professional ethics


Summary: The principles of proper conduct concerning the rights and duties of the professional, relations with patients or consumers and fellow practitioners, as well as actions of the professional and interpersonal relations with patient or consumer families. (From Stedman, 25th ed)

Top Publications

  1. Segall M. From cooperation to competition in national health systems--and back?: impact on professional ethics and quality of care. Int J Health Plann Manage. 2000;15:61-79 pubmed
    ..It is a matter of politics, not economics. ..
  2. Chaar B. Professional ethics in pharmacy practice: developing a psychometric measure of moral reasoning. Pharm World Sci. 2009;31:439-449 pubmed publisher
    To develop and validate a psychometric measure of cognitive moral development in professional ethics in pharmacy. Pharmacy practice in Australia...
  3. Mackie J, Taylor A, Finegold D, Daar A, Singer P. Lessons on ethical decision making from the bioscience industry. PLoS Med. 2006;3:e129 pubmed
  4. Barrow C, Conrad J. Assessing the reliability and credibility of industry science and scientists. Environ Health Perspect. 2006;114:153-5 pubmed
    ..Within these constraints, chemical industry scientists can serve important and legitimate functions on scientific advisory panels and should not be unjustifiably prevented from contributing to their work. ..
  5. Veach P, Bartels D, LeRoy B. Ethical and professional challenges posed by patients with genetic concerns: a report of focus group discussions with genetic counselors, physicians, and nurses. J Genet Couns. 2001;10:97-119 pubmed
    ..Implications for practitioners who deal with genetic issues and recommendations for additional research are given. ..
  6. Reid L. Diminishing returns? Risk and the duty to care in the SARS epidemic. Bioethics. 2005;19:348-61 pubmed
    ..Such reflection underwrites a strong duty of care, but one not to be borne solely by the altruism and heroism of individual healthcare workers. ..
  7. Emanuel E. The lessons of SARS. Ann Intern Med. 2003;139:589-91 pubmed
    ..These lessons will be valuable far beyond the SARS episode. ..
  8. Fennig S, Secker A, Treves I, Ben Yakar M, Farina J, Roe D, et al. Ethical dilemmas in psychotherapy: comparison between patients, therapists and laypersons. Isr J Psychiatry Relat Sci. 2005;42:251-7 pubmed
    ..1) Patients have different ethical codes from therapists and laypersons regarding the issues of confidentiality. (2) Patients and lay persons are less strict than therapists regarding issues of boundaries. ..
  9. Holosko M, Thyer B, Danner J. Ethical guidelines for designing and conducting evaluations of social work practice. J Evid Based Soc Work. 2009;6:348-60 pubmed publisher

More Information


  1. Morgan S. The relationship between the orthopedic profession and orthopedic industry. Orthopedics. 2007;30:900-1 pubmed
  2. Knapp S, VandeCreek L. The ethics of advertising, billing, and finances in psychotherapy. J Clin Psychol. 2008;64:613-25 pubmed publisher
    ..We argue that understanding the moral foundations of ethical standards helps psychotherapists to implement with greater integrity the spirit and the letter of the standards with regard to advertising and business practices. ..
  3. Kun L. Professional responsibility: politics, culture, and religion versus science and technology. IEEE Eng Med Biol Mag. 2008;27:95-9 pubmed publisher
  4. Alliman S, Veach P, Bartels D, Lian F, James C, LeRoy B. A comparative analysis of ethical and professional challenges experienced by Australian and U.S. genetic counselors. J Genet Couns. 2009;18:379-94 pubmed publisher
    ..S. genetic counselors. They further suggest that certain ethical issues may manifest in ways unique to a given country, and therefore they must be addressed in a culturally-appropriate manner. ..
  5. Martin M. Moral creativity in science and engineering. Sci Eng Ethics. 2006;12:421-33 pubmed
    Creativity in science and engineering has moral significance and deserves attention within professional ethics, in at least three areas...
  6. Levy N, Clarke S. Neuroethics and psychiatry. Curr Opin Psychiatry. 2008;21:568-71 pubmed publisher
  7. Wickins J. The ethics of biometrics: the risk of social exclusion from the widespread use of electronic identification. Sci Eng Ethics. 2007;13:45-54 pubmed
  8. Robson G. Whose smoke and mirrors?. Addiction. 2008;103:1231 pubmed publisher
  9. McGrath M, Fullilove R, Kaufman M, Wallace R, Fullilove M. The limits of collaboration: a qualitative study of community ethical review of environmental health research. Am J Public Health. 2009;99:1510-4 pubmed publisher
    ..Our data suggest that organizations designed to protect human volunteers are in the best position to take the lead in implementing community review. ..
  10. Kenny B, Lincoln M, Blyth K, Balandin S. Ethical perspective on quality of care: the nature of ethical dilemmas identified by new graduate and experienced speech pathologists. Int J Lang Commun Disord. 2009;44:421-39 pubmed publisher
    ..The results support the need for an increased focus on ethical practice in the workplace and further support for speech pathologists experiencing ethical conflict in response to service delivery policies. ..
  11. Taquette S, Vilhena M, Silva M, Vale M. [Ethical conflicts in health care for adolescents]. Cad Saude Publica. 2005;21:1717-25 pubmed
    ..It is also essential to be familiar with the prevailing legislation, to consult pertinent organizations, and to evaluate situations individually. ..
  12. Nyika A. Professional ethics: an overview from health research ethics point of view. Acta Trop. 2009;112 Suppl 1:S84-90 pubmed publisher
    ..This paper gives an overview of professional ethics from the point of view of health research ethics, and concludes that alerting health researchers about ..
  13. Duszak R. Paying for transcription: not very professional. J Am Coll Radiol. 2008;5:166-7 pubmed publisher
  14. Rollin B. An ethicist's commentary on whether veterinarians can ethically sell pet food in their practices. Can Vet J. 2007;48:896, 898 pubmed
  15. Westerholm P. Professional ethics in occupational health--Western European perspectives. Ind Health. 2007;45:19-25 pubmed
    In this paper, the foundations of professional ethics in occupational health care is described and discussed...
  16. Rutgers L. ['Castration of a pregnant cat' asks for a collective point of view]. Tijdschr Diergeneeskd. 2007;132:970 pubmed
  17. Foote M. Why references: giving credit and growing the field. Chest. 2007;132:344-6 pubmed
  18. Beaudin D. Ethical funds for physicians. CMAJ. 2007;177:375 pubmed
  19. Dhai A. Understanding professionalism in health care in the twenty first century. SADJ. 2008;63:174, 176-7 pubmed
  20. McDaniel P, Malone R. The role of corporate credibility in legitimizing disease promotion. Am J Public Health. 2009;99:452-61 pubmed publisher
    ..For public health to address corporate disease promotion effectively, undermining corporate credibility may be strategically important. ..
  21. Rix K. Psychiatry and the law: uneasy bedfellows. Med Leg J. 2006;74:148-59 pubmed
  22. Pauline J, Pauline G, Johnson S, Gamble K. Ethical issues in exercise psychology. Ethics Behav. 2006;16:61-76 pubmed
  23. Mouradian W, Huebner C. Future directions in leadership training of MCH professionals: cross-cutting MCH leadership competencies. Matern Child Health J. 2007;11:211-8 pubmed
    ..The competency-based approach to leadership that has emerged from this process has broad relevance for health, education, and social service sectors beyond the MCH context. ..
  24. Rollin B. An ethicist's commentary on soliciting client contributions to a fund raiser. Can Vet J. 2006;47:1158 pubmed
  25. Lob Hüdepohl A. [Fundamental principles of social work--(also) a contribution to public health ethics]. Bundesgesundheitsblatt Gesundheitsforschung Gesundheitsschutz. 2009;52:549-56 pubmed publisher
  26. Miller A. Reflections on "Replicating Milgram" (Burger, 2009). Am Psychol. 2009;64:20-7 pubmed publisher
    ..This study documents the complexities of extending research on destructive obedience in the context of contemporary ethical guidelines. ..
  27. Savin D, Martinez R. Cross-cultural boundary dilemmas: a graded-risk assessment approach. Transcult Psychiatry. 2006;43:243-58 pubmed
    ..Clients' notions of appropriate boundaries must be considered in the decision-making process. Case examples from a refugee mental health clinic are used to elucidate a flexible approach to boundary decisions. ..
  28. Edwards S, Street E. Clinical ethics committees: a practical response to ethical problems in clinical practice. Clin Child Psychol Psychiatry. 2007;12:253-60 pubmed
    ..With the aid of a case example, two of the main methods available to CECs for analysis of cases referred to them are illustrated. A contrast is drawn between psychological and 'medical ethical' responses to the case example. ..
  29. Burda D. These are our rules. An updated code of ethics for Modern Nealthcare's editorial staff. Mod Healthc. 2006;36:17 pubmed
  30. Gaventa W. Rekindling commitment: reflections from a pastoral educator enmeshed in direct support professional workforce development and person centered supports. J Intellect Disabil Res. 2008;52:598-607 pubmed publisher
  31. Green S. The ethical commitments of academic faculty in psychiatric education. Acad Psychiatry. 2006;30:48-54 pubmed
    ..The author also describes how this objective could be met by promoting professionalism and offering didactic instruction that address substantive and process issues regarding psychiatric care. Specific recommendations are provided. ..
  32. Graber G, Pionke C. A team-taught interdisciplinary approach to engineering ethics. Sci Eng Ethics. 2006;12:313-20 pubmed
    ..with an interest in ethical and societal issues, and by philosophy faculty with expertise in the field of professional ethics and an interest in science and technology...
  33. Vasquez M, Bingham R, Barnett J. Psychotherapy termination: clinical and ethical responsibilities. J Clin Psychol. 2008;64:653-65 pubmed publisher
    ..We conclude with 12 recommendations for proactively addressing termination and abandonment consistent with professional standards and each patient's best interests. ..
  34. Gupta R. Editors' offices should also be responsible for protecting authors' rights. World J Biol Psychiatry. 2006;7:268 pubmed
  35. Gee H. Ethics and the sexual countertransference. J Anal Psychol. 2007;52:71-88 pubmed
    ..I use examples of ethical problems, including a personal experience, to illustrate the kinds that occur and lastly I discuss how mourning plays an important part in the resolution and avoidance of these problems. ..
  36. Knapp S, VandeCreek L. An overview of the major changes in the 2002 APA Ethics Code. Prof Psychol Res Pr. 2003;34:301-8 pubmed
    ..In addition, the revised Ethics Code expresses greater sensitivity to the needs of cultural and linguistic minorities and students. Shortcomings of the 2002 Ethics Code are discussed. ..
  37. Nibali S, Gangemi M. The code on competing interests of the ACP. Arch Dis Child. 2006;91:874 pubmed
  38. Penn C, Mupawose A, Stein J. From pillars to posts: some reflections on community service six years on. S Afr J Commun Disord. 2009;56:8-16 pubmed
    ..The overall goals of community service are considered as well as indices for measuring success. Implications are considered for training institutions, for the Department of Health and for the profession. ..
  39. Gleaves D, Rucklidge J, Follette V. What are we teaching our students by not asking about abuse?. Am Psychol. 2007;62:326-7; discussion 330-2 pubmed
  40. Powell T. The use of nonspeech oral motor treatments for developmental speech sound production disorders: interventions and interactions. Lang Speech Hear Serv Sch. 2008;39:374-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Speech-language pathologists are encouraged to advocate on behalf of clients by adopting the highest standards of clinical practice and by evaluating treatment options in a systematic, critical, and ethical manner. ..
  41. Hamric A, Davis W, Childress M. Moral distress in health care professionals. Pharos Alpha Omega Alpha Honor Med Soc. 2006;69:16-23 pubmed
  42. Kondro W. Conflicts cause FDA to review advisory committees. CMAJ. 2006;175:23 pubmed
  43. Koocher G. Ethical challenges in mental health services to children and families. J Clin Psychol. 2008;64:601-12 pubmed publisher
    ..After explicating these issues, I provide recommendations for addressing them in the course of clinical practice. ..
  44. Alpert J. Doctors and the drug industry: further thoughts for dealing with potential conflicts of interest?. Am J Med. 2008;121:253-5 pubmed publisher
  45. Kaufman S. Bias and sponsored research. Ophthalmology. 2008;115:412-3; author reply 413 pubmed publisher
  46. Nicholson I. Baring the soul: Paul Bindrim, Abraham Maslow and 'nude psychotherapy'. J Hist Behav Sci. 2007;43:337-59 pubmed
    ..Bindrim's career demonstrates the historically long-standing interweaving of spirituality and science within American psychology while simultaneously highlighting the field's extraordinary capacity for adaptive reinvention. ..
  47. Haynes C, Cook G, Jones M. Legal and ethical considerations in processing patient-identifiable data without patient consent: lessons learnt from developing a disease register. J Med Ethics. 2007;33:302-7 pubmed
    ..Using our own experience in developing a disease register as a backdrop, this article will clarify the procedures, risks and potential costs of applying for section 60 support. ..
  48. Pope K, Gutheil T. Psychologists abandon the Nuremberg ethic: concerns for detainee interrogations. Int J Law Psychiatry. 2009;32:161-6 pubmed publisher
    ..It discusses possible approaches to the complex dilemmas arising when ethical responsibilities conflict with laws, regulations, or other governing legal authority. ..
  49. Hage S, Kenny M. Promoting a social justice approach to prevention: future directions for training, practice, and research. J Prim Prev. 2009;30:75-87 pubmed publisher
    ..Second, we discuss the implications of a social justice approach to prevention for training, practice and research. Finally, we invite readers to take the lead in putting a social justice prevention approach into practice. ..
  50. Young J. Ethics first. J Forensic Sci. 2007;52:5 pubmed
  51. Blinderman C. Palliative care, public health and justice: setting priorities in resource poor countries. Dev World Bioeth. 2009;9:105-10 pubmed publisher
    ..A fair deliberation process is necessary to allow these strong moral commitments to serve as reasons when setting priorities in resource poor countries. ..
  52. Anderson E. Phosphine toxicity: ethical questions. Environ Health Perspect. 2006;114:A84; author reply A84-5 pubmed
  53. Meharg S, Bush S. Notation of professional qualifications and affiliations: avoiding puffery and deception. Appl Neuropsychol. 2010;17:205-9 pubmed publisher
    ..This article attempts to clarify the issues relevant to the signatory process, offering guidelines based on principles of accuracy, relevancy, and necessity. Common practices and problems are outlined, and recommended solutions offered. ..