tick infestations

Summary

Summary: Infestations with soft-bodied (Argasidae) or hard-bodied (Ixodidae) ticks.

Top Publications

  1. Lorusso V, Dantas Torres F, Lia R, Tarallo V, Mencke N, Capelli G, et al. Seasonal dynamics of the brown dog tick, Rhipicephalus sanguineus, on a confined dog population in Italy. Med Vet Entomol. 2010;24:309-15 pubmed publisher
    ..This information should be taken into account when planning control programmes against this tick species and the pathogens it transmits. ..
  2. Gale P, Stephenson B, Brouwer A, Martinez M, de la Torre A, Bosch J, et al. Impact of climate change on risk of incursion of Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever virus in livestock in Europe through migratory birds. J Appl Microbiol. 2012;112:246-57 pubmed publisher
  3. Bolzoni L, Rosa R, Cagnacci F, Rizzoli A. Effect of deer density on tick infestation of rodents and the hazard of tick-borne encephalitis. II: population and infection models. Int J Parasitol. 2012;42:373-81 pubmed publisher
    ..As a consequence, using simply the number of ticks per rodent as a predictor of TBE transmission potential could be misleading if competent hosts share habitats with incompetent hosts...
  4. Marchiondo A, Holdsworth P, Fourie L, Rugg D, Hellmann K, Snyder D, et al. World Association for the Advancement of Veterinary Parasitology (W.A.A.V.P.) second edition: guidelines for evaluating the efficacy of parasiticides for the treatment, prevention and control of flea and tick infestations on dogs and cats. Vet Parasitol. 2013;194:84-97 pubmed
    ..ectoparasiticides applied to dogs or cats for the purpose of treating, preventing and controlling flea and tick infestations. Major revisions to this second edition include guidelines on the assessment of systemic flea and tick ..
  5. Almazan C, Moreno Cantú O, Moreno Cid J, Galindo R, Canales M, Villar M, et al. Control of tick infestations in cattle vaccinated with bacterial membranes containing surface-exposed tick protective antigens. Vaccine. 2012;30:265-72 pubmed publisher
    Vaccines containing the Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus BM86 and BM95 antigens protect cattle against tick infestations. Tick subolesin (SUB), elongation factor 1a (EF1a) and ubiquitin (UBQ) are new candidate protective antigens for ..
  6. Jaenson T, Hjertqvist M, Bergstrom T, Lundkvist A. Why is tick-borne encephalitis increasing? A review of the key factors causing the increasing incidence of human TBE in Sweden. Parasit Vectors. 2012;5:184 pubmed publisher
    ..Precipitation during June and July was rich and will lead to a "good mushroom season". These factors together are likely to result in a TBE incidence of 2012 similar to or higher than that of 2011...
  7. Jongejan F, Fourie J, Chester S, Manavella C, Mallouk Y, Pollmeier M, et al. The prevention of transmission of Babesia canis canis by Dermacentor reticulatus ticks to dogs using a novel combination of fipronil, amitraz and (S)-methoprene. Vet Parasitol. 2011;179:343-50 pubmed publisher
    ..Therefore, the treatment of dogs with CERTIFECT applied up to 28 days prior to infestation with D. reticulatus harbouring B. canis canis, successfully prevented the development of clinical signs of canine babesiosis...
  8. Sobrino R, Millan J, Oleaga A, Gortazar C, De La Fuente J, Ruiz Fons F. Ecological preferences of exophilic and endophilic ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) parasitizing wild carnivores in the Iberian Peninsula. Vet Parasitol. 2012;184:248-57 pubmed publisher
    ..Information provided herein can be of help to understand tick ecology in Spanish wildlife, the epidemiology of tick-borne diseases, and to prevent the risks of TBPs for wildlife, domestic animals, and humans...
  9. Horak I, Fourie J, Stanneck D. Efficacy of slow-release collar formulations of imidacloprid/flumethrin and deltamethrin and of spot-on formulations of fipronil/(s)-- methoprene, dinotefuran/pyriproxyfen/permethrin and (s) -methoprene/amitraz/fipronil against Rhipicephalus sanguine. Parasit Vectors. 2012;5:79 pubmed publisher

More Information

Publications79

  1. Carreón D, de la Lastra J, Almazan C, Canales M, Ruiz Fons F, Boadella M, et al. Vaccination with BM86, subolesin and akirin protective antigens for the control of tick infestations in white tailed deer and red deer. Vaccine. 2012;30:273-9 pubmed publisher
    ..These factors stress the importance of controlling tick infestations in deer and several methods such as culling and acaricide treatment have been used...
  2. Hornok S, Horvath G, Jongejan F, Farkas R. Ixodid ticks on ruminants, with on-host initiated moulting (apolysis) of Ixodes, Haemaphysalis and Dermacentor larvae. Vet Parasitol. 2012;187:350-3 pubmed publisher
    ..This is the first survey involving four species of domestic and wild ruminants in Europe to compare the host-preference of ixodid ticks in the same region...
  3. Diuk Wasser M, Hoen A, Cislo P, Brinkerhoff R, Hamer S, Rowland M, et al. Human risk of infection with Borrelia burgdorferi, the Lyme disease agent, in eastern United States. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2012;86:320-7 pubmed publisher
    ..scapularis populations. Given frequent under- and over-diagnoses of Lyme disease, this map could act as a tool to guide surveillance, control, and prevention efforts and act as a baseline for studies tracking the spread of infection...
  4. Heylen D, Matthysen E. Differential virulence in two congeneric ticks infesting songbird nestlings. Parasitology. 2011;138:1011-21 pubmed publisher
  5. Kiffner C, Vor T, Hagedorn P, Niedrig M, Rühe F. Determinants of tick-borne encephalitis virus antibody presence in roe deer (Capreolus capreolus) sera. Med Vet Entomol. 2012;26:18-25 pubmed publisher
    ..Importantly, using roe deer as sentinels would eliminate the inherent bias of risk maps based on human incidence (varying levels of immunization and exposure of humans)...
  6. Duscher G, Feiler A, Leschnik M, Joachim A. Seasonal and spatial distribution of ixodid tick species feeding on naturally infested dogs from Eastern Austria and the influence of acaricides/repellents on these parameters. Parasit Vectors. 2013;6:76 pubmed publisher
    ..The particular time of the year when the different tick species start to quest and the favoured sites on the canine host are of major interest. The efficacy of acaricides/repellents to control ticks in the field requires observation...
  7. Fernández Salas A, Rodriguez Vivas R, Alonso Díaz M. First report of a Rhipicephalus microplus tick population multi-resistant to acaricides and ivermectin in the Mexican tropics. Vet Parasitol. 2012;183:338-42 pubmed publisher
    ..The uncontrolled use of these products in the study area may promote the complete failure of tick control within a short period of time...
  8. Claerebout E, Losson B, Cochez C, Casaert S, Dalemans A, De Cat A, et al. Ticks and associated pathogens collected from dogs and cats in Belgium. Parasit Vectors. 2013;6:183 pubmed publisher
    ..are vectors of pathogens causing babesiosis, borreliosis, anaplasmosis, rickettsiosis and TBEV...
  9. Burri C, Bastic V, Maeder G, Patalas E, Gern L. Microclimate and the zoonotic cycle of tick-borne encephalitis virus in Switzerland. J Med Entomol. 2011;48:615-27 pubmed
    ..The proportion of hosts with cofeeding ticks seemed to be one of the factors that distinguished a TBEV focus from a non-TBEV focus. The enzootic cycle of TBEV might be disrupted when dry and hot springs occur during consecutive years...
  10. Tielemans E, Manavella C, Pollmeier M, Chester T, Murphy M, Gale B. Comparative acaricidal efficacy of the topically applied combinations fipronil/(S)-methoprene, permethrin/imidacloprid and metaflumizone/ amitraz against Dermacentor reticulatus, the European dog tick (ornate dog tick, Fabricius, 1794) in dogs. Parasite. 2010;17:343-8 pubmed
    ..From the third week onwards, fipronil/(S)-methoprene treated dogs had significantly fewer ticks than imidacloprid/permethrin or metaflumizone/amitraz treated dogs (p < 0.05)...
  11. Cagnacci F, Bolzoni L, Rosa R, Carpi G, Hauffe H, Valent M, et al. Effects of deer density on tick infestation of rodents and the hazard of tick-borne encephalitis. I: empirical assessment. Int J Parasitol. 2012;42:365-72 pubmed publisher
  12. Meyer Kayser E, Hoffmann L, Silaghi C, Pfister K, Mahling M, Passos L. Dynamics of tick infestations in foxes in Thuringia, Germany. Ticks Tick Borne Dis. 2012;3:232-9 pubmed publisher
    This study aimed to provide up-to-date information on the dynamics of tick infestations on foxes in Thuringia, as the most recent information available was published in 1997...
  13. Heylen D, Tijsse E, Fonville M, Matthysen E, Sprong H. Transmission dynamics of Borrelia burgdorferi s.l. in a bird tick community. Environ Microbiol. 2013;15:663-73 pubmed publisher
    ..ricinus, but not between I.?arboricola and I.?frontalis. This suggests that the Borrelia spp. transmission cycles can be maintained by bird-specific ticks, and bridged by I.?ricinus to other hosts outside bird-tick cycles...
  14. Leschnik M, Feiler A, Duscher G, Joachim A. Effect of owner-controlled acaricidal treatment on tick infestation and immune response to tick-borne pathogens in naturally infested dogs from Eastern Austria. Parasit Vectors. 2013;6:62 pubmed publisher
    ..Information about the current infection status and changes of the infection status regarding tick-borne diseases (TBD) in dogs treated by the owner's controlled acaricide application is lacking...
  15. Ogrzewalska M, Uezu A, Jenkins C, Labruna M. Effect of forest fragmentation on tick infestations of birds and tick infection rates by rickettsia in the Atlantic forest of Brazil. Ecohealth. 2011;8:320-31 pubmed publisher
    ..nodosum in smaller forest fragments.The higher burden of ticks on birds in smaller forest fragments is an important secondary effect of habitat fragmentation, possibly increasing the likelihood of Rickettsia contagion...
  16. Richter D, Matuschka F. "Candidatus Neoehrlichia mikurensis," Anaplasma phagocytophilum, and lyme disease spirochetes in questing european vector ticks and in feeding ticks removed from people. J Clin Microbiol. 2012;50:943-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Neoehrlichia mikurensis" appears to be the second most common pathogen in I. ricinus ticks. In our survey, only Borrelia afzelii appears to infect Central European vector ticks more frequently...
  17. Heinze D, Wikel S, Thangamani S, Alarcon Chaidez F. Transcriptional profiling of the murine cutaneous response during initial and subsequent infestations with Ixodes scapularis nymphs. Parasit Vectors. 2012;5:26 pubmed publisher
    ..The process of blood feeding is an extended and continuous interplay between tick and host responses. While this process has been studied extensively in vitro, no global understanding of the host response to ticks has emerged...
  18. Hunter J, Baggott D, Everett W, Fourie J, Cramer L, Yoon S, et al. Efficacy of a novel topical combination of fipronil, amitraz and (S)-methoprene for treatment and control of induced infestations of brown dog ticks (Rhipicephalus sanguineus) on dogs. Vet Parasitol. 2011;179:318-23 pubmed publisher
    ..sanguineus with efficacy as high as 93% within the first 12h after a single topical treatment. Excellent control (>96%) of R. sanguineus as early as 18 h, following post treatment infestations was maintained for at least 35 days...
  19. Galai Y, Canales M, Ben Said M, Gharbi M, Mhadhbi M, Jedidi M, et al. Efficacy of Hyalomma scupense (Hd86) antigen against Hyalomma excavatum and H. scupense tick infestations in cattle. Vaccine. 2012;30:7084-9 pubmed publisher
    ..scupense or H. excavatum adult ticks infestations. These results showed that Hd86 vaccines are selectively effective against H. scupense immature instars and emphasize on an integrated anti-tick vaccine control in North Africa...
  20. Walker A. Eradication and control of livestock ticks: biological, economic and social perspectives. Parasitology. 2011;138:945-59 pubmed publisher
    ..Changing social circumstances, especially of land-use, has an influence on exposure to tick-borne pathogens that can be exploited for disease control...
  21. Lüssenhop J, Baumer W, Kietzmann M, Schnieder T, Wolken S. Dynamics of distribution and efficacy of different spot-on permethrin formulations in dogs artificially infested with Dermacentor reticulatus. Parasit Vectors. 2011;4:45 pubmed publisher
    ..Efficacies were determined 6 hours after tick infestation to examine the repellent effect and the speed of kill of the products which plays an important role in the context of tick transmitted diseases...
  22. Smith F, Ballantyne R, Morgan E, Wall R. Prevalence, distribution and risk associated with tick infestation of dogs in Great Britain. Med Vet Entomol. 2011;25:377-84 pubmed publisher
    ..Without these future changes will not be detected. Here, the distribution and prevalence of tick infestations of domestic dogs in Great Britain were examined...
  23. Yssouf A, Lagadec E, Bakari A, Foray C, Stachurski F, Cardinale E, et al. Colonization of Grande Comore Island by a lineage of Rhipicephalus appendiculatus ticks. Parasit Vectors. 2011;4:38 pubmed publisher
    ..This survey also included sampling of live cattle imported from Tanzania to investigate the possibility of tick introduction through animal trade...
  24. Dryden M, Payne P, Smith V, Hostetler J. Evaluation of an imidacloprid (8.8% w/w)--permethrin (44.0% w/w) topical spot-on and a fipronil (9.8% w/w)--(S)-methoprene (8.8% w/w) topical spot-on to repel, prevent attachment, and kill adult Rhipicephalus sanguineus and Dermacentor variabilis tic. Vet Ther. 2006;7:187-98 pubmed
    ..sanguineus and D. variabilis during the study period. The fipronil--(S)-methoprene formulation provided good overall tick control during the study period...
  25. Lynen G, Zeman P, Bakuname C, Di Giulio G, Mtui P, Sanka P, et al. Shifts in the distributional ranges of Boophilus ticks in Tanzania: evidence that a parapatric boundary between Boophilus microplus and B. decoloratus follows climate gradients. Exp Appl Acarol. 2008;44:147-64 pubmed publisher
    ..microplus. It can be anticipated that climate changes may enhance the spread of B. microplus and consequently Babesia bovis into new areas of the African continent. ..
  26. Bown K, Begon M, Bennett M, Birtles R, Burthe S, Lambin X, et al. Sympatric Ixodes trianguliceps and Ixodes ricinus ticks feeding on field voles (Microtus agrestis): potential for increased risk of Anaplasma phagocytophilum in the United Kingdom?. Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis. 2006;6:404-10 pubmed
    ..trianguliceps, which may alone maintain endemic cycles, and exophilic I. ricinus ticks, which could act as a bridge vector and transmit infections to humans and domesticated animals. ..
  27. Gasparin G, Miyata M, Coutinho L, Martinez M, Teodoro R, Furlong J, et al. Mapping of quantitative trait loci controlling tick [Riphicephalus (Boophilus) microplus] resistance on bovine chromosomes 5, 7 and 14. Anim Genet. 2007;38:453-9 pubmed
  28. Müller Doblies U, Maxwell S, Boppana V, Mihalyo M, McSorley S, Vella A, et al. Feeding by the tick, Ixodes scapularis, causes CD4(+) T cells responding to cognate antigen to develop the capacity to express IL-4. Parasite Immunol. 2007;29:485-99 pubmed
    ..Intradermal injection of salivary gland extract programmed IL-4 expression potential similar to that of tick infestation, suggesting that IL-4 programming activity is contained within tick saliva. ..
  29. Brianti E, Pennisi M, Brucato G, Risitano A, Gaglio G, Lombardo G, et al. Efficacy of the fipronil 10%+(S)-methoprene 9% combination against Rhipicephalus sanguineus in naturally infested dogs: speed of kill, persistent efficacy on immature and adult stages and effect of water. Vet Parasitol. 2010;170:96-103 pubmed publisher
    ..On the basis of this field trial, the fipronil+(S)-methoprene combination represents a highly efficacious product to control all stages of R. sanguineus ticks on dogs. ..
  30. Untalan P, Pruett J, Steelman C. Association of the bovine leukocyte antigen major histocompatibility complex class II DRB3*4401 allele with host resistance to the Lone Star tick, Amblyomma americanum. Vet Parasitol. 2007;145:190-5 pubmed
    ..Elucidation of the mechanism involved in tick resistance will contribute to improving breeding schemes for parasite resistance, which will be beneficial to the cattle industry. ..
  31. Estrada Pena A, Venzal Bianchi J. Efficacy of several anti-tick treatments to prevent the transmission of Rickettsia conorii under natural conditions. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2006;1078:506-8 pubmed
    ..Only Amitraz (Preventic) provided total control on transmission (no dogs were infected), whereas with Frontline, Advantix, or Scalibor, the rate of infection varied among the dogs...
  32. Morshed M, Scott J, Fernando K, Beati L, Mazerolle D, Geddes G, et al. Migratory songbirds disperse ticks across Canada, and first isolation of the Lyme disease spirochete, Borrelia burgdorferi, from the avian tick, Ixodes auritulus. J Parasitol. 2005;91:780-90 pubmed
    ..burgdorferi-infected ticks and increased risk of Lyme disease exposure. ..
  33. Prevot P, Couvreur B, Denis V, Brossard M, Vanhamme L, Godfroid E. Protective immunity against Ixodes ricinus induced by a salivary serpin. Vaccine. 2007;25:3284-92 pubmed
    ..This is the first report on an anti-tick vaccine trial on I. ricinus using a protein able to interact with both host immunity and haemostasis, as a vaccinating antigen. ..
  34. Martinez M, Machado M, Nascimento C, Silva M, Teodoro R, Furlong J, et al. Association of BoLA-DRB3.2 alleles with tick (Boophilus microplus) resistance in cattle. Genet Mol Res. 2006;5:513-24 pubmed
    ..However, further studies involving a larger population of cattle in combination with other BoLA genes may help to understand the mechanisms of resistance to parasites. ..
  35. Perez Perez D, Bechara G, Machado R, Andrade G, Del Vecchio R, Pedroso M, et al. Efficacy of the Bm86 antigen against immature instars and adults of the dog tick Rhipicephalus sanguineus (Latreille, 1806) (Acari: Ixodidae). Vet Parasitol. 2010;167:321-6 pubmed publisher
    ..We concluded that the Bm86 antigen used as a vaccine for dogs reduced the viability and biotic potential of the R. sanguineus...
  36. Canales M, Almazan C, Naranjo V, Jongejan F, De La Fuente J. Vaccination with recombinant Boophilus annulatus Bm86 ortholog protein, Ba86, protects cattle against B. annulatus and B. microplus infestations. BMC Biotechnol. 2009;9:29 pubmed publisher
    ..The recombinant B. microplus Bm86 protective antigen has been shown to protect cattle against tick infestations. Recently, the gene coding for B...
  37. De La Fuente J, Kocan K, Almazan C, Blouin E. Targeting the tick-pathogen interface for novel control strategies. Front Biosci. 2008;13:6947-56 pubmed
    ..interface would be fundamental toward development of new and novel measures for control of both tick infestations and tick-borne pathogens...
  38. Almazan C, Lagunes R, Villar M, Canales M, Rosario Cruz R, Jongejan F, et al. Identification and characterization of Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus candidate protective antigens for the control of cattle tick infestations. Parasitol Res. 2010;106:471-9 pubmed publisher
    ..The recombinant Rhipicephalus microplus Bm86 antigen has been shown to protect cattle against tick infestations. However, variable efficacy of Bm86-based vaccines against geographic tick strains has encouraged the ..
  39. Ogrzewalska M, Pacheco R, Uezu A, Richtzenhain L, Ferreira F, Labruna M. Rickettsial infection in Amblyomma nodosum ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) from Brazil. Ann Trop Med Parasitol. 2009;103:413-25 pubmed publisher
    ..parkeri strain NOD in 40 and R. bellii strain Pontal in nine, giving overall infection prevalences of 23.6% (41/174) and 5.7% (10/174), respectively. This appears to be the first report of R. bellii and R. parkeri in A. nodosum. ..
  40. Heile C, Heydorn A, Schein E. [Dermacentor reticulatus (Fabricius, 1794)--distribution, biology and vector for Babesia canis in Germany]. Berl Munch Tierarztl Wochenschr. 2006;119:330-4 pubmed
    ..D. reticulatus is a vector for Babesia canis canis. It is reported here about a case of autochthonous babesiosis in a dog from Berlin/Brandenburg...
  41. Vourc h G, Marmet J, Chassagne M, Bord S, Chapuis J. Borrelia burgdorferi Sensu Lato in Siberian chipmunks (Tamias sibiricus) introduced in suburban forests in France. Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis. 2007;7:637-41 pubmed
    ..3%) and predominantly of B. afzelii. The infection prevalence was 14.1% in bank voles, but no wood mouse was found to be infected. Our results suggest that the Siberian chipmunk may be an important reservoir host for LB...
  42. Amore G, Tomassone L, Grego E, Ragagli C, Bertolotti L, Nebbia P, et al. Borrelia lusitaniae in immature Ixodes ricinus (Acari: Ixodidae) feeding on common wall lizards in Tuscany, central Italy. J Med Entomol. 2007;44:303-7 pubmed
    ..ricinus nymphs feeding on Eurasian blackbirds, Turdus merula L. Results of this study suggest that lizards play an important role as reservoirs for B. lusitanae and may affect the dominance of this genospecies in the Mediterranean area...
  43. Andreotti R. A synthetic bmti n-terminal fragment as antigen in bovine immunoprotection against the tick Boophilus microplus in a pen trial. Exp Parasitol. 2007;116:66-70 pubmed
    ..Challenge was performed with 15,000 larvae. The specific IgG response was measured by ELISA, with successful outcomes for vaccinated animals. Vaccination resulted in an 18.4% level of efficacy when compared with the control group...
  44. Zygner W, Jaros S, Wedrychowicz H. Prevalence of Babesia canis, Borrelia afzelii, and Anaplasma phagocytophilum infection in hard ticks removed from dogs in Warsaw (central Poland). Vet Parasitol. 2008;153:139-42 pubmed publisher
    ..This work is the first detection of B. afzelii and A. phagocytophilum in ticks from Warsaw, and the first survey for the prevalence of B. canis, B. afzelii, and A. phagocytophilum in ticks in central Poland...
  45. Pugliese A, Rosa R. Effect of host populations on the intensity of ticks and the prevalence of tick-borne pathogens: how to interpret the results of deer exclosure experiments. Parasitology. 2008;135:1531-44 pubmed publisher
    ..The density of infected questing nymphs inside small exclosures can be much higher, in our numerical example almost twice as large as that outside, leading to potential TBE infection risk hotspots...
  46. Piper E, Jackson L, Bagnall N, Kongsuwan K, Lew A, Jonsson N. Gene expression in the skin of Bos taurus and Bos indicus cattle infested with the cattle tick, Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus. Vet Immunol Immunopathol. 2008;126:110-9 pubmed publisher
    ..The results presented here suggest that the means by which these two cattle breeds respond to tick infestation differ and warrant further investigation...
  47. Paziewska A, Zwolińska L, Harris P, Bajer A, Sinski E. Utilisation of rodent species by larvae and nymphs of hard ticks (Ixodidae) in two habitats in NE Poland. Exp Appl Acarol. 2010;50:79-91 pubmed publisher
    ..The impact of habitat change (in this case successional change following field abandonment) on tick densities is emphasised, and the role of Apodemus as an epidemiological bridge, linking woodland and field habitats, is highlighted...
  48. Rizzoli A, Hauffe H, Tagliapietra V, Neteler M, Rosà R. Forest structure and roe deer abundance predict tick-borne encephalitis risk in Italy. PLoS ONE. 2009;4:e4336 pubmed publisher
    ..We believe our approach will be useful in predicting TBE risk on a wider scale. ..
  49. Hope M, Jiang X, Gough J, Cadogan L, Josh P, Jonsson N, et al. Experimental vaccination of sheep and cattle against tick infestation using recombinant 5'-nucleotidase. Parasite Immunol. 2010;32:135-42 pubmed publisher
    ..One possible reason for the difference between host species, namely antibody titre, was examined and shown to be an unlikely explanation. This demonstrates a limitation of using a model host like sheep in vaccine studies...
  50. Silveira J, Passos L, Ribeiro M. Population dynamics of Rhipicephalus sanguineus (Latrielle, 1806) in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais state, Brazil. Vet Parasitol. 2009;161:270-5 pubmed publisher
    ..29%) than the percentage of infested female dogs (41.70%). This study of the dynamics of R. sanguineus infestations in Belo Horizonte will contribute to establishing appropriate measures to control tick infestations in dogs.
  51. Baxter C, Vogelnest L, Doggett S. Dermatoses caused by infestations of immature Ixodes spp. on dogs and cats in Sydney, Australia. Aust Vet J. 2009;87:182-7 pubmed publisher
    ..A range of topical acaricidal preparations, including fipronil and synthetic pyrethroids, were used for treatment...
  52. Omeragic J. Ixodid ticks in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Exp Appl Acarol. 2011;53:301-9 pubmed publisher
  53. Hamer S, Tsao J, Walker E, Hickling G. Invasion of the lyme disease vector Ixodes scapularis: implications for Borrelia burgdorferi endemicity. Ecohealth. 2010;7:47-63 pubmed publisher
  54. Pisanu B, Marsot M, Marmet J, Chapuis J, Reale D, Vourc h G. Introduced Siberian chipmunks are more heavily infested by ixodid ticks than are native bank voles in a suburban forest in France. Int J Parasitol. 2010;40:1277-83 pubmed publisher
    ..Introduced chipmunks may thus have an important role in the dynamics of local vector-borne pathogens compared with native reservoir hosts such as bank voles...
  55. Brunner J, Ostfeld R. Multiple causes of variable tick burdens on small-mammal hosts. Ecology. 2008;89:2259-72 pubmed
    ..Predicting which individuals those are is not yet possible...
  56. Odongo D, Kamau L, Skilton R, Mwaura S, Nitsch C, Musoke A, et al. Vaccination of cattle with TickGARD induces cross-reactive antibodies binding to conserved linear peptides of Bm86 homologues in Boophilus decoloratus. Vaccine. 2007;25:1287-96 pubmed
    ..These epitopes represent candidate synthetic peptide vaccines for control of Boophilus spp. and the pathogens transmitted by these tick vectors...
  57. Pound J, Miller J, George J, Fish D, Carroll J, Schulze T, et al. The United States Department of Agriculture's Northeast Area-wide Tick Control Project: summary and conclusions. Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis. 2009;9:439-48 pubmed publisher
  58. Gates M, Nolan T. Factors influencing heartworm, flea, and tick preventative use in patients presenting to a veterinary teaching hospital. Prev Vet Med. 2010;93:193-200 pubmed publisher
    ..05) associated with preventative use in the multivariate analysis. Findings from this study emphasize target areas for increasing owner compliance...
  59. Heylen D, Matthysen E. Contrasting detachment strategies in two congeneric ticks (Ixodidae) parasitizing the same songbird. Parasitology. 2010;137:661-7 pubmed publisher
    ..5 days, while in I. arboricola the detachment time was long (up to 20 days) and highly variable. We discuss these findings with respect to their implications on the ticks' dispersal capability and host specificity...
  60. Zygner W, Gorski P, Wedrychowicz H. New localities of Dermacentor reticulatus tick (vector of Babesia canis canis) in central and eastern Poland. Pol J Vet Sci. 2009;12:549-55 pubmed
    ..canis canis and its vector. Climate change may be also partially responsible for earlier beginning of tick's seasonal activity as well as for bigger faunal diversity (more potential host species both for adults and immature stages)...
  61. Kiffner C, Lödige C, Alings M, Vor T, Rühe F. Abundance estimation of Ixodes ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) on roe deer (Capreolus capreolus). Exp Appl Acarol. 2010;52:73-84 pubmed publisher
    ..This can be useful for studies aiming at estimating effects of abiotic and biotic factors on tick abundance, modelling tick population dynamics, modelling tick-borne pathogen transmission dynamics or assessing the efficacy of acaricides...
  62. De La Fuente J, Almazan C, Canales M, Pérez de la Lastra J, Kocan K, Willadsen P. A ten-year review of commercial vaccine performance for control of tick infestations on cattle. Anim Health Res Rev. 2007;8:23-8 pubmed
    Ticks are important ectoparasites of domestic and wild animals, and tick infestations economically impact cattle production worldwide...
  63. Ghosh S, Azhahianambi P, Yadav M. Upcoming and future strategies of tick control: a review. J Vector Borne Dis. 2007;44:79-89 pubmed
    ..The future of research directed towards target identification is exciting because of new and emerging technologies for gene discovery and vaccine formulation...
  64. Otranto D, Paradies P, Testini G, Latrofa M, Weigl S, Cantacessi C, et al. Application of 10% imidacloprid/50% permethrin to prevent Ehrlichia canis exposure in dogs under natural conditions. Vet Parasitol. 2008;153:320-8 pubmed publisher
    ..canis at one or both follow-ups. ImPer, by virtue of its repellent and acaricidal activity against ticks, has been shown to be efficacious to prevent E. canis infection in treated dogs living under natural conditions in endemic areas...
  65. Schuele G, Barnett S, Bapst B, Cavaliero T, Luempert L, Strehlau G, et al. Efficacy of a single application of a 12.5% pyriprole topical solution against laboratory infestations with ticks (Ixodes ricinus, Dermacentor reticulatus, and Rhipicephalus sanguineus) on dogs. Vet Parasitol. 2008;154:311-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Efficacy against I. ricinus and R. sanguineus was 100% during the whole evaluation period of 30 days. For D. reticulatus cumulative efficacy for the 30 days after treatment was 98.9%. The product was well tolerated by all the animals...
  66. Rosa R, Pugliese A, Ghosh M, Perkins S, Rizzoli A. Temporal variation of Ixodes ricinus intensity on the rodent host Apodemus flavicollis in relation to local climate and host dynamics. Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis. 2007;7:285-95 pubmed
    ..This provides important information in terms of monitoring the risk to humans of acquiring pathogen-infected ticks...
  67. Nieto N, Foley J, Bettaso J, Lane R. Reptile infection with Anaplasma phagocytophilum, the causative agent of granulocytic anaplasmosis. J Parasitol. 2009;95:1165-70 pubmed publisher
    ..Our findings suggest that lizards and snakes are exposed to A. phagocytophilum by infected ticks, but that they do not serve as primary reservoir hosts of this rickettsia...
  68. Dantas Torres F. The brown dog tick, Rhipicephalus sanguineus (Latreille, 1806) (Acari: Ixodidae): from taxonomy to control. Vet Parasitol. 2008;152:173-85 pubmed publisher
    ..sanguineus, highlighting the potential risks associated to the improper use of acaricides, such as environmental pollution and toxicity to humans and other non-target organisms (e.g., tick predators)...
  69. Canales M, Naranjo V, Almaz n C, Molina R, Tsuruta S, Szab M, et al. Conservation and immunogenicity of the mosquito ortholog of the tick-protective antigen, subolesin. Parasitol Res. 2009;105:97-111 pubmed publisher
    ..subolesin ortholog antigen did not protect against Amblyomma americanum and Rhipicephalus sanguineus tick infestations. Collectively, these preliminary results provided the first evidence that development of vaccines may be ..
  70. Piper E, Jonsson N, Gondro C, Lew Tabor A, Moolhuijzen P, Vance M, et al. Immunological profiles of Bos taurus and Bos indicus cattle infested with the cattle tick, Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus. Clin Vaccine Immunol. 2009;16:1074-86 pubmed publisher
    ..differed between tick-resistant Bos indicus and tick-susceptible Bos taurus cattle following a period of tick infestations. This study demonstrated significant differences between the two breeds with respect to the percentage of ..