vulnerable populations


Summary: Groups of persons whose range of options is severely limited, who are frequently subjected to COERCION in their DECISION MAKING, or who may be compromised in their ability to give INFORMED CONSENT.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Distribution of influenza vaccine to high-risk groups
    Danielle C Ompad
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, New York, NY 10029, USA
    Epidemiol Rev 28:54-70. 2006
  2. pmc Transcending the known in public health practice: the inequality paradox: the population approach and vulnerable populations
    Katherine L Frohlich
    Lea Roback Centre for Research on Health Inequalities, Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, University of Montreal, and Groupe de Recherche Interdisciplinaire en Santé, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Am J Public Health 98:216-21. 2008
  3. pmc Recruiting vulnerable populations into research: a systematic review of recruitment interventions
    Stacy J UyBico
    Section of General Internal Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 22:852-63. 2007
  4. pmc The inverse care law: clinical primary care encounters in deprived and affluent areas of Scotland
    Stewart W Mercer
    General Practice and Primary Care, Division of Community Based Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, Scotland
    Ann Fam Med 5:503-10. 2007
  5. ncbi Barriers to accessing safe motherhood and reproductive health services: the situation of women with disabilities in Lusaka, Zambia
    E Smith
    Centre for Internationa Child Health, Institute of Child Health, London, UK
    Disabil Rehabil 26:121-7. 2004
  6. ncbi Identifying vulnerable populations through an examination of the association between multipollutant profiles and poverty
    John Molitor
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Imperial College, London, UK
    Environ Sci Technol 45:7754-60. 2011
  7. ncbi Prevalence and associated factors of traumatic dental injuries in Brazilian schoolchildren
    Cristiane B Bendo
    Department of Pediatric Dentistry and Orthodontics, School of Dentistry, Federal University of Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Brazil
    J Public Health Dent 70:313-8. 2010
  8. ncbi The motivators and barriers to a smoke-free home among disadvantaged caregivers: identifying the positive levers for change
    Laura L Jones
    UK Centre for Tobacco Control Studies, Division of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK
    Nicotine Tob Res 13:479-86. 2011
  9. pmc Playing it safe: assessing cumulative impact and social vulnerability through an environmental justice screening method in the South Coast Air Basin, California
    James L Sadd
    Department of Environmental Science, Occidental College, Los Angeles, CA 94001, USA
    Int J Environ Res Public Health 8:1441-59. 2011
  10. ncbi Identifying vulnerable subpopulations for climate change health effects in the United States
    John M Balbus
    Environmental Defense Fund, Washington, DC, USA
    J Occup Environ Med 51:33-7. 2009

Detail Information

Publications269 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Distribution of influenza vaccine to high-risk groups
    Danielle C Ompad
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, New York, NY 10029, USA
    Epidemiol Rev 28:54-70. 2006
    ..Few studies targeted individuals outside of the health-care and social services sectors. Given the growing disparities in health and health-care access, understanding the way in which interventions can remedy disparities is crucial...
  2. pmc Transcending the known in public health practice: the inequality paradox: the population approach and vulnerable populations
    Katherine L Frohlich
    Lea Roback Centre for Research on Health Inequalities, Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, University of Montreal, and Groupe de Recherche Interdisciplinaire en Santé, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Am J Public Health 98:216-21. 2008
    Using the concept of vulnerable populations, we examine how disparities in health may be exacerbated by population-approach interventions...
  3. pmc Recruiting vulnerable populations into research: a systematic review of recruitment interventions
    Stacy J UyBico
    Section of General Internal Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 22:852-63. 2007
    Members of vulnerable populations are underrepresented in research studies.
  4. pmc The inverse care law: clinical primary care encounters in deprived and affluent areas of Scotland
    Stewart W Mercer
    General Practice and Primary Care, Division of Community Based Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, Scotland
    Ann Fam Med 5:503-10. 2007
    ..The inverse care law states that the availability of good medical care tends to vary inversely with the need for it in the population served, but there is little research on how the inverse care law actually operates...
  5. ncbi Barriers to accessing safe motherhood and reproductive health services: the situation of women with disabilities in Lusaka, Zambia
    E Smith
    Centre for Internationa Child Health, Institute of Child Health, London, UK
    Disabil Rehabil 26:121-7. 2004
    ..To ascertain how well health services in Lusaka, Zambia currently meet the safe motherhood and reproductive health care needs of women who have physical impairment leading to disability...
  6. ncbi Identifying vulnerable populations through an examination of the association between multipollutant profiles and poverty
    John Molitor
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Imperial College, London, UK
    Environ Sci Technol 45:7754-60. 2011
  7. ncbi Prevalence and associated factors of traumatic dental injuries in Brazilian schoolchildren
    Cristiane B Bendo
    Department of Pediatric Dentistry and Orthodontics, School of Dentistry, Federal University of Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Brazil
    J Public Health Dent 70:313-8. 2010
    ..This study investigated the prevalence of traumatic dental injury (TDI) and associated factors in the permanent incisors of Brazilian schoolchildren...
  8. ncbi The motivators and barriers to a smoke-free home among disadvantaged caregivers: identifying the positive levers for change
    Laura L Jones
    UK Centre for Tobacco Control Studies, Division of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK
    Nicotine Tob Res 13:479-86. 2011
  9. pmc Playing it safe: assessing cumulative impact and social vulnerability through an environmental justice screening method in the South Coast Air Basin, California
    James L Sadd
    Department of Environmental Science, Occidental College, Los Angeles, CA 94001, USA
    Int J Environ Res Public Health 8:1441-59. 2011
  10. ncbi Identifying vulnerable subpopulations for climate change health effects in the United States
    John M Balbus
    Environmental Defense Fund, Washington, DC, USA
    J Occup Environ Med 51:33-7. 2009
  11. ncbi Improving access to smoking cessation services for disadvantaged groups: a systematic review
    Rachael L Murray
    Division of Epidemiology and Public Health, UK Centre for Tobacco Control Studies, University of Nottingham, Clinical Sciences Building, Nottingham City Hospital, Nottingham, UK
    J Public Health (Oxf) 31:258-77. 2009
    ..Smoking is a main contributor to health inequalities. Identifying strategies to find and support smokers from disadvantaged groups is, therefore, of key importance...
  12. pmc Barriers and motivators to gaining access to smoking cessation services amongst deprived smokers--a qualitative study
    Elin Roddy
    Division of Respiratory Medicine, School of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK
    BMC Health Serv Res 6:147. 2006
    ..Smoking cessation services have been implemented in the UK targeting disadvantaged smokers, but there is little evidence available on how to design services to attract this priority group...
  13. pmc Ethnic disparities in access to care in post-apartheid South Africa
    Zeida R Kon
    Department of Health Management and Policy, University of North Texas Health Science Center, Fort Worth, TX 76107, USA
    Am J Public Health 98:2272-7. 2008
    ..We investigated ethnic disparities in obtaining medical care among the 4 major ethnic groups (Blacks, Whites, Coloreds [i.e., those of mixed race], and Asians) in post-apartheid South Africa...
  14. pmc Using a quitline plus low-cost nicotine replacement therapy to help disadvantaged smokers to quit
    C L Miller
    The Cancer Council South Australia, PO Box 929, Unley, South Australia 5061, Australia
    Tob Control 18:144-9. 2009
    ..To trial an intervention in a real-life setting to motivate low-income smokers to try to quit. The intervention under trial was the addition of subsidised nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) to a standard population quitline service...
  15. ncbi Sexual behavior and perceived risk of HIV/AIDS among young migrant factory workers in Nepal
    M Puri
    Division of Social Statistics, University of Southampton, Highfield, Southampton, UK
    J Adolesc Health 38:237-46. 2006
    ..Moving away from the social controls of family and community, they become exposed to a mixed-gender environment and therefore might initiate sex earlier or have more casual encounters than might otherwise be the case...
  16. pmc Bridging the digital divide: reaching vulnerable populations
    Betty L Chang
    University of California Los Angeles, USA
    J Am Med Inform Assoc 11:448-57. 2004
    The AMIA 2003 Spring Congress entitled "Bridging the Digital Divide: Informatics and Vulnerable Populations" convened 178 experts including medical informaticians, health care professionals, government leaders, policy makers, researchers, ..
  17. ncbi Urban-rural comparison of weight status among women and children living in socioeconomically disadvantaged neighbourhoods
    Verity Cleland
    Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition Research, Deakin University, Melbourne, Vic
    Med J Aust 192:137-40. 2010
    ..To compare the weight status of women and children living in socioeconomically disadvantaged rural and urban neighbourhoods in Victoria...
  18. pmc A survey of smoking prevalence and interest in quitting among social and community service organisation clients in Australia: a unique opportunity for reaching the disadvantaged
    Jamie Bryant
    Priority Research Centre for Health Behaviour, School of Medicine and Public Health, University of Newcastle, Hunter Medical Research Institute, Room 230A, Level 2, David Maddison Building, Callaghan, NSW 2308, Australia
    BMC Public Health 11:827. 2011
    ..This study aimed to establish the prevalence of smoking, interest in quitting and interest in receiving cessation support amongst clients accessing SCSOs...
  19. ncbi Immigrant workers in the United States: recent trends, vulnerable populations, and challenges for occupational health
    Linda A McCauley
    School of Nursing, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    AAOHN J 53:313-9. 2005
  20. ncbi Qualitative interviewing with vulnerable populations: individuals' experiences of participating in suicide and self-harm based research
    Lucy Biddle
    School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol BS8 2PS, UK
    J Affect Disord 145:356-62. 2013
    ..Actual understanding of participants' experiences is however limited, especially in relation to in-depth qualitative research...
  21. ncbi Only the best: medical student selection in Australia
    Ian G Wilson
    University of Western Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia
    Med J Aust 196:357. 2012
    ..Developments in medical school selection include the use of personality tests, centralised selection centres and programs to increase participation by socially disadvantaged students...
  22. ncbi Higher readmissions at safety-net hospitals and potential policy solutions
    Julia Berenson
    The Commonwealth Fund, USA
    Issue Brief (Commonw Fund) 34:1-16. 2012
  23. ncbi Vulnerable populations at risk of potentially avoidable hospitalizations: the case of nursing home residents with Alzheimer's disease
    Mary W Carter
    Center on Aging and Department of Community Medicine, West Virginia University School of Medicine, Morgantown, West Virginia, USA
    Am J Alzheimers Dis Other Demen 20:349-58. 2005
  24. ncbi Climate change and health: indoor heat exposure in vulnerable populations
    Jalonne L White-Newsome
    University of Michigan School of Public Health, Environmental Health Sciences Department, 109 S Observatory, SPH II, Rm M6314, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
    Environ Res 112:20-7. 2012
    ..The purpose of this study is to explore the relationship between outdoor and indoor temperatures in homes occupied by the elderly and determine other predictors of indoor temperature...
  25. pmc How informed is consent in vulnerable populations? Experience using a continuous consent process during the MDP301 vaginal microbicide trial in Mwanza, Tanzania
    Andrew Vallely
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    BMC Med Ethics 11:10. 2010
    ..The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of a continuous informed consent process adopted during the MDP301 phase III vaginal microbicide trial in Mwanza, Tanzania...
  26. ncbi American Academy of Nursing Expert Panel report: developing cultural competence to eliminate health disparities in ethnic minorities and other vulnerable populations
    Joyce Giger
    University of California, Los Angeles, USA
    J Transcult Nurs 18:95-102. 2007
  27. ncbi The influence of patient race and social vulnerability on urologist treatment recommendations in localized prostate carcinoma
    Thomas D Denberg
    General Internal Medicine, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver, CO 80262, USA
    Med Care 44:1137-41. 2006
    ..Such disparities involve barriers to health care, comorbid illnesses, tumor characteristics, and patient preferences. It is unclear whether differences in urologist treatment recommendations also might play a role...
  28. ncbi Relationship between caregiver's and child's caries prevalence among disadvantaged African Americans
    S Reisine
    Department of Oral Health and Diagnostic Science, Division of Behavioral Sciences, University of Connecticut School of Dental Medicine, Farmington, CT, USA
    Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 36:191-200. 2008
    ..To assess the relationship between African-American caregivers' and children's caries levels adjusting for sociodemographic factors...
  29. ncbi Pandemic influenza preparedness and vulnerable populations in tribal communities
    Amy V Groom
    Immunization Services Division, National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Am J Public Health 99:S271-8. 2009
    ..We outline potential issues to consider in identifying and providing appropriate services for selected vulnerable populations within tribal communities...
  30. ncbi Effective health risk communication about pandemic influenza for vulnerable populations
    Elaine Vaughan
    Department of Psychology and Social Behavior, University of California, 3340 Social Ecology 2, Irvine, CA 92697, USA
    Am J Public Health 99:S324-32. 2009
    The consequences of pandemic influenza for vulnerable populations will depend partly on the effectiveness of health risk communications...
  31. pmc Obesity and diabetes in vulnerable populations: reflection on proximal and distal causes
    Lucy M Candib
    Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Massachusetts Medical School and Family Health Center of Worcester, Worcester, Mass, USA
    Ann Fam Med 5:547-56. 2007
    ..of causation underlying the worldwide epidemic of obesity and diabetes can refocus the work of clinicians and researchers to work at multiple levels to address prevention and treatment for these conditions among vulnerable populations.
  32. ncbi The inverse care law: implications for healthcare of vulnerable populations
    Kevin Fiscella
    Department of Family Medicine, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, Rochester, New York, USA
    J Ambul Care Manage 28:304-12. 2005
    ..This phenomenon, termed the "inverse care law," has implications for healthcare and outcomes for vulnerable populations including low-income persons, racial and ethnic minorities, and the uninsured among others...
  33. ncbi Poorer health and nutritional outcomes in orphans and vulnerable young children not explained by greater exposure to extreme poverty in Zimbabwe
    Helen Watts
    Department of Infectious Disease Eidemiology, Imperial College London, St Mary s Campus, UK
    Trop Med Int Health 12:584-93. 2007
  34. ncbi Social development of commercial sex workers in India: an essential step in HIV/AIDS prevention
    Amit Chattopadhyay
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, and Department of Dental Ecology, School of Dentistry, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA
    AIDS Patient Care STDS 18:159-68. 2004
  35. ncbi All slums are not equal: child health conditions among the urban poor
    Siddharth Agarwal
    USAID EHP Urban Health Program, CDM International Inc
    Indian Pediatr 42:233-44. 2005
    ..In view of the differential vulnerabilities across slums, an urban child health program should build context appropriate and community-need-responsive approaches to improve children's health in the slums...
  36. ncbi Applying the Gelberg-Andersen behavioral model for vulnerable populations to health services utilization in homeless women
    Judith A Stein
    University of California, USA
    J Health Psychol 12:791-804. 2007
    We applied the Gelberg-Andersen Behavioral Model for Vulnerable Populations to predict health services utilization (HSU) in 875 homeless US women...
  37. pmc Dental service patterns among private and public adult patients in Australia
    David S Brennan
    Australian Research Centre for Population Oral Health, School of Dentistry, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia 5005, Australia
    BMC Health Serv Res 8:1. 2008
    ..The aims of this study were to compare dental service profiles provided to patients at private and public clinics, controlling for age, sex, reason for visit and income...
  38. pmc Consenting of the vulnerable: the informed consent procedure in advanced cancer patients in Mexico
    Emma L Verastegui
    Ethics Committee, Instituto Nacional de Cancerologia, Avenida San Fernando 22, Mexico City, Mexico
    BMC Med Ethics 7:E13. 2006
    ..Participants from developing countries may have little or non alternative means of treatment other than that offered through clinical trials. Therefore, the provision of a valid informed consent is important...
  39. ncbi HIV, hepatitis C and HIV/hepatitis C virus co-infection in vulnerable populations
    Lisa I Backus
    Center for Quality Management in Public Health, US Department of Veterans Affairs, Palo Alto, CA, USA
    AIDS 19:S13-9. 2005
  40. ncbi Resource needs to support orphans and vulnerable children in sub-Saharan Africa
    John Stover
    Futures Institute, 41A New London Turnpike, Glastonbury, CT 06033, USA
    Health Policy Plan 22:21-7. 2007
    ..This is at least four times current funding and should be a priority topic for donor and national government resource allocation decisions this year...
  41. pmc Healthy babies through infant-centered feeding protocol: an intervention targeting early childhood obesity in vulnerable populations
    Mildred A Horodynski
    College of Nursing, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
    BMC Public Health 11:868. 2011
    ..The educational intervention is being conducted during the infant's first 6 months of life to promote healthy transition to solids during their first year and is based on the theory of planned behavior...
  42. ncbi Associations between health promoting schools' policies and indicators of oral health in Brazil
    Simone Tetu Moyses
    Rua Silveira Peixoto, Curitiba, PR, Brazil CEP 80240 120
    Health Promot Int 18:209-18. 2003
    ..Our results suggest that some benefit can be obtained for the improvement of the oral health of children living in deprived areas if they attend supportive schools...
  43. ncbi HIV and Mexican migrant workers in the United States: a review applying the vulnerable populations conceptual model
    Cynthia R Albarrán
    University of California, Los Angeles, School of Nursing, Los Angeles, California, USA
    J Assoc Nurses AIDS Care 22:173-85. 2011
    ..the published data surrounding HIV prevalence in this vulnerable group, as seen through the lens of the Vulnerable Populations Conceptual Model...
  44. pmc RCT of a client-centred, caseworker-delivered smoking cessation intervention for a socially disadvantaged population
    Billie Bonevski
    Centre for Health Research and Psycho Oncology CHeRP, Cancer Council NSW and University of Newcastle, Newcastle, Australia
    BMC Public Health 11:70. 2011
    ..This proposal aims to evaluate the efficacy of a client-centred, caseworker delivered cessation support intervention at increasing validated self reported smoking cessation rates in a socially disadvantaged population...
  45. pmc Vulnerability and unmet health care needs. The influence of multiple risk factors
    Leiyu Shi
    Department of Health Policy and Management, Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 20:148-54. 2005
    ..Most studies have examined the independent effects of these risk factors for poor access, but more practical models are needed to account for the clustering of multiple risks...
  46. ncbi HIV infection and reproductive health in teenage women orphaned and made vulnerable by AIDS in Zimbabwe
    S Gregson
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College, London, UK
    AIDS Care 17:785-94. 2005
    ..Predicted substantial expanded increases in orphanhood could hamper efforts to slow the acquisition of HIV infection in successive generations of young adults, perpetuating the vicious cycle of poverty and disease...
  47. ncbi Vulnerable populations in research: the case of the seriously ill
    Philip J Nickel
    Department of Philosophy, University of California, Humanities Office Building 2, Irvine, California 92697 4555, USA
    Theor Med Bioeth 27:245-64. 2006
  48. ncbi Ethics seminars: vulnerable populations in emergency medicine research
    Tammie Quest
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30303, USA
    Acad Emerg Med 10:1294-8. 2003
    ..These issues should be carefully considered when including such patients in research protocols. Special efforts should be made to ensure voluntary participation and understanding of the purposes and risks of participation...
  49. pmc Access to essential maternal health interventions and human rights violations among vulnerable communities in eastern Burma
    Luke C Mullany
    Center for Public Health and Human Rights, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    PLoS Med 5:1689-98. 2008
    ..The goal of this study is to estimate coverage of maternal health services prior to this project and associations between exposure to human rights violations and access to such services...
  50. ncbi Involving vulnerable populations of youth in HIV prevention clinical research
    Nicolette Borek
    National Institutes of Health, National Institute on Drug Abuse, Division of Clinical Neuroscience and Behavioral Research, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 54:S43-9. 2010
    ..Given the many individual and contextual factors that contribute to their high-risk status, it is essential that vulnerable youth populations be included in HIV prevention clinical research studies...
  51. pmc Quality protein maize for Africa: closing the protein inadequacy gap in vulnerable populations
    Emily T Nuss
    Interdepartmental Graduate Program in Nutritional Sciences, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706, USA
    Adv Nutr 2:217-24. 2011
    ..This represents a 40% reduction in maize intake relative to common maize to meet protein requirements. The importance of maize in Africa underlines the potential for QPM to assist in closing the protein inadequacy gap...
  52. ncbi Disaster preparedness among medically vulnerable populations
    Jeffrey W Bethel
    Department of Public Health, East Carolina University, Greenville, NC, USA
    Am J Prev Med 40:139-43. 2011
    b>Vulnerable populations such as those with poor health, disabilities, and chronic diseases are at an increased risk of adverse health outcomes resulting from natural disasters.
  53. ncbi The Medicare Hospital Readmissions Reduction Program: potential unintended consequences for hospitals serving vulnerable populations
    Qian Gu
    Econometrica Inc, Bethesda, MD
    Health Serv Res 49:818-37. 2014
    To explore the impact of the Hospital Readmissions Reduction Program (HRRP) on hospitals serving vulnerable populations.
  54. pmc Secondary surge capacity: a framework for understanding long-term access to primary care for medically vulnerable populations in disaster recovery
    Jennifer Davis Runkle
    Nell Hodgson School of Nursing, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Am J Public Health 102:e24-32. 2012 understand the role of the medical system in modifying the health impact of the secondary surge on vulnerable populations. Baseline assessment of existing needs and the anticipation of ballooning chronic health care needs ..
  55. ncbi Hydration, morbidity, and mortality in vulnerable populations
    Ronald J Maughan
    School of Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences, Loughborough University, Loughborough, UK
    Nutr Rev 70:S152-5. 2012
    ..Increased mortality, especially in vulnerable populations, is commonly observed during periods of abnormally warm weather, with at least part of this effect due to ..
  56. ncbi Completion and timing of the three-dose human papillomavirus vaccine series among adolescents attending school-based health centers in Oregon
    Rachel Gold
    Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research, Portland, OR 97227, USA
    Prev Med 52:456-8. 2011
    ..Given the challenges of administering a multi-dose vaccine to adolescents, especially those in vulnerable populations, we evaluated completion of the human papillomavirus vaccine series in 19 of Oregon's school-based health ..
  57. ncbi Care as a matter of courage: vulnerability, suffering and ethical formation in nursing care
    Charlotte B Thorup
    Aalborg Hospital, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark
    Scand J Caring Sci 26:427-35. 2012
    ..Courage thus seems to play a significant role in nurses' ability to engage in care. Nurses' own vulnerability, suffering and sore points seem to shape their courage...
  58. pmc "It made me feel human"-a phenomenological study of older patients' experiences of participating in a team meeting
    Elisabeth Lindberg
    School of Health Sciences, University of Borås, Boras, Sweden
    Int J Qual Stud Health Well-being 8:20714. 2013
    ..An expanded vision may open up for existential dimensions of what brings meaning to life. One way, as described by the patients, is via the patient's life stories, through which the patients can be seen as a whole human being...
  59. ncbi Delivering smoking cessation support to disadvantaged groups: a qualitative study of the potential of community welfare organizations
    Jamie Bryant
    Centre for Health Research and Psycho oncology, University of Newcastle, Callaghan, New South Wales, Australia
    Health Educ Res 25:979-90. 2010
    ..The community service setting represents a promising access point for engaging disadvantaged smokers for cessation and further research exploring the effectiveness of support delivered in this setting is clearly warranted...
  60. ncbi Human experimentation in developing countries: improving international practices by identifying vulnerable populations and allocating fair benefits
    Kristen Farrell
    University of Maryland School of Law, Baltimore, MD, USA
    J Health Care Law Policy 9:136-61. 2006
  61. ncbi The promise and peril of accountable care for vulnerable populations: a framework for overcoming obstacles
    Valerie A Lewis
    Center for Population Health, Dartmouth Institute for Health Policy and Clinical Practice in Lebanon, New Hampshire, USA
    Health Aff (Millwood) 31:1777-85. 2012
    ..However, there is a risk that vulnerable populations may not be fully incorporated into this new model...
  62. pmc Vulnerability and the patient-practitioner relationship: the roles of gatekeeping and primary care performance
    Leiyu Shi
    Department of Health Policy and Management, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Am J Public Health 93:138-44. 2003
  63. ncbi Dentistry and childhood poverty in the United States
    H B Waldman
    Department of General Dentistry, Stony Brook University, NY 11794 8706, USA
    J Clin Pediatr Dent 37:113-6. 2012
    ..The proportion and numbers of children living in low income families and without health insurance continues to increase. The magnitude of these problems is considered at localized levels in terms of the impact on the use of dental services...
  64. pmc Environmental health disparities: a framework integrating psychosocial and environmental concepts
    Gilbert C Gee
    University of Michigan School of Public Health, Department of Health Behavior and Health Education, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 112:1645-53. 2004
    ..When not counterbalanced by resources, stressors may lead to heightened vulnerability to environmental hazards...
  65. ncbi Placing ethics in the centre: negotiating new spaces for ethical research in conflict situations
    A B Zwi
    School of Public Health and Community Medicine, The University of New South Wales, NSW, Australia
    Glob Public Health 1:264-77. 2006
  66. ncbi [Aging and becoming vulnerable]
    Stéfanie Monod
    Service de gériatrie et réadaptation gériatrique, CUTR Sylvana, Departement de Medecine, CHUV, 1066 Epalinges
    Rev Med Suisse 5:2353-7. 2009
    ..A clinical case of elderly abuse is presented to illustrate vulnerability. Finally, some recommendations to lower the risk of vulnerability in elderly persons are proposed...
  67. ncbi Culturally safe research with vulnerable populations
    Denise Wilson
    School of Health and Social Services, Massey University, Albany, New Zealand
    Contemp Nurse 33:69-79. 2009
    ..b>Vulnerable populations are at risk of experiencing inequalities in health experiences and health outcomes, and research ..
  68. pmc An assessment of the quality of mammography care at facilities treating medically vulnerable populations
    L Elizabeth Goldman
    Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, California 94143, USA
    Med Care 46:701-8. 2008
    Women in medically vulnerable populations, including racial and ethnic minorities, socioeconomically disadvantaged, and residents of rural areas, experience higher breast cancer mortality than do others...
  69. pmc The virtual dental home: implications for policy and strategy
    Paul Glassman
    Arthur A Dugoni School of Dentistry in San Francisco, CA 94115, USA
    J Calif Dent Assoc 40:605-11. 2012
    ..The virtual dental home is one such system...
  70. ncbi Vulnerable populations in Nepal face hostile environment
    Sunil Pant
    HIV AIDS Policy Law Rev 11:87-8. 2006
  71. ncbi Race and healthcare disparities: overcoming vulnerablity
    John Stone
    Tuskegee University National Center for Bioethics in Research and Health Care, Tuskegee Institute, Alabama 36088, USA
    Theor Med Bioeth 23:499-518. 2002
    ..Against this background the paper addresses the ethics of such disparities and how disadvantages of vulnerable populations like African Americans are typically maintained in decision making about how to respond to such ..
  72. ncbi Impact of therapeutic research on informed consent and the ethics of clinical trials: a medical oncology perspective
    C K Daugherty
    Section of Hematology Oncology and the MacLean Center for Clinical Medical Ethics, University of Chicago, IL 60637 1470, USA
    J Clin Oncol 17:1601-17. 1999
  73. pmc Project: London--supporting vulnerable populations
    Karen McColl
    Médecins du Monde UK, London E14 5AA
    BMJ 332:115-7. 2006
  74. ncbi Helping vulnerable populations: a comprehensive review of the treatment outcome literature on substance use disorder and PTSD
    Lisa M Najavits
    VA Boston Healthcare System, 150 South Huntington Ave, 116 B, Boston, MA 02130, USA
    J Clin Psychol 69:433-79. 2013
    ..The few models with past-focused (exposure-based) components also incorporated present-focused approaches for these vulnerable clients. We discuss public health perspectives to advance the field...
  75. ncbi Access to care among vulnerable populations enrolled in commercial HMOs
    Matthew J Carlson
    Portland State University, CareOregon, USA
    J Health Care Poor Underserved 14:372-85. 2003
    ..Nonfinancial barriers appear to be more influential than financial barriers for predicting access problems in commercial HMOs. More work is needed to identify the source of nonfinancial barriers to care among vulnerable populations.
  76. ncbi Health disparities and health equity: concepts and measurement
    Paula Braveman
    Center on Social Disparities in Health, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California 94143 0900, USA
    Annu Rev Public Health 27:167-94. 2006
    ..g., the wealthiest, the most powerful racial/ethnic group-and all others, not only between the best- and worst-off groups. Pursuing health equity means pursuing the elimination of such health disparities/inequalities...
  77. ncbi A sensitivity analysis of the social vulnerability index
    Mathew C Schmidtlein
    Hazards and Vunerability Research Institute, Department of Geography, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29223, USA
    Risk Anal 28:1099-114. 2008
    ..Understanding the impacts of changes in index construction and scale are crucial in increasing user confidence in metrics designed to represent the extremely complex phenomenon of social vulnerability...
  78. pmc Impact of hepatitis B and C infection on health services utilization in homeless adults: a test of the Gelberg-Andersen Behavioral Model for Vulnerable Populations
    Judith A Stein
    Department of Psychology, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095 1563, USA
    Health Psychol 31:20-30. 2012
    ..The Gelberg-Andersen Behavioral Model for Vulnerable Populations (predisposing, enabling, and need variables) was expanded to predict prevalence and awareness of hepatitis ..
  79. ncbi Neighborhoods matter: use of hospitals with worse outcomes following total knee replacement by patients from vulnerable populations
    Elena Losina
    Department of Biostatistics, Boston University School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02118, USA
    Arch Intern Med 167:182-7. 2007
    ..There has been little study of whether total knee replacement (TKR) recipients from vulnerable populations, including racial and ethnic minorities, the poor, the elderly, and the less well educated, are more ..
  80. pmc Defining, designing, implementing, and evaluating phase 4 HIV prevention effectiveness trials for vulnerable populations
    Jeffrey A Kelly
    Center for AIDS Intervention Research, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI 53202, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 47:S28-33. 2008
  81. pmc How to calculate the annual costs of NGO-implemented programmes to support orphans and vulnerable children: a six-step approach
    Bruce A Larson
    Department of International Health, Boston University School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    J Int AIDS Soc 14:59. 2011
    ..This approach is applied to the Community-Based Care for Orphans and Vulnerable Children (CBCO) Program implemented by BIDII (a Kenyan NGO) in Eastern Province of Kenya...
  82. pmc Spatial patterns of diabetes related health problems for vulnerable populations in Los Angeles
    Andrew J Curtis
    Department of American Studies and Ethnicity, College of Letters, Arts and Sciences, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, USA
    Int J Health Geogr 9:43. 2010
    ..Indeed these results were used to support the work of a progressive diabetes clinic to guide management and intervention strategies...
  83. ncbi Psychiatric co-morbidity in vulnerable populations receiving primary care for HIV/AIDS
    D M Israelski
    Stanford University School of Medicine, San Mateo, CA, USA
    AIDS Care 19:220-5. 2007
    ..These data suggest that current clinical practices could be improved with the use of appropriate tools and procedures to screen and diagnose mental health disorders in populations with HIV/AIDS...
  84. ncbi "It's like an addiction first thing...afterwards it's like a habit": daily smoking behaviour among people living in areas of deprivation
    Angus Bancroft
    Public Health Sciences, Department of Community Health Sciences, Medical School, Edinburgh University, Teviot Place, Edinburgh EH8 9AG, UK
    Soc Sci Med 56:1261-7. 2003
    ..Crucially, the influences on smoking described by respondents in this study were closely related to circumstances of socio-economic deprivation...
  85. ncbi [The right to prevention and the challenges of reducing vulnerability to HIV in Brazil]
    Vera Paiva
    Núcleo de Estudos de Prevenção da Aids, Instituto de Psicologia, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Av Prof Mello Moraes 1721, 05508 030 São Paulo, SP, Brazil
    Rev Saude Publica 40:109-19. 2006
  86. ncbi An exploration of the problems faced by young women living in disadvantaged circumstances if they want to give up smoking: can more be done at general practice level?
    Lorraine Copeland
    Muirhouse Medical Group, 1 Muirhouse Avenue, Muirhouse, Edinburgh EH4 4PL, Scotland, UK
    Fam Pract 20:393-400. 2003
    ..The purpose of this study was to explore the barriers faced by women living in deprived circumstances if they want to give up smoking and to determine what help they would like at general practice level...
  87. pmc Changes in emergency department access between 2001 and 2005 among general and vulnerable populations
    Yu Chu Shen
    Graduate School of Business and Public Policy, Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, CA 93943, USA
    Am J Public Health 100:1462-9. 2010
    ..We analyzed how ease of geographic access to emergency departments (EDs), defined as driving time to the closest ED, changed between 2001 and 2005, and whether access deterioration was more likely to occur in vulnerable communities...
  88. ncbi Vulnerable populations, prison, and federal and state Medicaid policies: avoiding the loss of a right to care
    Leda M Perez
    Collins Center for Public Policy, 150 SE 2nd Avenue, Suite 709, Miami, FL 33131, USA
    J Correct Health Care 15:142-9. 2009
  89. ncbi What does social justice require for the public's health? Public health ethics and policy imperatives
    Lawrence O Gostin
    Georgetown University Law Center, Washington, DC, USA
    Health Aff (Millwood) 25:1053-60. 2006
    ..This Commentary explores how social justice sheds light on major ongoing controversies in the field, and it provides examples of the kinds of policies that public health agencies, guided by a robust conception of justice, would adopt...
  90. pmc The relationship between general practice characteristics and quality of care: a national survey of quality indicators used in the UK Quality and Outcomes Framework, 2004-5
    Mark Ashworth
    Department of General Practice and Primary Care, King s College London School of Medicine at Guy s, King s College and St Thomas Hospitals, London, UK
    BMC Fam Pract 7:68. 2006
    ..We aimed to determine the relationship between the quality of primary care, as judged by the total QOF score, social deprivation and practice characteristics...
  91. ncbi Youth in sub-Saharan Africa
    Robert W Blum
    Department of Population, Family and Reproductive Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    J Adolesc Health 41:230-8. 2007
    ..Although acquired immunodeficiency syndrome is the predominant cause of death among youth, maternal mortality remains a major risk of death for youth--in some countries 600 times greater than that of peers in the industrialized world...
  92. pmc Mapping community determinants of heat vulnerability
    Colleen E Reid
    Environmental Health Sciences Division, School of Public Health, University of California at Berkeley, California 94720 7360, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 117:1730-6. 2009
    ..Adverse health impacts from heat waves can be avoided, and epidemiologic studies have identified specific population and community characteristics that mark vulnerability to heat waves...
  93. ncbi Community-academic research on hard-to-reach populations: benefits and challenges
    Cecilia Benoit
    University of Victoria, British Columbia, Canada
    Qual Health Res 15:263-82. 2005
    ..They conclude with a discussion of strategies to help overcome the main challenges faced during the research endeavor...
  94. ncbi What are the effects of tobacco policies on vulnerable populations? A better practices review
    Lorraine Greaves
    British Columbia Centre of Excellence for Women s Health, BC Women s Hospital, E 311 4500 Oak St, Vancouver, BC V6H 3N1
    Can J Public Health 97:310-5. 2006
    ..This article reviews three types of tobacco policies--tax and price, smoking location restrictions and sales restrictions--and examines the consequences for Aboriginal people, youth and low-income people...
  95. ncbi MF59-adjuvanted subunit influenza vaccine: an improved interpandemic influenza vaccine for vulnerable populations
    Joan Puig Barbera
    Centre de Salut Publica de Castello, Avda del Mar, 12, E 12100, Castello, Spain
    Expert Rev Vaccines 6:659-65. 2007
    Influenza is a highly contagious respiratory disease associated with substantial morbidity and mortality in vulnerable populations, especially the elderly...
  96. pmc Early intervention of multiple home visits to prevent childhood obesity in a disadvantaged population: a home-based randomised controlled trial (Healthy Beginnings Trial)
    Li Ming Wen
    Health Promotion Service, Sydney South West Area Health Service, New South Wales, Australia
    BMC Public Health 7:76. 2007
  97. ncbi Social mobility and self-reported limiting long-term illness among West Indian and South Asian migrants living in England and Wales
    Seeromanie Harding
    Medical Research Unit, Social and Public Health Sciences, University of Glasgow, 4 Lilybank Gardens, Glasgow G12 8RZ, UK
    Soc Sci Med 56:355-61. 2003
    ..In a situation where migrants do not have established economic or social support, the loss of resources or self-esteem could have a disproportionate negative effect on their health...
  98. pmc Developmental effects of exposure to environmental tobacco smoke and material hardship among inner-city children
    V A Rauh
    Columbia Center for Children s Environmental Health, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, 60 Haven Avenue B 109, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Neurotoxicol Teratol 26:373-85. 2004
    ..The study concluded that prenatal exposure to ETS in the home has a negative impact on 2-year cognitive development, and this effect is exacerbated under conditions of material hardship in this urban minority sample...
  99. ncbi Are data on the uptake of disability benefits a useful addition to census data in describing population health care needs?
    Dermot O'Reilly
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Queen s University Belfast, Northern Ireland
    J Health Serv Res Policy 9:165-70. 2004
  100. pmc Vulnerability as a function of individual and group resources in cumulative risk assessment
    Peter L deFur
    Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia 23284, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 115:817-24. 2007
    ..However, vulnerability has received little specific attention in the risk assessment literature...
  101. ncbi Accessibility and equity of health and social care services: exploring the views and experiences of Bangladeshi carers in South Wales, UK
    Joy Merrell
    School of Health Science, University of Wales Swansea, Singleton Park, Swansea, SA2 8PP, UK
    Health Soc Care Community 14:197-205. 2006
    ..Recommendations for improving the accessibility of health and social care services are proposed, which may assist in promoting more equitable services for carers from the Bangladeshi community...

Research Grants82

  1. A Low-Cost Upper-Extremity Prosthesis for Under-Served Populations
    BRADLEY VEATCH; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  2. Effects of Testosterone and Genetic Factors on Psychological and Motor Function i
    NICOLE RENEE TARTAGLIA; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..on reproductive hormone effects on neurodevelopment, and (5) enhance abilities to design research in vulnerable populations of children with neurodevelopmental and neurogenetic disorders applying current bioethical principles...
  3. Clinical , Mechanical and Chemical Evaluation of Amalgam and ART Restorations
    Lilliam Marie Pinzon; Fiscal Year: 2013
  4. The mechanisms by which alcohol and HIV render the lung susceptible to injury
    DAVID MARSHALL GUIDOT; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..infection, and this combination has devastating health consequences that are particularly damaging to vulnerable populations such as our nation's veterans...
    Eric Pearlman; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..PHS 398 (Rev. 11/07) Page 4 Institutional Training Substitute Form Page 3 ..
  6. Health Care Disparities in the Pacific Islands Pacific Regional Medical Conferenc
    SAIED SAFABAKHSH; Fiscal Year: 2011
  7. RidCancerPain Intervention in a Hispanic Population Along the US-Mexico Border
    KRISTYNIA MARIE contact ROBINSON; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..coupled with poor provider communication, contribute to disparities in cancer pain management for vulnerable populations (Green et al., 2003;Cintron &Morrison, 2006;McNeill et al., 2007)...
  8. Human cytomegalovirus entry into epithelial and endothelial cells
    David C Johnson; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) causes substantial disease in several vulnerable populations: developing children, transplant patients, and AIDS patients...
  9. Mechanisms for Cardiovascular Effects of air pollutants: Effect of Age and Sex
    BRITT HOLMEN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..These approaches will provide insight into susceptibility of vulnerable populations (women and the elderly) and approaches for intervention and therapy...
  10. Varicella zoster virus: molecular controls of cell fusion-dependent pathogenesis
    Ann Arvin; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..of polykaryocyte formation for pathogenesis, deciphering how VZV regulates this process has the potential to yield new strategies for vaccine virus attenuation and antiviral drug design to ease the burden on vulnerable populations.
  11. Translational Approaches to Reducing Health Disparities in Lung Disease
    Joe G N Garcia; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..RELEVANCE: Despite several decades of IOM reports detailing the increasing issue of health disparities in vulnerable populations, there has been no significant improvement in this area especially in cardiovascular and pulmonary ..
  12. Inflammation and T Lymphocyte Immunoregulation
    Ann B Hill; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This program is designed to train effective biomedical scientists who will become leaders in making new discoveries and will remain alert to the Dossibilities of usina new knowledge to improve human health..
  13. Fanconi Anemia as a Model for Susceptibility to Human Papillomavirus Infection
    MELINDA SUE BUTSCHKOVACIC; Fiscal Year: 2013 which to understand the mechanisms underlying the risk of typically HPV-related cancers particularly in vulnerable populations. While there are known associations between HPV infection and SCC in the general population, the degree to ..
  14. FAMU RCMI Pharmaceutical Research Center
    Karam F A Soliman; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..These efforts will result in positive health outcomes in addition to decreasing and eliminating health disparities. ..
  15. Financial Risks and Ethnic/Racial Disparities in Live Kidney Donation
    TANJALA PURNELL; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..kidney disease patients and influences healthcare decision-making that will improve delivery of care for vulnerable populations. I also plan to motivate and train future health services and policy researchers by pursuing a career in ..
  16. Motivational Incentives to Reduce Secondhand Smoke in NICU Infants'Homes
    Angela L Stotts; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Highly experienced behavioral and clinical investigators, pilot data suggesting intervention feasibility and promise, a large and accessible population, and an extraordinary infrastructure ensure study success. ..
  17. Accelerated Biologic Aging and Risk for Sepsis and Organ Failure Following Trauma
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Guided by an adapted version of the Vulnerable Populations Conceptual Framework which incorporates concepts from Psychoneuroimmunology, this project will examine bio-behavioral mechanisms associated ..
  18. The development of a recombinant vaccine against human onchocerciasis
    Sara Lustigman; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We envision that the Onchocerca vaccine will be indicated as a product to protect vulnerable populations living in endemic areas against infection and disease (skin disease and blindness)...
  19. Health-Seeking Behaviors among Men with Criminal Justice and Substance Abuse Hist
    Pamela Valera; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..abstract_text> ..
  20. Role of endocrine-disrupting chemicals and social stress on perinatal outcomes
    Ami R Zota; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..and seeks to answer critical scientific as well as policy-relevant questions for improving the health of vulnerable populations who often face disproportionate and elevated exposures to multiple chemical and non-chemical stressors...
  21. Toxoid adjuvant CRM197 production in a stable reduced genome E. coli strain
    Frederick R Blattner; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..enable Scarab to take advantage of a rapidly expanding market with a process aimed at improving access of vulnerable populations to needed vaccines...
  22. Development of a Chloroquine Replacement Drug
    MICHAEL KEVIN RISCOE; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..drugs" that can be used on a worldwide scale to combat multidrug resistant malaria even in the most vulnerable populations, pregnant women and young children...
  23. The Role of Mitochondrial Toxicity in Metabolic Complications of Pediatric HIV
    TANVI SHAH SHARMA; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We can then find ways to reduce these effects by devising interventions aimed at preventing or stopping the progression of metabolic disease. ..
  24. The Effect of Maternal Stress on Perinatal Development
    LISA J ECKLUND-FLORES; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..abstract_text> ..
  25. Survivorship: Mentoring and Bridging Primary Care and Oncology
    KEVIN CHARLES OEFFINGER; Fiscal Year: 2013
  26. Investigating gene x environment interaction using human exposures to O3 & LPS
    David B Peden; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The Clean Air Act requires that the National Ambient Air Quality Standards protect vulnerable populations, including those which genetically define vulnerability...
  27. Manipulation of beta-catenin signaling in adult oral cells for tooth regeneration
    Sarah E Millar; Fiscal Year: 2010
  28. Climate Change and Health: Assessing the Risk of Preterm Delivery
    Rupa Basu; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..White Paper emphasizing the need to study the impact of climate change on human health, specifically among vulnerable populations including pregnant women...
  29. Antimalarial Pharmacology in HIV Coinfected Children and Pregnant Women in Uganda
    Sunil Parikh; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: Children and pregnant women represent particularly vulnerable populations to the overlapping epidemics of malaria and HIV infection in sub-Saharan Africa...
  30. Access to Liver Transplantation for Patients with Primary Sclerosing Cholangitis
    David Seth Goldberg; Fiscal Year: 2011
  31. Qualitative Study of Mental Health Recovery in Dual Diagnosed Homeless
    DEBORAH KAY PADGETT; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Drawing upon the President's New Freedom Commission report valuing consumer perspectives, it will produce guidelines designed to improve recovery-oriented practices for one of society's most difficult-to-reach populations. ..
  32. Addressing Oral Health Disparities in Individuals with Mental Health Problems
    Lisa J Heaton; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Completion of the studies in this proposal will lay the groundwork for future interventions to increase access to oral health resources for individuals in underserved populations. ..
  33. Psychosocial Factors and the Risk of Incident Asthma in African American Women
    Patricia F Coogan; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..abstract_text> ..
  34. Climate Variability / Change and the Risks for a Spectrum of Diseases
    Shao Lin; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..We will also try to determine if vulnerable populations such as the elderly, infants, minorities, people living below the poverty level, pregnant women, inner-..
  35. Heat Waves, Medication Use, and Adverse Health Outcomes Among Older Adults
    SOKO SETOGUCHI-IWATA; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..clinicians, policy makers, patients, and other key stakeholders by characterizing the scope of the problem and can be further expanded to assist in the development of tailored guides and adaptive strategies for vulnerable populations.
  36. Health Systems, Quality of Care, and Outcomes in SLE
    Edward H Yelin; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The project could help persons with SLE from low socioeconomic backgrounds by showing that referral to physicians providing high quality care will reduce disparities in outcomes. ..
  37. High School Student NeuroResearch Program (HSNRP)
    Marlys Hearst Witte; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Ongoing short-term and long-term evaluation including surveys, database registry and career portfolios will document efficacy of the training model and promote networking. ..
  38. Effect of circadian gene variants on sleep, obesity, and metabolic phenotypes
    Anne Marie Chang; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..inter-relationship of sleep behavior, circadian physiology, and cardio-metabolic function, particularly in vulnerable populations - minority populations (who commonly suffer a disproportionate burden of sleep loss, obesity, diabetes, ..
  39. Innovative Clinical Pathways in Lung Cancer Care for Vulnerable Populations
    Yolonda L Colson; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..3 For certain vulnerable populations, lung cancer incidence, prevalence and mortality rates are significantly higher when compared to the ..
  40. Profiling direct/indirect basal ganglia cells in restricted repetitive behavior
    AMBER M VAN MATRE; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..efficacy of potential pharmacological therapies before clinical experimentation is attempted in these very vulnerable populations. Evidence from a mouse model of restricted repetitive behavior indicates that specific pathways in the ..
  41. Lateral Asymmetry in the Human Auditory System
    Yvonne S Sininger; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This project will help to reveal the true nature of the disability imparted to individuals with unilateral deafness and how such disability relates to the side of the deafness. ..
    Mary N Haan; Fiscal Year: 2013
  43. Role of endocrine-disrupting chemicals and social stress on perinatal outcomes
    Ami R Zota; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..and seeks to answer critical scientific as well as policy-relevant questions for improving the health of vulnerable populations who often face disproportionate and elevated exposures to multiple chemical and non-chemical stressors...
  44. Impacts of universal access to HIV/AIDS care among HIV+ injection drug users
    Evan Wood; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This observation has led to renewed HIV prevention efforts to seek out members of vulnerable populations, test them for HIV infection, and engage them in healthcare, including treatment for HIV infection, in ..
  45. Economic Evaluation of Drug Abuse Treatment and HIV Prevention Services for Pregn
    Jennifer Prah Ruger; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Economic and policy research on the efficiency of drug abuse treatment and HIV prevention services among vulnerable populations such as women, adolescents and members of minority groups is necessary to improve drug abuse and HIV/AIDS ..
  46. SIMLAB: Using Patient Simulation for Student Exploration of Community Health Issu
    PATRICIA LEAH WARD; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..An Advisory Committee, consisting of experts from public health, academic medicine, education, technology, and industry, will guide the development and implementation of the Project. ..
  47. Assessment of outcomes and cost-effectiveness in early orthodontic treatment
    James J Chen; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Towards the end of this K23 award Dr. Chen will prepare and apply for a R34 award to develop the intervention trial followed by an application for an U01 clinical trial award. ..
  48. Drug tourism to Mexico: Impact of Mexicos new drug law on HIV-HCV-TB in US IDUs
    Richard S Garfein; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..research on HIV/AIDS co-morbidities including HCV and tuberculosis, and the prevention of HIV among vulnerable populations. This study exploits a rare natural experiment to evaluate the impact of opposing drug policies on ..
  49. Oral Health Intervention for Intellectually/Developmentally Disabled Persons
    ..Ultimately, the results could impact healthcare reform and integrate dental case management into medical case management for disadvantaged persons. ..
  50. Stanford Center for Clinical and Translational Education and Research (SCCTER)TL1
    HARRY BERNARD GREENBERG; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..A key component of this goal is to take advantage of "teachable moments" in the study design process (Program Function 3: Support Portal) as opportunities for training and as sources of didactic material. ..
  51. Brown adipose tissue and its metabolic correlates in human newborns and infants
    Sonja Entringer; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..testable hypotheses and translational research with important implications for early identification of risk/vulnerable populations, in order to inform the subsequent development of primary and secondary intervention strategies.
    W Clay Smith; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..These new scientists are expected to generate discoveries in the underlying mechanisms of vision and associated pathologies, and to help develop treatments for these diseases..
  53. Upstream Contributors to Downstream Disparities in Type 2 Diabetes
    John B McKinlay; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..If successful, this project will identify ways that the excess risk of type 2 diabetes observed among vulnerable populations can be reduced.
  54. The Demography of Prisoner Reentry: Residential Moves & Changing Social Contexts
    JEFFREY D contact MORENOFF; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The data we would assemble would also allow us to develop a future proposal analyzing the health outcomes and mortality of returning parolees. ..
  55. Understanding Resilience in Adolescent Girls: Parent, Peer, and Emotion Dynamics
    AMANDA S MORRIS; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Such programs may include parent education, peer counseling, or prevention programming conducted in school settings that focus on building healthy emotional relationships and teaching adolescents how to effectively respond to emotions. ..
  56. Metabolic Screening: Prioritizing Implementation Strategies for Mental Health
    Elaine H Morrato; Fiscal Year: 2013
  57. Boston Puerto Rican Health Study - CVD Risk Factors
    Katherine L Tucker; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..abstract_text> ..
  58. Assessing the Cumulative Climate-Related Health Risks in the Eastern U.S.
    Yang Liu; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..The spatial distribution of vulnerable populations will be examined with an emphasis on identifying potential response locations using geophysical, ..
  59. Race, Ethnicity, Nativity and Housing Outcomes in Los Angeles
    EILEEN DIAZ MCCONNELL; Fiscal Year: 2010
  60. Infection and Immunity K-12 Science Program: Exploring Knowns/Unknowns via VCRC/Q
    Marlys Hearst Witte; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..National/ international dissemination centers in VCRC/Q's expanding multimedia, multidisciplinary, multi-institutional partnerships and social networking to enhance impact. ..
  61. CRCNS: PKMzeta-Dependent Protein Synthesis Maintains Synaptic Plasticity
    HAREL ZEEV SHOUVAL; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We are eager to extend this type of outreach to the domain of the interaction between theory and experiment in biological sciences. ..
  62. FOR MOMS:Culturally Relevant Treatment for Perinatal Depression
    Nancy K Grote; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Performance Sites: Seattle King County Public Health Department, Seattle, WA University of Washington, Seattle WA ..
  63. Space Renovation for New Research Center for the Neglected Diseases of Poverty
    John Williams; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..S. and around the world-the neglected infections of poverty and the neglected tropical diseases. ..
  64. Oral H. pylori Prevalence in Intellectually/Developmentally Disabled Adults
    Catherine Binkley; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..the need to reduce health disparities, improve quality of life, and reduce morbidity and mortality in vulnerable populations. Project Narrative: Helicobacter pylori infections are a significant cause of morbidity in ..
  65. Harnessing Health IT for Self-Management Support and Medication Activation in a M
    Dean Schillinger; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..CTSI), the CRN is rapidly expanding its efforts in both effectiveness and implementation research with vulnerable populations. This expansion has intensified engagement of the CRN with the clinicians that serve urban, underserved, ..
  66. Dietary Factors Affecting Calcium and Zinc Absorption
    Steven Abrams; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Our goal is to identify dietary factors to enhance calcium absorption and bone mineralization in vulnerable populations. We use stable isotope methods that are safe and applicable globally to assess mineral metabolism (calcium,..
  67. Failure to Utilize Diabetes Health Services Following a Referral
    Andrew John Karter; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..e., inadequate adherence). While resources are needed to increase access for vulnerable populations, we must consider that there is also sub-optimal uptake of offered services even where access is not at ..
    Brian Hansen; Fiscal Year: 2009
  69. Development of a Yellow Fever Vaccine for Vulnerable Populations
    Ian Amanna; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..a proprietary new technology to develop an inactivated vaccine formulation that can be used to immunize vulnerable populations such as infants and elderly, in addition to other healthy populations...
  70. A Next-Generation Split Hook Prehensor with Enhanced Grasp Functionality
    BRADLEY D VEATCH; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The device is designed to delight users, improving their quality of life by helping them become or remain productive members of society through renewed self-sufficiency, sense of purpose, and personal dignity. ..
    Douglas Ross; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..We will examined the hypothesis that aspects of head injury render selectively vulnerable populations of neurons hyperexcitable and that overexcitation mediated by excitatory amino acid receptors precipitates ..
  72. Implementing a low-literacy, multimedia IT system to enhance patient-centered can
    Elizabeth Hahn; Fiscal Year: 2009
    b>Vulnerable populations experience a greater burden of disease, are less informed about diagnosis and treatment, and are less likely to be satisfied with communication with their healthcare providers...
  73. Child Care Resources in Low-income Families
    REBEKAH COLEY; Fiscal Year: 2009
  74. Community Partnership for Ethical Research
    ELIZABETH B RIPLEY; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Virginia Commonwealth University (VCU) in Richmond, Virginia, strives to involve minority, underserved and vulnerable populations in crucial research to understand and improve health disparities...
    Peter Margolis; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..If the feasibility study proves to be successful, we hope to be in a position to test the effectiveness of integrated office-based prevention and continuity of care and home visiting in a randomized trial...
  76. Ethics in Behavioral Health Services Research
    Paul Stiles; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..evaluation of an intensive four-day training course focusing on ethical and legal issues that arise when vulnerable populations, particularly people with severe mental disabilities, are used as research subjects...
  77. Disadvantaged Children: Predictors and Outcomes of Sleep Behaviors
    Lauren Hale; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Understanding these relationships will identify target populations for intervention and inform development of culturally- sensitive programs to promote sleep quality and child wellbeing. ..
  78. Medication Summary Guides for Vulnerable Populations with Rheumatoid Arthritis
    Edward H Yelin; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..the utility of these guides in a real-world, ambulatory care setting that disproportionately serves vulnerable populations is unknown...
  79. Anxiety and Depression among Elderly Public Housing Residents
    Adam Simning; Fiscal Year: 2009
  80. Dental Biologics for Underserved Populations
    SUSAN FU; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..We propose to take advantage of the SBIR mechanism to develop biologically based, regenerative root canal therapy that is affordable and accessible by underserved populations. ..
  81. Outcomes of Curable Cancers in Vulnerable Populations
    Siran Koroukian; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..We will examine survival outcomes by Medicaid status;and among Medicaid beneficiaries, survival and cure rates will be evaluated in the presence or absence of mental and/or physical comorbid conditions. ..
    Ying Meng; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..It will also be significant for health care planning for the medically underserved population in general...