Summary: Persons who cultivate land or crops, or raise LIVESTOCK.

Top Publications

  1. Tonelli S, Culp K, Donham K. Prevalence of Musculoskeletal Symptoms and Predictors of Seeking Healthcare among Iowa Farmers. J Agric Saf Health. 2015;21:229-39 pubmed
    b>Farmers experience musculoskeletal symptoms such as pain and disability at a higher rate than other professions, yet little is known about the associated environmental and health factors...
  2. Roux P, Guillien A, Soumagne T, Ritter O, Laplante J, Travers C, et al. Smoking habits in French farmers: a cross-sectional study. BMC Public Health. 2017;17:166 pubmed publisher
    b>Farmers are exposed to multiple air contaminants that may interact with tobacco smoking in the development of respiratory diseases...
  3. Liu F, Zhao S, Chen Q, Chang Z, Zhang J, Zheng Y, et al. [Surveillance data on typhoid fever and paratyphoid fever in 2015, China]. Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi. 2017;38:754-758 pubmed publisher
    ..Most cases involved farmers (39.68%), children (15.89%) and students (12.01%)...
  4. Simonsen C, Tombre I, Madsen J. Scaring as a tool to alleviate crop damage by geese: Revealing differences between farmers' perceptions and the scale of the problem. Ambio. 2017;46:319-327 pubmed publisher
    ..We used questionnaires to investigate farmers´ perceptions in mid-Norway of spring staging geese and the extent to which they attempt to reduce pasture damage ..
  5. Bandewar S, Wambugu F, Richardson E, Lavery J. The role of community engagement in the adoption of new agricultural biotechnologies by farmers: the case of the Africa harvest tissue-culture banana in Kenya. BMC Biotechnol. 2017;17:28 pubmed publisher
    ..Biotech Foundation International (AH) initiated a TCB program that was explicitly developed for smallholder farmers in Kenya to help them adopt the TCB as a scalable agricultural business opportunity...
  6. Hénaux V, Calavas D. Evaluation of the cost-effectiveness of bovine brucellosis surveillance in a disease-free country using stochastic scenario tree modelling. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0183037 pubmed publisher
    ..Such changes would reduce whole surveillance costs by 20 to 61% annually, and the costs for farmers only would be decreased from about 12.0 million € presently to 5.3-9.0 million € (i.e. 25-56% decrease)...
  7. Li X, Tian B, Jianfang Z, Yongkun C, Xiaodan L, Wenfei Z, et al. A comprehensive retrospective study of the seroprevalence of H9N2 avian influenza viruses in occupationally exposed populations in China. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0178328 pubmed publisher
    ..0001). The seroprevalences of H9N2 were significantly higher in live poultry market workers, large-scale poultry farmers and backyard farmers than in poultry slaughtering factory workers and wild bird habitant workers...
  8. Lin X, Zhang D, Wang X, Huang Y, Du Z, Zou Y, et al. Attitudes of consumers and live-poultry workers to central slaughtering in controlling H7N9: a cross-sectional study. BMC Public Health. 2017;17:517 pubmed publisher
    ..These findings are crucial for the prevention of human-infected H7N9 cases in Guangdong. ..
  9. Nganchamung T, Robson M, Siriwong W. Association between blood cholinesterase activity, organophosphate pesticide residues on hands, and health effects among chili farmers in Ubon Ratchathani Province, northeastern Thailand. Rocz Panstw Zakl Hig. 2017;68:175-183 pubmed
    Use of pesticides has been documented to lead to several adverse health effects. Farmers are likely to be exposed to pesticides through dermal exposure as a result of mixing, loading, and spraying...

More Information


  1. Jasielska M, Winiarczyk M, Bieliński P, Mackiewicz J. Lawn mower injuries as a cause of serious visual acuity impairment - Case reports. Ann Agric Environ Med. 2017;24:261-264 pubmed publisher
    ..Current prevention strategies are inadequate, and therefore should be updated. ..
  2. Milanowska J, Mackiewicz B, Węgorowski P, Milanowski J, Milanowski P, Makara Studzinska M. The quality of life of farmers with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Ann Agric Environ Med. 2017;24:283-287 pubmed publisher;/b> COPD is a medical state characterized by chronically poor airflow, and typically worsens over time. Farmers have an increased risk of COPD because of being exposed to ammonia, hydrogen sulfide, inorganic dust, and organic ..
  3. Kittang B, Pettersen V, Oppegaard O, Skutlaberg D, Dale H, Wiker H, et al. Zoonotic necrotizing myositis caused by Streptococcus equi subsp. zooepidemicus in a farmer. BMC Infect Dis. 2017;17:147 pubmed publisher
    ..The expression of Streptococcus pyogenes-like putative virulence determinants in ST 364 might partially explain the fulminant clinical picture. ..
  4. Akiyama T, Kharrazi A, Li J, Avtar R. Agricultural water policy reforms in China: a representative look at Zhangye City, Gansu Province, China. Environ Monit Assess. 2017;190:9 pubmed publisher
    ..In this vein, the engagement of local stakeholders in water governance is essential for the future sustainable management of water resources. ..
  5. Liljander A, Meyer B, Jores J, Muller M, Lattwein E, Njeru I, et al. MERS-CoV Antibodies in Humans, Africa, 2013-2014. Emerg Infect Dis. 2016;22:1086-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Serologic evidence of infection was confirmed for 2 persons sampled in 2013 and 2014. ..
  6. Shukla S, Ye Z, Sandberg S, Reyes I, Fritsche T, Keifer M. The nasal microbiota of dairy farmers is more complex than oral microbiota, reflects occupational exposure, and provides competition for staphylococci. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0183898 pubmed publisher
    ..We posit that the microbiome of healthy dairy farmers (DF) will be richer than non-farmers (NF) living in urban settings due to exposure to a greater biodiversity in ..
  7. Ayedun B, Okpachu G, Manyong V, Atehnkeng J, Akinola A, Abu G, et al. An Assessment of Willingness To Pay by Maize and Groundnut Farmers for Aflatoxin Biocontrol Product in Northern Nigeria. J Food Prot. 2017;80:1451-1460 pubmed publisher
    ..The important questions are whether farmers will purchase and apply this product to reduce aflatoxin contamination of crops, and if so under what conditions...
  8. Walsh J, Percival A, Tapscott B, Turner P. On-farm euthanasia practices and attitudes of commercial meat rabbit producers. Vet Rec. 2017;181:292 pubmed publisher
    ..Responses to additional questions on training and awareness of euthanasia resources indicated that veterinarians are not part of on-farm euthanasia planning for meat rabbits. ..
  9. Beau A, Rivollat M, Réveillas H, Pemonge M, Mendisco F, Thomas Y, et al. Multi-scale ancient DNA analyses confirm the western origin of Michelsberg farmers and document probable practices of human sacrifice. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0179742 pubmed publisher
    ..This genetic discontinuity appeared to be linked to new affinities with farmers from the Paris Basin, correlated to a noticeable hunter-gatherer legacy...
  10. Engel L, Werder E, Satagopan J, Blair A, Hoppin J, Koutros S, et al. Insecticide Use and Breast Cancer Risk among Farmers' Wives in the Agricultural Health Study. Environ Health Perspect. 2017;125:097002 pubmed publisher
    ..Women engaged in agricultural work or who reside in agricultural areas may experience appreciable exposures to a wide range of insecticides...
  11. Millman C, Christley R, Rigby D, Dennis D, O Brien S, Williams N. "Catch 22": Biosecurity awareness, interpretation and practice amongst poultry catchers. Prev Vet Med. 2017;141:22-32 pubmed publisher
  12. Nasreen S, Khan S, Luby S, Gurley E, Abedin J, Zaman R, et al. Highly pathogenic Avian Influenza A(H5N1) virus infection among workers at live bird markets, Bangladesh, 2009-2010. Emerg Infect Dis. 2015;21:629-37 pubmed publisher
    ..6 times higher risk for infection compared with workers who infrequently performed these behaviors. Despite frequent exposure to H5N1 virus, LBM workers showed evidence of only sporadic infection. ..
  13. Wulandari E, Meuwissen M, Karmana M, Oude Lansink A. Access to finance from different finance provider types: Farmer knowledge of the requirements. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0179285 pubmed publisher
    ..of the requirements of finance providers can provide valuable insights to policy makers about ways to improve farmers' access to finance...
  14. Múnera Bedoya O, Cassoli L, Machado P, Cerón Muñoz M. Influence of attitudes and behavior of milkers on the hygienic and sanitary quality of milk. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0184640 pubmed publisher
    ..In conclusion, milker attitudes and behaviors can affect CFU and SCC in bulk tank milk. ..
  15. Rashid M, Kattou a M, Al Khatib I, Sato C. Farmers' attitude toward treated sludge use in the villages of West Bank, Palestine. Environ Monit Assess. 2017;189:353 pubmed publisher agriculture in many parts of the world, its acceptability varies with different cultures and beliefs among farmers. Farmers' concerns on sludge use are primarily due to its anthropogenic origin, pollutants that it carries, a ..
  16. Imani S, Niksokhan M, Jamshidi S, Abbaspour K. Discharge permit market and farm management nexus: an approach for eutrophication control in small basins with low-income farmers. Environ Monit Assess. 2017;189:346 pubmed publisher
    The economic concerns of low-income farmers are barriers to nutrient abatement policies for eutrophication control in surface waters...
  17. Sparling A, Martin D, Posey L. An Evaluation of the Proposed Worker Protection Standard with Respect to Pesticide Exposure and Parkinson's Disease. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2017;14: pubmed publisher
    ..We encourage other researchers to extend our framework to other chronic ailments. ..
  18. Saad Hussein A, Noshy M, Taha M, El Shorbagy H, Shahy E, Abdel Shafy E. GSTP1 and XRCC1 polymorphisms and DNA damage in agricultural workers exposed to pesticides. Mutat Res. 2017;819:20-25 pubmed publisher
    ..GSTP1 (105) and XRCC1 (399 and 194) genotypes were identified by restriction fragment length analysis. Individuals carrying theGSTP1 Ile-Ile or XRCC1399 Arg-Arg genotypes showed greater DNA damage than observed for other alleles. ..
  19. Matysiak M, Kruszewski M, Kapka Skrzypczak L. [Nanopesticides - Light or dark side of the force?]. Med Pr. 2017;68:423-432 pubmed publisher
    ..Meanwhile, the effects of nanopesticides exposure on the human body are unknown. Due to their occupation, farmers should be particularly monitored...
  20. Hyland C, Laribi O. Review of take-home pesticide exposure pathway in children living in agricultural areas. Environ Res. 2017;156:559-570 pubmed publisher
  21. Wenbo L, Congxia B, Hui L. Genetic and environmental-genetic interaction rules for the myopia based on a family exposed to risk from a myopic environment. Gene. 2017;626:305-308 pubmed publisher
    ..A total of 353 farmers and 162 farmer families were used as a control group. A distinct difference in myopia rate (96.2% versus 57...
  22. McAloon C, Macken Walsh Á, Moran L, Whyte P, More S, O Grady L, et al. Johne's disease in the eyes of Irish cattle farmers: A qualitative narrative research approach to understanding implications for disease management. Prev Vet Med. 2017;141:7-13 pubmed publisher
    ..Internationally, research increasingly recognises that improved understanding of farmers' subjective views and behaviours may inform and enhance disease management strategies and support the ..
  23. Cui B, Liao Q, Lam W, Liu Z, Fielding R. Avian influenza A/H7N9 risk perception, information trust and adoption of protective behaviours among poultry farmers in Jiangsu Province, China. BMC Public Health. 2017;17:463 pubmed publisher
    Poultry farmers are at high-risk from avian influenza A/H7N9 infection due to sustained occupational exposures to live poultry...
  24. Beza E, Steinke J, van Etten J, Reidsma P, Fadda C, Mittra S, et al. What are the prospects for citizen science in agriculture? Evidence from three continents on motivation and mobile telephone use of resource-poor farmers. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0175700 pubmed publisher
    As the sustainability of agricultural citizen science projects depends on volunteer farmers who contribute their time, energy and skills, understanding their motivation is important to attract and retain participants in citizen science ..
  25. Kho K, Koh F, Hasan L, Wong L, Kisomi M, Bulgiba A, et al. Rickettsial seropositivity in the indigenous community and animal farm workers, and vector surveillance in Peninsular Malaysia. Emerg Microbes Infect. 2017;6:e18 pubmed publisher
  26. Nielsen R, Kemp M, Holm A, Skov M, Detlefsen M, Hasman H, et al. Fatal Septicemia Linked to Transmission of MRSA Clonal Complex 398 in Hospital and Nursing Home, Denmark. Emerg Infect Dis. 2016;22:900-2 pubmed publisher
    ..Whole-genome sequencing of the isolated MRSA strains strongly suggest that both were of animal origin and that the patients had been infected through 2 independent person-to-person transmission chains. ..
  27. Asres M, Gedefaw M, Kahsay A, Weldu Y. Patients' Delay in Seeking Health Care for Tuberculosis Diagnosis in East Gojjam Zone, Northwest Ethiopia. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2017;96:1071-1075 pubmed publisher
    ..3%; 101/106) and traditional healers (84.6%; 11/13) were delayed. Therefore, for early seeking in modern health care, a combination of interventions is required to encourage TB patients. ..
  28. Mekonnen S, Koop G, Lam T, Hogeveen H. The intention of North-Western Ethiopian dairy farmers to control mastitis. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0182727 pubmed publisher
    Understanding the intentions of dairy farmers towards mastitis control is important to design effective udder health control programs...
  29. Spielman D, Zaidi F, Zambrano P, Khan A, Ali S, Cheema H, et al. What are farmers really planting? Measuring the presence and effectiveness of Bt cotton in Pakistan. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0176592 pubmed publisher
    ..Our analysis indicates that 11 percent of farmers believed they were cultivating Bt cotton when, in fact, the Cry toxin was not present in the tested tissue at 70 ..
  30. Boireau C, Dufour B, Praud A. The importance of communication in promoting voluntary participation in an experimental trial: A qualitative study based on the assessment of the gamma-interferon test for the diagnosis of bovine tuberculosis in France. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0185799 pubmed publisher
    ..To determine and understand the motivation or reluctance of farmers to take part in this trial, we carried out a sociological survey in France...
  31. Oparinde A, Abdoulaye T, Mignouna D, Bamire A. Will farmers intend to cultivate Provitamin A genetically modified (GM) cassava in Nigeria? Evidence from a k-means segmentation analysis of beliefs and attitudes. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0179427 pubmed publisher
    ..Using a state-level sample of smallholder cassava farmers in Nigeria, this paper identifies three distinct classes of attitude and intention denoted as low opposition, ..
  32. Klain S, Olmsted P, Chan K, Satterfield T. Relational values resonate broadly and differently than intrinsic or instrumental values, or the New Ecological Paradigm. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0183962 pubmed publisher is drawn from an online panel of residents of northeastern US (n = 400), as well as a sample of Costa Rican farmers (n = 253) and tourists in Costa Rica (n = 260)...
  33. Searles Nielsen S, Hu S, Checkoway H, Negrete M, Palmández P, Bordianu T, et al. Parkinsonism Signs and Symptoms in Agricultural Pesticide Handlers in Washington State. J Agromedicine. 2017;22:215-221 pubmed publisher
    ..Future studies should be larger and examine older, retired workers with greater cumulative exposure to agricultural pesticides at work and home, including other types of agricultural pesticides. ..
  34. Ghafari M, Cheraghi Z, Doosti Irani A. Occupational risk factors among Iranian farmworkers: a review of the available evidence. Epidemiol Health. 2017;39:e2017027 pubmed publisher
    ..No comprehensive picture exists of the health status of Iranian farmers and the work-related hazards that affect them...
  35. Rajaee M, Yee A, Long R, Renne E, Robins T, Basu N. Pulmonary function and respiratory health of rural farmers and artisanal and small scale gold miners in Ghana. Environ Res. 2017;158:522-530 pubmed publisher
    ..Additional research is needed with larger sample sizes and with more detailed questionnaires to further assess the impact of multiple stressors on respiratory health in ASGM communities. ..
  36. Quendler E, Trieb K, Nimmerichter A. Validation of automated detection of physical and mental stress during work in a Hühnermobil 225. Ann Agric Environ Med. 2017;24:329-331 pubmed publisher;/b> The effects of the use of mobile henhouses and their equipment on the physical and mental stress of farmers in the organic egg production, and the reliability of the sensor-based detection of these in work processes are ..
  37. Raes L, Speelman S, Aguirre N. Farmers' Preferences for PES Contracts to Adopt Silvopastoral Systems in Southern Ecuador, Revealed Through a Choice Experiment. Environ Manage. 2017;60:200-215 pubmed publisher
    This study investigates farmers' preferences to participate in payment contracts to adopt silvopastoral systems in Ecuador...
  38. Bart R, Taylor N. New opportunities and challenges to engineer disease resistance in cassava, a staple food of African small-holder farmers. PLoS Pathog. 2017;13:e1006287 pubmed publisher
  39. Iavicoli I, Leso V, Beezhold D, Shvedova A. Nanotechnology in agriculture: Opportunities, toxicological implications, and occupational risks. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol. 2017;329:96-111 pubmed publisher
  40. Shrestha S, Kamel F, Umbach D, Beane Freeman L, Koutros S, Alavanja M, et al. Nonmotor symptoms and Parkinson disease in United States farmers and spouses. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0185510 pubmed publisher
    ..20,473 male farmers and 16,259 female spouses provided information on six NMS (reduced sense of smell, dream-enacting behavior, ..
  41. Reis M, Oliveira A, Turci S, Dantas R, Silva V, Gross C, et al. Knowledge, attitudes, and practices of women farmers concerning tobacco agriculture in a municipality in Southern Brazil. Cad Saude Publica. 2017;33Suppl 3:e00080516 pubmed publisher
    The study aimed to explore the knowledge, attitudes, and practices of women farmers working in tobacco production concerning the social, environmental, and health impacts of this economic activity...
  42. Qi L, Su K, Shen T, Tang W, Xiao B, Long J, et al. Epidemiological characteristics and post-exposure prophylaxis of human rabies in Chongqing, China, 2007-2016. BMC Infect Dis. 2018;18:6 pubmed publisher
    ..Rabies was mostly reported in summer and autumn; a majority of cases were noted in farmers (71.8%), especially in males (65.3%). The cases aged 35-74 and 5-14 years old accounted for 83...
  43. Zamasiya B, Nyikahadzoi K, Mukamuri B. Factors influencing smallholder farmers' behavioural intention towards adaptation to climate change in transitional climatic zones: A case study of Hwedza District in Zimbabwe. J Environ Manage. 2017;198:233-239 pubmed publisher
    This paper examines factors influencing behavioural change among smallholder farmers towards adaptation to climate change in transitional climatic zones of Africa, specifically, Hwedza District in Zimbabwe...
  44. Njuguna J, Gicheru M, Kamau L, Mbatha P. Incidence and knowledge of bovine brucellosis in Kahuro district, Murang'a County, Kenya. Trop Anim Health Prod. 2017;49:1035-1040 pubmed publisher
    ..The objective of this study was to investigate incidence rates of brucellosis and farmers' knowledge on the disease in Kahuro district, Murang'a County...
  45. Mahon M, Sheehan M, Kelleher P, Johnson A, Doyle S. An assessment of Irish farmers' knowledge of the risk of spread of infection from animals to humans and their transmission prevention practices. Epidemiol Infect. 2017;145:2424-2435 pubmed publisher
    The aim of this study was to ascertain farmers' knowledge of the risk of spread of infection from animals to humans, and their transmission prevention practices...
  46. Piel C, Pouchieu C, Tual S, Migault L, Lemarchand C, Carles C, et al. Central nervous system tumors and agricultural exposures in the prospective cohort AGRICAN. Int J Cancer. 2017;141:1771-1782 pubmed publisher
    Studies in farmers suggest a possible role of pesticides in the occurrence of Central Nervous System (CNS) tumors but scientific evidence is still insufficient...
  47. Rendón von Osten J, Dzul Caamal R. Glyphosate Residues in Groundwater, Drinking Water and Urine of Subsistence Farmers from Intensive Agriculture Localities: A Survey in Hopelchén, Campeche, Mexico. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2017;14: pubmed publisher, glyphosate residues were determined in groundwater, bottled drinking water, and the urine of subsistence farmers from various localities of the Hopelchén municipality in Campeche...
  48. Thetkathuek A, Jaidee W, Jaidee P. Access to Health Care by Migrant Farm Workers on Fruit Plantations in Eastern Thailand. J Agromedicine. 2017;22:189-199 pubmed publisher
    ..The main recommendation resulting from this study is that factors leading to higher degrees of satisfaction with health care services by migrant farm workers for preventative care could be improved. ..
  49. Duguma B, Dermauw V, Janssens G. The assessment and the farmers' perceived ranking of feed resources and coping strategies with feed scarcity in smallholder dairy farming in selected district towns of Jimma Zone, Ethiopia. Trop Anim Health Prod. 2017;49:923-935 pubmed publisher
    ..The aim of this study was to assess dairy cattle feed resources, feeding practices, the farmers' perceived ranking of feed resources, causes of feed shortage, and coping strategies to feed scarcity in ..
  50. Munyua P, Corman V, Bitek A, Osoro E, Meyer B, Muller M, et al. No Serologic Evidence of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus Infection Among Camel Farmers Exposed to Highly Seropositive Camel Herds: A Household Linked Study, Kenya, 2013. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2017;96:1318-1324 pubmed publisher
    ..The high seropositivity suggests that MERS-CoV or other closely related virus continues to circulate in camels and highlights ongoing potential for animal-to-human transmission. ..
  51. Haider N, Khan M, Hossain M, Sazzad H, Rahman M, Ahmed F, et al. Serological evidence of hepatitis E virus infection in pigs and jaundice among pig handlers in Bangladesh. Zoonoses Public Health. 2017;64:572-577 pubmed publisher
    ..Identifying and genotyping HEV in pigs and pig handlers may provide further evidence of the pig's role in zoonotic HEV transmission in Bangladesh. ..