Summary: A decrease in the rate of speed.

Top Publications

  1. Cerulli G, Benoit D, Lamontagne M, Caraffa A, Liti A. In vivo anterior cruciate ligament strain behaviour during a rapid deceleration movement: case report. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 2003;11:307-11 pubmed
    ..The goal of this research was to measure ACL strain in vivo during rapid deceleration, a sport type movement that has been previously shown to precede injuries to the ACL in healthy subjects...
  2. Piskorski J, Guzik P. The structure of heart rate asymmetry: deceleration and acceleration runs. Physiol Meas. 2011;32:1011-23 pubmed publisher
    A family of new heart rate asymmetry measures is introduced, namely deceleration and acceleration runs, as well as entropic measures summarizing their distribution...
  3. Binder M, Barry R, Kaiser J. Sensitivity of primary phasic heart rate deceleration to stimulus repetition in an habituation procedure: influence of a subjective measure of activation/arousal on the evoked cardiac response. Int J Psychophysiol. 2005;55:61-72 pubmed
    ..These results are interpreted within the framework of Preliminary Process Theory in terms of the different attentional patterns in subjects with high and low levels of Tense Arousal. ..
  4. Bragg S. Vertical deceleration: falls from height. J Emerg Nurs. 2007;33:377-8 pubmed
  5. Wang C, Chen T, Lin Y, Liu M, Chen Y. Gait speed measure: the effect of different measuring distances and the inclusion and exclusion of acceleration and deceleration. Percept Mot Skills. 2012;114:469-78 pubmed were to examine the effects of different distances and the inclusion and exclusion of acceleration and deceleration distances on the measurement of self-paced and fastest gait speeds in younger and older adults...
  6. Cheynel N, Serre T, Arnoux P, Baque P, Benoit L, Berdah S, et al. Biomechanic study of the human liver during a frontal deceleration. J Trauma. 2006;61:855-61 pubmed
    ..The aim of this study was to examine the behavior of the liver during brutal frontal deceleration. Six trunks, removed from human cadavers, underwent free falls at 4, 6, and 8 meters per second (mps)...
  7. Westgate J, Wibbens B, Bennet L, Wassink G, Parer J, Gunn A. The intrapartum deceleration in center stage: a physiologic approach to the interpretation of fetal heart rate changes in labor. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2007;197:236.e1-11 pubmed
    One of the most distinctive features of fetal heart rate recordings in labor is the deceleration. In clinical practice, there has been much confusion about the types of decelerations and their significance...
  8. Varley M, Fairweather I, Aughey R. Validity and reliability of GPS for measuring instantaneous velocity during acceleration, deceleration, and constant motion. J Sports Sci. 2012;30:121-7 pubmed publisher
    ..of 5 and 10 Hz global positioning systems (GPS) for measuring instantaneous velocity during acceleration, deceleration, and constant velocity while straight-line running...
  9. Shin C, Chaudhari A, Andriacchi T. The influence of deceleration forces on ACL strain during single-leg landing: a simulation study. J Biomech. 2007;40:1145-52 pubmed
    ..and apply a 3D specimen-specific dynamic simulation model of the knee designed to evaluate the influence of deceleration forces during running to a stop (single-leg landing) on ACL strain...

Scientific Experts

More Information


  1. Bauer A, Kantelhardt J, Barthel P, Schneider R, MAKIKALLIO T, Ulm K, et al. Deceleration capacity of heart rate as a predictor of mortality after myocardial infarction: cohort study. Lancet. 2006;367:1674-81 pubmed
    ..factors that affect heart-rate variability, we used a signal-processing algorithm to separately characterise deceleration and acceleration of heart rate...
  2. Tokuno C, Cresswell A, Thorstensson A, Carpenter M. Age-related changes in postural responses revealed by support-surface translations with a long acceleration-deceleration interval. Clin Neurophysiol. 2010;121:109-17 pubmed publisher
    The objectives were to examine (a) whether surface translations with a long, compared to a short, acceleration-deceleration interval could reveal more age-related differences in postural control and (b) whether age-related differences ..
  3. Schlack A, Krekelberg B, Albright T. Speed perception during acceleration and deceleration. J Vis. 2008;8:9.1-11 pubmed publisher
    ..thresholds improve in an acceleration context but absolute speeds are more underestimated than in a deceleration context...
  4. Biewener A, Blickhan R. Kangaroo rat locomotion: design for elastic energy storage or acceleration?. J Exp Biol. 1988;140:243-55 pubmed
    ..Middle ear morphology and behavioural observations of kangaroo rats jumping vertically to avoid predation by owls and rattlesnakes support this view. ..
  5. Davis J, Kenny T, Doyle J, McCarroll M, von Gruenigen V. Nursing peer review of late deceleration recognition and intervention to improve patient safety. J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs. 2013;42:215-24 pubmed publisher
    We describe a nurse peer-review process to improve late deceleration recognition and intervention on one labor and delivery unit...
  6. Ding H, Zhao X, Rong J, Ma J. Experimental research on the effectiveness of speed reduction markings based on driving simulation: a case study. Accid Anal Prev. 2013;60:211-8 pubmed publisher to test the effectiveness of speed reduction markings and quantitatively study their effects and the deceleration process...
  7. Wilmut K, Byrne M, Barnett A. Reaching to throw compared to reaching to place: a comparison across individuals with and without Developmental Coordination Disorder. Res Dev Disabil. 2013;34:174-82 pubmed publisher
    When picking up an object, adults show a longer deceleration phase when the onward action has a greater precision requirement...
  8. Matthews W. How do changes in speed affect the perception of duration?. J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform. 2011;37:1617-27 pubmed publisher
  9. Bootsma R, Craig C. Information used in detecting upcoming collision. Perception. 2003;32:525-44 pubmed
    ..between an object and the point of observation (head-on approaches), with objects moving according to constant deceleration or sinusoidal deceleration patterns...
  10. Park S, Loebenberg M, Rokito A, Zuckerman J. The shoulder in baseball pitching: biomechanics and related injuries-part 2. Bull Hosp Jt Dis. 2002;61:80-8 pubmed
    ..Through rehabilitation, the dedicated athlete can often return to the pitching mound at his previous level of performance. ..
  11. Li X, Yan X, Wu J, Radwan E, Zhang Y. A rear-end collision risk assessment model based on drivers' collision avoidance process under influences of cell phone use and gender-A driving simulator based study. Accid Anal Prev. 2016;97:1-18 pubmed publisher a car-following situation with potential rear-end collision risks caused by the leading vehicle's sudden deceleration. Based on the experiment data, a rear-end collision risk assessment model was developed to assess the influence ..
  12. Crippen D. High-tech assessment of patient comfort in the intensive care unit: time for a new look. Crit Care Med. 2002;30:1919-20 pubmed
  13. Macleod K, Lingham A, Chatha H, Lewis J, Parkes A, Grange S, et al. "When can I return to driving?": a review of the current literature on returning to driving after lower limb injury or arthroplasty. Bone Joint J. 2013;95-B:290-4 pubmed publisher
    ..The lack of guidance could result in patients being withheld from driving for longer than is necessary, or returning to driving while still unsafe. ..
  14. van Keeken H, Vrieling A, Hof A, Postema K, Otten B. Controlling horizontal deceleration during gait termination in transfemoral amputees: measurements and simulations. Med Eng Phys. 2013;35:583-90 pubmed publisher
    ..When leading with the prosthetic limb, the CoM deceleration was less in a relatively short single limb support phase, with a fast forward swing of the trailing sound limb...
  15. Konow N, Azizi E, Roberts T. Muscle power attenuation by tendon during energy dissipation. Proc Biol Sci. 2012;279:1108-13 pubmed publisher
    An important function of skeletal muscle is deceleration via active muscle fascicle lengthening, which dissipates movement energy...
  16. Jimenez F, Liang Y, Aparicio F. Adapting ISA system warnings to enhance user acceptance. Accid Anal Prev. 2012;48:37-48 pubmed publisher
    ..describes a method to adapt warning parameters (safe speed on curves, zone of influence of a singular stretch, deceleration process and reaction time) to normal driving behavior...
  17. Lu X, Peng M. Nonautonomous motion study on accelerated and decelerated solitons for the variable-coefficient Lenells-Fokas model. Chaos. 2013;23:013122 pubmed publisher
    ..Further, two necessary conditions for the occurrence of earthwormon acceleration and deceleration (and their alternation) are pointed out.
  18. Hoffman M, Millet G, Hoch A, Candau R. Assessment of wheelchair drag resistance using a coasting deceleration technique. Am J Phys Med Rehabil. 2003;82:880-9; quiz 890-2 pubmed
    To apply a recently developed coasting deceleration method to measure rolling and aerodynamic resistances opposing wheelchair propulsion on a variety of different wheelchairs and wheel combinations and on two different ground surfaces...
  19. Pain M, Challis J. The influence of soft tissue movement on ground reaction forces, joint torques and joint reaction forces in drop landings. J Biomech. 2006;39:119-24 pubmed
    ..The resultant joint forces and torques were lower for the wobbling mass model compared with a rigid body model, up to nearly 50% lower, indicating the important contribution of the wobbling masses on reducing system loading. ..
  20. Bolognesi R, Tsialtas D, Zeppellini R, Barilli A, Cucchini F, Manca C. Early and subtle abnormalities of left ventricular function in clinically stable coronary artery disease patients with normal ejection fraction. J Card Fail. 2004;10:304-9 pubmed
    ..7+/-9). Mean values of E deceleration time, tau, left ventricular end-diastolic volume and pressure, and end-systolic volume and lowest diastolic ..
  21. Dick T. Nonstop deceleration: the fine art of braking an ambulance. JEMS. 2004;29:24 pubmed
  22. Ng S, Au K, Chan E, Chan D, Keung G, Lee J, et al. Effect of acceleration and deceleration distance on the walking speed of people with chronic stroke. J Rehabil Med. 2016;48:666-670 pubmed publisher
    To examine the effect of acceleration and deceleration distance (0, 1, 2 and 3 m) on the comfortable and maximum walking speeds in: (i) the 5-m walk test (5mWT); and (ii) the 10-m walk test (10mWT) in people with chronic stroke...
  23. Sherker S, Short A, Ozanne Smith J. The in situ performance of playground surfacing: implications for maintenance and injury prevention. Int J Inj Contr Saf Promot. 2005;12:63-6 pubmed
  24. van der Hout van der Jagt M, Jongen G, Bovendeerd P, Oei S. Insight into variable fetal heart rate decelerations from a mathematical model. Early Hum Dev. 2013;89:361-9 pubmed publisher
    ..The extent of umbilical compression and thus FHR deceleration is positively related to increased contraction duration and amplitude, and increased sensitivity of the ..
  25. Morando A, Victor T, Dozza M. Drivers anticipate lead-vehicle conflicts during automated longitudinal control: Sensory cues capture driver attention and promote appropriate and timely responses. Accid Anal Prev. 2016;97:206-219 pubmed publisher
    ..Three sensory cues (longitudinal deceleration, looming, and brake lights) were found to be relevant for capturing driver attention and increase glances to ..
  26. Andersson M, Pipkorn B, Lövsund P. Parameter study for child injury mitigation in near-side impacts through FE simulations. Traffic Inj Prev. 2012;13:182-92 pubmed publisher
    ..Light vehicles require interior restraint systems of higher performance than heavy vehicles do to achieve the same level of injury measures for a given side structure. ..
  27. Lakomy J, Haydon D. The effects of enforced, rapid deceleration on performance in a multiple sprint test. J Strength Cond Res. 2004;18:579-83 pubmed
    The nature of multiple sprint sports such as soccer, hockey, and rugby is such that deceleration plays an important part in the movement patterns of players during a game and training...
  28. Cademartiri F, Salamousas B, Luccichenti G, Pedrazzini M. Post-traumatic descending aorta intramural haematoma fortuitously witnessed during a magnetic resonance examination of the spine. Acta Biomed. 2004;75:185-7 pubmed
    ..A case of post-traumatic intramural haematoma of the descending aorta revealed during a magnetic resonance of the spine is described. The final diagnosis was obtained with spiral computed tomography. ..
  29. Fajen B. Rapid recalibration based on optic flow in visually guided action. Exp Brain Res. 2007;183:61-74 pubmed
    ..e., in terms of final position error) of the task. Discussion focuses on the critical but often overlooked role of calibration in continuously controlled visually guided action, and the nature of the information used for recalibration. ..
  30. Flower A, Moorman J, Lake D, Delos J. Periodic heart rate decelerations in premature infants. Exp Biol Med (Maywood). 2010;235:531-8 pubmed publisher
  31. Fernández González A, García Bengochea J, Cortés Laíño J, Martínez Monzonis A, Veiras del Río S, Alvarez Escudero J. Fracture of epicardial resynchronization lead caused by deceleration injury. Asian Cardiovasc Thorac Ann. 2010;18:77-8 pubmed publisher
    ..After replacing the lead, improvement of clinical condition and ventricular parameters was achieved. The role of seat belts in causing dysfunction of pacemakers and resynchronization devices after deceleration injury is discussed.
  32. Gori M, Sciutti A, Jacono M, SANDINI G, Morrone C, Burr D. Long integration time for accelerating and decelerating visual, tactile and visuo-tactile stimuli. Multisens Res. 2013;26:53-68 pubmed speed is seldom constant, it is important to be able to extract speed in conditions of acceleration and deceleration. We measured visual, tactile and bimodal speed-matching over a wide range of accelerations and decelerations in ..
  33. Wu T, Gervais P. An examination of slo-pitch pitching trajectories. Sports Biomech. 2008;7:88-99 pubmed publisher
    ..The present results add to our understanding of projectile motion and aerodynamics. ..
  34. Orendurff M, Bernatz G, Schoen J, Klute G. Kinetic mechanisms to alter walking speed. Gait Posture. 2008;27:603-10 pubmed
    ..Sagittal ankle push-off power appears a consequence of increased walking speed, but not the causative factor to increase walking speed. ..
  35. Fu C, Zhang Y, Bie Y, Hu L. Comparative analysis of driver's brake perception-reaction time at signalized intersections with and without countdown timer using parametric duration models. Accid Anal Prev. 2016;95:448-460 pubmed publisher both AFT models included yellow-onset distance from the stop line, yellow-onset approach speed, and deceleration rate...
  36. Zuke W, Go B, Weber A, Forsythe B. Quadriceps Tendon Rupture in an Adolescent Athlete. Case Rep Orthop. 2017;2017:2718013 pubmed publisher of a 17-year-old healthy adolescent male baseball player who sustained this injury as a result of sudden deceleration in his left knee...
  37. Mills C, Scurr J, Wood L. A protocol for monitoring soft tissue motion under compression garments during drop landings. J Biomech. 2011;44:1821-3 pubmed publisher
    ..Additionally, markers placed under or over the garment demonstrate low variance in movement, and the protocol reports good reliability in marker re-application...
  38. Holly J. Three-dimensional baselines for perceived self-motion during acceleration and deceleration in a centrifuge. J Vestib Res. 1997;7:45-61 pubmed
    ..motions that would be perceived by a perfect processor of acceleration information during the acceleration and deceleration stages of a centrifuge run...
  39. Hickey N, Ryan M, Hamilton P, Bloom C, Murphy J, Brenneman F. Computed tomography of traumatic abdominal wall hernia and associated deceleration injuries. Can Assoc Radiol J. 2002;53:153-9 pubmed
    ..Radiologists should be aware, however, that CT findings may correlate poorly with severity of injury in these areas. In these instances, close clinical correlation and, sometimes, rescanning may be necessary. ..
  40. Kidd J, Drummond Webb J, Vandevanter S, Wagner C. Proximal left subclavian artery disruption caused by blunt trauma in an adolescent: case report and review of the literature. J Trauma. 2005;58:845-7 pubmed
  41. Santschi M, Echave V, Laflamme S, McFadden N, Cyr C. Seat-belt injuries in children involved in motor vehicle crashes. Can J Surg. 2005;48:373-6 pubmed
    ..injuries due to the common mechanism of seat-belt compression with hyperflexion and distraction during deceleration. Five of the children had lumbar spine fractures and 4 remained permanently paraplegic...
  42. Baque P, Serre T, Cheynel N, Arnoux P, Thollon L, Behr M, et al. An experimental cadaveric study for a better understanding of blunt traumatic aortic rupture. J Trauma. 2006;61:586-91 pubmed
    ..This study examines the comportment of the heart and the aorta during a frontal deceleration. Accelerometers were placed in the right ventricle of the heart, the aorta, the sternum, and the spine of six ..
  43. Tiest W, Kappers A. Haptic perception of gravitational and inertial mass. Atten Percept Psychophys. 2010;72:1144-54 pubmed publisher
    ..passive deceleration). It is hypothesized that this is due to a suppression of the perception of applied force in active touch.
  44. Schmitz R, Shultz S. Contribution of knee flexor and extensor strength on sex-specific energy absorption and torsional joint stiffness during drop jumping. J Athl Train. 2010;45:445-52 pubmed publisher
    Lower extremity injury often occurs during abrupt deceleration when attempting to change the body's direction...
  45. Steinbach R, Grundy C, Edwards P, Wilkinson P, Green J. The impact of 20 mph traffic speed zones on inequalities in road casualties in London. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2011;65:921-6 pubmed publisher
    ..The implementation of 20 mph zones targeted at deprived areas has mitigated widening socioeconomic differentials in road injury in London and to some degree narrowed them, but there is limited potential for further gain. ..
  46. Sauret C, Bascou J, de Saint Rémy N, Pillet H, Vaslin P, Lavaste F. Assessment of field rolling resistance of manual wheelchairs. J Rehabil Res Dev. 2012;49:63-74 pubmed
    ..users (a hard smooth surface and carpet) from measurements of a three-dimensional accelerometer during field deceleration tests performed with artificial load...
  47. Kumar A, Gupta S, Kale S. Effects of drop acceleration and deceleration on particle capture in a cross-flow gravity tower at intermediate drop Reynolds numbers. J Environ Sci Eng. 2007;49:157-63 pubmed
    ..The drop injection velocity is important operating parameter. Increase in tower efficiency by about 40% for particles smaller than 5 mm is observed for increase in injection velocity from 0 to 20 m/s for 200 and 500mm drops. ..
  48. Chu M, Myers M. Traumatic innominate artery disruption and aortic valve rupture. Ann Thorac Surg. 2006;82:1095-7 pubmed
    Rapid deceleration injury causing blunt thoracic trauma can result in injury to the thoracic aorta...
  49. Giovannini F, Savino G, Pierini M, Baldanzini N. Analysis of the minimum swerving distance for the development of a motorcycle autonomous braking system. Accid Anal Prev. 2013;59:170-84 pubmed publisher
    ..The tests showed the performance of the model in evasive trajectory computation for different riding styles and fixed obstacles. ..
  50. Krisp J, Durot S. Segmentation of lines based on point densities--an optimisation of wildlife warning sign placement in southern Finland. Accid Anal Prev. 2007;39:38-46 pubmed
  51. Simons Morton B, Cheon K, Guo F, Albert P. Trajectories of kinematic risky driving among novice teenagers. Accid Anal Prev. 2013;51:27-32 pubmed publisher
    ..Self-reported risky driving and having risky friends were predictors of kinematic risky driving rates, but these variables did not explain the heterogeneity within higher and lower classes of risky drivers. ..
  52. Ruotolo C, Penna J, Namkoong S, Meinhard B. Shoulder pain and the overhand athlete. Am J Orthop (Belle Mead NJ). 2003;32:248-58 pubmed
    ..Treatment for the patient depends on the specific cause of the pain. As always, a full routine of nonoperative therapeutic measures should be administered before resorting to surgical intervention. ..
  53. Domenichini L, La Torre F, Branzi V, Nocentini A. Speed behaviour in work zone crossovers. A driving simulator study. Accid Anal Prev. 2017;98:10-24 pubmed publisher
    ..The presence of perceptual measures generally induced both the greatest homogenization of speeds and the largest reductions in mean speed values. ..