animal tarsus

Summary

Summary: The region in the hindlimb of a quadruped, corresponding to the human ANKLE.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Effect of standing tarsal angle on joint kinematics and kinetics
    L Gnagey
    Mary Anne McPhail Equine Performance Center, Department of Large Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824 1314, USA
    Equine Vet J 38:628-33. 2006
  2. ncbi IL-1 alpha beta blockade prevents cartilage and bone destruction in murine type II collagen-induced arthritis, whereas TNF-alpha blockade only ameliorates joint inflammation
    L A Joosten
    Department of Rheumatology, University Hospital Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    J Immunol 163:5049-55. 1999
  3. ncbi Occult subchondral osseous cyst-like lesions of the equine tarsocrural joint
    José M García-López
    Department of Clinical Sciences, Tufts University School of Veterinary Medicine, North Grafton, MA 01536, USA
    Vet Surg 33:557-64. 2004
  4. ncbi High detail radiography and histology of the centrodistal tarsal joint of Icelandic horses age 6 months to 6 years
    S Bjornsdottir
    Hólar Agricultural College, IS 551 Saudárkrókur, Iceland
    Equine Vet J 36:5-11. 2004
  5. ncbi What is your diagnosis? Avulsion fracture of the plantar aspect of the distal end of the calcaneus and plantar proximal intertarsal subluxation
    Arathi Vinayak
    Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tennessee, Knoxville 37996, USA
    J Am Vet Med Assoc 224:39-40. 2004
  6. ncbi Imaging diagnosis--Avulsion of the medial collateral ligament of the tarsus in a horse
    Patricia L Rose
    Department of Companion Animals, Atlantic Veterinary College, University of Prince Edward Island, 550 University Avenue, Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island, Canada C1A 4P3
    Vet Radiol Ultrasound 44:657-9. 2003
  7. ncbi Toe out angle: a functional index for the evaluation of sciatic nerve recovery in the rat model
    Artur S P Varejao
    Department of Pathology and Veterinary Clinics, CETAV, University of Tras os Montes e Alto Douro, Vila Real, Portugal
    Exp Neurol 183:695-9. 2003
  8. ncbi Dorsal tarsal instability in three racing greyhounds
    M J Guilliard
    Nantwich Veterinary Hospital, Crewe Road, Cheshire CW5 5SF
    J Small Anim Pract 44:415-7. 2003
  9. ncbi Radiographic changes in Thoroughbred yearlings. Part 2: Associations with racing performance
    A J Kane
    Equine Orthopaedic Research Laboratory, College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado 80523, USA
    Equine Vet J 35:366-74. 2003
  10. ncbi Pitx1 determines the morphology of muscle, tendon, and bones of the hindlimb
    April DeLaurier
    Division of Developmental Biology, National Institute for Medical Research, Mill Hill, London, NW7 1AA, UK
    Dev Biol 299:22-34. 2006

Detail Information

Publications106 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Effect of standing tarsal angle on joint kinematics and kinetics
    L Gnagey
    Mary Anne McPhail Equine Performance Center, Department of Large Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824 1314, USA
    Equine Vet J 38:628-33. 2006
    ..The tarsal joint is a frequent site of lameness, but little objective information is available regarding the effects of tarsal conformation on joint movements or forces...
  2. ncbi IL-1 alpha beta blockade prevents cartilage and bone destruction in murine type II collagen-induced arthritis, whereas TNF-alpha blockade only ameliorates joint inflammation
    L A Joosten
    Department of Rheumatology, University Hospital Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    J Immunol 163:5049-55. 1999
    ..These results indicate that blocking of IL-1 is a cartilage- and bone-protective therapy in destructive arthritis, whereas the TNF-alpha antagonist has little effect on tissue destruction...
  3. ncbi Occult subchondral osseous cyst-like lesions of the equine tarsocrural joint
    José M García-López
    Department of Clinical Sciences, Tufts University School of Veterinary Medicine, North Grafton, MA 01536, USA
    Vet Surg 33:557-64. 2004
    ..To report the clinical signs, diagnosis, management, and outcome of horses with occult sub-chondral osseous cyst-like lesions of the tarsocrural joint...
  4. ncbi High detail radiography and histology of the centrodistal tarsal joint of Icelandic horses age 6 months to 6 years
    S Bjornsdottir
    Hólar Agricultural College, IS 551 Saudárkrókur, Iceland
    Equine Vet J 36:5-11. 2004
    ..Osteoarthrosis (OA) in the distal tarsal joints, bone spavin, is a well known condition which is common in Icelandic horses age 6-12 years...
  5. ncbi What is your diagnosis? Avulsion fracture of the plantar aspect of the distal end of the calcaneus and plantar proximal intertarsal subluxation
    Arathi Vinayak
    Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tennessee, Knoxville 37996, USA
    J Am Vet Med Assoc 224:39-40. 2004
  6. ncbi Imaging diagnosis--Avulsion of the medial collateral ligament of the tarsus in a horse
    Patricia L Rose
    Department of Companion Animals, Atlantic Veterinary College, University of Prince Edward Island, 550 University Avenue, Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island, Canada C1A 4P3
    Vet Radiol Ultrasound 44:657-9. 2003
  7. ncbi Toe out angle: a functional index for the evaluation of sciatic nerve recovery in the rat model
    Artur S P Varejao
    Department of Pathology and Veterinary Clinics, CETAV, University of Tras os Montes e Alto Douro, Vila Real, Portugal
    Exp Neurol 183:695-9. 2003
    ..Moreover, the TOA provides information on the biomechanical consequences of the external rotation of the foot in the stance phase of walking...
  8. ncbi Dorsal tarsal instability in three racing greyhounds
    M J Guilliard
    Nantwich Veterinary Hospital, Crewe Road, Cheshire CW5 5SF
    J Small Anim Pract 44:415-7. 2003
    ..In these three cases, stability was restored by the insertion of a wire tension band anchored to two bone screws, allowing the development of periarticular fibrosis. The dogs raced again with no loss of form...
  9. ncbi Radiographic changes in Thoroughbred yearlings. Part 2: Associations with racing performance
    A J Kane
    Equine Orthopaedic Research Laboratory, College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado 80523, USA
    Equine Vet J 35:366-74. 2003
    ..Although the radiographic examination of yearlings has become commonplace at some large Thoroughbred sales, there are few data to support the decisions facing veterinarians who are asked to evaluate future racing potential...
  10. ncbi Pitx1 determines the morphology of muscle, tendon, and bones of the hindlimb
    April DeLaurier
    Division of Developmental Biology, National Institute for Medical Research, Mill Hill, London, NW7 1AA, UK
    Dev Biol 299:22-34. 2006
    ..In contrast, misexpression of Tbx4 in the forelimb does not result in a transformation of limb-type morphology. These results demonstrate that Pitx1, but not Tbx4, determines the morphological identity of hindlimb tissues...
  11. pmc Morphologic changes associated with functional adaptation of the navicular bone of horses
    V A Bentley
    Comparative Orthopaedic Research Laboratory, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Wisconsin Madison, Madison, WI 53706, USA
    J Anat 211:662-72. 2007
    ....
  12. ncbi Osteosarcoma of the tarsus in a horse
    F Jenner
    Tufts University School of Veterinary Medicine, 200 Westborough Road, North Grafton, Massachusetts 01536, USA
    Equine Vet J 35:214-6. 2003
  13. ncbi Nuclear scintigraphic evaluation of the distal tarsal region in normal horses
    Rachel C Murray
    Animal Health Trust, Kentford, Newmarket, CB8 7UU, UK
    Vet Radiol Ultrasound 45:345-51. 2004
    ..Elite showjumpers had significantly higher RU ratio compared with the lower-level riding horses, but no significant alterations in the pattern of RU were detected...
  14. ncbi Multiple pathways to osteoarthritis and articular fractures: is subchondral bone the culprit?
    Antonio M Cruz
    Department of Clinical Studies, Comparative Orthopaedics Research Laboratory, Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario N1G 2W1, Canada
    Vet Clin North Am Equine Pract 24:101-16. 2008
    ..Early recognition of these potentially career-ending diseases may require understanding of the progression of changes occurring in SCB with time and exercise...
  15. ncbi Alteration of distal tarsal subchondral bone thickness pattern in horses with tarsal pain
    M V Branch
    Centre for Equine Studies, The Animal Health Trust, Lanwades Park, Kentford, Newmarket, Suffolk CB8 7UU, UK
    Equine Vet J 39:101-5. 2007
    ..Magnetic resonance imaging is often used in the analysis of human osteoarthritis (OA) because it is sensitive to early changes...
  16. ncbi The surgical management of a fractured tibial tarsal bone in a Kelpie sheepdog
    J A L Maxwell
    Katanning Regional Veterinary Hospital PO Box 273 Katanning, Western Australia 6317
    Aust Vet J 84:40-2. 2006
  17. ncbi Oral hyaluronan gel reduces post operative tarsocrural effusion in the yearling Thoroughbred
    B J Bergin
    Rood and Riddle Equine Hospital, Lexington, Kentucky 40580 2070, USA
    Equine Vet J 38:375-8. 2006
    ..Hyaluronan (HA) has been used to treat joint disease via intra-articular, i.v. and oral administration. The efficacy of intra-articular and i.v. use has been evaluated but the oral route has yet to be examined...
  18. ncbi Ectopic cartilage formation of unknown origin in the plantar pouch of the tarsocrural joint in a yearling
    B Carstanjen
    Département hippique, Ecole Nationale Veterinaire de Lyon, 1 avenue Bourgelat, 69280 Marcy l Etoile, France
    Vet Rec 157:630-2. 2005
  19. ncbi Osseous lesion of the calcaneus following the use of shock wave therapy in a horse
    N Diakakis
    Department of Clinical Studies, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, St Voutyra 11, 546 27 Thessaloniki, Greece
    J Vet Med A Physiol Pathol Clin Med 52:481-3. 2005
    ..On clinical re-evaluation 6 months after treatment, the degree of lameness was stable (1/10) and flexion test of the limb was negative...
  20. ncbi Prevalence of osseous fragments in distal and proximal interphalangeal, metacarpo- and metatarsophalangeal and tarsocrural joints of Hanoverian Warmblood horses
    K F Stock
    Institute of Animal Breeding and Genetics, University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover Foundation, Bunteweg 17p, D 30559 Hannover, Germany
    J Vet Med A Physiol Pathol Clin Med 52:388-94. 2005
    ..The results of this study indicate the need to act against the high prevalences of osseous fragments in the limb joints of young Warmblood riding horses...
  21. ncbi Chip fractures from the distal lateral trochlear ridge of the talus of a quarter horse gelding: a veterinary medicine clinical report
    L Groves
    The Whole Horse, San Marcus, TX, USA
    Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand) 51:239-44. 2005
    ..The horse was treated initially with arthroscopic surgery. He was given a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agent, and a chondroprotective agent to prevent further damage to, and aid in the healing of, the damaged joint...
  22. ncbi Is there a characteristic distal tarsal subchondral bone plate thickness pattern in horses with no history of hindlimb lameness?
    M V Branch
    Centre for Equine Studies, The Animal Health Trust, Lanwades Park, Kentford, Newmarket, Suffolk CB8 7UU, UK
    Equine Vet J 37:450-5. 2005
    ..Thickening of the subchondral bone (SCB) plate has been related to the development of OA, but SCB plate patterns in the equine tarsus have not been documented...
  23. ncbi Estimation of genetic parameters for the prevalence of osseous fragments in limb joints of Hanoverian Warmblood horses
    K F Stock
    Institute of Animal Breeding and Genetics, University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover, Hannover, Germany
    J Anim Breed Genet 122:271-80. 2005
    ..75). We conclude from our results that osseous fragments in phalangeal and hock joints are genetically different traits but sex-specific expression of osseous fragments was unlikely...
  24. ncbi Carpal and fetlock conformation of the juvenile Thoroughbred from birth to yearling auction age
    E M Santschi
    Department of Surgical Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, 2015 Linden Drive, Madison, Wisconsin 53706, USA
    Equine Vet J 38:604-9. 2006
    ..There is little information available about conformational changes in the forelimbs of growing foals...
  25. ncbi Correlation of magnetic resonance images with anatomic features of the equine tarsus
    Rafael Latorre
    Department of Veterinary Anatomy, Veterinary Faculty, University of Murcia, Campus de Espinardo, 30071 Murcia, Spain
    Am J Vet Res 67:756-61. 2006
    ..To correlate anatomic features of the equine tarsus identified in plastinated sections with images obtained via magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)...
  26. ncbi What is your diagnosis? An osseous mass associated with the lateral aspect of the tuber calcaneus, with some degree of soft-tissue swelling
    Tara S Rabuffo
    New Bolton Center, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Kennett Square 19348, USA
    J Am Vet Med Assoc 221:635-6. 2002
  27. ncbi Effects of continuous intra-articular infusion of gentamicin on synovial membrane and articular cartilage in the tarsocrural joint of horses
    Timothy B Lescun
    Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47906, USA
    Am J Vet Res 63:683-7. 2002
    ..To determine the effects of a continuous intra-articular infusion of gentamicin on the synovial membrane and articular cartilage in the tarsocrural joint of horses...
  28. ncbi Short-latency crossed inhibitory responses in extensor muscles during locomotion in the cat
    Alain Frigon
    Groupe de Recherche sur le Système Nerveux Central, Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, Universite de Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    J Neurophysiol 99:989-98. 2008
    ..Short-latency crossed inhibition in ankle extensors appears to be an integral component of cutaneous reflex pathways in intact cats during locomotion, which could be important in synchronizing EMG bursts in muscles of both legs...
  29. ncbi Tibiotarsal arthroscopy. Applications and long-term outcome in dogs
    J Miller
    Virinia Maryland Regional College of Veterinary Medicine, Small Animal Clinical Sciences, Blacksburg, USA
    Vet Comp Orthop Traumatol 21:159-65. 2008
    ..The minimally invasive nature of arthroscopy preserved joint stability while allowing complete examination of the articular cartilage. In most cases long term tibiotarsal DJD advancement was the rule...
  30. ncbi Scintigraphic evaluation of the distal tarsal region in horses with distal tarsal pain
    Rachel C Murray
    Animal Health Trust, Lanwades Park, Kentford, Newmarket CB8 7UU, UK
    Vet Radiol Ultrasound 46:171-8. 2005
    ..The findings also suggest that distal tarsal RU in lame limbs is greater than in limbs without pain, and that painful limbs with radiographic evidence of OA have a greater RU than painful limbs without radiographic evidence of OA...
  31. ncbi The effect of implanting gentamicin-impregnated polymethylmethacrylate beads in the tarsocrural joint of the horse
    K D Farnsworth
    Marion duPont Scott Equine Medical Center and the Department of Pathology, Virginia-Maryland Regional College of Veterinary Medicine, Virginia Tech, Leesburg, VA, USA
    Vet Surg 30:126-31. 2001
    ..CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Temporary intra-articular administration of antibiotic-impregnated PMMA may be an effective way to treat septic joints that require constant high concentrations of antibiotics...
  32. ncbi Cartilage matrix changes in the developing epiphysis: early events on the pathway to equine osteochondrosis?
    M Lecocq
    Departement de Sciences Cliniques, Faculte de Medecine Veterinaire, Universite de Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Equine Vet J 40:442-54. 2008
    ..The earliest osteochondrosis (OC) microscopic lesion reported in the literature was present in the femorotibial joint of a 2-day-old foal suggesting that OC lesions and factors initiating them may arise prior to birth...
  33. ncbi Arthroscopic removal and curettage of osteochondrosis lesions on the lateral and medial trochlear ridges of the talus in two dogs
    J L Cook
    Veterinary Medical Teaching Hospital, University of Missouri-Columbia, 65211, USA
    J Am Anim Hosp Assoc 37:75-80. 2001
    ..Removal of all osteochondral fragments (i.e., joint mice) and debridement and curettage of the remaining talar defects were accomplished arthroscopically. Both dogs had excellent short-term outcomes...
  34. ncbi A study of ten cases of focal peritarsal infection as a cause of severe lameness in the thoroughbred racehorse: clinical signs, differential diagnosis, treatment and outcome
    R C Pilsworth
    Beaufort Cottage Stables, Newmarket, Suffolk, UK
    Equine Vet J 33:366-70. 2001
    ..It is concluded that, in the majority of cases, prompt treatment with antibiotic therapy, analgesics and forced exercise results in complete resolution of the condition...
  35. ncbi Epiphyseal cartilage canal blood supply to the tarsus of foals and relationship to osteochondrosis
    K Olstad
    The Norwegian School of Veterinary Science, Department of Companion Animal Clinical Sciences, Section for Equine Medicine and Surgery, Oslo, Norway
    Equine Vet J 40:30-9. 2008
    ..Pathological changes in the blood supply to growth cartilage have been implicated in the pathogenesis of osteochondrosis (OC) in horses, but have not been reported using vascular perfusion techniques...
  36. ncbi Diffusion of mepivacaine between adjacent synovial structures in the horse. Part 2: tarsus and stifle
    M R Gough
    Department of Veterinary Clinical Studies, Royal Dick School of Veterinary Studies, University of Edinburgh, Easter Bush Veterinary Centre, Midlothian, Scotland, UK
    Equine Vet J 34:85-90. 2002
    ..Therefore, commonly performed intrasynovial local analgesic techniques in the hindlimb of the horse are not as specific as first thought...
  37. ncbi What is your diagnosis? Tarsometatarsal subluxation
    William G Marshall
    Hollywood Animal Hospital, 2864 Hollywood Blvd, Hollywood, FL 33020, USA
    J Am Vet Med Assoc 231:1809-10. 2007
  38. ncbi Hindlimb adaptations in Ourayia and Chipetaia, relatively large-bodied omomyine primates from the Middle Eocene of Utah
    Rachel H Dunn
    Department of Anthropology, Washington University, St Louis, Missouri 63130, USA
    Am J Phys Anthropol 131:303-10. 2006
    ..The results of our comparisons suggest that the later, larger, more herbivorous omomyines from Utah retained a skeletal structure characteristic of earlier, smaller North American omomyids...
  39. doi Hock injury prevalence and associated risk factors on organic and nonorganic dairy farms in the United Kingdom
    K M D Rutherford
    Animal Behaviour and Welfare, Sustainable Livestock Systems, Scottish Agricultural College, West Mains Rd, Edinburgh, EH9 3JG, Scotland
    J Dairy Sci 91:2265-74. 2008
    ..Efforts are needed to improve housing standards to reduce the prevalence of hock injury and consequently improve cow welfare...
  40. ncbi Bovine claw and limb disorders related to reproductive performance and production diseases
    A M Sogstad
    Department of Production Animal Medicine, Norwegian School of Veterinary Science, 0033 Oslo, Norway
    J Dairy Sci 89:2519-28. 2006
    ..4). Our study shows that claw disorders are associated with poorer reproductive performance and some production diseases...
  41. ncbi Preliminary study of joint disease in poultry by the analysis of synovial fluid
    S A Corr
    Division of Small Animal Clinical Studies, University of Glasgow Veterinary School, Bearsden Road, Glasgow G61 1QH
    Vet Rec 152:549-54. 2003
    ..The birds fed ad libitum which were treated with carprofen had more cells in the synovial fluid than the birds given the placebo. A large number of the samples of synovial fluid from the ad libitum-fed broilers contained blood...
  42. ncbi Rupture of the plantar ligament in a goat
    S E Taylor
    Department of Veterinary Clinical Studies, Royal Dick School of Veterinary Studies, University of Edinburgh, Easter Bush Veterinary Centre, Roslin, Midlothian EH25 9RG
    Vet Rec 155:335-6. 2004
  43. ncbi Differences in stride between healthy ostriches (Struthio camelus) and those affected by tibiotarsal rotation
    R G Cooper
    Division of Physiology, UCE Birmingham, Baker Building, Room 701, Franchise Street, Perry Barr, Birmingham B42 2SU, UK
    J S Afr Vet Assoc 78:52-3. 2007
    ..05) reduced speeds. Hens may be able to escape danger faster than cocks. The occurrence of tibiotarsal rotation necessitates consideration of genetics, management, sex, nutrition and growth rates...
  44. ncbi Age-related changes in primary somatosensory cortex of rats: evidence for parallel degenerative and plastic-adaptive processes
    Ben Godde
    Institute of Medical Psychology and Behavioral Neurobiology, University of Tubingen, Gartenstr 29, 72074, Tubingen, Germany
    Neurosci Biobehav Rev 26:743-52. 2002
    ..We discuss the implications of these findings for cognitive functions at old age and possible treatments of age-related changes in human subjects...
  45. ncbi Activity-driven synaptic and axonal degeneration in canine motor neuron disease
    Dario I Carrasco
    Department of Physiology, Emory University School of Medicine, 615 Michael Street, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    J Neurophysiol 92:1175-81. 2004
    ..The results indicate that motor neuron action potential activity is a major contributing factor to the loss of motor-unit function and degeneration in inherited canine motor neuron disease...
  46. doi Eggshell pigmentation pattern in relation to breeding performance of blue tits Cyanistes caeruleus
    Juan Jose Sanz
    Departamento de Ecologia Evolutiva, Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales CSIC, José Gutiérrez Abascal, 2 E 28006 Madrid, Spain
    J Anim Ecol 78:31-41. 2009
    ..Further investigations are needed to understand the role of calcium availability as possible causal agent of deviant eggs and its relation to the maculation phenomenon...
  47. ncbi Endoscopic assessment and treatment of lesions of the deep digital flexor tendon in the navicular bursae of 20 lame horses
    M R W Smith
    Reynolds House Referrals, Greenwood Ellis and Partners, 166 High Street, Newmarket, Suffolk CB8 9WS, UK
    Equine Vet J 39:18-24. 2007
    ..However, the role of direct visualisation by navicular bursoscopy in the diagnosis and management of such injuries has not been explored...
  48. ncbi An anatomic study of the calcaneal bursae in the horse
    Evelyn M Post
    Department of Veterinary Clinical Science, University of Liverpool, Veterinary Field Station, Leahurst, Neston, South Wirral CH64 7TE, UK
    Vet Surg 36:3-9. 2007
    ....
  49. doi Virtual histology by means of high-resolution X-ray CT
    V Cnudde
    Department of Geology and Soil Science, Ghent University, Krijgslaan 281 S8, B 9000, Ghent, Belgium
    J Microsc 232:476-85. 2008
    ..ugct.ugent.be). This state-of-the-art set-up provides a 1 micron resolution and is therefore ideally suited for a direct comparison with standard light microscopy-based histology...
  50. ncbi Nonrigid external fixation of the elbow, coxofemoral, and tarsal joints in dogs
    Zeev Schwartz
    The University of Illinois, IL, USA
    Compend Contin Educ Vet 30:648-53. 2008
    ..This article describes simple, cost effective techniques for the percutaneous application of external fixators to the elbow, coxofemoral, and tarsal joint of dogs...
  51. pmc Hock immunization: a humane alternative to mouse footpad injections
    T Kamala
    LCMI, NIAID, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    J Immunol Methods 328:204-14. 2007
    ....
  52. doi Immobilization-induced cartilage degeneration mediated through expression of hypoxia-inducible factor-1alpha, vascular endothelial growth factor, and chondromodulin-I
    Junya Sakamoto
    Nagasaki University Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Nagasaki, Japan
    Connect Tissue Res 50:37-45. 2009
    ..Our results showed that immobilization induces thinning of the articular cartilage and appearance of vascular channel, in areas with balanced expression of HIF-1alpha/VEGF and ChM-1...
  53. ncbi Disrupted bone metabolism in contaminant-exposed white storks (Ciconia ciconia) in southwestern Spain
    Judit E Smits
    Department of Veterinary Pathology, University of Saskatchewan, 52 Campus Drive, Saskatoon, SK S7N 5B4, Canada
    Environ Pollut 145:538-44. 2007
    ..Storks from the contaminated colony were unable to control P levels and Ca:P ratios within the narrow limits necessary for normal bone development...
  54. doi Morphology and neurophysiology of tarsal vibration receptors in the water strider Aquarius paludum (Heteroptera: Gerridae)
    Pablo Perez Goodwyn
    Laboratory of Insect Ecology, Division of Applied Biosciences, Graduate School of Agriculture, Kyoto University, 606 8502, Kyoto, Japan
    J Insect Physiol 55:855-61. 2009
    ..In turn, four ventral subapical trichobothria that are in direct contact with the water surface during locomotion, proved to be mechanosensory. The anatomical and ultrastructural observations support these electro-physiological results...
  55. ncbi In vitro and in vivo evaluation of ferric-hyaluronate implants for delivery of amikacin sulfate to the tarsocrural joint of horses
    Nicola C Cribb
    Department of Clinical Studies, Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON, Canada
    Vet Surg 38:498-505. 2009
    ..To assess the antimicrobial elution characteristics, toxicity, and antimicrobial activity of amikacin-impregnated ferric-hyaluronate implants (AI-FeHAI) for amikacin delivery to the tarsocrural joint of horses...
  56. ncbi Use of a petroleum-based bolus for photon radiation therapy of distal extremities in dogs
    Monique N Mayer
    Radiation Products Design, Albertville, MN, USA
    Vet Radiol Ultrasound 50:235-8. 2009
    ..This petroleum-based bolus is equivalent to water in its photon attenuation, conforms well to an irregular patient contour, and retains its shape after positioning. Applications to other anatomical sites could be considered...
  57. doi Integration within and between muscles during terrestrial locomotion: effects of incline and speed
    Timothy E Higham
    Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology, Concord Field Station, Harvard University, 100 Old Causeway Road, Bedford, MA 01730, USA
    J Exp Biol 211:2303-16. 2008
    ..Our results demonstrate the capacity for functional diversity between and within muscle synergists, which occur with changes in gait, speed and grade...
  58. ncbi Diagnostic imaging of the equine tarsal region using radiography and ultrasonography. Part 2: bony disorders
    Katrien Vanderperren
    Department of Medical Imaging, Ghent University, Salisburylaan 133, 9820 Merelbeke, Belgium
    Vet J 179:188-96. 2009
    ..The diagnostic use of arthroscopy, computed tomography and magnetic resonance are discussed. In current clinical practice the most frequently used combination to arrive at a diagnosis is still radiography and ultrasonography...
  59. ncbi Genetic parameters for the prevalence of osteochondrosis in the limb joints of South German Coldblood horses
    C Wittwer
    Institute of Animal Breeding and Genetics, University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover, Hannover, Germany
    J Anim Breed Genet 124:302-7. 2007
    ....
  60. ncbi Repair of a coracoid luxation and a tibiotarsal fracture in a bald eagle (Haliaeetus leucocephalus)
    David Sanchez Migallon Guzman
    Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA 70803 8410, USA
    J Avian Med Surg 21:188-95. 2007
    ..7-mm DCP. The bird was successfully released, 105 days after the first surgery, near the location where it was found...
  61. ncbi Ultrasound approach to the canine distal tibia and trochlear ridges of the talus
    Tiziana Liuti
    Department of Medical Imaging, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ghent University, Merelbeke, Belgium
    Vet Radiol Ultrasound 48:361-7. 2007
    ..When combining the dorsal and plantar approaches, it was possible to visualize up to 75% of the trochlear ridges of the talus in the dog...
  62. ncbi Mapping quantitative trait loci for osteochondrosis in fetlock and hock joints and palmar/plantar osseus fragments in fetlock joints of South German Coldblood horses
    C Wittwer
    Institute for Animal Breeding and Genetics, University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover, Bunteweg 17p, 30559 Hannover, Germany
    Anim Genet 38:350-7. 2007
    ..Significant QTL for POF in fetlock joints were located on equine chromosomes 1, 4, 8, 12 and 18. This genome scan is an important step towards the identification of genes responsible for OC in horses...
  63. ncbi [Ultrasonographic findings of disorders of the tarsal region in 97 cattle--arthritis, bursitis, tenosynovitis, periarticular abscess and vein thrombosis]
    Johann Kofler
    Klinisches Department für Kleintiere und Pferde, Klinik für Orthopädie bei Huf und Klauentieren, Veterinärmedizinische Universität Wien, Wien, Osterreich
    Berl Munch Tierarztl Wochenschr 121:145-58. 2008
    ....
  64. ncbi Relative shortening velocity in locomotor muscles: turkey ankle extensors operate at low V/V(max)
    Annette M Gabaldón
    Oregon State University, Department of Zoology, Corvallis, OR, USA
    Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 294:R200-10. 2008
    ..This observation is consistent with the idea that V/V(max) is an important determinant of locomotor cost because it affects the volume of muscle that must be recruited to support body weight...
  65. ncbi Ankylosis of tarsometatarsal luxations using external fixation
    M J McLennan
    Glenhaven Veterinary Hospital, 442 Old Northern Road, Glenhaven, New South Wales, 2156, Australia
    J Small Anim Pract 48:508-13. 2007
    ..The result of this treatment was to ankylose the tarsometatarsal luxation and allow the dogs to return to normal function...
  66. ncbi Central tarsal bone fracture in the border collie
    M Guilliard
    Nantwich Veterinary Hospital, Crewe Road, Nantwich, Cheshire CW5 5SF, UK
    J Small Anim Pract 48:414-7. 2007
    ..A cadaver study to assess the mechanism of luxation showed that it is unlikely to occur naturally...
  67. ncbi A novel, nonsurgical method for the treatment of tibiotarsal rotation in houbara bustard (Chlamydotis macqueenii) chicks
    Corinne Stiévenart
    National Wildlife Research Center, PO Box 1086, Taif, Saudi Arabia
    J Avian Med Surg 22:25-30. 2008
    ..Implementing the same corrective method at an older age was not successful. This cheap, accessible, and noninvasive technique may be applicable to other avian species...
  68. ncbi Superficial digital flexor tendon lesions in racehorses as a sequela to muscle fatigue: a preliminary study
    M T Butcher
    Department of Biological Sciences, 132 Long Hall, Clemson University, Clemson, South Carolina 29634, USA
    Equine Vet J 39:540-5. 2007
    ..Racing and training related lesions of the forelimb superficial digital flexor tendon are a common career ending injury to racehorses but aetiology and/or predisposing causes of the injury are not completely understood...
  69. ncbi Arthrodesis of the tarsometatarsal joint, using type II ESF with acrylic connecting bars in four dogs
    J Shanil
    Mobile Surgical Services Tel Aviv, Israel
    Vet Comp Orthop Traumatol 19:61-3. 2006
    ..This technique enables the patient to bear weight on the limb immediately after surgery until bony fusion is achieved, without the need for an additional protecting splint...
  70. ncbi Effect of cold air therapy in relieving spasticity: applied to spinalized rabbits
    S U Lee
    Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
    Spinal Cord 40:167-73. 2002
    ..Before-After trial measured prior to cold air therapy, immediately following, after 30 and 60 min...
  71. ncbi Adaptive changes in locomotor activity following botulinum toxin injection in ankle extensor muscles of cats
    J E Misiaszek
    Department of Physiology and Division of Neuroscience, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2H7, Canada
    J Neurophysiol 87:229-39. 2002
    ....
  72. ncbi Wedge-shaped conformation of the dorsolateral aspect of the third tarsal bone in the Thoroughbred racehorse is associated with development of slab fractures in this site
    D H Baird
    Beaufort Cottage Equine Hospital, Exning, Suffolk, UK
    Equine Vet J 33:617-20. 2001
    ..This information may be important in making judgements on the suitability of horses during prepurchase examination for racing...
  73. ncbi Origin of whales from early artiodactyls: hands and feet of Eocene Protocetidae from Pakistan
    P D Gingerich
    Department of Geological Sciences and Museum of Paleontology, The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 1079, USA
    Science 293:2239-42. 2001
    ..The new skeletons are important in augmenting the diversity of early Protocetidae, clarifying that Cetacea evolved from early Artiodactyla rather than Mesonychia and showing how early protocetids swam...
  74. ncbi Fractalkine, a novel chemokine in rheumatoid arthritis and in rat adjuvant-induced arthritis
    J H Ruth
    Northwestern University Medical School, Chicago, Illinois 60611, USA
    Arthritis Rheum 44:1568-81. 2001
    ..To examine the expression of the novel CX3C chemokine fractalkine (Fkn) and its receptor (CX3CR1) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and rat adjuvant-induced arthritis (AIA), a model of RA...
  75. ncbi Intra-articular pressure profiles of the cadaveric equine fetlock joint in motion
    D da Gracca Macoris
    Department of Veterinary Clinic Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, The Ohio State University, Columbus, USA
    Equine Vet J 33:184-90. 2001
    ..5. Additional in vivo studies are necessary to confirm our conclusions from this study and to identify the contributions of fluid absorption and the presence of ischaemia in a vascularised joint...
  76. ncbi Effects of a digital filter on detectability of a phantom lesion in a scintigram of the equine tarsus
    P Eksell
    Department of Clinical Radiology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala
    Vet Radiol Ultrasound 41:365-70. 2000
    ..Based on receiver operating characteristic analysis, filtering of a 50 kcount image improved image quality to that of a 150 kcount image...
  77. ncbi Asymmetric adaptive modeling of central tarsal bones in racing greyhounds
    K A Johnson
    Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210 1089, USA
    Bone 27:257-63. 2000
    ..Racing greyhounds provide a model in which to study fatigue fracture and adaptation of cuboidal foot bones subjected to cyclic loading...
  78. pmc Functional role of muscle reflexes for force generation in the decerebrate walking cat
    R B Stein
    Department of Physiology and Division of Neuroscience, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada T6G
    J Physiol 525:781-91. 2000
    ....
  79. ncbi Does the mechanical milieu associated with high-speed running lead to adaptive changes in diaphyseal growing bone?
    S Judex
    McCaig Centre for Joint Injury and Arthritis Research, University of Calgary, AB, Canada
    Bone 26:153-9. 2000
    ..This study also supports the tenet that the exercise-generated mechanical milieu must differ substantially from the habitual milieu to induce significant adaptations...
  80. ncbi An experimental study on the effects of polymorphiasis in common eider ducklings
    T Hollmen
    Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Basic Veterinary Sciences, University of Helsinki, Finland
    J Wildl Dis 35:466-73. 1999
    ..The parasites were attached to the mucosa of the posterior small intestine of the infected ducklings with a mixed inflammatory reaction consisting of heterophils and mononuclear lymphocytes surrounding the attachment sites...
  81. ncbi Force-sharing among the primary cat ankle muscles
    W Herzog
    University of Calgary, Faculty of Kinesiology, AB, Canada
    Eur J Morphol 36:280-7. 1998
    ....
  82. ncbi Effects of dorsolateral spinal lesions on stretch reflex threshold and stiffness in awake cats
    J Taylor
    Department of Neuroscience, University of Florida, Gainesville 32610, USA
    Eur J Neurosci 11:363-8. 1999
    ..These and related observations suggest that the postoperative increase in IDS in awake animals was not due to an increase in passive stiffness...
  83. ncbi Relationship between hind limb lameness and radiographic signs of bone spavin in Icelandic horses in Sweden
    M Axelsson
    Department of Large Animal Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden
    Acta Vet Scand 39:349-57. 1998
    ..Using palpation, motion evaluation, and flexion test 75% of the horses with RSBS were identified. The rate of agreement between the clinical examination and the radiographic examination was 73%...
  84. pmc Analysis in Drosophila melanogaster of the interaction between sex combs reduced and extradenticle activity in the determination of tarsus and arista identity
    A Percival-Smith
    Department of Zoology, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario N6A 5B7, Canada
    Genetics 150:189-98. 1998
    ....
  85. pmc Control of distal antennal identity and tarsal development in Drosophila by spineless-aristapedia, a homolog of the mammalian dioxin receptor
    D M Duncan
    Department of Biology, Washington University, St Louis, Missouri 63130, USA
    Genes Dev 12:1290-303. 1998
    ..The antennal transformation and tarsal deletions caused by ss loss-of-function mutations are probably atavistic, suggesting that ss played a central role in the evolution of distal structures in arthropod limbs...
  86. ncbi Radiographic, computed tomographic and arthroscopic findings in 23 dogs with osteochondrosis of the tarsocrural joint
    I Gielen
    Department of Medical Imaging, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ghent State University, Merelbeke, Belgium
    Vet Rec 150:442-7. 2002
    ..Arthroscopy provided information about synovial inflammation and damage to the joint cartilage, and made it possible to remove fragments of bone from one-third of the cases...
  87. ncbi Interactions between cutaneous afferent inputs to a withdrawal reflex in the decerebrated rabbit and their control by descending and segmental systems
    R W Clarke
    Division of Animal Physiology, School of Biosciences, University of Nottingham, Sutton Bonington Campus, Loughborough, UK
    Neuroscience 112:555-71. 2002
    ....
  88. pmc Arthrodesis--Part II: The tarsus
    Greg Harasen
    Animal Clinic of Regina, 1800 Garnet Street, Regina, Saskatchewan S4T 2Z2
    Can Vet J 43:806-8. 2002
  89. ncbi Bioartificial bone grafting: Tarsal joint fusion in a dog using a bioartificial composite bone graft consisting of beta-tricalciumphosphate and platelet rich plasma--a case report
    G Hauschild
    Department of Thorax, Heart and Vessel Surgery, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany
    Vet Comp Orthop Traumatol 18:52-4. 2005
    ....
  90. ncbi Evolution and homology of the astragalus in early amniotes: new fossils, new perspectives
    F Robin O'Keefe
    Department of Anatomy, New York College of Osteopathic Medicine, Old Westbury, New York 11568, USA
    J Morphol 267:415-25. 2006
    ..Lastly, the broader implications for amniote phylogeny are discussed, concluding that the neomorphic pattern of astragalus ossification seen in all extant reptiles (including turtles) arose within the clade Diapsida...
  91. ncbi What is your diagnosis? Gastrocnemius enthesiopathy
    Mark Straw
    Beechwood Veterinary Hospital, Doncaster
    J Small Anim Pract 46:507-9. 2005
  92. ncbi Tarsus determination in Drosophila melanogaster
    Anthony Percival-Smith
    Department of Biology, University of Western Ontario, London, Canada
    Genome 48:712-21. 2005
    ..Therefore, the possibility exists that normal tarsus determination is HOX independent...
  93. ncbi Neuromuscular evaluation using rat gait analysis
    P M Santos
    Division of Otolaryngology, Southern Illinois University, Springfield 62794, USA
    J Neurosci Methods 61:79-84. 1995
    ..The rat gait model is a sensitive and reproducible method for non-invasive evaluation of neuromuscular function during nerve recovery after a peroneal crush injury...
  94. ncbi Comparison of clinical, ultrasonographic, and postoperative macroscopic findings in cows with bursitis
    Deniz Seyrek-Intas
    Department of Surgery, Radiology Section, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Uludag University, Mudanya cad No 2, 16190 Bursa, Turkey
    Vet Radiol Ultrasound 46:143-5. 2005
    ..However, capsule thickness, bursa contents, and the extent of inflammation could be determined ultrasonographically and this made the decision for different invasive/ operative procedures easier...
  95. ncbi Centrodistal joint lameness in dogs
    M J Guilliard
    Nantwich Veterinary Hospital
    J Small Anim Pract 46:199-202. 2005
    ..One dog was managed conservatively and became sound. In 10 of 11 cases, surgical promotion of centrodistal ankylosis was associated with a return to soundness...
  96. pmc Gene expression profiles in the rat streptococcal cell wall-induced arthritis model identified using microarray analysis
    Inmaculada Rioja
    Rheumatoid Arthritis Disease Biology Department, GlaxoSmithKline, Medicines Research Centre, Stevenage, UK
    Arthritis Res Ther 7:R101-17. 2005
    ..These findings improve our understanding of the molecular events that underlie the pathology in this animal model, which is potentially a valuable comparator to human rheumatoid arthritis (RA)...
  97. ncbi Motion-correction techniques for standing equine MRI
    Alexia L McKnight
    School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, New Bolton Center, 382 West Street Rd, Kennett Square, PA 19348, USA
    Vet Radiol Ultrasound 45:513-9. 2004
    ..The motion artifacts were nearly eliminated with the use of both techniques in series. Although significant hurdles remain, these results suggest promise for allowing diagnostic quality MRI of the carpus and tarsus in the standing horse...
  98. ncbi The role of conformation in musculoskeletal problems in the racing Thoroughbred
    T M Anderson
    Colorado State University, Equine Science and Equine Orthopaedic Research Programs, Fort Collins, Colorado 80523, USA
    Equine Vet J 36:571-5. 2004
    ..The relationship of conformation to future potential injury is a standard approach in practise but, at present, is largely based on subjective observations...
  99. ncbi A lag-screw technique for bridging of the medial aspect of the distal tibial physis in horses
    Stefan Witte
    Hagyard Davidson McGee Associates PLLC, 4250 Iron Works Pike, Lexington, KY 40511 8412, USA
    J Am Vet Med Assoc 225:1581-3, 1548. 2004
    ..Mean time the implant was in place was 62 days (range, 39 to 89 days). The tarsal valgus deformity resolved in all 11 horses with excellent cosmetic results...
  100. pmc Heterogeneity in stable isotope profiles predicts coexistence of populations of barn swallows Hirundo rustica differing in morphology and reproductive performance
    Anders Pape Møller
    Laboratoire de Parasitologie Evolutive, CNRS UMR 7103, Universite Pierre et Marie Curie, Batiment A, 7eme etage, 7 quai St Bernard, Case 237, F 75252 Paris Cedex 05, France
    Proc Biol Sci 271:1355-62. 2004
    ..Polymorphism can be maintained only if fitness is similar for birds from categories of isotope profiles. We suggest that fluctuating selection or migration-selection balance may maintain the observed polymorphism...
  101. ncbi Retrospective study of 24 cases of septic calcaneal bursitis in the horse
    E M Post
    Department of Veterinary Clinical Science and Animal Husbandry, University of Liverpool, Veterinary Field Station, Leahurst, Neston, Wirral CH64 7TE
    Equine Vet J 35:662-8. 2003
    ....

Research Grants4

  1. Modulation of Bone's Mechanical Behavior by Bone Quality
    Stefan Judex; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Identification of these potential chemical targets will provide critical information for improved diagnostic, prophylactic, and therapeutic means of addressing bone quality defects in disease. ..
  2. Modulation of Bone's Mechanical Behavior by Bone Quality
    Stefan Judex; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Identification of these potential chemical targets will provide critical information for improved diagnostic, prophylactic, and therapeutic means of addressing bone quality defects in disease. ..
  3. Modulation of Bone's Mechanical Behavior by Bone Quality
    Stefan Judex; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Identification of these potential chemical targets will provide critical information for improved diagnostic, prophylactic, and therapeutic means of addressing bone quality defects in disease. ..
  4. Modulation of Bone's Mechanical Behavior by Bone Quality
    Stefan Judex; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Identification of these potential chemical targets will provide critical information for improved diagnostic, prophylactic, and therapeutic means of addressing bone quality defects in disease. ..