ethnic groups

Summary

Summary: A group of people with a common cultural heritage that sets them apart from others in a variety of social relationships.

Top Publications

  1. pmc Investigation of autism and GABA receptor subunit genes in multiple ethnic groups
    Ann L Collins
    Center for Human Genetics, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, USA
    Neurogenetics 7:167-74. 2006
  2. pmc Reconstructing Indian population history
    David Reich
    Department of Genetics, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Nature 461:489-94. 2009
  3. pmc The genetic structure and history of Africans and African Americans
    Sarah A Tishkoff
    Department of Biology, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA
    Science 324:1035-44. 2009
  4. pmc Genome-wide patterns of population structure and admixture in West Africans and African Americans
    Katarzyna Bryc
    Department of Biological Statistics and Computational Biology, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:786-91. 2010
  5. pmc The history of African gene flow into Southern Europeans, Levantines, and Jews
    Priya Moorjani
    Department of Genetics, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America
    PLoS Genet 7:e1001373. 2011
  6. ncbi Differences in risk factors, atherosclerosis, and cardiovascular disease between ethnic groups in Canada: the Study of Health Assessment and Risk in Ethnic groups (SHARE)
    S S Anand
    Department of Medicine, McMaster University, Ontario, Canada
    Lancet 356:279-84. 2000
  7. pmc Genomic dissection of population substructure of Han Chinese and its implication in association studies
    Shuhua Xu
    Chinese Academy of Sciences and Max Planck Society Partner Institute for Computational Biology, Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200031, PR China
    Am J Hum Genet 85:762-74. 2009
  8. ncbi Prevalence of diabetic retinopathy in various ethnic groups: a worldwide perspective
    Sobha Sivaprasad
    King s College Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, Denmark Hill, London, UK
    Surv Ophthalmol 57:347-70. 2012
  9. pmc Full accounting of diabetes and pre-diabetes in the U.S. population in 1988-1994 and 2005-2006
    Catherine C Cowie
    National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, USA
    Diabetes Care 32:287-94. 2009
  10. pmc Discrimination and racial disparities in health: evidence and needed research
    David R Williams
    Department of Society, Human Development and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, 677 Huntington Avenue, 6th Floor, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    J Behav Med 32:20-47. 2009

Detail Information

Publications281 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc Investigation of autism and GABA receptor subunit genes in multiple ethnic groups
    Ann L Collins
    Center for Human Genetics, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, USA
    Neurogenetics 7:167-74. 2006
    ..0253). These results confirmed our earlier findings, indicating GABRA4 and GABRB1 as genes contributing to autism susceptibility, extending the effect to multiple ethnic groups and suggesting seizures as a stratifying phenotype.
  2. pmc Reconstructing Indian population history
    David Reich
    Department of Genetics, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Nature 461:489-94. 2009
    ..We therefore predict that there will be an excess of recessive diseases in India, which should be possible to screen and map genetically...
  3. pmc The genetic structure and history of Africans and African Americans
    Sarah A Tishkoff
    Department of Biology, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA
    Science 324:1035-44. 2009
    ..This study helps tease apart the complex evolutionary history of Africans and African Americans, aiding both anthropological and genetic epidemiologic studies...
  4. pmc Genome-wide patterns of population structure and admixture in West Africans and African Americans
    Katarzyna Bryc
    Department of Biological Statistics and Computational Biology, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:786-91. 2010
    ....
  5. pmc The history of African gene flow into Southern Europeans, Levantines, and Jews
    Priya Moorjani
    Department of Genetics, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America
    PLoS Genet 7:e1001373. 2011
    ..For the Jewish admixture, we obtain an average estimated date of about 72 generations. This may reflect descent of these groups from a common ancestral population that already had some African ancestry prior to the Jewish Diasporas...
  6. ncbi Differences in risk factors, atherosclerosis, and cardiovascular disease between ethnic groups in Canada: the Study of Health Assessment and Risk in Ethnic groups (SHARE)
    S S Anand
    Department of Medicine, McMaster University, Ontario, Canada
    Lancet 356:279-84. 2000
    Cardiovascular disease rates vary greatly between ethnic groups in Canada...
  7. pmc Genomic dissection of population substructure of Han Chinese and its implication in association studies
    Shuhua Xu
    Chinese Academy of Sciences and Max Planck Society Partner Institute for Computational Biology, Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200031, PR China
    Am J Hum Genet 85:762-74. 2009
    ..These signals indicating significant differences among Han Chinese subpopulations should be carefully explained in case they are also detected in association studies, especially when sample sources are diverse...
  8. ncbi Prevalence of diabetic retinopathy in various ethnic groups: a worldwide perspective
    Sobha Sivaprasad
    King s College Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, Denmark Hill, London, UK
    Surv Ophthalmol 57:347-70. 2012
    ..Observations from white populations cannot be extrapolated fully to other ethnic groups. The prevalence of diabetic retinopathy, sight-threatening diabetic retinopathy, and clinically significant ..
  9. pmc Full accounting of diabetes and pre-diabetes in the U.S. population in 1988-1994 and 2005-2006
    Catherine C Cowie
    National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, USA
    Diabetes Care 32:287-94. 2009
    ..S. during 2005-2006. We then compared the prevalences of these conditions with those in 1988-1994...
  10. pmc Discrimination and racial disparities in health: evidence and needed research
    David R Williams
    Department of Society, Human Development and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, 677 Huntington Avenue, 6th Floor, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    J Behav Med 32:20-47. 2009
    ....
  11. ncbi Y chromosome sequence variation and the history of human populations
    P A Underhill
    Department of Genetics, Stanford University, Stanford, California
    Nat Genet 26:358-61. 2000
    ..A minority of contemporary East Africans and Khoisan represent the descendants of the most ancestral patrilineages of anatomically modern humans that left Africa between 35,000 and 89,000 years ago...
  12. pmc Updating phylogeny of mitochondrial DNA macrohaplogroup m in India: dispersal of modern human in South Asian corridor
    Adimoolam Chandrasekar
    Anthropological Survey of India, Southern Regional Centre, Bogadi, Mysore, India
    PLoS ONE 4:e7447. 2009
    ..Northeast Indian mtDNA pool harbors region specific lineages, other Indian lineages and East Asian lineages. We also suggest the establishment of an East Asian gene in North East India through admixture rather than replacement...
  13. pmc Severe and uncomplicated falciparum malaria in children from three regions and three ethnic groups in Cameroon: prospective study
    Eric A Achidi
    Department of Medical Laboratory Science, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Buea, PO Box 63, Buea, Cameroon
    Malar J 11:215. 2012
    ..To identify the factors that account for differences in clinical outcomes of malaria as well as its relationship with ethnicity, transmission intensity and parasite density...
  14. ncbi Cancer disparities by race/ethnicity and socioeconomic status
    Elizabeth Ward
    Department of Epidemiology and Surveillance Research, American Cancer Society, Atlanta, GA, USA
    CA Cancer J Clin 54:78-93. 2004
    ..Opportunities to reduce cancer disparities exist in prevention (reductions in tobacco use, physical inactivity, and obesity), early detection (mammography, colorectal screening, Pap tests), treatment, and palliative care...
  15. pmc Breast cancer awareness and barriers to symptomatic presentation among women from different ethnic groups in East London
    L J L Forbes
    Promoting Early Presentation Group, Department of Psychological Medicine, Kings College London, South Wing, St Thomas Hospital, London SE1 7EH, UK
    Br J Cancer 105:1474-9. 2011
    ..We examined ethnic differences in breast cancer awareness and barriers to symptomatic presentation in East London...
  16. pmc Tag SNP polymorphism of CCL2 and its role in clinical tuberculosis in Han Chinese pediatric population
    Wei Xing Feng
    Beijing Pediatric Research Institute, Beijing Children s Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University, Beijing, China
    PLoS ONE 6:e14652. 2011
    ....
  17. ncbi Descriptive analysis of estrogen receptor (ER)-negative, progesterone receptor (PR)-negative, and HER2-negative invasive breast cancer, the so-called triple-negative phenotype: a population-based study from the California cancer Registry
    Katrina R Bauer
    Public Health Institute California Cancer Registry, Sacramento, California 95815 4402, USA
    Cancer 109:1721-8. 2007
    ..The triple-negative phenotype is important because of its relation to the basal-like subtype of breast cancer...
  18. ncbi How can health promotion interventions be adapted for minority ethnic communities? Five principles for guiding the development of behavioural interventions
    Gina Netto
    School of the Built Environment, Heriot Watt University, Edinburgh EH14 4AS, UK
    Health Promot Int 25:248-57. 2010
    ..This represents significant progress in advancing understanding of adapted behavioural interventions for minority ethnic communities...
  19. pmc Y-chromosome distribution within the geo-linguistic landscape of northwestern Russia
    Sheyla Mirabal
    Department of Molecular and Human Genetics, College of Medicine, Florida International University, Miami, FL 33199, USA
    Eur J Hum Genet 17:1260-73. 2009
    ..The current study attempts to better understand the genetic paternal relationships of ethnic groups residing in these regions...
  20. pmc Adipocyte hypertrophy, fatty liver and metabolic risk factors in South Asians: the Molecular Study of Health and Risk in Ethnic Groups (mol-SHARE)
    Sonia S Anand
    Population Health Research Institute, Hamilton Health Sciences and McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
    PLoS ONE 6:e22112. 2011
    ..We sought to determine if differences in the distribution and characteristics of adipose tissue between South Asians and white Caucasians account for differences in risk factors for cardiovascular disease...
  21. ncbi The Australian Diabetes, Obesity and Lifestyle Study (AusDiab)--methods and response rates
    David W Dunstan
    The International Diabetes Institute, 250 Kooyong Road, Caulfield, VIC 3162, Australia
    Diabetes Res Clin Pract 57:119-29. 2002
    ..Furthermore, it generates the baseline data for a prospective 5-year cohort study. The data will be important for national and regional public health and lifestyle education and health promotion programs...
  22. ncbi Racial and ethnic differences in cardiovascular disease risk factors: a systematic review
    Anita K Kurian
    School of Public Health, University of North Texas Health Science Center, Plano Tarrant County Public Health, Fort Worth, Texas, USA
    Ethn Dis 17:143-52. 2007
    ....
  23. pmc Comparison of cardiovascular risk profiles among ethnic groups using population health surveys between 1996 and 2007
    Maria Chiu
    Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences, Toronto, Ont
    CMAJ 182:E301-10. 2010
    ..We conducted a large, population-based comparison of cardiovascular risk among people of white, South Asian, Chinese and black ethnicity living in Ontario, Canada...
  24. pmc Prevalence and risk factors associated with Entamoeba histolytica/dispar/moshkovskii infection among three Orang Asli ethnic groups in Malaysia
    Tengku Shahrul Anuar
    Department of Parasitology and Medical Entomology, Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
    PLoS ONE 7:e48165. 2012
    ..Currently, information on prevalence of this infection among different ethnic groups of Orang Asli is unavailable in Malaysia...
  25. pmc The influence of natural barriers in shaping the genetic structure of Maharashtra populations
    Kumarasamy Thangaraj
    Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology, Hyderabad, India
    PLoS ONE 5:e15283. 2010
    ..The genetic origin of populations living in this state is poorly understood and hitherto been described at low molecular resolution level...
  26. pmc Brazilian urban population genetic structure reveals a high degree of admixture
    Suely R Giolo
    Laboratory of Genetics and Molecular Cardiology, Heart Institute, Medical School of University of São Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    Eur J Hum Genet 20:111-6. 2012
    ..The data support the notion that the Brazilian population, due to its high degree of admixture, can provide a valuable resource for strategies aiming at using admixture as a tool for mapping complex traits in humans...
  27. pmc Risk factors for 2009 pandemic influenza A (H1N1)-related hospitalization and death among racial/ethnic groups in New Mexico
    Deborah L Thompson
    New Mexico Department of Health, Santa Fe, USA
    Am J Public Health 101:1776-84. 2011
    ..We assessed risk factors for 2009 pandemic influenza A (H1N1)-related hospitalization, mechanical ventilation, and death among New Mexico residents...
  28. ncbi Genetic evidence supports demic diffusion of Han culture
    Bo Wen
    State Key Laboratory of Genetic Engineering and Center for Anthropological Studies, School of Life Sciences and Morgan Tan International Center for Life Sciences, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, China
    Nature 431:302-5. 2004
    ..16 billion (2000 census), and are by far the largest ethnic group in the world. The expansion process of Han culture is thus of great interest to researchers in many fields...
  29. ncbi The influence of CCL3L1 gene-containing segmental duplications on HIV-1/AIDS susceptibility
    Enrique Gonzalez
    Veterans Administration Research Center for AIDS and HIV 1 Infection, South Texas Veterans Health Care System, and Department of Medicine, University of Texas Health Science Center, San Antonio, TX 78229, USA
    Science 307:1434-40. 2005
    ....
  30. ncbi Different matrilineal contributions to genetic structure of ethnic groups in the silk road region in china
    Yong Gang Yao
    Laboratory of Cellular and Molecular Evolution, and Molecular Biology of Domestic Animals, Kunming Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming, China
    Mol Biol Evol 21:2265-80. 2004
    ..In the present study, we analyzed 252 mtDNAs of five ethnic groups (Uygur, Uzbek, Kazak, Mongolian, and Hui) from Xinjiang Province, China (through which the Silk Road once ran) ..
  31. ncbi Validation of bioelectrical impedance analysis in adolescents across different ethnic groups
    Dalia Haroun
    Childhood Nutrition Research Centre, UCL Institute of Child Health, London, UK
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 18:1252-9. 2010
    ..BC), and to validate leg-leg bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA), in adolescents from different ethnic groups using deuterium (D(2)O) as the reference method...
  32. ncbi Ethnic-immigrant differentials in health behaviors, morbidity, and cause-specific mortality in the United States: an analysis of two national data bases
    Gopal K Singh
    National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892 8316, USA
    Hum Biol 74:83-109. 2002
    ..Using data from the National Longitudinal Mortality Study, 1979-1989, we estimated, for major US racial and ethnic groups, mortality risks of immigrants relative to those of the US-born...
  33. pmc Separating the post-Glacial coancestry of European and Asian Y chromosomes within haplogroup R1a
    Peter A Underhill
    Division of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Child Development, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University School of Medicine, 1201 Welch Road, Stanford, CA 94304 5485, USA
    Eur J Hum Genet 18:479-84. 2010
    ..Importantly, the virtual absence of M458 chromosomes outside Europe speaks against substantial patrilineal gene flow from East Europe to Asia, including to India, at least since the mid-Holocene...
  34. ncbi Traces of human migrations in Helicobacter pylori populations
    Daniel Falush
    Department of Molecular Biology, Max Planck Institut für Infektionsbiologie, 10117 Berlin, Germany
    Science 299:1582-5. 2003
    ..Subsequent spread can be attributed to human migratory fluxes such as the prehistoric colonization of Polynesia and the Americas, the neolithic introduction of farming to Europe, the Bantu expansion within Africa, and the slave trade...
  35. ncbi Ethnic differences in mortality, end-stage complications, and quality of care among diabetic patients: a review
    Loes C Lanting
    Department of Public Health, Erasmus University Medical Center, Rotterdam, P O Box 1738, 3000 DR Rotterdam, Netherlands
    Diabetes Care 28:2280-8. 2005
    ..The following questions were examined: 1) Are there ethnic differences among diabetic patients in mortality and end-stage complications and 2) are there ethnic differences among diabetic patients in quality of care?..
  36. ncbi Assessing individual interethnic admixture and population substructure using a 48-insertion-deletion (INSEL) ancestry-informative marker (AIM) panel
    Ney P C Santos
    Laboratório de Genética Humana e Médica, Universidade Federal do Para, Belem, Para, Brazil
    Hum Mutat 31:184-90. 2010
    ..Americans; and a sample from Belém, in the northeastern Amazon, shows a significant contribution of the three ethnic groups, although with a greater European proportion...
  37. ncbi The APOA5 locus is a strong determinant of plasma triglyceride concentrations across ethnic groups in Singapore
    Chao Qiang Lai
    Nutrition and Genomics Laboratory, JM USDA Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging at Tufts University, Boston, MA, USA
    J Lipid Res 44:2365-73. 2003
    Singapore comprises three ethnic groups: Chinese (76.7%), Malays (14%), and Asian-Indians (7.9%). Overall, Singaporeans experience coronary heart disease rates similar to those found in the United States...
  38. pmc Afghanistan's ethnic groups share a Y-chromosomal heritage structured by historical events
    Marc Haber
    The Lebanese American University, Chouran, Beirut, Lebanon
    PLoS ONE 7:e34288. 2012
    ..Afghanistan's location, history, and diverse ethnic groups present a unique opportunity to explore how nations and ethnic groups emerged, and how major cultural ..
  39. ncbi Health and the information nonseeker: a profile
    Shoba Ramanadhan
    Department of Society, Human Development, and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Health Commun 20:131-9. 2006
    ..Nonseekers also scored lower on preventative health behaviors...
  40. ncbi Alarming prevalences of overweight and obesity for children of Turkish, Moroccan and Dutch origin in The Netherlands according to international standards
    A Miranda Fredriks
    TNO Prevention and Health, Leiden, The Netherlands
    Acta Paediatr 94:496-8. 2005
    ..Prevalences of overweight in The Netherlands, defined by international cut-off points, are presented in 14 500 children of Dutch origin, 2904 of Turkish and 2855 of Moroccan origin, aged 0-21 y...
  41. ncbi Ethnic variation in fat and lean body mass and the association with insulin resistance
    Scott A Lear
    Department of Biomedical Physiology and Kinesiology, Simon Fraser University Harbor Centre Campus, 515 West Hastings Street, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada V6B 5K3
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 94:4696-702. 2009
    Body fat distribution varies among different ethnic groups, yet less is known regarding differences in lean mass and how this may affect insulin resistance.
  42. ncbi Mitochondrial DNA phylogeny in Eastern and Western Slavs
    B Malyarchuk
    Institute of Biological Problems of the North, Far East Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Magadan, Russia
    Mol Biol Evol 25:1651-8. 2008
    ..However, robust age estimations appear to be problematic due to the high ratios of nonsynonymous to synonymous substitutions found in young mtDNA subclusters...
  43. pmc Appraisal of literature reviews on end-of-life care for minority ethnic groups in the UK and a critical comparison with policy recommendations from the UK end-of-life care strategy
    Natalie Evans
    Barcelona Centre for International Health Research CRESIB, Hospital Clínic Universitat de Barcelona, C Rosselló 132 Sobre ático, 08036 Barcelona, Spain
    BMC Health Serv Res 11:141. 2011
    Evidence of low end-of-life (EoL) care service use by minority ethnic groups in the UK has given rise to a body of research and a number of reviews of the literature...
  44. pmc Shared epitope alleles remain a risk factor for anti-citrullinated proteins antibody (ACPA)--positive rheumatoid arthritis in three Asian ethnic groups
    Too Chun-Lai
    Rheumatology Unit, Department of Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
    PLoS ONE 6:e21069. 2011
    ..To investigate the associations between HLA-DRB1 shared epitope (SE) alleles and rheumatoid arthritis in subsets of rheumatoid arthritis defined by autoantibodies in three Asian populations from Malaysia...
  45. ncbi Prevalence of obesity among US preschool children in different racial and ethnic groups
    Sarah E Anderson
    Division of Epidemiology, College of Public Health, The Ohio State University, B216 Starling Loving Hall, 320 W 10th Avenue, Columbus, OH 43210, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 163:344-8. 2009
    To estimate the prevalence of obesity in 5 major racial/ethnic groups in 4-year-old US children.
  46. ncbi Large-scale mtDNA screening reveals a surprising matrilineal complexity in east Asia and its implications to the peopling of the region
    Qing Peng Kong
    State Key Laboratory of Genetic Resources and Evolution, Kunming Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming, China
    Mol Biol Evol 28:513-22. 2011
    ....
  47. pmc Low perception of malaria risk among the Ra-glai ethnic minority in south-central Vietnam: implications for forest malaria control
    Koen Peeters Grietens
    Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium
    Malar J 9:23. 2010
    ....
  48. pmc Performance of prediction models for BRCA mutation carriage in three racial/ethnic groups: findings from the Northern California Breast Cancer Family Registry
    Allison W Kurian
    Stanford University School of Medicine, Department of Health Research and Policy, Stanford, CA 94305 5405, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 18:1084-91. 2009
    ..Two widely used models, BRCAPRO and BOADICEA, were developed using data from non-Hispanic Whites (NHW), but their accuracies have not been evaluated in other racial/ethnic populations...
  49. pmc Self report in clinical and epidemiological studies with non-English speakers: the challenge of language and culture
    Sanja M Hunt
    Public Health Sciences, Division of Community Health Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Medical School, Teviot Place, Edinburgh, Scotland
    J Epidemiol Community Health 58:618-22. 2004
    Internationally, there is a drive for equality in health care for ethnic groups. To achieve equality, produce sound policies, and provide appropriately targeted services good quality data are essential...
  50. ncbi Vitamin D intakes by children and adults in the United States differ among ethnic groups
    Carolyn E Moore
    The Beverage Institute for Health and Wellness, The Coca Cola Company, Houston, TX 77056, USA
    J Nutr 135:2478-85. 2005
    ..The large discrepancy between vitamin D intake by older individuals from food plus supplements and recommended levels, especially for NH black and Mexican American adults, warrants intervention...
  51. ncbi Phylogeography of the Y-chromosome haplogroup C in northern Eurasia
    Boris Malyarchuk
    Institute of Biological Problems of the North, Russian Academy of Sciences, Magadan, Russia
    Ann Hum Genet 74:539-46. 2010
    ..Eurasia, we have analyzed the diversity of microsatellite (STR) loci in a total sample of 413 males from 18 ethnic groups of Siberia, Eastern Asia and Eastern Europe...
  52. pmc Glossary of terms relating to ethnicity and race: for reflection and debate
    R Bhopal
    Section of Public Health Sciences, Medical School, Teviot Place, Edinburgh EH8 9AG, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 58:441-5. 2004
    ..This glossary focuses on the concepts and terminology used in the study of the health of minority ethnic and racial groups. It is hoped that it will stimulate debate on this subject so that an internationally applicable glossary may emerge...
  53. ncbi Changing dietary habits of ethnic groups in Europe and implications for health
    Penelope A Gilbert
    Department of Food Science at the University of Leeds, Leeds, UK
    Nutr Rev 66:203-15. 2008
    A systematic review of the literature suggests the dietary habits of some ethnic groups living in Europe are likely to become less healthy as individuals increase consumption of processed foods that are energy dense and contain high ..
  54. pmc Combined CYP2C9, VKORC1 and CYP4F2 frequencies among racial and ethnic groups
    Stuart A Scott
    Department of Genetics and Genomic Sciences, Box 1498, Mount Sinai School of Medicine of New York University, Fifth Avenue at 100th Street, New York, NY 10029, USA
    Pharmacogenomics 11:781-91. 2010
    ..Thus, we determined the individual and combined frequencies of important CYP2C9, VKORC1 and CYP4F2 variants in several racial/ethnic groups.
  55. pmc Racial/ethnic discrimination and health: findings from community studies
    David R Williams
    Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor 48106, USA
    Am J Public Health 93:200-8. 2003
    ..Research on stress points to important directions for the future assessment of discrimination and the testing of the underlying processes and mechanisms by which discrimination can lead to changes in health...
  56. ncbi Appropriateness of waist circumference and waist-to-hip ratio cutoffs for different ethnic groups
    S A Lear
    School of Kinesiology, Simon Fraser University and Division of Cardiology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    Eur J Clin Nutr 64:42-61. 2010
    ..However, these cutoffs may not be appropriate for other ethnic groups. This paper reviews the literature regarding ethnic differences in body composition and the appropriateness of ..
  57. pmc Diabetes health disparities: a systematic review of health care interventions
    Monica E Peek
    Section of General Internal Medicine, The University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
    Med Care Res Rev 64:101S-56S. 2007
    ..More research is needed in the areas of racial/ethnic minorities other than African Americans and Latinos, health disparity reductions, long-term diabetes-related outcomes, and the sustainability of health care interventions over time...
  58. pmc Moving to an A1C-based diagnosis of diabetes has a different impact on prevalence in different ethnic groups
    Dirk L Christensen
    Department of International Health, Immunology and Microbiology, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Diabetes Care 33:580-2. 2010
    ..K. study were of the same magnitude as between-country comparisons. CONCLUSIONS A shift to an A1C-based diagnosis for diabetes will have substantially different consequences for diabetes prevalence across ethnic groups and populations.
  59. pmc Availability of recreational resources in minority and low socioeconomic status areas
    Latetia V Moore
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48103, USA
    Am J Prev Med 34:16-22. 2008
    ..Variations in the location and density of recreational resources were examined by SES and racial composition of neighborhoods...
  60. pmc Polymorphism of rs1044925 in the acyl-CoA:cholesterol acyltransferase-1 gene and serum lipid levels in the Guangxi Bai Ku Yao and Han populations
    Dong Feng Wu
    Department of Cardiology, Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases, The First Affiliated Hospital, Guangxi Medical University, 22 Shuangyong Road, Nanning 530021, Guangxi, China
    Lipids Health Dis 9:139. 2010
    ..acyl-CoA:cholesterol acyltransferase-1 (ACAT-1) gene and serum lipid profiles is not well known in different ethnic groups. Bai Ku Yao is a special subgroup of the Yao minority in China...
  61. pmc Intermittent and light daily smoking across racial/ethnic groups in the United States
    Dennis R Trinidad
    School of Community and Global Health, Claremont Graduate University, 150 East Tenth Street, Claremont, CA 91711, USA
    Nicotine Tob Res 11:203-10. 2009
    ..examining the prevalence of intermittent (nondaily) and light daily (1-5 cigarettes/day) smoking across racial/ethnic groups in the United States using nationally representative data...
  62. pmc Food intake of individuals with and without diabetes across different countries and ethnic groups
    U Nöthlings
    Epidemiology Section, Institute for Experimental Medicine, Christian Albrechts University of Kiel, Kiel, Germany
    Eur J Clin Nutr 65:635-41. 2011
    ..We investigated this hypothesis in two large prospective studies including different countries and ethnic groups.
  63. ncbi Hyperlipidaemia and its risk factors in the Guangxi Bai Ku Yao and Han populations
    Yin Ruixing
    Department of Cardiology, Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases, The First Affiliated Hospital, Guangxi Medical University, 22 Shuangyong Road, Nanning 530021, Guangxi, People s Republic of China
    Public Health Nutr 12:816-24. 2009
    ..To compare the differences in hyperlipidaemia prevalence and its risk factors between the Guangxi Bai Ku Yao and Han populations...
  64. pmc Prevalence of refractive error in the United States, 1999-2004
    Susan Vitale
    Division of Epidemiology and Clinical Research, National EyeInstitute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892 9301, USA
    Arch Ophthalmol 126:1111-9. 2008
    ..To describe the prevalence of refractive error in the United States...
  65. ncbi Cancer in the Sami population of North Norway, 1970-1997
    T Haldorsen
    Cancer Registry of Norway, Institute of Population Based Cancer Research, Montebello, N 0310 Oslo, Norway
    Eur J Cancer Prev 14:63-8. 2005
    ..Some Sami were exposed to radioactivity as a result of their diet based on reindeer products. Adverse effects on their cancer incidence were not observed...
  66. pmc Human candidate polymorphisms in sympatric ethnic groups differing in malaria susceptibility in Mali
    Bakary Maiga
    Malaria Research and Training Center Department of Epidemiology of Parasitic Diseases Faculty of Medicine, Pharmacy and Odonto Stomatology, BP 1805, Bamako, USTTB, Mali Department of Molecular Biosciences, The Wenner Gren Institute, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden
    PLoS ONE 8:e75675. 2013
    Malaria still remains a major public health problem in Mali, although disease susceptibility varies between ethnic groups, particularly between the Fulani and Dogon...
  67. ncbi Retail food safety risks for populations of different races, ethnicities, and income levels
    Renata J Signs
    Department of Biology, School of Public Health, Drexel University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19102, USA
    J Food Prot 74:1717-23. 2011
    ..4%), and Caucasian (45.5%) markets...
  68. pmc The phylogeography of Y-chromosome haplogroup h1a1a-m82 reveals the likely Indian origin of the European Romani populations
    Niraj Rai
    CSIR Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology, Uppal Road, Hyderabad, India
    PLoS ONE 7:e48477. 2012
    ..Tellingly, the short tandem repeat (STR) based network of H1a1a-M82 lineages displayed the closest connection of Romani haplotypes with the traditional scheduled caste and scheduled tribe population groups of northwestern India...
  69. pmc Racial/ethnic differences in early-life risk factors for childhood obesity
    Elsie M Taveras
    Obesity Prevention Program, Department of Population Medicine, Harvard Pilgrim Health Care Institute and Harvard Medical School, 133 Brookline Ave, 6th Floor, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    Pediatrics 125:686-95. 2010
    ..By the preschool years, racial/ethnic disparities in obesity prevalence are already present. The objective of this study was to examine racial/ethnic differences in early-life risk factors for childhood obesity...
  70. pmc Practices of entomophagy and entomotherapy by members of the Nyishi and Galo tribes, two ethnic groups of the state of Arunachal Pradesh (North-East India)
    Jharna Chakravorty
    Dept of Zoology, Rajiv Gandhi University, Arunachal Pradesh, India
    J Ethnobiol Ethnomed 7:5. 2011
    ..There is thus an urgent need to record the role insects play as components of local diets and folk remedies and to assess insect biodiversity in the light of these uses...
  71. pmc Population genetic structure of peninsular Malaysia Malay sub-ethnic groups
    Wan Isa Hatin
    Human Genome Centre, School of Medical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Kelantan, Malaysia
    PLoS ONE 6:e18312. 2011
    ..in Malaysia, using 54,794 genome-wide single nucleotide polymorphism genotype data generated in four Malay sub-ethnic groups in peninsular Malaysia (Melayu Kelantan, Melayu Minang, Melayu Jawa and Melayu Bugis)...
  72. pmc The SCARB1 rs5888 SNP and serum lipid levels in the Guangxi Mulao and Han populations
    Dong Feng Wu
    Department of Cardiology, Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases, The First Affiliated Hospital, Guangxi Medical University, 22 Shuangyong Road, Nanning 530021, Guangxi, People s Republic of China
    Int J Med Sci 9:715-24. 2012
    ..The present study was undertaken to detect the association of rs5888 SNP and serum lipid levels in the Guangxi Mulao and Han populations...
  73. ncbi [Genetic analysis of Mulao nationality using 15 short tandem repeats]
    Lin Xu
    Department of Anatomy, Guangxi Medical University, Nanning, Guangxi, 530021 People s Republic of China
    Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi 25:96-100. 2008
    ....
  74. pmc Influenza vaccination coverage across ethnic groups in Canada
    Susan Quach
    Surveillance and Epidemiology, Public Health Ontario, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    CMAJ 184:1673-81. 2012
    ..We conducted a national study to estimate influenza vaccine coverage across 12 ethnic groups in Canada to assess the presence of ethnic disparities.
  75. ncbi The prevalence of glaucoma in adult rural Chinese populations of the Bai nationality in Dali: the Yunnan Minority Eye Study
    Hua Zhong
    First Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical University, Kunming, China
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 53:3221-5. 2012
    ..We evaluated the prevalence of glaucoma in adults of the Bai Nationality populations in rural China...
  76. pmc Efficiency of trans-ethnic genome-wide meta-analysis and fine-mapping
    Rick Twee Hee Ong
    Saw Swee Hock School of Public Health, National University of Singapore, Singapore, Singapore
    Eur J Hum Genet 20:1300-7. 2012
    ....
  77. pmc Pan-ethnic carrier screening and prenatal diagnosis for spinal muscular atrophy: clinical laboratory analysis of >72,400 specimens
    Elaine A Sugarman
    Genzyme Geneticss SM, Molecular Diagnostic Laboratory, Esoterix Genetic Laboratories, LLC, successor to Genzyme SM Genetics, Westborough, MA 01581, USA
    Eur J Hum Genet 20:27-32. 2012
    ..Carrier frequency and detection rates provided for six major ethnic groups in the United States range from 1/47 and 94.8% in the Caucasian population to 1/72 and 70...
  78. pmc Naturally acquired immune responses to malaria vaccine candidate antigens MSP3 and GLURP in Guahibo and Piaroa indigenous communities of the Venezuelan Amazon
    Andreas Baumann
    Institut fur Tropenmedizin, Eberhard Karls Universitat Tubingen, Tubingen, Germany
    Malar J 11:46. 2012
    ..Malaria transmission in most of Latin America can be considered as controlled. In such a scenario, parameters of baseline immunity to malaria antigens are of specific interest with respect to future malaria eradication efforts...
  79. pmc Social stress and depression during pregnancy and in the postnatal period in British Pakistani mothers: a cohort study
    Nusrat Husain
    School of Community Based Medicine, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK
    J Affect Disord 140:268-76. 2012
    ..The design used was a cross-sectional two phase population based survey with a prospective cohort study...
  80. pmc Appropriate body mass index and waist circumference cutoffs for categorization of overweight and central adiposity among Uighur adults in Xinjiang
    Shuo Pan
    Department of Cardiology, First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University, Urumqi, People s Republic of China Xinjiang Key Laboratory of Cardiovascular Disease Research, Urumqi, People s Republic of China
    PLoS ONE 8:e80185. 2013
    ..We aimed to identify cutoffs for body mass index (BMI; in kg/m(2)) and waist circumference (WC; in cm) for categorization of overweight and central adiposity among Uighur adults in Xinjiang...
  81. pmc Sex disparities in colorectal cancer incidence by anatomic subsite, race and age
    Gwen Murphy
    Department of Health and Human Services, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD
    Int J Cancer 128:1668-75. 2011
    ..To examine CRC rates by sex across anatomic subsite, age and racial/ethnic groups, we used the National Cancer Institute's Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) program for cases ..
  82. ncbi Analysis of the frequencies of HLA-A, B, and C alleles and haplotypes in the five major ethnic groups of the United States reveals high levels of diversity in these loci and contrasting distribution patterns in these populations
    K Cao
    American Red Cross National Histocompatibility Laboratory, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Hum Immunol 62:1009-30. 2001
    ..Differences in both LD and heterozygosity levels suggest distinct evolutionary histories of the HLA loci in the geographical regions from where the U.S. populations originated...
  83. ncbi Mitogenomic diversity in Tatars from the Volga-Ural region of Russia
    Boris Malyarchuk
    Genetics Laboratory, Institute of Biological Problems of the North, Far East Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, Magadan, Russia
    Mol Biol Evol 27:2220-6. 2010
    ..Complete mtDNA variation study revealed that the age of western Eurasian haplogroups (such as U4, HV0a, and H) is less than 18,000 years, thus suggesting re-expansion of eastern Europeans soon after the Last Glacial Maximum...
  84. pmc Identification of copy number variants defining genomic differences among major human groups
    Lluis Armengol
    Genetic Causes of Disease Group, Genes and Disease Program, Center for Genomic Regulation CRG UPF and CIBERESP, Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain
    PLoS ONE 4:e7230. 2009
    ..Understanding the genetic contribution to phenotype variation of human groups is necessary to elucidate differences in disease predisposition and response to pharmaceutical treatments in different human populations...
  85. pmc Associations of cardiovascular risk factors, carotid intima-media thickness and left ventricular mass with inter-adventitial diameters of the common carotid artery: the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA)
    Joseph F Polak
    Department of Radiology, Tufts Medical Center, Boston, MA, USA
    Atherosclerosis 218:344-9. 2011
    ..IAD may be associated with left ventricular mass (LV mass) while IMT is a marker of subclinical atherosclerosis. It is not clear if IAD is associated with LV mass after accounting for IMT and traditional cardiovascular risk factors...
  86. ncbi Defining obesity cut points in a multiethnic population
    Fahad Razak
    Population Health Research Institute, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada
    Circulation 115:2111-8. 2007
    ..It is unknown whether these cut points are appropriate for non-European populations. We assessed the metabolic risk associated with BMI among South Asians, Chinese, Aboriginals, and Europeans...
  87. pmc Detection of HPV DNA in esophageal cancer specimens from different regions and ethnic groups: a descriptive study
    Xueqian Wang
    Key Laboratory of Carcinogenesis and Translational Research Ministry of Education, Peking University School of Oncology, Beijing Cancer Hospital and Institute, 52 Fucheng Rd, Beijing 100142, China
    BMC Cancer 10:19. 2010
    ..However, reported detection rates of HPV DNA in these tumors have varied markedly. Differences in detection methods, sample types, and geographic regions of sample origin have been suggested as potential causes of this discrepancy...
  88. ncbi Using electronic health records to drive discovery in disease genomics
    Isaac S Kohane
    Harvard Medical School, 10 Shattuck Street, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Nat Rev Genet 12:417-28. 2011
    ....
  89. ncbi Mitochondrial DNA variability in the Titicaca basin: Matches and mismatches with linguistics and ethnohistory
    Chiara Barbieri
    Department of Experimental Evolutionary Biology, University of Bologna, Italy
    Am J Hum Biol 23:89-99. 2011
    ..This study seeks to contribute to reconstructing the population prehistory of the region, by providing a first genetic profile of its inhabitants, set also into the wider context of South American genetic background...
  90. pmc Association of rs5888 SNP in the scavenger receptor class B type 1 gene and serum lipid levels
    Dong Feng Wu
    Department of Cardiology, Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases, The First Affiliated Hospital, Guangxi Medical University, 22 Shuangyong Road, Nanning, 530021 Guangxi, People s Republic of China
    Lipids Health Dis 11:50. 2012
    ....
  91. pmc A genome-wide analysis of population structure in the Finnish Saami with implications for genetic association studies
    Jeroen R Huyghe
    Department of Medical Genetics, University of Antwerp, Universiteitsplein 1, Antwerp, Belgium
    Eur J Hum Genet 19:347-52. 2011
    ....
  92. ncbi The use of plants in the medical system of the Fulni-ô people (NE Brazil): a perspective on age and gender
    Ulysses Paulino de Albuquerque
    Departamento de Biologia, Área de Botânica, Laboratório de Etnobotânica Aplicada, Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco, Pernambuco, Brazil
    J Ethnopharmacol 133:866-73. 2011
    ..Additionally, this study seeks to identify the sites where these resources are collected...
  93. pmc Genetic heterogeneity of self-reported ancestry groups in an admixed Brazilian population
    Tulio C Lins
    Programa de Pós Graduação em Ciências Genômicas e Biotecnologia, Universidade Catolica de Brasilia, DF, Brazil
    J Epidemiol 21:240-5. 2011
    ..The aim of this study was to evaluate the relation of self-reported with genetic ancestry and the statistical risk of grouping an admixed sample based on self-reported ancestry...
  94. ncbi Socioeconomic inequalities in attending the mass screening for breast cancer in the south of the Netherlands--associations with stage at diagnosis and survival
    M J Aarts
    Comprehensive Cancer Centre South IKZ, Eindhoven Cancer Registry, PO Box 231, 5600 AE Eindhoven, The Netherlands
    Breast Cancer Res Treat 128:517-25. 2011
    ..Despite the absence of financial barriers for participation in the Dutch mass-screening program, socioeconomic inequalities in attendance rates exist, and women with low SES had a significantly worse tumor stage and lower survival rate...
  95. pmc An investigation of genome-wide studies reported susceptibility loci for ulcerative colitis shows limited replication in north Indians
    Garima Juyal
    Department of Genetics, University of Delhi, South Campus, New Delhi, India
    PLoS ONE 6:e16565. 2011
    ..They also suggest a systematic GWAS in this terrain may be insightful for identifying population specific IBD risk conferring loci and thus enable cross-ethnicity fine mapping of disease loci...
  96. ncbi Haplotype diversity of 17 Y-chromosomal STRs in three native Sarawak populations (Iban, Bidayuh and Melanau) in East Malaysia
    Yuet Meng Chang
    Forensic DNA Serology Laboratory, Department of Chemistry, Petaling Jaya, Malaysia
    Forensic Sci Int Genet 3:e77-80. 2009
    ..These individuals were from three indigenous ethnic groups in Sarawak comprising of 103 Ibans, 113 Bidayuhs and 104 Melanaus...
  97. ncbi Older adults' perceived physical activity enablers and barriers: a multicultural perspective
    Anna E Mathews
    Dept of Health and Exercise Science, Furman University, Greenville, SC, USA
    J Aging Phys Act 18:119-40. 2010
    ..Findings suggest several ways to promote PA among older people, including developing exercise programs designed for older adults and health messages promoting existing places and programs older adults can use to engage in PA...
  98. ncbi Acculturation and ethnic-minority health behavior: a test of the operant model
    Irma Corral
    Joint Doctoral Program in Clinical Psychology, San Diego State University
    Health Psychol 27:737-45. 2008
    ..The purpose of this study was to test this model for the first time...
  99. pmc Menthol cigarettes and smoking cessation among racial/ethnic groups in the United States
    Dennis R Trinidad
    School of Community and Global Health, Claremont Graduate University, San Dimas, CA 91773, USA
    Addiction 105:84-94. 2010
    To examine the association between smoking mentholated cigarettes and smoking cessation, separately for different racial/ethnic groups.
  100. pmc Human ITCH E3 ubiquitin ligase deficiency causes syndromic multisystem autoimmune disease
    Naomi J Lohr
    Clinical Genetics and Metabolism, Department of Pediatrics, University of Colorado at Denver, Aurora, CO, USA
    Am J Hum Genet 86:447-53. 2010
    ..These patients not only have multisystem autoimmune disease but also display morphologic and developmental abnormalities. This disorder underscores the importance of ITCH ubiquitin ligase in many cellular processes...
  101. ncbi Neighborhood residence and mental health problems of 5- to 11-year-olds
    Yange Xue
    School of Public Health, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 2029, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 62:554-63. 2005
    ..Little research has investigated possible effects of neighborhood residence on mental health problems in children such as depression, anxiety, and withdrawal...

Research Grants78

  1. Comprehensive biomarker study to capitalize on existing GWAS in 10K South Asians
    Danish Saleheen; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..in South Asians is a strategic priority, both for scientific discovery, for comparison with other racial and ethnic groups, and for disease control purposes...
  2. Identification of Compounds to treat Charcot-Marie-Tooth type 2E neuropathy
    RONALD K LIEM; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..It is found in all races and ethnic groups. CMT is slowly progressive and CMT patients suffer from degeneration of the peripheral nerves that control ..
  3. Comparative effectiveness of diabetes prevention strategies in women with GDM
    Assiamira Ferrara; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..more than 2,400 pregnant women with GDM (36% Asian, 31% Hispanic, 25% white, 4% African American and 5% other ethnic groups). The intervention will be compared to usual care...
  4. Hiv-1 Infection: Central Serotonergic Activity and its Health Implications
    Adarsh M Kumar; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..of 40 adult men and women (HIV-1+ cases, N=25;HIV-1- cases N=15), age 25-55 years, belonging to the three ethnic groups (Caucasian, African Americans, Hispanics), who consented during life to participate in the NNTC project...
  5. A Prospective Study of Adiposity and Subclinical Coronary Artery Disease
    CHRISTINA LYNN WASSEL; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The RBS includes participants from 3 ethnic groups (Caucasians, African Americans and Filipinos) who had electron beam computed tomography (EBCT) scans of the ..
  6. Genomic Enhancers at 8q24 and Prostate Cancer
    Gerhard A Coetzee; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..from African ancestry have nearly twice the risk for prostate cancer development than men from other racial-ethnic groups and genetic factors probably significantly contribute to this increase...
  7. TNF Family Members and Control of Fibrotic Disease
    Michael Croft; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Systemic sclerosis is a type of autoimmune disease present throughout the world and represented in all ethnic groups. It can either be localized and affect the hands, arms, and face, or can be systemic affecting both a large ..
  8. Mediators of Atherosclerosis in South Asians Living in America
    Alka M Kanaya; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..and Sri Lanka) represent a quarter of the world's population and are one of the fasting growing ethnic groups in the United States...
  9. Metabolic Pathways and Defects in Fructose Metabolism
    DEAN TOLAN; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..4) identify HFI mutations in the diverse US population, in particular Hispanic, African-American, and other ethnic groups that have not been well characterized, and correlate these findings to any specific phenotypes in these ethnic ..
  10. Daily Experience in Adolescence and Biomarkers of Early Risk for Adult Health
    Andrew J Fuligni; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..for adult health develop among adolescents with Latin American and Asian backgrounds, the two fastest rising ethnic groups in the United States, who are at differential risk for adverse health outcomes as compared to European ..
  11. 2011 Epigenetics Gordon Research Conference
    Marisa S Bartolomei; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..efforts will also be made to support women scientists and include participants who are members of racial/ethnic groups that are underrepresented in science...
  12. Classical and non-classical responses to vitamin D in children: the role of DBP g
    Thomas O Carpenter; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..We therefore suspect that vitamin D requirements may vary according to DBP genotype, and amongst minority ethnic groups. Moreover DBP genotype may be important for both interpretation of vitamin D levels and the physiologic ..
  13. Extending Sleep in Obese Adults to Promote Weight Loss
    Ann E Rogers; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..been spared;increased rates of obesity have been documented in all age groups, in both sexes, and among all ethnic groups. Explanations for the dramatic increase in obesity include increasingly sedentary lifestyles, and changes in ..
  14. Advanced Center for Latino and MH Systems Research
    Margarita Alegria; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..We will examine the ratings of providers and parents from the three ethnic groups using case vignettes of children with different levels of impairment and internalizing and externalizing ..
  15. Epidemiology of Putative Causal Variants in the Multiethnic Cohort
    Loic Le Marchand; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..g., diet, smoking, physical activity), biomarker and clinical data, for five racial/ethnic groups in the MEC...
  16. Prenatal Cocaine Exposure: Young Adult Follow Up
    Ruth Rose-Jacobs; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..IUSE impacts many Americans of all ethnic groups ranging from infants to adults...
  17. Unfolded Protein Response as a Therapeutic Target for ADRP Animal Models
    Marina Gorbatyuk; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..pigmentosa (RP) is the most common inherited form of blindness, affecting about 1 in every 4000 people in all ethnic groups worldwide...
  18. Interactive Multimedia Intervention to Improve Colonoscopy and Bowel Prep Adhere
    JOHN MATTHEW INADOMI; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..we expect that the elements of the interactive multimedia intervention can be used to target other racial and ethnic groups to reduce current disparities in colorectal cancer mortality...
  19. Using Mixed Reality to build peer resistance skills in Latina middle schoolers
    ANNE E contact NORRIS; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..of the game's effects in Latinas, and justify developing peer group resistance SBGs for boys and other ethnic groups. PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: The teen pregnancy rate is particularly high among U.S. Latinas...
  20. Cardiopulmonary structure and function in Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis
    R Graham Barr; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..These associations are modified by smoking status but persist in never-smokers and across race/ethnic groups. 2) Endothelium-dependent hypercoagulation, measured by PAI-1, and plasma viscosity is associated with greater ..
  21. Hampton University Skin of Color Research Institute Skin of Color Symposium 2011:
    Meena Katdare; Fiscal Year: 2011
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): People with skin of color make up a broad range of ethnic groups including African Americans, Asians, Native Americans, and Hispanics. Population-based statistics from U.S...
  22. Perfluoroalkyl chemicals and the risk of developing clinical and subclinical CVD
    Anoop Shankar; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..longitudinal cohort study with participants representing both men and women and the various racial/ethnic groups in the US, including whites, blacks, Hispanics, and Asian Americans and with up to 10 years of follow-up data...
  23. Dental Caries: Whole Genome Association and Gene x Environment Studies
    Mary L Marazita; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..led to substantially higher average disease prevalence among children in poverty and in underserved racial and ethnic groups. These issues are of such concern that in 2005, the American Academy of Pediatrics made children's oral ..
  24. Genome-wide and Linkage Study of Quantitative Emphysema Phenotypes
    Stephen S Rich; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..is unique in utilizing a cohort rather than case-control design, including non-smokers, and enrolling minority ethnic groups in which the prevalence of the disease in rising most rapidly...
  25. The natural history of cardiovascular health in U.S. populations
    CHRISTY LEIGH AVERY; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..S. race/ethnic groups and cover the entire at-risk age epochs that span adolescence to late adulthood...
  26. The Johnston County OA Project: Arthritis and Disability
    Joanne M Jordan; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..By examining these factors in multiple aspects of the OA process in both ethnic groups within one study, efficiency and significant impact upon the public health can be maximized.
  27. Stress as a determinant of smoking among sub-populations of Blacks in the U.S.
    Adebola O Odunlami; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..statistical weights that address the multi-stage sampling design and over-sampling of minority racial and ethnic groups will be used in developing ordinary linear regression and logistic regression models...
  28. Wound EMR to Decrease Limb Amputations in Persons with Diabetes
    Harold Brem; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Diabetes is a priority condition that occurs in all racial and ethnic groups but has a higher prevalence among racial and ethnic minority populations and the elderly...
  29. Epidemiology of Biomarkers of Risk and Progression in LOAD
    Nicole Schupf; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We have reported that the rates of disease and the frequency of disease risk factors vary across ethnic groups. We have identified one of the largest, multi-ethnic groups of incident LOAD cases facilitating studies of ..
  30. The Race-Specific Prevalence of Atrial Fibrillation Measured by 48-Hour Holter
    LAURA L LOEHR; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..in AF epidemiology through increased surveillance of AF in longitudinal studies, especially among non-White ethnic groups. We propose to measure the race-specific prevalence of AF, in an informative study nested in the ongoing, bi-..
  31. Genetic analysis fo metabolic syndrome by admixture mapping in African Americans
    Ludmila Pawlikowska; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Metabolic syndrome traits differ among ethnic groups. African-Americans tend to have greater insulin-resistance and higher blood pressure than European-Americans;..
  32. Epigenetic Variation and Childhood Asthma in Puerto Ricans
    JUAN CARLOS CELEDON; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..applicant): Puerto Rican (PR) children have the highest prevalence, morbidity and mortality from asthma of all ethnic groups in the United States...
  33. Risk Factors for Urinary Incontinence in Women
    Francine Grodstein; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..we propose to carefully investigate differences in UI incidence, UI type, and UI progression across racial/ethnic groups;this will be critical to better understanding the etiology of UI and better addressing UI in clinical and ..
  34. Role of TL1A in Severity of Crohn's Disease Inflammation
    Stephan R Targan; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..15 (TNFSF15) is the only one of the several recently discovered CD associated genes that is present in all ethnic groups. The product of the TNFSF15 gene, TL1A, has been defined as a master regulatory protein that plays a key role ..
  35. Disparities in Progression to Renal Replacement Therapy
    Stephen F Derose; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..of change in kidney function, and (3) the differences between African Americans, Hispanics, and other racial/ethnic groups in ESRD, death, and the rate of change in kidney function...
  36. Epidemiology of Bone Loss in African Men
    Joseph M Zmuda; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..HEALTH RELEVANCE: Osteoporosis is a growing clinical and public health problem among older men of all race and ethnic groups. A greater prevalence of osteoporosis among Caucasians has long over-shadowed the importance of this disease ..
  37. Etiology of breast development in the BCERC network: role of socioeconomic status
    DEJANA K BRAITHWAITE; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..wealth) can explain some of the variation in the timing of pubertal outcomes across and within racial/ethnic groups. Our specific aims are to determine the nature and strength of the association between a wide array of SES ..
  38. microRNA regulatory function in Leiomyoma growth
    Xiaoping Luo; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..tumors with fibrotic characteristics that occur more frequently in African Americans as compared to other ethnic groups. Transforming growth factor beta (TGF-[unreadable]) is a multifunction cytokine whose overexpression serves as ..
  39. HIV and Substance Use Prevention for South African Youth and Families
    Leickness Simbayi; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Teens will be male and female from all ethnic groups (i.e., White, Black, and Colored)...
  40. African Diversity and the Genetics of Human Health
    Joseph P Jarvis; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..measurements for as many as 3324 individuals (depending on the trait) across 61 highly diverse African ethnic groups, a subset of which will be genotyped on the lllumnia 1M SNP chip...
  41. Lay Health Worker Model to Reduce Liver Cancer Disparities in Asian Americans
    Hee Soon Juon; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..and thus it leads to a huge liver cancer disparity among Asian Americans compared to other racial/ethnic groups. In response to these cancer disparities, the objective of this project is to build a sustainable, community-..
  42. Polymorphic variants of human DNA glycosylase NEIL2 and lung cancer susceptibilit
    Tapas K Hazra; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..We propose to advance our study by determining the prevalence of these variants in the other major ethnic groups (African American and Hispanics) as well and characterizing all these variants functionally...
  43. In-reach for Successful Aging through Education(i-SAGE)
    Vyjeyanthi S Periyakoil; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Network;and (b) Bi-lingual, multi-cultural peer health promoters (lay health advisers) from the 13 different ethnic groups commonly represented in the following ten California counties--Alameda, Merced, Monterey, Napa, San Benito, ..
  44. Alcoholism and Brain Functions
    MARLENE OSCAR BERMAN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): PROJECT SUMMARY Alcohol misuse affects people of all ages, genders, and ethnic groups, and it remains a devastating problem for our Veterans...
  45. Rapid Response Surveillance Study #09-5 - Constructing Geographic Areas in GIS fo
    Sally L Glaser; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Furthermore, within these county boundaries are areas with distinct concentrations of racial/ethnic groups and high and low socioeconomic status that may have different rates of cancer...
  46. Social, Genetic Determinants of Blood Pressure in Underserved African Americans
    SANDRA MARIE COULON; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..present in up to 78% of older adults in the United States, is more prevalent in African Americans than other ethnic groups, and is a leading cause of cardiovascular disease mortality...
  47. Summit on Drug Discovery in Tuberous Sclerosis Complex and Related Disorders
    Elizabeth P Henske; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..affecting more than 50,000 Americans and more than 1 million individuals of both sexes, all ages, races and ethnic groups. Most individuals with TSC have epilepsy, and more than 50% have moderate to severe intellectual disabilities ..
  48. The Down Syndrome Growing Up Study
    Babette S Zemel; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..DS underscores the importance of developing growth charts that have a more accurate representation of race and ethnic groups than previously published charts...
  49. Multiethnic Cohort Study of Diet and Cancer
    Laurence N Kolonel; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..to prospectively investigate the relationship of diet and other lifestyle factors to cancer risk in five ethnic groups (African Americans, Japanese Americans, Latinos, Native Hawaiians and Caucasians),and to explore interactions ..
  50. ATECAR: Asian Training, Education on Cancer & Research
    Grace Ma; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..both Asian American men and women have higher incidence and mortality rates of liver cancer than other ethnic groups in the U.S...
  51. ROBUST AND POWERFUL TEST OF CANDIDATE GENES TO BONE MASS
    Hong Wen Deng; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..and risk to osteoporosis for potential sex- specific effects and ethnic-specific or general effects in major ethnic groups. 3) We will pursue functional studies on molecular and cellular mechanisms of significant NOVEL genes to be ..
  52. Genome Wide Association Studies in Alopecia Areata
    Angela M Christiano; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..6 million individuals in the United States alone, including males and females of all ages and ethnic groups. AA fits the paradigm of a complex or multifactorial trait, in which combinations of genetic and environmental ..
  53. Predicting naturally acquired humoral immunity against malaria
    PHILIP LOUIS FELGNER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..profile and antigen specificity of Pf-specific antibodies in the Fulani and Dogon people in Mali, distinct ethnic groups which have well-documented differential susceptibility to malaria...
  54. The Complexity of Immigrant Generations
    STEPHEN J TREJO; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..assess the extent to which such self-reported measures can systematically bias estimates for particular racial/ethnic groups or immigrant generations...
  55. Identification of Alopecia Areata Biomarkers in Skin and Blood
    Angela M Christiano; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..3 million individuals in the United States alone, including males and females of all ages and ethnic groups. Autoimmunity is acquired against the hair follicles in the skin, which causes hair loss associated with an ..
  56. Treatment Response in Ethnic Minority Individuals With Binge Eating Disorder
    Heather Thompson Brenner; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..for BED have been conducted, no individual clinical trials have included individuals from minority ethnic groups in sufficient numbers to allow for ethnic/racial group comparisons...
  57. Regional Cystic fibrosis DNA Mutation Analysis
    JANE P GETCHELL; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..goal, a vendor will be selected that has a readily available product with a wide range of mutations covering ethnic groups common to the Northeast US, a limited front end expenditure, and processing that will fit into the present NBS ..
  58. HPV Knowledge Awareness and Vaccine Acceptability among Inner City Black Males
    SHERRIE LEE WALLINGTON; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..findings will be useful in facilitating the development of strategies for other adolescents of all racial and ethnic groups, as well as for family intervention studies targeting the family unit as a whole...
  59. Culturally-Tailored Smoking Cessation for American Indians
    Won S Choi; Fiscal Year: 2013
    American Indians and Alaska Natives (AI/ANs) have the highest smoking rates of the major racial/ethnic groups in the United States, approaching 40% to 50%...
  60. Clinically Meaningful Outcomes for Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy Therapeutic Trials
    Craig M McDonald; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..It is the most common childhood neuromuscular disorder affecting about 1 in 3,500 males across all ethnic groups. Disabling weakness, loss of ambulation and self-care, and cardiopulmonary failure, create tremendous ..
  61. Genome wide association study of breast cancer subtype and survival in Latinas
    Laura Fejerman; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..risk and progression and address the generalizability of these risk factors across different Latino ethnic groups and environments...
  62. Genome-Wide Association Study of Childhood Leukemia by Hispanic Status
    JOSEPH LEO WIEMELS; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Hispanics and non-Hispanic whites in California, using high dimension arrays specifically designed for the two ethnic groups. We will (1) link California birth records with California Cancer Registry data (1988 - 2008) to assemble a ..
  63. GWAS in Fibrosing Interstitial Lung Disease
    DAVID ALBERT SCHWARTZ; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..In addition, we will examine the generalizability of these fILD genetic variants to other ethnic groups and in families of individuals with FIP...
  64. CBPR on Active Living and Recovery for Racial/Ethnic Groups with Mental Illness
    Yoshitaka Iwasaki; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  65. Tracking Air Pollutants and Newborn Health in Houston, Texas
    Elaine Symanski; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..area to evaluate effects of air pollution on newborn health and resulting health disparities among racial/ethnic groups. We propose a study of approximately 200,000 births occurring in Harris County between 2005-07, including 49,..
  66. RACE AND ETHNIC DIFFERENCES IN U.S. BIRTH OUTCOMES
    Michael Grossman; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..In some of our analyses, the race and ethnic groups to be considered include white non-Hispanics, black non-Hispanics, Puerto Ricans, other Hispanics, and Asians...
  67. Mentored Patient-Oriented Research Career Development Aw
    Kelly Young; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..stress in ethnic minority children; 2) to investigate differences between children and parents of different ethnic groups in pain beliefs, pain coping skills, and parent-child interactions as related to the child's pain and stress ..
  68. Past Experiences and Current Mammography Behaviors
    Eileen Thomas; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..screening behaviors and to compare experiences and mammography screening behaviors within and between racial/ethnic groups among women with and without a history of breast cancer...
  69. Application and Dissemination of a Culture-Centered Approach to Tailoring Compara
    Mohan Jyoti Dutta; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..on heart disease targeted toward African Americans in Indiana, given the existing disparities among racial/ethnic groups in the area of heart disease, and the prevalence of heart disease among African Americans in the state of ..
  70. Racial/ethnic differences in symptom perception in childhood asthma
    Jonathan Feldman; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..by applicant): The greatest racial/ethnic disparity in pediatric asthma exists between the two largest Latino ethnic groups in the United States...
  71. Native Navigation across the Cancer Continuum in Comanche Nation
    Valerie S Eschiti; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Despite the implementation of educational strategies that have successfully reached many racial/ethnic groups in the United States to decrease cancer incidence and mortality, this is not the case among NA people living ..
  72. Changing Race/Ethnic Disparities in Infant Mortality
    W Frisbie; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..substantial absolute declines in the overall infant mortality rate (IMR) have occurred across all racial/ethnic groups, there has been a growing concern because of continued and, in many cases, rising relative disparities in the ..
  73. RESPONSE TO ALCOHOL IN ASIAN MEN AND WOMEN
    TAMARA WALL; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..ABSTRACT: Asians, as a whole, have lower rates of alcohol abuse and alcohol dependence than most other ethnic groups. This decreased risk for alcoholism is thought to result from a combination of biological and sociocultural ..
  74. Cross Ethnic Trends In Drinking, Alcohol Use Disorders And Service Utilization
    Raul Caetano; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..health disparities by advancing the epidemiological study of drinking and its associated problems among ethnic groups in the U.S...
  75. Disparities in Child & Family Health Care Expenditures
    Paul Newacheck; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..community is focused on identifying and documenting disparities in health and health care among racial/ethnic groups as well as across the income distribution...
  76. A Family Intervention for Pediatric Asthma Self-Management in Puerto Ricans
    Molly A Martin; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..children in the United States experience the highest rates of asthma and asthma exacerbations of all racial/ethnic groups. This application focuses on two modifiable risk factors for asthma exacerbations-high levels of home asthma ..
  77. Type 2 Diabetes Gene Discovery Linked to 3p in Hispanics
    Donna Lehman; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..of type 2 diabetes (T2DM) continues to rise and increasingly affects individuals of all ages across all ethnic groups;however, individuals from certain ethnic groups including Mexican Americans have an increased propensity ..
  78. DEPRESSION & ANXIETY DISORDER IN OLDER AFRICAN AMERICANS
    Carl Cohen; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..a model of factors that foster and moderate depression and anxiety among various aging African-American ethnic groups; 2) Develop a model of factors that predict utilization of formal and informal sources of mental health ..