Genomes and Genes
Summary: A functional system which includes the organisms of a natural community together with their environment. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Publications279 found, 100 shown here
- Biodiversity hotspots for conservation prioritiesN Myers
Green College, Oxford University, Headington, UK
Nature 403:853-8. 2000..4% of the land surface of the Earth. This opens the way for a 'silver bullet' strategy on the part of conservation planners, focusing on these hotspots in proportion to their share of the world's species at risk...
- Microbial diversity in the deep sea and the underexplored "rare biosphere"Mitchell L Sogin
Josephine Bay Paul Center, Marine Biological Laboratory at Woods Hole, 7 MBL Street, Woods Hole, MA 02543, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:12115-20. 2006..Members of the rare biosphere are highly divergent from each other and, at different times in earth's history, may have had a profound impact on shaping planetary processes...
- Coral reefs under rapid climate change and ocean acidificationO Hoegh-Guldberg
Centre for Marine Studies, University of Queensland, St Lucia, 4072 Queensland, Australia
Science 318:1737-42. 2007..As the International Year of the Reef 2008 begins, scaled-up management intervention and decisive action on global emissions are required if the loss of coral-dominated ecosystems is to be avoided...
- A globally coherent fingerprint of climate change impacts across natural systemsCamille Parmesan
Integrative Biology, Patterson Laboratories 141, University of Texas, Austin, Texas 78712, USA
Nature 421:37-42. 2003..This suite of analyses generates 'very high confidence' (as laid down by the IPCC) that climate change is already affecting living systems...
- Global biodiversity scenarios for the year 2100O E Sala
Department of Ecology and Instituto de Investigaciones Fisiológicas y Ecológicas vinculadas a la Agricultura, Faculty of Agronomy, University of Buenos Aires, Avenida San Martin 4453, Buenos Aires 1417, Argentina
Science 287:1770-4. 2000..Plausible changes in biodiversity in other biomes depend on interactions among the causes of biodiversity change. These interactions represent one of the largest uncertainties in projections of future biodiversity change...
- Climate change, human impacts, and the resilience of coral reefsT P Hughes
Centre for Coral Reef Biodiversity, James Cook University, Townsville, Qld 4811, Australia
Science 301:929-33. 2003..International integration of management strategies that support reef resilience need to be vigorously implemented, and complemented by strong policy decisions to reduce the rate of global warming...
- Functional metagenomic profiling of nine biomesElizabeth A Dinsdale
Department of Biology, San Diego State University, San Diego, California 92182, USA
Nature 452:629-32. 2008....
- Status and trends of amphibian declines and extinctions worldwideSimon N Stuart
IUCN Species Survival Commission Conservation International Center for Applied Biodiversity Science Biodiversity Assessment Unit, 1919 M Street N W, Washington, DC 20036, USA
Science 306:1783-6. 2004..The lack of conservation remedies for these poorly understood declines means that hundreds of amphibian species now face extinction...
- Archaea predominate among ammonia-oxidizing prokaryotes in soilsS Leininger
Department of Biology, University of Bergen, Jahnebakken 5, N 5020 Bergen, Norway
Nature 442:806-9. 2006..Our results indicate that crenarchaeota may be the most abundant ammonia-oxidizing organisms in soil ecosystems on Earth...
- Confronting the coral reef crisisD R Bellwood
Centre for Coral Reef Biodiversity, Dept of Marine Biology, James Cook University, Townsville, Queensland 4811, Australia
Nature 429:827-33. 2004..These findings have profound implications for restoration of degraded reefs, management of fisheries, and the focus on marine protected areas and biodiversity hotspots as priorities for conservation...
- A molecular view of microbial diversity and the biosphereN R Pace
Department of Plant and Microbial Biology, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 3102, USA
Science 276:734-40. 1997....
- Historical overfishing and the recent collapse of coastal ecosystemsJ B Jackson
Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093 0244, USA
Science 293:629-37. 2001....
- Trophic downgrading of planet EarthJames A Estes
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95060, USA
Science 333:301-6. 2011..These findings emphasize the urgent need for interdisciplinary research to forecast the effects of trophic downgrading on process, function, and resilience in global ecosystems...
- Emerging fungal threats to animal, plant and ecosystem healthMatthew C Fisher
Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Imperial College, London W2 1PG, UK
Nature 484:186-94. 2012..We argue that nascent fungal infections will cause increasing attrition of biodiversity, with wider implications for human and ecosystem health, unless steps are taken to tighten biosecurity worldwide.
- Global consequences of land useJonathan A Foley
Center for Sustainability and the Global Environment SAGE, University of Wisconsin, 1710 University Avenue, Madison, WI 53726, USA
Science 309:570-4. 2005..We face the challenge of managing trade-offs between immediate human needs and maintaining the capacity of the biosphere to provide goods and services in the long term...
- Diversity of the human intestinal microbial floraPaul B Eckburg
Division of Infectious Diseases and Geographic Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine, Room S 169, 300 Pasteur Drive, Stanford CA 94305 5107, USA
Science 308:1635-8. 2005..We discovered significant intersubject variability and differences between stool and mucosa community composition. Characterization of this immensely diverse ecosystem is the first step in elucidating its role in health and disease.
- Rapid range shifts of species associated with high levels of climate warmingI Ching Chen
Department of Biology, University of York, Wentworth Way, York YO10 5DD, UK
Science 333:1024-6. 2011..Rapid average shifts derive from a wide diversity of responses by individual species...
- Microbial biogeography: putting microorganisms on the mapJennifer B Hughes Martiny
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, 80 Waterman Street, Box G W, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island 02912, USA
Nat Rev Microbiol 4:102-12. 2006..However, recent studies also dispute the idea that 'everything is everywhere'. We also consider how the processes that generate and maintain biogeographic patterns in macroorganisms could operate in the microbial world...
- Anthropogenic ocean acidification over the twenty-first century and its impact on calcifying organismsJames C Orr
Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l Environnement, UMR CEA CNRS, CEA Saclay, F 91191 Gif sur Yvette, France
Nature 437:681-6. 2005..Our findings indicate that conditions detrimental to high-latitude ecosystems could develop within decades, not centuries as suggested previously...
- Oceanography: anthropogenic carbon and ocean pHKen Caldeira
Energy and Environment Directorate, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, 7000 East Avenue, Livermore, California 94550, USA
Nature 425:365. 2003
- Evidence for ecological speciation and its alternativeDolph Schluter
Biodiversity Research Centre and Zoology Department, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z4, Canada
Science 323:737-41. 2009..However, we still have not identified all aspects of selection, and identifying the underlying genes for reproductive isolation remains challenging...
- Fingerprints of global warming on wild animals and plantsTerry L Root
Center for Environmental Science and Policy, Institute for International Studies, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305, USA
Nature 421:57-60. 2003....
- Divergent selection and heterogeneous genomic divergencePatrik Nosil
Zoology Department and Biodiversity Research Centre, University of British Columbia, Vancouver BC, Canada
Mol Ecol 18:375-402. 2009..e. genomic islands of divergence), a topic in need of future investigation...
- Global biodiversity: indicators of recent declinesStuart H M Butchart
United Nations Environment Programme World Conservation Monitoring Centre, 219 Huntingdon Road, Cambridge CB3 0DL, UK
Science 328:1164-8. 2010....
- Early-warning signals for critical transitionsMarten Scheffer
Department of Environmental Sciences, Wageningen University, PO Box 47, 6700 AA Wageningen, The Netherlands
Nature 461:53-9. 2009....
- Toward an ecological classification of soil bacteriaNoah Fierer
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309, USA
Ecology 88:1354-64. 2007....
- Impacts of biodiversity loss on ocean ecosystem servicesBoris Worm
Department of Biology, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada B3H 4J1
Science 314:787-90. 2006..long-term regional time series, and global fisheries data to test how biodiversity loss affects marine ecosystem services across temporal and spatial scales...
- A large and persistent carbon sink in the world's forestsYude Pan
U S Department of Agriculture Forest Service, Newtown Square, PA 19073, USA
Science 333:988-93. 2011..Using forest inventory data and long-term ecosystem carbon studies, we estimate a total forest sink of 2.4 ± 0...
- Host-bacterial mutualism in the human intestineFredrik Backhed
Center for Genome Sciences, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63108, USA
Science 307:1915-20. 2005..We are also starting to understand how certain keystone members of the microbiota operate to maintain the stability and functional adaptability of this microbial organ...
- Do invasive species show higher phenotypic plasticity than native species and, if so, is it adaptive? A meta-analysisAmy Michelle Davidson
Research School of Biology, Australian National University, Acton, ACT 0200, Australia
Ecol Lett 14:419-31. 2011....
- A global map of human impact on marine ecosystemsBenjamin S Halpern
National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis, 735 State Street, Santa Barbara, CA 93101, USA
Science 319:948-52. 2008..We developed an ecosystem-specific, multiscale spatial model to synthesize 17 global data sets of anthropogenic drivers of ecological ..
- Plant species and soil type cooperatively shape the structure and function of microbial communities in the rhizosphereGabriele Berg
Graz University of Technology, Environmental Biotechnology, Graz, Austria
FEMS Microbiol Ecol 68:1-13. 2009..not only for plant nutrition, health and quality but also for microorganism-driven carbon sequestration, ecosystem functioning and nutrient cycling in terrestrial ecosystems...
- Marine viruses--major players in the global ecosystemCurtis A Suttle
University of British Columbia, Departments of Earth and Ocean Sciences, Botany, and Microbiology and Immunology, 1461 BioSciences, 6270 University Boulevard, Vancouver, British Columbia V6T 1Z4, Canada
Nat Rev Microbiol 5:801-12. 2007..Probing this vast reservoir of genetic and biological diversity continues to yield exciting discoveries...
- The impact of climate change on the world's marine ecosystemsOve Hoegh-Guldberg
Ocean and Coasts Program, Global Change Institute, University of Queensland, St Lucia, QLD 4072, Australia
Science 328:1523-8. 2010..Further change will continue to create enormous challenges and costs for societies worldwide, particularly those in developing countries...
- Cryptic species as a window on diversity and conservationDavid Bickford
Department of Biological Sciences, National University of Singapore, 14 Science Drive 4, Singapore 117543, Republic of Singapore
Trends Ecol Evol 22:148-55. 2007..The discovery of cryptic species is likely to be non-random with regard to taxon and biome and, hence, could have profound implications for evolutionary theory, biogeography and conservation planning...
- Introducing DOTUR, a computer program for defining operational taxonomic units and estimating species richnessPatrick D Schloss
Department of Plant Pathology, University of Wisconsin Madison, 1630 Linden Dr, Madison, WI 53706, USA
Appl Environ Microbiol 71:1501-6. 2005..We anticipate that an equivalent extent of sampling for soil would require sampling more than 10,000 sequences, almost 100 times the size of typical sequence collections obtained from soil...
- The worldwide leaf economics spectrumIan J Wright
Department of Biological Sciences, Macquarie University, New South Wales 2109, Australia
Nature 428:821-7. 2004..Reliable quantification of the leaf economics spectrum and its interaction with climate will prove valuable for modelling nutrient fluxes and vegetation boundaries under changing land-use and climate...
- Quantifying the evidence for biodiversity effects on ecosystem functioning and servicesPatricia Balvanera
Centro de Investigaciones en Ecosistemas, UNAM, Morelia, Mexico
Ecol Lett 9:1146-56. 2006Concern is growing about the consequences of biodiversity loss for ecosystem functioning, for the provision of ecosystem services, and for human well being...
- Phase shifts, herbivory, and the resilience of coral reefs to climate changeTerence P Hughes
Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, James Cook University, Townsville QLD 4811, Australia
Curr Biol 17:360-5. 2007....
- Scenarios for global biodiversity in the 21st centuryHenrique M Pereira
Centro de Biologia Ambiental, Faculdade de Ciencias da Universidade de Lisboa, 1749 016 Lisboa, Portugal
Science 330:1496-501. 2010..of age as a tool for evaluating the impact of future socioeconomic development pathways on biodiversity and ecosystem services...
- Catastrophic shifts in ecosystemsM Scheffer
Department of Aquatic Ecology and Water Quality Management, Wageningen University, PO Box 8080, NL 6700 DD Wageningen, The Netherlands
Nature 413:591-6. 2001..This suggests that strategies for sustainable management of such ecosystems should focus on maintaining resilience...
- Effects of biodiversity on the functioning of trophic groups and ecosystemsBradley J Cardinale
Department of Ecology, Evolution and Marine Biology, University of California at Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, California 93106, USA
Nature 443:989-92. 2006..species diversity to examine how it affects the functioning of numerous trophic groups in multiple types of ecosystem. We show that the average effect of decreasing species richness is to decrease the abundance or biomass of the ..
- One-third of reef-building corals face elevated extinction risk from climate change and local impactsKent E Carpenter
IUCN International Union for Conservation of Nature Species Programme Species Survival Commission SSC, Biological Sciences, Old Dominion University, Norfolk, VA 23529, USA
Science 321:560-3. 2008..Our results emphasize the widespread plight of coral reefs and the urgent need to enact conservation measures...
- Meta-analysis reveals negative yet variable effects of ocean acidification on marine organismsKristy J Kroeker
Stanford University, Hopkins Marine Station, Pacific Grove, CA 93950, USA
Ecol Lett 13:1419-34. 2010..Our analyses suggest that the biological effects of ocean acidification are generally large and negative, but the variation in sensitivity amongst organisms has important implications for ecosystem responses.
- Global analysis of nitrogen and phosphorus limitation of primary producers in freshwater, marine and terrestrial ecosystemsJames J Elser
School of Life Sciences, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287, USA
Ecol Lett 10:1135-42. 2007..Thus, contrary to some prevailing paradigms, freshwater, marine and terrestrial ecosystems are surprisingly similar in terms of N and P limitation...
- Tracking apex marine predator movements in a dynamic oceanB A Block
Stanford University, Biology Department, Hopkins Marine Station, Pacific Grove, California 93950, USA
Nature 475:86-90. 2011..Improved understanding of ecological patterns, evolutionary constraints and ecosystem function is critical for preventing extinctions, loss of biodiversity and disruption of ecosystem services...
- A global synthesis reveals biodiversity loss as a major driver of ecosystem changeDavid U Hooper
Department of Biology, Western Washington University, Bellingham, Washington 98225 9160, USA
Nature 486:105-8. 2012..Further species loss will accelerate change in ecosystem processes, but it is unclear how these effects compare to the direct effects of other forms of environmental ..
- An Earth-system perspective of the global nitrogen cycleNicolas Gruber
Environmental Physics Group, Institute of Biogeochemistry and Pollutant Dynamics, ETH Zurich, Universitatstrasse 16, 8092 Zurich, Switzerland
Nature 451:293-6. 2008
- Global trajectories of the long-term decline of coral reef ecosystemsJohn M Pandolfi
Department of Paleobiology, MRC 121, National Museum of Natural History, Post Office Box 37012, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC 20013 7012, USA
Science 301:955-8. 2003..All reefs were substantially degraded long before outbreaks of coral disease and bleaching. Regardless of these new threats, reefs will not survive without immediate protection from human exploitation over large spatial scales...
- Microbial community structure and its functional implicationsJed A Fuhrman
Department of Biological Sciences, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California 90089, USA
Nature 459:193-9. 2009..Some microbial systems are found to change predictably, helping us to anticipate how microbial communities and their activities will shift in a changing world...
- Multivariate analyses in microbial ecologyAlban Ramette
Microbial habitat group, Max Planck Institute for Marine Microbiology, Bremen, Germany
FEMS Microbiol Ecol 62:142-60. 2007..Because such tools aim at reducing data set complexity, at identifying major patterns and putative causal factors, they will certainly find many applications in microbial ecology...
- Global dispersal of free-living microbial eukaryote speciesBland J Finlay
Centre for Ecology and Hydrology Windermere, Ferry House, Ambleside, Cumbria LA22 0LP, UK
Science 296:1061-3. 2002..dispersal requires an alternative view of the scale and dynamics of biodiversity at the microbial level, wherein global species number is relatively low and local species richness is always sufficient to drive ecosystem functions.
- Biodiversity and ecosystem functioning: current knowledge and future challengesM Loreau
Laboratoire d Ecologie, UMR 7625, Ecole Normale Superieure, 46 rue d Ulm, F 75230 Paris cedex 05, France
Science 294:804-8. 2001..Major advances have been made in describing the relationship between species diversity and ecosystem processes, in identifying functionally important species, and in revealing underlying mechanisms...
- Rebuilding global fisheriesBoris Worm
Biology Department, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS B3H 4J1, Canada
Science 325:578-85. 2009..Impacts of international fleets and the lack of alternatives to fishing complicate prospects for rebuilding fisheries in many poorer regions, highlighting the need for a global perspective on rebuilding marine resources...
- Mechanistic niche modelling: combining physiological and spatial data to predict species' rangesMichael Kearney
Department of Zoology, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, VIC 3010, Australia
Ecol Lett 12:334-50. 2009..As physiological knowledge becomes better integrated into SDMs, we will make more robust predictions of range shifts in novel or non-equilibrium contexts such as invasions, translocations, climate change and evolutionary shifts...
- Regional decline of coral cover in the Indo-Pacific: timing, extent, and subregional comparisonsJohn F Bruno
Department of Marine Sciences, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States of America
PLoS ONE 2:e711. 2007..However, little is known about the timing, rate or spatial variability of the loss of reef-building corals, especially in the Indo-Pacific, which contains 75% of the world's coral reefs...
- Simultaneous assessment of soil microbial community structure and function through analysis of the meta-transcriptomeTim Urich
Centre of Geobiology, Department of Biology, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway
PLoS ONE 3:e2527. 2008..Experimental approaches studying these systems usually focus on either the soil community's taxonomic structure or its functional characteristics. Many methods target DNA as marker molecule and use PCR for amplification...
- A guide to the natural history of freshwater lake bacteriaRyan J Newton
Great Lakes WATER Institute, University of Wisconsin Milwaukee, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, USA
Microbiol Mol Biol Rev 75:14-49. 2011..We conclude by emphasizing the role that this review can play in providing a coherent framework for future studies...
- Environmental niche equivalency versus conservatism: quantitative approaches to niche evolutionDan L Warren
Department of Evolution and Ecology, University of California, Davis, California 95616, USA
Evolution 62:2868-83. 2008..We suggest various randomization tests that may prove useful in other areas of ecology and evolutionary biology...
- Ecological niche partitioning between Anopheles gambiae molecular forms in Cameroon: the ecological side of speciationFrederic Simard
Laboratoire de Lutte contre les Insectes Nuisibles, Institut de Recherche pour le Developpement, UR016, 911 Av Agropolis, Cedex 5, Montpellier, France
BMC Ecol 9:17. 2009....
- Impacts of climate warming on terrestrial ectotherms across latitudeCurtis A Deutsch
Program on Climate Change and Department of Oceanography and Department of Biology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:6668-72. 2008..Our analyses imply that, in the absence of ameliorating factors such as migration and adaptation, the greatest extinction risks from global warming may be in the tropics, where biological diversity is also greatest...
- Spreading dead zones and consequences for marine ecosystemsRobert J Diaz
Virginia Institute of Marine Science, College of William and Mary, Gloucester Point, VA 23062, USA
Science 321:926-9. 2008Dead zones in the coastal oceans have spread exponentially since the 1960s and have serious consequences for ecosystem functioning...
- Volcanic carbon dioxide vents show ecosystem effects of ocean acidificationJason M Hall-Spencer
Marine Institute, Marine Biology and Ecology Research Centre, University of Plymouth, Plymouth PL4 8AA, UK
Nature 454:96-9. 2008..as almost all studies have been in vitro, short-term, rapid perturbation experiments on isolated elements of the ecosystem. Here we show the effects of acidification on benthic ecosystems at shallow coastal sites where volcanic CO(2) ..
- An integrative study of a meromictic lake ecosystem in AntarcticaFederico M Lauro
School of Biotechnology and Biomolecular Sciences, The University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia
ISME J 5:879-95. 2011..Our view is that the health of this delicate ecosystem is dictated by the effects of the polar light cycle on the dominant role of green sulfur bacteria in primary ..
- The microbial engines that drive Earth's biogeochemical cyclesPaul G Falkowski
Environmental Biophysics and Molecular Ecology Program, Institute of Marine and Coastal Sciences and Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ 08901, USA
Science 320:1034-9. 2008..A major challenge in the coming decades is to understand how these machines evolved, how they work, and the processes that control their activity on both molecular and planetary scales...
- Computational improvements reveal great bacterial diversity and high metal toxicity in soilJason Gans
Bioscience Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM 87501, USA
Science 309:1387-90. 2005..Metal pollution reduced diversity more than 99.9%, revealing the highly toxic effect of metal contamination, especially for rare taxa...
- Pattern-oriented modeling of agent-based complex systems: lessons from ecologyVolker Grimm
UFZ Umweltforschungszentrum Leipzig Halle, Department Okologische Systemanalyse, PF 500 136, 04301 Leipzig, Germany
Science 310:987-91. 2005..This strategy provides a unifying framework for decoding the internal organization of agent-based complex systems and may lead toward unifying algorithmic theories of the relation between adaptive behavior and system complexity...
- Genetic diversity and connectivity of deep-sea hydrothermal vent metapopulationsRobert C Vrijenhoek
Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute, Moss Landing, CA 95039, USA
Mol Ecol 19:4391-411. 2010..Understanding the diversity and connectivity of vent metapopulations provides essential information for designing deep-sea preserves in regions that are under consideration for submarine mining of precious metals...
- Parallel declines in pollinators and insect-pollinated plants in Britain and the NetherlandsJ C Biesmeijer
Institute of Integrative and Comparative Biology and Earth and Biosphere Institute, University of Leeds, Leeds, LS2 9JT, UK
Science 313:351-4. 2006..Taken together, these findings strongly suggest a causal connection between local extinctions of functionally linked plant and pollinator species...
- The status of the world's land and marine mammals: diversity, threat, and knowledgeJan Schipper
International Union for Conservation of Nature IUCN Species Programme, IUCN, 28 Rue Mauverney, 1196 Gland, Switzerland
Science 322:225-30. 2008..Marine mammals are also disproportionately poorly known. These data are made freely available to support further scientific developments and conservation action...
- Range shifts and adaptive responses to Quaternary climate changeM B Davis
Department of Ecology, Evolution and Behavior, University of Minnesota, Saint Paul, MN 55108, USA
Science 292:673-9. 2001....
- Baselines and degradation of coral reefs in the Northern Line IslandsStuart A Sandin
Center for Marine Biodiversity and Conservation, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, California, USA
PLoS ONE 3:e1548. 2008..Thus, protection from overfishing and pollution appears to increase the resilience of reef ecosystems to the effects of global warming...
- Niche partitioning among Prochlorococcus ecotypes along ocean-scale environmental gradientsZackary I Johnson
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 15 Vassar Street 48 419, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
Science 311:1737-40. 2006..Light, nutrients, and competitor abundances also appeared to play a role in shaping different distributions...
- Ecological linkages between aboveground and belowground biotaDavid A Wardle
Landcare Research, Post Office Box 69, Lincoln, New Zealand
Science 304:1629-33. 2004..ecosystems consist of aboveground and belowground components that interact to influence community- and ecosystem-level processes and properties...
- Microbial structuring of marine ecosystemsFarooq Azam
Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093, USA
Nat Rev Microbiol 5:782-91. 2007..This approach to microbial oceanography is not only helpful, but is in fact indispensable...
- Consequences of changing biodiversityF S Chapin
Institute of Arctic Biology, University of Alaska, Fairbanks 99775, USA
Nature 405:234-42. 2000..These changes in biodiversity alter ecosystem processes and change the resilience of ecosystems to environmental change...
- The impacts of climate change in coastal marine systemsChristopher D G Harley
Bodega Marine Laboratory, University of California Davis, Bodega Bay, CA 94923, USA
Ecol Lett 9:228-41. 2006....
- Environmental context explains Lévy and Brownian movement patterns of marine predatorsNicolas E Humphries
Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, The Laboratory, Citadel Hill, Plymouth PL1 2PB, UK
Nature 465:1066-9. 2010..These results are consistent with the Lévy-flight foraging hypothesis, supporting the contention that organism search strategies naturally evolved in such a way that they exploit optimal Lévy patterns...
- Environmental genome shotgun sequencing of the Sargasso SeaJ Craig Venter
Institute for Biological Energy Alternatives, 1901 Research Boulevard, Rockville, MD 20850, USA
Science 304:66-74. 2004..2 million previously unknown genes represented in these samples, including more than 782 new rhodopsin-like photoreceptors. Variation in species present and stoichiometry suggests substantial oceanic microbial diversity...
- The unseen majority: soil microbes as drivers of plant diversity and productivity in terrestrial ecosystemsMarcel G A van der Heijden
Department of Animal Ecology, Faculty of Earth and Life Sciences, Institute of Ecological Science, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, De Boelelaan 1085, 1081 HV Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Ecol Lett 11:296-310. 2008..Despite their abundance, the impact of soil microbes on ecosystem processes is still poorly understood...
- The nested assembly of plant-animal mutualistic networksJordi Bascompte
Integrative Ecology Group, Estacion Biologica de Donana, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas, Apartado 1056, E 41080 Sevilla, Spain
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 100:9383-7. 2003..Our results indicate a nonrandom pattern of community organization that may be relevant for our understanding of the organization and persistence of biodiversity...
- Long-term region-wide declines in Caribbean coralsToby A Gardner
School of Biological Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich NR4 7TJ, UK
Science 301:958-60. 2003..The ability of Caribbean coral reefs to cope with future local and global environmental change may be irretrievably compromised...
- Global patterns in biodiversityK J Gaston
Department of Animal and Plant Sciences, University of Sheffield, UK
Nature 405:220-7. 2000..Theory is, however, developing rapidly, improving in its internal consistency, and more readily subjected to empirical challenge...
- A serpentinite-hosted ecosystem: the Lost City hydrothermal fieldDeborah S Kelley
School of Oceanography, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
Science 307:1428-34. 2005The serpentinite-hosted Lost City hydrothermal field is a remarkable submarine ecosystem in which geological, chemical, and biological processes are intimately interlinked...
- Global patterns and predictions of seafloor biomass using random forestsChih Lin Wei
Department of Oceanography, Texas A and M University, College Station, Texas, United States of America
PLoS ONE 5:e15323. 2010..This biomass census and associated maps are vital components of mechanistic deep-sea food web models and global carbon cycling, and as such provide fundamental information that can be incorporated into evidence-based management...
- Autotrophic carbon fixation in archaeaIvan A Berg
Mikrobiologie, Fakultat Biologie, Universitat Freiburg, Schanzlestrasse 1, D 79104 Freiburg, Germany
Nat Rev Microbiol 8:447-60. 2010..These reactions differ fundamentally from those of the well-known Calvin cycle, and their distribution mirrors the phylogenetic positions of the archaeal lineages and the needs of the ecological niches that they occupy...
- Multiple functions increase the importance of biodiversity for overall ecosystem functioningLars Gamfeldt
Department of Marine Ecology, Goteborg University, Tjärnö Marine Biological Laboratory, SE 452 96 Strömstad, Sweden
Ecology 89:1223-31. 2008Biodiversity is proposed to be important for the rate of ecosystem functions...
- The merging of community ecology and phylogenetic biologyJeannine Cavender-Bares
Department of Ecology, Evolution and Behavior, University of Minnesota, St Paul, MN 55108, USA
Ecol Lett 12:693-715. 2009..Finally, phylogenetic community structure and composition holds promise for predicting ecosystem processes and impacts of global change. Major challenges to advancing these areas remain...
- Rapid worldwide depletion of predatory fish communitiesRansom A Myers
Biology Department, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada B3H 4J1
Nature 423:280-3. 2003..Our analysis suggests that management based on recent data alone may be misleading, and provides minimum estimates for unexploited communities, which could serve as the 'missing baseline' needed for future restoration efforts...
- Ecosystem-specific selection pressures revealed through comparative population genomicsMaureen L Coleman
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:18634-9. 2010..These findings implicate phosphorus availability as the dominant selective force driving divergence between these populations, and demonstrate the promise of this approach for revealing selective agents in more complex microbial systems...
- Positive interactions among alpine plants increase with stressRagan M Callaway
Division of Biological Sciences, University of Montana, Missoula, Montana 59812, USA
Nature 417:844-8. 2002..Furthermore, across all high and low sites positive interactions are more important at sites with low temperatures in the early summer, but competition prevails at warmer sites...
- Are there general mechanisms of animal home range behaviour? A review and prospects for future researchLuca Börger
Department of Integrative Biology, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON N1G 2W1, Canada
Ecol Lett 11:637-50. 2008..Recent methodological and theoretical advances may soon lead to a unified approach, however, conceptually unifying our understanding of linkages among home range behaviour and ecological or evolutionary processes...
- Influence of phylogeny on fungal community assembly and ecosystem functioningHafiz Maherali
Department of Integrative Biology, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada N1G 2W1
Science 316:1746-8. 2007..functional similarity among closely related species (phylogenetic conservatism) can drive community assembly and ecosystem functioning...
- Phylogeographic insights into cryptic glacial refugiaJim Provan
School of Biological Sciences, Queen s University Belfast, 97 Lisburn Road, Belfast BT9 7BL, UK
Trends Ecol Evol 23:564-71. 2008..Understanding such refugia might be important as the Earth heads into another period of climate change, in terms of predicting the effects on species distribution and survival...
- Climate extremes: observations, modeling, and impactsD R Easterling
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration NOAA National Climatic Data Center, 151 Patton Avenue, Asheville, NC 28801, USA
Science 289:2068-74. 2000..Several apparently gradual biological changes are linked to responses to extreme weather and climate events...
- Mechanisms of long-distance seed dispersalRan Nathan
The Movement Ecology Laboratory, Department of Evolution, Systematics and Ecology, Alexander Silberman Institute for Life Sciences, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Edmond J Safra Campus at Givat Ram, Jerusalem 91904, Israel
Trends Ecol Evol 23:638-47. 2008..To advance our understanding of LDD, we advocate a vector-based research approach that identifies the significant LDD vectors and quantifies how environmental conditions modify their actions...
- Phenotypic plasticity in the interactions and evolution of speciesA A Agrawal
Department of Botany, University of Toronto, 25 Willcocks Street, Toronto, ON M5S 3B2, Canada
Science 294:321-6. 2001..Taken together, phenotypic responses in species interactions represent modifications that can lead to reciprocal change in ecological time, altered community patterns, and expanded evolutionary potential of species...
- Emerging horizons in biodiversity and ecosystem functioning researchJulia Reiss
School of Biological and Chemical Sciences, Queen Mary University of London, London, UK
Trends Ecol Evol 24:505-14. 2009Two decades of intensive research have provided compelling evidence for a link between biodiversity and ecosystem functioning (B-EF)...
- Association between land cover and habitat productivity of malaria vectors in western Kenyan highlandsStephen Munga
Kenya Medical Research Institute, Kisumu, Kenya
Am J Trop Med Hyg 74:69-75. 2006..gambiae larvae, and consequently increase the risks of malaria transmission to the human population...
- Global patterns and predictors of marine biodiversity across taxaDerek P Tittensor
Department of Biology, Dalhousie University, 1355 Oxford Street, Halifax B3H 4J1, Canada
Nature 466:1098-101. 2010....
- Genomics and evolution of heritable bacterial symbiontsNancy A Moran
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona 85721, USA
Annu Rev Genet 42:165-90. 2008..In addition, insect symbionts provide some of the extremes of cellular genomes, including the smallest and the fastest evolving, raising new questions about the limits of evolution of life...
- In vivo molecular analysis of probiotic impact on a defined microbiota and hostJustin Sonnenburg; Fiscal Year: 2007..human microbiota composed of sequenced representatives of the two dominant bacterial divisions in our intestinal ecosystem, Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron (Bacteroidetes division) and Eubacterium rectale (Firmicutes division), and (ii) ..
- Ecosystem disturbance and multiscale transmission of a zoonotic wildlife pathogenPhilip Craig; Fiscal Year: 2007A key element in disease emergence/re-emergence is ecosystem disruption as a result of anthropogenic effects which may be rapid as in tropical deforestation or more subtle as in agricultural expansion and overgrazing in temperate biomes...
- Role of Bacterial Vaginosis in Preterm DeliveryROBIN ROSS; Fiscal Year: 2003Bacterial vaginosis (BV) results from a disruption of the vaginal ecosystem characterized by a complex shift in the microflora...
- MOFE PROTEIN PROSTHETIC GROUPS IN NITROGENASE CATALYSISWILLIAM NEWTON; Fiscal Year: 2003..Because organic nitrogen is incompletely recycled in the global ecosystem due to the processes of nitrification and denitrification, biological N2 fixation occupies a pivotal position in ..
- ROLE OF FEMO-COFACTOR IN NITROGENASE CATALYSISWILLIAM NEWTON; Fiscal Year: 1993..Because organic nitrogen is incompletely recycled in the global ecosystem and available ammonia and nitrate are continually metabolized to N2 through nitrification and denitrification, ..
- BAIT VACCINE AGAINST LYME BORRELIOSISMaria Gomes Solecki; Fiscal Year: 2007..The fieldwork component of this project will be performed at the Institute for Ecosystem Studies (IES) in Millbrook, NY...
- CONTROL OF PERIODONTAL INFECTIONSSigmund Socransky; Fiscal Year: 2003..included uncertainty in defining specific etiologic gents, lack of order in our understanding of the complex ecosystem that colonizes the periodontal structures, difficulty in enumerating a wide range of taxa in the very large ..
- Stent Lock Mechanism for Transcutaneous CathetersNICHOLAS VITALE; Fiscal Year: 2005..Advances in peritoneal dialysis catheters attempt to close the open ecosystem with the implantation of a porous alloplastic component of the catheter into the body wall...
- Arbovirus quasispecies-impact of arthropod transmissionGREGORY EBEL; Fiscal Year: 2004..the population-level mechanisms of genetic change that may occur when a new arbovirus is introduced into a halve ecosystem. To determine whether the quasispecies structure of arboviruses may promote viral adaptation and disease ..
- The Acquisition of Bacterial Vaginosis in LesbiansJeanne Marrazzo; Fiscal Year: 2006Bacterial vaginosis (BV) results from a shift in the microbial ecosystem of the vagina from Lactobacillus predominance to overgrowth by anaerobic and facultative species, and has been associated with postpartum/postabortal endometritis, ..
- Structural, genetic, and functional analyses of the glycoproteins of BacteroidesLAURIE COMSTOCK; Fiscal Year: 2007The mammalian gut is a complex and diverse ecosystem colonized with hundreds of different bacterial species...
- Structural, genetic, and functional analyses of the glycoproteins of BacteroidesLAURIE COMSTOCK; Fiscal Year: 2009The mammalian gut is a complex and diverse ecosystem colonized with hundreds of different bacterial species...
- Dynamic Ecological Simulation Model of Tsetse Transmitted Trypanosomosis in KenyaJOSEPH MESSINA; Fiscal Year: 2007..This study will enhance the scientific understanding of climate change and human impacts on ecological systems, and how these changes influence disease ecology. ..
- Randomized Trial of IFCBT-HIVPI to Prevent HIV Among Non-Injection Drug UsersWilliam Latimer; Fiscal Year: 2009....
- GNOTOBIOTIC TRANSGENIC MODELS OF THE GASTRIC ECOSYSTEMJeffrey Gordon; Fiscal Year: 2007..These analyses should provide the first genome-wide view of Hp evolution in ChAG and Ca, and yield new bacterial and host biomarkers associated with these states. ..