mouth

Summary

Summary: The oval-shaped oral cavity located at the apex of the digestive tract and consisting of two parts: the vestibule and the oral cavity proper.

Top Publications

  1. pmc Defining the normal bacterial flora of the oral cavity
    Jørn A Aas
    Institute of Oral Biology, University of Oslo, Postbox 1052 Blindern, 0316 Oslo, Norway
    J Clin Microbiol 43:5721-32. 2005
  2. pmc Defining the healthy "core microbiome" of oral microbial communities
    Egija Zaura
    Department of Cariology, Academic Centre for Dentistry Amsterdam ACTA, University of Amsterdam and Free University Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    BMC Microbiol 9:259. 2009
  3. pmc Composition of the adult digestive tract bacterial microbiome based on seven mouth surfaces, tonsils, throat and stool samples
    Nicola Segata
    Department of Molecular Genetics, The Forsyth Institute, Cambridge, MA 02142, USA
    Genome Biol 13:R42. 2012
  4. pmc Bacterial diversity in the oral cavity of 10 healthy individuals
    Elisabeth M Bik
    Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA
    ISME J 4:962-74. 2010
  5. pmc Interspecies interactions within oral microbial communities
    Howard K Kuramitsu
    Department of Oral Boiology, School of Dental Medicine, State University of New York, Buffalo, New York, USA
    Microbiol Mol Biol Rev 71:653-70. 2007
  6. pmc The Human Oral Microbiome Database: a web accessible resource for investigating oral microbe taxonomic and genomic information
    Tsute Chen
    The Forsyth Institute, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Database (Oxford) 2010:baq013. 2010
  7. pmc Characterization of the oral fungal microbiome (mycobiome) in healthy individuals
    Mahmoud A Ghannoum
    Center for Medical Microbiology, Department of Dermatology, School of Medicine, Case Western Reserve University and University Hospitals Case Medical Center, Cleveland, Ohio, USA
    PLoS Pathog 6:e1000713. 2010
  8. doi Oral human papillomavirus in healthy individuals: a systematic review of the literature
    Aimee R Kreimer
    National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 37:386-91. 2010
  9. doi Analysis of oral microbiota in children with dental caries by PCR-DGGE and barcoded pyrosequencing
    Zongxin Ling
    State Key Laboratory for Diagnosis and Treatment of Infectious Diseases, First Affiliated Hospital, College of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310003, China
    Microb Ecol 60:677-90. 2010
  10. pmc Oral biofilm architecture on natural teeth
    Vincent Zijnge
    Center for Dentistry and Oral Hygiene, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands
    PLoS ONE 5:e9321. 2010

Detail Information

Publications244 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc Defining the normal bacterial flora of the oral cavity
    Jørn A Aas
    Institute of Oral Biology, University of Oslo, Postbox 1052 Blindern, 0316 Oslo, Norway
    J Clin Microbiol 43:5721-32. 2005
    ..It is important to fully define the human microflora of the healthy oral cavity before we can understand the role of bacteria in oral disease...
  2. pmc Defining the healthy "core microbiome" of oral microbial communities
    Egija Zaura
    Department of Cariology, Academic Centre for Dentistry Amsterdam ACTA, University of Amsterdam and Free University Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    BMC Microbiol 9:259. 2009
    ..The aim of this study therefore was to define the healthy oral microbiome using recent advances in sequencing technology (454 pyrosequencing)...
  3. pmc Composition of the adult digestive tract bacterial microbiome based on seven mouth surfaces, tonsils, throat and stool samples
    Nicola Segata
    Department of Molecular Genetics, The Forsyth Institute, Cambridge, MA 02142, USA
    Genome Biol 13:R42. 2012
    ..We describe the bacterial community composition of ten digestive tract sites from more than 200 normal adults enrolled in the Human Microbiome Project, and metagenomically determined metabolic potentials of four representative sites...
  4. pmc Bacterial diversity in the oral cavity of 10 healthy individuals
    Elisabeth M Bik
    Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA
    ISME J 4:962-74. 2010
    ..sequences found previously in the large intestines and feces of other healthy individuals suggest that the mouth and intestinal tract harbor distinct sets of bacteria...
  5. pmc Interspecies interactions within oral microbial communities
    Howard K Kuramitsu
    Department of Oral Boiology, School of Dental Medicine, State University of New York, Buffalo, New York, USA
    Microbiol Mol Biol Rev 71:653-70. 2007
    ..This review describes some of these interesting interspecies-interaction scenarios...
  6. pmc The Human Oral Microbiome Database: a web accessible resource for investigating oral microbe taxonomic and genomic information
    Tsute Chen
    The Forsyth Institute, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Database (Oxford) 2010:baq013. 2010
    ..We provide HOMD as a conceptual model for the presentation of microbiome data for other human body sites. Database URL: http://www.homd.org...
  7. pmc Characterization of the oral fungal microbiome (mycobiome) in healthy individuals
    Mahmoud A Ghannoum
    Center for Medical Microbiology, Department of Dermatology, School of Medicine, Case Western Reserve University and University Hospitals Case Medical Center, Cleveland, Ohio, USA
    PLoS Pathog 6:e1000713. 2010
    ..This is the first study that identified the "basal mycobiome" of healthy individuals, and provides the basis for a detailed characterization of the oral mycobiome in health and disease...
  8. doi Oral human papillomavirus in healthy individuals: a systematic review of the literature
    Aimee R Kreimer
    National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 37:386-91. 2010
    ..HPV16 DNA detected in oral specimens has recently been identified as a risk factor for some oropharyngeal cancers. The reported prevalence of oral HPV infection from individual studies is highly variable...
  9. doi Analysis of oral microbiota in children with dental caries by PCR-DGGE and barcoded pyrosequencing
    Zongxin Ling
    State Key Laboratory for Diagnosis and Treatment of Infectious Diseases, First Affiliated Hospital, College of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310003, China
    Microb Ecol 60:677-90. 2010
    ....
  10. pmc Oral biofilm architecture on natural teeth
    Vincent Zijnge
    Center for Dentistry and Oral Hygiene, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands
    PLoS ONE 5:e9321. 2010
    ..These in vivo observations on oral biofilms provide a clear vision on biofilm architecture and the spatial distribution of predominant species...
  11. doi Limited mouth opening after primary therapy of head and neck cancer
    Clemens Weber
    Department of Head and Neck Surgery, University Hospital Rostock Otto Körner, Doberaner Str 137 139, 18057, Rostock, Germany
    Oral Maxillofac Surg 14:169-73. 2010
    ..These problems may be caused by surgery and radiation. Patients complain, for example, of swallowing problems and limited mouth opening (trismus).
  12. ncbi Mirror neurons responding to the observation of ingestive and communicative mouth actions in the monkey ventral premotor cortex
    Pier Francesco Ferrari
    Dipartimento di Neuroscienze, Universita di Parma, Via Volturno 39, 43100 Parma, Italy
    Eur J Neurosci 17:1703-14. 2003
    ..Here, we describe the mirror responses of F5 neurons that motorically code mouth actions...
  13. ncbi Impression procedure for patients with severely limited mouth opening
    P S Baker
    Medical College of Georgia Augusta, School of Dentistry, Augusta, GA 30912, USA
    J Prosthet Dent 84:241-4. 2000
    Patients with limited mouth opening are a common occurrence in prosthodontic practice. The majority of these patients can be treated with exercise and stretching movements before impressions are made...
  14. ncbi The oral gram-negative anaerobic microflora in young children: longitudinal changes from edentulous to dentate mouth
    E Kononen
    Institute of Dentistry, Department of Periodontology, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Oral Microbiol Immunol 9:136-41. 1994
    ..were found in all children at the older age, whereas they occurred in edentulous mouth in 76%, 62%, 67% and 19%, respectively...
  15. doi Tongue movement and intra-oral vacuum in breastfeeding infants
    Donna T Geddes
    The University of Western Australia, Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, School of Biomedical, Biomolecular and Chemical Sciences, Faculty of Life and Physical Sciences, Australia
    Early Hum Dev 84:471-7. 2008
    ..The aim of this study was to use ultrasound to observe movements of the tongue during breastfeeding and relate these movements to both milk flow and simultaneous measurements of intra-oral vacuum...
  16. ncbi Human cortical responses to water in the mouth, and the effects of thirst
    Ivan E T de Araujo
    Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3UD Kingdom
    J Neurophysiol 90:1865-76. 2003
    ..Fifth, it was found that a region of the middle part of the insula was also activated by water in the mouth, and further, that this activation only occurred when thirsty...
  17. pmc Fever detection in under 5 children in a tertiary health facility using the infrared tympanic thermometer in the oral mode
    Benedict O Edelu
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Ituku Ozalla, Enugu, Nigeria
    Ital J Pediatr 37:8. 2011
    ..The oral mercury-in-glass thermometer which has relatively good accuracy cannot be used in children less than 5 years because it requires their cooperation...
  18. pmc Human papillomavirus-16 infection in advanced oral cavity cancer patients is related to an increased risk of distant metastases and poor survival
    Li Ang Lee
    Head and Neck Oncology Group, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital and Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan
    PLoS ONE 7:e40767. 2012
    ..Human papillomavirus (HPV) is an oncogenic virus causing oropharyngeal cancers and resulting in a favorable outcome after the treatment. The role of HPV in oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) remains ambiguous...
  19. doi The immediate effects of atlanto-occipital joint manipulation and suboccipital muscle inhibition technique on active mouth opening and pressure pain sensitivity over latent myofascial trigger points in the masticatory muscles
    Natalia M Oliveira-Campelo
    Escuela de Osteopatía de Madrid, Escola Superior de Tecnología de Saúde, Porto, Portugal
    J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 40:310-7. 2010
    ..A randomized controlled trial...
  20. ncbi Inorganic chemistry of defensive peroxidases in the human oral cavity
    M T Ashby
    Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK 73019, USA
    J Dent Res 87:900-14. 2008
    ..Despite this complexity, intriguing in vitro and in vivo studies are reviewed here that reveal the interplay between peroxidase function and associated inorganic chemistry...
  21. doi Noggin null allele mice exhibit a microform of holoprosencephaly
    Eva Lana-Elola
    Department of Craniofacial Development, King s College, London, UK
    Hum Mol Genet 20:4005-15. 2011
    ....
  22. ncbi Clinical significance of MMP-2 and MMP-9 in patients with oral cancer
    Beena P Patel
    Biochemistry Research Division, Gujarat Cancer and Research Institute, Asarwa, Ahmedabad 380 016, India
    Head Neck 29:564-72. 2007
    ..Therefore, the authors studied plasma and tissue levels of MMP-2 and MMP-9 in oral cancer, the leading malignancy in India...
  23. ncbi Distribution of selected bacterial species on intraoral surfaces
    Donna L Mager
    Department of Periodontology, The Forsyth Institute, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    J Clin Periodontol 30:644-54. 2003
    ..To examine the proportions of 40 bacterial species in samples from 8 oral soft tissue surfaces and saliva in systemically healthy adult subjects and to compare these microbiotas with those of supra- and subgingival plaque...
  24. doi Adaptation to different mouth shapes influences visual perception of ambiguous lip speech
    Benedict C Jones
    School of Psychology, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, Scotland
    Psychon Bull Rev 17:522-8. 2010
    We investigated the effects of adaptation to mouth shapes associated with different spoken sounds (sustained /m/ or /u/) on visual perception of lip speech...
  25. doi Pristionchus pacificus daf-16 is essential for dauer formation but dispensable for mouth form dimorphism
    Akira Ogawa
    Max Planck Institute for Developmental Biology, 72076 Tubingen, Germany
    Development 138:1281-4. 2011
    The nematode Pristionchus pacificus shows two forms of phenotypic plasticity: dauer formation and dimorphism of mouth form morphologies...
  26. ncbi Case-control study of human papillomavirus and oropharyngeal cancer
    Aimee R Kreimer
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, USA
    N Engl J Med 356:1944-56. 2007
    ..Substantial molecular evidence suggests a role for human papillomavirus (HPV) in the pathogenesis of oropharyngeal squamous-cell carcinoma, but epidemiologic data have been inconsistent...
  27. ncbi Development of spontaneous mouth/tongue movement and related neural activity, and their repression in fetal mice lacking glutamate decarboxylase 67
    Naoko Tsunekawa
    Obata Research Unit, RIKEN Brain Science Institute, Hirosawa 2 1, Wako Shi, Saitama 351 0198, Japan
    Eur J Neurosci 21:173-8. 2005
    ..At E14, mouth opening and tongue withdrawal were observed independently at frequency of 14/h each...
  28. pmc Analysis of the effects of chlorhexidine on oral biofilm vitality and structure based on viability profiling and an indicator of membrane integrity
    C K Hope
    Microbiology Unit, Division of Infection and Immunity, Eastman Dental Institute for Oral Health Care Sciences, University College London, London, United Kingdom
    Antimicrob Agents Chemother 48:1461-8. 2004
    ....
  29. ncbi Variation in bacterial DGGE patterns from human saliva: over time, between individuals and in corresponding dental plaque microcosms
    Indira A Rasiah
    Dental Research Group, Department of Pathology and Molecular Medicine, Wellington School of Medicine and Health Sciences, P O Box 7343, Wellington 6039, New Zealand
    Arch Oral Biol 50:779-87. 2005
    Eubacterial 16S rDNA fingerprints of human saliva and dental plaque microcosm biofilms grown in the multi-plaque artificial mouth (MAM) were characterised using denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE).
  30. ncbi Cephalic neural crest cells and the evolution of craniofacial structures in vertebrates: morphological and embryological significance of the premandibular-mandibular boundary
    Shigeru Kuratani
    Laboratory for Evolutionary Morphology, Center for Developmental Biology CDB, RIKEN, 2 2 3 Minatojima minami, Kobe, Hyogo 650 0047, Japan
    Zoology (Jena) 108:13-25. 2005
    ..Therefore, embryological terminology should reflect these hierarchical patterns in developmental stages and phylogeny...
  31. doi Prevalence of facial pain in migraine: a population-based study
    M S Yoon
    Department of Neurology, University of Duisburg Essen, Essen, Germany
    Cephalalgia 30:92-6. 2010
    ..23, P < 0.001). In one case isolated facial pain without headache was the leading symptom of migraine. Our results demonstrate that facial pain is not unusual in migraine, whereas isolated facial migraine is extremely rare...
  32. pmc Non-Hodgkin lymphoma affecting the tongue: unusual intra-oral location
    Francesco Inchingolo
    Department of Dental Sciences and Surgery, General Hospital, Bari, Italy
    Head Neck Oncol 3:1. 2011
    ..The intraoral location is not frequent (3 - 5 percent of cases) and the initial manifestations of the disease rarely take place here...
  33. pmc Intra-oral compartment pressures: a biofunctional model and experimental measurements under different conditions of posture
    Wilfried Engelke
    Dentistry Centre, Department of Maxillofacial Surgery, University of Gottingen, Gottingen, Germany
    Clin Oral Investig 15:165-76. 2011
    ..Twenty subjects with normal occlusion were evaluated during the open-mouth condition (OC), gently closed lips (semi-open compartment condition, SC), with closed compartments after the ..
  34. ncbi Effect of oral bacteria on growth and survival of Candida albicans biofilms
    Zaw M Thein
    Faculty of Dentistry, The University of Hong Kong, Oral Biosciences, 5 F, Prince Philip Dental Hospital, 34 Hospital Road, Hong Kong
    Arch Oral Biol 51:672-80. 2006
    ..Taken together, our data indicate that, quantitative and qualitative nature of the bacteria modulate C. albicans biofilm formation in mixed species environments such as the oral cavity...
  35. doi Update on bacteraemia related to dental procedures
    Ingar Olsen
    Institute of Oral Biology, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Oslo, PB 1052 Blindern, 0316 Oslo, Norway
    Transfus Apher Sci 39:173-8. 2008
    ..It may be that patients never seeing a dentist are more unfitted as blood donors than those recently having seen one...
  36. pmc Human LPLUNC1 is a secreted product of goblet cells and minor glands of the respiratory and upper aerodigestive tracts
    Colin D Bingle
    Academic Unit of Respiratory Medicine, Department of Infection and Immunity, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, S10 2JF, UK
    Histochem Cell Biol 133:505-15. 2010
    ....
  37. doi Molecular and cellular mechanisms that lead to Candida biofilm formation
    J M Ten Cate
    Department of Cariology Endodontology Pedodontology, Academic Centre for Dentistry Amsterdam ACTA, University of Amsterdam and Free University Amsterdam, Louwesweg 1, 1066 EA Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    J Dent Res 88:105-15. 2009
    ....
  38. doi Genetic support for random mating between left and right-mouth morphs in the dimorphic scale-eating cichlid fish Perissodus microlepis from Lake Tanganyika
    H J Lee
    Lehrstuhl fur Zoologie und Evolutionsbiologie, Department of Biology, University of Konstanz, Universitatstrasse 10, 78457 Konstanz, Germany
    J Fish Biol 76:1940-57. 2010
    Population genetic analyses were conducted to investigate whether random mating occurs between left and right-mouth morphs of the dimorphic scale-eating cichlid fish Perissodus microlepis from two geographical sites in southern Lake ..
  39. ncbi Human oral cavity as a model for the study of genome-genome interactions
    Jamie S Foster
    Oral Infection and Immunity Branch, National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research, National Institutes of Health, Building 30, Room 310, 30 Convent Drive MSC 4350, Bethesda, Maryland 20892 4350, USA
    Biol Bull 204:200-4. 2003
    ..Together, these approaches provide insight into the development of oral biofilms and expand our understanding of genome-genome interactions...
  40. doi How the brain represents the reward value of fat in the mouth
    Fabian Grabenhorst
    Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Oxford, Oxford OX1 3UD, UK
    Cereb Cortex 20:1082-91. 2010
    ..This discovery of which brain regions track the subjective hedonic experience of fat texture will help to unravel possible differences in the neural responses in obese versus lean people to oral fat, a driver of food intake...
  41. ncbi Are dental diseases examples of ecological catastrophes?
    P D Marsh
    Research Division, Centre for Applied Microbiology and Research, Salisbury SP4 0JG, UK
    Microbiology 149:279-94. 2003
    ..Thus, a more holistic approach can be taken in disease control and management strategies...
  42. doi Oral pain perception and taste in burning mouth syndrome
    T Just
    Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, University of Rostock, Rostock, Germany
    J Oral Pathol Med 39:22-7. 2010
    Aim of this study was to investigate the effect of idiopathic burning mouth syndrome (BMS) on both, the pain perception within trigeminal lingual nerve distribution and gustatory sensitivity using capsaicin threshold test, and regional ..
  43. ncbi Preservation of mouth region processing in two cases of prosopagnosia
    Cindy M Bukach
    Department of Psychology, University of Richmond, Richmond, Virginia, USA
    J Neuropsychol 2:227-44. 2008
    ..differences in the eye region, but a preserved ability to detect featural and configural differences in the mouth region. This pattern of impairment and sparing was demonstrated in tests of direct perception and immediate memory...
  44. doi Myoanatomy of the marine tardigrade Halobiotus crispae (Eutardigrada: Hypsibiidae)
    Kenneth Agerlin Halberg
    Department of Biology, The August Krogh Building, University of Copenhagen, DK 2100 Copenhagen Ø, Denmark
    J Morphol 270:996-1013. 2009
    ..This study establishes a morphological framework for the use of muscular architecture in elucidating tardigrade phylogeny...
  45. doi Happy mouth and sad eyes: scanning emotional facial expressions
    Hedwig Eisenbarth
    Department of Forensic Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University of Regensburg, Regensburg, Germany
    Emotion 11:860-5. 2011
    ..Locations of fixations and their durations were recorded, and a dominance ratio (i.e., eyes and mouth relative to the rest of the face) was calculated...
  46. pmc Relationship between oral malodor and the global composition of indigenous bacterial populations in saliva
    Toru Takeshita
    Section of Preventive Dentistry, Division of Oral Health, Growth and Development, Kyushu University Faculty of Dental Science, Higashi ku, Fukuoka, Japan
    Appl Environ Microbiol 76:2806-14. 2010
    ..Two parameters for measuring oral malodor intensity (the concentration of volatile sulfur compounds in mouth air and the organoleptic score) were noticeably lower in cluster I than in the other clusters...
  47. pmc Differential response of Streptococcus mutans towards friend and foe in mixed-species cultures
    Jinman Liu
    College of Dentistry, The University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK 73104, USA
    Microbiology 157:2433-44. 2011
    ..gordonii are carbohydrate utilization and H₂O₂ resistance. The presence of V. parvula in the tri-species culture mitigates these two major factors and allows S. mutans to proliferate, despite the presence of S. gordonii...
  48. pmc Oral microbial profile discriminates breast-fed from formula-fed infants
    Pernilla L Holgerson
    Department of Odontology, Cariology, Umea University, Umea, Sweden
    J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 56:127-36. 2013
    ..The aims of the present study were to compare the oral microbiota in breast-fed and formula-fed infants, and investigate growth inhibition of streptococci by infant-isolated lactobacilli...
  49. doi Natural orifice surgery on thyroid gland: totally transoral video-assisted thyroidectomy (TOVAT): report of first experimental results of a new surgical method
    T Benhidjeb
    Department of General, Visceral, Vascular and Thoracic Surgery, Charite Universitatsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, Germany
    Surg Endosc 23:1119-20. 2009
    ..Furthermore, the mouth mucosa can be sutured without difficulties and repairs itself without leaving any visible scars...
  50. doi Human papillomavirus genotype distribution in oropharynx and oral cavity cancer in France--The EDiTH VI study
    Jean Lacau St Guily
    Service d Oto Rhino Laryngologie et Chirurgie Cervico Faciale, Hopital Tenon, Université de Paris 6 et Faculté de Médecine Pierre et Marie Curie, Assistance Publique Hopitaux de Paris, 4 rue de la Chine, 75970 Paris Cedex 20, France
    J Clin Virol 51:100-4. 2011
    ..Recent studies suggest an association between human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and several head and neck cancers, especially oropharyngeal and oral cavity invasive carcinomas...
  51. ncbi Use of the Arndt wire-guided endobronchial blocker via nasal for one-lung ventilation in patient with anticipated restricted mouth opening for esophagectomy
    Chee Yueh Angie Ho
    Department of Anesthesia, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, 5, Fu Shin Street, Kweishan, Taoyuan 333, Taiwan, ROC
    Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 28:174-5. 2005
    Functional separation of the lungs may be accomplished by several methods. Patient with restricted mouth opening has limited options for one-lung ventilation...
  52. ncbi Artificial mouth model systems and their contribution to caries research: a review
    Gaoyan Tang
    Oral Biosciences, The Prince Philip Dental Hospital, 34 Hospital Road, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, People s Republic of China
    J Dent 31:161-71. 2003
    ..These developments and in particular the in vitro 'artificial mouth' systems have progressed from simple and basic apparatus devised by Magitot and Miller at the end of 19th century ..
  53. doi Immediate effects of atlanto-occipital joint manipulation on active mouth opening and pressure pain sensitivity in women with mechanical neck pain
    Pilar Mansilla-Ferragut
    Professor, Escuela de Osteopatía de Madrid, Spain
    J Manipulative Physiol Ther 32:101-6. 2009
    ..of a spinal thrust manipulation directed to the upper cervical segments (atlanto-occipital joint) on active mouth opening and pressure pain sensitivity in a trigeminal nerve innervated region (sphenoid bone) in women with ..
  54. ncbi Neuronal representations of stimuli in the mouth: the primate insular taste cortex, orbitofrontal cortex and amygdala
    Mikiko Kadohisa
    University of Oxford, Department of Experimental Psychology, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3UD, UK
    Chem Senses 30:401-19. 2005
    ..Information about the taste, texture of what is in the mouth (viscosity, fat texture and grittiness, which reflect somatosensory inputs), temperature and capsaicin is ..
  55. ncbi Grasp with hand and mouth: a kinematic study on healthy subjects
    M Gentilucci
    Istituto di Fisiologia Umana, I 43100 Parma, Italy
    J Neurophysiol 86:1685-99. 2001
    Neurons involved in grasp preparation with hand and mouth were previously recorded in the premotor cortex of monkey...
  56. pmc The oral microbiota: living with a permanent guest
    Maria Avila
    University of California, Merced, 95344, USA
    DNA Cell Biol 28:405-11. 2009
    ..How the microbiome of the oral cavity contributes to health and disease is attracting the interest of a growing number of cell biologists, microbiologists, and immunologists...
  57. pmc Cloning and characterization of an alpha-enolase of the oral pathogen Streptococcus mutans that binds human plasminogen
    Micheala N Jones
    Department of Microbial Pathogenesis and Immune Response, Meharry Medical College, Nashville, TN 37208, USA
    Biochem Biophys Res Commun 364:924-9. 2007
    ..Further studies of this interaction may be critical to understand the pathogenesis of endocarditis caused by S. mutans...
  58. doi Molecular investigation of macrolide and Tetracycline resistances in oral bacteria isolated from Tunisian children
    Bochra Kouidhi
    Laboratoire d Analyses, Traitement et Valorisation des Polluants de l Environnement et des Produits, Faculté de Pharmacie de Monastir, Biologie clinique, Rue Avicenne, 5000 Monastir, Tunisie
    Arch Oral Biol 56:127-35. 2011
    ..This study aims to investigate the antibiotic susceptibility of strains isolated from the oral cavity of Tunisian children...
  59. ncbi Oral microbial communities: biofilms, interactions, and genetic systems
    P E Kolenbrander
    Oral Infection and Immunity Branch, National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892, USA
    Annu Rev Microbiol 54:413-37. 2000
    ..Identification of contact-inducible genes in streptococci offers an avenue to explore bacterial responses to their environment and leads the way toward understanding communication among inhabitants of a multispecies biofilm...
  60. pmc Carbohydrate sensing in the human mouth: effects on exercise performance and brain activity
    E S Chambers
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
    J Physiol 587:1779-94. 2009
    Exercise studies have suggested that the presence of carbohydrate in the human mouth activates regions of the brain that can enhance exercise performance but direct evidence of such a mechanism is limited...
  61. ncbi High prevalence of non-albicans yeasts and detection of anti-fungal resistance in the oral flora of patients with advanced cancer
    J Bagg
    Glasgow Dental Hospital and School, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK
    Palliat Med 17:477-81. 2003
    ..The role of improved oral care regimes and novel anti-fungal drugs merits further attention, to reduce the occurrence of fungal infection in these patients...
  62. ncbi Does the condition of the mouth and teeth affect the ability to eat certain foods, nutrient and dietary intake and nutritional status amongst older people?
    A Sheiham
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London Medical School, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    Public Health Nutr 4:797-803. 2001
    ..To assess how the dental status of older people affected their stated ability to eat common foods, their nutrient intake and some nutrition-related blood analytes...
  63. ncbi Transoral laser microsurgery for advanced laryngeal cancer
    Michael L Hinni
    Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Mayo Clinic Arizona, Phoenix, AZ 85054, USA
    Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 133:1198-204. 2007
    ..To report the oncologic and functional outcomes of transoral laser microsurgery (TLM) in the treatment of advanced laryngeal cancer...
  64. ncbi Prevalence of Helicobacter pylori detected by polymerase chain reaction in the oral cavity of periodontitis patients
    E C E Gebara
    Department of Stomatology, Periodontology, University of Sao Paulo, Brazil
    Oral Microbiol Immunol 19:277-80. 2004
    ..A full-mouth periodontal examination was performed in every patient and the subjects were allocated to two groups: gingivitis (..
  65. pmc Quantitative analysis of multi-species oral biofilms by TaqMan Real-Time PCR
    Nao Suzuki
    Department of Preventive Dentistry, Kyushu University Faculty of Dental Science, Fukuoka 812 8582, Japan
    Clin Med Res 3:176-85. 2005
    ..We review the development and use of TaqMan real-time PCR for quantifying oral bacteria, its role in the diagnosis of oral infectious diseases and their microbial etiology...
  66. ncbi Stem-cell-based tissue engineering of murine teeth
    A Ohazama
    Department of Craniofacial Development, Floor 28, GKT Dental Institute, King s College, Guy s Hospital, London Bridge, London SE1 9RT, UK
    J Dent Res 83:518-22. 2004
    ..These results thus provide a significant advance toward the creation of artificial embryonic tooth primordia from cultured cells that can be used to replace missing teeth following transplantation into the adult mouth.
  67. ncbi The postural basis of malocclusion: a philosophical overview
    John R C Mew
    London School of Facial Orthotropics, London, United Kingdom
    Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 126:729-38. 2004
    ....
  68. ncbi Oral microbial communities in sickness and in health
    Howard F Jenkinson
    Department of Oral and Dental Sciences, University of Bristol, Bristol BS1 2LY, UK
    Trends Microbiol 13:589-95. 2005
    ..Understanding the microbial communities that drive sickness or health is a key to combating human oral diseases...
  69. ncbi Pondering the procephalon: the segmental origin of the labrum
    M S Haas
    USDA, ARS, Grain Marketing and Production Research Center, Manhattan, KS 66502, USA
    Dev Genes Evol 211:89-95. 2001
    ..This model appears to explain a wider variety of insect head segmentation phenomena. Embryological, histological, neurological and molecular evidence supporting the new model is reviewed...
  70. pmc Dissecting biological "dark matter" with single-cell genetic analysis of rare and uncultivated TM7 microbes from the human mouth
    Yann Marcy
    Department of Bioengineering, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:11889-94. 2007
    ..This approach enables single-cell genetic analysis of any uncultivated minority member of a microbial community...
  71. ncbi In vitro antimicrobial and resistance-modifying activities of aqueous crude khat extracts against oral microorganisms
    Nezar Al-hebshi
    Laboratory of Oral Microbiology, Department of Oral Sciences Oral Microbiology, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Bergen, Armauer Hansens Hus, N 5021 Bergen, Norway
    Arch Oral Biol 51:183-8. 2006
    ..To assess antimicrobial activities of aqueous crude khat (Catha edulis) extracts against a panel of oral microorganisms and to test their ability to modify bacterial resistance to tetracycline and penicillin in vitro...
  72. doi The influence of cranio-cervical posture on maximal mouth opening and pressure pain threshold in patients with myofascial temporomandibular pain disorders
    Roy La Touche
    School of Health Science, Department of Physical Therapy, Universidad Europea de Madrid, C Tajo s n, Villaviciosa de Odón, Madrid, Spain
    Clin J Pain 27:48-55. 2011
    The aim of this study was to assess the influence of cranio-cervical posture on the maximal mouth opening (MMO) and pressure pain threshold (PPT) in patients with myofascial temporomandibular pain disorders.
  73. ncbi Identification of Pneumocystis carinii DNA in oropharyngeal mouth washes from AIDS children dying of respiratory illnesses
    Kennedy Lishimpi
    The UNZA UCLMS University of Zambia University College London Medical School Research and Training Project, Lusaka, Zambia
    AIDS 16:932-4. 2002
    ..carinii DNA (sensitivity 68%; specificity 100%; positive predictive value 100%; negative predictive value 87%). This method requires further validation in clinical practice...
  74. ncbi Prevalence of human papillomavirus in the oral cavity/oropharynx in a large population of children and adolescents
    Elaine M Smith
    Department of Epidemiology, College of Public Health, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 26:836-40. 2007
    ..We evaluated the prevalence of HPV DNA in the oral cavity/oropharynx in a cross section of children aged 2 weeks to 20 years...
  75. doi Tracheal tube fixation: the effect on depth of insertion of midline fixation compared to the angle of the mouth
    K Sharma
    Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care, Maulana Azad Medical College and Lok Nayak Hospital, New Dehli, India
    Anaesthesia 64:383-6. 2009
    Following successful placement of a tracheal tube (TT), it is frequently moved from the midline to the angle of the mouth. This study investigates the tracheal tube tip position in the two fixation positions in 200 adult patients...
  76. ncbi Automated fluorescent in situ hybridization for the specific detection and quantification of oral streptococci in dental plaque
    T Thurnheer
    University of Zurich, Institute of Oral Microbiology and General Immunology, Plattenstrasse 11, 8028 Zurich, Switzerland
    J Microbiol Methods 44:39-47. 2001
    ..9 and 1.7%, respectively, of the plaques. The combined application of FISH and automated image analysis provides an objective time-saving alternative to culture or PCR for the enumeration of selected oral streptococci in dental plaque...
  77. ncbi On the transformation of sulfur-containing amino acids and peptides to volatile sulfur compounds (VSC) in the human mouth
    S M Waler
    Dental Faculty, University of Oslo, Norway
    Eur J Oral Sci 105:534-7. 1997
    ..The other sulfur-containing substrates had much less effect. It was found that the tongue was the major site for VSC production, and that saliva per se caused low VSC production...
  78. ncbi Positioning the extreme anterior in Xenopus: cement gland, primary mouth and anterior pituitary
    A Dickinson
    Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research, Cambridge, MA 02142, United States
    Semin Cell Dev Biol 18:525-33. 2007
    ..In all vertebrates, this region gives rise to the anterior pituitary, the primary mouth and, in most frogs, to the mucus-secreting cement gland...
  79. pmc Development and validation of a scale for mouth handicap in systemic sclerosis: the Mouth Handicap in Systemic Sclerosis scale
    L Mouthon
    Department of Internal Medicine, Cochin Hospital, 27 rue du Faubourg Saint Jacques, 75679 Paris Cedex 14, France
    Ann Rheum Dis 66:1651-5. 2007
    To develop and assess the reliability and construct validity of a scale assessing disability involving the mouth in systemic sclerosis (SSc).
  80. ncbi [Normal mouth opening in the adult French population]
    G Placko
    Service de Stomatologie et Chirurgie Maxillo Faciale du Pr J L Blanc, CHU de la Timone, Marseille
    Rev Stomatol Chir Maxillofac 106:267-71. 2005
    Limitation of mouth opening is a frequent symptom in the pathologies of the temporomandibular joint. The aim of this study is to establish normative basis for this criterion in the French population.
  81. ncbi Effect of habitual arecanut chewing on resting whole mouth salivary flow rate and pH
    T Rooban
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, Ragas Dental College and Hospital, 2 102, East Coast Road, Uthandi, Chennai 600 119, India
    Indian J Med Sci 60:95-105. 2006
    Resting whole mouth salivary flow rate (SFR) and pH play a significant role in pathogenesis of various oral diseases and conditions.
  82. ncbi Effects of a nonsurgical exercise program on the decreased mouth opening in patients with systemic scleroderma
    G Pizzo
    Department of Oral Sciences, Section of Periodontology, University of Palermo, Via del Vespro 129, 90127 Palermo, Italy
    Clin Oral Investig 7:175-8. 2003
    The decreased mouth opening (microstomia) represents a frequent finding in patients with systemic scleroderma (SSD), but little information is available about the efficacy of nonsurgical management of this condition...
  83. ncbi Effects of mouth opening on upper airway collapsibility in normal sleeping subjects
    J C Meurice
    Unite de Recherche, Hopital Laval, Universite Laval Quebec, Sainte Foy, Canada
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 153:255-9. 1996
    We investigated the influence of mouth opening on upper airway (UA) collapsibility in six healthy sleeping volunteers...
  84. ncbi Oral functional outcome after intraoral reconstruction with nasolabial flaps
    E I Hofstra
    Department of Plastic Surgery, University Hospital Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands
    Br J Plast Surg 57:150-5. 2004
    In this study, the functional and aesthetic outcome of patients with nasolabial flaps in the floor of the mouth was examined...
  85. doi A meta-analysis of children's object-to-mouth frequency data for estimating non-dietary ingestion exposure
    Jianping Xue
    USEPA ORD NERL, North Carolina, USA
    J Expo Sci Environ Epidemiol 20:536-45. 2010
    ..estimates of non-dietary ingestion in probabilistic exposure modeling, a meta-analysis of children's object-to-mouth frequency was conducted using data from seven available studies representing 438 participants and approximately ..
  86. doi Carbohydrate in the mouth immediately facilitates motor output
    Nicholas Gant
    Exercise Metabolism Laboratory, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand
    Brain Res 1350:151-8. 2010
    The presence of carbohydrate in the mouth can immediately improve physical performance. How this occurs is not well understood...
  87. ncbi A clinical study: Melaleuca, Manuka, Calendula and green tea mouth rinse
    Jeffrey D Lauten
    Department of Periodontology, School of Dentistry, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, 97239, USA
    Phytother Res 19:951-7. 2005
    ..Larger scale studies would be necessary to determine the efficacy and oral health benefits of the test rinse...
  88. doi Methanogenic archaea in health and disease: a novel paradigm of microbial pathogenesis
    Everly Conway de Macario
    Center of Marine Biotechnology, University of Maryland Biotechnology Institute, Columbus Center, Baltimore, MD 21202, USA
    Int J Med Microbiol 299:99-108. 2009
    ..the 1970s but their possible role in disease is only emerging now, after they were found in the large intestine, mouth, and vagina...
  89. doi Condition dependence of nestling mouth colour and the effect of supplementing carotenoids on parental behaviour in the hihi (Notiomystis cincta)
    John G Ewen
    Institute of Zoology, Zoological Society of London, Regents Park, London, UK
    Oecologia 157:361-8. 2008
    ..Carotenoid supplementation did, however, result in an increased paternal provisioning rate...
  90. doi Actinomyces naeslundii in initial dental biofilm formation
    I Dige
    Department of Dental Pathology, Operative Dentistry and Endodontics, School of Dentistry, Aarhus University, Vennelyst Boulevard 9, 8000 Aarhus C, Denmark
    Microbiology 155:2116-26. 2009
    ..The participation of A. naeslundii in the initial stages of dental biofilm formation may have important ecological consequences...
  91. ncbi Periodontal microbial ecology
    Sigmund S Socransky
    Department of Periodontology, The Forsyth Institute, Boston, MA, USA
    Periodontol 2000 38:135-87. 2005
  92. pmc Identification of Lys-Pro-Gln as a novel cleavage site specificity of saliva-associated proteases
    Eva J Helmerhorst
    Department of Periodontology and Oral Biology, Boston University Goldman School of Dental Medicine, Boston, MA 02118, USA
    J Biol Chem 283:19957-66. 2008
    ..The P(1) site being occupied by a Gln residue is a nonarchetype with respect to known proteases and indicates the presence of novel glutamine-specific endoprotease(s) in oral fluid...
  93. ncbi Oral decontamination with chlorhexidine reduces the incidence of ventilator-associated pneumonia
    Mirelle Koeman
    University Medical Center Utrecht, Department of Internal Medicine and Dermatology, and Department of Internal Medicine and Intensive Care Medicine, Rijnstate Hospital Arnhem, The Netherlands
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 173:1348-55. 2006
    ..We hypothesized that oral decontamination with either chlorhexidine (CHX, 2%) or CHX/colistin (CHX/COL, 2%/2%) would reduce and postpone development of VAP, and oral and endotracheal colonization...
  94. pmc Regulation of gene expression in a mixed-genus community: stabilized arginine biosynthesis in Streptococcus gordonii by coaggregation with Actinomyces naeslundii
    Nicholas S Jakubovics
    National Institutes of Health NIDCR, Building 30, Room 310, 30 Convent Drive, Bethesda, MD 20892 4350, USA
    J Bacteriol 190:3646-57. 2008
    ..Thus, A. naeslundii stabilizes S. gordonii expression of arginine biosynthesis genes in coaggregates but not cocultures and enables aerobic growth when exogenous arginine is limited...
  95. pmc Development of a multispecies oral bacterial community in a saliva-conditioned flow cell
    Jamie S Foster
    Oral Infection and Immunity Branch, National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research, National Institutes of Health, Building 30, Room 310, 30 Convent Dr, MSC 4350, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Appl Environ Microbiol 70:4340-8. 2004
    ..are dynamic associations of more than 500 bacterial species that form biofilms on the soft and hard tissues of the mouth. Understanding the development and spatial organization of oral biofilms has been facilitated by the use of in ..
  96. ncbi Lateralized use of the mouth in production of vocalizations by marmosets
    M A Hook-Costigan
    Department of Psychology, University of Memphis, TN 38152, USA
    Neuropsychologia 36:1265-73. 1998
    ..We suggest that hemispheric specializations for communication in humans may well have precursors in primate evolution...
  97. ncbi Sex differences in oral asymmetries during wordrepetition
    M Hausmann
    AE Biopsychologie, Fakultat fur Psychologie, Ruhr Universitat Bochum, Germany
    Neuropsychologia 36:1397-402. 1998
    During speech production the right side of the mouth is opened to a larger degree in most people. This facial asymmetry is thought to be related to a left hemisphere dominance in language processing and/or motor programming...
  98. ncbi Development of oral bacterial flora in young children
    E Kononen
    Department of Bacteriology, National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland
    Ann Med 32:107-12. 2000
    ..Adhesion is the initial event in the colonization of bacteria. In the mouth, only mucosal surfaces are available during the first months of life...
  99. pmc Complete genome sequence of the oral pathogenic Bacterium porphyromonas gingivalis strain W83
    Karen E Nelson
    The Institute for Genomic Research, Rockville, Maryland 20850, USA
    J Bacteriol 185:5591-601. 2003
    ..gingivalis can metabolize a range of amino acids and generate a number of metabolic end products that are toxic to the human host or human gingival tissue and contribute to the development of periodontal disease...
  100. ncbi Genomics of oral bacteria
    Margaret J Duncan
    Department of Molecular Genetics, The Forsyth Institute, 140 Fenway, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Crit Rev Oral Biol Med 14:175-87. 2003
    ..The oral microbiota is a unique community especially suited for new challenges to sequence the metagenomes of microbial consortia, and the genomes of uncultivable bacteria...
  101. ncbi Inhibition of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus colonization of oral cavities in newborns by viridans group streptococci
    Y Uehara
    Division of Clinical Pathology, Nagano Children s Hospital, Toyoshina, Japan
    Clin Infect Dis 32:1399-407. 2001
    ..g., birth weight, diseases) was observed. These results indicate that viridans group streptococci, as bacteria that formerly occupied the oral cavities in newborns, may inhibit later colonization with MRSA...

Research Grants91

  1. TASTE PSYCHOPHYSICS
    Linda Bartoshuk; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..oral phantoms (sensations in the absence of stimulation); these occur for taste (dysgeusia) and oral pain (burning mouth syndrome)...
  2. IL-4 Signaling Pathway Regulation of Sjogren's Syndrome
    AMMON PECK; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..specific anti-nuclear autoantibodies, loss of stimulated fluid secretion, and complaints of dry eyes and/or dry mouth. Over the past several years, the NOD mouse has been shown to exhibit numerous disease manifestations that ..
  3. Role of the OPI1 gene in controlling viability of Candida glabrata
    TODD REYNOLDS; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..albicans (41.3% and 48.8%, respectively). C. glabrata is favored in patients with dryness of mouth, which is a side effect associated with medications or conditions frequently found in the elderly...
  4. Intra vs. extracortical command signals to restore six dimensional hand movements
    DAWN MARIE TAYLOR; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..their arm and hand just by thinking about doing so while also allowing them to retain normal use of their face and mouth. Two main types of implanted brain recording technologies are being developed and commercialized for chronic human ..
  5. The Role of Glycolipids and CD1 in the Immunology of Leishmania Infection
    Laurence U Buxbaum; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..parasites cause fatal disease of the internal organs as well as non-healing and disfiguring diseases of the skin, mouth, and nose...
  6. SALIVARY IMMUNE RESPONSE TO COMMENSAL ORAL BACTERIA
    Michael Cole; Fiscal Year: 1993
    At birth pioneer bacterial colonize the mouth and are succeeded by other populations to form the normal flora which plays an important role in host defense by excluding exogenous pathogens...
  7. PHARMACOTHERAPY FOR XEROSTOMIA IN SJOGREN'S SYNDROME
    SAMUEL HOPKINS; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..lacrimal and salivary glands by mononuclear cells leads to diminished secretions, with resultant xerostomia (dry mouth) and xeropthalmia (dry eye) being the most prevalent symptoms...
  8. EFFECTS OF RETINOIDS ON SQUAMOUS CELL CARCONOMAS
    Lorraine Gudas; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..The normal human epithelial cell strains that will be analyzed include those from the soft palate, floor of mouth, buccal mucosa, ventral tongue, gingiva, hard palate, and facial epidermis...
  9. Tongue-pressure timing for liquid flow detection and control in swallowing
    CATRIONA MARGARET STEELE; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The tongue plays a critical role in containing liquids in the mouth, and in directing and controlling flow through the pharynx (throat)...
  10. Novel Antibacterial Fluoride-releasing Dental Materials
    Xiaoming Xu; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..high caries-risk, portion of the population: the medically-compromised who suffer from xerostomia or dry mouth (due to Sjvgren's syndrome, diabetes, head and neck irradiation, and medications), children, the elderly, and ..
  11. Palliation of Thirst in Intensive Care Unit Patients
    Kathleen A Puntillo; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The intervention is a combination therapy treatment (CTT) for thirst that includes the use of sterile water mouth sprays, sterile water swabs, and menthol-based lip and tongue moisturizer...
  12. Palliation of Thirst in Intensive Care Unit Patients
    Kathleen Puntillo; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The intervention is a combination therapy treatment (CTT) for thirst that includes the use of sterile water mouth sprays, sterile water swabs, and menthol-based lip and tongue moisturizer...
  13. CHEMICAL RELEASE & IMMUNE SENSITIZATION BY DENTAL RESINS
    Anahid Jewett; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Resin based materials which polymerize in the mouth are now used by dentists in many ways to help prevent tooth decay and for tooth repair and replacement...
  14. CHEMICAL RELEASE & IMMUNE SENSITIZATION BY DENTAL RESINS
    Wyatt Hume; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Resin based materials which polymerize in the mouth are now used by dentists in many ways to help prevent tooth decay and for tooth repair and replacement...
  15. Metgagenomic Analysis of the Human Oral Viral Microbiome
    Derrick Fouts; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..examination of their genome sequences will unveil new clues to the role of viruses in the microbial ecology of the mouth (e.g. biofilm formation and disease)...
  16. APD to Measure the Resistance of the Respiratory System
    JAFAR VOSSOUGHI; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..in concept, employing a rotating wheel in the flow path to change flow by 20-45%, with associated small changes in mouth pressure. From these changes, resistance is calculated...
  17. NITRIC OXIDE INTERACTION WITH INSECT NITROPHORINS
    Frances Walker; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..This protein has been found to be unique in terms of structure (a beta-barrel with a heme in its mouth), reduction potential and resistance to autoreduction in the presence of excess NO...
  18. VERTEBRATE PRIMARY MOUTH FORMATION
    Hazel L Sive; Fiscal Year: 2010
    The broad goals of this proposal are to understand the mechanisms underlying formation of the vertebrate primary mouth, using the frog Xenopus laevis as a model...
  19. Fundamental Study of Welding Fume Inhalation
    Serap Erdal; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..be performed using a life-size head and shoulders of a manikin for which breathing will be simulated through the mouth using a ventilator pump...
  20. Molecular Biology of Oral Alkali Production
    ROBERT BURNE; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..There are two major sources of ammonia in the mouth: urea and arginine, which are hydrolyzed by ureases and the arginine deiminase system (ADS) of oral bacteria, ..
  21. FOUR TREATMENT STRATEGIES FOR TMJ DISK DISPLACEMENT
    Eric Schiffman; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..symptomatic, advanced temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorder: TMJ disk displacement without reduction with limited mouth opening...
  22. Oral Care and Respiratory Pathogen Colonization
    Ozan Akca; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Identical bacteria have been cultured from the mouth and sputum of VAP patients suggesting that the oropharynx of critically ill patients becomes colonized with ..
  23. Intra-Oral Biofilm Formation
    Sigmund Socransky; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Thirty randomly selected subjects in each group will receive full mouth "soft tissue cleaning and disinfection...
  24. Statistical Methods for Complex Dependent Dental Data
    David Todem; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..As an example, it is well believed among dentist that there are spatial symmetries in the mouth with respect to caries, but this has never been shown in a statistical sense...
  25. Contribution of Inhalation for Human Smoke Exposure
    Wallace Pickworth; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..tissue, quantitative measures of smoke exposure are ordinarily indexed by puffing parameters - measures of mouth exposure...