animal flight

Summary

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Flying and swimming animals cruise at a Strouhal number tuned for high power efficiency
    Graham K Taylor
    Zoology Department, University of Oxford, Tinbergen Building, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PS, UK
    Nature 425:707-11. 2003
  2. ncbi The influence of visual landscape on the free flight behavior of the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster
    Lance F Tammero
    UCB UCSF Joint Bioengineering Graduate Group, 3060 Valley Life Science Building, University of California at Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
    J Exp Biol 205:327-43. 2002
  3. ncbi The flight paths of honeybees recruited by the waggle dance
    J R Riley
    Plant and Invertebrate Ecology Division, Rothamsted Research, Harpenden, Hertfordshire AL5 2JQ, UK
    Nature 435:205-7. 2005
  4. doi The free-flight response of Drosophila to motion of the visual environment
    Markus Mronz
    Biofuture Research Group, Institute of Neurobiology, University of Ulm, Albert Einstein Allee 11, Ulm, Germany
    J Exp Biol 211:2026-45. 2008
  5. doi A pre-Archaeopteryx troodontid theropod from China with long feathers on the metatarsus
    Dongyu Hu
    Paleontological Institute, Shenyang Normal University, 253 North Huanghe Street, Shenyang 110034, China
    Nature 461:640-3. 2009
  6. ncbi cGMP-dependent changes in phototaxis: a possible role for the foraging gene in honey bee division of labor
    Y Ben-Shahar
    Department of Entomology, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, 320 Morrill Hall, 505 S Goodwin Avenue, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    J Exp Biol 206:2507-15. 2003
  7. pmc Adaptations to migration in birds: behavioural strategies, morphology and scaling effects
    Anders Hedenström
    Department of Theoretical Ecology, Lund University, Ecology Building, 223 62 Lund, Sweden
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 363:287-99. 2008
  8. ncbi Free-flight responses of Drosophila melanogaster to attractive odors
    Seth A Budick
    Division of Biology, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA
    J Exp Biol 209:3001-17. 2006
  9. pmc Visual constraints in foraging bumblebees: flower size and color affect search time and flight behavior
    J Spaethe
    Biozentrum, Zoologie II, Am Hubland, , Germany
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 98:3898-903. 2001
  10. ncbi Bumblebee flight distances in relation to the forage landscape
    Juliet L Osborne
    Department of Plant and Invertebrate Ecology, Rothamsted Research, Harpenden, Hertfordshire, AL5 2JQ, UK
    J Anim Ecol 77:406-15. 2008

Research Grants

  1. Neuromuscular control of flight
    DOUGLAS ALTSHULER; Fiscal Year: 2005
  2. CIRCADIAN CLOCK MECHANISM IN THE SCN
    STEVEN REPPERT; Fiscal Year: 2004
  3. MATERNAL INFLUENCE ON DEVELOPING 24-HOUR PERIODICITY
    STEVEN REPPERT; Fiscal Year: 2002
  4. CRCNS: Automated Behavior Analysis for Model Genetic Organism
    Michael H Dickinson; Fiscal Year: 2010
  5. Circadian Clock: Differential Cryptochrome Functions
    STEVEN REPPERT; Fiscal Year: 2009
  6. Circadian Clock: Differential Cryptochrome Functions
    STEVEN REPPERT; Fiscal Year: 2009
  7. Circadian Clock: Differential Cryptochrome Functions
    Steven M Reppert; Fiscal Year: 2010
  8. CRCNS: Automated Behavior Analysis for Model Genetic Organism
    Michael Dickinson; Fiscal Year: 2007
  9. Circadian Clock: Transcriptional Control
    STEVEN REPPERT; Fiscal Year: 2007
  10. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF CLOCK GENES
    STEVEN REPPERT; Fiscal Year: 2001

Detail Information

Publications212 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Flying and swimming animals cruise at a Strouhal number tuned for high power efficiency
    Graham K Taylor
    Zoology Department, University of Oxford, Tinbergen Building, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PS, UK
    Nature 425:707-11. 2003
    ..4. Here we show that birds, bats and insects also converge on the same narrow range of St, but only when cruising. Tuning cruise kinematics to optimize St therefore seems to be a general principle of oscillatory lift-based propulsion...
  2. ncbi The influence of visual landscape on the free flight behavior of the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster
    Lance F Tammero
    UCB UCSF Joint Bioengineering Graduate Group, 3060 Valley Life Science Building, University of California at Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
    J Exp Biol 205:327-43. 2002
    ..In summary, our data suggest that complex behavioral patterns seen during free flight emerge from interactions between the flight control system and the visual environment...
  3. ncbi The flight paths of honeybees recruited by the waggle dance
    J R Riley
    Plant and Invertebrate Ecology Division, Rothamsted Research, Harpenden, Hertfordshire AL5 2JQ, UK
    Nature 435:205-7. 2005
    ..Using harmonic radar to record the actual flight paths of recruited bees, we now provide that description...
  4. doi The free-flight response of Drosophila to motion of the visual environment
    Markus Mronz
    Biofuture Research Group, Institute of Neurobiology, University of Ulm, Albert Einstein Allee 11, Ulm, Germany
    J Exp Biol 211:2026-45. 2008
    ..Altogether, our analyses are widely consistent with previous studies on Drosophila free flight and those on the optomotor response under tethered flight conditions...
  5. doi A pre-Archaeopteryx troodontid theropod from China with long feathers on the metatarsus
    Dongyu Hu
    Paleontological Institute, Shenyang Normal University, 253 North Huanghe Street, Shenyang 110034, China
    Nature 461:640-3. 2009
    ....
  6. ncbi cGMP-dependent changes in phototaxis: a possible role for the foraging gene in honey bee division of labor
    Y Ben-Shahar
    Department of Entomology, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, 320 Morrill Hall, 505 S Goodwin Avenue, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    J Exp Biol 206:2507-15. 2003
    ..Our findings implicate one neural process associated with honey bee division of labor that can be affected by naturally occurring changes in the expression of AMFOR:..
  7. pmc Adaptations to migration in birds: behavioural strategies, morphology and scaling effects
    Anders Hedenström
    Department of Theoretical Ecology, Lund University, Ecology Building, 223 62 Lund, Sweden
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 363:287-99. 2008
    ..I also briefly discuss how the optimal policy may be implemented by the bird by applying a set of simple rules. The time constraints on migrants increase with increasing body size. Some consequences of this are discussed...
  8. ncbi Free-flight responses of Drosophila melanogaster to attractive odors
    Seth A Budick
    Division of Biology, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA
    J Exp Biol 209:3001-17. 2006
    ..These results indicate both similarities and differences between the behavior of D. melanogaster and the responses of male moths to pheromone plumes, suggesting possible differences in underlying neural mechanisms...
  9. pmc Visual constraints in foraging bumblebees: flower size and color affect search time and flight behavior
    J Spaethe
    Biozentrum, Zoologie II, Am Hubland, , Germany
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 98:3898-903. 2001
    ..Our results show that understanding the behavioral ecology of foraging can substantially gain from knowledge about mechanisms of visual information processing...
  10. ncbi Bumblebee flight distances in relation to the forage landscape
    Juliet L Osborne
    Department of Plant and Invertebrate Ecology, Rothamsted Research, Harpenden, Hertfordshire, AL5 2JQ, UK
    J Anim Ecol 77:406-15. 2008
    ..terrestris foraging was large enough to buffer against effects of forage patch and flowering crop heterogeneity, but bee species with shorter foraging ranges may experience highly variable colony success according to location...
  11. ncbi A GPS-based system for recording the flight paths of birds
    K von Hünerbein
    J W Goethe Universität Frankfurt, Frankfurt am Main, Germany
    Naturwissenschaften 87:278-9. 2000
    ..Prototypes were tested on homing pigeons. The records of complete flight paths with surprising details illustrate the potential of this new method that can be used on a variety of medium-sized and large vertebrates...
  12. pmc Insight into the evolution of avian flight from a new clade of Early Cretaceous ornithurines from China and the morphology of Yixianornis grabaui
    Julia A Clarke
    Department of Marine, Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, 27695, USA
    J Anat 208:287-308. 2006
    ....
  13. pmc Contrast enhancement of stimulus intermittency in a primary olfactory network and its behavioral significance
    Hong Lei
    University of Arizona, Tucson, 85721 0077, USA
    J Biol 8:21. 2009
    ....
  14. ncbi Speeds and wingbeat frequencies of migrating birds compared with calculated benchmarks
    C J Pennycuick
    School of Biological Sciences, University of Bristol, Woodland Road, Bristol BS8 1UG, UK
    J Exp Biol 204:3283-94. 2001
    ....
  15. pmc Vortex wakes generated by robins Erithacus rubecula during free flight in a wind tunnel
    A Hedenstrom
    Department of Theoretical Ecology Ecology, Lund University, Ecology Building, 223 62 Lund, Sweden
    J R Soc Interface 3:263-76. 2006
    ..The measured circulations of the largest structures in the wake can be predicted quite well by simple models, and expressions are given to predict these and other measurable quantities in future bird flight experiments...
  16. ncbi A family of vortex wakes generated by a thrush nightingale in free flight in a wind tunnel over its entire natural range of flight speeds
    G R Spedding
    Department of Aerospace and Mechanical Engineering, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90089 1191, USA
    J Exp Biol 206:2313-44. 2003
    ..Pending further work on different bird species, this might form the basis for a generalisable flight model...
  17. ncbi Mutations affecting the indirect flight muscles of Drosophila melanogaster
    I I Deak
    J Embryol Exp Morphol 69:61-81. 1982
    ..The absence of reduction of the 54 K protein was strongly correlated with aberrant Z-bands...
  18. ncbi Formation of reverse rigor chevrons by myosin heads
    M C Reedy
    Department of Cell Biology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27710
    Nature 339:481-3. 1989
    ....
  19. ncbi The spectral input to honeybee visual odometry
    Lars Chittka
    Biozentrum, Zoologie II, Am Hubland, 97074 Wurzburg, Germany
    J Exp Biol 206:2393-7. 2003
    ..Waggle run duration is entirely independent of the colour pattern used, implying that once green contrast is above detection threshold, distance estimation depends solely on the angular motion of the landscape passed in flight...
  20. ncbi Optimizing the success of random searches
    G M Viswanathan
    Center for Polymer Studies and Department of Physics, Boston University, Massachusetts 02215, USA
    Nature 401:911-4. 1999
    ..We test the theory by analysing experimental foraging data on selected insect, mammal and bird species, and find that they are consistent with the predicted inverse square power-law distributions...
  21. pmc Honeybee odometry: performance in varying natural terrain
    Juergen Tautz
    Beegroup Würzburg, Lehrstuhl für Verhaltensphysiologie und Soziobiologie, Wurzburg, Germany
    PLoS Biol 2:E211. 2004
    ..The bee's perception of distance flown is therefore not absolute, but scene-dependent. These findings raise important and interesting questions about how these animals navigate reliably...
  22. ncbi Avian metabolism: Costs of migration in free-flying songbirds
    Martin Wikelski
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Princeton University, New Jersey 08544, USA
    Nature 423:704. 2003
  23. pmc Evidence for olfactory search in wandering albatross, Diomedea exulans
    Gabrielle A Nevitt
    Section of Neurobiology, Physiology, and Behavior and Department of Avian Sciences, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:4576-81. 2008
    ..5% of total prey mass captured by in-flight foraging. These results offer insights into the sensory basis for area-restricted search at the large spatial scales of the open ocean...
  24. ncbi FliMax, a novel stimulus device for panoramic and highspeed presentation of behaviourally generated optic flow
    J P Lindemann
    Lehrstuhl für Neurobiologie, Fakultat fur Biologie, Universitat Bielefeld, Postfach 100131, D 33501, Bielefeld, Germany
    Vision Res 43:779-91. 2003
    ....
  25. pmc Long-distance pollen flow assessment through evaluation of pollinator foraging range suggests transgene escape distances
    Rémy S Pasquet
    International Centre of Insect Physiology and Ecology, P O Box 30772, Nairobi, Kenya
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:13456-61. 2008
    ..However, most between-flower flights occur within plant patches, while very few occur between plant patches...
  26. ncbi Odour-plume dynamics influence the brain's olfactory code
    N J Vickers
    Arizona Research Laboratories Division of Neurobiology, The University of Arizona, PO Box 210077, Tucson, Arizona 85721, USA
    Nature 410:466-70. 2001
    ..The timing of output neuron activity is constantly modulated to reflect ongoing changes in stimulus intensity and dynamics that occur on a millisecond timescale...
  27. ncbi Rapid advance of spring arrival dates in long-distance migratory birds
    Niclas Jonzen
    Department of Theoretical Ecology, Ecology Building, Lund University, SE 22362 Lund, Sweden
    Science 312:1959-61. 2006
    ..We argue that this may reflect a climate-driven evolutionary change in the timing of spring migration...
  28. pmc Biplane wing planform and flight performance of the feathered dinosaur Microraptor gui
    Sankar Chatterjee
    Department of Geosciences, Museum of Texas Tech University, P O Box 43191, Lubbock, TX 79401 3191, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:1576-80. 2007
    ..Like the Wright 1903 Flyer, Microraptor, a gliding relative of early birds, took to the air with two sets of wings...
  29. pmc Nonlinear time-periodic models of the longitudinal flight dynamics of desert locusts Schistocerca gregaria
    Graham K Taylor
    Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Tinbergen Building, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PS, UK
    J R Soc Interface 2:197-221. 2005
    ..We summarize these hypotheses by proposing a limit-cycle analogy for flapping flight control and suggest experiments for verification of the limit-cycle control analogy hypothesis...
  30. doi A morphological view of the relationship between indirect flight muscle maturation and the flying needs of two species of advanced eusocial bees
    Fernanda Fernandez-Winckler
    Departamento de Biologia, Instituto de Biociencias, Universidade Estadual Paulista, Av 24A, no 1515, CEP 13506 900, Rio Claro, SP, Brazil
    Micron 39:1235-42. 2008
    ..The differences among life phases, individual classes and species are discussed in relation to their functions in the colony...
  31. ncbi The aerodynamics of insect flight
    Sanjay P Sane
    Department of Biology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
    J Exp Biol 206:4191-208. 2003
    ..This review covers the basic physical principles underlying flapping flight in insects, results of recent experiments concerning the aerodynamics of insect flight, as well as the different approaches used to model these phenomena...
  32. ncbi Animal flight dynamics I. Stability in gliding flight
    A L Thomas
    Department of Zoology, Oxford University, UK
    J Theor Biol 212:399-424. 2001
    ..Birds may therefore resemble tailless aircraft more closely than conventional aircraft with a tailplane...
  33. ncbi Climate and the complexity of migratory phenology: sexes, migratory distance, and arrival distributions
    Dena P MacMynowski
    Woods Institute for the Environment, Stanford University, Encina Hall, E501, Stanford, CA, 94305 6055, USA
    Int J Biometeorol 51:361-73. 2007
    ..Analysis of the within-season complexity of migration, including multiple metrics of arrival, is essential to detect species' responses to changing climate as well as evaluate the underlying biological mechanisms...
  34. ncbi A bio-inspired flying robot sheds light on insect piloting abilities
    Nicolas Franceschini
    Biorobotics Lab, Movement and Perception Institute, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique and University of the Mediterranean, 163 Avenue de Luminy, CP938, Marseille F 13288, Cedex 9, France
    Curr Biol 17:329-35. 2007
    ..An optic-flow regulator is quite simple in terms of its neural implementation and just as appropriate for insects as it would be for aircraft...
  35. ncbi Isolation and characterization of flightless mutants in Drosophila melanogaster
    T Koana
    J Embryol Exp Morphol 45:123-43. 1978
    ..It was postulated that a possible factor which controls size of myofibrils is defective in this mutant. These examples indicate the advantage of combining ultrastructural examination with genetic mosaic mapping technique...
  36. pmc Local and global motion preferences in descending neurons of the fly
    Adrian Wertz
    Department of Systems and Computational Neurobiology, Max Planck Institute of Neurobiology, 82152 Martinsried, Germany
    J Comp Physiol A Neuroethol Sens Neural Behav Physiol 195:1107-20. 2009
    ..In addition, the superlinear integration of V2 output is necessary for DNOVS2 to differentiate between a roll rotation and a lift translation of the fly...
  37. ncbi Mysterious Mystacina: how the New Zealand short-tailed bat (Mystacina tuberculata) locates insect prey
    Gareth Jones
    School of Biological Sciences, University of Bristol, Woodland Road, Bristol BS8 1UG, UK
    J Exp Biol 206:4209-16. 2003
    ..We experimentally removed cues available to the bats and showed that bats located mealworms in leaf litter by listening for prey-generated noises and possibly by olfaction...
  38. pmc Function of a fly motion-sensitive neuron matches eye movements during free flight
    Roland Kern
    Department of Neurobiology, Faculty for Biology, Bielefeld University, Bielefeld, Germany
    PLoS Biol 3:e171. 2005
    ....
  39. ncbi Dynamic flight stability in the desert locust Schistocerca gregaria
    Graham K Taylor
    Department of Zoology, Oxford University, Tinbergen Building, South Parks Road, Oxford, OX1 3PS, UK
    J Exp Biol 206:2803-29. 2003
    ..This is identified as a general constraint on flight control in flying animals...
  40. ncbi The energetic cost of variations in wing span and wing asymmetry in the zebra finch Taeniopygia guttata
    C Hambly
    Aberdeen Centre for Energy Regulation and Obesity, School of Biological Sciences, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen AB24 2TZ, Scotland, UK
    J Exp Biol 207:3977-84. 2004
    ..12 W), neither of which reached statistical significance. There was, however, a significantly increased flight cost when the wing span was reduced without causing asymmetry (increase of 0.45 W; paired t-test T=2.3, P=0.03)...
  41. ncbi Proline can be utilized as an energy substrate during flight of Aedes aegypti females
    P Y Scaraffia
    Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biophysics and Center for Insect Science, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona, 85721, USA
    J Insect Physiol 49:591-601. 2003
    ....
  42. ncbi Metabolic costs of avian flight in relation to flight velocity: a study in Rose Coloured Starlings (Sturnus roseus, Linnaeus)
    Sophia Engel
    Max Planck Institute for Ornithology, Von der Tann Str 7, 82346, Andechs, Germany
    J Comp Physiol B 176:415-27. 2006
    ..741 M(0.554). WBF changed slightly with speed, but correlated better with body mass. Birds showed both types of intermittent flight, undulating and bounding, but their frequencies did not systematically change with flight speed...
  43. ncbi The spatial, temporal and contrast properties of expansion and rotation flight optomotor responses in Drosophila
    Brian J Duistermars
    Department of Physiological Science, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095 1606, USA
    J Exp Biol 210:3218-27. 2007
    ....
  44. ncbi Allometric scaling of flight energetics in orchid bees: evolution of flux capacities and flux rates
    Charles A Darveau
    Department of Zoology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z4, Canada
    J Exp Biol 208:3593-602. 2005
    ..Fractional velocity is highly conserved across species at the HK step, but varied at all other steps examined. These results are discussed in the context of the regulation and evolution of pathways of energy metabolism...
  45. pmc Overexpression of troponin T in Drosophila muscles causes a decrease in the levels of thin-filament proteins
    Raquel Marco-Ferreres
    Departamento de Bioquímica and Instituto Investigaciones Biomédicas, UAM CSIC, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, Arzobispo Morcillo 4, 28029 Madrid, Spain
    Biochem J 386:145-52. 2005
    ..We propose that the high levels of unassembled protein might act as a sensor in this process...
  46. ncbi The relationship between wingbeat kinematics and vortex wake of a thrush nightingale
    M Rosen
    Department of Animal Ecology, Lund University, Ecology Building, SE 223 62 Lund, Sweden
    J Exp Biol 207:4255-68. 2004
    ..More complex interactions between the wake and wings and/or body are implied...
  47. ncbi Long flights do not influence immune responses of a long-distance migrant bird: a wind-tunnel experiment
    Dennis Hasselquist
    Department of Animal Ecology, Lund University, Ecology Building, S 22362 Lund, Sweden
    J Exp Biol 210:1123-31. 2007
    ..Whether this also applies in the wild, where the migrating birds may face adverse weather and food conditions, remains to be investigated...
  48. ncbi Dragonfly flight: free-flight and tethered flow visualizations reveal a diverse array of unsteady lift-generating mechanisms, controlled primarily via angle of attack
    Adrian L R Thomas
    Department of Zoology, Oxford University, South Parks Road, Oxford, OX1 3PS, UK
    J Exp Biol 207:4299-323. 2004
    ....
  49. ncbi The aerodynamic benefit of wing-wing interaction depends on stroke trajectory in flapping insect wings
    Fritz Olaf Lehmann
    Biofuture Research Group, Institute of Neurobiology, University of Ulm, Albert Einstein Allee 11, 89081 Ulm, Germany
    J Exp Biol 210:1362-77. 2007
    ..We hypothesize that these dependencies may have shaped the evolution of wing kinematics in insects that are limited by aerodynamic lift rather than by mechanical power of their flight musculature...
  50. ncbi Scaling of body frontal area and body width in birds
    R L Nudds
    Institute of Integrative and Comparative Biology, L C Miall Building, Faculty of Biology, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, UK
    J Morphol 267:341-6. 2006
    ..Furthermore, the relations between bird body shape and axial skeleton dimensions, with reference to aerodynamic adaptation, warrant further investigation...
  51. ncbi Energy expenditure and wing beat frequency in relation to body mass in free flying Barn Swallows (Hirundo rustica)
    Carola A Schmidt-Wellenburg
    Department of Biological Rhythms and Behaviour, Max Planck Institute for Ornithology, Von der Tann Str 7, 82346 Andechs, Germany
    J Comp Physiol B 177:327-37. 2007
    ....
  52. ncbi How and why do insects migrate?
    Richard A Holland
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Princeton University, Princeton NJ 08544, USA
    Science 313:794-6. 2006
    ..In the future, advances in tracking methods may enable the global surveillance of large insects such as desert locusts...
  53. ncbi Positional entropy during pigeon homing I: application of Bayesian latent state modelling
    Stephen Roberts
    Machine Learning Research Group, University of Oxford, UK
    J Theor Biol 227:39-50. 2004
    ..The first of these two papers details the novel technical developments associated with this work and the second paper contains a navigational interpretation of the results particularly with respect to visual features of the landscape...
  54. ncbi Polarized light helps monarch butterflies navigate
    Steven M Reppert
    Department of Neurobiology, University of Massachusetts Medical School, LRB 728, 364 Plantation Street, Worcester, MA 01605, USA
    Curr Biol 14:155-8. 2004
    ..The existence of polarized-light detection could allow migrants to accurately navigate under a variety of atmospheric conditions and reveals a critical input pathway into the sun compass mechanism...
  55. ncbi Allometry of maximum vertical force production during hovering flight of neotropical orchid bees (Apidae: Euglossini)
    Michael E Dillon
    Department of Biology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
    J Exp Biol 207:417-25. 2004
    ..These findings suggest an adverse scaling of vertical force production at greater body mass even if flight muscle mass scales isometrically...
  56. pmc Molecular and ultrastructural defects in a Drosophila myosin heavy chain mutant: differential effects on muscle function produced by similar thick filament abnormalities
    P T O'Donnell
    Biology Department, San Diego State University, California 92182
    J Cell Biol 107:2601-12. 1988
    ....
  57. ncbi Genetics of the Drosophila flight muscle myofibril: a window into the biology of complex systems
    J O Vigoreaux
    Department of Biology, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT 05405 USA
    Bioessays 23:1047-63. 2001
    ....
  58. ncbi Metabolic power, mechanical power and efficiency during wind tunnel flight by the European starling Sturnus vulgaris
    S Ward
    Aberdeen Centre for Energy Regulation and Obesity, Department of Zoology, University of Aberdeen, Tillydrone Avenue, Aberdeen AB24 2TZ, UK
    J Exp Biol 204:3311-22. 2001
    ..18. A flight muscle efficiency of 0.18 rather than 0.23 should be used to calculate the flight costs of birds in the size range of starlings (approximately 0.1 kg) if P(met) is calculated from P(mech) derived from aerodynamic models...
  59. ncbi Experience- and age-related outgrowth of intrinsic neurons in the mushroom bodies of the adult worker honeybee
    S M Farris
    Department of Entomology and the Neuroscience Program, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Urbana, Illinois 61801, USA
    J Neurosci 21:6395-404. 2001
    ....
  60. ncbi Differential catabolism of muscle protein in garden warblers (Sylvia borin): flight and leg muscle act as a protein source during long-distance migration
    U Bauchinger
    Research Centre for Ornithology of the Max Planck Society, Andechs, Germany
    J Comp Physiol B 171:293-301. 2001
    ..05), being comparably low in both muscles. The ratio of non-contractile to contractile proteins in the flight muscle is one of the highest observed in muscles of a vertebrate...
  61. pmc Flightin is essential for thick filament assembly and sarcomere stability in Drosophila flight muscles
    M C Reedy
    Department of Cell Biology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27710, USA
    J Cell Biol 151:1483-500. 2000
    ..Our results indicate that flightin is required for the establishment of normal thick filament length during late pupal development and thick filament stability in adult after initiation of contractile activity...
  62. ncbi Asynchronous muscle: a primer
    R K Josephson
    School of Biological Sciences, University of California at Irvine, Irvine, CA 92697, USA
    J Exp Biol 203:2713-22. 2000
    ..The synchronous locust muscle, subjected to similar stimulation and length change, absorbs rather than produces work...
  63. pmc Migratory birds and spread of West Nile virus in the Western Hemisphere
    J H Rappole
    Conservation and Research Center, National Zoological Park, Smithsonian Institution, Front Royal, Virginia, 22630 USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 6:319-28. 2000
    ..If so, West Nile virus has the potential to cause outbreaks throughout both temperate and tropical regions of the Western Hemisphere...
  64. ncbi Optimal stopover decisions under wind influence: the effects of correlated winds
    T P Weber
    Department of Animal Ecology, Lund University, Ecology Building, Lund, S 223 62, Sweden
    J Theor Biol 205:95-104. 2000
    ..An analysis of six years of wind data from two sites in Sweden shows that wind directions on successive days are in fact correlated in all years...
  65. ncbi Prey pursuit and interception in dragonflies
    R M Olberg
    Department of Biological Sciences, Union College, Schenectady, NY 12308, USA
    J Comp Physiol A 186:155-62. 2000
    ..We found a peak in angular velocity of the prey shortly before take-off which might cue the dragonfly to nearby flying targets. Parallax information from head movements was not required for successful prey pursuit...
  66. ncbi Honeybee navigation: nature and calibration of the "odometer"
    M V Srinivasan
    Centre for Visual Science, Research School of Biological Sciences, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 2601, Australia
    Science 287:851-3. 2000
    ..The results show that the honeybee's "odometer" is visually driven. They also provide a calibration of the dance and the odometer in visual terms...
  67. ncbi Wing rotation and the aerodynamic basis of insect flight
    M H Dickinson
    Department of Integrative Biology, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
    Science 284:1954-60. 1999
    ..A comprehensive theory incorporating both translational and rotational mechanisms may explain the diverse patterns of wing motion displayed by different species of insects...
  68. pmc Assembly of thick filaments and myofibrils occurs in the absence of the myosin head
    R M Cripps
    Department of Biology and Molecular Biology Institute, San Diego State University, San Diego, CA 92182 4614, USA
    EMBO J 18:1793-804. 1999
    ..However, interaction of the myosin head with other myofibrillar components is necessary for defining filament length and myofibril dimensions...
  69. ncbi Association of kettin with actin in the Z-disc of insect flight muscle
    M van Straaten
    European Molecular Biology Laboratory, Heidelberg, 69012, Germany
    J Mol Biol 285:1549-62. 1999
    ..We propose a model for the association of kettin with actin in which the molecule follows the genetic helix of actin and Ig domains, separated by linker sequences, bind to each actin protomer...
  70. pmc Alterations in flight muscle ultrastructure and function in Drosophila tropomyosin mutants
    A J Kreuz
    Department of Molecular Genetics, Ohio State University, Columbus 43210, USA
    J Cell Biol 135:673-87. 1996
    ..In contrast, reduced expression of the TnH isoforms has an unexpectedly mild effect on IFM structure and function...
  71. pmc Flightin, a novel myofibrillar protein of Drosophila stretch-activated muscles
    J O Vigoreaux
    Department of Biology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge 02139
    J Cell Biol 121:587-98. 1993
    ..These features suggest a role for flightin in the regulation of contraction, possibly by modulating actin-myosin interaction...
  72. pmc Ifm(2)2 is a myosin heavy chain allele that disrupts myofibrillar assembly only in the indirect flight muscle of Drosophila melanogaster
    M Chun
    Department of Molecular Genetics, Ohio State University, Columbus 43210
    J Cell Biol 107:2613-21. 1988
    ..In contrast, thin filament and Z disc assembly are marginally affected. We discuss a working hypothesis for sarcomere assembly and define and experimental approach to test the predictions of this proposed pathway for sarcomere assembly...
  73. ncbi Worker piping in honey bee swarms and its role in preparing for liftoff
    T D Seeley
    Department of Neurobiology and Behavior, Cornell University Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
    J Comp Physiol A 187:667-76. 2001
    ..The form of worker piping that we have studied in swarms differs from the form of worker piping that others have studied in hives. We call the two forms "wings-together piping" (in swarms) and "wings-apart piping" (in hives)...
  74. ncbi Consequences of load carrying by birds during short flights are found to be behavioral and not energetic
    Robert L Nudds
    Institute of Biological Sciences, University of Stirling, Stirling FK9 4LA, Scotland, UK
    Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 283:R249-56. 2002
    ..Here, the costs of carrying additional mass during routine short flights were revealed to be behavioral and not energetic...
  75. ncbi Four-winged dinosaurs from China
    Xing Xu
    Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, P O Box 643, Beijing 100044, China
    Nature 421:335-40. 2003
    ..The new discovery conforms to the predictions of early hypotheses that proavians passed through a tetrapteryx stage...
  76. doi Wind selection and drift compensation optimize migratory pathways in a high-flying moth
    Jason W Chapman
    Plant and Invertebrate Ecology Department, Rothamsted Research, Harpenden, Hertfordshire, AL5 2JQ, United Kingdom
    Curr Biol 18:514-8. 2008
    ..We conclude that nocturnally migrating moths use a compass and an inherited preferred direction to optimize their migratory track...
  77. ncbi Flight and size constraints: hovering performance of large hummingbirds under maximal loading
    P Chai
    Department of Zoology, University of Texas, Austin 78712, USA
    J Exp Biol 200:2757-63. 1997
    ..Both size classes have evolved to cope with the multi-dimensional effects of size constraining their aerodynamics, muscle mechanics, metabolism and ecology...
  78. doi Sexual dimorphism in the hoverfly motion vision pathway
    Karin Nordström
    Discipline of Physiology, School of Molecular and Biomedical Science, The University of Adelaide, SA, Australia
    Curr Biol 18:661-7. 2008
    ..Responses to a target moving against a plain or textured background suggest that the male HSN could potentially play a role in target pursuit under some conditions...
  79. ncbi The aerodynamics of free-flight maneuvers in Drosophila
    Steven N Fry
    Institute of Neuroinformatics, University ETH Zurich, Winterthurerstr 190, CH 8057 Zurich, Switzerland
    Science 300:495-8. 2003
    ..The magnitude and time course of the torque and body motion during rapid turns indicate that inertia, not friction, dominates the flight dynamics of insects...
  80. ncbi A shot in the dark: the silent quest of a free-flying phonotactic fly
    P Muller
    Laboratory for Bioacoustics, Institute of Zoology, University of Zurich, Winterthurerstrasse 190, CH 8057 Zurich, Switzerland
    J Exp Biol 204:1039-52. 2001
    ..The present data illustrate the fly's surprising ability to gauge the direction and distance of a sound source in three dimensions and, subsequently, to find it in darkness and silence...
  81. ncbi Expression and function of the Drosophila ACT88F actin isoform is not restricted to the indirect flight muscles
    U Nongthomba
    Department of Biology, University of York, UK
    J Muscle Res Cell Motil 22:111-9. 2001
    ..The implications of these results for the functions and developmental expression of the Drosophila ACT88F isoform are discussed...
  82. ncbi A new method to quantify prey acquisition in diving seabirds using wing stroke frequency
    Katsufumi Sato
    International Coastal Research Center, Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo, Otsuchi, Iwate, Japan
    J Exp Biol 211:58-65. 2008
    ....
  83. ncbi Effect of forewing and hindwing interactions on aerodynamic forces and power in hovering dragonfly flight
    Z Jane Wang
    Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
    Phys Rev Lett 99:148101. 2007
    ..We explain the main hydrodynamic interaction that causes this phase dependence...
  84. doi The implications of low-speed fixed-wing aerofoil measurements on the analysis and performance of flapping bird wings
    G R Spedding
    Aerospace and Mechanical Engineering, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90089 1191, USA
    J Exp Biol 211:215-23. 2008
    ..Together, the measurements imply a fine control of boundary layer separation on the wings, with implications for control strategies and wing shape selection by natural and artificial fliers...
  85. doi Near- and far-field aerodynamics in insect hovering flight: an integrated computational study
    Hikaru Aono
    Graduate School of Science and Technology, Chiba University, Chiba, Japan
    J Exp Biol 211:239-57. 2008
    ..We also estimated hovering energetics based on the computed aerodynamic and inertial torques, and powers...
  86. doi Performance trade-offs in the flight initiation of Drosophila
    Gwyneth Card
    Bioengineering, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA
    J Exp Biol 211:341-53. 2008
    ..Thus, we find that the two types of Drosophila flight initiation result in different flight performances once the fly is airborne, and that these performances are distinguished by a trade-off between speed and stability...
  87. doi Vortex wake and flight kinematics of a swift in cruising flight in a wind tunnel
    P Henningsson
    Department of Theoretical Ecology, Lund University, Lund, Sweden
    J Exp Biol 211:717-30. 2008
    ..The total drag was also estimated from the wake alone, and the calculated lift:drag ratio of approximately 13 for flapping flight is the highest measured yet for birds...
  88. ncbi The evolution of flight in bats: narrowing the field of plausible hypotheses
    Kristin L Bishop
    Section of Evolution and Ecology, University of California Davis, California 95616, USA
    Q Rev Biol 83:153-69. 2008
    ....
  89. ncbi [Bipedalism in birds, a determining feature for their adaptive success]
    Anick Abourachid
    Museum national d histoire naturelle, FRE 2696, USM 302, Département E G B, CP 55, 57, rue Cuvier, 75231 Paris Cedex 05
    J Soc Biol 200:169-75. 2006
    ..Depending on the specialization, the gait features of the walk and the kinematics pattern are slightly modified. The functional adaptability of their hind limb structure may be a key to the evolutive success of the birds...
  90. ncbi Three-dimensional kinematics of hummingbird flight
    Bret W Tobalske
    Department of Biology, University of Portland, 5000 N Willamette Boulevard, Portland, OR 97203, USA
    J Exp Biol 210:2368-82. 2007
    ..Although hummingbirds flex their wings slightly at the wrist during upstroke, their average wingtip-span ratio of 93% revealed that they have kinematically ;rigid' wings compared with other avian species...
  91. ncbi Does the metabolic rate-flight speed relationship vary among geometrically similar birds of different mass?
    Matthew W Bundle
    Flight Laboratory, Division of Biological Sciences, The University of Montana, Missoula, MT 59812, USA
    J Exp Biol 210:1075-83. 2007
    ....
  92. ncbi On mathematical modelling of insect flight dynamics in the context of micro air vehicles
    Rafał Zbikowski
    Department of Aerospace, Power and Sensors, Cranfield University, Defence Academy of the UK, Shrivenham, UK
    Bioinspir Biomim 1:R26-37. 2006
    ..This leads to consideration of the types of solutions of nonlinear equations forced by nonlinear oscillations. In particular, the mechanism of synchronization seems relevant and should be investigated further...
  93. doi Animal locomotion: a new spin on bat flight
    Michael Dickinson
    Bioengineering and Biology, California Institute of Technology, MC 138 78, Pasadena, California 91125, USA
    Curr Biol 18:R468-70. 2008
    ..The enormous diversity of these groups would suggest they fly using a variety of mechanisms, but a new study shows that hovering bats use the same aerodynamic mechanisms as do moths and other insects...
  94. ncbi Insects in flight: direct visualization and flow measurements
    R J Bomphrey
    Department of Zoology, Oxford University, Oxford, UK
    Bioinspir Biomim 1:S1-9. 2006
    ..Specifically, kinematic parameters such as wingbeat frequency and amplitude are discussed, along with some discussion of the investigation of morphological parameters such as wing design...
  95. doi Cold rearing improves cold-flight performance in Drosophila via changes in wing morphology
    Melanie R Frazier
    Department of Biology Box 351800, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195 1800, USA
    J Exp Biol 211:2116-22. 2008
    ..melanogaster at cold temperatures, and ultimately, may help D. melanogaster live in a wide range of thermal environments...
  96. pmc Beyond robins: aerodynamic analyses of animal flight
    Anders Hedenström
    Department of Theoretical Ecology, Lund University, Ecology Building, 223 62 Lund, Sweden
    J R Soc Interface 5:595-601. 2008
    Recent progress in studies of animal flight mechanics is reviewed...
  97. ncbi Direct measurements of the kinematics and dynamics of bat flight
    Xiaodong Tian
    Brown University, Providence, RI 02912, USA
    Bioinspir Biomim 1:S10-8. 2006
    ..Data synthesis of several discrete realizations suggests a 'cartoon' of the wake structure during the entire wing beat cycle. Considerable work remains to be done to confirm and amplify these results...
  98. ncbi A two-dimensional aerodynamic model of freely flying insects
    Makoto Iima
    Research Institute for Electronic Science, Hokkaido University, Sapporo 060 0812, Japan
    J Theor Biol 247:657-71. 2007
    ..The possible flights are analyzed in terms of bifurcation, and the bifurcation structure is qualitatively explained based on a simple assumption. These results suggest the significance of the effect of CM motion...
  99. ncbi Scaling bat wingbeat frequency and amplitude
    R D Bullen
    J Exp Biol 205:2615-26. 2002
    ..92+5.18V+16.06log10S(REF). This equation is based on data up to and including speeds that require maximum wingbeat amplitude to be sustained. For most species, the maximum wingbeat amplitude was 140 degrees...
  100. ncbi Flexural stiffness in insect wings. II. Spatial distribution and dynamic wing bending
    S A Combes
    Department of Biology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
    J Exp Biol 206:2989-97. 2003
    ....
  101. ncbi The concept of energy height in animal locomotion: separating mechanics from physiology
    C J Pennycuick
    School of Biological Sciences, University of Bristol, Woodland Road, Bristol, BS8 1UG, UK
    J Theor Biol 224:189-203. 2003
    ..Energy height expresses what an animal or machine can do with its stored energy, not the amount of energy...

Research Grants83

  1. Neuromuscular control of flight
    DOUGLAS ALTSHULER; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Improved understanding of the neural control of the regulation of complex motor behaviors would have direct relevance to studies of human motor control diseases and motor control degeneration that accompanies ageing. ..
  2. CIRCADIAN CLOCK MECHANISM IN THE SCN
    STEVEN REPPERT; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Increased understanding of the fundamental mechanisms of biological clock function will facilitate the development of better treatment strategies for a wide range of disorders. ..
  3. MATERNAL INFLUENCE ON DEVELOPING 24-HOUR PERIODICITY
    STEVEN REPPERT; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Thus, increased understanding of the basic mechanisms of biological clock function may facilitate the development of better treatment strategies for a wide range of disorders. ..
  4. CRCNS: Automated Behavior Analysis for Model Genetic Organism
    Michael H Dickinson; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Like the robotic sequencers that revolutionized the study of genomics, these devices will help transform behavioral science into a modern discipline of Ethometrics. ..
  5. Circadian Clock: Differential Cryptochrome Functions
    STEVEN REPPERT; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Likewise, such understanding should lead to new strategies for pharmacological manipulation of the human clock to improve the treatment of jet lag and shift-work ailments, and of clock-related sleep and psychiatric disorders. ..
  6. Circadian Clock: Differential Cryptochrome Functions
    STEVEN REPPERT; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Likewise, such understanding should lead to new strategies for pharmacological manipulation of the human clock to improve the treatment of jet lag and shift-work ailments, and of clock-related sleep and psychiatric disorders. ..
  7. Circadian Clock: Differential Cryptochrome Functions
    Steven M Reppert; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Likewise, such understanding should lead to new strategies for pharmacological manipulation of the human clock to improve the treatment of jet lag and shift-work ailments, and of clock-related sleep and psychiatric disorders. ..
  8. CRCNS: Automated Behavior Analysis for Model Genetic Organism
    Michael Dickinson; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Like the robotic sequencers that revolutionized the study of genomics, these devices will help transform behavioral science into a modern discipline of Ethometrics. ..
  9. Circadian Clock: Transcriptional Control
    STEVEN REPPERT; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..such understanding should lead to new strategies for pharmacological manipulation of the human clock to improve the treatment of jet lag and shift-work ailments, and of clock-related sleep and psychiatric disorders ..
  10. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF CLOCK GENES
    STEVEN REPPERT; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Increased understanding of the fundamental mechanisms of biological clock function will facilitate the development of better treatment strategies for a wide range of disorders. ..
  11. Neural mechanisms of auditory stream segregation in an insect auditory neuron
    JEFFREY TRIBLEHORN; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..A working model system involving the katydid TN-1 auditory neuron could also serve a secondary purpose as a system for examining how information processing can be disrupted. ..
  12. MR & Optical Diagnosis of Mitochondrial Metabolism and Dysfunction
    Kevin E Conley; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Upon completion of this project we will be in position to translate our tools to standard wide bore 3T or other human magnets for use in a clinical setting. ..
  13. Epigenetic modification as a mechanism to produce functional tolerance
    Nigel S Atkinson; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The proposed research will advance our understanding of how ethanol alters gene expression to produce functional tolerance, an effect that engenders increased alcohol consumption. ..
  14. Genetic and Morphologic Basis of Bat Wing Development
    KAREN SEARS; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..In addition, understanding the normal roles of genes that also play a role in abnormal developmental events such as cancer (i.e., Ihh and BMP) will provide a knowledge base for additional healthcare-related biomedical research. ..
  15. Color-coded transposor-mediated rat mutagenesis
    Richard Behringer; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ....
  16. Myosin structural and kinetic mechanisms that differentiate fast and slow muscle
    DOUGLAS SWANK; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..FHC is an inherited genetic disease that is a major cause of sudden death among young adults. ..
  17. HORMONE ACTION ON THE CNS
    JAMES TRUMAN; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Understanding these issues is fundamental to normal brain development and for using stem cells to repair brain disease. ..
  18. HORMONE ACTION ON THE CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM
    JAMES TRUMAN; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..The neural circuitry involved in behaviors that are influenced by the hormone will be studied. Attempts will be made to relate the hormone induced changes in the target cells to this circuitry...
  19. MIS FUNCTION DURING MAMMALIAN REPRODUCTIVE DEVELOPMENT
    Richard Behringer; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..These in vivo studies should provide a molecular understanding of mammalian reproductive organ development. ..
  20. RESPIRATION AND GLYCOLYSIS--INTEGRATION IN ACTIVE MUSCLE
    Kevin Conley; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..g., diabetes. An understanding of the integration of metabolism in healthy tissue is the first step to understanding how failure of integration limits function in diseased muscle. ..
  21. TRANSGENIC MOUSE MODELS OF CRANIOFACIAL DEVELOPMENT
    Richard Behringer; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..This knowledge should be useful for understanding the etiology and pathogenesis of craniofacial defects. ..
  22. STEROID RECEPTORS AND CNS DEVELOPMENT
    JAMES TRUMAN; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..5) Utilize a neuron-myoblast coculture system to examine how neurons are able to direct the type of EcR isoform expressed in embryonic muscle and how receptor isoform choice relates to muscle growth and maturation responses. ..
  23. STEROID RECEPTORS AND CNS DEVELOPMENT
    JAMES TRUMAN; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..4) Use juvenile hormone treatments to try to redirect EcR expression and to modify the pattern of ecdysone responsive gene expression. The latter will then be related to the effects of such treatments on neuronal responses. ..
  24. INSECT PROJECTIN: ROLES IN SARCOMERE ASSEMBLY & FLIGHT
    Agnes Ayme Southgate; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The main goal is to expose them to the research environment, and to teach them the scientific methods including designing, preparing, performing and analyzing their own experiments. ..
  25. Non-directional visual motion units for speed estimation
    JONATHAN DYHR; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..These simulations will then be used to make testable hypotheses and direct our collaboration with electrophysiologists and anatomists. ..
  26. FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE TRACT DEVELOPMENT IN THE MOUSE
    Richard R Behringer; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The primary objective of this proposal is to determine the molecular, cellular, and developmental mechanisms that regulate female reproductive tract organogenesis and its regression during male differentiation. ..
  27. Molecular Genetics of Female Reproductive Tract
    Richard Behringer; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Our proposed studies should provide new information about the molecular and cellular mechanisms that regulate female reproductive tract formation and its elimination during male fetal development. ..
  28. The effect of oxidative stress on muscle damage and functional senesence.
    Jason Williams; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This research will provide insight into muscle aging in humans and mechanisms underlying muscular diseases associated with oxidative stress. ..
  29. Molecular Genetics of Female Reproductive Tract
    Richard Behringer; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Our proposed studies should provide new information about the molecular and cellular mechanisms that regulate female reproductive tract formation and its elimination during male fetal development. ..