Genomes and Genes
Summary: Functions and activities of the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM as a whole or of any of its parts.
Publications194 found, 100 shown here
- The role of phosphoinositide-3 kinase and PTEN in cardiovascular physiology and diseaseGavin Y Oudit
Heart and Stroke Richard Lewar Centre of Excellence, Departments of Medicine and Physiology, University of Toronto, Room 68, 150 College Street, Fitzgerald Building, Toronto, Ont, M5S 3E2, Canada
J Mol Cell Cardiol 37:449-71. 2004..In this review, we discuss the biochemistry and molecular biology of PI3K (class I isoforms) and PTEN and their critical role in cardiovascular physiology and diseases.
- Mechanical signaling and the cellular response to extracellular matrix in angiogenesis and cardiovascular physiologyDonald E Ingber
Vascular Biology Program, Departments of Pathology and Surgery, Harvard Medical School and Children s Hospital, Boston, Mass 02115, USA
Circ Res 91:877-87. 2002..Thus, the mechanism by which cells perform mechanochemical transduction and the implications of these findings for morphogenetic control are discussed in the wider context of vascular development and cardiovascular physiology.
- The role of ACE2 in cardiovascular physiologyGavin Y Oudit
Department of Medical Biophysics and Richard Lewar Heart and Stroke Center of Excellence, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
Trends Cardiovasc Med 13:93-101. 2003....
- Rho kinases in cardiovascular physiology and pathophysiologyGervaise Loirand
INSERM U 533 Institut du Thorax, Faculte des Sciences, Nantes, France
Circ Res 98:322-34. 2006..This review, based on recent molecular, cellular, and animal studies, focuses on the current understanding of ROCK signaling and its roles in cardiovascular physiology and pathophysiology.
- The emerging roles of leptin and ghrelin in cardiovascular physiology and pathophysiologyVijay Sharma
Division of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
Curr Vasc Pharmacol 3:169-80. 2005..The evidence for and against these effects as well as their pathophysiological significance in obesity hypertension, heart failure, atherosclerosis and thrombosis are discussed...
- Cardiovascular physiology-changes with agingMelvin D Cheitlin
University of California at San Francisco, Former Chief of Cardiology, San Francisco General Hospital, San Francisco, CA 94110, USA
Am J Geriatr Cardiol 12:9-13. 2003With aging there are changes in the cardiovascular system, which result in alterations in cardiovascular physiology. The changes in cardiovascular physiology must be differentiated from the effects of pathology, such as coronary artery ..
- Chronoecological health watch of arterial stiffness and neuro-cardio-pulmonary function in elderly community at high altitude (3524 m), compared with Japanese townK Otsuka
Department of Medicine, Medical Center East, Tokyo Women s Medical University, Nishiogu 2 1 10, Arakawa, Tokyo 116 8567, Japan
Biomed Pharmacother 59:S58-67. 2005....
- Understanding cardiovascular physiology in zebrafish and Xenopus larvae: the use of microtechniquesThorsten Schwerte
University of Innsbruck, Institute for Zoology and Limnology, Techniker Str 25, A 6020 Innsbruck, Austria
Comp Biochem Physiol A Mol Integr Physiol 135:131-45. 2003..Here, we review experimental tools and methods that have been developed to measure numerous cardiovascular parameters in these millimetre-sized animals...
- Assessment of cardiovascular autonomic function in myotonic dystrophy type 2 (DM2/PROMM)Peter Flachenecker
Department of Neurology, Julius Maximilians Universitat Wurzburg, Josef Schneider Strasse 11, D 97080 Wurzburg, Germany
Neuromuscul Disord 13:289-93. 2003....
- Respiratory and cardiovascular actions of orexin-A in miceWei Zhang
Department of Molecular and Integrative Physiology, Chiba University Graduate School of Medicine, Inohana 1 8 1 Chuo ku, Chiba City, Chiba 260 8670, Japan
Neurosci Lett 385:131-6. 2005..Moreover, orexin can affect the cardiorespiratory control system at multiple sites in different ways. Orexin-A seems not to be involved in respiratory reflex regulation in mice at least under anesthetized condition...
- Cardiovascular effects of newly discovered peptide intermedin/adrenomedullin 2Chun Shui Pan
Institute of Cardiovascular Research, Peking University First Hospital, Beijing 100034, PR China
Peptides 26:1640-6. 2005..These results suggest that IMD might be a regulatory factor for cardiovascular function and myocardial hypertrophy as a cardiovascular active peptide...
- Effect of paced breathing on ventilatory and cardiovascular variability parameters during short-term investigations of autonomic functionG D Pinna
Department of Biomedical Engineering, Fondazione S Maugeri, IRCCS, Istituto Scientifico di Montescano, 27040 Montescano, Pavia, Italy
Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol 290:H424-33. 2006..These findings support the notion that PB does not alter cardiovascular autonomic regulation compared with spontaneous breathing...
- Performance diagnostics in handbiking during competitionT Abel
Institute of Motor Control and Movement Technique, German Sport University Cologne, Cologne, Germany
Spinal Cord 44:211-6. 2006..Case study in handbiking under competition conditions...
- Role of MC4 receptors in the depressor and bradycardic effects of alpha-MSH in the nucleus tractus solitarii of the ratJillian M Pavia
Department of Neuroscience, Division of Pharmacology, Uppsala University, Sweden
Neuroreport 14:703-7. 2003....
- Gill chemoreceptors and cardio-respiratory reflexes in the neotropical teleost pacu, Piaractus mesopotamicusC A C Leite
Department of Physiological Sciences, Federal University of Sao Carlos, Via Washington Luiz, km 235, P O Box 676, Sao Carlos, SP, 13565 905, Brazil
J Comp Physiol A Neuroethol Sens Neural Behav Physiol 193:1001-11. 2007....
- Effects of graded load of artificial gravity on cardiovascular functions in humansSatoshi Iwase
Department of Neuroimmunology, Research Institute of Environmental Medicine, Nagoya University, Nagoya, Japan
Environ Med 46:29-32. 2002..Artificial gravity by centrifuge at 1.2 or 1.4 G with 40 or 60 W of ergometric workload may be an excellent countermeasure against cardiovascular deconditioning after long exposure to microgravity...
- Hemodynamics during active and passive recovery from a single bout of supramaximal exerciseAntonio Crisafulli
Dipartimento di Scienze Cliniche e Biologiche, Universita degli Studi di Torino, Italy
Eur J Appl Physiol 89:209-16. 2003....
- Baroreflex buffering is reduced with age in healthy menPamela Parker Jones
Department of Kinesiology and Applied Physiology, University of Colorado at Boulder, UCB 354, Boulder, CO 80309, USA
Circulation 107:1770-4. 2003..Baroreflex buffering is an important mechanism in arterial blood pressure control. The effect of healthy (physiological) aging on tonic baroreflex buffering in humans is unknown...
- Correlation between striatal dopamine D2/D3 receptor binding and cardiovascular activity in healthy subjectsTzung Lieh Yeh
Department of Psychiatry, National Cheng Kung University Medical Center, and Department of Neurology, Cheng Ching Hospital, Tainan, Taiwan
Am J Hypertens 19:964-9. 2006..The relationship between the striatal dopaminergic system and cardiovascular activity is not well known. The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between striatal D2/D3 receptor binding and cardiovascular activity...
- Physiological adaptations to exercise in people with spinal cord injuryJ Vidal
Hospital de Neurorehabilitació Guttmann, C Can Ruti s n, 08916 Badalona, Barcelona
J Physiol Biochem 59:11-8. 2003..Furthermore, this quantification may allow for the adaptation of exercise intensity to the patient thus improving the results obtained from the practice of exercise that has been proven so necessary in these patients...
- Quantitative Poincaré plot analysis of heart rate variability: effect of endurance trainingLaurent Mourot
Laboratoire de Physiologie Médecine, Faculte de Medecine et de Pharmacie, Place St Jacques, 25030, Besancon Cedex, France
Eur J Appl Physiol 91:79-87. 2004..These results suggested that Poincaré plot parameters as well as the "width" of the scatter gram could be considered as surrogates of time- and frequency-domain analysis to assess training-induced changes in HRV...
- Late-developing rostral ventrolateral medullary surface responses to cardiovascular challenges during sleepChristopher A Richard
Department of Neurobiology, UCLA School of Medicine, 10833 LeConte Avenue, Los Angeles, CA 90095 1763, USA
Brain Res 985:65-77. 2003..The pattern of the late RVLMS responses was not dependent on arousal, and suggests that the RVLMS participates in both the early baroreflex response and the late-developing compensatory actions...
- Cerebral haemodynamic response to acute intracranial hypertension induced by head-down tiltDaniele Bosone
Neurovascular Unit, IRCCS C Mondino Institute of Neurology, Pavia, Italy
Funct Neurol 19:31-5. 2004..It is suggested that the changes in these cerebrovascular indices are mediated by a reduction of sympathetic tone that presumably involves the cerebral as well as the peripheral vascular bed...
- Bolus injection of human UII in conscious rats evokes a biphasic haemodynamic responseSheila M Gardiner
Centre for Integrated Systems Biology and Medicine, School of Biomedical Sciences, University of Nottingham, Nottingham
Br J Pharmacol 143:422-30. 2004....
- [Effect of physical training on growth and total cardiovascular and respiratory capacity in pupils from schools with different physical training programs]Wojciech Szot
Zakład Higieny i Ekologii, Collegium Medicum, Uniwersytet Jagiellonski, 31 034 Krakow
Przegl Lek 60:76-80. 2003..In addition we tried to evaluate the possible influence of diet on children growth...
- Central stresscopin modulates cardiovascular function through the adrenal medulla in conscious ratsChun Ping Chu
Department of Physiology, Miyazaki Medical College, 5200 Kihara, Kiyotake cho, Miyazaki gun, Miyazaki 889 1692, Japan
Regul Pept 119:53-9. 2004..5 nmol) did not elicit significant changes in MABP and HR. Therefore, these data suggest that centrally administered SCP modulates cardiovascular function, likely through the sympatho-adrenal-medullary (SAM) system...
- Autonomic cardiovascular changes during and after 14 days of head-down bed restKaname Hirayanagi
Department of Hygiene and Space Medicine, Nihon University School of Medicine, 30 1 Ohyaguchi kamimachi, Itabash ku, Tokyo 173 8610, Japan
Auton Neurosci 110:121-8. 2004..Our results suggest that HF(RRI) and BRSsequence can be used effectively to reveal reductions in cardiac vagal nervous modulation on the sinus node and cardiac BRS within 24 h of both HDBR and post-HDBR...
- Human autonomic responses to blood donationEva Zollei
University of Szeged, Faculty of Medicine, Cardiology Center, Medical Intensive Care Unit, Korányi fasor 7, Szeged 6720, Hungary
Auton Neurosci 110:114-20. 2004..Vagal withdrawal was reflected in decreased root mean square of successive differences (RMSSD), decreased HF RRI power and decreased up sequence BRS...
- Cardiovascular effects of agmatine within the rostral ventrolateral medulla are similar to those of clonidine in anesthetized ratsJun Yang
Department of Pharmacology, Second Military Medical University, 200433 Shanghai, China
Exp Brain Res 160:467-72. 2005..It is concluded that agmatine exerts a similar cardiovascular effect to clonidine, with less potency within the RVLM. Idazoxan might be a partial agonist for imidazoline I(1) receptors...
- The effect of muscle contraction velocity on cardiorespiratory responses to repetitive isokinetic exercise in humansNaoyuki Hayashi
School of Health and Sport Sciences and Graduate School of Engineering Sciences, Osaka University, Toyonaka, 560 0043 Japan
Jpn J Physiol 53:327-33. 2003..g., MAP: 12 +/- 2, 10 +/- 2, 11 +/- 2, and 18 +/- 2 mmHg in the A trial). The result suggests that muscle contraction velocity affects cardiorespiratory responses during repetitive isokinetic exercise...
- Selective reductions of cardiac autonomic responses to light bicycle exercise with aging in healthy humansDaniela Lucini
Centro Ricerca Terapia Neurovegetativa, Dipartimento Scienze Cliniche L Sacco, University of Milano, Via G B Grassi, 74 20157 Milan, Italy
Auton Neurosci 110:55-63. 2004..In conclusion, we have observed that aging progressively and selectively reduces the cardiac autonomic excitatory response to light exercise, while hemodynamic and vascular responsiveness are maintained...
- Exercise training improves cardiovascular and autonomic profiles in HIVDavid K Spierer
Coler Goldwater Specialty Hospital and Nursing Facility, Roosevelt Island, NY, USA
Clin Auton Res 17:341-8. 2007..Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is associated with cardiovascular (CV) and autonomic dysfunction, however the effects of fitness on vascular and autonomic mechanisms in HIV disease are unknown...
- Cardiopulmonary function in high altitude residents of LadakhSteve Wood
Department of Family and Community Medicine, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87131, USA
High Alt Med Biol 4:445-54. 2003..Improved lung mechanics may be an important adaptation to the lifelong sustained increase in resting ventilation as well as to indoor biomass smoke and outdoor dust exposure of these populations at high altitude...
- Spectral analysis of pulse transit time variability and its coherence with other cardiovascular variabilitiesHeather T Ma
Dept of Electron Eng, Chinese Univ of Hong Kong, Shatin Hong Kong, China
Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc 1:6442-5. 2006..The unstable coupling relationship of PTTV with BPV at LF should raise caution in the beat-to-beat BP estimation by PTT in the dynamic situation...
- Empirical mode decomposition to assess cardiovascular autonomic control in ratsEdmundo Pereira de Souza Neto
Laboratoire de Physique, CNRS UMR 5672, Ecole Normale Superieure de Lyon, 46, Allee d Italie, 69364 Lyon Cedex 07, France
Fundam Clin Pharmacol 21:481-96. 2007....
- Combined influence of cardiorespiratory fitness and body mass index on cardiovascular disease risk factors among 8-18 year old youth: The Aerobics Center Longitudinal StudyJoey C Eisenmann
Department of Health and Human Performance, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50010, USA
Int J Pediatr Obes 2:66-72. 2007..The purpose of this study was to examine differences in cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors across four cross-tabulated groups of cardiorespiratory fitness and body mass index in 8- to 18-year-old children and adolescents...
- Effect of endothelin on vasomotor and respiratory neurons in the rostral ventrolateral medulla in ratsMamoru Kumada
Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan
Cell Mol Neurobiol 23:691-707. 2003..Majority of vasomotor and respiratory neurons should express ET-A receptors and some respiratory neurons are under tonic excitatory control by ET-1...
- Cardiovascular responses to somatosensory stimulation and their modulation by baroreflex mechanismsTetsuya Kawabe
Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, New Jersey Medical School, Newark, New Jersey 07103, USA
Clin Exp Hypertens 29:403-18. 2007....
- Automation of analysis of cardiovascular autonomic function from chronic measurements of arterial pressure in conscious ratsHidefumi Waki
Department of Physiology, School of Medical Sciences, University of Bristol, Bristol BS8 1TD, UK
Exp Physiol 91:201-13. 2006..Moreover, we have confirmed its versatility by demonstrating its application to man...
- Measures of cardiovascular autonomic regulation derived from spontaneous methods and the Valsalva maneuverEva Zollei
Faculty of Medicine, Cardiology Center, Medical Intensive Care Unit, University of Szeged, Korányi fasor 7, Szeged 6720, Hungary
Auton Neurosci 103:100-5. 2003..We concluded that all of these methods are useful in calculating baroreflex gain, but owing to the differences in underlying physiological mechanisms, they are not necessarily in correlation with each other...
- Cold pressor test demonstrates residual sympathetic cardiovascular activation in familial dysautonomiaM J Hilz
Department of Neurology, New York University, New York, NY 10016, USA
J Neurol Sci 196:81-9. 2002..CPT assesses sympathetic cardiovascular responses independently from baroreflex function, which is compromised in FD...
- Two short, daily activity bouts vs. one long bout: are health and fitness improvements similar over twelve and twenty-four weeks?Timothy J Quinn
University of New Hampshire, Department of Kinesiology, Robert Kertzer Exercise Physiology Laboratory, Durham, 03824, USA
J Strength Cond Res 20:130-5. 2006..This study suggests that an INT exercise program, which is incremental in nature, provides comparable, and in some cases greater, health and fitness benefits than those expected following traditional CON exercise training...
- Menstrual cycle effects on the neurohumoral and autonomic nervous systems regulating the cardiovascular systemNir Hirshoren
Jacob Recanati Autonomic Dysfunction Center, Department of Medicine C, Rambam Medical Center, Technion Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa, Israel
J Clin Endocrinol Metab 87:1569-75. 2002..Fluctuations in the ovarian hormones along the menstrual cycle are associated with unchanged blood pressure and HR, despite the significant variations in the different homeostatic mechanisms regulating the cardiovascular system...
- Preserved autonomic function in amenorrheic athletesMegan M Wenner
Department of Health, Nutrition, and Excercise Sciences, University of Delaware, Newark, DE 19716, USA
J Appl Physiol 101:590-7. 2006..In conclusion, AA do not display signs of impaired autonomic function and orthostatic responses compared with EA or EA-OC during the follicular phase of the menstrual cycle...
- Autonomic nervous system control of the cardiovascular and respiratory systems in asthmaM J Lewis
Department of Sports Science, University of Wales Swansea, Singleton Park, Swansea SA2 8PP, UK
Respir Med 100:1688-705. 2006..The full extent of autonomic dysfunction, and its clinical implications, has yet to be fully determined and should be the subject of future investigation...
- Pulse transit time as an indirect marker for variations in cardiovascular related reactivityJong Yong Abdiel Foo
Biomedical Engineering Research Centre, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore
Technol Health Care 14:97-108. 2006..The attraction of PTT due to its non-invasive nature and revealing properties can only increase. Hence, the use of this simple technique in a clinical setting is still to realise its full potential...
- Correlations between the Poincaré plot and conventional heart rate variability parameters assessed during paced breathingPrzemysław Guzik
Department of Cardiology Intensive Therapy, University of Medical Sciences in Poznan, Przybyszewskiego 49, 60 355 Poznan, Poland
J Physiol Sci 57:63-71. 2007..A physiological model of changing respiratory rates from 6 to 15 breaths/min provided a wide range of RR intervals for analysis...
- Cardiovascular and neurohormonal responses to lower body negative pressure (LBNP): effect of training and 3 day bed restA Gasiorowska
Department of Applied Physiology, Medical Research Centre, Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw, Poland
J Physiol Pharmacol 57:85-100. 2006..In conclusion, training has negligible effect on the HDBR-induced changes in central hemodynamics during LBNP but may increase vascular sensitivity to some vasoconstricting factors...
- Localized gene transfer and its application for the study of central cardiovascular controlYoshitaka Hirooka
Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Kyushu University Graduate School of Medical Sciences, 3 1 1 Maidashi, Higashi ku, Fukuoka 812 8582, Japan
Auton Neurosci 126:120-9. 2006..We applied this technique to hypertensive rats as well as in mice with heart failure to explore the pathophysiological significance of nitric oxide, reactive oxygen species, and Rho-kinase...
- Cascade model of ventricular-arterial coupling and arterial-cardiac baroreflex function for cardiovascular variability in humansShigeki Shibata
Institute for Exercise and Environmental Medicine, 7232 Greenville Ave, Suite 435, Dallas, TX 75231, USA
Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol 291:H2142-51. 2006..A cascade model of ventricular-arterial coupling with the arterial-cardiac baroreflex contributes to the genesis of cardiovascular variability at the respiratory frequency...
- Glutamatergic systems in the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis, effects on cardiovascular systemMasoumeh Hatam
Department of Physiology, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran
Exp Brain Res 178:394-401. 2007....
- Identifying cardiorespiratory neurocircuitry involved in central command during exercise in humansAlexander L Green
Department of Neurosurgery, Radcliffe Infirmary, Oxford OX2 6HE, UK
J Physiol 578:605-12. 2007....
- Impact of retinopathy of prematurity screening examination on cardiorespiratory indices: a comparison of indirect ophthalmoscopy and retcam imagingAchyut N Mukherjee
Department of Ophthalmology, University Hospital of Wales, Cardiff, United Kingdom
Ophthalmology 113:1547-52. 2006..To compare the impact of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) screening examination between a digital fundus camera and conventional binocular indirect ophthalmoscopy (BIO) using cardiorespiratory indices as a measure of distress...
- The influence of aerobic fitness and fibromyalgia on cardiorespiratory and perceptual responses to exercise in patients with chronic fatigue syndromeDane B Cook
University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706, USA
Arthritis Rheum 54:3351-62. 2006..To investigate cardiorespiratory and perceptual responses to exercise in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), accounting for comorbid fibromyalgia (FM) and controlling for aerobic fitness...
- Naturally occurring variation in cardiovascular traits among inbred mouse strainsBrian D Hoit
Department of Medicine, University Hospitals of Cleveland and Case Western Reserve University, 11100 Euclid Avenue, MS 5038, Cleveland, Ohio 44106 5038, USA
Genomics 79:679-85. 2002....
- Vasomotor sympathetic neural control is maintained during sustained upright posture in humansQi Fu
Institute for Exercise and Environmental Medicine, Presbyterian Hospital of Dallas, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas, TX 75231, USA
J Physiol 577:679-87. 2006..e. 45 min) orthostasis without obvious changes in vasomotor sympathetic neural control...
- Respiratory effects on the reproducibility of cardiovascular autonomic parametersEva Zollei
Medical Intensive Care Unit, Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care, University of Szeged, Szeged, Hungary
Clin Physiol Funct Imaging 27:205-10. 2007..In conclusion, respiration had a strong influence on the most widely used cardiovascular autonomic parameters. The controlling of breathing did not result in consistent improvement in their reproducibility...
- [Physical performance and thermoregulatory study of subjects with sickle cell trait during a sub-maximal exercise]A Samb
Laboratoire de Physiologie, Faculte de Medecine et Pharmacie, UCAD Dakar
Dakar Med 50:46-51. 2005..We can assure that subjects with SCT in our country may participate in sports competition, as well as normal subjects (HbAA)...
- Static magnetic field effect on the arterial baroreflex-mediated control of microcirculation: implications for cardiovascular effects due to environmental magnetic fieldsJuraj Gmitrov
Department of Environmental Health, National Institute of Public Health, Tokyo, Japan
Radiat Environ Biophys 46:281-90. 2007..This could represent one possible mechanism how environmental magnetic fields act on the cardiovascular system, and a method how to complexly adjust macro- and microcirculation with potential clinical implementation...
- Abnormal postexercise cardiovascular recovery and its determinants in patients after right ventricular outflow tract reconstructionHideo Ohuchi
Department of Pediatrics, National Cardiovascular Center, Suita, Osaka, Japan
Circulation 106:2819-26. 2002..However, little is known about the postexercise dynamics...
- Graded associations between cardiorespiratory fitness, fatness, and blood pressure in children and adolescentsL Klasson-Heggebø
Norwegian School of Sports Sciences, Oslo, Norway
Br J Sports Med 40:25-9; discussion 25-9. 2006..To measure the graded relation between cardiorespiratory fitness and sum of skinfolds, waist circumference, and blood pressure in children and adolescents participating in the European youth heart study...
- Paradoxical effect of sibutramine on autonomic cardiovascular regulationAndreas L Birkenfeld
Franz Volhard Clinical Research Center, Medical Faculty of the Charite, Humboldt University, Berlin, Germany
Circulation 106:2459-65. 2002..Norepinephrine reuptake inhibition with sibutramine conceivably could exacerbate arterial hypertension and promote cardiovascular disease...
- Rhythmic activities of the sympatho-excitatory neurons in the medulla of rabbits: neurons controlling cutaneous vasomotionYouichirou Ootsuka
Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, University of Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305 8575, Japan
Auton Neurosci 101:48-59. 2002..These results further showed that the Cu neurons controlled the cutaneous vasoconstrictor fibers and that the sympatho-excitatory neurons were located at the different sites in the ventral medulla according to their function...
- Effects of long-term vegetarian diets on cardiovascular autonomic functions in healthy postmenopausal womenChin Hua Fu
Department of Neurology, Buddhist Dalin Tzu Chi General Hospital, Chiayi, Taiwan
Am J Cardiol 97:380-3. 2006....
- Increases in central blood volume modulate carotid baroreflex resetting during dynamic exercise in humansShigehiko Ogoh
Department of Integrative Physiology, University of North Texas Health Science Center, 3500 Camp Bowie Boulevard, Fort Worth, TX 76107, USA
J Physiol 581:405-18. 2007..These findings suggest that changes in cardiopulmonary baroreceptor load influence carotid baroreflex resetting during dynamic exercise...
- Cardiovascular mechanisms activated by microinjection of baclofen into NTS of conscious ratsCarlos Daniel Almeida Pitanga Landulpho
Department of Physiology, Universidade Federal de Sao Paulo Escola Paulista de Medicina, Sao Paulo, SP 04023 060, Brazil
Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol 284:H987-93. 2003..The tachycardia was not observed with a dose of 1,000 pmol/100 nl. The pressor response induced by microinjection of baclofen into the NTS of conscious rats may be produced by both increases in sympathetic tonus and vasopressin release...
- Nonprimate animal models of menopause: workshop reportF L Bellino
Biology of Aging Program, National Institute on Aging, Bethesda, Maryland 20892 9205, USA
Menopause 7:14-24. 2000..Thus, it may be useful to consider nonprimate animal species as potential models for pathophysiological changes associated with loss of reproductive function...
- Cardiovascular and coronary physiology of acute isovolemic hemodilution: a review of nonoxygen-carrying and oxygen-carrying solutionsD R Spahn
Institut für Anästhesiologie, Universitatsspital Zurich, Switzerland
Anesth Analg 78:1000-21. 1994..b>Cardiovascular physiology during hemodilution is characterized by a marked increase in cardiac output and organ blood flow to ..
- Optimized surgical techniques and postoperative care improve survival rates and permit accurate telemetric recording in exercising miceBeat Schuler
University of Zurich, Vetsuisse Faculty, Institute of Veterinary Physiology, and Zurich Center for Integrative Human Physiology, 8057 Zurich, Switzerland
BMC Vet Res 5:28. 2009..Telemetric transmitters are used to study cardiovascular physiology and diseases...
- Cardiovascular physiology and sleepNarayana S Murali
Mayo Clinic and Mayo Foundation, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
Front Biosci 8:s636-52. 2003..sensitivity (BRS) (11-16), and intraneural measurement of sympathetic nerve traffic to muscle (MSNA) (17-22) and skin (SSNA) (23-24) have further advanced our understanding of mechanisms linking sleep and cardiovascular physiology.
- [Contribution of transgenesis models in discovery of new pharmacological targets in heart failure: aldosterone receptor as an example]Celine Latouche
Inserm U872, Centre de Recherche des Cordeliers, Paris, France
Therapie 64:81-6. 2009..Furthermore these models allow testing of new hypothesis and therapeutic approaches, although cardiovascular physiology and physiopathological patterns are far different in animals than in humans (haemodynamic conditions, ..
- Mechanism of cocaine-induced hyperthermia in humansCraig G Crandall
Institute for Exercise and Environmental Medicine, Presbyterian Hospital of Dallas, 7232 Greenville Avenue, Dallas, TX 75231, USA
Ann Intern Med 136:785-91. 2002..However, because cocaine-induced hyperthermia occurs primarily in hot weather, it is hypothesized that cocaine also impairs thermoregulatory adjustments that mediate heat dissipation...
- Optic nerve oxygen tension in pigs and the effect of carbonic anhydrase inhibitorsE Stefansson
Department of Ophthalmology, University of Iceland, Reykjavik
Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 40:2756-61. 1999..To evaluate how the oxygen tension of the optic nerve (ONP(O)2) is affected by the administration of the carbonic anhydrase inhibitors dorzolamide and acetazolamide and by alterations in oxygen and carbon dioxide in the breathing mixture...
- Characterization of the effects of vasoactive substances on the bulbus arteriosus of the eel, Anguilla rostrataDavid H Evans
Mt Desert Island Biological Laboratory, Salsbury Cove, Maine 04672, USA
J Exp Zool A Comp Exp Biol 297:45-51. 2003..The role of agonist-induced changes in BA tension in fish cardiovascular physiology remains to be determined, as do the specific receptor types involved.
- The L-arginine paradox: Importance of the L-arginine/asymmetrical dimethylarginine ratioStefanie M Bode-Boger
Institute of Clinical Pharmacology, University Hospital, Otto von Guericke University, Leipziger Strasse 44, 39120 Magdeburg, Germany
Pharmacol Ther 114:295-306. 2007..The vascular endothelium plays a key role in cardiovascular physiology and pathophysiology, largely via NO-dependent processes...
- Endothelin: role in hypertensionE L Schiffrin
MRC Multidisciplinary Research Group on Hypertension, Clinical Research Institute of Montreal, University of Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Biol Res 31:199-208. 1998..These peptides may play important roles in cardiovascular physiology and pathophysiology...
- Influence of alpha-chloralose on reflex control of the cardiovascular system in lambsG G Konduri
Department of Pediatrics, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock
J Dev Physiol 13:87-91. 1990Alpha-chloralose is an anesthetic agent sometimes used for experiments in fetal and neonatal cardiovascular physiology. However, its effect on baseline cardiovascular variables and reflex control of the circulatory system has not been ..
- Cardiovascular response to exerciseM H Laughlin
Department of Veterinary Biomedical Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri 65211, USA
Am J Physiol 277:S244-59. 1999This article is intended for instructors who teach cardiovascular physiology. In our physiology course exercise physiology is used as a tool to review and integrate cardiovascular and respiratory physiology...
- Elastin insufficiency predisposes to elevated pulmonary circulatory pressures through changes in elastic artery structureAdrian Shifren
Department of Internal Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, 660 S Euclid, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
J Appl Physiol 105:1610-9. 2008..better understand how elastin insufficiency influences the pulmonary circulation, we evaluated pulmonary cardiovascular physiology in a unique set of transgenic and knockout mice with graded vascular elastin dosage (range 45-120% of ..
- Cardiac hypertrophy in aryl hydrocarbon receptor null mice is correlated with elevated angiotensin II, endothelin-1, and mean arterial blood pressureAmie K Lund
College of Pharmacy, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM 87131, USA
Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 193:177-87. 2003..Genetic deletion of the AhR leads to cardiac hypertrophy, suggesting a role for the AhR in cardiovascular physiology and disease; however, the pathways involved in the development of cardiac hypertrophy have not been ..
- Cardiovascular physiology during supine cycle ergometry and dobutamine stressJames F Cnota
Department of Pediatrics, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 27157, USA
Med Sci Sports Exerc 35:1503-10. 2003..This study compared cardiac hemodynamics during supine cycle ergometry and dobutamine stress...
- Frequency response of implantable blood pressure telemetry systemsDaniel McCormick
Auckland Bioengineering Institute, The University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand
Clin Exp Pharmacol Physiol 37:862-9. 2010..of blood pressure via telemetry in a variety of animal species has become an indispensable part of cardiovascular physiology, drug development and safety pharmacology. 2...
- Effects of sex and estrogen on chicken ductus arteriosus reactivityThijs W H Flinsenberg
Department of Pediatrics, Maastricht University Medical Center, GROW School for Oncology and Developmental Biology, P Debyelaan 25, Maastricht, The Netherlands
Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 298:R1217-24. 2010Sex hormones have an important influence on cardiovascular physiology and pathophysiology and sex differences in vascular reactivity have been widely demonstrated...
- Antihypertensive effects of the putative T-type calcium channel antagonist mibefradil are mediated by the L-type calcium channel Cav1.2Sven Moosmang
Institut fur Pharmakologie und Toxikologie, Technische Universitat Munchen, Germany
Circ Res 98:105-10. 2006The role of T-type Ca2+ channels for cardiovascular physiology, in particular blood pressure regulation, is controversial...
- Saline volume expansion and cardiovascular physiology: novel observations, old explanations, and new questionsJames L Robotham
Department of Anesthesiology, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York, USA
Crit Care 8:315-8. 2004....
- Effect of pentobarbital anesthesia on the pressor response to agonists in vivo in normal and endotoxemic ratsG J Hauser
Division of Pediatric Critical Care Medicine, Georgetown University Children s Medical Center, Washington, DC 20007, USA
Res Commun Mol Pathol Pharmacol 90:289-300. 1995Studies of cardiovascular physiology are frequently performed under barbiturate anesthesia even though the effect of barbiturates on the pressor response to catecholamines is controversial, and their effect on the response to other ..
- Therapeutic treatments potentially mediated by melatonin receptors: potential clinical uses in the prevention of osteoporosis, cancer and as an adjuvant therapyPaula A Witt-Enderby
Division of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Duquesne University, Pittsburgh, PA 15282, USA
J Pineal Res 41:297-305. 2006..Interestingly, many of these genes support a role for melatonin in modulating metabolic and cardiovascular physiology as well as bone metabolism and immune function and detoxification of chemical agents and cancer ..
- Teaching principles of cardiovascular function in a medical student laboratorySanjaya Gupta
Department of Pharmacological and Physiological Science, Saint Louis University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri 63104, USA
Adv Physiol Educ 29:118-27. 2005..The laboratory demonstration has proven effective in reinforcing the fundamental principles of cardiovascular physiology and autonomic pharmacology...
- Anatomy, physiology, and pathophysiology of erectile dysfunctionChristian Gratzke
Department of Urology, Ludwig Maximilians Universitat, Munchen, Germany
J Sex Med 7:445-75. 2010..A critical evaluation of the current state of knowledge is essential to provide perspective for future research and development of new therapies...
- Dinucleoside polyphosphates: strong endogenous agonists of the purinergic systemVera Jankowski
Charite Universitaetsmedizin Berlin, Campus Benjamin Franklin, Medizinische Klinik IV, Berlin, Germany
Br J Pharmacol 157:1142-53. 2009..Interest in the role of the purinergic system in cardiovascular physiology and pathophysiology is on the rise...
- Response by the corpuscles of Stannius to hypotensive stimuli in three divergent ray-finned fishes (Amia calva, Anguilla rostrata, and Catastomus commersoni): cardiovascular and morphological changesD G Butler
Department of Zoology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ont, Canada M5S 3G5
Gen Comp Endocrinol 132:198-208. 2003In accordance with their vital role in cardiovascular physiology () corpuscles of Stannius (CS) from two teleosts and an holostean species showed marked and consistent degranulation and exocytotic responses to hypotensive stimuli...
- Clinical impact of evaluation of cardiovascular control by novel methods of heart rate dynamicsHeikki V Huikuri
Department of Internal Medicine, Institute of Clinical Medicine, Centre of Excellence in Research, University of Oulu, Oulu 90014, Finland
Philos Trans A Math Phys Eng Sci 367:1223-38. 2009..complexity measures of heart rate behaviour, heart rate turbulence, deceleration capacity in relation to cardiovascular physiology or various cardiovascular events are still far away from clinical medicine, they are a fruitful area for ..
- Early gestation dexamethasone alters baroreflex and vascular responses in newborn lambs before hypertensionJeffrey L Segar
Department of Pediatrics, University of Iowa Carver College of Medicine, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 291:R481-8. 2006Exposure of the early gestation ovine fetus to exogenous glucocorticoids induces alterations in postnatal cardiovascular physiology, including hypertension...
- A look at the brighter facets of β-N-oxalyl-l-α,β-diaminopropionic acid, homoarginine and the grass peaS L N Rao
Department of Biochemistry, Osmania University, Hyderabad, India
Food Chem Toxicol 49:620-2. 2011..NO is well recognized for its role in cardiovascular physiology and general well-being and thus a daily dietary intake of homoarginine through small quantities of L...
- Protein kinase G activity prevents pathological-level nitric oxide-induced apoptosis and promotes DNA synthesis/cell proliferation in vascular smooth muscle cellsJanica C Wong
Cancer Molecular Biology Section, Nevada Cancer Institute, Las Vegas, NV 89135, USA
Cardiovasc Pathol 19:e221-31. 2010Protein kinase G (PKG), a recognized downstream mediator of nitric oxide, is a key regulator of cardiovascular physiology and pathology...
- Proteomic analysis of epicardial and subcutaneous adipose tissue reveals differences in proteins involved in oxidative stressAntonio Salgado-Somoza
Laboratory 6, Area Cardiovascular, Instituto de Investigaciones Sanitarias, Complejo Hospitalario Universitario de Santiago, Santiago de Compostela, Spain
Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol 299:H202-9. 2010..Locally produced adipokines may reflect or affect to cardiovascular physiology and pathology...
- Postoperative cardiorespiratory instability following ligation of the preterm ductus arteriosus is related to early need for interventionL S Teixeira
Department of Paediatrics, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada
J Perinatol 28:803-10. 2008..To investigate the effect of postnatal age at patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) ligation on postoperative need for cardiotropic support...
- Comparative cardiovascular development: improving the conceptual frameworkWarren Burggren
Department of Biological Sciences, University of North Texas, Denton 76205, USA
Comp Biochem Physiol A Mol Integr Physiol 132:661-74. 2002..Their cardiovascular physiology (and doubtlessly other aspects of physiology) differs from that of adults both qualitatively and ..
- Blood pressure, perfusion pressure, and glaucomaJoseph Caprioli
Jules Stein Eye Institute, Department of Ophthalmology, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, California 90095, USA
Am J Ophthalmol 149:704-12. 2010..To provide a critical review of the relationships between blood pressure, ocular blood flow, and glaucoma and the potential for glaucoma treatment through modulation of ocular perfusion...
- The haemodynamic and catecholamine response to xenon/remifentanil anaesthesia in Beagle dogsRoland C E Francis
Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, Charite Universitatsmedizin Berlin, Campus Virchow Klinikum and Campus Charite Mitte, Augustenburger Platz 1, Berlin, Germany
Lab Anim 42:338-49. 2008..to have minimal cardiovascular side-effects and so may be an ideal anaesthetic agent when investigating cardiovascular physiology. In comparison with standard modern anaesthetics, we investigated the haemodynamic and hormonal effects ..
- High-resolution cardiovascular function confirms functional orthology of myocardial contractility pathways in zebrafishJordan T Shin
Cardiology Division, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Cardiovascular Research Center, 149 13th Street, Charlestown, MA 02129, USA
Physiol Genomics 42:300-9. 2010..To enable rigorous assessment of cardiovascular physiology in living zebrafish embryos, we developed a suite of software tools for the analysis of high-speed video ..
- Cardioprotective Mechanisms of Glutathione S-transferase PDANIEL JOSEPH CONKLIN; Fiscal Year: 2010..The GSTs are expressed in cardiovascular tissues, but the role of GST in cardiovascular physiology and pathology has not been studied...
- Impact of Seasonal Variation in Hematocrit, NOx & ET-1 on Vascular ReactivityDeidre Wipke Tevis; Fiscal Year: 2009..for our multidisciplinary team, will assist us to bridge basic and applied science in one area of cardiovascular physiology. An understanding of the seasonal rhythms of these important cardiovascular parameters will lay the ..
- Annual Conference: Computers in CardiologyRobert Arzbaecher; Fiscal Year: 2003..the application of engineering and computer technology to problems in clinical cardiology and basic cardiovascular physiology. The conference meets on even-numbered years in the United States, and on odd-numbered years in Europe...
- Cardioprotective Mechanisms of Glutathione S-transferase PDaniel Conklin; Fiscal Year: 2009..The GSTs are expressed in cardiovascular tissues, but the role of GST in cardiovascular physiology and pathology has not been studied...
- Cardioprotective Mechanisms of Glutathione S-transferase PDaniel Conklin; Fiscal Year: 2009..The GSTs are expressed in cardiovascular tissues, but the role of GST in cardiovascular physiology and pathology has not been studied...
- NEUROFIBROMIN, NEURAL CREST AND CARDIAC DEVELOPMENTJonathan A Epstein; Fiscal Year: 2010..We will then extend these findings to elucidate adult cardiovascular physiology. We will examine the role of neurofibromin in angiogenesis and endothelial function, using tissue ..
- NEUROFIBROMIN, NEURAL CREST AND CARDIAC DEVELOPMENTJonathan Epstein; Fiscal Year: 2009..We will then extend these findings to elucidate adult cardiovascular physiology. We will examine the role of neurofibromin in angiogenesis and endothelial function, using tissue ..
- Structural Studies of Galphaq and Its Complexes at the Cell MembraneJOHN TESMER; Fiscal Year: 2007..We have also focused on G?q, GRK2, RGS2 and p63RhoGEF because all are strongly linked to cardiovascular physiology and disease, and it is not unreasonable to expect that these proteins coordinate their activities, ..
- GENE THERAPY FOR MYOCARDIAL STUNNING AND INFARCTIONBRENT FRENCH; Fiscal Year: 2006..approach will be used that encompasses the fields of biomedical engineering, radiology, cardiovascular physiology, pharmacology, immunopathology, cell biology and molecular genetics...
- Cardiovascular Causes of Falls/Syncope in the ElderlyMathew Maurer; Fiscal Year: 2005..professional career have demonstrated a strong commitment to understanding how age related changes in cardiovascular physiology result in falls/syncope in the most rapidly growing segment of the population...
- CT Evaluation of the Myocardial Effects of Risk FactorsLilach O Lerman; Fiscal Year: 2010..novel imaging techniques for studying the myocardial microcirculation, and swine models that mimic human cardiovascular physiology and pathophysiology, now provide a unique opportunity to serially assess the effects of MetS on ..
- Cellular Mechanisms in the Pathogenesis of FHCJIL TARDIFF; Fiscal Year: 2006..function and lead to distinct myocellular responses which may result in maladaptive changes in cardiovascular physiology. In order to address this question we have recently developed two independent transgenic mouse models ..
- SYSTOLIC CARDIAC FUNCTION IN OBESITY AND EXERCISEJOAN CARROLL; Fiscal Year: 2004..the department, there is a wide variety of expertise in human, animal, in vivo, and in vitro studies in cardiovascular physiology and endocrinology...
- Desensitization of Vascular Receptor Tyrosine KinasesNeil Freedman; Fiscal Year: 2009..will examine agonist-induced seryl phosphorylation and tyrosyl autophosphorylation in RPTKs important to cardiovascular physiology, using smooth muscle cells or fibroblasts derived from GRK2-, GRK5-, or GRK6-knockout mice, or from ..
- Oxidant Stress in the Brain and HypertensionROBIN DAVISSON; Fiscal Year: 2009..Coupled with sophisticated free radical biology and integrative cardiovascular physiology in conscious mice, we will dissect oxidant mechanisms of central neuro-cardiovascular control by ..
- Oxidant Stress in the Brain and HypertensionROBIN DAVISSON; Fiscal Year: 2007..Coupled with sophisticated free radical biology and integrative cardiovascular physiology in conscious mice, we will dissect oxidant mechanisms of central neuro-cardiovascular control by ..
- Leptin Signaling in Cardiac HypertrophyLILI BAROUCH; Fiscal Year: 2007..Hare, has a long track record of successful mentorship and productive research in nitric oxide and cardiovascular physiology. Dr...
- Pre-Doctoral Training in Cardiovascular BiologyDavid Pollock; Fiscal Year: 2007..first year core curriculum and passing the first qualifying exam; an advanced course electives including Cardiovascular Physiology & Pharmacology; courses in Scientific Communications and Research Ethics, and Biostatistics; ..
- MOLECULAR MECHANISM OF APOPTOTIC CARDIOMYOPATHYGerald W Dorn; Fiscal Year: 2010..studies will employ cell-based and isolated perfused heart models together with studies of integrated cardiovascular physiology in the intact mouse to define mechanisms for and determine physiological relevance of the postulated ..
- MOLECULAR MECHANISM OF APOPTOTIC CARDIOMYOPATHYGERALD DORN; Fiscal Year: 2009..studies will employ cell-based and isolated perfused heart models together with studies of integrated cardiovascular physiology in the intact mouse to define mechanisms for and determine physiological relevance of the postulated ..