Genomes and Genes
Summary: PRESSURE of the BLOOD on the ARTERIES and other BLOOD VESSELS.
Publications356 found, 100 shown here
- 2014 evidence-based guideline for the management of high blood pressure in adults: report from the panel members appointed to the Eighth Joint National Committee (JNC 8)Paul A James
University of Iowa, Iowa City
JAMA 311:507-20. 2014..Patients want to be assured that blood pressure (BP) treatment will reduce their disease burden, while clinicians want guidance on hypertension management ..
- The Seventh Report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure: the JNC 7 reportAram V Chobanian
Department of Medicine, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Mass, USA
JAMA 289:2560-72. 2003..Seventh Report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure" provides a new guideline for hypertension prevention and management...
- Seventh report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood PressureAram V Chobanian
Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Mass, USA
Hypertension 42:1206-52. 2003The National High Blood Pressure Education Program presents the complete Seventh Report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure...
- US trends in prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension, 1988-2008Brent M Egan
Department of Medicine, Medical University of South Carolina, 135 Rutledge Ave, 1230 RT, Charleston, SC 29425, USA
JAMA 303:2043-50. 2010Hypertension is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease and treatment and control of hypertension reduces risk. The Healthy People 2010 goal was to achieve blood pressure (BP) control in 50% of the US population.
- Prediction of coronary heart disease using risk factor categoriesP W Wilson
Framingham Heart Study, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, Mass 01701, USA
Circulation 97:1837-47. 1998The objective of this study was to examine the association of Joint National Committee (JNC-V) blood pressure and National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP) cholesterol categories with coronary heart disease (CHD) risk, to incorporate ..
- 2007 Guidelines for the Management of Arterial Hypertension: The Task Force for the Management of Arterial Hypertension of the European Society of Hypertension (ESH) and of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC)Giuseppe Mancia
Clinica Medica, Ospedale San Gerardo, Universita Milano Bicocca, Via Pergolesi, 33 20052 MONZA Milano, Italy
J Hypertens 25:1105-87. 2007
- Multiple imputation of missing blood pressure covariates in survival analysisS van Buuren
TNO Prevention and Health, Department of Statistics, Leiden, The Netherlands
Stat Med 18:681-94. 1999..In a study to determine the influence of blood pressure on survival in the very old (85+ years), blood pressure measurements are missing in about 12...
- Expert consensus document on arterial stiffness: methodological issues and clinical applicationsStephane Laurent
Department of Pharmacology and Hôpital Européen Georges Pompidou, Universite Paris Descartes, Faculte de Medecine, Assistance Publique Hopitaux de Paris, INSERM U652, 20 rue Leblanc, 75015 Paris, France
Eur Heart J 27:2588-605. 2006....
- The obese without cardiometabolic risk factor clustering and the normal weight with cardiometabolic risk factor clustering: prevalence and correlates of 2 phenotypes among the US population (NHANES 1999-2004)Rachel P Wildman
Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, 1300 Morris Park Ave, Belfer Building, Room 1309, Bronx, NY 10461, USA
Arch Intern Med 168:1617-24. 2008....
- Evidence based physical activity for school-age youthWilliam B Strong
Department of Pediatrics, Medical College of Georgia, Augusta, Georgia, USA
J Pediatr 146:732-7. 2005..To review the effects of physical activity on health and behavior outcomes and develop evidence-based recommendations for physical activity in youth...
- Age-specific relevance of usual blood pressure to vascular mortality: a meta-analysis of individual data for one million adults in 61 prospective studiesSarah Lewington
Lancet 360:1903-13. 2002The age-specific relevance of blood pressure to cause-specific mortality is best assessed by collaborative meta-analysis of individual participant data from the separate prospective studies.
- Aortic pulse-wave velocity and its relationship to mortality in diabetes and glucose intolerance: an integrated index of vascular function?Kennedy Cruickshank
Clinical Epidemiology Group, School of Epidemiology and Health Sciences, University of Manchester Medical School, Manchester, UK
Circulation 106:2085-90. 2002..We tested whether aortic PWV predicts cardiovascular and all-cause mortality in type 2 diabetes and glucose-tolerance-tested (GTT) multiethnic population samples...
- Use of blood pressure lowering drugs in the prevention of cardiovascular disease: meta-analysis of 147 randomised trials in the context of expectations from prospective epidemiological studiesM R Law
Centre for Environmental and Preventive Medicine, Wolfson Institute of Preventive Medicine, Barts and the London School of Medicine, Queen Mary University of London, London EC1M 6BQ
BMJ 338:b1665. 2009To determine the quantitative efficacy of different classes of blood pressure lowering drugs in preventing coronary heart disease (CHD) and stroke, and who should receive treatment.
- Blood cholesterol and vascular mortality by age, sex, and blood pressure: a meta-analysis of individual data from 61 prospective studies with 55,000 vascular deathsSarah Lewington
CTSU, University of Oxford, Oxford OX3 7LF, UK
Lancet 370:1829-39. 2007Age, sex, and blood pressure could modify the associations of total cholesterol (and its main two fractions, HDL and LDL cholesterol) with vascular mortality...
- Eplerenone, a selective aldosterone blocker, in patients with left ventricular dysfunction after myocardial infarctionBertram Pitt
University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA
N Engl J Med 348:1309-21. 2003....
- Differential impact of blood pressure-lowering drugs on central aortic pressure and clinical outcomes: principal results of the Conduit Artery Function Evaluation (CAFE) studyBryan Williams
Department of Cardiovascular Sciences, University of Leicester, Leicester, UK
Circulation 113:1213-25. 2006Different blood pressure (BP)-lowering drugs could have different effects on central aortic pressures and thus cardiovascular outcome despite similar effects on brachial BP...
- European guidelines on cardiovascular disease prevention in clinical practice: executive summary: Fourth Joint Task Force of the European Society of Cardiology and Other Societies on Cardiovascular Disease Prevention in Clinical Practice (Constituted by rIan Graham
Department of Cardiology, Adelaide and Meath Hospital, Dublin, Ireland
Eur Heart J 28:2375-414. 2007
- Comparison of weight-loss diets with different compositions of fat, protein, and carbohydratesFrank M Sacks
Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, USA
N Engl J Med 360:859-73. 2009..The possible advantage for weight loss of a diet that emphasizes protein, fat, or carbohydrates has not been established, and there are few studies that extend beyond 1 year...
- Effects of comprehensive lifestyle modification on blood pressure control: main results of the PREMIER clinical trialLawrence J Appel
Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, Md 21205 2233, USA
JAMA 289:2083-93. 2003..reduction, increased physical activity, and limited alcohol intake are established recommendations that reduce blood pressure (BP). The Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet also lowers BP...
- 2007 ESH-ESC Practice Guidelines for the Management of Arterial Hypertension: ESH-ESC Task Force on the Management of Arterial HypertensionGiuseppe Mancia
University of Milano Bicocca, Ospedale San Gerardo, Milan, Italy
J Hypertens 25:1751-62. 2007
- National, regional, and global trends in systolic blood pressure since 1980: systematic analysis of health examination surveys and epidemiological studies with 786 country-years and 5·4 million participantsGoodarz Danaei
Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA
Lancet 377:568-77. 2011Data for trends in blood pressure are needed to understand the effects of its dietary, lifestyle, and pharmacological determinants; set intervention priorities; and evaluate national programmes...
- Long-term effects of a lifestyle intervention on weight and cardiovascular risk factors in individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus: four-year results of the Look AHEAD trialRena R Wing
Department of Psychiatry, The Miriam Hospital Brown Medical School, Providence, RI 02860, USA
Arch Intern Med 170:1566-75. 2010..We examined the effects of lifestyle intervention on changes in weight, fitness, and CVD risk factors during a 4-year study...
- Physical activity and clustered cardiovascular risk in children: a cross-sectional study (The European Youth Heart Study)Lars Bo Andersen
Department of Sports Medicine, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo, Norway
Lancet 368:299-304. 2006..This study's aim was to assess the associations of objectively measured physical activity with clustering of cardiovascular disease risk factors in children and derive guidelines on the basis of this analysis...
- Hypertension prevalence and blood pressure levels in 6 European countries, Canada, and the United StatesKatharina Wolf-Maier
Department of Preventive Medicine and Epidemiology, Loyola University Stritch School of Medicine, Maywood, Ill 60153, USA
JAMA 289:2363-9. 2003..Geographic variations in cardiovascular disease (CVD) and associated risk factors have been recognized worldwide. However, little attention has been directed to potential differences in hypertension between Europe and North America...
- Effect of a mediterranean-style diet on endothelial dysfunction and markers of vascular inflammation in the metabolic syndrome: a randomized trialKatherine Esposito
Chair and Division of Metabolic Diseases, Second University of Naples, Naples, Italy
JAMA 292:1440-6. 2004..The metabolic syndrome has been identified as a target for dietary therapies to reduce risk of cardiovascular disease; however, the role of diet in the etiology of the metabolic syndrome is poorly understood...
- European guidelines on cardiovascular disease prevention in clinical practice: full text. Fourth Joint Task Force of the European Society of Cardiology and other societies on cardiovascular disease prevention in clinical practice (constituted by representIan Graham
Department of Cardiology, The Adelaide and Meath Hospital, Tallaght, Dublin, Ireland
Eur J Cardiovasc Prev Rehabil 14:S1-113. 2007
- A comprehensive review on salt and health and current experience of worldwide salt reduction programmesF J He
Blood Pressure Unit, Cardiac and Vascular Sciences, St George s, University of London, London, UK
J Hum Hypertens 23:363-84. 2009Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death and disability worldwide. Raised blood pressure (BP), cholesterol and smoking, are the major risk factors...
- European Society of Hypertension position paper on ambulatory blood pressure monitoringEoin O'Brien
Eoin O Brien, Gianfranco Parati, and George Stergiou contributed equally to the writing of this article The affiliations of the co authors are listed at the end of the paper, preceding the reference list
J Hypertens 31:1731-68. 2013Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) is being used increasingly in both clinical practice and hypertension research...
- Arterial and cardiac aging: major shareholders in cardiovascular disease enterprises: Part I: aging arteries: a "set up" for vascular diseaseEdward G Lakatta
Gerontology Research Center, Intramural Research Program, Gerontology Research Center, Laboratory of Cardiovascular Science, National Institute on Aging, National Institutes of Health, Baltimore, MD 21224 6825, USA
Circulation 107:139-46. 2003
- Intensive glucose control and macrovascular outcomes in type 2 diabetesF M Turnbull
The George Institute for International Health, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2050, Australia
Diabetologia 52:2288-98. 2009..The aim of these analyses was to generate more precise estimates of the effects of more-intensive, compared with less-intensive, glucose control on the risk of major cardiovascular events amongst patients with type 2 diabetes...
- Effect of fructose on blood pressure: a systematic review and meta-analysis of controlled feeding trialsVanessa Ha
Clinical Nutrition and Risk Factor Modification Centre, St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Hypertension 59:787-95. 2012Concerns have been raised about the adverse effect of fructose on blood pressure. International dietary guidelines, however, have not addressed fructose intake directly...
- Tracking of serum lipid levels, blood pressure, and body mass index from childhood to adulthood: the Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns StudyJonna Juhola
Research Centre of Applied and Preventive Cardiovascular Medicine, University of Turku and Turku University Central Hospital, Turku, Finland
J Pediatr 159:584-90. 2011To examine tracking and predictiveness of childhood lipid levels, blood pressure, and body mass index for risk profile in adulthood and the best age to measure the childhood risk factor levels.
- European Society of Hypertension recommendations for conventional, ambulatory and home blood pressure measurementEoin O'Brien
J Hypertens 21:821-48. 2003
- Genome-wide association study of blood pressure and hypertensionDaniel Levy
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute s Framingham Heart Study, Framingham, Massachusetts, USA
Nat Genet 41:677-87. 2009b>Blood pressure is a major cardiovascular disease risk factor. To date, few variants associated with interindividual blood pressure variation have been identified and replicated...
- Ankle brachial index combined with Framingham Risk Score to predict cardiovascular events and mortality: a meta-analysisF G R Fowkes
JAMA 300:197-208. 2008..Prediction models to identify healthy individuals at high risk of cardiovascular disease have limited accuracy. A low ankle brachial index (ABI) is an indicator of atherosclerosis and has the potential to improve prediction...
- Effects of endurance training on blood pressure, blood pressure-regulating mechanisms, and cardiovascular risk factorsVéronique A Cornelissen
Department of Molecular and Cardiovascular Research, Catholic University of Leuven, Belgium
Hypertension 46:667-75. 2005..meta-analyses of randomized controlled trials on the effects of chronic dynamic aerobic endurance training on blood pressure reported on resting blood pressure only...
- Effects of diet and physical activity interventions on weight loss and cardiometabolic risk factors in severely obese adults: a randomized trialBret H Goodpaster
Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, MUH N810, 3459 Fifth Ave, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
JAMA 304:1795-802. 2010....
- Superiority of ambulatory over clinic blood pressure measurement in predicting mortality: the Dublin outcome studyEamon Dolan
ADAPT Centre, Beaumont Hospital, Department of Clinical Pharmacology, Royal College of Surgeons, Dublin, Ireland
Hypertension 46:156-61. 2005The purpose of this study was to determine if ambulatory blood pressure measurement predicted total and cardiovascular mortality over and beyond clinic blood pressure measurement and other cardiovascular risk factors; 5292 untreated ..
- Treatment of hypertension in patients 80 years of age or olderNigel S Beckett
Care of the Elderly, Division of Medicine, Imperial College London, United Kingdom
N Engl J Med 358:1887-98. 2008..Whether the treatment of patients with hypertension who are 80 years of age or older is beneficial is unclear. It has been suggested that antihypertensive therapy may reduce the risk of stroke, despite possibly increasing the risk of death...
- Arterial stiffness and cardiovascular events: the Framingham Heart StudyGary F Mitchell
Cardiovascular Engineering, Inc, 1 Edgewater Dr, Suite 201A, Norwood, MA 02062, USA
Circulation 121:505-11. 2010..Various measures of arterial stiffness and wave reflection have been proposed as cardiovascular risk markers. Prior studies have not assessed relations of a comprehensive panel of stiffness measures to prognosis in the community...
- Salt intake, stroke, and cardiovascular disease: meta-analysis of prospective studiesPasquale Strazzullo
Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Federico II University of Naples Medical School, Naples, Italy
BMJ 339:b4567. 2009..To assess the relation between the level of habitual salt intake and stroke or total cardiovascular disease outcome...
- Clinical features of 8295 patients with resistant hypertension classified on the basis of ambulatory blood pressure monitoringAlejandro de la Sierra
Department of Internal Medicine, Hospital Mutua Terrassa, University of Barcelona, Plaza Dr Robert 5, 08221 Terrassa, Spain
Hypertension 57:898-902. 2011We aimed to estimate the prevalence of resistant hypertension through both office and ambulatory blood pressure monitoring in a large cohort of treated hypertensive patients from the Spanish Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitoring Registry...
- Genome-wide association study identifies eight loci associated with blood pressureChristopher Newton-Cheh
Center for Human Genetic Research, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
Nat Genet 41:666-76. 2009Elevated blood pressure is a common, heritable cause of cardiovascular disease worldwide. To date, identification of common genetic variants influencing blood pressure has proven challenging. We tested 2...
- Hypertension prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control in mozambique: urban/rural gap during epidemiological transitionAlbertino Damasceno
Eduardo Mondlane University, Maputo, Mozambique
Hypertension 54:77-83. 2009..Prevalence of hypertension (systolic blood pressure > or =140 mm Hg and/or diastolic blood pressure > or =90 mm Hg and/or antihypertensive drug therapy), ..
- Elevated uric acid increases blood pressure in the rat by a novel crystal-independent mechanismM Mazzali
Division of Nephrology, University of Washington Medical Center, Seattle, USA
Hypertension 38:1101-6. 2001..Hyperuricemic rats developed elevated blood pressure after 3 weeks, whereas control rats remained normotensive...
- Prognostic significance of the nocturnal decline in blood pressure in individuals with and without high 24-h blood pressure: the Ohasama studyTakayoshi Ohkubo
Departments of Public Health, Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics, and Environmental Health Science, Tohoku University School of Medicine and Pharmaceutical Science, Sendai and Ohasama Hospital, Iwate, Japan
J Hypertens 20:2183-9. 2002To examine the relationship between the normal nocturnal decline in blood pressure and the risk of cardiovascular mortality in individuals with and without high 24-h blood pressure values.
- DNA methylation, insulin resistance, and blood pressure in offspring determined by maternal periconceptional B vitamin and methionine statusKevin D Sinclair
School of Biosciences and School of Veterinary Medicine and Science, University of Nottingham, Sutton Bonington, Leicestershire LE12 5RD, United Kingdom
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:19351-6. 2007..and fatter, elicited altered immune responses to antigenic challenge, were insulin-resistant, and had elevated blood pressure-effects that were most obvious in males...
- Effects of a Mediterranean-style diet on cardiovascular risk factors: a randomized trialRamon Estruch
Institut d Investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi Sunyer, Municipal Institut for Medical Research, University of Barcelona, and Catalan Institute of Health, Barcelona, Spain
Ann Intern Med 145:1-11. 2006..The Mediterranean diet has been shown to have beneficial effects on cardiovascular risk factors...
- Cardiometabolic risk variables in overweight and obese children: a worldwide comparisonMariska van Vliet
Department of Pediatrics, Slotervaart Hospital, Louwesweg 6, 1066 EC, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Cardiovasc Diabetol 10:106. 2011..to compare the means of glucose and lipid levels (triglycerides and HDL-cholesterol) and systolic/diastolic blood pressure values...
- Association between general and central adiposity in childhood, and change in these, with cardiovascular risk factors in adolescence: prospective cohort studyDebbie A Lawlor
MRC Centre for Causal Analyses in Translational Epidemiology, University of Bristol, Bristol BS8 2BN, UK
BMJ 341:c6224. 2010..To examine the prospective associations between body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, and fat mass in childhood and cardiovascular risk factors at age 15-16...
- Olmesartan for the delay or prevention of microalbuminuria in type 2 diabetesHermann Haller
Department of Nephrology and Hypertension, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany
N Engl J Med 364:907-17. 2011..We investigated whether treatment with an angiotensin-receptor blocker (ARB) would delay or prevent the occurrence of microalbuminuria in patients with type 2 diabetes and normoalbuminuria...
- Baseline serum 25-hydroxy vitamin d is predictive of future glycemic status and insulin resistance: the Medical Research Council Ely Prospective Study 1990-2000Nita G Forouhi
Medical Research Council Epidemiology Unit, Institute of Metabolic Science, Cambridge, UK
Diabetes 57:2619-25. 2008..However, prospective data using the biomarker serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] are limited and therefore examined in the present study...
- Impact of high-normal blood pressure on the risk of cardiovascular diseaseR S Vasan
Framingham Heart Study, Mass 01702, USA
N Engl J Med 345:1291-7. 2001Information is limited regarding the absolute and relative risk of cardiovascular disease in persons with high-normal blood pressure (systolic pressure of 130 to 139 mm Hg, diastolic pressure of 85 to 89 mm Hg, or both).
- From the Cover: Whole-genome association study identifies STK39 as a hypertension susceptibility geneYing Wang
Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Nutrition, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:226-31. 2009..We conducted a genome-wide association study of systolic and diastolic blood pressure (SBP and DBP) in Amish subjects and found strong association signals with common variants in a serine/..
- A genome-wide association study of hypertension and blood pressure in African AmericansAdebowale Adeyemo
Center for Research on Genomics and Global Health, National Human Genome Research Institute, NIH, Bethesda, MD, USA
PLoS Genet 5:e1000564. 2009..We sought genetic variants underlying blood pressure (BP) by conducting a genome-wide association study (GWAS) among African Americans, a population group in the ..
- Diet-induced obesity in female mice leads to offspring hyperphagia, adiposity, hypertension, and insulin resistance: a novel murine model of developmental programmingAnne Maj Samuelsson
Division of Reproduction and Endocrinology, King s College London, London, UK
Hypertension 51:383-92. 2008..endothelial dysfunction at 3 months, and were hypertensive, as assessed by radiotelemetry (nighttime systolic blood pressure at 6 months [mm Hg] mean+/-SEM, male OO, 134+/-1 versus OC, 124+/-2, n=8, P<0...
- Relations of serum uric acid to longitudinal blood pressure tracking and hypertension incidenceJohan Sundstrom
The Framingham Heart Study, Framingham, Mass 01702 5803, USA
Hypertension 45:28-33. 2005..We investigated the relationship of serum UA to hypertension incidence and blood pressure (BP) progression in 3329 Framingham Study participants (mean age 48.7 years; 55...
- Effect of longer term modest salt reduction on blood pressure: Cochrane systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised trialsFeng J He
Wolfson Institute of Preventive Medicine, Barts and the London School of Medicine and Dentistry, Queen Mary University of London, London EC1M 6BQ, UK
BMJ 346:f1325. 2013To determine the effects of longer term modest salt reduction on blood pressure, hormones, and lipids.
- Long-term exposure to traffic-related air pollution associated with blood pressure and self-reported hypertension in a Danish cohortMette Sørensen
Institute of Cancer Epidemiology, Danish Cancer Society, Copenhagen, Denmark
Environ Health Perspect 120:418-24. 2012Short-term exposure to air pollution has been associated with changes in blood pressure (BP) and emergency department visits for hypertension, but little is known about the effects of long-term exposure to traffic-related air pollution on ..
- Predictors of long-term progression in the early manifest glaucoma trialM Cristina Leske
Department of Preventive Medicine, Stony Brook University Medical Center, Stony Brook, New York 11794 8036, USA
Ophthalmology 114:1965-72. 2007..To determine progression factors at the end of the Early Manifest Glaucoma Trial (EMGT) based on all EMGT patients and evaluate separately patients with higher and lower baseline intraocular pressure (IOP; median split)...
- Blood pressure and inflammation in apparently healthy menC U Chae
Center for Cardiovascular Disease Prevention, Division of Preventive Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Boston, MA 02215, USA
Hypertension 38:399-403. 2001..In a cross-sectional study involving 508 apparently healthy men, we studied the association between blood pressure and baseline plasma concentrations of 2 inflammatory markers, intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (sICAM-1) and ..
- Determinants of accelerated progression of arterial stiffness in normotensive subjects and in treated hypertensive subjects over a 6-year periodAthanase Benetos
Centre d Investigations Préventives et Cliniques, Paris, France
Circulation 105:1202-7. 2002..The aim of the present longitudinal study was to compare the progression of aortic stiffness over a 6-year period in treated hypertensive subjects and normotensive subjects, and to evaluate the determinants of this progression...
- Progression of chronic kidney disease: the role of blood pressure control, proteinuria, and angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibition: a patient-level meta-analysisTazeen H Jafar
Tufts New England Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts 02111, USA
Ann Intern Med 139:244-52. 2003Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors reduce blood pressure and urine protein excretion and slow the progression of chronic kidney disease.
- Prediction of cardiovascular events and all-cause mortality with central haemodynamics: a systematic review and meta-analysisCharalambos Vlachopoulos
1st Department of Cardiology, Peripheral Vessels Unit, Athens Medical School, Hippokration Hospital, Profiti Elia 24, Athens, Greece
Eur Heart J 31:1865-71. 2010..To calculate robust quantitative estimates on the predictive value of central pressures and derived central haemodynamic indices for cardiovascular (CV) outcomes and all-cause mortality by meta-analysis of longitudinal studies...
- Adjusting for treatment effects in studies of quantitative traits: antihypertensive therapy and systolic blood pressureMartin D Tobin
Biostatistics and Genetic Epidemiology, Department of Health Sciences, University of Leicester, 22 28 Princess Road West, Leicester LE1 6TP, U K
Stat Med 24:2911-35. 2005..For example, in a typical study of quantitative blood pressure (BP) 15 per cent or more of middle-aged subjects may take antihypertensive treatment...
- Prognostic significance of visit-to-visit variability, maximum systolic blood pressure, and episodic hypertensionPeter M Rothwell
Stroke Prevention Research Unit, University Department of Clinical Neurology, John Radcliffe Hospital, Headington, Oxford, UK
Lancet 375:895-905. 2010..Guidelines for diagnosis and treatment focus only on underlying mean blood pressure. We aimed to reliably establish the prognostic significance of visit-to-visit variability in blood pressure, ..
- Comparison of the novel angiotensin II receptor blocker azilsartan medoxomil vs valsartan by ambulatory blood pressure monitoringDomenic Sica
Section of Clinical Pharmacology and Hypertension, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA 23298 0160, USA
J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich) 13:467-72. 2011..with primary hypertension in a randomized, double-blind, multicenter study using ambulatory and clinic blood pressure (BP) measurements...
- Transgenic angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 overexpression in vessels of SHRSP rats reduces blood pressure and improves endothelial functionBrit Rentzsch
Max Delbruck Center for Molecular Medicine, Berlin Buch, Germany
Hypertension 52:967-73. 2008..Mean arterial blood pressure was reduced in SHRSP-ACE2 compared to SHRSP rats, and the vasoconstrictive response to intraarterial ..
- Elevated aortic pulse wave velocity, a marker of arterial stiffness, predicts cardiovascular events in well-functioning older adultsKim Sutton-Tyrrell
Department of Epidemiology, Graduate School of Public Health, University of Pittsburgh, PA 15261, USA
Circulation 111:3384-90. 2005..The objective of this investigation was to determine whether aPWV is associated with total and cardiovascular (CV) mortality and CV events in a community-dwelling sample of older adults...
- 25-hydroxyvitamin D, IGF-1, and metabolic syndrome at 45 years of age: a cross-sectional study in the 1958 British Birth CohortElina Hypponen
Center for Paediatric Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Institute of Child Health, 30 Guilford St, London, WC1N 1EH, UK
Diabetes 57:298-305. 2008..Physiological interactions between vitamin D and IGF-1 are reported; this is the first study to investigate their combined associations with metabolic syndrome prevalence...
- Genome-wide association study of blood pressure extremes identifies variant near UMOD associated with hypertensionSandosh Padmanabhan
Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences, College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, United Kingdom
PLoS Genet 6:e1001177. 2010..The newly discovered UMOD locus for hypertension has the potential to give new insights into the role of uromodulin in BP regulation and to identify novel drugable targets for reducing cardiovascular risk...
- Global prevalence and major risk factors of diabetic retinopathyJoanne W Y Yau
Centre for Eye Research Australia, University of Melbourne, Royal Victorian Eye and Ear Hospital, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Diabetes Care 35:556-64. 2012..To examine the global prevalence and major risk factors for diabetic retinopathy (DR) and vision-threatening diabetic retinopathy (VTDR) among people with diabetes...
- Effects of the angiotensin receptor blocker azilsartan medoxomil versus olmesartan and valsartan on ambulatory and clinic blood pressure in patients with stages 1 and 2 hypertensionWilliam B White
Division of Hypertension and Clinical Pharmacology, Calhoun Cardiology Center, University of Connecticut Health Center, 263 Farmington Ave, Farmington, CT 06030 3940, USA
Hypertension 57:413-20. 2011..medoxomil (olmesartan) 40 mg, in a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial using ambulatory blood pressure (BP) monitoring and clinic BP measurements...
- Treatment with drugs to lower blood pressure and blood cholesterol based on an individual's absolute cardiovascular riskRod Jackson
Section of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Population Health, Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand
Lancet 365:434-41. 2005In this review, we outline the rationale for targeting blood pressure and blood cholesterol lowering drug treatments to patients at high absolute cardiovascular risk, irrespective of their blood pressure or blood cholesterol levels...
- Novel competitive inhibitor of NAD(P)H oxidase assembly attenuates vascular O(2)(-) and systolic blood pressure in miceF E Rey
Hypertension and Vascular Research Division, Henry Ford Hospital, Detroit, MI 48202-2689, USA
Circ Res 89:408-14. 2001..kg(-1). d(-1)), or Ang II+scramb-tat intraperitoneally in C57Bl/6 mice and measured systolic blood pressure (SBP) on days 0, 3, 5, and 7 of infusion...
- Effects on blood pressure of reduced dietary sodium and the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet. DASH-Sodium Collaborative Research GroupF M Sacks
Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, USA
N Engl J Med 344:3-10. 2001The effect of dietary composition on blood pressure is a subject of public health importance...
- Effect of vitamin D supplementation on blood pressure in blacksJohn P Forman
Renal Division and Kidney Clinical Research Institute, Brigham and Women s Hospital, 41 Ave Louis Pasteur, Suite 120, Boston, MA 02115, USA
Hypertension 61:779-85. 2013..There are few data about the effect of vitamin D3 (cholecalciferol) supplementation on blood pressure in blacks...
- Trends in antihypertensive medication use and blood pressure control among United States adults with hypertension: the National Health And Nutrition Examination Survey, 2001 to 2010Qiuping Gu
Division of Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys, National Center for Health Statistics, Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Room 4333, 3311 Toledo Rd, Hyattsville, MD 20782, USA
Circulation 126:2105-14. 2012..The objective of this study was to examine recent trends in antihypertensive medication use and its impact on blood pressure control among US adults with hypertension.
- Aortic stiffness, blood pressure progression, and incident hypertensionBernhard M Kaess
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute s Framingham Heart Study, Framingham, Massachusetts, USA
JAMA 308:875-81. 2012..Vascular stiffness and blood pressure pulsatility are related; however, temporal relationships between vascular stiffening and blood pressure ..
- Early goal-directed therapy in the treatment of severe sepsis and septic shockE Rivers
Department of Emergency Medicine, Henry Ford Health Systems, Case Western Reserve University, Detroit, MI 48202, USA
N Engl J Med 345:1368-77. 2001..The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of early goal-directed therapy before admission to the intensive care unit...
- Separate and combined associations of body-mass index and abdominal adiposity with cardiovascular disease: collaborative analysis of 58 prospective studiesDavid Wormser
Emerging Risk Factors Collaboration Coordinating Centre, Department of Public Health and Primary Care, University of Cambridge, Strangeways Research Laboratory, Cambridge CB1 8RN, UK
Lancet 377:1085-95. 2011..We studied the separate and combined associations of body-mass index (BMI), waist circumference, and waist-to-hip ratio with risk of first-onset cardiovascular disease...
- Effectiveness and costs of interventions to lower systolic blood pressure and cholesterol: a global and regional analysis on reduction of cardiovascular-disease riskChristopher J L Murray
Evidence and Information for Policy, World Health Organization, 27, Geneva, Switzerland
Lancet 361:717-25. 2003..Systolic blood pressure above 115 mm Hg accounts for two-thirds of strokes and almost half of ischaemic heart disease cases, and ..
- Trends in cardiovascular health metrics and associations with all-cause and CVD mortality among US adultsQuanhe Yang
Division for Heart Disease and Stroke Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 4770 Buford Hwy NE, MS F 72, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
JAMA 307:1273-83. 2012..health by encouraging the general population to meet 7 cardiovascular health metrics: not smoking; being physically active; having normal blood pressure, blood glucose and total cholesterol levels, and weight; and eating a healthy diet.
- The sympathetic control of blood pressurePatrice G Guyenet
Department of Pharmacology, Health Sciences Center, University of Virginia, 1300 Jefferson Park Avenue, Charlottesville, Virginia 22908 0735, USA
Nat Rev Neurosci 7:335-46. 2006Hypertension - the chronic elevation of blood pressure - is a major human health problem...
- Adipocyte fatty acid-binding protein is a plasma biomarker closely associated with obesity and metabolic syndromeAimin Xu
Department of Medicine, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
Clin Chem 52:405-13. 2006..Mice with targeted disruption of the A-FABP gene exhibit a striking phenotype with strong protection from insulin resistance, hyperglycemia, and atherosclerosis. The clinical relevance of these findings remains to be confirmed...
- Activation of the systemic and adipose renin-angiotensin system in rats with diet-induced obesity and hypertensionCarine M Boustany
Graduate Center for Nutritional Sciences, Rm 521b, Charles T Wethington Bldg, Univ of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40536 0200, USA
Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 287:R943-9. 2004..05). Mean arterial blood pressure was increased in OP rats (LF: 97 +/- 2; OR: 97 +/- 2; OP: 105 +/- 1 mmHg; P < 0.05)...
- Changes in arterial stiffness and wave reflection with advancing age in healthy men and women: the Framingham Heart StudyGary F Mitchell
Cardiovascular Engineering, Inc, 327 Fiske St, Holliston, MA 01746, USA
Hypertension 43:1239-45. 2004..This phenomenon may facilitate forward transmission of potentially deleterious pressure pulsations into the periphery...
- Effect of modest salt reduction on blood pressure: a meta-analysis of randomized trials. Implications for public healthF J He
Blood Pressure Unit, St George s Hospital Medical School, London, UK
J Hum Hypertens 16:761-70. 2002..We carried out a meta-analysis to assess the effect of a modest salt reduction on blood pressure. Our data sources were MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane library, CINAHL, and the reference lists of original and ..
- Using pedometers to increase physical activity and improve health: a systematic reviewDena M Bravata
Center for Primary Care and Outcomes Research, Stanford University, Stanford, California, USA
JAMA 298:2296-304. 2007..Without detailed evidence of their effectiveness, pedometers have recently become popular as a tool for motivating physical activity...
- Angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 is an essential regulator of heart functionMichael A Crackower
Amgen Research Institute Ontario Cancer Institute and Department of Medical Biophysics and Immunology, University of Toronto, University Avenue, Toronto, Ontario M5G 2M9, Canada
Nature 417:822-8. 2002..But disruption of ACER, a Drosophila ACE2 homologue, results in a severe defect of heart morphogenesis. These genetic data for ACE2 show that it is an essential regulator of heart function in vivo...
- H.U.B city steps: methods and early findings from a community-based participatory research trial to reduce blood pressure among African AmericansJamie M Zoellner
Department of Human Nutrition, Foods and Exercise, Virginia Tech, 1981 Kraft Drive 0913, Blacksburg, VA 24061, USA
Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 8:59. 2011..This behavioral study describes the conceptual frameworks, methods, and early findings related to the reach, adoption, implementation, and effectiveness on primary blood pressure outcomes.
- Blood pressure control in Italy: results of recent surveys on hypertensionMassimo Volpe
Division of Cardiology, II Faculty of Medicine, University of Rome La Sapienza, Sant Andrea Hospital, Rome, Italy
J Hypertens 25:1491-8. 2007b>Blood pressure (BP) control is reported to be poor in hypertensive patients worldwide.
- Brain angiotensin peptides regulate sympathetic tone and blood pressureAlain G Dupont
Department of Pharmacology, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels, Belgium
J Hypertens 28:1599-610. 2010..Angiotensin III and Angiotensin IV increase blood pressure via brain AT1 receptor stimulation...
- Trends in utilization of lipid- and blood pressure-lowering agents and goal attainment among the U.S. diabetic population, 1999-2008Andreas Kuznik
Pfizer Inc, New York, New York, USA
Cardiovasc Diabetol 10:31. 2011..59 mmol/L (100 mg/dL) and a blood pressure (BP) target of <130/80 mmHg...
- A comparison of outcomes with angiotensin-converting--enzyme inhibitors and diuretics for hypertension in the elderlyLindon M H Wing
School of Medicine, Flinders University, Adelaide, Australia
N Engl J Med 348:583-92. 2003..been postulated that agents that inhibit the renin-angiotensin system confer benefit beyond the reduction of blood pressure alone...
- The role of size at birth and postnatal catch-up growth in determining systolic blood pressure: a systematic review of the literatureR R Huxley
Division of Public Health and Primary Health Care, Institute of Health Sciences, Oxford, UK
J Hypertens 18:815-31. 2000To conduct a systematic review in order to (i) summarize the relationship between birthweight and blood pressure, following numerous publications in the last 3 years, (ii) assess whether other measures of size at birth are related to ..
- Central pressure more strongly relates to vascular disease and outcome than does brachial pressure: the Strong Heart StudyMary J Roman
Division of Cardiology, Weill Medical College of Cornell University, New York, NY 10021, USA
Hypertension 50:197-203. 2007Brachial blood pressure is predictive of cardiovascular outcome; however central pressure may better represent the load imposed on the coronary and cerebral arteries and thereby bear a stronger relationship to vascular damage and ..
- Telemonitoring and self-management in the control of hypertension (TASMINH2): a randomised controlled trialRichard J McManus
Primary Care Clinical Sciences, University of Birmingham and National Institute for Health Research NIHR National School for Primary Care Research, Birmingham, UK
Lancet 376:163-72. 2010Control of blood pressure is a key component of cardiovascular disease prevention, but is difficult to achieve and until recently has been the sole preserve of health professionals...
- Exposure to road traffic and railway noise and associations with blood pressure and self-reported hypertension: a cohort studyMette Sørensen
Institute of Cancer Epidemiology, Danish Cancer Society, Copenhagen, Denmark
Environ Health 10:92. 2011Epidemiological studies suggest that long-term exposure to transport noise increases the risk for cardiovascular disorders. The effect of transport noise on blood pressure and hypertension is uncertain.
- Association of plasma uric acid with ischaemic heart disease and blood pressure: mendelian randomisation analysis of two large cohortsTom M Palmer
Division of Health Sciences, Warwick Medical School, University of Warwick, Warwick, UK
BMJ 347:f4262. 2013To assess the associations between both uric acid levels and hyperuricaemia, with ischaemic heart disease and blood pressure, and to explore the potentially confounding role of body mass index.
- Detection of atrial fibrillation using a modified microlife blood pressure monitorJoseph Wiesel
Department of Medicine, New York Hospital Queens, Flushing, New York, USA
Am J Hypertens 22:848-52. 2009..This study evaluated the sensitivity and specificity of an automatic oscillometric sphygmomanometer designed to detect AF...
- Cardiovascular Responses to Sleep Apnea in Tetraplegia: A Pilot StudyJill M Wecht; Fiscal Year: 2010..tetraplegia represent a model of sympathetic denervation characterized by relative bradycardia and low resting blood pressure. It is unknown whether OSA confers increased cardiovascular disease risk in these individuals, although the ..
- Role of Chromogranin A in Metabolic SyndromeSushil K Mahata; Fiscal Year: 2013..We have identified that chromogranin A (Chga)-derived peptide, catestatin (CST), lowers blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR) by inhibiting release of catecholamines...
- Exercise training and blood pressure in hypertension: integrated mechanismsNoreen F Rossi; Fiscal Year: 2012..Veterans meeting the 7th Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure (JNC7) recommendation of arterial pressure <140/90 mmHg...
- Autonomic, Endothelial, and Inflammatory Correlates of Sleep DurationMERCEDES RENEE CARNETHON; Fiscal Year: 2012..Metabolic syndrome components (blood pressure, lipids, glucose, anthropometrics), the prevalence of mood disorders, medical history, and health behaviors ..
- Angiotensin Adrenergic Interactions in the KidneyRoland C Blantz; Fiscal Year: 2013..These findings were not the result of either the reduction of blood pressure since triple therapy (A/I + T2) did not normalize QO2/TNa nor did the increase in GFR that accompanies AII ..
- Effective treatment of sleep apnea in prediabetes to reduce cardiometabolic riskEsra Tasali; Fiscal Year: 2010..b>Blood pressure (BP) will be recorded continuously over 24hrs and cardiac sympathetic activity will be assessed by heart rate ..
- Novel Mitochondrial Mechanisms of Ethanol-Induced Cardiac Injury in Aged FemalesDONNA HOPE KORZICK; Fiscal Year: 2010..evidence supports a J- or U-shaped association between alcohol consumption and heart attack and/or high blood pressure. As such, while light-to-moderate drinking has been associated with protection from heart disease, heavy ..
- Peroxynitrite Decomposition Catalyst and Nitric Oxide Donor for EndotoxemiaGARRY JOHN SOUTHAN; Fiscal Year: 2012..Aim #4: Over a 4 h period, we will monitor peripheral arterial blood pressure and heart rate in anesthetized endotoxinemic mice treated with vehicle control or R-100 administered 1 h after ..
- ORGANIZATION OF CENTRAL SYMPATHETIC PATHWAYSPatrice G Guyenet; Fiscal Year: 2013..The contribution of the C1 neurons to blood pressure stabilization, including during hypoxia, is well established, thanks in part to our work...
- Structure and function of urea transportersMing Zhou; Fiscal Year: 2013..out show reduced ability to absorb water, and genetic variations of human UT are directly linked to abnormal blood pressure. These results indicate that UT plays an important role in kidney physiology and in regulating blood pressure...
- Ang II and Overnutrition and Insulin resistance in Cardiovascular TissueJAMES RUSSELL SOWERS; Fiscal Year: 2013..5 mg/kg/day, a dose determined by telemetry to have no effect on blood pressure in db/db mice...
- Role of SCD1 and Dietary Methionine Restriction on Energy HomeostasisERIC PAUL PLAISANCE; Fiscal Year: 2011..with a number of metabolic and cardiovascular disease risk factors including insulin resistance, high blood pressure and dysregulation of lipid and glucose metabolism...
- METABOLIC SYNDROME AND PERIODONTITIS IN POSTMENOPAUSAL WOMENMichael J LaMonte; Fiscal Year: 2013..by applicant): Metabolic syndrome (Metsyn) is a condition of coexisting abnormalities in glucose, lipid, blood pressure, and body fat homeostasis, that affects more than half of U.S. adults 55 years and older...
- REGULATION AND FUNCTION OF STE20-RELATED PROTEIN KINASESMelanie H Cobb; Fiscal Year: 2012..Mutations in either WNK1 or WNK4 cause pseudohypoaldosteronism type II (PHA II), a form of high blood pressure caused by mutation of a single gene...
- Autonomic and Antihypertensive Actions of Neuronal CGRP/RAMP1 ReceptorsMark W Chapleau; Fiscal Year: 2013..While the role of vascular CGRP receptors is well recognized, the role of nervous system CGRP receptors in blood pressure regulation remains unclear...
- Genetic and physiological causes of inherited Vascular and Metabolic DiseasesArya Mani; Fiscal Year: 2013..CAD risk factors include high blood pressure, high cholesterol and diabetes...
- Preclinical Development of JS-K, a Novel NO-Generating Prodrug for CancerPaul J Shami; Fiscal Year: 2012..bone marrow cells, but until now has not been used directly to treat cancer because of its effect to lower blood pressure. JSK Therapeutics (JSKT) has designed a class of diazeniumdiolate prodrugs that release NO upon interaction ..
- Hydrodynamic forces modulate renal tubular functionRajeev Rohatgi; Fiscal Year: 2012..and the development of hypertension, suggesting a critical role for PGE2 in the maintenance of Na balance and blood pressure. In addition, salt-sensitive hypertension is associated with and linked to deficiencies in renal PGE2 ..
- The Kallikrein/Kinin-Mast Cell Interaction in Volume OverloadCHIH CHANG KEVIN WEI; Fiscal Year: 2013..BK through activation of the kallikrein/kinin system and BK2 receptor prevents fibrosis and decreases blood pressure in cardiovascular and renal disease (3)...
- Using Drosophila to understand WNK and SPAK/OSR1 regulation of SLC12 cotransporteAYLIN RACHEL RODAN; Fiscal Year: 2013..ion transport underlies essential kidney functions, such as the regulation of extracellular volume and blood pressure and acid-base regulation...
- Osteocalcin and Metabolic Risk Factors. The Framingham StudyYi Hsiang Hsu; Fiscal Year: 2011..pleiotropic effects on both serum OC and metabolic risk factors (including waist circumference, systolic blood pressure, fasting triglycerides, fasting HDL cholesterol, fasting plasma glucose, fasting plasma insulin, adiponectin ..
- The Relationship Between STK39, Salt Sensitivity, and HCTZ-induced BP ResponseYEN PEI CHRISTY CHANG; Fiscal Year: 2010..Recently, our laboratory identified a novel HTN gene, STK39, from a genome-wide association of baseline blood pressure (BP) in the Old Order Amish, a genetically homogeneous founder population...
- Parathyroid Hormone & Vitamin D Effects on Salt Sensitivity and Vascular FunctionANNA LIZA BELEN VALINA TOTH; Fiscal Year: 2010..fat deposition and down regulation of endothelial nitric oxide - all of which plausibly contribute to elevated blood pressure (BP)and vascular and pressure- sensitive target organ injury, weight gain, dyslipidemia, and glucose ..
- Electrochemical tools to measure local cerebral blood flow and metabolismROBERT MARK WIGHTMAN; Fiscal Year: 2013..There are two primary control points. Blood vessels near the brain surface maintain blood pressure in a relatively constant range according to the physiological requirements...
- An Aldosterone-Endothelin Feedback Mechanism on Sodium HomeostasisCharles S Wingo; Fiscal Year: 2012..Aldosterone acts on the distal nephron and collecting duct to increase Na reabsorption and blood pressure. Results from two recent clinical studies (RALES and EPHESUS) demonstrated that aldosterone blockade reduced ..
- Mechanims of CNS Autonomic Regulation by EAJohn C Longhurst; Fiscal Year: 2013..Small trails further suggest that EA can lower elevated blood pressure. Studies conducted in the last two grant cycles have evaluated supra-spinal mechanisms underlying EA's ..
- Wireless At-Risk Infant Monitoring SystemJASON HOLMSTEDT; Fiscal Year: 2012..report on a variety of baby vital signs, including ECG, pulse-ox, skin temperature, motion detection, EPG, and blood pressure. Respiratory rate will derive from ECG readings in combination with EPG and chest motion...
- Early Life Conditions, Survival, and Health: A Pedigree-Based Population StudyKen R Smith; Fiscal Year: 2013..dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS &DHEA), fasting glucose and insulin resistance, telomere length, blood pressure, heart rate, grip strength, forced expiratory volume (FEV1), and BMI...
- Aldosterone Action In The Brain, Hypertension and InflammationELISE PEERY GOMEZ-SANCHEZ; Fiscal Year: 2012..agonists and antagonists that excessive circulating levels of aldo act through MR of the brain to elevate the blood pressure. Inhibition of MR in brains of Dahl Salt Sensitive hypertensive (SS) rats also mitigates their hypertension, ..
- Nitric Oxide Restoration &Heme Detoxification as Adjunctive Therapies for CerebrLEONARDO JOSE DE MOURA CARVALHO; Fiscal Year: 2012..respiratory physiology will be assessed to determine toxicity of the compounds, and in the case of NO donors blood pressure will also be monitored...
- Role of Retroelements in Environmental AtherogenesisKenneth S Ramos; Fiscal Year: 2010..wall is a common denominator of the atherogenic response, with elevated levels of blood cholesterol, high blood pressure, diabetes, and smoking recognized as primary risk factors...
- Intrathoracic Pressure Regulator for ResuscitationKeith G Lurie; Fiscal Year: 2011..development and evaluation the intrathoracic pressure regulator (ITPR), intended to increase circulation and blood pressure clinically significant states of hypotension, including cardiac arrest and septic shock...
- The Role of Vascular MR-Regulated Genes in Vascular Function and DiseaseIris Z Jaffe; Fiscal Year: 2013..acts by binding to the mineralocorticoid receptor (MR), a ligand-activated transcription factor, to regulate blood pressure (bp)...
- Computer/Electrical EngineeringTheodore Raphan; Fiscal Year: 2011..5. Generate apparatus for heart rate and blood pressure measurements in the rat to determine the impact of the vestibule-sympathetic reflex during changes in head ..
- Modifiers of Cyst Progression in Polycystic Kidney DiseasePhillip Darwin Bell; Fiscal Year: 2013..Physiological studies will be performed to assess GFR, blood pressure, and proteinuria, Western blot, immunofluorescence, genomic analysis will be used to evaluate the complex ..
- Comparative effectiveness of diabetes prevention strategies in women with GDMAssiamira Ferrara; Fiscal Year: 2010..Secondary outcomes will include postpartum glucose levels, blood pressure, depression, dietary fat intake, total calories and PA...
- JACKSON HEART STUDYASOKA S SRINIVASAN; Fiscal Year: 2013..that included demographics, psychosocial inventories, medical history, anthropometry, resting and ambulatory blood pressure, phlebotomy and 24-hour urine collection, ECG, echocardiography, and pulmonary function...
- JACKSON HEART STUDYHERMAN ALFRED TAYLOR; Fiscal Year: 2009..that included demographics, psychosocial inventories, medical history, anthropometry, resting and ambulatory blood pressure, phlebotomy and 24-hour urine collection, ECG, echocardiography, and pulmonary function...
- Novel Therapy for PreeclampsiaJames W Larrick; Fiscal Year: 2012..provided by applicant): Preeclampsia (PE) is a serious complication of pregnancy manifested by high blood pressure, proteinuria, and edema, sometimes with encephalopathy, seizures, and hepatic failure...
- JACKSON HEART STUDYASOKA S SRINIVASAN; Fiscal Year: 2011..that included demographics, psychosocial inventories, medical history, anthropometry, resting and ambulatory blood pressure, phlebotomy and 24-hour urine collection, ECG, echocardiography, and pulmonary function...
- JACKSON HEART STUDYHERMAN ALFRED TAYLOR; Fiscal Year: 2009
- JACKSON HEART STUDYHerman Taylor; Fiscal Year: 2010
- JACKSON HEART STUDYAsoka Srinivasan; Fiscal Year: 2010
- Respiratory and autonomic plasticity following intermittent hypoxiaJASON HAROLD MATEIKA; Fiscal Year: 2012..LTD) of parasympathetic nervous system activity (PNSA) could ultimately lead to persistent increases in blood pressure and heart rate abnormalities...
- Novel Means to Establish Free Radical Balance in the Neonatal Premature LungPrakash Jagtap; Fiscal Year: 2011..R-100 has no effect on systemic blood pressure in normotensive control rats nor in monocrotaline-induced PAH in rats, but is effective as a selective ..
- Roles of oxidation and inflammation in aortic stiffeningDavid G Harrison; Fiscal Year: 2013..vessels and the kidney;will promote an inflammatory response and T cell activation, which further increases blood pressure. To test this hypothesis, we will cross mice heterozygotic for elastin deficiency (Eln mice) with RAG-1-/- ..
- Dynamics of Kinesins, Dyneins, and MyosinsPaul R Selvin; Fiscal Year: 2010..Huntington's and Parkinson's Disease, and muscular diseases such as heart disease, high blood pressure, and uterine problems, all arise from molecular motors gone awry...
- Interactions of the RAAS and a Western Diet on Insulin Metabolic ActionsJAMES RUSSELL SOWERS; Fiscal Year: 2013..with an AT1R blocker or a mineralocortiod receptor in doses determined by telemetry to have no effect on blood pressure in mice...
- Pharmacologic Interventions for Cardiovascular Disease in Obstructive Sleep ApneaBarbara J Morgan; Fiscal Year: 2013..2) Determine if these Interventions reduce the severity of sleep disordered breathing and lower diurnal blood pressure. This research is innovative because it may identify novel targets and interventions to be used with CPAP that ..
- Genetic &Functional Analyses of Hypertension Susceptibility GenesYEN PEI CHRISTY CHANG; Fiscal Year: 2013..Variants that play a role in determining blood pressure (BP) and HTN susceptibility have been uncovered by recent genome-wide association studies (GWAS), but the ..
- A Culturally Tailored LIfestyle Intervention to Prevent Diabetes in South Asians:KABAYAM M VENKAT NARAYAN; Fiscal Year: 2010..Secondary outcomes are changes in percent body fat, body mass index, waist-to-hip ratio, fasting glucose, blood pressure, plasma lipids, activity, and diet...
- Effectivenss of a New Non-Invasive Erectile Support System in Aging PopulationsS ALEXANDER WEINSTOCK; Fiscal Year: 2012..functioning that ordinarily is a component of aging without resorting to chemical prescriptions that can alter blood pressure or other invasive techniques and devices that erode and interrupt natural love-making activities as practices ..
- Effects of GSH +/- Arginine on Markers of Inflammation Among Adults with CVD RiskChristopher D Gardner; Fiscal Year: 2010..Secondary outcomes include blood pressure, blood cholesterol, fasting insulin, serum isoprostanes (a measure of oxidative stress) and s-nitrosyl ..
- KCNQ Channels and Vasoconstrictor Signal TransductionKenneth L Byron; Fiscal Year: 2013..3. Finally, the hypothesis that arterial KCNQ channels play an important role in vasoconstrictor actions and blood pressure regulation will be tested by measuring in vivo effects of selective KCNQ channel activators and blockers on ..
- PARP Inhibitor and Redox Catalyst for Ventilatory TraumaPrakash Jagtap; Fiscal Year: 2013..Lung concentrations of R-503 will be correlated with outcome measures, so as to construct a PD profile. ..
- A multicenter clinical trial of allopurinol to prevent GFR loss in T1DS MICHAEL MAUER; Fiscal Year: 2012DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Despite improvements in the past 20 years in glycemic and blood pressure control, and the introduction of 'renoprotective'drugs such as renin-angiotensin system blockers, the incidence of ..
- Targeting thermoreceptors for therapeutic hypothermiaSean P Marrelli; Fiscal Year: 2012..Multiple physiologic variables (such as core temperature, blood pressure, and heart rate) will be collected by chronic catheterization or telemetry...
- The Prevalence of Blood Pressure Abnormalities among Veterans with SCIJill Wecht; Fiscal Year: 2009..Diminished autonomic cardiovascular control following SCI can result in abnormal blood pressure, blood flow and heart rate, the degree of which may or may not be related to the level and completeness of SCI ..
- K-Mg-citrate as a BP lowering agent in African Americans; role of natriuresisROBERT FRANKLIN REILLY; Fiscal Year: 2010..a higher prevalence of obesity and lower dietary potassium intake compared to Caucasians (these factors affect blood pressure), a stronger emphasis on lifestyle modification is justified...
- CATECHOLAMINES AND SEROTONIN IN BLOOD PRESSURE CONTROLCurt Freed; Fiscal Year: 1991Serotonin and the catecholamines are known to play a role in the regulation of blood pressure. Serotonin agonists, alpha-2 receptor agonists and dopamine agonists have all been shown to lower blood in hypertensive animals...
- WEARABLE SENSOR FOR CONTINUOUS NONINVASIVE MONITORING OF PULSE PRESSURESridhar Madala; Fiscal Year: 2010DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Wearable Sensor for Continuous Noninvasive Monitoring of Pulse Pressure Blood pressure and pulse pressure are among the most commonly measured parameters to assess cardiovascular function...
- Older Mothers and Adult Daughters: High Blood Pressure Self Management BehaviorsCeleste Shawler; Fiscal Year: 2010..strength, perceived control, and the quality of the relationship of older mothers and their adult daughters on blood pressure self management behaviors and health related quality of life...
- Chicago Endothelial Function StudyLouise C Hawkley; Fiscal Year: 2010_' High blood pressure is a strong, modifiable, independent risk factor for cardiovascular and renal disease, and was a primary or contributing cause of 11% of U.S. deaths in 2003 (American Heart Association, 2006)...
- CONTROL OF VASCULAR TONE BY CONTINGENT CNS STIMULATIONBarry Dworkin; Fiscal Year: 2006..by the applicant): These multi-disciplinary studies target the long-sought physiological link between blood pressure variability and blood pressure regulation...
- Arterial Baroreflex Function in African Americans at Rest and During ExerciseDavid Keller; Fiscal Year: 2009..Moreover, normotensive African Americans exhibit exaggerated blood pressure responses to exercise, as well as to various laboratory pressor stimuli (e.g...
- GENETICS OF BLOOD PRESSURE CONTROL IN MEXICAN AMERICANSLarry Atwood; Fiscal Year: 2000The long term objective of this research is to understand the genetic basis of blood pressure regulation, and consequently, its effects on hypertension in Mexican Americans...
- Childhood Origins for Cardiac Structure and FunctionShumei S Sun; Fiscal Year: 2012..Analyses of the Fels Longitudinal Study (FLS) data set have shown that elevated blood pressure in childhood tracks into adulthood with fidelity and that elevated blood pressure in childhood, even within ..
- RENALASE DEFICIENCY AND CARDIOVASCULAR COMPLICATIONS OF CHRONIC KIDNEY DISEASEGary V Desir; Fiscal Year: 2010..in renalase, a newly discovered enzyme that is made in the kidney, is secreted in blood, and regulates blood pressure and cardiac function...
- Genotypes, Haplotypes, and Blood Pressure Change from Childhood to AdulthoodDAVID MICHAEL HALLMAN; Fiscal Year: 2010..While hypertension is found in <10% in adults 20 - 34 years of age, it develops over a period of years, and blood pressure levels in children and adolescents are correlated with levels in adults...
- Relationships between Skin Pigmentation, Vitamin D and Blood PressureFLOJAUNE GRIFFIN; Fiscal Year: 2009..on serum 25- hydroxycholecalciferol (vitamin D) levels, and, in turn, ascertain their association with blood pressure among women as they age...
- Mechanisms of the Relaxation Response in Elderly HypertensivesJeffery A Dusek; Fiscal Year: 2010Systolic Hypertension is a disorder which is characterized by significant elevations in systolic blood pressure in association with normal diastolic blood pressure...
- Mechanisms of Meditation in Hypertension in BlacksRobert Schneider; Fiscal Year: 2010..Previous randomized controlled trials in African American populations with high blood pressure conducted by the Center team have demonstrated that stress reduction intervention with the Transcendental ..
- CALCIUM INTAKE, METABOLISM & GESTATIONAL BLOOD PRESSURECynthia Morris; Fiscal Year: 1990..dietary calcium intake and disturbances in maternal calcium metabolism may be associated with an increases in blood pressure during late gestation...