abdominal aorta

Summary

Summary: The aorta from the DIAPHRAGM to the bifurcation into the right and left common iliac arteries.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Multidetector row CT angiography of the abdominal aorta and lower extremities in patients with peripheral arterial occlusive disease: diagnostic accuracy and interobserver agreement
    Maurizio Romano
    Department of Surgery, University Federico II, 5, Via Pansini, 80131 Naples, Italy
    Eur J Radiol 50:303-8. 2004
  2. ncbi Follow-up of patients with previous vascular interventions: role of multidetector row computed tomographic angiography of the abdominal aorta and lower extremities
    M Romano
    J Cardiovasc Surg (Torino) 45:89-91. 2004
  3. ncbi Finite element modeling of three-dimensional pulsatile flow in the abdominal aorta: relevance to atherosclerosis
    C A Taylor
    Department of Surgery, Stanford University, CA, USA
    Ann Biomed Eng 26:975-87. 1998
  4. ncbi Compositional and structural alterations of chondroitin and dermatan sulfates during the progression of atherosclerosis and aneurysmal dilatation of the human abdominal aorta
    Achilleas D Theocharis
    Laboratory of Biochemistry, Section of Organic Chemistry, Biochemistry and Natural Products, Department of Chemistry, University of Patras, 26110 Patras, Greece
    Biochimie 84:667-74. 2002
  5. ncbi Rapid dilation of the abdominal aorta during infusion of angiotensin II detected by noninvasive high-frequency ultrasonography
    Chiara Barisione
    Cardiovascular Research Center, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40536, USA
    J Vasc Surg 44:372-6. 2006
  6. ncbi Aortic calcification in haemodialysis patients with diabetes mellitus
    Hiromichi Taniwaki
    Inoue Hospital, Department of Nephrology, Osaka City University Graduate School of Medicine, 1 4 3, Asahi machi, Abeno Ku, Osaka 545 8585, Japan
    Nephrol Dial Transplant 20:2472-8. 2005
  7. ncbi Abdominal aorta screening during transthoracic echocardiography
    Farideh Roshanali
    Day General Hospital, Tehran, Iran
    Echocardiography 24:685-8. 2007
  8. ncbi Quantitative determination of age-related geometric changes in the normal abdominal aorta
    D Fleischmann
    Department of Radiology, Stanford University School of Medicine, CA 94305-5105, USA
    J Vasc Surg 33:97-105. 2001
  9. doi Ginsenoside Rg(1) inhibits rat left ventricular hypertrophy induced by abdominal aorta coarctation: involvement of calcineurin and mitogen-activated protein kinase signalings
    Jiang Deng
    Department of Pharmacology, Zunyi Medical College, Zunyi, Guizhou, PR China
    Eur J Pharmacol 608:42-7. 2009
  10. pmc Ethnic-specific risks for atherosclerotic calcification of the thoracic and abdominal aorta (from the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis)
    Matthew A Allison
    University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California, USA
    Am J Cardiol 104:812-7. 2009

Detail Information

Publications256 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Multidetector row CT angiography of the abdominal aorta and lower extremities in patients with peripheral arterial occlusive disease: diagnostic accuracy and interobserver agreement
    Maurizio Romano
    Department of Surgery, University Federico II, 5, Via Pansini, 80131 Naples, Italy
    Eur J Radiol 50:303-8. 2004
    To evaluate the accuracy of four channel multidetector row CT angiography (MDCTA) of the abdominal aorta and lower extremities arteries compared with digital subtraction angiography (DSA).
  2. ncbi Follow-up of patients with previous vascular interventions: role of multidetector row computed tomographic angiography of the abdominal aorta and lower extremities
    M Romano
    J Cardiovasc Surg (Torino) 45:89-91. 2004
  3. ncbi Finite element modeling of three-dimensional pulsatile flow in the abdominal aorta: relevance to atherosclerosis
    C A Taylor
    Department of Surgery, Stanford University, CA, USA
    Ann Biomed Eng 26:975-87. 1998
    The infrarenal abdominal aorta is particularly prone to atherosclerotic plaque formation while the thoracic aorta is relatively resistant...
  4. ncbi Compositional and structural alterations of chondroitin and dermatan sulfates during the progression of atherosclerosis and aneurysmal dilatation of the human abdominal aorta
    Achilleas D Theocharis
    Laboratory of Biochemistry, Section of Organic Chemistry, Biochemistry and Natural Products, Department of Chemistry, University of Patras, 26110 Patras, Greece
    Biochimie 84:667-74. 2002
    ..and dermatan sulfate (DS)--during the progression of atherosclerosis and aneurysmal dilatation of the human abdominal aorta. The concentration of CS was increased 24% (p < or = 0...
  5. ncbi Rapid dilation of the abdominal aorta during infusion of angiotensin II detected by noninvasive high-frequency ultrasonography
    Chiara Barisione
    Cardiovascular Research Center, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40536, USA
    J Vasc Surg 44:372-6. 2006
    ..This system had 100% accuracy in detecting AngII-induced AAAs in vivo, with intrauser and interuser variation coefficients of less than 10% for quantification of the aortic lumen diameter...
  6. ncbi Aortic calcification in haemodialysis patients with diabetes mellitus
    Hiromichi Taniwaki
    Inoue Hospital, Department of Nephrology, Osaka City University Graduate School of Medicine, 1 4 3, Asahi machi, Abeno Ku, Osaka 545 8585, Japan
    Nephrol Dial Transplant 20:2472-8. 2005
    ..This study examined the risk factors of aortic calcification in a large number of haemodialysis patients, and compared risk factors between diabetic and non-diabetic patients...
  7. ncbi Abdominal aorta screening during transthoracic echocardiography
    Farideh Roshanali
    Day General Hospital, Tehran, Iran
    Echocardiography 24:685-8. 2007
    ..This modified examination is arguably a simple, safe, quick, and accurate way to identify patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA)...
  8. ncbi Quantitative determination of age-related geometric changes in the normal abdominal aorta
    D Fleischmann
    Department of Radiology, Stanford University School of Medicine, CA 94305-5105, USA
    J Vasc Surg 33:97-105. 2001
    ..diameter measurements were obtained at 1-mm intervals along the automatically calculated central axis of the abdominal aorta. The aorta was subdivided into six consecutive anatomic segments (supraceliac, supramesenteric, suprarenal, ..
  9. doi Ginsenoside Rg(1) inhibits rat left ventricular hypertrophy induced by abdominal aorta coarctation: involvement of calcineurin and mitogen-activated protein kinase signalings
    Jiang Deng
    Department of Pharmacology, Zunyi Medical College, Zunyi, Guizhou, PR China
    Eur J Pharmacol 608:42-7. 2009
    ..The rat left ventricular hypertrophy was induced by abdominal aorta coarctation and Rg(1) (3.75, 7.5 and 15 mg/kg/day) was given the day after surgery for 21 consecutive days...
  10. pmc Ethnic-specific risks for atherosclerotic calcification of the thoracic and abdominal aorta (from the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis)
    Matthew A Allison
    University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California, USA
    Am J Cardiol 104:812-7. 2009
    ..In conclusion, compared to whites, African-Americans and Hispanics, but not Chinese, have evidence of less atherosclerosis in the thoracic and abdominal aortas, which does not appear to be accounted for by traditional CVD risk factors...
  11. ncbi A multicentre study of abdominal aorta diameters in a Turkish population
    N Sariosmanoglu
    Dokuz Eylul University Medical School, Izmir, Turkey
    J Int Med Res 30:1-8. 2002
    ..Considering the significant number of patients with aneurysmal dilatation of the aorta in the elderly population, we believe it would be prudent to evaluate the aorta in all patients undergoing abdominal ultrasonographic examination...
  12. ncbi Hemodynamic relationships among upper-abdominal aorta and femoral arteries: basis for measurement of arterial blood flow to abdominal-pelvic organs
    Takuya Osada
    Department of Sports Medicine for Health Promotion, Tokyo Medical University, Tokyo, Japan
    Med Sci Monit 15:CR332-40. 2009
    ..subtracting BF in the "peripheral" bilateral limb left/right-femoral arteries (FA) from the "central" upper abdominal aorta (Ao) above the celiac trunk according to the formula: BFAP = BFAo-both BFFAs...
  13. ncbi A decoupled fluid structure approach for estimating wall stress in abdominal aortic aneurysms
    Yannis Papaharilaou
    Institute of Applied and Computational Mathematics, Foundation for Research and Technology Hellas, P O Box 1385, 71110 Heraklion, Crete, Greece
    J Biomech 40:367-77. 2007
    ..5% compared to the proposed decoupled fluid structure approach. Furthermore, the decoupled approach provides potentially useful information on the nature of the aneurysmal sac flow...
  14. ncbi The anterior visceral branches of the abdominal aorta and their relationship to the renal arteries
    Neil Pennington
    School of Biomedical Sciences, University of Leeds, Leeds, LS2 9JT, UK
    Surg Radiol Anat 27:395-403. 2005
    Variations in the anatomy of the abdominal aorta and its branches are of interest as vessel geometry not only determines flow dynamics, but is also crucial in the pathogenesis of vascular disease...
  15. ncbi 3-D numerical simulation of blood flow through models of the human aorta
    L Morris
    Centre for Applied Biomedical Engineering Research, Dept Mechanical and Aeronautical Eng and Material and Surface Science Institute, University of Limerick, Castletroy, Limerick, Ireland
    J Biomech Eng 127:767-75. 2005
    ..Flow patterns obtained from transient 3-D computational fluid dynamics are influenced by different reconstruction methods and the pulsatility of the flow. Caution is required when analyzing models based on CT scans...
  16. ncbi Fluid-structure interaction within realistic three-dimensional models of the aneurysmatic aorta as a guidance to assess the risk of rupture of the aneurysm
    E S Di Martino
    Department of Bioengineering, Politecnico of Milano, Milan, Italy
    Med Eng Phys 23:647-55. 2001
    ..A proven clinical efficacy may promote the method as a tool to determine factual aneurysm risk of rupture and aid the surgeon to refer elective surgery patients...
  17. ncbi Bone loss and the progression of abdominal aortic calcification over a 25 year period: the Framingham Heart Study
    D P Kiel
    Hebrew Rehabilitation Center for Aged Research and Training Institute and Harvard Medical School Division on Aging, Boston, MA, USA
    Calcif Tissue Int 68:271-6. 2001
    ..cohort of older men and women, we tested the hypothesis that the progression of vascular calcification of the abdominal aorta should be greatest in those individuals with the greatest amount of bone loss...
  18. ncbi Blood flow and structure interactions in a stented abdominal aortic aneurysm model
    Zhonghua Li
    Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, North Carolina State University, Campus Box 7910, 3198 Broughton Hall, Raleigh, NC 27695 7910, USA
    Med Eng Phys 27:369-82. 2005
    ..The time-varying drag force on the EVG exerted by physiological blood flow is unavoidable, where for patients with severe hypertension the risk of EVG migration is very high...
  19. ncbi The serum level of bone-specific alkaline phosphatase activity is associated with aortic calcification in osteoporosis patients
    Kousuke Iba
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Sapporo Medical University School of Medicine, South 1, West 16, Chuo Ku, Sapporo, Japan
    J Bone Miner Metab 22:594-6. 2004
    ..Bone-specific alkaline phosphatase is the most important marker for osteoblast differentiation; furthermore, the serum level of its activity may reflect the process of calcification of the aorta in osteoporosis patients...
  20. ncbi The effects of aneurysm on the biaxial mechanical behavior of human abdominal aorta
    Jonathan P Vande Geest
    Department of Bioengineering, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    J Biomech 39:1324-34. 2006
    ..It was concluded that aneurysmal degeneration of the abdominal aorta is associated with an increase in mechanical anisotropy, with preferential stiffening in the circumferential ..
  21. ncbi Induction of neuronal and inducible nitric oxide synthase in the motoneurons of spinal cord following transient abdominal aorta occlusion in rats
    Y Zhou
    Department of Experimental Surgery, Singapore General Hospital, 169608, Singapore
    J Surg Res 87:185-93. 1999
    ..nitric oxide synthase (n-NOS and i-NOS) and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate diaphorase (NADPH-d) in the motoneurons of the lumbosacral spinal cord was examined in a rat model with transient abdominal aorta (TAA) occlusion.
  22. pmc In vivo assessment of blood flow patterns in abdominal aorta of mice with MRI: implications for AAA localization
    Smbat Amirbekian
    Department of Radiology, Emory University School of Medicine, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA
    Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol 297:H1290-5. 2009
    ..We measured blood flow in the suprarenal and infrarenal abdominal aorta of 18 wild-type C57BL/6J mice and 15 apolipoprotein E (apoE)-/- mice...
  23. ncbi Rat abdominal aorta stenting: a new and reliable small animal model for in-stent restenosis
    Bas Langeveld
    Department of Clinical Pharmacology, University Hospital Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands
    J Vasc Res 41:377-86. 2004
    ..Consequently, a model for ISR in the rat would be convenient for pathobiological studies. Here we present the full characteristics of a rat ISR model suitable for high throughput stent research...
  24. ncbi Stiffness of the abdominal aorta in beta-thalassemia major patients related with body iron load
    Zulal Ulger
    Department of Pediatric Cardiology, Ege University Hospital, Bornova Izmir, Turkey
    J Pediatr Hematol Oncol 28:647-52. 2006
    ..We evaluated whether the abdominal aortic stiffness was altered in the patients with beta-thalassemia major in relation with body iron load...
  25. ncbi Studies on the mechanisms underlying beta-adrenoceptor-mediated relaxation of rat abdominal aorta
    Mayumi Matsushita
    Department of Chemical Pharmacology, Toho University School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Chiba, Japan
    J Smooth Muscle Res 42:217-25. 2006
    ..Mechanisms underlying beta-adrenoceptor (beta-AR)-mediated vascular relaxation were studied in the isolated rat abdominal aorta. In the endothelium-denuded helical preparations, a non-selective beta-AR agonist isoprenaline elicited a ..
  26. ncbi The effect of asymmetry in abdominal aortic aneurysms under physiologically realistic pulsatile flow conditions
    E A Finol
    Institute for Complex Engineered Systems, Faculty, Biomedical Engineering, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    J Biomech Eng 125:207-17. 2003
    ..The effect of asymmetry in hypothetically shaped AAAs is to increase the maximum wall shear stress at peak flow and to induce the appearance of secondary flows in late diastole...
  27. ncbi Effect of thrombus on abdominal aortic aneurysm wall dilation and stress
    M J Thubrikar
    Heineman Medical Research Laboratories, Carolinas Heart Institute, Carolinas Medical Center, Charlotte, NC 28203, USA
    J Cardiovasc Surg (Torino) 44:67-77. 2003
    ..Our goal is to understand how a mural thrombus may influence the pressure transmitted to and the dilation experienced by the abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) wall...
  28. ncbi Presence of abdominal aortic calcification is significantly associated with all-cause and cardiovascular mortality in maintenance hemodialysis patients
    Senji Okuno
    Kidney Center, Shirasagi Hospital, Osaka, Japan
    Am J Kidney Dis 49:417-25. 2007
    ....
  29. ncbi Expression and localization of vascular endothelial growth factor in normal abdominal aorta and abdominal aortic aneurysm
    T Nishibe
    Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Tokyo Medical University Hachioji Medical Center, Hachioji, Japan
    Int Angiol 29:260-5. 2010
    ..We analyzed the expression and localization of VEGF in human abdominal aortic aneurysms compared to normal human aorta..
  30. ncbi Age dependency of stiffness of the abdominal aorta and the mechanical properties of the aorta in Kawasaki disease in children
    M Okubo
    Department of Pediatrics, Juntendo University School of Medicine, 2-1-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 113-8421, Japan
    Pediatr Cardiol 22:198-203. 2001
    ..This study had two purposes: to assess the stiffness of the abdominal aorta by using two-dimensional echocardiography (2DE) in healthy neonates, children, and adults and to assess ..
  31. ncbi Aneurysmal and occlusive atherosclerosis of the human abdominal aorta
    C Xu
    Department of Surgery, Stanford University, CA, USA
    J Vasc Surg 33:91-6. 2001
    ..The purpose of this study was to assess atherosclerotic plaque deposition and aortic wall responses in the abdominal aorta in relation to the development of aneurysmal and occlusive disease in the infrarenal aorta...
  32. ncbi Multiplicity of the variations in ventral branches of abdominal aorta
    Hulya Ucerler
    Department of Anatomy, Medicine Faculty, Ege University, Bornova, Izmir, Turkey
    Ital J Anat Embryol 111:15-22. 2006
    Numerous variations of the ventral branches of the abdominal aorta were observed during routine dissection of the abdominal region in a 63-year-old male cadaver in the Department of Anatomy at Ege University Medicine Faculty...
  33. ncbi Abdominal aorta: evaluation with dual-source dual-energy multidetector CT after endovascular repair of aneurysms--initial observations
    Hersh Chandarana
    Department of Radiology, New York University Medical Center, Tisch Hospital, New York, NY 10016, USA
    Radiology 249:692-700. 2008
    ..To evaluate the possible radiation dose reduction facilitated by using dual-energy (DE) multidetector computed tomography (CT) after endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs)...
  34. ncbi Lumbar disc degeneration and atherosclerosis of the abdominal aorta
    L I Kauppila
    Department of Forensic Medicine, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 19:923-9. 1994
    STUDY DESIGN. This study analyzed the relationship of disc degeneration to atherosclerotic changes in the abdominal aorta and stenosis of the ostia of the lumbar and middle sacral arteries, 86 plain radiographs of lumbosacral spines, and ..
  35. pmc The relationship between wall shear stress distributions and intimal thickening in the human abdominal aorta
    Michael Bonert
    Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, University of Toronto, Canada
    Biomed Eng Online 2:18. 2003
    The goal of this work was to determine wall shear stress (WSS) patterns in the human abdominal aorta and to compare these patterns to measurements of intimal thickness (IT) from autopsy samples.
  36. ncbi A possible association between coronary plaque instability and complex plaques in abdominal aorta
    Yukihiko Momiyama
    National Defense Medical College, Saitama 359 8513, Japan
    Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol 26:903-9. 2006
    ..Complex carotid plaques were reported to be prevalent in unstable angina. We investigated associations between coronary plaque instability, such as MI and angiographic complex coronary lesions, and aortic plaques...
  37. ncbi Chronic periaortitis: a spectrum of diseases
    Augusto Vaglio
    Department of Clinical Medicine, Nephrology and Health Science, University of Parma, Parma, Italy
    Curr Opin Rheumatol 17:34-40. 2005
    ..This review analyses the different aspects of the disease and highlights evolving concepts concerning its pathogenesis, diagnosis, and management...
  38. ncbi Measuring the abdominal aorta with ultrasonography and computed tomography - difference and variability
    A Wanhainen
    Department of Surgery Ornsköldsvik, County Hospital, Sweden
    Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg 24:428-34. 2002
    ..The aim of this study was to estimate the agreement between ultrasonography (US) and computed tomography (CT) in the measurement of aortic diameter in subjects with and without abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA)...
  39. ncbi Flow-induced wall shear stress in abdominal aortic aneurysms: Part I--steady flow hemodynamics
    Ender A Finol
    Mechanical Engineering, Biomedical and Health Engineering, and institute for Complex Engineered Systems, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
    Comput Methods Biomech Biomed Engin 5:309-18. 2002
    ..The temporal distribution of hemodynamic stresses in pulsatile flow and their physical implications in AAA rupture are discussed in Part II of this paper...
  40. ncbi Atherogenesis in mice does not require CD40 ligand from bone marrow-derived cells
    Udo Bavendiek
    Donald W Reynolds Cardiovascular Clinical Research Center, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Mass02115, USA
    Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol 25:1244-9. 2005
    ....
  41. ncbi Flow-induced wall shear stress in abdominal aortic aneurysms: Part II--pulsatile flow hemodynamics
    Ender A Finol
    Mechanical Engineering, Biomedical and Health Engineering, and institute for Complex Engineered Systems, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
    Comput Methods Biomech Biomed Engin 5:319-28. 2002
    ..A comparison between numerical predictions for steady and pulsatile flow is presented, illustrating the importance of considering time-dependent flow for the evaluation of hemodynamic indicators...
  42. ncbi Cross-sectional imaging of acute diseases of the abdominal aorta and its branches
    Jorge A Soto
    Department of Radiology, Boston University Medical Center, 88 East Newton Street, Boston, MA 02118, USA
    Emerg Radiol 11:29-36. 2004
  43. ncbi Towards a noninvasive method for determination of patient-specific wall strength distribution in abdominal aortic aneurysms
    Jonathan P Vande Geest
    Department of Surgery, Division of Vascular Surgery, Pittsburgh, PA 15219, USA
    Ann Biomed Eng 34:1098-106. 2006
    ..Coupling this model with our stress analysis technique may provide a more accurate means to estimate patient-specific rupture potential of AAA...
  44. ncbi Atherosclerotic enlargement of the human abdominal aorta
    C K Zarins
    Department of Surgery, Division of Vascular Surgery, Suite H 3600, Stanford University Medical Center, Stanford, CA 94305 5642, USA
    Atherosclerosis 155:157-64. 2001
    Aortic aneurysms usually develop in the atherosclerosis prone infrarenal abdominal aorta. To assess the role of atherosclerosis in aortic enlargement, we studied the relation between plaque formation and aortic size in 30 pressure-fixed ..
  45. ncbi Iodixanol in multidetector-row computed tomography angiography (MDCTA): diagnostic accuracy for abdominal aorta and abdominal aortic major-branch diseases using four-, eight- and 16-detector-row CT scanners
    M Nonent
    Department of Radiology and Groupe d Etude de la Thrombose de Bretagne Occidentale, GETBO, University Hospital, 29609 Brest Cedex, France
    Acta Radiol 48:48-58. 2007
    ..iodixanol-enhanced multidetector-row computed tomography angiography (MDCTA) with digital subtraction angiography (DSA), perioperative angiography, or surgical findings in the evaluation of the abdominal aorta and its main branches.
  46. ncbi Different patterns of atherosclerotic remodeling in the thoracic and abdominal aorta
    Luiz Alberto Benvenuti
    Laboratory of Pathology, Heart Institute, Hospital das Clinicas, University of Sao Paulo, Brazil
    Clinics (Sao Paulo) 60:355-60. 2005
    ..To investigate the relationship between the vascular diameter and the extent and histologic characteristics of atherosclerosis in the thoracic and abdominal aortas of patients who died of atherosclerotic disease...
  47. ncbi Pulsatile flow in fusiform models of abdoiminal aortic aneurysms: flow fields, velocity patterns and flow-induced wall stresses
    Robert A Peattie
    Department of Chemical Engineering, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331, USA
    J Biomech Eng 126:438-46. 2004
    ..Concomitantly, increased turbulence may contribute significantly to wall stress magnitude and thereby to risk of rupture...
  48. ncbi Contrast-enhanced 3D MRA with centric ordering in k space: a preliminary clinical experience in imaging the abdominal aorta and renal and peripheral arterial vasculature
    A N Shetty
    Department of Diagnostic Radiology, William Beaumont Hospital, Royal Oak, MI 48073, USA
    J Magn Reson Imaging 8:603-15. 1998
    ..centric reordered, three-dimensional (3D) MR angiography (MRA) pulse sequence in imaging the abdominal aorta and renal and peripheral lower extremity arteries...
  49. ncbi Catastrophic presentation of atrial myxoma with total occlusion of abdominal aorta
    Sumit Yadav
    Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, The Townsville Hospital, Doulas, Townsville, QLD, Australia
    Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg 9:913-5. 2009
    ..We report a patient with cardiac myxoma presenting with multi-organ embolism including saddle embolism of the aorta in a previously healthy female...
  50. doi Hypoplasia and fibromuscular dysplasia of infrarenal abdominal aorta with downstream aneurysm: case report and review of the literature
    Attilio Odero
    Division of Vascular Surgery, IRCCS Policlinico San Matteo Foundation and University of Pavia, Pavia, Italy
    J Vasc Surg 48:1589-92. 2008
    ..Exceptionally, it has been described in the abdominal aorta. Aortic hypoplasia is a tubular narrowing of a long segment of the aorta and is a rare congenital defect, ..
  51. ncbi Anomalies of the abdominal aorta in Williams-Beuren syndrome--another cause of arterial hypertension
    C Rose
    Department of Paediatric Cardiology, University Hospital Gottingen, Germany
    Eur J Pediatr 160:655-8. 2001
    ..This study presents the pattern of stenotic lesions of the abdominal aorta and the incidence of arterial hypertension...
  52. doi High-pitch dual-source CT angiography of the thoracic and abdominal aorta: is simultaneous coronary artery assessment possible?
    Robert Goetti
    Institute of Diagnostic Radiology, University Hospital Zurich, Raemistrasse 100, CH 8091 Zurich, Switzerland
    AJR Am J Roentgenol 194:938-44. 2010
    ....
  53. doi Inhibitory effect of Ginkgo biloba extract on hyperhomocysteinemia-induced intimal thickening in rabbit abdominal aorta after balloon injury
    Fenye Liu
    Department of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Qilu Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University, Jinan 250012, Shandong, PR China
    Phytother Res 22:506-10. 2008
    ..to investigate whether GBE could attenuate the Hhcy-induced intimal thickening after balloon injury in rabbit abdominal aorta. It was observed in this study that GBE could decrease the neointima area (NA) and the ratio of the neointima ..
  54. doi Geometric variability of the abdominal aorta and its major peripheral branches
    Padraig M O'Flynn
    Department of Mechanical and Biomedical Engineering, National University of Ireland, and University College Hospital, Galway, University Road, Galway, Ireland
    Ann Biomed Eng 38:824-40. 2010
    ..this study was to quantitatively evaluate the intersubject variability of 3D branching and curvature of the abdominal aorta and its major peripheral arteries...
  55. ncbi Influence of normovolemic anemia on Doppler characteristics of the abdominal aorta and splanchnic vessels in Beagles
    Lee M Koma
    Section of Diagnostic Imaging, Department of Companion Animal Clinical Studies, Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria, Private Bag X04 Onderstepoort, 0110, Republic of South Africa
    Am J Vet Res 66:187-95. 2005
    To ultrasonographically evaluate hemodynamics in the abdominal aorta (AAo) and splanchnic vessels in dogs with experimentally induced normovolemic anemia.
  56. ncbi Surgical experiences in acute spontaneous dissection of the infrarenal abdominal aorta
    Yusuf Kalko
    Cardiovascular Surgery Service, Bezm I Alem Vakif Gureba Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey
    Anadolu Kardiyol Derg 8:286-90. 2008
    Spontaneous dissection of the abdominal aorta should be considered as a vascular surgical emergency. We report here our experience with this rare pathology.
  57. ncbi Contrast-enhanced peripheral MR angiography from the abdominal aorta to the pedal arteries: combined dynamic two-dimensional and bolus-chase three-dimensional acquisitions
    Y Wang
    Department of Radiology, Weill Medical College of Cornell University, 515 E 71st Street, New York City, NY 10021, USA
    Invest Radiol 36:170-7. 2001
    Wang Y, Winchester PA, Khilnani NM, et al. Contrast-enhanced peripheral MR angiography from the abdominal aorta to the pedal arteries: Combined dynamic two-dimensional and bolus-chase three-dimensional acquisitions...
  58. ncbi Mycotic aneurysms of the thoracic and abdominal aorta and iliac arteries: experience with anatomic and extra-anatomic repair in 33 cases
    B T Müller
    Department of Vascular Surgery and Kidney Transplantation, Heinrich Heine University, Dusseldorf, Germany
    J Vasc Surg 33:106-13. 2001
    ..The aim of our study was to find out whether any progress could be achieved in a single center over a long time period (18 years) through use of surgical techniques and antiseptic adjuncts...
  59. doi Staged endovascular stent grafts for concurrent mobile/ulcerated thrombi of thoracic and abdominal aorta causing recurrent spontaneous distal embolization
    Wayne W Zhang
    Division of Vascular Surgery, Department of Surgery, Loma Linda University School of Medicine, 11175 Campus Street, Loma Linda, CA 92350, USA
    J Vasc Surg 47:193-6. 2008
    ..Recurrent spontaneous distal embolization may also occur from an ulcerated thrombus of the abdominal aorta. The simultaneous presence of a mobile thrombus in the thoracic aorta and ulcerated thrombus of the abdominal ..
  60. pmc In vivo deformation of the human abdominal aorta and common iliac arteries with hip and knee flexion: implications for the design of stent-grafts
    Gilwoo Choi
    Department of Mechanical Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305 5431, USA
    J Endovasc Ther 16:531-8. 2009
    To quantify in vivo deformations of the abdominal aorta and common iliac arteries (CIAs) caused by musculoskeletal motion.
  61. pmc Elastin degradation and calcification in an abdominal aorta injury model: role of matrix metalloproteinases
    Dina M Basalyga
    Department of Bioengineering, Clemson University, Clemson, SC 29634, USA
    Circulation 110:3480-7. 2004
    ..We hypothesized that matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-mediated vascular remodeling plays a significant role in elastin calcification...
  62. ncbi The value of true-FISP sequence added to conventional gadolinium-enhanced MRA of abdominal aorta and its major branches
    Andrea Iozzelli
    University of Milan School of Medicine, Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, Radiology Unit, IRCCS Policlinico San Donato, Via Morandi 30, 20097 San Donato Milanese, Milan, Italy
    Eur J Radiol 72:489-93. 2009
    ..with steady-state precession (true-FISP) added to gadolinium-based MR angiography (Gd-MRA) for imaging abdominal aorta and major abdominal vessels, 35 consecutive patients (age 67+/-11 years) with known or suspected abdominal ..
  63. ncbi Placental circulation, fetal growth, and stiffness of the abdominal aorta in newborn infants
    Mori Akira
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Tokai University School of Medicine, Boseidai, Isehara City, Kanagawa, Japan
    J Pediatr 148:49-53. 2006
    To measure the elastic properties of the abdominal aorta in normal infants and infants who had umbilical placental insufficiency (UPI) before birth.
  64. pmc Translocation of bacterial NOD2 agonist and its link with inflammation
    Oh Yoen Kim
    Cytokines and Inflammation Unit, Institut Pasteur, 28 rue Dr, Roux, 75015 Paris, France
    Crit Care 13:R124. 2009
    ..The process could be more frequently identified if peptidoglycan, derived from both Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria, was measured...
  65. ncbi Hemodynamics simulation and identification of susceptible sites of atherosclerotic lesion formation in a model abdominal aorta
    J R Buchanan
    Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, North Carolina State University, Campus Box 7910, 3211 Broughton Hall, Raleigh, NC 27695 7910, USA
    J Biomech 36:1185-96. 2003
    Employing the rabbit's abdominal aorta as a suitable atherosclerotic model, transient three-dimensional blood flow simulations and monocyte deposition patterns were used to evaluate the following hypotheses: (i) simulation of monocyte ..
  66. ncbi Correlation of abdominal fat accumulation and stiffness of the abdominal aorta in obese children
    Tugcin Bora Polat
    Department of Pediatric Cardiology, Dr Siyami Ersek Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery Hospital, Turkey
    J Pediatr Endocrinol Metab 21:1031-40. 2008
    To evaluate abdominal adipose tissue accumulation in obese children by ultrasound measurement and compare with the elastic properties of the abdominal aorta.
  67. ncbi Preclinical changes in the mechanical properties of abdominal aorta in obese children
    Arcangelo Iannuzzi
    Divisione di Medicina Interna, Ospedale S Maria dell Olmo e Costa d Amalfi, Cava de Tirreni, Italy
    Metabolism 53:1243-6. 2004
    ..The aim of the present study was to investigate whether preclinical functional changes are detectable in the abdominal aorta of obese children. One hundred consecutively seen obese children and 50 healthy controls were studied...
  68. ncbi Severe hypoplasia of the abdominal aorta and its branches in a patient and his daughter
    A Dejardin
    Department of Nephrology, Cliniques Universitaires St Luc UCL, Brussels, Belgium
    J Intern Med 255:130-6. 2004
    We report the history of a patient and his daughter, both affected with hypoplasia of the abdominal aorta and its branches, leading to early and dramatic complications...
  69. ncbi Cross talk between kinin and angiotensin II receptors in mouse abdominal aorta
    Eliete S Rodrigues
    Department of Biophysics, Universidade Federal de Sao Paulo Escola Paulista de Medicina, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    Biol Chem 390:907-13. 2009
    ..We conclude that cross talk between kinin and AngII receptors occurs in mouse abdominal aorta and that both peptides may regulate the initiation and progression of important pathophysiological processes, ..
  70. pmc Anteroposterior diameter of the infrarenal abdominal aorta is higher in women with polycystic ovary syndrome
    Marco Matteo Ciccone
    Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases, Azienda Ospedaliera Policlinico, Piazza Giulio Cesare 11, 70124 I, Italy
    Vasc Health Risk Manag 5:561-6. 2009
    ..Women affected by polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) are known to be at higher risk of cardiovascular disease. The aim of this study was to identify the artery that first is affected by early pre-atherosclerotic changes in PCOS...
  71. ncbi Use of dynamic computed tomography to evaluate pre- and postoperative aortic changes in AAA patients undergoing endovascular aneurysm repair
    Arno Teutelink
    Departments of Vascular Surgery, University Medical Center, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    J Endovasc Ther 14:44-9. 2007
    ..To utilize dynamic computed tomographic angiography (CTA) on pre- and postoperative endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) patients to characterize cardiac-induced aortic motion within the aneurysm neck, an essential EVAR sealing zone...
  72. ncbi Acute abdominal aortic thrombosis in cancer patients
    S Poiree
    Department of Radiology, Hopital Saint Antoine, 184 rue du Faubourg Saint Antoine, 75012 Paris, France
    Abdom Imaging 29:511-3. 2004
    ..Recognition of aortic thrombosis is important because it is a dangerous condition; furthermore, it exposes at the patient to complications such as peripheral embolism. In addition, anticoagulation can result in resolution of thrombosis...
  73. ncbi Occlusive arterial disease of abdominal aorta and lower extremities: comparison of helical CT angiography with transcatheter angiography
    Benoit Mesurolle
    Department of Radiology, University Rene Descartes Paris V, Ambroise Pare Hospital, 9 avenue Charles de Gaulle, 92104 Boulogne, France
    Clin Imaging 28:252-60. 2004
    ..of this study was to evaluate helical CT angiography in the assessment of occlusive arterial disease of abdominal aorta and the lower extremities. Sixteen patients underwent both transcatheter angiography and helical CT...
  74. ncbi Comparison between measures of atherosclerosis and risk of stroke: the Rotterdam Study
    M Hollander
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Erasmus Medical Center Rotterdam, PO Box 1738, 3000 DR Rotterdam, Netherlands
    Stroke 34:2367-72. 2003
    ..We compared different measures of atherosclerosis in relation to stroke...
  75. ncbi Intima-media thickness of the abdominal aorta of neonate with different gestational ages
    Esad Koklu
    Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, Erciyes University, School of Medicine, 38039 Kayseri, Turkey
    J Clin Ultrasound 35:491-7. 2007
    ..To determine aortic intima-media thickness (aIMT) values in newborns with different gestational ages and to asses the effect of antenatal steroids on aIMT...
  76. ncbi Infrarenal aortic coarctation in a 15-year-old with claudication
    Colleen M Fitzpatrick
    Division of Vascular Surgery, Wilford Hall Medical Center, Lackland Air Force Base, TX, USA
    J Vasc Surg 44:1117. 2006
  77. ncbi Cardiovascular risk factors and ultrasound evaluation of intima-media thickness at common carotids, carotid bulbs, and femoral and abdominal aorta arteries in patients with classic congenital adrenal hyperplasia due to 21-hydroxylase deficiency
    P Sartorato
    Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, Endocrinology Unit, University of Padova, 35128 Padova, Italy
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 92:1015-8. 2007
    ..Increased intima-media thickness (IMT) is considered a measure of subclinical atherosclerosis and a predictor of myocardial infarction and stroke...
  78. ncbi Regional distribution of wall thickness and failure properties of human abdominal aortic aneurysm
    Madhavan L Raghavan
    Biomedical Engineering, University of Iowa, 1422 Seamans Center, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
    J Biomech 39:3010-6. 2006
    ..23 mm with only slightly higher readings within a 1cm radius. The failure tension of the specimen strip close to the rupture site was low (11.1 N/cm) compared to its neighborhood in the ruptured aneurysm...
  79. pmc Fluid-structure interaction in abdominal aortic aneurysms: effects of asymmetry and wall thickness
    Christine M Scotti
    Biomedical Engineering Department, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
    Biomed Eng Online 4:64. 2005
    ..which is of significant concern because of the morbidity associated with the continuing expansion of the abdominal aorta and its ultimate rupture...
  80. ncbi Detection of abdominal aortic calcification with lateral spine imaging using DXA
    John T Schousboe
    Park Nicollet Health Services, Minneapolis, MN 55416, USA
    J Clin Densitom 9:302-8. 2006
    ..Lateral imaging of the spine with DXA intended to detect vertebral fracture is a promising technology for the simultaneous assessment of a risk factor for cardiovascular disease incidence and death...
  81. ncbi Fluid-structure interaction effects on sac-blood pressure and wall stress in a stented aneurysm
    Z Li
    Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27695 7910, USA
    J Biomech Eng 127:662-71. 2005
    ..All simulation results are in agreement with experimental data and clinical observations...
  82. ncbi Hand-assisted laparoscopic aortobifemoral bypass for occlusive disease. Early and mid-term results
    I Fourneau
    Department of Vascular Surgery, University Hospital Gasthuisberg, Leuven, Brabant, Belgium
    Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg 30:489-93. 2005
    ..To evaluate the early and mid-term results of hand-assisted laparoscopic surgery (HALS) for aorto-iliac reconstruction...
  83. pmc Fluid structure interaction of patient specific abdominal aortic aneurysms: a comparison with solid stress models
    James H Leung
    Department of Chemical Engineering, Imperial College London, London, UK
    Biomed Eng Online 5:33. 2006
    ..The purpose of the present study was to compare static and dynamic wall stress analysis of patient specific AAAs...
  84. ncbi Positron emission tomography (PET): evaluation of chronic periaortitis
    Carlo Salvarani
    Arcispedale S Maria Nuova, Reggio Emilia, Italy
    Arthritis Rheum 53:298-303. 2005
    ..To evaluate the presence and extent of large-vessel inflammation in patients with chronic periaortitis (CP) using (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography (FDG-PET)...
  85. ncbi The abdominal aorta and constrictive pericarditis: abdominal aortic respiratory variation as an echocardiographic finding in constrictive pericarditis
    Cindy W Tom
    Mayo Graduate School of Medicine and Division of Cardiovascular Diseases, 200 First St SW, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
    J Am Soc Echocardiogr 18:282-4. 2005
  86. ncbi Mesoscopic simulations of systolic flow in the human abdominal aorta
    A M Artoli
    Section Computational Science, Laboratory for Computing, Systems Architecture and Programming, Faculty of Science, University of Amsterdam, Kruislaan 403, 1098 SJ Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    J Biomech 39:873-84. 2006
    ..Simulation results of steady and unsteady flow in a model of the human aortic bifurcation reconstructed from magnetic resonance angiography, are presented as a typical hemodynamic application...
  87. doi The epidemiology of abdominal aortic diameter
    Matthew A Allison
    Department of Family and Preventive Medicine, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093 0811, USA
    J Vasc Surg 48:121-7. 2008
    The diameter of the abdominal aorta is central to the diagnosis of abdominal aortic aneurysm...
  88. ncbi Effect of lipid-lowering therapy with atorvastatin on atherosclerotic aortic plaques detected by noninvasive magnetic resonance imaging
    Atsushi Yonemura
    National Defense Medical College, Saitama, Japan
    J Am Coll Cardiol 45:733-42. 2005
    ..We sought to elucidate the effects of 20-mg versus 5-mg atorvastatin on thoracic and abdominal aortic plaques...
  89. ncbi p-ANCA-associated periaortitis with histological proof of Wegener's granulomatosis: case report
    T Carels
    Department of Internal Medicine, University Hospital Gasthuisberg, Herestraat 49, 3000 Leuven, Belgium
    Clin Rheumatol 24:83-6. 2005
    ..This case report illustrates an unusual disease course in WG, resembling large vessel vasculitis, and we discuss the possible mechanisms of large vessel involvement in this form of vasculitis...
  90. ncbi Assessment of the abdominal aorta and its visceral branches by contrast-enhanced dynamic volumetric hepatic parallel magnetic resonance imaging: feasibility, reliability and accuracy
    Robert Werder
    Institute of Diagnostic Radiology, University Hospital Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
    Eur Radiol 17:541-51. 2007
    ..to shorten breath-hold times (parallel GRE MRI) in the detection of arterial variants and stenosis of the abdominal aorta and its visceral branches...
  91. ncbi Numerical simulation of steady flow fields in a model of abdominal aorta with its peripheral branches
    D Lee
    Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan
    J Biomech 35:1115-22. 2002
    ..procedure based on a finite volume method was developed to simulate steady flow fields in a model of abdominal aorta with its peripheral branches...
  92. ncbi Hemostatic alterations associated with supraceliac aortic cross-clamping
    Petros V Anagnostopoulos
    Department of Surgery, Division of Vascular Surgery and Department of Pathology, Henry Ford Hospital, 2799 West Grand Blvd, Detroit, MI 48202, USA
    J Vasc Surg 35:100-8. 2002
    ..However, t-PA Ag levels reflect both active and inactive (bound to serum t-PA inhibitors) forms of serum t-PA, and elevations confirm the presence of fibrinolysis only in conjunction with an increase in t-PA activity...
  93. ncbi In vivo quantification of blood flow and wall shear stress in the human abdominal aorta during lower limb exercise
    Charles A Taylor
    Department of Surgery, Stanford University, CA, USA
    Ann Biomed Eng 30:402-8. 2002
    ..exercise bicycle were used to measure, in vivo, the effects of exercise on hemodynamic conditions in the abdominal aorta of eleven young, healthy subjects. Heart rate increased from 73 +/- 6.2 beats/min at rest to 110 +/- 8...
  94. ncbi Durability of open repair of infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm: a 15-year follow-up study
    Fausto Biancari
    Department of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery, Oulu University Hospital, 90221 Oulu, Finland
    J Vasc Surg 35:87-93. 2002
    ..This study reviewed the long-term outcome of patients who underwent open repair of infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs)...
  95. ncbi Surgical treatment for primary infected aneurysm of the descending thoracic aorta, abdominal aorta, and iliac arteries
    Ron Bin Hsu
    Department of Surgery and Institute of Clinical Medicine, National Taiwan University Hospital, and Far Eastern Memorial Hospital, Taiwan, ROC
    J Vasc Surg 36:746-50. 2002
    ..In this retrospective review, we report the surgical results of infected aortic aneurysms treated at a single center over 5 years...
  96. ncbi MMP13 promoter polymorphism is associated with atherosclerosis in the abdominal aorta of young black males
    Sungpil Yoon
    The Center for Molecular Medicine and Genetics, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detriot, MI 48201, USA
    Matrix Biol 21:487-98. 2002
    ..MMP13 is therefore, a genetic risk factor for extent of fibrous plaque in the abdominal aorta in young black males...
  97. ncbi Simple geometric characteristics fail to reliably predict abdominal aortic aneurysm wall stresses
    J Hua
    UCLA Emergency Medicine Center, UCLA School of Medicine, Los Angeles, Calif 90024, USA
    J Vasc Surg 34:308-15. 2001
    ..Future attempts to estimate wall stress and assess risk of rupture for individual AAAs may require detailed three-dimensional modeling...
  98. ncbi Abdominal aortic calcific deposits are associated with increased risk for congestive heart failure: the Framingham Heart Study
    Craig R Walsh
    Framingham Heart Study, Framingham, Mass 01702, USA
    Am Heart J 144:733-9. 2002
    We sought to determine the association of aortic atherosclerosis, detected by calcific deposits in the abdominal aorta seen on lateral lumbar radiographs, with risk for congestive heart failure (CHF).
  99. ncbi Jagged1 gene mutation for abdominal coarctation of the aorta in Alagille syndrome
    Annick Raas-Rothschild
    Department of Human Genetics, Hadassah Hebrew University Hospital, Jerusalem, Israel
    Am J Med Genet 112:75-8. 2002
    ..Mutation analysis of the Jagged1 gene in this fourth reported patient with coarctation of the abdominal aorta in AGS and right subclavian stenosis identified a mutation deletion (1485 Del CT)...
  100. ncbi Abdominal aortic calcific deposits are an important predictor of vascular morbidity and mortality
    P W Wilson
    From the NHLBI's Framingham Heart Study and Boston University School of Medicine, Framingham, Massachusetts, USA
    Circulation 103:1529-34. 2001
    ..CONCLUSIONS: AAC deposits, detected by lateral lumbar radiograms, are a marker of subclinical atherosclerotic disease and an independent predictor of subsequent vascular morbidity and mortality...
  101. ncbi Stiffness of the abdominal aorta in obese children
    Erturk Levent
    Department of Pediatric Cardiology, Faculty of Medicine, Ege University, Bornova, Izmir, Turkey
    J Pediatr Endocrinol Metab 15:405-9. 2002
    ..The purpose of this study was to assess the stiffness of the abdominal aorta using transthoracic echocardiography in normotensive obese and hypertensive obese pediatric patients and a ..

Research Grants103 found, 100 shown here

  1. Imaging of Aortic Atherosclerosis and Inflammation in the Metabolic Syndrome
    Warren J Manning; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Atherosclerosis primarily affects large and medium sized vessels with autopsy data demonstrating that the abdominal aorta offers a valuable early window for the study of atherosclerosis...
  2. Angiotensin II uncoupling of eNOS in hypertension
    HUA LINDA CAI; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Ultrasound monitoring of abdominal aorta diameter in the survived mice and immediate dissection of the suddenly died mice revealed expansive or ..
  3. Abdominal Adipose Tissue Inflammation
    Peter S Tobias; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..examine a distinct atherosclerosis pathology to understand the cause of the exacerbated lesions found in the abdominal aorta of hyperlipidemic mice challenged with a chronic, systemic proinflammatory stimulus...
  4. CCN3 and aortic aneurysm
    Zhiyong Lin; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..These lesions in both the thoracic and abdominal aorta can deteriorate resulting in dissection and /or rupture...
  5. Mechanisms of uremic vascular calcification
    Koba A Lomashvili; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..injecting calcitriol in wild type uremic chimeric mice with vitamid D receptor deficient (VDR-/-) portions of abdominal aorta (chimera created by surgical transplantation)...
  6. Mechanisms of abdominal aortic aneurysm formation
    Alan Daugherty; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..II promotes aneurysm formation by initiating regional-specific matrix degradation in the media of the abdominal aorta, leading to recruitment of macrophages, medial dissection, and subsequent vascular remodeling...
  7. The Role of LOX/LOXL Family Members in Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms (AAA)
    EBONY WASHINGTON; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..AAA is a permanent dilation of the abdominal aorta that exceeds the normal aortic diameter by more than 50%...
  8. Identifying Epidemiological Risk Factors for Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm
    Weihong Tang; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..exams in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study to perform an ultrasound examination of the abdominal aorta to identify undiagnosed AAA cases in this large population-based cohort...
  9. Biomechanical Simulation of Evolving Aortic Aneurysms for Designing Intervention
    Jay D Humphrey; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..1) developing novel constitutive relations that describe complex chemo-mechanical changes experienced by the abdominal aorta during the progression of aneurysmal disease, (2) implementing these relations in a custom nonlinear finite ..
  10. Promoting Walking in African Americans with Peripheral Arterial Disease
    TRACIE CHIANTI COLLINS; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..disease (PAD) - a disease which affects 12 million Americans and is defined as atherosclerosis of the abdominal aorta and arteries of the lower extremities. Compared to non-Hispanic whites, AAs are 2.3 to 2...
  11. Role of IgE in Atherosclerosis
    Guo Ping Shi; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..apolipoprotein E-deficient (Apoe-/-) mice developed 75% fewer lipid depositions in the thoracic-abdominal aorta and had a >50% reduction in atherosclerotic lesion sizes in the aortic arch, compared with Apoe-/- control ..
  12. Intrinsic Vascular Smooth Muscle Cell Stiffness
    Stephen F Vatner; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..increases with aging and this aging alteration is greater in males than females, and also much greater in the abdominal aorta (AA) vs. the thoracic aorta (TA), which is only partially explained by variance in extracellular matrix (ECM)...
  13. Intrinsic Vascular Smooth Muscle Cell Stiffness
    Stephen F Vatner; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..increases with aging and this aging alteration is greater in males than females, and also much greater in the abdominal aorta (AA) vs. the thoracic aorta (TA), which is only partially explained by variance in extracellular matrix (ECM)...
  14. Mechanisms of uremic vascular calcification
    Koba A Lomashvili; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..injecting calcitriol in wild type uremic chimeric mice with vitamid D receptor deficient (VDR-/-) portions of abdominal aorta (chimera created by surgical transplantation)...
  15. Endovascular device and treatment for stabilizing aortic aneurysms
    MATTHEW FRANK OGLE; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..For these studies, the device will be deployed to isolate a region of porcine infrarenal abdominal aorta, allowing PGG to be delivered to this specific region...
  16. Promoting Walking in African Americans with Peripheral Arterial Disease
    TRACIE CHIANTI COLLINS; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..disease (PAD) - a disease which affects 12 million Americans and is defined as atherosclerosis of the abdominal aorta and arteries of the lower extremities. Compared to non-Hispanic whites, AAs are 2.3 to 2...
  17. Promoting Walking in African Americans with Peripheral Arterial Disease
    TRACIE CHIANTI COLLINS; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..disease (PAD) - a disease which affects 12 million Americans and is defined as atherosclerosis of the abdominal aorta and arteries of the lower extremities. Compared to non-Hispanic whites, AAs are 2.3 to 2...
  18. Mechanisms and Significance of Angiogenesis in AAA Disease
    Ronald L Dalman; Fiscal Year: 2013
    Project Summary/Abstract Abdominal aorta aneurysm (AAA) is a common and lethal disease of adult Americans...
  19. Biologically inspired engineering of hierarchical vascular networks
    George Eng; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..of the cardiac graft will be assessed in vivo an interposition graft in an end to end anastomosis in the rat abdominal aorta. The specific aims of the proposal will be to (1) Use micro fabrication technologies to create a ..
  20. Development of a Biological Stent Graft for Aorta Aneurysm Repair
    NICOLAS L apos HEUREUX; Fiscal Year: 2010
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Abdominal aorta aneurysms (AAA) are diagnosed in more than 100,000 patients in the U.S. each year. About 70% of these patients require surgical intervention to prevent aneurysm progression...
  21. INHIBITORY LEFT ATRIAL INFLUENCES ON THE BAROREFLEX
    David Ramsay; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..of cuffs placed around the thoracic portion of the inferior vena cava, pulmonary artery, ascending aorta and abdominal aorta proximal to the renal arteries...
  22. Imaging of Aortic Atherosclerosis and Inflammation in the Metabolic Syndrome
    WARREN MANNING; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Atherosclerosis primarily affects large and medium sized vessels with autopsy data demonstrating that the abdominal aorta offers a valuable early window for the study of atherosclerosis...
  23. Bioengineering Studies of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Fluid and Wall Dynamics
    ENDER FINOL; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..environment of the native AAAs will be reproduced by non-invasively evaluating blood flow in the abdominal aorta, aneurysmal wall thickness and wall motion as it is mediated by the cardiac cycle...
  24. METHODS OF ANESTHESIA AND ANALGESIA FOR AORTIC SURGERY
    Charles Beattie; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..in all groups we propose a five-year double blind clinical trial of 240 patients undergoing surgery of the abdominal aorta. Subjects will be randomized to one of four groups to receive either regional supplemented general anesthesia ..
  25. Biologic Ventricular Assist Device
    Robert Kloner; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..cells approximately 3 mm in length and about 2 mm in thickness will be made upon the outer wall of the abdominal aorta above the take off of the renal arteries of the rat...
  26. Biologic Ventricular Assist Device
    Robert Kloner; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..cells approximately 3 mm in length and about 2 mm in thickness will be made upon the outer wall of the abdominal aorta above the take off of the renal arteries of the rat...
  27. Biologic Ventricular Assist Device
    Robert Kloner; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..cells approximately 3 mm in length and about 2 mm in thickness will be made upon the outer wall of the abdominal aorta above the take off of the renal arteries of the rat...
  28. QUANTITATION OF BIOMECHANICAL DETERMINANTS OF HUMAN AAA
    Christopher Zarins; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..Since the infrarenal abdominal aorta is particularly prone to aneurysm formation and the thoracic aorta is resistant, we will compare the two ..
  29. QUANTITATION OF BIOMECHANICAL DETERMINANTS OF HUMAN AAA
    Christopher Zarins; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..Since the infrarenal abdominal aorta is particularly prone to aneurysm formation and the thoracic aorta is resistant, we will compare the two ..
  30. QUANTITATION OF BIOMECHANICAL DETERMINANTS OF HUMAN AAA
    Christopher Zarins; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Since the infrarenal abdominal aorta is particularly prone to aneurysm formation and the thoracic aorta is resistant, we will compare the two ..
  31. QUANTITATION OF BIOMECHANICAL DETERMINANTS OF HUMAN AAA
    Christopher Zarins; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Since the infrarenal abdominal aorta is particularly prone to aneurysm formation and the thoracic aorta is resistant, we will compare the two ..
  32. AVIAN VASCULAR FUNCTION
    Hiroko Nishimura; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..endothelium injury develop spontaneously at early ages, most frequently in the distal segment of the abdominal aorta (lesion- prone area), without feeding the fowl excess fat or cholesterol...
  33. AVIAN VASCULAR FUNCTION
    Hiroko Nishimura; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..endothelium injury develop spontaneously at early ages, most frequently in the distal segment of the abdominal aorta (lesion- prone area), without feeding the fowl excess fat or cholesterol...
  34. AVIAN VASCULAR FUNCTION
    Hiroko Nishimura; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..endothelium injury develop spontaneously at early ages, most frequently in the distal segment of the abdominal aorta (lesion- prone area), without feeding the fowl excess fat or cholesterol...
  35. AVIAN VASCULAR FUNCTION
    Hiroko Nishimura; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..endothelium injury develop spontaneously at early ages, most frequently in the distal segment of the abdominal aorta (lesion- prone area), without feeding the fowl excess fat or cholesterol...
  36. AVIAN VASCULAR FUNCTION
    Hiroko Nishimura; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..endothelium injury develop spontaneously at early ages, most frequently in the distal segment of the abdominal aorta (lesion- prone area), without feeding the fowl excess fat or cholesterol...
  37. RENAL INTERSTITIAL HYDROSTATIC PRESSURE IN HYPERTENSION
    ALI KHRAIBI; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..RPP is manipulated by placing an inflatable servo- controlled cuff around the abdominal aorta above both renal arteries...
  38. HEMODYNAMICS AND LDL PERMEABILITY IN THE ARTERIAL WALL
    GEORGE TRUSKEY; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..The proposed research will examine: a) the rates of entry of LDL into the rabbit abdominal aorta at sites prone to the development of atherosclerotic lesions; b) the dependence of permeability upon the ..
  39. NITRIC OXIDE IN ATHEROGENESIS AND ARTERIAL RELAXATION
    Richard Cohen; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..understood reasons, atherosclerosis shows a predilection for the thoracic aorta, appearing later in the abdominal aorta and common carotid arteries...
  40. SUPPLEMENT B-Vitamin Atherosclerosis Intervention Trial
    HOWARD HODIS; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..B-mode ultrasonograms of carotid artery intima-media thickness and EBCT of the coronary arteries and abdominal aorta. B-vitamin supplementation may provide a promising approach for reducing the progression of atherosclerosis ..
  41. B VITAMIN ATHEROSCLEROSIS INTERVENTION TRAIL
    HOWARD HODIS; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..B-mode ultrasonograms of carotid artery intima-media thickness and EBCT of the coronary arteries and abdominal aorta. B-vitamin supplementation may provide a promising approach for reducing the progression of atherosclerosis ..
  42. B VITAMIN ATHEROSCLEROSIS INTERVENTION TRAIL
    HOWARD HODIS; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..B-mode ultrasonograms of carotid artery intima-media thickness and EBCT of the coronary arteries and abdominal aorta. B-vitamin supplementation may provide a promising approach for reducing the progression of atherosclerosis ..
  43. B VITAMIN ATHEROSCLEROSIS INTERVENTION TRAIL
    HOWARD HODIS; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..B-mode ultrasonograms of carotid artery intima-media thickness and EBCT of the coronary arteries and abdominal aorta. B-vitamin supplementation may provide a promising approach for reducing the progression of atherosclerosis ..
  44. B VITAMIN ATHEROSCLEROSIS INTERVENTION TRAIL
    HOWARD HODIS; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..B-mode ultrasonograms of carotid artery intima-media thickness and EBCT of the coronary arteries and abdominal aorta. B-vitamin supplementation may provide a promising approach for reducing the progression of atherosclerosis ..
  45. B VITAMIN ATHEROSCLEROSIS INTERVENTION TRAIL
    HOWARD HODIS; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..B-mode ultrasonograms of carotid artery intima-media thickness and EBCT of the coronary arteries and abdominal aorta. B-vitamin supplementation may provide a promising approach for reducing the progression of atherosclerosis ..
  46. 31P MRS STUDY OF HEART ENERGETICS DURING VOLUME LOADING
    Mary Osbakken; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..will be done: 1) acute volume overload will be created via surgical placement of cannulae between the abdominal aorta and vena cava...
  47. Mechanisms of abdominal aortic aneurysm formation
    Alan Daugherty; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..II promotes aneurysm formation by initiating regional-specific matrix degradation in the media of the abdominal aorta, leading to recruitment of macrophages, medial dissection, and subsequent vascular remodeling...
  48. Mechanisms of abdominal aortic aneurysm formation
    Alan Daugherty; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..II promotes aneurysm formation by initiating regional-specific matrix degradation in the media of the abdominal aorta, leading to recruitment of macrophages, medial dissection, and subsequent vascular remodeling...
  49. Mechanisms of abdominal aortic aneurysm formation
    Alan Daugherty; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..II promotes aneurysm formation by initiating regional-specific matrix degradation in the media of the abdominal aorta, leading to recruitment of macrophages, medial dissection, and subsequent vascular remodeling...
  50. Mechanisms of uremic vascular calcification
    KOBA LOMASHVILI; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..injecting calcitriol in wild type uremic chimeric mice with vitamid D receptor deficient (VDR-/-) portions of abdominal aorta (chimera created by surgical transplantation)...
  51. GENETIC BASIS OF ABDOMINAL AORTIC ANEURYSM
    Robert Ferrell; Fiscal Year: 2000
    DESCRIPTION: (Adapted from Investigator's Abstract) Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a dilatation of the abdominal aorta which can, if undetected, lead to rupture...
  52. GENETIC BASIS OF ABDOMINAL AORTIC ANEURYSM
    Robert Ferrell; Fiscal Year: 1999
    DESCRIPTION: (Adapted from Investigator's Abstract) Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a dilatation of the abdominal aorta which can, if undetected, lead to rupture...
  53. Biomechanical Simulation of Evolving Aortic Aneurysms for Designing Intervention
    JAY HUMPHREY; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..1) developing novel constitutive relations that describe complex chemo-mechanical changes experienced by the abdominal aorta during the progression of aneurysmal disease, (2) implementing these relations in a custom nonlinear finite ..
  54. Site Directed Thrombolytic Agent
    ELEANOR MCGOWAN; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..is to assess the pre-clinical efficacy of a direct thrombolytic agent delivered locally in a rabbit model of abdominal aorta thrombosis...
  55. HDL AND PLAQUES--NOVEL MODELS AND IMAGING TECHNIQUES
    Edward Fisher; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..In aim 3, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), capable of noninvasively characterizing advanced lesions in mouse abdominal aorta, will be further developed to serially assess lesion changes in mice (from Projects 1 and 2) during plaque ..
  56. Matrix Metalloproteinases in Thoracic Aortic Dissection
    SCOTT LEMAIRE; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Accumulating data demonstrates that MMPs are involved in the pathogenesis of aneurysms of the abdominal aorta, intracranial vessels, and coronary arteries...
  57. HDL AND PLAQUES--NOVEL MODELS AND IMAGING TECHNIQUES
    Edward Fisher; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..In aim 3, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), capable of noninvasively characterizing advanced lesions in mouse abdominal aorta, will be further developed to serially assess lesion changes in mice (from Projects 1 and 2) during plaque ..
  58. HDL AND PLAQUES--NOVEL MODELS AND IMAGING TECHNIQUES
    Edward Fisher; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..In aim 3, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), capable of noninvasively characterizing advanced lesions in mouse abdominal aorta, will be further developed to serially assess lesion changes in mice (from Projects 1 and 2) during plaque ..
  59. FETAL UPTAKE AND DISTRIBUTION OF LOCAL ANESTHETICS
    ROLAND KENNEDY; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..arterial concentration difference is evaluated by blood samples from the umbilical vein (UV) and fetal abdominal aorta (FA)...
  60. Matrix Metalloproteinases in Thoracic Aortic Dissection
    SCOTT LEMAIRE; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Accumulating data demonstrates that MMPs are involved in the pathogenesis of aneurysms of the abdominal aorta, intracranial vessels, and coronary arteries...
  61. Matrix Metalloproteinases in Thoracic Aortic Dissection
    SCOTT LEMAIRE; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Accumulating data demonstrates that MMPs are involved in the pathogenesis of aneurysms of the abdominal aorta, intracranial vessels, and coronary arteries...
  62. Matrix Metalloproteinases in Thoracic Aortic Dissection
    SCOTT LEMAIRE; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Accumulating data demonstrates that MMPs are involved in the pathogenesis of aneurysms of the abdominal aorta, intracranial vessels, and coronary arteries...
  63. The Role of LOX/LOXL Family Members in Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms (AAA)
    EBONY WASHINGTON; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..AAA is a permanent dilation of the abdominal aorta that exceeds the normal aortic diameter by more than 50%...
  64. Aortic Wall Microarchitecture and Cyclic Strain
    Christopher Zarins; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..are thought to play an important role, particularly in the differing susceptibility of the thoracic and abdominal aorta to these degenerative changes...
  65. Aortic Wall Microarchitecture and Cyclic Strain
    Christopher Zarins; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..are thought to play an important role, particularly in the differing susceptibility of the thoracic and abdominal aorta to these degenerative changes...
  66. Aortic Wall Microarchitecture and Cyclic Strain
    Christopher Zarins; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..are thought to play an important role, particularly in the differing susceptibility of the thoracic and abdominal aorta to these degenerative changes...
  67. Aortic Wall Microarchitecture and Cyclic Strain
    Christopher Zarins; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..are thought to play an important role, particularly in the differing susceptibility of the thoracic and abdominal aorta to these degenerative changes...
  68. RISK FACTORS IN EARLY HUMAN ATHEROGENESIS
    Frederick Cornhill; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..For the macroscopic studies of the thoracic and abdominal aorta and right coronary artery, tabular data of percentage surface area of the entire vessel segment, and also for ..
  69. Cardiac MR of Subclin CVD: Impact of Age
    WARREN MANNING; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..We propose to expand our Pilot study to perform heart and thoracic/abdominal aorta MRI studies in 2400 FHS participants to allow for identification of individual CVD risk factors for ..
  70. Cardiac MR of Subclin CVD: Impact of Age
    WARREN MANNING; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..We propose to expand our Pilot study to perform heart and thoracic/abdominal aorta MRI studies in 2400 FHS participants to allow for identification of individual CVD risk factors for ..
  71. Cardiac MR of Subclin CVD: Impact of Age
    WARREN MANNING; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..We propose to expand our Pilot study to perform heart and thoracic/abdominal aorta MRI studies in 2400 FHS participants to allow for identification of individual CVD risk factors for ..
  72. Cardiac MR of Subclin CVD: Impact of Age
    WARREN MANNING; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..We propose to expand our Pilot study to perform heart and thoracic/abdominal aorta MRI studies in 2400 FHS participants to allow for identification of individual CVD risk factors for ..
  73. Cardiac MR of Subclin CVD: Impact of Age
    WARREN MANNING; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..We propose to expand our Pilot study to perform heart and thoracic/abdominal aorta MRI studies in 2400 FHS participants to allow for identification of individual CVD risk factors for ..
  74. VON WILLEBRAND'S DISEASE AND ATHEROSCLEROSIS
    Valentin Fuster; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..in localizing platelet vessel wall interaction and atherogenesis which is most prominent in the lower abdominal aorta and at the iliac artery...
  75. EPIDEMIOLOGY OF CAROTID ARTERY ATHEROSCLEROSIS IN YOUTH
    Patricia Davis; Fiscal Year: 2006
    The atherosclerotic process begins in childhood with the appearance of fatty streaks in the distal abdominal aorta and later affects the carotid and coronary arteries...
  76. Calcification of Elastin: Mechanisms and Prevention
    Naren Vyavahare; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Approach: Early and late events that accompany elastin calcification in a rat abdominal aorta periadventitial injury model will be studied...
  77. EPIDEMIOLOGY OF CAROTID ARTERY ATHEROSCLEROSIS IN YOUTH
    Patricia Davis; Fiscal Year: 2005
    The atherosclerotic process begins in childhood with the appearance of fatty streaks in the distal abdominal aorta and later affects the carotid and coronary arteries...
  78. Calcification of Elastin: Mechanisms and Prevention
    Naren Vyavahare; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Approach: Early and late events that accompany elastin calcification in a rat abdominal aorta periadventitial injury model will be studied...