dental ethics


Summary: The principles of proper professional conduct concerning the rights and duties of the dentist, relations with patients and fellow practitioners, as well as actions of the dentist in patient care and interpersonal relations with patient families. (From Stedman, 25th ed)

Top Publications

  1. Turpin D. Commercialism on the rise, again. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 2007;132:1-2 pubmed
  2. Schulte D. Illegal and unethical referral fees and fee splitting. J Mich Dent Assoc. 2006;88:16 pubmed
  3. Welie J. Is dentistry a profession? Part 3. Future challenges. J Can Dent Assoc. 2004;70:675-8 pubmed
    ..For the sake of honesty with the public, dentistry must make a choice between these 2 models. ..
  4. Catalanotto F. Flaws of the Medicaid system that make it so difficult for dentists to participate. J Am Coll Dent. 2006;73:5-6; author reply 6 pubmed
  5. Simonsen R. Overtreatment? You bet it is!. J Esthet Restor Dent. 2007;19:235-6; discussion 237 pubmed
  6. Renckens A, Decaluwe F. [The phenomenon of the inducement of demand and various concepts in the economics of health]. Rev Belge Med Dent (1984). 2006;61:230-50 pubmed
    ..This difference is called the amount of SID. ..
  7. Horowitz W. Address to the Texas sections of the American & International College of Dentists. Tex Dent J. 2006;123:592-4 pubmed
  8. Nobuhara W. Securing our future one task at a time. Hawaii Dent J. 2006;37:2, 6 pubmed
  9. Ozar D. Basic oral health needs: A public priority. J Dent Educ. 2006;70:1159-65 pubmed

More Information


  1. Hasegawa T, Matthews M, Peltier B. Ethical dilemma #47. "Friend or patient ... or both?". Tex Dent J. 2004;121:329-31 pubmed
  2. Dharamsi S, Pratt D, Macentee M. How dentists account for social responsibility: economic imperatives and professional obligations. J Dent Educ. 2007;71:1583-92 pubmed
  3. Campbell N. Ethics in South African dentistry 2006. SADJ. 2006;61:240; discussion 242 pubmed
  4. Nichols P, Winslow G. Avoiding supervised neglect. Gen Dent. 2005;53:398-9 pubmed
  5. Miller K. Informed consent. J Am Dent Assoc. 2004;135:20, 22; author reply 22 pubmed
  6. Schwartz B. Apology is integral part of ethics. Todays FDA. 2005;17:24-6, 28, 30 pubmed
  7. Harrison M. Dentist, patient, value, and values. Northwest Dent. 2006;85:11-2 pubmed
  8. King J. What guides professional behavior of dentists?. J Tenn Dent Assoc. 2007;87:25-7 pubmed
    ..The Principles and Code are founded on basic personal ethics and societal standards, and in the U.S. they are in turn the foundation for the state dental practice acts. ..
  9. Mersel A. Continuing education: obligation or duty? The European dilemma. Int Dent J. 2007;57:109-12 pubmed
    ..Numerous European countries are involved in this process in an attempt to harmonise basic guidelines. ..
  10. Schwartz B. Receiving gifts: a conflict of interest discussion. J Can Dent Assoc. 2005;71:561-2 pubmed
  11. Gilpatrick R. A better tomorrow begins today. Cranio. 2007;25:153-4 pubmed
  12. Bebeau M. Enhancing professionalism using ethics education as part of a dental licensure board's disciplinary action. Part 1. An evidence-based process. J Am Coll Dent. 2009;76:38-50 pubmed
    ..Following descriptions of five well-validated assessment strategies, a synopsis of an educational intervention is presented. ..
  13. Jerrold L. Litigation, legislation, and ethics. Determining a national standard of care. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 2004;125:223-5 pubmed
  14. Ladone J. The ethical elephant in the room. CDS Rev. 2006;99:7 pubmed
  15. Rossi M. Billing errors can be costly. N Y State Dent J. 2005;71:6-7 pubmed
  16. Jones D. Putting dental mercury pollution into perspective. Br Dent J. 2004;197:175-7 pubmed
    ..The major source of man-made mercury pollution is the industrial burning of fossil fuels. It is important to distinguish between inorganic mercury and organic mercury in terms of the impact on the health of the population. ..
  17. Nunn J, Foster M, Master S, Greening S. British Society of Paediatric Dentistry: a policy document on consent and the use of physical intervention in the dental care of children. Int J Paediatr Dent. 2008;18 Suppl 1:39-46 pubmed publisher
    ..They are produced to provide guidance with the intention that the policy be regularly reviewed and updated to take account of changing views and developments. ..
  18. Vold M. Are footprints the same as fingerprints?. CDS Rev. 2004;97:38 pubmed
  19. Sadeghi M, Hakimi H. Iranian dental students' knowledge of and attitudes towards HIV/AIDS patients. J Dent Educ. 2009;73:740-5 pubmed
    ..Therefore, it is important that dental students, as future dentists, develop not only the necessary practical skills but also attitudes that will prepare them to treat HIV/AIDS patients. ..
  20. Ackerman M. Selling orthodontic need: innocent business decision or guilty pleasure?. J Med Ethics. 2010;36:275-8 pubmed publisher
  21. Horseman R. Ethically compromised. J Calif Dent Assoc. 2003;31:582, 581 pubmed
  22. Merijohn G. Implementing evidence-based decision making in the private practice setting: the 4-step process. J Evid Based Dent Pract. 2006;6:253-7 pubmed
    ..Step 3 illustrates how to implement Ethical Practice Parameters. Step 4 describes a simple process for searching for scientific evidence. Online resources are provided and the benefits of the 4-step process are elucidated. ..
  23. Churchill J. What's a dentist to do? Are you open to interpretation?. Northwest Dent. 2005;84:43-4 pubmed
  24. Leader D. The first and final word in patient satisfaction is communication. J Mass Dent Soc. 2005;54:8 pubmed
  25. Waldman H, Perlman S, Fenton S. "...And do what I do". Pediatr Dent. 2008;30:96 pubmed
  26. Hasegawa T, Matthews M, Reed M. Ethical dilemma #48. "Who cares for the incompetent patient". Tex Dent J. 2004;121:616-9 pubmed
  27. Graskemper J. Ethical advertising in dentistry. J Am Coll Dent. 2009;76:44-9 pubmed
    ..With this approach, dentistry may continue to be one of the most trusted professions. ..
  28. Anderson C. Ethical vs. legal. Tex Dent J. 2004;121:134-5 pubmed
  29. Boden D. What guidance is there for ethical records transfer and fee charges?. J Am Dent Assoc. 2008;139:197-8 pubmed
  30. Field J, Ellis J, Abbas C, Germain P. Teaching and assessment of professional attitudes in UK dental schools - commentary. Eur J Dent Educ. 2010;14:133-5 pubmed publisher
    ..A variety of standalone methods need to be developed that assess professionalism and this will, in turn, allow the effectiveness of teaching methods to be assessed. ..
  31. Rohn E, Sankar A, Hoelscher D, Luborsky M, Parise M. How do social-psychological concerns impede the delivery of care to people with HIV? Issues for dental education. J Dent Educ. 2006;70:1038-42 pubmed
    ..Ensuring that dental school graduates are well prepared to maintain confidentiality with sensitivity to the role stigma plays in HIV disease has the potential to enhance access to health care. ..
  32. Porcelli E. Ethical question. J Am Dent Assoc. 2006;137:1216; author reply 1216, 1218 pubmed
  33. Churchill J. What's a dentist to do? A call to alms. Northwest Dent. 2006;85:55, 77 pubmed
  34. Assael L. Should dentists become 'oral physicians'? No, dentistry must remain dentistry. J Am Dent Assoc. 2004;135:439, 441, 443 passim pubmed
    ..Thus, good oral health will be thoroughly integrated into what it means to be healthy. ..
  35. Liebler M, Devigus A, Randall R, Burke F, Pallesen U, Cerutti A, et al. Ethics of esthetic dentistry. Quintessence Int. 2004;35:456-65 pubmed
  36. Chambers D. Moral Courage. J Am Coll Dent. 2004;71:2-3 pubmed
  37. Pickron R. A charitable way to charge for replacement retainers. J Clin Orthod. 2007;41:637 pubmed
  38. Westerman R. How to build your dream practice, Part 1. The first steps. Dent Today. 2003;22:114-7 pubmed
  39. Maihofer M, Herschfus L. Case study: the doc who wouldn't help an HIV patient. J Mich Dent Assoc. 2003;85:40-4 pubmed
  40. Cunningham C. Remediation program for dentists provides data on moral development important to all professions. J Am Coll Dent. 2009;76:50-2 pubmed
    ..A law school professor recounts the results of Dr. Bebeau's two papers, reporting on her remedial ethics program for oral health professionals who have been referred by the State Dental Board for breaches of professional conduct. ..
  41. Mensing C, Shragg M. A practical perspective on remedial ethics: Minnesota Board of Dentistry. J Am Coll Dent. 2009;76:46-9 pubmed
    ..Bebeau's course include inappropriate billing practices, improper relations with staff or patients, questionable advertising, substandard care, "rough behavior," and gaps in infection control. ..
  42. Nichols P, Winslow G. What patients need versus what they want. Gen Dent. 2003;51:503-4 pubmed
  43. Blance A. Not necessarily strength in numbers, more a case of size does matter!. J Orthod. 2008;35:67 pubmed publisher
  44. Nichols P, Winslow G. Emergency situations. Gen Dent. 2004;52:385-6 pubmed
  45. Vold M. Ethical hash. CDS Rev. 2005;98:34 pubmed
  46. Leffler W. Should I dismiss a patient who declines my treatment plan?. J Am Dent Assoc. 2007;138:1492-3 pubmed
  47. Hichens L, Sandy J, Rowland H, McNair A, Clark S, Hills D, et al. Practical aspects to undertaking research in the primary care setting: experience from two studies. J Orthod. 2005;32:262-8; discussion 248 pubmed
  48. Merijohn G, Newman M. The translational clinical practice system: a way to implement the evidence-based approach in the dental office. J Calif Dent Assoc. 2006;34:529-39 pubmed
    ..This article describes a logical and straightforward approach for clinicians to use in order to put together complex and often interwoven factors involved with patient care. Specific clinical examples are provided. ..
  49. Asai R. What are my ethical obligations in enhancing my practice through marketing?. J Am Dent Assoc. 2007;138:106-7 pubmed
  50. Yamalik N. Dentist-patient relationship and quality care 2. Trust. Int Dent J. 2005;55:168-70 pubmed
    ..The core values and principles of dentistry serve to maintain the professional status and the associated trust in the profession and thus are of particular concern to the individual dentist and to organised dentistry. ..
  51. Tweddell P. Blood borne viruses. Br Dent J. 2005;199:128 pubmed
  52. Marshall K. Fee-splitting. Br Dent J. 2006;201:417; discussion 419 pubmed
  53. Botto R. Addressing the marketplace mentality and improving professionalism in dental education: response to Richard Masella's "Renewing professionalism in dental education". J Dent Educ. 2007;71:217-21 pubmed