posture

Summary

Summary: The position of the limbs or the carriage of the body as a whole. (Stedman, 25th ed.)

Top Publications

  1. doi Posture control, aging, and attention resources: models and posture-analysis methods
    M Lacour
    UMR 6149, Pole 3C, Centre de St Charles, CNRS, Universite de Provence, Case B, 3, Place Victor Hugo, 13331 Marseille Cedex 03, France
    Neurophysiol Clin 38:411-21. 2008
  2. ncbi Role of low energy expenditure and sitting in obesity, metabolic syndrome, type 2 diabetes, and cardiovascular disease
    Marc T Hamilton
    Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Missouri Columbia, Columbia, MO 65211, USA
    Diabetes 56:2655-67. 2007
  3. ncbi Sensorimotor integration in human postural control
    R J Peterka
    Neurological Sciences Institute, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, Oregon 97006, USA
    J Neurophysiol 88:1097-118. 2002
  4. ncbi Dutch Musculoskeletal Questionnaire: description and basic qualities
    V H Hildebrandt
    TNO Work and Employment, AS Hoofddorp, The Netherlands
    Ergonomics 44:1038-55. 2001
  5. ncbi The uncontrolled manifold concept: identifying control variables for a functional task
    J P Scholz
    Physical Therapy Department, McKinly Laboratory, University of Delaware, Newark 19716, USA
    Exp Brain Res 126:289-306. 1999
  6. doi Neuromechanics of muscle synergies for posture and movement
    Lena H Ting
    W H Coulter Department of Biomedical Engineering, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30332 0535, USA
    Curr Opin Neurobiol 17:622-8. 2007
  7. ncbi Causal assessment of occupational lifting and low back pain: results of a systematic review
    Eugene K Wai
    Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    Spine J 10:554-66. 2010
  8. doi Neurons in the pontomedullary reticular formation signal posture and movement both as an integrated behavior and independently
    Benedicte Schepens
    Unité de Physiologie et Biomécanique de la Locomotion, Département d Education Physique et de Réadaptation, Universite Catholique de Louvain, Louvain la Neuve, Belgium
    J Neurophysiol 100:2235-53. 2008
  9. ncbi Interindividual variation in posture allocation: possible role in human obesity
    James A Levine
    Endocrine Research Unit, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
    Science 307:584-6. 2005
  10. ncbi Body weight is a strong predictor of postural stability
    Olivier Hue
    Faculty of Medicine, Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Division of Kinesiology, Laval University, PEPS, Quebec G1K 7P4, Canada
    Gait Posture 26:32-8. 2007

Detail Information

Publications361 found, 100 shown here

  1. doi Posture control, aging, and attention resources: models and posture-analysis methods
    M Lacour
    UMR 6149, Pole 3C, Centre de St Charles, CNRS, Universite de Provence, Case B, 3, Place Victor Hugo, 13331 Marseille Cedex 03, France
    Neurophysiol Clin 38:411-21. 2008
    ..on the stabilogram-diffusion analysis and the wavelet transform are proposed as better approaches to understand posture control...
  2. ncbi Role of low energy expenditure and sitting in obesity, metabolic syndrome, type 2 diabetes, and cardiovascular disease
    Marc T Hamilton
    Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Missouri Columbia, Columbia, MO 65211, USA
    Diabetes 56:2655-67. 2007
    ....
  3. ncbi Sensorimotor integration in human postural control
    R J Peterka
    Neurological Sciences Institute, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, Oregon 97006, USA
    J Neurophysiol 88:1097-118. 2002
    ..Overall results show that the simple act of standing quietly depends on a remarkably complex sensorimotor control system...
  4. ncbi Dutch Musculoskeletal Questionnaire: description and basic qualities
    V H Hildebrandt
    TNO Work and Employment, AS Hoofddorp, The Netherlands
    Ergonomics 44:1038-55. 2001
    ..This questionnaire can be used as a simple and quick inventory for occupational health services to identify worker groups in which a more thorough ergonomic analysis is indicated...
  5. ncbi The uncontrolled manifold concept: identifying control variables for a functional task
    J P Scholz
    Physical Therapy Department, McKinly Laboratory, University of Delaware, Newark 19716, USA
    Exp Brain Res 126:289-306. 1999
    ..The horizontal head position and the position of the hand were controlled less stably, while vertical head position appears to be no more controlled than joint motions...
  6. doi Neuromechanics of muscle synergies for posture and movement
    Lena H Ting
    W H Coulter Department of Biomedical Engineering, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30332 0535, USA
    Curr Opin Neurobiol 17:622-8. 2007
    ..Understanding the complex interplay between neural circuits and biomechanics that give rise to muscle synergies will be crucial to advancing our understanding of neural control mechanisms for movement...
  7. ncbi Causal assessment of occupational lifting and low back pain: results of a systematic review
    Eugene K Wai
    Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    Spine J 10:554-66. 2010
    ..Evaluating these potentially causal relationships requires a methodologically rigorous approach. Occupational repetitive and/or heavy lifting is widely thought to be a risk factor for the development of LBP...
  8. doi Neurons in the pontomedullary reticular formation signal posture and movement both as an integrated behavior and independently
    Benedicte Schepens
    Unité de Physiologie et Biomécanique de la Locomotion, Département d Education Physique et de Réadaptation, Universite Catholique de Louvain, Louvain la Neuve, Belgium
    J Neurophysiol 100:2235-53. 2008
    ..a population of neurons within the PMRF contributes to the control of movement in one forelimb and the control of posture in the other forelimb as a coordinated unit...
  9. ncbi Interindividual variation in posture allocation: possible role in human obesity
    James A Levine
    Endocrine Research Unit, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
    Science 307:584-6. 2005
    ..Humans expend energy through purposeful exercise and through changes in posture and movement that are associated with the routines of daily life [called nonexercise activity thermogenesis (NEAT)..
  10. ncbi Body weight is a strong predictor of postural stability
    Olivier Hue
    Faculty of Medicine, Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Division of Kinesiology, Laval University, PEPS, Quebec G1K 7P4, Canada
    Gait Posture 26:32-8. 2007
    ..Future studies should examine more closely the combined effect of aging and obesity on falling and injuries and the impact of obesity on the diverse range of activities of daily living...
  11. pmc The validation of a novel activity monitor in the measurement of posture and motion during everyday activities
    P M Grant
    Glasgow Caledonian University, School of Health and Social Care, Glasgow, UK
    Br J Sports Med 40:992-7. 2006
    ..Accurate measurement of physical activity patterns can be used to identify sedentary behaviour and may facilitate interventions aimed at reducing inactivity...
  12. doi Foot and ankle strength, range of motion, posture, and deformity are associated with balance and functional ability in older adults
    Martin J Spink
    Musculoskeletal Research Centre, Department of Podiatry, La Trobe University, Bundoora, Australia
    Arch Phys Med Rehabil 92:68-75. 2011
    To determine the extent to which measures of foot and ankle strength, range of motion, posture, and deformity are associated with performance in a battery of balance and functional ability tests in older adults.
  13. ncbi Passive leg raising predicts fluid responsiveness in the critically ill
    Xavier Monnet
    Service de Reanimation Medicale, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Bicetre, Assistance Publique Hopitaux de Paris, Université Paris 11, Le Kremlin Bicetre, France
    Crit Care Med 34:1402-7. 2006
    ..We hypothesized that the hemodynamic response to PLR predicts fluid responsiveness in mechanically ventilated patients...
  14. ncbi Postural feedback responses scale with biomechanical constraints in human standing
    Sukyung Park
    Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 2125, USA
    Exp Brain Res 154:417-27. 2004
    ..These results indicate that postural adjustments can be described as a single feedback control scheme, with scalable heterogenic gains that are adjusted according to biomechanical constraints...
  15. ncbi Influence of carrying heavy loads on soldiers' posture, movements and gait
    Renee L Attwells
    Department of Human Sciences, Loughborough University, Leicestershire, UK
    Ergonomics 49:1527-37. 2006
    ..This study examines changes in gait and posture caused by increasing load carriage in military LCS...
  16. ncbi Neuroanatomy of flying reptiles and implications for flight, posture and behaviour
    Lawrence M Witmer
    Department of Biomedical Sciences, College of Osteopathic Medicine, Ohio University, Athens, Ohio 45701, USA
    Nature 425:950-3. 2003
    ..Their enormous cerebellar floccular lobes may suggest neural integration of extensive sensory information from the wing, further enhancing eye- and neck-based reflex mechanisms for stabilizing gaze...
  17. ncbi Roentgenographic analysis of posture in spinal osteoporotics
    E Itoi
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Tohoku University School of Medicine, Sendai, Japan
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 16:750-6. 1991
    ..Low-back pain was highly associated with decreased lumbar lordosis and increased sacropelvic angle, suggesting that the sacroiliac joint was one of the causes of low-back pain...
  18. ncbi Effects of distance and gaze position on postural stability in young and old subjects
    Zoi Kapoula
    Laboratoire de Physiologie de la Perception et de l Action LPPA, IRIS Group, UMR 7152, CNRS College de France, Paris, France
    Exp Brain Res 173:438-45. 2006
    Visual stabilization of posture is known to improve when the distance to target fixation decreases; this is attributed to increased angular size of retinal slip induced by body sway...
  19. pmc Detecting altered postural control after cerebral concussion in athletes with normal postural stability
    J T Cavanaugh
    Duke University Medical Center, Physical and Occupational Therapy, Durham, NC, USA
    Br J Sports Med 39:805-11. 2005
    ..To determine if approximate entropy (ApEn), a regularity statistic from non-linear dynamics, could detect changes in postural control during quiet standing in athletes with normal postural stability after cerebral concussion...
  20. ncbi Attention and the control of posture and gait: a review of an emerging area of research
    Marjorie Woollacott
    Department of Exercise and Movement Science, University of Oregon, Eugene, OR 97403, USA
    Gait Posture 16:1-14. 2002
    Research on the relationship between attention and the control of posture and gait is a new and expanding area with studies on young adults revealing the role of cognitive factors in the control of balance during standing and walking...
  21. ncbi Posture influences motor imagery: an fMRI study
    Floris P de Lange
    F C Donders Centre for Cognitive Neuroimaging, Radboud University Nijmegen, Kapittelweg 29, 6500 HB Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    Neuroimage 33:609-17. 2006
    ..This motor plan is calculated by a parieto-frontal network. Within this network, the posterior parietal cortex appears to incorporate proprioceptive information related to the current position of the body into the motor plan...
  22. pmc Physical work environment risk factors for long term sickness absence: prospective findings among a cohort of 5357 employees in Denmark
    Thomas Lund
    National Institute of Occupational Health, Lerso Parkalle 105, DK 2100 Copenhagen, Denmark
    BMJ 332:449-52. 2006
    ..To examine the effects of physical work environment on long term sickness absence and to investigate interaction between physical and psychosocial risk factors...
  23. ncbi Postural orientation and equilibrium: what do we need to know about neural control of balance to prevent falls?
    Fay B Horak
    Neurological Sciences Institute of Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, OR, USA
    Age Ageing 35:ii7-ii11. 2006
    ..The control of posture involves many different underlying physiological systems that can be affected by pathology or sub-clinical ..
  24. ncbi Endpoint stiffness of the arm is directionally tuned to instability in the environment
    David W Franklin
    National Institute of Information and Communications Technology, Keihanna Science City, Kyoto 619 0288, Japan
    J Neurosci 27:7705-16. 2007
    ..Furthermore, it supports the idea that the CNS incorporates an impedance controller that acts to ensure stability, reduce movement variability, and reduce metabolic cost...
  25. ncbi A prospective study of computer users: II. Postural risk factors for musculoskeletal symptoms and disorders
    Michele Marcus
    Department of Epidemiology, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA
    Am J Ind Med 41:236-49. 2002
    Despite widespread recommendations regarding posture during computer use, associations between specific postures and musculoskeletal health are not well characterized.
  26. ncbi Radiographic analysis of sagittal plane alignment and balance in standing volunteers and patients with low back pain matched for age, sex, and size. A prospective controlled clinical study
    R P Jackson
    North Kansas City Hospital, Missouri
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 19:1611-8. 1994
    ..CONCLUSIONS. Definitions of sagittal balance are provided as well as additional sagittal plane data by which to compare corrections and fusions for different spinal disorders...
  27. ncbi Self-assessed and directly measured occupational physical activities--influence of musculoskeletal complaints, age and gender
    I Balogh
    Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, University Hospital, Lund SE 221 85, Sweden
    Appl Ergon 35:49-56. 2004
    ..Rate of perceived exertion showed low correlation with heart rate ratio within the two occupational groups, but high, 0.64 when the two groups were combined. Age and complaints explained 31% of the variance for the cleaners...
  28. ncbi Does paced breathing improve the reproducibility of heart rate variability measurements?
    Hiromitsu Kobayashi
    Ishikawa Prefectural Nursing University, Ishikawa, Japan
    J Physiol Anthropol 28:225-30. 2009
    ..The coefficients of intraindividual variation of heart rate, ln HF and ln LF did not correlate with age in either posture. Effect sizes of PB on the intraindividual variation ranged from -0.04 to 0.13...
  29. pmc Inter-examiner reproducibility of tests for lumbar motor control
    Flemming Enoch
    Department of Rheumatology, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen University Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark
    BMC Musculoskelet Disord 12:114. 2011
    ..This has not been considered before. The aim was to analyse the reproducibility of five different quantitative tests for LMC commonly used in daily clinical practice...
  30. ncbi Inefficient muscular stabilization of the lumbar spine associated with low back pain. A motor control evaluation of transversus abdominis
    P W Hodges
    Department of Physiotherapy, University of Queensland, Australia
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 21:2640-50. 1996
    ..CONCLUSIONS: The delayed onset of contraction of transversus abdominis indicates a deficit of motor control and is hypothesized to result in inefficient muscular stabilization of the spine...
  31. ncbi Variability of determinism in motor behavior
    Michael A Riley
    Department of Psychology, University of Cincinnati, Mail Location 0376, Cincinnati, OH 45221 0376, USA
    J Mot Behav 34:99-125. 2002
    ..It has also revealed general lessons (for example, more variable does not mean more random and more controllable does not mean more deterministic) that may extend to other classes of perceptual behavior...
  32. pmc Multimodal integration after unilateral labyrinthine lesion: single vestibular nuclei neuron responses and implications for postural compensation
    Soroush G Sadeghi
    McGill University, Department of Physiology, 3655 Sir William Osler, Montreal, Quebec H3G 1Y6, Canada
    J Neurophysiol 105:661-73. 2011
    ....
  33. doi Paw preference is not affected by postural demand in a nonprimate mammal (Felis silvestris catus)
    Wiebke S Konerding
    Institute of Zoology, University of Veterinary Medicine, Hannover, Germany
    J Comp Psychol 126:15-22. 2012
    ..Subjects (N = 28) were forced to use either a stable or unstable body posture (i.e., sitting or standing vs...
  34. doi Comparison of biomechanical loading during use of conventional stud welding equipment and an alternate system
    Nathan B Fethke
    University of Iowa, Occupational and Environmental Health, UI Research Park, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
    Appl Ergon 42:725-34. 2011
    ..The alternate system appears to be effective in reducing exposure to extreme trunk flexion among stud welders. Continued development of the system should explore features designed to reduce shoulder forces and improve productivity...
  35. doi Detection of gait and postures using a miniaturized triaxial accelerometer-based system: accuracy in patients with mild to moderate Parkinson's disease
    Baukje Dijkstra
    University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, The Netherlands
    Arch Phys Med Rehabil 91:1272-7. 2010
    ..To examine whether gait and postures can accurately be detected with a single small body-fixed device in patients with mild to moderate Parkinson's disease (PD)...
  36. doi Parietal cortex coding of limb posture: in search of the body-schema
    Amy Parkinson
    Institute of Neuroscience, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK
    Neuropsychologia 48:3228-34. 2010
    ..correlates for executing memory-guided reaching movements to unseen target locations that were defined by arm posture, are primarily within regions of the superior parietal lobule [SPL]: including an area of the medial SPL ..
  37. ncbi Motor facilitation during action observation: topographic mapping of the target muscle and influence of the onlooker's posture
    Cosimo Urgesi
    Dipartimento di Scienze Neurologiche e della Visione, Sezione di Fisiologia Umana, Universita di Verona, I 37134 Verona, Italy
    Eur J Neurosci 23:2522-30. 2006
    ..observed during observation of movements that map the motor function of the targeted muscles, regardless of the posture of the observed hand...
  38. doi The effect of inspiratory muscles fatigue on postural control in people with and without recurrent low back pain
    Lotte Janssens
    Musculoskeletal Research Unit, Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Leuven K U Leuven, Tervuursevest 101, Leuven, Belgium
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 35:1088-94. 2010
    ..A 2-group experimental design...
  39. doi Leaning to the left makes the Eiffel Tower seem smaller: posture-modulated estimation
    Anita Eerland
    Psychology Institute, Faculty of Social Sciences, Erasmus University Rotterdam, P O Box 1738, 3000 DR Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Psychol Sci 22:1511-4. 2011
    In two experiments, we investigated whether body posture influences people's estimation of quantities...
  40. pmc Pelvis morphology, trunk posture and standing imbalance and their relations to the Cobb angle in moderate and severe untreated AIS
    Georges Dalleau
    Faculté des Sciences de l Homme et de l Environnement, CURAPS DIMPS, Universite de la Reunion, Le Tampon, France
    PLoS ONE 7:e36755. 2012
    ..non-scoliotic girls and focus primarily on a single set of parameters derived from spinal and pelvis morphology, posture or standing imbalance...
  41. pmc Identification of neural feedback for upright stance in humans: stabilization rather than sway minimization
    Tim Kiemel
    Department of Kinesiology, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742, USA
    J Neurosci 31:15144-53. 2011
    ..The results suggest that the common assumption of reducing sway may not apply to musculoskeletal systems that are inherently unstable...
  42. pmc Determination of comprehensive arterial blood inflow in abdominal-pelvic organs: impact of respiration and posture on organ perfusion
    Takuya Osada
    Department of Sports Medicine for Health Promotion, Tokyo Medical University, Tokyo, Japan
    Med Sci Monit 17:CR57-66. 2011
    ..However, little information exists regarding the influence of respiration (interplay between inspiration and expiration) and posture on BFAP.
  43. ncbi The pontomedullary reticular formation contributes to the compensatory postural responses observed following removal of the support surface in the standing cat
    Paul J Stapley
    Groupe de Recherche sur le Système Nerveux Centrale, Departement de Physiologie, Universite de Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    J Neurophysiol 101:1334-50. 2009
    ..the cat restored a tripedal support pattern; and a prolonged tertiary response (P3) that maintained a stable posture over all three supporting limbs...
  44. doi Central venous pressure measurements improve the accuracy of leg raising-induced change in pulse pressure to predict fluid responsiveness
    Karim Lakhal
    Service de Réanimation Médicale et Maladies Infectieuses, Hopital Bichat Claude Bernard, Assistance Publique des Hopitaux de Paris, Paris, France
    Intensive Care Med 36:940-8. 2010
    ..We assessed the influence of PLR-induced changes in preload on the performance of PLR-induced change in pulse pressure (Delta(PLR)PP) and cardiac output (Delta(PLR)CO) for fluid responsiveness prediction...
  45. ncbi The role of paraspinal muscle spindles in lumbosacral position sense in individuals with and without low back pain
    S Brumagne
    Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, Faculty of Physical Education and Physiotherapy, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 25:989-94. 2000
    ..A two-group experimental design with repeated measures on one factor was used...
  46. ncbi Sitting postures and trunk muscle activity in adolescents with and without nonspecific chronic low back pain: an analysis based on subclassification
    Roslyn G Astfalck
    Curtin University of Technology, Perth, Western Australia, Australia
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 35:1387-95. 2010
    ..A preliminary cross-sectional comparative study of adolescents with nonspecific chronic low back pain (NSCLBP) and healthy controls...
  47. doi Altered lumbopelvic movement control but not generalized joint hypermobility is associated with increased injury in dancers. A prospective study
    Nathalie Anne Roussel
    Division of Musculoskeletal Physiotherapy, Department of Health Sciences, Artesis University College of Antwerp, Belgium
    Man Ther 14:630-5. 2009
    ..Neither generalized joint hypermobility, evaluated with the Beighton score, nor a history of LBP was predictive of injuries. Further study of these interactions is required...
  48. doi Upper arm postures and movements in female hairdressers across four full working days
    Jens Wahlström
    Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Umea University Hospital, SE 901 85 Umea, Sweden
    Ann Occup Hyg 54:584-94. 2010
    ....
  49. ncbi Gait posture estimation using wearable acceleration and gyro sensors
    Ryo Takeda
    Division of Human Mechanical Systems and Design, Graduate School of Engineering, Hokkaido University, N13 W8, Kita ku, Sapporo 060 8628, Japan
    J Biomech 42:2486-94. 2009
    ..92 for the knee F-E. A moving stick figure model of each volunteer was created to visually confirm the walking posture. Further, the knee and ankle joint trajectories in the horizontal plane showed that the left and right legs were ..
  50. ncbi The "posture second" strategy: a review of wrong priorities in Parkinson's disease
    Bastiaan R Bloem
    Department of Neurology, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    J Neurol Sci 248:196-204. 2006
    ..who appeared to sacrifice performance on the cognitive task in order to optimise their gait and balance ("posture first" strategy)...
  51. doi The embodied nature of motor imagery: the influence of posture and perspective
    Britta Lorey
    Institute for Sports Science, University of Giessen, Kugelberg 62, 35394, Giessen, Germany
    Exp Brain Res 194:233-43. 2009
    ..watched video sequences of different hand movements with their right hand in a compatible versus incompatible posture and subsequently performed 1PP or 3PP imagery of the movement...
  52. ncbi Are stance ankle plantar flexor muscles necessary to generate propulsive force during human gait initiation?
    V Michel
    Laboratoire de Physiologie du Mouvement, INSERM U483, Universite Paris Sud, Bat 441, Orsay, France
    Neurosci Lett 325:139-43. 2002
    ..e. they were asked to walk as fast as possible from an upright posture. Data from a force platform were collected and processed to obtain gait parameters (centre of mass (CoM) ..
  53. doi Similarities and differences in perceiving threat from dynamic faces and bodies. An fMRI study
    M E Kret
    Cognitive and Affective Neurosciences Laboratory, Tilburg University, Tilburg, The Netherlands
    Neuroimage 54:1755-62. 2011
    ..Emotion-specific effects were found in TPJ and FG for bodies and faces alike. EBA and superior temporal sulcus (STS) were more activated by threatening bodies...
  54. pmc A randomized study of three interventions for aspiration of thin liquids in patients with dementia or Parkinson's disease
    Jeri A Logemann
    Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, Northwestern University, 2240 Campus Drive, 3 358, Evanston, IL 60208, USA
    J Speech Lang Hear Res 51:173-83. 2008
    This study was designed to identify which of 3 treatments for aspiration on thin liquids-chin-down posture, nectar-thickened liquids, or honey-thickened liquids-results in the most successful immediate elimination of aspiration on thin ..
  55. ncbi Strain sensing fabric for hand posture and gesture monitoring
    Federico Lorussi
    Interdepartmental Research Center E Piaggio, University of Pisa, 56126 Pisa, Italy
    IEEE Trans Inf Technol Biomed 9:372-81. 2005
    ..garments such as gloves, leotards, and seat covers capable of reconstructing and monitoring body shape, posture, and gesture...
  56. ncbi Influence of obesity on accurate and rapid arm movement performed from a standing posture
    F Berrigan
    Groupe de Recherche en Analyse du Mouvement et Ergonomie GRAME, Quebec, Canada
    Int J Obes (Lond) 30:1750-7. 2006
    ..This study sought to examine if obesity imposes an additional balance control constraint limiting the speed and accuracy with which an upper limb goal-directed movement performed from an upright standing position can be executed...
  57. ncbi Lumbopelvic lordosis and pelvic balance on repeated standing lateral radiographs of adult volunteers and untreated patients with constant low back pain
    R P Jackson
    Spine Surgery Service, North Kansas City Hospital, North Kansas City, Missouri, USA
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 25:575-86. 2000
    ..Twenty volunteers and 20 patients with no prior spine surgery had two standing lateral radiographs taken, on the average, 66 months apart and 2 weeks apart, respectively...
  58. ncbi The influence of stimulus cue on the initiation of stepping in young and older adults
    M W Rogers
    Department of Physical Therapy and Human Movement Sciences, Northwestern University Medical School, Chicago, IL, USA
    Arch Phys Med Rehabil 82:619-24. 2001
    ..The abilities of many older persons may be compromised in situations where rapid adjustments in the base of support through stepping are triggered by environmental stimuli...
  59. ncbi The influence of gender and somatotype on single-leg upright standing postural stability in children
    Alex J Y Lee
    Department of Physical Education, National Hsinchu University of Education, Hsinchu, Taiwan
    J Appl Biomech 23:173-9. 2007
    ..The explanation for somatotype differences might be due to the significantly lower body height and higher portion of muscular profile in the mesomorphic children...
  60. ncbi Relationship between morphologic somatotypes and standing posture equilibrium
    P Allard
    Department of Kinesiology, University of Montreal, PQ, Canada
    Ann Hum Biol 28:624-33. 2001
    ..The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that morphologic somatotypes were related to standing posture equilibrium in able-bodied girls. A total of 43 able-bodied girls having a mean age of 13.8 +/- 2...
  61. ncbi Sleep apnea and body position during sleep
    C F George
    Department of Respiratory Medicine, University of Manitoba, Canada
    Sleep 11:90-9. 1988
    ..As AHI remains very high on the sides, favoring the lateral decubitus position may not be as beneficial as previously thought in very obese patients. Less obese patients are more likely to benefit by position changes...
  62. ncbi The dynamics of postural sway cannot be captured using a one-segment inverted pendulum model: a PCA on segment rotations during unperturbed stance
    Ilona J Pinter
    Research Institute MOVE, Faculty of Human Movement Sciences, Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    J Neurophysiol 100:3197-208. 2008
    ..It is concluded that postural control during unperturbed stance should be analyzed in terms of a multiple inverted pendulum model...
  63. pmc A feedback model explains the differential scaling of human postural responses to perturbation acceleration and velocity
    Torrence D J Welch
    The Wallace H Coulter Department of Biomedical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology and Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia 30332 0535, USA
    J Neurophysiol 101:3294-309. 2009
    ..These results suggest that an invariant feedback law was used to generate the entire time course of muscle activity across a variety of postural disturbances...
  64. pmc A perturbation-based balance training program for older adults: study protocol for a randomised controlled trial
    Avril Mansfield
    Institute of Medical Science, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    BMC Geriatr 7:12. 2007
    ....
  65. doi Bipedal tool use strengthens chimpanzee hand preferences
    Stephanie Braccini
    Centre for Social Learning and Cognitive Evolution, School of Psychology, University of St Andrews, St Andrews, United Kingdom
    J Hum Evol 58:234-41. 2010
    ..We investigated the relationship between hand preference and posture during tool use in chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) during bipedal tool use...
  66. ncbi Muscle synergies during shifts of the center of pressure by standing persons: identification of muscle modes
    Vijaya Krishnamoorthy
    Department of Kinesiology, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA
    Biol Cybern 89:152-61. 2003
    ..These results can be used for future analysis of muscle synergies associated with postural tasks...
  67. doi Comparison of neural responses in primary motor cortex to transient and continuous loads during posture
    Troy M Herter
    Centre for Neuroscience Studies, Canadian Institute for Health Research Group in Sensory Motor Systems, Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, Queen s University, Botterell Hall, Room 219, Kingston, Ontario, Canada, K7L 3N6
    J Neurophysiol 101:150-63. 2009
    ..neurons in primary motor cortex (M1) exhibit similar responses to transient and continuous loads applied during posture. Rapid responses to whole-limb perturbations were examined by transiently applying (300 ms) flexor and extensor ..
  68. pmc Electromyographic responses from the hindlimb muscles of the decerebrate cat to horizontal support surface perturbations
    Claire F Honeycutt
    Department of Biomedical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology and Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30332 0356, USA
    J Neurophysiol 101:2751-61. 2009
    ....
  69. doi Are workplace interventions to reduce sitting effective? A systematic review
    Josephine Y Chau
    Cluster for Physical Activity and Health, Sydney School of Public Health, University of Sydney, NSW, Australia
    Prev Med 51:352-6. 2010
    ..To systematically review the effectiveness of workplace interventions for reducing sitting...
  70. ncbi Relations between standing stability and body posture parameters in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis
    Marie Lyne Nault
    Department of Kinesiology, University of Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 27:1911-7. 2002
    A retrospective study of standing imbalance and body posture in 71 able-bodied girls and subjects with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis was conducted.
  71. ncbi The influence of postural threat on the control of upright stance
    M G Carpenter
    Neural Control Laboratory, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
    Exp Brain Res 138:210-8. 2001
    ....
  72. ncbi A feedback model reproduces muscle activity during human postural responses to support-surface translations
    Torrence D J Welch
    The Wallace H Coulter Department of Biomedical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology and Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30332 0535, USA
    J Neurophysiol 99:1032-8. 2008
    ..Together, these results suggest that a common set of feedback signals related to task-level control of CoM motion is used in the temporal formation of muscle activity during postural control...
  73. ncbi Positional therapy for obstructive sleep apnea patients: A 6-month follow-up study
    Arie Oksenberg
    Sleep Disorders Unit, Loewenstein Hospital, Rehabilitation Center, Raanana, Israel
    Laryngoscope 116:1995-2000. 2006
    ..e., the majority of their breathing abnormalities during sleep appear in the supine posture)...
  74. ncbi Coupling of fingertip somatosensory information to head and body sway
    J J Jeka
    Department of Kinesiology, University of Maryland, College Park 20742 2611, USA
    Exp Brain Res 113:475-83. 1997
    ..One subject, who perceived movement of the touch surface, demonstrated weaker coupling than other subjects, suggesting that cognitive mechanisms introduce flexibility into the postural control scheme...
  75. pmc Muscle spindle signals combine with the sense of effort to indicate limb position
    J A Winter
    Department of Physiology, PO Box 13F, Monash University, Victoria 3800, Australia
    J Physiol 568:1035-46. 2005
    ....
  76. ncbi Reproducibility and validity of workers' self-reports of physical work demands
    Susan R Stock
    Institut National de Sante Publique du Quebec, Quebec National Institute of Public Health, Montreal, Canada
    Scand J Work Environ Health 31:409-37. 2005
    ..that performed well in both sets of studies included those on duration or presence of sitting and standing posture, the presence of walking, kneeling or squatting postures, duration or frequency of hands above shoulders, manual ..
  77. ncbi Primate upper limb muscles exhibit activity patterns that differ from their anatomical action during a postural task
    Isaac Kurtzer
    Centre for Neuroscience Studies, Botterell Hall, Rm 232, Queen s University, Kingston, ON K7L 3N6, Canada
    J Neurophysiol 95:493-504. 2006
    The present study examined muscular activity in the primate proximal forelimb during a posture task...
  78. doi The pathogenesis of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: review of the literature
    Jan Willem M Kouwenhoven
    Department of Orthopedics, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 33:2898-908. 2008
    ..Review of the literature on the pathogenesis of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS)...
  79. ncbi Direction-specific postural instability in subjects with Parkinson's disease
    Fay B Horak
    Neurological Sciences Institute, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, OR 97006 3499, USA
    Exp Neurol 193:504-21. 2005
    ..their postural responses for changing postural demands related to direction of perturbation and initial stance posture. These results suggest that the basal ganglia, in addition to regulating muscle tone and energizing postural ..
  80. ncbi Postural effect on manual laterality in different tasks in captive grey-cheeked mangabey (Lophocebus albigena)
    C Blois-Heulin
    Station Biologique, University of Rennes, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Paimpoint, France
    J Comp Psychol 121:205-13. 2007
    The authors examined the effects of task complexity and posture on laterality and compared lateralization during different tasks in 9 captive grey-cheeked mangabeys (Lophocebus albigena) during spontaneous food processing and 3 ..
  81. ncbi Kinematic and kinetic validity of the inverted pendulum model in quiet standing
    William H Gage
    Gait and Posture Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada N2L 3G1
    Gait Posture 19:124-32. 2004
    ..These data support and extend the use of an inverted pendulum model to represent quiet standing postural control...
  82. ncbi Simplifying the complexities of maintaining balance
    Robert J Peterka
    Neurological Sciences Institute, Oregon Health and Science University, 505 NW 185th Avenue, Beaverton, OR 97006, USA
    IEEE Eng Med Biol Mag 22:63-8. 2003
  83. ncbi Feature selection of stabilometric parameters based on principal component analysis
    L Rocchi
    Biomedical Engineering Unit, Department of Electronics, Computer Science and Systems, University of Bologna, Italy
    Med Biol Eng Comput 42:71-9. 2004
    ..On the basis of the results obtained, some guidelines are suggested for the choice of stabilometric parameters to use, with the aim of promoting standardisation in quantitative posturography...
  84. ncbi Hyperkyphotic posture and risk of injurious falls in older persons: the Rancho Bernardo Study
    Deborah M Kado
    David Geffen School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
    J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 62:652-7. 2007
    ..Improved identification of those at risk for falls could lead to effective interventions. Because hyperkyphotic posture is associated with impaired physical functioning, we hypothesized that kyphosis may also be associated with falls.
  85. pmc Added value of physical performance measures in predicting adverse health-related events: results from the Health, Aging And Body Composition Study
    Matteo Cesari
    Department of Aging and Geriatric Reseach, Institute on Aging, University of Florida, Gainesville, 32611, USA
    J Am Geriatr Soc 57:251-9. 2009
    ..To determine how three different physical performance measures (PPMs) combine for added utility in predicting adverse health events in elders...
  86. ncbi Measures of postural steadiness: differences between healthy young and elderly adults
    T E Prieto
    Department of Neurology, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee 53226, USA
    IEEE Trans Biomed Eng 43:956-66. 1996
    ..The results of this study will be useful to researchers and clinicians using COP-based measures to evaluate postural steadiness...
  87. ncbi The influence of hands posture on mental rotation of hands and feet
    Silvio Ionta
    Department of Clinical Sciences and Bioimaging, Institute of Advanced Biomedical Technologies, University of Chieti Pescara G D Annunzio, Via dei Vestini 33, 66013, Chieti Scalo, Italy
    Exp Brain Res 183:1-7. 2007
    ..Here we examined whether changes of hands posture influence the mental rotation of hands and feet...
  88. ncbi Deterministic center of pressure patterns characterize postural instability in Parkinson's disease
    Jennifer M Schmit
    Department of Psychology, University of Cincinnati, ML 0376, Cincinnati, OH 45221 0376, USA
    Exp Brain Res 168:357-67. 2006
    ..No cognitive load effects were found. The results are generally consistent with the hypothesis that pathological physiological systems exhibit a tendency for less flexible, more deterministic dynamic patterns...
  89. pmc Structured variability of muscle activations supports the minimal intervention principle of motor control
    Francisco J Valero-Cuevas
    Department of Biomedical Engineering, The University of Southern California, 3710 McClintock Ave, RTH 404, Los Angeles, California 90089 2905, USA
    J Neurophysiol 102:59-68. 2009
    ..fingertip force vectors of prescribed constant or time-varying magnitudes while maintaining a constant finger posture. We recorded intramuscular electromyograms (EMGs) simultaneously from all seven index finger muscles during this ..
  90. doi Passive leg raising for predicting fluid responsiveness: importance of the postural change
    Julien Jabot
    Service de Reanimation Medicale, AP HP, Hopital de Bicetre, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Bicetre, 78, rue du General Leclerc, 94270, Le Kremlin Bicetre, France
    Intensive Care Med 35:85-90. 2009
    ..PLR(SUPINE) could have a lower hemodynamic impact than PLR(SEMIREC) since it should not recruit the splanchnic venous reservoir...
  91. pmc Subject-specific muscle synergies in human balance control are consistent across different biomechanical contexts
    Gelsy Torres-Oviedo
    The Wallace H Coulter Department of Biomedical Engineering, Georgia Tech and Emory University, 313 Ferst Drive, Atlanta, GA 30322 0535, USA
    J Neurophysiol 103:3084-98. 2010
    ..Taken together, our results suggest that muscle synergies represent consistent motor modules that map intention to action, regardless of the biomechanical context of the task...
  92. doi Posture and equilibrium in orthopedic and rheumatologic diseases
    B Missaoui
    INSERM U731, Service de rééducation neuro orthopédique, Hopital Rothschild, AP HP, Universite Pierre et Marie Curie Paris 6, 33, boulevard de Picpus, 75012 Paris, France
    Neurophysiol Clin 38:447-57. 2008
    b>Posture and balance may be affected in many spine or lower-limb disorders...
  93. ncbi Balance disorder and increased risk of falls in osteoporosis and kyphosis: significance of kyphotic posture and muscle strength
    Mehrsheed Sinaki
    Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
    Osteoporos Int 16:1004-10. 2005
    ..002). Data show that thoracic hyperkyphosis on a background of reduced muscle strength plays an important role in increasing body sway, gait unsteadiness, and risk of falls in osteoporosis...
  94. doi Systematic biases in the tactile perception of the subjective vertical in patients with unilateral neglect and the influence of upright vs. supine posture
    Johanna Funk
    Department of Psychology, General and Experimental Psychology Neuro Cognitive Psychology, Ludwig Maximilian University, Munich, Germany
    Neuropsychologia 48:298-308. 2010
    ..Further, the magnitude of deviations appears to be manipulable by modulations of body posture. The present study investigated the subjective tactile vertical (STV) in neglect patients in the frontal and ..
  95. ncbi Age-induced modifications of static postural control in humans
    Ioannis G Amiridis
    Biomechanics Laboratory, Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki at Serres, Agios Ioannis, 62110 Serres, Greece
    Neurosci Lett 350:137-40. 2003
    We examined how young and older adults adapt their posture to static balance tasks of increasing difficulty. Participants stood barefoot on a force platform in normal quiet, Romberg-sharpened and one-legged stance...
  96. doi Pointing to double-step visual stimuli from a standing position: very short latency (express) corrections are observed in upper and lower limbs and may not require cortical involvement
    L Fautrelle
    Universite de Bourgogne, Dijon, Campus Universitaire, UFR STAPS, BP 27877, F 21078 Dijon, France
    Neuroscience 169:697-705. 2010
    ..Our findings indicate that visual on-going movement corrections may be accomplished via fast loops at the level of the upper and lower limbs and may not require cortical involvement...
  97. ncbi The Foot Posture Index: Rasch analysis of a novel, foot-specific outcome measure
    Anne Maree Keenan
    Academic Unit of Musculoskeletal Disease, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK
    Arch Phys Med Rehabil 88:88-93. 2007
    To investigate the internal construct validity of a clinician-assessed measure of foot position, the Foot Posture Index (FPI), versions FPI-8 and FPI-6.
  98. doi Differential influence of hands posture on mental rotation of hands and feet in left and right handers
    Silvio Ionta
    Laboratory of Cognitive Neuroscience, Brain Mind Institute, Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland
    Exp Brain Res 195:207-17. 2009
    ..In the present study, we investigated the effects of arm posture on the mental rotation of hands and feet...
  99. ncbi On the relative contribution of the paretic leg to the control of posture after stroke
    Melvyn Roerdink
    Research Institute MOVE, Faculty of Human Movement Sciences, VU University, Amsterdam
    Neurorehabil Neural Repair 23:267-74. 2009
    Reduced postural steadiness and asymmetry of weight bearing are characteristic for posture after stroke.
  100. ncbi Multiple timescales in postural dynamics associated with vision and a secondary task are revealed by wavelet analysis
    James R Chagdes
    School of Mechanical Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, 47907 2038, USA
    Exp Brain Res 197:297-310. 2009
    ..The possibility of a common strategy-at the timescale level-in response to postural perturbations is considered...
  101. doi On the use of sample entropy to analyze human postural sway data
    Sofiane Ramdani
    EA 2991 Efficience et déficience motrices, Universite de Montpellier I, 700, av du Pic St Loup, Montpellier, France
    Med Eng Phys 31:1023-31. 2009
    ..We also perform surrogate data tests to investigate the nature of the underlying dynamics of our experimental data. Finally, the results of the proposed approach are compared to those obtained with the multiscale entropy algorithm...

Research Grants93

  1. Spinal Epidural Electrode Array to Facilitate Standing and Stepping After SCI
    V Edgerton; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..This technology has the potential to significantly improve the recovery of posture and locomotion in individuals with a severe spinal cord injury...
  2. SENSIMMER? Virtual Phaco Trainer for Cataract Surgery
    P Banerjee; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..d) Surgeon operating posture and microscope simulation...
  3. Coordination of orofacial and respiratory movements
    Detlef Heck; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The cerebellum has long been implicated in the coordination of body movements and posture. Clinical evidence has also linked cerebellar dysfunction to SIDS, dysphagia and dysarthria but the neuronal ..
  4. Coordination of orofacial and respiratory movements
    Detlef H Heck; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The cerebellum has long been implicated in the coordination of body movements and posture. Clinical evidence has also linked cerebellar dysfunction to SIDS, dysphagia and dysarthria but the neuronal ..
  5. AGE, SENSATION AND FALLS--BIOMECHANICS AND PREVENTION
    Ge Wu; Fiscal Year: 1999
    The primary goals of this proposal are to study the biomechanics of posture at the level of single body segments in relation to age and peripheral sensory deficits in the visual and somatosensory systems that the aging process; also to ..
  6. BASAL GANGLIA CONTROL OF POSTURE AND MOVEMENT
    Jonathan Mink; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..nuclei in the forebrain, diencephalon, and midbrain that are thought to play a significant role in the control of posture and movement. It is well known that human patients with certain degenerative diseases of the basal ganglia (e.g...
  7. Macaque Model of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome: Effects of Force and Posture Exposures
    Carolyn Sommerich; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..refine our understanding of the contribution of physical factors in the work environment (force, task duration, posture and repetition) to development of the disorder...
  8. Macaque Model of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome: Effects of Force and Posture Exposures
    Carolyn M Sommerich; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..refine our understanding of the contribution of physical factors in the work environment (force, task duration, posture and repetition) to development of the disorder...
  9. Aldosterone and Sodium Regulation in Postural Tachycardia Syndrome
    Satish R Raj; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Postural Tachycardia Syndrome (POTS) is a debilitating clinical condition characterized by intolerance to upright posture of at least 6 months duration, associated with consistent orthostatic tachycardia of at least 30 bpm, and with ..
  10. Aldosterone and Sodium Regulation in Postural Tachycardia Syndrome
    Satish R Raj; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Postural Tachycardia Syndrome (POTS) is a debilitating clinical condition characterized by intolerance to upright posture of at least 6 months duration, associated with consistent orthostatic tachycardia of at least 30 bpm, and with ..
  11. Non-linear Characterization of the Stretch Reflex Arc and its Neuromodulation
    AMAN BEHAL; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..by applicant): The Stretch Reflex Arc (SRA) is the simplest and most fundamental regulatory mechanism of posture control and muscle contraction...
  12. Non-linear Characterization of the Stretch Reflex Arc and its Neuromodulation
    AMAN BEHAL; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..by applicant): The Stretch Reflex Arc (SRA) is the simplest and most fundamental regulatory mechanism of posture control and muscle contraction...
  13. Cues from touch to aid posture and gait in individuals with Parkinson's disease
    Ely Rabin; Fiscal Year: 2009
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Parkinson's disease (PD) affects the control of posture and gait, and leads to falling which contributes to reduced activity, reduced quality of life, depression, social isolation and mortality...
  14. Cues from touch to aid posture and gait in individuals with Parkinson's disease
    Ely Rabin; Fiscal Year: 2010
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Parkinson's disease (PD) affects the control of posture and gait, and leads to falling which contributes to reduced activity, reduced quality of life, depression, social isolation and mortality...
  15. The upper airway and the Sudden Infant Death Syndrome
    Donald Bartlett; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..substantially in the United States and elsewhere as a result of educational campaigns favoring the supine posture for sleeping infants. Despite this success, SIDS remains a major contributor to infant mortality...
  16. The upper airway and the Sudden Infant Death Syndrome
    Donald Bartlett; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..substantially in the United States and elsewhere as a result of educational campaigns favoring the supine posture for sleeping infants. Despite this success, SIDS remains a major contributor to infant mortality...
  17. GAIT DISTURBANCES IN THE ELDERLY--INITIATION OF GAIT
    Rodger Elble; Fiscal Year: 1992
    Numerous neurological illnesses produce symmetrical disturbances of gait that are characterized by stooped posture, increased time with both feet on the floor, and decreased velocity, cadence, stride, foot-floor clearance, and arm swing...
  18. Progestins non-genomic actions for socio-sexual behavior
    Cheryl Frye; Fiscal Year: 2007
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Progestins mediate the onset and duration of the mating posture, lordosis, in female rodents through actions in the hypothalamus and ventral tegmental area (VTA)...
  19. Progestins non-genomic actions for socio-sexual behavior
    Cheryl Frye; Fiscal Year: 2006
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Progestins mediate the onset and duration of the mating posture, lordosis, in female rodents through actions in the hypothalamus and ventral tegmental area (VTA)...
  20. Progestins non-genomic actions for socio-sexual behavior
    Cheryl Frye; Fiscal Year: 2005
    Progestins mediate the onset and duration of the mating posture, lordosis, in female rodents through actions in the hypothalamus and ventral tegmental area (VTA)...
  21. Progestins non-genomic actions for socio-sexual behavior
    Cheryl Frye; Fiscal Year: 2004
    Progestins mediate the onset and duration of the mating posture, lordosis, in female rodents through actions in the hypothalamus and ventral tegmental area (VTA)...
  22. BIOMECHANICS OF MUSCLE CONTROL DURING STATIC POSTURES
    Thomas Buchanan; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..used to examine possible strategies for muscle activation that would allow the limb system to maintain a static posture under various load conditions and joint angles...
  23. Stretch Reflex Contributions to Multijoint Coordination
    ERIC PERREAULT; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..is little information regarding the role of stretch reflexes in the unimpaired control of multijoint movement and posture. Rather, most human studies have focused on the stretch response to single joint perturbations, which allow for ..
  24. Stretch Reflex Contributions to Multijoint Coordination
    ERIC PERREAULT; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..is little information regarding the role of stretch reflexes in the unimpaired control of multijoint movement and posture. Rather, most human studies have focused on the stretch response to single joint perturbations, which allow for ..
  25. Stretch Reflex Contributions to Multijoint Coordination
    ERIC PERREAULT; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..is little information regarding the role of stretch reflexes in the unimpaired control of multijoint movement and posture. Rather, most human studies have focused on the stretch response to single joint perturbations, which allow for ..
  26. Spinal Epidural Electrode Array to Facilitate Standing and Stepping After SCI
    REGGIE EDGERTON; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This technology has the potential to significantly improve the recovery of posture and locomotion in individuals with a severe spinal cord injury...
  27. DUODENOGASTRIC REFLUX IN HEALTH AND DISEASE
    Ronald Hinder; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..The pH environment is probably influenced by eating, changes in posture, DGR, gastric emptying and acid secretion, therefore the intraluminal pH environment will be mapped at different ..
  28. Spinal Epidural Electrode Array to Facilitate Standing and Stepping After SCI
    V Edgerton; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..This technology has the potential to significantly improve the recovery of posture and locomotion in individuals with a severe spinal cord injury...
  29. The Control of Nonhuman Primate Motor and Emotional Behavior
    Angela Holmes; Fiscal Year: 2009
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The basal ganglia circuitry is critical for control of posture, motor coordination, initiation of behavior and procedural learning and memory (1)...
  30. Connective Tissue Mechanotransduction
    Helene M Langevin; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..variety of treatments including manual and movement-based therapies are concerned with optimizing body alignment, posture, biomechanics and quality of movement...
  31. Connective Tissue Mechanotransduction
    HELENE LANGEVIN; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..variety of treatments including manual and movement-based therapies are concerned with optimizing body alignment, posture, biomechanics and quality of movement...
  32. CENTRAL AND PERIPHERAL CONTROL OF EYE POSITION
    NEAL BARMACK; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..These pathways provide a spatial reference for the control of posture and eye movement and have been implicated in adaptation to unusual motion environments...
  33. Posture and Orientation in Older Adults and Post-Stroke
    EMILY KESHNER; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Results from the proposed studies can potentially be used for developing individually designed programs of therapeutic intervention. ..
  34. Posture and Orientation in Older Adults and Post-Stroke
    EMILY KESHNER; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Results from the proposed studies can potentially be used for developing individually designed programs of therapeutic intervention. ..
  35. Posture and Orientation in Older Adults and Post-Stroke
    EMILY KESHNER; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Results from the proposed studies can potentially be used for developing individually designed programs of therapeutic intervention. ..
  36. Posture and Orientation in Older Adults and Post-Stroke
    EMILY KESHNER; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Results from the proposed studies can potentially be used for developing individually designed programs of therapeutic intervention. ..
  37. THE EFFECTS OF POSITIONING AND ADJUSTING ON THE Z JOINT
    Gregory Cramer; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..Such adhesions are thought to be alleviated by separation (gapping) of the Z joints. Side posture adjusting is thought by many to gap the Z joints, yet no measurable differences of the Z joints before and after ..
  38. THE EFFECTS OF POSITIONING AND ADJUSTING ON THE Z JOINT
    Gregory Cramer; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Such adhesions are thought to be alleviated by separation (gapping) of the Z joints. Side posture adjusting is thought by many to gap the Z joints, yet no measurable differences of the Z joints before and after ..
  39. VESTIBULAR INFLUENCES ON THE SYMPATHETIC NERVOUS SYSTEM
    Bill Yates; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..unexpected; vestibular receptors inform the nervous system about changes in head position, and thus changes in posture. Since the physiological response to orthostatic hypotension is an increase in sympathetic outflow (Gauer and ..
  40. Cerebral Blood Flow Model for Normo/Hypertensive Elderly
    METTE OLUFSEN; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..changes of pulsatile blood flow velocity (BFV) and pressure (BP) in the middle cerebral artery (MCA) during posture change from sitting to standing, and use this model to unravel differences in regulatory mechanisms governing ..
  41. Central Modulation of Rhythms
    Edgar Garcia Rill; Fiscal Year: 2009
    The pedunculopontine nucleus (PPN) helps control sleep-wake rhythms and modulates posture and locomotion...
  42. NEURAL CONTROL OF POSTURE AND STANCE
    JANE MACPHERSON; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..Adequate control of posture is vital for the performance of functional motor tasks, yet a firm understanding of how and where equilibrium is ..
  43. Central Modulation of Rhythms
    EDGAR E GARCIA RILL; Fiscal Year: 2010
    The pedunculopontine nucleus (PPN) helps control sleep-wake rhythms and modulates posture and locomotion...
  44. REGULATION OF SKIN BLOOD FLOW IN MAN
    John Johnson; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..of skin blood flow in man includes both thermal (internal temperature, skin temperature) and non-thermal (posture, exercise) reflexes...
  45. Sleep promotion in zebrafish by hypocretin neuronal networks
    Emmanuel Mignot; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..using behavioral criteria (circadian rhythm, reversible periods of immobility, place preference, characteristic posture, increased arousal threshold, sleep rebound)...
  46. Sleep promotion in zebrafish by hypocretin neuronal networks
    Emmanuel J Mignot; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..using behavioral criteria (circadian rhythm, reversible periods of immobility, place preference, characteristic posture, increased arousal threshold, sleep rebound)...
  47. Stimulus processing in mammalian vestibular organs
    RUTH EATOCK; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..head position and motion signals from the inner ear to the brain, where they drive reflexes controlling gaze, posture and balance and contribute to perceptions of orientation and self-motion...
  48. Stimulus processing in mammalian vestibular organs
    Ruth Anne Eatock; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..head position and motion signals from the inner ear to the brain, where they drive reflexes controlling gaze, posture and balance and contribute to perceptions of orientation and self-motion...
  49. Stimulus processing in mammalian vestibular organs
    RUTH EATOCK; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..head position and motion signals from the inner ear to the brain, where they drive reflexes controlling gaze, posture and balance and contribute to perceptions of orientation and self-motion...
  50. EFFECTS OF DBS ON POSTURE AND OROMOTOR CONTROL
    Fay Horak; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Quantifying two types of postural and oromotor control in the same subjects will also substantially increase our understanding of the role of the basal ganglia in axial motor control. ..
  51. EFFECTS OF DBS ON POSTURE AND OROMOTOR CONTROL
    Fay Horak; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Quantifying two types of postural and oromotor control in the same subjects will also substantially increase our understanding of the role of the basal ganglia in axial motor control. ..
  52. VESTIBULAR INFLUENCES ON THE SYMPATHETIC NERVOUS SYSTEM
    Bill Yates; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..to diminish the capability to rapidly and accurately make necessary cardiovascular adjustments during changes in posture. Thus, one role of vestibulo-cardiovascular influences appears to be eliciting changes in blood distribution in ..
  53. VESTIBULAR INFLUENCES ON THE SYMPATHETIC NERVOUS SYSTEM
    Bill Yates; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..to diminish the capability to rapidly and accurately make necessary cardiovascular adjustments during changes in posture. Thus, one role of vestibulo-cardiovascular influences appears to be eliciting changes in blood distribution in ..
  54. EFFECTS OF DBS ON POSTURE AND OROMOTOR CONTROL
    Fay Horak; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Quantifying two types of postural and oromotor control in the same subjects will also substantially increase our understanding of the role of the basal ganglia in axial motor control. ..
  55. EFFECTS OF DBS ON POSTURE AND OROMOTOR CONTROL
    Fay Horak; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Quantifying two types of postural and oromotor control in the same subjects will also substantially increase our understanding of the role of the basal ganglia in axial motor control. ..
  56. EFFECTS OF DBS ON POSTURE AND OROMOTOR CONTROL
    Fay Horak; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Quantifying two types of postural and oromotor control in the same subjects will also substantially increase our understanding of the role of the basal ganglia in axial motor control. ..
  57. VESTIBULAR INFLUENCES ON THE SYMPATHETIC NERVOUS SYSTEM
    Bill Yates; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..to diminish the capability to rapidly and accurately make necessary cardiovascular adjustments during changes in posture. Thus, one role of vestibulo-cardiovascular influences appears to be eliciting changes in blood distribution in ..
  58. EFFECTS OF DBS ON POSTURE AND OROMOTOR CONTROL
    Fay Horak; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Quantifying two types of postural and oromotor control in the same subjects will also substantially increase our understanding of the role of the basal ganglia in axial motor control. ..
  59. EFFECTS OF DBS ON POSTURE AND OROMOTOR CONTROL
    Fay Horak; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Quantifying two types of postural and oromotor control in the same subjects will also substantially increase our understanding of the role of the basal ganglia in axial motor control. ..
  60. VESTIBULAR INFLUENCES ON THE SYMPATHETIC NERVOUS SYSTEM
    Bill Yates; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..to diminish the capability to rapidly and accurately make necessary cardiovascular adjustments during changes in posture. Thus, one role of vestibulo-cardiovascular influences appears to be eliciting changes in blood distribution in ..
  61. OCULOMOTOR SYSTEM AND BODY POSTURAL MECHANISMS
    Bernard Cohen; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..and vestibular-cervical reflexes arising in the otolith organs and semicircular canals that are used to stabilize posture and gaze during natural quadrupedal and bipedal locomotion will be characterized...
  62. OCULOMOTOR SYSTEM AND BODY POSTURAL MECHANISMS
    Bernard Cohen; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..and vestibular-cervical reflexes arising in the otolith organs and semicircular canals that are used to stabilize posture and gaze during natural quadrupedal and bipedal locomotion will be characterized...
  63. OCULOMOTOR SYSTEM AND BODY POSTURAL MECHANISMS
    Bernard Cohen; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..and vestibular-cervical reflexes arising in the otolith organs and semicircular canals that are used to stabilize posture and gaze during natural quadrupedal and bipedal locomotion will be characterized...
  64. OCULOMOTOR SYSTEM AND BODY POSTURAL MECHANISMS
    Bernard Cohen; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..and vestibular-cervical reflexes arising in the otolith organs and semicircular canals that are used to stabilize posture and gaze during natural quadrupedal and bipedal locomotion will be characterized...
  65. Nutritional Restriction and Activity Thermogenesis
    James Levine; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Specifically, we will study the effects of negative energy balance on, sitting, standing, walking, changing posture and fidgeting thermogenesis...
  66. Virtual Patient Advocate to Reduce Ambulatory Adverse Drug Events
    Brian Jack; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..conversational behavior of an empathic provider - emphasizing nonverbal communicative behavior such as gaze, posture, and gestures...
  67. Virtual Patient Advocate to Reduce Ambulatory Adverse Drug Events
    Brian Jack; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..conversational behavior of an empathic provider - emphasizing nonverbal communicative behavior such as gaze, posture, and gestures...
  68. Z Joint Changes in Low Back Pain Following Adjusting
    Gregory Cramer; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..NIH/NCCAM # RO1 AT00123) is to use MRI to evaluate gapping of the zygapophysial (Z) joints following side-posture positioning and side-posture spinal adjusting in subjects with acute low back pain (LBP)...
  69. Z Joint Changes in Low Back Pain Following Adjusting
    Gregory Cramer; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..NIH/NCCAM # RO1 AT00123) is to use MRI to evaluate gapping of the zygapophysial (Z) joints following side-posture positioning and side-posture spinal adjusting in subjects with acute low back pain (LBP)...
  70. LUNG AND CHEST WALL IMPEDANCES IN HEALTH AND DISEASE
    GEORGE BARNAS; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..respiratory muscles are called upon to perform in many non-respiratory tasks (lifting, trunk turning, changing posture, different forms of exercise, etc...
  71. Rapid-onset Dystonia Parkinsonism (DYT12 Dystonia): Pathophysiology & Atp1a3 Mice
    Yuqing Li; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..cortex and striatum may have altered synaptic transmission and plasticity, ultimately affecting motor control and posture. The rationale for the proposed research is that once the roles of Atp1a3 in causing dysfunction of movement ..
  72. Extraocular Muscle (EOM) Responses to Bupivacaine Injection
    Alan B Scott; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..We also have preliminary results suggesting that muscles are regenerated at a length determined by eye posture during regeneration...
  73. Extraocular Muscle (EOM) Responses to Bupivacaine Injection
    Alan Scott; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..We also have preliminary results suggesting that muscles are regenerated at a length determined by eye posture during regeneration...
  74. POSTURAL STABILITY EFFECTS IN LOW SEAM MINING TASKS
    Amit Bhattacharya; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Material handling and scaling tasks in restricted posture will cause potential loss of stability/balance to increase therefore, lifting task analysis should include ..
  75. POSTURAL STABILITY EFFECTS IN LOW SEAM MINING TASKS
    Amit Bhattacharya; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..Material handling and scaling tasks in restricted posture will cause potential loss of stability/balance to increase therefore, lifting task analysis should include ..
  76. POSTURAL STABILITY EFFECTS IN LOW SEAM MINING TASKS
    Amit Bhattacharya; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..Material handling and scaling tasks in restricted posture will cause potential loss of stability/balance to increase therefore, lifting task analysis should include ..
  77. Artificial Neural Network modelling for studying posture
    Ge Wu; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ....
  78. Seated Postural Control with Electrical Stimulation
    ARI WILKENFELD; Fiscal Year: 2002
    This proposal concentrates on the control of seated posture and balance for individuals with low tetraplegia or paraplegia through the application of electrical stimulation...
  79. SAFEHAVEN: Decision Support for Nursing Home Resident Disaster Evacuations
    Vincent Mor; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..September 11th 2001, billions of federal dollars have been devoted to improving the country's preparedness posture and public health infrastructure. Most of the attention has focused on traditional first responders (i.e...
  80. SAFEHAVEN: Decision Support for Nursing Home Resident Disaster Evacuations
    Vincent Mor; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..September 11th 2001, billions of federal dollars have been devoted to improving the country's preparedness posture and public health infrastructure. Most of the attention has focused on traditional first responders (i.e...
  81. Stretch Reflex Contributions to Multijoint Coordination
    Eric J Perreault; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..gap in our understanding of how long-latency stretch reflexes (LLSRs) contribute to the control of multijoint posture and movement in the human arm...
  82. SAFEHAVEN: Decision Support for Nursing Home Resident Disaster Evacuations
    Vincent Mor; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..September 11th 2001, billions of federal dollars have been devoted to improving the country's preparedness posture and public health infrastructure. Most of the attention has focused on traditional first responders (i.e...
  83. Chemoanatomic changes associated with aging in vestibulo-sympathetic pathways
    Gay R Holstein; Fiscal Year: 2010
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Changes in body position and posture are detected by the vestibular system and are normally accompanied by rapid modifications in blood pressure...