vulnerable populations

Summary

Summary: Groups of persons whose range of options is severely limited, who are frequently subjected to COERCION in their DECISION MAKING, or who may be compromised in their ability to give INFORMED CONSENT.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Distribution of influenza vaccine to high-risk groups
    Danielle C Ompad
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, New York, NY 10029, USA
    Epidemiol Rev 28:54-70. 2006
  2. pmc Transcending the known in public health practice: the inequality paradox: the population approach and vulnerable populations
    Katherine L Frohlich
    Lea Roback Centre for Research on Health Inequalities, Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, University of Montreal, and Groupe de Recherche Interdisciplinaire en Santé, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Am J Public Health 98:216-21. 2008
  3. pmc Recruiting vulnerable populations into research: a systematic review of recruitment interventions
    Stacy J UyBico
    Section of General Internal Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 22:852-63. 2007
  4. pmc Playing it safe: assessing cumulative impact and social vulnerability through an environmental justice screening method in the South Coast Air Basin, California
    James L Sadd
    Department of Environmental Science, Occidental College, Los Angeles, CA 94001, USA
    Int J Environ Res Public Health 8:1441-59. 2011
  5. pmc Barriers and motivators to gaining access to smoking cessation services amongst deprived smokers--a qualitative study
    Elin Roddy
    Division of Respiratory Medicine, School of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK
    BMC Health Serv Res 6:147. 2006
  6. doi Identifying vulnerable subpopulations for climate change health effects in the United States
    John M Balbus
    Environmental Defense Fund, Washington, DC, USA
    J Occup Environ Med 51:33-7. 2009
  7. pmc Vulnerability and unmet health care needs. The influence of multiple risk factors
    Leiyu Shi
    Department of Health Policy and Management, Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 20:148-54. 2005
  8. pmc Ethnic disparities in access to care in post-apartheid South Africa
    Zeida R Kon
    Department of Health Management and Policy, University of North Texas Health Science Center, Fort Worth, TX 76107, USA
    Am J Public Health 98:2272-7. 2008
  9. doi Improving access to smoking cessation services for disadvantaged groups: a systematic review
    Rachael L Murray
    Division of Epidemiology and Public Health, UK Centre for Tobacco Control Studies, University of Nottingham, Clinical Sciences Building, Nottingham City Hospital, Nottingham, UK
    J Public Health (Oxf) 31:258-77. 2009
  10. ncbi All slums are not equal: child health conditions among the urban poor
    Siddharth Agarwal
    USAID EHP Urban Health Program, CDM International Inc
    Indian Pediatr 42:233-44. 2005

Detail Information

Publications247 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Distribution of influenza vaccine to high-risk groups
    Danielle C Ompad
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, New York, NY 10029, USA
    Epidemiol Rev 28:54-70. 2006
    ..Few studies targeted individuals outside of the health-care and social services sectors. Given the growing disparities in health and health-care access, understanding the way in which interventions can remedy disparities is crucial...
  2. pmc Transcending the known in public health practice: the inequality paradox: the population approach and vulnerable populations
    Katherine L Frohlich
    Lea Roback Centre for Research on Health Inequalities, Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, University of Montreal, and Groupe de Recherche Interdisciplinaire en Santé, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Am J Public Health 98:216-21. 2008
    Using the concept of vulnerable populations, we examine how disparities in health may be exacerbated by population-approach interventions...
  3. pmc Recruiting vulnerable populations into research: a systematic review of recruitment interventions
    Stacy J UyBico
    Section of General Internal Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 22:852-63. 2007
    Members of vulnerable populations are underrepresented in research studies.
  4. pmc Playing it safe: assessing cumulative impact and social vulnerability through an environmental justice screening method in the South Coast Air Basin, California
    James L Sadd
    Department of Environmental Science, Occidental College, Los Angeles, CA 94001, USA
    Int J Environ Res Public Health 8:1441-59. 2011
    ....
  5. pmc Barriers and motivators to gaining access to smoking cessation services amongst deprived smokers--a qualitative study
    Elin Roddy
    Division of Respiratory Medicine, School of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK
    BMC Health Serv Res 6:147. 2006
    ..Smoking cessation services have been implemented in the UK targeting disadvantaged smokers, but there is little evidence available on how to design services to attract this priority group...
  6. doi Identifying vulnerable subpopulations for climate change health effects in the United States
    John M Balbus
    Environmental Defense Fund, Washington, DC, USA
    J Occup Environ Med 51:33-7. 2009
    ....
  7. pmc Vulnerability and unmet health care needs. The influence of multiple risk factors
    Leiyu Shi
    Department of Health Policy and Management, Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 20:148-54. 2005
    ..Most studies have examined the independent effects of these risk factors for poor access, but more practical models are needed to account for the clustering of multiple risks...
  8. pmc Ethnic disparities in access to care in post-apartheid South Africa
    Zeida R Kon
    Department of Health Management and Policy, University of North Texas Health Science Center, Fort Worth, TX 76107, USA
    Am J Public Health 98:2272-7. 2008
    ..We investigated ethnic disparities in obtaining medical care among the 4 major ethnic groups (Blacks, Whites, Coloreds [i.e., those of mixed race], and Asians) in post-apartheid South Africa...
  9. doi Improving access to smoking cessation services for disadvantaged groups: a systematic review
    Rachael L Murray
    Division of Epidemiology and Public Health, UK Centre for Tobacco Control Studies, University of Nottingham, Clinical Sciences Building, Nottingham City Hospital, Nottingham, UK
    J Public Health (Oxf) 31:258-77. 2009
    ..Smoking is a main contributor to health inequalities. Identifying strategies to find and support smokers from disadvantaged groups is, therefore, of key importance...
  10. ncbi All slums are not equal: child health conditions among the urban poor
    Siddharth Agarwal
    USAID EHP Urban Health Program, CDM International Inc
    Indian Pediatr 42:233-44. 2005
    ..In view of the differential vulnerabilities across slums, an urban child health program should build context appropriate and community-need-responsive approaches to improve children's health in the slums...
  11. ncbi The influence of patient race and social vulnerability on urologist treatment recommendations in localized prostate carcinoma
    Thomas D Denberg
    General Internal Medicine, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver, CO 80262, USA
    Med Care 44:1137-41. 2006
    ..Such disparities involve barriers to health care, comorbid illnesses, tumor characteristics, and patient preferences. It is unclear whether differences in urologist treatment recommendations also might play a role...
  12. doi Relationship between caregiver's and child's caries prevalence among disadvantaged African Americans
    S Reisine
    Department of Oral Health and Diagnostic Science, Division of Behavioral Sciences, University of Connecticut School of Dental Medicine, Farmington, CT, USA
    Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 36:191-200. 2008
    ..To assess the relationship between African-American caregivers' and children's caries levels adjusting for sociodemographic factors...
  13. pmc How informed is consent in vulnerable populations? Experience using a continuous consent process during the MDP301 vaginal microbicide trial in Mwanza, Tanzania
    Andrew Vallely
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    BMC Med Ethics 11:10. 2010
    ..The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of a continuous informed consent process adopted during the MDP301 phase III vaginal microbicide trial in Mwanza, Tanzania...
  14. ncbi American Academy of Nursing Expert Panel report: developing cultural competence to eliminate health disparities in ethnic minorities and other vulnerable populations
    Joyce Giger
    University of California, Los Angeles, USA
    J Transcult Nurs 18:95-102. 2007
    ....
  15. doi Identifying vulnerable populations through an examination of the association between multipollutant profiles and poverty
    John Molitor
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Imperial College, London, UK
    Environ Sci Technol 45:7754-60. 2011
    ....
  16. doi Pandemic influenza preparedness and vulnerable populations in tribal communities
    Amy V Groom
    Immunization Services Division, National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Am J Public Health 99:S271-8. 2009
    ..We outline potential issues to consider in identifying and providing appropriate services for selected vulnerable populations within tribal communities...
  17. doi Effective health risk communication about pandemic influenza for vulnerable populations
    Elaine Vaughan
    Department of Psychology and Social Behavior, University of California, 3340 Social Ecology 2, Irvine, CA 92697, USA
    Am J Public Health 99:S324-32. 2009
    The consequences of pandemic influenza for vulnerable populations will depend partly on the effectiveness of health risk communications...
  18. ncbi Poorer health and nutritional outcomes in orphans and vulnerable young children not explained by greater exposure to extreme poverty in Zimbabwe
    Helen Watts
    Department of Infectious Disease Eidemiology, Imperial College London, St Mary s Campus, UK
    Trop Med Int Health 12:584-93. 2007
    ....
  19. ncbi The inverse care law: implications for healthcare of vulnerable populations
    Kevin Fiscella
    Department of Family Medicine, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, Rochester, New York, USA
    J Ambul Care Manage 28:304-12. 2005
    ..This phenomenon, termed the "inverse care law," has implications for healthcare and outcomes for vulnerable populations including low-income persons, racial and ethnic minorities, and the uninsured among others...
  20. pmc The inverse care law: clinical primary care encounters in deprived and affluent areas of Scotland
    Stewart W Mercer
    General Practice and Primary Care, Division of Community Based Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, Scotland
    Ann Fam Med 5:503-10. 2007
    ..The inverse care law states that the availability of good medical care tends to vary inversely with the need for it in the population served, but there is little research on how the inverse care law actually operates...
  21. pmc Consenting of the vulnerable: the informed consent procedure in advanced cancer patients in Mexico
    Emma L Verastegui
    Ethics Committee, Instituto Nacional de Cancerologia, Avenida San Fernando 22, Mexico City, Mexico
    BMC Med Ethics 7:E13. 2006
    ..Participants from developing countries may have little or non alternative means of treatment other than that offered through clinical trials. Therefore, the provision of a valid informed consent is important...
  22. ncbi HIV, hepatitis C and HIV/hepatitis C virus co-infection in vulnerable populations
    Lisa I Backus
    Center for Quality Management in Public Health, US Department of Veterans Affairs, Palo Alto, CA, USA
    AIDS 19:S13-9. 2005
    ....
  23. ncbi Resource needs to support orphans and vulnerable children in sub-Saharan Africa
    John Stover
    Futures Institute, 41A New London Turnpike, Glastonbury, CT 06033, USA
    Health Policy Plan 22:21-7. 2007
    ..This is at least four times current funding and should be a priority topic for donor and national government resource allocation decisions this year...
  24. doi Placing ethics in the centre: negotiating new spaces for ethical research in conflict situations
    A B Zwi
    School of Public Health and Community Medicine, The University of New South Wales, NSW, Australia
    Glob Public Health 1:264-77. 2006
    ....
  25. pmc Vulnerability and the patient-practitioner relationship: the roles of gatekeeping and primary care performance
    Leiyu Shi
    Department of Health Policy and Management, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Am J Public Health 93:138-44. 2003
    ....
  26. pmc Environmental health disparities: a framework integrating psychosocial and environmental concepts
    Gilbert C Gee
    University of Michigan School of Public Health, Department of Health Behavior and Health Education, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 112:1645-53. 2004
    ..When not counterbalanced by resources, stressors may lead to heightened vulnerability to environmental hazards...
  27. ncbi Human experimentation in developing countries: improving international practices by identifying vulnerable populations and allocating fair benefits
    Kristen Farrell
    University of Maryland School of Law, Baltimore, MD, USA
    J Health Care Law Policy 9:136-61. 2006
  28. doi The motivators and barriers to a smoke-free home among disadvantaged caregivers: identifying the positive levers for change
    Laura L Jones
    UK Centre for Tobacco Control Studies, Division of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK
    Nicotine Tob Res 13:479-86. 2011
    ....
  29. doi Prevalence and associated factors of traumatic dental injuries in Brazilian schoolchildren
    Cristiane B Bendo
    Department of Pediatric Dentistry and Orthodontics, School of Dentistry, Federal University of Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Brazil
    J Public Health Dent 70:313-8. 2010
    ..This study investigated the prevalence of traumatic dental injury (TDI) and associated factors in the permanent incisors of Brazilian schoolchildren...
  30. ncbi Higher readmissions at safety-net hospitals and potential policy solutions
    Julia Berenson
    The Commonwealth Fund, USA
    Issue Brief (Commonw Fund) 34:1-16. 2012
    ....
  31. ncbi [Aging and becoming vulnerable]
    Stéfanie Monod
    Service de gériatrie et réadaptation gériatrique, CUTR Sylvana, Departement de Medecine, CHUV, 1066 Epalinges
    Rev Med Suisse 5:2353-7. 2009
    ..A clinical case of elderly abuse is presented to illustrate vulnerability. Finally, some recommendations to lower the risk of vulnerability in elderly persons are proposed...
  32. ncbi Dentistry and childhood poverty in the United States
    H B Waldman
    Department of General Dentistry, Stony Brook University, NY 11794 8706, USA
    J Clin Pediatr Dent 37:113-6. 2012
    ..The proportion and numbers of children living in low income families and without health insurance continues to increase. The magnitude of these problems is considered at localized levels in terms of the impact on the use of dental services...
  33. doi Delivering smoking cessation support to disadvantaged groups: a qualitative study of the potential of community welfare organizations
    Jamie Bryant
    Centre for Health Research and Psycho oncology, University of Newcastle, Callaghan, New South Wales, Australia
    Health Educ Res 25:979-90. 2010
    ..The community service setting represents a promising access point for engaging disadvantaged smokers for cessation and further research exploring the effectiveness of support delivered in this setting is clearly warranted...
  34. ncbi Culturally safe research with vulnerable populations
    Denise Wilson
    School of Health and Social Services, Massey University, Albany, New Zealand
    Contemp Nurse 33:69-79. 2009
    ..b>Vulnerable populations are at risk of experiencing inequalities in health experiences and health outcomes, and research ..
  35. doi The promise and peril of accountable care for vulnerable populations: a framework for overcoming obstacles
    Valerie A Lewis
    Center for Population Health, Dartmouth Institute for Health Policy and Clinical Practice in Lebanon, New Hampshire, USA
    Health Aff (Millwood) 31:1777-85. 2012
    ..However, there is a risk that vulnerable populations may not be fully incorporated into this new model...
  36. ncbi Access to care among vulnerable populations enrolled in commercial HMOs
    Matthew J Carlson
    Portland State University, CareOregon, USA
    J Health Care Poor Underserved 14:372-85. 2003
    ..Nonfinancial barriers appear to be more influential than financial barriers for predicting access problems in commercial HMOs. More work is needed to identify the source of nonfinancial barriers to care among vulnerable populations.
  37. pmc The virtual dental home: implications for policy and strategy
    Paul Glassman
    Arthur A Dugoni School of Dentistry in San Francisco, CA 94115, USA
    J Calif Dent Assoc 40:605-11. 2012
    ..The virtual dental home is one such system...
  38. ncbi Health disparities and health equity: concepts and measurement
    Paula Braveman
    Center on Social Disparities in Health, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California 94143 0900, USA
    Annu Rev Public Health 27:167-94. 2006
    ..g., the wealthiest, the most powerful racial/ethnic group-and all others, not only between the best- and worst-off groups. Pursuing health equity means pursuing the elimination of such health disparities/inequalities...
  39. ncbi Impact of therapeutic research on informed consent and the ethics of clinical trials: a medical oncology perspective
    C K Daugherty
    Section of Hematology Oncology and the MacLean Center for Clinical Medical Ethics, University of Chicago, IL 60637 1470, USA
    J Clin Oncol 17:1601-17. 1999
    ....
  40. pmc An assessment of the quality of mammography care at facilities treating medically vulnerable populations
    L Elizabeth Goldman
    Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, California 94143, USA
    Med Care 46:701-8. 2008
    Women in medically vulnerable populations, including racial and ethnic minorities, socioeconomically disadvantaged, and residents of rural areas, experience higher breast cancer mortality than do others...
  41. doi A sensitivity analysis of the social vulnerability index
    Mathew C Schmidtlein
    Hazards and Vunerability Research Institute, Department of Geography, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29223, USA
    Risk Anal 28:1099-114. 2008
    ..Understanding the impacts of changes in index construction and scale are crucial in increasing user confidence in metrics designed to represent the extremely complex phenomenon of social vulnerability...
  42. ncbi Vulnerable populations in Nepal face hostile environment
    Sunil Pant
    HIV AIDS Policy Law Rev 11:87-8. 2006
    ....
  43. ncbi Neighborhoods matter: use of hospitals with worse outcomes following total knee replacement by patients from vulnerable populations
    Elena Losina
    Department of Biostatistics, Boston University School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02118, USA
    Arch Intern Med 167:182-7. 2007
    ..There has been little study of whether total knee replacement (TKR) recipients from vulnerable populations, including racial and ethnic minorities, the poor, the elderly, and the less well educated, are more ..
  44. ncbi Immigrant workers in the United States: recent trends, vulnerable populations, and challenges for occupational health
    Linda A McCauley
    School of Nursing, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    AAOHN J 53:313-9. 2005
    ....
  45. doi Helping vulnerable populations: a comprehensive review of the treatment outcome literature on substance use disorder and PTSD
    Lisa M Najavits
    VA Boston Healthcare System, 150 South Huntington Ave, 116 B, Boston, MA 02130, USA
    J Clin Psychol 69:433-79. 2013
    ..The few models with past-focused (exposure-based) components also incorporated present-focused approaches for these vulnerable clients. We discuss public health perspectives to advance the field...
  46. ncbi Urban-rural comparison of weight status among women and children living in socioeconomically disadvantaged neighbourhoods
    Verity Cleland
    Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition Research, Deakin University, Melbourne, Vic
    Med J Aust 192:137-40. 2010
    ..To compare the weight status of women and children living in socioeconomically disadvantaged rural and urban neighbourhoods in Victoria...
  47. ncbi Race and healthcare disparities: overcoming vulnerablity
    John Stone
    Tuskegee University National Center for Bioethics in Research and Health Care, Tuskegee Institute, Alabama 36088, USA
    Theor Med Bioeth 23:499-518. 2002
    ..Against this background the paper addresses the ethics of such disparities and how disadvantages of vulnerable populations like African Americans are typically maintained in decision making about how to respond to such ..
  48. pmc Impact of hepatitis B and C infection on health services utilization in homeless adults: a test of the Gelberg-Andersen Behavioral Model for Vulnerable Populations
    Judith A Stein
    Department of Psychology, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095 1563, USA
    Health Psychol 31:20-30. 2012
    ..The Gelberg-Andersen Behavioral Model for Vulnerable Populations (predisposing, enabling, and need variables) was expanded to predict prevalence and awareness of hepatitis ..
  49. pmc Project: London--supporting vulnerable populations
    Karen McColl
    Médecins du Monde UK, London E14 5AA
    BMJ 332:115-7. 2006
  50. ncbi Barriers to accessing safe motherhood and reproductive health services: the situation of women with disabilities in Lusaka, Zambia
    E Smith
    Centre for Internationa Child Health, Institute of Child Health, London, UK
    Disabil Rehabil 26:121-7. 2004
    ..To ascertain how well health services in Lusaka, Zambia currently meet the safe motherhood and reproductive health care needs of women who have physical impairment leading to disability...
  51. ncbi Psychiatric co-morbidity in vulnerable populations receiving primary care for HIV/AIDS
    D M Israelski
    Stanford University School of Medicine, San Mateo, CA, USA
    AIDS Care 19:220-5. 2007
    ..These data suggest that current clinical practices could be improved with the use of appropriate tools and procedures to screen and diagnose mental health disorders in populations with HIV/AIDS...
  52. pmc Defining, designing, implementing, and evaluating phase 4 HIV prevention effectiveness trials for vulnerable populations
    Jeffrey A Kelly
    Center for AIDS Intervention Research, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI 53202, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 47:S28-33. 2008
    ....
  53. pmc How to calculate the annual costs of NGO-implemented programmes to support orphans and vulnerable children: a six-step approach
    Bruce A Larson
    Department of International Health, Boston University School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    J Int AIDS Soc 14:59. 2011
    ..This approach is applied to the Community-Based Care for Orphans and Vulnerable Children (CBCO) Program implemented by BIDII (a Kenyan NGO) in Eastern Province of Kenya...
  54. pmc Spatial patterns of diabetes related health problems for vulnerable populations in Los Angeles
    Andrew J Curtis
    Department of American Studies and Ethnicity, College of Letters, Arts and Sciences, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, USA
    Int J Health Geogr 9:43. 2010
    ..Indeed these results were used to support the work of a progressive diabetes clinic to guide management and intervention strategies...
  55. doi Vulnerable populations, prison, and federal and state Medicaid policies: avoiding the loss of a right to care
    Leda M Perez
    Collins Center for Public Policy, 150 SE 2nd Avenue, Suite 709, Miami, FL 33131, USA
    J Correct Health Care 15:142-9. 2009
    ....
  56. ncbi An exploration of the problems faced by young women living in disadvantaged circumstances if they want to give up smoking: can more be done at general practice level?
    Lorraine Copeland
    Muirhouse Medical Group, 1 Muirhouse Avenue, Muirhouse, Edinburgh EH4 4PL, Scotland, UK
    Fam Pract 20:393-400. 2003
    ..The purpose of this study was to explore the barriers faced by women living in deprived circumstances if they want to give up smoking and to determine what help they would like at general practice level...
  57. ncbi [The right to prevention and the challenges of reducing vulnerability to HIV in Brazil]
    Vera Paiva
    Núcleo de Estudos de Prevenção da Aids, Instituto de Psicologia, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Av Prof Mello Moraes 1721, 05508 030 São Paulo, SP, Brazil
    Rev Saude Publica 40:109-19. 2006
    ....
  58. pmc Changes in emergency department access between 2001 and 2005 among general and vulnerable populations
    Yu Chu Shen
    Graduate School of Business and Public Policy, Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, CA 93943, USA
    Am J Public Health 100:1462-9. 2010
    ..We analyzed how ease of geographic access to emergency departments (EDs), defined as driving time to the closest ED, changed between 2001 and 2005, and whether access deterioration was more likely to occur in vulnerable communities...
  59. ncbi "It's like an addiction first thing...afterwards it's like a habit": daily smoking behaviour among people living in areas of deprivation
    Angus Bancroft
    Public Health Sciences, Department of Community Health Sciences, Medical School, Edinburgh University, Teviot Place, Edinburgh EH8 9AG, UK
    Soc Sci Med 56:1261-7. 2003
    ..Crucially, the influences on smoking described by respondents in this study were closely related to circumstances of socio-economic deprivation...
  60. ncbi What does social justice require for the public's health? Public health ethics and policy imperatives
    Lawrence O Gostin
    Georgetown University Law Center, Washington, DC, USA
    Health Aff (Millwood) 25:1053-60. 2006
    ..This Commentary explores how social justice sheds light on major ongoing controversies in the field, and it provides examples of the kinds of policies that public health agencies, guided by a robust conception of justice, would adopt...
  61. pmc The relationship between general practice characteristics and quality of care: a national survey of quality indicators used in the UK Quality and Outcomes Framework, 2004-5
    Mark Ashworth
    Department of General Practice and Primary Care, King s College London School of Medicine at Guy s, King s College and St Thomas Hospitals, London, UK
    BMC Fam Pract 7:68. 2006
    ..We aimed to determine the relationship between the quality of primary care, as judged by the total QOF score, social deprivation and practice characteristics...
  62. pmc Mapping community determinants of heat vulnerability
    Colleen E Reid
    Environmental Health Sciences Division, School of Public Health, University of California at Berkeley, California 94720 7360, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 117:1730-6. 2009
    ..Adverse health impacts from heat waves can be avoided, and epidemiologic studies have identified specific population and community characteristics that mark vulnerability to heat waves...
  63. ncbi HIV infection and reproductive health in teenage women orphaned and made vulnerable by AIDS in Zimbabwe
    S Gregson
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College, London, UK
    AIDS Care 17:785-94. 2005
    ..Predicted substantial expanded increases in orphanhood could hamper efforts to slow the acquisition of HIV infection in successive generations of young adults, perpetuating the vicious cycle of poverty and disease...
  64. ncbi Youth in sub-Saharan Africa
    Robert W Blum
    Department of Population, Family and Reproductive Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    J Adolesc Health 41:230-8. 2007
    ..Although acquired immunodeficiency syndrome is the predominant cause of death among youth, maternal mortality remains a major risk of death for youth--in some countries 600 times greater than that of peers in the industrialized world...
  65. ncbi Applying the Gelberg-Andersen behavioral model for vulnerable populations to health services utilization in homeless women
    Judith A Stein
    University of California, USA
    J Health Psychol 12:791-804. 2007
    We applied the Gelberg-Andersen Behavioral Model for Vulnerable Populations to predict health services utilization (HSU) in 875 homeless US women...
  66. pmc Bridging the digital divide: reaching vulnerable populations
    Betty L Chang
    University of California Los Angeles, USA
    J Am Med Inform Assoc 11:448-57. 2004
    The AMIA 2003 Spring Congress entitled "Bridging the Digital Divide: Informatics and Vulnerable Populations" convened 178 experts including medical informaticians, health care professionals, government leaders, policy makers, researchers, ..
  67. pmc Early intervention of multiple home visits to prevent childhood obesity in a disadvantaged population: a home-based randomised controlled trial (Healthy Beginnings Trial)
    Li Ming Wen
    Health Promotion Service, Sydney South West Area Health Service, New South Wales, Australia
    BMC Public Health 7:76. 2007
    ....
  68. ncbi Associations between health promoting schools' policies and indicators of oral health in Brazil
    Simone Tetu Moyses
    Rua Silveira Peixoto, Curitiba, PR, Brazil CEP 80240 120
    Health Promot Int 18:209-18. 2003
    ..Our results suggest that some benefit can be obtained for the improvement of the oral health of children living in deprived areas if they attend supportive schools...
  69. ncbi What are the effects of tobacco policies on vulnerable populations? A better practices review
    Lorraine Greaves
    British Columbia Centre of Excellence for Women s Health, BC Women s Hospital, E 311 4500 Oak St, Vancouver, BC V6H 3N1
    Can J Public Health 97:310-5. 2006
    ..This article reviews three types of tobacco policies--tax and price, smoking location restrictions and sales restrictions--and examines the consequences for Aboriginal people, youth and low-income people...
  70. ncbi MF59-adjuvanted subunit influenza vaccine: an improved interpandemic influenza vaccine for vulnerable populations
    Joan Puig Barbera
    Centre de Salut Publica de Castello, Avda del Mar, 12, E 12100, Castello, Spain
    Expert Rev Vaccines 6:659-65. 2007
    Influenza is a highly contagious respiratory disease associated with substantial morbidity and mortality in vulnerable populations, especially the elderly...
  71. pmc Developmental effects of exposure to environmental tobacco smoke and material hardship among inner-city children
    V A Rauh
    Columbia Center for Children s Environmental Health, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, 60 Haven Avenue B 109, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Neurotoxicol Teratol 26:373-85. 2004
    ..The study concluded that prenatal exposure to ETS in the home has a negative impact on 2-year cognitive development, and this effect is exacerbated under conditions of material hardship in this urban minority sample...
  72. ncbi Social mobility and self-reported limiting long-term illness among West Indian and South Asian migrants living in England and Wales
    Seeromanie Harding
    Medical Research Unit, Social and Public Health Sciences, University of Glasgow, 4 Lilybank Gardens, Glasgow G12 8RZ, UK
    Soc Sci Med 56:355-61. 2003
    ..In a situation where migrants do not have established economic or social support, the loss of resources or self-esteem could have a disproportionate negative effect on their health...
  73. ncbi Accessibility and equity of health and social care services: exploring the views and experiences of Bangladeshi carers in South Wales, UK
    Joy Merrell
    School of Health Science, University of Wales Swansea, Singleton Park, Swansea, SA2 8PP, UK
    Health Soc Care Community 14:197-205. 2006
    ..Recommendations for improving the accessibility of health and social care services are proposed, which may assist in promoting more equitable services for carers from the Bangladeshi community...
  74. ncbi The framework for patient care at California community health center dental clinics
    Brian K Shue
    Clinicas de Salud del Pueblo Inc, Imperial County, CA, USA
    J Calif Dent Assoc 37:319-28. 2009
    ..There are 245 California health center sites that provide dental care. This article reviews the framework for patient care at the California community health center dental clinic...
  75. ncbi Influenza vaccination in vulnerable populations
    Ahmet Baydur
    Chest 125:1971-2. 2004
  76. ncbi Prevalence of problematic and injecting drug use for Drug Action Team areas in England
    Martin Frisher
    Department of Medicines Management, Keele University, Keele, Staffordshire ST5 5BG, UK
    J Public Health (Oxf) 28:3-9. 2006
    ..This article reports the findings from a study that estimated the number of problematic and injecting drug users for all Drug Action Teams (DATs) in England for 2001...
  77. ncbi Ethics. Protecting communities in biomedical research
    C Weijer
    Department of Bioethics, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, B3H 4H7, Canada
    Science 289:1142-4. 2000
    ..Depending on the particular community, consent and consultation, consultation alone, or no added protections may be required for research...
  78. pmc Effect of cross-level interaction between individual and neighborhood socioeconomic status on adult mortality rates
    Marilyn Winkleby
    Stanford Prevention Research Center, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, Calif 94305 5705, USA
    Am J Public Health 96:2145-53. 2006
    ..We examined whether the influence of neighborhood-level socioeconomic status (SES) on mortality differed by individual-level SES...
  79. ncbi Studying vulnerable populations: lessons from the Roma minority
    Karolina Kósa
    Division of Health Promotion, Department of Preventive Medicine, University of Debrecen, Debrecen, Hungary
    Epidemiology 18:290-9. 2007
    ..Careful documentation of methodology and active involvement of the minorities themselves can increase trust between the investigators and the research subjects, which can in turn improve research on minority health...
  80. ncbi Vulnerable populations at risk of potentially avoidable hospitalizations: the case of nursing home residents with Alzheimer's disease
    Mary W Carter
    Center on Aging and Department of Community Medicine, West Virginia University School of Medicine, Morgantown, West Virginia, USA
    Am J Alzheimers Dis Other Demen 20:349-58. 2005
    ....
  81. ncbi Ethics seminars: vulnerable populations in emergency medicine research
    Tammie Quest
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30303, USA
    Acad Emerg Med 10:1294-8. 2003
    ..These issues should be carefully considered when including such patients in research protocols. Special efforts should be made to ensure voluntary participation and understanding of the purposes and risks of participation...
  82. ncbi Inequalities in the dental treatment provided to children: an example from the UK
    Martin Tickle
    Dental Public Health University of Manchester Dental School, Manchester and Salford and Trafford Health Authorities, Manchester, UK
    Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 30:335-41. 2002
    ....
  83. pmc Obesity and diabetes in vulnerable populations: reflection on proximal and distal causes
    Lucy M Candib
    Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Massachusetts Medical School and Family Health Center of Worcester, Worcester, Mass, USA
    Ann Fam Med 5:547-56. 2007
    ..of causation underlying the worldwide epidemic of obesity and diabetes can refocus the work of clinicians and researchers to work at multiple levels to address prevention and treatment for these conditions among vulnerable populations.
  84. pmc Microbicide research in developing countries: have we given the ethical concerns due consideration?
    Keymanthri Moodley
    Bioethics Unit Tygerberg Division, Faculty of Health Sciences and Centre for Applied Ethics, University of Stellenbosch, South Africa
    BMC Med Ethics 8:10. 2007
    ....
  85. ncbi Are data on the uptake of disability benefits a useful addition to census data in describing population health care needs?
    Dermot O'Reilly
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Queen s University Belfast, Northern Ireland
    J Health Serv Res Policy 9:165-70. 2004
    ....
  86. pmc Vulnerability as a function of individual and group resources in cumulative risk assessment
    Peter L deFur
    Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia 23284, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 115:817-24. 2007
    ..However, vulnerability has received little specific attention in the risk assessment literature...
  87. ncbi 'I came back here and started smoking again': perceptions and experiences of quitting among disadvantaged smokers
    Susan Wiltshire
    Department of Community Health Sciences, Edinburgh University, Teviot Place, Edinburgh EH8 9AG, UK
    Health Educ Res 18:292-303. 2003
    ..The paper concludes that in order to facilitate and sustain smoking cessation, tobacco control interventions need to tackle both nicotine addiction and the material circumstances experienced by disadvantaged smokers...
  88. pmc Targeting AIDS orphans and child-headed households? A perspective from national surveys in South Africa, 1995-2005
    Linda M Richter
    Child Youth Family and Social Development, Human Sciences Research Council, Dalbridge, South Africa
    AIDS Care 20:1019-28. 2008
    ..Poverty is a pitiless backdrop to the AIDS epidemic and needs to be at the heart of strategies to address the needs of all vulnerable children in hard-hit communities...
  89. doi Beyond the most willing audiences: a meta-intervention to increase exposure to HIV-prevention programs by vulnerable populations
    DOLORES ALBARRACIN
    Department of Psychology, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Champaign, IL 61820, USA
    Health Psychol 27:638-44. 2008
    ..Thus, a meta-intervention was designed to increase participation by an audience of infrequent condom users in Florida...
  90. ncbi Social capital and neighborhood mortality rates in Chicago
    Kimberly A Lochner
    Department of Health, Harvard Center for Society and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA
    Soc Sci Med 56:1797-805. 2003
    ....
  91. pmc Delivering HIV services to vulnerable populations: a review of CARE Act-funded research
    Martha M McKinney
    Community Health Solutions, Inc, Richmond, KY 40475, USA
    Public Health Rep 117:99-113. 2002
    ..Once patients gained access to HAART, health insurance status made little difference in clinical outcomes...
  92. pmc Health insurance coverage for vulnerable populations: contrasting Asian Americans and Latinos in the United States
    Margarita Alegria
    Department of Psychiatry, Harvard Medical School, USA
    Inquiry 43:231-54. 2006
    ..Potential explanations include the type of occupations available to Latinos and Asians, reforms in immigration laws, length of time in the United States, and regional differences in safety-net coverage. Policy implications are discussed...
  93. ncbi Preventing pregnancy and improving health care access among teenagers: an evaluation of the children's aid society-carrera program
    Susan Philliber
    Philliber Research Associates, Accord, NY, USA
    Perspect Sex Reprod Health 34:244-51. 2002
    ..Despite the recent declines in rates of teenage pregnancy, relatively little is known about the few programs that have been successful in reducing adolescent pregnancy...
  94. ncbi The relationship between mean birth weight and poverty using the Townsend deprivation score and the Super Profile classification system
    P Aveyard
    Department of Public Health, Birmingham Health Authority, UK
    Public Health 116:308-14. 2002
    ..We conclude that Super Profiles are probably unsuitable as measures of deprivation of small areas...
  95. pmc Access to essential maternal health interventions and human rights violations among vulnerable communities in eastern Burma
    Luke C Mullany
    Center for Public Health and Human Rights, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    PLoS Med 5:1689-98. 2008
    ..The goal of this study is to estimate coverage of maternal health services prior to this project and associations between exposure to human rights violations and access to such services...
  96. ncbi The application of a vulnerable populations conceptual model to rural health
    Susan Bragg Leight
    Department of Nursing, Fairmont State College, Fairmont, West Virginia 26554, USA
    Public Health Nurs 20:440-8. 2003
    This article describes the application of the vulnerable populations conceptual model to rural health. Vulnerable populations are social groups who have an increased susceptibility to adverse health outcomes...
  97. doi Barriers to the community support of orphans and vulnerable youth in Rwanda
    Tonya Renee Thurman
    Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, New Orleans, LA, USA
    Soc Sci Med 66:1557-67. 2008
    ..The implications of these data for community-based program approaches are discussed...
  98. ncbi Promoting culturally appropriate interventions among vulnerable populations
    Joyce Newman Giger
    University of California, Los Angeles School of Nursing, USA
    Annu Rev Nurs Res 25:293-316. 2007
    ..the health care disciplines have failed to conduct or disseminate culturally competent interventions among vulnerable populations, it is important to note that nursing has long been engaged in such activities...
  99. pmc Designing research in vulnerable populations: lessons from HIV prevention trials that stopped early
    Edward J Mills
    Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, McMaster University, HSC 2C12, 1200 Main Street West, Hamilton, ON, Canada L8N 3Z5
    BMJ 331:1403-6. 2005
  100. pmc The impact of partial smokefree legislation on health inequalities: evidence from a survey of 1150 pubs in North West England
    Karen Tocque
    North West Public Health Observatory, Centre for Public Health, Liverpool John Moores University, North Street, Liverpool, L3 2AY, UK
    BMC Public Health 5:91. 2005
    ..We aimed to survey pubs and bars across the North West of England to assess smoking policies and the proportion and variations by deprivation level of venues preparing and serving food...
  101. ncbi Recruiting vulnerable populations for research: revisiting the ethical issues
    Laura Bond Sutton
    Department of Health Sciences, Nursing Program, West Liberty State College, PO Box 295, West Liberty, WV 26003, USA
    J Prof Nurs 19:106-12. 2003
    ..These well-meaning professionals may limit subject participation in a study involving vulnerable populations under the guise of protecting these individuals from harm...

Research Grants91

  1. A Low-Cost Upper-Extremity Prosthesis for Under-Served Populations
    BRADLEY VEATCH; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..At present, escalating costs and a pronounced lack of suitable hardware have resulted in a growing yet underserved population of amputees who are not equitably benefiting from technological advancements in the O&P sector. ..
  2. Harnessing Health IT for Self-Management Support and Medication Activation in a M
    Dean Schillinger; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..CTSI), the CRN is rapidly expanding its efforts in both effectiveness and implementation research with vulnerable populations. This expansion has intensified engagement of the CRN with the clinicians that serve urban, underserved, ..
  3. Self-Management in African Americans with Diabetes and Hypertension
    Cheryl Rucker Whitaker; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ....
  4. Diffusion of HIV-1 among Drug Using Men in SE Asia
    Michael C Clatts; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  5. Economic Evaluation of Drug Abuse Treatment and HIV Prevention Services for Pregn
    JENNIFER P RUGER; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Economic and policy research on the efficiency of drug abuse treatment and HIV prevention services among vulnerable populations such as women, adolescents and members of minority groups is necessary to improve drug abuse and HIV/AIDS ..
  6. Economic Evaluation of Drug Abuse Treatment and HIV Prevention Services for Pregn
    JENNIFER RUGER; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Economic and policy research on the efficiency of drug abuse treatment and HIV prevention services among vulnerable populations such as women, adolescents and members of minority groups is necessary to improve drug abuse and HIV/AIDS ..
  7. LUNG DRUG DELIVERY WITH CARBON DIOXIDE AEROSOL INHALERS
    Brian Hansen; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ....
  8. Problem Gambling - A Decade of Change
    John Welte; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..s. ..
  9. Understanding Barriers to Oral Health Care In Pregnancy: The First Step to Improv
    Kim Boggess; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ....
  10. Implementing a low-literacy, multimedia IT system to enhance patient-centered can
    Elizabeth Hahn; Fiscal Year: 2007
    b>Vulnerable populations experience a greater burden of disease, are less informed about diagnosis and treatment, and are less likely to be satisfied with communication with their healthcare providers...
  11. Community Partnership for Ethical Research
    ELIZABETH B RIPLEY; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Virginia Commonwealth University (VCU) in Richmond, Virginia, strives to involve minority, underserved and vulnerable populations in crucial research to understand and improve health disparities...
  12. Sociodemographic Disparities in Lupus Nephritis: Healthcare Access and Outcomes
    Karen H Costenbader; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..S., often causing kidney failure. The reasons why some groups suffer worse outcomes are not known. We will investigate how differences in healthcare access are related to "gaps" in outcomes for lupus kidney disease. ..
  13. Sociodemographic Disparities in Lupus Nephritis: Healthcare Access and Outcomes
    Karen Costenbader; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..S., often causing kidney failure. The reasons why some groups suffer worse outcomes are not known. We will investigate how differences in healthcare access are related to "gaps" in outcomes for lupus kidney disease. ..
  14. Ethics in Behavioral Health Services Research
    Paul Stiles; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..evaluation of an intensive four-day training course focusing on ethical and legal issues that arise when vulnerable populations, particularly people with severe mental disabilities, are used as research subjects...
  15. FOR MOMS:Culturally Relevant Treatment for Perinatal Depression
    NANCY GROTE; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  16. SPARC2000+: Science Fair Drug Abuse Science Literacy
    JESSE WHITLOW; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..RESEARCH GRANT TABLE OF CONTENTS Page Numbers Face Page .................................................................................................................................................. 1 Description, ..
  17. EPCC'S RISE TO THE CHALLENGE PROGRAM
    Maria Alvarez; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  18. Health Systems, Quality of Care, and Outcomes in SLE
    Edward H Yelin; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The project could help persons with SLE from low socioeconomic backgrounds by showing that referral to physicians providing high quality care will reduce disparities in outcomes. ..
  19. Health Systems, Quality of Care, and Outcomes in SLE
    Edward Yelin; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The project could help persons with SLE from low socioeconomic backgrounds by showing that referral to physicians providing high quality care will reduce disparities in outcomes. ..