police

Summary

Summary: Agents of the law charged with the responsibility of maintaining and enforcing law and order among the citizenry.

Top Publications

  1. Villaran M, Bayer A, Konda K, Mendoza C, Quijandria H, Ampuero J, et al. Condom use by partner type among military and police personnel in Peru. Am J Mens Health. 2012;6:266-72 pubmed publisher
    The aim of this study was to analyze the rates of condom use among military and police populations in Peru, focusing on differences in use by type of partner...
  2. Violanti J, Fekedulegn D, Andrew M, Charles L, Hartley T, Vila B, et al. Shift work and the incidence of injury among police officers. Am J Ind Med. 2012;55:217-27 pubmed publisher
    b>Police officers may be injury prone due to fatigue, erratic work hours, and insufficient sleep. This study explored injury incidence among police officers across shifts...
  3. Alison L, Doran B, Long M, Power N, HUMPHREY A. The effects of subjective time pressure and individual differences on hypotheses generation and action prioritization in police investigations. J Exp Psychol Appl. 2013;19:83-93 pubmed publisher
    ..b>Police officers worked through a computer-based rape investigative scenario, in which 35 were subjected to a time ..
  4. Hartley T, Knox S, Fekedulegn D, Barbosa Leiker C, Violanti J, Andrew M, et al. Association between depressive symptoms and metabolic syndrome in police officers: results from two cross-sectional studies. J Environ Public Health. 2012;2012:861219 pubmed publisher
    ..was to examine the association between depressive symptoms and metabolic syndrome (MetSyn) in male and female police officers from two study populations, Buffalo, NY and Spokane, WA...
  5. Garbin C, Rovida T, Joaquim R, de Paula A, de Guimarães e Queiroz A. [Reported violence: occurrences of maltreatment against children and adolescents registered in a police unit]. Rev Bras Enferm. 2011;64:665-70 pubmed
    ..We analyzed the data recorded in police reports from the Department of Women's Defense, Araçatuba-SP, in 2008, relating to assault, victim-offender ..
  6. Kudryavtsev A, Kleshchinov N, Ermolina M, Lund J, Grjibovski A, Nilssen O, et al. Road traffic fatalities in Arkhangelsk, Russia in 2005-2010: reliability of police and healthcare data. Accid Anal Prev. 2013;53:46-54 pubmed publisher
    To estimate and compare reliability of traffic mortality data of the police and the healthcare sector in Arkhangelsk, Russia...
  7. Galatzer Levy I, Brown A, Henn Haase C, Metzler T, Neylan T, Marmar C. Positive and negative emotion prospectively predict trajectories of resilience and distress among high-exposure police officers. Emotion. 2013;13:545-53 pubmed publisher
    ..In the current investigation, we followed police officers prospectively from academy training through 48 months of active duty, assessing levels of distress every ..
  8. Pietrzak R, Schechter C, Bromet E, Katz C, Reissman D, Ozbay F, et al. The burden of full and subsyndromal posttraumatic stress disorder among police involved in the World Trade Center rescue and recovery effort. J Psychiatr Res. 2012;46:835-42 pubmed publisher
    ..examined the prevalence, correlates, and perceived mental healthcare needs associated with subsyndromal PTSD in police involved in the World Trade Center (WTC) rescue and recovery effort...
  9. Boivin D, Boudreau P, Tremblay G. Phototherapy and orange-tinted goggles for night-shift adaptation of police officers on patrol. Chronobiol Int. 2012;29:629-40 pubmed publisher
    The aim of the present combined field and laboratory study was to assess circadian entrainment in two groups of police officers working seven consecutive 8/8.5-h night shifts as part of a rotating schedule...

More Information

Publications62

  1. Ti L, Wood E, Shannon K, Feng C, Kerr T. Police confrontations among street-involved youth in a Canadian setting. Int J Drug Policy. 2013;24:46-51 pubmed publisher
    ..However, the extent of interaction between police and street-involved youth has not been well characterized...
  2. Hartley T, Burchfiel C, Fekedulegn D, Andrew M, Knox S, Violanti J. Associations between police officer stress and the metabolic syndrome. Int J Emerg Ment Health. 2011;13:243-56 pubmed
    The purpose of this study was to examine the association of police officer stress with metabolic syndrome (MetSyn) and its individual components...
  3. Navarro H, Shakeshaft A, Doran C, Petrie D. Does increasing community and liquor licensees' awareness, police activity, and feedback reduce alcohol-related violent crime? A benefit-cost analysis. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2013;10:5490-506 pubmed publisher
    ..impact and benefit-cost of a multi-component intervention (increasing community and liquor licensees' awareness, police activity, and feedback) on crimes typically associated with alcohol-related violence...
  4. Bowler R, Harris M, Li J, Gocheva V, Stellman S, Wilson K, et al. Longitudinal mental health impact among police responders to the 9/11 terrorist attack. Am J Ind Med. 2012;55:297-312 pubmed publisher
    Among police responders enrolled in the World Trade Center Health Registry (WTCHR), Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) was almost twice as prevalent among women as men 2-3 years after the 9/11 attacks...
  5. Byrnes J, Doran C, Shakeshaft A. Cost per incident of alcohol-related crime in New South Wales. Drug Alcohol Rev. 2012;31:854-60 pubmed publisher
    ..Costs regarding the criminal act, police involvement, prosecution in criminal courts and incarceration are estimated and then using a four-stage ..
  6. Tarimo E, Francis J, Kakoko D, Munseri P, Bakari M, Sandstrom E. The perceptions on male circumcision as a preventive measure against HIV infection and considerations in scaling up of the services: a qualitative study among police officers in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. BMC Public Health. 2012;12:529 pubmed publisher
    ..The purpose of the present study was to assess the perceptions of male circumcision in a cohort of police officers that also served as a source of volunteers for a phase I/II HIV vaccine (HIVIS-03) trial in Dar es Salaam,..
  7. Diniz D, Madeiro A. [Cytotec and abortion: the police, the vendors and women]. Cien Saude Colet. 2012;17:1795-804 pubmed
    ..The main causes for maternal mortality are the delay in seeking medical care, as the women fear criminal prosecution, and the combined use of misoprostol with high risk methods. ..
  8. McCanlies E, Slaven J, Smith L, Andrew M, Charles L, Burchfiel C, et al. Metabolic syndrome and sleep duration in police officers. Work. 2012;43:133-9 pubmed
    To examine associations for sleep quality and quantity with metabolic syndrome (MS) and its five components in police officers...
  9. Hayashi K, Ti L, Csete J, Kaplan K, Suwannawong P, Wood E, et al. Reports of police beating and associated harms among people who inject drugs in Bangkok, Thailand: a serial cross-sectional study. BMC Public Health. 2013;13:733 pubmed publisher
    ..Despite accounts of widespread violence by police against people who inject drugs (IDU), the impact of police violence has not been well investigated...
  10. Wirth M, Burch J, VIOLANTI J, Burchfiel C, Fekedulegn D, Andrew M, et al. Association of the Period3 clock gene length polymorphism with salivary cortisol secretion among police officers. Neuro Endocrinol Lett. 2013;34:27-37 pubmed
    ..measures of waking or diurnal cortisol secretion, or self-reported psychological disturbances differed among police officers with a Period3 (PER3) clock gene length polymorphism...
  11. Evenson K, Block R, Diez Roux A, McGinn A, Wen F, Rodriguez D. Associations of adult physical activity with perceived safety and police-recorded crime: the Multi-ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2012;9:146 pubmed publisher
    Due to the inconsistent findings of prior studies, we explored the association of perceived safety and police-recorded crime measures with physical activity...
  12. Cameron M, Cochrane W, McNeill K, Melbourne P, Morrison S, Robertson N. Alcohol outlet density is related to police events and motor vehicle accidents in Manukau City, New Zealand. Aust N Z J Public Health. 2012;36:537-42 pubmed publisher
    To explore the cross-sectional association between alcohol outlet density and police events in Manukau City, New Zealand...
  13. Shucard J, Cox J, Shucard D, Fetter H, Chung C, Ramasamy D, et al. Symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder and exposure to traumatic stressors are related to brain structural volumes and behavioral measures of affective stimulus processing in police officers. Psychiatry Res. 2012;204:25-31 pubmed publisher
    ..Although police officers are routinely exposed to traumatic events, the neurobehavioral effects of trauma in this population have ..
  14. Sancini A, Tomei F, Tomei G, Caciari T, Capozzella A, Di Famiani M, et al. Spinal and temporo-mandibular disorders in male workers of the State Police. Acta Odontol Scand. 2013;71:671-5 pubmed publisher
    ..of the lumbar region and the temporo-mandibular district co-morbidity in drivers and workers of the State Police employed for different office activities...
  15. Charles L, Slaven J, Mnatsakanova A, Ma C, Violanti J, Fekedulegn D, et al. Association of perceived stress with sleep duration and sleep quality in police officers. Int J Emerg Ment Health. 2011;13:229-41 pubmed
    The objective was to investigate associations ofperceived stress with sleep duration and quality among 430 police officers. Perceived stress was assessed using the perceived stress scale...
  16. Buyantseva L, Tulchinsky M, Kapalka G, Chinchilli V, Qian Z, Gillio R, et al. Evolution of lower respiratory symptoms in New York police officers after 9/11: a prospective longitudinal study. J Occup Environ Med. 2007;49:310-7 pubmed
    ..We studied the evolution of lower respiratory symptoms at 1 month (initial) and 19 months (follow-up) after the collapse of the World Trade Center on September 11, 2001 (9/11)...
  17. Mann S, Vrij A, Bull R. Detecting true lies: police officers' ability to detect suspects' lies. J Appl Psychol. 2004;89:137-49 pubmed
    Ninety-nine police officers, not identified in previous research as belonging to groups that are superior in lie detection, attempted to detect truths and lies told by suspects during their videotaped police interviews...
  18. Berking M, Meier C, Wupperman P. Enhancing emotion-regulation skills in police officers: results of a pilot controlled study. Behav Ther. 2010;41:329-39 pubmed publisher
    b>Police officers are routinely exposed to situations that elicit intense negative emotions; thus, officers have a particularly strong need for effective methods of regulating such emotions...
  19. Witteveen A, Huizink A, Slottje P, Bramsen I, Smid T, van der Ploeg H. Associations of cortisol with posttraumatic stress symptoms and negative life events: a study of police officers and firefighters. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 2010;35:1113-8 pubmed publisher
    ..In an epidemiological sample of 1880 police officers and firefighters, associations of salivary cortisol with PTSD, negative life events (NLE) and exposure to ..
  20. Psarra V, Sestrini M, Santa Z, Petsas D, Gerontas A, Garnetas C, et al. Greek police officers' attitudes towards the mentally ill. Int J Law Psychiatry. 2008;31:77-85 pubmed publisher
    The deinstitutionalization of the mentally ill and their shift into the community lead the police to play an important role in the management of acute psychiatric states...
  21. Kang D, Davis L, Hunt P, Kriebel D. Cancer incidence among male Massachusetts firefighters, 1987-2003. Am J Ind Med. 2008;51:329-35 pubmed publisher
    ..morbidity odds ratio (SMORs) were used to evaluate the cancer risk in white, male firefighters compared to police and all other occupations in the Massachusetts Cancer Registry from 1986 to 2003...
  22. Perona M, Benasayag R, Perello A, Santos J, Zarate N, Zárate P, et al. Prevalence of functional gastrointestinal disorders in women who report domestic violence to the police. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2005;3:436-41 pubmed
    ..functional dyspepsia and irritable bowel syndrome, in 70 women reporting a situation of domestic violence to the police and to evaluate the level of psychological distress and its relationship with the presence of FGID...
  23. Werb D, Hayashi K, Fairbairn N, Kaplan K, Suwannawong P, Lai C, et al. Drug use patterns among Thai illicit drug injectors amidst increased police presence. Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy. 2009;4:16 pubmed publisher
    ..We also conducted bivariate analyses to identify a possible effect of a reported increase in police presence on measures of drug use and related risk behaviors among study participants. One hundred fifty-five (61...
  24. Dowling F, Moynihan G, Genet B, Lewis J. A peer-based assistance program for officers with the New York City Police Department: report of the effects of Sept. 11, 2001. Am J Psychiatry. 2006;163:151-3 pubmed
    ..Most New York City Police Department (NYPD) officers had significant exposure to the events of Sept. 11, 2001...
  25. Leineweber C, Westerlund H, Hagberg J, Svedberg P, Luokkala M, Alexanderson K. Sickness presenteeism among Swedish police officers. J Occup Rehabil. 2011;21:17-22 pubmed publisher
    ..of sickness presenteeism (SP) and to explore possible associations with work characteristics among Swedish police officers. Questionnaire data from 11,793 police officers were analysed...
  26. Nieuwenhuys A, Caljouw S, Leijsen M, Schmeits B, Oudejans R. Quantifying police officers' arrest and self-defence skills: does performance decrease under pressure?. Ergonomics. 2009;52:1460-8 pubmed publisher
    This study investigated police officers' performance on five selected arrest and self-defence skills that are regularly used in the line of duty...
  27. Arial M, Gonik V, Wild P, Danuser B. Association of work related chronic stressors and psychiatric symptoms in a Swiss sample of police officers; a cross sectional questionnaire study. Int Arch Occup Environ Health. 2010;83:323-31 pubmed publisher
    ..The study design is cross sectional. A total of 354 male police officers answered a questionnaire assessing a wide spectrum of work related stressors...
  28. Tercero F, Andersson R. Measuring transport injuries in a developing country: an application of the capture-recapture method. Accid Anal Prev. 2004;36:13-20 pubmed
    ..Two sources of injury data were used to monitor injuries: hospital data (inpatient and outpatient) and traffic police records. Characteristics available for matching included name, age, sex, and date of occurrence...
  29. Gmel G, Heeb J, Rezny L, Rehm J, Mohler Kuo M. Drinking patterns and traffic casualties in Switzerland: matching survey data and police records to design preventive action. Public Health. 2005;119:426-36 pubmed
    ..Preventive countermeasures should be targeted at the general population, enforced particularly during specific periods of the week. ..
  30. Lipsky S, Holt V, Easterling T, Critchlow C. Police-reported intimate partner violence during pregnancy: who is at risk?. Violence Vict. 2005;20:69-86 pubmed
    The objective of this retrospective cohort study was to determine risk factors for police-reported intimate partner violence (IPV) during pregnancy among Seattle residents with a registered live birth or fetal death in Washington State...
  31. Maia D, Marmar C, Metzler T, Nóbrega A, Berger W, Mendlowicz M, et al. Post-traumatic stress symptoms in an elite unit of Brazilian police officers: prevalence and impact on psychosocial functioning and on physical and mental health. J Affect Disord. 2007;97:241-5 pubmed
    Frequent exposure to traumatic situations put police officers under an increased risk for developing post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)...
  32. Liu Y, Tao S, Dou H, Zhang T, Zhang X, Dawson R. Exposure of traffic police to Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in Beijing, China. Chemosphere. 2007;66:1922-8 pubmed
    Exposure of on-duty traffic police in Beijing to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) was investigated during the summer, 2004 using a personal sampling technique in measuring both particulate and gaseous phase PAHs...
  33. Tharkar S, Kumpatla S, Muthukumaran P, Viswanathan V. High prevalence of metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular risk among police personnel compared to general population in India. J Assoc Physicians India. 2008;56:845-9 pubmed
    ..this study was to determine the prevalence of metabolic syndrome and associated cardiovascular risk factors among police personnel and compare with the general population (GP)...
  34. Mosesso V, Newman M, Ornato J, Paris P. Law enforcement agency defibrillation (LEA-D): proceedings of the National Center for Early Defibrillation Police AED Issues Forum. Resuscitation. 2002;54:15-26 pubmed
  35. Lipsky S, Holt V, Easterling T, Critchlow C. Impact of police-reported intimate partner violence during pregnancy on birth outcomes. Obstet Gynecol. 2003;102:557-64 pubmed
    To examine the relationship of police-reported intimate partner violence during pregnancy and adverse birth outcomes...
  36. Nabeel I, Baker B, McGrail M, Flottemesch T. Correlation between physical activity, fitness, and musculoskeletal injuries in police officers. Minn Med. 2007;90:40-3 pubmed
    In order to explore the correlation between physical activity, fitness, and injury among police officers, a cross section of active-duty members of the Minneapolis Police Department were surveyed about their level of fitness, physical ..
  37. Bourbonnais R, Jauvin N, Dussault J, Vézina M. Psychosocial work environment, interpersonal violence at work and mental health among correctional officers. Int J Law Psychiatry. 2007;30:355-68 pubmed
    ..Finally, in 2004, psychological distress among correctional officers was also associated with intimidation and psychological harassment at work. ..
  38. Eriksen C, Kecklund G. Sleep, sleepiness and health complaints in police officers: the effects of a flexible shift system. Ind Health. 2007;45:279-88 pubmed
    ..The sample of the analysis included 533 randomly selected police officers, of which 26% were females. The participants answered a questionnaire...
  39. Godinho E, Farias L, Aguiar J, Martelli Junior H, Bonan P, Ferreira R, et al. No association between periodontal disease and GHQ-12 in a Brazilian Police population. Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal. 2011;16:e857-63 pubmed
    ..a possible association between periodontal disease (PD) and mental disorders (MD) in a population of Brazilian Police. From a total study population consisting of 803 policemen, 345 police officers were obtained by a sample ..
  40. Rhodes T, Platt L, Sarang A, Vlasov A, Mikhailova L, Monaghan G. Street policing, injecting drug use and harm reduction in a Russian city: a qualitative study of police perspectives. J Urban Health. 2006;83:911-25 pubmed
    We undertook a qualitative exploration of police perspectives on injecting drug use and needle and syringe access among injecting drug users (IDUs) in a Russian city which has witnessed explosive spread of HIV associated with drug ..
  41. Berg A, Hem E, Lau B, Ekeberg Ø. Help-seeking in the Norwegian Police Service. J Occup Health. 2006;48:145-53 pubmed
    A traditional view is that police officers possess negative attitudes toward seeking professional help. However, few empirical studies have investigated help-seeking behaviour in police services...
  42. Huizink A, Slottje P, Witteveen A, Bijlsma J, Twisk J, Smidt N, et al. Long term health complaints following the Amsterdam Air Disaster in police officers and fire-fighters. Occup Environ Med. 2006;63:657-62 pubmed
    ..Fire-fighters and police officers assisted with the rescue work...
  43. Berg A, Hem E, Lau B, Loeb M, Ekeberg O. Suicidal ideation and attempts in Norwegian police. Suicide Life Threat Behav. 2003;33:302-12 pubmed
    Studies on suicide among police show inconsistent results, thereby contributing to considerable speculation regarding why police officers commit suicide...
  44. Eric Jarvis G, Kirmayer L, Jarvis G, Whitley R. The role of Afro-Canadian status in police or ambulance referral to emergency psychiatric services. Psychiatr Serv. 2005;56:705-10 pubmed
    ..patients would be more likely than Euro-Canadian or Asian-Canadian patients to be brought to emergency services by police or ambulance...
  45. Payne James J, Wall I, Bailey C. Patterns of illicit drug use of prisoners in police custody in London, UK. J Clin Forensic Med. 2005;12:196-8 pubmed
    The aims of the study were to explore the current characteristics of drug misusers seen in police custody and identify trends or changes that have taken place in the last decade...
  46. Nishiwaki Y, Maekawa K, Ogawa Y, Asukai N, Minami M, Omae K. Effects of sarin on the nervous system in rescue team staff members and police officers 3 years after the Tokyo subway sarin attack. Environ Health Perspect. 2001;109:1169-73 pubmed
    ..Subjects consisted of the rescue team staff members and police officers who had worked at the disaster site...
  47. Kales S, Tsismenakis A, Zhang C, Soteriades E. Blood pressure in firefighters, police officers, and other emergency responders. Am J Hypertens. 2009;22:11-20 pubmed publisher
    ..The strenuous duties of emergency responders (firefighters, police officers, and emergency medical services (EMS) personnel) can interact with their personal risk profiles, ..
  48. von dem Knesebeck O, David K, Siegrist J. [Psychosocial stress at work and musculoskeletal pain among police officers in special forces]. Gesundheitswesen. 2005;67:674-9 pubmed
    ..study investigates associations of an adverse psychosocial work environment with musculoskeletal pain among German police officers in special forces...
  49. Ramey S, Downing N, Franke W. Milwaukee police department retirees: cardiovascular disease risk and morbidity among aging law enforcement officers. AAOHN J. 2009;57:448-53 pubmed publisher
    ..2, SD = 7.1) from the Milwaukee Police Department (MPD) compared to 671 individuals of similar age and income who responded to the 2005 Wisconsin ..
  50. Lipsky S, Holt V, Easterling T, Critchlow C. Police-reported intimate partner violence during pregnancy and the risk of antenatal hospitalization. Matern Child Health J. 2004;8:55-63 pubmed
    ..Exposed subjects were women with a police-reported IPV incident during pregnancy in the years 1995 through 1998 and who subsequently had a singleton live ..
  51. Watson A, Ottati V, Morabito M, Draine J, Kerr A, Angell B. Outcomes of police contacts with persons with mental illness: the impact of CIT. Adm Policy Ment Health. 2010;37:302-17 pubmed publisher
    The Crisis intervention team model (CIT) is possibly the most well known and widely adopted model to improve police response to persons with mental illness...
  52. Broussard B, McGriff J, Demir Neubert B, D Orio B, Compton M. Characteristics of patients referred to psychiatric emergency services by crisis intervention team police officers. Community Ment Health J. 2010;46:579-84 pubmed publisher
    The Crisis Intervention Team (CIT) program trains police officers in crisis intervention skills and local psychiatric resources...
  53. Rubertsson C, Hildingsson I, Rådestad I. Disclosure and police reporting of intimate partner violence postpartum: a pilot study. Midwifery. 2010;26:e1-5 pubmed publisher
    ..This study investigated the prevalence of disclosure and police reporting of intimate partner violence during the first year postpartum...