Summary: Liquid water present beneath the surface of the earth.

Top Publications

  1. Hosseini M, Kerachian R. A Bayesian maximum entropy-based methodology for optimal spatiotemporal design of groundwater monitoring networks. Environ Monit Assess. 2017;189:433 pubmed publisher
    ..presents a new methodology for analyzing the spatiotemporal variability of water table levels and redesigning a groundwater level monitoring network (GLMN) using the Bayesian Maximum Entropy (BME) technique and a multi-criteria ..
  2. Shukla A, SHUKLA S, Annable M, Hodges A. Volume reduction outweighs biogeochemical processes in controlling phosphorus treatment in aged detention systems. J Contam Hydrol. 2017;203:9-17 pubmed publisher
    ..Subsurface P losses through groundwater were 304kg (27% of inflow P) indicating that they are an important source for downstream P...
  3. Ouyang Q, Lu W, Lin J, Deng W, Cheng W. Conservative strategy-based ensemble surrogate model for optimal groundwater remediation design at DNAPLs-contaminated sites. J Contam Hydrol. 2017;203:1-8 pubmed publisher
    The surrogate-based simulation-optimization techniques are frequently used for optimal groundwater remediation design...
  4. Damkjaer S, Taylor R. The measurement of water scarcity: Defining a meaningful indicator. Ambio. 2017;46:513-531 pubmed publisher
    ..wide range of options for addressing freshwater storage requirements beyond dams that include use of renewable groundwater, soil water and trading in virtual water...
  5. Hemalatha M, Butti S, Velvizhi G, Venkata Mohan S. Microbial mediated desalination for ground water softening with simultaneous power generation. Bioresour Technol. 2017;242:28-35 pubmed publisher
    ..1mA; -5.98mA) in closed circuit mode. MDC can function as sustainable and alternative solution for ground and surface water treatment with power productivity and resource recovery. ..
  6. Jha S, Mishra V, Damodaran T, Sharma D, Kumar P. Arsenic in the groundwater: Occurrence, toxicological activities, and remedies. J Environ Sci Health C Environ Carcinog Ecotoxicol Rev. 2017;35:84-103 pubmed publisher
    Arsenic (As) contamination in groundwater has become a geo-environmental as well as a toxicological problem across the globe affecting more than 100-million people in nearly 21 countries with its associated disease "arsenicosis...
  7. Minet E, Goodhue R, Meier Augenstein W, Kalin R, Fenton O, Richards K, et al. Combining stable isotopes with contamination indicators: A method for improved investigation of nitrate sources and dynamics in aquifers with mixed nitrogen inputs. Water Res. 2017;124:85-96 pubmed publisher
    Excessive nitrate (NO3-) concentration in groundwater raises health and environmental issues that must be addressed by all European Union (EU) member states under the Nitrates Directive and the Water Framework ..
  8. Qu D, Ren H, Zhou R, Zhao Y. Visualisation study on Pseudomonas migulae AN-1 transport in saturated porous media. Water Res. 2017;122:329-336 pubmed publisher
    Influence of granular size and groundwater flow rate on transport of Pseudomonas migulae AN-1 in saturated porous media was non-invasively and visually investigated with a novel imaging technique based on our previously established green ..
  9. Mondal N. Effect of fluoride on photosynthesis, growth and accumulation of four widely cultivated rice (Oryza sativa L.) varieties in India. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf. 2017;144:36-44 pubmed publisher
    Long-term use of fluoride contaminated groundwater to irrigate crops; especially paddy rice (Oryza sativa L.) has resulted in elevated soil fluoride levels in Eastern India...

More Information


  1. Yang M, Annable M, Jawitz J. Field-scale forward and back diffusion through low-permeability zones. J Contam Hydrol. 2017;202:47-58 pubmed publisher
    Understanding the effects of back diffusion of groundwater contaminants from low-permeability zones to aquifers is critical to making site management decisions related to remedial actions...
  2. Li J, Zhou H, Wang Y, Xie X, Qian K. Sorption and speciation of iodine in groundwater system: The roles of organic matter and organic-mineral complexes. J Contam Hydrol. 2017;201:39-47 pubmed publisher
    ..the geochemical behaviors of iodine species are critical to understand the mechanisms of iodine mobilization in groundwater systems...
  3. Shafiq M, Shaukat T, Nazir A, Bareen F. Modeling of Cr contamination in the agricultural lands of three villages near the leather industry in Kasur, Pakistan, using statistical and GIS techniques. Environ Monit Assess. 2017;189:423 pubmed publisher
    ..Among the multiple causes of Cr contamination of vegetables, soil irrigation with contaminated groundwater was observed to be the dominant one.
  4. Hafeznezami S, Zimmer Faust A, Jun D, Rugh M, Haro H, Park A, et al. Remediation of groundwater contaminated with arsenic through enhanced natural attenuation: Batch and column studies. Water Res. 2017;122:545-556 pubmed publisher
    Batch and column laboratory experiments were conducted on natural sediment and groundwater samples from a contaminated site in Maine, USA with the aim of lowering the dissolved arsenate [As(V)] concentrations through chemical enhancement ..
  5. Migaszewski Z, Gałuszka A, Migaszewski A. The study of rare earth elements in farmer's well waters of the Podwi?niówka acid mine drainage area (south-central Poland). Environ Monit Assess. 2014;186:1609-22 pubmed
    ..may also result from a different contribution of quartzites, clayey shales, or tuffites to the REE signal of well waters as well as from mixing of shallow groundwater with infiltrating rainwater or meltwater with different REE profiles.
  6. Kuhn I, Roisenberg A. Combining lead isotopes and cluster analysis to distinguish the Guarani and Serra Geral Aquifer Systems and contaminated waters in a highly industrialized area in Southern Brazil. J Environ Radioact. 2017;177:24-31 pubmed publisher
    ..This study aims to understand groundwater, surface water and human activity interactions in the Rio dos Sinos Watershed, evaluating the application of ..
  7. Zhong Q, Chen H, Liu L, He Y, Zhu D, Jiang L, et al. Water table drawdown shapes the depth-dependent variations in prokaryotic diversity and structure in Zoige peatlands. FEMS Microbiol Ecol. 2017;93: pubmed publisher
    ..Our study illuminates that the variations of prokaryotic communities caused by water table drawdown are depth-dependent, and that water table drawdown leads to predictive changes of microbiota in peatlands. ..
  8. Rogiers B, Mallants D, Batelaan O, Gedeon M, Huysmans M, Dassargues A. Model-based classification of CPT data and automated lithostratigraphic mapping for high-resolution characterization of a heterogeneous sedimentary aquifer. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0176656 pubmed publisher
    ..For parameterization of regional groundwater flow or geotechnical models, and delineation of regional hydro- or lithostratigraphy, regional SBT ..
  9. Trinchero P, Puigdomenech I, Molinero J, Ebrahimi H, Gylling B, Svensson U, et al. Continuum-based DFN-consistent numerical framework for the simulation of oxygen infiltration into fractured crystalline rocks. J Contam Hydrol. 2017;200:60-69 pubmed publisher
    We present an enhanced continuum-based approach for the modelling of groundwater flow coupled with reactive transport in crystalline fractured rocks...
  10. Soltanian M, Sun A, Dai Z. Reactive transport in the complex heterogeneous alluvial aquifer of Fortymile Wash, Nevada. Chemosphere. 2017;179:379-386 pubmed publisher
    ..The longitudinal dispersivity of the reactive plume can be on the order of hundreds to thousands of meters, and it may not reach its asymptotic value even after 10,000 years of travel time and 2-3 km of travel distance. ..
  11. Pandith M, Kaplay R, Potdar S, Sangnor H, Rao A. Impact of urbanization coupled with drought situations on groundwater quality in shallow (basalt) and deeper (granite) aquifers with special reference to fluoride in Nanded-Waghala Municipal Corporation, Nanded District, Maharashtra (India). Environ Monit Assess. 2017;189:428 pubmed publisher
    ..expansion in urbanization and industrialization coupled with recent drought conditions has triggered unplanned groundwater development leading to severe stress on groundwater resources in many urban cities of India, particularly ..
  12. Li Q, Song A, Peng W, Jin Z, Muller W, Wang X. Contribution of aerobic anoxygenic phototrophic bacteria to total organic carbon pool in aquatic system of subtropical karst catchments, Southwest China: evidence from hydrochemical and microbiological study. FEMS Microbiol Ecol. 2017;93: pubmed publisher
    ..little is known about the interaction between aerobic anoxygenic phototrophic bacteria and hydrochemistry in groundwater-surface water exchange systems of subtropical karst catchments...
  13. Sinacore K, Hall J, Potvin C, Royo A, Ducey M, Ashton M. Unearthing the hidden world of roots: Root biomass and architecture differ among species within the same guild. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0185934 pubmed publisher
    ..the hidden form and function roots play in carbon accumulation, nutrient and plant water uptake, and groundwater infiltration...
  14. Kundu S, Khare D, Mondal A. Past, present and future land use changes and their impact on water balance. J Environ Manage. 2017;197:582-596 pubmed publisher
    ..37% from 1990 to 2011 and by 8.40% in 2050. Simulation with the SWAT using landuse change showed reduction in ET and increased runoff in different sub-watersheds, which needs to be considered in terms of management. ..
  15. Huling J, Huling S, Ludwig R. Enhanced adsorption of arsenic through the oxidative treatment of reduced aquifer solids. Water Res. 2017;123:183-191 pubmed publisher
  16. Scheelbeek P, Chowdhury M, Haines A, Alam D, Hoque M, Butler A, et al. Drinking Water Salinity and Raised Blood Pressure: Evidence from a Cohort Study in Coastal Bangladesh. Environ Health Perspect. 2017;125:057007 pubmed publisher
    .. ..
  17. Dubinsky J, Karunanithi A. Consumptive Water Use Analysis of Upper Rio Grande Basin in Southern Colorado. Environ Sci Technol. 2017;51:4452-4460 pubmed publisher
    ..on an average, RGB experiences three months of water shortage per year due to the unsustainable extraction of groundwater (GW)...
  18. De Giglio O, Caggiano G, Bagordo F, Barbuti G, Brigida S, Lugoli F, et al. Enteric Viruses and Fecal Bacteria Indicators to Assess Groundwater Quality and Suitability for Irrigation. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2017;14: pubmed publisher
    ..The aim of this study is to determine the bacteriological quality of groundwater used for irrigation and the occurrence of enteric viruses (Norovirus, Enterovirus, Rotavirus, Hepatovirus A), ..
  19. Kwon M, Yun S, Ham B, Lee J, Oh J, Jheong W. Impacts of leachates from livestock carcass burial and manure heap sites on groundwater geochemistry and microbial community structure. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0182579 pubmed publisher
    ..heap on the geochemical and microbiological properties of agricultural water samples, including leachate, groundwater from monitoring wells and background wells, and stream water...
  20. Khazaei E, Milne Home W. Applicability of geochemical techniques and artificial sweeteners in discriminating the anthropogenic sources of chloride in shallow groundwater north of Toronto, Canada. Environ Monit Assess. 2017;189:218 pubmed publisher
    ..activities including the road salts, septic effluent and agricultural sources are common in shallow groundwater of the recent glacial deposits north of Toronto, Ontario, Canada...
  21. Winterbottom E, Fei D, Koestler D, Giambelli C, Wika E, Capobianco A, et al. GLI3 Links Environmental Arsenic Exposure and Human Fetal Growth. EBioMedicine. 2015;2:536-43 pubmed publisher
    ..that in utero arsenic exposure affects children's health, these data are mainly from areas of the world where groundwater arsenic levels far exceed the World Health Organization limit of 10 ?g/L...
  22. Mogaji K, Lim H. Application of a GIS-/remote sensing-based approach for predicting groundwater potential zones using a multi-criteria data mining methodology. Environ Monit Assess. 2017;189:321 pubmed publisher
    ..information system techniques to analyze surface and subsurface data sets for the spatial prediction of groundwater potential in Perak Province, Malaysia...
  23. Lima A, Hofmann A, Reynolds D, Ptacek C, Van Cappellen P, Ottosen L, et al. Environmental Electrokinetics for a sustainable subsurface. Chemosphere. 2017;181:122-133 pubmed publisher
    Soil and groundwater are key components in the sustainable management of the subsurface environment...
  24. Lhotský O, Krákorová E, Mašín P, Žebrák R, Linhartová L, Křesinová Z, et al. Pharmaceuticals, benzene, toluene and chlorobenzene removal from contaminated groundwater by combined UV/H2O2 photo-oxidation and aeration. Water Res. 2017;120:245-255 pubmed publisher
    ..was performed to test the feasibility of several decontamination methods for remediating heavily contaminated groundwater in a real contaminated locality in the Czech Republic, where a pharmaceuticals plant has been in operation for ..
  25. Kulshrestha S, Awasthi A, Dabral S. Assessment of heavy metals in the industrial effluents, tube-wells and municipal supplied water of Dehradun, India. J Environ Sci Eng. 2013;55:290-300 pubmed
    ..To assess the status of ground water quality, water samples from four tube wells of different localities of the area and four drinking water samples supplied by Municipal Distribution System were also analyzed. ..
  26. Soltani S, Asghari Moghaddam A, Barzegar R, Kazemian N, Tziritis E. Hydrogeochemistry and water quality of the Kordkandi-Duzduzan plain, NW Iran: application of multivariate statistical analysis and PoS index. Environ Monit Assess. 2017;189:455 pubmed publisher
    Kordkandi-Duzduzan plain is one of the fertile plains of East Azarbaijan Province, NW of Iran. Groundwater is an important resource for drinking and agricultural purposes due to the lack of surface water resources in the region...
  27. Zhang H, Sun Y, Li Y, Zhou X, Tang X, Yi P, et al. Quality assessment of groundwater from the south-eastern Arabian Peninsula. Environ Monit Assess. 2017;189:411 pubmed publisher
    Assessment of groundwater quality plays a significant role in the utilization of the scarce water resources globally and especially in arid regions...
  28. Szczuka A, Parker K, Harvey C, Hayes E, Vengosh A, Mitch W. Regulated and unregulated halogenated disinfection byproduct formation from chlorination of saline groundwater. Water Res. 2017;122:633-644 pubmed publisher
    Coastal utilities exploiting mildly saline groundwater (<150 mg/L chloride) may be challenged by disinfection byproduct (DBP) formation, a concern likely to increase with sea-level rise...
  29. Badiuzzaman P, McLaughlin E, McCauley D. Substituting freshwater: Can ocean desalination and water recycling capacities substitute for groundwater depletion in California?. J Environ Manage. 2017;203:123-135 pubmed publisher a longstanding environmental concern, wider attention has recently been given to growing water scarcity and groundwater depletion...
  30. Bianucci E, Furlan A, Tordable M, Hernández L, Carpena Ruiz R, Castro S. Antioxidant responses of peanut roots exposed to realistic groundwater doses of arsenate: Identification of glutathione S-transferase as a suitable biomarker for metalloid toxicity. Chemosphere. 2017;181:551-561 pubmed publisher
    Arsenic (As)-polluted groundwater constitutes a serious problem for peanut plants, as roots can accumulate the metalloid in their edible parts...
  31. la Cecilia D, Maggi F. In-situ atrazine biodegradation dynamics in wheat (Triticum) crops under variable hydrologic regime. J Contam Hydrol. 2017;203:104-121 pubmed publisher
    ..Greater ATZ applications were balanced by small nonlinear increments of ATZ biodegraded fraction within the root zone and therefore less ATZ leached into the shallow aquifer. ..
  32. Amini A, Hesami A. The role of land use change on the sustainability of groundwater resources in the eastern plains of Kurdistan, Iran. Environ Monit Assess. 2017;189:297 pubmed publisher
    In this study, land use change and its effects on level and volume of groundwater were investigated. Using satellite images and field measurements, change in land uses was determined from 1998 to 2007...
  33. Li P, Jiang Z, Wang Y, Deng Y, Van Nostrand J, Yuan T, et al. Analysis of the functional gene structure and metabolic potential of microbial community in high arsenic groundwater. Water Res. 2017;123:268-276 pubmed publisher
    Microbial functional potential in high arsenic (As) groundwater ecosystems remains largely unknown...
  34. Rezvani F, Sarrafzadeh M, Seo S, Oh H. Phosphorus optimization for simultaneous nitrate-contaminated groundwater treatment and algae biomass production using Ettlia sp. Bioresour Technol. 2017;244:785-792 pubmed publisher
    ..were evaluated with batch experiments using groundwater, 50mg/L of N-NO3-, and different concentrations of P-PO43-: 0.5, 2...
  35. Chakraborti D, Das B, Rahman M, Nayak B, Pal A, Sengupta M, et al. Arsenic in groundwater of the Kolkata Municipal Corporation (KMC), India: Critical review and modes of mitigation. Chemosphere. 2017;180:437-447 pubmed publisher
    This study represents the first comprehensive report of groundwater arsenic contamination status in the Kolkata Municipal Corporation (KMC)...
  36. Němeček J, Dolinova I, Machackova J, Špánek R, Sevců A, Lederer T, et al. Stratification of chlorinated ethenes natural attenuation in an alluvial aquifer assessed by hydrochemical and biomolecular tools. Chemosphere. 2017;184:1157-1167 pubmed publisher
    ..For reliable assessment of natural attenuation, or when designing monitoring or remedial systems, vertical stratification of key biological and hydrochemical markers should be analysed as standard, even in shallow aquifers. ..
  37. Lee J, Whang K. Mycobacterium aquiterrae sp. nov., a rapidly growing bacterium isolated from groundwater. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2017;67:4104-4110 pubmed publisher
    ..and non-pigmented species of the genus Mycobacterium, designated strain S-I-6T, was isolated from groundwater at Daejeon in Korea...
  38. Mehdinejadiani B. Estimating the solute transport parameters of the spatial fractional advection-dispersion equation using Bees Algorithm. J Contam Hydrol. 2017;203:51-61 pubmed publisher
    ..To sum up, the Bees Algorithm was found to be very simple, robust and accurate approach to estimate the transport parameters of the spatial fractional advection-dispersion equation. ..
  39. Oyewumi O, Schreiber M. Using column experiments to examine transport of As and other trace elements released from poultry litter: Implications for trace element mobility in agricultural watersheds. Environ Pollut. 2017;227:223-233 pubmed publisher
    ..Results have implications for understanding fate and transport of trace elements released from litter application to soil water and groundwater, which can affect both human health and the environment.
  40. Hou Z, Lu W, Xue H, Lin J. A comparative research of different ensemble surrogate models based on set pair analysis for the DNAPL-contaminated aquifer remediation strategy optimization. J Contam Hydrol. 2017;203:28-37 pubmed publisher
    ..5%. Using an ES model instead of the simulation model was critical for considerably reducing the computation time of simulation-optimization process and maintaining high computation accuracy simultaneously. ..
  41. Amiri M, Abedi Koupai J, Eslamian S. Adsorption of Hg(II) and Pb(II) ions by nanoscale zero valent iron supported on ostrich bone ash in a fixed-bed column system. Water Sci Technol. 2017;76:671-682 pubmed publisher
    ..From a practical point of view, the OBA/nZVI could be applied as a material to remove Hg(II) and Pb(II) ions from natural surface and ground water with a pH value of 5-9. ..
  42. Szymczycha B, Kroeger K, Crusius J, Bratton J. Depth of the vadose zone controls aquifer biogeochemical conditions and extent of anthropogenic nitrogen removal. Water Res. 2017;123:794-801 pubmed publisher
  43. Kasanke C, Leigh M. Factors limiting sulfolane biodegradation in contaminated subarctic aquifer substrate. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0181462 pubmed publisher
    ..organosulfur compound, is used industrially worldwide and is associated with one of the largest contaminated groundwater plumes in the state of Alaska...
  44. Yang Y, Toor G, Wilson P, Williams C. Micropollutants in groundwater from septic systems: Transformations, transport mechanisms, and human health risk assessment. Water Res. 2017;123:258-267 pubmed publisher
    Septic systems may contribute micropollutants to shallow groundwater and surface water...
  45. Michael H. Geochemistry. An arsenic forecast for China. Science. 2013;341:852-3 pubmed publisher
  46. Elumalai V, Brindha K, Elango L. Regional and temporal variation in minor ions in groundwater of a part of a large river delta, southern India. Environ Monit Assess. 2017;189:305 pubmed publisher
    Impact of agricultural activities on groundwater can be determined from the concentration of nutrients present in groundwater...
  47. Ghafouri H, Mosharaf Dehkordi M, Afzalan B. Identification of immiscible NAPL contaminant sources in aquifers by a modified two-level saturation based imperialist competitive algorithm. J Contam Hydrol. 2017;202:33-46 pubmed publisher
    ..The obtained numerical results indicate that using this simulation-optimization model provides accurate results at a less number of iterations when compared with the model employing the classical one-level ICA. ..
  48. Eberle D, Ball R, Boving T. Impact of ISCO Treatment on PFAA Co-Contaminants at a Former Fire Training Area. Environ Sci Technol. 2017;51:5127-5136 pubmed publisher
    ..Soil and groundwater samples were collected before and after an ISCO pilot-scale field test of a peroxone activated persulfate (..
  49. Vink J, van Zomeren A, Dijkstra J, Comans R. When soils become sediments: Large-scale storage of soils in sandpits and lakes and the impact of reduction kinetics on heavy metals and arsenic release to groundwater. Environ Pollut. 2017;227:146-156 pubmed publisher
    ..Practical methods are suggested to facilitate the practice of environmentally acceptable soil storage under water. ..
  50. Arslan Ş, Yücel C, Çallı S, Celik M. Assessment of Heavy Metal Pollution in the Groundwater of the Northern Develi Closed Basin, Kayseri, Turkey. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol. 2017;99:244-252 pubmed publisher
    This study was carried out to assess the groundwater pollution in the northern Develi Closed Basin by using the heavy metal pollution index (HPI)...
  51. Ravenscroft P, Mahmud Z, Islam M, Hossain A, Zahid A, Saha G, et al. The public health significance of latrines discharging to groundwater used for drinking. Water Res. 2017;124:192-201 pubmed publisher
    Faecal contamination of groundwater from pit latrines is widely perceived as a major threat to the safety of drinking water for several billion people in rural and peri-urban areas worldwide...
  52. Atteia O, Jousse F, Cohen G, Höhener P. Comparison of residual NAPL source removal techniques in 3D metric scale experiments. J Contam Hydrol. 2017;202:23-32 pubmed publisher
  53. Herrick R, Buckholz J, Biro F, Calafat A, Ye X, Xie C, et al. Polyfluoroalkyl substance exposure in the Mid-Ohio River Valley, 1991-2012. Environ Pollut. 2017;228:50-60 pubmed publisher
    ..GAC treatment of drinking water mitigates, but does not eliminate, PFOA exposure. ..
  54. Zhang S, Mao G, Crittenden J, Liu X, Du H. Groundwater remediation from the past to the future: A bibliometric analysis. Water Res. 2017;119:114-125 pubmed publisher
    b>Groundwater is an important component of terrestrial ecosystems and plays a role in geochemical cycling. Groundwater is also used for agricultural irrigation and for the domestic supply of drinking water in most nations...
  55. Grave S, Piscart C, Kayo R, Anker A. A new groundwater-dwelling species of <i>Euryrhynchina</i> from Cameroon (Malacostraca, Decapoda, Euryrhynchidae). Zootaxa. 2017;4254:120-126 pubmed publisher
    ..2-3), the absence of a podobranch on the second maxilliped, and the absence of appendices internae on the male pleopods 2-5. Although the species was discovered in a phreatic well, it remains unclear if it is a true stygobiont. ..
  56. Xu S, Attinti R, Adams E, Wei J, Kniel K, Zhuang J, et al. Mutually facilitated co-transport of two different viruses through reactive porous media. Water Res. 2017;123:40-48 pubmed publisher
  57. Ammar R, Kazpard V, El Samrani A, Amacha N, Saad Z, Chou L. Hydrodynamic influence on reservoir sustainability in semi-arid climate: A physicochemical and environmental isotopic study. J Environ Manage. 2017;197:571-581 pubmed publisher
    ..Environmental isotopic compositions demonstrate for the first time the occurrence of groundwater inflow to the central (Cz) and dam (Dz) zones of the Qaraaoun reservoir...
  58. Kim H, Lee W, Lee S, Choi J, Maeng S. Characterization of organic precursors in DBP formation and AOC in urban surface water and their fate during managed aquifer recharge. Water Res. 2017;123:75-85 pubmed publisher
    ..The pretreatment, which used ozonation before ARR, significantly enhanced the removal of carbamazepine; therefore, ozonation followed by ARR is considered an effective way to enhance removal of persistent compounds. ..
  59. Hayat E, Baba A. Quality of groundwater resources in Afghanistan. Environ Monit Assess. 2017;189:318 pubmed publisher
    ..b>Groundwater is the main source of drinking water in the country...
  60. Mabilde L, De Neve S, Sleutel S. Regional analysis of groundwater phosphate concentrations under acidic sandy soils: Edaphic factors and water table strongly mediate the soil P-groundwater P relation. J Environ Manage. 2017;203:429-438 pubmed publisher
    ..soils in NW-Europe has resulted in abundant sorption, saturation and eventually leaching of P from soil to the groundwater. Although many studies recognize the control of site-specific factors like soil texture and phosphate ..
  61. Liu Y, Bashir S, Stollberg R, Trabitzsch R, Weis H, Paschke H, et al. Compound Specific and Enantioselective Stable Isotope Analysis as Tools To Monitor Transformation of Hexachlorocyclohexane (HCH) in a Complex Aquifer System. Environ Sci Technol. 2017;51:8909-8916 pubmed publisher
    ..We studied the natural attenuation of HCH in these groundwater systems through a combination of enantiomeric and carbon isotope fractionation to characterize the degradation ..
  62. Pedretti D, Mayer K, Beckie R. Stochastic multicomponent reactive transport analysis of low quality drainage release from waste rock piles: Controls of the spatial distribution of acid generating and neutralizing minerals. J Contam Hydrol. 2017;201:30-38 pubmed publisher
    ..Our results suggest that new methods that explicitly account for mineralogical heterogeneity must be sought when computing effective (upscaled) NPR values at the scale of the piles. ..
  63. Shapiro A, Evans C, Hayes E. Porosity and pore size distribution in a sedimentary rock: Implications for the distribution of chlorinated solvents. J Contam Hydrol. 2017;203:70-84 pubmed publisher
    ..Larger porosities were also measured in the shallow rock that has been subject to enhanced groundwater flow. Porosity also varied over more than an order of magnitude in spatially continuous mudstone layers...
  64. Zhong J, Yin W, Li Y, Li P, Wu J, Jiang G, et al. Column study of enhanced Cr(VI) removal and longevity by coupled abiotic and biotic processes using Fe0 and mixed anaerobic culture. Water Res. 2017;122:536-544 pubmed publisher
    ..indicate that the inoculation of microorganisms in Fe0-based permeable reactive barriers will enable this technology a higher removal capacity and longer life-span for the remediation of Cr(VI)-contaminated groundwater.
  65. Khare P. A large-scale investigation of the quality of groundwater in six major districts of Central India during the 2010-2011 sampling campaign. Environ Monit Assess. 2017;189:429 pubmed publisher
    This paper investigates the groundwater quality in six major districts of Madhya Pradesh in central India, namely, Balaghat, Chhindwara, Dhar, Jhabua, Mandla, and Seoni during the 2010-2011 sampling campaign, and discusses improvements ..
  66. Nauditt A, Soulsby C, Birkel C, Rusman A, Schuth C, Ribbe L, et al. Using synoptic tracer surveys to assess runoff sources in an Andean headwater catchment in central Chile. Environ Monit Assess. 2017;189:440 pubmed publisher
    ..solutes indexed by electrical conductivity indicate that there are limited contributions of deeper mineralised groundwater to streamflow and that weathering rates vary in the different sub-catchments...
  67. Batabyal A, Gupta S. Fluoride-contaminated groundwater of Birbhum district, West Bengal, India: Interpretation of drinking and irrigation suitability and major geochemical processes using principal component analysis. Environ Monit Assess. 2017;189:369 pubmed publisher
    ..Chemical analysis of the groundwater shows the cations is in the order of Na+ > Ca2+ > Mg2+ while for ..
  68. Canfora L, Salvati L, Benedetti A, Francaviglia R. Is soil microbial diversity affected by soil and groundwater salinity? Evidences from a coastal system in central Italy. Environ Monit Assess. 2017;189:319 pubmed publisher
    ..of this study was to investigate the impact of lagoon salinity, soil type, and land-use on inland soil and groundwater quality, and soil microbial community structure, diversity, and gene abundance, as evaluated by T-RFLP (..
  69. Ji Y, Wang L, Jiang M, Lu J, Ferronato C, Chovelon J. The role of nitrite in sulfate radical-based degradation of phenolic compounds: An unexpected nitration process relevant to groundwater remediation by in-situ chemical oxidation (ISCO). Water Res. 2017;123:249-257 pubmed publisher
    ..sulfate radical-based advanced oxidation processes (SR-AOPs) are applied in wastewater treatment and groundwater remediation in recent years...
  70. Kumar A, Kaur M, Mehra R, Sharma D, Mishra R. Comparative Study of Radon Concentration with Two Techniques and Elemental Analysis in Drinking Water Samples of the Jammu District, Jammu and Kashmir, India. Health Phys. 2017;113:271-281 pubmed publisher
    ..However, the higher activity of mean radon concentration was found in groundwater drawn from well, hand and submersible pumps as compared to stored water...
  71. Fan C, Liou S, Hou C. Capacitive deionization of arsenic-contaminated groundwater in a single-pass mode. Chemosphere. 2017;184:924-931 pubmed publisher
    A single-pass-mode capacitive deionization (CDI) reactor was used to remove arsenic from groundwater in the presence of multiple ions. The CDI reactor involved an applied voltage of 1...
  72. Huang Q, Qin X, Liu P, Zhang L, Su C. Impact of sulfuric and nitric acids on carbonate dissolution, and the associated deficit of CO2 uptake in the upper-middle reaches of the Wujiang River, China. J Contam Hydrol. 2017;203:18-27 pubmed publisher
    ..The hydrochemistries and carbon isotopic signatures of dissolved inorganic carbon from groundwater were measured during the rainy season (July; 41 samples) and post-rainy season (October; 26 samples)...
  73. Kuglerová L, Jansson R, Agren A, Laudon H, Malm Renöfält B. Groundwater discharge creates hotspots of riparian plant species richness in a boreal forest stream network. Ecology. 2014;95:715-25 pubmed
    ..We studied the relationship between the influx of groundwater (GW) from upland areas and riparian plant diversity and composition along a stream size gradient, ranging from ..
  74. Swartjes F, Otte P. A novel concept in ground water quality management: Towards function specific screening values. Water Res. 2017;119:187-200 pubmed publisher meant to initiate and feed the discussion on a more sophisticated procedure for the derivation and use of groundwater screening values (GSVs)...
  75. Salih H, Li J, Kaplan R, Dastgheib S. Life cycle assessment of treatment and handling options for a highly saline brine extracted from a potential CO2 storage site. Water Res. 2017;122:419-430 pubmed publisher
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