bioethical issues


Summary: Clusters of topics that fall within the domain of BIOETHICS, the field of study concerned with value questions that arise in biomedicine and health care delivery.

Top Publications

  1. Ulrich C, Taylor C, Soeken K, O Donnell P, Farrar A, Danis M, et al. Everyday ethics: ethical issues and stress in nursing practice. J Adv Nurs. 2010;66:2510-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Nurses face daily ethical challenges in the provision of quality care. To retain nurses, targeted ethics-related interventions that address caring for an increasingly complex patient population are needed. ..
  2. Crump J, Sugarman J. Ethics and best practice guidelines for training experiences in global health. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2010;83:1178-82 pubmed publisher
    ..The Working Group on Ethics Guidelines for Global Health Training encourages efforts to develop and implement a means of assessing the potential benefits and harms of global health training programs. ..
  3. Chaloupka F. Public policy versus individual rights and responsibility: an economist's perspective. Prev Chronic Dis. 2011;8:A100 pubmed
    ..If effective public policies for reducing obesity and its consequences are to be developed and implemented, individual rights and government interests must be balanced. ..
  4. Kersh R, Stroup D, Taylor W. Childhood obesity: a framework for policy approaches and ethical considerations. Prev Chronic Dis. 2011;8:A93 pubmed
    ..We present these frameworks in the context of other papers in this collection and make recommendations for public health practice. ..
  5. Hedgecoe A. Bioethics and the reinforcement of socio-technical expectations. Soc Stud Sci. 2010;40:163-86 pubmed
    ..The paper concludes by offering some possible explanations for why the bioethical discourse has taken this form. ..
  6. Henderson G. Is informed consent broken?. Am J Med Sci. 2011;342:267-72 pubmed publisher
    ..Because more research is conducted under these new conditions, the very nature of the researcher-subject relationship is shifting and will require new governance mechanisms to promote the original goals of informed consent. ..
  7. Holm S, Williams Jones B. Global bioethics -- myth or reality?. BMC Med Ethics. 2006;7:E10 pubmed
    ..This is a problem if the only reason is parochialism. But these regional differences are probably of less concern if one notices that bioethics comes in many not always mutually understandable dialects. ..
  8. Hayden D. Alas, poor Yorick: digging up the dead to make medical diagnoses. PLoS Med. 2005;2:e60 pubmed
  9. Walker R, Miles S, Stocking C, Siegler M. Physicians' and nurses' perceptions of ethics problems on general medical services. J Gen Intern Med. 1991;6:424-9 pubmed
    ..Incorporating this kind of information into clinical ethics education programs, and into hospital policies, may represent a useful approach toward improving physician-nurse interaction. ..

More Information


  1. Benatar D. The trouble with universal declarations. Dev World Bioeth. 2005;5:220-4 pubmed
    ..After discussing these problems I ask whether such declarations could nonetheless do any good. ..
  2. Hellsten S. Global bioethics: utopia or reality?. Dev World Bioeth. 2008;8:70-81 pubmed
  3. Appel J. When the boss turns pusher: a proposal for employee protections in the age of cosmetic neurology. J Med Ethics. 2008;34:616-8 pubmed publisher
    ..This paper offers one model for such legislation, based upon a proposed US law, the Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act of 2008, to address precisely this particular pitfall of the impending neuroscience revolution. ..
  4. Kimmelman J. The therapeutic misconception at 25: treatment, research, and confusion. Hastings Cent Rep. 2007;37:36-42 pubmed
    ..They exaggerate the distinction between research and treatment revealing problems in the foundations of research ethics and possibly weakening informed consent. ..
  5. Greely H, Sahakian B, Harris J, Kessler R, Gazzaniga M, Campbell P, et al. Towards responsible use of cognitive-enhancing drugs by the healthy. Nature. 2008;456:702-5 pubmed publisher
  6. Levitt M. Public consultation in bioethics. What's the point of asking the public when they have neither scientific nor ethical expertise?. Health Care Anal. 2003;11:15-25 pubmed
    ..An alternative and more recent approach is to find out what the public(s) do know and understand and to see how experts can learn from them in order to get a fuller view of technology in use. ..
  7. Hyun I. The bioethics of stem cell research and therapy. J Clin Invest. 2010;120:71-5 pubmed publisher
    ..Each of these issues is discussed as I summarize the past, present, and future bioethical issues in stem cell research.
  8. Archard D. Why moral philosophers are not and should not be moral experts. Bioethics. 2011;25:119-27 pubmed publisher
  9. Kelly S. Public bioethics and publics: consensus, boundaries, and participation in biomedical science policy. Sci Technol Human Values. 2003;28:339-64 pubmed
    ..The theoretical discussion is examined in the case of the U.S. Human Embryo Research Panel. ..
  10. Hyder A, Wali S, Khan A, Teoh N, Kass N, Dawson L. Ethical review of health research: a perspective from developing country researchers. J Med Ethics. 2004;30:68-72 pubmed
    ..This survey indicates the need for the ethical review of collaborative research in both US and host countries. It also reflects a desire for focused capacity development in supporting ethical review of research. ..
  11. Lopez J. How sociology can save bioethics . . . maybe. Sociol Health Illn. 2004;26:875-96 pubmed
    ..The paper concludes by suggesting that sociologists and ethnographers need to reflect on the ways in which they might democratically secure legitimacy for their own claims in the field of social ethics. ..
  12. Farah M, Illes J, Cook Deegan R, Gardner H, Kandel E, King P, et al. Neurocognitive enhancement: what can we do and what should we do?. Nat Rev Neurosci. 2004;5:421-5 pubmed
  13. Wynne B. Public engagement as a means of restoring public trust in science--hitting the notes, but missing the music?. Community Genet. 2006;9:211-20 pubmed
  14. Appelbaum P, Lidz C. Twenty-five years of therapeutic misconception. Hastings Cent Rep. 2008;38:5-6; author reply 6-7 pubmed
  15. Blackburn E, Rowley J. Reason as our guide. PLoS Biol. 2004;2:E116 pubmed
  16. Racine E, Gareau I, Doucet H, Laudy D, Jobin G, Schraedley Desmond P. Hyped biomedical science or uncritical reporting? Press coverage of genomics (1992-2001) in Québec. Soc Sci Med. 2006;62:1278-90 pubmed print media? And, given limited coverage of ethical issues, and concerns about bioethics being too narrowly focused, should public debates on frontier biomedical science be promoted to broaden the scope of biomedical ethics? ..
  17. Kim S, Wall I, Stanczyk A, de Vries R. Assessing the public's views in research ethics controversies: deliberative democracy and bioethics as natural allies. J Empir Res Hum Res Ethics. 2009;4:3-16 pubmed publisher
    ..The potential pitfalls of DD and the means of minimizing them as well as future research directions are also discussed. ..
  18. Fairchild A, Bayer R. Public health. Ethics and the conduct of public health surveillance. Science. 2004;303:631-2 pubmed
  19. Callahan D. Individual good and common good: a communitarian approach to bioethics. Perspect Biol Med. 2003;46:496-507 pubmed
    ..But many bioethical issues can not reasonably be reduced to questions of individualism and choice only...
  20. Andrews L, Buenger N, Bridge J, Rosenow L, Stoney D, Gaensslen R, et al. Ethics. Constructing ethical guidelines for biohistory. Science. 2004;304:215-6 pubmed
  21. Cummins D. The professional status of bioethics consultation. Theor Med Bioeth. 2002;23:19-43 pubmed
    ..During the past decade healthcare ethics consultation has been moving along this continuum toward greater professional status. ..
  22. Childress J. Human cloning and human dignity: the report of the President's Council on Bioethics. Hastings Cent Rep. 2003;33:15-8 pubmed
  23. Corrigan O. Empty ethics: the problem with informed consent. Sociol Health Illn. 2003;25:768-92 pubmed
    ..My arguments are substantiated by qualitative interview data drawn from a study I conducted on the process of consent as experienced by participants in clinical drug trials. ..
  24. Kuczewski M. The common morality in communitarian thought: reflective consensus in public policy. Theor Med Bioeth. 2009;30:45-54 pubmed publisher
    ..The common morality forms the basis of building an implicit consensus that is available to and reaffirmed by the shared reflections of the citizenry. ..
  25. Santosuosso A. Constitution and common law in bioethics. Bioethics. 2001;15:485-90 pubmed
    ..Today's first duty is to raise the consciousness of judges as to how common their problems are and how often their rulings are similar to each other's. ..
  26. Thomas B, Gostin L. Tobacco endgame strategies: challenges in ethics and law. Tob Control. 2013;22 Suppl 1:i55-7 pubmed publisher
  27. Smajdor A. Ethical challenges in fetal surgery. J Med Ethics. 2011;37:88-91 pubmed publisher
    ..Fetal surgery poses challenges for an autonomy-based system of ethics. However, it is risky to circumvent these challenges by restricting the choices open to pregnant women, even when these choices appear excessively altruistic. ..
  28. Feitosa S, Garrafa V, Cornelli G, Tardivo C, Carvalho S. Bioethics, culture and infanticide in Brazilian indigenous communities: the Zuruahá case. Cad Saude Publica. 2010;26:853-65 pubmed
  29. Reich R, Stevens E, Dellavalle R. Ethical issues regarding caring for dermatology patients in the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs Health Care System. Clin Dermatol. 2012;30:533-9 pubmed publisher
  30. Lantos J, Jackson M, Harrison C. Why we should eliminate personal belief exemptions to vaccine mandates. J Health Polit Policy Law. 2012;37:131-40 pubmed publisher
  31. Franková V, Tesínová J, Brdicka R. [National Database of Genotypes--ethical and legal issues]. Cas Lek Cesk. 2011;150:372-5; discussion 376-7 pubmed
    ..The function of proposed database has to be governed in concordance with the Czech legislation together with solving ethical problems. ..
  32. Figueroa G. [Bioethics today: Heidegger’s questions]. Rev Med Chil. 2011;139:1378-83 pubmed publisher
    ..The founding ground of bioethics may be to listen to this primary being-guilty prior to the derived guilts, e.g. faults, deficiencies and shortcomings of specific daily actions. ..
  33. Grady C. Enduring and emerging challenges of informed consent. N Engl J Med. 2015;372:855-62 pubmed publisher
    ..The author summarizes emerging standards for informed consent as the underpinning of ethical research in humans. ..
  34. Belaisch Allart J. [Access to Assisted Reproductive Technologies, surrogacy, same sex couple parenting]. Gynecol Obstet Fertil. 2012;40 Suppl 1:3-7 pubmed publisher
    ..It is still forbidden to take charge of lesbian couples or gay-male couples, surrogacy is prohibited. The only change is that unmarried couples have no more to prove they live together since 2 years. ..
  35. Hansra N, Shinkai K, Fox L. Ethical issues in inpatient consultative dermatology. Clin Dermatol. 2012;30:496-500 pubmed publisher
    ..Other inpatient services, colleagues, and ethics committees are useful resources for inpatient dermatologists faced with difficult ethical situations. ..
  36. Barrera L, Galindo G. Ethical aspects on rare diseases. Adv Exp Med Biol. 2010;686:493-511 pubmed publisher
  37. Lairumbi G, Michael P, Fitzpatrick R, English M. Ethics in practice: the state of the debate on promoting the social value of global health research in resource poor settings particularly Africa. BMC Med Ethics. 2011;12:22 pubmed publisher
    ..Further developments in global research ethics require more reflection, paying attention to the practical realities of implementing the ethical principles in real world context. ..
  38. Damy S, Camargo R, Chammas R, Figueiredo L. [Fundamental aspects on animal research as applied to experimental surgery]. Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992). 2010;56:103-11 pubmed
  39. Liras A. Future research and therapeutic applications of human stem cells: general, regulatory, and bioethical aspects. J Transl Med. 2010;8:131 pubmed publisher
  40. Czarny M, Faden R, Sugarman J. Bioethics and professionalism in popular television medical dramas. J Med Ethics. 2010;36:203-6 pubmed publisher
    Television medical dramas sometimes depict medical professionalism and bioethical issues, but their nature and extent are unclear...
  41. Aynsley Green A, Cole T, Crawley H, Lessof N, Boag L, Wallace R. Medical, statistical, ethical and human rights considerations in the assessment of age in children and young people subject to immigration control. Br Med Bull. 2012;102:17-42 pubmed publisher
  42. Bruce C, Smith M, Hizlan S, Sharp R. A systematic review of activities at a high-volume ethics consultation service. J Clin Ethics. 2011;22:151-64 pubmed
    ..Our hope in sharing the inner workings of the ECS at the Cleveland Clinic is to promote dialogue on common practices and approaches across medical institutions that support ethics consultation. ..
  43. Varelius J. Voluntary euthanasia, physician-assisted suicide, and the right to do wrong. HEC Forum. 2013;25:229-43 pubmed publisher
    ..I maintain that the argument does not provide adequate support for such a right to VE and PAS. ..
  44. Santana J, Garrafa V. [Cooperation in health from the bioethical perspective]. Cien Saude Colet. 2013;18:129-37 pubmed
  45. Abdur Rashid K, Furber S, Abdul Basser T. Lifting the veil: a typological survey of the methodological features of Islamic ethical reasoning on biomedical issues. Theor Med Bioeth. 2013;34:81-93 pubmed publisher
    ..meta-ethical tools and institutional processes that traditional Islamic ethicists apply when deliberating on bioethical issues. We present a typology of these methodological elements, giving particular attention to the meta-ethical ..
  46. Erickson S. The wrong of rights: the moral authority of the family. J Med Philos. 2010;35:600-16 pubmed publisher
  47. Oliveira R, Collares T, Smith K, Collares T, Seixas F. The use of genes for performance enhancement: doping or therapy?. Braz J Med Biol Res. 2011;44:1194-201 pubmed
    ..Nevertheless, some bioethicists have argued for a liberal approach to gene doping. ..
  48. DeRouen M, McCormick J, Owen Smith J, Scott C. The race is on: human embryonic stem cell research goes global. Stem Cell Rev. 2012;8:1043-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Over time, non-US labs have freely used lines on the US registries, while federally funded US scientists have been limited to using those lines approved by the NIH. ..
  49. Lath N, Rai K, Alshafie T. Open repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm in a centenarian. J Vasc Surg. 2011;53:216-8 pubmed publisher
    ..This case raises an important ethical issue of human life expectancy and the appropriateness of high-risk surgery on a centenarian. ..
  50. Pavlish C, Brown Saltzman K, Fine A, Jakel P. Making the call: a proactive ethics framework. HEC Forum. 2013;25:269-83 pubmed publisher
    ..Furthermore, the framework aims to encourage innovative research and novel ways of collaborating to reduce such conflicts and the moral distress that often results. ..
  51. Ajayi R, Dibosa Osadolor O. Stakeholders' views on ethical issues in the practice of in-vitro fertilisation and embryo transfer in Nigeria. Afr J Reprod Health. 2011;15:73-80 pubmed
    ..The forum recommended that it is important that regulatory guidelines are put in place to regulate the practice of IVF in Nigeria and to protect patients' rights and safety. ..
  52. White R, Williams S. Amygdaloid neurosurgery for aggressive behaviour, Sydney, 1967-1977: societal, scientific, ethical and other factors. Australas Psychiatry. 2009;17:410-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Lessons derived from an historical analysis of the ANP should assist the medical profession develop appropriate approaches to recent advances in NPD, including deep brain stimulation, new ablative procedures and stem cell implantation. ..
  53. Heyd D. Is there anything unique in the ethics of synthetic biology?. Perspect Biol Med. 2012;55:581-9 pubmed publisher