movement

Summary

Summary: The act, process, or result of passing from one place or position to another. It differs from LOCOMOTION in that locomotion is restricted to the passing of the whole body from one place to another, while movement encompasses both locomotion but also a change of the position of the whole body or any of its parts. Movement may be used with reference to humans, vertebrate and invertebrate animals, and microorganisms. Differentiate also from MOTOR ACTIVITY, movement associated with behavior.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Cortical mechanisms of human imitation
    M Iacoboni
    Brain Mapping Center, Neuropsychiatric Institute, Department of Psychiatry, UCLA School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA 90095 7085, USA
    Science 286:2526-8. 1999
  2. ncbi Neuronal ensemble control of prosthetic devices by a human with tetraplegia
    Leigh R Hochberg
    Department of Neurology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Brigham and Women s Hospital, and Spaulding Rehabilitation Hospital, Harvard Medical School, 55 Fruit Street, Boston, Massachusetts 02114, USA
    Nature 442:164-71. 2006
  3. ncbi Optimal feedback control as a theory of motor coordination
    Emanuel Todorov
    Department of Cognitive Science, University of California, San Diego, 9500 Gilman Dr, La Jolla, California 92093 0515, USA
    Nat Neurosci 5:1226-35. 2002
  4. ncbi Bayesian integration in sensorimotor learning
    Konrad P Kording
    Sobell Department of Motor Neuroscience, Institute of Neurology, University College London, Queen Square, London WC1N 3BG, UK
    Nature 427:244-7. 2004
  5. ncbi Computational principles of movement neuroscience
    D M Wolpert
    Sobell Department of Neurophysiology, Institute of Neurology, University College London, UK
    Nat Neurosci 3:1212-7. 2000
  6. ncbi Central cancellation of self-produced tickle sensation
    S J Blakemore
    Wellcome Department of Cognitive Neurology, London, UK
    Nat Neurosci 1:635-40. 1998
  7. pmc Effect of epidural stimulation of the lumbosacral spinal cord on voluntary movement, standing, and assisted stepping after motor complete paraplegia: a case study
    Susan Harkema
    Department of Neurological Surgery, Kentucky Spinal Cord Research Center, University of Louisville, KY, USA
    Lancet 377:1938-47. 2011
  8. ncbi Motor imagery
    Martin Lotze
    Institute of Medical Psychology and Behavioral Neurobiology, Eberhard Karls University of Tubingen, D 72074 Tubingen, Germany
    J Physiol Paris 99:386-95. 2006
  9. pmc Optimality principles in sensorimotor control
    Emanuel Todorov
    Department of Cognitive Science, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093 0515, USA
    Nat Neurosci 7:907-15. 2004
  10. ncbi Rocking together: dynamics of intentional and unintentional interpersonal coordination
    Michael J Richardson
    Department of Psychology, Colby College, Mayflower Hill, Waterville, ME 04901, USA
    Hum Mov Sci 26:867-91. 2007

Research Grants

  1. Mechanisms of Therapeutic Action in SCI
    MEHDI MIRBAGHERI; Fiscal Year: 2009
  2. Impact of Antibiotics and Vaccines on the in vivo Evolution of S. pneumoniae
    Garth Ehrlich; Fiscal Year: 2009
  3. OCULOMOTOR CONTROL AND GAIT IN PARKINSON DISEASE
    GAMMON EARHART; Fiscal Year: 2009
  4. REACTION MECHANISM OF MYOCARDIAC UBIQUINONE-PROTEINS
    Chang An Yu; Fiscal Year: 2007
  5. Visualization of Pelvic Floor Reflexes
    CHRISTOS EURIPIDES CONSTANTINOU; Fiscal Year: 2010
  6. Mechanisms of Therapeutic Action in SCI
    Mehdi M Mirbagheri; Fiscal Year: 2010
  7. Cortical and basal ganglia local field potentials in human movement disorders
    Philip A Starr; Fiscal Year: 2010
  8. Structure and function of chloride channels and transporters
    Alessio Accardi; Fiscal Year: 2010
  9. EMG Biofeedback with AMES
    Paul Cordo; Fiscal Year: 2007
  10. Structure and function of chloride channels and transporters
    Alessio Accardi; Fiscal Year: 2009

Detail Information

Publications307 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Cortical mechanisms of human imitation
    M Iacoboni
    Brain Mapping Center, Neuropsychiatric Institute, Department of Psychiatry, UCLA School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA 90095 7085, USA
    Science 286:2526-8. 1999
    ..To test this hypothesis, normal human participants were asked to observe and imitate a finger movement and to perform the same movement after spatial or symbolic cues...
  2. ncbi Neuronal ensemble control of prosthetic devices by a human with tetraplegia
    Leigh R Hochberg
    Department of Neurology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Brigham and Women s Hospital, and Spaulding Rehabilitation Hospital, Harvard Medical School, 55 Fruit Street, Boston, Massachusetts 02114, USA
    Nature 442:164-71. 2006
    Neuromotor prostheses (NMPs) aim to replace or restore lost motor functions in paralysed humans by routeing movement-related signals from the brain, around damaged parts of the nervous system, to external effectors...
  3. ncbi Optimal feedback control as a theory of motor coordination
    Emanuel Todorov
    Department of Cognitive Science, University of California, San Diego, 9500 Gilman Dr, La Jolla, California 92093 0515, USA
    Nat Neurosci 5:1226-35. 2002
    ..We present experimental results from a range of motor tasks to support this theory...
  4. ncbi Bayesian integration in sensorimotor learning
    Konrad P Kording
    Sobell Department of Motor Neuroscience, Institute of Neurology, University College London, Queen Square, London WC1N 3BG, UK
    Nature 427:244-7. 2004
    ..The central nervous system therefore employs probabilistic models during sensorimotor learning...
  5. ncbi Computational principles of movement neuroscience
    D M Wolpert
    Sobell Department of Neurophysiology, Institute of Neurology, University College London, UK
    Nat Neurosci 3:1212-7. 2000
    Unifying principles of movement have emerged from the computational study of motor control. We review several of these principles and show how they apply to processes such as motor planning, control, estimation, prediction and learning...
  6. ncbi Central cancellation of self-produced tickle sensation
    S J Blakemore
    Wellcome Department of Cognitive Neurology, London, UK
    Nat Neurosci 1:635-40. 1998
    ..In the cerebellum, less activity was associated with a movement that generated a tactile stimulus than with a movement that did not...
  7. pmc Effect of epidural stimulation of the lumbosacral spinal cord on voluntary movement, standing, and assisted stepping after motor complete paraplegia: a case study
    Susan Harkema
    Department of Neurological Surgery, Kentucky Spinal Cord Research Center, University of Louisville, KY, USA
    Lancet 377:1938-47. 2011
    Repeated periods of stimulation of the spinal cord and training increased the ability to control movement in animal models of spinal cord injury...
  8. ncbi Motor imagery
    Martin Lotze
    Institute of Medical Psychology and Behavioral Neurobiology, Eberhard Karls University of Tubingen, D 72074 Tubingen, Germany
    J Physiol Paris 99:386-95. 2006
    ..Finally we provide an outlook on additional work about motor imagery important for further understanding of the topic...
  9. pmc Optimality principles in sensorimotor control
    Emanuel Todorov
    Department of Cognitive Science, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093 0515, USA
    Nat Neurosci 7:907-15. 2004
    ..Traditional emphasis has been on optimizing desired movement trajectories while ignoring sensory feedback...
  10. ncbi Rocking together: dynamics of intentional and unintentional interpersonal coordination
    Michael J Richardson
    Department of Psychology, Colby College, Mayflower Hill, Waterville, ME 04901, USA
    Hum Mov Sci 26:867-91. 2007
    ..The results of the visual focus manipulations indicate that the stability of a visual interpersonal coupling is mediated by attention and the degree to which an individual is able to detect information about a co-actor's movements...
  11. ncbi Control of fast-reaching movements by muscle synergy combinations
    Andrea d'Avella
    Department of Neuromotor Physiology, Santa Lucia Foundation, 00179 Rome, Italy
    J Neurosci 26:7791-810. 2006
    ..synergies whose combinations, after scaling in amplitude and shifting in time each synergy independently for each movement condition, explained 73-82% of the data variation...
  12. doi Decoding natural grasp types from human ECoG
    Tobias Pistohl
    Bernstein Center Freiburg BCF, 79104 Freiburg, Germany
    Neuroimage 59:248-60. 2012
    Electrocorticographic (ECoG) signals have been successfully used to provide information about arm movement direction, individual finger movements and even continuous arm movement trajectories...
  13. pmc High-throughput ethomics in large groups of Drosophila
    Kristin Branson
    California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California, USA
    Nat Methods 6:451-7. 2009
    ..We expect that our software, which permits high-throughput screening, will complement existing molecular methods available in Drosophila, facilitating new investigations into the genetic and cellular basis of behavior...
  14. ncbi Conscious intention and motor cognition
    Patrick Haggard
    Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, University College London, 17 Queen Square, London WC1N 3AR, UK
    Trends Cogn Sci 9:290-5. 2005
    ..Both intention and agency result from the brain processes for predictive motor control, not merely from retrospective inference...
  15. ncbi Decoding two-dimensional movement trajectories using electrocorticographic signals in humans
    G Schalk
    BCI R and D Progr, Wadsworth Ctr, NYS Department of Health, Albany, NY, USA
    J Neural Eng 4:264-75. 2007
    ..BCI research strategy begins by decoding kinematic parameters from brain signals recorded during actual arm movement. It has been assumed that these parameters can be derived accurately only from signals recorded by intracortical ..
  16. ncbi Motor learning: its relevance to stroke recovery and neurorehabilitation
    John W Krakauer
    Stroke and Critical Care Division, Department of Neurology, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York NY, USA
    Curr Opin Neurol 19:84-90. 2006
    ..questions: (i) What is motor learning? (ii) Do patients with hemiparesis have a learning deficit? (iii) Is recovery after injury a form of motor learning? (iv) Are approaches based on motor learning principles useful for rehabilitation?..
  17. ncbi Combining modules for movement
    E Bizzi
    Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences and McGovern Institute for Brain Research, Massachusetts Institute of Technolgy 46 6189, 77 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
    Brain Res Rev 57:125-33. 2008
    ..Such an organization might help to simplify the production of movements by reducing the degrees of freedom that need to be specified...
  18. doi Descending pathways in motor control
    Roger N Lemon
    Sobell Department of Motor Neuroscience and Movement Disorders, Institute of Neurology, University College London, London, WC1N 3BG, United Kingdom
    Annu Rev Neurosci 31:195-218. 2008
    ....
  19. ncbi Intentional maps in posterior parietal cortex
    Richard A Andersen
    Division of Biology, California Institute of Technology, Mail code 216 76, Pasadena 91125, USA
    Annu Rev Neurosci 25:189-220. 2002
    ..Among its functions is the forming of intentions, that is, high-level cognitive plans for movement. There is a map of intentions within the PPC, with different subregions dedicated to the planning of eye ..
  20. ncbi The role of motor contagion in the prediction of action
    Sarah Jayne Blakemore
    Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, 17 Queen Square, London WC1N 3AR, UK
    Neuropsychologia 43:260-7. 2005
    ..There is neurophysiological evidence that neurons in premotor cortex of monkeys respond both during movement execution and during the observation of goal-directed action ('mirror neurons')...
  21. ncbi Prediction of arm movement trajectories from ECoG-recordings in humans
    Tobias Pistohl
    Bernstein Center for Computational Neuroscience, Albert Ludwigs University, Freiburg, Germany
    J Neurosci Methods 167:105-14. 2008
    ..However, previous approaches to ECoG-BMIs were either based on classification of different movement patterns or on a voluntary modulation of spectral features...
  22. ncbi Action plans used in action observation
    J Randall Flanagan
    Department of Psychology and Centre for Neuroscience Studies, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario K7L 3N6, Canada
    Nature 424:769-71. 2003
    ..These results indicate that during action observation subjects implement eye motor programs directed by motor representations of manual actions and thus provide strong evidence for the direct matching hypothesis...
  23. ncbi What is the Bereitschaftspotential?
    Hiroshi Shibasaki
    Human Motor Control Section, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892 1428, USA
    Clin Neurophysiol 117:2341-56. 2006
    Since discovery of the slow negative electroencephalographic (EEG) activity preceding self-initiated movement by Kornhuber and Deecke [Kornhuber HH, Deecke L...
  24. pmc Direct control of paralysed muscles by cortical neurons
    Chet T Moritz
    Department of Physiology and Biophysics and Washington National Primate Research Center, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195, USA
    Nature 456:639-42. 2008
    ..Such signals could then control electrical stimulation of muscles, thereby restoring volitional movement to paralysed limbs...
  25. ncbi Event-related functional magnetic resonance imaging in Parkinson's disease before and after levodopa
    B Haslinger
    Neurologische Klinik, Neurozentrum Funktionelle Bildgebung, Klinikum rechts der Isar, Technische Universitat Munchen, Mohlstrasse 28, D 81675 Munchen, Germany
    Brain 124:558-70. 2001
    ..This allowed correlation of movement onset, i.e. event-onset, to scanning time...
  26. pmc Boosting cortical activity at Beta-band frequencies slows movement in humans
    Alek Pogosyan
    Sobell Department of Motor Neuroscience and Movement Disorders, Institute of Neurology, University College London, London WC1N 3BG, UK
    Curr Biol 19:1637-41. 2009
    ..It is manifest during the maintenance of tonic contractions and is suppressed prior to and during voluntary movement. This and other correlative evidence suggests that beta activity might promote tonic contraction, while impairing ..
  27. ncbi Movement-related changes in synchronization in the human basal ganglia
    Michael Cassidy
    Sobell Department of Neurophysiology, Institute of Neurology, Queen Square, London, UK
    Brain 125:1235-46. 2002
    ..This coupling was attenuated by movement. In the presence of exogenous dopaminergic stimulation, power within the STN and coherence between the STN and ..
  28. ncbi Motor activation prior to observation of a predicted movement
    James M Kilner
    Institut des Sciences Cognitives, CNRS, 67 Boulevard Pinel, 69675 Bron, France
    Nat Neurosci 7:1299-301. 2004
    ..research has shown that some of the same motor regions are activated both when performing and when observing a movement. Here we demonstrate in human subjects that such motor activity also occurs prior to observing someone else's ..
  29. ncbi Compatibility between observed and executed finger movements: comparing symbolic, spatial, and imitative cues
    M Brass
    Department of Neurology, Max Planck Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, Leipzig, Germany
    Brain Cogn 44:124-43. 2000
    Intuitively, one can assume that imitating a movement is an easier task than responding to a symbolic stimulus like a verbal instruction...
  30. ncbi Imitation: is cognitive neuroscience solving the correspondence problem?
    Marcel Brass
    Department of Cognitive Neurology, Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Stephanstrasse 1a, 04103 Leipzig, Germany
    Trends Cogn Sci 9:489-95. 2005
    ..Imitation is based on the automatic activation of motor representations by movement observation. These externally triggered motor representations are then used to reproduce the observed behaviour...
  31. ncbi Influence of interhemispheric interactions on motor function in chronic stroke
    Nagako Murase
    Human Cortical Physiology Section, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20817, USA
    Ann Neurol 55:400-9. 2004
    ..IHI) between M1(intact hemisphere) and M1(lesioned hemisphere) in the process of generation of a voluntary movement by the paretic hand in patients with chronic subcortical stroke and in healthy volunteers...
  32. pmc Learning to control a brain-machine interface for reaching and grasping by primates
    Jose M Carmena
    Department of Neurobiology, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, USA
    PLoS Biol 1:E42. 2003
    ..Learning to operate the BMIc was paralleled by functional reorganization in multiple cortical areas, suggesting that the dynamic properties of the BMIc were incorporated into motor and sensory cortical representations...
  33. doi CNS learns stable, accurate, and efficient movements using a simple algorithm
    David W Franklin
    ATR Computational Neuroscience Laboratories, Keihanna Science City, Kyoto 619 0288, Japan
    J Neurosci 28:11165-73. 2008
    ..This model of motor learning offers new insights as to how the brain controls the complex musculoskeletal system and iteratively adjusts motor commands to improve motor skills with practice...
  34. ncbi ISB recommendation on definitions of joint coordinate system of various joints for the reporting of human joint motion--part I: ankle, hip, and spine. International Society of Biomechanics
    Ge Wu
    J Biomech 35:543-8. 2002
    ..There is currently a lack of standard for reporting joint motion in the field of biomechanics for human movement, and the JCS as proposed by Grood and Suntay has the advantage of reporting joint motions in clinically relevant ..
  35. pmc A movement ecology paradigm for unifying organismal movement research
    Ran Nathan
    Movement Ecology Laboratory, Department of Evolution, Systematics and Ecology, Alexander Silberman Institute of Life Sciences, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem 91904, Israel
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:19052-9. 2008
    b>Movement of individual organisms is fundamental to life, quilting our planet in a rich tapestry of phenomena with diverse implications for ecosystems and humans...
  36. ncbi An interference effect of observed biological movement on action
    J M Kilner
    Institut des Sciences Cognitives, 67 Boulevard Pinel, Bron 69675, France
    Curr Biol 13:522-5. 2003
    ..Variance in the executed movement was measured as an index of interference to the movement...
  37. doi Hand movement direction decoded from MEG and EEG
    Stephan Waldert
    Institute of Medical Psychology and Behavioral Neurobiology, University of Tubingen, 72076 Tubingen, Germany
    J Neurosci 28:1000-8. 2008
    ..during center-out movements with the hand and found significant power modulation of MEG activity between rest and movement in three frequency bands: an increase for < or = 7 Hz (low-frequency band) and 62-87 Hz (high-gamma band) and ..
  38. doi Accelerometry: a technique for quantifying movement patterns during walking
    Justin J Kavanagh
    School of Physiotherapy and Exercise Science, Griffith University, Gold Coast Campus, PMB 50 Gold Coast Mail Centre, Queensland 9726, Australia
    Gait Posture 28:1-15. 2008
    The popularity of using accelerometer-based systems to quantify human movement patterns has increased in recent years for clinicians and researchers alike...
  39. pmc How each movement changes the next: an experimental and theoretical study of fast adaptive priors in reaching
    Timothy Verstynen
    Department of Physiology, Keck Center for Integrative Neuroscience, University of California, San Francisco, California 94143, USA
    J Neurosci 31:10050-9. 2011
    ..phenomenon in which recent experience shapes the statistical properties of reaching, independent of any movement errors...
  40. pmc Human medial frontal cortex mediates unconscious inhibition of voluntary action
    Petroc Sumner
    School of Psychology, Cardiff University, Tower Building, Park Place, Cardiff CF10 3AT, UK
    Neuron 54:697-711. 2007
    ..These findings imply that the SEF and SMA mediate automatic effector-specific suppression of motor plans. This automatic mechanism may contribute to the participation of these areas in the voluntary control of action...
  41. pmc High-throughput behavioral analysis in C. elegans
    Nicholas A Swierczek
    Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Janelia Farm Research Campus, Ashburn, Virginia, USA
    Nat Methods 8:592-8. 2011
    ..We examined three traditional behavioral paradigms using this system: spontaneous movement on food, where the behavior changes over tens of minutes; chemotaxis, where turning events must be detected ..
  42. ncbi Effects of masked stimuli on motor activation: behavioral and electrophysiological evidence
    M Eimer
    Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Cambridge, England
    J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 24:1737-47. 1998
    ..A partial activation of the response corresponding to the prime was followed by a reverse activation pattern. It is argued that these effects primarily reflect an inhibition of the response initially triggered by the prime...
  43. pmc Control of a two-dimensional movement signal by a noninvasive brain-computer interface in humans
    Jonathan R Wolpaw
    Laboratory of Nervous System Disorders, Wadsworth Center, New York State Department of Health and State University of New York, Albany, NY 12201 0509, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 101:17849-54. 2004
    ..widely assumed that only invasive BCIs, which use electrodes implanted in the brain, can provide multidimensional movement control of a robotic arm or a neuroprosthesis...
  44. ncbi Human parietal "reach region" primarily encodes intrinsic visual direction, not extrinsic movement direction, in a visual motor dissociation task
    Juan Fernandez-Ruiz
    Canadian Institutes of Health Research Group on Action and Perception, and Centre for Vision Research, York University, 4700 Keele Street, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Cereb Cortex 17:2283-92. 2007
    ..It is not known if these representations encode the visual goal in retinal coordinates, or the movement direction relative to gaze...
  45. ncbi Cross-talk between language processes and overt motor behavior in the first 200 msec of processing
    Véronique Boulenger
    CNRS UMR, 5015 Institut des Sciences Cognitives, Bron Cedex, France
    J Cogn Neurosci 18:1607-15. 2006
    ..issue by examining the influence of processing action verbs and concrete nouns on the execution of a reaching movement. Fine-grained analyses of movement kinematics revealed that relative to nouns, processing action verbs ..
  46. pmc Decoding complete reach and grasp actions from local primary motor cortex populations
    Carlos E Vargas-Irwin
    Department of Neuroscience, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island 02912, USA
    J Neurosci 30:9659-69. 2010
    ..neural activity in primary motor cortex (M1) of macaques (Macaca mulatta) to arm, wrist, and hand postures during movement. We find that the firing rate of individual M1 neurons is typically modulated by the kinematics of multiple ..
  47. ncbi Exercise induces angiogenesis but does not alter movement representations within rat motor cortex
    Jeffrey A Kleim
    Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, Canadian Centre for Behavioural Neuroscience, University of Lethbridge, 4401 University Dr, Lethbridge, Alberta T1K 3M4, Canada
    Brain Res 934:1-6. 2002
    The effects of exercise on the topography of movement representations and blood vessel density within the rat forelimb motor cortex was examined...
  48. doi The coordination of movement: optimal feedback control and beyond
    Jorn Diedrichsen
    Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, University College London, Alexandra House, 17 Queens Square, London, UK
    Trends Cogn Sci 14:31-9. 2010
    ..We highlight two crucial areas of research, hierarchical control and the problem of movement initiation, that need to be developed for an optimal feedback control theory framework to characterise movement ..
  49. ncbi Sensory prediction errors drive cerebellum-dependent adaptation of reaching
    Ya weng Tseng
    Dept of Neurology, The Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Kennedy Krieger Institute, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Neurophysiol 98:54-62. 2007
    ..In some tasks, these sensory errors are monitored and result in on-line corrective motor output as the movement progresses...
  50. ncbi Binding of movement, sound and touch: multimodal coordination dynamics
    J Lagarde
    Laboratory Efficience Deficience Motrice, University Montpellier 1, 700 Avenue Pic Saint Loup, 34090 Montpellier, France
    Exp Brain Res 173:673-88. 2006
    Very little is known about the coordination of movement in combination with stimuli such as sound and touch. The present research investigates the hypothesis that both the type of action (e.g...
  51. ncbi Spectral changes in cortical surface potentials during motor movement
    Kai J Miller
    Department of Physics, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195, USA
    J Neurosci 27:2424-32. 2007
    In the first large study of its kind, we quantified changes in electrocorticographic signals associated with motor movement across 22 subjects with subdural electrode arrays placed for identification of seizure foci...
  52. doi Deficits in facial, body movement and vocal emotional processing in autism spectrum disorders
    R C M Philip
    Division of Psychiatry, University of Edinburgh, Royal Edinburgh Hospital, Edinburgh, UK
    Psychol Med 40:1919-29. 2010
    ..To date, however, no studies have examined emotion processing in autism across a broad range of social signals...
  53. doi Motor learning is optimally tuned to the properties of motor noise
    Robert J van Beers
    Department of Physics of Man, Helmholtz Institute, Utrecht University, Padualaan 8, 3584 CH Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Neuron 63:406-17. 2009
    In motor learning, our brain uses movement errors to adjust planning of future movements. This process has traditionally been studied by examining how motor planning is adjusted in response to visuomotor or dynamic perturbations...
  54. doi Sequential activation of motor cortical neurons contributes to intralimb coordination during reaching in the cat by modulating muscle synergies
    Sergiy Yakovenko
    Departement de Physiologie, Universite de Montreal, Pavillon Paul G Desmarais, C P 6128, Succursale Centre Ville, Montreal, Quebec H3C 3J7, Canada
    J Neurophysiol 105:388-409. 2011
    ....
  55. ncbi Direct visuomotor transformations for reaching
    Christopher A Buneo
    Division of Biology, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA
    Nature 416:632-6. 2002
    ..This function is supported by findings that PPC neurons in monkeys are modulated by the direction of hand movement, as well as by visual, eye position and limb position signals...
  56. ncbi Dynein-dependent movement of autophagosomes mediates efficient encounters with lysosomes
    Shunsuke Kimura
    Research Institute for Microbial Diseases, Osaka University, Osaka, Japan
    Cell Struct Funct 33:109-22. 2008
    ..After formation, autophagosomes show a rapid vectorial movement in the direction of the centrosome, where lysosomes are usually concentrated...
  57. doi A neural basis for motor primitives in the spinal cord
    Corey B Hart
    Neurobiology and Anatomy, College of Medicine and School of Bioengineering and Health Sciences, Drexel University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA
    J Neurosci 30:1322-36. 2010
    Motor primitives and modularity may be important in biological movement control. However, their neural basis is not understood...
  58. ncbi Functional mapping of human sensorimotor cortex with electrocorticographic spectral analysis. I. Alpha and beta event-related desynchronization
    N E Crone
    Department of Neurology, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Brain 121:2271-99. 1998
    ..Sometimes, unilateral limb movement produced sustained alpha and beta ERD over bilateral sensorimotor cortices, with overlapping patterns for ..
  59. ncbi Cross-modal plasticity of the motor cortex while listening to a rehearsed musical piece
    A D'Ausilio
    Institut für Medizinische Psychologie und Verhaltensneurobiologie, Eberhard Karls Universitat Tubingen, Gartenstrasse 29, D 72074 Tubingen, Germany
    Eur J Neurosci 24:955-8. 2006
    ..Moreover, we observed an increase of excitability over time as intracortical facilitation was already present after 30 min of training whereas cortico-spinal facilitation increased after a longer training period (5 days)...
  60. pmc A central source of movement variability
    Mark M Churchland
    Neurosciences Program, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305, USA
    Neuron 52:1085-96. 2006
    ..When such variability causes error, we typically assume that something went wrong during the movement. The same assumption is made by recent and influential models of motor control...
  61. ncbi An implicit plan overrides an explicit strategy during visuomotor adaptation
    Pietro Mazzoni
    Department of Neurology, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, New York 10032, USA
    J Neurosci 26:3642-5. 2006
    ..This suggests that the motor system requires that planned and executed trajectories remain congruous in visual space, and enforces this correspondence even at the expense of an opposing explicit task goal...
  62. doi A randomized controlled trial of movement strategies compared with exercise for people with Parkinson's disease
    Meg E Morris
    School of Physiotherapy, The University of Melbourne, Australia
    Mov Disord 24:64-71. 2009
    This randomized controlled clinical trial was conducted to compare the effects of movement rehabilitation strategies and exercise therapy in hospitalized patients with idiopathic Parkinson's disease...
  63. doi Decoupling the cortical power spectrum reveals real-time representation of individual finger movements in humans
    K J Miller
    Department of Physics, Seattle Children s Research Institute and Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195, USA
    J Neurosci 29:3132-7. 2009
    During active movement the electric potentials measured from the surface of the motor cortex exhibit consistent modulation, revealing two distinguishable processes in the power spectrum...
  64. doi Error correction, sensory prediction, and adaptation in motor control
    Reza Shadmehr
    Department of Biomedical Engineering, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    Annu Rev Neurosci 33:89-108. 2010
    ..The second problem is that the relationship between a motor command and the movement it produces is variable, as the body and the environment can both change...
  65. ncbi ISB recommendation on definitions of joint coordinate systems of various joints for the reporting of human joint motion--Part II: shoulder, elbow, wrist and hand
    Ge Wu
    Department of Physical Therapy, University of Vermont, 305 Rathwell Building, Burlington, VT, USA
    J Biomech 38:981-992. 2005
    ..Adopting these standards will lead to better communication among researchers and clinicians...
  66. ncbi The neural basis of decision making
    Joshua I Gold
    Department of Neuroscience, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104 6074, USA
    Annu Rev Neurosci 30:535-74. 2007
    ..We focus on simple decisions that can be studied in the laboratory but emphasize general principles likely to extend to other settings...
  67. ncbi Perceiving affect from arm movement
    F E Pollick
    Department of Psychology, Glasgow University, 58 Hillhead Street, Glasgow G12 8QB, UK
    Cognition 82:B51-61. 2001
    ..and scrambled movements Dimension 1 of the psychological space was highly correlated to the kinematics of the movement. These results suggest that the corresponding activation of perceived affect is a formless cue that relates ..
  68. pmc Brain-computer interfaces: communication and restoration of movement in paralysis
    Niels Birbaumer
    Institute of Medical Psychology and Behavioural Neurobiology, University of Tuebingen, Tuebingen, Germany
    J Physiol 579:621-36. 2007
    ..locked-in patients with BCI communication after entering the complete locked-in state with no remaining eye movement failed...
  69. doi Serotonin and Parkinson's disease: On movement, mood, and madness
    Susan H Fox
    Movement Disorders Clinic, University of Toronto, Toronto Western Hospital, Ontario, Canada
    Mov Disord 24:1255-66. 2009
    ..However, several unanswered questions remain, and future studies need to focus on correlating changes in 5-HT neurotransmission in both pathological and in vivo imaging studies with a full clinical phenotype...
  70. doi Ribosome dynamics and tRNA movement by time-resolved electron cryomicroscopy
    Niels Fischer
    3D Electron Cryomicroscopy Group, Max Planck Institute for Biophysical Chemistry, Am Fassberg 11, 37077 Gottingen, Germany
    Nature 466:329-33. 2010
    ..Here we have followed tRNA movement through the ribosome during translocation by time-resolved single-particle electron cryomicroscopy (cryo-EM)...
  71. ncbi Optimal spatial filtering of single trial EEG during imagined hand movement
    H Ramoser
    Department of Medical Informatics, Institute of Biomedical Engineering, Graz University of Technology, Austria
    IEEE Trans Rehabil Eng 8:441-6. 2000
    ..g., associated with imaginary movement. One-sided hand movement imagination results in EEG changes located at contra- and ipsilateral central areas...
  72. ncbi Neural circuits underlying imitation learning of hand actions: an event-related fMRI study
    Giovanni Buccino
    Dipartimento di Neuroscienze, Universita di Parma, Parma 43100, Italy
    Neuron 42:323-34. 2004
    ..Given the functional properties of area 46, a model of imitation learning is proposed based on interactions between this area and the mirror neuron system...
  73. ncbi Dynamics of hemispheric specialization and integration in the context of motor control
    Deborah J Serrien
    School of Psychology, University of Nottingham, University Park, Nottingham NG7 2RD, UK
    Nat Rev Neurosci 7:160-6. 2006
    ..As such, lateralization of motor function is a dynamic and multifaceted process that emerges across different timescales and is contingent on task- and performer-related determinants...
  74. pmc Learning optimal adaptation strategies in unpredictable motor tasks
    Daniel A Braun
    Bernstein Center for Computational Neuroscience, Albert Ludwig University, 79104 Freiburg, Germany
    J Neurosci 29:6472-8. 2009
    ..These results suggest that adaptation can become specifically tuned to identify task-specific parameters in an optimal manner...
  75. ncbi How many animals really do the Lévy walk?
    Simon Benhamou
    Behavioral Ecology Group, Centre d Ecologie Fonctionnelle et Evolutive, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Montpellier, France
    Ecology 88:1962-9. 2007
    ..process but may emerge from the way the animal interacted with the environment structure through more classical movement processes...
  76. pmc Rhamnolipids modulate swarming motility patterns of Pseudomonas aeruginosa
    Nicky C Caiazza
    Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Rm 505, Vail Building, Dartmouth Medical School, Hanover, NH 03755, USA
    J Bacteriol 187:7351-61. 2005
    ..We were able to show that P. aeruginosa produces extracellular factors capable of modulating tendril movement, and genetic analysis revealed that modulation of these movements was dependent on rhamnolipid biosynthesis...
  77. pmc Effects of dance on movement control in Parkinson's disease: a comparison of Argentine tango and American ballroom
    Madeleine E Hackney
    Program in Physical Therapy, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63108, USA
    J Rehabil Med 41:475-81. 2009
    The basal ganglia may be selectively activated during rhythmic, metered movement such as tango dancing, which may improve motor control in individuals with Parkinson's disease...
  78. doi Chemoattraction to dimethylsulfoniopropionate throughout the marine microbial food web
    Justin R Seymour
    Ralph M Parsons Laboratory, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
    Science 329:342-5. 2010
    ....
  79. ncbi Evidence for the flexible sensorimotor strategies predicted by optimal feedback control
    Dan Liu
    Department of Cognitive Science, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093 0515, USA
    J Neurosci 27:9354-68. 2007
    ..Such customization is mostly ignored by traditional theories emphasizing movement geometry and servo control...
  80. ncbi Bayesian decision theory in sensorimotor control
    Konrad P Kording
    Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 02139, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 10:319-26. 2006
    ..This theory defines optimal behaviour in a world characterized by uncertainty, and provides a coherent way of describing sensorimotor processes...
  81. pmc Observation of amounts of movement practice provided during stroke rehabilitation
    Catherine E Lang
    Program in Physical Therapy, Program in Occupational Therapy, and Department of Neurology, Washington University, St Louis, MO, USA
    Arch Phys Med Rehabil 90:1692-8. 2009
    Lang CE, MacDonald JR, Reisman DS, Boyd L, Jacobson Kimberley T, Schindler-Ivens SM, Hornby TG, Ross SA, Scheets PL. Observation of amounts of movement practice provided during stroke rehabilitation.
  82. pmc Decision making, movement planning and statistical decision theory
    Julia Trommershäuser
    Giessen University, Department of Psychology, Otto Behaghel Str 10F, 35394 Giessen, Germany
    Trends Cogn Sci 12:291-7. 2008
    ..By contrast, subjects in mathematically equivalent movement tasks often choose movement strategies that come close to maximizing expected gain...
  83. pmc Characterization of two outer membrane proteins, FlgO and FlgP, that influence vibrio cholerae motility
    Raquel M Martinez
    Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Dartmouth Medical School, Hanover, New Hampshire 03755, USA
    J Bacteriol 191:5669-79. 2009
    ..cholerae O1 of the classical biotype. This study reveals a novel mechanism for which the outer membrane proteins FlgO and FlgP function in motility to mediate flagellar stability and influence attachment and colonization...
  84. ncbi Anticipatory movement timing using prediction and external cues
    Jeremy B Badler
    The Smith Kettlewell Eye Research Institute, San Francisco, California 94115, USA
    J Neurosci 26:4519-25. 2006
    ..When target motion began earlier, the pursuit system relied more on prediction to trigger a movement, whereas the cue was more often used when the target moved later...
  85. ncbi Tools for the body (schema)
    Angelo Maravita
    Dipartimento di Psicologia, Universita di Milano Bicocca, Piazza dell Ateneo Nuovo 1, 20126 Milan, Italy
    Trends Cogn Sci 8:79-86. 2004
    ..These relatively simple neural and behavioural aspects of tool-use shed light on more complex evolutionary and cognitive aspects of body representation and multisensory space coding for action...
  86. pmc Rickettsia Sca2 is a bacterial formin-like mediator of actin-based motility
    Cat M Haglund
    Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
    Nat Cell Biol 12:1057-63. 2010
    Diverse intracellular pathogens subvert the host actin-polymerization machinery to drive movement within and between cells during infection...
  87. ncbi Action and perception at the level of synergies
    M T Turvey
    Center for the Ecological Study of Perception and Action, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT, USA
    Hum Mov Sci 26:657-97. 2007
    ..of assembling coherent organizations of very many muscles characterizes a functional level of biological movement systems referred to as the level of muscular-articular links or synergies...
  88. ncbi Mechanisms for selection of basic motor programs--roles for the striatum and pallidum
    Sten Grillner
    Nobel Institute for Neurophysiology, Department of Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, SE 17177 Stockholm, Sweden
    Trends Neurosci 28:364-70. 2005
    ..It is argued that the striatum has a prominent role in selecting which motor program should be called into action...
  89. doi Beyond visual, aural and haptic movement perception: hMT+ is activated by electrotactile motion stimulation of the tongue in sighted and in congenitally blind individuals
    Isabelle Matteau
    Ecole d Optometrie, Universite de Montreal, Montreal, QC, Canada H3C 3J7
    Brain Res Bull 82:264-70. 2010
    ..not visual in nature and that are administered to body structures that, in humans, are not primarily devoted to movement perception or spatial location, such as the tongue...
  90. ncbi Self-initiated versus externally triggered movements. II. The effect of movement predictability on regional cerebral blood flow
    I H Jenkins
    MRC Cyclotron Unit, Hammersmith Hospital, London, UK
    Brain 123:1216-28. 2000
    Event-related potential studies in man suggest a role for the supplementary motor area (SMA) in movement preparation, particularly when movements are internally generated...
  91. doi Computational motor control: feedback and accuracy
    Emmanuel Guigon
    INSERM U742, ANIM, Université Pierre et Marie Curie UPMC Paris 6, 9, quai Saint Bernard, 75005 Paris, France
    Eur J Neurosci 27:1003-16. 2008
    ..g. under visual feedback. Then we show that the terminal variability of non-visually guided movement can be explained by the presence of signal-dependent proprioceptive noise...
  92. doi Target selection in visual search as revealed by movement trajectories
    Joo Hyun Song
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, 33 Kirkland Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Vision Res 48:853-61. 2008
    ..The extra time taken up in movement duration was offset by shorter initial latencies...
  93. ncbi Triple gene block: modular design of a multifunctional machine for plant virus movement
    Sergey Yu Morozov
    A N Belozersky Institute of Physico Chemical Biology, Moscow State University, Russia
    J Gen Virol 84:1351-66. 2003
    ..block' (TGB), a specialized evolutionarily conserved gene module involved in the cell-to-cell and long-distance movement of viruses...
  94. pmc Observation of static pictures of dynamic actions enhances the activity of movement-related brain areas
    Alice Mado Proverbio
    Department of Psychology, University of Milano Bicocca, Milan, Italy
    PLoS ONE 4:e5389. 2009
    ..ERPs were recorded from 128 sites in young male and female adults engaged in a secondary perceptual task...
  95. ncbi Divergent movement of adjacent whiskers
    Robert N S Sachdev
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee 37240, USA
    J Neurophysiol 87:1440-8. 2002
    The current view of whisker movement is that approximately 25 whiskers on each side of the face move in synchrony...
  96. doi Functional neuroanatomical networks associated with expertise in motor imagery
    Aymeric Guillot
    CRIS, Performance Motrice, Mentale et du Matériel P3M, Universite de Lyon, Universite Claude Bernard Lyon I, 27 29 Boulevard du 11 Novembre 1918, 69622 Villeurbanne Cedex, France
    Neuroimage 41:1471-83. 2008
    ..225-238], our results demonstrate that compared to skilled imagers, poor imagers not only need to recruit the cortico-striatal system, but to compensate with the cortico-cerebellar system during MI of sequential movements...
  97. pmc Molecular mapping of movement-associated areas in the avian brain: a motor theory for vocal learning origin
    Gesa Feenders
    Volkswagen Nachwuchsgruppe Animal Navigation, Institut für Biologie und Umweltwissenschaften IBU, University of Oldenburg, Oldenburg, Germany
    PLoS ONE 3:e1768. 2008
    ..Here, we suggest one constraint, a pre-existing system for movement control...
  98. ncbi Cell-to-cell movement of potato potexvirus X is dependent on suppression of RNA silencing
    Elizabeth H Bayne
    The Sainsbury Laboratory, John Innes Centre, Colney Lane, Norwich NR4 7UH, UK
    Plant J 44:471-82. 2005
    ..It is thought that this signal can influence long-distance movement of viruses because protein suppressors of silencing encoded in viral genomes are required for long-distance virus ..
  99. ncbi Type IV pili and twitching motility
    John S Mattick
    ARC Special Research Centre for Functional and Applied Genomics, Institute for Molecular Bioscience, University of Queensland, Brisbane QLD 4072, Australia
    Annu Rev Microbiol 56:289-314. 2002
    ..Twitching motility is also controlled by a range of signal transduction systems, including two-component sensor-regulators and a complex chemosensory system...
  100. doi What is "mirror" in the premotor cortex? A review
    O Morin
    Institut Jean Nicod, UMR 8129, EHESS, CNRS, Departement d Etudes Cognitives, Ecole Normale Superieure, 29 rue d Ulm, Paris, France
    Neurophysiol Clin 38:189-95. 2008
    ..We propose that the ventral precentral gyrus, and not BA 44, shares the visual properties of "mirror" neurons found in area F5 of the macaque brain...
  101. ncbi Genetic evidence for an essential role for potyvirus CI protein in cell-to-cell movement
    J C Carrington
    Institute of Biological Chemistry, Washington State University, Pullman 99164, USA
    Plant J 14:393-400. 1998
    ..Among the 19 replication-competent mutants, several possessed cell-to-cell or long-distance movement defects in tobacco plants...

Research Grants87

  1. Mechanisms of Therapeutic Action in SCI
    MEHDI MIRBAGHERI; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..associated with Spinal Cord Injury (SCI) are spastic muscle "hypertonia" and impaired voluntary control of movement. Hypertonia, defined as an abnormal increase in muscle tone, is a defining feature of spasticity and has both ..
  2. Impact of Antibiotics and Vaccines on the in vivo Evolution of S. pneumoniae
    Garth Ehrlich; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..automated annotation - developed dozens of operational efficiencies for the parsing and movement of data smoothly from platform to novel patented relational database structure for the parsing of complex ..
  3. OCULOMOTOR CONTROL AND GAIT IN PARKINSON DISEASE
    GAMMON EARHART; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..We think that: 1) individuals with PD who have difficulty turning will show impaired ability to rapidly switch movement directions of not just the limbs but also the eyes and 2) eye movement impairments may contribute to difficulties ..
  4. REACTION MECHANISM OF MYOCARDIAC UBIQUINONE-PROTEINS
    Chang An Yu; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..9 A resolution and indicated that QCR is a functional dimer and that the catalytic cycle of the complex involves movement of the head domain of iron-sulfur protein (ISP)...
  5. Visualization of Pelvic Floor Reflexes
    CHRISTOS EURIPIDES CONSTANTINOU; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..b>Movement detection, including motion tracking algorithms and segmentation algorithms will be developed to acquire new ..
  6. Mechanisms of Therapeutic Action in SCI
    Mehdi M Mirbagheri; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..associated with Spinal Cord Injury (SCI) are spastic muscle "hypertonia" and impaired voluntary control of movement. Hypertonia, defined as an abnormal increase in muscle tone, is a defining feature of spasticity and has both ..
  7. Cortical and basal ganglia local field potentials in human movement disorders
    Philip A Starr; Fiscal Year: 2010
    The goal of this project is to advance the understanding of movement disorders pathophysiology through studies of basal ganglia and cortical local field potentials (LFPs) in humans...
  8. Structure and function of chloride channels and transporters
    Alessio Accardi; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..processes including regulation of electrical excitability of nerve and muscle cells, modulation of salt and water movement across epithelia and acidification of intracellular compartments...
  9. EMG Biofeedback with AMES
    Paul Cordo; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..plegic stroke victims using a novel therapeutic regimen and robotic device called "AMES," an acronym for Assisted Movement with Enhanced Sensation...
  10. Structure and function of chloride channels and transporters
    Alessio Accardi; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..processes including regulation of electrical excitability of nerve and muscle cells, modulation of salt and water movement across epithelia and acidification of intracellular compartments...
  11. EFFECT OF NEURAL CONSTRAINTS ON MOVEMENT IN STROKE
    Julius Dewald; Fiscal Year: 2009
    b>Movement discoordination following stroke is caused by the emergence of stereotypic multi-joint movement patterns (synergies), reflecting a loss of independent joint control, and hyperactivity of spinal reflexes, including the stretch ..
  12. EFFECT OF NEURAL CONSTRAINTS ON MOVEMENT IN STROKE
    Julius Dewald; Fiscal Year: 2007
    b>Movement discoordination following stroke is caused by the emergence of stereotypic multi-joint movement patterns (synergies), reflecting a loss of independent joint control, and hyperactivity of spinal reflexes, including the stretch ..
  13. EFFECT OF NEURAL CONSTRAINTS ON MOVEMENT IN STROKE
    Julius P Dewald; Fiscal Year: 2010
    b>Movement discoordination following stroke is caused by the emergence of stereotypic multi-joint movement patterns (synergies), reflecting a loss of independent joint control, and hyperactivity of spinal reflexes, including the stretch ..
  14. Cortical Control of Hindlimb Muscles in Primates
    Paul Cheney; Fiscal Year: 2009
    The mechanisms underlying normal and dysfunctional cortical control of movement is a topic of great neurobiological and clinical importance...
  15. PALLIDAL PHYSIOLOGY IN HUMAN AND PRIMATE DYSTONIA
    PHILIP STARR; Fiscal Year: 2005
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant: Dystonia is a movement disorder defined as a syndrome of sustained muscle contractions, causing twisting and repetitive movements, and abnormal postures...
  16. Predicting cell deformation from body level mechanical loads
    Ahmet Erdemir; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..be studied in an isolated fashion but connecting mechanical cellular response to organ level mechanics and human movement requires a multiscale approach...
  17. Influence of the Basal Ganglia on Cerebellar Action
    Alan Gibson; Fiscal Year: 2007
    Diseases affecting the basal ganglia produce a variety of movement deficits, and these deficits are often totally disabling. Parkinson's disease, which affects about 1...
  18. DEVELOPMENT OF LOCAL CIRCUITS IN CEREBRAL CORTEX
    Asaf Keller; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..of the major body parts, and each of these contains multiple, non contiguous representations of different movement patterns...
  19. NEURAL CONTROL OF TRAINED MOVEMENT
    W Thach; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..human controls and patients which explore mechanisms whereby the cerebellum may both coordinate and adapt movement. The cerebellum works through downstream movement generators in motor cortex, red, reticular and vestibular ..
  20. Field Measures of Functional Tasks for CIT Intervention
    Paolo Bonato; Fiscal Year: 2006
    DESCRIPTION (provided by the applicant): Paresis of the upper limb after stroke results in limited functional movement ability for many patients...
  21. HAL: A TOOL FOR ASSESSING HUMAN ACTION IN THE WORKPLACE
    JOHN ALOIMONOS; Fiscal Year: 2007
    Human movement has been a large window into the functioning of the nervous system...
  22. High Force Resistance Training and Dopamine Replacement Effects on Hypokinesia in
    LELAND DIBBLE; Fiscal Year: 2007
    Idiopathic Parkinson disease (IPD) is the model movement disorder to explore the motor function of the basal ganglia...
  23. Synaptotagmin function in virus movement and plant development
    SONDRA LAZAROWITZ; Fiscal Year: 2007
    Plant virus movement proteins transport viral genomes across the cell wall by altering plasmodesmata, transwall pores that connect adjacent plant cells...
  24. Task-based ideal observer analysis and the efficiency of biological motion percep
    Jason M Gold; Fiscal Year: 2010
    People are able to easily discriminate the movement of humans from other kinds of movement...
  25. Task-based ideal observer analysis and the efficiency of biological motion percep
    Jason Gold; Fiscal Year: 2009
    People are able to easily discriminate the movement of humans from other kinds of movement...
  26. Task-based ideal observer analysis and the efficiency of biological motion percep
    Jason Gold; Fiscal Year: 2009
    People are able to easily discriminate the movement of humans from other kinds of movement...
  27. CEREBELLUM AND VISUALLY GUIDED ARM MOVEMENTS
    TIMOTHY EBNER; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..Understanding normal function is an absolute requirement for understanding the crippling movement abnormalities that result from - cerebellar disease...