Summary: Specialists in the management of a library or the services rendered by a library, bringing professional skills to administration, organization of material and personnel, interpretation of bibliothecal rules, the development and maintenance of the library's collection, and the provision of information services.

Top Publications

  1. Schwartz A, Millam G. A web-based library consult service for evidence-based medicine: Technical development. BMC Med Inform Decis Mak. 2006;6:16 pubmed
    ..Clinical librarians, as informationists, are uniquely suited to assist physicians in this endeavor...
  2. Klem M, Weiss P. Evidence-based resources and the role of librarians in developing evidence-based practice curricula. J Prof Nurs. 2005;21:380-7 pubmed
    ..In addition, we discuss how health sciences librarians, with the use of new models of information instruction and delivery, can work with nursing faculty in developing ..
  3. Plutchak T. The informationist-two years later. J Med Libr Assoc. 2002;90:367-9 pubmed
  4. Wu W, Li J. RSS made easy: a basic guide for librarians. Med Ref Serv Q. 2007;26:37-50 pubmed
    ..RSS helps professionals stay current while reducing workloads. Librarians need to get familiar with RSS to educate their users, to stay current in information technology, and to generate ..
  5. Urquhart C, Turner J, Durbin J, Ryan J. Changes in information behavior in clinical teams after introduction of a clinical librarian service. J Med Libr Assoc. 2007;95:14-22 pubmed
    ..Collaboration with a clinical librarian increased clinician willingness to seek information. Clinical librarian services should leverage structured training opportunities such as journal clubs. ..
  6. Byrd G. Can the profession of pharmacy serve as a model for health informationist professionals?. J Med Libr Assoc. 2002;90:68-75 pubmed
    ..The current training and practice roles for pharmacists suggest a way to prepare health sciences librarians for work with clinical health care teams...
  7. Perry G, Kronenfeld M. Evidence-Based Practice: a new paradigm brings new opportunities for health sciences librarians. Med Ref Serv Q. 2005;24:1-16 pubmed
    ..This shift would offer new opportunities for health sciences librarians. In this article, the authors: (1) review milestones in the evolution of the health sciences knowledge base; (2) ..
  8. Shipman J, Cunningham D, Holst R, Watson L. The informationist conference: report. J Med Libr Assoc. 2002;90:458-64 pubmed
  9. McGowan J, Hogg W, Rader T, Salzwedel D, Worster D, Cogo E, et al. A rapid evidence-based service by librarians provided information to answer primary care clinical questions. Health Info Libr J. 2010;27:11-21 pubmed publisher
    ..b>Librarians were given technical training in evidence-based medicine, including how to summarise evidence...

More Information


  1. Kupferberg N, Jones Hartel L. Evaluation of five full-text drug databases by pharmacy students, faculty, and librarians: do the groups agree?. J Med Libr Assoc. 2004;92:66-71 pubmed
    The purpose of this study is to assess the usefulness of five full-text drug databases as evaluated by medical librarians, pharmacy faculty, and pharmacy students at an academic health center...
  2. Linnan L, Wildemuth B, Gollop C, Hull P, Silbajoris C, Monnig R. Public librarians as a resource for promoting health: results from the Health for Everyone in Libraries Project (HELP) librarian survey. Health Promot Pract. 2004;5:182-90 pubmed
    ..Libraries give the public access to computers and the Internet, and librarians offer technical assistance for accessing information...
  3. Holst R, Funk C. State of the art of expert searching: results of a Medical Library Association survey. J Med Libr Assoc. 2005;93:45-52 pubmed
    ..general questions: what is the perceived value of searching skills to the institution, how do health sciences librarians maintain and improve their searching skills, and how are searching services promoted and/or mandated in the ..
  4. Koonce T, Giuse N, Todd P. Evidence-based databases versus primary medical literature: an in-house investigation on their optimal use. J Med Libr Assoc. 2004;92:407-11 pubmed
    ..complex clinical questions were randomly selected from an in-house archival database of questions received by librarians during clinical rounds...
  5. Datta A. Alwyne (Wyn) Cooper Wheeler (1929-2005) and the libraries of the Natural History Museum, London. Arch Nat Hist. 2009;36:70-6 pubmed
    ..He also published catalogues of some of the library's most important art collections. This paper celebrates the collaboration between Museum scientist Wyn Wheeler and librarians at the National History Museum.
  6. Justice E, Easterby Gannett S, Wolf D, Chastain Warheit C. Harnessing & celebrating the publishing energy of your organization. Natl Netw. 2004;29:18-9 pubmed
  7. Robison R. Informationist education. Med Ref Serv Q. 2008;27:339-47 pubmed publisher
    ..One way the NIH Library supports this work is by providing librarians with biomedical training and encouraging them to become embedded with researchers and administrators...
  8. Doyle D. The Maclagan family: six generations of service. J R Coll Physicians Edinb. 2010;40:178-84 pubmed
    ..People who knew the Maclagans well characterised them by their energy, vision, graciousness, humour and commitment to serving others and their Christian faith. ..
  9. Morgen E. Implementing PDA technology in a medical library: experiences in a hospital library and an academic medical center library. Med Ref Serv Q. 2003;22:11-9 pubmed
    ..Included are programmatic issues such as training for library staff and clinicians, and technical issues such as Palm and Windows operating systems. This model could be used in either a hospital or academic health sciences library. ..
  10. Schardt C, Garrison J, Kochi J. Distance education or classroom instruction for continuing education: who retains more knowledge?. J Med Libr Assoc. 2002;90:455-7 pubmed
  11. WEISE F. Mary Joan (MJ) Tooey, AHIP Medical Library Association President 2005-2006. J Med Libr Assoc. 2005;93:311-4 pubmed
  12. Sawers C. The way we were: health library life seen through the pages of the Medical Library Bulletin of the Thames Regions, 1974-94. Health Info Libr J. 2005;22 Suppl 1:31-7 pubmed, improving communication and giving instructive advice, it charted the work of health-service librarians and the growth of their services...
  13. Wolf D. Christine Chastain-Warheit--winner of the 2004 Lois Ann Colaianni Award for excellence and achievement in hospital librarianship. Natl Netw. 2004;28:16-7 pubmed
  14. Simons M, Morgan M, Davidson A. Time to rethink the role of the library in educating doctors: driving information literacy in the clinical environment. J Med Libr Assoc. 2012;100:291-6 pubmed publisher
    ..ASAM librarians use outcomes-based educational theory to embed and assess IL into ASAM's educational and clinical environments...
  15. Scherrer C. Reference librarians' perceptions of the issues they face as academic health information professionals. J Med Libr Assoc. 2004;92:226-32 pubmed
    Leaders in the profession encourage academic health sciences librarians to assume new roles as part of the growth process for remaining vital professionals...
  16. Chamberlain D, Brook R. Focus groups for allied health professionals and professions allied to technical services in the NHS--marketing opportunities, lessons learnt and recommendations. Health Info Libr J. 2011;28:179-87 pubmed publisher
    ..The information revealed gave an opportunity to market services based on user needs. ..
  17. Perry G, Roderer N, Assar S. A current perspective on medical informatics and health sciences librarianship. J Med Libr Assoc. 2005;93:199-205 pubmed
    ..that they have merged; and (5) conclude with some comments about actions and roles for health sciences librarians to flourish in the biomedical information environment of today and tomorrow...
  18. Pearce Smith N, Hunter J. The introduction of librarian tutors into the Teaching Evidence-Based Medicine week in Oxford, UK. Health Info Libr J. 2005;22:146-9 pubmed
  19. McClure L. Separate paths to greatness. J Med Libr Assoc. 2002;90:104-7 pubmed
  20. Spak J, Glover J. The personal librarian program: an evaluation of a Cushing/Whitney Medical Library outreach initiative. Med Ref Serv Q. 2007;26:15-25 pubmed
    ..The program requires nominal effort on the part of the librarians, making it possible to expand the program to include other student groups...
  21. Leasure A, Delise D, Clifton S, Pascucci M. Health information literacy: hardwiring behavior through multilevels of instruction and application. Dimens Crit Care Nurs. 2009;28:276-82 pubmed publisher
    ..provider who is competent in accessing health information, nursing faculty members, in tandem with medical librarians, play a crucial role in establishing the knowledge base for student competency in health information literacy...
  22. Sutton A, Booth A. What type of leader am I?: a training needs analysis of health library and information managers. Health Info Libr J. 2012;29:39-46 pubmed publisher
    ..It is important that HLIMs not only assess their own leadership skills but also that they take opportunities to employ 360(°) feedback, comprising assessment from subordinates, peers and supervisors. ..
  23. Mulvaney S, Bickman L, Giuse N, Lambert E, Sathe N, Jerome R. A randomized effectiveness trial of a clinical informatics consult service: impact on evidence-based decision-making and knowledge implementation. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2008;15:203-11 pubmed
    ..Programs such as the CICS may provide an effective tool for facilitating the integration of research evidence into the management of complex patient care and may foster clinicians' engagement with the biomedical literature. ..
  24. Lasserre K, Foxlee N, Kruesi L, Walters J. Health sciences librarians' research on medical students' use of information for their studies at the medical school, University of Queensland, Australia. Med Ref Serv Q. 2011;30:141-57 pubmed publisher
    This study reports the findings of research undertaken by health sciences librarians at the University of Queensland Library into how medical students use information for their studies, particularly resources and services provided by the ..
  25. Innes G. Faculty-librarian collaboration: an online information literacy tutorial for students. Nurse Educ. 2008;33:145-6 pubmed publisher
  26. Barrett B. A little knowledge is a dangerous thing . Health Info Libr J. 2005;22:1-3 pubmed
  27. Cahall M, Jerome R, Powers J. The impact of a literature consult service on geriatric clinical care and training in falls prevention. J Med Libr Assoc. 2008;96:88-100 pubmed publisher
  28. Sullo E, Harrod T, Butera G, Gomes A. Rethinking library service to distance education students: analyzing the embedded librarian model. Med Ref Serv Q. 2012;31:25-33 pubmed publisher
    Since fall 2009, reference librarians at The George Washington University's Himmelfarb Health Sciences Library have been embedded in online classes through Blackboard within the School of Nursing and School of Medicine and Health Sciences...
  29. Brettle A, Maden Jenkins M, Anderson L, McNally R, Pratchett T, Tancock J, et al. Evaluating clinical librarian services: a systematic review. Health Info Libr J. 2011;28:3-22 pubmed publisher
    ..Systematic review methodology and synthesis of evidence, undertaken collaboratively by a group of 8 librarians to develop research and critical appraisal skills...
  30. Shelstad K, Clevenger F. On-line search strategies of third year medical students: perception vs fact. J Surg Res. 1994;56:338-44 pubmed
    ..On-line classes are taught by experienced medical librarians during the second month of the first year curriculum...
  31. Kipnis D, Childs G. Educating generation X and generation Y: teaching tips for librarians. Med Ref Serv Q. 2004;23:25-33 pubmed
    This article provides a list of helpful teaching tips for instructional librarians who need to meet the changing generational needs of their patrons...
  32. Madge B, Whittaker S. UK Council for Health Informatics Professions (UKCHIP) Report, February 2004. Inform Prim Care. 2004;12:51-2 pubmed
  33. Smith C, Detlefsen E, Tannery N. Medical informatics: the Pittsburgh experience. Med Ref Serv Q. 2002;21:97-105 pubmed
    ..This small study was undertaken in order to identify issues in training different kinds of library and information science practitioners in medical informatics. ..
  34. Lyon J. Beyond the literature: bioinformatics training for medical librarians. Med Ref Serv Q. 2003;22:67-74 pubmed
    As genetics and molecular biology progressively impact on society and the practice of medicine, medical librarians must prepare themselves to deal with this new arena of information...
  35. Banks M, Cogdill K, Selden C, Cahn M. Complementary competencies: public health and health sciences librarianship. J Med Libr Assoc. 2005;93:338-47 pubmed identify opportunities for partnership between the communities of public health workers and health sciences librarians. The authors review competencies in public health and health sciences librarianship...
  36. Fama J, Berryman D, Harger N, Julian P, Peterson N, Spinner M, et al. Inside outreach: a challenge for health sciences librarians. J Med Libr Assoc. 2005;93:327-37 pubmed
    ..Funding shifts require flexible programs. Evaluation provides data necessary to create new programs, sustain successful ones, and avoid repeating mistakes. ..
  37. Schulte S. Integrating information literacy into an online undergraduate nursing informatics course: the librarian's role in the design and teaching of the course. Med Ref Serv Q. 2008;27:158-72 pubmed publisher
    ..The librarian's role in this process and the information literacy unit's content and written assignment are detailed, and challenges in the collaboration are also addressed. ..
  38. Allen M, Jacobs S, Levy J, Pierce S, Pravikoff D, Tanner A. Continuing education as a catalyst for inter-professional collaboration. Med Ref Serv Q. 2005;24:93-102 pubmed
    Do nurses have access to the tools and resources they need for evidence-based practice? Are librarians prepared to work with nurses to provide access to appropriate resources and services, and teach the needed information literacy skills? ..
  39. Patrick T, Demiris G, Folk L, Moxley D, Mitchell J, Tao D. Evidence-based retrieval in evidence-based medicine. J Med Libr Assoc. 2004;92:196-9 pubmed
    ..Peer-review standards must be developed that require authors of meta-analyses to report evidence for the effectiveness of their retrieval strategies. ..
  40. LaBeause J, McCarley L, Nelson R, Smith R, Brown C, Fielder M, et al. Librarians as contributing authors to Patient Education and Preventive Medicine: a collaborative project of the Consumer Health Committee of the Georgia Health Sciences Library Association. J Med Libr Assoc. 2003;91:247-50 pubmed
  41. Mayberry M, Mayberry J. Survey of the attitude of medical and nursing libraries to information literature for patients with gastrointestinal diseases. Public Health. 1994;108:295-8 pubmed
    ..Libraries in schools of nursing were significantly better in the provision of information about self-help groups. Overall there were limited interest in the provision of any service to patients or the general public. ..
  42. Dimitroff A. Educational services in health sciences libraries: a content analysis of the literature, 1987-1994. Bull Med Libr Assoc. 1995;83:420-4 pubmed
    The recent literature (1987-1994) describing educational services of health sciences librarians was analyzed for content...
  43. Scherrer C. Outreach to community organizations: the next consumer health frontier. J Med Libr Assoc. 2002;90:285-9 pubmed
    Outreach by health sciences librarians to various constituencies helps ensure that the information needs of these groups are adequately met...
  44. Grandage K, Slawson D, Shaughnessy A. When less is more: a practical approach to searching for evidence-based answers. J Med Libr Assoc. 2002;90:298-304 pubmed
    ..Use of this hierarchy allows searchers to drill down through progressive layers until they find their answers. Librarians can play a significant role in evaluating the ever-increasing variety of these synthesized resources, placing ..
  45. Booth A. Using research to justify your service: cause and effect. Health Info Libr J. 2005;22:296-300 pubmed
  46. Knight T, Brice A. Librarians, surgeons, and knowledge. Surg Clin North Am. 2006;86:71-90, viii-ix pubmed
    ..Libraries as we know them have changed, and are changing. The scholarly communications process is also undergoing profound transformation. The authors discuss these changes and their implications for surgeons. ..
  47. Isaac S. National Vocational Qualifications: the candidates' experience. Health Info Libr J. 2007;24:50-7 pubmed
    ..A significant number of candidates reported that the NVQ was ultimately a positive experience that improved their working practices. It can be an important first step for non-professional staff, but the future remains uncertain. ..
  48. McGowan J. Swimming with the sharks: perspectives on professional risk taking. J Med Libr Assoc. 2007;95:104-13 pubmed
  49. Henderson H, Crabtree A, Lewis J, Wensel L. Librarians collaborating with nurses. Med Ref Serv Q. 2006;25:55-63 pubmed
    ..In recognition of this fact, librarians at St...
  50. Tan M, Maggio L. Expert searcher, teacher, content manager, and patient advocate: an exploratory study of clinical librarian roles. J Med Libr Assoc. 2013;101:63-72 pubmed publisher
    The research explored the roles of practicing clinical librarians embedded in a patient care team...
  51. Esparza J, Shi R, McLarty J, Comegys M, Banks D. The effect of a clinical medical librarian on in-patient care outcomes. J Med Libr Assoc. 2013;101:185-91 pubmed publisher
    ..This approach may serve as a model for further studies to define when and how CMLs are most effective. ..
  52. Abate L, Gomes A, Linton A. Engaging students in active learning: use of a blog and audience response system. Med Ref Serv Q. 2011;30:12-8 pubmed publisher
    b>Librarians provide instruction to medical students as part of a core course in the medical school curriculum...
  53. Haigh V. Clinical effectiveness and allied health professionals: an information needs assessment. Health Info Libr J. 2006;23:41-50 pubmed
    ..However, when working alongside an AHP, a librarian can upgrade information-seeking skills through mentorship, whilst named library contacts can make it easier to access the library for help. ..