myiasis

Summary

Summary: The invasion of living tissues of man and other mammals by dipterous larvae.

Top Publications

  1. Nisbet A, Huntley J. Progress and opportunities in the development of vaccines against mites, fleas and myiasis-causing flies of veterinary importance. Parasite Immunol. 2006;28:165-72 pubmed
  2. Hemmings S, Matthews K, Alexander J. Human myiasis in western Jamaica: five years after the implementation of a screwworm eradication programme. West Indian Med J. 2007;56:341-5 pubmed
    To determine the distribution of cases of human myiasis admitted to the Cornwall Regional Hospital (CRH), Jamaica, between 1999 and 2003, following the inception of the National Screwworm Eradication Programme (NSEP) in 1998, and the ..
  3. Rossi Schneider T, Cherubini K, Yurgel L, Salum F, Figueiredo M. Oral myiasis: a case report. J Oral Sci. 2007;49:85-8 pubmed
    Oral myiasis is a rare disease in humans associated with poor oral hygiene, suppurative oral lesions, alcoholism and senility, among other conditions...
  4. Das A, Pandey A, Madan M, Asthana A, Gautam A. Accidental intestinal myiasis caused by genus Sarcophaga. Indian J Med Microbiol. 2010;28:176-8 pubmed publisher
    b>Myiasis of different organs has been reported off and on from various regions in the world. We report a human case of intestinal myiasis caused by larvae of Sarcophaga...
  5. Ferraz A, Proença B, Gadelha B, Faria L, Barbalho M, Aguiar Coelho V, et al. First record of human myiasis caused by association of the species Chrysomya megacephala (Diptera: Calliplioridae), Sarcophaga (Liopygia) ruficornis (Diptera: Sarcophagidae), and Musca domestica (Diptera: Muscidae). J Med Entomol. 2010;47:487-90 pubmed
    We report a rare case of myiasis caused simultaneously by three dipterous species. A 54 yr-old indigent patient was admitted to Andaraí Hospital with painful eruptions on the scalp...
  6. Stevens J, Wallman J, Otranto D, Wall R, Pape T. The evolution of myiasis in humans and other animals in the Old and New Worlds (part II): biological and life-history studies. Trends Parasitol. 2006;22:181-8 pubmed
    b>Myiasis, which is the dipteran parasitism of living vertebrates, occurs in several forms - ranging from benign to fatal, opportunistic to obligate - and seems to have evolved through two distinct routes: saprophagous and sanguinivorous...
  7. Verettas D, Chatzipapas C, Drosos G, Xarchas K, Staikos C, Chloropoulou P, et al. Maggot infestation (myiasis) of external fixation pin sites in diabetic patients. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 2008;102:950-2 pubmed publisher
    ..b>Myiasis' is a term that refers to non-iatrogenic infestation of tissues by larvae, commonly known as maggots, of ..
  8. Carvalho R, Santos T, Antunes A, Laureano Filho J, Filho J, Anjos E, et al. Oral and maxillofacial myiasis associated with epidermoid carcinoma: a case report. J Oral Sci. 2008;50:103-5 pubmed
    b>Myiasis is a term derived from the Greek word "myia", meaning invasion of vital tissue of humans or other mammals by fly larvae...
  9. Kim J, Seo P, Kim J, Go J, Jang S, Lee H, et al. A nasal myiasis in a 76-year-old female in Korea. Korean J Parasitol. 2009;47:405-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Considering the rapid development of this species, the infection was likely acquired during hospitalization. Further investigation on the hospital environment should be needed to know the origin of the infection. ..

More Information

Publications68

  1. Abalo Lojo J, Lopez Valladares M, Llovo J, Garcia A, Gonzalez F. Palpebro-orbital myiasis in a patient with basal cell carcinoma. Eur J Ophthalmol. 2009;19:683-5 pubmed
    We report a patient with basal cell carcinoma presenting with severe myiasis in a large ulcer involving the upper and lower eyelid.
  2. Gabriel J, Marinho S, Verli F, Krause R, Yurgel L, Cherubini K. Extensive myiasis infestation over a squamous cell carcinoma in the face. Case report. Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal. 2008;13:E9-11 pubmed
    Human myiasis is a parasitosis found in tropical and underdeveloped countries. It usually affects the elderly, unhealthy and mentally disabled individuals...
  3. Wakamatsu T, Pierre Filho P. Ophthalmomyiasis externa caused by Dermatobia hominis: a successful treatment with oral ivermectin. Eye (Lond). 2006;20:1088-90 pubmed
  4. Tavares A, Barros R, Favorito L. Urgent penectomy in a patient presenting with epidermoid carcinoma of the penis associated to myiasis. Int Braz J Urol. 2007;33:521-2 pubmed
    ..study is to describe the case of a patient presenting advanced epidermoid carcinoma of the penis associated to myiasis. A 41-year-old patient presenting with a necrotic lesion of the distal third of the penis infested with myiasis ..
  5. Lopes Costa P, dos Santos A, Pereira Filho J, da Silva B. Myiasis in the uterine cavity of an elderly woman with a complete uterine prolapse. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 2008;102:1058-60 pubmed publisher
    b>Myiasis is the infestation of the tissues of vertebrate animals by the larvae of flies (maggots)...
  6. Lupi O. Myiasis as a risk factor for prion diseases in humans. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 2006;20:1037-45 pubmed
    ..The most common causes of myiasis in cattle and sheep, closely related animals with previous prion infections, are Hypoderma bovis and Oestrus ovis,..
  7. Fathy F, El Barghathi A, El Ahwal A, El Bagar S. Study on human ophthalmomyiasis externa caused by Oestrus ovis larva, in Sirte-Libya: parasite features, clinical presentation and management. J Egypt Soc Parasitol. 2006;36:265-82, following 282 pubmed
    ..So, early diagnosis and treatment are essential to avoid complications...
  8. Anane S, Hssine L. [Conjonctival human myiasis by Oestrus ovis in southern Tunisia]. Bull Soc Pathol Exot. 2010;103:299-304 pubmed publisher
    Conjunctival myiasis is the most frequent expression of ocular myiasis. It results from infestation of the conjunctiva by the larval form of flies...
  9. Sreejith R, Reddy A, Ganeshpuri S, Garg P. Oestrus ovis ophthalmomyiasis with keratitis. Indian J Med Microbiol. 2010;28:399-402 pubmed publisher
    ..The pseudomembrane was easily peeled-off under topical anaesthesia. The organisms were removed and identified as Oestrus ovis. Three days later the patient was comfortable and his visual acuity was 20/20 in the right eye...
  10. Einer H, Ellegård E. Nasal myiasis by Oestrus ovis second stage larva in an immunocompetent man: case report and literature review. J Laryngol Otol. 2011;125:745-6 pubmed publisher
    ..We report a case of an Oestrus ovis larva which developed into the second larval stage within a healthy, immunocompetent human, and we review the relevant literature...
  11. Mumcuoglu I, Akarsu G, Balaban N, Keles I. Eristalis tenax as a cause of urinary myiasis. Scand J Infect Dis. 2005;37:942-3 pubmed
    Eristalis tenax, belonging to order Diptera, family Syrphidae seldomly causes intestinal myiasis. Urinary myiasis caused by Eristalis tenax larvae is a rare manifestation found in both humans and other vertebrate animals...
  12. Sherman R, Roselle G, Bills C, Danko L, Eldridge N. Healthcare-associated myiasis: prevention and intervention. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2005;26:828-32 pubmed
    Healthcare-associated myiasis (maggot infestation) can have complications that go well beyond the medical consequences of the infestation for patients, their families, and facilities...
  13. Wollina U. Massive scalp myiasis with bleeding in a patient with multiple malignancies. Int Wound J. 2010;7:297-9 pubmed publisher
    Most cases of myiasis in association with cancer are reported in patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck region. They are not emergencies...
  14. Pandey A, Madan M, Asthana A, Das A, Kumar S, Jain K. External ophthalmomyiasis caused by Oestrus ovis: a rare case report from India. Korean J Parasitol. 2009;47:57-9 pubmed publisher
    b>Myiasis of different organs has been reported off and on from various regions in the world...
  15. Sharma J, Mamatha G, Acharya R. Primary oral myiasis: a case report. Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal. 2008;13:E714-6 pubmed
    b>Myiasis is the infestation of live human and vertebrate animal with dipterous larvae which feed on the host's dead or living tissue...
  16. Sharifipour F, Feghhi M. Anterior ophthalmomyiasis interna: an ophthalmic emergency. Arch Ophthalmol. 2008;126:1466-7 pubmed publisher
  17. Passos M, Ferreira D, Arze W, Silva J, Passos F, Curvelo J. Penile myiasis as a differential diagnosis for genital ulcer: a case report. Braz J Infect Dis. 2008;12:155-7 pubmed
    The genital localized myiasis is a rare zooparasitic dermatosis...
  18. Abraham L, Azulay Abulafia L, Aguiar D, Torres F, Argenziano G. Dermoscopy features for the diagnosis of furuncular myiasis. An Bras Dermatol. 2011;86:160-2 pubmed
    ..These novel dermoscopic features allowed us to easily diagnose furuncular myiasis.
  19. Paris L, Viscarret M, Uban C, Vargas J, Rodriguez Morales A. Pin-site myiasis: a rare complication of a treated open fracture of tibia. Surg Infect (Larchmt). 2008;9:403-6 pubmed publisher
    Pin-site myiasis is a rare complication of external fixation of open fractures of the tibia.
  20. Ahmad A, Abdel Hafeez E, Makhloof M, Abdel Raheem E. Gastrointestinal myiasis by larvae of Sarcophaga sp. and Oestrus sp. in Egypt: report of cases, and endoscopical and morphological studies. Korean J Parasitol. 2011;49:51-7 pubmed publisher
    Four cases of gastric or intestinal myiasis are reported. The cases contain 2 males (1 child 10 years old, and 1 adult 40 years old) and 2 females (1 girl 18 years old, and 1 adult 50 years old) from Minia Governorate, Southern Egypt...
  21. McGraw T, Turiansky G. Cutaneous myiasis. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2008;58:907-26; quiz 927-9 pubmed publisher
    b>Myiasis is the infestation of living tissue by the larvae of flies in the order Diptera. Cutaneous involvement is the most common type of myiasis. Cutaneous myiasis can be subdivided into furuncular, migratory, and wound myiasis...
  22. Visciarelli E, Costamagna S, Lucchi L, Basabe N. [Human myiasis in Bahía Blanca, Argentina. Period 2000 / 2005]. Neotrop Entomol. 2007;36:605-11 pubmed
    b>Myiasis is the infestation of live human and vertebrate animals with dipterous larvae which, at least for a short period, feed on the host's dead or living tissue, liquid body-substance, or ingested food...
  23. Szakacs T, MacPherson P, Sinclair B, Gill B, McCarthy A. Nosocomial myiasis in a Canadian intensive care unit. CMAJ. 2007;177:719-20 pubmed
  24. Rohela M, Jamaiah I, Amir L, Nissapatorn V. A case of auricular myiasis in Malaysia. Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health. 2006;37 Suppl 3:91-4 pubmed
    Many cases of myiasis have been reported in Malaysia. This is the second reported case of auricular myiasis caused by Chrysomya bezziana. The patient was a 41-year-old, mentally retarded, Orang Asli man...
  25. Saraiva V, Amaro M, Belfort R, Burnier M. A case of anterior internal ophthalmomyiasis: case report. Arq Bras Oftalmol. 2006;69:741-3 pubmed
    ..The species was Cochliomyia hominivorax. The larva was covered by macrophages and foreign body giant cells characterizing a foreign body granulomatous reaction...
  26. Francesconi F, Lupi O. Myiasis. Clin Microbiol Rev. 2012;25:79-105 pubmed publisher
    b>Myiasis is defined as the infestation of live vertebrates (humans and/or animals) with dipterous larvae...
  27. Stevens J, Wallman J. The evolution of myiasis in humans and other animals in the Old and New Worlds (part I): phylogenetic analyses. Trends Parasitol. 2006;22:129-36 pubmed
    b>Myiasis, the infestation of live vertebrates with dipterous larvae, seems to take two distinct forms that, it has been suggested, evolved from two distinct phylogenetic roots: saprophagous and sanguinivorous...
  28. Wadhwa V, Kharbanda P, Rai S, Uppal B. Urogenital myiasis due to Chrysomyia bezziana. Indian J Med Microbiol. 2006;24:70-1 pubmed
    Genitourinary myiasis, associated with ulcerating lesions and poor hygiene of the local site, has been infrequently reported...
  29. Dutto M, Bertero M. Traumatic myiasis from Sarcophaga (Bercaeal cruentata Meigen, 1826 (Diptera, Sarcophagidae) in a hospital environment: reporting of a clinical case following polytrauma. J Prev Med Hyg. 2010;51:50-2 pubmed
    We present a case of cutaneous myiasis occurring in a hospital environment (nosocomial myiasis) in an patient with serious multiple traumas sustained in a motorcycle accident...
  30. Zygutiene M, Narkeviciute I, Mudeniene V, Ziliukiene J. A case of myiasis due to Hypoderma bovis, Lithuania, 2004. Euro Surveill. 2006;11:E1-2 pubmed
  31. Aydin E, Uysal S, Akkuzu B, Can F. Nasal myiasis by fruit fly larvae: a case report. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 2006;263:1142-3 pubmed
    We report a case of human nasal myiasis caused by fruit fly larvae in a 33-year-old man who visited the south coast of Turkey. The fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster) is endemic in the southern part of Turkey...
  32. Osorio J, Moncada L, Molano A, Valderrama S, Gualtero S, Franco Paredes C. Role of ivermectin in the treatment of severe orbital myiasis due to Cochliomyia hominivorax. Clin Infect Dis. 2006;43:e57-9 pubmed
    We describe 2 patients with severe orbital myiasis due to Cochliomyia hominivorax (of the order Diptera and the family Calliphoridae) who had underlying skin carcinomas and were treated with oral ivermectin and debridement...
  33. Sesterhenn A, Pfutzner W, Braulke D, Wiegand S, Werner J, Taubert A. Cutaneous manifestation of myiasis in malignant wounds of the head and neck. Eur J Dermatol. 2009;19:64-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Human myiasis is rare in developed countries of the northern hemisphere but occurs more often in tropical and subtropical ..
  34. Jenzeri S, Ammari W, Attia S, Zaouali S, Babba H, Messaoud R, et al. External ophthalmomyiasis manifesting with keratouveitis. Int Ophthalmol. 2009;29:533-5 pubmed publisher
    ..To report a case of external ophthalmomyiasis manifesting with keratouveitis...
  35. Cestari T, Pessato S, Ramos e Silva M. Tungiasis and myiasis. Clin Dermatol. 2007;25:158-64 pubmed
    Tungiasis and myiasis are common ectoparasitic infestations that occur in developing countries in the tropics, particularly where poverty and poor standards of basic hygiene exist...
  36. Bakos R, Bakos L. Dermoscopic diagnosis of furuncular myiasis. Arch Dermatol. 2007;143:123-4 pubmed
  37. Dutto M, Bertero M. Cutaneous superficial myiasis: report of a rare nosocomial parasitic disease caused by Sarcophaga spp. (diptera, sarcophagidae). Cent Eur J Public Health. 2011;19:232-4 pubmed
    Flies of the genus Sarcophaga are known to cause myiasis in necrotic wounds and in anatomical cavities where fluids have collected...
  38. Kim J, Kim J, Lee H, Lee I, Oh S, Seo M. Ophthalmomyiasis caused by a Phormia sp. (Diptera: Calliphoridae) larva in an enucleated patient. Korean J Parasitol. 2011;49:173-5 pubmed publisher
    ..Subsequently, no larva was found, and the postoperative course was uneventful without any complaints of further myiasis. This is the first case of ophthalmomyiasis among the literature in Korea, and also the first myiasis case caused ..
  39. de Azeredo Espin A, Lessinger A. Genetic approaches for studying myiasis-causing flies: molecular markers and mitochondrial genomics. Genetica. 2006;126:111-31 pubmed
    quot;Myiasis-causing flies" is a generic term that includes species from numerous dipteran families, mainly Calliphoridae and Oestridae, of which blowflies, screwworm flies and botflies are among the most important...
  40. Lagacé Wiens P, Dookeran R, Skinner S, Leicht R, Colwell D, Galloway T. Human ophthalmomyiasis interna caused by Hypoderma tarandi, Northern Canada. Emerg Infect Dis. 2008;14:64-6 pubmed publisher
    Human myiasis caused by bot flies of nonhuman animals is rare but may be increasing. The treatment of choice is laser photocoagulation or vitrectomy with larva removal and intraocular steroids. Ophthalmomyiasis caused by Hypoderma spp...
  41. Misra S, Misra N, Reddy B. External ophthalmomyiasis by oestrus ovis: an unknown endemic eye disease in rural parts of central India. Trop Doct. 2008;38:120-2 pubmed publisher
    Although much general information has accumulated about ocular myiasis, there are very few reports about the same amongst the Indian population...
  42. Wall R. Ovine cutaneous myiasis: effects on production and control. Vet Parasitol. 2012;189:44-51 pubmed publisher
    Ovine cutaneous myiasis ('fly strike') remains a major sheep health problem in many areas of the world...
  43. Franza R, Leo L, Minerva T, Sanapo F. Myiasis of the tracheostomy wound: case report. Acta Otorhinolaryngol Ital. 2006;26:222-4 pubmed
    quot;Myiasis" is a parasitic infestation of live human or vertebrate animal tissues or cavities caused by dipterous larvae (maggots) which feed on the host's dead or living tissue, liquid body substances or ingested food...
  44. Hawayek L, Mutasim D. Myiasis in a giant squamous cell carcinoma. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2006;54:740-1 pubmed
  45. Wakid M. A laboratory-based study for first documented case of urinary myiasis caused by larvae of Megaselia scalaris (Diptera: Phoridae) in Saudi Arabia. Korean J Parasitol. 2008;46:33-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Larvae and adults were identified using standard keys. Protozoan flagellates were obtained from the gut of the larvae. This is the first report of M. scalaris as a causative agent of urinary human myiasis in Saudi Arabia.
  46. Sukontason K, Piangjai S, Boonsriwong W, Bunchu N, Ngern Klun R, Vogtsberger R, et al. Observations of the third instar larva and puparium of Chrysomya bezziana (Diptera: Calliphoridae). Parasitol Res. 2006;99:669-74 pubmed
    ..bezziana, which is an obligatory myiasis-producing species in many regions. A key to differentiate the third instar of C...
  47. Droma E, Wilamowski A, Schnur H, Yarom N, Scheuer E, Schwartz E. Oral myiasis: a case report and literature review. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 2007;103:92-6 pubmed
    b>Myiasis is the infestation of tissues and organs of animals and humans by certain Dipteran fly larvae. This phenomenon is well documented in the skin, especially among animals and people in tropical and subtropical areas...
  48. Correia T, Scott F, Verocai G, Souza C, Fernandes J, Melo R, et al. Larvicidal efficacy of nitenpyram on the treatment of myiasis caused by Cochliomyia hominivorax (Diptera: Calliphoridae) in dogs. Vet Parasitol. 2010;173:169-72 pubmed publisher
    The purpose of our study was to evaluate the larvicidal efficacy of nitenpyram for the treatment of screwworm myiasis caused by Cochliomyia hominivorax in naturally infested dogs...
  49. Tantawi T, Williams K, Villet M. An accidental but safe and effective use of Lucilia cuprina (Diptera: Calliphoridae) in maggot debridement therapy in Alexandria, Egypt. J Med Entomol. 2010;47:491-4 pubmed
    The calliphorid fly, Lucilia cuprina (Wiedemann), is known to cause serious malign myiasis in animals, whereas its sibling species Lucilia sericata (Meigen) is commonly a carrion breeder and is used in maggot debridement therapy (MDT)...
  50. Abdo E, Sette Dias A, Comunian C, Dutra C, Aguiar E. Oral myiasis: a case report. Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal. 2006;11:E130-1 pubmed
    Oral Myiasis is a rare pathology in humans and is associated with poor oral hygiene, alcoholism, senility, suppurating lesions, severe halitosis and others conditions...
  51. Batista da Silva J, Moya Borja G, Queiroz M. Factors of susceptibility of human myiasis caused by the New World screw-worm, Cochliomyia hominivorax in São Gonçalo, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. J Insect Sci. 2011;11:14 pubmed publisher
    This study was carried out between July 2007 and June 2008 and reports on the occurrence of human myiasis caused by the New World screwworm, Cochliomyia hominivorax (Coquerel) (Diptera: Calliphoridae) in São Gonçalo in the state of Rio ..
  52. Schnur H, Zivotofsky D, Wilamowski A. Myiasis in domestic animals in Israel. Vet Parasitol. 2009;161:352-5 pubmed publisher
    ..We believe this to be the first record of L. sericata and C. albiceps taken together from a dog. Likewise, the presence of W. magnifica in cats appears to be a first record...
  53. Sharma A, Hedge A. Primary oral myiasis due to Chrysomya bezziana treated with Ivermectin. A case report. J Clin Pediatr Dent. 2010;34:259-61 pubmed
    Primary oral myiasis due to Chrysomya bezziana is a rare condition caused by invasion of tissues by larvae of the flies. A case of Oral myiasis is presented in a 12 year old boy with neuro-degenerative disease with seizures...
  54. Derraik J, Heath A, Rademaker M. Human myiasis in New Zealand: imported and indigenously-acquired cases: the species of concern and clinical aspects. N Z Med J. 2010;123:21-38 pubmed
    Reports of myiasis in humans in New Zealand are somewhat rare, and little attention has been paid to this issue in the local medical literature...
  55. Jain A, Desai R, Ehrlich J. Fulminant orbital myiasis in the developed world. Br J Ophthalmol. 2007;91:1565-6 pubmed
  56. Dutto M, Pomero F, Migliore E, Fenoglio L. Cutaneous myiasis in a geriatric patient. Parassitologia. 2010;52:435-8 pubmed
    Cutaneous myiasis in humans involving fly species endemic in Italy are uncommon and are not often present in the literature...
  57. Lmimouni B, Baba N, Yahyaoui A, Khallaayoune K, Dakkak A, Sedrati O, et al. [Wound myiasis due to Wohlfahrtia magnifica. First human case in Morocco]. Bull Soc Pathol Exot. 2004;97:235-7 pubmed
    ..In this work, we report one case of wound myiasis that complicates a cutaneous lesion caused by larvae of Wohlfahrtia magnifica...
  58. de Araújo R, Corrêa A, Santos W, Moreira M. Advanced stage of oral myiasis in children: a clinical case report. Quintessence Int. 2008;39:39-43 pubmed
    Human myiasis is characterized by larval infestation of body tissues or cavities of live individuals...
  59. Cetinkaya M, Ozkan H, Koksal N, Coşkun S, Hacimustafaoglu M, Girisgin O. Neonatal myiasis: a case report. Turk J Pediatr. 2008;50:581-4 pubmed
    b>Myiasis is a disease caused by fly larvae. Although adult cases have been reported, neonatal myiasis is a rare condition and there are few reports about this subject...