body composition

Summary

Summary: The relative amounts of various components in the body, such as percent body fat.

Top Publications

  1. pmc Gender differences in insulin resistance, body composition, and energy balance
    Eliza B Geer
    Division of Endocrinology, Department of Medicine, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, New York 10029, USA
    Gend Med 6:60-75. 2009
  2. pmc Chicken meat quality: genetic variability and relationship with growth and muscle characteristics
    Elisabeth Le Bihan-Duval
    Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique INRA, UR83 Recherches Avicoles, F 37380 Nouzilly, France
    BMC Genet 9:53. 2008
  3. ncbi Homocysteine, cysteine, and body composition in the Hordaland Homocysteine Study: does cysteine link amino acid and lipid metabolism?
    Amany K Elshorbagy
    Department of Physiology, Anatomy and Genetics, Oxford University, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 88:738-46. 2008
  4. pmc Comparisons of percentage body fat, body mass index, waist circumference, and waist-stature ratio in adults
    Katherine M Flegal
    National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Hyattsville, MD 20782, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 89:500-8. 2009
  5. ncbi Sexual dimorphism of body composition
    Jonathan C K Wells
    Pediatric Nutrition Childhood Nutrition Research Centre, Institute of Child Health, 30 Guilford Street, London WC1N 1EH, UK
    Best Pract Res Clin Endocrinol Metab 21:415-30. 2007
  6. ncbi Obesity in children and young people: a crisis in public health
    T Lobstein
    IASO International Obesity TaskForce, 231 North Gower Street, London NW1 2NS, UK
    Obes Rev 5:4-104. 2004
  7. pmc Maternal and child undernutrition: consequences for adult health and human capital
    Cesar G Victora
    Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Pelotas, Brazil
    Lancet 371:340-57. 2008
  8. pmc Genome-wide association study identifies Loci for body composition and structural soundness traits in pigs
    Bin Fan
    Department of Animal Science and Center for Integrated Animal Genomics, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 6:e14726. 2011
  9. doi Subcutaneous and visceral adipose tissue: structural and functional differences
    M Mohsen Ibrahim
    Cardiology Department, Cairo University, 1 El Sherifein Street, Abdeen, Cairo 11111, Egypt
    Obes Rev 11:11-8. 2010
  10. pmc Intrahepatic fat, not visceral fat, is linked with metabolic complications of obesity
    Elisa Fabbrini
    Center for Human Nutrition and Atkins Center of Excellence in Obesity Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:15430-5. 2009

Research Grants

Detail Information

Publications326 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc Gender differences in insulin resistance, body composition, and energy balance
    Eliza B Geer
    Division of Endocrinology, Department of Medicine, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, New York 10029, USA
    Gend Med 6:60-75. 2009
    Men and women differ substantially in regard to degrees of insulin resistance, body composition, and energy balance...
  2. pmc Chicken meat quality: genetic variability and relationship with growth and muscle characteristics
    Elisabeth Le Bihan-Duval
    Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique INRA, UR83 Recherches Avicoles, F 37380 Nouzilly, France
    BMC Genet 9:53. 2008
    ..The aim of this study was to evaluate the genetic parameters of several breast meat quality traits and their genetic relationships with muscle characteristics in a heavy commercial line of broilers...
  3. ncbi Homocysteine, cysteine, and body composition in the Hordaland Homocysteine Study: does cysteine link amino acid and lipid metabolism?
    Amany K Elshorbagy
    Department of Physiology, Anatomy and Genetics, Oxford University, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 88:738-46. 2008
    ..of cystathionine beta-synthase-deficient homocystinuria and the positive association of plasma total cysteine (tCys) with body mass index (BMI) suggest that total homocysteine (tHcy) and tCys are associated with body composition.
  4. pmc Comparisons of percentage body fat, body mass index, waist circumference, and waist-stature ratio in adults
    Katherine M Flegal
    National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Hyattsville, MD 20782, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 89:500-8. 2009
    ..Body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), and the waist-stature ratio (WSR) are considered to be possible proxies for adiposity...
  5. ncbi Sexual dimorphism of body composition
    Jonathan C K Wells
    Pediatric Nutrition Childhood Nutrition Research Centre, Institute of Child Health, 30 Guilford Street, London WC1N 1EH, UK
    Best Pract Res Clin Endocrinol Metab 21:415-30. 2007
    Sexual dimorphism in human body composition is evident from fetal life, but emerges primarily during puberty. At birth, males have a similar fat mass to females but are longer and have greater lean mass...
  6. ncbi Obesity in children and young people: a crisis in public health
    T Lobstein
    IASO International Obesity TaskForce, 231 North Gower Street, London NW1 2NS, UK
    Obes Rev 5:4-104. 2004
  7. pmc Maternal and child undernutrition: consequences for adult health and human capital
    Cesar G Victora
    Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Pelotas, Brazil
    Lancet 371:340-57. 2008
    ..Its prevention will probably bring about important health, educational, and economic benefits. Chronic diseases are especially common in undernourished children who experience rapid weight gain after infancy...
  8. pmc Genome-wide association study identifies Loci for body composition and structural soundness traits in pigs
    Bin Fan
    Department of Animal Science and Center for Integrated Animal Genomics, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 6:e14726. 2011
    ..The recent completion of the swine genome sequencing project and development of a high density porcine SNP array has made genome-wide association (GWA) studies feasible in pigs...
  9. doi Subcutaneous and visceral adipose tissue: structural and functional differences
    M Mohsen Ibrahim
    Cardiology Department, Cairo University, 1 El Sherifein Street, Abdeen, Cairo 11111, Egypt
    Obes Rev 11:11-8. 2010
    ..VAT carries a greater prediction of mortality than SCAT...
  10. pmc Intrahepatic fat, not visceral fat, is linked with metabolic complications of obesity
    Elisa Fabbrini
    Center for Human Nutrition and Atkins Center of Excellence in Obesity Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:15430-5. 2009
    ..Furthermore, alterations in tissue fatty acid transport could be involved in the pathogenesis of ectopic triglyceride accumulation by redirecting plasma fatty acid uptake from adipose tissue toward other tissues...
  11. ncbi Body composition, visceral fat, leptin, and insulin resistance in Asian Indian men
    M A Banerji
    Department of Medicine, State University of New York Health Science Center, Brooklyn 11203, USA
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 84:137-44. 1999
    ..Increased visceral fat is related to dyslipidemia and increased frequency of insulin resistance and may account for the increased prevalence of diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular disease in Asian Indians...
  12. ncbi Asians are different from Caucasians and from each other in their body mass index/body fat per cent relationship
    P Deurenberg
    Wageningen University, The Netherlands
    Obes Rev 3:141-6. 2002
    ..Hence, the relationship between BF% and BMI is ethnic-specific. For comparisons of obesity prevalence between ethnic groups, universal BMI cut-off points are not appropriate...
  13. ncbi A regulatory mutation in IGF2 causes a major QTL effect on muscle growth in the pig
    Anne Sophie Van Laere
    Department of Animal Breeding and Genetics, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala University, BMC, Box 597, SE 751 24 Uppsala, Sweden
    Nature 425:832-6. 2003
    ..The result supports the long-held view that regulatory mutations are important for controlling phenotypic variation...
  14. ncbi Variation in FTO contributes to childhood obesity and severe adult obesity
    Christian Dina
    CNRS 8090 Institute of Biology, Pasteur Institute, Lille, France
    Nat Genet 39:724-6. 2007
    ..The at-risk haplotype yields a proportion of attributable risk of 22% for common obesity. We conclude that FTO contributes to human obesity and hence may be a target for subsequent functional analyses...
  15. pmc Relationship of obesity with osteoporosis
    Lan Juan Zhao
    Department of Orthopedic Surgery, School of Medicine, University of Missouri Kansas City, 2411 Holmes Street, Kansas City, MO 64108, USA
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 92:1640-6. 2007
    ..Previous analyses, however, did not control for the mechanical loading effects of total body weight on bone mass and may have generated a confounded or even biased relationship between obesity and osteoporosis...
  16. pmc Objectively measured physical activity and fat mass in a large cohort of children
    Andy R Ness
    Department of Oral and Dental Science, University of Bristol, United Kingdom
    PLoS Med 4:e97. 2007
    ..Previous studies have been unable to characterise the association between physical activity and obesity, possibly because most relied on inaccurate measures of physical activity and obesity...
  17. ncbi The loss of skeletal muscle strength, mass, and quality in older adults: the health, aging and body composition study
    Bret H Goodpaster
    Department of Medicine, MUH N809, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 61:1059-64. 2006
    ..The loss of muscle mass is considered to be a major determinant of strength loss in aging. However, large-scale longitudinal studies examining the association between the loss of mass and strength in older adults are lacking...
  18. ncbi Weight-reducing effects of the plasma protein encoded by the obese gene
    J L Halaas
    Laboratory of Molecular Genetics, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Rockfeller University, New York, NY 10021, USA
    Science 269:543-6. 1995
    ..2 to 0.7 percent. These data suggest that the OB protein serves an endocrine function to regulate body fat stores...
  19. pmc Accuracy of body mass index in diagnosing obesity in the adult general population
    A Romero-Corral
    Division of Cardiovascular Diseases, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, MN 55905, USA
    Int J Obes (Lond) 32:959-66. 2008
    ..Body mass index (BMI) is the most widely used measure to diagnose obesity. However, the accuracy of BMI in detecting excess body adiposity in the adult general population is largely unknown...
  20. ncbi Beyond body mass index
    A M Prentice
    MRC International Nutrition Group, Public Health Nutrition Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, 49 51 Bedford Square, London, WC1B 3DP, UK
    Obes Rev 2:141-7. 2001
    ..We argue that BMI continues to serve well for many purposes, but that the time is now right to initiate a gradual evolution beyond BMI towards standards based on actual measurements of body fat mass...
  21. ncbi Visceral adipose tissue accumulation differs according to ethnic background: results of the Multicultural Community Health Assessment Trial (M-CHAT)
    Scott A Lear
    School of Kinesiology, Simon Fraser University, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    Am J Clin Nutr 86:353-9. 2007
    ..Previous studies have not adequately investigated differences in discrete regions of abdominal adiposity across ethnic groups...
  22. ncbi The hypothalamic arcuate nucleus: a key site for mediating leptin's effects on glucose homeostasis and locomotor activity
    Roberto Coppari
    Department of Medicine, Division of Endocrinology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, 99 Brookline Avenue, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA
    Cell Metab 1:63-72. 2005
    ..These data demonstrate that leptin signaling in the ARH is sufficient for mediating leptin's effects on glucose homeostasis and locomotor activity...
  23. ncbi Body composition in healthy aging
    R N Baumgartner
    Division of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, University of New Mexico School of Medicine, Albuquerque 87131, USA
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 904:437-48. 2000
    ..These nonfat components of body composition play critical roles, influencing cognitive and physical functional status, nutritional and endocrine status, ..
  24. ncbi Infant growth and later body composition: evidence from the 4-component model
    Sirinuch Chomtho
    The Medical Research Council, Childhood Nutrition Research Centre, Institute of Child Health, University College London, London, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 87:1776-84. 2008
    ..Rapid weight gain in infancy is associated with higher body mass index in later life, but its relation with individual body-composition components remains unclear...
  25. ncbi Waist circumference and waist-to-height ratio are better predictors of cardiovascular disease risk factors in children than body mass index
    S C Savva
    Research and Education Program of Child Health, Cyprus
    Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 24:1453-8. 2000
    ..Waist measurement and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) have been used as proxy measures of visceral adipose tissue, mainly in adults...
  26. ncbi Comparison of 4 diets of varying glycemic load on weight loss and cardiovascular risk reduction in overweight and obese young adults: a randomized controlled trial
    Joanna McMillan-Price
    Human Nutrition Unit, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia
    Arch Intern Med 166:1466-75. 2006
    ..Despite the popularity of low-glycemic index (GI) and high-protein diets, to our knowledge no randomized, controlled trials have systematically compared their relative effects on weight loss and cardiovascular risk...
  27. ncbi Diet-induced obesity causes severe but reversible leptin resistance in arcuate melanocortin neurons
    Pablo J Enriori
    Division of Neuroscience, Oregon National Primate Research Center, Oregon Health and Science University, Beaverton, OR 97006, USA
    Cell Metab 5:181-94. 2007
    ..These results highlight the physiological importance of leptin sensing in the melanocortin circuits and show that their loss of leptin sensing likely contributes to the pathology of leptin resistance...
  28. ncbi Obesity, regional body fat distribution, and the metabolic syndrome in older men and women
    Bret H Goodpaster
    Department of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Arch Intern Med 165:777-83. 2005
    ..We determined whether patterns of regional fat deposition are associated with metabolic syndrome in older adults...
  29. ncbi Decreased muscle strength and quality in older adults with type 2 diabetes: the health, aging, and body composition study
    Seok Won Park
    Department of Internal Medicine, Pochon CHA University, Pochon, Korea
    Diabetes 55:1813-8. 2006
    ..and muscle mass in 485 older adults with diabetes and 2,133 without diabetes in the Health, Aging, and Body Composition study...
  30. ncbi Attenuation of skeletal muscle and strength in the elderly: The Health ABC Study
    B H Goodpaster
    Department of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15261, USA
    J Appl Physiol (1985) 90:2157-65. 2001
    ..yr participating in baseline studies of the Health ABC Study, a longitudinal study of health, aging, and body composition. Strength was higher in men than in women (132.3 +/- 34.5 vs. 81.4 +/- 22.0 N x m, P < 0.01)...
  31. ncbi Visceral fat is an independent predictor of all-cause mortality in men
    Jennifer L Kuk
    School of Physical and Health Education, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario K7L 3N6, Canada
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 14:336-41. 2006
    ..To examine the independent associations of abdominal fat (visceral and subcutaneous) and liver fat with all-cause mortality...
  32. ncbi Effects of the amount of exercise on body weight, body composition, and measures of central obesity: STRRIDE--a randomized controlled study
    Cris A Slentz
    Divisions of Cardiology, Geriatric Medicine, and General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, Duke Center for Living, Center for Health Policy Research, Durham, NC 27710, USA
    Arch Intern Med 164:31-9. 2004
    ..Obesity is a major health problem due, in part, to physical inactivity. The amount of activity needed to prevent weight gain is unknown...
  33. ncbi Programming of body composition by early growth and nutrition
    Jonathan C K Wells
    Childhood Nutrition Research Centre, Institute of Child Health, 30 Guilford Street, London WC1N 1EH, UK
    Proc Nutr Soc 66:423-34. 2007
    ..postnatal growth for such associations remains controversial. Body composition may play a key role in the 'programming' of such diseases, through itself being programmed by early growth, ..
  34. pmc Effect of exercise training intensity on abdominal visceral fat and body composition
    Brian A Irving
    Department of Human Services, Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 40:1863-72. 2008
    ..The metabolic syndrome is a complex clustering of metabolic defects associated with physical inactivity, abdominal adiposity, and aging...
  35. pmc Metformin in gestational diabetes: the offspring follow-up (MiG TOFU): body composition at 2 years of age
    Janet A Rowan
    Department of Obstetrics, National Women s Health, Auckland, New Zealand
    Diabetes Care 34:2279-84. 2011
    ..Metformin crosses the placenta, so it is important to assess potential effects on growth of the children...
  36. ncbi Obesity in older adults: technical review and position statement of the American Society for Nutrition and NAASO, The Obesity Society
    Dennis T Villareal
    Division of Geriatrics and Nutritional Sciences, Center for Human Nutrition, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Obes Res 13:1849-63. 2005
    ..Therefore, weight-loss therapy that minimizes muscle and bone losses is recommended for older persons who are obese and who have functional impairments or medical complications that can benefit from weight loss...
  37. doi Variations in infant feeding practice are associated with body composition in childhood: a prospective cohort study
    Sian M Robinson
    Medical Research Council Epidemiology Resource Centre, University of Southampton, Southampton General Hospital, Southampton, United Kingdom
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 94:2799-805. 2009
    Most studies of infant diet and later body composition focus on milk feeding; few consider the influence of variations in the weaning diet.
  38. ncbi Fetal programming and adult health
    K M Godfrey
    MRC Environmental Epidemiology Unit, University of Southampton, Southampton General Hospital, UK
    Public Health Nutr 4:611-24. 2001
    ..Although the influences that impair fetal development and programme adult cardiovascular disease remain to be defined, there are strong pointers to the importance of maternal body composition and dietary balance during pregnancy.
  39. ncbi Early development of adiposity and insulin resistance after catch-up weight gain in small-for-gestational-age children
    Lourdes Ibanez
    Endocrinology Unit, Hospital Sant Joan de Deu, University of Barcelona, Passeig de Sant Joan de Déu, 2, 08950 Esplugues, Barcelona, Spain
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 91:2153-8. 2006
    ..SETTING, DESIGN, AND PATIENTS: This was a longitudinal cohort study in low birth weight (SGA; birth weight < -2 sd; n = 29) and normal birth weight (AGA; n = 22) children from Barcelona...
  40. doi Effects of a multidisciplinary inpatient intervention on body composition, aerobic fitness, and quality of life in severely obese girls and boys
    Bruno H KnOpfli
    Alpine Children s Hospital Davos, Switzerland
    J Adolesc Health 42:119-27. 2008
    ..The aim of this study was to evaluate the gender differences of an 8-week multidisciplinary inpatient program on body weight, body composition, aerobic fitness, and quality of life of severely obese children and adolescents.
  41. doi The relationship between BMI and percent body fat, measured by bioelectrical impedance, in a large adult sample is curvilinear and influenced by age and sex
    S Meeuwsen
    Bodystat Ltd, P O Box 50, Douglas, Isle of Man IM99 1DQ, United Kingdom
    Clin Nutr 29:560-6. 2010
    ..The study aimed to establish the effects of age, gender and age-gender interactions on BMI-% fat relationships over a wide range of BMI and age. It also aimed to examine controversies regarding linear or curvilinear BMI-% fat relationships...
  42. doi Body composition and quality of life in adults treated with GH therapy: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Ahmad Hazem
    Knowledge and Evaluation Research Unit, Mayo Clinic, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, USA
    Eur J Endocrinol 166:13-20. 2012
    To summarise the evidence about the efficacy and safety of using GH in adults with GH deficiency focusing on quality of life and body composition.
  43. pmc Effect of dietary protein content on weight gain, energy expenditure, and body composition during overeating: a randomized controlled trial
    George A Bray
    Pennington Biomedical Research Center, 6400 Perkins Rd, Baton Rouge, LA 70808, USA
    JAMA 307:47-55. 2012
    ..The role of diet composition in response to overeating and energy dissipation in humans is unclear...
  44. pmc The environment within: how gut microbiota may influence metabolism and body composition
    A Vrieze
    Department of Internal and Vascular Medicine, Academic Medical Centre, Meibergdreef 9, Room F4 159 2, 1105, AZ Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Diabetologia 53:606-13. 2010
    ..This review discusses the relationships between the following: composition of gut microbiota, energy extracted from diet, synthesis of gut hormones involved in energy homeostasis, production of butyrate and the regulation of fat storage...
  45. ncbi Evaluation of waist circumference, waist-to-hip ratio, and the conicity index as screening tools for high trunk fat mass, as measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, in children aged 3-19 y
    R W Taylor
    Departments of Human Nutrition, Medicine, and Preventive and Social Medicine, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Am J Clin Nutr 72:490-5. 2000
    ..Because adiposity tracks from childhood into adulthood, the ability of simple anthropometric techniques to correctly measure truncal adiposity in childhood needs to be assessed...
  46. ncbi The emergence of the metabolic syndrome with menopause
    Molly C Carr
    Division of Metabolism, Endocrinology, and Nutrition, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 6426, USA
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 88:2404-11. 2003
    ..A better understanding of these metabolic changes with menopause will aid in the recognition and treatment of women at risk for future CVD, leading to appropriate interventions...
  47. ncbi Effect of a multistage ultra-endurance triathlon on body composition: World Challenge Deca Iron Triathlon 2006
    B Knechtle
    Gesundheitszentrum St Gallen, St Gallen, Switzerland
    Br J Sports Med 42:121-5; discussion 125. 2008
    To investigate the effect of a multistage ultra-endurance triathlon on body composition in ultra-triathletes.
  48. ncbi Total-body skeletal muscle mass: estimation by a new dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry method
    Jaehee Kim
    Obesity Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital and the Institute of Human Nutrition, Columbia University, College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, NY 10025, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 76:378-83. 2002
    ..A large proportion of total-body SM is found in the extremities, and a large proportion of extremity lean soft tissue is SM. A strong link should thus exist between appendicular lean soft tissue (ALST) mass and total-body SM mass...
  49. ncbi The role of diet and exercise for the maintenance of fat-free mass and resting metabolic rate during weight loss
    Petra Stiegler
    Department of Human and Health Sciences, University of Westminster, London, UK
    Sports Med 36:239-62. 2006
    ..Exercise training is associated with an increase in energy expenditure, thus promoting changes in body composition and bodyweight while keeping dietary intake constant...
  50. ncbi Contributions of total body fat, abdominal subcutaneous adipose tissue compartments, and visceral adipose tissue to the metabolic complications of obesity
    S R Smith
    Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70808, USA
    Metabolism 50:425-35. 2001
    ..375). These data suggest that total body fat is a major contributor to the metabolic sequelae of obesity, with specific fat depots, VAT, and DSAT also making significant contributions...
  51. ncbi BMI, fat mass, abdominal adiposity and visceral fat: where is the 'beef'?
    C Bouchard
    Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Baton Rouge, LA, USA
    Int J Obes (Lond) 31:1552-3. 2007
  52. ncbi Time spent being sedentary and weight gain in healthy adults: reverse or bidirectional causality?
    Ulf Ekelund
    Medical Research Council Epidemiology Unit, Institute of Metabolic Science, Cambridge, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 88:612-7. 2008
    ..Whether obesity is a cause or a consequence of a sedentary lifestyle has not yet been fully elucidated, which leaves uncertainty about the direction of causality...
  53. doi Body composition in psychotic disorders: a general population survey
    S E Saarni
    National Public Health Institute, Department for Mental Health and Alcohol Research, Mannerheimintie 166, 00300 Helsinki, Finland
    Psychol Med 39:801-10. 2009
    ..We examined the detailed body composition of people with different psychotic disorders in a large population-based sample.
  54. pmc Dual energy X-Ray absorptiometry body composition reference values from NHANES
    Thomas L Kelly
    Hologic, Inc, Bedford, Massachusetts, USA
    PLoS ONE 4:e7038. 2009
    ....
  55. pmc A controlled trial of reduced meal frequency without caloric restriction in healthy, normal-weight, middle-aged adults
    Kim S Stote
    Beltsville Human Nutrition Research Center, US Department of Agriculture, Agriculture Research Service, Beltsville, MD, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 85:981-8. 2007
    ..A diet with less meal frequency can improve the health and extend the lifespan of laboratory animals, but its effect on humans has never been tested...
  56. ncbi Body-composition assessment via air-displacement plethysmography in adults and children: a review
    David A Fields
    Department of Internal Medicine, The Center for Human Nutrition, Washington University, St Louis, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 75:453-67. 2002
    ..Wide intersubject variations between methods are partly attributed to technical precision and biological error but to a large extent remain unexplained. On the basis of this review, future research goals are suggested...
  57. ncbi Programmed obesity in intrauterine growth-restricted newborns: modulation by newborn nutrition
    Mina Desai
    Perinatal Research Laboratories, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, David Geffen School of Medicine at University of California Los Angeles, Torrance, CA, USA
    Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 288:R91-6. 2005
    ..of nutrient enhancement during the newborn period may modulate programming of appetite-regulating hormones, body composition, and propensity to adult obesity in intrauterine growth-restricted (IUGR) newborns...
  58. ncbi Measures of bioavailable serum testosterone and estradiol and their relationships with muscle strength, bone density, and body composition in elderly men
    A W van den Beld
    Department of Internal Medicine III, Erasmus University Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 85:3276-82. 2000
    ..study of 403 independently living elderly men, we tested the hypothesis that the decreases in bone mass, body composition, and muscle strength with age are related to the fall in circulating endogenous testosterone (T) and estrogen ..
  59. pmc A critique of the expression of paediatric body composition data
    J C Wells
    Childhood Nutrition Research Centre, Institute of Child Health, 30 Guilford Street, London WC1N 1EH, UK
    Arch Dis Child 85:67-72. 2001
    There is increasing interest in body composition in paediatric research, as distinct from growth and nutritional status, as almost all diseases have adverse effects on either fatness or the fat-free mass...
  60. doi Pediatric reference data for lean tissue properties: density and hydration from age 5 to 20 y
    Jonathan C K Wells
    Institute of Child Health, London, UK
    Am J Clin Nutr 91:610-8. 2010
    Hydrometry and densitometry are widely used to assess pediatric body composition due to their ease of application...
  61. ncbi Relations of moderate and vigorous physical activity to fitness and fatness in adolescents
    Bernard Gutin
    Georgia Prevention Institute, Department of Pediatrics, Medical College of Georgia, Augusta, GA, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 81:746-50. 2005
    ..It is unclear how moderate and vigorous intensities of physical activity (PA) are associated with cardiovascular fitness (CVF) and percentage of body fat (%BF) in adolescents...
  62. doi Age and sex effects on the association between body composition and bone mineral density in healthy Chinese men and women
    Qun Cheng
    Shanghai Geriatric Institute, Department of Osteoporosis, Research Section of Geriatric Metabolic Bone Disease, Huadong Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, People s Republic of China
    Menopause 19:448-55. 2012
    Many studies have examined the relationships between body composition and bone mineral density (BMD), but little attention has been given to how these relationships vary by age and sex...
  63. pmc Effects of metformin on body weight and body composition in obese insulin-resistant children: a randomized clinical trial
    Jack A Yanovski
    Unit on Growth and Obesity, Program in Developmental Endocrinology and Genetics, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development NICHD, Bethesda, Maryland, USA
    Diabetes 60:477-85. 2011
    ..Our objective was to determine whether metformin treatment causes weight loss and improves obesity-related comorbidities in obese children, who are insulin-resistant...
  64. pmc Metabolic benefits of resistance training and fast glycolytic skeletal muscle
    Nathan K Lebrasseur
    Robert and Arlene Kogod Center on Aging, Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Mayo Clinic, 200 First St SW, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
    Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab 300:E3-10. 2011
    ..that increase muscle mass and glycolytic capacity, and not necessarily oxidative competence, can improve body composition and systemic metabolism...
  65. ncbi Physical activity, exercise, and inflammatory markers in older adults: findings from the Health, Aging and Body Composition Study
    Lisa H Colbert
    Laboratory of Epidemiology, Demography, and Biometry, National Institute on Aging, Bethesda, Maryland, USA
    J Am Geriatr Soc 52:1098-104. 2004
    ..To examine the association between physical activity and inflammatory markers, with consideration for body fatness and antioxidant use...
  66. pmc DNA methylation, insulin resistance, and blood pressure in offspring determined by maternal periconceptional B vitamin and methionine status
    Kevin D Sinclair
    School of Biosciences and School of Veterinary Medicine and Science, University of Nottingham, Sutton Bonington, Leicestershire LE12 5RD, United Kingdom
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:19351-6. 2007
    ....
  67. ncbi Limits of body mass index to detect obesity and predict body composition
    D C Frankenfield
    Department of Clinical Nutrition, Penn State s Milton S Hershey Medical Center, PO Box 850, Hershey, PA 17033, USA
    Nutrition 17:26-30. 2001
    ..In this study, we determined how accurately BMI could determine body composition and identify obese from non-obese individuals...
  68. ncbi Race and sex effects on the association between muscle strength, soft tissue, and bone mineral density in healthy elders: the Health, Aging, and Body Composition Study
    D R Taaffe
    Epidemiology, Demography and Biometry Program, National Institute on Aging, Bethesda, Maryland, USA
    J Bone Miner Res 16:1343-52. 2001
    Two factors generally reported to influence bone density are body composition and muscle strength. However, it is unclear if these relationships are consistent across race and sex, especially in older persons...
  69. ncbi Resistance training and reduction of treatment side effects in prostate cancer patients
    Daniel A Galvão
    School of Exercise, Biomedical and Health Sciences, Edith Cowan University, Joondalup, Australia
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 38:2045-52. 2006
    To examine the effect of progressive resistance training on muscle function, functional performance, balance, body composition, and muscle thickness in men receiving androgen deprivation for prostate cancer.
  70. ncbi Cortisol levels and measures of body composition in middle-aged and older men
    Thomas G Travison
    New England Research Institutes, Watertown, MA 02472, USA
    Clin Endocrinol (Oxf) 67:71-7. 2007
    ..We undertook an analysis to determine both cross-sectional and longitudinal associations between body composition and serum cortisol concentrations in a randomly chosen group of 999 community-dwelling men, aged 40-79 years.
  71. pmc Maternal obesity is necessary for programming effect of high-fat diet on offspring
    Christy L White
    Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Louisiana State University System, Baton Rouge, LA 70808, USA
    Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 296:R1464-72. 2009
    ..Together, these data suggest that maternal adiposity, and not dietary fat per se, induces hyperleptinemia and insulin resistance in offspring, as well as an increased body weight that persists into adulthood...
  72. doi Beneficial effects of individualized physical activity on prescription on body composition and cardiometabolic risk factors: results from a randomized controlled trial
    Lena V Kallings
    Department of Neurobiology, Health Care Sciences and Society, Karolinska Institutet, Huddinge, Sweden
    Eur J Cardiovasc Prev Rehabil 16:80-4. 2009
    ..Insufficient physical activity (PA), overweight and abdominal obesity are increasing global public health problems...
  73. ncbi Early life origins of insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes in India and other Asian countries
    C S Yajnik
    Diabetes Unit, King Edward Memorial Hospital and Research Center, Rasta Peth, Pune 411011, India
    J Nutr 134:205-10. 2004
    ..This thin-fat phenotype is present at birth. Neonatal size and body composition are influenced by parental size, maternal food intake, physical activity and circulating concentrations of ..
  74. doi Body size, body composition and fat distribution: comparative analysis of European, Maori, Pacific Island and Asian Indian adults
    Elaine C Rush
    Faculty of Health and Environmental Sciences, Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition Research, AUT University, Private Bag 92006, Auckland 1020, New Zealand
    Br J Nutr 102:632-41. 2009
    ..Europeans differ in their body fat (BF)-BMI relationships, detailed comparative analysis of their underlying body composition and build characteristics is lacking...
  75. ncbi Metabolic and body composition factors in subgroups of obesity: what do we know?
    Antony D Karelis
    Departement de Nutrition, Unité métabolique, Universite de Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada H3T 1A8
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 89:2569-75. 2004
    ..The purpose of this review was to investigate the roles of metabolic, body composition, and cardiovascular disease risk in subtypes of obesity...
  76. doi Rheumatoid cachexia, central obesity and malnutrition in patients with low-active rheumatoid arthritis: feasibility of anthropometry, Mini Nutritional Assessment and body composition techniques
    Ann Charlotte Elkan
    Department of Rheumatology, R92, Karolinska Institute, Karolinska University Hospital Huddinge, 141 86, Stockholm, Sweden
    Eur J Nutr 48:315-22. 2009
    ..The objectives of this study were to evaluate body composition and nutritional status in patients with RA and the feasibility of bioelectrical impedance (BIA) to detect ..
  77. ncbi Recombinant human insulin-like growth factor-I treatment inhibits gluconeogenesis in a transgenic mouse model of type 2 diabetes mellitus
    Patricia Pennisi
    Diabetes Branch, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, Betheda, MD 20892, USA
    Endocrinology 147:2619-30. 2006
    ..rhIGF-I treatment also increased body weight in MKR with concomitant changes in body composition such as a decrease in fat mass and an increase in lean body mass...
  78. doi Long-term effects of Helicobacter pylori eradication on circulating ghrelin and leptin concentrations and body composition in prepubertal children
    Lucia Pacifico
    Department of Pediatrics, La Sapienza University of Rome, Viale Regina Elena 324, 00161 Rome, Italy
    Eur J Endocrinol 158:323-32. 2008
    ..This finding raises the possibility that the infection might affect growth in children by reducing the ghrelin production...
  79. pmc The role of liver-derived insulin-like growth factor-I
    Claes Ohlsson
    Division of Endocrinology, Institute of Medicine, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Goteborg, Sweden
    Endocr Rev 30:494-535. 2009
    ..All of the described multiple endocrine effects of liver-derived IGF-I should be considered in the development of possible novel treatment strategies aimed at increasing or reducing endocrine IGF-I activity...
  80. ncbi Clinical implications of obesity with specific focus on cardiovascular disease: a statement for professionals from the American Heart Association Council on Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Metabolism: endorsed by the American College of Cardiology Found
    Samuel Klein
    Circulation 110:2952-67. 2004
    ..The data demonstrate that weight loss and physical activity can prevent and treat obesity-related coronary heart disease risk factors and should be considered a primary therapy for obese patients with cardiovascular disease...
  81. ncbi Weight change and the conservation of lean mass in old age: the Health, Aging and Body Composition Study
    Anne B Newman
    Department of Epidemiology, Graduate School of Public Health, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 82:872-8; quiz 915-6. 2005
    ..Weight loss may contribute to the loss of lean mass with age...
  82. ncbi Prenatal high protein exposure decreases energy expenditure and increases adiposity in young rats
    Maren Daenzer
    Department Biochemistry and Physiology of Nutrition, German Institute of Human Nutrition, 14558 Bergholz Rehbrucke, Germany
    J Nutr 132:142-4. 2002
    ..05). Postnatal HP alone had no significant effect on body composition or metabolic rate...
  83. ncbi Regulation of adiponectin in human immunodeficiency virus-infected patients: relationship to body composition and metabolic indices
    Qiang Tong
    Division of Biological Sciences and Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 88:1559-64. 2003
    ..control subjects). Adiponectin concentrations correlated with body composition [correlation coefficient (r) = -0.47, P = 0.002 vs. trunk fat:total fat; r = 0.51, P < 0.001 vs...
  84. pmc Phase II open label study of valproic acid in spinal muscular atrophy
    Kathryn J Swoboda
    Departments of Neurology, Pediatrics, Neonatology and General Clinical Research Center, University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City, Utah, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 4:e5268. 2009
    ..maximum ulnar compound muscle action potential (CMAP) amplitudes and motor unit number estimation (MUNE), body composition and bone density via dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA), and quantitative blood SMN mRNA levels...
  85. ncbi Increases in serum leptin levels during peritoneal dialysis are associated with inflammation and a decrease in lean body mass
    P Stenvinkel
    Division of Renal Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Huddinge University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden
    J Am Soc Nephrol 11:1303-9. 2000
    ..is not clear, and it is not known whether elevated leptin levels contribute to uremic anorexia and changes in body composition. In this prospective study, serum leptin, C-reactive protein (CRP), plasma insulin, and body composition (..
  86. ncbi Similarity of changes in body composition in intensive care patients following severe sepsis or major blunt injury
    L D Plank
    University Department of Surgery, Auckland Hospital, New Zealand
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 904:592-602. 2000
    ..admitted to the intensive care unit with severe sepsis or major blunt injury undergo massive changes in body composition. We compared these changes in 12 patients with generalized peritonitis, and in 18 patients with major blunt ..
  87. ncbi Adjustment of fat-free mass and fat mass for height in children aged 8 y
    J C K Wells
    MRC Childhood Nutrition Research Centre, Institute of Child Health, London, UK
    Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 26:947-52. 2002
    To explore the relationships between height and (a) fat-free mass (FFM) and (b) fat mass (FM) in children in order to determine the optimum means of adjusting body composition for height.
  88. doi Dutch obesity intervention in teenagers: effectiveness of a school-based program on body composition and behavior
    Amika S Singh
    Department of Public Health, VU University Medical Center, EMGO Institute, Van der Boechorststraat 7, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 163:309-17. 2009
    ..health promotion intervention for Dutch adolescents (defined as persons between 12 and 14 years of age) would be successful in influencing body composition and dietary and physical activity behavior in both the short and long terms.
  89. ncbi Effects of physical training on body composition and organ weights in ovariectomized and hyperestrogenic rats
    M Shinoda
    Dokkyo University, School of Medicine, Mibu machi, Tochigi 321 0293, Japan
    Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 26:335-43. 2002
    ..To investigate whether regular endurance-type exercise can benefit rats submitted to a model of ovariectomy (OVX)-induced obesity with or without estrogen replacement...
  90. pmc Increased muscle PGC-1alpha expression protects from sarcopenia and metabolic disease during aging
    Tina Wenz
    Department of Neurology, University of Miami School of Medicine, Miami, FL33136, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:20405-10. 2009
    ....
  91. doi A moderate-protein diet produces sustained weight loss and long-term changes in body composition and blood lipids in obese adults
    Donald K Layman
    University of Illinois, Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    J Nutr 139:514-21. 2009
    ..45%, P < 0.05) with greater improvement in body composition; however, weight loss did not differ between groups (-10.4 +/- 1.2 kg vs. -8.4 +/- 0.9 kg; P = 0.18)...
  92. pmc Low-dose leptin reverses skeletal muscle, autonomic, and neuroendocrine adaptations to maintenance of reduced weight
    Michael Rosenbaum
    Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, New York 10032, USA
    J Clin Invest 115:3579-86. 2005
    ..These responses suggest that the weight-reduced state may be regarded as a condition of relative leptin insufficiency. Prevention of weight regain might be achievable by strategies relevant to reversing this leptin-insufficient state...
  93. ncbi Bone mineral density and body composition in boys with distal forearm fractures: a dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry study
    A Goulding
    Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Otago Medical School, Dunedin, New Zealand
    J Pediatr 139:509-15. 2001
    ..with distal forearm fractures differ from fracture-free control subjects in bone mineral density (BMD) or body composition. STUDY DESIGN: A case-control study of 100 patients with fractures (aged 3 to 19 years) and l00 age-matched ..
  94. ncbi Most of the interleukin 1 receptor antagonist, cathepsin S, macrophage migration inhibitory factor, nerve growth factor, and interleukin 18 release by explants of human adipose tissue is by the non-fat cells, not by the adipocytes
    John N Fain
    Department of Molecular Sciences, College of Medicine, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, TN 38163, USA
    Metabolism 55:1113-21. 2006
    ..Our results suggest that the non-fat cells in human adipose tissue contribute to most of the release of NGF, IL-18, IL-1Ra, cathepsin S, and MIF seen during primary culture of adipose tissue explants from obese women...
  95. ncbi Sarcopenia, obesity, and inflammation--results from the Trial of Angiotensin Converting Enzyme Inhibition and Novel Cardiovascular Risk Factors study
    Matteo Cesari
    Department of Aging and Geriatric Research, College of Medicine, Institute on Aging, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 82:428-34. 2005
    ..Age-related body-composition changes are associated with health-related outcomes in elders. This relation may be explained by inflammation and hemostatic abnormalities...
  96. ncbi A transgenic model of visceral obesity and the metabolic syndrome
    H Masuzaki
    Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Department of Medicine, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center and Harvard Medical School, 330 Brookline Avenue, Boston, MA, 02215, USA
    Science 294:2166-70. 2001
    ..Increased adipocyte 11beta HSD-1 activity may be a common molecular etiology for visceral obesity and the metabolic syndrome...
  97. ncbi Body composition estimates from NHANES III bioelectrical impedance data
    W C Chumlea
    Department of Community Health, Wright State University School of Medicine, Dayton, Ohio, USA
    Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 26:1596-609. 2002
    b>Body composition estimates for the US population are important in order to analyze trends in obesity, sarcopenia and other weight-related health conditions. National body composition estimates have not previously been available.
  98. ncbi Leg muscle mass and composition in relation to lower extremity performance in men and women aged 70 to 79: the health, aging and body composition study
    Marjolein Visser
    Institute for Research in Extramural Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    J Am Geriatr Soc 50:897-904. 2002
    ..Our aim was to determine whether low leg muscle mass and greater fat infiltration in the muscle were associated with poor lower extremity performance (LEP)...
  99. ncbi Effects of identical weight loss on body composition and features of insulin resistance in obese women with high and low liver fat content
    Mirja Tiikkainen
    Department of Medicine, Division of Diabetes, University of Helsinki, FIN 00029 HUCH, Helsinki, Finland
    Diabetes 52:701-7. 2003
    ..These data suggest that LFAT is regulated by factors other than intra-abdominal and subcutaneous fat. Therefore, LFAT does not appear to simply reflect the size of endogenous fat stores...
  100. pmc Objectively measured sedentary time may predict insulin resistance independent of moderate- and vigorous-intensity physical activity
    Hendrik J F Helmerhorst
    Medical Research Council Epidemiology Unit, Cambridge, UK
    Diabetes 58:1776-9. 2009
    ....
  101. doi Green tea, black tea, and epigallocatechin modify body composition, improve glucose tolerance, and differentially alter metabolic gene expression in rats fed a high-fat diet
    Nora Chen
    Department of Optometry and Vision Sciences, University of Melbourne, Australia
    Nutr Res 29:784-93. 2009
    ..long-term administration of green tea (GT), black tea (BT), or isolated EGCG (1 mg/kg per day) on body composition, glucose tolerance, and gene expression related to energy metabolism and lipid homeostasis; it was ..

Research Grants82

  1. ANABOLIC THERAPIES AND THEIR METABOLIC EFFECTS IN AIDS
    Morris Schambelan; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..In the studies proposed herein, we will measure body composition (nitrogen and electrolyte balance, bioelectrical impedance, dual energy X-ray absorptiometry, D(2)O dilution),..
  2. Metabolic Abnormalities in HIV
    Dominic Reeds; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..and training plan to develop expertise in the assessment of whole-body glucose and lipid metabolism, and body composition in patients with HIV infection who are assigned one of three class-sparing Highly Active Anti-Retroviral ..
  3. A New QMR-based Technique for Body Composition Analysis in infants
    GERSH TAICHER; Fiscal Year: 2007
    Accurate assessment and tracking of infant body composition is useful for evaluating the amount and quality of weight gain, which can provide key information in both clinical and research settings...
  4. Bone Marrow Adiposity, Bone and Body Composition
    ANN V contact SCHWARTZ; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..A better understanding of the process underlying the accumulation of marrow fat with age and osteoporosis may provide new targets for treatments to prevent bone loss. ..
  5. Mechanisms of Testosterone Action
    Shalendar Bhasin; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..muscle mass and strength, and decreases fat mass in men, but the mechanisms by which testosterone regulates body composition are poorly understood...
  6. Prenatal stress biology, infant body composition and obesity risk
    Sonja Entringer; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..is to examine the influence of adverse intrauterine conditions, or prenatal stress, on newborn and infant body composition and obesity risk. Obesity is one of the most important health issues facing our nation...
  7. Physical Activity Following Surgery-Induced Weight Loss
    Bret Goodpaster; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..loss + physical activity will provide additive (and thus independent) positive effects on: 1) weight loss and body composition; 2) metabolic risk factors such as insulin action and other markers of the metabolic syndrome; and 3) markers ..
  8. Assisted Exercise in Prematurity: Effects and Mechanisms
    Dan Cooper; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..which state-of-the-art, minimally invasive techniques using bone and muscle ultrasound will be used to assess body composition and compared with dual x-ray absorptiometry...
  9. Mechanisms of Cancer Treatment Related Symptoms
    Lisa J Wood; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..decreased appetite, sleep disturbance, difficulty thinking, anemia, pain, depressed mood and changes in body composition. These symptoms can greatly influence the subjective sensation of cancer treatment related fatigue (CTRF) ..
  10. Regulation of Maternal Fuel Supply and Neonatal Adiposity
    Linda Barbour; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..that maternal obesity and diabetes create an intrauterine environment promoting fetal overgrowth which alters body composition at birth and may potentiate the risk of childhood obesity...
  11. Body Composition & REE Responses to Bariatric Surgeries
    Dympna Gallagher; Fiscal Year: 2007
    Important unanswered questions surround the nature of body composition and resting energy expenditure (REE) after substantial and sustained weight loss by severely obese persons...
  12. EPIDEMIOLOGY OF PHYSICAL ACTIVITY AND OVARIAN FUNCTION
    Barbara Sternfeld; Fiscal Year: 2001
    Vigorous physical training, either independently or in conjunction with factors such as weight, body composition and/or energy intake, is associated with various disruptions in ovarian function, including oligo/amenorrhea, shortened ..
  13. Limiting Weight Gain in Overweight Pregnant Women: Effects on Mother and Child
    Matthew Gillman; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Unfortunately, the funding for this trial is not sufficient to collect data on body composition and cardio-metabolic outcomes for mother and child...
  14. Metabolic and Nutritional Effects of ART in Children
    Meera Chhagan; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Specific aims of this study are to: 1) describe growth and body composition changes in the 2 years following initiation of ART; 2) describe the incidence of metabolic derangements and ..
  15. Limiting Weight Gain in Overweight Pregnant Women: Effects on Mother and Child
    Matthew W Gillman; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Unfortunately, the funding for this trial is not sufficient to collect data on body composition and cardio-metabolic outcomes for mother and child...
  16. Metabolic and Nutritional Effects of ART in Children
    Meera Chhagan; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Specific aims of this study are to: 1) describe growth and body composition changes in the 2 years following initiation of ART; 2) describe the incidence of metabolic derangements and ..
  17. Weight Loss and Exercise in Frail Obese Elderly Subjects
    DENNIS VILLAREAL; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..are to evaluate the independent and combined effects of weight loss and exercise on physical function, body composition, bone and muscle metabolism, and quality of life in frail, obese elderly men and women...
  18. Fluoride & Other Factors in Childhood and Adolescent Bone Development
    Steven Levy; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..collect age 15 and 17 bone, fluoride intake and dietary, alcohol, tobacco, physical activity, maturity, and body composition data...
  19. Fluoride & Other Factors in Childhood and Adolescent Bone Development
    Steven M Levy; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..collect age 15 and 17 bone, fluoride intake and dietary, alcohol, tobacco, physical activity, maturity, and body composition data...
  20. Genetic and Environmental Influences on Childhood Growth
    Bradford Towne; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..at regular intervals from approximately 900 boys and girls a comprehensive battery of growth, maturation, body composition, and health status measures, as well as information on specific environmental factors that likely impact the ..