Summary: The TARSAL BONES; METATARSAL BONES; and PHALANGES OF TOES. The tarsal bones consists of seven bones: CALCANEUS; TALUS; cuboid; navicular; internal; middle; and external cuneiform bones. The five metatarsal bones are numbered one through five, running medial to lateral. There are 14 phalanges in each foot, the great toe has two while the other toes have three each.
Publications187 found, 100 shown here
- A classification of severity with an analysis of causative problems related to the type of treatmentMartin G Mankey
Department of Orthopaedics, University of Washington, 1229 Madison 1600, Seattle, WA 98104, USA
Foot Ankle Clin 8:461-71. 2003..The physician treating this condition must stay up-to-date and must not rely solely on the existing classification systems to direct care...
- Size and shape differences between male and female foot bones: is the female foot predisposed to hallux abducto valgus deformity?Jill Ferrari
Department of Podiatry, University College London, London, England
J Am Podiatr Med Assoc 94:434-52. 2004..Such differences may underlie the predisposition of the female foot to develop hallux valgus deformity...
- Randomized prospective study comparing tri-cortical iliac crest autograft to allograft in the lateral column lengthening component for operative correction of adult acquired flatfoot deformityChristopher M Dolan
Grand Rapids Medical Education and Research Center, Michigan State University, School of Medicine, 2319 Burchard Street SE, Grand Rapids, MI 49506, USA
Foot Ankle Int 28:8-12. 2007..Therefore, we undertook this randomized controlled trial to compare graft incorporation and healing of allograft and autograft in the lateral column lengthening component of adult flatfoot reconstruction...
- T1-weighted MRI characteristics of pedal osteomyelitisMark S Collins
Department of Radiology, Mayo Clinic, 200 First St SW, Charlton 2 290, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
AJR Am J Roentgenol 185:386-93. 2005..The objective of our study was to better define the T1-weighted MRI characteristics of surgically proven pedal osteomyelitis...
- Complications of iliac crest graft and bone grafting alternatives in foot and ankle surgeryDavid W Boone
Raleigh Orthopaedic Clinic, 3515 Glenwood Avenue, Raleigh, NC 27612, USA
Foot Ankle Clin 8:1-14. 2003..In the future, with continued research, the fields of tissue engineering and gene therapy will provide even better options for nonautogenous bone graft material...
- Effect of foot shape on the three-dimensional position of foot bonesWilliam R Ledoux
RR and D Center of Excellence for Limb Loss Prevention and Prosthetic Engineering, VA Puget Sound Heath Care System, Seattle, and Department of Medical Engineering, University of Washington 98108, USA
J Orthop Res 24:2176-86. 2006..Our measure provides insight into how foot bone architecture differs between foot types. The classification tree analysis demonstrated that objective measures can be used to discriminate between feet with high, normal, and low arches...
- Foot function after ray resection for malignant tumors of the phalanges and metatarsalsL E Ramseier
Department of Orthopedics, University of Zurich, Balgrist, Forchstr 340, Ch 8008 Zurich, Switzerland
Foot Ankle Int 25:53-8. 2004..All patients have remained relapse free. If adequate margins can be achieved, ray resection and appropriate reconstruction may be an alternative to amputation...
- The effect of posterior tibialis tendon dysfunction on the plantar pressure characteristics and the kinematics of the arch and the hindfootCarl W Imhauser
Department of Mechanical Engineering and Mechanics, Drexel University, 3141 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon) 19:161-9. 2004..To study posterior tibialis tendon dysfunction using an in vitro model of the foot and ankle during the heel-off instant of gait...
- Associated deformities and hypermobility in hallux valgus: an investigation with weightbearing radiographsDavid M King
University of Chicago Medical Center, Section of Orthopaedic Surgery and Rehabilitation Medicine, 5841 South Maryland Avenue, MC 3079, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
Foot Ankle Int 25:251-5. 2004..This investigation evaluated the efficacy of full-length weightbearing radiographs to recognize associated deformities in patients with hallux valgus before surgery...
- Elective surgery of the diabetic footLee R Sayner
Department of Surgery, Harvard Medical School, Division of Podiatry, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, One Deaconess Road, Boston, MA 02215, USA
Clin Podiatr Med Surg 20:783-92. 2003..If infection is controlled and arterial supply is adequate, limb salvage can be greatly enhanced with an aggressive approach to elective procedures in the patient who has diabetes...
- The oblique proximal phalangeal osteotomy in the correction of hallux valgusMichael M Cohen
Podiatry Section, Department of Surgical Services, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Miami, FL 33125, USA
J Foot Ankle Surg 42:282-9. 2003..The advantages include minimal shortening, ease of adjustability, and a construct conducive to rigid fixation...
- Medial-sided bony procedures: why, what, and how?Joseph A Sizensky
Division of Foot and Ankle Surgery, The Medical College of Wisconsin, 9200 West Wisconsin Avenue, Milwaukee, WI 53226 0099, USA
Foot Ankle Clin 8:539-62. 2003....
- Adult acquired flat foot deformity: clinical and radiographic examinationRobert E Meehan
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of California San Diego, 200 West Arbor Drive 8894, San Diego, CA 92103 8894, USA
Foot Ankle Clin 8:431-52. 2003..Radiographs serve as an adjunct and assist in verifying the examination findings. CT, US, and MRI are helpful modalities for surgical planning or when the diagnosis remains questionable...
- Biomechanics and pathophysiology of flat footDrew H Van Boerum
Department of Orthopaedics and Sports Medicine, Harborview Medical Center, P O Box 359798, Seattle, WA 98104, USA
Foot Ankle Clin 8:419-30. 2003..Rebalancing the forces that act on the arch can improve function and lessen the chance for further or subsequent development of deformity...
- Surgical treatment of acquired flatfoot deformity: what is the state of practice among academic foot and ankle surgeons in 2002?Luke Hiller
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of California, Davis, Sacramento, CA 95817, USA
Foot Ankle Int 24:701-5. 2003..This study was performed to review the present approach to the surgical treatment of acquired flatfoot deformity among a cross section of academic foot and ankle surgeons in the United States...
- Anatomical reconstruction of the spring ligament using peroneus longus tendon graftKyungjin Choi
Foot Ankle Int 24:430-6. 2003..4 degrees +/- 4.2 degrees inverted. Thus, an anatomical reconstruction of a model of a failed spring ligament was demonstrated to be effective in the correction of a flatfoot deformity produced in cadaver foot-ankle specimens...
- The instantaneous axis of rotation (IAOR) of the foot and ankle: a self-determining system with implications for rehabilitation medicine applicationDenise M Demarais
Orthopaedic Rehabilitation Engineering Center OREC, Milwaukee, WI 53201, USA
IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng 10:232-8. 2002....
- Hallux valgus in men. Part II: First ray mobility after bunionectomy and factors associated with hallux valgus deformityMichael J Coughlin
Foot Ankle Int 24:73-8. 2003..To determine the 1st ray mobility following a distal soft-tissue procedure with proximal osteotomy (DSTP-PMO) and any associated factors...
- Predicting articular erosion in hallux valgus: clinical, radiographic, and intraoperative analysisThomas S Roukis
Weil Foot and Ankle Institute, 1455 E Golf Road, Suite 110, Des Plaines, IL 60016, USA
J Foot Ankle Surg 44:13-21. 2005..In addition, nearly every first metatarsophalangeal joint evaluated had some degree of articular erosion and, in certain circumstances (ie, advanced age and increased proximal articular set angle), it was universal and extensive...
- Revision of failed triple arthrodesis with an opening-closing wedge osteotomy of the midfootBrian C Toolan
Department of Surgery, Section of Orthopaedic Surgery and Rehabilitation Medicine, University of Chicago Pritzker School of Medicine, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
Foot Ankle Int 25:456-61. 2004..Five cases were reviewed to determine if this osteotomy corrects the rocker-bottom deformity, improves function and provides satisfaction to the patient...
- Soft tissue procedures for the stabilization of medial arch pathology in the management of flexible flatfoot deformityAllen Mark Jacobs
6400 Clayton Road, Suite 402, St Louis, MO 63117, USA
Clin Podiatr Med Surg 24:657-65, vii-viii. 2007..This article reviews additional procedures that have been of value in the management of posterior tibial tendon dysfunction and the procedures now most commonly employed...
- Maintenance of correction of first metatarsal closing base wedge osteotomies versus modified Lapidus arthrodesis for moderate to severe hallux valgus deformityZachary Haas
Kaiser Permanente Medical Center, San Francisco, Oakland, Walnut Creek, CA, USA
J Foot Ankle Surg 46:358-65. 2007..0039). Both the modified Lapidus arthrodesis and the first metatarsal closing base wedge osteotomy are effective procedures with respect to degree of radiographic correction for moderate to severe hallux valgus deformities...
- Medial column procedures in the acquired flatfoot deformityBruce E Cohen
O L Miller Foot and Ankle Institute, OrthoCarolina, 1001 Blythe Boulevard, Suite 200, Charlotte, NC 28203, USA
Foot Ankle Clin 12:287-99, vi. 2007..The procedures covered in this article include arthrodesis of the TN, NC, and metatarsocuneiform (MTC) joints, together or in isloation. Osteotomies of the cuneiforms will also be addressed...
- Intrinsic foot kinematics measured in vivo during the stance phase of slow runningA Arndt
Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Karolinska University Hospital Huddinge, Stockholm, Sweden
J Biomech 40:2672-8. 2007..3+/-2.4 degrees in the sagittal plane). The presented data are of interest as input for future biomechanical modelling and clinical decision making in particular, concerning joint fusion...
- The feet of overweight and obese young children: are they flat or fat?Karen J Mickle
Biomechanics Research Laboratory, Department of Biomedical Science, University of Wollongong, Northfields Avenue, Wollongong, NSW, 2522, Australia
Obesity (Silver Spring) 14:1949-53. 2006....
- Rear-foot, mid-foot and fore-foot motion during the stance phase of gaitA Leardini
Movement Analysis Laboratory, Istituti Ortopedici Rizzoli, Via Di Barbiano 1 10, Bologna 40136, Italy
Gait Posture 25:453-62. 2007..The information obtained from this protocol, consistent with previous clinical knowledge, enhanced our understanding of the dynamics of the human foot during stance...
- Assessment of acute foot and ankle sprainsLouise Lynam
Emerg Nurse 14:24-33; quiz 34. 2006..This article provides background information on the anatomy and physiology of the lower limb to help nurses to identify various grades of ankle sprain as well as injuries that are limb threatening..
- Radiographic measurements of patients with juvenile hallux valgus compared with age-matched controls: a cohort investigationJohn Gregory McCluney
Woodlands Podiatry Surgery, 6 Liege Street, Perth, Western Australia 6018, Australia
J Foot Ankle Surg 45:161-7. 2006..001), with 94.3% accuracy. This study showed that a positive metatarsal protrusion distance is a significant component of juvenile hallux valgus...
- The radiographic morphology of foot deformities in patients with fibrodysplasia ossificans progressivaRichard J Harrison
Department of Orthopaedics and Rehabilitation, University of Miami, FL 33136, USA
Foot Ankle Int 26:937-41. 2005..The purpose of this study was to describe the radiographic features observed in the feet of patients with fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva...
- The great toe proximal phalanx osteotomy: the final step of the bunionectomyLouis Samuel Barouk
Polyclinique de Bourdeaux, 151 Rue du Tondu, 33000 Bordeaux, France
Foot Ankle Clin 10:141-55. 2005..It is popular in France and throughout Europe. Our purpose is to distinguish and to describe different locations and three types of osteotomies according to the required final correction of the hallux valgus...
- Bizarre parosteal osteochondromatous proliferation of the second metatarsal bone (Nora's lesion)Nicolaos E Efstathopoulos
Department of Orthopedics, Athens University Medical School, Thriasion General Hospital, Athens, Greece
Orthopedics 28:168-70. 2005
- The foot: block, gearbox, or cushion? Some concepts in foot kinematicsArne Lundberg
Karolinska Institute, Department of Orthopaedics, Karolinska University Hospital, Huddinge, Stockholm, Sweden
J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 34:A6-7. 2004
- Axial radiographic evaluation in hallux valgus: evaluation of the transverse arch in the forefootJunzo Suzuki
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Nara Medical University, 634 8522, Kashihara, Japan
J Orthop Sci 9:446-51. 2004..The position of the fibular sesamoid bone become higher than the head of the first metatarsal when the angle of the hallux valgus exceeded 25 degrees...
- Analysis of gastrocnemius recession and medial column procedures as adjuncts in arthroereisis for the correction of pediatric pes planovalgus: a radiographic retrospective studyLuke D Cicchinelli
Department of Podiatry, Universidad Europea de Madrid, Madrid, Spain
J Foot Ankle Surg 47:385-91. 2008..However, medial column reconstruction has a negative impact on the degree of correction in the transverse plane when it is used as an adjunct to arthroereisis and gastrocnemius recession...
- Pedobarographic and musculoskeletal examination of collegiate dancers in relevéLew C Schon
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, The Union Memorial Hospital, Baltimore, MD, USA
Foot Ankle Int 23:641-6. 2002..This analysis provides a baseline for future assessment of normal or abnormal dance maneuvers...
- Orthopedic considerations in wound healing of the lower extremityP S Cooper
Department of Orthopedics, Georgetown Foot and Ankle Center, Georgetown University Medical Center, 3800 Reservoir Road, NW, Washington, DC 27007, USA
Foot Ankle Clin 6:715-44. 2001..This leads not only to improved rates of wound healing, but also to improved functional outcomes while reducing risks for recurrence...
- The effect of posterior tibial tendon dysfunction on hindfoot kinematicsH Niki
St Marianna University School of Medicine, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Kawasaki, Japan
Foot Ankle Int 22:292-300. 2001..Once the soft tissues have been weakened, as in our flatfoot model, the PTT had little effect in overcoming the soft tissue laxity to correct the position of the foot...
- Evaluation of the medial column in flatfoot surgeryJeffrey S Boberg
Forest Park Hospital, 6150 Oakland Avenue, St Louis, MO 63139, USA
Clin Podiatr Med Surg 24:721-33, ix. 2007..To ensure a successful outcome, the surgeon should be able to evaluate the medial column clinically and radiographically and make a decision based on specific criteria rather than relying on anecdotal reports...
- A biomechanical model of the foot: the role of muscles, tendons, and ligamentsEric P Salathe
Department of Mathematics and Institute for Biomedical Engineering and Mathematical Biology, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, PA 18015 3175, USA
J Biomech Eng 124:281-7. 2002....
- Experimental flatfoot model: the contribution of dynamic loadingI T Chu
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, The Union Memorial Hospital, Baltimore, Maryland 21218, USA
Foot Ankle Int 22:220-5. 2001..Cyclic loading of the foot further increased the arch flattening, and this effect was magnified by dynamic loading...
- Operative treatment of the difficult stage 2 adult acquired flatfoot deformityS Mosier-LaClair
Family Orthopedic Associates, Flint, Michigan, USA
Foot Ankle Clin 6:95-119. 2001..Although the intermediate follow-up found a 14% incidence of calcaneocuboid arthrosis, 50% of these patients had preoperative evidence of calcaneocuboid joint arthritis. (ABSTRACT TRUNCATED)..
- Complications of surgical treatments for adult flatfoot deformitiesS K Neufeld
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Union Memorial Hospital, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
Foot Ankle Clin 6:179-91. 2001..In general, the clinician should perform the least invasive procedure that decreases pain and improves function. The effects of each procedure and the associated morbidity and complications must be considered...
- Function of the windlass mechanism in excessively pronated feetA Aquino
Department of Podiatry, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Australia
J Am Podiatr Med Assoc 91:245-50. 2001..These results suggest that selected static measurements may have value in predicting some aspects of dynamic foot function during the propulsive phase of the gait cycle...
- Phalangeal osteotomy versus first metatarsal decompression osteotomy for the surgical treatment of hallux rigidus: a prospective study of age-matched and condition-matched patientsTimothy Edward Kilmartin
Ilkeston Hospital, Derbyshire, England
J Foot Ankle Surg 44:2-12. 2005..Neither procedure could be considered definitive for hallux rigidus...
- Hallux proximal phalanx Akin-Scarf osteotomyThomas S Roukis
Weil Foot and Ankle Institute, 1455 E Golf Rd, STE 131, Des Plaines, IL 60016, USA
J Am Podiatr Med Assoc 94:70-2. 2004....
- The synovial joints of the human footCarlo Giuseppe Ridola
Universita degli Studi di Palermo, Facolta di Medicina e Chirurgia, Corso di Laurea in Podologia
Ital J Anat Embryol 112:61-80. 2007....
- Dorsal mobility and first ray stiffness in patients with diabetes mellitusWard Mylo Glasoe
School of Allied Health Professions, Wirtz Hall 209E, DeKalb, IL 60115, USA
Foot Ankle Int 25:550-5. 2004..We examined dorsal mobility and passive first ray stiffness in patients with diabetes and investigated the relationship between first ray mobility and ankle joint dorsiflexion...
- Chondroblastoma of the hands and feetJesse A Davila
Department of Radiology, Mayo Clinic, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
Skeletal Radiol 33:582-7. 2004..To review the imaging findings, age and gender distribution of chondroblastoma of the hands and feet...
- Flexible flatfoot treatment with arthroereisis: radiographic improvement and child health survey analysisScott C Nelson
Department of Foot and Ankle Surgery, Joint Township District Memorial Hospital, St Mary s, Ohio, USA
J Foot Ankle Surg 43:144-55. 2004....
- Biomechanical analysis of Maxwell-Brancheau arthroereisis implantsZeeshan S Husain
Department of Podiatric Surgery, Oakwood Healthcare System, Dearborn, MI, USA
J Foot Ankle Surg 41:352-8. 2002..These findings can aid the surgeon in selection of the MBA implant size based on the desired amount of subtalar joint motion restriction. In turn, this may reduce errors in the correction of flexible flatfoot with the MBA implant...
- Radiographic assessment of adult flatfootAlastair S Younger
Providence Health Care, Vancouver, BC V6N 2N4, Canada
Foot Ankle Int 26:820-5. 2005..The accurate measurement of flatfoot on standing radiographs allows correct diagnosis of the condition and evaluation of reconstructive procedures...
- Fossils, feet and the evolution of human bipedal locomotionW E H Harcourt-Smith
Division of Vertebrate Paleontology, American Museum of Natural History, New York 10024, USA
J Anat 204:403-16. 2004..and assessed in the context of new three-dimensional morphometric analyses of australopithecine and Homo foot bones, suggesting that there may have been greater diversity in human bipedalism in the earlier phases of our ..
- [Biomechanical mechanisms of overuse injuries of second plantar longitudinal arch in flatfoot]Li Jun Wu
Key Laboratory of Medical Biomechanics of People s Liberation Army, First Military Medical University, Guangzhou 510515, China
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 84:1000-4. 2004....
- Weight-bearing intensity produces charcot deformity in injured neuropathic feet in diabetesR Kimmerle
Practice of Endocrinology and Diabetes, Dusseldorf
Exp Clin Endocrinol Diabetes 115:360-4. 2007..g. sprain), and the development of osteoarthropathic deformities of the foot (Charcot foot) in patients with diabetic neuropathy...
- Calcineurin-inhibitor induced pain syndrome (CIPS): a severe disabling complication after organ transplantationW H Grotz
Department of Nephrology, Medizinische Universitatsklinik, University of Freiburg, Germany
Transpl Int 14:16-23. 2001..Bone scans showed an increased tracer uptake of the foot bones. Magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated bone marrow oedema in the painful bones...
- In vivo bone mineral studies on volunteers during a 370-day antiorthostatic hypokinesia test- Zaichick YeV
Medical Radiological Research Centre, Obninsk, Russia
Appl Radiat Isot 49:691-4. 1998..It is shown that the highest mineral losses occur in foot bones including calcaneus...
- Clinical significance of musculoskeletal finite element model of the second and the fifth foot ray with metatarsal cavities and calcaneal sinusLijun Wu
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Second Affiliated Hospital, Shantou University Medical College, Dongxia Road N, Shantou, Guangdong 515041, China
Surg Radiol Anat 29:561-7. 2007..The model was then used to predict the effects of metatarsal cavities and calcaneal sinus on internal stresses/strains of plantar longitudinal arches...
- In vivo three-dimensional analysis of hindfoot kinematicsKan Imai
Department of Orthopaedics, Graduate School of Medical Science, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Kyoto, Japan
Foot Ankle Int 30:1094-100. 2009..The aim of this study was to quantify the in vivo motion of the tibiotalar joint, talocalcaneal joint, and talonavicular joint in normal adult feet using a noninvasive (e.g., nonsurgical) measurement technique...
- The relative lengths and weights of metacarpals and metatarsals in baboons (papio hamadryas)Dennis McFadden
Department of Psychology and Institute for Neuroscience, University of Texas, Austin, TX 78712 0187, USA
Horm Behav 43:347-55. 2003..The relative sizes of the bones of the hand and foot may provide helpful supplemental information on the relations between species, thus making the study of hand and foot bones in other primates and mammals worthwhile.
- Patterns of morphological discrimination in selected human tarsal elementsR S Kidd
School of Science, Food and Horticulture, University of Western Sydney, Campbelltown, New South Wales 2560, Australia
Am J Phys Anthropol 117:169-81. 2002..Univariate and multivariate statistical analyses of dimensions of individual foot bones revealed subtle but distinct patterns of morphological discrimination on the basis of sex and size on the one ..
- Human foot bones from Klasies River main site, South AfricaG Philip Rightmire
Department of Anthropology, Binghamton University SUNY, Binghamton, NY 13902, USA
J Hum Evol 50:96-103. 2006..Three foot bones can now be added to this inventory...
- Descriptions of the lower limb skeleton of Homo floresiensisW L Jungers
Department of Anatomical Sciences, Stony Brook University Medical Center, NY 11794 8081, USA
J Hum Evol 57:538-54. 2009..LB1 is represented by a bony pelvis (damaged but now repaired), femora, tibiae, fibulae, patellae, and numerous foot bones. LB4/2 is an immature right tibia lacking epiphyses...
- The oldest known anthropoid postcranial fossils and the early evolution of higher primatesD L Gebo
Department of Antrophology, Northern Illinois University, DeKalb 60115, USA
Nature 404:276-8. 2000..Here we describe foot bones of Eosimias from the same middle Eocene sites in China that yield abundant dental remains of this primate...
- Monarthritis of the ankle as manifestation of a calcaneal metastasis of bronchogenic carcinomaJ Kaufmann
Clinic of Internal Medicine IV, Departement of Rheumatology and Osteology, Friedrich Schiller University of Jena, Germany
Scand J Rheumatol 30:363-5. 2001..Primary or metastatic malignancies of the hand or foot bones are considered to be rare...
- A Mesolithic case of odontoma?Caroline Polet
Laboratory of Anthropology, Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences, rue Vautier 29, B 1000 Brussels, Belgium
Arch Oral Biol 49:501-6. 2004..of Namur, Belgium). It was found among commingled hand and foot bones in a small crack of the rockshelter wall...
- Functional units of the human footP Wolf
Sensory Motor Systems Laboratory, ETH Zurich, Tannenstr 1, E 6 2, 8092 Zurich, Switzerland
Gait Posture 28:434-41. 2008..method based upon reflective marker arrays mounted on intracortical pins was used to register motion of seven foot bones. Six healthy subjects were assessed during walking and four of them during slow running...
- Body mass and stature estimation based on the first metatarsal in humansIsabelle De Groote
The Natural History Museum, Palaeontology Department, London, United Kingdom
Am J Phys Anthropol 144:625-32. 2011..The most accurate estimates of body mass and stature are produced using femoral head diameter and femur length. Foot bones including the first metatarsal preserve relatively well in a range of archaeological contexts...
- Little foot and big thoughts--a re-evaluation of the Stw573 foot from Sterkfontein, South AfricaR Kidd
School of Science Food and Horticulture, University of Western Sydney, Campbelltown, NSW 2560, Australia
Homo 55:189-212. 2005The part of the fossil assemblage Stw573 consisting of some medial foot bones was initially reported by Clarke & Tobias (Science 269 (2002) 521)...
- Selective breeding as a tool to probe skeletal response to high voluntary locomotor activity in miceKEVIN M MIDDLETON
Department of Biology, California State University San Bernardino, San Bernardino, CA 92507, USA
Integr Comp Biol 48:394-410. 2008..Without access to wheels, HR mice have significantly heavier tibiafibulae and foot bones, whereas with chronic access to wheels, a significant increase in foot bone mass that was linearly related to ..
- Hallucial convergence in early hominidsHenry M McHenry
Department of Anthropology, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA
J Hum Evol 50:534-9. 2006..J., Tobias, P.V., 1995. Sterkfontein Member 2 foot bones of the oldest South African hominid. Science 269, pp. 521-524]...
- Tarsal and metatarsal bone mineral density measurement using volumetric quantitative computed tomographyPaul K Commean
Mallinckrodt Institute of Radiology, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
J Digit Imaging 22:492-502. 2009..These methods can provide an important outcome measure for clinical research trials investigating the effects of interventions, aging, or disease progression on bone loss, or gain, in individual foot bones.
- Biomechanical criterion for selecting cancellous bone screws: arthrodesis in the hindfootRoland Reihsner
Institute for Mechanics of Materials and Structures, Vienna University of Technology, Austria
Acta Bioeng Biomech 9:27-33. 2007..CO.S (35.2%), Herbert (89.0%), AO-screw without washer (116%). The I.CO.S showed superior results. Only in the case of extremely poor bone quality, a clear advantage of I.CO.S could be expected in practice...
- Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease and the cavovarus footTimothy C Beals
University of Utah School of Medicine, University Orthopaedic Center, Salt Lake City, UT 84108, USA
Foot Ankle Clin 13:259-74, vi-vii. 2008..The surgical options for treatment are reviewed and the outcomes of studies relevant to surgical planning for this patient population are summarized...
- [Accessory bones of the feet--radiological analysis of frequency]Vladica Vasiljević
Vojnomedicinska akademija, Beograd, Srbija
Vojnosanit Pregl 67:469-72. 2010..They occur when there is a failure in the formation of a unique bone from separated centre of ossification. The aim of this study was to establish their frequency and medical significance...
- Treatment of stage 4 adult acquired flatfootI P Kelly
Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, Department of Surgery, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina, USA
Foot Ankle Clin 6:167-78. 2001..Valgus talar tilting after triple arthrodesis may be the challenge of the future...
- Brief communication: evidence bearing on the status of Homo habilis at Olduvai GorgeRandall L Susman
Department of Anatomical Sciences, School of Medicine, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY 11794 8081, USA
Am J Phys Anthropol 137:356-61. 2008..With or without OH 35, the holotype of H. habilis ranks as one of the most complete early hominin skeletons and the most complete and functionally informative specimen of early Homo...
- Paleoecological and taphonomic implications of insect-damaged pleistocene vertebrate remains from Rancho La Brea, southern CaliforniaAnna R Holden
Department of Entomology, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, Los Angeles, California, United States of America
PLoS ONE 8:e67119. 2013..and mammal bones recovered from the Tar Pits, insect trace damage is thus far almost exclusively confined to the foot bones of large herbivores, especially bison, camel, and horse species...
- Treatment of epithelioid hemangioendothelioma of bone using a novel combined approachD I Rosenthal
Massachusetts General Hospital, 15 Parkman Street, Boston, MA 02114, USA
Skeletal Radiol 30:219-22. 2001..Follow-up radiographs of the RF-treated sites reveal no evidence of recurrent disease 71, 58, 49 and 33 months, respectively, after treatment...
- Conservative treatment of closed subtalar dislocation: a case report and 2 years follow-upA Gantsos
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University Hospital of Ioannina, Greece Electronic address
Foot (Edinb) 23:107-10. 2013..Such injuries are more likely to be open and associated with fractures of the surrounding foot bones such as malleoli, talus or fifth metatarsal fractures...
- MRI in psoriatic arthritis with hand and foot involvementNadir Ghanem
Department of Diagnostic Radiology, University Hospital Freiburg, Hugstetter Strasse 55, Freiburg, 79106, Germany
Rheumatol Int 27:387-93. 2007..MRI allows the assessment of PsA-alterations of soft tissue, cartilage, bone, bone marrow, and adjacent tendon sheath in patients with hand and foot involvement...
- An investigation of the dynamic relationship between navicular drop and first metatarsophalangeal joint dorsal excursionNicole L Griffin
Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, Temple University School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19140, USA
J Anat 222:598-607. 2013..These results suggest that, in an asymptomatic subject, the plantar aponeurosis and the associated foot bones can function effectively within the normal range of subtalar pronation that takes place during walking gait...
- Substitutes of structural and non-structural autologous bone grafts in hindfoot arthrodeses and osteotomies: a systematic reviewMarc Andreas Müller
Orthopedic Department University Hospital Basel, Spitalstrasse 21, Basel, 4031, Switzerland
BMC Musculoskelet Disord 14:59. 2013..However, their efficacy is unclear.The primary goal of this systematic review was to compare autologous bone grafts with structural and non-structural substitutes regarding the odds of union in hindfoot arthrodeses and osteotomies...
- On the AJR viewbox. Monomelic spread of metastatic disease due to proximal deep venous thrombosisHans Van der Wall
Concord Hospital, Sydney, Australia
AJR Am J Roentgenol 186:1797-9. 2006
- Error in the description of foot kinematics due to violation of rigid body assumptionsC J Nester
Centre for Health, Sport and Rehabilitation Research, Brian Blatchford Building, University of Salford, Salford, M6 6PU, England
J Biomech 43:666-72. 2010..However the utility of this model will depend on the precise purpose of the in vivo foot kinematics research study being undertaken...
- Differentiating clinical and radiographic features of enchondroma and secondary chondrosarcoma in the footDonald A Gajewski
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Rehabilitation, Walter Reed Army Medical Cente, Washington, D C 20307, USA
Foot Ankle Int 27:240-4. 2006..In contrast to similar tumors in the appendicular skeleton, it is difficult to distinguish between these two tumors when they occur in the foot...
- Treatment outcome of enchondroma by simple curettage without augmentationTakeshi Morii
Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Kyorin University, Tokyo, Japan
J Orthop Sci 15:112-7. 2010....
- Pediatric issues with cavovarus foot deformitiesMark C Lee
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Texas at Southwestern Medical Center, TX 75219, USA
Foot Ankle Clin 13:199-219, v. 2008..Triple arthrodesis is considered a salvage procedure reserved for the older child with severe, rigid deformity who has failed other surgical treatments...
- Foot pressure differences in men and womenA B Putti
Institute of Motion Analysis and Research IMAR, University of Dundee, TORT Centre, Ninewells Hospital and Medical School, Dundee DD1 9SY, Scotland, UK
Foot Ankle Surg 16:21-4. 2010..Anthropometric studies have shown considerable differences in the foot bones of both genders. These differences could potentially mean different foot pressures in men and women.
- Prospective clinical pilot trial in a single cohort group of rhPDGF in foot arthrodesesTimothy Daniels
St Michael s Hospital, University of Toronto, 55 Queen Street East, Suite 800, Toronto, Ontario M5C 1R6, Canada
Foot Ankle Int 31:473-9. 2010..Before proceeding with randomized control studies comparing rhPDGF/TCP to autograft bone, a human trial to assess efficacy and safety was required...
- Biliary lithiasis in early pregnancy and abnormal development of facial and distal limb bones (Binder syndrome): a possible role for vitamin K deficiencyJessica Jaillet
Medical Genetics Unit, Debrousse Hospital, 29 rue Soeur Bouvier, 69322 Lyon cedex 05, France
Birth Defects Res A Clin Mol Teratol 73:188-93. 2005..Warfarin- or phenytoin-induced vitamin K deficiency during early pregnancy is a well-established etiology for this syndrome, which occurs nevertheless sporadically in most cases...
- A two-stage percutaneous approach to charcot diabetic foot reconstructionBradley M Lamm
International Center for Limb Lengthening, Rubin Institute for Advanced Orthopedics, Sinai Hospital of Baltimore, Baltimore, MD 21215, USA
J Foot Ankle Surg 49:517-22. 2010..Gradual Charcot foot correction with the Taylor spatial frame plus minimally invasive arthrodesis is an effective treatment...
- First metatarsophalangeal arthrodesis for treatment of hallux rigidus: a retrospective studyC M Lombardi
Wyckoff Heights Medical Center Podiatric Medical Residency Program, Brooklyn, NY, USA
J Foot Ankle Surg 40:137-43. 2001..Significant positive correlations were found between subjective results and patient age (p = .05) and the preoperative lateral talo-first metatarsal angles (p = .001)...
- Bone marrow abnormalities of foot and ankle: STIR versus T1-weighted contrast-enhanced fat-suppressed spin-echo MR imagingMarius R Schmid
Department of Radiology, Orthopedic University Hospital Balgrist, Forchstrasse 340, 8008 Zurich, Switzerland
Radiology 224:463-9. 2002..To compare short inversion time inversion-recovery (STIR) and T1-weighted contrast material-enhanced fat-suppressed spin-echo magnetic resonance (MR) sequences for depiction of bone marrow abnormalities of the foot and ankle...
- Age estimation using foot radiographs from a modern Scottish populationLucina Hackman
Centre for Anatomy and Human Identification, University of Dundee, Dow Street, Dundee, DD1 5EH, UK
J Forensic Sci 58:S146-50. 2013..This study showed that the Hoerr et al. atlas method can be applied to a modern population...
- Olduvai Hominin 8 foot pathology: a comparative study attempting a differential diagnosisElizabeth Weiss
Anthropology Department, San Jose State University, One Washington Square, San Jose, CA 95192 0113, United States
Homo 63:1-11. 2012..metatarsal bases, which when compared to a modern sample, may help paleoanthropologists determine whether the foot bones represent an injured subadult or an osteoarthritic adult...
- External fixation in trauma of the foot and ankleFranz Josef Seibert
Department for Traumatology, Medical University of Graz, Auenbruggerplatz 7a, Graz A 8036, Austria
Clin Podiatr Med Surg 20:159-80. 2003..External fixation also has its advantages as a minimally invasive external compression device in specific indications for arthrodesis, especially in infected cases...
- Use of a hybrid kickstand external fixator for pressure relief after soft-tissue reconstruction of heel defectsGary Peter Jolly
J Foot Ankle Surg 42:393; author reply 393. 2003
- Hindfoot arthrodesis for the adult acquired flat footAnish R Kadakia
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Northwestern University School of Medicine, McGaw Medical Center Chicago, IL 60614, USA
Foot Ankle Clin 8:569-94, x. 2003..The indications, surgical techniques, outcome studies, and complications are addressed...
- MR imaging of pediatric abnormalities in the ankle and footM P Harty
Department of Radiology, University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, USA
Magn Reson Imaging Clin N Am 9:579-602, xi. 2001..The MR imaging examination is tailored to the clinical question, the child's age, foot size, and ability to cooperate. This article reviews the MR imaging of a number of familiar and uncommon disorders of the pediatric foot and ankle...
- Integral classification of injuries (ICI) to the bones, joints, and ligaments--application to injuries of the footHans Zwipp
Trauma Department of the University Hospital of Dresden, Germany
Injury 35:SB3-9. 2004..By enumerating all 28 foot bones in relation to the three anatomical and functional regions of the foot, ie, hindfoot (81), midfoot (82), ..
- Clinical results of harvesting autogenous cancellous graft from the ipsilateral proximal tibia for use in foot and ankle surgeryWilliam Geideman
Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Texas, Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX, USA
Foot Ankle Int 25:451-5. 2004..The most common referenced donor sites are the iliac crest, distal tibia, and calcaneus. These all have demonstrated limitations, the high morbidity rate associated with the iliac crest and the poor quantity of graft from distal sources...
- EFFECT OF COMP MUTATION ON MUSCULOSKELETAL DEVELOPMENTPaul Di Cesare; Fiscal Year: 2002..Identifying the functions, synthesis, interactions, tissue distribution and expression of COMP is critical to understanding its influence on growth during endochondral ossification and articular cartilage structure and function. ..
- Group and Individual Differences in AuditionDennis McFadden; Fiscal Year: 2010..If so, theory, diagnosis, treatment, and nosology for ADHD could be affected. ..
- Changes in the Characteristics of Plantar Soft Tissue with DiabetesWILLIAM LEDOUX; Fiscal Year: 2008..Thus, not only is there a large diabetic population in the United States (> 6%), but they also account for a disproportional amount (>60%) of all non-traumatic lower extremity amputations. [unreadable] [unreadable]..