mastication

Summary

Summary: The act and process of chewing and grinding food in the mouth.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Determinants of masticatory performance in dentate adults
    J P Hatch
    Department of Orthodontics, The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, 7703 Floyd Curl Drive, San Antonio, TX 78229 3900, USA
    Arch Oral Biol 46:641-8. 2001
  2. pmc Betel quid chewing in rural Bangladesh: prevalence, predictors and relationship to blood pressure
    Julia E Heck
    Department of Epidemiology, University of California, Los Angeles, CA, USA
    Int J Epidemiol 41:462-71. 2012
  3. ncbi Validation of the Eichner index in relation to occlusal force and masticatory performance
    Kazunoir Ikebe
    Department of Prosthodontics and Oral Rehabilitation, Osaka University Graduate School of Dentistry, 1 8 Yamadaoka, Suita, Osaka, Japan
    Int J Prosthodont 23:521-4. 2010
  4. ncbi Correlation between feeding methods, non-nutritive sucking and orofacial behaviors
    Ana Paula Magalhães Medeiros
    Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirao Preto, Universidade de Sao Paulo
    Pro Fono 21:315-9. 2009
  5. ncbi Prevalence of cigarette smoking and khat chewing among Aden university medical students and their relationship to BP and body mass index
    Al Khader N Laswar
    Director General of Health Affairs, Aden, Associate Professor of Surgery, Aden, Yemen
    Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl 20:862-6. 2009
  6. ncbi Association of masticatory performance with age, gender, number of teeth, occlusal force and salivary flow in Japanese older adults: is ageing a risk factor for masticatory dysfunction?
    Kazunori Ikebe
    Department of Prosthodontics and Oral Rehabilitation, Osaka University Graduate School of Dentistry, 1 8 Yamadaoka Suita, Osaka 565 0871, Japan
    Arch Oral Biol 56:991-6. 2011
  7. ncbi Oral processing characteristics of solid savoury meal components, and relationship with food composition, sensory attributes and expected satiation
    C G Forde
    Nestle Research Centre, Vers chez les Blanc, Switzerland
    Appetite 60:208-19. 2013
  8. ncbi A review of the shortened dental arch concept focusing on the work by the Käyser/Nijmegen group
    T Kanno
    Department of Fixed Prosthodontics, Graduate School of Dentistry, Tohoku University, Sendai, Japan
    J Oral Rehabil 33:850-62. 2006
  9. ncbi Reduced mastication stimulates impairment of spatial memory and degeneration of hippocampal neurons in aged SAMP8 mice
    M Onozuka
    Department of Anatomy, 2nd Division, Gifu University School of Medicine, 40 Tsukasa Machi, Gifu, 500 8705, Japan
    Brain Res 826:148-53. 1999
  10. ncbi Gum chewing reduces postoperative ileus? A systematic review and meta-analysis
    Emma J Noble
    Department of Colorectal Surgery, Derriford Hospital, Derriford Road, Plymouth, PL6 8DH, UK
    Int J Surg 7:100-5. 2009

Detail Information

Publications333 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Determinants of masticatory performance in dentate adults
    J P Hatch
    Department of Orthodontics, The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, 7703 Floyd Curl Drive, San Antonio, TX 78229 3900, USA
    Arch Oral Biol 46:641-8. 2001
    ..Number of functional tooth units and bite force were confirmed as the key determinants of masticatory performance, which suggests that their maintenance may be of major importance for promoting healthful functional status...
  2. pmc Betel quid chewing in rural Bangladesh: prevalence, predictors and relationship to blood pressure
    Julia E Heck
    Department of Epidemiology, University of California, Los Angeles, CA, USA
    Int J Epidemiol 41:462-71. 2012
    ..The purpose of our study was to examine the prevalence and predictors of betel quid chewing in a rural area of Bangladesh, and determine its effects on body mass index (BMI) and blood pressure...
  3. ncbi Validation of the Eichner index in relation to occlusal force and masticatory performance
    Kazunoir Ikebe
    Department of Prosthodontics and Oral Rehabilitation, Osaka University Graduate School of Dentistry, 1 8 Yamadaoka, Suita, Osaka, Japan
    Int J Prosthodont 23:521-4. 2010
    ....
  4. ncbi Correlation between feeding methods, non-nutritive sucking and orofacial behaviors
    Ana Paula Magalhães Medeiros
    Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirao Preto, Universidade de Sao Paulo
    Pro Fono 21:315-9. 2009
    ..The development of oral motor control depends partially on motor and sensory experiences...
  5. ncbi Prevalence of cigarette smoking and khat chewing among Aden university medical students and their relationship to BP and body mass index
    Al Khader N Laswar
    Director General of Health Affairs, Aden, Associate Professor of Surgery, Aden, Yemen
    Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl 20:862-6. 2009
    ..There was a weak positive correlation between BMI with SBP, MBP and frequency of Khat chewing...
  6. ncbi Association of masticatory performance with age, gender, number of teeth, occlusal force and salivary flow in Japanese older adults: is ageing a risk factor for masticatory dysfunction?
    Kazunori Ikebe
    Department of Prosthodontics and Oral Rehabilitation, Osaka University Graduate School of Dentistry, 1 8 Yamadaoka Suita, Osaka 565 0871, Japan
    Arch Oral Biol 56:991-6. 2011
    ..This study investigated the effect of age, gender, number of natural teeth, occlusal force and salivary flow on the masticatory performance in a large sample of elderly adults...
  7. ncbi Oral processing characteristics of solid savoury meal components, and relationship with food composition, sensory attributes and expected satiation
    C G Forde
    Nestle Research Centre, Vers chez les Blanc, Switzerland
    Appetite 60:208-19. 2013
    ..To better design meals that promote greater feelings of satiation, we need an accurate picture of the oral processing characteristics of a range of solid food items that could be used to replace softer textures during a normal hot meal...
  8. ncbi A review of the shortened dental arch concept focusing on the work by the Käyser/Nijmegen group
    T Kanno
    Department of Fixed Prosthodontics, Graduate School of Dentistry, Tohoku University, Sendai, Japan
    J Oral Rehabil 33:850-62. 2006
    ..Patients' needs and demands vary much and should be individually assessed but the shortened dental arch concept deserves to be included in all treatment planning for partially edentulous patients...
  9. ncbi Reduced mastication stimulates impairment of spatial memory and degeneration of hippocampal neurons in aged SAMP8 mice
    M Onozuka
    Department of Anatomy, 2nd Division, Gifu University School of Medicine, 40 Tsukasa Machi, Gifu, 500 8705, Japan
    Brain Res 826:148-53. 1999
    The involvement of reduced mastication in senile dementia was evaluated by examining the effect of cutting off the upper molars (molarless) on spatial memory and numbers of hippocampal neurons in aged SAMP8 mice...
  10. ncbi Gum chewing reduces postoperative ileus? A systematic review and meta-analysis
    Emma J Noble
    Department of Colorectal Surgery, Derriford Hospital, Derriford Road, Plymouth, PL6 8DH, UK
    Int J Surg 7:100-5. 2009
    ..An important cause of delayed recovery from intestinal surgery is postoperative ileus. Gum chewing is a form of sham feeding, which could encourage gastrointestinal motility through cephalic-vagal stimulation...
  11. ncbi Measuring patient satisfaction with mandibular prostheses
    M A Awad
    McGill University Faculty of Dentistry, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 26:400-5. 1998
    ..The combined effect of these factors explained most of the variation in the satisfaction ratings...
  12. ncbi Clinical validation of atlas-based auto-segmentation of multiple target volumes and normal tissue (swallowing/mastication) structures in the head and neck
    David N Teguh
    Department of Radiation Oncology, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 81:950-7. 2011
    ..To validate and clinically evaluate autocontouring using atlas-based autosegmentation (ABAS) of computed tomography images...
  13. ncbi Effect of bite size and oral processing time of a semisolid food on satiation
    Nicolien Zijlstra
    Top Institute Food and Nutrition, Wageningen, Netherlands
    Am J Clin Nutr 90:269-75. 2009
    ..In previous studies we showed a clear effect of viscosity on ad libitum food intake and found indications that eating rate, bite size, and oral processing time (OPT) could play a role...
  14. ncbi Finite-element analysis of biting behavior and bone stress in the facial skeletons of bats
    Elizabeth R Dumont
    Department of Biology, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, Massachusetts 01003, USA
    Anat Rec A Discov Mol Cell Evol Biol 283:319-30. 2005
    ..The same was not true of Cynopterus, where factors other than feeding appear to have had a more significant impact on craniofacial morphology...
  15. ncbi Food transport and bolus formation during complete feeding sequences on foods of different initial consistency
    K M Hiiemae
    Department of Bioengineering and Neuroscience, and Institute for Sensory Research, Syracuse University, Syracuse, New York 13244 5290, USA
    Dysphagia 14:31-42. 1999
    ..There was no predictable tongue-palate contact at any time in the sequence. A new model for bolus formation and deglutition is proposed...
  16. pmc Betel nut chewing is strongly associated with general and central obesity in Chinese male middle-aged adults
    Wen Yuan Lin
    Department of Family Medicine, China Medical University Hospital, Graduate Institute of Clinical Medical Science, College of Medicine, China Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 17:1247-54. 2009
    ..Dose-response effects of the association between betel nut consumption and general obesity as well as central obesity were found...
  17. ncbi Betel nut chewing is associated with hypertension in Taiwanese type 2 diabetic patients
    Chin Hsiao Tseng
    Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan University College of Medicine, and National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan
    Hypertens Res 31:417-23. 2008
    ..805+/-0.618 and 1.198+/-0.393. In conclusion, betel nut chewing was significantly associated with hypertension in Taiwanese patients with T2DM and the association was stronger in women...
  18. ncbi Saliva and gastrointestinal functions of taste, mastication, swallowing and digestion
    A M Pedersen
    Copenhagen Gerodontological Oral Health Research Centre, Department of Clinical Oral Physiology, Anatomy, Pathology and Medicine, School of Dentistry, Denmark
    Oral Dis 8:117-29. 2002
    ..paper reviews the role of human saliva and its compositional elements in relation to the GI functions of taste, mastication, bolus formation, enzymatic digestion, and swallowing...
  19. ncbi Systemic release of endotoxins induced by gentle mastication: association with periodontitis severity
    Sabine O Geerts
    Department of Periodontology Bucco Dental Surgery, University of Liege, Belgium
    J Periodontol 73:73-8. 2002
    ..The aim of the present study was to test the influence of gentle mastication on the occurrence of endotoxemia in patients with or without periodontal disease.
  20. ncbi Effects of soft-diet feeding on synaptic density in the hippocampus and parietal cortex of senescence-accelerated mice
    T Yamamoto
    Oral Health Science Center, Tokyo Dental College, 261 8502, Chiba, Japan
    Brain Res 902:255-63. 2001
    ..The results indicated that soft-diet feeding after weaning period reduces synaptic formation in the cerebral cortex and impairs the ability of spatial learning in adulthood...
  21. ncbi Relationship between cognitive function and mastication in elderly females
    H Miura
    Department of Speech Therapy, Faculty of Health Science, Kyushu University of Health and Welfare, Miyazaki, Japan
    J Oral Rehabil 30:808-11. 2003
    ..function was assessed in terms of the number of teeth present, maximum bite force, occlusal contact area, and mastication score...
  22. ncbi Areca nut chewing and mortality in an elderly cohort study
    Tzuo Yun Lan
    Division of Gerontology Research, National Health Research Institutes, No 161 Ming Chuan East Road Section 6, Taipei 114, Taiwan
    Am J Epidemiol 165:677-83. 2007
    ..Further studies are needed to confirm these findings and to better understand the possible mechanisms of death...
  23. ncbi Chewing ability and quality of life in an 80-year-old population
    Y Takata
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Health Promotion, Kyushu Dental College, Kitakyushu, Japan
    J Oral Rehabil 33:330-4. 2006
    ..4 times more prevalent, respectively, in subjects chewing four foods or fewer. The number of teeth showed little effect. In conclusion, self-assessed chewing ability but not number of teeth was associated with QOL in 80-year-old subjects...
  24. ncbi Masticatory performance, maximum occlusal force, and occlusal contact area in patients with bilaterally missing molars and distal extension removable partial dentures
    Kerem Aras
    Department of Prosthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Ankara University, Ankara, Turkey
    Int J Prosthodont 22:204-9. 2009
    ....
  25. ncbi A six-month assessment of oral health-related quality of life of complete denture wearers using denture adhesive: a pilot study
    Emmanuel Nicolas
    CHU Clermont Ferrand, Service d Odontologie, Hotel Dieu, F 63000 Clermont Ferrand, France
    J Prosthodont 19:443-8. 2010
    ..The use of an adhesive agent can provide an alternative to implant-supported prostheses. The objective of this study was to show that new complete dentures using a denture adhesive (DA) improve oral health-related quality of life...
  26. ncbi Areca nut chewing is associated with metabolic syndrome: role of tumor necrosis factor-alpha, leptin, and white blood cell count in betel nut chewing-related metabolic derangements
    Fu Mei Chung
    Diabetes Care 29:1714. 2006
  27. ncbi Chewing areca nut as an independent risk factor for proteinuria in middle-aged men
    Wen Hsin Liu
    Center of Physical Examination, Ditmanson Medical Foundation Chia Yi Christian Hospital, Chia Yi, Taiwan
    Kaohsiung J Med Sci 29:214-20. 2013
    ..With the stricter definition of proteinuria, the odds ratios became weaker (1.40, 1.36 and 1.19; p = 0.009, 0.029 and 0.24). We concluded that chewing AN was independently associated with risk of proteinuria in middle-aged Chinese men...
  28. ncbi Influence of dentition status on physical disability, mental impairment, and mortality in institutionalized elderly people
    Y Shimazaki
    Department of Preventive Dentistry, Kyushu University Faculty of Dental Science, Japan
    J Dent Res 80:340-5. 2001
    The loss of teeth is known to influence the mastication of foods and nutritional status. Therefore, we hypothesize that poor dentition status can impair the systemic health of the aged...
  29. ncbi Chewing deficiencies in adults with multiple untreated carious lesions
    N Decerle
    Clermont Universite, Universite d Auvergne, Centre de Recherche en Odontologie Clinique, Clermont Ferrand, France
    Caries Res 47:330-7. 2013
    ..and consequently an unhealthy diet, but few data are available on the impact of untreated caries on mastication in adults...
  30. ncbi Association between self-assessment of complete dentures and oral health-related quality of life
    Y Komagamine
    Complete Denture Prosthodontics, Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Tokyo, Japan
    J Oral Rehabil 39:847-57. 2012
    ..These results suggest that sufficient retention of lower dentures and appropriate appearance may lead to improved OHRQoL in edentulous patients...
  31. ncbi Impact of morbid obesity on chewing ability
    J L Veyrune
    Univ Clermont1, EA 3847, Faculté d Odontologie, 11bvd Charles de Gaulle, 63000, Clermont Ferrand, France
    Obes Surg 18:1467-72. 2008
    ..This study compared the chewing parameters in a group of obese adult patients scheduled for gastric bypass surgery with those of a control group...
  32. ncbi Areca-nut chewing habit is a significant risk factor for metabolic syndrome: a systematic review
    F Javed
    Eng A B Research Chair for Growth Factors and Bone Regeneration, College of Dentistry, King Saud University, P O Box 60169, Riyadh 11545, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
    J Nutr Health Aging 16:445-8. 2012
    ....
  33. ncbi [The need of efficient chewing function in young children as prevention of dental malposition and malocclusion]
    M Limme
    Service d Orthodontie et de Pédodontie, Institut de Dentisterie ULG Policlinique L Brull CHU, Quai G Kurth, 45 4020 Liège, Belgique
    Arch Pediatr 17:S213-9. 2010
    ..grindings of the primary teeth and the consequent lack of development of an attritional occlusion in the deciduous dentition are signs of a poorly trained mastication and a bad prognosis for the alignment of the permanent incisors.
  34. ncbi Incidence of tooth loss and prosthodontic dental care: effect on chewing difficulty onset, a component of oral health-related quality of life
    Gregg H Gilbert
    Department of Diagnostic Sciences, School of Dentistry, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 35294, USA
    J Am Geriatr Soc 52:880-5. 2004
    ..To quantify incidence of tooth loss, prosthodontic dental restoration, and chewing difficulty onset and the effect of tooth loss and prosthodontic restoration on chewing difficulty onset...
  35. ncbi Self-reported chewing side preference and its associations with occlusal, temporomandibular and prosthodontic factors: results from the population-based Study of Health in Pomerania (SHIP-0)
    S Diernberger
    Department of Orthodontics, Centre of Oral Health, University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria
    J Oral Rehabil 35:613-20. 2008
    ..Despite replacement of lost teeth not all restorations seemed to support bilateral mastication.
  36. pmc Task specificity in early oral motor development
    Erin M Wilson
    Waisman Center, University of Wisconsin Madison, Madison, Wisconsin 53705, USA
    Semin Speech Lang 29:257-66. 2008
    ..Well-designed empirical studies are necessary, however, to establish the efficacy of NSOMEs for specific clinical population and treatment targets...
  37. ncbi Transgenerational effects of betel-quid chewing on the development of the metabolic syndrome in the Keelung Community-based Integrated Screening Program
    Tony H Hsi Chen
    Institute of Preventive Medicine, College of Public Health, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan
    Am J Clin Nutr 83:688-92. 2006
    ..The transgenerational metabolic effects of betel-quid chewing have been reported in mice but not in humans...
  38. ncbi Functional status of masticatory system, executive function and episodic memory in older persons
    E Scherder
    Institute of Human Movement Sciences, Rijksuniversiteit Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands
    J Oral Rehabil 35:324-36. 2008
    Findings from human experimental studies suggest that mastication positively influences cognitive function. The participants in those studies were relatively young...
  39. ncbi The relationship between masticatory efficiency and the state of dentition at patients with non rehabilitated partial lost of teeth
    T Sierpinska
    Department of Prosthodontics, Medical University of Białystok, Poland
    Adv Med Sci 51:196-9. 2006
    ..Factors believed to affect masticatory efficiency include loss of postcanine teeth, bite force, severity of malocclusion, occlusal contact area, body size and oral motor function...
  40. ncbi Kinematics of the equine temporomandibular joint
    Stephanie J Bonin
    Mary Anne McPhail Equine Performance Center, Department of Large Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Michigan State University, East Lansing, 48824, USA
    Am J Vet Res 67:423-8. 2006
    ..To develop a method of measuring 3-dimensional kinematics of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) in horses chewing sweet feed...
  41. ncbi Finite element analysis of stresses in molars during clenching and mastication
    Beata Dejak
    Department of Prosthetic Dentistry, Institute of Dentistry, Medical University of Lodz, Poland
    J Prosthet Dent 90:591-7. 2003
    ..During physiological functions of the masticatory system such as swallowing and chewing, teeth are subjected to variations in force application. Most in vitro analyses of stress have not analyzed the combined forces acting on teeth...
  42. ncbi Hemispheric dominance of tongue control depends on the chewing-side preference
    H Shinagawa
    Maxillofacial Orthognathics, Graduate School, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Japan
    J Dent Res 82:278-83. 2003
    ..The results suggest that there is a relationship between hemispheric dominance and chewing-side preference in primary sensorimotor cortices responsible for tongue movements...
  43. ncbi A systematic review of the efficacy of gum chewing for the amelioration of postoperative ileus
    S M M de Castro
    Academic Medical Center of the University of Amsterdam, Hilversum, The Netherlands
    Dig Surg 25:39-45. 2008
    ..This finding could have a major clinical impact since gum chewing is relatively harmless and cheap while postoperative ileus has a significant impact on healthcare...
  44. ncbi Betel nut chewing and other risk factors associated with obesity among Taiwanese male adults
    W C Chang
    Division of Gerontology Research, National Health Research Institutes, Taipei City, Taiwan
    Int J Obes (Lond) 30:359-63. 2006
    ..The research aimed at examining betel nut chewing and other risk factors associated with obesity among Taiwanese male adults...
  45. ncbi Systematic review and meta-analysis of chewing-gum therapy in the reduction of postoperative paralytic ileus following gastrointestinal surgery
    J Edward F Fitzgerald
    Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Queen s Medical Centre, Nottingham University Hospitals NHS Trust, Nottingham NG7 2UH, UK
    World J Surg 33:2557-66. 2009
    ..Chewing is a form of sham feeding reported to stimulate bowel motility. This analysis examines the value of chewing-gum therapy in treatment of postoperative ileus...
  46. ncbi Simultaneous real-time measurements of mastication, swallowing, nasal airflow, and aroma release
    M Hodgson
    Division of Food Sciences, University of Nottingham, Sutton Bonington Campus, Loughborough, Leics, LE12 5RD, UK
    J Agric Food Chem 51:5052-7. 2003
    b>Mastication, swallowing, breath flow, and aroma release were measured simultaneously in vivo using electromyography, electroglottography, a turbine air flow meter, and the MS-Nose, respectively...
  47. ncbi Three-dimensional finite element modelling of muscle forces during mastication
    Oliver Röhrle
    Bioengineering Institute, The University of Auckland, Private Bag 92019, Auckland 1, New Zealand
    J Biomech 40:3363-72. 2007
    This paper presents a three-dimensional finite element model of human mastication. Specifically, an anatomically realistic model of the masseter muscles and associated bones is used to investigate the dynamics of chewing...
  48. ncbi Mastication for the mind--the relationship between mastication and cognition in ageing and dementia
    R A F Weijenberg
    Dept of Clinical Neuropsychology, VU University Amsterdam, Van der Boechorststraat 1, 1081 BT Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Neurosci Biobehav Rev 35:483-97. 2011
    The goal of this literature review has been to investigate the relationship between mastication and cognition, with a special focus on ageing and dementia, and its possible underlying mechanisms...
  49. ncbi The effect of mastication on human cognitive processing: a study using event-related potentials
    Kiwako Sakamoto
    Department of Integrative Physiology, National Institute for Physiological Sciences, Myodaiji, Okazaki 444 8585, Japan
    Clin Neurophysiol 120:41-50. 2009
    The purpose of the present study was to clarify the effect of mastication on cognitive processing using reaction time (RT) and event-related potentials (ERPs).
  50. ncbi Betel nut chewing is associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality in Taiwanese men
    Wen Yuan Lin
    Department of Family Medicine, China Medical University Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan
    Am J Clin Nutr 87:1204-11. 2008
    ..Betel nut chewing is related to several kinds of cancer, metabolic syndrome, and type 2 diabetes. Whether it is associated with a greater risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and all-cause mortality, however, remains unclear...
  51. pmc Areca nut and betel quid chewing among South Asian immigrants to Western countries and its implications for oral cancer screening
    Ajit Auluck
    University of British Columbia, British Columbia Cancer Agency, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    Rural Remote Health 9:1118. 2009
    ..In this article, we present an overview of the sociocultural beliefs, knowledge and practices regarding betel quid/areca nut chewing, and discuss its implications for oral cancer screening among this immigrant population...
  52. ncbi Chewing and food consistency: effects on bolus transport and swallow initiation
    Eiichi Saitoh
    Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, School of Medicine, Fujita Health University, Toyoake, Aichi, Japan
    Dysphagia 22:100-7. 2007
    ..Consuming two-phase foods with both solid and liquid phases may increase the risk of aspiration in dysphagic individuals with impaired airway protective reflexes...
  53. ncbi Particle size distribution of food boluses after mastication of six natural foods
    M A Peyron
    Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, Theix, Station de Recherches sur la Viande, Saint Genes Champanelle, France
    J Dent Res 83:578-82. 2004
    There is a large variability between and among individuals in the physiology of mastication, but it is not known whether this produces a similar variability in the particle sizes of food boluses at the end of the chewing process...
  54. ncbi The masticatory normative indicator
    A Woda
    université Clermont 1, EA 3847, Faculty of Dentistry, 11 Bd Charles de Gaulle, 63000 Clermont Ferrand, France
    J Dent Res 89:281-5. 2010
    ..This value identifies boluses that may be considered as resulting from impaired mastication, as illustrated in healthy individuals with experimentally hampered mastication, denture wearers, and ..
  55. ncbi The challenge of mastication: preparing a bolus suitable for deglutition
    Anne Mishellany
    Déficiences, Incapacités et Désavantages en Santé Orale, DIDO, Faculté Dentaire, Clermont Ferrand, France
    Dysphagia 21:87-94. 2006
    The main function of mastication is to transform a solid food into a bolus that can be swallowed safely...
  56. pmc Predictors of betel quid chewing behavior and cessation patterns in Taiwan aborigines
    Chin Feng Lin
    Institute of Occupational Medicine and Industrial Hygiene, National Taiwan University, College of Public Health, Taipei, Taiwan
    BMC Public Health 6:271. 2006
    ..Cessation factors in betel quid chewers are unknown. The present study explores prevalence and the quit rate of betel quid chewing in Taiwan aborigines. Our goal was to delineate potential predictors of chewing cessation...
  57. ncbi Masticatory ability and functional tooth units in Japanese adults
    M Ueno
    Department of Oral Health Promotion, Graduate School, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Tokyo, Japan
    J Oral Rehabil 35:337-44. 2008
    ..Maintaining 20 and more natural teeth and at least eight nif-functional tooth units is important in reducing the likelihood of self-assessed chewing difficulties...
  58. ncbi Mastication of almonds: effects of lipid bioaccessibility, appetite, and hormone response
    Bridget A Cassady
    Department of Foods and Nutrition, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907 2059, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 89:794-800. 2009
    ..This has been attributed to strong satiety properties, increased resting energy expenditure, and limited lipid bioaccessibility...
  59. ncbi Influences of reduced masticatory sensory input from soft-diet feeding upon spatial memory/learning ability in mice
    Keisuke Tsutsui
    Department of Orthodontics and Craniofacial Developmental Biology, Hiroshima University Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Hiroshima, Japan
    Biomed Res 28:1-7. 2007
    ..These results demonstrate that reduction of masticatory afferent stimuli due to long-term soft-diet feeding may induce neuron loss in the hippocampus and reduced memory/learning ability...
  60. ncbi Effect of tooth loss on spatial memory and trkB-mRNA levels in rats
    Kaoruko Yamazaki
    Department of Removable Prosthodontics, School of Dentistry, Iwate Medical University, Japan
    Hippocampus 18:542-7. 2008
    ..The results indicated that, in rats, the spatial memory-linked trkB-mRNA was reduced in association with the tooth loss; this supports the hypothesis and suggests that teeth have a role in the prevention of spatial memory impairment...
  61. ncbi Oral health status and treatment satisfaction with mandibular implant overdentures and conventional dentures: a randomized clinical trial in a senior population
    Manal A Awad
    Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Nursing and Health Services Administration and Environmental Health, University of Sharjah, United Arab Emirates
    Int J Prosthodont 16:390-6. 2003
    ..The purpose of this study was to compare elderly patients' satisfaction and oral health-related quality of life with mandibular two-implant overdentures and conventional dentures...
  62. ncbi Modeling elastic properties in finite-element analysis: how much precision is needed to produce an accurate model?
    David S Strait
    Department of Anthropology, University at Albany, Albany, New York 12222, USA
    Anat Rec A Discov Mol Cell Evol Biol 283:275-87. 2005
    ....
  63. ncbi Effects of increased hardness on jaw movement and muscle activity during chewing of visco-elastic model foods
    M A Peyron
    GEPTA, Unité associée INRA, Laboratoire de Physiologie Oro Faciale, U F R d Odontologie, 11 Boulevard Charles de Gaulle, 63000 Clermont Ferrand, France
    Exp Brain Res 142:41-51. 2002
    ..edible and well-controlled model foods in order to describe some of the stimulus-response functions of the food-mastication loop...
  64. ncbi Influence of age on adaptability of human mastication
    Marie Agnès Peyron
    Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, Station de Recherches sur la Viande, Theix, 63122 Saint Genes Champanelle, France
    J Neurophysiol 92:773-9. 2004
    The objective of this work was to study the influence of age on the ability of subjects to adapt mastication to changes in the hardness of foods...
  65. ncbi Betel nut chewing and related factors in adolescent students in Taiwan
    Su Chen Wang
    Graduate Institute of Dental Science, Kaohsiung Medical University, No 100, Shih Chuan 1st St, Kaohsiung City 807, Taiwan, ROC
    Public Health 117:339-45. 2003
    ..To make suggestions regarding how health authorities can reduce the number of students taking up the habit...
  66. ncbi Patient satisfaction following restoration of shortened mandibular dental arches in a randomized controlled trial
    Nicholas Jepson
    Department of Restorative Dentistry, School of Dental Sciences, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom
    Int J Prosthodont 16:409-14. 2003
    ..This pilot study investigated patient satisfaction following restoration of mandibular shortened dental arches...
  67. ncbi Relationship between clinical dental status and eating difficulty in an old Chinese population
    X Zeng
    Department of Preventive Dentistry, Affiliated Stomatology Hospital, Guangxi Medical University, Nanning, Guangxi Province, China
    J Oral Rehabil 35:37-44. 2008
    ..In conclusion, clinical dental status was strongly related with eating difficulty in a sample of older Chinese dentate people...
  68. pmc Association between perceived chewing ability and oral health-related quality of life in partially dentate patients
    Mika Inukai
    Department of Removable Partial Denture Prosthodontics, Graduate School, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, 1 5 45 Yushima, Bunkyo ku, Tokyo 113 8549, Japan
    Health Qual Life Outcomes 8:118. 2010
    ..The aim of this study was to examine whether perceived chewing ability was related to OHRQoL in partially dentate patients...
  69. ncbi Postprandial whole-body protein metabolism after a meat meal is influenced by chewing efficiency in elderly subjects
    Didier Remond
    Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, UMR 1019, Unite de Nutrition Humaine, Centre de Clermont Ferrand Theix, Saint Genes Champanelle, France
    Am J Clin Nutr 85:1286-92. 2007
    ..The rate of protein digestion affects protein utilization in elderly subjects. Although meat is a widely consumed protein source, little is known of its digestion rate and how it can be affected by the chewing capacity of elderly subjects...
  70. ncbi Effects of arecoline on adipogenesis, lipolysis, and glucose uptake of adipocytes-A possible role of betel-quid chewing in metabolic syndrome
    Hsin Fen Hsu
    Laboratory of Molecular Toxicology, Division of Environmental Health and Occupational Medicine, National Health Research Institutes, Zhunan, Miaoli, Taiwan
    Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 245:370-7. 2010
    ..These findings provide the first in vitro evidence of betel-quid chewing modulation of adipose cell metabolism that could contribute to the explanation of the association of this habit with metabolic syndrome disorders...
  71. ncbi Effects of mastication on mandibular growth evaluated by microcomputed tomography
    Akiko Enomoto
    Department of Orthodontics, Showa University, Tokyo, Japan
    Eur J Orthod 32:66-70. 2010
    It is well known that mastication has a significant influence on mandibular growth and development, but the mechanism behind this effect has not yet been clarified...
  72. pmc Volitional control of food transport and bolus formation during feeding
    Jeffrey B Palmer
    Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21287, United States
    Physiol Behav 91:66-70. 2007
    ..06). Under the command condition, stage II transport was delayed, and transport to the valleculae was inhibited. Volition alters swallow initiation in both the timing and location of the food bolus relative to the airway...
  73. pmc Comparing factors affecting commencement and cessation of betel quid chewing behavior in Taiwanese adults
    Shue Fang Yap
    Faculty of Dental Hygiene, College of Dental Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University, Taiwan
    BMC Public Health 8:199. 2008
    ..The purpose of this study was to compare the risk factors for commencement and cessation of betel quid chewing behaviors in a time-to-event setting...
  74. ncbi A prospective community-population-registry based cohort study of the association between betel-quid chewing and cardiovascular disease in men in Taiwan (KCIS no. 19)
    Amy Ming Fang Yen
    Institute of Preventive Medicine, College of Public Health, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan
    Am J Clin Nutr 87:70-8. 2008
    ....
  75. ncbi Modulation of mandibular loading and bite force in mammals during mastication
    Callum F Ross
    Organismal Biology and Anatomy, University of Chicago, 1027 E 57th Street, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
    J Exp Biol 210:1046-63. 2007
    Modulation of force during mammalian mastication provides insight into force modulation in rhythmic, cyclic behaviors...
  76. ncbi Adaptability of mastication in people with implant-supported bridges
    Anastasios Grigoriadis
    Department of Dental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Huddinge, Sweden Physiology Section, Department of Integrative Medical Biology, Umea University, Umea, Sweden
    J Clin Periodontol 38:395-404. 2011
    We aimed to determine whether people with implant-supported bridges in both jaws, thus lacking periodontal receptors, adjust jaw muscle activity to food hardness during mastication.
  77. ncbi Movement of the lateral and medial poles of the working condyle during mastication in patients with unilateral posterior crossbite
    Shouichi Miyawaki
    Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine and Dentistry, Okayama, Japan
    Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 126:549-54. 2004
    ..unilateral posterior crossbite often show reverse sequential jaw movement patterns on the frontal view during mastication on the crossbite side...
  78. ncbi Effects of reversible bilateral inactivation of face primary motor cortex on mastication and swallowing
    Kensuke Yamamura
    Faculty of Dentistry, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Brain Res 944:40-55. 2002
    ..The effects of reversible cold block-induced bilateral inactivation of the face primary motor cortex (face MI) on mastication and swallowing were studied in awake monkeys...
  79. ncbi Complete denture wearers: electromyography of mastication and texture perception whilst eating meat
    J L Veyrune
    Laboratoire de Physiologie Oro Faciale, Clermont Ferrand, France
    Eur J Oral Sci 108:83-92. 2000
    ..Both groups perceived differences in texture of the samples. It was concluded that although texture perception is little altered, muscular adaptation to the bolus is reduced in patients with complete dentures...
  80. ncbi Subjective food intake ability in relation to maximal bite force among Korean adults
    B I Kim
    Department of Preventive Dentistry and Public Oral Health, Yonsei University College of Dentistry, Seoul, Korea
    J Oral Rehabil 36:168-75. 2009
    ..51 (P < 0.01). These results suggest that the subjective food intake ability using the 30 and five key foods can be used to evaluate the masticatory function in Korean adults...
  81. ncbi Tooth-PDL-bone complex: response to compressive loads encountered during mastication - a review
    Gili R S Naveh
    Department of Structural Biology, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, Israel
    Arch Oral Biol 57:1575-84. 2012
    ..ligament (PDL)-alveolar bone complex act in a synergistic manner to dissipate the loads incurred during mastication. The complex incorporates a diverse array of structural features for this purpose...
  82. ncbi Dental microwear in relation to changes in the direction of mastication during the evolution of Myodonta (Rodentia, Mammalia)
    Cyril Charles
    Laboratoire de Géobiologie, Biochronologie et Paléontologie humaine, CNRS UMR 6046, Faculté SFA, Universite de Poitiers, 40, avenue du Recteur Pineau, 86022 Poitiers Cedex, France
    Naturwissenschaften 94:71-5. 2007
    ..Microscopic scratches on occlusal surfaces resulting from contact between opposite teeth during mastication are analysed. Using these features, we determine the direction of masticatory movements...
  83. ncbi Comparison of masticatory function between subjects with three types of dentition
    Daniela Baccelli Silveira Mendonca
    Department of Occlusion, Fixed Prosthodontics, and Dental Materials, School of Dentistry, Federal University of Uberândia, Campus Umuarama, Uberândia, MG, Brazil
    Int J Prosthodont 22:399-404. 2009
    ..Subjects with a mandibular fixed implant-supported prosthesis (ISP), complete dentures (CDs), or a natural dentition (ND) were evaluated...
  84. ncbi The influence of malocclusion on masticatory performance. A systematic review
    Isabela Brandão Magalhães
    Departament of Clinical Dentistry, Vale do Rio Verde University UNINCOR, Três Coraçções MG, Brazil
    Angle Orthod 80:981-7. 2010
    ..To systematically review the relationship between malocclusions and masticatory performance. In addition, we will perform a qualitative analysis of the methodological soundness of the studies...
  85. ncbi Occlusion and brain function: mastication as a prevention of cognitive dysfunction
    Y Ono
    Department of Physiology and Neuroscience, Kanagawa Dental College, Yokosuka, Japan
    J Oral Rehabil 37:624-40. 2010
    Research in animals and humans has shown that mastication maintains cognitive function in the hippocampus, a brain area important for learning and memory...
  86. ncbi Location of main occluding areas and masticatory ability in patients with reduced occlusal support
    Y Nakatsuka
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Biology, Matsumoto Dental University, Nagano, Japan
    Aust Dent J 55:45-50. 2010
    ..The purpose of this study was to investigate the differences in location of the main occluding area with reduction of occlusal support and to evaluate the subsequent impairment in masticatory ability...
  87. ncbi Validity and reliability of a Self-Implementable method to evaluate masticatory performance: use of color-changeable chewing gum and a color scale
    Miho Kamiyama
    Complete Denture Prosthodontics, Department of Masticatory Function Rehabilitation, Division of Oral Health Sciences, Graduate School, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, 1 5 45 Yushima, Bunkyo ku, Tokyo 113 8549, Japan
    J Prosthodont Res 54:24-8. 2010
    ..The objective of this study was to confirm the validity of a Self-Implementable method to evaluate masticatory performance using a newly developed color scale and color-changeable chewing gum...
  88. ncbi Forced mastication increases survival of adult neural stem cells in the hippocampal dentate gyrus
    Yuki Akazawa
    Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Tokushima University Hospital, Tokushima 770 8504, Japan
    Int J Mol Med 31:307-14. 2013
    In this study, we examined the effect of forced mastication on neurogenesis in the hippocampal dentate gyrus (DG) of adult mice. Six-week-old mice were subjected to either a hard or normal diet for 13 weeks...
  89. pmc Spatial memory decline after masticatory deprivation and aging is associated with altered laminar distribution of CA1 astrocytes
    Marina Negrão Frota de Almeida
    Universidade Federal do Para UFPA, Instituto de Ciencias Biologicas, Laboratório de Investigações em Neurodegeneração e Infecção, Hospital Universitário João de Barros Barreto, Belem, PA, Brazil
    BMC Neurosci 13:23. 2012
    ..We investigated the impact of long-term reduced mastication on spatial memory in young, mature and aged female albino Swiss mice by stereological analysis of the laminar ..
  90. ncbi Rehabilitation with dental prosthesis can increase cerebral regional blood volume
    Ikuya Miyamoto
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan
    Clin Oral Implants Res 16:723-7. 2005
    ..this experimental study, we hypothesized that dental prosthesis can recover not only the physical condition of mastication system but also the regional brain activity...
  91. ncbi A comparison of the methods used to determine chewing preference
    J M F Varela
    Department of Stomatology, School of Dentistry, University of Santiago de Compostela, Spain
    J Oral Rehabil 30:990-4. 2003
    ..Most experts agree that mastication is no exception in that there is a 'preferred chewing side' but the determination of this preference is ..
  92. ncbi Masticatory function and cognitive function
    Kin ya Kubo
    Seijoh University Graduate School of Health Care Studies, 2 172 Fukinodai, Tokai, Aichi 476 8588, Japan
    Okajimas Folia Anat Jpn 87:135-40. 2010
    ..These findings strongly suggest a link between mastication and neurocognitive function.
  93. ncbi Intermittency in mastication and apomorphine-induced gnawing
    G E Gerstner
    Department of Biologic and Materials Sciences, University of Michigan School of Dentistry, Ann Arbor 48109 1078, USA
    Physiol Behav 65:569-74. 1998
    Rhythmic behaviors like mastication, gnawing, and locomotion, are characterized by temporal segmentation or intermittency...
  94. ncbi Chewing behaviour and bolus formation during mastication of meat with different textures
    Laurence Mioche
    Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, SRV Theix, 63122 Saint Genes Champanelle, France
    Arch Oral Biol 48:193-200. 2003
    ..activity was recorded from surface electrodes on the elevator muscles (masseter and temporalis) during mastication of cold beef...
  95. ncbi In vivo aroma release of milk gels of different hardnesses: inter-individual differences and their consequences on aroma perception
    Isabelle Gierczynski
    Unité Mixte de Recherche Flaveur Vision et Comportement du Consommateur, ENESAD INRA UB, 17 rue Sully, BP 86510, 21065 Dijon Cedex, France
    J Agric Food Chem 56:1697-703. 2008
    ..Second, we observed that, during the chewing phase, the aroma was perceived as more intense for the firmer gel and for panelists for whom the aroma release begins during the chewing of the product...
  96. ncbi Can oral health promotion help develop masticatory function and prevent dental caries?
    Reiko Sakashita
    Nursing Foundation, College of Nursing Art and Science, University of Hyogo, Japan
    Community Dent Health 23:107-15. 2006
    ..The aims of this study were to evaluate the project's effect on dental caries and masticatory function...
  97. ncbi Effect of mastication on functional recoveries after permanent middle cerebral artery occlusion in rats
    Katsuya Kawanishi
    Division of Occlusion and Removable Prosthodontics, Department of Oral Rehabilitation, Health Sciences University of Hokkaido School of Dentistry, Japan
    J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis 19:398-403. 2010
    ..We evaluated whether solid feed is more effective for functional recoveries than liquid feed in rats with ischemic brain injury after permanent middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO)...
  98. ncbi Cyclic motion of the soft palate in feeding
    K Matsuo
    Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Johns Hopkins University and Good Samaritan Hospital, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA
    J Dent Res 84:39-42. 2005
    ..Videofluorographic recordings showed that rhythmic motions of the soft palate during mastication were linked temporally to jaw motion. Soft palate motion occurred in every recording but not in every jaw cycle...
  99. ncbi Coordination of cranial motoneurons during mastication
    Yoshiaki Yamada
    Division of Oral Physiology, Department of Oral Biological Science, Niigata University Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, 2 5274 Gakkocho dori, Niigata 951 8514, Japan
    Respir Physiol Neurobiol 147:177-89. 2005
    b>Mastication is the first stage of digestion and involves several motor processes such as food intake, intra-oral food transport, bolus formation and chewing in its broad sense...
  100. ncbi A two-colour chewing gum test for masticatory efficiency: development of different assessment methods
    M Schimmel
    Division of Gerodontology and Removable Prosthodontics, University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland
    J Oral Rehabil 34:671-8. 2007
    ..The aim of this study was to investigate different assessment methods of a two-colour chewing gum test for masticatory efficiency to determine its validity for research and clinical purposes...
  101. ncbi Mastication-induced modulation of orofacial sensory inputs as seen in the jaw reflex and single neuronal activities in the face primary somatosensory cortex of the rabbit
    Kensuke Yamamura
    Division of Oral Physiology, Niigata University Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, 2 5274 Gakko cho Dori, Niigata 951 8514, Japan
    Arch Oral Biol 52:329-33. 2007
    The aim of the present study was to compare the effect of mastication on non-nociceptive orofacial sensory transmission of the somatosensory pathways and that on the jaw reflex arc...

Research Grants63

  1. Mapping Orofacial Nociceptive Pathways and Alterations Due to Inflammation
    JOSHUA EMRICK; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..pulpitis), connective tissues supporting the dentition (gingivitis and periodontitis), muscles involved in mastication (myositis), or temporomandibular joint (arthritis or temporomandibular disorder/TMD)...
  2. Bc12 regulates osteoclast survival
    Junro Yamashita; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Tooth loss due to periodontitis causes problems in mastication, pronunciation, and esthetics. Rheumatoid arthritis induces joint damage and eventual disability...
  3. Botulinum toxin in muscles of mastication
    Susan W Herring; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The results will guide clinicians in understanding functional consequences and help to validate clinical rationales for treatment. ..
  4. Pre-clinical Models of Odontic Analogs by Endogenous Stem Cells
    Jeremy J Mao; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..tooth loss negatively impacts one's self-esteem and impairs multiple physiological functions including mastication, digestion and/or speech...
  5. Determining Functions of a Brainstem Pre-motor Module In Masticatory Jaw Movement
    EDWARD JOHN STANEK; Fiscal Year: 2013
    Determining Functions of a Brainstem Pre-motor Module In Masticatory Jaw Movement Project Summary/Abstract Mastication is a complex sensory-motor behavior necessary for the preparation of food for swallowing...
  6. Functional Tooth Mobility
    Zi Jun Liu; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This species is the most accepted and well-described animal analogue to human mastication and its multi-rooted posterior teeth are quite similar to those of humans...
  7. Mechanism of Impaired Diabetic Oral Wound Healing
    Dana T Graves; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..stresses associated with the oral cavity including bacteria which bathe the mucosal surfaces and forces of mastication, amongst others...
  8. Estrogen and Psychological Stress in TMJD Pain
    David A Bereiter; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..represent a family of conditions that present with pain in the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) and muscles of mastication. Chronic TMJD occurs mainly in young women and is strongly associated with elevated levels of psychological ..
  9. An experimental/computational approach for understanding salivary fluid secretion
    David I Yule; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..objective functional deficits including the sensation of oral dryness (xerostomia);difficulty with speaking, mastication and swallowing;and an increased susceptibility to caries development and opportunistic infections (e.g...
  10. Perception of Flavor Quality: Multisensory and Cognitive Processes
    Lawrence E Marks; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..the mouth), somatosensation (texture, warmth, cold, pungency), and even vision (color) and hearing (sounds of mastication). Flavor perception therefore involves multisensory interactions and integration...
  11. Speech in Glossectomy Assessed by Tagged-MRI
    Emi Z Murano; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..the mortality rate of oral tongue cancer is not considered high, its morbidity is significant - causing speech, mastication and swallowing problems, which affect quality of life. The aims of this application are threefold...
  12. Pre-Ingestive Influences on Solid and Fluid Food Intake in Lean and Obease Adults
    Richard D Mattes; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Because of hypothesized independent and synergistic effects of mastication on appetite, GI transit, gut hormone secretion and glycemic responses, these outcomes will be measured ..
  13. Nanotechnology Enabled Temporomandibular Joint(TMJ)Prosthesis
    RAYMOND G THOMPSON; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..a collection of medical and dental conditions affecting the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) and/or the muscles of mastication, as well as contiguous tissue structures...
  14. Muscles Underlying Pharyngeal Swallowing and the Therapies that Rehabilitate Them
    WILLIAM GORDON PEARSON; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..verify the ability mfMRI to identify muscles activated in the head and neck region by testing the muscles of mastication, which are more easily identified...
  15. Nanotechnology Enabled Temporomandibular Joint (TMJ) Prosthesis
    RAYMOND G THOMPSON; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..a collection of medical and dental conditions affecting the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) and/or the muscles of mastication, as well as contiguous tissue structures...
  16. PAIN MODULATED JAW MOTOR FUNCTION
    Christian Stohler; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..5) swallowing, with pain being induced by the infusion of an algesic substance (5% saline) into a) muscles of mastication, b) neck muscles, c) the facial skin, and d) the retromolar mucosa. Infusion of a non-algesic substance (0...
  17. STUDIES IN ORAL PHARYNGEAL REFLEXES
    Scott Chandler; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..trajectories of these RJM behaviors have characteristics that resemble, respectively, those found during mastication and lapping the awake animal...
  18. ORAL PHARYNGEAL REFLEXES
    Louis Goldberg; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..trajectories of these RJM behaviors have characteristics that resemble, respectively, those found during mastication and lapping the awake animal...
  19. Lysine decarboxylase in periodontitis patients
    Martin Levine; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..especially its Dentally attached (DAT) cells, keratinocytes that are activated by persistent trauma from mastication and oral hygiene...
  20. Ninth International Conference on the Chemistry and Biology of Mineralized Tissue
    Paul Krebsbach; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..for the activities of normal daily life in locomotion, mineral metabolism, organ protection, respiration, mastication, and proper nutrition and digestion, but the factors and their complex interactions responsible for the ..
  21. RESPIRATORY SYSTEM INTEGRATION BY THE BRAINSTEM
    ALBERT BERGER; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Also, HMs are important in other behaviors including mastication, swallowing (deglutition), sucking, licking, and vocalization...
  22. AMALGAM RESTORATIONS AND PREGNANCY OUTCOMES
    Richard Mitchell; Fiscal Year: 1993
    A small amount of mercury vapor is released from dental amalgam restorations during mastication. This mercury can potentially influence pregnancy outcomes...
  23. 8th Conference - Chemistry & Biology Mineralized Tissue
    WILLIAM LANDIS; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The health of bones, cartilage, and teeth is essential for the activities of normal daily life in locomotion, mastication, respiration, digestion and the like, but the factors and their complex interactions responsible for the ..
  24. Tongue-Jaw Linkages in Feeding
    Jeffrey Palmer; Fiscal Year: 2005
    The Process Model of Feeding provides an understanding of the inter-related processes of mastication, oral food transport, and swallowing...
  25. NEURAL SUBSTRATES OF ADAPTIVE JAW MOVEMENT
    Stephen Berry; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..A number of models exist for studying mastication in animal preparations...
  26. A 3-D Interactive Atlas of the Maxilla, Mandible & TMJ
    William Brown; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..of the joint including the capsular anatomy, innervation, vascularity and the associated muscles of mastication. The viewer will be able to move the annotated joint through all of its movements and observe how the ..
  27. MENSTRUAL CYCLE EFFECTS ON TMD PAIN AND OTHER SYMPTOMS
    Linda LeResche; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Temporomandibular disorders (TMD's) are musculoskeletal pain conditions characterized by pain in the muscles of mastication and/or the temporomandibular joint...
  28. PRECISE CONTOL OF TONGUE MOVEMENT
    Stephen Goldberg; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Coordinated tongue movements are needed for eating (mastication and swallowing), drinking, licking (suckling), breathing, grooming and vocalization...
  29. PROLINE-RICH GLYCOPROTEIN MASTICATORY LUBRICATION
    Lawrence Tabak; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..and/or prosthetic) surfaces in relation to the soft tissues of the mouth leads to difficulty in phonation, mastication and deglutition...
  30. Interaction Affecting Craniofacial Muscle Differentiatio
    Drew Noden; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..and anomalies in their development contribute to a wide range of problems in vision, facial expression, mastication, and phonation...
  31. STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION OF HUMAN SALIVARY MUCINS
    Gwynneth Offner; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Mucins protect oral surfaces against desiccation, lubricate hard and soft tissues to facilitate mastication, speech and swallowing and form a selectively permeable diffusion barrier between underlying epithelial ..
  32. MENSTRUAL CYCLE AND BLOOD EFFECTS ON ACUTE PAIN
    Jeffrey Sherman; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Temporomandibular disorders (TMD's) are a group of pain conditions characterized by pain in the muscles of mastication and/or the temporomandibular joint...
  33. FUNCTIONAL EFFECTS OF MASTICATORY MUSCLE ALTERATION
    Paul Dechow; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..of this research are to characterize how experimental, clinical or traumatic alterations of the muscles of mastication modify (1) the intrinsic properties of the masticatory muscles themselves and (2) the overall morphology and ..
  34. EFFECTS OF CNS LESIONS ON MASTICATION AND SKULL FORM
    KENNETH BYRD; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..to test the effets of unilateral trigeminal motor nucleus (TMNu) lesions upon (1) mandibular movements during mastication, (2) muscle activity (EMG) patterns during mastication, and (3) craniofacial form (muscle-bone alterations)...
  35. MUSCULAR DISORDERS IN CRANIOFACIAL MALFORMATIONS
    Karin Vargervik; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..2. Determine if recruitment patterns for mastication differ from the normal in; 1) subjects with missing joint structures, but presence of a condylar process and ..
  36. MOLECULAR BASIS OF IDIOPATHIC DRY MOUTH
    JAMES MELVIN; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The impairment of salivary function comprises the sensation of oral dryness, difficulties in speech, mastication and deglutition, increased susceptibilities to oral microbial diseases such as caries and fungal infections, ..
  37. Brainstem mechanisms controlling jaw movements
    Scott Chandler; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..burst discharge that are associated with the critical transition from primitive suckling behavior to adult-like mastication in the rat...
  38. ONTOGENY OF FEEDING BEHAVIOR
    Rebecca German; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..Nor is it known how the vital transition from suckling to drinking and mastication occurs during normal development...
  39. PHARMACOLOGICAL MANAGEMENT OF TEMPOROMANDIBULAR PAIN
    Benjamin White; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..disorders are a group of conditions characterized by pain in the temporomandibular joint and/or muscles of mastication. Individuals with these symptoms often present with joint clicking or popping and, consequently, may have ..
  40. STRUCTURAL STUDIES OF MATRIX PROTEINS IN TEETH AND BONES
    STEPHEN WEINER; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..mapping under water the visco-elastic responses of whole teeth when subjected to forces resembling those in mastication. Furthermore, it can accurately and precisely measure strain and then deduce elastic moduli of small cubes of ..
  41. BIOCHEMICAL INFLUENCES ON CONDYLAR CARTILAGE GROWTH
    Robert Hinton; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..forces, especially with regard to the intermittent forces that are transmitted to the cartilage during mastication and incision...
  42. Detection of chewing and swallowing to estimate eating patterns and energy intake
    Edward Sazonov; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..to design and perform a pilot investigation which will provide preliminary data that objective observations of mastication (chewing) and deglutition (swallowing) by a wearable, non-intrusive monitoring device can provide statistically ..
  43. INEXPENSIVE DENTAL RESIN COMPOSITES
    Bryan Smith; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..by composites, even on posterior molar surfaces where composites currently fail due to the high stresses of mastication. These fillers would make resin manufacture safer and cheaper since the silanation step required for current ..
  44. Signaling Pathways in Salivary Gland Fluid Secretion
    Trevor Shuttleworth; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..secretion of salivary fluid severely impacts general oral health, and the ability for effective speech, and mastication, resulting in conditions that constitute a major health problem for a significant proportion of the population...
  45. BONE GROWTH, PERIOSTEAL MIGRATION AND MUSCLE FUNCTION
    Susan Herring; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..new methodology will be employed to map the three-dimensional deformation of muscles and ligaments during awake mastication and to test whether buccinator contraction places significant pressure on the alveolar periosteum...
  46. Central mechanisms of chronic trigeminal pain
    GEOFFREY GERSTNER; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  47. Tongue Volume, Function and Biomechanics
    Zi Jun Liu; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Application of this information will allow understanding of normal tongue functional morphology and to evaluate how tongue volume affects function and craniofacial growth. ..
  48. MECHANICAL ENVIRONMENT IN MANDIBULAR DISTRACTION
    Susan Herring; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Functions such as mastication must place intermittent compressive or shearing strains on the distraction site...
  49. NERVE-MUSCLE INTERACTIONS DURING JAW MUSCLE DEVELOPMENT
    CHARLES WIDMER; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Abstract): The role of nerve muscle interactions in the development and differentiation of mammalian muscles of mastication and the patterning of neuronal organization has received little attention...
  50. Animal models for TMJ research: Functional 3-D loading
    KATHERINE RAFFERTY; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The data we generate will be used in comparison with finite element predictions of mandibular deformations. ..
  51. Biomechanical and Molecular Mechanisms in Alveolar Bone Development
    TRACY POPOWICS; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..these experimental conditions. Taken together, these studies will provide fundamental new information about how tooth loading modifies alveolar bone in newly erupted teeth and promotes adaptive tooth support. ..
  52. Sensory Re-training following Orthognathic Surgery
    Ceib Phillips; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Our primary focus will be on the patient's perception of the negative impact of altered sensation on daily life. ..
  53. ADJUNCT VITAMIN A THERAPY FOR TUBERCULOSIS AND HIV/AIDS
    Richard Semba; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  54. Iron Deficiency and Anemia in HIV and HCV-Infected Women
    Richard Semba; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..S. and elsewhere. ..
  55. LONGITUDINAL ORAL HEALTH OUTCOMES IN HIGH-RISK ADULTS
    GREGG GILBERT; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....