Summary: Individuals who have developed skills, physical stamina and strength or participants in SPORTS or other physical activities.

Top Publications

  1. Paffenbarger R, Lee I. A natural history of athleticism, health and longevity. J Sports Sci. 1998;16 Suppl:S31-45 pubmed publisher
    ..contrast, sedentary students who took up an active life were at a lower risk of CVD and death than former student athletes who gave up or reduced their physical activities in middle age...
  2. The Lancet Infectious Diseases -. Zika virus at the games: is it safe?. Lancet Infect Dis. 2016;16:619 pubmed publisher
  3. Dinardi R, de Andrade C, da Cunha Ibiapina C. Effect of the external nasal dilator on adolescent athleteswith and without allergic rhinitis. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2017;97:127-134 pubmed publisher
    ..The goal of this study is to evaluate the effect of the external nasal dilator (END) on healthy adolescent athletes and those with allergic rhinitis...
  4. Brooks M, Snedden T, Mixis B, Hetzel S, McGuine T. Establishing Baseline Normative Values for the Child Sport Concussion Assessment Tool. JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171:670-677 pubmed publisher
    ..Minimal normative baseline data exist to aid decision making in clinical and athletic settings...
  5. Schram B, Hing W, Climstein M, Furness J. A Performance Analysis of a Stand-Up Paddle Board Marathon Race. J Strength Cond Res. 2017;31:1552-1556 pubmed publisher
    ..Ten elite SUP athletes (6 male and 4 female athletes) were recruited from the Stand Up Paddle Surfing Association of Australia to have ..
  6. Hainline B, Derman W, Vernec A, Budgett R, Deie M, Dvorak J, et al. International Olympic Committee consensus statement on pain management in elite athletes. Br J Sports Med. 2017;51:1245-1258 pubmed publisher
    Pain is a common problem among elite athletes and is frequently associated with sport injury. Both pain and injury interfere with the performance of elite athletes...
  7. Bougault V, Drouard F, Legall F, Dupont G, Wallaert B. Allergies and Exercise-Induced Bronchoconstriction in a Youth Academy and Reserve Professional Soccer Team. Clin J Sport Med. 2017;27:450-456 pubmed publisher
    ..of respiratory allergies and exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB) has been reported among endurance athletes. This study was designed to analyze the frequency of sensitization to respiratory allergens and EIB in young ..
  8. Benedini S, Dozio E, Invernizzi P, Vianello E, Banfi G, Terruzzi I, et al. Irisin: A Potential Link between Physical Exercise and Metabolism-An Observational Study in Differently Trained Subjects, from Elite Athletes to Sedentary People. J Diabetes Res. 2017;2017:1039161 pubmed publisher
    ..were assessed in 70 healthy volunteers stratified for sport performance level into four groups: (1) 20 elite athletes of national level, (2) 20 subelite athletes of local level, (3) 20 recreational athletes, and (4) 10 sedentary ..
  9. Yagishita K. [Calcium and bone metabolism across women's life stages. Stress fracture in female athletes.]. Clin Calcium. 2017;27:699-706 pubmed publisher
    Stress fractures are common overuse injuries in athletes, especially in long-distance runner, jumping sports and gymnastics in female athletes...

More Information

Publications102 found, 100 shown here

  1. Zech A, Wellmann K. Perceptions of football players regarding injury risk factors and prevention strategies. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0176829 pubmed publisher
    ..In conclusion, the perception of risk factors and performed preventive strategies are inconsistent with scientific evidence. Future transfer strategies should incorporate the players beliefs and attitudes. ..
  2. Franklin C. The Female Athlete: Key Differences Between Girls and Boys. NASN Sch Nurse. 2017;32:318-321 pubmed publisher
    Studies have shown female athletes to be subject to different risks than male athletes, even for the same sports and particularly after puberty...
  3. Mez J, Daneshvar D, Kiernan P, Abdolmohammadi B, Alvarez V, Huber B, et al. Clinicopathological Evaluation of Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy in Players of American Football. JAMA. 2017;318:360-370 pubmed publisher
    ..In a convenience sample of deceased football players who donated their brains for research, a high proportion had neuropathological evidence of CTE, suggesting that CTE may be related to prior participation in football. ..
  4. Marsland F, Mackintosh C, Holmberg H, Anson J, Waddington G, Lyons K, et al. Full course macro-kinematic analysis of a 10 km classical cross-country skiing competition. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0182262 pubmed publisher
    ..faster skiers were similar, while there was a trend for the mean velocities in all sub-techniques by the faster athletes to be higher...
  5. Callaway E. Sports doping: Racing just to keep up. Nature. 2011;475:283-5 pubmed publisher
  6. Habets B, Smits H, Backx F, van Cingel R, Huisstede B. Hip muscle strength is decreased in middle-aged recreational male athletes with midportion Achilles tendinopathy: A cross-sectional study. Phys Ther Sport. 2017;25:55-61 pubmed publisher
    Investigating differences in hip muscle strength between athletes with Achilles tendinopathy (AT) and asymptomatic controls. Cross-sectional case-control study. Sports medical center...
  7. Naclerio F, Larumbe Zabala E. Relative Load Prediction by Velocity and the OMNI-RES 0-10 Scale in Parallel Squat. J Strength Cond Res. 2017;31:1585-1591 pubmed publisher
    ..determine the full load-velocity and load-rate of perceived exertion relationships, 290 young, resistance-trained athletes (209 males and 81 females) performed a progressive strength test up to the 1 repetition maximum...
  8. Samesima N, Azevedo L, de Matos L, Echenique L, Negrao C, Pastore C. Comparison of Electrocardiographic Criteria for Identifying Left Ventricular Hypertrophy in Athletes from Different Sports Modalities. Clinics (Sao Paulo). 2017;72:343-350 pubmed publisher
    In athletes, isolated electrocardiogram high voltage criteria are widely used to evaluate left ventricular hypertrophy, but positive findings are thought to represent normal electrocardiogram alterations...
  9. Blasco Lafarga C, Camarena B, Mateo March M. Cardiovascular and Autonomic Responses to a Maximal Exercise Test in Elite Youngsters. Int J Sports Med. 2017;38:666-674 pubmed publisher
    ..DFA1 might reflect ANS-CNS linkage related to cardiac respiratory controls through exercise, becoming a complementary criterion for VO2max testing in youths. ..
  10. Muller L, Gonaus C, Perner C, Muller E, Raschner C. Maturity status influences the relative age effect in national top level youth alpine ski racing and soccer. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0181810 pubmed publisher
    ..Additionally, a comparison group of 413 non-athletes was evaluated. The birth months were split into four relative age quarters...
  11. Gordon C. Clinical practice. Functional hypothalamic amenorrhea. N Engl J Med. 2010;363:365-71 pubmed publisher
  12. Morehen J, Bradley W, Clarke J, Twist C, Hambly C, Speakman J, et al. The Assessment of Total Energy Expenditure During a 14-Day In-Season Period of Professional Rugby League Players Using the Doubly Labelled Water Method. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab. 2016;26:464-472 pubmed
    ..6 ± 4.2 cf. 20.5 ± 4.9 MJ, respectively). We report greater TEE than previously reported in rugby that could be explained by the ability of DLW to account for all match and training-related activities that contributes to TEE. ..
  13. Putukian M. Clinical Evaluation of the Concussed Athlete: A View From the Sideline. J Athl Train. 2017;52:236-244 pubmed publisher
    ..and specificity of sideline testing, and the importance of ongoing assessment and follow-up of injured athletes. I conducted a systematic literature review of the assessment of concussion on the sideline...
  14. Laby D, Kirschen D. The Refractive Error of Professional Baseball Players. Optom Vis Sci. 2017;94:564-573 pubmed publisher
    ..273D in the manifest refraction method vs. -0.503D in the SVOne method, P = .06) in the subset of athletes who underwent both tests...
  15. Sierra Guzmán R, Jiménez J, Ramirez C, Esteban P, Abián Vicén J. Effects of Synchronous Whole Body Vibration Training on a Soft, Unstable Surface in Athletes with Chronic Ankle Instability. Int J Sports Med. 2017;38:447-455 pubmed publisher
    ..unstable surface, on peak torque, reaction time and the electrical activity of ankle muscles in recreational athletes with chronic ankle instability (CAI)...
  16. Eklund E, Berglund B, Labrie F, Carlstrom K, Ekström L, Hirschberg A. Serum androgen profile and physical performance in women Olympic athletes. Br J Sports Med. 2017;51:1301-1308 pubmed publisher
    The role of endogenous androgens for body composition and physical performance in women athletes is still not elucidated...
  17. Pereira Caro G, Polyviou T, Ludwig I, Nastase A, Moreno Rojas J, Garcia A, et al. Bioavailability of orange juice (poly)phenols: the impact of short-term cessation of training by male endurance athletes. Am J Clin Nutr. 2017;106:791-800 pubmed publisher
    ..This trial was registered at as NCT02627547. ..
  18. Pageaux B. The psychobiological model of endurance performance: an effort-based decision-making theory to explain self-paced endurance performance. Sports Med. 2014;44:1319-20 pubmed publisher
  19. Arandjelović O. Doping use meta-analysis: science seasoned with moralistic prejudice. Sports Med. 2015;45:443-4 pubmed publisher
  20. Grills A, Morrison S, Nelson B, Miniota J, Watts A, Cetron M. Projected Zika Virus Importation and Subsequent Ongoing Transmission after Travel to the 2016 Olympic and Paralympic Games - Country-Specific Assessment, July 2016. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2016;65:711-5 pubmed publisher
    ..These four countries will be represented by a projected, combined total of 19 athletes (plus a projected delegation of about 60 persons), a tiny fraction of the 350,000-500,000 visitors expected at ..
  21. O Connor K, Baker M, Dalton S, Dompier T, Broglio S, Kerr Z. Epidemiology of Sport-Related Concussions in High School Athletes: National Athletic Treatment, Injury and Outcomes Network (NATION), 2011-2012 Through 2013-2014. J Athl Train. 2017;52:175-185 pubmed publisher
    Sports participation is one of the leading causes of concussions among nearly 8 million US high school student-athletes. To describe the epidemiology of sport-related concussion (SRC) in 27 high school sports during the 2011-2012 through ..
  22. Jacobson B, Monaghan T, Sellers J, Conchola E, Pope Z, Glass R. Acute Effect of Biomechanical Muscle Stimulation on the Counter-Movement Vertical Jump Power and Velocity in Division I Football Players. J Strength Cond Res. 2017;31:1259-1264 pubmed publisher
    ..was to assess peak and average power before and after acute vibration of selected lower-body sites in division I athletes. Twenty-one subjects were randomly assigned to 1 of 2 conditions using a cross-over design...
  23. Weaving D, Jones B, Marshall P, Till K, Abt G. Multiple Measures are Needed to Quantify Training Loads in Professional Rugby League. Int J Sports Med. 2017;38:735-740 pubmed publisher
    ..Consequently, a combination of internal and external training-load measures is required during certain training modes. ..
  24. Bittencourt C, Izar M, França C, Schwerz V, Póvoa R, Fonseca F. Effects of Chronic Exercise on Endothelial Progenitor Cells and Microparticles in Professional Runners. Arq Bras Cardiol. 2017;108:212-216 pubmed publisher
    ..All blood samples were obtained after 12 h of fasting and the athletes were encouraged to perform their routine exercises on the day before...
  25. Haslacher H, Ratzinger F, Perkmann T, Batmyagmar D, Nistler S, Scherzer T, et al. A combination of routine blood analytes predicts fitness decrement in elderly endurance athletes. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0177174 pubmed publisher
    ..To this end, 47 elderly marathon athletes underwent physical examinations including bicycle ergometry and a blood draw at baseline and after a three-year ..
  26. Proietti R, di Fronso S, Pereira L, Bortoli L, Robazza C, Nakamura F, et al. Heart Rate Variability Discriminates Competitive Levels in Professional Soccer Players. J Strength Cond Res. 2017;31:1719-1725 pubmed publisher
    Heart rate variability (HRV) has been increasingly used to monitor team sports athletes. Besides the traditional time domain indices (i.e...
  27. Schuermans J, Van Tiggelen D, Witvrouw E. Prone Hip Extension Muscle Recruitment is Associated with Hamstring Injury Risk in Amateur Soccer. Int J Sports Med. 2017;38:696-706 pubmed publisher
    ..009). Assessment of muscle recruitment during PHE demonstrated to be useful in injury prediction, suggesting that neuromuscular coordination in the posterior chain influences hamstring injury vulnerability. ..
  28. Kelley M, Kane J, Espeland M, Miller L, Powers A, Stitzel J, et al. Head impact exposure measured in a single youth football team during practice drills. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2017;20:489-497 pubmed publisher
    ..METHODS On-field head impact data were collected from athletes participating in a youth football team for a single season...
  29. Caulfield T, McGuire A. Athletes' use of unproven stem cell therapies: adding to inappropriate media hype?. Mol Ther. 2012;20:1656-8 pubmed publisher
  30. Śliwowski R, Grygorowicz M, Hojszyk R, Jadczak Ł. The isokinetic strength profile of elite soccer players according to playing position. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0182177 pubmed publisher
    ..This study showed that specific functional activity of players in individual positions on the field influences the varied profile of isokinetic strength performance. ..
  31. Ema R, Wakahara T, Hirayama K, Kawakami Y. Effect of knee alignment on the quadriceps femoris muscularity: Cross-sectional comparison of trained versus untrained individuals in both sexes. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0183148 pubmed publisher
    ..Our findings suggest that Q-angle is not a major determinant of the quadriceps femoris muscularity in either well-trained or untrained individuals. ..
  32. Gatson J, Diaz Arrastia R. Tau as a biomarker of concussion. JAMA Neurol. 2014;71:677-8 pubmed
  33. Poscolieri B, Bianco M, Vessella T, Gervasi S, Palmieri V, Zeppilli P. Identification of benign form of ventricular non-compaction in competitive athletes by multiparametric evaluation. Int J Cardiol. 2014;176:1134-6 pubmed publisher
  34. Murata Y, Uchida S, Utsunomiya H, Hatakeyama A, Nakamura E, Sakai A. A Comparison of Clinical Outcome Between Athletes and Nonathletes Undergoing Hip Arthroscopy for Femoroacetabular Impingement. Clin J Sport Med. 2017;27:349-356 pubmed publisher
    ..and NAHS, the mean NAHS at 6, 12, and 24 months postoperatively and the mean MHHS at 24 months postoperatively in athletes were significantly higher than that in nonathletes (P < 0.05)...
  35. Murray T. Ethical considerations in anti-doping analysis. Bioanalysis. 2012;4:1537-9 pubmed publisher
  36. Araujo C, Scharhag J. Athlete: a working definition for medical and health sciences research. Scand J Med Sci Sports. 2016;26:4-7 pubmed publisher
  37. Merghani A, Maestrini V, Rosmini S, Cox A, Dhutia H, Bastiaenan R, et al. Prevalence of Subclinical Coronary Artery Disease in Masters Endurance Athletes With a Low Atherosclerotic Risk Profile. Circulation. 2017;136:126-137 pubmed publisher
    Studies in middle-age and older (masters) athletes with atherosclerotic risk factors for coronary artery disease report higher coronary artery calcium (CAC) scores compared with sedentary individuals...
    Aim of the study was to compare the ANS functioning, as measured by heart rate variability (HRV), in athletes with non-functional overreaching (NFO) and overtraining syndrome (OTS) and in athletes without NFO/OTS...
  39. Whitworth Turner C, Di Michele R, Muir I, Gregson W, Drust B. A shower before bedtime may improve the sleep onset latency of youth soccer players. Eur J Sport Sci. 2017;17:1119-1128 pubmed publisher
    ..These findings demonstrate that a warm shower performed before lights out may offer a practical strategy to promote thermoregulatory changes that may advance sleep onset latency and improve sleep efficiency in athletes.
  40. Soligard T, Steffen K, Palmer D, Alonso J, Bahr R, Lopes A, et al. Sports injury and illness incidence in the Rio de Janeiro 2016 Olympic Summer Games: A prospective study of 11274 athletes from 207 countries. Br J Sports Med. 2017;51:1265-1271 pubmed publisher
    ..In total, 11 274 athletes (5089 women, 45%; 6185 men, 55%) from 207 NOCs participated in the study...
  41. Dores H, Mendes L, Ferreira A, Santos J. Symptomatic Exercise-induced Intraventricular Gradient in Competitive Athlete. Arq Bras Cardiol. 2017;109:87-89 pubmed publisher
  42. Negrao C, Janot de Matos L, Braga V, Coote J, Souza H. Commentaries on Viewpoint: Is the resting bradycardia in athletes the result of remodeling of the sinoatrial node rather than high vagal tone?. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2013;114:1356-7 pubmed publisher
  43. Parise G. Satellite cells: promoting adaptation over a lifetime. Acta Physiol (Oxf). 2014;210:462-4 pubmed publisher
  44. Masmoudi J, Trigui D, Feki I, Baati I, Jaoua A. [Athletic performance, self-esteem and temperamental profile : Which relationship?]. Tunis Med. 2015;93:175-80 pubmed
    ..In this intervention, the individual temperamental profile should be taken into account. ..
  45. Butovskaya P, Lazebnij O, Fekhretdionva D, Vasil ev V, Prosikova E, Lysenko V, et al. [ASSOCIATION BETWEEN FOUR SEROTONIC GENES POLYMORPHISM (5HTTL, 5HT1A, 5HT2A, AND MAOA) AND PERSONALITY TRAITS IN WRESTLERS AND CONTROL GROUP]. Mol Gen Mikrobiol Virusol. 2015;33:9-15 pubmed
  46. Greene J, Louis J, Korostynska O, Mason A. State-of-the-Art Methods for Skeletal Muscle Glycogen Analysis in Athletes-The Need for Novel Non-Invasive Techniques. Biosensors (Basel). 2017;7: pubmed publisher
    ..This will have applications both in the lab and in the field by improving the accuracy of research protocols and following the physiological adaptations to exercise. ..
  47. Broglio S, Guskiewicz K, Norwig J. If You're Not Measuring, You're Guessing: The Advent of Objective Concussion Assessments. J Athl Train. 2017;52:160-166 pubmed publisher
    ..Despite this progression, much about the injury remains unknown, including new clinical and research-based assessment techniques and how the injury may influence the athlete's cognitive health over the long term. ..
  48. Mery C. Decision making in anomalous aortic origin of a coronary artery. Congenit Heart Dis. 2017;12:630-632 pubmed publisher
    ..aortic origin of a coronary artery (AAOCA) is the second most common cause of sudden cardiac death (SCD) in young athletes in United States. The exact pathophysiological mechanisms of SCD are unknown...
  49. Vopat B, Klinge S, McClure P, Fadale P. The effects of fitness on the aging process. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2014;22:576-85 pubmed publisher
    ..Elite older athletes, who demonstrate enhanced performance compared with historic cohorts and even some younger peers, are models of ..
  50. D Souza A, Sharma S, Boyett M. CrossTalk opposing view: bradycardia in the trained athlete is attributable to a downregulation of a pacemaker channel in the sinus node. J Physiol. 2015;593:1749-51 pubmed publisher
  51. McAllister T, McCrea M. Long-Term Cognitive and Neuropsychiatric Consequences of Repetitive Concussion and Head-Impact Exposure. J Athl Train. 2017;52:309-317 pubmed publisher
    Initially, interest in sport-related concussion arose from the premise that the study of athletes engaged in sports associated with high rates of concussion could provide insight into the mechanisms, phenomenology, and recovery from mild ..
  52. Ferraro D, Fábrica G. Differences in the utilisation of active power in squat and countermovement jumps. Eur J Sport Sci. 2017;17:673-680 pubmed publisher
    ..In this way it is possible to achieve a better performance in CMJ with less active power. ..
  53. Golem D, Davitt P, Arent S. The effects of over-the-counter jaw-repositioning mouthguards on aerobic performance. J Sports Med Phys Fitness. 2017;57:865-871 pubmed publisher
    ..of over-the-counter (OTC) jaw-repositioning mouthguards on respiratory function and aerobic performance in male athletes. College-aged, male athletes (N.=20) participated in this randomized, crossover, controlled study...
  54. Liu L, Li H, Cui Y, Li R, Meng F, Ye Z, et al. Calcium Channel Opening Rather than the Release of ATP Causes the Apoptosis of Osteoblasts Induced by Overloaded Mechanical Stimulation. Cell Physiol Biochem. 2017;42:441-454 pubmed publisher
    Stress fracture is one of the most common overuse injuries in athletes. Overloaded mechanical stimulation is an important factor affecting stress fractures, but the mechanism is unclear...
  55. Fowler P, Paul D, Tomazoli G, Farooq A, Akenhead R, Taylor L. Evidence of sub-optimal sleep in adolescent Middle Eastern academy soccer players which is exacerbated by sleep intermission proximal to dawn. Eur J Sport Sci. 2017;17:1110-1118 pubmed publisher
    ..High inter- and intra-individual variance in the players sleep characteristics indicates the need for individualized sleep education strategies and interventions to promote appropriate sleep. ..
  56. Czuba M, Wilk R, Karpiński J, Chalimoniuk M, Zajac A, Langfort J. Intermittent hypoxic training improves anaerobic performance in competitive swimmers when implemented into a direct competition mesocycle. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0180380 pubmed publisher
    ..However, this training protocol had no effect on absolute values of VO2max and hematological variables. ..
  57. Fumarco L, Gibbs B, Jarvis J, Rossi G. The relative age effect reversal among the National Hockey League elite. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0182827 pubmed publisher
    ..Surprisingly, compared to players at the lower end of the performance distribution, the RAE reversal is about three to four times greater among elite players. ..
  58. Bonini M, Bachert C, Baena Cagnani C, Bedbrook A, Brozek J, Canonica G, et al. What we should learn from the London Olympics. Curr Opin Allergy Clin Immunol. 2013;13:1-3 pubmed publisher
  59. Boyett M, D Souza A, Zhang H, Morris G, Dobrzynski H, Monfredi O. Viewpoint: is the resting bradycardia in athletes the result of remodeling of the sinoatrial node rather than high vagal tone?. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2013;114:1351-5 pubmed publisher
  60. Witchalls J, Waddington G, Adams R, Blanch P. Evaluation of the relative contribution of peripheral and focal vision to proprioceptive differentiation of underfoot inversion angles in young elite athletes. Percept Mot Skills. 2013;117:923-34 pubmed
    ..40 athletes from national development squads (23 male, 17 female, M age = 16 yr...
  61. Liu H, Yuan W, Qin K, Hou J. Acute effect of cycling intervention on carotid arterial hemodynamics: basketball athletes versus sedentary controls. Biomed Eng Online. 2015;14 Suppl 1:S17 pubmed publisher
    To compare the acute effects of a cycling intervention on carotid arterial hemodynamics between basketball athletes and sedentary controls...
  62. Merchant Borna K, Jones C, Janigro M, Wasserman E, Clark R, Bazarian J. Evaluation of Nintendo Wii Balance Board as a Tool for Measuring Postural Stability After Sport-Related Concussion. J Athl Train. 2017;52:245-255 pubmed publisher
    ..We collected preseason baseline data from 403 National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I and III student-athletes participating in contact sports and studied 19 participants (age = 19.2 ± 1.2 years, height = 177.7 ± 8...
  63. Leddy J, Baker J, Haider M, Hinds A, Willer B. A Physiological Approach to Prolonged Recovery From Sport-Related Concussion. J Athl Train. 2017;52:299-308 pubmed publisher
    ..this paper, we focus on the physiological signs of concussion to help narrow the differential diagnosis of PCS in athletes. The physiological effects of exercise on concussion are especially important for athletes...
  64. Pachman S, Lamba A. Legal Aspects of Concussion: The Ever-Evolving Standard of Care. J Athl Train. 2017;52:186-194 pubmed publisher
    ..In this article, we examine the standard of care with regard to concussion management and treatment in the context of some of the most notable lawsuits in recent years. ..
  65. Larkin P, O Connor D. Talent identification and recruitment in youth soccer: Recruiter's perceptions of the key attributes for player recruitment. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0175716 pubmed publisher
  66. Chen C, Liao Y, Chou C, Sung Y, Tsai S. Initial systemic inflammatory state perturbs exercise training adaptations in elite Taekwondo athletes. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0176140 pubmed publisher
    ..effects on aerobic capacity, body composition, hormone responses and hematological parameters in elite TKD athletes with varied initial inflammatory states...
  67. Drew M, Raysmith B, Charlton P. Injuries impair the chance of successful performance by sportspeople: a systematic review. Br J Sports Med. 2017;51:1209-1214 pubmed publisher
    ..There was strong evidence that (1) increased availability of team members/athletes decreased the risk of failure and (2) precompetition and in-competition injuries were associated with increased ..
  68. Aengevaeren V, Mosterd A, Braber T, Prakken N, Doevendans P, Grobbee D, et al. Relationship Between Lifelong Exercise Volume and Coronary Atherosclerosis in Athletes. Circulation. 2017;136:138-148 pubmed publisher
    ..8 (interquartile range, 9.3-145.8). Athletes with a lifelong exercise volume >2000 MET-min/wk (n=75) had a significantly higher CAC score (9...
  69. Lawrence D. Sociodemographic profile of an Olympic team. Public Health. 2017;148:149-158 pubmed publisher
    To document the distribution of sociodemographic markers (race and relative access to wealth) in athletes participating at the summer and Winter Olympic Games (OGs). Cross-sectional descriptive epidemiological study...
  70. Cotter J, Jamison S, Schloemer S, Chaudhari A. Do Neuromuscular Dentistry-Designed Mouthguards Enhance Dynamic Movement Ability in Competitive Athletes?. J Strength Cond Res. 2017;31:1627-1635 pubmed publisher
    ..Forty-two competitive athletes (8 women, 21.9 ± 2.9 years, 66.8 ± 18.8 kg, 1.68 ± 0.11 m; 34 men, 22.8 ± 4.8 years, 77.4 ± 12.7 kg, 1...
  71. Singh A, Foster M, Chapman P, Hattab Y, Alhassan S, Bajwa O. Special Circumstances and Populations. Crit Care Nurs Q. 2017;40:276-287 pubmed publisher
    ..It is not disease-specific or a population-specific disorder, but it is more prevalent in certain specialty populations. This article will cover those specialty populations including cancer, pregnancy, and athletes.
  72. Hagan J, Pollmann D, Schack T. Exploring temporal patterning of psychological skills usage during the week leading up to competition: Lessons for developing intervention programmes. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0181814 pubmed publisher
    ..Specifically, elite (international) athletes reported more usage than sub-elite (national) counterparts for self-talk, imagery and relaxation respectively...
  73. Peskind E, Brody D, Cernak I, McKee A, Ruff R. Military- and sports-related mild traumatic brain injury: clinical presentation, management, and long-term consequences. J Clin Psychiatry. 2013;74:180-8; quiz 188 pubmed publisher
  74. Shahim P, Tegner Y, Wilson D, Randall J, Skillbäck T, Pazooki D, et al. Blood biomarkers for brain injury in concussed professional ice hockey players. JAMA Neurol. 2014;71:684-92 pubmed
    ..This can be monitored using blood biomarkers, which may be developed into clinical tools to guide sport physicians in the medical counseling of athletes in return-to-play decisions.
  75. Sinsurin K, Srisangboriboon S, Vachalathiti R. Side-to-side differences in lower extremity biomechanics during multi-directional jump landing in volleyball athletes. Eur J Sport Sci. 2017;17:699-709 pubmed publisher
    ..Nineteen female volleyball athletes participated...
  76. Sudano L, Miles C. Mental Health Services in NCAA Division I Athletics: A Survey of Head ATCs. Sports Health. 2017;9:262-267 pubmed publisher
    ..awareness of the importance of mental health care in National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) student-athletes; however, there is a lack of literature on mental health resources in collegiate settings...
  77. Piras A, Gatta G. Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Compression Garments on Autonomic Nervous System Recovery After Exercise. J Strength Cond Res. 2017;31:1636-1643 pubmed publisher
    ..Ten young male athletes were recruited and tested in 2 different days, with and without wearing the garment during the recovery phase...
  78. Mascia G, Arbelo E, Hernandez Ojeda J, Solimene F, Brugada R, Brugada J. Brugada Syndrome and Exercise Practice: Current Knowledge, Shortcomings and Open Questions. Int J Sports Med. 2017;38:573-581 pubmed publisher
    ..Moreover, the enhanced vagal tone in athletes could be both a BrS risk factor and an exercise effect...
  79. D Ercole S, Tieri M, Fulco D, Martinelli D, Tripodi D. The use of chlorhexidine in mouthguards. J Biol Regul Homeost Agents. 2017;31:487-493 pubmed
    ..Seventy-two athletes were analyzed at different time points: before training session (T0), post-training (TA), post-training with ..
  80. Tenforde A, Barrack M, Nattiv A, Fredericson M. Parallels with the Female Athlete Triad in Male Athletes. Sports Med. 2016;46:171-82 pubmed
    Participation in sports offers many health benefits to athletes of both sexes. However, subsets of both female and male athletes are at increased risk of impaired bone health and bone stress injuries...
  81. Ong G, Connelly K, Goodman J, Leong Poi H, Evangelista V, Levitt K, et al. Echocardiographic Assessment of Young Male Draft-Eligible Elite Hockey Players Invited to the Medical and Fitness Combine by the National Hockey League. Am J Cardiol. 2017;119:2088-2092 pubmed publisher
    ..elite ice hockey players and to determine the frequency of occult cardiac anomalies in this cohort of athletes. In this prospective cohort study, we performed a comprehensive cardiac assessment of the 100 top draft picks ..
  82. Bridgeman L, McGuigan M, Gill N, Dulson D. The Effects of Accentuated Eccentric Loading on the Drop Jump Exercise and the Subsequent Postactivation Potentiation Response. J Strength Cond Res. 2017;31:1620-1626 pubmed publisher
    ..The subjects were 12 strength-trained athletes; initially, baseline CMJ performance was assessed and individual optimal DJ drop height identified...
  83. Struzik A, Pietraszewski B, Kawczynski A, Winiarski S, Juras G, Rokita A. Manifestations of Proprioception During Vertical Jumps to Specific Heights. J Strength Cond Res. 2017;31:1694-1701 pubmed publisher
    ..Therefore, this study recorded the ability of young athletes who play team sports to jump to a specific height compared with their maximum ability...
  84. Terasawa N, Okamoto K, Nakada K, Masuda K. Effect of Conjugated Linoleic Acid Intake on Endurance Exercise Performance and Anti-fatigue in Student Athletes. J Oleo Sci. 2017;66:723-733 pubmed publisher
    ..These reports have studied mostly overweight subjects; few were athletes. Therefore, in this study, the effect of CLA intake on endurance performance and anti-fatigue in student athletes ..
  85. Mącznik A, Schneiders A, Athens J, Sullivan S. Does Acupressure Hit the Mark? A Three-Arm Randomized Placebo-Controlled Trial of Acupressure for Pain and Anxiety Relief in Athletes With Acute Musculoskeletal Sports Injuries. Clin J Sport Med. 2017;27:338-343 pubmed publisher was conducted to examine the effectiveness of acupressure in decreasing pain and anxiety in acutely injured athletes. A prospective 3-arm randomized placebo-controlled trial. A sports injury clinic, Dunedin, New Zealand...
  86. Yalizis M, Ek E, Anderson H, Couzens G, Hoy G. Early unprotected return to contact sport after metacarpal fixation in professional athletes. Bone Joint J. 2017;99-B:1343-1347 pubmed publisher
    ..To determine whether an early return to sport in professional Australian Rules Football players after fixation of a non-thumb metacarpal fracture was safe and effective...
  87. Baggish A, Wood M. Athlete's heart and cardiovascular care of the athlete: scientific and clinical update. Circulation. 2011;123:2723-35 pubmed publisher
  88. Massad E, Coutinho F, Wilder Smith A. Is Zika a substantial risk for visitors to the Rio de Janeiro Olympic Games?. Lancet. 2016;388:25 pubmed publisher
  89. Gothwal V, Sumalini R, Narasaiah A, Panda S. Vision Profile and Ocular Characteristics of Special Olympics Athletes: Report from India. Ophthalmic Epidemiol. 2017;24:274-280 pubmed publisher
    Previous reports, albeit isolated, of vision and ocular screening of athletes with intellectual disability participating in the Special Olympics, UK, indicated high rates of refractive error and ocular morbidity; however, there have been ..
  90. Fett D, Trompeter K, Platen P. Back pain in elite sports: A cross-sectional study on 1114 athletes. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0180130 pubmed publisher
    To establish the prevalence of back pain in German elite athletes; examine the influence of age, sex, sports discipline and training volume; and compare elite athletes with a physically active control group...
  91. Guimard A, Zorgati H, Brulaire S, Amiot V, Prieur F, Collomp K. Physiological Dynamic Apnea Responses in Relation to Apnea Capacity in Triathletes. Int J Sports Med. 2017;38:521-526 pubmed publisher
    ..NB conditions. In conclusion, a good apnea capacity seems to be associated with lower cardiovascular and metabolic apnea alterations in middle-aged recreationally-trained triathletes. ..
  92. Brazo Sayavera J, Olivares P, Andronikos G, Martindale R. Spanish version of the Talent Development Environment Questionnaire for sport: Cultural adaptation and initial validation. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0177721 pubmed publisher
    ..Once this had been completed, three hundred and thirty-two young athletes completed the Talent Development Environment Questionnaire...