neural pathways

Summary

Summary: Neural tracts connecting one part of the nervous system with another.

Top Publications

  1. doi Functional connectivity of the insula in the resting brain
    Franco Cauda
    CCS fMRI, Koelliker Hospital, Turin, Italy
    Neuroimage 55:8-23. 2011
  2. pmc Functional grouping and cortical-subcortical interactions in emotion: a meta-analysis of neuroimaging studies
    Hedy Kober
    Department of Psychology, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027, USA
    Neuroimage 42:998-1031. 2008
  3. pmc A dual-networks architecture of top-down control
    Nico U F Dosenbach
    Washington University in St Louis School of Medicine, 4525 Scott Ave, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 12:99-105. 2008
  4. ncbi The application of graph theoretical analysis to complex networks in the brain
    Jaap C Reijneveld
    Department of Neurology, VU University Medical Center, P O Box 7057, 1007 MB Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Clin Neurophysiol 118:2317-31. 2007
  5. ncbi Excitatory signal flow and connectivity in a cortical column: focus on barrel cortex
    Joachim Lubke
    Research Centre Julich, Institute of Neurosciences and Biophysics INB 3, Leo Brandt Str, 52425 Julich, Germany
    Brain Struct Funct 212:3-17. 2007
  6. pmc Toward discovery science of human brain function
    Bharat B Biswal
    Department of Radiology, New Jersey Medical School, Newark, NJ 07103, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:4734-9. 2010
  7. ncbi A resilient, low-frequency, small-world human brain functional network with highly connected association cortical hubs
    Sophie Achard
    Wolfson Brain Imaging Centre, University of Cambridge, Department of Psychiatry, Addenbrooke s Hospital, Cambridge CB2 2QQ, United Kingdom
    J Neurosci 26:63-72. 2006
  8. ncbi Psychophysiological and modulatory interactions in neuroimaging
    K J Friston
    Wellcome Department of Cognitive Neurology, London, United Kingdom
    Neuroimage 6:218-29. 1997
  9. ncbi Probabilistic diffusion tractography with multiple fibre orientations: What can we gain?
    T E J Behrens
    Oxford Centre for Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Brain FMRIB, Oxford, UK
    Neuroimage 34:144-55. 2007
  10. pmc Cortical hubs revealed by intrinsic functional connectivity: mapping, assessment of stability, and relation to Alzheimer's disease
    Randy L Buckner
    Department of Psychology and Center for Brain Science, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138, USA
    J Neurosci 29:1860-73. 2009

Detail Information

Publications257 found, 100 shown here

  1. doi Functional connectivity of the insula in the resting brain
    Franco Cauda
    CCS fMRI, Koelliker Hospital, Turin, Italy
    Neuroimage 55:8-23. 2011
    ..These results are in agreement with connectivity studies in primates, and support the use of resting state functional analysis to investigate connectivity in the living human brain...
  2. pmc Functional grouping and cortical-subcortical interactions in emotion: a meta-analysis of neuroimaging studies
    Hedy Kober
    Department of Psychology, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027, USA
    Neuroimage 42:998-1031. 2008
    ....
  3. pmc A dual-networks architecture of top-down control
    Nico U F Dosenbach
    Washington University in St Louis School of Medicine, 4525 Scott Ave, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 12:99-105. 2008
    ..The control systems of the brain seem to embody the principles of complex systems, encouraging resilient performance...
  4. ncbi The application of graph theoretical analysis to complex networks in the brain
    Jaap C Reijneveld
    Department of Neurology, VU University Medical Center, P O Box 7057, 1007 MB Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Clin Neurophysiol 118:2317-31. 2007
    ....
  5. ncbi Excitatory signal flow and connectivity in a cortical column: focus on barrel cortex
    Joachim Lubke
    Research Centre Julich, Institute of Neurosciences and Biophysics INB 3, Leo Brandt Str, 52425 Julich, Germany
    Brain Struct Funct 212:3-17. 2007
    ..This review attempts to summarize recent advances in the study of individual microcircuits and their functional relevance within the framework of a cortical column, with emphasis on excitatory signal flow...
  6. pmc Toward discovery science of human brain function
    Bharat B Biswal
    Department of Radiology, New Jersey Medical School, Newark, NJ 07103, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:4734-9. 2010
    ..To initiate discovery science of brain function, the 1000 Functional Connectomes Project dataset is freely accessible at www.nitrc.org/projects/fcon_1000/...
  7. ncbi A resilient, low-frequency, small-world human brain functional network with highly connected association cortical hubs
    Sophie Achard
    Wolfson Brain Imaging Centre, University of Cambridge, Department of Psychiatry, Addenbrooke s Hospital, Cambridge CB2 2QQ, United Kingdom
    J Neurosci 26:63-72. 2006
    ..Because the major hubs of this network are critical for cognition, its slow dynamics could provide a physiological substrate for segregated and distributed information processing...
  8. ncbi Psychophysiological and modulatory interactions in neuroimaging
    K J Friston
    Wellcome Department of Cognitive Neurology, London, United Kingdom
    Neuroimage 6:218-29. 1997
    ..We focus on interactions among extrastriate, inferotemporal, and posterior parietal regions during visual processing, under different attentional and perceptual conditions...
  9. ncbi Probabilistic diffusion tractography with multiple fibre orientations: What can we gain?
    T E J Behrens
    Oxford Centre for Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Brain FMRIB, Oxford, UK
    Neuroimage 34:144-55. 2007
    ..We show that multi-fibre tractography offers significant advantages in sensitivity when tracking non-dominant fibre populations, but does not dramatically change tractography results for the dominant pathways...
  10. pmc Cortical hubs revealed by intrinsic functional connectivity: mapping, assessment of stability, and relation to Alzheimer's disease
    Randy L Buckner
    Department of Psychology and Center for Brain Science, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138, USA
    J Neurosci 29:1860-73. 2009
    ....
  11. pmc Predicting human resting-state functional connectivity from structural connectivity
    C J Honey
    Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN 47405, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:2035-40. 2009
    ....
  12. pmc Highly nonrandom features of synaptic connectivity in local cortical circuits
    Sen Song
    Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, Cold Spring Harbor, New York, USA
    PLoS Biol 3:e68. 2005
    ..Therefore, the local cortical network structure can be viewed as a skeleton of stronger connections in a sea of weaker ones. Such a skeleton is likely to play an important role in network dynamics and should be investigated further...
  13. ncbi Small-world networks and functional connectivity in Alzheimer's disease
    C J Stam
    Department of Clinical Neurophysiology, VU University Medical Center, 1007 MB Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Cereb Cortex 17:92-9. 2007
    ..Graph theoretical analysis may be a useful approach to study the complexity of patterns of interrelations between EEG channels...
  14. pmc Neurodegenerative diseases target large-scale human brain networks
    William W Seeley
    Memory and Aging Center, Department of Neurology, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA
    Neuron 62:42-52. 2009
    ..Future studies may clarify how these complex systems are assembled during development and undermined by disease...
  15. ncbi The small world of the cerebral cortex
    Olaf Sporns
    Department of Psychology, Indiana University, Bloomington 47405, USA
    Neuroinformatics 2:145-62. 2004
    ..We discuss the significance of these universal organizational features of cortex in light of functional brain anatomy. Supplementary materials are at www.indiana.edu/~cortex/lab.htm...
  16. pmc The global signal and observed anticorrelated resting state brain networks
    Michael D Fox
    Departments of Radiology, Washington University in St Louis, St Louis, Missouri, USA
    J Neurophysiol 101:3270-83. 2009
    ....
  17. doi Disrupted small-world networks in schizophrenia
    Yong Liu
    National Laboratory of Pattern Recognition, Institute of Automation, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100080, China
    Brain 131:945-61. 2008
    ..Detection and estimation of these alterations could prove helpful for understanding the pathophysiological mechanism as well as for evaluation of the severity of schizophrenia...
  18. pmc Identification and classification of hubs in brain networks
    Olaf Sporns
    Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences and Program in Cognitive Science, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 2:e1049. 2007
    ....
  19. doi Efficiency of functional brain networks and intellectual performance
    Martijn P van den Heuvel
    Department of Psychiatry, Rudolf Magnus Institute of Neuroscience, University Medical Center Utrecht, 3508 GA Utrecht, The Netherlands
    J Neurosci 29:7619-24. 2009
    ..Our findings indicate a strong positive association between the global efficiency of functional brain networks and intellectual performance...
  20. pmc Mapping anatomical connectivity patterns of human cerebral cortex using in vivo diffusion tensor imaging tractography
    Gaolang Gong
    Department of Biomedical Engineering, 1098 Research Transition Facility, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
    Cereb Cortex 19:524-36. 2009
    ..Our results are compatible with previous structural and functional brain networks studies and provide insight into the organizational principles of human brain anatomical networks that underlie functional states...
  21. pmc Hierarchical organization of human cortical networks in health and schizophrenia
    Danielle S Bassett
    Clinical Brain Disorders Branch, Genes Cognition and Psychosis Program, National Institute of Mental Health, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892, USA
    J Neurosci 28:9239-48. 2008
    ....
  22. ncbi Neuronal circuits of the neocortex
    Rodney J Douglas
    Institute of Neuroinformatics, University ETH Zurich, Zurich 8057, Switzerland
    Annu Rev Neurosci 27:419-51. 2004
    ....
  23. pmc Ventral and dorsal pathways for language
    Dorothee Saur
    Department of Neurology, University Medical Center Freiburg, Breisacher Strasse 64, 79106 Freiburg, Germany
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:18035-40. 2008
    ....
  24. ncbi A link between the systems: functional differentiation and integration within the human insula revealed by meta-analysis
    Florian Kurth
    C and O Vogt Institute of Brain Research, University Düsseldorf, Dusseldorf, Germany
    Brain Struct Funct 214:519-34. 2010
    ....
  25. doi Functionally linked resting-state networks reflect the underlying structural connectivity architecture of the human brain
    Martijn P van den Heuvel
    Rudolf Magnus Institute of Neuroscience, University Medical Center, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Hum Brain Mapp 30:3127-41. 2009
    ..Our results suggest that the functionally linked resting-state networks reflect the underlying structural connectivity architecture of the human brain...
  26. pmc A method for functional network connectivity among spatially independent resting-state components in schizophrenia
    Madiha J Jafri
    Olin Neuropsychiatry Research Center, Institute of Living, Hartford, CT 06106, USA
    Neuroimage 39:1666-81. 2008
    ..Significant differences between patient and control connectivity in different networks were revealed possibly reflecting deficiencies in cortical processing in patients...
  27. pmc Reproducibility of quantitative tractography methods applied to cerebral white matter
    Setsu Wakana
    F M Kirby Center for Functional Brain Imaging, Kennedy Krieger Institute Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Neuroimage 36:630-44. 2007
    ..Hemispheric asymmetry was observed for the size of white matter tracts projecting to the temporal lobe. This protocol provides guidelines for reproducible DTI-based tract-specific quantification...
  28. ncbi Segmentation of subcomponents within the superior longitudinal fascicle in humans: a quantitative, in vivo, DT-MRI study
    Nikos Makris
    Harvard Medical School Department of Neurology, Center for Morphometric Analysis, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA 02129, USA
    Cereb Cortex 15:854-69. 2005
    ..Since DT-MRI allows the precise definition of only the stem portion of each fiber pathway, the origin and termination of the subdivisions of SLF are extrapolated from the available data in experimental material from non-human primates...
  29. ncbi Breakdown of functional connectivity in frontoparietal networks underlies behavioral deficits in spatial neglect
    Biyu J He
    Department of Radiology, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Neuron 53:905-18. 2007
    ..Lastly, disconnection of the white matter tracts connecting frontal and parietal cortices was associated with more severe neglect and more disrupted functional connectivity. These findings support a network view in understanding neglect...
  30. pmc Development of large-scale functional brain networks in children
    Kaustubh Supekar
    Graduate Program in Biomedical Informatics, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California, USA
    PLoS Biol 7:e1000157. 2009
    ....
  31. ncbi Non-invasive mapping of connections between human thalamus and cortex using diffusion imaging
    T E J Behrens
    Centre for Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Brain, University of Oxford, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford OX3 9DU, UK
    Nat Neurosci 6:750-7. 2003
    ..Our results provide the first quantitative demonstration of reliable inference of anatomical connectivity between human gray matter structures using diffusion data and the first connectivity-based segmentation of gray matter...
  32. doi Evidence for segregated and integrative connectivity patterns in the human Basal Ganglia
    Bogdan Draganski
    Wellcome Trust Centre for Neuroimaging, Institute of Neurology, UCL, London WC1N 3BG, United Kingdom
    J Neurosci 28:7143-52. 2008
    ..We believe that this method can be used to examine pathophysiological concepts in a number of basal ganglia-related disorders...
  33. doi Studying the human brain anatomical network via diffusion-weighted MRI and Graph Theory
    Yasser Iturria-Medina
    Neuroimaging Department, Cuban Neuroscience Center, Avenue 25, Esq 158, 15202, PO Box 6412, Cubanacan, Playa, Havana, Cuba
    Neuroimage 40:1064-76. 2008
    ..These results are in agreement with previous anatomical studies in the cat and macaque cerebral cortex...
  34. pmc Brain anatomical network and intelligence
    Yonghui Li
    LIAMA Center for Computational Medicine, National Laboratory of Pattern Recognition, Institute of Automation, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China
    PLoS Comput Biol 5:e1000395. 2009
    ..Our findings suggest that the efficiency of brain structural organization may be an important biological basis for intelligence...
  35. ncbi Functional and anatomical cortical underconnectivity in autism: evidence from an FMRI study of an executive function task and corpus callosum morphometry
    Marcel Adam Just
    Center for Cognitive Brain Imaging, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Cereb Cortex 17:951-61. 2007
    ..The results add support to a new theory of cortical underconnectivity in autism, which posits a deficit in integration of information at the neural and cognitive levels...
  36. pmc Network structure of cerebral cortex shapes functional connectivity on multiple time scales
    Christopher J Honey
    Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN 47405, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:10240-5. 2007
    ....
  37. ncbi Association fibre pathways of the brain: parallel observations from diffusion spectrum imaging and autoradiography
    Jeremy D Schmahmann
    Department of Neurology, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston MA 02114, USA
    Brain 130:630-53. 2007
    ..By replicating the major features of these tracts identified by histological techniques in monkey, we show that DSI has the potential to cast new light on the organization of the human brain in the normal state and in clinical disorders...
  38. ncbi Autism and abnormal development of brain connectivity
    Matthew K Belmonte
    Autism Research Centre, Department of Psychiatry, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 2AH, United Kingdom
    J Neurosci 24:9228-31. 2004
  39. ncbi A diffusion tensor imaging tractography atlas for virtual in vivo dissections
    Marco Catani
    Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, London, UK
    Cortex 44:1105-32. 2008
    ..The template can be used for single case studies and case-control comparisons. An atlas of the 3D reconstructions of the single tracts is also provided as anatomical reference in the Montreal Neurological Institute (MNI) space...
  40. doi Small-world and scale-free organization of voxel-based resting-state functional connectivity in the human brain
    M P van den Heuvel
    Rudolf Magnus Institute of Neuroscience, University Medical Center Utrecht, Department of Psychiatry, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Neuroimage 43:528-39. 2008
    ....
  41. ncbi Activity and connectivity of brain mood regulating circuit in depression: a functional magnetic resonance study
    Amit Anand
    Department of Psychiatry, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana 46202, USA
    Biol Psychiatry 57:1079-88. 2005
    ..In this study, using functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI), we investigated differences in cortico-limbic activity and connectivity between depressed patients and healthy controls...
  42. ncbi The primate basal ganglia: parallel and integrative networks
    Suzanne N Haber
    Department of Pharmacology and Physiology, University of Rochester School of Medicine, 601 Elmwood Avenue, Rochester, NY 14642, USA
    J Chem Neuroanat 26:317-30. 2003
    ..Information is channeled from limbic, to cognitive, to motor circuits. Action decision-making processes are thus influenced by motivation and cognitive inputs, allowing the animal to respond appropriate to environmental cues...
  43. ncbi Phase lag index: assessment of functional connectivity from multi channel EEG and MEG with diminished bias from common sources
    Cornelis J Stam
    Department of Clinical Neurophysiology, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Hum Brain Mapp 28:1178-93. 2007
    ....
  44. pmc Conjoint activity of anterior insular and anterior cingulate cortex: awareness and response
    Nick Medford
    Department of Psychiatry, Brighton and Sussex Medical School, Falmer Campus, Brighton, BN1 9PX, UK
    Brain Struct Funct 214:535-49. 2010
    ..Correspondingly, autonomic nervous system reactivity is particularly important amongst the responses that accompany conscious experiences. Potential clinical implications are also discussed...
  45. ncbi Fiber tracking: principles and strategies - a technical review
    Susumu Mori
    Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Department of Radiology and Radiological Science, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    NMR Biomed 15:468-80. 2002
    ..Special attention is paid to situations where complications may arise, and possible solutions are reviewed. Validation issues and potential future directions and improvements are also discussed...
  46. ncbi Disease and the brain's dark energy
    Dongyang Zhang
    Mallinckrodt Institute of Radiology, Washington University, 510 South Kingshighway Boulevard, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Nat Rev Neurol 6:15-28. 2010
    ..To end the article, we explore some of the basic science pursuits that have been undertaken to further understand the physiology behind intrinsic activity as imaged with BOLD fMRI...
  47. ncbi Consciousness and complexity
    G Tononi
    Neurosciences Institute, 10640 John J Hopkins Drive, San Diego, CA 92121, USA
    Science 282:1846-51. 1998
    ..Applying measures of neural integration and complexity, together with an analysis of extensive neurological data, leads to a testable proposal-the dynamic core hypothesis-about the properties of the neural substrate of consciousness...
  48. pmc Tract probability maps in stereotaxic spaces: analyses of white matter anatomy and tract-specific quantification
    Kegang Hua
    Department of Radiology and Radiological Science, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Neuroimage 39:336-47. 2008
    ..Excellent correlation was found between the automated and the individual tractography-based results. This tool allows efficient initial screening of the status of multiple white matter tracts...
  49. ncbi A quantitative map of the circuit of cat primary visual cortex
    Tom Binzegger
    Institute of Neuroinformatics, University of Zurich, and Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule Zürich, CH 8057 Zurich, Switzerland
    J Neurosci 24:8441-53. 2004
    ..The map of the whole cortical circuit shows that there are very few "strong" but many "weak" excitatory projections, each of which may involve only a few percentage of the total complement of excitatory synapses of a single neuron...
  50. ncbi Asymmetry analysis of cingulum based on scale-invariant parameterization by diffusion tensor imaging
    Gaolang Gong
    National Laboratory of Pattern Recognition, Institute of Automation, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100080, People s Republic of China
    Hum Brain Mapp 24:92-8. 2005
    ..More interestingly, a significant left-greater-than-right asymmetry pattern was obtained in most segments of cingulum bundle (-50-25 degrees), except in the most posterior portion of cingulum (25-50 degrees)...
  51. pmc Time-frequency dynamics of resting-state brain connectivity measured with fMRI
    Catie Chang
    Department of Electrical Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
    Neuroimage 50:81-98. 2010
    ....
  52. ncbi Connectivity-Based Parcellation of Broca's Area
    A Anwander
    Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Leipzig, Germany
    Cereb Cortex 17:816-25. 2007
    ..For the first time, there is a possibility to investigate the anatomical subdivision of Broca's area noninvasively in the individual living human subject...
  53. ncbi A tension-based theory of morphogenesis and compact wiring in the central nervous system
    D C Van Essen
    Department of Anatomy and Neurobiology, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri 63110, USA
    Nature 385:313-8. 1997
    ..By keeping the aggregate length of axonal and dendritic wiring low, tension should contribute to the compactness of neural circuitry throughout the adult brain...
  54. ncbi Behavioral theories and the neurophysiology of reward
    Wolfram Schultz
    Department of Anatomy, University of Cambridge, CB2 3DY United Kingdom
    Annu Rev Psychol 57:87-115. 2006
    ..The neural activity can be related to basic theoretical terms of reward and uncertainty, such as contiguity, contingency, prediction error, magnitude, probability, expected value, and variance...
  55. doi Connectivity-based parcellation of human cingulate cortex and its relation to functional specialization
    Matthias Beckmann
    Centre for Functional MRI of the Brain, University of Oxford, Oxford OX1 3UD, United Kingdom
    J Neurosci 29:1175-90. 2009
    ..Regional functional specialization was found to be related to regional differences in probabilistic anatomical connectivity...
  56. ncbi Default-mode activity during a passive sensory task: uncoupled from deactivation but impacting activation
    Michael D Greicius
    Department of Neurology, Stanford University School of Medicine, CA 94301 5719, USA
    J Cogn Neurosci 16:1484-92. 2004
    ....
  57. pmc Tracking neuronal fiber pathways in the living human brain
    T E Conturo
    Department of Radiology and Neuroimaging Laboratory, Mallinckrodt Institute of Radiology, Washington University School of Medicine, 4525 Scott Avenue, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 96:10422-7. 1999
    ..This approach enhances the power of modern imaging by enabling study of fiber connections among anatomically and functionally defined brain regions in individual human subjects...
  58. ncbi Functional connectivity patterns of human magnetoencephalographic recordings: a 'small-world' network?
    C J Stam
    Department of Clinical Neurophysiology, VU University Medical Center, P O Box 7057, 1007 MB Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Neurosci Lett 355:25-8. 2004
    ..This might reflect an optimal organization pattern for information processing, connecting any two brain area by only a small number of intermediate steps...
  59. doi Parcellation-dependent small-world brain functional networks: a resting-state fMRI study
    Jinhui Wang
    State Key Laboratory of Cognitive Neuroscience and Learning, Beijing Normal University, Beijing, China
    Hum Brain Mapp 30:1511-23. 2009
    ..This study provides quantitative evidence on how the topological organization of brain networks is affected by the different parcellation strategies applied...
  60. ncbi Comparing dynamic causal models
    W D Penny
    Wellcome Department of Imaging Neuroscience, University College London, London, UK
    Neuroimage 22:1157-72. 2004
    ..The combined use of Bayes factors and DCM thus allows one to evaluate competing scientific theories about the architecture of large-scale neural networks and the neuronal interactions that mediate perception and cognition...
  61. ncbi Perisylvian language networks of the human brain
    Marco Catani
    Centre for Neuroimaging Sciences, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, DeCrespigny Park, London SE5 8AZ, United Kingdom
    Ann Neurol 57:8-16. 2005
    ..The anatomical findings are also relevant to the evolution of language, provide a framework for Lichtheim's symptom-based neurological model of aphasia, and constrain, anatomically, contemporary connectionist accounts of language...
  62. pmc Central neural pathways for thermoregulation
    Shaun F Morrison
    Division of Neuroscience, Oregon National Primate Research Center, Oregon Health and Science University, 505 NW 185th Avenue, Beaverton, OR 97006, USA
    Front Biosci (Landmark Ed) 16:74-104. 2011
    ..This review summarizes the functional organization of the neural pathways through which cutaneous thermal receptors alter thermoregulatory effectors: the cutaneous circulation for ..
  63. ncbi Virtual in vivo interactive dissection of white matter fasciculi in the human brain
    Marco Catani
    Section of Old Age Psychiatry, Institute of Psychiatry, De Crespigny Park, London SE5 8AF, United Kingdom
    Neuroimage 17:77-94. 2002
    ....
  64. ncbi Channelrhodopsin-2-assisted circuit mapping of long-range callosal projections
    Leopoldo Petreanu
    Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Janelia Farm Research Campus, 19700 Helix Drive, Ashburn, Virginia 20147, USA
    Nat Neurosci 10:663-8. 2007
    ..In both hemispheres the L2/3-to-L5 projection is stronger than the L2/3-to-L2/3 projection. Our results suggest that laminar specificity may be identical for local and long-range cortical projections...
  65. ncbi The precuneus/posterior cingulate cortex plays a pivotal role in the default mode network: Evidence from a partial correlation network analysis
    Peter Fransson
    MR Research Center, Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Stockholm Brain Institute, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden
    Neuroimage 42:1178-84. 2008
    ..The suggested pivotal role of the precuneus/posterior cingulate cortex in the default mode network is discussed...
  66. doi Natural frequencies of human corticothalamic circuits
    Mario Rosanova
    Department of Clinical Sciences, Luigi Sacco, Universita degli Studi di Milano, Milan, Italy
    J Neurosci 29:7679-85. 2009
    ..The natural frequency can be directly measured in virtually any area of the cerebral cortex and may represent a straightforward and flexible way to probe the state of human thalamocortical circuits at the patient's bedside...
  67. ncbi Topography of the human corpus callosum revisited--comprehensive fiber tractography using diffusion tensor magnetic resonance imaging
    Sabine Hofer
    Biomedizinische NMR Forschungs GmbH am Max Planck Institut für biophysikalische Chemie, 37070 Gottingen, Germany
    Neuroimage 32:989-94. 2006
    ..In conclusion, DTI-based fiber tractography of healthy human subjects suggests a modification of the widely accepted Witelson scheme and a new classification of vertical CC partitions...
  68. pmc The subcellular organization of neocortical excitatory connections
    Leopoldo Petreanu
    Janelia Farm Research Campus, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Ashburn, Virginia 20147, USA
    Nature 457:1142-5. 2009
    ..Our experiments reveal high specificity in the subcellular organization of excitatory circuits...
  69. doi DTI tractography of the human brain's language pathways
    Matthew F Glasser
    Department of Anthropology, Emory University, 1557 Dickey Drive, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Cereb Cortex 18:2471-82. 2008
    ..Smaller right hemisphere MTG terminations overlapped with right lateralized prosodic activations. We combine our findings with a recent model of brain language processing to explain 6 aphasia syndromes...
  70. doi Neuronal diversity and temporal dynamics: the unity of hippocampal circuit operations
    Thomas Klausberger
    MRC Anatomical Neuropharmacology Unit, Oxford University, Oxford OX1 3TH, UK
    Science 321:53-7. 2008
    ..The spatiotemporal specializations in cortical circuits reveal that cellular diversity and temporal dynamics coemerged during evolution, providing a basis for cognitive behavior...
  71. ncbi Cortical midline structures and the self
    Georg Northoff
    Laboratory for Magnetic Brain Stimulation, Division of Behavioral Neurology, Department of Neurology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 8:102-7. 2004
    ..All of these subfunctions are related to distinct regions within the CMS. This relationship between self-referential processing and CMS might provide novel insight into the neural correlates underlying the constitution of the self...
  72. doi The evolution of the arcuate fasciculus revealed with comparative DTI
    James K Rilling
    Department of Anthropology, Emory University, 207 Anthropology Building, 1557 Dickey Drive, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA
    Nat Neurosci 11:426-8. 2008
    ..This human specialization may be relevant to the evolution of language...
  73. ncbi Stop-signal inhibition disrupted by damage to right inferior frontal gyrus in humans
    Adam R Aron
    Brain Mapping Unit, Department of Psychiatry, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 2QQ, UK
    Nat Neurosci 6:115-6. 2003
  74. ncbi Comparative cytoarchitectonic analysis of the human and the macaque ventrolateral prefrontal cortex and corticocortical connection patterns in the monkey
    M Petrides
    Montreal Neurological Institute, McGill University, 3801 University Street, Montreal, Quebec, H3A B4 Canada
    Eur J Neurosci 16:291-310. 2002
    ..e. the auditory association cortex) and the multimodal cortex in the upper bank of the superior temporal sulcus...
  75. doi Cerebellar cortical organization: a one-map hypothesis
    Richard Apps
    Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, School of Medical Sciences, University of Bristol, Bristol BS8 1TD, UK
    Nat Rev Neurosci 10:670-81. 2009
    ..Here we consider the possibility that this complexity hides the fact that the cerebellar cortex contains only one map, which has been charted in various ways...
  76. doi Whole-brain anatomical networks: does the choice of nodes matter?
    Andrew Zalesky
    Melbourne Neuropsychiatry Centre, Department of Psychiatry, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia
    Neuroimage 50:970-83. 2010
    ..9 vs. sigma(4000)=53.6+/-2.2). These findings indicate that any comparison of network parameters across studies must be made with reference to the spatial scale of the nodal parcellation...
  77. ncbi Resolving emotional conflict: a role for the rostral anterior cingulate cortex in modulating activity in the amygdala
    Amit Etkin
    Center for Neurobiology and Behavior, Columbia University Medical Center, Neurological Institute Box 108, 710 West 168th Street, New York, New York 10032, USA
    Neuron 51:871-82. 2006
    ..These data suggest that emotional conflict is resolved through top-down inhibition of amygdalar activity by the rostral cingulate cortex...
  78. ncbi Functional MRI of language: new approaches to understanding the cortical organization of semantic processing
    Susan Bookheimer
    Brain Mapping Center, UCLA School of Medicine, 90095, USA
    Annu Rev Neurosci 25:151-88. 2002
    ..Together, these lines of research broaden our understanding of how the brain stores, retrieves, and makes sense of semantic information, and they challenge some commonly held notions of functional modularity in the language system...
  79. ncbi The development of cortical connections
    David J Price
    Centre for Integrative Physiology, Hugh Robson Building, University of Edinburgh, George Square, Edinburgh EH8 9XD, UK
    Eur J Neurosci 23:910-20. 2006
    ....
  80. pmc Slits are chemorepellents endogenous to hypothalamus and steer thalamocortical axons into ventral telencephalon
    Janet E Braisted
    Molecular Neurobiology Laboratory, The Salk Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
    Cereb Cortex 19:i144-51. 2009
    ..Thus, Slits are chemorepellents for TCAs endogenous to hypothalamus and steer TCAs from diencephalon into ventral telencephalon, a critical pathfinding event defective in Slit and Robo2 mutant mice...
  81. doi The identification of interacting networks in the brain using fMRI: Model selection, causality and deconvolution
    Alard Roebroeck
    Department of Cognitive Neuroscience, Faculty of Psychology and Neuroscience, Maastricht University, Postbus 616, 6200MD Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Neuroimage 58:296-302. 2011
    ..However, it is crucially dependent upon assumptions that need to be verified...
  82. ncbi Altered resting state networks in mild cognitive impairment and mild Alzheimer's disease: an fMRI study
    Serge A R B Rombouts
    Department of Physics and Medical Technology, Alzheimer Center, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Hum Brain Mapp 26:231-9. 2005
    ..These findings suggest that altered activity in the default mode network may act as an early marker for AD pathology...
  83. pmc Identifying neural drivers with functional MRI: an electrophysiological validation
    Olivier David
    INSERM, U836, Grenoble Institut des Neurosciences, Grenoble, France
    PLoS Biol 6:2683-97. 2008
    ..As such, it has important implications for future studies on brain connectivity using functional neuroimaging...
  84. ncbi Cortical pathways to the mammalian amygdala
    A J McDonald
    Department of Cell Biology and Neuroscience, University of South Carolina School of Medicine, Columbia 29208, USA
    Prog Neurobiol 55:257-332. 1998
    ....
  85. pmc Molecular mapping of the neural pathways linking leptin to the neuroendocrine reproductive axis
    Gwendolyn W Louis
    Division of Metabolism, Endocrinology and Diabetes, Department of Medicine, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48105, USA
    Endocrinology 152:2302-10. 2011
    ..Taken together, these findings suggest that leptin communicates with the neuroendocrine reproductive axis via multiple populations of LepRb neurons that lie afferent to both Kiss1 and GnRH neurons...
  86. pmc Estrogen masculinizes neural pathways and sex-specific behaviors
    Melody V Wu
    Program in Neuroscience, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94158, USA
    Cell 139:61-72. 2009
    ..Our results suggest that aromatization of testosterone into estrogen is important for the development and activation of neural circuits that control male territorial behaviors...
  87. doi Dissociating the human language pathways with high angular resolution diffusion fiber tractography
    Stephen Frey
    Cognitive Neuroscience Unit, Montreal Neurological Institute, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    J Neurosci 28:11435-44. 2008
    ..Thus, monkey and human evidence suggests that the connections of areas 44 and 45 are much more differentiated than had previously been thought and provide the basis for studies searching for their differential contribution in function...
  88. ncbi Episodic memory, amnesia, and the hippocampal-anterior thalamic axis
    J P Aggleton
    School of Psychology, Cardiff University, Cardiff, CF1 3YG, Wales
    Behav Brain Sci 22:425-44; discussion 444-89. 1999
    ..In the large majority of amnesic cases both the hippocampal-anterior thalamic and the perirhinal-medial dorsal thalamic systems are compromised, leading to severe deficits in both recall and recognition...
  89. pmc Defining functional areas in individual human brains using resting functional connectivity MRI
    Alexander L Cohen
    Department of Neurology, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Neuroimage 41:45-57. 2008
    ..Our approach reliably produces maps of bounded regions appropriate in size and number for putative functional areas. These findings will hopefully stimulate further methodological refinements and validations...
  90. pmc Early forebrain wiring: genetic dissection using conditional Celsr3 mutant mice
    Libing Zhou
    Developmental Neurobiology, Universite Catholique de Louvain, 1200 Bruxelles, Belgique
    Science 320:946-9. 2008
    ..These observations provide in vivo evidence that Celsr3-mediated interactions between axons and guidepost cells govern axonal tract formation in mammals...
  91. ncbi A simple view of the brain through a frequency-specific functional connectivity measure
    R Salvador
    Fundació Sant Joan de Déu, SJD SSM, Dr Antoni Pujadas, 42 Sant Boi de Llobregat 08830, Barcelona, Spain
    Neuroimage 39:279-89. 2008
    ..Finally, potentially confounding effects of head movement and regional volume on MI are identified and addressed...
  92. ncbi Perisomatic feedback inhibition underlies cholinergically induced fast network oscillations in the rat hippocampus in vitro
    Edward O Mann
    University Laboratory of Physiology, Oxford University, Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PT, UK
    Neuron 45:105-17. 2005
    ..AMPA receptor-mediated recurrent excitation was necessary for the synchronization of interneuronal discharge, which strongly supports a synaptic feedback model for the generation of hippocampal gamma oscillations...
  93. ncbi Area specificity and topography of thalamocortical projections are controlled by ephrin/Eph genes
    Audrey Dufour
    IRIBHM, University of Brussels U L B, 808 Route de Lennik, B 1070 Brussels, Belgium
    Neuron 39:453-65. 2003
    ....
  94. ncbi Synaptic basis for intense thalamocortical activation of feedforward inhibitory cells in neocortex
    Scott J Cruikshank
    Department of Neuroscience, Division of Biology and Medicine, Box G LN, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island 02912, USA
    Nat Neurosci 10:462-8. 2007
    ..These results demonstrate the importance of selective synaptic targeting and precise timing in the initial stages of neocortical processing...
  95. ncbi The anatomical connections of the macaque monkey orbitofrontal cortex. A review
    C Cavada
    Departamento de Morfologia, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, 28029 Madrid, Spain
    Cereb Cortex 10:220-42. 2000
    ....
  96. ncbi Extensive cortical rewiring after brain injury
    Numa Dancause
    Department of Molecular and Integrative Physiology, The University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, Kansas 66160, USA
    J Neurosci 25:10167-79. 2005
    ..Our results reveal an extraordinary anatomical rewiring capacity in the adult CNS after injury that may potentially play a role in recovery...
  97. pmc The arcuate fasciculus and the disconnection theme in language and aphasia: history and current state
    Marco Catani
    Natbrainlab, Section of Brain Maturation, King s College London, Institute of Psychiatry, London, UK
    Cortex 44:953-61. 2008
    ....
  98. ncbi Cross-modal plasticity: where and how?
    Daphne Bavelier
    Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, University of Rochester, Meliora Hall, Rochester, NY 14627, USA
    Nat Rev Neurosci 3:443-52. 2002
    ....
  99. pmc Impaired small-world efficiency in structural cortical networks in multiple sclerosis associated with white matter lesion load
    Yong He
    State Key Laboratory of Cognitive Neuroscience and Learning, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
    Brain 132:3366-79. 2009
    ....
  100. doi Nonlinear connectivity by Granger causality
    Daniele Marinazzo
    Laboratory of Neurophysics and Physiology, CNRS UMR 8119, Universite Paris Descartes, Paris, France
    Neuroimage 58:330-8. 2011
    ..We review them and focus on a recently proposed flexible approach has been recently proposed, consisting in the kernel version of Granger causality. We show the application of the proposed approach on EEG signals and fMRI data...
  101. ncbi Tract-based spatial statistics: voxelwise analysis of multi-subject diffusion data
    Stephen M Smith
    Oxford University Centre for Functional MRI of the Brain FMRIB, Dept Clinical Neurology, University of Oxford, UK
    Neuroimage 31:1487-505. 2006
    ..TBSS aims to improve the sensitivity, objectivity and interpretability of analysis of multi-subject diffusion imaging studies. We describe TBSS in detail and present example TBSS results from several diffusion imaging studies...

Research Grants97

  1. NEURAL PATHWAYS FOR METABOLIC CONTROL OF INGESTION
    S Ritter; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..feeding response and fos expression to glucoprivic and lipoprivic agents in rats in which aspects of these neural pathways have been lesioned...
  2. Central Sympathetic Regulation of Thermogenesis in Fever
    Shaun F Morrison; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..PGE2 binding to EP3 inhibitory receptors on neurons in the POA increases core body temperature by activating neural pathways to four principal thermoregulatory effectors: increased heat production from brown adipose tissue (BAT) ..
  3. Chemical Anatomy and Synaptology of Vestibulo-Sympathetic Pathways
    GAY HOLSTEIN; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..However, the chemical anatomy, connectivity and synaptology of the neural pathways underlying this integration remain largely unknown...
  4. Bladder, Urethra and Anal Sphincter Reinnervation
    MICHAEL RAYMOND contact RUGGIERI; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..These patients require new neural pathways to regain control of bladder function...
  5. Neurobiology of Anorexia and Bulimia Nervosa
    Walter H Kaye; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..In order to accelerate understanding of structure and perfusion of limbic and cognitive neural pathways in AN and BN, this revised application adds the following advanced imaging tools: 1) Morphometry with proton ..
  6. NIH Director's Pioneer Award
    ERICH JARVIS; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Repairing the pathway in vocal learners, when damaged, would have profound impact for correcting neurological disorders of speech. ..
  7. Factors that Initiate Arrhythamias in Long QT Syndrome
    Guy Salama; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Pharmacological agents will then be per'fused to block specific neural pathways to identify the underlying neuronal mechanisms...
  8. Factors that Initiate Arrhythamias in Long QT Syndrome
    Guy Salama; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Pharmacological agents will then be per'fused to block specific neural pathways to identify the underlying neuronal mechanisms...
  9. Factors that Initiate Arrhythamias in Long QT Syndrome
    Guy Salama; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Pharmacological agents will then be per'fused to block specific neural pathways to identify the underlying neuronal mechanisms...
  10. Factors that Initiate Arrhythamias in Long QT Syndrome
    Guy Salama; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Pharmacological agents will then be per'fused to block specific neural pathways to identify the underlying neuronal mechanisms...
  11. Central Sympathetic Regulation of Thermogenesis in Fever
    Shaun Morrison; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..PGE2 binding to EP3 inhibitory receptors on neurons in the POA increases core body temperature by activating neural pathways to four principal thermoregulatory effectors: increased heat production from brown adipose tissue (BAT) ..
  12. Central Sympathetic Regulation of Thermogenesis in Fever
    Shaun Morrison; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..PGE2 binding to EP3 inhibitory receptors on neurons in the POA increases core body temperature by activating neural pathways to four principal thermoregulatory effectors: increased heat production from brown adipose tissue (BAT) ..
  13. Central Sympathetic Regulation of Thermogenesis in Fever
    Shaun F Morrison; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..PGE2 binding to EP3 inhibitory receptors on neurons in the POA increases core body temperature by activating neural pathways to four principal thermoregulatory effectors: increased heat production from brown adipose tissue (BAT) ..
  14. Mechanisms of Therapeutic Action in SCI
    MEHDI MIRBAGHERI; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..develop accurate, quantitative models, capable of distinguishing changes in muscular system from changes in neural pathways in neurological disorders such as SCI...
  15. Mechanisms of Therapeutic Action in SCI
    Mehdi M Mirbagheri; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..develop accurate, quantitative models, capable of distinguishing changes in muscular system from changes in neural pathways in neurological disorders such as SCI...
  16. Core--Neurotoxicology
    Deborah Cory Slechta; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Work had identified neurotransmitter alterations, neural pathways and behavioral deficits in animal models of lead exposure...
  17. GASTRIC ENTEROCHROMAFFIN-LIKE CELL IN ULCER DISEASE
    George Sachs; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..Studies of regulation of secretion have used various models. Intact animal studies have defined some neural pathways and endocrine and paracrine effectors...
  18. GASTRIC ENTEROCHROMAFFIN-LIKE CELL IN ULCER DISEASE
    George Sachs; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..Studies of regulation of secretion have used various models. Intact animal studies have defined some neural pathways and endocrine and paracrine effectors...
  19. GASTRIC ENTEROCHROMAFFIN-LIKE CELL IN ULCER DISEASE
    George Sachs; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Studies of regulation of secretion have used various models. Intact animal studies have defined some neural pathways and endocrine and paracrine effectors...
  20. GASTRIC ENTEROCHROMAFFIN-LIKE CELL IN ULCER DISEASE
    George Sachs; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Studies of regulation of secretion have used various models. Intact animal studies have defined some neural pathways and endocrine and paracrine effectors...
  21. GASTRIC ENTEROCHROMAFFIN-LIKE CELL IN ULCER DISEASE
    George Sachs; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Studies of regulation of secretion have used various models. Intact animal studies have defined some neural pathways and endocrine and paracrine effectors...
  22. GASTRIC ENTEROCHROMAFFIN-LIKE CELL IN ULCER DISEASE
    George Sachs; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Studies of regulation of secretion have used various models. Intact animal studies have defined some neural pathways and endocrine and paracrine effectors...
  23. GASTRIC ENTEROCHROMAFFIN-LIKE CELL IN ULCER DISEASE
    George Sachs; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Studies of regulation of secretion have used various models. Intact animal studies have defined some neural pathways and endocrine and paracrine effectors...
  24. BRAIN REGULATING GASTRIC ACID FUNCTION BY NEUROPEPTIDES
    YVETTE TACHE; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..by microfusions of these peptides in specific hypothalamic, amygdalar and medullary structures, (2) to study neural pathways involved in mediating peptide action by monitoring changes in efferent and afferent activity in nerve fibers ..
  25. NEURAL PATHWAYS UNDERLYING EMOTIONAL CONDITIONING
    Joseph E LeDoux; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The neural pathways involved include transmission of CS information from the auditory system to the lateral amygdala (LA), where ..
  26. NEURAL PATHWAYS UNDERLYING EMOTIONAL CONDITIONING
    Joseph LeDoux; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The neural pathways involved include transmission of CS information from the auditory system to the lateral amygdala (LA), where ..
  27. CONTROL AND INTEGRATION OF GNRH NEURAL PATHWAYS
    Paul Goldsmith; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..Together, these studies will elucidate the nature of GnRH neuronal control, the generation of pulsatile GnRH secretion, and assess neuroanatomical changes contributing to the onset of puberty...
  28. Cholecystokinin - Role in postprandial gastric motility
    Helen E Raybould; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Therefore, it is important to understand the mechanisms by which nutrients are sensed in the gut, the neural pathways activated, and how these may be altered by long term changes in diet leading to increased food intake and ..
  29. Development of Leptin-Sensitive Hypothalamic Pathways
    Richard Simerly; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..on ARH projections, and that developmental perturbations in leptin signaling cause permanent changes in neural pathways that transmit leptin signals in mature animals...
  30. Development of Leptin-Sensitive Hypothalamic Pathways
    Richard Simerly; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..on ARH projections, and that developmental perturbations in leptin signaling cause permanent changes in neural pathways that transmit leptin signals in mature animals...
  31. Development of Leptin-Sensitive Hypothalamic Pathways
    Richard Simerly; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..on ARH projections, and that developmental perturbations in leptin signaling cause permanent changes in neural pathways that transmit leptin signals in mature animals...
  32. Development of Leptin-Sensitive Hypothalamic Pathways
    Richard Simerly; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..on ARH projections, and that developmental perturbations in leptin signaling cause permanent changes in neural pathways that transmit leptin signals in mature animals...
  33. Chemical Anatomy and Synaptology of Vestibulo-Sympathetic Pathways
    GAY HOLSTEIN; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..However, the chemical anatomy, connectivity and synaptology of the neural pathways underlying this integration remain largely unknown...
  34. Chemical Anatomy and Synaptology of Vestibulo-Sympathetic Pathways
    Gay R Holstein; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..However, the chemical anatomy, connectivity and synaptology of the neural pathways underlying this integration remain largely unknown...
  35. Chemical Anatomy and Synaptology of Vestibulo-Sympathetic Pathways
    GAY HOLSTEIN; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..However, the chemical anatomy, connectivity and synaptology of the neural pathways underlying this integration remain largely unknown...
  36. VESTIBULAR INFLUENCES ON THE SYMPATHETIC NERVOUS SYSTEM
    Bill J Yates; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This result indicates the existence of neural pathways that independently control sympathetic outflow to the forelimb and hindlimb...
  37. VESTIBULAR INFLUENCES ON THE SYMPATHETIC NERVOUS SYSTEM
    Bill Yates; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..This result indicates the existence of neural pathways that independently control sympathetic outflow to the forelimb and hindlimb...
  38. Olfactory Circuits for Reproduction and Reward
    James A Cherry; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..However, failure to identify the neural pathways through which such signals access reproductive circuits has impeded our understanding of how human "..
  39. Olfactory Circuits for Reproduction and Reward
    James A Cherry; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..However, failure to identify the neural pathways through which such signals access reproductive circuits has impeded our understanding of how human "..
  40. Olfactory Circuits for Reproduction and Reward
    James Cherry; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..However, failure to identify the neural pathways through which such signals access reproductive circuits has impeded our understanding of how human "..
  41. Olfactory Circuits for Reproduction and Reward
    James Cherry; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..However, failure to identify the neural pathways through which such signals access reproductive circuits has impeded our understanding of how human "..
  42. CHOLECYSTOKININ--ROLE IN POSTPRANDIAL GASTRIC MOTILITY
    Helen Raybould; Fiscal Year: 1990
    The control of gastric motility and emptying following a meal is mediated by both hormonal and neural pathways. The aim of this proposal is to establish a role for cholecystokinin (CCK) in mediating changes in motility and emptying in ..
  43. Neurochemistry/physiology of proopiomelanocortin neurons
    MALCOLM JAMES LOW; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..These neural pathways are candidate targets for the development of new pharmacotherapies aimed at reversing the obesity epidemic ..
  44. Neurochemistry/physiology of proopiomelanocortin neurons
    MALCOLM JAMES LOW; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..These neural pathways are candidate targets for the development of new pharmacotherapies aimed at reversing the obesity epidemic ..
  45. Central Sympathetic Regulation of Thermogenesis in Fever
    Shaun Morrison; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..would be aided by an understanding of the functional organization and neurotransmitters within the neural pathways that are activated by endogenous pyrogens...
  46. Central Sympathetic Regulation of Thermogenesis in Fever
    Shaun Morrison; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..would be aided by an understanding of the functional organization and neurotransmitters within the neural pathways that are activated by endogenous pyrogens...
  47. Central Sympathetic Regulation of Thermogenesis in Fever
    Shaun Morrison; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..would be aided by an understanding of the functional organization and neurotransmitters within the neural pathways that are activated by endogenous pyrogens...
  48. Neurogenetic Model of Social Behavior Heterogeneity in Autism Spectrum Disorders
    Michael Platt; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..variation in key genes impairs these behaviors in humans and rhesus in similar ways;and the same underlying neural pathways mediate the extraction of social information from the environment, translation of that information into ..
  49. PERIPHERAL AND CENTRAL INTERACTIONS IN ENERGY BALANCE
    Barbara Kahn; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..This included the neural pathways activated by leptin and the cellular pathways engaged by leptin in the CMS and skeletal muscle...
  50. PERIPHERAL AND CENTRAL INTERACTIONS IN ENERGY BALANCE
    Barbara Kahn; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This included the neural pathways activated by leptin and the cellular pathways engaged by leptin in the CMS and skeletal muscle...
  51. PERIPHERAL AND CENTRAL INTERACTIONS IN ENERGY BALANCE
    Barbara Kahn; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..This included the neural pathways activated by leptin and the cellular pathways engaged by leptin in the CMS and skeletal muscle...
  52. PERIPHERAL AND CENTRAL INTERACTIONS IN ENERGY BALANCE
    Barbara B Kahn; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This included the neural pathways activated by leptin and the cellular pathways engaged by leptin in the CMS and skeletal muscle...
  53. PERIPHERAL AND CENTRAL INTERACTIONS IN ENERGY BALANCE
    Barbara Kahn; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This included the neural pathways activated by leptin and the cellular pathways engaged by leptin in the CMS and skeletal muscle...
  54. Complex pitch perception in very-early implanted children
    Rosalie Uchanski; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..deafened adult Cl user, electrical stimulation of the auditory nerve is subsequently processed by auditory neural pathways that had developed normally; pathways that, for example, once preserved a good tonotopic map at the auditory ..
  55. Complex pitch perception in very-early implanted children
    Rosalie Uchanski; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..deafened adult Cl user, electrical stimulation of the auditory nerve is subsequently processed by auditory neural pathways that had developed normally; pathways that, for example, once preserved a good tonotopic map at the auditory ..
  56. Neurochemistry/physiology of proopiomelanocortin neurons
    Malcolm Low; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..These neural pathways are candidate targets for the development of new pharmacotherapies aimed at reversing the obesity epidemic ..
  57. The Function of Striatal Microcircuits in Health and Disease
    ARYN HILARY GITTIS; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The output of the basal ganglia is controlled by two neural pathways that either facilitate movement (direct pathway) or inhibit movement (indirect pathway)...
  58. MUCOCILIARY TRANSPORT--INHIBITORY NEURAL REGULATION
    DONOVAN YEATES; Fiscal Year: 1999
    DESCRIPTION (Applicant's abstract): We have discovered novel inhibitory neural pathways which interact with excitatory neural reflexes to regulate tracheobronchial mucociliary function...
  59. MUCOCILIARY TRANSPORT--INHIBITORY NEURAL REGULATION
    DONOVAN YEATES; Fiscal Year: 2001
    DESCRIPTION (Applicant's abstract): We have discovered novel inhibitory neural pathways which interact with excitatory neural reflexes to regulate tracheobronchial mucociliary function...
  60. MUCOCILIARY TRANSPORT--INHIBITORY NEURAL REGULATION
    DONOVAN YEATES; Fiscal Year: 2003
    DESCRIPTION (Applicant's abstract): We have discovered novel inhibitory neural pathways which interact with excitatory neural reflexes to regulate tracheobronchial mucociliary function...
  61. MUCOCILIARY TRANSPORT--INHIBITORY NEURAL REGULATION
    DONOVAN YEATES; Fiscal Year: 2002
    DESCRIPTION (Applicant's abstract): We have discovered novel inhibitory neural pathways which interact with excitatory neural reflexes to regulate tracheobronchial mucociliary function...
  62. MUCOCILIARY TRANSPORT--INHIBITORY NEURAL REGULATION
    DONOVAN YEATES; Fiscal Year: 2000
    DESCRIPTION (Applicant's abstract): We have discovered novel inhibitory neural pathways which interact with excitatory neural reflexes to regulate tracheobronchial mucociliary function...
  63. Role of the lateral hypothalamic area in leptin action
    Martin G Myers; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..entitled, Role of the lateral hypothalamic area in leptin action, we will analyze novel leptin-regulated neural pathways in the lateral hypothalamic area (LHA) that likely contribute to body energy homeostasis...
  64. Role of the lateral hypothalamic area in leptin action
    Martin Myers; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..entitled, Role of the lateral hypothalamic area in leptin action, we will analyze novel leptin-regulated neural pathways in the lateral hypothalamic area (LHA) that likely contribute to body energy homeostasis...
  65. PULMONARY AFFERENT PROCESSING IN VENTILATORY CONTROL
    DONALD MC CRIMMON; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..Specifically, the goal of this research is to identify the neural pathways mediating the respiratory reflex responses to activation of slowly adapting pulmonary stretch receptors and ..
  66. Neural basis of learned food aversion and nausea
    CHARLES HORN; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Little is known about the neural pathways and mechanism for detecting toxins...
  67. Neural basis of learned food aversion and nausea
    CHARLES HORN; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Little is known about the neural pathways and mechanism for detecting toxins...
  68. Neural basis of learned food aversion and nausea
    CHARLES HORN; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Little is known about the neural pathways and mechanism for detecting toxins...
  69. Neural basis of learned food aversion and nausea
    CHARLES HORN; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Little is known about the neural pathways and mechanism for detecting toxins...
  70. Neural basis of learned food aversion and nausea
    CHARLES HORN; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Little is known about the neural pathways and mechanism for detecting toxins...
  71. Working Memory Performance among Childhood Brain Tumor Survivors
    HEATHER CONKLIN; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Improved specification of cognitive changes following treatment is crucial for identifying vulnerable neural pathways and developing targeted interventions...
  72. NEURAL CONTROL OF LARGE INTESTINAL MUCOSA
    Helen Cooke; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..b>Neural pathways will be identified by pharmacological analysis, release of 3H- acetylcholine and VIP, intracellular ..
  73. CNS Counterregulatory Mechanisms
    Lauren Jacobson; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Elucidating neural pathways underlying the regulation of counterregulatory responses, and of epinephrine in particular, will aid in ..
  74. Central Nervous System Counterregulatory Mechanisms
    Lauren Jacobson; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Elucidating neural pathways underlying the regulation of counterregulatory responses, and of epinephrine in particular, will aid in ..
  75. Bladder, Urethra and Anal Sphincter Reinnervation
    MICHAEL RAYMOND contact RUGGIERI; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..These patients require new neural pathways to regain control of bladder function...
  76. Stress and CRF Signaling in Alzheimer?s Disease Pathogenesis
    Paul Sawchenko; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..of CRF ligand-containing inputs to hippocampus, and then test experimentally the involvement of implicated neural pathways. Third, we will characterize the effects of repeated exposure to emotional stress on tau-P and A[unreadable] ..
  77. Stress and CRF Signaling in Alzheimer?s Disease Pathogenesis
    PAUL E contact SAWCHENKO; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..of CRF ligand-containing inputs to hippocampus, and then test experimentally the involvement of implicated neural pathways. Third, we will characterize the effects of repeated exposure to emotional stress on tau-P and A[unreadable] ..
  78. GUT PEPTIDES IN INTESTINAL PERISTALSIS
    JOHN GRIDER; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The experimental approach exploits novel preparations that enable identification of the neural pathways: (1) compartmented intestinal segments to measure release of sensory (CGRP), modulatory neural pathways: (1) ..
  79. GUT PEPTIDES IN INTESTINAL PERISTALSIS
    JOHN GRIDER; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..The experimental approach exploits novel preparations that enable identification of the neural pathways: (1) compartmented intestinal segments to measure release of sensory (CGRP), modulatory neural pathways: (1) ..
  80. GUT PEPTIDES IN INTESTINAL PERISTALSIS
    JOHN GRIDER; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The experimental approach exploits novel preparations that enable identification of the neural pathways: (1) compartmented intestinal segments to measure release of sensory (CGRP), modulatory neural pathways: (1) ..
  81. GLUCOSE METABOLISM EFFECTS ON REPRODUCTIVE BEHAVIOR
    JILL SCHNEIDER; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..are to better understand the nature of metabolic stimuli, the anatomical location of their detectors, and the neural pathways from the detectors to brain areas controlling reproductive cycles and behavior...
  82. GUT PEPTIDES IN INTESTINAL PERISTALSIS
    JOHN GRIDER; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..The experimental approach exploits novel preparations that enable identification of the neural pathways: (1) compartmented intestinal segments to measure release of sensory (CGRP), modulatory neural pathways: (1) ..
  83. GLUCOSE METABOLISM EFFECTS ON REPRODUCTIVE BEHAVIOR
    JILL SCHNEIDER; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..are to better understand the nature of metabolic stimuli, the anatomical location of their detectors, and the neural pathways from the detectors to brain areas controlling reproductive cycles and behavior...
  84. GUT PEPTIDES IN INTESTINAL PERISTALSIS
    JOHN GRIDER; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..The experimental approach exploits novel preparations that enable identification of the neural pathways: (1) compartmented intestinal segments to measure release of sensory (CGRP), modulatory neural pathways: (1) ..
  85. ROLE OF GUT PEPTIDES IN INTESTINAL PERISTALSIS
    JOHN GRIDER; Fiscal Year: 1992
    The aim of this proposal is to characterize the neural pathways that regulate the intestinal peristaltic reflex in humans and animals, in particular, to identify the peptide transmitters that control the sensory, modulatory and motor ..
  86. ROLE OF GUT PEPTIDES IN INTESTINAL PERISTALSIS
    JOHN GRIDER; Fiscal Year: 1991
    The aim of this proposal is to characterize the neural pathways that regulate the intestinal peristaltic reflex in humans and animals, in particular, to identify the peptide transmitters that control the sensory, modulatory and motor ..
  87. ROLE OF GUT PEPTIDES IN INTESTINAL PERISTALSIS
    JOHN GRIDER; Fiscal Year: 1990
    The aim of this proposal is to characterize the neural pathways that regulate the intestinal peristaltic reflex in humans and animals, in particular, to identify the peptide transmitters that control the sensory, modulatory and motor ..
  88. ROLE OF GUT PEPTIDES IN INTESTINAL PERISTALSIS
    JOHN GRIDER; Fiscal Year: 1993
    The aim of this proposal is to characterize the neural pathways that regulate the intestinal peristaltic reflex in humans and animals, in particular, to identify the peptide transmitters that control the sensory, modulatory and motor ..
  89. CONTROL OF FEEDING BEHAVIOR--HEPATIC AFFERENT SIGNALING
    CHARLES HORN; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..from the application) The overall objective of the proposed research is to determine the properties of neural pathways from the liver to the brain that control feeding behavior and energy balance...