atlanto axial joint

Summary

Summary: The joint involving the atlas and axis bones.

Top Publications

  1. pmc Os odontoideum with bipartite atlas and segmental instability: a case report
    Michael Osti
    Academic Hospital Feldkirch, Trauma Surgery and Sports Traumatology, Feldkirch, Austria
    Eur Spine J 15:564-7. 2006
  2. ncbi [Injuries to the craniocervical junction]
    R Kayser
    Zentrum fur spezielle Chirurgie des Bewegungsapparates, Klinik und Hochschulambulanz für Unfall und Wiederherstellungschirurgie, Charite, Campus Benjamin Franklin, Universitatsmedizin Berlin
    Orthopade 35:244-69. 2006
  3. ncbi C1-C2 transarticular screw fixation for atlantoaxial instability: a 6-year experience
    R W Haid
    Department of Neurosurgery, Emory Clinic, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA
    Neurosurgery 49:65-8; discussion 69-70. 2001
  4. ncbi A rare cause of cervical spinal stenosis: posterior arch hypoplasia in a bipartite atlas
    C Atasoy
    Emek, Kirim Caddesi, Senyuva Sitesi, Ankara, Turkey
    Neuroradiology 44:253-5. 2002
  5. ncbi Rheumatoid arthritis of the cervical spine. Surgical decision making based on predictors of paralysis and recovery
    S D Boden
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Emory University School of Medicine, Emory Spine Center, Atlanta, Georgia
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 19:2275-80. 1994
  6. ncbi Rheumatoid arthritis of the cervical spine
    Hoan Vu Nguyen
    Department of Orthopaedics and Rehabilitation, Penn State University, 500 University Drive, Hershey, PA 17036, USA
    Spine J 4:329-34. 2004
  7. ncbi Histology of the craniocervical junction in chronic rheumatoid arthritis: a clinicopathologic analysis of 33 operative cases
    Michael F O'Brien
    Woodridge Orthopedic Clinic and Spine Center, Wheat Ridge, Colorado, USA
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 27:2245-54. 2002
  8. ncbi Posterior C1-C2 fusion with polyaxial screw and rod fixation
    J Harms
    Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Center for Spinal Surgery, Karlsbad Langensteinbach, Germany
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 26:2467-71. 2001
  9. pmc Atlantoaxial immobilization in rheumatoid arthritis: a prophylactic procedure?
    D Grob
    Spine Unit, Schulthess Klinik, Zurich, Switzerland
    Eur Spine J 9:404-9. 2000
  10. ncbi Posterior atlantoaxial fixation: biomechanical in vitro comparison of six different techniques
    Marcus Richter
    Department of Orthopedics and SCI, University of Ulm, Sweden
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 27:1724-32. 2002

Research Grants

Detail Information

Publications197 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc Os odontoideum with bipartite atlas and segmental instability: a case report
    Michael Osti
    Academic Hospital Feldkirch, Trauma Surgery and Sports Traumatology, Feldkirch, Austria
    Eur Spine J 15:564-7. 2006
    ..The rare coincidence of both lesions indicates a multiple malformation of the upper cervical spine and supports the theory of an embryologic genesis of os odontoideum...
  2. ncbi [Injuries to the craniocervical junction]
    R Kayser
    Zentrum fur spezielle Chirurgie des Bewegungsapparates, Klinik und Hochschulambulanz für Unfall und Wiederherstellungschirurgie, Charite, Campus Benjamin Franklin, Universitatsmedizin Berlin
    Orthopade 35:244-69. 2006
    ..Special emphasis is placed on comparatively reviewing the different treatment options discussed in the literature. A summary in table form is presented at the end of each chapter for quick reference...
  3. ncbi C1-C2 transarticular screw fixation for atlantoaxial instability: a 6-year experience
    R W Haid
    Department of Neurosurgery, Emory Clinic, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA
    Neurosurgery 49:65-8; discussion 69-70. 2001
    ..We attribute our successful outcomes to careful preoperative assessment and meticulous surgical technique...
  4. ncbi A rare cause of cervical spinal stenosis: posterior arch hypoplasia in a bipartite atlas
    C Atasoy
    Emek, Kirim Caddesi, Senyuva Sitesi, Ankara, Turkey
    Neuroradiology 44:253-5. 2002
    ..Flexion and extension radiographs demonstrated atlantoaxial instability...
  5. ncbi Rheumatoid arthritis of the cervical spine. Surgical decision making based on predictors of paralysis and recovery
    S D Boden
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Emory University School of Medicine, Emory Spine Center, Atlanta, Georgia
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 19:2275-80. 1994
    ..An improved understanding of the natural history, physical findings, and radiographic parameters will allow the construction of a management strategy for timely intervention in rheumatoid patients with progressive cervical disease...
  6. ncbi Rheumatoid arthritis of the cervical spine
    Hoan Vu Nguyen
    Department of Orthopaedics and Rehabilitation, Penn State University, 500 University Drive, Hershey, PA 17036, USA
    Spine J 4:329-34. 2004
    ..The goal is to identify patients at risk before the development of neurologic symptoms. Both radiographic and nonradiographic risk factors play an important role in the surgical decision-making process...
  7. ncbi Histology of the craniocervical junction in chronic rheumatoid arthritis: a clinicopathologic analysis of 33 operative cases
    Michael F O'Brien
    Woodridge Orthopedic Clinic and Spine Center, Wheat Ridge, Colorado, USA
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 27:2245-54. 2002
    ..A histologic review of surgical specimens with clinical and radiographic correlations...
  8. ncbi Posterior C1-C2 fusion with polyaxial screw and rod fixation
    J Harms
    Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Center for Spinal Surgery, Karlsbad Langensteinbach, Germany
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 26:2467-71. 2001
    ..In addition, the initial results of this technique on 37 patients are described...
  9. pmc Atlantoaxial immobilization in rheumatoid arthritis: a prophylactic procedure?
    D Grob
    Spine Unit, Schulthess Klinik, Zurich, Switzerland
    Eur Spine J 9:404-9. 2000
    ....
  10. ncbi Posterior atlantoaxial fixation: biomechanical in vitro comparison of six different techniques
    Marcus Richter
    Department of Orthopedics and SCI, University of Ulm, Sweden
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 27:1724-32. 2002
    ..Six different techniques for atlantoaxial fixation were biomechanically compared in vitro by nondestructive testing...
  11. ncbi Atlantoaxial fusion and retrodental pannus in rheumatoid arthritis
    D Grob
    Schulrhess Klinik, Spine Unit, , Switzerland
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 22:1580-3; discussion 1584. 1997
    ....
  12. ncbi High mortality in patients with rheumatoid arthritis and atlantoaxial subluxation
    T Riise
    Institute of Clinical Medicine, University of Tromsø, and Department of Rheumatology, University Hospital of Tromsø, Norway
    J Rheumatol 28:2425-9. 2001
    ..To study relationships between atlantoaxial subluxation (AAS) and total mortality in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA)...
  13. ncbi Natural course of cervical spine lesions in rheumatoid arthritis
    T Oda
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Osaka University Medical School, Suita, Japan
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 20:1128-35. 1995
    ..The most aggressive arthritis classification, a subset with mutilating disease, had the more severe subluxation in both upper and subaxial cervical spine...
  14. ncbi Cervical spine surgery in rheumatoid arthritis: improvement of neurologic deficit after cervical spine fusion
    W C Peppelman
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, St Margaret Memorial Hospital, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 18:2375-9. 1993
    ..In general, neurologic recovery is encouraging even in the IIIB patient. Earlier surgery should be done, however, particularly before SMO develops, if possible.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)..
  15. pmc Therapeutic options and results following fixed atlantoaxial rotatory dislocations
    Markus Weisskopf
    Department of Orthopedic Surgery, University Hospital of the RWTH Aachen, Pauwelsstr 30, 52074, Aachen, Germany
    Eur Spine J 14:61-8. 2005
    ..6 points, while the average length of the DTI was 40.5 months. In conclusion, the clinical outcome and the subjective well-being following AARD deteriorates with increasing length of the dislocation-therapy interval...
  16. ncbi Cervical myelopathy in an adult due to atlantoaxial subluxation associated with Down syndrome: a case study
    Kazuhiro Masuda
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, 7 3 1 Hongo, Bunkyo ku, Tokyo 113 0033, Japan
    J Orthop Sci 8:227-31. 2003
    ..Particular care over the long term should be taken in those who have atlantoaxial subluxation combined with odontoid hypoplasia or accessory ossicles, as they are at particular risk of cervical myelopathy even during adulthood...
  17. ncbi Atlantoaxial stabilization: clinical comparison of posterior cervical wiring technique with transarticular screw fixation
    Thomas M Reilly
    Indiana Spine Group and dagger Indianapolis Neurosurgical Group, Indianapolis, Indiana 46260, USA
    J Spinal Disord Tech 16:248-53. 2003
    ..These results demonstrate the significant benefits of transarticular screw fixation over posterior cervical wiring techniques in the management of atlantoaxial instability...
  18. pmc Role of transarticular screw fixation in tuberculous atlanto-axial instability
    Mihir R Bapat
    Orthopaedics, King Edward Memorial Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
    Eur Spine J 16:187-97. 2007
    ..This, however, requires a thorough understanding of the MRI pattern of involvement of the atlanto-axial complex that is difficult in non-endemic areas...
  19. ncbi [C(1-2) posterior transarticular screw fixation (Magerl's technique) for patients with incompletely-reduced atlantoaxial dislocation]
    Yong Qing Wang
    Department of Spine Surgery, Beijing Jishuitan Hospital, Beijing 100035, China
    Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 84:649-52. 2004
    ..To assess the feasibility of performing the C(1-2) transarticular screw fixation (Magerl's technique) for patients whose C(1-2) dislocation could not be reduced completely...
  20. ncbi [Instability of C1,2 treated with transcutaneous anterior lateral mass fixation and bone grafting]
    Yong Long Chi
    Department of Orthopedics, the Second Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical College, Wenzhou 325003, China
    Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi 42:469-73. 2004
    ..Creating the method of transcutaneous anterior lateral mass fixation for instability of C(1,2)...
  21. ncbi [Multidirectional atlantoaxial instability of an os odontoideum in an adult]
    J Isenberg
    Klinik und Poliklinik für Unfall, Hand und Wiederherstellungschirurgie, Universitat, Koln
    Unfallchirurg 107:1089-92. 2004
    ..An exact positioning of screws past the asymmetric course of both arteria vertebrales was possible by navigation. The patient was free of pain 5 months after the fusion...
  22. ncbi Posterior atlantoaxial dislocation without fracture. Case report
    Do Heum Yoon
    Department of Neurosurgery, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Severance Hospital, Seoul, Korea
    J Neurosurg 98:73-6. 2003
    ..The rarity of the lesion, the differences in diagnostic studies, and the successful treatment by safe intraoperative reduction and fixation are factors of interest in this case...
  23. ncbi Radiography of the cervical spine in trauma
    Thad Jackson
    Department of Neurosurgery, College of Medicine, University of Kentucky, 800 Rose Street, Lexington, KY 40536 0298, USA
    Atlas Oral Maxillofac Surg Clin North Am 10:167-87. 2002
  24. ncbi Syringomyelia caused by loosening of multistrand cables following C1-2 Brooks-type fusion in the rheumatoid cervical spine. Case report
    Jun Mizutani
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Nagoya City University Medical School, Nagoya, Aichi, Japan
    J Neurosurg 97:366-8. 2002
    ..The phenomenon observed in this case adds to our understanding of the pathogenesis of noncommunicating syringomyelia...
  25. ncbi A bone and cable girth-hitch technique for atlantoaxial fusion in pediatric patients. Technical note
    Douglas L Brockmeyer
    Division of Pediatric Neurosurgery, Primary Children s Medical Center, University of Utah, Salt Lake City 84132, USA
    J Neurosurg 97:400-2. 2002
    ..The technique has been used successfully, in two patients 22 and 18 months of age, respectively. In both cases, fusion was used to augment C1-2 transarticular screw fixation, and solid arthrodesis was achieved without a halo orthosis...
  26. ncbi Biomechanical comparison of C1-2 posterior fixation techniques
    Jonathan S Hott
    Division of Neurological Surgery and Spinal Biomechanics Research Laboratory, Barrow Neurological Institute, St Joseph s Hospital and Medical Center, Phoenix, Arizona 85013, USA
    J Neurosurg Spine 2:175-81. 2005
    ....
  27. ncbi Post-traumatic atlantoaxial rotatory fixation in an adult: a case report
    Yeon Seong Kim
    Department of Neurosurgery, Chonnam National University Hospital and Medical School, Gwangju, Korea
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 32:E682-7. 2007
    ..A case report...
  28. ncbi Congenital reducible atlantoaxial dislocation: classification and surgical considerations
    S Behari
    Department of Neurosurgery, Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow 226014, India
    Acta Neurochir (Wien) 144:1165-77. 2002
    ..To the best of the authors' knowledge, this is the first study concentrating on the classification, the protocol of the surgical management and the outcome of congenital, reducible AAD...
  29. ncbi Atlantoaxial screw fixation for the treatment of isolated and combined unstable jefferson fractures - experiences with 8 patients
    C Hein
    Department of Neurosurgery, Hospital of Deggendorf, Deggendorf, Germany
    Acta Neurochir (Wien) 144:1187-92. 2002
    ..Moreover, halo-extension needs an immobilization of the cervical spine for about 10 weeks and more, which is very uncomfortable and leads to further complications especially in elderly patients...
  30. ncbi [Rheumatoid arthritis of the cervical spine. Current concepts for diagnosis and therapy]
    R Kothe
    Orthopädische Klinik und Poliklinik, Universitatsklinikum Hamburg Eppendorf, Hamburg
    Orthopade 31:1114-22. 2002
    ..Therefore, it is important to avoid the development of severe cervical myelopathy by early surgical intervention...
  31. ncbi Posterior C2 fixation using bilateral, crossing C2 laminar screws: case series and technical note
    Neill M Wright
    Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri 63110, USA
    J Spinal Disord Tech 17:158-62. 2004
    ..The possible advantages of C2 fixation with C2 laminar screws are discussed...
  32. ncbi Treatment of atlantoaxial instability in pediatric patients
    Scott Y Rahimi
    Department of Neurosurgery, Medical College of Georgia, Augusta 30912, USA
    Neurosurg Focus 15:ECP1. 2003
    ..Individualized case management must be based on clinical presentation, with internal fixation being the last resort...
  33. ncbi Posterior cervical spine arthrodesis with laminar screws: a report of two cases
    Kazuo Nakanishi
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Okayama 700 8558, Japan
    Acta Med Okayama 61:115-9. 2007
    ..The laminar screw method was thus thought to be useful, since arterial injuries could thus be avoided and it could also be used as a salvage modality for the previous misinsertion...
  34. ncbi Craniocervical instability in an infant with partial sacral agenesis
    W A Thiryayi
    Department of Neurosurgery, Royal Manchester Children s Hospital, Manchester, UK
    Acta Neurochir (Wien) 149:623-7. 2007
    ..CONCLUSION: The authors describe this extremely rare association and discuss the difficulties faced while deciding the optimum surgical strategy for managing such young children with craniocervical instability...
  35. ncbi Image-guided transarticular atlanto-axial screw fixation
    M O Kelleher
    National Neurosurgical Unit, Dublin, Ireland
    Int J Med Robot 2:154-60. 2006
    ..The aim of this paper was to outline the use of frameless stereotaxy for the safe insertion of C1/C2 transarticular screws in the clinical setting of patients with atlanto-axial instability...
  36. doi Craniovertebral stabilization
    Atul Goel
    J Neurosurg Pediatr 1:173-5; author reply 175. 2008
  37. ncbi Selection of a rigid internal fixation construct for stabilization at the craniovertebral junction in pediatric patients
    Richard C E Anderson
    Department of Neurosurgery, Children s Hospital of New York, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, New York 10032, USA
    J Neurosurg 107:36-42. 2007
    ..The authors describe flow diagrams created to help clinicians determine which method of internal fixation to use in complex anatomical circumstances when bilateral transarticular screw placement is not possible...
  38. ncbi Pigmented villonodular synovitis associated with pathological fracture of the odontoid and atlantoaxial instability. Case report and review of the literature
    Michael A Finn
    Spinal Oncology Service, Department of Neurosurgery, Huntsman Cancer Institute, The University of Utah Health Sciences Center, Salt Lake City, Utah 84132 2303, USA
    J Neurosurg Spine 7:248-53. 2007
    ..Histopathological analysis was consistent with a diagnosis of PVNS. To the authors' knowledge, this is the first report of PVNS involving the C-2 vertebra or causing a pathological fracture...
  39. pmc Screw fixation via diploic bone paralleling to occiput table: anatomical analysis of a new technique and report of 11 cases
    Tan Mingsheng
    China Japan Friendship Hospital, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Beijing, China
    Eur Spine J 16:2225-31. 2007
    ..The results confirm that occiput is available for holding intraocciput screw paralleling to diploic bone...
  40. ncbi Atlantoaxial rotatory fixation owing to neck burn
    Elie Romanos
    Hotel Dieu de France Hospital, Saint Joseph University, Beirut, Lebanon
    J Pediatr Orthop B 16:437-41. 2007
    ..Conservative measures were unable to prevent progression, thus requiring surgical intervention...
  41. ncbi Modification of Wright's technique for placement of bilateral crossing C2 translaminar screws: technical note
    Andrew Jea
    Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Lois Pope LIFE Center, 1095 NW 14th Terrace, D4 6, 2nd Floor, Miami, FL 33136, USA
    Spine J 8:656-60. 2008
    ..Although the risk of vertebral artery injury has been essentially eliminated, the authors recognize that neurologic injury from breakthrough of the inner cortex of the lamina by the drill or screw is still a possibility...
  42. ncbi [Surgical therapy of the rheumatic cervical spine]
    F Kerschbaumer
    Klinik Rotes Kreuz, Frankfurt am Main
    Z Orthop Unfall 145:655-69; quiz 670-3. 2007
  43. ncbi Atlantoaxial transarticular screw fixation with morselized autograft and without additional internal fixation: technical description and report of 57 cases
    Chao Wang
    Department of Orthopaedics, Peking University Third Hospital, Beijing, China
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 32:643-6. 2007
    ..Retrospective clinical and radiologic evaluation of posterior C1-C2 fusion by transarticular screw (TAS) with morselized autograft and without additional internal fixation...
  44. ncbi Double insurance atlantoaxial fixation
    Atul Goel
    Department of Neurosurgery, King Edward VII Memorial Hospital, Mumbai 400012, India
    Surg Neurol 67:135-9. 2007
    ..An alternative technique of atlantoaxial fixation is described, which combines the trans-articular method of fixation described by Magerl in 1982 and the interarticular technique described by us in 1988...
  45. ncbi [Posterior occipitocervical fixation using C2 pedicle screws and occipitocervical plate systems]
    Chao Wang
    Department of Orthopaedics, Peking University Third Hospital, Beijing 100083, China
    Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi 42:707-11. 2004
    ..To observe the clinical effect of a occipitocervical fixation systems using C(2) pedicle screws and plates...
  46. ncbi [Application of Halo-vest in stable reconstruction of unstable upper cervical spine]
    Jixing Wang
    Department of Orthopedic and Spinal Surgery, Nanfang Hospital, First Military Medical University, Guangzhou Guangdong 510515, PR China
    Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi 18:399-401. 2004
    ..To evaluate the clinical effect of Halo-vest in treatment of unstable upper cervical spine...
  47. pmc Multiplanar reconstructions of helical computed tomography in planning of atlanto-axial transarticular fixation
    M H Nogueira-Barbosa
    Radiology Division, Faculty of Medicine of Ribeirao Preto, HCFMRP, University of Sao Paulo, Av Bandeirantes, 3900, Campus Universitario, Ribeirao Preto, Sao Paulo, Brazil 14048 900
    Eur Spine J 14:493-500. 2005
    ..Therefore preoperative CT scans are very important to identify type II cases, such that the surgeon may preoperatively define the bony anatomy trough which the screws will pass...
  48. ncbi [Instability of the upper cervical spine due to rheumatism]
    C E Heyde
    Klinik fur Unfall und Wiederherstellungschirurgie, Charite, Campus Benjamin Franklin, Universitatsmedizin, Berlin
    Orthopade 35:270-87. 2006
    ..These procedures avoid progressive destruction and improve the prognosis regarding pain decrease, regression of neurological deficits, and life expectancy...
  49. doi The feasibility of microscope-assisted "free-hand" C1 lateral mass screw insertion without fluoroscopy
    Gabriel Liu
    Washington University Orthopedics, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 33:1042-9. 2008
    ..Retrospective study...
  50. ncbi Internal reduction established by occiput-C2 pedicle polyaxial screw stabilization in pediatric atlantoaxial rotatory fixation
    Deniz Belen
    Neurosurgery Department, Educational Hospital of Social Security Institution, Ankara, Turkey
    Pediatr Neurosurg 42:328-32. 2006
    ..The patient's deformity was treated by occiput-C2 pedicle polyaxial screw stabilization. This technique is effective for reducing the atlantoaxial fixation in children...
  51. doi An essential principle for safe C1-2 transarticular screw insertion
    Masashi Neo
    J Spinal Disord Tech 21:76-7. 2008
  52. doi Vertical atlantoaxial index: a new craniovertebral radiographic index
    Arvind G Kulkarni
    Department of Neurosurgery, KEM Hospital and Seth GS Medical College, Mumbai, India
    J Spinal Disord Tech 21:4-10. 2008
    ..An index for measuring the vertical relationship of atlas and axis is described...
  53. ncbi [Surgical treatment of craniocervical instability. Review paper]
    Armando Alpizar-Aguirre
    Servicio Cirugia de Columna Vertebral, Instituto Nacional de Rehabilitación Ortopedia
    Acta Ortop Mex 21:204-11. 2007
    ....
  54. ncbi Re: Harms J, Melcher P. Posterior C1-C2 fusion with polyaxial screw and rod fixation. (Spine 2001;26: 2467-71)
    Atul Goel
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 27:1589-90. 2002
  55. ncbi Occipitocervical arthrodesis using contoured plate fixation. An early report on a versatile fixation technique
    M D Smith
    Minnesota Spine Center, Minneapolis
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 18:1984-90. 1993
    ..At follow-up, which averaged 11.7 months, all patients had fused with minimal complications. This versatile technique, readily adapted to complex deformities and extensible for subaxial fixation, was reviewed...
  56. pmc Cervical spine arthrodesis in rheumatoid arthritis: a long-term follow-up
    J C Krieg
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics, Iowa City 52242
    Yale J Biol Med 66:257-62. 1993
    ..Posterior cervical spine arthrodesis for rheumatoid involvement of the neck is a safe, efficacious procedure with no significant deterioration of effects over time...
  57. ncbi Current management of pediatric atlantoaxial rotatory subluxation
    B R Subach
    Department of Neurological Surgery, Children s Hospital of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 23:2174-9. 1998
    ..There does not appear to be a correlation between cause of atlantoaxial rotatory subluxation, age, or sex and the likelihood of recurrence...
  58. ncbi Myelopathy resulting from the atlantodental hypertrophic osteoarthritis accompanying the dens hypertrophy. Two case reports
    K Sato
    Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Akita University School of Medicine, Japan
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 21:1467-71. 1996
    ..Their developmentally small atlas ring may be a predisposing factor toward the development of myelopathy...
  59. ncbi Posterior occipitocervical fusion. A preliminary report of a new technique
    D Grob
    Department of Orthopedic Surgery, W Schulthess Hospital, , Switzerland
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 16:S17-24. 1991
    ..The satisfactory outcome and solid bony fusion in all 14 patients and the absence of severe complications encourages the continued use of this technique of occipitocervical fusion...
  60. ncbi Spontaneous regression of periodontoid pannus mass in psoriatic atlantoaxial subluxation. Case report
    K Lu
    Department of Neurosurgery, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 24:578-81. 1999
    ..This report provides evidence that atlantoaxial instability may be the sine qua non for the formation of periodontoid pannus, and that amelioration of such instability leads to spontaneous resolution of the pannus mass...
  61. ncbi Computer-assisted Magerl's transarticular screw fixation for atlantoaxial subluxation
    Yoshiharu Kawaguchi
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Toyama Medical and Pharmaceutical University, Faculty of Medicine, 2630 Sugitani, Toyama 930 0194, Japan
    J Orthop Sci 7:131-6. 2002
    ..Neither of these patients had any neurovascular complications after surgery. Computer-assisted surgery is useful for avoiding neurovascular complications with transarticular screw fixation of C1-2...
  62. ncbi Biomechanical comparison of C1-C2 posterior fixations. Cable, graft, and screw combinations
    S Naderi
    , Department of Neurosurgery, Balcova Izmir, Turkey
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 23:1946-55; discussion 1955-6. 1998
    ..05). Axes of rotation shifted from their normal location toward the hardware. CONCLUSIONS: It is mechanically advantageous to include as many fixation points as possible when atlantoaxial instability is treated surgically...
  63. ncbi Realignment of postoperative cervical kyphosis in children by vertebral remodeling
    Y Toyama
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, School of Medicine, Keio University, Tokyo, Japan
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 19:2565-70. 1994
    ..Realignment of postoperative cervical kyphosis by vertebral remodeling was observed in children. The results of this study suggested that remodeling occurred even in the spine, which was similar to the remodeling in long bones...
  64. ncbi Occipitocervical fusion with C1 laminectomy in children
    T Nakagawa
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Kagoshima University, Japan
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 22:1209-14. 1997
    ..This surgery induced no apparent postoperative spinal deformations...
  65. ncbi Posterior C1-2 Fixation with cancellous screw and rod system for retro-odontoid pseudotumor associated with chronic atlantoaxial subluxation. Technical note
    Toshihiro Takami
    Department of Neurosurgery, Osaka City University Graduate School of Medicine, Japan
    Neurol Med Chir (Tokyo) 47:189-93; discussion 193-4. 2007
    ..Posterior C1-2 fixation with the cancellous screw and rod system is a safe and reliable method, and can be used to treat retro-odontoid pseudotumor associated with chronic atlantoaxial subluxation...
  66. ncbi Immediate effects of atlanto-occipital joint manipulation on active mouth opening and pressure pain sensitivity in women with mechanical neck pain
    Pilar Mansilla-Ferragut
    Professor, Escuela de Osteopatía de Madrid, Spain
    J Manipulative Physiol Ther 32:101-6. 2009
    ....
  67. ncbi Transoral decompression, anterior plate fixation, and posterior wire fusion for irreducible atlantoaxial kyphosis in rheumatoid arthritis
    F Kerschbaumer
    , , Germany
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 25:2708-15. 2000
    ..CONCLUSION: Transoral plate fixation combined with posterior wire fixation after transoral odontoid resectionis an effective, reliable, and safe procedure for the treatment of irreducible atlantoaxial kyphosis in rheumatoid arthritis...
  68. ncbi Functional MR imaging of the craniocervical junction. Correlation with alar ligaments and occipito-atlantoaxial joint morphology: a study in 50 asymptomatic subjects
    C W Pfirrmann
    Department of Radiology, University Hospital Balgrist, Zurich
    Schweiz Med Wochenschr 130:645-51. 2000
    ..The aim of this study was to determine by MR imaging the normal range of rotation in the first three cervical segments and their relation to the morphology of the alar ligaments and the occipito-atlantoaxial joints...
  69. ncbi Stroke following chiropractic manipulation of the cervical spine
    A Hufnagel
    Department of Neurology, University of Essen, Hufelandstrasse 55, D 45122 Essen, Germany
    J Neurol 246:683-8. 1999
    ..Thus, patients at risk for stroke after chiropractic manipulation may not be identified a priori. Neurological deficits may be severely disabling and are potentially life threatening...
  70. doi Reversal of longstanding musculoskeletal changes in basilar invagination after surgical decompression and stabilization
    Atul Goel
    Department of Neurosurgery, King Edward Memorial Hospital and Seth G S Medical College, Parel, Mumbai, India
    J Neurosurg Spine 10:220-7. 2009
    ..The implications of such an analysis in understanding the pathogenesis of a number of features that are characteristically associated with basilar invagination are evaluated...
  71. ncbi Transoral anterior decompression and fusion of chronic irreducible atlantoaxial dislocation with spinal cord compression
    B Subin
    J Vernon Luck, SR, MD Orthopaedic Research Center, Orthopaedic Hospital of Los Angeles, USA
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 20:1233-40. 1995
    ..Therefore, anterior decompression associated with subtotal obliteration of the atlantoaxial joints without bone grafts is a feasible therapy for irreducible atlantoaxial dislocation using a multifunctional bed and biaxial traction...
  72. ncbi Medically treated paravertebral Brucella abscess presenting with acute torticollis: case report
    Serkan Simsek
    Neurosurgery Department, Ministry of Health, Diskapi Educational and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey
    Surg Neurol 67:207-10. 2007
    ..Atlantoaxial subluxation secondary to a paravertebral (retropharyngeal) abscess is a well known but rare event in children...
  73. pmc Syringomyelia with irreducible atlantoaxial dislocation, basilar invagination and Chiari I malformation
    Shenglin Wang
    Orthopaedic Department, Peking University Third Hospital, No 49 North Garden Street, Haidian District, 100191 Beijing, China
    Eur Spine J 19:361-6. 2010
    ..Final follow-up at 2-years revealed an excellent clinical outcome...
  74. ncbi Treatment of basilar invagination by atlantoaxial joint distraction and direct lateral mass fixation
    Atul Goel
    Department of Neurosurgery, King Edward Memorial Hospital and Seth G S Medical College, Mumbai, India
    J Neurosurg Spine 1:281-6. 2004
    ....
  75. ncbi Bilateral atlas laminar hook combined with transarticular screw fixation for an unstable bursting atlantal fracture
    Xiang Guo
    Department of Orthopaedics, Changzheng Hospital, 415 Fengyang Road, Huangpu District, Shanghai, People s Republic of China
    Arch Orthop Trauma Surg 129:1203-9. 2009
    ..A retrospective review of clinical series should be conducted to evaluate the clinical outcome of bilateral atlas laminar hook combined with transarticular screw fixation for unstable bursting atlantal fracture...
  76. ncbi Recognition and management of preoperative risk
    E Nierman
    Department of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, USA
    Rheum Dis Clin North Am 25:585-622. 1999
    ..The internist plays a critical role in minimizing this risk even further...
  77. doi Osteoradionecrosis of the upper cervical spine: MR imaging following radiotherapy for nasopharyngeal carcinoma
    Ann D King
    Department of Diagnostic Radiology and Organ Imaging, Faculty of Medicine, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Prince of Wales Hospital, Shatin, New Territories, Hong Kong S A R, China
    Eur J Radiol 73:629-35. 2010
    ..To document the MRI appearances of radiation-induced abnormalities in the cervical spine following treatment for nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC)...
  78. ncbi Atlantoaxial rotatory fixation secondary to tuberculosis of occiput: a case report
    B K Dhaon
    Department of Orthopaedics, Maulana Azad Medical College and Lok Nayak Hospital, New Delhi, India
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 28:E203-5. 2003
    ..A case of nontraumatic rotatory fixation of the atlantoaxial joint associated with tuberculosis of the occipital bone in an adult...
  79. ncbi Total spondylectomy of C2: a new surgical technique
    J Stulik
    Department of Spinal Surgery, University Hospital Motol, Prague
    Acta Chir Orthop Traumatol Cech 74:79-90. 2007
    ..With regard to potential complications it is of vital importance to consider carefully such operation and consult the proposed therapy with the patient...
  80. ncbi The nature of neck pain in a private pain clinic in the United States
    Way Yin
    Interventional Medical Associates of Bellingham, Bellingham, Washington, USA
    Pain Med 9:196-203. 2008
    ..To determine the prevalence of different causes of neck pain in a private practice clinic...
  81. pmc The characteristics of bony ankylosis of the facet joint of the upper cervical spine in rheumatoid arthritis patients
    Haku Iizuka
    Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Gunma University Graduate School of Medicine, 3 39 22 Showa, Maebashi, Gunma, 371 8511, Japan
    Eur Spine J 18:1130-4. 2009
    ..In addition, we suggest that the occurrence of bony ankylosis was a risk factor for instability of AAJ, and subaxial instability or stenosis...
  82. doi Retrospective analysis of peripheral nerve sheath tumors of the second cervical nerve root in 60 surgically treated patients
    Atul Goel
    Department of Neurosurgery, King Edward VII Memorial Hospital and Seth Gordhandas Sunderdas Medical College, Parel, Mumbai, India
    J Neurosurg Spine 8:129-34. 2008
    ..The anatomical subtleties of these tumors and their implications for surgical strategy when compared with other spinal PNSTs and other tumors in the foramen magnum region are reviewed...
  83. ncbi The atlanto-axial joint: physiological range of rotation on MRI and CT
    Clare J Roche
    Department of Medical Imaging, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK
    Clin Radiol 57:103-8. 2002
    ....
  84. ncbi Tophaceous gout causing atlanto-axial subluxation mimicking rheumatoid arthritis: a case report
    N N Wazir
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University Malaya Medical Centre, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
    J Orthop Surg (Hong Kong) 13:203-6. 2005
    ..Atlanto-axial subluxation caused by gouty arthritis can present in the same way as rheumatoid arthritis. Therefore, the possibility of this as a differential diagnosis should be kept in mind...
  85. ncbi Quantitative anatomy of the lateral mass of the atlas
    Yin Dong
    Biomechanical Laboratory, Department of Anatomy, First Military Medical University, Guangzhou, China
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 28:860-3. 2003
    ..The lateral mass of the atlas was quantitatively measured...
  86. ncbi The median atlanto-occipital joint in advanced age
    Michael Von Lüdinghausen
    Institute of Anatomy and Cell Biology, University of Wurzburg, Wurzburg, Germany
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 31:E430-6. 2006
    ..Exploration of the craniocervical junction in cadavers of elderly individuals...
  87. doi Whole-body FDG-PET/CT on rheumatoid arthritis of large joints
    Kazuo Kubota
    Department of Radiology, Division of Nuclear Medicine, International Medical Center of Japan Toyama Hospital, Tokyo, Japan
    Ann Nucl Med 23:783-91. 2009
    ....
  88. ncbi Anatomic considerations of anterior transarticular screw fixation for atlantoaxial instability
    J Lu
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Medical College of Ohio, Toledo, USA
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 23:1229-35; discussion 1236. 1998
    ..Additionally, in C1-C2 anterior plate fixation screws 15 mm long could be anchored in the inferior facet of the C1, and screws 9-15 mm long could be anchored in the C2 vertebral body...
  89. ncbi Instantaneous rotation axes during active head movements
    Steven T Moore
    Department of Neurology, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY 10029, USA
    J Vestib Res 15:73-80. 2005
    ..The results demonstrate that the instantaneous rotation axes technique overcomes the inherent instability of the helical-axis representation for small head movements...
  90. ncbi Oral and dental findings in a child with growth hormone insensitivity syndrome
    Jenny Abanto
    Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Dental School, University of Sao Paulo USP, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    J Dent Child (Chic) 77:54-8. 2010
    ..The purpose this case report was to describe oral findings and particularities of dental treatment in a child with growth hormone insensitivity syndrome...
  91. ncbi Retropharyngeal tendinitis: radiographic and magnetic resonance imaging findings
    J Gelineck
    Department of Radiology, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark
    Acta Radiol 47:806-9. 2006
    ..To describe the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings in retropharyngeal tendinitis...
  92. ncbi Craniovertebral junction realignment for the treatment of basilar invagination with syringomyelia: preliminary report of 12 cases
    Atul Goel
    Department of Neurosurgery, King Edward Memorial Hospital, Parel, Mumbai, India
    Neurol Med Chir (Tokyo) 45:512-7; discussion 518. 2005
    ..Manipulation of the atlantoaxial joints and restoring the anatomical craniovertebral alignments in selected cases of syringomyelia leads to remarkable and sustained clinical recovery, and is probably the optimum surgical treatment...
  93. ncbi Complete osteolysis of the dens with atlantoaxial luxation caused by infection with Staphylococcus aureus: a case report and review of the literature
    Marc Busche
    Unfallchirurgische Klinik, Medizinische Hochschule, Hannover, Germany
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 30:E369-74. 2005
    ..Case report...
  94. doi Radiographic morphology of the cranial portion of the cervical vertebral column in Cavalier King Charles Spaniels and its relationship to syringomyelia
    Catherine E Stalin
    Department of Veterinary Medicine, University of Cambridge, Madingley Rd, Cambridge, CB3 0ES, England
    Am J Vet Res 69:89-93. 2008
    ....
  95. ncbi Atlantoaxial instability in os odontoideum with myelopathy
    M Watanabe
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, School of Medicine, Keio University, Tokyo, Japan
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 21:1435-9. 1996
    ..If the patient has either a sagittal plane rotation angle of more than 20 degrees or an instability index of more than 40%, he or she is likely to have the cord signs...
  96. ncbi Radiologic prevalence of advanced lateral C1-C2 osteoarthritis
    J Zapletal
    Department of Radiology, St Antonius Hospital, Nieuwegein, The Netherlands
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 22:2511-3. 1997
    ..CONCLUSION: Because advanced degenerative changes at the lateral atlantoaxial joints can cause suboccipital neck pain, these findings should be included in the differential diagnosis in older patients with this symptom...
  97. doi Bone marrow edema in the cervical spine of symptomatic rheumatoid arthritis patients
    José Antonio Narváez
    Department of Radiology, Hospital Universitario de Bellvitge IDIBELL, Barcelona, Spain
    Semin Arthritis Rheum 38:281-8. 2009
    ..To investigate the frequency and clinical significance of bone marrow edema (BME) in a series of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and symptomatic involvement of the cervical spine...
  98. ncbi Follow-up study of conservative treatment for atlantoaxial rotatory displacement
    H Mihara
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Yokohama Minami Kyosai Hospital, Yokohama, Japan
    J Spinal Disord 14:494-9. 2001
    ..0%) had a slight torticollis at follow-up. The duration of symptoms before treatment affected the recurrence rate, and the torticollis was apt to remain in cases with severe displacement at admission...
  99. ncbi Three-dimensional movements of the upper cervical spine
    M Panjabi
    Department of Orthopaedics and Rehabilitation, Yale Medical School of New Haven, Connecticut
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 13:726-30. 1988
    ..0, 5.5, and 7.2 degrees (occiput-C1 joint) and 11.5, 10.9, 6.7, and 38.9 degrees (C1-C2 joint). The greatest intervertebral motion in the spine was axial rotation at the C1-C2 joint, with the neutral zone constituting 75% of this motion...
  100. ncbi Occipitocervical fusion with posterior plate and screw instrumentation. A long-term follow-up study
    R C Sasso
    Klinik fur Orthopadische Chirurgie, Kantonsspital, St Gallen, Switzerland
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 19:2364-8. 1994
    ..An extremely high fusion rate can be expected with minimal complications and minimal postoperative immobilization. This technique, however, is technically demanding...
  101. ncbi Atlanto-occipital and lateral atlanto-axial joint pain patterns
    P Dreyfuss
    Neuro Skeletal Center, Tyler, Texas
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 19:1125-31. 1994
    ..Five asymptomatic subjects underwent provocative injections of the lateral atlanto-axial and atlanto-occipital joints...

Research Grants3

  1. Effect of vertebral endplate composition on disc health
    Frank Acosta; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  2. Purinergic control of medullary pain modulation
    Nathan Selden; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  3. Long-term Ambulatory Gait Monitor for Parkinson's Disease
    Steven Moore; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..