilience in global ecosystems...
- Archaea predominate among ammonia-oxidizing prokaryotes in soils
Department of Biology, University of Bergen, Jahnebakken 5, N 5020 Bergen, Norway
Nature 442:806-9. 2006
..Our results indicate that crenarchaeota may be the most abundant ammonia-oxidizing organisms in soil ecosystems on Earth...
- Biodiversity and ecosystem functioning: current knowledge and future challenges
Laboratoire d Ecologie, UMR 7625, Ecole Normale Superieure, 46 rue d Ulm, F 75230 Paris cedex 05, France
Science 294:804-8. 2001
..Major advances have been made in describing the relationship between species diversity and ecosystem processes, in identifying functionally important species, and in revealing underlying mechanisms...
- Marine viruses--major players in the global ecosystem
Curtis A Suttle
University of British Columbia, Departments of Earth and Ocean Sciences, Botany, and Microbiology and Immunology, 1461 BioSciences, 6270 University Boulevard, Vancouver, British Columbia V6T 1Z4, Canada
Nat Rev Microbiol 5:801-12. 2007
..Probing this vast reservoir of genetic and biological diversity continues to yield exciting discoveries...
- A global synthesis reveals biodiversity loss as a major driver of ecosystem change
David U Hooper
Department of Biology, Western Washington University, Bellingham, Washington 98225 9160, USA
Nature 486:105-8. 2012
..Further species loss will accelerate change in ecosystem processes, but it is unclear how these effects compare to the direct effects of other forms of environmental ..
- Long-term region-wide declines in Caribbean corals
Toby A Gardner
School of Biological Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich NR4 7TJ, UK
Science 301:958-60. 2003
..The ability of Caribbean coral reefs to cope with future local and global environmental change may be irretrievably compromised...
- Impacts of biodiversity loss on ocean ecosystem services
Department of Biology, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada B3H 4J1
Science 314:787-90. 2006
..long-term regional time series, and global fisheries data to test how biodiversity loss affects marine ecosystem services across temporal and spatial scales...
- Oceanography: anthropogenic carbon and ocean pH
Energy and Environment Directorate, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, 7000 East Avenue, Livermore, California 94550, USA
Nature 425:365. 2003
- Climate warming and disease risks for terrestrial and marine biota
C Drew Harvell
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
Science 296:2158-62. 2002
..To improve our ability to predict epidemics in wild populations, it will be necessary to separate the independent and interactive effects of multiple climate drivers on disease impact...
- Divergent selection and heterogeneous genomic divergence
Zoology Department and Biodiversity Research Centre, University of British Columbia, Vancouver BC, Canada
Mol Ecol 18:375-402. 2009
..e. genomic islands of divergence), a topic in need of future investigation...
- Spreading dead zones and consequences for marine ecosystems
Robert J Diaz
Virginia Institute of Marine Science, College of William and Mary, Gloucester Point, VA 23062, USA
Science 321:926-9. 2008
Dead zones in the coastal oceans have spread exponentially since the 1960s and have serious consequences for ecosystem functioning...
- Environmental genome shotgun sequencing of the Sargasso Sea
J Craig Venter
Institute for Biological Energy Alternatives, 1901 Research Boulevard, Rockville, MD 20850, USA
Science 304:66-74. 2004
..2 million previously unknown genes represented in these samples, including more than 782 new rhodopsin-like photoreceptors. Variation in species present and stoichiometry suggests substantial oceanic microbial diversity...
- Diversity of the human intestinal microbial flora
Paul B Eckburg
Division of Infectious Diseases and Geographic Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine, Room S 169, 300 Pasteur Drive, Stanford CA 94305 5107, USA
Science 308:1635-8. 2005
..We discovered significant intersubject variability and differences between stool and mucosa community composition. Characterization of this immensely diverse ecosystem is the first step in elucidating its role in health and disease.
- The impact of climate change on the world's marine ecosystems
Ocean and Coasts Program, Global Change Institute, University of Queensland, St Lucia, QLD 4072, Australia
Science 328:1523-8. 2010
..Further change will continue to create enormous challenges and costs for societies worldwide, particularly those in developing countries...
- Depletion, degradation, and recovery potential of estuaries and coastal seas
Heike K Lotze
Biology Department, Dalhousie University, 1355 Oxford Street, Halifax, NS, Canada B3H 4J1
Science 312:1806-9. 2006
..conservation efforts achieved partial recovery of upper trophic levels but have so far failed to restore former ecosystem structure and function...
- The worldwide leaf economics spectrum
Ian J Wright
Department of Biological Sciences, Macquarie University, New South Wales 2109, Australia
Nature 428:821-7. 2004
..Reliable quantification of the leaf economics spectrum and its interaction with climate will prove valuable for modelling nutrient fluxes and vegetation boundaries under changing land-use and climate...
- Ensemble forecasting of species distributions
Miguel B Araujo
Department of Biodiversity and Evolutionary Biology, National Museum of Natural Sciences, CSIC, C Gutiérrez Abascal, 2, 28006, Madrid, Spain
Trends Ecol Evol 22:42-7. 2007
- Consequences of changing biodiversity
F S Chapin
Institute of Arctic Biology, University of Alaska, Fairbanks 99775, USA
Nature 405:234-42. 2000
..These changes in biodiversity alter ecosystem processes and change the resilience of ecosystems to environmental change...
- Historical overfishing and the recent collapse of coastal ecosystems
J B Jackson
Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093 0244, USA
Science 293:629-37. 2001
- Toward an ecological classification of soil bacteria
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309, USA
Ecology 88:1354-64. 2007
- Global change and the ecology of cities
Nancy B Grimm
School of Life Sciences, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287 4501, USA
Science 319:756-60. 2008
..Cities themselves present both the problems and solutions to sustainability challenges of an increasingly urbanized world...
- Simultaneous assessment of soil microbial community structure and function through analysis of the meta-transcriptome
Centre of Geobiology, Department of Biology, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway
PLoS ONE 3:e2527. 2008
..Experimental approaches studying these systems usually focus on either the soil community's taxonomic structure or its functional characteristics. Many methods target DNA as marker molecule and use PCR for amplification...
- The microbial engines that drive Earth's biogeochemical cycles
Paul G Falkowski
Environmental Biophysics and Molecular Ecology Program, Institute of Marine and Coastal Sciences and Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ 08901, USA
Science 320:1034-9. 2008
..A major challenge in the coming decades is to understand how these machines evolved, how they work, and the processes that control their activity on both molecular and planetary scales...
- One-third of reef-building corals face elevated extinction risk from climate change and local impacts
Kent E Carpenter
IUCN International Union for Conservation of Nature Species Programme Species Survival Commission SSC, Biological Sciences, Old Dominion University, Norfolk, VA 23529, USA
Science 321:560-3. 2008
..Our results emphasize the widespread plight of coral reefs and the urgent need to enact conservation measures...
- Scenarios for global biodiversity in the 21st century
Henrique M Pereira
Centro de Biologia Ambiental, Faculdade de Ciencias da Universidade de Lisboa, 1749 016 Lisboa, Portugal
Science 330:1496-501. 2010
..of age as a tool for evaluating the impact of future socioeconomic development pathways on biodiversity and ecosystem services...
- Meta-analysis reveals negative yet variable effects of ocean acidification on marine organisms
Kristy J Kroeker
Stanford University, Hopkins Marine Station, Pacific Grove, CA 93950, USA
Ecol Lett 13:1419-34. 2010
..Our analyses suggest that the biological effects of ocean acidification are generally large and negative, but the variation in sensitivity amongst organisms has important implications for ecosystem responses.
- Quantifying the evidence for biodiversity effects on ecosystem functioning and services
Centro de Investigaciones en Ecosistemas, UNAM, Morelia, Mexico
Ecol Lett 9:1146-56. 2006
Concern is growing about the consequences of biodiversity loss for ecosystem functioning, for the provision of ecosystem services, and for human well being...
- Tracking apex marine predator movements in a dynamic ocean
B A Block
Stanford University, Biology Department, Hopkins Marine Station, Pacific Grove, California 93950, USA
Nature 475:86-90. 2011
..Improved understanding of ecological patterns, evolutionary constraints and ecosystem function is critical for preventing extinctions, loss of biodiversity and disruption of ecosystem services...
- The ecology of climate change and infectious diseases
Kevin D Lafferty
Western Ecological Research Center, U S Geological Survey, Marine Science Institute, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106, USA
Ecology 90:888-900. 2009
..Many factors can affect infectious disease, and some may overshadow the effects of climate...
- The velocity of climate change
Scott R Loarie
Carnegie Institution for Science, Department of Global Ecology, Stanford, California 94305, USA
Nature 462:1052-5. 2009
..Montane landscapes may effectively shelter many species into the next century. Elsewhere, reduced emissions, a much expanded network of protected areas, or efforts to increase species movement may be necessary...
- Evidence for ecological speciation and its alternative
Biodiversity Research Centre and Zoology Department, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z4, Canada
Science 323:737-41. 2009
..However, we still have not identified all aspects of selection, and identifying the underlying genes for reproductive isolation remains challenging...
- Catastrophic shifts in ecosystems
Department of Aquatic Ecology and Water Quality Management, Wageningen University, PO Box 8080, NL 6700 DD Wageningen, The Netherlands
Nature 413:591-6. 2001
..This suggests that strategies for sustainable management of such ecosystems should focus on maintaining resilience...
- Regional decline of coral cover in the Indo-Pacific: timing, extent, and subregional comparisons
John F Bruno
Department of Marine Sciences, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States of America
PLoS ONE 2:e711. 2007
..However, little is known about the timing, rate or spatial variability of the loss of reef-building corals, especially in the Indo-Pacific, which contains 75% of the world's coral reefs...
- The status of the world's land and marine mammals: diversity, threat, and knowledge
International Union for Conservation of Nature IUCN Species Programme, IUCN, 28 Rue Mauverney, 1196 Gland, Switzerland
Science 322:225-30. 2008
..Marine mammals are also disproportionately poorly known. These data are made freely available to support further scientific developments and conservation action...
- A molecular view of microbial diversity and the biosphere
N R Pace
Department of Plant and Microbial Biology, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 3102, USA
Science 276:734-40. 1997
- Host-bacterial mutualism in the human intestine
Center for Genome Sciences, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63108, USA
Science 307:1915-20. 2005
..We are also starting to understand how certain keystone members of the microbiota operate to maintain the stability and functional adaptability of this microbial organ...
- Do invasive species show higher phenotypic plasticity than native species and, if so, is it adaptive? A meta-analysis
Amy Michelle Davidson
Research School of Biology, Australian National University, Acton, ACT 0200, Australia
Ecol Lett 14:419-31. 2011
- A guide to the natural history of freshwater lake bacteria
Ryan J Newton
Great Lakes WATER Institute, University of Wisconsin Milwaukee, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, USA
Microbiol Mol Biol Rev 75:14-49. 2011
..We conclude by emphasizing the role that this review can play in providing a coherent framework for future studies...
- Microbial biogeography: putting microorganisms on the map
Jennifer B Hughes Martiny
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, 80 Waterman Street, Box G W, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island 02912, USA
Nat Rev Microbiol 4:102-12. 2006
..However, recent studies also dispute the idea that 'everything is everywhere'. We also consider how the processes that generate and maintain biogeographic patterns in macroorganisms could operate in the microbial world...
- Plant species and soil type cooperatively shape the structure and function of microbial communities in the rhizosphere
Graz University of Technology, Environmental Biotechnology, Graz, Austria
FEMS Microbiol Ecol 68:1-13. 2009
..not only for plant nutrition, health and quality but also for microorganism-driven carbon sequestration, ecosystem functioning and nutrient cycling in terrestrial ecosystems...
- Early-warning signals for critical transitions
Department of Environmental Sciences, Wageningen University, PO Box 47, 6700 AA Wageningen, The Netherlands
Nature 461:53-9. 2009
- Detection of reduction in population size using data from microsatellite loci
J C Garza
Department of Integrative Biology, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
Mol Ecol 10:305-18. 2001
..This method, and others like it, promises to be an important tool for the conservation and management of populations that are in need of intervention or recovery...
- Landscape moderation of biodiversity patterns and processes - eight hypotheses
Agroecology, Department of Crop Sciences, Georg August University, Grisebachstrasse 6, 37077 Gottingen, Germany
Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 87:661-85. 2012
..on the role of landscape composition and configuration in determining the structure of ecological communities, ecosystem functioning and services. We organize the eight hypotheses under four overarching themes...
- Introducing DOTUR, a computer program for defining operational taxonomic units and estimating species richness
Patrick D Schloss
Department of Plant Pathology, University of Wisconsin Madison, 1630 Linden Dr, Madison, WI 53706, USA
Appl Environ Microbiol 71:1501-6. 2005
..We anticipate that an equivalent extent of sampling for soil would require sampling more than 10,000 sequences, almost 100 times the size of typical sequence collections obtained from soil...
- Phase shifts, herbivory, and the resilience of coral reefs to climate change
Terence P Hughes
Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, James Cook University, Townsville QLD 4811, Australia
Curr Biol 17:360-5. 2007
- Effects of biodiversity on the functioning of trophic groups and ecosystems
Bradley J Cardinale
Department of Ecology, Evolution and Marine Biology, University of California at Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, California 93106, USA
Nature 443:989-92. 2006
..species diversity to examine how it affects the functioning of numerous trophic groups in multiple types of ecosystem. We show that the average effect of decreasing species richness is to decrease the abundance or biomass of the ..
- Global analysis of nitrogen and phosphorus limitation of primary producers in freshwater, marine and terrestrial ecosystems
James J Elser
School of Life Sciences, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287, USA
Ecol Lett 10:1135-42. 2007
..Thus, contrary to some prevailing paradigms, freshwater, marine and terrestrial ecosystems are surprisingly similar in terms of N and P limitation...
- Microbial community structure and its functional implications
Jed A Fuhrman
Department of Biological Sciences, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California 90089, USA
Nature 459:193-9. 2009
..Some microbial systems are found to change predictably, helping us to anticipate how microbial communities and their activities will shift in a changing world...
- An Earth-system perspective of the global nitrogen cycle
Environmental Physics Group, Institute of Biogeochemistry and Pollutant Dynamics, ETH Zurich, Universitatstrasse 16, 8092 Zurich, Switzerland
Nature 451:293-6. 2008
- Global trajectories of the long-term decline of coral reef ecosystems
John M Pandolfi
Department of Paleobiology, MRC 121, National Museum of Natural History, Post Office Box 37012, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC 20013 7012, USA
Science 301:955-8. 2003
..All reefs were substantially degraded long before outbreaks of coral disease and bleaching. Regardless of these new threats, reefs will not survive without immediate protection from human exploitation over large spatial scales...
- Multivariate analyses in microbial ecology
Microbial habitat group, Max Planck Institute for Marine Microbiology, Bremen, Germany
FEMS Microbiol Ecol 62:142-60. 2007
..Because such tools aim at reducing data set complexity, at identifying major patterns and putative causal factors, they will certainly find many applications in microbial ecology...
- Global dispersal of free-living microbial eukaryote species
Bland J Finlay
Centre for Ecology and Hydrology Windermere, Ferry House, Ambleside, Cumbria LA22 0LP, UK
Science 296:1061-3. 2002
..dispersal requires an alternative view of the scale and dynamics of biodiversity at the microbial level, wherein global species number is relatively low and local species richness is always sufficient to drive ecosystem functions.
- Rebuilding global fisheries
Biology Department, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS B3H 4J1, Canada
Science 325:578-85. 2009
..Impacts of international fleets and the lack of alternatives to fishing complicate prospects for rebuilding fisheries in many poorer regions, highlighting the need for a global perspective on rebuilding marine resources...
- Ecological niche partitioning between Anopheles gambiae molecular forms in Cameroon: the ecological side of speciation
Laboratoire de Lutte contre les Insectes Nuisibles, Institut de Recherche pour le Developpement, UR016, 911 Av Agropolis, Cedex 5, Montpellier, France
BMC Ecol 9:17. 2009
- Mechanistic niche modelling: combining physiological and spatial data to predict species' ranges
Department of Zoology, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, VIC 3010, Australia
Ecol Lett 12:334-50. 2009
..As physiological knowledge becomes better integrated into SDMs, we will make more robust predictions of range shifts in novel or non-equilibrium contexts such as invasions, translocations, climate change and evolutionary shifts...
- Impacts of climate warming on terrestrial ectotherms across latitude
Curtis A Deutsch
Program on Climate Change and Department of Oceanography and Department of Biology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:6668-72. 2008
..Our analyses imply that, in the absence of ameliorating factors such as migration and adaptation, the greatest extinction risks from global warming may be in the tropics, where biological diversity is also greatest...
- An integrative study of a meromictic lake ecosystem in Antarctica
Federico M Lauro
School of Biotechnology and Biomolecular Sciences, The University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia
ISME J 5:879-95. 2011
..Our view is that the health of this delicate ecosystem is dictated by the effects of the polar light cycle on the dominant role of green sulfur bacteria in primary ..
- Volcanic carbon dioxide vents show ecosystem effects of ocean acidification
Jason M Hall-Spencer
Marine Institute, Marine Biology and Ecology Research Centre, University of Plymouth, Plymouth PL4 8AA, UK
Nature 454:96-9. 2008
..as almost all studies have been in vitro, short-term, rapid perturbation experiments on isolated elements of the ecosystem. Here we show the effects of acidification on benthic ecosystems at shallow coastal sites where volcanic CO(2) ..
- Computational improvements reveal great bacterial diversity and high metal toxicity in soil
Bioscience Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM 87501, USA
Science 309:1387-90. 2005
..Metal pollution reduced diversity more than 99.9%, revealing the highly toxic effect of metal contamination, especially for rare taxa...
- Pattern-oriented modeling of agent-based complex systems: lessons from ecology
UFZ Umweltforschungszentrum Leipzig Halle, Department Okologische Systemanalyse, PF 500 136, 04301 Leipzig, Germany
Science 310:987-91. 2005
..This strategy provides a unifying framework for decoding the internal organization of agent-based complex systems and may lead toward unifying algorithmic theories of the relation between adaptive behavior and system complexity...
- Parallel declines in pollinators and insect-pollinated plants in Britain and the Netherlands
J C Biesmeijer
Institute of Integrative and Comparative Biology and Earth and Biosphere Institute, University of Leeds, Leeds, LS2 9JT, UK
Science 313:351-4. 2006
..Taken together, these findings strongly suggest a causal connection between local extinctions of functionally linked plant and pollinator species...
- Genetic diversity and connectivity of deep-sea hydrothermal vent metapopulations
Robert C Vrijenhoek
Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute, Moss Landing, CA 95039, USA
Mol Ecol 19:4391-411. 2010
..Understanding the diversity and connectivity of vent metapopulations provides essential information for designing deep-sea preserves in regions that are under consideration for submarine mining of precious metals...
- Baselines and degradation of coral reefs in the Northern Line Islands
Stuart A Sandin
Center for Marine Biodiversity and Conservation, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, California, USA
PLoS ONE 3:e1548. 2008
..Thus, protection from overfishing and pollution appears to increase the resilience of reef ecosystems to the effects of global warming...
- Niche partitioning among Prochlorococcus ecotypes along ocean-scale environmental gradients
Zackary I Johnson
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 15 Vassar Street 48 419, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
Science 311:1737-40. 2006
..Light, nutrients, and competitor abundances also appeared to play a role in shaping different distributions...
- Range shifts and adaptive responses to Quaternary climate change
M B Davis
Department of Ecology, Evolution and Behavior, University of Minnesota, Saint Paul, MN 55108, USA
Science 292:673-9. 2001
- Ecological linkages between aboveground and belowground biota
David A Wardle
Landcare Research, Post Office Box 69, Lincoln, New Zealand
Science 304:1629-33. 2004
..ecosystems consist of aboveground and belowground components that interact to influence community- and ecosystem-level processes and properties...
- Microbial structuring of marine ecosystems
Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093, USA
Nat Rev Microbiol 5:782-91. 2007
..This approach to microbial oceanography is not only helpful, but is in fact indispensable...
- Environmental context explains Lévy and Brownian movement patterns of marine predators
Nicolas E Humphries
Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, The Laboratory, Citadel Hill, Plymouth PL1 2PB, UK
Nature 465:1066-9. 2010
..These results are consistent with the Lévy-flight foraging hypothesis, supporting the contention that organism search strategies naturally evolved in such a way that they exploit optimal Lévy patterns...
- The impacts of climate change in coastal marine systems
Christopher D G Harley
Bodega Marine Laboratory, University of California Davis, Bodega Bay, CA 94923, USA
Ecol Lett 9:228-41. 2006
- A serpentinite-hosted ecosystem: the Lost City hydrothermal field
Deborah S Kelley
School of Oceanography, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
Science 307:1428-34. 2005
The serpentinite-hosted Lost City hydrothermal field is a remarkable submarine ecosystem in which geological, chemical, and biological processes are intimately interlinked...
- The unseen majority: soil microbes as drivers of plant diversity and productivity in terrestrial ecosystems
Marcel G A van der Heijden
Department of Animal Ecology, Faculty of Earth and Life Sciences, Institute of Ecological Science, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, De Boelelaan 1085, 1081 HV Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Ecol Lett 11:296-310. 2008
..Despite their abundance, the impact of soil microbes on ecosystem processes is still poorly understood...
- Global patterns and predictions of seafloor biomass using random forests
Chih Lin Wei
Department of Oceanography, Texas A and M University, College Station, Texas, United States of America
PLoS ONE 5:e15323. 2010
..This biomass census and associated maps are vital components of mechanistic deep-sea food web models and global carbon cycling, and as such provide fundamental information that can be incorporated into evidence-based management...
- Global patterns in biodiversity
K J Gaston
Department of Animal and Plant Sciences, University of Sheffield, UK
Nature 405:220-7. 2000
..Theory is, however, developing rapidly, improving in its internal consistency, and more readily subjected to empirical challenge...
- The nested assembly of plant-animal mutualistic networks
Integrative Ecology Group, Estacion Biologica de Donana, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas, Apartado 1056, E 41080 Sevilla, Spain
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 100:9383-7. 2003
..Our results indicate a nonrandom pattern of community organization that may be relevant for our understanding of the organization and persistence of biodiversity...
- Multiple functions increase the importance of biodiversity for overall ecosystem functioning
Department of Marine Ecology, Goteborg University, Tjärnö Marine Biological Laboratory, SE 452 96 Strömstad, Sweden
Ecology 89:1223-31. 2008
Biodiversity is proposed to be important for the rate of ecosystem functions...
- Autotrophic carbon fixation in archaea
Ivan A Berg
Mikrobiologie, Fakultat Biologie, Universitat Freiburg, Schanzlestrasse 1, D 79104 Freiburg, Germany
Nat Rev Microbiol 8:447-60. 2010
..These reactions differ fundamentally from those of the well-known Calvin cycle, and their distribution mirrors the phylogenetic positions of the archaeal lineages and the needs of the ecological niches that they occupy...
- Climate extremes: observations, modeling, and impacts
D R Easterling
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration NOAA National Climatic Data Center, 151 Patton Avenue, Asheville, NC 28801, USA
Science 289:2068-74. 2000
..Several apparently gradual biological changes are linked to responses to extreme weather and climate events...