- Osteochondroma of the cervical spine causing occipital nerve neuralgia. Case report
Department of Neurosurgery, Hannover Medical School, Germany
Neurol Res 23:777-9. 2001
..Complete removal of the tumor was performed with release of the pain. The literature is reviewed and etiology, diagnosis, treatment and differential diagnosis are discussed...
- Median (third) occipital condyle
P V V Prasada Rao
Department of Anatomy, University of Zimbabwe, Harare, Zimbabwe
Clin Anat 15:148-51. 2002
Abnormalities of the craniovertebral junction, most of which are associated with the occipital bone, are of interest not only to anatomists but also to clinicians because many of these deformities produce clinical symptoms...
- Hereditary aspects of occipital bone hypoplasia and syringomyelia (Chiari type I malformation) in cavalier King Charles spaniels
Stone Lion Veterinary Centre, 41 High Street, Wimbledon, London SW19 5AU
Vet Rec 153:107-12. 2003
..20 generations was established by obtaining pedigree information from 45 dogs with syringomyelia secondary to occipital bone hypoplasia. These data were supplemented with published information from the breed club...
- Inheritance of occipital bone hypoplasia (Chiari type I malformation) in Cavalier King Charles Spaniels
Stone Lion Veterinary Centre, Wimbledon, London, UK
J Vet Intern Med 18:673-8. 2004
b>Occipital bone hypoplasia with foramen magnum obstruction and secondary syringomyelia (SM) is a common condition in the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel (CKCS) that is similar to human Chiari type I malformation...
- Morphology and treatment of occipital condyle fractures
P A Anderson
Department of Orthopaedics, Harborview Medical Center, Seattle, Washington
Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 13:731-6. 1988
..Type I and II are stable, and the authors recommend treatment with a semiconstrained cervical orthosis. Type III injuries, which are potentially unstable, require rigid immobilization...
- Giant cell reparative granuloma of the occipital bone
Department of Anatomical Pathology, Hospital Universitario 12 de Octubre, Madrid, Spain
Skeletal Radiol 32:151-5. 2003
..However, to the best of our knowledge no case has been reported in the occipital bone. We report on the imaging findings and pathological features of a GCRG of the occipital bone and discuss the ..
- Primary telangiectatic osteosarcoma of occipital bone: a case report and review of literature
Mohana Rao Patibandla
Department of Neurosurgery, Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences, Hyderabad, India
Neurol India 59:117-9. 2011
..We present clinico-pathological, imageological and treatment outcome of a primary TOS of occipital bone in a 30-year-old woman and review the previously reported skull bone TOS...
- Anatomical variations of occipital bone impressions for dural venous sinuses around the torcular Herophili, with special reference to the consideration of clinical significance
Department of Anatomy, Institute of Medical Sciences, Bananas Hindu University, 221 005 Vanarasi, India
Surg Radiol Anat 26:480-7. 2004
..A total of 160 dried skulls were macroscopically examined for impressions on the inner surface of the occipital bone in order to interpret the sinus flow around the torcular Herophili...
- Fibrous dysplasia in combination with aneurysmal bone cyst of the occipital bone and the clivus: case report and review of the literature
Department of Neurosurgery, Hadassah University Hospital Ein Karem, Jerusalem, Israel
Neurosurgery 51:815-7; discussion 817-8. 2002
..It is important to recognize and treat these cases properly because of the special location in the cranial base and the possibility of neural structure impingement...
- Remnants of occipital vertebrae: proatlas segmentation abnormalities
Arnold H Menezes
Department of Neurosurgery, University of Iowa Carver College of Medicine, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, USA
Neurosurgery 64:945-53; discussion 954. 2009
..The objectives of this prospective study were to understand the correlative anatomy, pathology, and embryology and to recognize the clinical presentation and gain insights on the treatment and management...
- Ventral cervicomedullary junction compression secondary to condylus occipitalis (median occipital condyle), a rare entity
Department of Neurosurgery, Haseki Educational and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey
J Spinal Disord Tech 18:382-4. 2005
..To our knowledge, myelopathy due to condylus occipitalis has not been reported before. Deaths of two cases were previously reported, but these were not live cases...
- Massive plexiform neurofibroma with associated meningo-encephalocoele and occipital bone defect presenting as a cervical mass
Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Frenchay Hospital, Frenchay, Bristol BS16 1LE, UK
Br J Plast Surg 56:514-7. 2003
- Occipital nerve blockade in chronic cluster headache patients and functional connectivity between trigeminal and occipital nerves
Department of Neurology, University of Regensburg, Regensburg, Germany
Cephalalgia 27:1206-14. 2007
- Sudden unconsciousness during a lesser occipital nerve block in a patient with the occipital bone defect
First Department of Anaesthesiology, Dokkyo University School of Medicine, Tochigi, 321 0293, Japan
Eur J Anaesthesiol 18:829-32. 2001
..We describe a case of sudden unconsciousness during a lesser occipital nerve block in a patient with an occipital bone defect. A 63-year-old man complained of headache, which was localized to the right occipital region...
- Sub-occipital craniectomy in a lion (Panthera leo) with occipital bone malformation and hypovitaminosis A
Merav H Shamir
Neurology and Neurosurgery Service, Koret School of Veterinary Medicine, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, P O Box 12, 76100 Rehovot, Israel
J Zoo Wildl Med 39:455-9. 2008
..While conservative treatment failed, suboccipital craniectomy removed the thickened occipital bone and was demonstrated to be a successful surgical intervention that can be used to treat more severely affected ..
- An anatomic study of the thickness of the occipital bone. Implications for occipitocervical instrumentation
N A Ebraheim
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Medical College of Ohio, Toledo, USA
Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 21:1725-9; discussion 1729-30. 1996
STUDY DESIGN: The authors measured the thickness and quality of occipital bone regions to determine screw placement during occipitocervical fusion and described the projection of the posterior dural venous sinuses...
- Microscopic approach to craniosynostosis
James E Baumgartner
Division of Pediatric Surgery, Department of Surgery, Medical School, The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Texas, USA
J Craniofac Surg 16:997-1005. 2005
..The authors note that critical to this approach is the postoperative helmet therapy. Early results are encouraging...
- Monostotic craniofacial fibrous dysplasia: the Turkish experience
Department of ORL and HNS, Gulhane Medical School, Ankara, Turkey
J Craniofac Surg 17:62-7. 2006
..Because of its benign nature and decreased growth rate after adolescence, surgical treatment should be reserved for those with functional impairment or severe cosmetic disturbance...
- [Injuries to the craniocervical junction]
Zentrum fur spezielle Chirurgie des Bewegungsapparates, Klinik und Hochschulambulanz für Unfall und Wiederherstellungschirurgie, Charite, Campus Benjamin Franklin, Universitatsmedizin Berlin
Orthopade 35:244-69. 2006
..Special emphasis is placed on comparatively reviewing the different treatment options discussed in the literature. A summary in table form is presented at the end of each chapter for quick reference...
- Role of transarticular screw fixation in tuberculous atlanto-axial instability
Mihir R Bapat
Orthopaedics, King Edward Memorial Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
Eur Spine J 16:187-97. 2007
..This, however, requires a thorough understanding of the MRI pattern of involvement of the atlanto-axial complex that is difficult in non-endemic areas...
- Bone tumors at the cranio-cervical junction. Surgical management and results from a series of 41 cases
Department of Neurosurgery, Hopital Lariboisiere, Paris, France
Acta Neurochir (Wien) 148:741-9; discussion 749. 2006
..The surgical management includes tumoral resection and stabilization of the CCJ...
- Benign osteoblastoma of the occipital bone: case report and literature review
Kyung Sub Moon
Department of Neurosurgery, Chonnam National University Research Institute of Medical Sciences, Chonnam National University Hwasun Hospital and Medical School, Gwangju, South Korea
Neuropathology 26:141-6. 2006
We present a case of benign osteoblastoma of the occipital bone. Benign osteoblastoma is an uncommon primary bone tumor, which usually involves the vertebrae and the long bones...
- Cranial anatomy of the spade-headed amphisbaenian Diplometopon zarudnyi (Squamata, Amphisbaenia) based on high-resolution X-ray computed tomography
Jessica Anderson Maisano
Jackson School of Geosciences, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78712, USA
J Morphol 267:70-102. 2006
..The degree to which this mosaic of features reflects functional demands, shared ancestry, and/or convergence is unclear in the absence of a stable hypothesis of amphisbaenian phylogeny...
- Far-lateral approach to the craniocervical junction
Department of Neurosurgery, Illinois Neurological Institute, University of Illinois College of Medicine, Peoria, Illinois 61637, USA
Neurosurgery 57:367-71; discussion 367-71. 2005
..The technical aspects of the procedure are briefly illustrated in this report...
- [Symmetrical bilateral epidural hematoma after head injury in the mid parietooccipital region: case report]
Department of Neurosurgery, Chugoku Rousai Hospital, 1 5 1 Hiro Tagaya, Kure shi 737 0193, Japan
No Shinkei Geka 32:379-82. 2004
..Simultaneous bilateral craniotomies and removal of the epidural hematomas would have contributed to obtaining the good result in this patient...
- Upper cervical spine injuries
R Sean Jackson
Kansas City Bone and Joint Clinic, Kansas City, MO, USA
J Am Acad Orthop Surg 10:271-80. 2002
..Controversy in management remains, however, especially with type II odontoid fractures...
- Solitary fibrous tumor in the occipitocervical region: a case report
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Gifu University School of Medicine, Gifu, Japan
Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 29:E547-50. 2004
..Case report of a solitary fibrous tumor in the occipitocervical region...
- Giant cranial extradural primary fibroxanthoma: a case report
Department of Neurosurgery, Karadeniz Technical University School of Medicine, Trabzon TR 61080, Turkey
Surg Neurol 63:281-4. 2005
..However, until 2003, only a few cases of primary fibroxanthoma have been reported. We report a giant fibroxanthoma destroying the lateral skull base unaccompanied by a systemic or metabolic disease...
- Odontoid compression of the brainstem without basilar impression-- "odontoid invagination"
Department of Neurosurgery, Shinshu University School of Medicine, Matsumoto, Japan
J Clin Neurosci 12:565-9. 2005
..odontoid process bulges upward into the foramen magnum and compresses the brainstem without deformity of the occipital bone. Two patients had a craniovertebral abnormality associated with Chiari malformation without instability of the ..
- En bloc resection of multilevel cervical chordoma with C-2 involvement. Case report and description of operative technique
Laurence D Rhines
Department of Neurosurgery, The University of Texas M D Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas 77030, USA
J Neurosurg Spine 2:199-205. 2005
..The inherent anatomical complexities of en bloc resection in the upper cervical spine are discussed. To the authors' knowledge, this represents the first report of an en bloc resection for multi-level cervical chordoma...
- Lateral approach to anterolateral tumors at the foramen magnum: factors determining surgical procedure
Nevo S Margalit
Department of Neurosurgery, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital Center, New York, New York 10019, USA
Neurosurgery 56:324-36; discussion 324-36. 2005
..We describe our surgical techniques for resection of these tumors via the lateral approach, including consideration for occipital condylar resection and vertebral artery management...
- Aggressive lymphoma of the skull in a patient with AIDS
Department of Radiology, Hospital Center of Biel, Biel, Bienne, Switzerland
JBR-BTR 88:152-3. 2005
- The evolution of posterior cervical and occipitocervical fusion and instrumentation
John R Vender
Department of Neurosurgery and Medical Illustration Graduate Program, Medical College of Georgia, Augusta 30912, USA
Neurosurg Focus 16:E9. 2004
..In this paper the authors review key events that have occurred in neuroimaging, biomechanical testing, and the development of fusion and instrumentation constructs...
- Complications of fixation to the occiput-anatomical and design implications
S C Lee
Department of Neurosurgery, Chang Gung University and Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Taoyuan, Taiwan
Br J Neurosurg 18:590-7. 2004
..The internal occipital anatomy, which cannot be seen at surgery, is important when dealing with this taxing and potentially dangerous aspect of surgery...
- [Intradiploic epidermoid cyst of the occipital bone]
Service de Neurochirurgie, hôpital militaire d instruction Mohamed V, Rabat, Maroc
Neurochirurgie 53:367-70. 2007
A rare case of intradiploic epidermoid cyst of the occipital bone is described and recent literature, which emphasizes the radiological evaluation and surgical treatment of this lesion is reviewed.
- Ultrasound in the diagnosis of craniosynostosis
Department of Neurosurgery, University Hospital, Hamburg, Germany
J Craniofac Surg 17:623-5; discussion 626-8. 2006
..Sonography offers the potential to be a standard investigation for infants with head deformities suspecting a suture pathology and has been therefore integrated in our craniofacial outpatient clinic as a daily routine method...
- Screw fixation via diploic bone paralleling to occiput table: anatomical analysis of a new technique and report of 11 cases
China Japan Friendship Hospital, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Beijing, China
Eur Spine J 16:2225-31. 2007
..The thickness of the occipital bone at the location of SNL prominence, the entry point, the exit point and the screw orientation were measured, ..
- A case of intracranial hypoglossal neurinoma without hypoglossal nerve palsy: operative view of the preserved rostral trunk
Department of Neurosurgery, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan
Minim Invasive Neurosurg 50:296-9. 2007
..The tumor only developed intracranially, and since the rostral trunk of the hypoglossal nerve was intact, the patient did not present with hypoglossal nerve palsy preoperatively...
- Iatrogenic pyogenic osteomyelitis of C-1 and C-2 treated with transoral decompression and delayed posterior occipitocervical arthrodesis. Case report
Patrick J Reid
Department of Neurosurgery, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, New York 14642 8670, USA
J Neurosurg Spine 7:664-8. 2007
..To the authors' knowledge this case is the first reported instance of iatrogenic pyogenic osteomyelitis of the craniocervical junction successfully treated with anterior decompression and delayed posterior arthrodesis...
- Definition of topographic organization of skull profile in normal population and its implications on the role of sutures in skull morphology
Division of Neurosurgery, University of Toronto, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Center, 2075 Bayview Avenue, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
J Craniofac Surg 19:27-36. 2008
..These territories hinge on the coronal suture. Therefore, the coronal suture may play a dominant role in final skull configuration...
- Cranial growth after distraction osteogenesis of the craniosynostosis
Yong Oock Kim
Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Institute of Human Tissue Restoration, Yonsei University College of Medicine Korea, Seoul, Korea
J Craniofac Surg 19:45-55. 2008
..The corrected symmetry of asymmetric deformity was well maintained during a long-term follow-up period as well...
- The misdiagnosis of craniosynostosis as deformational plagiocephaly
Section of Plastic Surgery, Department of Surgery, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA
J Craniofac Surg 19:132-6. 2008
..We present 4 clinical reports on patients in whom unilateral coronal craniosynostosis and lambdoid craniosynostosis were originally misdiagnosed as occipital deformational plagiocephaly and highlight individual structural distinctions...
- [Primary Ewing sarcoma of the skull vault]
Service de Neuroradiologie, Hopital des specialites, 3 avenue Mimosa, Hay Riad, Rabat, Morocco
J Radiol 88:1899-901. 2007
- Neurosurgical implications of osteogenesis imperfecta in children. Report of 4 cases
Division of Neurosurgery, Department of General Surgery, University of North Carolina School of Medicine, Chapel Hill, NC, USA
J Neurosurg Pediatr 1:229-36. 2008
..Surgery may be complicated in some children because of the underlying bone fragility and bleeding diathesis commonly observed in patients with OI...
- Single suture craniosynostosis: diagnosis and imaging
Department of Plastic Surgery, Cleft Palate and Craniofacial Centre Helsinki, Finland
Front Oral Biol 12:79-90. 2008
..In this review we describe the range of isolated synostoses and show how these can lead to a variety of different morphological and functional abnormalities...
- Importance of fixation angle in posterior instrumented occipitocervical fusion
Department of Neurosurgery, Osaka City University Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka, Japan
Neurol Med Chir (Tokyo) 48:279-82; discussion 282. 2008
..9 +/- 8.1 degrees. Careful adjustment of the angle of the craniovertebral junction can help to avoid postoperative complications such as dysphagia, dyspnea, and subaxial subluxation...
- Atlantoaxial subluxation-induced myelopathy in cleidocranial dysplasia. Case report
Department of Orthopaedics and Rehabilitation Medicine, Fukui University School of Medicine, Fukui, Japan
J Neurosurg Spine 7:243-7. 2007
..When managing cleidocranial dysplasia, the practitioner should always be aware that atlantoaxial subluxation may be the cause of cervical myelopathy...
- Aneurysmal bone cysts of the cranium in children. Report of three cases and brief review of the literature
Yee Chiung Gan
Department of Pediatric Neurosurgery, Birmingham Children s Hospital, Birmingham, United Kingdom
J Neurosurg 106:401-6. 2007
..Furthermore the authors review the literature to find out the current treatment options for these lesions...
- Cranial vault reduction cranioplasty in children with hydrocephalic macrocephaly
Michael J Sundine
Aesthetic and Plastic Surgery Institute, University of California Irvine Medical Center, California 92868 3298, USA
J Craniofac Surg 17:645-55. 2006
..All of the patients required at least one shunt revision following the procedure. We conclude that total cranial vault reshaping is safe and effective for the treatment of macrocephaly secondary to hydrocephalus...
- Quantitative and qualitative assessment of morphology in sagittal synostosis: mid-sagittal vector analysis
Jeffrey R Marcus
Centre for Craniofacial Care and Research, Division of Plastic Surgery, Hospital for Sick Children, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
J Craniofac Surg 17:680-6. 2006
..The transverse dimension is not addressed in this single plane analysis; a more comprehensive application will require additional planes of analysis and the development of a normative database...
- The expanded endonasal approach for an endoscopic transnasal clipping and aneurysmorrhaphy of a large vertebral artery aneurysm: technical case report
Amin B Kassam
Department of Neurosurgery, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, USA
Neurosurgery 59:ONSE162-5; discussion ONSE162-5. 2006
..Recent advances in endoscopic transnasal surgery have provided an additional approach for the treatment of these difficult lesions...
- Basilar impression in osteogenesis imperfecta: can it be treated with halo traction and posterior fusion?
D P Noske
Department of Neurosurgery, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Acta Neurochir (Wien) 148:1301-5; discussion 1305. 2006
..In conclusion, posterior fusion without additional VP shunt placement may not be effective in the long term for ameliorating symptoms and signs and halting progressive hydrocephalus in BI complicating OI...
- The craniofacial phenotype of the Crouzon mouse: analysis of a model for syndromic craniosynostosis using three-dimensional MicroCT
Chad A Perlyn
Division of Plastic Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, 660 South Euclid Avenue, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
Cleft Palate Craniofac J 43:740-8. 2006
- De novo development of intraosseous cavernous hemangioma
Department of Neurosurgery, University of Schleswig Holstein, Schittenhelmstr 10, 24105 Campus Kiel, Germany
J Clin Neurosci 14:289-92. 2007
..This supports the experience from parenchymatous cavernous hemangiomas that this malformation may become a dynamic disease...
- Occipitalization of the atlas in children. Morphologic classification, associations, and clinical relevance
Purushottam A Gholve
Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, 2nd Floor, Wood Building, 34th Street and Civic Center Boulevard, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
J Bone Joint Surg Am 89:571-8. 2007
..We present data on what we believe is the largest reported series of children with occipitalization studied with computed tomography and/or magnetic resonance imaging, and we provide a description of their clinical characteristics...
- Primary Ewing's sarcoma of the occipital bone presenting as hydrocephalus and blindness
Department of Neurosurgery, Neurosciences Center, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
Pediatr Neurosurg 43:170-3. 2007
- Craniocervical instability in an infant with partial sacral agenesis
W A Thiryayi
Department of Neurosurgery, Royal Manchester Children s Hospital, Manchester, UK
Acta Neurochir (Wien) 149:623-7. 2007
..CONCLUSION: The authors describe this extremely rare association and discuss the difficulties faced while deciding the optimum surgical strategy for managing such young children with craniocervical instability...
- 'Z-pattern' craniosynostosis: a novel presentation of trisutural fusion
Rodney E Schmelzer
Craniofacial Center, Medical City Dallas Hospital, Dallas, Texas, USA
J Craniofac Surg 18:568-74. 2007
..In this small series, a two-staged procedure successfully normalized the calvarial dysmorphism, and early growth and development appear normal...
- Craniocervical junction fusions in patients with hindbrain herniation and syringohydromyelia
Albert J Fenoy
Department of Neurosurgery, University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics, Iowa City, Iowa, USA
J Neurosurg Spine 9:1-9. 2008
..The authors surveyed the indications for CCJ fusions in this population...
- Progressive calvarial and upper cervical pneumatization associated with habitual valsalva maneuver in a 70-year-old man
Laurel A Littrell
Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Mayo Clinic Mayo Foundation, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 25:491-3. 2004
..Four months after discontinuing the habitual Valsalva maneuvers, CT demonstrated resorption of the epidural air and partial regression of the calvarial pneumatization...
- Imaging features of calvarial tuberculosis: a study of 42 cases
Abhijit A Raut
Department of Radiology, King Edward VII Memorial Hospital, Parel, Mumbai 400012, India
AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 25:409-14. 2004
..We report the role of conventional radiography and CT findings on in the evaluation of calvarial tuberculosis in 42 cases...
- Preliminary results of standardized occipital advancement in the treatment of lambdoid synostosis
Joachim E Zoller
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Medical Centre, University of Cologne, Koln, Germany
J Craniomaxillofac Surg 30:343-8. 2002
..Based on the concept of frontoorbital advancement, we used the occipital advancement in order to correct unilateral or bilateral lambdoid synostosis...
- Craniocervical CT and MR imaging of Schwartz-Jampel syndrome
Sarah S Samimi
Saint Louis University School of Medicine, Cardinal Glennon Children s Hospital, St Louis, MO, USA
AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 24:1694-6. 2003
- A child with Saethre-Chotzen syndrome, sensorineural hearing loss, and a TWIST mutation
Department of Otolaryngology at the University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98159, USA
Cleft Palate Craniofac J 39:110-4. 2002
..This case report describes a patient with Saethre-Chotzen syndrome caused by a mutation in the TWIST gene who exhibits a severe to profound sensorineural hearing loss...
- [Occipitocervical fusion in rheumatoid arthritis]
Orthopade 30:932-6. 2001
..As a result of fusion, the dens axis is unable to exert compression on the spinal cord with increased neck flexion...
- Management of nonsyndromic craniosynostosis
G E Ghali
Division of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Louisiana State University School of Medicine, 1501 Kings Highway, Shreveport, LA 71130 3932, USA
Atlas Oral Maxillofac Surg Clin North Am 10:1-41. 2002
..More recently, additional advances in pediatric anesthesia and biodegradable plating systems have improved the management of these complex craniomaxillofacial deformities...
- Homo erectus calvarium from the Pleistocene of Java
Department of Anthropology, National Science Museum, Hyakunincho, Shinjuku ku, Tokyo 169 0073, Japan
Science 299:1384-8. 2003
..This supports the hypothesis that later Pleistocene Javanese populations were substantially isolated and made minimal contributions to the ancestry of modern humans...
- Occipitocervical fusion for rheumatoid arthritis using the inside-outside stabilization technique
Faheem A Sandhu
Department of Neurosurgery, Georgetown University, Washington, DC 20007, USA
Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 28:414-9. 2003
..A retrospective study investigating the clinical outcome of the inside-outside cranial bolt technique for occipitocervical stabilization used to manage rheumatoid arthritis was conducted...
- Cotrel Dubousset instrumentation in occipito-cervico-thoracic fusion
Department of Orthopedics, Huddinge University Hospital, 141 86 Stockholm, Sweden
Eur Spine J 11:364-74. 2002
..The results of this study show that the cervical CDI system can be safely used for stable cervical fixation without need for external support in severe pathologies of the cervical spine...
- Outcome in neurologically impaired patients with craniovertebral junction tuberculosis: results of combined anteroposterior surgery
Moses Joseph Arunkumar
Department of Neurological Sciences, Christian Medical College Hospital, Vellore, India
J Neurosurg 97:166-71. 2002
..The authors studied the immediate and long-term outcome after transoral decompression, occipitocervical fusion, and antituberculous therapy (ATT) in patients who had neurological deficits due to craniovertebral junction (CVJ) tuberculosis...
- An unusual case of CV junction tuberculosis presenting with quadriplegia
Abhijit A Raut
Department of Radiology, K E M Hospital, Parel Mumbai, India
Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 28:E309. 2003
..Isolated tubercular involvement of craniovertebral junction in a human immunodeficiency virus-positive patient causing paraplegia and sudden death with radiologic features is presented...
- Surgical anatomy of the C-2 pedicle
J U Howington
Department of Neurosurgery, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, New Orleans, USA
J Neurosurg 95:88-92. 2001
..CONCLUSIONS: Adequate preoperative imaging studies in conjunction with direct visualization of the C-2 pedicle make transpedicular fixation safe and effective...
- One-stage posterior decompression and fusion using a Luque rod for occipito-cervical instability and neural compression
H J Chen
Department of Neurosurgery, Chang Gung University and Medical Center at Kaohsiung, Taiwan
Spinal Cord 39:101-8. 2001
..CONCLUSION: The authors recommend this procedure as one choice for relieving craniocervical instability with neurological compromise. A programmed rehabilitation will afford better neurological improvement...
- The effect of neurocranial surgery on basicranial morphology in isolated sagittal craniosynostosis
V B DeLeon
Department of Cell Biology and Anatomy, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA
Cleft Palate Craniofac J 38:134-46. 2001
..The lack of change in the postoperative cranial base angle suggests that neurocranial surgery alleviates the occipital rotation and decreased cranial base angle described in the sagittal synostosis basicranium...
- [Sub occipital Pott's disease: report of 8 cases]
Service de Radiologie, Hopital des specialites, Rabat, Morocco
J Neuroradiol 31:72-3. 2004
..We report eight cases of tuberculous spondylodiscitis at the craniocervical junction revealed by signs of spinal cord compression, torticollis and dysphagia. The value of CT and MR imaging is discussed...
- Cervical encephalocele in a newborn--Chiari III malformation. Case report and review of the literature
Department of Paediatrics, University of Munster, Albert Schweitzer Strasse 33, 48129 Munster, Germany
Childs Nerv Syst 17:373-5. 2001
..Following a report on a newborn child with a Chiari III malformation that took a fatal but typical course the literature is reviewed...
- Cranial base fracture and rhino cerebrospinmal fluid leakage. A case report
ENT Department G Ferreri, La Sapienza University, Rome IT taly
An Otorrinolaringol Ibero Am 34:35-44. 2007
..Imaging revealed a fracture that transversally crossed the squamous occipital bone and petrous portions of temporal bone on the right, the sphenoid bone, and the left zygomatic bone...
- Surgical approaches: postoperative care and complications "posterolateral-far lateral transcondylar approach to the ventral foramen magnum and upper cervical spinal canal"
Arnold H Menezes
Department of Neurosurgery, University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics, 200 Hawkins Drive, 1824 JPP, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, USA
Childs Nerv Syst 24:1203-7. 2008
..The posterolateral transcondylar approach provides such a route. In addition, posterior craniocervical stabilization can be accomplished at the same time. The author has reviewed the technique as well as the surgical results here...
- Mandibular condylar fractures and acute atlanto-axial subluxation. Part 1 - A new clinical and nosographic evidence
Department of Maxillofacial Surgery, University of L Aquila School of Medicine, Italy
Minerva Stomatol 58:187-98. 2009
..The aim of this study was to analyze the acute repercussions of condylar mandibular fractures on occipital-atlanto-axial joint...
- Biodegradation of Inion fast-absorbing biodegradable plates and screws
H Wolfgang Losken
Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599 7195, USA
J Craniofac Surg 19:748-56. 2008
..a bony defect of the parietal bone, to a nasal bone fracture, and inserted in the subcutaneous space over the occipital bone in thirty 6-week-old rabbits...
- Primary skull lesions in the pediatric population: a 25-year experience
Sarah E Gibson
Division of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio 44195, USA
Arch Pathol Lab Med 131:761-6. 2007
..Previous studies of skull lesions in the pediatric population suggest that dermoid/epidermoid tumors are the most common childhood skull tumors...
- [Traumatic manubriosternal joint dislocation in adult: about two surgical cases]
Service de Chirurgie Cardiovasculaire et Thoracique, centre hospitalier national de Fann, Dakar, Senegal
Dakar Med 52:231-5. 2007
..Radiological examinations showed a fracture of the occipital bone without embarrure and a type I manubriosternal joint dislocation (posterior displacement of the sternal body ..
- Cranial nerve deficit caused by skull metastasis of prostate cancer: three Japanese castration-resistant prostate cancer cases
Department of Integrative Cancer Therapy and Urology, Kanazawa University Graduate School of Medical Science, 13 1 Takara machi, Kanazawa, Ishikawa 920 8641, Japan
Int J Clin Oncol 15:631-4. 2010
..Bone scintigraphy and computed tomography (CT) of the head revealed right occipital bone metastasis of PCa resulting in right facial nerve palsy...
- Chiari I malformation accompanied by assimilation of the atlas, Klippel-Feil syndrome, and syringomyelia: case report
Department of Neurological Surgery, Kagawa University, Miki cho, Kagawa, 761 0793, Japan
Surg Neurol 65:497-502; discussion 502. 2006
..We report a case of Chiari I malformation accompanied by assimilation of the atlas, Klippel-Feil syndrome, and syringomyelia...
- [Giant osteoid osteoma of the posterior skull base. A case report and literature review]
Département de Neurochirurgie Pr Aït Benali, CHU Mohammed VI, Marrakech, Maroc
Neurochirurgie 52:128-32. 2006
..Osteoid osteoma is a benign bone neoplasm which is seen in the long bones. It is rarely described in the cranium. Posterior skull base osteoma is extremely rare and has been anecdotally reported...
- The cisterna magna septa: vestigial remnants of Blake's pouch and a potential new marker for normal development of the rhombencephalon
Ashley J Robinson
Department of Radiology, Children s Hospital of British Columbia, 4480 Oak St, Vancouver, British Colombia, Canada
J Ultrasound Med 26:83-95. 2007
- Pituitary gland and sella turcica in human trisomy 21 fetuses related to axial skeletal development
Department of Orthodontics, School of Dentistry, University of Copenhagen, Denmark
Am J Med Genet 80:494-500. 1998
..In all cases the basilar part of the occipital bone was normal...
- Iniencephaly: clinical, radiological and surgical findings
Rouzbeh Shams Amiri
Department of Neurosurgery, Sina Hospital, Tehran, Iran
Pediatr Neurosurg 46:290-3. 2010
The authors report a case of iniencephaly in a 6-year-old boy with a huge occipital bone defect and encephalocele, extensive spina bifida of the cervical vertebrae and fixed retroflexion of the head due to Sprengel's deformity...
- Geometry of the articular facets of the lateral atlanto-axial joints in the case of occipitalization
A M Ryniewicz
Department of Prosthodontic Dentistry, Jagiellanian University, Collegium Medicum, Krakow, Poland
Folia Morphol (Warsz) 69:147-53. 2010
..Morphometric analysis was performed on the male adult skull, the occipital bone of which is assimilated with the first cervical vertebrae (the atlas)...
- A case of occipitalization in the human skull
Department of Anatomy, Collegium Medicum, Jagiellonian University, Krakow, Poland
Folia Morphol (Warsz) 69:134-7. 2010
..The aim of this paper is to present an anatomical variant of the fused atlas with the occipital bone and discuss similar cases described in literature...
- Variants in the structure and topography of the superior margin of the epidural space of the human spinal cord
A A Rodionov
Department of Normal Anatomy, Amur State Medical Academy, Blagoveshchensk, Russia
Neurosci Behav Physiol 38:861-6. 2008
..levels for the position of the upper margin of the anterior section (intracranially located, lower edge of the occipital bone, bodies of C1 and C2) along with five levels for the posterior section (occipital bone, occipital bone-arch of ..
- Report and review of the fetal brain disruption sequence
J R Corona-Rivera
Laboratorio de Genética Humana y Clínica de Asesoramiento Genético, Carrera de Medicina, Centro Universitario de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad de Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico
Eur J Pediatr 160:664-7. 2001
..8 SD), overlapping sutures, prominent occipital bone, scalp rugae with normal hair patterning and marked neurological impairment...
- Relationship between the morphology of the atlanto-occipital joint and the radiographic results in patients with atlanto-axial subluxation due to rheumatoid arthritis
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Gunma University Graduate School of Medicine, 3 39 22, Showa, Maebashi, Gunma, 371 8511, Japan
Eur Spine J 17:826-30. 2008
..However, there are occasional patients who show no motion between the occipital bone and atlas on a dynamic cervical radiograph in AAS patients...
- [Osteochondroma of the atlantooccipital joint. Extreme lateral transcondylar approach. A case description]
Servicio de Neurocirugia, Centro Internacional de Restauracion Neurologica, Ciudad de La Habana, Cuba
Rev Neurol 36:133-6. 2003
..It also displayed a growth toward the foramen magnum, which was resected using an extreme lateral transcondylar approach...
- Sex determination from the foramen magnum: discriminant function analysis in an eighteenth and nineteenth century British sample
UCD School of Medicine and Medical Science, Health Sciences Centre, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4, Ireland
Int J Legal Med 123:25-33. 2009
..The basal region of the occipital bone is covered by a large volume of soft tissue and is therefore in a relatively well-protected anatomical ..
- Aggressive eosinophilic granuloma of the parietal bone. An immunohystochemical study of Ki-67 expression
M C Bruno
Department of Neurosurgery, School of Medicine, Federico II, Naples, Italy
J Neurosurg Sci 50:111-7. 2006
..2% in a patient harboring EG of the occipital bone. These two relatively high percentages of proliferative activity suggest a role of local Langerhans'cell ..
- Traumatic epidural hematomas in posterior cranial fossa
University Department of Neurosurgery, Medical Faculty, University of Montenegro, Podgorica, Montenegro
Acta Clin Croat 48:27-30. 2009
..Linear fracture of the occipital bone was detected by radiographic investigation in 12, isolated diastasis fracture of lambdoid suture in four, and ..
- Diagnosis of suspected hypovitaminosis A using magnetic resonance imaging in African lions (Panthera leo)
M P Hartley
The World Owl Trust, Muncaster Castle, Ravenglass, Cumbria, United Kingdom
J S Afr Vet Assoc 76:132-7. 2005
..Occular ratios of the tentorium cerebelli osseum and occipital bone were most reliable in diagnosing the thickened osseous structures characteristic of hypovitaminosis A...
- Prevalence of traumatic dural venous sinus thrombosis in high-risk acute blunt head trauma patients evaluated with multidetector CT venography
Josser E Delgado Almandoz
Division of Neuroradiology, Department of Radiology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA
Radiology 255:570-7. 2010
..To determine the prevalence of trauma-related dural venous sinus thrombosis (DVST) in high-risk patients with blunt head trauma who are examined with multidetector computed tomographic (CT) venography...
- A huge occipital osteoblastoma accompanied with aneurysmal bone cyst in the posterior cranial fossa
Department of Neurosurgery, Shanghai Changzheng Hospital, Second Military Medical University, 415 Fengyang Road, Shanghai 200003, China
Clin Neurol Neurosurg 110:282-5. 2008
Osteoblastoma is an infrequent benign tumor and skull involvement is extremely rare. The occipital bone is much less frequently involved...
- Multi-detector row CT for depicting anatomic features of cephalothoracopagus varieties: revised approach
Department of Clinical and Experimental Surgery, Seconda Universita, Piazza Miraglia, 80100, Naples, Italy
Radiographics 24:e21. 2004
..Dorsal union twins are joined on the dorsal aspect (eg, the vertebral column or occipital bone)...