Genomes and Genes
Summary: The largest of the TARSAL BONES which is situated at the lower and back part of the FOOT, forming the HEEL.
Publications225 found, 100 shown here
- Genetic variation in sex hormone genes influences heel ultrasound parameters in middle-aged and elderly men: results from the European Male Aging Study (EMAS)Kate L Limer
ARC Epidemiology Unit, The University of Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom
J Bone Miner Res 24:314-23. 2009....
- Quantitative ultrasound predicts hip and non-spine fracture in men: the MrOS studyD C Bauer
UCSF, San Francisco, CA 94107, USA
Osteoporos Int 18:771-7. 2007..We studied 5,607 older men and found that QUS predicts hip and any non-spine fracture risk nearly as well as BMD. Combined measurements of QUS and BMD are not superior to either measurement alone...
- Relationship between bone mineral density changes in pregnancy and maternal and pregnancy characteristics: a longitudinal studyWilliam W K To
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, United Christian Hospital, Hong Kong, China
Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 82:820-7. 2003..The BMD change during the pregnancy was then correlated with other maternal and pregnancy characteristics to identify any high-risk factors for bone loss in pregnancy...
- A study of 23 unicameral bone cysts of the calcaneus: open chip allogeneic bone graft versus percutaneous injection of bone powder with autogenous bone marrowIl Hyung Park
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Kyungpook National University Hospital, Daegu, Republic of Korea
Foot Ankle Int 29:164-70. 2008..The purpose of this study was to compare the results of open chip allogeneic bone graft versus percutaneous injection of demineralized bone powder with autogenous bone marrow in management of calcaneal cysts...
- Plantar pressures in the forefoot after lateral column lengthening: a cadaver study comparing the Evans osteotomy and calcaneocuboid fusionTudor R Tien
Department of Orthopedics, Union Memorial Hospital, Baltimore, MD
Foot Ankle Int 26:520-5. 2005..It may be possible to avoid this problem by using less lateral column lengthening than the 1 cm used in this study or by considering a medial column arthrodesis or plantarflexion osteotomy to balance forefoot loading...
- Effects of medializing calcaneal osteotomy on Achilles tendon lengthening and plantar foot pressuresMark H Hadfield
Orthopaedic Research Laboratory, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA, USA
Foot Ankle Int 24:523-9. 2003..test the effects of MCO on Achilles tendon length changes 2 cm proximal to the Achilles tendon insertion on the calcaneus. Differential variable reluctance transducers were anchored in ventromedial, dorsomedial, dorsolateral, and ..
- Adult acquired flexible flatfoot, treated by calcaneocuboid distraction arthrodesis, posterior tibial tendon augmentation, and percutaneous Achilles tendon lengthening: a prospective outcome study of 20 patientsArie van der Krans
Department of Orthopaedics, University Medical Center, Utrecht, The Netherlands
Acta Orthop 77:156-63. 2006..Pain or discomfort along the lateral aspect of the foot is the most common and worrying postoperative complaint...
- Relative motions of the tibia, talus, and calcaneus during the stance phase of gait: a cadaver studyAndrew J Hamel
Center for Locomotion Studies, Pennsylvania State University, 29 Recreation Building, University Park, PA 16802, USA
Gait Posture 20:147-53. 2004The motions of the tibia, talus, and calcaneus during walking were analyzed three-dimensionally using a dynamic cadaver model that recreates the stance phase of walking...
- Stress injuries of the calcaneus detected with magnetic resonance imaging in military recruitsMarkus J Sormaala
Centre of Military Medicine, P O Box 50, FIN 00301 Helsinki, Finland
J Bone Joint Surg Am 88:2237-42. 2006..Calcaneal stress injuries are fairly common overuse injuries in military recruits and athletes. We assessed the anatomic distribution, nature, and healing of calcaneal stress injuries in a group of military recruits...
- Myxoid chondrosarcoma in the calcaneus: a case report with MR imaging findingsJong Won Kwon
Department of Radiology, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, 300 Gumidong, Bundang gu, Seong Nam, Gyeongi do 463 707, South Korea
Skeletal Radiol 36:S82-5. 2007..Herein, we report a case of a myxoid chondrosarcoma in the calcaneus of a 20-year-old man with a description of its MR imaging (MRI) and histological findings.
- Heritability of calcaneal quantitative ultrasound measures in healthy adults from the Fels Longitudinal StudyMiryoung Lee
Lifespan Health Research Center, Wright State University School of Medicine, Dayton, OH 45420, USA
Bone 35:1157-63. 2004..This study demonstrates that QUS measures of the calcaneus among healthy men and women are heritable, and there are large shared additive genetic effects among all of the ..
- Effects of hyaluronic acid on postoperative adhesion of tendo calcaneus surgery: an experimental study in ratsIbrahim Tuncay
Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Karaelmas University Medicine Faculty, Zonguldak, Turkey
J Foot Ankle Surg 41:104-8. 2002..The effects of hyaluronic acid on adhesion formation of the tendo calcaneus were investigated in this study. Twenty Wistar rats were utilized...
- Lateral column lengtheningAndrew K Sands
St Vincent s Hospital, 170 West 12th Street, Spellman 7, Manhattan, New York, NY 10011, USA
Foot Ankle Clin 12:301-8, vi-vii. 2007..The purpose of this article is to review the lateral column lengthening procedure through a detailed explanation of the operation, the postoperative care, and the pitfalls and complications of the procedure...
- Adult stature reconstruction from the calcaneus of South Africans of European descentMubarak Bidmos
University of Witwatersrand, School of Anotomical Sciences, 7 York Road, Parktown, Johannesburg, Gauteng 2193, South Africa
J Clin Forensic Med 13:247-52. 2006..This was achieved with lower accuracies compared to intact limb bones. The calcaneus, the largest of the foot bones, has been used for sex determination in Americans, Europeans and South Africans...
- Radial forearm free flap for coverage of postoperative lateral heel wounds after open reduction and internal fixation of the calcaneusJody T Jachna
Section of Orthopedic Surgery, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, MO 64113, USA
J Foot Ankle Surg 42:276-81. 2003For intraarticular calcaneus fractures, open reduction and internal fixation has become commonplace for the reduction of morbidity of postinjury arthritis...
- The anatomy of the calcaneus and surrounding structuresBrian J Keener
Department of Orthopaedics and Rehabilitation, Pennsylvania State University, Milton S. Hershey Medical Center, Hershey, PA 17033-0850, USA
Foot Ankle Clin 10:413-24. 2005Appreciation of the normal anatomy of the calcaneus is significant for various reasons. Restoration of normal anatomy has been of particular interest for fracture care...
- Interleukin-6 promoter polymorphism is associated with bone quality assessed by calcaneus ultrasound and previous fractures in a cohort of 75-year-old womenAnna Nordström
Sports Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Umea University Hospital, 901 85, Umea, Sweden
Osteoporos Int 15:820-6. 2004..Quantitative ultrasound (QUS) was also measured in the calcaneus and quantified as speed of sound (SOS; m/s), broadband ultrasound attenuation (BUA; dB/MHz), and stiffness index ..
- Smoking and quantitative ultrasound parameters in the calcaneus in 36-year-old men and womenClaire M Bernaards
Institute for Research in Extramural Medicine (EMGO Institute, VU University Medical Center, Van der Boechorststraat 7, 1081 BT, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Osteoporos Int 15:735-41. 2004..7). BUA (dB/MHz) and SOS (m/s) of the calcaneus were assessed by using the CUBA Clinical instrument...
- "Smile" incision: an approach for open reduction and internal fixation of calcaneal fracturesWilliam B Wiley
Department of Orthopaedics, Summa Health System, Akron, OH 44320, USA
Foot Ankle Int 26:590-2. 2005..Inclusion criteria were a closed displaced intra-articular fracture of the calcaneus, no compartment syndrome, and adequate followup. Followup ranged from 4 months to 4 years...
- Biomechanical consequences of lateral column lengthening of the calcaneus: Part I. Long plantar ligament strainKent R Dinucci
Libertyville Ankle and Foot Clinic, Libertyville, IL, USA
J Foot Ankle Surg 43:10-5. 2004Lateral column lengthening of the calcaneus has been a powerful tool used to correct peritalar subluxation in symptomatic flat feet. The mechanical basis and limits for correction with this procedure are not well understood...
- Calcaneal ultrasound predicts early postmenopausal fractures as well as axial BMD. A prospective study of 422 womenJ Huopio
Department of Surgery, Kuopio University Hospital, PO Box 1777, 70211, Kuopio, Finland
Osteoporos Int 15:190-5. 2004..59). The difference between AUCs was statistically significant between SI and lumbar BMD ( P=0.02, Duncan's P=0.07). We conclude that low calcaneal QUS predicts early postmenopausal fractures as well as or even better than axial BMD...
- A minimal subtalar approach to fix a calcaneal fracture and a lateral process of talus fracture in a diabetic obese patientShay Shabat
Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Foot and Ankle Service, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX, USA
Orthopedics 28:1373-4. 2005
- The modified Palmer lateral approach for calcaneal fractures: wound healing and postoperative computed tomographic evaluation of fracture reductionAnuj Gupta
Peachtree Orthopaedic Clinic, Atlanta, GA, USA
Foot Ankle Int 24:744-53. 2003..elevation of the depressed lateral side of the posterior facet, reduction of the neck (anterior third of calcaneus) to the body (middle third of calcaneus), realignment of the posterior tuberosity, and reduction of lateral wall ..
- Significance of intima-media thickness in femoral artery in the determination of calcaneus osteo-sono index but not of lumbar spine bone mass in healthy Japanese peopleShinsuke Yamada
Department of Metabolism, Endocrinology and Molecular Medicine, Osaka City University Graduate School of Medicine, 1-4-3 Asahi-machi, Abeno-ku, 545-8585, Osaka, Japan
Osteoporos Int 16:64-70. 2005..BMD) in lumbar spine was measured by dual X-ray absorptiometry and the osteo-sono assessment index (OSI) of the calcaneus by ultrasound...
- Percutaneous pin placement in the medial calcaneus: is anywhere safe?David Casey
Boston Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts 02118, USA
J Orthop Trauma 16:26-9. 2002..To redefine the medial calcaneal anatomic safe zone for pin placement with respect to reproducible palpable landmarks...
- A comparison of lateral column lengthening and medial translational osteotomy of the calcaneus for the reconstruction of adult acquired flatfootPatrick M Bolt
Department of Surgery, University of Chicago Medical Center, IL, USA
Foot Ankle Int 28:1115-23. 2007..This study compared the effects of lateral column lengthening and medial translational calcaneal osteotomy on pedal realignment and degeneration of adjacent hindfoot joints noted on radiographs...
- Wound-healing risk factors after open reduction and internal fixation of calcaneal fractures: does correction of Bohler's angle alter outcomes?F D Shuler
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pennsylvania, USA
Orthop Clin North Am 32:187-92, x. 2001....
- Functional outcome after surgical reconstruction of posterior tibial tendon insufficiency in patients under 50 yearsNazzar Tellisi
Hospital for Special Surgery, Foot and Ankle, New York, NY 10021, USA
Foot Ankle Int 29:1179-83. 2008..Pre- and postoperative activity levels were evaluated to assess the effect of surgical reconstruction in the younger patient...
- Limited open reduction and internal fixation of displaced intra-articular fractures of the calcaneumM Weber
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Bern, Inselspital, Bern, Switzerland
J Bone Joint Surg Br 90:1608-16. 2008..There were no wound complications in this group, whereas four minor complications occurred in the second group. The accuracy and maintenance of reduction, and ultimate function were equivalent...
- Displaced intra-articular calcaneal fracture treated surgically with limited posterior incisionI H Park
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Kang Dong Sacred Hospital, Seoul, Korea
Foot Ankle Int 21:195-205. 2000..We also recommend a Circle draw test for evaluation of subtalar joint motion as well as an indicator of functional recovery after displaced calcaneal fractures...
- Bone mineral density changes in gestational diabetic pregnancies-a longitudinal study using quantitative ultrasound measurements of the os calcisWilliam W K To
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, United Christian Hospital, Kowloon, Hong Kong SAR, People s Republic of China
Gynecol Endocrinol 24:519-25. 2008..While gestational diabetic women had higher BMD loss than non-diabetic women, this was apparently secondary to other anthropometric factors rather than due directly to the gestational diabetic state...
- The contribution of the medial calcaneal osteotomy to the correction of flatfoot deformitiesM Nyska
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, The Union Memorial Hospital, Baltimore, MD, USA
Foot Ankle Int 22:278-82. 2001..Medial calcaneal osteotomy significantly decreases the arch-flattening effect of this tendon and therefore limits the potential increase of the deformity...
- Simple (unicameral) bone cyst of the calcaneus: a pathologic variant revisitedL Brannon Thomas
The University of South Florida College of Medicine, Tampa, Florida, USA
Fetal Pediatr Pathol 27:141-7. 2008A 17-year-old girl was admitted to the hospital for surgery of an enlarging, painful mass of the left calcaneus. Preoperative imaging studies suggested either a simple (unicameral) or aneurysmal bone cyst...
- Surgical reconstruction of posterior tibial tendon dysfunction: prospective comparison of flexor digitorum longus substitution combined with lateral column lengthening or medial displacement calcaneal osteotomyRichard M Marks
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI 53226, United States
Gait Posture 29:17-22. 2009..Both procedures demonstrated comparable improvements in radiographic measurements...
- Preliminary results comparing two methods of lateral column lengtheningR L Thomas
Department of Orthopaedics, University of Arkansas, Little Rock 72205, USA
Foot Ankle Int 22:107-19. 2001..However, the complication rate remains high with both methods, and the rate of nonunion and delayed union with the calcaneocuboid distraction arthrodesis method remains a significant problem with this technique...
- Effect of methamphetamine abuse on the bone quality of the calcaneusY Katsuragawa
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, International Medical Center of Japan, Tokyo, Japan
Forensic Sci Int 101:43-8. 1999..Like other narcotics, it may have chronic effects on the human body, so, this study was planned to evaluate it by examining the bone quality of the skeletal system...
- Calcaneal fracture classification: a comparative studyTim Schepers
Department of Surgery Traumatology, Erasmus MC, University Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
J Foot Ankle Surg 48:156-62. 2009..Level of Clinical Evidence: 5...
- Factors affecting infection after calcaneal fracture fixationCharles M Court-Brown
Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh, Little France, Edinburgh EH16 4SU, United Kingdom
Injury 40:1313-5. 2009....
- Gonadal sex steroid status and bone health in middle-aged and elderly European menD Vanderschueren
Department of Andrology and Endocrinology, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
Osteoporos Int 21:1331-9. 2010..Higher free and total E(2) though not testosterone, were independently associated with higher QUS parameters...
- Calcaneal osteotomies for the treatment of adult-acquired flatfootJoel Hix
The Foot and Ankle Institute of Western Pennsylvania, The Western Pennsylvania Hospital, 4800 Friendship Avenue, North Tower, First Floor, Pittsburgh, PA 15224, USA
Clin Podiatr Med Surg 24:699-719, viii-ix. 2007..Preoperative evaluation, indications, contraindications, surgical considerations and techniques are discussed...
- Modification of the sinus tarsi approach for open reduction and plate fixation of intra-articular calcaneus fractures: the limits of proximal extension based upon the vascular anatomy of the lateral calcaneal arteryJohn E Femino
Department of Orthopaedics and Rehabilitations, University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics, Iowa City, IA 52242 1088, USA
Iowa Orthop J 30:161-7. 2010..Early surgical management to restore articular congruence and the structural function of the calcaneus is widely accepted as the best way to avoid the negative consequences of malunion...
- Flexor digitorum longus transfer and medial displacement calcaneal osteotomy for posterior tibial tendon dysfunction: a middle-term clinical follow-upG P Guyton
Department of Orthopaedics, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 27516 7055, USA
Foot Ankle Int 22:627-32. 2001..We reviewed the results of 26 patients who had undergone the procedure at an average of 32 months prior to follow-up (range 12 to 70 months) with particular attention to objective functional parameters...
- Influence of age and osteoporosis on calcaneus trabecular bone structure: a preliminary in vivo MRI study by quantitative texture analysisS Herlidou
Unité de Génie Biophysique et Médical, Faculte de Medecine, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Nord, Amiens, France
Magn Reson Imaging 22:237-43. 2004..The results suggest that relevant texture information (depending on the ROI localization in the calcaneus) can be extracted from calcaneus MR images to evaluate osteoporosis and age effects on trabecular bone structure ..
- [Fracture of the calcaneus]H Zwipp
Klinik und Poliklinik für Unfall und Wiederherstellungschirurgie am Universitätsklinikum Carl Gustav Carus Dresden
Unfallchirurg 108:737-47; quiz 748. 2005Although screw or plate fixation of the fractured calcaneus was first described in the 1920s, surgical treatment using open anatomical reduction and stable internal fixation only commenced at the start of the 1980s...
- Calcaneal fractures--open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF)Hans Zwipp
Trauma Department, University Hospital of Dresden, Germany
Injury 35:SB46-54. 2004..such as Leriche in 1921  and Judet et al in 1954  introduced screw or plate fixation of the broken calcaneus, surgical treatment using open anatomical reduction and stable internal osteosynthesis only commenced at the ..
- The risk of Colles' fracture is associated with the collagen I alpha1 Sp1 polymorphism and ultrasound transmission velocity in the calcaneus only in heavier postmenopausal womenM Weichetova
Department of Internal Medicine 3, Charles University, Faculty of Medicine, U Nemocnice 1, 128 00 Prague, Czech Republic
Calcif Tissue Int 76:98-106. 2005..The effect of the COLIA1 Sp1 polymorphism and SOS on wrist fracture risk is more pronounced in patients with a higher body weight...
- Bone mineral density during total contact cast immobilization for a patient with neuropathic (Charcot) arthropathyMary K Hastings
Program in Physical Therapy, School of Medicine, Washington University, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
Phys Ther 85:249-56. 2005..The purpose of this case report is to describe the changes in bone mineral density (BMD) of the calcaneus in the feet of a patient with acute neuropathic arthropathy during total contact cast immobilization.
- Management of intra-articular fractures of the calcaneusScott A Swanson
Nebraska Orthopaedics and Sports Medicine, St Elizabeth Medical Plaza, 575 South 70th Street Suite 200, Lincoln, NE 68510 2471, USA
Foot Ankle Clin 13:659-78. 2008..Obtaining anatomic reduction at the time of surgery is not paramount importance. Minimally invasive approaches and the emergence of new technology may aid surgeons who treat these complex fractures...
- Morbidity associated with ORIF of intra-articular calcaneus fractures using a lateral approachE J Harvey
Harborview Medical Center, University of Washington, Seattle, USA
Foot Ankle Int 22:868-73. 2001This is a review of 183 patients with 218 displaced intraarticular fractures of the calcaneus treated by open reduction and internal fixation. One hundred and ninety four (89%) wounds underwent primary uneventful healing...
- Advances of 3T MR imaging in visualizing trabecular bone structure of the calcaneus are partially SNR-independent: analysis using simulated noise in relation to micro-CT, 1.5T MRI, and biomechanical strengthJan S Bauer
Department of Radiology, Technische Universitat Munchen, Munich, Germany
J Magn Reson Imaging 29:132-40. 2009..5T and 3.0T and to specifically study noise effects on the visualization and quantification of trabecular architecture using conventional histomorphometric and nonlinear measures of bone structure...
- Trabecular bone structure of the calcaneus: comparison of MR imaging at 3.0 and 1.5 T with micro-CT as the standard of referenceCatherine M Phan
Department of Radiology, University of California, San Francisco, 400 Parnassus Ave, A 367, Box 0628, San Francisco, CA 94143-0628, USA
Radiology 239:488-96. 2006..Sagittal MR images of 49 human calcaneus cadaveric specimens were obtained (mean age of donors, 79...
- [Calcaneus fractures. Open reduction and internal fixation]S Rammelt
Klinik und Poliklinik für Unfall und Wiederherstellungschirurgie, Universitätsklinikum Carl Gustav Carus der TU Dresden
Zentralbl Chir 128:517-28. 2003Critical analysis of the medium-term results of open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) of displaced intra-articular calcaneus fractures with a standardized protocol in a greater patient cohort.
- Fractal analysis of radiographic trabecular bone texture and bone mineral density: two complementary parameters related to osteoporotic fracturesC L Benhamou
, H pital Porte Madeleine, , France
J Bone Miner Res 16:697-704. 2001..Fractal analysis of texture was performed on calcaneus radiographs and the result was expressed as the H parameter (H = 2-fractal dimension)...
- Clinical interest of bone texture analysis in osteoporosis: a case control multicenter studyE Lespessailles
Ipros Service de Rhumatologie CHR d Orléans, Orleans, France
Osteoporos Int 19:1019-28. 2008..We have found that the combination of BMD and texture parameter values provided a better assessment of the fracture risk than that obtainable solely by BMD measurement...
- Functional outcome of patients following open reduction internal fixation for bilateral calcaneus fracturesMatthew G Zmurko
Wayne State University, Detroit Receiving Hospital, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, MI, USA
Foot Ankle Int 23:917-21. 2002Treatment of displaced intra-articular calcaneus fractures has historically been controversial, but recent developments have led to resurgence in open reduction internal fixation (ORIF) for displaced calcaneus fractures...
- Quantitative magnetic resonance imaging in the calcaneus and femur of women with varying degrees of osteopenia and vertebral deformity statusFelix W Wehrli
Department of Radiology, University of Pennsylvania Medical Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA
J Bone Miner Res 17:2265-73. 2002..R2* was measured in the calcaneus and proximal femur and BVF could be measured in the calcaneus only...
- External fixation for displaced intra-articular fractures of the calcaneumB Magnan
Department of Orthopaedics, University of Verona, Policlinico G B Rossi, Piazzale Lodonco Amtomio Scuro 10, 37134 Verona, Italy
J Bone Joint Surg Br 88:1474-9. 2006..The clinical results appear to be comparable with those obtainable with open reduction and internal fixation, with the advantages of reduced risk using a minimally-invasive technique...
- Bone texture analysis on direct digital radiographic images: precision study and relationship with bone mineral density at the os calcisE Lespessailles
Institut de Prévention et de Recherche de l Ostéoporose, Service de Rhumatologie CHR d Orléans, 1 rue porte madeleine 4500 Orléans, France
Calcif Tissue Int 80:97-102. 2007..The results also show that the use of this high-resolution digital X-ray device improves the reproducibility of parameter measurement compared to the indirect digitization of radiologic films previously used...
- Calcaneal fractures: indirect reduction and external fixationWilliam C McGarvey
Foot Ankle Int 27:494-9. 2006..The objective of this study was to evaluate the use of indirect reduction with Ilizarov external fixation as a viable alternative in the surgical treatment of certain calcaneal fractures...
- Chondrocyte viability after intra-articular calcaneal fractures in humansScott T Ball
University of California, San Diego, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, 350 Dickinson Street, Mail Code 8894, San Diego, CA 92103, USA the
Foot Ankle Int 28:665-8. 2007..We sought to study the effect of intra-articular calcaneal fractures on chondrocyte viability and to correlate these effects with injury severity, time from injury to surgery, and patient age and co-morbidities...
- Management of soft-tissue complications of the lateral approach for calcaneal fracturesPedro C Cavadas
Division of Reconstructive Surgery, Clínica Aston, Valencia, Spain
Plast Reconstr Surg 120:459-66; discussion 467-9. 2007..Soft-tissue complications after using the lateral approach for internal fixation of calcaneal fractures are relatively frequent, even in skilled hands. The global management of these wounds has never been standardized...
- Fractures of the calcaneusDavid P Barei
Department of Orthopedic Surgery, University of Washington, Harborview Medical Center, 325 Ninth Avenue, Seattle, WA 98104-2499, USA
Orthop Clin North Am 33:263-85, x. 2002..This article extensively reviews the controversies and summarizes the current opinions in the management of displaced calcaneal fractures...
- In vitro ultrasound measurement at the human femurF Padilla
Laboratoire d Imagerie Parametrique, Université Paris VI UMR CNRS 7623, 15 rue de l Ecole de Medecine, 75006 Paris, France
Calcif Tissue Int 75:421-30. 2004..Today, the skeletal site that is the most widely used clinically is the calcaneus (heel bone)...
- Osteoporosis screening and education in community pharmacies using a team approachEric J MacLaughlin
Department of Pharmacy Practice, School of Pharmacy, Department of Family and Community Medicine, School of Medicine, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, Amarillo, Texas 79106 1712, USA
Pharmacotherapy 25:379-86. 2005....
- Bone mineral density measurement in the calcaneus with DXL: comparison with hip and spine measurements in a cross-sectional study of an elderly female populationH Salminen
Center of Family Medicine, Alfred Nobels alle 12, 14183 Huddinge, Sweden
Osteoporos Int 16:541-51. 2005..BMD measurements of the calcaneus with DXL correlated fairly well with measurements at axial sites at the group level, while in individual ..
- [Bone density measurement: quantitative ultrasound of the calcaneus and distal radius. A comparison with dual spectrum X-ray absorptiometry]M Boyanov
Klinik fur Endokrinologie, Alexandrovska Spital, Medizinische Universität Sofia
Dtsch Med Wochenschr 132:869-73. 2007..The aim of this study was to perform QUS at the calcaneus and distal radius, as well as DXA over the lumbar spine and proximal femur in women and to compare both QUS ..
- Quantitative bone ultrasound at phalanges and calcaneus in osteoporotic postmenopausal women: influence of age and measurement siteValentina Camozzi
Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, Division of Endocrinology, University of Padua, Padua, Italy
Ultrasound Med Biol 33:1039-45. 2007..05). The results of this study raise an issue of the optimal use of different QUS techniques and different skeletal sites in the management of osteoporosis in early or late postmenopausal life...
- Correlations between periodontitis and loss of mandibular bone in relation to systemic bone changes in postmenopausal Japanese womenYoshitomo Takaishi
Takaishi Dental Clinic, 3 32 Hojo guchi, Himeji, 670 0935, Japan
Osteoporos Int 16:1875-82. 2005..Lumbar spine BMD was measured by dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) and calcaneus speed of sound (SOS) by quantitative ultrasound (QUS)...
- Protein consumption is an important predictor of lower limb bone mass in elderly womenAmanda Devine
School of Medicine and Pharmacology, University of Western Australia, Perth, Australia
Am J Clin Nutr 81:1423-8. 2005..The effect of protein intake on bone density is uncertain, and evidence exists for beneficial effects of both low and high protein intakes...
- Modified calcaneal index: a new screening tool for osteoporosis based on plain radiographs of the calcaneumK C Pande
Sushrut Hospital, Research Centre and PGI Orthopaedics, Ramdaspeth, Nagpur, India
J Orthop Surg (Hong Kong) 13:27-33. 2005..To study the correlation of the modified calcaneal index to quantitative ultrasound of the calcaneus and bone mineral density (BMD) of the femoral neck and distal radius.
- Calcaneus ultrasonometry and dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry for the evaluation of vertebral fracture riskB Frediani
Department of Clinical Medicine and Immunological Sciences, Rheumatology Unit, University of Siena, Policlinico Le Scotte, Viale Bracci, 53100 Siena, Italy
Calcif Tissue Int 79:223-9. 2006..The combination of QUS and BMD did not improve the diagnostic ability of either individual technique. We found different diagnostic thresholds for QUS and DXA...
- Efficacy of etidronate and sequential monofluorophosphate in severe postmenopausal osteoporosis: a pilot studyJ D Ringe
Klinikum Leverkusen University of Cologne, Medizin Klinik 4, 51375 Leverkusen, Germany
Rheumatol Int 25:296-300. 2005..The pilot study suggests that etidronate, sequentially followed by monofluorophosphate, could be a safe, effective and relatively inexpensive therapy in severe postmenopausal osteoporosis...
- Comparisons of bone mass measurements on various skeletal sites including quantitative ultrasonography of the calcaneus for assessing age-related losses, their correlations, and diagnostic agreement using the Japanese and WHO criteria for osteoporosisYasushi Imashuku
Department of Radiology, Shiga University of Medical Science, Seta tsukinowa cho, Otsu, 520 2192, Japan
Radiat Med 25:148-54. 2007..The aim of this study was to compare age-related bone losses and correlations among several bone mass measurements and to evaluate diagnostic agreement among them using the Japanese and WHO criteria for osteoporosis...
- The association of sex hormone levels with quantitative ultrasound, bone mineral density, bone turnover and osteoporotic fractures in older men and womenNatalia O Kuchuk
Department of Endocrinology, VU University Medical Centre, 1007 MB Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Clin Endocrinol (Oxf) 67:295-303. 2007..Our objective was to examine whether serum oestradiol (E2) and testosterone (T) are associated with quantitative ultrasound (QUS), bone mineral density (BMD), bone turnover markers and fracture incidence...
- Comparison between the Klemetti index and heel DXA BMD measurements in the diagnosis of reduced skeletal bone mineral density in the elderlyAnders Halling
Blekinge Institute for Research and Development, Erik Dahlbergsvägen 30, 374 37 Karlshamn, Sweden
Osteoporos Int 16:999-1003. 2005..The area under the ROC curve was 0.64. The present study demonstrated that a negative finding (KI category <2) is highly predictive of the absence of osteopenia/osteoporosis as defined by the DXA measurements...
- Trabecular bone structure obtained from multislice spiral computed tomography of the calcaneus predicts osteoporotic vertebral deformitiesPriyesh V Patel
Chicago Medical School, North Chicago, IL, USA
J Comput Assist Tomogr 29:246-53. 2005..To compare multislice computed tomography (MSCT)-derived parameters of the trabecular bone structure of the calcaneus with bone mineral density (BMD) in their ability to differentiate between donors with and without osteoporotic ..
- Intramedullary nail fixation with posterior-to-anterior compared to transverse distal screw placement for tibiotalocalcaneal arthrodesis: a biomechanical investigationKenneth R Means
Foot Ankle Int 27:1137-42. 2006..CONCLUSIONS: In this biomechanical investigation of tibiotalocalcaneal arthrodesis with intramedullary nail fixation, posterior-to-anterior distal screw orientation provided more stable fixation than lateral-to-medial screw orientation...
- Calcaneal bone mineral density in older patients who have fallenJ L Newton
Care of the Elderly Offices, Royal Victoria Infirmary, Newcastle upon Tyne NE1 4LP, UK
QJM 99:231-6. 2006..Annually, 35-40% of those aged >65 years fall; up to 5% of such falls result in fracture. Fracture is determined both by propensity to fall and by bone fragility...
- Angle-stable and compressed angle-stable locking for tibiotalocalcaneal arthrodesis with retrograde intramedullary nails. Biomechanical evaluationThomas Muckley
Department of Traumatology, Hand and Reconstructive Surgery, Friedrich Schiller Universitat Jena, Erlanger Allee 101, D 07740 Jena, Germany
J Bone Joint Surg Am 90:620-7. 2008..The goal of this study was to evaluate the effects of angle-stable locking or compressed angle-stable locking on the initial stability of the nails and on the behavior of the constructs under cyclic loading conditions...
- Lifelong risk factors for osteoporosis and fractures in elderly women with low body mass index--a population-based studyR Korpelainen
Department of Sports Medicine, Deaconess Institute of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
Bone 39:385-91. 2006....
- Utility of screening tools for the prediction of low bone mass in African American menB Sinnott
University of Illinois at Chicago and Jesse Brown VA Medical Center, 1819 West Polk St, Chicago, IL 60612, USA
Osteoporos Int 17:684-92. 2006....
- Device-specific thresholds to diagnose osteoporosis at the proximal femur: an approach to interpreting peripheral bone measurements in clinical practiceJ A Clowes
Bone Metabolism Group, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK
Osteoporos Int 17:1293-302. 2006....
- Comparison of the femoral neck bone density, quantitative ultrasound and bone density of the heel between dominant and non-dominant sideSzilvia Meszaros
First Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Semmelweis University, Korányi Sándor Str 2 a, Budapest H 1083, Hungary
Eur J Radiol 60:293-8. 2006..On the other hand, BMD, BUA and the QUI of the calcaneus were higher on the non-dominant side in both genders (p<0.05 for each parameter)...
- Quantitative ultrasound of the calcaneus in a Korean population: reference data and relationship to bone mineral density determined by peripheral dual X-ray absorptiometryMin-Ho Shin
Department of Preventive Medicine, Seonam University College of Medicine, Namwon, Korea
J Korean Med Sci 20:1011-6. 2005The aim of this study was to establish reference data for the quantitative ultrasound (QUS) of the calcaneus and for the bone mineral densities (BMD) of the calcaneus and distal forearm, and to evaluate the correlation between QUS ..
- Calcaneus ultrasound in males: normative data in the Croatian population (ECUM study)D Kastelan
Division of Endocrinology, Department of Internal Medicine, University Hospital Zagreb, Kispaticeva 12, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia, Hrvatska
J Endocrinol Invest 29:221-5. 2006..Quantitative ultrasound (QUS) of the calcaneus could be an alternative tool for assessing fracture risk...
- [The calcaneus as the site of manifestation for osteoporosis-associated fractures: age- and sex-specific changes in calcaneal morphology correlate with the incidence and severity of intra-articular calcaneal fractures]M Rupprecht
Klinik und Poliklinik für Unfall, Hand und Wiederherstellungschirurgie, Universitatsklinikum Hamburg Eppendorf, Martinistrasse 52, 20246 Hamburg
Unfallchirurg 110:197-204. 2007..The purpose of this study was to determine whether the calcaneal bone structure changes with age and to address if local bone mass is of clinical relevance in respect to the occurrence and complexity of calcaneal fractures...
- Prevalence of osteoporosis using DXA bone mineral density measurements at the calcaneus: cut-off points of diagnosis and exclusion of osteoporosisJosé Luis Pérez-Castrillón
Servicio Medicina Internal Hospital Universitario Rio Hortega, Valladolid, Spain
J Clin Densitom 8:404-8. 2005The objective of this article is to evaluate different T-score cut-off points in the calcaneus in order to establish the prevalence of osteoporosis in the general population and to evaluate the clinical value of bone mineral density at ..
- Pharmacist-provided quantitative heel ultrasound screening for rural women at risk of osteoporosisMark Naunton
Faculty of Health Science, Tasmanian School of Pharmacy, University of Tasmania, Tasmania, Australia
Ann Pharmacother 40:38-44. 2006..CONCLUSIONS: Pharmacist-provided screening for osteoporosis in rural areas is a potentially useful method to identify women at risk for fracture and a convenient time point for discussion of preventive therapy...
- Bone loss after stroke over 52 weeks at os calcis: influence of sex, mobility and relation to bone density at other sitesNatalie Jane Bainbridge
Charles Salt Metabolic Bone Research Unit, Robert Jones and Agnes Hunt Orthopaedic and District Hospital, Oswestry, Shropshire, SY10 7AG, UK
Age Ageing 35:127-32. 2006..Low initial Tinetti scores were an indicator of bone loss and, together with initial BMD measurements, provide a useful indication for those needing early prophylaxis against bone loss...
- Calcaneous quantitative ultrasound measurements predicts vertebral fractures in idiopathic male osteoporosisSzilvia Meszaros
First Department of Internal Medicine, Semmelweis University, Faculty of Medicine, Korányi Sándor Str 2 a, Budapest H 1083, Hungary
Joint Bone Spine 74:79-84. 2007..The aim of this study was to identify the differences in ultrasound bone variables (QUS) and to test the ability to discriminate male patients with and without vertebral fractures...
- Klotho gene polymorphisms are associated with osteocalcin levels but not bone density of aged postmenopausal womenB H Mullin
Dept of Endocrinology and Diabetes, Sir Charles Gairdner Hospital, Western Australia, Australia
Calcif Tissue Int 77:145-51. 2005....
- [Assessment of a matrix-based quantitative ultrasound imaging device (Beam scanner): reproducibility]M A Gomez
GIP Ultrasons Laboratoire d UltrasonS Signaux et Images EA 2022, Universite de Tours
J Radiol 86:639-44. 2005..This device, called Beam scanner, is a contact imaging device designed to evaluate the calcaneus. The aim of this preliminary study was to evaluate the reproducibility of results in a sample of patient with ..
- Heel bone densitometry: device specific thresholds for the assessment of osteoporosisE McCauley
Regional Medical Physics Department, University Hospital of North Durham, North Road, Durham DH1 5TW, UK
Br J Radiol 79:464-7. 2006..2 are very likely to have osteoporosis at the hip or spine. Patients whose measurements lie between the thresholds should be referred for axial DXA...
- Ability of ultrasound bone profile score (UBPS) to discriminate between fractured and not fractured osteoporotic womenMarco Di Stefano
Department of Internal Medicine, University of Torino, Torino, Italy
Ultrasound Med Biol 28:1485-9. 2002..Our data indicate that, among QUS parameters, only UBPS is able to detect differences among osteoporotic patients with and without vertebral fractures...
- Detection of osteoporosis by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) of the calcaneus: is the WHO criterion applicable?E M B Pacheco
Clinical Radiology, Imaging Science and Biomedical Engineering, The University, Oxford Road, Manchester M13 9PT, UK
Calcif Tissue Int 70:475-82. 2002..specificity of a recently developed peripheral dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) scanner, applied to the calcaneus, in the identification of individuals with osteoporosis at axial sites by DXA...
- Which bone densitometry and which skeletal site are clinically useful for monitoring bone mass?Masako Ito
Department of Radiology, Nagasaki University School of Medicine, 1 7 1 Sakamoto, 852 8501, Nagasaki, Japan
Osteoporos Int 14:959-64. 2003..were performed for 5 or 6 years using dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) on the lumbar spine, radius (EXP5000) and calcaneus (HeelScan); peripheral quantitative computed tomography (pQCT) on the radius (Densiscan1000); and quantitative ..
- Discriminatory ability of quantitative ultrasound measurements is similar to dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry in a Brazilian women population with osteoporotic fractureM M Pinheiro
Rheumatology Division, , Vila Clementino, , Brazil
Calcif Tissue Int 73:555-64. 2003..QUS at the calcaneus (Achilles +, Lunar), HAL and BMD measurements (DPX-L, Lunar) at several anatomical sites were performed in 275 ..
- A comparison of different screening strategies to identify elderly women at high risk of hip fracture: results from the EPIDOS prospective studyP Dargent-Molina
INSERM Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale, 16 Avenue Paul Vaillant Couturier, Unite 149, 94 807, Villejuif Cedex, France
Osteoporos Int 14:969-77. 2003..With this combined strategy, women in the high-risk group have one chance in ten of having a hip fracture over the next 4 years, whereas women in the low risk group have only one chance in 40...
- Bone mineral density, calcaneal ultrasound, and bone turnover markers in women with ankylosing spondylitisDeborah J Speden
Royal National Hospital for Rheumatic Diseases, Bath, UK
J Rheumatol 29:516-21. 2002....
- Prevalence of osteoporosis using bone mineral measurements at the calcaneus by dual X-ray and laser (DXL)R Kullenberg
Demetech AB, Solna, Sweden
Osteoporos Int 14:823-7. 2003..We conclude that DXL measurement at the heel bone, using a T-score threshold of -2.5 for classification of osteoporosis, is in concordance with the World Health Organization (WHO) definition of osteoporosis...
- A comparison of calcaneal dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry and calcaneal ultrasound for predicting the diagnosis of osteoporosis from hip and spine bone densitometryDerek Pearson
Nottingham City Hospital NHS Trust, University Hospital NHS Trust, Nottingham, UK
J Clin Densitom 6:345-52. 2003..7 and for QUS was -2.4. These results are similar to the manufacturer's recommendations. There is no significant difference in performance between the PIXI and QUS...
- RISK FACTORS FOR AGED RELATED BONE LOSSDouglas Kiel; Fiscal Year: 2000..and at Exam 24 in the original cohort; and (4) to compare measures of quantitative ultrasound (QUS) of the calcaneus between members of the Original Cohort who attend Exam 24 and those who are unable to attend the exam to ..
- In-vivo MR Tractography and FEM Study of Human Lower LegShantanu Sinha; Fiscal Year: 2007..of insertion will be less than the linear displacement of the Achilles' tendon insertion point on the calcaneus due to a sling factor that is intrinsic to the musculotendinous-skeletal anatomy...
- In-vivo MR Tractography and FEM Study of Human Lower LegShantanu Sinha; Fiscal Year: 2009..of insertion will be less than the linear displacement of the Achilles' tendon insertion point on the calcaneus due to a sling factor that is intrinsic to the musculotendinous-skeletal anatomy...
- THE EFFECTS OF RETAINED LEAD BULLETS ON BODY LEAD BURDENStephen Rothenberg; Fiscal Year: 2002..The patient will have K- shell X ray florescence determination of bone lead in the tibia and calcaneus in order to determine past lead exposure not revealed by medical history and risk factor questionnairer...
- X-Ray Scattering Bone DensitometryMIODRAG KRMAR; Fiscal Year: 2006..Despite the potential and promise of CCSR, it has only been applied in-vivo to the calcaneus using an obsolete configuration...
- Vertebral Fracture: Trabecular Bone Structure AssessmentSharmila Majumdar; Fiscal Year: 2006..100x300 microns so as to accurately quantify the 3-D architecture of the trabecular bone network in the radius, calcaneus and proximal femur, and perform a rigorous evaluation of the impact of these data on the pathophysiological ..
- MRI-Based Virtual Bone BiopsyFelix Wehrli; Fiscal Year: 2005..volume comprising trabecular bone and marrow at a peripheral surrogate site (distal radius, distal tibia, calcaneus) and at a resolution sufficient to resolve the structural elements...
- Enhancing Bone Quality Assessment Using Quantitative UltrasoundJAMES GEGAN MILLER; Fiscal Year: 2010..identified three specific aims: 1) Identify, segregate, and overcome limitations of current transmission-based calcaneus sonometry arising from phase cancellation at the receiving transducer, 2) implement Bayes inversion of the ..
- A SCHOOL PROGRAM TO ENHANCE BONE HEALTH IN GIRLSDeanna Hoelscher; Fiscal Year: 2002..It is hypothesized that students in intervention schools will, on average, (1) have a 3% greater calcaneus ultrasound Stiffness Index, (2) consume 2 more servings/day of calcium- containing foods, and (3) engage in 17 ..
- Changes in the Characteristics of Plantar Soft Tissue with DiabetesWILLIAM LEDOUX; Fiscal Year: 2007..Thus, not only is there a large diabetic population in the United States (> 6%), but they also account for a disproportional amount (>60%) of all non-traumatic lower extremity amputations. ..
- Biomarker Research in Musculoskeletal DiseaseDouglas Bauer; Fiscal Year: 2007..Funding of this K24 will allow Dr. Bauer to reduce his clinical and administrative responsibilities, and focus his efforts on promoting and teaching patient-oriented research. ..
- Bone Turnover and Fracture Risk in MenDouglas Bauer; Fiscal Year: 2007..These analyses will address critical questions about the pathogenesis of spine and non-spine fracture in men, and will determine the clinical utility of bone turnover measurements in this population. ..
- Ultrasonic Assessment of the ForearmJonathan Kaufman; Fiscal Year: 2007..The proposed research should enable bone testing to be done conveniently and safely in a primary care setting. This should lead to earlier detection and treatment and ultimately to reductions in the number of fractures. ..
- Efficacy of Optimal Levels of Dietary Dairy on Modulation of Adolescent WeightJoan Lappe; Fiscal Year: 2010..Such a dairy intervention would be congruent with currently recommended calcium and dairy intake. ..
- Peripheral Nerve Function Decline in an Aged CohortElsa Strotmeyer; Fiscal Year: 2009....
- Outcomes of Sleep Disorders in Older Men-MinneapolisKristine Ensrud; Fiscal Year: 2007..We will also supplement the bank of MrOS specimens to allow for testing of future hypotheses concerning the role of sleep in the development of age-related diseases and conditions. ..
- OSTEOPOROSIS IN MENKristine Ensrud; Fiscal Year: 2007....
- STUDY OF OSTEOPOROTIC FRACTURESKristine Ensrud; Fiscal Year: 2009..The SOF Coordinating Center was funded for 5 years; SOF clinical centers for 3 years. In order to meet these aims, two years of support is requested for the SOF clinical centers. ..
- Botulinum Toxin Effects on Plantar Ulcer RecurrenceMary Hastings; Fiscal Year: 2006....
- 3D and 3D-Axisymmetric Ultrasound Simulation SoftwareJonathan Kaufman; Fiscal Year: 2002..Applications broader than bone and osteoporosis, such as in non-destructive testing in general, would be expected to significantly increase. ..
- Calcium Foods and Bone Health of Adolescent GirlsJoan Lappe; Fiscal Year: 2003..Negative findings would provide support for further research into other methods of concomitant methods of maximizing skeletal development. ..
- EXERCISE AND CALCIUM EFFECT ON PUBERTAL BONE GAINJoan Lappe; Fiscal Year: 2006..If these findings hold, they would provide strong support for the essential role of calcium in addition to exercise in maximizing bone mass in growing females. ..
- Clinical 3D Ultrasonic Assessment of the PhalangesJonathan Kaufman; Fiscal Year: 2005..The results of this study should allow development of a clinical prototype for non-invasive assessment of bone strength and fracture risk. ..
- A New 2D Array System for Ultrasonic Bone AssessmentJonathan Kaufman; Fiscal Year: 2006....
- A New System for Ultrasonic Bone AssessmentJonathan Kaufman; Fiscal Year: 2003..Ultrasound's importance will grow as various new pharmacologic agents are approved for treatment, thus requiring periodic assessments of efficacy. ..
- HLA Region Genetics and SLE in U.S. Black WomenLynn Rosenberg; Fiscal Year: 2007....
- Prevention of Adult Caries Study (PACS) Tuba City Clinical CenterKathy Phipps; Fiscal Year: 2007..Please refer to the Administrative Center Application for a complete description of the study Protocol and Manual of Procedures. ..
- Mentored Patient-Oriented Research Career Development AwKathryn Ryder; Fiscal Year: 2005..This will be a double-blinded placebo-controlled trial of Mg (500 mg/day) in 92 healthy men and women between the ages of 55-75. ..
- INJECTABLE CONTRACEPTIVES AND BONE ULTRASOUND MEASURESLynn Rosenberg; Fiscal Year: 2005..Millions of women worldwide have used IPCs. Given the heavy burden of osteoporotic fractures in elderly women, it is of public health importance to determine whether IPCs have an adverse effect on bone. ..