Genomes and Genes
Summary: Nerve structures through which impulses are conducted from a nerve center toward a peripheral site. Such impulses are conducted via efferent neurons (NEURONS, EFFERENT), such as MOTOR NEURONS, autonomic neurons, and hypophyseal neurons.
Publications184 found, 100 shown here
- Afferent and efferent connections of the dorsocentral telencephalon in an electrosensory teleost, Gymnotus carapoS A Corrêa
Department of Physiology, School of Medicine of Ribeirao Preto, University of Sao Paulo, Brazil
Brain Behav Evol 52:81-98. 1998..b>Efferent pathways from the dorsolateral area of the telencephalon project ipsilaterally to the anterior hypothalamic nucleus, ..
- Rattlesnake hunting behavior: correlations between plasticity of predatory performance and neuroanatomyK V Kardong
Department of Zoologie, Washington State University, Pullman, Wash 99164 4236, USA
Brain Behav Evol 53:20-8. 1999..In turn, the tectum sends efferent pathways directly to premotor areas (brainstem) and indirectly to motor areas (spinal cord) where axial muscles ..
- Contributions of the vestibular nucleus and vestibulospinal tract to the startle reflexL Li
Department of Psychology, Peking University, Beijing, China
Neuroscience 106:811-21. 2001..In the present study, the timing properties of the vestibular efferent pathways mediating startle-like responses were examined in rats using electrical stimulation techniques...
- NK1 receptor and the ventral medulla of the rat: bulbospinal and catecholaminergic neuronsJ M Makeham
Hypertension and Stroke Research Laboratory, Department of Physiology, University of Sydney, Australia
Neuroreport 12:3663-7. 2001..We also demonstrate the NK1 receptor on bulbospinal neurons of the ventral respiratory group, in a region overlapping the pre-BÃ¶tzinger Complex...
- Modulatory inputs on sympathetic neurons in the rostral ventrolateral medulla in the ratAntonio R Granata
Department of Psychiatry and Physiology, New York Medical College, Basic Science Building, Room 346, Valhalla, New York 10595, USA
Cell Mol Neurobiol 23:665-80. 2003..7. These results would indicate that neurons in the RVLM recorded in vitro and with properties similar to premotor sympathetic neurons can be modulated by catecholamines released from terminals probably making synaptic contacts...
- Olivocochlear efferents: anatomy, physiology, function, and the measurement of efferent effects in humansJohn J Guinan
Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
Ear Hear 27:589-607. 2006..Monitoring MOC effects in humans using OAEs should continue to provide valuable insights into the role of MOC efferents and may also provide clinical benefits...
- Medial olivocochlear efferent reflex in humans: otoacoustic emission (OAE) measurement issues and the advantages of stimulus frequency OAEsJohn J Guinan
Eaton Peabody Laboratory of Auditory Physiology, Department of Otolaryngology, Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, Boston, MA 02114, USA
J Assoc Res Otolaryngol 4:521-40. 2003....
- Slow build-up of cochlear suppression during sustained contralateral noise: central modulation of olivocochlear efferents?Erik Larsen
Eaton Peabody Laboratory, Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, Boston, MA 02114, USA
Hear Res 256:1-10. 2009..Results suggest that conventional tests of OC reflex strength may underestimate its magnitude in noisy environments...
- The effect of contralateral acoustic stimulation on spontaneous otoacoustic emissionsWei Zhao
Roxelyn and Richard Pepper Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, Northwestern University, 2240 Campus Drive, Evanston, IL 60208, USA
J Assoc Res Otolaryngol 11:53-67. 2010..In addition to clinically available measures of the MEM reflex, we have incorporated a sensitive laboratory technique to monitor the MEM reflex in our subjects, allowing us to interpret the results with greater confidence...
- Defining classes of spinal interneuron and their axonal projections in hatchling Xenopus laevis tadpolesW C Li
School of Biological Sciences, University of Bristol, Woodland Road, Bristol BS8 1UG, United Kingdom
J Comp Neurol 441:248-65. 2001..The possible functional roles of the four interneuron classes are discussed...
- Manipulation of peripheral neural feedback loops alters human corticomuscular coherenceC Nicholas Riddle
Department of Anatomy, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 3DY, UK
J Physiol 566:625-39. 2005..coherence phase increased linearly with frequency, as expected if oscillations were propagated along efferent pathways from cortex to muscle...
- Central efferent pathways mediating skin cooling-evoked sympathetic thermogenesis in brown adipose tissueKazuhiro Nakamura
Neurological Sciences Institute, Oregon Health and Science University, 505 NW 185th Ave, Beaverton, OR 97006, USA
Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 292:R127-36. 2007..These results implicate the POA, DMH, and rRPa in the central efferent pathways for thermogenic, metabolic, and cardiac responses to skin cooling, and suggest that these pathways can be ..
- Efferent projections of rat rostroventrolateral medulla C1 catecholamine neurons: Implications for the central control of cardiovascular regulationJ Patrick Card
Department of Neuroscience, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15260, USA
J Comp Neurol 499:840-59. 2006..Collectively, these data demonstrate that RVLM C1 neurons modulate the activity of other central cell groups known to participate in the regulation of cardiovascular and autonomic function...
- Origins of descending projections to the medulla oblongata and rostral medulla spinalis in the urodele Salamandra salamandra (amphibia)C Naujoks-Manteuffel
AG Verhaltensphysiologie, Universitat Bremen, Federal Republic of Germany
J Comp Neurol 273:187-206. 1988..The results indicate that salamander brains display elaborate descending connections which are similar to those in other vertebrates despite their scarcely differentiated neuronal cytoarchitecture...
- Descending supraspinal pathways in amphibians. I. A dextran amine tracing study of their cells of originC Sanchez-Camacho
Departamento de Biologia Celular, Facultad de Biologia, Universidad Complutense, Madrid, Spain
J Comp Neurol 434:186-208. 2001..Our data are discussed in an evolutionary perspective...
- Imaging the human motor system's beta-band synchronization during isometric contractionJan Mathijs Schoffelen
F C Donders Centre for Cognitive Neuroimaging, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
Neuroimage 41:437-47. 2008..We conclude that during an isometric muscle contraction, several distributed brain regions form a brain-wide beta-band network for motor control...
- Supplementary motor area provides an efferent signal for sensory suppressionPatrick Haggard
Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience and Department of Psychology, University College London, Alexandra House, 17 Queen Square, WC1N3AR, London, UK
Brain Res Cogn Brain Res 19:52-8. 2004..We suggest the SMA may provide an efferent signal which is used by other brain areas to modulate somatosensory activity during self-generated movement...
- Origin and development of descending catecholaminergic pathways to the spinal cord in amphibiansC Sanchez-Camacho
Departamento de Biologia Celular, Facultad de Biologia, Universidad Complutense of Madrid, Madrid, Spain
Brain Res Bull 57:325-30. 2002..These results demonstrate a temporal sequence in the appearance of the CA cell groups projecting to the anuran spinal cord, organized along a rostrocaudal gradient...
- A novel effect of cochlear efferents: in vivo response enhancement does not require alpha9 cholinergic receptorsStephane F Maison
Department of Otology and Laryngology, Harvard Medical School, Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, Boston, MA 02114 3096, USA
J Neurophysiol 97:3269-78. 2007....
- Organization of noradrenergic efferents to arousal-related basal forebrain structuresRodrigo A Espana
Psychology Department, University of Wisconsin, Madison, 53706, USA
J Comp Neurol 496:668-83. 2006..Combined, these observations indicate coordinated actions of locus coeruleus neurons across these basal forebrain regions implicated in the regulation of behavioral state and/or state-dependent processes...
- A novel cholinergic "slow effect" of efferent stimulation on cochlear potentials in the guinea pigT S Sridhar
Eaton Peabody Laboratory, Department of Otolaryngology, Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, Boston 02114 3096, USA
J Neurosci 15:3667-78. 1995..The long time constant of the slow effect compared to the fast effect suggests that it may arise from a distinct intracellular mechanism, possibly mediated by second-messenger systems...
- Whiskers, barrels, and cortical efferent pathways in gap crossing by ratsE W Jenkinson
Department of Anatomy and Developmental Biology, University College London, London WC1E 6BT, United Kingdom
J Neurophysiol 84:1781-9. 2000..These results suggest that the cerebellum must receive whisker information from the barrel fields for whisker-guided jumps...
- Vestibular-evoked myogenic potentials: a method to assess vestibulo-spinal conduction in multiple sclerosis patientsF Sartucci
Department of Neuroscience, Institute of Neurology, Pisa University Medical School, Pisa, Italy
Brain Res Bull 59:59-63. 2002..We hypothesise that these changes might be the result of a conduction impairment in vestibulo-spinal fibres, producing a morphologic alteration of the myogenic responses...
- Facilitation of the soleus stretch reflex induced by electrical excitation of plantar cutaneous afferents located around the heelDimitry G Sayenko
Department of Rehabilitation for Movement Functions, Research Institute of National Rehabilitation Center for Persons with Disabilities, 4 1 Namiki, Tokorozawa 359 8555, Japan
Neurosci Lett 415:294-8. 2007..The observed effect implies a potential functional role of cutaneous afferents in balance control conditions where the ankle is naturally disturbed, e.g., during step reactions to external perturbations...
- Effects of combined cortical and acoustic stimuli on muscle activityR J Fisher
Sobell Department of Motor Neuroscience and Movement Disorders, Institute of Neurology, 8-11 Queen Square, London, WC1N 3BG, UK
Exp Brain Res 157:1-9. 2004..Effects were similar with TMS over premotor and primary motor cortex...
- Uncrossed actions of feline corticospinal tract neurones on hindlimb motoneurones evoked via ipsilaterally descending pathwaysK Stecina
Department of Physiology, Medicinaregatan 11, Box 432, 40530 Goteborg, Sweden
J Physiol 580:119-32. 2007....
- Ischaemia-induced sympathoexcitation in spinalyzed ratsValdir A Braga
Department of Physiology, School of Medicine of Ribeirao Preto, University of Sao Paulo, Ribeirao Preto, SP, Brazil
Neurosci Lett 415:73-6. 2007..We propose that neural mechanisms within the cervical-thoracic segments can make a substantial contribution to the sympathoexcitatory response during systemic ischaemia...
- Functional topography of corticothalamic feedback enhances thalamic spatial response tuning in the somatosensory whisker/barrel systemSimona Temereanca
Department of Neurobiology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15261, USA
Neuron 41:639-51. 2004..Our findings demonstrate that somatosensory cortex can selectively regulate thalamic spatial response tuning by engaging topographically specific excitatory and inhibitory mechanisms in the thalamus...
- Descending modulation of painG F Gebhart
Department of Pharmacology, Roy J and Lucille A Carver College of Medicine, The University of Iowa, 2 471 Bowen Science Building, Iowa City, IA 52242 1109, USA
Neurosci Biobehav Rev 27:729-37. 2004..Accumulating evidence suggests that descending facilitatory influences may contribute to the development and maintenance of hyperalgesia and thus contribute to chronic pain states...
- Electrophysiological actions of the rubrospinal tract in the anaesthetised ratSarah Al-Izki
Sobell Department of Motor Neuroscience and Movement Disorders, UCL Institute of Neurology, Queen Square, London WC1N 3BG, United Kingdom
Exp Neurol 212:118-31. 2008..Direct synaptic actions on motoneurones are likely to be weak. Stimulation parameters appropriate for specific activation of the RST in future studies are suggested...
- The three-neuron corneal reflex circuit and modulation of second-order corneal responsive neuronsVictor M Henriquez
Laryngeal and Speech Section, Medical Neurology Branch, NINDS, Bethesda, MD 20892 1416, USA
Exp Brain Res 179:691-702. 2007..The Vc/C1 suppression of Vi/Vc neurons suggests that the Vc/C1 region provides an "internal model" of the intended blink...
- Spinal pathways mediating coeruleospinal antinociception in the ratMasayoshi Tsuruoka
Department of Physiology, Showa University School of Dentistry, 1 5 8 Hatanodai, Shinagawa ku, Tokyo 142 8555, Japan
Neurosci Lett 362:236-9. 2004....
- Key mechanisms for setting the input-output gain across the motoneuron poolHans Hultborn
Department of Medical Physiology, Panum Institute, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen DK 2200, Denmark
Prog Brain Res 143:77-95. 2004....
- Phenotypic identification of rat rostroventrolateral medullary presympathetic vasomotor neurons inhibited by exogenous cholecystokininDaniela M Sartor
Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics Unit, Austin and Repatriation Medical Centre, Department of Medicine, University of Melbourne, Heidelberg 3084, Victoria, Australia
J Comp Neurol 465:467-79. 2003..CCK-induced inhibition of a subpopulation of RVLM presympathetic neurons may be implicated in postprandial hyperemia and postprandial hypotension...
- Closed-loop neuronal computations: focus on vibrissa somatosensation in ratEhud Ahissar
Department of Neurobiology, The Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot 76100, Israel
Cereb Cortex 13:53-62. 2003..These loops are likely to be components within a greater closed-loop vibrissa sensorimotor system, which optimizes sensory processing...
- Short-term plasticity of descending synaptic input to phrenic motoneurons in ratsF Hayashi
Department of Physiology and Institute for Neuroscience, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois 60611-3008, USA
J Appl Physiol 94:1421-30. 2003....
- Facial nerve injury induces facilitation of responses in both trigeminal and facial nuclei of ratZsolt Kis
Department of Comparative Physiology, University of Szeged, , H-6726 Szeged, Hungary
Neurosci Lett 358:223-5. 2004..The disconnection (opening) of this loop results in enhanced responsiveness of the neurons in both Pr5 and 7...
- Coherence between motor unit discharges in response to shared neural inputsMadeleine M Lowery
School of Electrical, Electronic and Mechanical Engineering, University College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland
J Neurosci Methods 163:384-91. 2007..The results suggest that caution should be taken when interpreting differences in coherence observed between motor units with significantly different firing properties or when comparing data with coherence in different frequency ranges...
- Projections from the nucleus reticularis magnocellularis to the rat cervical cord using electrical stimulation and iontophoretic injection methodsShigeo Watanabe
Department of Anatomy, Tokyo Medical University, Tokyo, Japan
Anat Sci Int 78:42-52. 2003....
- Somatosensory graviception inhibits soleus H-reflex during erect posture in humans as revealed by parabolic flight experimentTasuku Miyoshi
Department of Motor Dysfunction, Research Institute of National Rehabilitation Center for the Disabled, 4-1 Namiki, Sairama 359-8555, Tokorozawa, Japan
Exp Brain Res 150:109-13. 2003..These results suggest that the somatosensory systems detecting a load at the lower limbs and/or vertebral column might play a role in reducing the excitability of the SOL motoneuron pool to Ia afferent inputs by presynaptic inhibition...
- Synaptic targets of commissural interneurons in the lumbar spinal cord of neonatal ratsAndrás Birinyi
Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, Medical and Health Science Center, University of Debrecen, Debrecen, H 4012 Hungary
J Comp Neurol 461:429-40. 2003..Our findings also indicate that direct reciprocal connections between commissural interneurons on the two sides of the spinal cord may also exist...
- Spinal dorsal horn neuron response to mechanical stimuli is decreased by electrical stimulation of the primary motor cortexArun K Senapati
Department of Psychology, P.O. Box 19528, University of Texas at Arlington, 501 S. Nedderman Drive, Arlington, TX 76019-0528, USA
Brain Res 1036:173-9. 2005....
- [Compound EPSPs and action potential of mauthner cell evoked by skin stimulation in crucian carp]K Feng
Department of Physiology, Capital University of Medical Sciences, Beijing 100052, China
Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao 23:509-14. 2001....
- Tonic differential supraspinal modulation of PAD and PAH of segmental and ascending intraspinal collaterals of single group I muscle afferents in the cat spinal cordP Rudomin
Department of Physiology, Biophysics and Neurosciences del IPN, Centro de Investigacion y de Estudios Avanzados, Av Instituto Politecnico Nacional 2508, DF 07300, Mexico
Exp Brain Res 159:239-50. 2004....
- Input/output properties of the lateral vestibular nucleusR Boyle
BioVIS Technology Center and Vestibular Research Facility, Ames Research Center, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Moffett Field, CA 94035 1000, USA
Arch Ital Biol 142:133-53. 2004..Outputs were evaluated using antidromic identification techniques and identified LVN neurons were intracellularly injected with biocytin and their morphology studied...
- Identification of neural pathways involved in genital reflexes in the female: a combined anterograde and retrograde tracing studyL Marson
UNC at Chapel Hill, Department of Surgery, Urology Division, 103 Mason Farm Road, 2330 MBRB, CB 7052 UNC at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
Neuroscience 127:723-36. 2004....
- Electrophysiological and pharmacological characterisation of ascending anterolateral axons in the in vitro mouse spinal cordJ Martinez-Gomez
Departamento de Fisiologia, Edificio de Medicina, Campus Universitario, Universidad de Alcala, 28871 Madrid, Spain
J Neurosci Methods 146:84-90. 2005..In contrast both motor and sensory pathways were inhibited by sevoflurane. We believe that the procedures developed here may be of great interest to assess spinal nociceptive and antinociceptive mechanisms in vitro...
- Linear summation of cat motor cortex outputsChristian Ethier
Department of Anatomy and Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, , , G1J 2G3, Canada
J Neurosci 26:5574-81. 2006..An additional implication is that not all possible movements need be explicitly represented in the motor cortex; a large number of different movements may be synthesized from a smaller repertoire...
- A place principle for vertigoRichard R Gacek
Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA 01655, USA
Auris Nasus Larynx 35:1-10. 2008..To provide a road map of the vestibular labyrinth and its innervation leading to a place principle for different forms of vertigo...
- Synaptic origin of the respiratory-modulated activity of laryngeal motoneuronsK Ono
Department of Otolaryngology, Graduate School of Medicine, Chiba University, 1 8 1 Inohana, Chuo Ku, Chiba shi, Chiba 260 8670, Japan
Neuroscience 140:1079-88. 2006..We conclude that various synaptic inputs from respiratory neurons contribute to shaping the respiratory-related trajectory of membrane potential of laryngeal motoneurons...
- Short-term effects of functional electrical stimulation on spinal excitatory and inhibitory reflexes in ankle extensor and flexor musclesAiko K Thompson
Centre for Neuroscience and Department of Physiology, University of Alberta, 513 Heritage Medical Research Centre, Edmonton, AB, T6G 2S2, Canada
Exp Brain Res 170:216-26. 2006..Thus, we suggest that a short-term application of FES increases the excitability of the cortex or its connections to the spinal cord more effectively than that of spinal pathways...
- Dissociation between pain and the nociceptive blink reflex during psychological arousalChee Wan Koh
School of Psychology, Murdoch University, South Street, Murdoch, Perth, WA 6150, Australia
Clin Neurophysiol 117:851-4. 2006..SIGNIFICANCE: Supra-spinal influences need to be considered during clinical evaluation of the trigeminal nociceptive blink reflex...
- Tuning and playing a motor rhythm: how metabotropic glutamate receptors orchestrate generation of motor patterns in the mammalian central nervous systemAndrea Nistri
Neurobiology Sector, CNR INFM DEMOCRITOS National Simulation Center, International School for Advanced Studies SISSA, Trieste, Italy
J Physiol 572:323-34. 2006..Activation of mGluRs is therefore a powerful strategy to trigger and recruit patterned discharges of motoneurons...
- A monosynaptic connection between baroinhibited neurons in the RVLM and IML in Sprague-Dawley ratsNaoki Oshima
Department of Physiology and Neurosurgery, Royal North Shore Hospital and University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia
Brain Res 1089:153-61. 2006..When AP was decreased using a caval snare, a correlation was demonstrated in a further pair. A possible potentiation of synaptic strength during hypotensive stimuli is discussed...
- High-frequency conditioning electrical stimulation evokes supraspinal independent long-term depression but not long-term potentiation of the spinal withdrawal reflex in ratsHao Jun You
Center for Sensory Motor Interaction SMI, Laboratory for Experimental Pain Research, Aalborg University, Fredrik Bajers Vej 7 D 3, DK 9220 Aalborg, Denmark
Brain Res 1090:116-22. 2006..We conclude that, in contrast to LTP in spinal sensory systems to brief tetanic C-fiber cES, high-frequency cES seems only to elicit LTD of motor systems of the spinal cord...
- Effect of neonatal spinal transection and dorsal rhizotomy on hindlimb musclesA S Chatzisotiriou
Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece
Brain Res Dev Brain Res 157:113-23. 2005..The combined procedure affected both muscles, indicating that adequate synaptic input is essential for motoneuron survival...
- Differential activation of nerve fibers with magnetic stimulation in humansEric C Tuday
Department of Bioengineering, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA
BMC Neurosci 7:58. 2006..Electromyographic (EMG) and somatosensory evoked potential (SEP) recordings were then made from a total of 20 subjects during stimulation with the magnetic coil...
- Pharmacological evidence for an anticonvulsant relay in the rat ventromedial medullaSafa Shehab
Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, United Arab Emirates University, PO Box 17666, Al Ain, UAE
Eur J Neurosci 26:2585-94. 2007..Together these data establish the final functional link connecting brainstem anticonvulsant circuitry with reticulospinal systems controlling hindlimb musculature...
- Spinal cord plasticity in response to unilateral inhibition of the rat motor cortex during development: changes to gene expression, muscle afferents and the ipsilateral corticospinal projectionG J Clowry
Neural Development, Plasticity and Repair Group, School of Clinical Medical Sciences, University of Newcastle, Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom
Eur J Neurosci 20:2555-66. 2004..Unexpectedly, unilateral inhibition of the motor cortical input did not lead to an expanded muscle afferent input. Instead, this was reduced coincident with development of a bilateral corticospinal innervation...
- Movement-related receptive fields of spinal motoneurones with active dendritesAllison Hyngstrom
Department of Physiology and Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, 303 E Chicago Ave M211, Chicago, IL 60611, USA
J Physiol 586:1581-93. 2008..The focused MRRF seen in the intact cord state would allow reciprocal inhibition to fulfil this role without undue interference from multijoint input from other afferent systems...
- Facilitation and inhibition of withdrawal reflexes following repetitive stimulation: electro- and psychophysiological evidence for activation of noxious inhibitory controls in humansPrem Bajaj
Laboratory for Experimental Pain Research, Department of Health Science and Technology, Center for Sensory Motor Interaction, Aalborg University, Fredrik Bajers Vej 7D 3, DK 9220 Aalborg, Denmark
Eur J Pain 9:25-31. 2005....
- The spinal cord connections of the myofascial trigger spotsTa Shen Kuan
Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan, ROC
Eur J Pain 11:624-34. 2007..However, the sensory (afferent) and the motor (efferent) connections between an MTrP and the spinal cord still has never been fully studied...
- Properties of Barrington's neurones in cats: units that fire inversely with micturition contractionMitsuyoshi Sasaki
Department of Physiology, Tokyo Medical University, 6 1 1 Shinjuku, Tokyo 160, Japan
Brain Res 1033:41-50. 2005..One possible role of the inverse neurone is to regulate firing activities of direct neurones in Barrington's nucleus...
- Positive feedback in a brainstem tactile sensorimotor loopQuoc-Thang Nguyen
Department of Physics, University of California at San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093, USA
Neuron 45:447-57. 2005..On the basis of these findings, we propose that the trigeminal loop provides an enhancement of vibrissa muscle tone upon contact during active touch...
- Partial reconstruction of muscle activity from a pruned network of diverse motor cortex neuronsMarc H Schieber
Department of Neurology, Neurobiology and Anatomy, University of Rochester Medical Center, 601 Elmwood Avenue, Rochester, NY 14642, USA
J Neurophysiol 97:70-82. 2007....
- Effects of 5-hydroxytryptamine on the neuronal firing rate of bulbar reticular neuronsM Barresi
University of Catania, Department of Physiological Sciences, Viale Andrea Doria 6, 95125 Catania
Arch Ital Biol 143:13-27. 2005..Both 5-HT(1A) and 5-HT(2A) receptors mediate these effects, but the involvement of other receptors appears probable...
- Spinal cord injury in neonates alters respiratory motor output via supraspinal mechanismsM Beth Zimmer
Wayne State University, Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, Detroit, MI 48201, USA
Exp Neurol 206:137-45. 2007..These data show that supraspinal plasticity in the respiratory system occurs after SCI in neonate rats. The mechanisms remain unknown, but may involve alterations in receptor proteins involved in neurotransmission...
- Adrenaline contributes to prenatal respiratory maturation in rat medulla-spinal cord preparationMorimitsu Fujii
Laboratory for Memory and Learning, RIKEN Brain Science Institute, 2 1 Hirosawa, Wako Shi, Saitama 351 0198, Japan
Brain Res 1090:45-50. 2006..These results suggest that central adrenergic modulation is involved in fetal respiratory development and maintenance of stable respiration...
- Dynamic modulation of mossy fiber system throughput by inferior olive synchrony: a multielectrode study of cerebellar cortex activated by motor cortexC Schwarz
, , 72076 Tubingen, Germany
J Neurophysiol 86:2489-504. 2001..The data indicate that the climbing fiber system controls the temporal dynamics of SS firing in populations of PCs by using synchrony to engage intracerebellar circuitry and modulate mossy fiber system throughput...
- Bicuculline attenuates the MLR-induced suppression of dorsal horn neurons receiving group III afferent inputAlexandr M Degtyarenko
Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine and Human Physiology, University of California, 1 Shields Avenue, Davis, CA 95616, USA
Brain Res 935:109-13. 2002..Our findings raise the possibility that GABA release onto dorsal horn neurons in the spinal cord may play an important role in the attenuation of the exercise pressor reflex by central command during exercise...
- Respiratory rhythm: an emergent network property?Christopher A Del Negro
Systems Neurobiology Laboratory, Department of Neurobiology, University of California Los Angeles, Box 95 1763, 90095, USA
Neuron 34:821-30. 2002..05) does not affect respiratory rhythm. These results suggest that voltage-dependent bursting in pacemaker neurons is not essential for respiratory rhythmogenesis, which may instead be an emergent network property...
- Noradrenergic receptors and in vitro respiratory rhythm: possible interspecies differences between mouse and rat neonatesViemari Jean-Charles
, Biology of Rhythms and Development, GERM, CNRS, , 280 Boulevard de Sainte Marguerite, 13009 Marseille, France
Neurosci Lett 324:149-53. 2002..Thus, interspecies differences seem to exist in the noradrenergic regulations of the rat and mouse medullary respiratory networks...
- Biphasic modulation of spinal visceral nociceptive transmission from the rostroventral medial medulla in the ratM Zhuo
Department of Pharmacology, College of Medicine, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, USA
J Neurophysiol 87:2225-36. 2002....
- Facilitation and attenuation of a visceral nociceptive reflex from the rostroventral medulla in the ratMin Zhuo
Department of Pharmacology, College of Medicine, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, USA
Gastroenterology 122:1007-19. 2002..CONCLUSIONS: Spinal visceral nociceptive reflexes are subject to facilitatory modulation from the RVM, providing the basis for a mechanism by which visceral sensations can be enhanced from supraspinal sites...
- Forelimb locomotor generators and quadrupedal locomotion in the neonatal ratB Ballion
, , , 33405 Talence Cedex, France
Eur J Neurosci 14:1727-38. 2001..In conclusion, C7-T1 spinal levels display a strong motor rhythmogenic ability; with the lumbar generators, they contribute to coordinated rhythmic activity along the entire spinal cord of a quadrupedal locomoting mammal...
- Postsynaptic dorsal column and cuneate neurons in raccoon: comparison of response properties and cross-correlation analysisS H Dick
Department of Physiology and Biophysics, Dalhousie University, Nova Scotia, B3H 4H7, Halifax, Canada
Brain Res 914:134-48. 2001..However, the similar response latencies of the two groups of neurons makes it unlikely that PSDC neurons could contribute to the rapid initial processing of cutaneous information by the cuneate nucleus...
- Transient inhibition of the human motor cortex by capsaicin-induced pain. A study with transcranial magnetic stimulationS Farina
Dipartimento di Scienze Neurologiche e della Visione, Sezione di Neurologia Riabilitativa, , Verona, Italy
Neurosci Lett 314:97-101. 2001..This inhibition may be due to the activation of the C fibres which mediate 'slow' nociception and might be important to alert subject to possible phasic nociceptive events that may occur close to the painful area...
- Properties and interconnections of trigeminal interneurons of the lateral pontine reticular formation in the ratM J Bourque
, , , Montreal, Quebec H3C 3J7, Canada
J Neurophysiol 86:2583-96. 2001..The organization of the network allows for rapid distribution of this rhythmic input across premotoneuron groups...
- Ascending and descending projections of the lateral vestibular nucleus in the ratTimea Bacskai
Department of Anatomy, Histology and Embryology, University of Debrecen, Medical and Health Science Center, Hungary
Acta Biol Hung 53:7-21. 2002..It was concluded that the fiber projection in the rostral direction was primarily aimed at sensory-motor centers; in the rhombencephalon and spinal cord, fibers projected onto structures subserving various motor functions...
- Inspiratory neurons with decrementing firing pattern in raphe nuclei of feline medullaMasae Hosogai
Second Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, Tottori University, Yonago, Japan
Auton Neurosci 99:13-7. 2002..The present results suggest that cat I-decrementing neurons in the medullary raphe nuclei receive inputs from the central respiratory rhythm generator and may modify the respiratory activity of supraspinal neural structures...
- Stimulus time-locked responses of motoneurons during forelimb fictive locomotion evoked by repetitive stimulation of the lateral funiculusM Kinoshita
Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, Tsukuba University, Ibaraki 305-0004, Tsukuba, Japan
Brain Res 904:31-42. 2001..Stimulus time-locked PSPs observed in this study may at least in part be evoked by last-order interneurons of the central pattern generator, which may be reciprocally organized...
- Prevention of ventricular fibrillation, acute myocardial infarction (myocardial necrosis), heart failure, and mortality by bretylium: is ischemic heart disease primarily adrenergic cardiovascular disease?Marvin Bacaner
Department of Physiology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, USA
Am J Ther 11:366-411. 2004..Adrenergic activity causing ischemia signals cardiac pain to pain centers via sympathetic efferent pathways and tend to induce arrhythmogenic and necrotizing ischemic actions on the cardiovascular system...
- Lymphocyte targeting of the central nervous system: a review of afferent and efferent CNS-immune pathwaysR O Weller
Department of Pathology Neuropathology, Southampton University School of Medicine, Southampton General Hospital, UK
Brain Pathol 6:275-88. 1996..In this review, we examine evidence for afferent and efferent pathways of communication between the CNS and the immune system, the pivotal role of regional lymph nodes in T-cell ..
- Brainstem and basal ganglia lesions in xeroderma pigmentosum group AMasaharu Hayashi
Department of Clinical Neuropathology, Tokyo Metropolitan Institute for Neuroscience, 2 6 Musashi dai, Fuchu shi, Tokyo 183 8526, Japan
J Neuropathol Exp Neurol 63:1048-57. 2004..reduced, the immunoreactivity for tyrosine hydroxylase reflecting the dopaminergic afferent and efferent pathways was severely affected, and the expression of 3 calcium binding proteins (i.e...
- Hereditary progressive dystonia with marked diurnal fluctuationM Segawa
Segawa Neurological Clinic for Children, 2 8 Surugadai Kanda, Chiyoda ku, 101 0062, Tokyo, Japan
Brain Dev 22:S65-80. 2000..This consequently disinhibit the inhibitory efferent pathways and develops postural dystonia via the particular descending pathways to the reticulospinal tract and ..
- Vestibular evoked myogenic potentials in humans: a reviewC Ferber-Viart
Fédération d Explorations Audiovestibulaires, Centre Hospitalier Lyon Sud, Pierre Benite, France
Acta Otolaryngol 119:6-15. 1999..the afferent pathways being either the vestibulocochlear nerve or the inferior vestibular nerve, and the efferent pathways the vestibulospinal tract...
- [Basic mechanism of magnetic human cerebellar stimulation and its clinical application]Yoshikazu Ugawa
Department of Neurology, School of Medicine, Fukushima Medical University
Rinsho Shinkeigaku 49:621-8. 2009..the cerebellar electrical stimulation method was useful to differentiate cerebellar ataxia due to cerebellar efferent pathways lesions from other cerebellar ataxia and non-cerebellar ataxia...
- [Involuntary movements caused by basal ganglia-disorders and their age dependency: introductory remarks]M Segawa
Segawa Neurological Clinic for Children, Tokyo
No To Hattatsu 29:190-2. 1997..In the basal ganglia, the striatum has two efferent pathways; one is the direct projection which projects directly to the output structure and the other is the indirect ..
- Gastrointestinal-projecting neurones in the dorsal motor nucleus of the vagus exhibit direct and viscerotopically organized sensitivity to orexinGintautas Grabauskas
Department of Physiology and Neuroscience Program, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor 48109 0622, USA
J Physiol 549:37-56. 2003..of the vagus (DMV) has been shown to stimulate gastric acid secretion and motility, respectively, via vagal efferent pathways. In this study, whole-cell recordings were obtained from DMV neurones in rat brainstem slices to investigate ..
- Unilateral hearing losses alter loud sound-induced temporary threshold shifts and efferent effects in the normal-hearing earR Rajan
Department of Physiology, Monash University, Monash, Victoria 3800, Australia
J Neurophysiol 85:1257-69. 2001..Finally, the results suggest that, with respect to cochlear actions at high sound levels, uncrossed and crossed efferent pathways may exert different effects at the one type of receptor cell.
- Direct pyrogenic input from prostaglandin EP3 receptor-expressing preoptic neurons to the dorsomedial hypothalamusYoshiko Nakamura
Neurological Sciences Institute, Oregon Health and Science University, 505 NW 185th Avenue, Beaverton, OR 97006, USA
Eur J Neurosci 22:3137-46. 2005..To explore pyrogenic efferent pathways from the POA, we determined projection targets of EP3 receptor-expressing POA neurons with a special focus ..
- Single-neuron analysis of human thalamus in patients with intention tremor and other clinical signs of cerebellar diseaseF A Lenz
Department of Neurosurgery, Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, Maryland 21278 7713, USA
J Neurophysiol 87:2084-94. 2002..that tremor in these tremor patients is associated with deafferentation of the thalamus from cerebellar efferent pathways. The thalamic X EMG cross-correlation functions were studied for cells located in Vim and Vop...
- Reorganization of sympathetic preganglionic connections in cat bladder ganglia following parasympathetic denervationW C de Groat
Department of Pharmacology, University of Pittsburgh, PA 15261
J Physiol 409:431-49. 19891. Experiments were undertaken to examine the mechanisms involved in the reorganization of sympathetic efferent pathways to the urinary bladder of the cat following chronic unilateral, parasympathetic preganglionic denervation of the ..
- In vivo approach to the cellular mechanisms for sensory processing in sleep and wakefulnessRicardo A Velluti
Neurofisiologia, Departamento de Fisiologia, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de la Republica, Montevideo, Uruguay
Cell Mol Neurobiol 22:501-16. 2002..the response to sound, and (c) changes in the effects of the neurotransmitters involved in the afferent and efferent pathways. 2...
- Motor evoked potentials (MEP) and evoked pressure curves (EPC) from the urethral compressive musculature (UCM) by functional magnetic stimulation in healthy volunteers and patients with neurogenic incontinenceDaniel M Schmid
Swiss Paraplegic Centre Paracare, Institute for Rehabilitation and Research, University Hospital Balgrist, Zurich, Switzerland
Neurourol Urodyn 24:117-27. 2005....
- Behavioral, neurochemical and endocrinological characterization of the early social isolation syndromeC A Heidbreder
SmithKline Beecham Pharmaceuticals, Department of Neuroscience, New Frontiers Science Park North, Building H25, Room 104A, Essex CM19 5AW, Harlow, UK
Neuroscience 100:749-68. 2000..metabolites in a "psychosis circuit" that includes mainly the hippocampus and selected hippocampal efferent pathways projecting towards the anterior cingulate and infralimbic cortices, nucleus accumbens, dorsolateral caudate ..
- [Disorders of bladder compliance and neurogenic bladder]E Chartier-Kastler
Service d Urologie, GH Pitié Salpétrière, Universite Paris VI, France
Prog Urol 17:442-7. 2007..With the arrival of new treatments active on afferent and/or efferent pathways or on the central nervous system, it is very important to improve our understanding of the pathophysiology ..
- [Physiology of the autonomic nervous system]X Navarro
Facultat de Medicina, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona Bellaterra, Espana
Rev Neurol 35:553-62. 2002..Its overall function is that of maintaining a state of homeostasis in the organism and of performing the adaptation responses when faced with changes in the external and internal environment...
- Thoracic cross-over pathways of the rat vagal trunksCharles C Horn
Monell Chemical Senses Center, 3500 Market Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
Brain Res 1060:153-61. 2005It is very difficult to study the independent contributions of the afferent and efferent pathways of the subdiaphragmatic vagus to physiology and behavior...
- Visual discrimination learning impairments produced by combined transections of the anterior temporal stem, amygdala and fornix in marmoset monkeysC J MacLean
Department of Experimental Psychology, Downing Street, CB2 3EB, Cambridge, UK
Brain Res 888:34-50. 2001..Histological analysis indicated that in addition to cutting some of the subcortical temporal lobe efferent pathways, the surgical procedures had cut the cholinergic afferents to the temporal neocortex, entorhinal cortex, and ..
- Striatal dopamine and glutamate receptors modulate methamphetamine-induced cortical Fos expressionN B Gross
Department of Neurobiology and Behavior, 2205 McGaugh Hall, University of California, Irvine, Irvine, CA 92697 4550, USA
Neuroscience 161:1114-25. 2009..It is hypothesized that dopamine release from nigrostriatal terminals modulates activity within striatal efferent pathways, thereby disinhibiting thalamo-cortical circuits...
- Vagal Neurons & Gastric Function by HypocretinChung Owyang; Fiscal Year: 2006..sensitivity of gastric responses to HCRT will also be examined to determine the nature of the vagal efferent pathways involved...
- NEURAL CONTROL OF LARGE INTESTINAL MUCOSAHelen Cooke; Fiscal Year: 1993..The first aim addresses the efferent pathways in the submucous plexus that mediate histamine-evoked cyclical secretion in normal animals...
- Subcortical neural basis of hearing in noiseRamnarayan Ramachandran; Fiscal Year: 2010..Detection in noise depends on auditory efferent pathways that are fully functional only in awake and behaving organisms...
- EMMETROPIZATION IN THE CHICK--IS THE BRAIN REQUIRED?Christine Wildsoet; Fiscal Year: 2001..does play a role, I will try to identify the pathways involved using selective lesioning of the most likely efferent pathways. In relation to interocular yoking in eye growth, this proposal seeks to clarify the conditions under which ..
- FUNCTION OF THE EFFERENT VESTIBULAR SYSTEMJay Goldberg; Fiscal Year: 2003..There is a need to update results by taking into account recent findings on the organization on afferent and efferent pathways, as a recent suggestions that EVS stimulation may have more heterogeneous influence on afferent gain than ..
- Vagal Neurons & Gastric Function by HypocretinHYLAN MOISES; Fiscal Year: 2003..sensitivity of gastric responses to HCRT will also be examined to determine the nature of the vagal efferent pathways involved...
- SPECTRAL CUES FOR SOUND LOCALIZATIONBradford May; Fiscal Year: 2001..in sound localization tasks is influenced by manipulations such as blocking one ear, lesioning afferent or efferent pathways, and introducing background noise...
- Hormonal signals, genome integrity and longevityJan Vijg; Fiscal Year: 2009..This will provide basic insight into genome deterioration in somatic cells and its possible contribution to the efferent pathways by which insulin signaling accelerates aging.
- Akt/GSK-3 Signaling Cascade and the Actions of DopamineMarc G Caron; Fiscal Year: 2011..of DA by selectively manipulating them in postsynaptic D1R- and D2R-expressing neurons of the striatal efferent pathways. Aim 2: We will determine the contribution of ?-arrestin 2 by selectively inactivating and rescuing its ..
- Form/function of Extended Amygdala/Accumbens Shell:CRFDANIEL ZAHM; Fiscal Year: 2005..to extended amygdala and caudal shell (retrograde tracer combined with in situ hybridization), and c) the efferent pathways of extended amygdala and caudal shell cells containing CRF1 versus CRF2a receptors (retrograde tracer ..
- CNS Pathways Regulating Ghrelin Effects on Body WeightJoel Elmquist; Fiscal Year: 2007..area and the paraventricular nucleus, which are likely to play a distinct role in activating the efferent pathways activated by ghrelin...
- NEUROTENSIN AND METHAMPHETAMINE EFFECTSGlen Hanson; Fiscal Year: 2000..high doses of METH preferentially influence the indirect (striatal-pallidal) and direct (striatal-nigral) efferent pathways to the basal ganglia output nuclei, respectively...
- PROTEIN KINASE C IN CENTRAL AUDITORY PLASTICITYMeredith Garcia; Fiscal Year: 2002..in neurotransmitter systems, or by changes in synaptic arrangement, via reorganization of afferent and efferent pathways. A better understanding of the neurochemical mediators of auditory plasticity may lead to the development of ..
- NEUROTENSIN AND METHAMPHETAMINE EFFECTSKRISTEN KEEFE; Fiscal Year: 2002..high doses of METH preferentially influence the indirect (striatal-pallidal) and direct (striatal-nigral) efferent pathways to the basal ganglia output nuclei, respectively...