animal flight

Summary

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Flying and swimming animals cruise at a Strouhal number tuned for high power efficiency
    Graham K Taylor
    Zoology Department, University of Oxford, Tinbergen Building, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PS, UK
    Nature 425:707-11. 2003
  2. ncbi Mutations affecting the indirect flight muscles of Drosophila melanogaster
    I I Deak
    J Embryol Exp Morphol 69:61-81. 1982
  3. ncbi Avian metabolism: Costs of migration in free-flying songbirds
    Martin Wikelski
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Princeton University, New Jersey 08544, USA
    Nature 423:704. 2003
  4. ncbi The aerodynamics of free-flight maneuvers in Drosophila
    Steven N Fry
    Institute of Neuroinformatics, University ETH Zurich, Winterthurerstr 190, CH 8057 Zurich, Switzerland
    Science 300:495-8. 2003
  5. ncbi Animal flight dynamics II. Longitudinal stability in flapping flight
    G K Taylor
    Department of Zoology, Oxford University, South Parks Road, Oxford, OX1 3PS, UK
    J Theor Biol 214:351-70. 2002
  6. ncbi The flight paths of honeybees recruited by the waggle dance
    J R Riley
    Plant and Invertebrate Ecology Division, Rothamsted Research, Harpenden, Hertfordshire AL5 2JQ, UK
    Nature 435:205-7. 2005
  7. pmc Evidence for olfactory search in wandering albatross, Diomedea exulans
    Gabrielle A Nevitt
    Section of Neurobiology, Physiology, and Behavior and Department of Avian Sciences, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:4576-81. 2008
  8. ncbi Wing rotation and the aerodynamic basis of insect flight
    M H Dickinson
    Department of Integrative Biology, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
    Science 284:1954-60. 1999
  9. ncbi Energy saving in flight formation
    H Weimerskirch
    , Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, 79360 Villiers en Bois, France
    Nature 413:697-8. 2001
  10. ncbi Proline can be utilized as an energy substrate during flight of Aedes aegypti females
    P Y Scaraffia
    Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biophysics and Center for Insect Science, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona, 85721, USA
    J Insect Physiol 49:591-601. 2003

Research Grants

  1. Neuromuscular control of flight
    DOUGLAS ALTSHULER; Fiscal Year: 2005
  2. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF CLOCK GENES
    STEVEN REPPERT; Fiscal Year: 2001
  3. Circadian Clock: Transcriptional Control
    STEVEN REPPERT; Fiscal Year: 2008
  4. CRCNS: Automated Behavior Analysis for Model Genetic Organism
    Michael H Dickinson; Fiscal Year: 2010
  5. CIRCADIAN CLOCK MECHANISM IN THE SCN
    STEVEN REPPERT; Fiscal Year: 2004
  6. MATERNAL INFLUENCE ON DEVELOPING 24-HOUR PERIODICITY
    STEVEN REPPERT; Fiscal Year: 2002
  7. CELLULAR SIGNAL PROCESSING IN FLY MOTION VISION
    Alexander Borst; Fiscal Year: 2001
  8. Pruning of Motor Neuronal Arbors
    Joyce Fernandes; Fiscal Year: 2003
  9. Chromatin Remodeling as a Mechanism to Produce Drug Tolerance
    Nigel Atkinson; Fiscal Year: 2009
  10. HORMONE ACTION ON THE CNS
    JAMES TRUMAN; Fiscal Year: 2009

Detail Information

Publications234 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Flying and swimming animals cruise at a Strouhal number tuned for high power efficiency
    Graham K Taylor
    Zoology Department, University of Oxford, Tinbergen Building, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PS, UK
    Nature 425:707-11. 2003
    ..4. Here we show that birds, bats and insects also converge on the same narrow range of St, but only when cruising. Tuning cruise kinematics to optimize St therefore seems to be a general principle of oscillatory lift-based propulsion...
  2. ncbi Mutations affecting the indirect flight muscles of Drosophila melanogaster
    I I Deak
    J Embryol Exp Morphol 69:61-81. 1982
    ..The absence of reduction of the 54 K protein was strongly correlated with aberrant Z-bands...
  3. ncbi Avian metabolism: Costs of migration in free-flying songbirds
    Martin Wikelski
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Princeton University, New Jersey 08544, USA
    Nature 423:704. 2003
  4. ncbi The aerodynamics of free-flight maneuvers in Drosophila
    Steven N Fry
    Institute of Neuroinformatics, University ETH Zurich, Winterthurerstr 190, CH 8057 Zurich, Switzerland
    Science 300:495-8. 2003
    ..The magnitude and time course of the torque and body motion during rapid turns indicate that inertia, not friction, dominates the flight dynamics of insects...
  5. ncbi Animal flight dynamics II. Longitudinal stability in flapping flight
    G K Taylor
    Department of Zoology, Oxford University, South Parks Road, Oxford, OX1 3PS, UK
    J Theor Biol 214:351-70. 2002
    ..Non-translatory mechanisms will make little or no contribution to stability. This may be one reason why flies, and other animals which rely upon non-translatory aerodynamic mechanisms, often appear inherently unstable...
  6. ncbi The flight paths of honeybees recruited by the waggle dance
    J R Riley
    Plant and Invertebrate Ecology Division, Rothamsted Research, Harpenden, Hertfordshire AL5 2JQ, UK
    Nature 435:205-7. 2005
    ..Using harmonic radar to record the actual flight paths of recruited bees, we now provide that description...
  7. pmc Evidence for olfactory search in wandering albatross, Diomedea exulans
    Gabrielle A Nevitt
    Section of Neurobiology, Physiology, and Behavior and Department of Avian Sciences, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:4576-81. 2008
    ..5% of total prey mass captured by in-flight foraging. These results offer insights into the sensory basis for area-restricted search at the large spatial scales of the open ocean...
  8. ncbi Wing rotation and the aerodynamic basis of insect flight
    M H Dickinson
    Department of Integrative Biology, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
    Science 284:1954-60. 1999
    ..A comprehensive theory incorporating both translational and rotational mechanisms may explain the diverse patterns of wing motion displayed by different species of insects...
  9. ncbi Energy saving in flight formation
    H Weimerskirch
    , Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, 79360 Villiers en Bois, France
    Nature 413:697-8. 2001
    ..This advantage is probably a principal reason for the evolution of flight formation in large birds that migrate in groups...
  10. ncbi Proline can be utilized as an energy substrate during flight of Aedes aegypti females
    P Y Scaraffia
    Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biophysics and Center for Insect Science, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona, 85721, USA
    J Insect Physiol 49:591-601. 2003
    ....
  11. ncbi The evolutionary physiology of animal flight: paleobiological and present perspectives
    R Dudley
    Section of Integrative Biology, University of Texas, Austin 78712, USA
    Annu Rev Physiol 62:135-55. 2000
    ..Elevated oxygen levels in the mid- to late Mesozoic would, however, have facilitated aerodynamic force production and enhanced muscle power output for ancestral birds, as well as for precursors to bats and pterosaurs...
  12. pmc Wind-blown mosquitoes and introduction of Japanese encephalitis into Australia
    S A Ritchie
    Tropical Public Unit, Queensland Health, Cairns, Australia
    Emerg Infect Dis 7:900-3. 2001
    ..Large incursions of the virus in 1995 and 1998 were linked with low-pressure systems that sustained strong northerly winds from New Guinea to the Cape York Peninsula...
  13. pmc Visual constraints in foraging bumblebees: flower size and color affect search time and flight behavior
    J Spaethe
    Biozentrum, Zoologie II, Am Hubland, , Germany
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 98:3898-903. 2001
    ..Our results show that understanding the behavioral ecology of foraging can substantially gain from knowledge about mechanisms of visual information processing...
  14. ncbi A genetic deficiency that spans the flightin gene of Drosophila melanogaster affects the ultrastructure and function of the flight muscles
    J O Vigoreaux
    Department of Biology and Department of Molecular Physiology and Biophysics, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT 05405, USA
    J Exp Biol 201:2033-44. 1998
    ..The results suggest that flightin is an indispensable part of the flight muscle contractile mechanism...
  15. ncbi The relationship between wingbeat kinematics and vortex wake of a thrush nightingale
    M Rosen
    Department of Animal Ecology, Lund University, Ecology Building, SE 223 62 Lund, Sweden
    J Exp Biol 207:4255-68. 2004
    ..More complex interactions between the wake and wings and/or body are implied...
  16. ncbi Genetics of the Drosophila flight muscle myofibril: a window into the biology of complex systems
    J O Vigoreaux
    Department of Biology, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT 05405 USA
    Bioessays 23:1047-63. 2001
    ....
  17. pmc Flightin is essential for thick filament assembly and sarcomere stability in Drosophila flight muscles
    M C Reedy
    Department of Cell Biology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27710, USA
    J Cell Biol 151:1483-500. 2000
    ..Our results indicate that flightin is required for the establishment of normal thick filament length during late pupal development and thick filament stability in adult after initiation of contractile activity...
  18. ncbi A basal dromaeosaurid and size evolution preceding avian flight
    Alan H Turner
    Division of Paleontology, American Museum of Natural History, Central Park West at 79th Street, New York, NY 10024 5192, USA
    Science 317:1378-81. 2007
    ..Thus, change in theropod body size leading to flight's origin was not unidirectional...
  19. pmc Long-distance pollen flow assessment through evaluation of pollinator foraging range suggests transgene escape distances
    Rémy S Pasquet
    International Centre of Insect Physiology and Ecology, P O Box 30772, Nairobi, Kenya
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:13456-61. 2008
    ..However, most between-flower flights occur within plant patches, while very few occur between plant patches...
  20. ncbi Bumblebee flight distances in relation to the forage landscape
    Juliet L Osborne
    Department of Plant and Invertebrate Ecology, Rothamsted Research, Harpenden, Hertfordshire, AL5 2JQ, UK
    J Anim Ecol 77:406-15. 2008
    ..terrestris foraging was large enough to buffer against effects of forage patch and flowering crop heterogeneity, but bee species with shorter foraging ranges may experience highly variable colony success according to location...
  21. ncbi The free-flight response of Drosophila to motion of the visual environment
    Markus Mronz
    Biofuture Research Group, Institute of Neurobiology, University of Ulm, Albert Einstein Allee 11, Ulm, Germany
    J Exp Biol 211:2026-45. 2008
    ..Altogether, our analyses are widely consistent with previous studies on Drosophila free flight and those on the optomotor response under tethered flight conditions...
  22. pmc Insight into the evolution of avian flight from a new clade of Early Cretaceous ornithurines from China and the morphology of Yixianornis grabaui
    Julia A Clarke
    Department of Marine, Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, 27695, USA
    J Anat 208:287-308. 2006
    ....
  23. ncbi A GPS-based system for recording the flight paths of birds
    K von Hünerbein
    J W Goethe Universität Frankfurt, Frankfurt am Main, Germany
    Naturwissenschaften 87:278-9. 2000
    ..Prototypes were tested on homing pigeons. The records of complete flight paths with surprising details illustrate the potential of this new method that can be used on a variety of medium-sized and large vertebrates...
  24. ncbi The energy cost of loaded flight is substantially lower than expected due to alterations in flight kinematics
    C Hambly
    Aberdeen Centre for Energy Regulation and Obesity, School of Biological Sciences, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen AB24 2TZ, Scotland, UK
    J Exp Biol 207:3969-76. 2004
    ..Wing amplitude was unaffected by the increase in loading. Using the measured flight parameters, the effect of loading was not significantly different than predicted using aerodynamic models...
  25. ncbi Free-flight responses of Drosophila melanogaster to attractive odors
    Seth A Budick
    Division of Biology, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA
    J Exp Biol 209:3001-17. 2006
    ..These results indicate both similarities and differences between the behavior of D. melanogaster and the responses of male moths to pheromone plumes, suggesting possible differences in underlying neural mechanisms...
  26. ncbi Odor localization requires visual feedback during free flight in Drosophila melanogaster
    Mark A Frye
    Department of Integrative Biology, University of California Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
    J Exp Biol 206:843-55. 2003
    ..A simple model based on the statistics of flight behavior supports the hypothesis that a subtle influence on these behaviors is sufficient to lead a fly to its food...
  27. pmc Beyond robins: aerodynamic analyses of animal flight
    Anders Hedenström
    Department of Theoretical Ecology, Lund University, Ecology Building, 223 62 Lund, Sweden
    J R Soc Interface 5:595-601. 2008
    Recent progress in studies of animal flight mechanics is reviewed...
  28. ncbi Positional entropy during pigeon homing II: navigational interpretation of Bayesian latent state models
    Tim Guilford
    Animal Behaviour Research Group, Department of Zoology, South Parks Road, Oxford, OX1 3PS, UK
    J Theor Biol 227:25-38. 2004
    ..The first of these two papers details the novel technical developments associated with this work and the second paper contains a navigational interpretation of the results particularly with respect to visual features of the landscape...
  29. ncbi Summation of visual and mechanosensory feedback in Drosophila flight control
    Alana Sherman
    UCB UCSF Joint Bioengineering Graduate Group, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
    J Exp Biol 207:133-42. 2004
    ..Furthermore, the weighting structure places greater influence on feedback from the halteres than from the visual system...
  30. ncbi Rapid advance of spring arrival dates in long-distance migratory birds
    Niclas Jonzen
    Department of Theoretical Ecology, Ecology Building, Lund University, SE 22362 Lund, Sweden
    Science 312:1959-61. 2006
    ..We argue that this may reflect a climate-driven evolutionary change in the timing of spring migration...
  31. ncbi Is long-distance bird flight equivalent to a high-energy fast? Body composition changes in freely migrating and captive fasting great knots
    P F Battley
    Australian School of Environmental Studies, Griffith University, Nathan, Queensland 4111, Australia
    Physiol Biochem Zool 74:435-49. 2001
    ..We have some evidence for skeletal fat being catabolized without phase 3 of a fast having been reached...
  32. ncbi Flight and size constraints: hovering performance of large hummingbirds under maximal loading
    P Chai
    Department of Zoology, University of Texas, Austin 78712, USA
    J Exp Biol 200:2757-63. 1997
    ..Both size classes have evolved to cope with the multi-dimensional effects of size constraining their aerodynamics, muscle mechanics, metabolism and ecology...
  33. ncbi Isolation of Drosophila flightless mutants which affect myofibrillar proteins of indirect flight muscle
    K Mogami
    Mol Gen Genet 183:409-17. 1981
    ..IFM myofibrils of these mutants are either abnormal or absent in homozygotes as well as in heterozygotes...
  34. ncbi A nonsense mutation within the act88F actin gene disrupts myofibril formation in Drosophila indirect flight muscles
    C C Karlik
    Cell 38:711-9. 1984
    ..We suggest that abnormalities in lfm(3)7 flight muscles result from incorporation of the mutant actin isoform into assembling myofibrils...
  35. pmc Phosphorylation-dependent power output of transgenic flies: an integrated study
    M H Dickinson
    Department of Integrative Biology, University of California, Berkeley 94720, USA
    Biophys J 73:3122-34. 1997
    ..This behavioral alteration is not seen in another mutant strain in which the power output and estimated number of recruited cross-bridges is similar to that of wild type...
  36. ncbi Speeds and wingbeat frequencies of migrating birds compared with calculated benchmarks
    C J Pennycuick
    School of Biological Sciences, University of Bristol, Woodland Road, Bristol BS8 1UG, UK
    J Exp Biol 204:3283-94. 2001
    ....
  37. ncbi A family of vortex wakes generated by a thrush nightingale in free flight in a wind tunnel over its entire natural range of flight speeds
    G R Spedding
    Department of Aerospace and Mechanical Engineering, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90089 1191, USA
    J Exp Biol 206:2313-44. 2003
    ..Pending further work on different bird species, this might form the basis for a generalisable flight model...
  38. ncbi The spectral input to honeybee visual odometry
    Lars Chittka
    Biozentrum, Zoologie II, Am Hubland, 97074 Wurzburg, Germany
    J Exp Biol 206:2393-7. 2003
    ..Waggle run duration is entirely independent of the colour pattern used, implying that once green contrast is above detection threshold, distance estimation depends solely on the angular motion of the landscape passed in flight...
  39. pmc Contrast enhancement of stimulus intermittency in a primary olfactory network and its behavioral significance
    Hong Lei
    University of Arizona, Tucson, 85721 0077, USA
    J Biol 8:21. 2009
    ....
  40. pmc Vortex wakes generated by robins Erithacus rubecula during free flight in a wind tunnel
    A Hedenstrom
    Department of Theoretical Ecology Ecology, Lund University, Ecology Building, 223 62 Lund, Sweden
    J R Soc Interface 3:263-76. 2006
    ..The measured circulations of the largest structures in the wake can be predicted quite well by simple models, and expressions are given to predict these and other measurable quantities in future bird flight experiments...
  41. ncbi Formation of reverse rigor chevrons by myosin heads
    M C Reedy
    Department of Cell Biology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27710
    Nature 339:481-3. 1989
    ....
  42. ncbi Optimizing the success of random searches
    G M Viswanathan
    Center for Polymer Studies and Department of Physics, Boston University, Massachusetts 02215, USA
    Nature 401:911-4. 1999
    ..We test the theory by analysing experimental foraging data on selected insect, mammal and bird species, and find that they are consistent with the predicted inverse square power-law distributions...
  43. ncbi The influence of visual landscape on the free flight behavior of the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster
    Lance F Tammero
    UCB UCSF Joint Bioengineering Graduate Group, 3060 Valley Life Science Building, University of California at Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
    J Exp Biol 205:327-43. 2002
    ..In summary, our data suggest that complex behavioral patterns seen during free flight emerge from interactions between the flight control system and the visual environment...
  44. ncbi A pre-Archaeopteryx troodontid theropod from China with long feathers on the metatarsus
    Dongyu Hu
    Paleontological Institute, Shenyang Normal University, 253 North Huanghe Street, Shenyang 110034, China
    Nature 461:640-3. 2009
    ....
  45. ncbi Asynchronous muscle: a primer
    R K Josephson
    School of Biological Sciences, University of California at Irvine, Irvine, CA 92697, USA
    J Exp Biol 203:2713-22. 2000
    ..The synchronous locust muscle, subjected to similar stimulation and length change, absorbs rather than produces work...
  46. ncbi FliMax, a novel stimulus device for panoramic and highspeed presentation of behaviourally generated optic flow
    J P Lindemann
    Lehrstuhl für Neurobiologie, Fakultat fur Biologie, Universitat Bielefeld, Postfach 100131, D 33501, Bielefeld, Germany
    Vision Res 43:779-91. 2003
    ....
  47. ncbi Odour-plume dynamics influence the brain's olfactory code
    N J Vickers
    Arizona Research Laboratories Division of Neurobiology, The University of Arizona, PO Box 210077, Tucson, Arizona 85721, USA
    Nature 410:466-70. 2001
    ..The timing of output neuron activity is constantly modulated to reflect ongoing changes in stimulus intensity and dynamics that occur on a millisecond timescale...
  48. pmc Honeybee odometry: performance in varying natural terrain
    Juergen Tautz
    Beegroup Würzburg, Lehrstuhl für Verhaltensphysiologie und Soziobiologie, Wurzburg, Germany
    PLoS Biol 2:E211. 2004
    ..The bee's perception of distance flown is therefore not absolute, but scene-dependent. These findings raise important and interesting questions about how these animals navigate reliably...
  49. pmc Biplane wing planform and flight performance of the feathered dinosaur Microraptor gui
    Sankar Chatterjee
    Department of Geosciences, Museum of Texas Tech University, P O Box 43191, Lubbock, TX 79401 3191, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:1576-80. 2007
    ..Like the Wright 1903 Flyer, Microraptor, a gliding relative of early birds, took to the air with two sets of wings...
  50. pmc Simple rules guide dragonfly migration
    Martin Wikelski
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA
    Biol Lett 2:325-9. 2006
    ....
  51. pmc Requirements of Kettin, a giant muscle protein highly conserved in overall structure in evolution, for normal muscle function, viability, and flight activity of Drosophila
    S Hakeda
    Department of Biophysics and Biochemistry, Graduate School of Science, University of Tokyo, Bunkyo ku, Tokyo 113 0033, Japan
    J Cell Biol 148:101-14. 2000
    ..Accordingly, embryos lacking kettin activity cannot hatch nor can adult flies heterozygous for the kettin mutation fly...
  52. pmc Analysis of the trajectory of Drosophila melanogaster in a circular open field arena
    Dan Valente
    Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, Cold Spring Harbor, New York, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 2:e1083. 2007
    ..All of these measures are relatively coarse-grained in the time domain. It is advantageous, however, to employ metrics based on the entire trajectory that an organism takes while exploring its environment...
  53. ncbi cGMP-dependent changes in phototaxis: a possible role for the foraging gene in honey bee division of labor
    Y Ben-Shahar
    Department of Entomology, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, 320 Morrill Hall, 505 S Goodwin Avenue, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    J Exp Biol 206:2507-15. 2003
    ..Our findings implicate one neural process associated with honey bee division of labor that can be affected by naturally occurring changes in the expression of AMFOR:..
  54. ncbi Ontogeny of orientation flight in the honeybee revealed by harmonic radar
    E A Capaldi
    Department of Entomology, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, 61801, USA
    Nature 403:537-40. 2000
    ....
  55. ncbi Spanwise flow and the attachment of the leading-edge vortex on insect wings
    J M Birch
    Department of Integrative Biology, University of California, Berkeley 94720, USA
    Nature 412:729-33. 2001
    ..The data support an alternative hypothesis-that downward flow induced by tip vortices limits the growth of the leading-edge vortex...
  56. ncbi Detours in bird migration
    T Alerstam
    Department of Animal Ecology, Lund University, Ecology Building, SE 22362 Lund, Sweden
    J Theor Biol 209:319-31. 2001
    ....
  57. ncbi Motion detection in insect orientation and navigation
    M V Srinivasan
    Centre for Visual Science, Research School of Biological Sciences, Australian National University, Canberra, Australia
    Vision Res 39:2749-66. 1999
    ..Here we review some of the recently characterised behaviours, describe the inferred properties of the underlying movement-detecting processes, and propose modified or new models to account for them...
  58. pmc Adaptations to migration in birds: behavioural strategies, morphology and scaling effects
    Anders Hedenström
    Department of Theoretical Ecology, Lund University, Ecology Building, 223 62 Lund, Sweden
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 363:287-99. 2008
    ..I also briefly discuss how the optimal policy may be implemented by the bird by applying a set of simple rules. The time constraints on migrants increase with increasing body size. Some consequences of this are discussed...
  59. ncbi A three-dimensional computational study of the aerodynamic mechanisms of insect flight
    Ravi Ramamurti
    Laboratory for Computational Physics and Fluid Dynamics, Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC 20375, USA
    J Exp Biol 205:1507-18. 2002
    ....
  60. ncbi Analyzing the effect of wind on flight: pitfalls and solutions
    Judy Shamoun-Baranes
    Computational Biogeography and Physical Geography, Institute of Biodiversity and Ecosystem Dynamics, University of Amsterdam, Nieuwe Achtergracht 166, 1018 WV Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    J Exp Biol 210:82-90. 2007
    ..This leads to the conclusion that for many studies a reanalysis of the effect of wind on air speed is desirable...
  61. pmc Virtual migration in tethered flying monarch butterflies reveals their orientation mechanisms
    Henrik Mouritsen
    Department of Psychology, Queen s University, Kingston, ON, Canada, K7L 3N6
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 99:10162-6. 2002
    ..Therefore, these experiments do not provide any evidence that monarch butterflies use a magnetic compass during migration...
  62. ncbi The aerodynamics of insect flight
    Sanjay P Sane
    Department of Biology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
    J Exp Biol 206:4191-208. 2003
    ..This review covers the basic physical principles underlying flapping flight in insects, results of recent experiments concerning the aerodynamics of insect flight, as well as the different approaches used to model these phenomena...
  63. pmc Local and global motion preferences in descending neurons of the fly
    Adrian Wertz
    Department of Systems and Computational Neurobiology, Max Planck Institute of Neurobiology, 82152 Martinsried, Germany
    J Comp Physiol A Neuroethol Sens Neural Behav Physiol 195:1107-20. 2009
    ..In addition, the superlinear integration of V2 output is necessary for DNOVS2 to differentiate between a roll rotation and a lift translation of the fly...
  64. ncbi Animal flight dynamics I. Stability in gliding flight
    A L Thomas
    Department of Zoology, Oxford University, UK
    J Theor Biol 212:399-424. 2001
    ..Birds may therefore resemble tailless aircraft more closely than conventional aircraft with a tailplane...
  65. ncbi Isolation and characterization of flightless mutants in Drosophila melanogaster
    T Koana
    J Embryol Exp Morphol 45:123-43. 1978
    ..It was postulated that a possible factor which controls size of myofibrils is defective in this mutant. These examples indicate the advantage of combining ultrastructural examination with genetic mosaic mapping technique...
  66. pmc Nonlinear time-periodic models of the longitudinal flight dynamics of desert locusts Schistocerca gregaria
    Graham K Taylor
    Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Tinbergen Building, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PS, UK
    J R Soc Interface 2:197-221. 2005
    ..We summarize these hypotheses by proposing a limit-cycle analogy for flapping flight control and suggest experiments for verification of the limit-cycle control analogy hypothesis...
  67. ncbi Climate and the complexity of migratory phenology: sexes, migratory distance, and arrival distributions
    Dena P MacMynowski
    Woods Institute for the Environment, Stanford University, Encina Hall, E501, Stanford, CA, 94305 6055, USA
    Int J Biometeorol 51:361-73. 2007
    ..Analysis of the within-season complexity of migration, including multiple metrics of arrival, is essential to detect species' responses to changing climate as well as evaluate the underlying biological mechanisms...
  68. ncbi A bio-inspired flying robot sheds light on insect piloting abilities
    Nicolas Franceschini
    Biorobotics Lab, Movement and Perception Institute, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique and University of the Mediterranean, 163 Avenue de Luminy, CP938, Marseille F 13288, Cedex 9, France
    Curr Biol 17:329-35. 2007
    ..An optic-flow regulator is quite simple in terms of its neural implementation and just as appropriate for insects as it would be for aircraft...
  69. ncbi A morphological view of the relationship between indirect flight muscle maturation and the flying needs of two species of advanced eusocial bees
    Fernanda Fernandez-Winckler
    Departamento de Biologia, Instituto de Biociencias, Universidade Estadual Paulista, Av 24A, no 1515, CEP 13506 900, Rio Claro, SP, Brazil
    Micron 39:1235-42. 2008
    ..The differences among life phases, individual classes and species are discussed in relation to their functions in the colony...
  70. ncbi Metabolic costs of avian flight in relation to flight velocity: a study in Rose Coloured Starlings (Sturnus roseus, Linnaeus)
    Sophia Engel
    Max Planck Institute for Ornithology, Von der Tann Str 7, 82346, Andechs, Germany
    J Comp Physiol B 176:415-27. 2006
    ..741 M(0.554). WBF changed slightly with speed, but correlated better with body mass. Birds showed both types of intermittent flight, undulating and bounding, but their frequencies did not systematically change with flight speed...
  71. pmc Molecular and ultrastructural defects in a Drosophila myosin heavy chain mutant: differential effects on muscle function produced by similar thick filament abnormalities
    P T O'Donnell
    Biology Department, San Diego State University, California 92182
    J Cell Biol 107:2601-12. 1988
    ....
  72. pmc Ifm(2)2 is a myosin heavy chain allele that disrupts myofibrillar assembly only in the indirect flight muscle of Drosophila melanogaster
    M Chun
    Department of Molecular Genetics, Ohio State University, Columbus 43210
    J Cell Biol 107:2613-21. 1988
    ..In contrast, thin filament and Z disc assembly are marginally affected. We discuss a working hypothesis for sarcomere assembly and define and experimental approach to test the predictions of this proposed pathway for sarcomere assembly...
  73. ncbi The spatial, temporal and contrast properties of expansion and rotation flight optomotor responses in Drosophila
    Brian J Duistermars
    Department of Physiological Science, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095 1606, USA
    J Exp Biol 210:3218-27. 2007
    ....
  74. ncbi Positional entropy during pigeon homing I: application of Bayesian latent state modelling
    Stephen Roberts
    Machine Learning Research Group, University of Oxford, UK
    J Theor Biol 227:39-50. 2004
    ..The first of these two papers details the novel technical developments associated with this work and the second paper contains a navigational interpretation of the results particularly with respect to visual features of the landscape...
  75. ncbi Scaling of body frontal area and body width in birds
    R L Nudds
    Institute of Integrative and Comparative Biology, L C Miall Building, Faculty of Biology, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, UK
    J Morphol 267:341-6. 2006
    ..Furthermore, the relations between bird body shape and axial skeleton dimensions, with reference to aerodynamic adaptation, warrant further investigation...
  76. ncbi How and why do insects migrate?
    Richard A Holland
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Princeton University, Princeton NJ 08544, USA
    Science 313:794-6. 2006
    ..In the future, advances in tracking methods may enable the global surveillance of large insects such as desert locusts...
  77. ncbi The aerodynamic benefit of wing-wing interaction depends on stroke trajectory in flapping insect wings
    Fritz Olaf Lehmann
    Biofuture Research Group, Institute of Neurobiology, University of Ulm, Albert Einstein Allee 11, 89081 Ulm, Germany
    J Exp Biol 210:1362-77. 2007
    ..We hypothesize that these dependencies may have shaped the evolution of wing kinematics in insects that are limited by aerodynamic lift rather than by mechanical power of their flight musculature...
  78. pmc Overexpression of troponin T in Drosophila muscles causes a decrease in the levels of thin-filament proteins
    Raquel Marco-Ferreres
    Departamento de Bioquímica and Instituto Investigaciones Biomédicas, UAM CSIC, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, Arzobispo Morcillo 4, 28029 Madrid, Spain
    Biochem J 386:145-52. 2005
    ..We propose that the high levels of unassembled protein might act as a sensor in this process...
  79. ncbi Allometric scaling of flight energetics in orchid bees: evolution of flux capacities and flux rates
    Charles A Darveau
    Department of Zoology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z4, Canada
    J Exp Biol 208:3593-602. 2005
    ..Fractional velocity is highly conserved across species at the HK step, but varied at all other steps examined. These results are discussed in the context of the regulation and evolution of pathways of energy metabolism...
  80. ncbi The energetic cost of variations in wing span and wing asymmetry in the zebra finch Taeniopygia guttata
    C Hambly
    Aberdeen Centre for Energy Regulation and Obesity, School of Biological Sciences, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen AB24 2TZ, Scotland, UK
    J Exp Biol 207:3977-84. 2004
    ..12 W), neither of which reached statistical significance. There was, however, a significantly increased flight cost when the wing span was reduced without causing asymmetry (increase of 0.45 W; paired t-test T=2.3, P=0.03)...
  81. ncbi Energy expenditure and wing beat frequency in relation to body mass in free flying Barn Swallows (Hirundo rustica)
    Carola A Schmidt-Wellenburg
    Department of Biological Rhythms and Behaviour, Max Planck Institute for Ornithology, Von der Tann Str 7, 82346 Andechs, Germany
    J Comp Physiol B 177:327-37. 2007
    ....
  82. pmc Function of a fly motion-sensitive neuron matches eye movements during free flight
    Roland Kern
    Department of Neurobiology, Faculty for Biology, Bielefeld University, Bielefeld, Germany
    PLoS Biol 3:e171. 2005
    ....
  83. ncbi Dragonfly flight: free-flight and tethered flow visualizations reveal a diverse array of unsteady lift-generating mechanisms, controlled primarily via angle of attack
    Adrian L R Thomas
    Department of Zoology, Oxford University, South Parks Road, Oxford, OX1 3PS, UK
    J Exp Biol 207:4299-323. 2004
    ....
  84. ncbi Long flights do not influence immune responses of a long-distance migrant bird: a wind-tunnel experiment
    Dennis Hasselquist
    Department of Animal Ecology, Lund University, Ecology Building, S 22362 Lund, Sweden
    J Exp Biol 210:1123-31. 2007
    ..Whether this also applies in the wild, where the migrating birds may face adverse weather and food conditions, remains to be investigated...
  85. pmc Flightin, a novel myofibrillar protein of Drosophila stretch-activated muscles
    J O Vigoreaux
    Department of Biology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge 02139
    J Cell Biol 121:587-98. 1993
    ..These features suggest a role for flightin in the regulation of contraction, possibly by modulating actin-myosin interaction...
  86. ncbi Honeybee navigation: nature and calibration of the "odometer"
    M V Srinivasan
    Centre for Visual Science, Research School of Biological Sciences, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 2601, Australia
    Science 287:851-3. 2000
    ..The results show that the honeybee's "odometer" is visually driven. They also provide a calibration of the dance and the odometer in visual terms...
  87. ncbi Dynamic flight stability in the desert locust Schistocerca gregaria
    Graham K Taylor
    Department of Zoology, Oxford University, Tinbergen Building, South Parks Road, Oxford, OX1 3PS, UK
    J Exp Biol 206:2803-29. 2003
    ..This is identified as a general constraint on flight control in flying animals...
  88. ncbi Association of kettin with actin in the Z-disc of insect flight muscle
    M van Straaten
    European Molecular Biology Laboratory, Heidelberg, 69012, Germany
    J Mol Biol 285:1549-62. 1999
    ..We propose a model for the association of kettin with actin in which the molecule follows the genetic helix of actin and Ig domains, separated by linker sequences, bind to each actin protomer...
  89. pmc Assembly of thick filaments and myofibrils occurs in the absence of the myosin head
    R M Cripps
    Department of Biology and Molecular Biology Institute, San Diego State University, San Diego, CA 92182 4614, USA
    EMBO J 18:1793-804. 1999
    ..However, interaction of the myosin head with other myofibrillar components is necessary for defining filament length and myofibril dimensions...
  90. ncbi Wind selection and drift compensation optimize migratory pathways in a high-flying moth
    Jason W Chapman
    Plant and Invertebrate Ecology Department, Rothamsted Research, Harpenden, Hertfordshire, AL5 2JQ, United Kingdom
    Curr Biol 18:514-8. 2008
    ..We conclude that nocturnally migrating moths use a compass and an inherited preferred direction to optimize their migratory track...
  91. ncbi Four-winged dinosaurs from China
    Xing Xu
    Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, P O Box 643, Beijing 100044, China
    Nature 421:335-40. 2003
    ..The new discovery conforms to the predictions of early hypotheses that proavians passed through a tetrapteryx stage...
  92. ncbi Optimal stopover decisions under wind influence: the effects of correlated winds
    T P Weber
    Department of Animal Ecology, Lund University, Ecology Building, Lund, S 223 62, Sweden
    J Theor Biol 205:95-104. 2000
    ..An analysis of six years of wind data from two sites in Sweden shows that wind directions on successive days are in fact correlated in all years...
  93. ncbi Prey pursuit and interception in dragonflies
    R M Olberg
    Department of Biological Sciences, Union College, Schenectady, NY 12308, USA
    J Comp Physiol A 186:155-62. 2000
    ..We found a peak in angular velocity of the prey shortly before take-off which might cue the dragonfly to nearby flying targets. Parallax information from head movements was not required for successful prey pursuit...
  94. ncbi Sexual dimorphism in the hoverfly motion vision pathway
    Karin Nordström
    Discipline of Physiology, School of Molecular and Biomedical Science, The University of Adelaide, SA, Australia
    Curr Biol 18:661-7. 2008
    ..Responses to a target moving against a plain or textured background suggest that the male HSN could potentially play a role in target pursuit under some conditions...
  95. pmc Migratory birds and spread of West Nile virus in the Western Hemisphere
    J H Rappole
    Conservation and Research Center, National Zoological Park, Smithsonian Institution, Front Royal, Virginia, 22630 USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 6:319-28. 2000
    ..If so, West Nile virus has the potential to cause outbreaks throughout both temperate and tropical regions of the Western Hemisphere...
  96. ncbi Worker piping in honey bee swarms and its role in preparing for liftoff
    T D Seeley
    Department of Neurobiology and Behavior, Cornell University Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
    J Comp Physiol A 187:667-76. 2001
    ..The form of worker piping that we have studied in swarms differs from the form of worker piping that others have studied in hives. We call the two forms "wings-together piping" (in swarms) and "wings-apart piping" (in hives)...
  97. ncbi A shot in the dark: the silent quest of a free-flying phonotactic fly
    P Muller
    Laboratory for Bioacoustics, Institute of Zoology, University of Zurich, Winterthurerstrasse 190, CH 8057 Zurich, Switzerland
    J Exp Biol 204:1039-52. 2001
    ..The present data illustrate the fly's surprising ability to gauge the direction and distance of a sound source in three dimensions and, subsequently, to find it in darkness and silence...
  98. ncbi Polarized light helps monarch butterflies navigate
    Steven M Reppert
    Department of Neurobiology, University of Massachusetts Medical School, LRB 728, 364 Plantation Street, Worcester, MA 01605, USA
    Curr Biol 14:155-8. 2004
    ..The existence of polarized-light detection could allow migrants to accurately navigate under a variety of atmospheric conditions and reveals a critical input pathway into the sun compass mechanism...
  99. ncbi Differential catabolism of muscle protein in garden warblers (Sylvia borin): flight and leg muscle act as a protein source during long-distance migration
    U Bauchinger
    Research Centre for Ornithology of the Max Planck Society, Andechs, Germany
    J Comp Physiol B 171:293-301. 2001
    ..05), being comparably low in both muscles. The ratio of non-contractile to contractile proteins in the flight muscle is one of the highest observed in muscles of a vertebrate...
  100. ncbi Allometry of maximum vertical force production during hovering flight of neotropical orchid bees (Apidae: Euglossini)
    Michael E Dillon
    Department of Biology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
    J Exp Biol 207:417-25. 2004
    ..These findings suggest an adverse scaling of vertical force production at greater body mass even if flight muscle mass scales isometrically...
  101. ncbi Mysterious Mystacina: how the New Zealand short-tailed bat (Mystacina tuberculata) locates insect prey
    Gareth Jones
    School of Biological Sciences, University of Bristol, Woodland Road, Bristol BS8 1UG, UK
    J Exp Biol 206:4209-16. 2003
    ..We experimentally removed cues available to the bats and showed that bats located mealworms in leaf litter by listening for prey-generated noises and possibly by olfaction...

Research Grants30

  1. Neuromuscular control of flight
    DOUGLAS ALTSHULER; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Improved understanding of the neural control of the regulation of complex motor behaviors would have direct relevance to studies of human motor control diseases and motor control degeneration that accompanies ageing. ..
  2. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF CLOCK GENES
    STEVEN REPPERT; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Increased understanding of the fundamental mechanisms of biological clock function will facilitate the development of better treatment strategies for a wide range of disorders. ..
  3. Circadian Clock: Transcriptional Control
    STEVEN REPPERT; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..such understanding should lead to new strategies for pharmacological manipulation of the human clock to improve the treatment of jet lag and shift-work ailments, and of clock-related sleep and psychiatric disorders ..
  4. CRCNS: Automated Behavior Analysis for Model Genetic Organism
    Michael H Dickinson; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Like the robotic sequencers that revolutionized the study of genomics, these devices will help transform behavioral science into a modern discipline of Ethometrics. ..
  5. CIRCADIAN CLOCK MECHANISM IN THE SCN
    STEVEN REPPERT; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Increased understanding of the fundamental mechanisms of biological clock function will facilitate the development of better treatment strategies for a wide range of disorders. ..
  6. MATERNAL INFLUENCE ON DEVELOPING 24-HOUR PERIODICITY
    STEVEN REPPERT; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Thus, increased understanding of the basic mechanisms of biological clock function may facilitate the development of better treatment strategies for a wide range of disorders. ..
  7. CELLULAR SIGNAL PROCESSING IN FLY MOTION VISION
    Alexander Borst; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..The experimental data undergo an information theoretic analysis and compared to the performance of biophysically realistic computer models of the cells. ..
  8. Pruning of Motor Neuronal Arbors
    Joyce Fernandes; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..These studies will have implications for better understanding the neurodevelopmental basis of diseases such as epilepsy, schizophrenia and Rett's syndrome, where pruning is thought to be defective. ..
  9. Chromatin Remodeling as a Mechanism to Produce Drug Tolerance
    Nigel Atkinson; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..We will provide a unified description of how this gene senses and responds to the effects of abused solvent sedation. ..
  10. HORMONE ACTION ON THE CNS
    JAMES TRUMAN; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Understanding these issues is fundamental to normal brain development and for using stem cells to repair brain disease. ..
  11. CryoEM Equipment Enhancements for Florida State University
    Kenneth Taylor; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  12. STEROID RECEPTORS AND CNS DEVELOPMENT
    JAMES TRUMAN; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..5) Use EcR dominant-negative mutations to selectively suppress cytodynamic modules to establish the role of each on growth dynamics and on the final form of the arbor. ..
  13. Myosin structural regions that determine muscle shorten*
    DOUGLAS SWANK; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..FHC is an inherited genetic disease that is a major cause of sudden death among young adults. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  14. Axon stabilization: A role for glia in patterning adult innervation in Drosophila
    Joyce Fernandes; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  15. Mechanism of rapid alcohol tolerance in Drosophila
    Nigel Atkinson; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The following day, we will determine if the expression level of the slo gene has increased and we will determine if the animals have acquired alcohol resistance. ..
  16. COMPLEX MIXTURE DISCRIMINATION IN OLFACTORY SIGNALING
    Charles Linn; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..These inter-species antennal transplants represent a new experimental paradigm for studying basic aspects of the structural and functional role of glomeruli in olfactory discrimination. ..
  17. Abused inhalants and Drosphila K+ channel transcription
    Nigel Atkinson; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..We have already shown that a sodium channel gene does not. Future directions include a mutagenic screen to isolate mutations that interfere with the acquisition of acute resistance. ..
  18. High Resolution Microarray Analysis of Cancer
    Cheng Ming Chuong; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..g., those in tissue banks). This protocol is simple, fast, and reliable and uses minimal samples widely obtainable. The method can be applied to all cancers. ..
  19. Purchase of a large format CCD camera for 3-D EM
    Kenneth Taylor; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The new instrumentation will allow for development of algorithms for increasing the area that can be reconstructed by electron tomography which may need corrections for focus gradient and for imaging distortions. ..
  20. METABOLIC CONTROL AND MOLECULAR ADAPTATION IN DROSOPHILA
    WALTER EANES; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Studies will begin to identify the genes responsible for the variation in this suite of traits that have cascading effects into the metabolic pathways. ..
  21. Color-coded transposor-mediated rat mutagenesis
    Richard Behringer; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  22. Purchase of a FEI Titan Krios for 3-D EM
    Kenneth Taylor; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  23. INSECT PROJECTIN: ROLES IN SARCOMERE ASSEMBLY & FLIGHT
    Agnes Ayme Southgate; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The main goal is to expose them to the research environment, and to teach them the scientific methods including designing, preparing, performing and analyzing their own experiments. ..
  24. RESPIRATION AND GLYCOLYSIS--INTEGRATION IN ACTIVE MUSCLE
    Kevin Conley; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..g., diabetes. An understanding of the integration of metabolism in healthy tissue is the first step to understanding how failure of integration limits function in diseased muscle. ..
  25. TRANSGENIC MOUSE MODELS OF CRANIOFACIAL DEVELOPMENT
    Richard Behringer; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..This knowledge should be useful for understanding the etiology and pathogenesis of craniofacial defects. ..
  26. Genetic and Morphologic Basis of Bat Wing Development
    KAREN SEARS; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..In addition, understanding the normal roles of genes that also play a role in abnormal developmental events such as cancer (i.e., Ihh and BMP) will provide a knowledge base for additional healthcare-related biomedical research. ..
  27. The effect of oxidative stress on muscle damage and functional senesence.
    Jason Williams; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..This research will provide insight into muscle aging in humans and mechanisms underlying muscular diseases associated with oxidative stress. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  28. Non-directional visual motion units for speed estimation
    JONATHAN DYHR; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..These simulations will then be used to make testable hypotheses and direct our collaboration with electrophysiologists and anatomists. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  29. Neural mechanisms of auditory stream segregation in an insect auditory neuron
    JEFFREY TRIBLEHORN; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..A working model system involving the katydid TN-1 auditory neuron could also serve a secondary purpose as a system for examining how information processing can be disrupted. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..