scabies

Summary

Summary: A contagious cutaneous inflammation caused by the bite of the mite SARCOPTES SCABIEI. It is characterized by pruritic papular eruptions and burrows and affects primarily the axillae, elbows, wrists, and genitalia, although it can spread to cover the entire body.

Top Publications

  1. Hengge U, Currie B, Jäger G, Lupi O, Schwartz R. Scabies: a ubiquitous neglected skin disease. Lancet Infect Dis. 2006;6:769-79 pubmed
    b>Scabies has been a scourge among human beings for thousands of years. Its worldwide occurrence with epidemics during war, famine, and overcrowding is responsible for an estimated 300 million people currently infested...
  2. Rambozzi L, Menzano A, Lavin S, Rossi L. Biotin-avidin amplified ELISA for detection of antibodies to Sarcoptes scabiei in chamois (Rupicapra spp.). Vet Res. 2004;35:701-8 pubmed
    b>Scabies is a major threat to the well being of mountain-dwelling Bovid hosts, Rupicapra rupicapra and Rupicapra pyrenaica...
  3. Mounsey K, McCarthy J, Walton S. Scratching the itch: new tools to advance understanding of scabies. Trends Parasitol. 2013;29:35-42 pubmed publisher
    b>Scabies remains a significant public health problem worldwide...
  4. Alasaad S, Rossi L, Soriguer R, Rambozzi L, Soglia D, Perez J, et al. Sarcoptes mite from collection to DNA extraction: the lost realm of the neglected parasite. Parasitol Res. 2009;104:723-32 pubmed publisher
    ..Further studies are needed, especially to compare the profitability, safety, sensibility and specificity of the different methods of this neglected realm of the ubiquitous ectoparasite...
  5. Binic I, Jankovic A, Jovanovic D, Ljubenovic M. Crusted (Norwegian) scabies following systemic and topical corticosteroid therapy. J Korean Med Sci. 2010;25:188-91 pubmed publisher
    It is a case study of a 62-yr-old female with crusted (Norwegian) scabies, which appeared during her treatment with systemic and topical corticosteroid therapy, under the diagnosis of erythroderma...
  6. Guldbakke K, Khachemoune A. Crusted scabies: a clinical review. J Drugs Dermatol. 2006;5:221-7 pubmed
    Crusted scabies, a rare variant of classical scabies, is a highly contagious condition in which the skin is infected with thousands to millions of mites...
  7. Kuhn C, Lucius R, Matthes H, Meusel G, Reich B, Kalinna B. Characterisation of recombinant immunoreactive antigens of the scab mite Sarcoptes scabiei. Vet Parasitol. 2008;153:329-37 pubmed publisher
    Sarcoptic mange (or scabies) is an important skin disease which can affect a variety of species including humans, cattle, goats, sheep, horses, pigs, rabbits, and dogs...
  8. Pasay C, Arlian L, Morgan M, Gunning R, Rossiter L, Holt D, et al. The effect of insecticide synergists on the response of scabies mites to pyrethroid acaricides. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2009;3:e354 pubmed publisher
    Permethrin is the active component of topical creams widely used to treat human scabies. Recent evidence has demonstrated that scabies mites are becoming increasingly tolerant to topical permethrin and oral ivermectin...
  9. Sarasa M, Rambozzi L, Rossi L, Meneguz P, Serrano E, Granados J, et al. Sarcoptes scabiei: Specific immune response to sarcoptic mange in the Iberian ibex Capra pyrenaica depends on previous exposure and sex. Exp Parasitol. 2010;124:265-71 pubmed publisher
    ..We discuss the immunological pattern of host-Sarcoptes interactions and also suggest further lines of work that may improve the understanding of immunological interactions of host-Sarcoptes systems. ..

More Information

Publications88

  1. Steer A, Jenney A, Kado J, Batzloff M, La Vincente S, Waqatakirewa L, et al. High burden of impetigo and scabies in a tropical country. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2009;3:e467 pubmed publisher
    Impetigo and scabies are endemic diseases in many tropical countries; however the epidemiology of these diseases is poorly understood in many areas, particularly in the Pacific.
  2. Walton S, Holt D, Currie B, Kemp D. Scabies: new future for a neglected disease. Adv Parasitol. 2004;57:309-76 pubmed
    b>Scabies is a disease of global proportions in both human and animal populations, resulting from infestation of the skin with the "itch" mite Sarcoptes scabiei...
  3. Johnston G, Sladden M. Scabies: diagnosis and treatment. BMJ. 2005;331:619-22 pubmed
  4. Svecova D, Chmurova N, Pallova A, Babal P. Norwegian scabies in immunosuppressed patient misdiagnosed as an adverse drug reaction. Epidemiol Mikrobiol Imunol. 2009;58:121-3 pubmed
    Norwegian or crusted scabies is considered a rare affection and presumably represents an abnormal host immune response to Sarcoptes scabiei. As the condition mimics a range of dermatoses, it can be easily misdiagnosed and mismanaged...
  5. Nofal A. Variable response of crusted scabies to oral ivermectin: report on eight Egyptian patients. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 2009;23:793-7 pubmed publisher
    Several reports have proved the efficacy of oral ivermectin in the treatment of crusted scabies. However, the response varied greatly between different studies...
  6. Roberts L, Huffam S, Walton S, Currie B. Crusted scabies: clinical and immunological findings in seventy-eight patients and a review of the literature. J Infect. 2005;50:375-81 pubmed
    To describe the clinical and immunological features of crusted scabies in a prospectively ascertained cohort of 78 patients...
  7. Twomey D, Birch E, Schock A. Outbreak of sarcoptic mange in alpacas (Vicugna pacos) and control with repeated subcutaneous ivermectin injections. Vet Parasitol. 2009;159:186-91 pubmed publisher
    ..During this course of treatment, another female died. A successful response in the other alpacas was eventually reached following 12 treatments of the female group and 8 treatments of the male group. ..
  8. Oleaga A, Casais R, González Quirós P, Prieto M, Gortazar C. Sarcoptic mange in red deer from Spain: improved surveillance or disease emergence?. Vet Parasitol. 2008;154:103-13 pubmed publisher
    ..According to these epidemiological data mange does not seem to threaten red deer populations in Asturias. However, continued monitoring of deer health and ELISA testing for sarcoptic mange is advisable. ..
  9. González Candela M, León Vizcaino L, Cubero Pablo M. Population effects of sarcoptic mange in Barbary sheep (Ammotragus lervia) from Sierra Espuña Regional Park, Spain. J Wildl Dis. 2004;40:456-65 pubmed
  10. Sarasa M, Serrano E, Soriguer R, Granados J, Fandos P, Gonzalez G, et al. Negative effect of the arthropod parasite, Sarcoptes scabiei, on testes mass in Iberian ibex, Capra pyrenaica. Vet Parasitol. 2011;175:306-12 pubmed publisher
    ..We discuss several hypothetical causes of this relationship and highlight the need to deepen the sub-lethal effects of pathogens if we are to accurately understand their modulator effects on host population dynamics. ..
  11. Mahe A, Faye O, N Diaye H, Ly F, Konare H, Keita S, et al. Definition of an algorithm for the management of common skin diseases at primary health care level in sub-Saharan Africa. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 2005;99:39-47 pubmed
    ..workers in developing countries in the care of common skin diseases, an algorithm for the management of pyoderma, scabies, superficial mycoses, contact dermatitis and referral of early leprosy cases (based on the identification of ..
  12. Savin J. Scabies in Edinburgh from 1815 to 2000. J R Soc Med. 2005;98:124-9 pubmed
  13. Mika A, Reynolds S, Pickering D, McMillan D, Sriprakash K, Kemp D, et al. Complement inhibitors from scabies mites promote streptococcal growth--a novel mechanism in infected epidermis?. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2012;6:e1563 pubmed publisher
    b>Scabies is highly prevalent in socially disadvantaged communities such as indigenous populations and in developing countries...
  14. Worth C, Heukelbach J, Fengler G, Walter B, Liesenfeld O, Hengge U, et al. Acute morbidity associated with scabies and other ectoparasitoses rapidly improves after treatment with ivermectin. Pediatr Dermatol. 2012;29:430-6 pubmed publisher
    In resource-poor settings, scabies is associated with considerable morbidity. Which factors determine morbidity and how rapidly it recedes after specific treatment is not known...
  15. Walton S. The immunology of susceptibility and resistance to scabies. Parasite Immunol. 2010;32:532-40 pubmed publisher
    The transmission of scabies occurs with the burrowing of Sarcoptes scabiei var. hominis mites into the skin. Infestation invariably leads to the development of localized cutaneous inflammation, pruritus and skin lesions...
  16. Haas N, Wagemann B, Hermes B, Henz B, Heile C, Schein E. Crossreacting IgG antibodies against fox mite antigens in human scabies. Arch Dermatol Res. 2005;296:327-31 pubmed
    b>Scabies continues to be an important parasitic disease of mammals. There remain, however, major gaps in the understanding of the human host immune response, and a simple diagnostic test is lacking...
  17. Mounsey K, Holt D, McCarthy J, Currie B, Walton S. Longitudinal evidence of increasing in vitro tolerance of scabies mites to ivermectin in scabies-endemic communities. Arch Dermatol. 2009;145:840-1 pubmed publisher
  18. Pérez J, Granados J, Sarasa M, Serrano E. Usefulness of estimated surface area of damaged skin as a proxy of mite load in the monitoring of sarcoptic mange in free-ranging populations of Iberian wild goat, Capra pyrenaica. Vet Parasitol. 2011;176:258-64 pubmed publisher
    ..Therefore, we conclude that revised classifications should be used in the monitoring of sarcoptic mange in wild populations, since data can be obtained in an inexpensive, fast and non-invasive fashion. ..
  19. Pannell R, Fleming D, Cross K. The incidence of molluscum contagiosum, scabies and lichen planus. Epidemiol Infect. 2005;133:985-91 pubmed
    We aimed to describe the incidence of new episodes of molluscum contagiosum, scabies and lichen planus presenting to general practitioners in England and Wales...
  20. Dupuy A, Dehen L, Bourrat E, Lacroix C, Benderdouche M, Dubertret L, et al. Accuracy of standard dermoscopy for diagnosing scabies. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2007;56:53-62 pubmed
    b>Scabies is a contagious skin infestation caused by the human mite Sarcoptes scabiei. The usual reference method for definitive diagnosis is ex vivo identification of the mite with microscopic examination of skin scrapings...
  21. Bornstein S, Frössling J, Näslund K, Zakrisson G, Morner T. Evaluation of a serological test (indirect ELISA) for the diagnosis of sarcoptic mange in red foxes (Vulpes vulpes). Vet Dermatol. 2006;17:411-6 pubmed
    ..165). It is concluded that this test can be useful in diagnosis and epidemiological studies of S. scabiei infection in red foxes...
  22. Leone P. Scabies and pediculosis pubis: an update of treatment regimens and general review. Clin Infect Dis. 2007;44 Suppl 3:S153-9 pubmed
    ..Ectoparasites continue to be a common cause of skin disease throughout the world. The present article dissects the epidemiological profile and treatment of both Sarcoptes scabiei variant hominis and pediculosis pubis...
  23. Malik R, McKellar Stewart K, Sousa C, Krockenberger M, Pope S, Ihrke P, et al. Crusted scabies (sarcoptic mange) in four cats due to Sarcoptes scabiei infestation. J Feline Med Surg. 2006;8:327-39 pubmed
    ..In the remaining case, the diagnosis was presumptive, based on characteristic lesions, cohabitation with a canine scabies patient and positive response to scabicide therapy...
  24. Gakuya F, Ombui J, Maingi N, Muchemi G, Ogara W, Soriguer R, et al. Sarcoptic mange and cheetah conservation in Masai Mara (Kenya): epidemiological study in a wildlife/livestock system. Parasitology. 2012;139:1587-95 pubmed publisher
    ..Treatment with injectable ivermectin of the clinically affected wild and domestic animals during the first year of this study was associated with much lower incidence of sarcoptic mange during the second year...
  25. Ariza L, Walter B, Worth C, Brockmann S, Weber M, Feldmeier H. Investigation of a scabies outbreak in a kindergarten in Constance, Germany. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 2013;32:373-80 pubmed publisher
    In industrialized countries, scabies occurs sporadically or in the form of protracted epidemics, typically in nursing homes for elderly people. Outbreaks of scabies in a kindergarten are very rare...
  26. Subramaniam G, Kaliaperumal K, Duraipandian J, Rengasamy G. Norwegian scabies in a malnourished young adult: a case report. J Infect Dev Ctries. 2010;4:349-51 pubmed
    ..A diagnosis of crusted scabies with secondary bacterial infection was made and the patient was treated successfully with oral ivermectin, ..
  27. Alasaad S, Walton S, Rossi L, Bornstein S, Abu Madi M, Soriguer R, et al. Sarcoptes-World Molecular Network (Sarcoptes-WMN): integrating research on scabies. Int J Infect Dis. 2011;15:e294-7 pubmed publisher
  28. Hicks M, Elston D. Scabies. Dermatol Ther. 2009;22:279-92 pubmed publisher
    b>Scabies is an ectoparasite caused by the mite Sarcoptes scabiei var hominis, an obligate human parasite. There are about 300 million cases of scabies in the world each year...
  29. Towersey L, Cunha M, Feldman C, Castro C, Berger T. Dermoscopy of Norwegian scabies in a patient with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. An Bras Dermatol. 2010;85:221-3 pubmed
    The authors report here on the case of a female patient with Norwegian (crusted) scabies and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome whose compliance with antiretroviral therapy was poor...
  30. Kim J, Loh C, Murrell D. Epidermolysis bullosa pruriginosa triggered by scabies infestation. J Dermatol. 2013;40:562-3 pubmed publisher
    ..description of three patients diagnosed as having EB-Pr in whom this particular phenotype developed after scabies infestation and dramatically improved after full treatment...
  31. Oyelami O, Onayemi A, Oyedeji O, Adeyemi L. Preliminary study of effectiveness of aloe vera in scabies treatment. Phytother Res. 2009;23:1482-4 pubmed publisher
    ..and December 2002 at the Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospitals Complex, Ile-Ife, Nigeria, 5 patients with scabies were successfully treated with crude gel of Aloe vera; thereafter the efficacy of the extract was compared with ..
  32. Walton S, Beroukas D, Roberts Thomson P, Currie B. New insights into disease pathogenesis in crusted (Norwegian) scabies: the skin immune response in crusted scabies. Br J Dermatol. 2008;158:1247-55 pubmed publisher
    Crusted scabies is a rare and severely debilitating disease characterized by infestation of the skin with up to millions of Sarcoptes scabiei mites, high total IgG levels, extremely high total IgE levels, and the development of ..
  33. Chosidow O. Clinical practices. Scabies. N Engl J Med. 2006;354:1718-27 pubmed
  34. Anbar T, El Domyati M, Mansour H, Ahmad H. Scaly scalp associated with crusted scabies: case series. Dermatol Online J. 2007;13:18 pubmed
    The diagnosis of crusted scabies is becoming more relevant due to the increase in number of immunocompromised patients. To date, more than 200 cases have been reported in the literature...
  35. Karthikeyan K. Treatment of scabies: newer perspectives. Postgrad Med J. 2005;81:7-11 pubmed
    b>Scabies is a common dermatological problem managed by general physicians, family physicians, and dermatologists. Scabies manifests itself in various forms in different individuals...
  36. Pasay C, Walton S, Fischer K, Holt D, McCarthy J. PCR-based assay to survey for knockdown resistance to pyrethroid acaricides in human scabies mites (Sarcoptes scabiei var hominis). Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2006;74:649-57 pubmed
    ..in the form of a topical cream, is being increasingly used for community-based programs to control endemic scabies. The development of resistance has reduced the use of pyrethroids for the control of many arthropods of economic ..
  37. Heukelbach J, Wilcke T, Winter B, Feldmeier H. Epidemiology and morbidity of scabies and pediculosis capitis in resource-poor communities in Brazil. Br J Dermatol. 2005;153:150-6 pubmed
    Pediculosis capitis and scabies are common parasitic skin diseases, especially in resource-poor communities, but data on epidemiology and morbidity are scanty.
  38. Walton S, Pizzutto S, Slender A, Viberg L, Holt D, Hales B, et al. Increased allergic immune response to Sarcoptes scabiei antigens in crusted versus ordinary scabies. Clin Vaccine Immunol. 2010;17:1428-38 pubmed publisher
    b>Scabies, a parasitic skin infestation by the burrowing "itch" mite Sarcoptes scabiei, causes significant health problems for children and adults worldwide...
  39. Aydingöz I, Mansur A. Canine scabies in humans: a case report and review of the literature. Dermatology. 2011;223:104-6 pubmed publisher
    Sarcoptes scabiei causes mange in many domestic and wild mammals, and it has been reported to be transmitted from animals to humans. Canine scabies is known to infest humans, as well.
  40. Rahman M, Lecchi C, Fraquelli C, Sartorelli P, Ceciliani F. Acute phase protein response in Alpine ibex with sarcoptic mange. Vet Parasitol. 2010;168:293-8 pubmed publisher
    ..001). These findings provide a remarkable potential as diagnostic markers for the early detection of sarcoptic mange in free ranging animals...
  41. Andrews R, McCarthy J, Carapetis J, Currie B. Skin disorders, including pyoderma, scabies, and tinea infections. Pediatr Clin North Am. 2009;56:1421-40 pubmed publisher
    Pyoderma, scabies, and tinea are common childhood skin disorders too often considered to be merely of nuisance value. More than 111 million children are believed to have pyoderma, with many also co-infected with scabies, tinea, or both...
  42. Vorou R, Remoudaki H, Maltezou H. Nosocomial scabies. J Hosp Infect. 2007;65:9-14 pubmed
    b>Scabies is a parasitic dermatosis with a worldwide distribution. This infestation affects millions of people annually and may cause large nosocomial outbreaks with considerable morbidity among patients and healthcare workers...
  43. Mika A, Reynolds S, Mohlin F, Willis C, Swe P, Pickering D, et al. Novel scabies mite serpins inhibit the three pathways of the human complement system. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e40489 pubmed publisher
    b>Scabies is a parasitic infestation of the skin by the mite Sarcoptes scabiei that causes significant morbidity worldwide, in particular within socially disadvantaged populations...
  44. Jackson A, Heukelbach J, Filho A, Júnior E, Feldmeier H. Clinical features and associated morbidity of scabies in a rural community in Alagoas, Brazil. Trop Med Int Health. 2007;12:493-502 pubmed
    To describe the clinical characteristics of scabies and the associated morbidity in an impoverished rural community in northeast Brazil.
  45. Bergström F, Reynolds S, Johnstone M, Pike R, Buckle A, Kemp D, et al. Scabies mite inactivated serine protease paralogs inhibit the human complement system. J Immunol. 2009;182:7809-17 pubmed publisher
    ..previously identified a multigene family of serine proteases comprising multiple catalytically inactive members (scabies mite-inactivated protease paralogs (SMIPPs)), which are secreted into the gut of S. scabiei...
  46. Brouqui P, Stein A, Dupont H, Gallian P, Badiaga S, Rolain J, et al. Ectoparasitism and vector-borne diseases in 930 homeless people from Marseilles. Medicine (Baltimore). 2005;84:61-8 pubmed
    ..7; 95% confidence intervals, 1.46-22.15). Twenty-seven patients (3%) with scabies were treated with ivermectin. Bartonella quintana was isolated from blood culture in 50 patients (5...
  47. Whitehall J, Kuzulugil D, Sheldrick K, Wood A. Burden of paediatric pyoderma and scabies in North West Queensland. J Paediatr Child Health. 2013;49:141-3 pubmed publisher
    The study aims to assess the health burden of children admitted with 'scabies' to Mt Isa Hospital, the referral centre for North West Queensland, from 2006 to 2010.
  48. Feldmeier H, Jackson A, Ariza L, Calheiros C, Soares V, Oliveira F, et al. The epidemiology of scabies in an impoverished community in rural Brazil: presence and severity of disease are associated with poor living conditions and illiteracy. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2009;60:436-43 pubmed publisher
    We sought to study the epidemiology of scabies and to identify risk factors of severe disease in an impoverished rural community in northeast Brazil.
  49. Currier R, Walton S, Currie B. Scabies in animals and humans: history, evolutionary perspectives, and modern clinical management. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2011;1230:E50-60 pubmed publisher
    b>Scabies, a mite infestation frequently sexually transmitted, dates back to antiquity but remains a challenging parasite for study in clinical practice and community settings...
  50. McMeniman E, Holden L, Kearns T, Clucas D, Carapetis J, Currie B, et al. Skin disease in the first two years of life in Aboriginal children in East Arnhem Land. Australas J Dermatol. 2011;52:270-3 pubmed publisher
    The most common skin infections affecting children in remote Aboriginal communities are scabies and impetigo...
  51. Scott G, Chosidow O. European guideline for the management of scabies, 2010. Int J STD AIDS. 2011;22:301-3 pubmed publisher
    Transmission of the mite Sarcoptes scabiei generally occurs by protracted direct body contact; although in crusted scabies, transmission also occurs via infected clothing or bedding...
  52. Oleaga A, Casais R, Balseiro A, Espí A, Llaneza L, Hartasánchez A, et al. New techniques for an old disease: sarcoptic mange in the Iberian wolf. Vet Parasitol. 2011;181:255-66 pubmed publisher
    ..However, more information is needed in order to assess the effect of mange on aspects such as pup survival...
  53. Pasay C, Arlian L, Morgan M, Vyszenski Moher D, Rose A, Holt D, et al. High-resolution melt analysis for the detection of a mutation associated with permethrin resistance in a population of scabies mites. Med Vet Entomol. 2008;22:82-8 pubmed publisher
    Permethrin as a topical acaricide cream is widely used to treat scabies. The neuronal voltage-sensitive sodium channel (Vssc), necessary for the generation of action potentials in excitable cells, is the target of pyrethroid acaricides ..
  54. Gnanaraj P, Venugopal V, Pandurangan C. Plica polonica in association with pediculosis capitis and scabies - a case report. Int J Dermatol. 2007;46:151-2 pubmed
    ..Various predisposing factors are known to cause this condition. We report one such case associated with pediculosis capitis and scabies.
  55. Achtari Jeanneret L, Erard P, Gueissaz F, Malinverni R. An outbreak of scabies: a forgotten parasitic disease still present in Switzerland. Swiss Med Wkly. 2007;137:695-9 pubmed publisher
    b>Scabies, a contagious parasitic dermatosis, has a worldwide distribution but is considered a "disease of the poor" in resourcerich countries...
  56. Makigami K, Ohtaki N, Ishii N, Yasumura S. Risk factors of scabies in psychiatric and long-term care hospitals: a nationwide mail-in survey in Japan. J Dermatol. 2009;36:491-8 pubmed publisher
    Despite the commonness of scabies in Japanese institutional settings, the nationwide prevalence of scabies has not been elucidated. This study was conducted to assess the prevalence of scabies and control measures in Japanese hospitals...
  57. Heukelbach J, Feldmeier H. Scabies. Lancet. 2006;367:1767-74 pubmed
    b>Scabies is a neglected parasitic disease that is a major public health problem in many resource-poor regions...
  58. Walter B, Heukelbach J, Fengler G, Worth C, Hengge U, Feldmeier H. Comparison of dermoscopy, skin scraping, and the adhesive tape test for the diagnosis of scabies in a resource-poor setting. Arch Dermatol. 2011;147:468-73 pubmed publisher
    b>Scabies is a parasitic skin disease endemic in resource-poor communities in low-income countries. The best ways to diagnose scabies in this setting have not been investigated.
  59. Hay R, Steer A, Engelman D, Walton S. Scabies in the developing world--its prevalence, complications, and management. Clin Microbiol Infect. 2012;18:313-23 pubmed publisher
    b>Scabies remains one of the commonest of skin diseases seen in developing countries...
  60. Tarigan S, Huntley J. Failure to protect goats following vaccination with soluble proteins of Sarcoptes scabiei: evidence for a role for IgE antibody in protection. Vet Parasitol. 2005;133:101-9 pubmed
    Developing an anti-scabies vaccine is thought to be a feasible alternative to chemical control, since animals which have recovered from sarcoptic mange become resistant against mite reinfestation...
  61. Millan J, Casais R, Delibes Mateos M, Calvete C, Rouco C, Castro F, et al. Widespread exposure to Sarcoptes scabiei in wild European rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus) in Spain. Vet Parasitol. 2012;183:323-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Thus, sarcoptic mange could be considered as an enzootic disease in the wild rabbit and so prophylactic measures implemented during rabbit translocations are to be encouraged to avoid local outbreaks in naïve populations...
  62. Mohammed K, Deb R, Stanton M, Molyneux D. Soil transmitted helminths and scabies in Zanzibar, Tanzania following mass drug administration for lymphatic filariasis--a rapid assessment methodology to assess impact. Parasit Vectors. 2012;5:299 pubmed publisher
    ..onchocerciasis, but have additional impact on soil transmitted helminths and the ectoparasitic mite which causes scabies. Assessing these collateral impacts at scale is difficult due to the insensitivity of available parasite ..
  63. Rambozzi L, Menzano A, Molinar Min A, Rossi L. Immunoblot analysis of IgG antibody response to Sarcoptes scabiei in swine. Vet Immunol Immunopathol. 2007;115:179-83 pubmed
    ..scabiei mite between hypersensitive and chronically infected pigs, and revealed that only two antigens may be considered S. scabiei-specific and used for diagnostic purposes in swine...
  64. Kartono F, Lee E, Lanum D, Pham L, Maibach H. Crusted Norwegian scabies in an adult with Langerhans cell histiocytosis: mishaps leading to systemic chemotherapy. Arch Dermatol. 2007;143:626-8 pubmed
    Crusted Norwegian scabies is a rare hyperkeratotic variant of scabies infestation. We report herein a case of crusted scabies in a woman with underlying Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH).
  65. Alasaad S, Ndeereh D, Rossi L, Bornstein S, Permunian R, Soriguer R, et al. The opportunistic Sarcoptes scabiei: a new episode from giraffe in the drought-suffering Kenya. Vet Parasitol. 2012;185:359-63 pubmed publisher
    ..Affected giraffes were captured and successfully treated. The possible relations between this outbreak and annual seasons, animal age-classes and sex, and spatial distribution are discussed...
  66. Mika A, Goh P, Holt D, Kemp D, Fischer K. Scabies mite peritrophins are potential targets of human host innate immunity. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2011;5:e1331 pubmed publisher
    Pruritic scabies lesions caused by Sarcoptes scabiei burrowing in the stratum corneum of human skin facilitate opportunistic bacterial infections...
  67. Alasaad S, Schuster R, Gakuya F, Theneyan M, Jowers M, Maione S, et al. Applicability of molecular markers to determine parasitic infection origins in the animal trade: a case study from Sarcoptes mites in wildebeest. Forensic Sci Med Pathol. 2012;8:280-4 pubmed publisher
  68. Jackson A, Heukelbach J, Feldmeier H. Transmission of scabies in a rural community. Braz J Infect Dis. 2007;11:386-7 pubmed
  69. Pasay C, Mounsey K, Stevenson G, Davis R, Arlian L, Morgan M, et al. Acaricidal activity of eugenol based compounds against scabies mites. PLoS ONE. 2010;5:e12079 pubmed publisher
    Human scabies is a debilitating skin disease caused by the "itch mite" Sarcoptes scabiei...
  70. Heukelbach J, Mazigo H, Ugbomoiko U. Impact of scabies in resource-poor communities. Curr Opin Infect Dis. 2013;26:127-32 pubmed publisher
    Features of endemic scabies are specific in resource-poor and underprivileged communities, with implications for control measures on the community level. In this review, these special aspects are addressed.
  71. Davis J, McGloughlin S, Tong S, Walton S, Currie B. A novel clinical grading scale to guide the management of crusted scabies. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2013;7:e2387 pubmed publisher
    Crusted scabies, or hyperinfestation with Sarcoptes scabiei, occurs in people with an inadequate immune response to the mite...
  72. Mounsey K, Holt D, Fischer K, Kemp D, Currie B, Walton S. Analysis of Sarcoptes scabiei finds no evidence of infection with Wolbachia. Int J Parasitol. 2005;35:131-5 pubmed
    ..scabiei or, involved in the inflammatory disease pathogenesis of scabies unlike its activity in filarial infection.
  73. Walton S, Currie B. Problems in diagnosing scabies, a global disease in human and animal populations. Clin Microbiol Rev. 2007;20:268-79 pubmed
    b>Scabies is a worldwide disease and a major public health problem in many developing countries, related primarily to poverty and overcrowding...
  74. Currie B, McCarthy J. Permethrin and ivermectin for scabies. N Engl J Med. 2010;362:717-25 pubmed publisher
  75. Katsumata K, Katsumata K. Simple method of detecting sarcoptes scabiei var hominis mites among bedridden elderly patients suffering from severe scabies infestation using an adhesive-tape. Intern Med. 2006;45:857-9 pubmed
    b>Scabies infestation is very common among bedridden elderly patients. The standard method of diagnosis for scabies by scraping the skin requires some skill. Therefore, dermatologists employ this method...
  76. Orion E, Marcos B, Davidovici B, Wolf R. Itch and scratch: scabies and pediculosis. Clin Dermatol. 2006;24:168-75 pubmed
    b>Scabies and lice infestations are almost an everyday diagnosis in the dermatology clinics...
  77. Lawrence G, Leafasia J, Sheridan J, Hills S, Wate J, Wate C, et al. Control of scabies, skin sores and haematuria in children in the Solomon Islands: another role for ivermectin. Bull World Health Organ. 2005;83:34-42 pubmed
    To assess the effects of a 3-year programme aimed at controlling scabies on five small lagoon islands in the Solomon Islands by monitoring scabies, skin sores, streptococcal skin contamination, serology and haematuria in the island ..
  78. Jayaraj R, Hales B, Viberg L, Pizzuto S, Holt D, Rolland J, et al. A diagnostic test for scabies: IgE specificity for a recombinant allergen of Sarcoptes scabiei. Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis. 2011;71:403-7 pubmed publisher
    b>Scabies infestations are difficult to diagnose clinically and current serologic tests have less than 50% accuracy. To develop more reliable diagnosis of scabies, specific IgE antibodies to a major scabies antigen recombinant Sar s 14...
  79. Cestari T, Martignago B. Scabies, pediculosis, bedbugs, and stinkbugs: uncommon presentations. Clin Dermatol. 2005;23:545-54 pubmed
    ..This review will discuss some of the most prevalent parasitic infections, scabies, and pediculosis and also mention reactions determined by contact with certain insects that, although rarely ..