Genomes and Genes
Summary: The region in the hindlimb of a quadruped, corresponding to the human ANKLE.
Publications106 found, 100 shown here
- Effect of standing tarsal angle on joint kinematics and kineticsL Gnagey
Mary Anne McPhail Equine Performance Center, Department of Large Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824-1314, USA
Equine Vet J 38:628-33. 2006..However, the smaller net joint moment may reduce the risk of plantar ligament desmitis. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: The effects of conformation on kinematics and kinetics of the tarsal joint may influence both performance and soundness...
- IL-1 alpha beta blockade prevents cartilage and bone destruction in murine type II collagen-induced arthritis, whereas TNF-alpha blockade only ameliorates joint inflammationL A Joosten
Department of Rheumatology, University Hospital Nijmegen, The Netherlands
J Immunol 163:5049-55. 1999..These results indicate that blocking of IL-1 is a cartilage- and bone-protective therapy in destructive arthritis, whereas the TNF-alpha antagonist has little effect on tissue destruction...
- Occult subchondral osseous cyst-like lesions of the equine tarsocrural jointJosé M García-López
Department of Clinical Sciences, Tufts University School of Veterinary Medicine, North Grafton, MA 01536, USA
Vet Surg 33:557-64. 2004..To report the clinical signs, diagnosis, management, and outcome of horses with occult sub-chondral osseous cyst-like lesions of the tarsocrural joint...
- High detail radiography and histology of the centrodistal tarsal joint of Icelandic horses age 6 months to 6 yearsS Bjornsdottir
Hólar Agricultural College, IS 551 Saudárkrókur, Iceland
Equine Vet J 36:5-11. 2004..Osteoarthrosis (OA) in the distal tarsal joints, bone spavin, is a well known condition which is common in Icelandic horses age 6-12 years...
- What is your diagnosis? Avulsion fracture of the plantar aspect of the distal end of the calcaneus and plantar proximal intertarsal subluxationArathi Vinayak
Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tennessee, Knoxville 37996, USA
J Am Vet Med Assoc 224:39-40. 2004
- Imaging diagnosis--Avulsion of the medial collateral ligament of the tarsus in a horsePatricia L Rose
Department of Companion Animals, Atlantic Veterinary College, University of Prince Edward Island, 550 University Avenue, Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island, Canada C1A 4P3
Vet Radiol Ultrasound 44:657-9. 2003
- Toe out angle: a functional index for the evaluation of sciatic nerve recovery in the rat modelArtur S P Varejao
Department of Pathology and Veterinary Clinics, CETAV, University of Tras os Montes e Alto Douro, Vila Real, Portugal
Exp Neurol 183:695-9. 2003..Moreover, the TOA provides information on the biomechanical consequences of the external rotation of the foot in the stance phase of walking...
- Dorsal tarsal instability in three racing greyhoundsM J Guilliard
Nantwich Veterinary Hospital, Crewe Road, Cheshire CW5 5SF
J Small Anim Pract 44:415-7. 2003..In these three cases, stability was restored by the insertion of a wire tension band anchored to two bone screws, allowing the development of periarticular fibrosis. The dogs raced again with no loss of form...
- Radiographic changes in Thoroughbred yearlings. Part 2: Associations with racing performanceA J Kane
Equine Orthopaedic Research Laboratory, College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado 80523, USA
Equine Vet J 35:366-74. 2003..Some findings support those established in the literature as incidental findings and others suggest new areas for concern not previously reported as a problem in Thoroughbred sale yearlings...
- Pitx1 determines the morphology of muscle, tendon, and bones of the hindlimbApril DeLaurier
Division of Developmental Biology, National Institute for Medical Research, Mill Hill, London, NW7 1AA, UK
Dev Biol 299:22-34. 2006..In contrast, misexpression of Tbx4 in the forelimb does not result in a transformation of limb-type morphology. These results demonstrate that Pitx1, but not Tbx4, determines the morphological identity of hindlimb tissues...
- Morphologic changes associated with functional adaptation of the navicular bone of horsesV A Bentley
Comparative Orthopaedic Research Laboratory, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Wisconsin Madison, Madison, WI 53706, USA
J Anat 211:662-72. 2007....
- Osteosarcoma of the tarsus in a horseF Jenner
Tufts University School of Veterinary Medicine, 200 Westborough Road, North Grafton, Massachusetts 01536, USA
Equine Vet J 35:214-6. 2003
- Nuclear scintigraphic evaluation of the distal tarsal region in normal horsesRachel C Murray
Animal Health Trust, Kentford, Newmarket, CB8 7UU, UK
Vet Radiol Ultrasound 45:345-51. 2004..Elite showjumpers had significantly higher RU ratio compared with the lower-level riding horses, but no significant alterations in the pattern of RU were detected...
- Multiple pathways to osteoarthritis and articular fractures: is subchondral bone the culprit?Antonio M Cruz
Department of Clinical Studies, Comparative Orthopaedics Research Laboratory, Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario N1G 2W1, Canada
Vet Clin North Am Equine Pract 24:101-16. 2008..Early recognition of these potentially career-ending diseases may require understanding of the progression of changes occurring in SCB with time and exercise...
- Alteration of distal tarsal subchondral bone thickness pattern in horses with tarsal painM V Branch
Centre for Equine Studies, The Animal Health Trust, Lanwades Park, Kentford, Newmarket, Suffolk CB8 7UU, UK
Equine Vet J 39:101-5. 2007..Magnetic resonance imaging is often used in the analysis of human osteoarthritis (OA) because it is sensitive to early changes...
- The surgical management of a fractured tibial tarsal bone in a Kelpie sheepdogJ A L Maxwell
Katanning Regional Veterinary Hospital PO Box 273 Katanning, Western Australia 6317
Aust Vet J 84:40-2. 2006
- Oral hyaluronan gel reduces post operative tarsocrural effusion in the yearling ThoroughbredB J Bergin
Rood and Riddle Equine Hospital, Lexington, Kentucky 40580-2070, USA
Equine Vet J 38:375-8. 2006..This study provides objective evidence that oral HA reduces joint effusion post operatively following the arthroscopic removal of an OCD lesion in the tarsocrural joint...
- Ectopic cartilage formation of unknown origin in the plantar pouch of the tarsocrural joint in a yearlingB Carstanjen
, , 1 avenue Bourgelat, 69280 Marcy l'Etoile, France
Vet Rec 157:630-2. 2005
- Osseous lesion of the calcaneus following the use of shock wave therapy in a horseN Diakakis
Department of Clinical Studies, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, St Voutyra 11, 546 27 Thessaloniki, Greece
J Vet Med A Physiol Pathol Clin Med 52:481-3. 2005..On clinical re-evaluation 6 months after treatment, the degree of lameness was stable (1/10) and flexion test of the limb was negative...
- Prevalence of osseous fragments in distal and proximal interphalangeal, metacarpo- and metatarsophalangeal and tarsocrural joints of Hanoverian Warmblood horsesK F Stock
Institute of Animal Breeding and Genetics, University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover (Foundation, , D-30559 Hannover, Germany
J Vet Med A Physiol Pathol Clin Med 52:388-94. 2005..The results of this study indicate the need to act against the high prevalences of osseous fragments in the limb joints of young Warmblood riding horses...
- Chip fractures from the distal lateral trochlear ridge of the talus of a quarter horse gelding: a veterinary medicine clinical reportL Groves
The Whole Horse, San Marcus, TX, USA
Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand) 51:239-44. 2005..The horse was treated initially with arthroscopic surgery. He was given a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agent, and a chondroprotective agent to prevent further damage to, and aid in the healing of, the damaged joint...
- Is there a characteristic distal tarsal subchondral bone plate thickness pattern in horses with no history of hindlimb lameness?M V Branch
Centre for Equine Studies, The Animal Health Trust, Lanwades Park, Kentford, Newmarket, Suffolk CB8 7UU, UK
Equine Vet J 37:450-5. 2005..Thickening of the subchondral bone (SCB) plate has been related to the development of OA, but SCB plate patterns in the equine tarsus have not been documented...
- Estimation of genetic parameters for the prevalence of osseous fragments in limb joints of Hanoverian Warmblood horsesK F Stock
Institute of Animal Breeding and Genetics, University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover, Hannover, Germany
J Anim Breed Genet 122:271-80. 2005..75). We conclude from our results that osseous fragments in phalangeal and hock joints are genetically different traits but sex-specific expression of osseous fragments was unlikely...
- Carpal and fetlock conformation of the juvenile Thoroughbred from birth to yearling auction ageE M Santschi
Department of Surgical Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, 2015 Linden Drive, Madison, Wisconsin 53706, USA
Equine Vet J 38:604-9. 2006..POTENTIAL RELEVANCE: New factors associated with forelimb conformational deviations have been identified that may help breeders better to manage young racing stock...
- Correlation of magnetic resonance images with anatomic features of the equine tarsusRafael Latorre
Department of Veterinary Anatomy, Veterinary Faculty, University of Murcia, Campus de Espinardo, 30071 Murcia, Spain
Am J Vet Res 67:756-61. 2006..This information may aid future physiologic or clinical studies of this joint...
- What is your diagnosis? An osseous mass associated with the lateral aspect of the tuber calcaneus, with some degree of soft-tissue swellingTara S Rabuffo
New Bolton Center, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Kennett Square 19348, USA
J Am Vet Med Assoc 221:635-6. 2002
- Effects of continuous intra-articular infusion of gentamicin on synovial membrane and articular cartilage in the tarsocrural joint of horsesTimothy B Lescun
Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47906, USA
Am J Vet Res 63:683-7. 2002..Continuous infusion of GM into the tarsocrural joint of horses for 5 days is an acceptable method for the treatment of septic arthritis...
- Short-latency crossed inhibitory responses in extensor muscles during locomotion in the catAlain Frigon
Groupe de Recherche sur le Système Nerveux Central, Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, Universite de Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
J Neurophysiol 99:989-98. 2008..Short-latency crossed inhibition in ankle extensors appears to be an integral component of cutaneous reflex pathways in intact cats during locomotion, which could be important in synchronizing EMG bursts in muscles of both legs...
- Tibiotarsal arthroscopy. Applications and long-term outcome in dogsJ Miller
Virinia Maryland Regional College of Veterinary Medicine, Small Animal Clinical Sciences, Blacksburg, USA
Vet Comp Orthop Traumatol 21:159-65. 2008..The minimally invasive nature of arthroscopy preserved joint stability while allowing complete examination of the articular cartilage. In most cases long term tibiotarsal DJD advancement was the rule...
- Scintigraphic evaluation of the distal tarsal region in horses with distal tarsal painRachel C Murray
Animal Health Trust, Lanwades Park, Kentford, Newmarket CB8 7UU, UK
Vet Radiol Ultrasound 46:171-8. 2005..The findings also suggest that distal tarsal RU in lame limbs is greater than in limbs without pain, and that painful limbs with radiographic evidence of OA have a greater RU than painful limbs without radiographic evidence of OA...
- The effect of implanting gentamicin-impregnated polymethylmethacrylate beads in the tarsocrural joint of the horseK D Farnsworth
Marion duPont Scott Equine Medical Center and the Department of Pathology, Virginia-Maryland Regional College of Veterinary Medicine, Virginia Tech, Leesburg, VA, USA
Vet Surg 30:126-31. 2001..CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Temporary intra-articular administration of antibiotic-impregnated PMMA may be an effective way to treat septic joints that require constant high concentrations of antibiotics...
- Cartilage matrix changes in the developing epiphysis: early events on the pathway to equine osteochondrosis?M Lecocq
Departement de Sciences Cliniques, Faculte de Medecine Veterinaire, Universite de Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Equine Vet J 40:442-54. 2008..The earliest osteochondrosis (OC) microscopic lesion reported in the literature was present in the femorotibial joint of a 2-day-old foal suggesting that OC lesions and factors initiating them may arise prior to birth...
- Arthroscopic removal and curettage of osteochondrosis lesions on the lateral and medial trochlear ridges of the talus in two dogsJ L Cook
Veterinary Medical Teaching Hospital, University of Missouri-Columbia, 65211, USA
J Am Anim Hosp Assoc 37:75-80. 2001..Removal of all osteochondral fragments (i.e., joint mice) and debridement and curettage of the remaining talar defects were accomplished arthroscopically. Both dogs had excellent short-term outcomes...
- A study of ten cases of focal peritarsal infection as a cause of severe lameness in the thoroughbred racehorse: clinical signs, differential diagnosis, treatment and outcomeR C Pilsworth
Beaufort Cottage Stables, Newmarket, Suffolk, UK
Equine Vet J 33:366-70. 2001..It is concluded that, in the majority of cases, prompt treatment with antibiotic therapy, analgesics and forced exercise results in complete resolution of the condition...
- Epiphyseal cartilage canal blood supply to the tarsus of foals and relationship to osteochondrosisK Olstad
The Norwegian School of Veterinary Science, Department of Companion Animal Clinical Sciences, Section for Equine Medicine and Surgery, Oslo, Norway
Equine Vet J 40:30-9. 2008..Pathological changes in the blood supply to growth cartilage have been implicated in the pathogenesis of osteochondrosis (OC) in horses, but have not been reported using vascular perfusion techniques...
- Diffusion of mepivacaine between adjacent synovial structures in the horse. Part 2: tarsus and stifleM R Gough
Department of Veterinary Clinical Studies, Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies, University of Edinburgh, Easter Bush Veterinary Centre, Midlothian, Scotland, UK
Equine Vet J 34:85-90. 2002..Therefore, commonly performed intrasynovial local analgesic techniques in the hindlimb of the horse are not as specific as first thought...
- What is your diagnosis? Tarsometatarsal subluxationWilliam G Marshall
Hollywood Animal Hospital, 2864 Hollywood Blvd, Hollywood, FL 33020, USA
J Am Vet Med Assoc 231:1809-10. 2007
- Hindlimb adaptations in Ourayia and Chipetaia, relatively large-bodied omomyine primates from the Middle Eocene of UtahRachel H Dunn
Department of Anthropology, Washington University, St. Louis, Missouri 63130, USA
Am J Phys Anthropol 131:303-10. 2006..The results of our comparisons suggest that the later, larger, more herbivorous omomyines from Utah retained a skeletal structure characteristic of earlier, smaller North American omomyids...
- Hock injury prevalence and associated risk factors on organic and nonorganic dairy farms in the United KingdomK M D Rutherford
Animal Behaviour and Welfare, Sustainable Livestock Systems, Scottish Agricultural College, West Mains Rd, Edinburgh, EH9 3JG, Scotland
J Dairy Sci 91:2265-74. 2008..Efforts are needed to improve housing standards to reduce the prevalence of hock injury and consequently improve cow welfare...
- Bovine claw and limb disorders related to reproductive performance and production diseasesA M Sogstad
Department of Production Animal Medicine, Norwegian School of Veterinary Science, 0033 Oslo, Norway
J Dairy Sci 89:2519-28. 2006..4). Our study shows that claw disorders are associated with poorer reproductive performance and some production diseases...
- Preliminary study of joint disease in poultry by the analysis of synovial fluidS A Corr
Division of Small Animal Clinical Studies, University of Glasgow Veterinary School, Bearsden Road, Glasgow G61 1QH
Vet Rec 152:549-54. 2003..The birds fed ad libitum which were treated with carprofen had more cells in the synovial fluid than the birds given the placebo. A large number of the samples of synovial fluid from the ad libitum-fed broilers contained blood...
- Rupture of the plantar ligament in a goatS E Taylor
Department of Veterinary Clinical Studies, Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies, University of Edinburgh, Easter Bush Veterinary Centre, Roslin, Midlothian EH25 9RG
Vet Rec 155:335-6. 2004
- Differences in stride between healthy ostriches (Struthio camelus) and those affected by tibiotarsal rotationR G Cooper
Division of Physiology, UCE Birmingham, Baker Building, Room 701, Franchise Street, Perry Barr, Birmingham B42 2SU, UK
J S Afr Vet Assoc 78:52-3. 2007..05) reduced speeds. Hens may be able to escape danger faster than cocks. The occurrence of tibiotarsal rotation necessitates consideration of genetics, management, sex, nutrition and growth rates...
- Age-related changes in primary somatosensory cortex of rats: evidence for parallel degenerative and plastic-adaptive processesBen Godde
Institute of Medical Psychology and Behavioral Neurobiology, University of Tubingen, Gartenstr 29, 72074, Tubingen, Germany
Neurosci Biobehav Rev 26:743-52. 2002..We discuss the implications of these findings for cognitive functions at old age and possible treatments of age-related changes in human subjects...
- Activity-driven synaptic and axonal degeneration in canine motor neuron diseaseDario I Carrasco
Department of Physiology, Emory University School of Medicine, 615 Michael Street, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
J Neurophysiol 92:1175-81. 2004..The results indicate that motor neuron action potential activity is a major contributing factor to the loss of motor-unit function and degeneration in inherited canine motor neuron disease...
- Eggshell pigmentation pattern in relation to breeding performance of blue tits Cyanistes caeruleusJuan Jose Sanz
Departamento de Ecologia Evolutiva, Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales CSIC, José Gutiérrez Abascal, 2 E 28006 Madrid, Spain
J Anim Ecol 78:31-41. 2009..Further investigations are needed to understand the role of calcium availability as possible causal agent of deviant eggs and its relation to the maculation phenomenon...
- Endoscopic assessment and treatment of lesions of the deep digital flexor tendon in the navicular bursae of 20 lame horsesM R W Smith
Reynolds House Referrals, Greenwood Ellis and Partners, 166 High Street, Newmarket, Suffolk CB8 9WS, UK
Equine Vet J 39:18-24. 2007..However, the role of direct visualisation by navicular bursoscopy in the diagnosis and management of such injuries has not been explored...
- An anatomic study of the calcaneal bursae in the horseEvelyn M Post
Department of Veterinary Clinical Science, University of Liverpool, Veterinary Field Station, Leahurst, Neston, South Wirral CH64 7TE, UK
Vet Surg 36:3-9. 2007....
- Virtual histology by means of high-resolution X-ray CTV Cnudde
Department of Geology and Soil Science, Ghent University, Krijgslaan 281 S8, B 9000, Ghent, Belgium
J Microsc 232:476-85. 2008..ugct.ugent.be). This state-of-the-art set-up provides a 1 micron resolution and is therefore ideally suited for a direct comparison with standard light microscopy-based histology...
- Nonrigid external fixation of the elbow, coxofemoral, and tarsal joints in dogsZeev Schwartz
The University of Illinois, IL, USA
Compend Contin Educ Vet 30:648-53. 2008..This article describes simple, cost effective techniques for the percutaneous application of external fixators to the elbow, coxofemoral, and tarsal joint of dogs...
- Hock immunization: a humane alternative to mouse footpad injectionsT Kamala
LCMI, NIAID, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
J Immunol Methods 328:204-14. 2007....
- Immobilization-induced cartilage degeneration mediated through expression of hypoxia-inducible factor-1alpha, vascular endothelial growth factor, and chondromodulin-IJunya Sakamoto
Nagasaki University Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Nagasaki, Japan
Connect Tissue Res 50:37-45. 2009..Our results showed that immobilization induces thinning of the articular cartilage and appearance of vascular channel, in areas with balanced expression of HIF-1alpha/VEGF and ChM-1...
- Disrupted bone metabolism in contaminant-exposed white storks (Ciconia ciconia) in southwestern SpainJudit E Smits
Department of Veterinary Pathology, University of Saskatchewan, 52 Campus Drive, Saskatoon, SK S7N 5B4, Canada
Environ Pollut 145:538-44. 2007..Storks from the contaminated colony were unable to control P levels and Ca:P ratios within the narrow limits necessary for normal bone development...
- Morphology and neurophysiology of tarsal vibration receptors in the water strider Aquarius paludum (Heteroptera: Gerridae)Pablo Perez Goodwyn
Laboratory of Insect Ecology, Division of Applied Biosciences, Graduate School of Agriculture, Kyoto University, 606 8502, Kyoto, Japan
J Insect Physiol 55:855-61. 2009..In turn, four ventral subapical trichobothria that are in direct contact with the water surface during locomotion, proved to be mechanosensory. The anatomical and ultrastructural observations support these electro-physiological results...
- In vitro and in vivo evaluation of ferric-hyaluronate implants for delivery of amikacin sulfate to the tarsocrural joint of horsesNicola C Cribb
Department of Clinical Studies, Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON, Canada
Vet Surg 38:498-505. 2009..To assess the antimicrobial elution characteristics, toxicity, and antimicrobial activity of amikacin-impregnated ferric-hyaluronate implants (AI-FeHAI) for amikacin delivery to the tarsocrural joint of horses...
- Use of a petroleum-based bolus for photon radiation therapy of distal extremities in dogsMonique N Mayer
Radiation Products Design, Albertville, MN, USA
Vet Radiol Ultrasound 50:235-8. 2009..This petroleum-based bolus is equivalent to water in its photon attenuation, conforms well to an irregular patient contour, and retains its shape after positioning. Applications to other anatomical sites could be considered...
- Integration within and between muscles during terrestrial locomotion: effects of incline and speedTimothy E Higham
Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology, Concord Field Station, Harvard University, 100 Old Causeway Road, Bedford, MA 01730, USA
J Exp Biol 211:2303-16. 2008..Our results demonstrate the capacity for functional diversity between and within muscle synergists, which occur with changes in gait, speed and grade...
- Diagnostic imaging of the equine tarsal region using radiography and ultrasonography. Part 2: bony disordersKatrien Vanderperren
Department of Medical Imaging, Ghent University, Salisburylaan 133, 9820 Merelbeke, Belgium
Vet J 179:188-96. 2009..The diagnostic use of arthroscopy, computed tomography and magnetic resonance are discussed. In current clinical practice the most frequently used combination to arrive at a diagnosis is still radiography and ultrasonography...
- Genetic parameters for the prevalence of osteochondrosis in the limb joints of South German Coldblood horsesC Wittwer
Institute of Animal Breeding and Genetics, University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover, Hannover, Germany
J Anim Breed Genet 124:302-7. 2007....
- Repair of a coracoid luxation and a tibiotarsal fracture in a bald eagle (Haliaeetus leucocephalus)David Sanchez Migallon Guzman
Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA 70803 8410, USA
J Avian Med Surg 21:188-95. 2007..7-mm DCP. The bird was successfully released, 105 days after the first surgery, near the location where it was found...
- Ultrasound approach to the canine distal tibia and trochlear ridges of the talusTiziana Liuti
Department of Medical Imaging, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ghent University, Merelbeke, Belgium
Vet Radiol Ultrasound 48:361-7. 2007..When combining the dorsal and plantar approaches, it was possible to visualize up to 75% of the trochlear ridges of the talus in the dog...
- Mapping quantitative trait loci for osteochondrosis in fetlock and hock joints and palmar/plantar osseus fragments in fetlock joints of South German Coldblood horsesC Wittwer
Institute for Animal Breeding and Genetics, University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover, Bunteweg 17p, 30559 Hannover, Germany
Anim Genet 38:350-7. 2007..Significant QTL for POF in fetlock joints were located on equine chromosomes 1, 4, 8, 12 and 18. This genome scan is an important step towards the identification of genes responsible for OC in horses...
- [Ultrasonographic findings of disorders of the tarsal region in 97 cattle--arthritis, bursitis, tenosynovitis, periarticular abscess and vein thrombosis]Johann Kofler
Klinisches Department für Kleintiere und Pferde, Klinik für Orthopädie bei Huf und Klauentieren, Veterinärmedizinische Universität Wien, Wien, Osterreich
Berl Munch Tierarztl Wochenschr 121:145-58. 2008....
- Relative shortening velocity in locomotor muscles: turkey ankle extensors operate at low V/V(max)Annette M Gabaldón
Oregon State University, Department of Zoology, Corvallis, OR, USA
Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 294:R200-10. 2008..This observation is consistent with the idea that V/V(max) is an important determinant of locomotor cost because it affects the volume of muscle that must be recruited to support body weight...
- Ankylosis of tarsometatarsal luxations using external fixationM J McLennan
Glenhaven Veterinary Hospital, 442 Old Northern Road, Glenhaven, New South Wales, 2156, Australia
J Small Anim Pract 48:508-13. 2007..The result of this treatment was to ankylose the tarsometatarsal luxation and allow the dogs to return to normal function...
- Central tarsal bone fracture in the border collieM Guilliard
Nantwich Veterinary Hospital, Crewe Road, Nantwich, Cheshire CW5 5SF, UK
J Small Anim Pract 48:414-7. 2007..A cadaver study to assess the mechanism of luxation showed that it is unlikely to occur naturally...
- A novel, nonsurgical method for the treatment of tibiotarsal rotation in houbara bustard (Chlamydotis macqueenii) chicksCorinne Stiévenart
National Wildlife Research Center, PO Box 1086, Taif, Saudi Arabia
J Avian Med Surg 22:25-30. 2008..Implementing the same corrective method at an older age was not successful. This cheap, accessible, and noninvasive technique may be applicable to other avian species...
- Superficial digital flexor tendon lesions in racehorses as a sequela to muscle fatigue: a preliminary studyM T Butcher
Department of Biological Sciences, 132 Long Hall, Clemson University, Clemson, South Carolina 29634, USA
Equine Vet J 39:540-5. 2007..Racing and training related lesions of the forelimb superficial digital flexor tendon are a common career ending injury to racehorses but aetiology and/or predisposing causes of the injury are not completely understood...
- Arthrodesis of the tarsometatarsal joint, using type II ESF with acrylic connecting bars in four dogsJ Shanil
Mobile Surgical Services Tel Aviv, Israel
Vet Comp Orthop Traumatol 19:61-3. 2006..This technique enables the patient to bear weight on the limb immediately after surgery until bony fusion is achieved, without the need for an additional protecting splint...
- Effect of cold air therapy in relieving spasticity: applied to spinalized rabbitsS-U Lee
Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
Spinal Cord 40:167-73. 2002..We certify that all applicable institutional and governmental regulations concerning the ethical use of animals were followed during the course of this research...
- Adaptive changes in locomotor activity following botulinum toxin injection in ankle extensor muscles of catsJ E Misiaszek
Department of Physiology and Division of Neuroscience, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2H7, Canada
J Neurophysiol 87:229-39. 2002....
- Wedge-shaped conformation of the dorsolateral aspect of the third tarsal bone in the Thoroughbred racehorse is associated with development of slab fractures in this siteD H Baird
Beaufort Cottage Equine Hospital, Exning, Suffolk, UK
Equine Vet J 33:617-20. 2001..This information may be important in making judgements on the suitability of horses during prepurchase examination for racing...
- Origin of whales from early artiodactyls: hands and feet of Eocene Protocetidae from PakistanP D Gingerich
Department of Geological Sciences and Museum of Paleontology, The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 1079, USA
Science 293:2239-42. 2001..The new skeletons are important in augmenting the diversity of early Protocetidae, clarifying that Cetacea evolved from early Artiodactyla rather than Mesonychia and showing how early protocetids swam...
- Fractalkine, a novel chemokine in rheumatoid arthritis and in rat adjuvant-induced arthritisJ H Ruth
Northwestern University Medical School, Chicago, Illinois 60611, USA
Arthritis Rheum 44:1568-81. 2001..To examine the expression of the novel CX3C chemokine fractalkine (Fkn) and its receptor (CX3CR1) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and rat adjuvant-induced arthritis (AIA), a model of RA...
- Intra-articular pressure profiles of the cadaveric equine fetlock joint in motionD da Gracca Macoris
Department of Veterinary Clinic Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, The Ohio State University, Columbus, USA
Equine Vet J 33:184-90. 2001..5. Additional in vivo studies are necessary to confirm our conclusions from this study and to identify the contributions of fluid absorption and the presence of ischaemia in a vascularised joint...
- Effects of a digital filter on detectability of a phantom lesion in a scintigram of the equine tarsusP Eksell
Department of Clinical Radiology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala
Vet Radiol Ultrasound 41:365-70. 2000..Based on receiver operating characteristic analysis, filtering of a 50 kcount image improved image quality to that of a 150 kcount image...
- Asymmetric adaptive modeling of central tarsal bones in racing greyhoundsK A Johnson
Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210 1089, USA
Bone 27:257-63. 2000..Racing greyhounds provide a model in which to study fatigue fracture and adaptation of cuboidal foot bones subjected to cyclic loading...
- Functional role of muscle reflexes for force generation in the decerebrate walking catR B Stein
Department of Physiology and Division of Neuroscience, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada T6G
J Physiol 525:781-91. 2000....
- Does the mechanical milieu associated with high-speed running lead to adaptive changes in diaphyseal growing bone?S Judex
McCaig Centre for Joint Injury and Arthritis Research, University of Calgary, AB, Canada
Bone 26:153-9. 2000..This study also supports the tenet that the exercise-generated mechanical milieu must differ substantially from the habitual milieu to induce significant adaptations...
- An experimental study on the effects of polymorphiasis in common eider ducklingsT Hollmen
Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Basic Veterinary Sciences, University of Helsinki, Finland
J Wildl Dis 35:466-73. 1999..The parasites were attached to the mucosa of the posterior small intestine of the infected ducklings with a mixed inflammatory reaction consisting of heterophils and mononuclear lymphocytes surrounding the attachment sites...
- Force-sharing among the primary cat ankle musclesW Herzog
University of Calgary, Faculty of Kinesiology, AB, Canada
Eur J Morphol 36:280-7. 1998....
- Effects of dorsolateral spinal lesions on stretch reflex threshold and stiffness in awake catsJ Taylor
Department of Neuroscience, University of Florida, Gainesville 32610, USA
Eur J Neurosci 11:363-8. 1999..These and related observations suggest that the postoperative increase in IDS in awake animals was not due to an increase in passive stiffness...
- Relationship between hind limb lameness and radiographic signs of bone spavin in Icelandic horses in SwedenM Axelsson
Department of Large Animal Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden
Acta Vet Scand 39:349-57. 1998..Using palpation, motion evaluation, and flexion test 75% of the horses with RSBS were identified. The rate of agreement between the clinical examination and the radiographic examination was 73%...
- Analysis in Drosophila melanogaster of the interaction between sex combs reduced and extradenticle activity in the determination of tarsus and arista identityA Percival-Smith
Department of Zoology, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario N6A 5B7, Canada
Genetics 150:189-98. 1998....
- Control of distal antennal identity and tarsal development in Drosophila by spineless-aristapedia, a homolog of the mammalian dioxin receptorD M Duncan
Department of Biology, Washington University, St Louis, Missouri 63130, USA
Genes Dev 12:1290-303. 1998..The antennal transformation and tarsal deletions caused by ss loss-of-function mutations are probably atavistic, suggesting that ss played a central role in the evolution of distal structures in arthropod limbs...
- Radiographic, computed tomographic and arthroscopic findings in 23 dogs with osteochondrosis of the tarsocrural jointI Gielen
Department of Medical Imaging, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ghent State University, Merelbeke, Belgium
Vet Rec 150:442-7. 2002..Arthroscopy provided information about synovial inflammation and damage to the joint cartilage, and made it possible to remove fragments of bone from one-third of the cases...
- Interactions between cutaneous afferent inputs to a withdrawal reflex in the decerebrated rabbit and their control by descending and segmental systemsR W Clarke
Division of Animal Physiology, School of Biosciences, University of Nottingham, Sutton Bonington Campus, Loughborough, UK
Neuroscience 112:555-71. 2002....
- Arthrodesis--Part II: The tarsusGreg Harasen
Animal Clinic of Regina, 1800 Garnet Street, Regina, Saskatchewan S4T 2Z2
Can Vet J 43:806-8. 2002
- Bioartificial bone grafting: Tarsal joint fusion in a dog using a bioartificial composite bone graft consisting of beta-tricalciumphosphate and platelet rich plasma--a case reportG Hauschild
Department of Thorax, Heart and Vessel Surgery, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany
Vet Comp Orthop Traumatol 18:52-4. 2005....
- Evolution and homology of the astragalus in early amniotes: new fossils, new perspectivesF Robin O'Keefe
Department of Anatomy, New York College of Osteopathic Medicine, Old Westbury, New York 11568, USA
J Morphol 267:415-25. 2006..Lastly, the broader implications for amniote phylogeny are discussed, concluding that the neomorphic pattern of astragalus ossification seen in all extant reptiles (including turtles) arose within the clade Diapsida...
- What is your diagnosis? Gastrocnemius enthesiopathyMark Straw
Beechwood Veterinary Hospital, Doncaster
J Small Anim Pract 46:507-9. 2005
- Tarsus determination in Drosophila melanogasterAnthony Percival-Smith
Department of Biology, University of Western Ontario, London, Canada
Genome 48:712-21. 2005..Therefore, the possibility exists that normal tarsus determination is HOX independent...
- Neuromuscular evaluation using rat gait analysisP M Santos
Division of Otolaryngology, Southern Illinois University, Springfield 62794, USA
J Neurosci Methods 61:79-84. 1995..The rat gait model is a sensitive and reproducible method for non-invasive evaluation of neuromuscular function during nerve recovery after a peroneal crush injury...
- Comparison of clinical, ultrasonographic, and postoperative macroscopic findings in cows with bursitisDeniz Seyrek-Intas
Department of Surgery, Radiology Section, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Uludag University, Mudanya cad No 2, 16190 Bursa, Turkey
Vet Radiol Ultrasound 46:143-5. 2005..However, capsule thickness, bursa contents, and the extent of inflammation could be determined ultrasonographically and this made the decision for different invasive/ operative procedures easier...
- Centrodistal joint lameness in dogsM J Guilliard
Nantwich Veterinary Hospital
J Small Anim Pract 46:199-202. 2005..One dog was managed conservatively and became sound. In 10 of 11 cases, surgical promotion of centrodistal ankylosis was associated with a return to soundness...
- Gene expression profiles in the rat streptococcal cell wall-induced arthritis model identified using microarray analysisInmaculada Rioja
Rheumatoid Arthritis Disease Biology Department, GlaxoSmithKline, Medicines Research Centre, Stevenage, UK
Arthritis Res Ther 7:R101-17. 2005..These findings improve our understanding of the molecular events that underlie the pathology in this animal model, which is potentially a valuable comparator to human rheumatoid arthritis (RA)...
- Motion-correction techniques for standing equine MRIAlexia L McKnight
School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, New Bolton Center, 382 West Street Rd, Kennett Square, PA 19348, USA
Vet Radiol Ultrasound 45:513-9. 2004..The motion artifacts were nearly eliminated with the use of both techniques in series. Although significant hurdles remain, these results suggest promise for allowing diagnostic quality MRI of the carpus and tarsus in the standing horse...
- The role of conformation in musculoskeletal problems in the racing ThoroughbredT M Anderson
Colorado State University, Equine Science and Equine Orthopaedic Research Programs, Fort Collins, Colorado 80523, USA
Equine Vet J 36:571-5. 2004..POTENTIAL RELEVANCE: This study demonstrates relationships between conformation and musculoskeletal disease in the racehorse. The information may be useful in selection and management of the racing Thoroughbred...
- A lag-screw technique for bridging of the medial aspect of the distal tibial physis in horsesStefan Witte
Hagyard-Davidson-McGee Associates PLLC, 4250 Iron Works Pike, Lexington, KY 40511-8412, USA
J Am Vet Med Assoc 225:1581-3, 1548. 2004..Mean time the implant was in place was 62 days (range, 39 to 89 days). The tarsal valgus deformity resolved in all 11 horses with excellent cosmetic results...
- Heterogeneity in stable isotope profiles predicts coexistence of populations of barn swallows Hirundo rustica differing in morphology and reproductive performanceAnders Pape Møller
Laboratoire de Parasitologie Evolutive, CNRS UMR 7103, Universite Pierre et Marie Curie, Batiment A, 7eme etage, 7 quai St Bernard, Case 237, F 75252 Paris Cedex 05, France
Proc Biol Sci 271:1355-62. 2004..Polymorphism can be maintained only if fitness is similar for birds from categories of isotope profiles. We suggest that fluctuating selection or migration-selection balance may maintain the observed polymorphism...
- Retrospective study of 24 cases of septic calcaneal bursitis in the horseE M Post
Department of Veterinary Clinical Science and Animal Husbandry, University of Liverpool, Veterinary Field Station, Leahurst, Neston, Wirral CH64 7TE
Equine Vet J 35:662-8. 2003..The use of radiography, ultrasonography and synoviocentesis are essential in these cases to provide the most appropriate treatment for the horse and accurate prognosis for the owner...
- Modulation of Bone's Mechanical Behavior by Bone QualityStefan Judex; Fiscal Year: 2007..Identification of these potential chemical targets will provide critical information for improved diagnostic, prophylactic, and therapeutic means of addressing bone quality defects in disease. ..
- Modulation of Bone's Mechanical Behavior by Bone QualityStefan Judex; Fiscal Year: 2010..Identification of these potential chemical targets will provide critical information for improved diagnostic, prophylactic, and therapeutic means of addressing bone quality defects in disease. ..