parasitic intestinal diseases

Summary

Summary: Infections of the INTESTINES with PARASITES, commonly involving PARASITIC WORMS. Infections with roundworms (NEMATODE INFECTIONS) and tapeworms (CESTODE INFECTIONS) are also known as HELMINTHIASIS.

Top Publications

  1. Balcioglu I, Kurt O, Limoncu M, Dinc G, Gümüş M, Kilimcioglu A, et al. Rural life, lower socioeconomic status and parasitic infections. Parasitol Int. 2007;56:129-33 pubmed
    ..These results indicate not only the high prevalence of parasitic infections, but also the urgent need for the improvement of basic health services and infrastructure in the rural areas, crowded with poorer immigrant population...
  2. Brooker S, Kabatereine N, Fleming F, Devlin N. Cost and cost-effectiveness of nationwide school-based helminth control in Uganda: intra-country variation and effects of scaling-up. Health Policy Plan. 2008;23:24-35 pubmed
    ..70-9.51). Independent variables were shown to be statistically associated with both sets of estimates. This study highlights the potential bias in transferring data across settings without understanding the nature of observed variations...
  3. Patel N, Kreider T, Urban J, Gause W. Characterisation of effector mechanisms at the host:parasite interface during the immune response to tissue-dwelling intestinal nematode parasites. Int J Parasitol. 2009;39:13-21 pubmed publisher
  4. Johnston M, MacDonald J, McKay D. Parasitic helminths: a pharmacopeia of anti-inflammatory molecules. Parasitology. 2009;136:125-47 pubmed publisher
  5. Balic A, Smith K, Harcus Y, Maizels R. Dynamics of CD11c(+) dendritic cell subsets in lymph nodes draining the site of intestinal nematode infection. Immunol Lett. 2009;127:68-75 pubmed publisher
  6. Hall A, Hewitt G, Tuffrey V, de Silva N. A review and meta-analysis of the impact of intestinal worms on child growth and nutrition. Matern Child Nutr. 2008;4 Suppl 1:118-236 pubmed publisher
  7. Jacobsen K, Ribeiro P, Quist B, Rydbeck B. Prevalence of intestinal parasites in young Quichua children in the highlands of rural Ecuador. J Health Popul Nutr. 2007;25:399-405 pubmed
    ..histolytica or dispar and G. intestinalis...
  8. Maizels R, Yazdanbakhsh M. T-cell regulation in helminth parasite infections: implications for inflammatory diseases. Chem Immunol Allergy. 2008;94:112-23 pubmed publisher
  9. Quihui L, Valencia M, Crompton D, Phillips S, Hagan P, Morales G, et al. Role of the employment status and education of mothers in the prevalence of intestinal parasitic infections in Mexican rural schoolchildren. BMC Public Health. 2006;6:225 pubmed
    ..We independently investigated whether a variety of socio-economic factors, including maternal education and employment levels, were associated with intestinal parasite infection in rural school children...

More Information

Publications103 found, 100 shown here

  1. Thu N, Dalsgaard A, Loan L, Murrell K. Survey for zoonotic liver and intestinal trematode metacercariae in cultured and wild fish in An Giang Province, Vietnam. Korean J Parasitol. 2007;45:45-54 pubmed
    ..pumilio, Procerovum sp., and O. viverrini metacercariae in Vietnamese fish. These results indicate that consumption of improperly prepared fish represents a significant risk of acquiring FZTs in this south Vietnam region...
  2. Ishiwata K, Watanabe N. Nippostrongylus brasiliensis: reversibility of reduced-energy status associated with the course of expulsion from the small intestine in rats. Exp Parasitol. 2007;117:80-6 pubmed
    ..Short in vitro culture of adult worms under low oxygen tension resulted in low ATP value in the worms. These results suggested that adult worms were dislodged from their preferred site by intact energy metabolism activity...
  3. Gbakima A, Konteh R, Kallon M, Mansaray H, Sahr F, Bah Z, et al. Intestinal protozoa and intestinal helminthic infections in displacement camps in Sierra Leone. Afr J Med Med Sci. 2007;36:1-9 pubmed
  4. Weng M, Huntley D, Huang I, Foye Jackson O, Wang L, Sarkissian A, et al. Alternatively activated macrophages in intestinal helminth infection: effects on concurrent bacterial colitis. J Immunol. 2007;179:4721-31 pubmed
  5. Escobedo A, Canete R, Núñez F. Intestinal protozoan and helminth infections in the Municipality San Juan y Martínez, Pinar del Río, Cuba. Trop Doct. 2007;37:236-8 pubmed
    ..The rates and intensity of intestinal parasitic infections found permit us to speculate that the conditions that predispose to acquire intestinal protozoan and STH infections persist in this municipality...
  6. Nguyen T, Nguyen V, Murrell D, Dalsgaard A. Occurrence and species distribution of fishborne zoonotic trematodes in wastewater-fed aquaculture in northern Vietnam. Trop Med Int Health. 2007;12 Suppl 2:66-72 pubmed
    ..To assess the risk of fishborne zoonotic trematode (FZT) infection in fish reared in wastewater-fed ponds in peri-urban areas of northern Vietnam...
  7. Ak M, Keleş E, Karacasu F, Pektas B, Akkafa F, Ozgur S, et al. The distribution of the intestinal parasitic diseases in the Southeast Anatolian (GAP=SEAP) region of Turkey. Parasitol Res. 2006;99:146-52 pubmed
  8. Kringel H, Iburg T, Dawson H, Aasted B, Roepstorff A. A time course study of immunological responses in Trichuris suis infected pigs demonstrates induction of a local type 2 response associated with worm burden. Int J Parasitol. 2006;36:915-24 pubmed
    ..suis. The results from this study expand our knowledge of the immunomodulatory effect of T. suis, a parasite that has proven effective in treating inflammatory bowel disease, when its eggs are administered regularly to patients...
  9. Martinez Moreno F, Hernandez S, López Cobos E, Becerra C, Acosta I, Martinez Moreno A. Estimation of canine intestinal parasites in Córdoba (Spain) and their risk to public health. Vet Parasitol. 2007;143:7-13 pubmed
    ..canis only in puppies younger than one year and Uncinaria, more frequent in adult dogs. Soil samples of parks revealed the presence of eggs of Toxocara, and it suggests the existence of real risk for human infection...
  10. Basualdo J, Cordoba M, de Luca M, Ciarmela M, Pezzani B, Grenovero M, et al. Intestinal parasitoses and environmental factors in a rural population of Argentina, 2002-2003. Rev Inst Med Trop Sao Paulo. 2007;49:251-5 pubmed
    ..In this study we have found deficient sanitary conditions associated with presence of parasites in population and we have evidenced that contaminated soil and water were the source of these parasites...
  11. Dogan N, Demirustu C, Aybey A. [The prevalence of intestinal parasites according to the distribution of the patients' gender and parasite species for five years at the Osmangazi University Medical Faculty]. Turkiye Parazitol Derg. 2008;32:120-5 pubmed
    ..In comparison to a previous 10 year retrospective study which was performed in our hospital, we detected an important decrease in prevalence of parasites. But the presence of intestinal parasites is still an important problem. ..
  12. Sam Wobo S, Mafiana C, Onashoga S, Vincent O. MONRATE: A descriptive tool for calculation and prediction of re-infection of Ascaris lumbricoides (Ascaridida: Ascarididae). Rev Biol Trop. 2007;55:755-60 pubmed
    ..8), Obafemi/Owode (22.92), Odeda (25.45), and Ewekoro (25.9). The mean value for N in Ogun State was 21.75. The results obtained from MONRATE were compared with those obtained using the mathematical equation and found to be the same. ..
  13. van Beurden A, Ottow R, Van Oerle M. An unusual ultrasound diagnosis of right lower quadrant abdominal pain. Gut. 2008;57:515, 524 pubmed publisher
  14. Alvarez Pellitero P, Palenzuela O, Sitja Bobadilla A. Histopathology and cellular response in Enteromyxum leei (Myxozoa) infections of Diplodus puntazzo (Teleostei). Parasitol Int. 2008;57:110-20 pubmed publisher
    ..puntazzo to E. leei was demonstrated. The depletion of this response at a certain point of the infection could contribute to the high virulence of this myxozoan in this fish species. ..
  15. Diker A, Tinar R, Senlik B. Infectivity of Echinococcus granulosus protoscolices under different conditions of temperature and humidity. J Helminthol. 2008;82:297-300 pubmed publisher
  16. Machado E, Santos D, Costa Cruz J. Enteroparasites and commensals among children in four peripheral districts of Uberlândia, State of Minas Gerais. Rev Soc Bras Med Trop. 2008;41:581-5 pubmed
    ..5%), Strongyloides stercoralis (1.3%), Iodamoeba butschlii (1.3%) and Capillaria hepatica (0.6%). The infection rate in these children was high and showed the need to implement prophylactic education programs in the community. ..
  17. Hamze M, Naja M, Mallat H. [Biological analysis of workers in the food sector in north Lebanon]. East Mediterr Health J. 2008;14:1425-34 pubmed
    ..5% E. histolytica), followed by flagellates (18.0 %) (37.5% Dientamoeba fragilis, 31.3% Giardia lamblia) and nematodes (7.8%) (only Ascaris lumbricoides). The tuberculin test was positive in 16.3% of the workers (n = 301). ..
  18. Vogelberg C, Stensvold C, Monecke S, Ditzen A, Stopsack K, Heinrich Gräfe U, et al. Blastocystis sp. subtype 2 detection during recurrence of gastrointestinal and urticarial symptoms. Parasitol Int. 2010;59:469-71 pubmed publisher
    ..Eradication of the parasite and permanent resolution of the patient's medical condition was finally achieved with the combined application of metronidazole and paromomycin. ..
  19. Andresiuk V, Sardella N, Denegri G. Seasonal fluctuations in prevalence of dog intestinal parasites in public squares of Mar del Plata city, Argentina and its risk for humans. Rev Argent Microbiol. 2007;39:221-4 pubmed
  20. Batchelor D, Tzannes S, Graham P, Wastling J, Pinchbeck G, German A. Detection of endoparasites with zoonotic potential in dogs with gastrointestinal disease in the UK. Transbound Emerg Dis. 2008;55:99-104 pubmed publisher
    ..Moreover, they provide information to direct future work in determining the risk to the human population from parasitic zoonoses of dogs. ..
  21. Roca V, Garcia G. A new species of the genus Spiroxys (Nematoda: Gnathostomatidae) from Madagascan pleurodiran turtles (Pelomedusidae). J Helminthol. 2008;82:301-3 pubmed publisher
    ..This is the first record of a nominal species of the genus Spiroxys from the Ethiopian region...
  22. Ko S. Observation of deworming process in intestinal Diphyllobothrium latum parasitism by gastrografin injection into jejunum through double-balloon enteroscope. Am J Gastroenterol. 2008;103:2149-50 pubmed publisher
  23. Ataş A, Alim A, Ataş M, Artan M. [The investigation of intestinal parasites in two primary schools in different social-economic districts of the city of Yozgat, Turkey]. Turkiye Parazitol Derg. 2008;32:261-5 pubmed
    ..3% and 3 species in 4.7%. Thus, intestinal parasites are important among primary school children in Yozgat and it seems that there is a relationship between socio-economic conditions and the rate of intestinal parasites. ..
  24. Al Kilani M, Dahesh S, El Taweel H. Intestinal parasitosis in Nalout popularity, western Libya. J Egypt Soc Parasitol. 2008;38:255-64 pubmed
    ..5%), Giardia lamblia (2.5%), Balantidium coli (0.38%), and Hymenolepis nana (0.38%) A Sudanese immigrant employee had Strongyloides stercoralis larva in stool culture. ..
  25. Cook D, Swanson R, Eggett D, Booth G. A retrospective analysis of prevalence of gastrointestinal parasites among school children in the Palajunoj Valley of Guatemala. J Health Popul Nutr. 2009;27:31-40 pubmed
    ..243, CI 1.062-1.455, p=0.0313). The results suggest that the prevalence of gastrointestinal parasites among young Guatemalan children is highly dependent on the specific species of the parasite. ..
  26. Corripio I, Cisneros M, Ormaechea T. [Diagnostic of intestinal parasitosis by coproantigen detection]. Enferm Infecc Microbiol Clin. 2010;28 Suppl 1:33-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Among these systems are the methods for detecting faecal antigens, which, in general, have good specificity and sensitivity; properties which make them a useful tool in microbiology laboratories. ..
  27. Awasthi S, Peto R, Pande V, Fletcher R, Read S, Bundy D. Effects of deworming on malnourished preschool children in India: an open-labelled, cluster-randomized trial. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2008;2:e223 pubmed publisher
    ..As, however, we do not know the control parasite burden, these results are difficult to generalize. ClinicalTrials.gov NCT00396500. ..
  28. Manhani M, Cruz J, Ferreira D, Abdallah V, Souza M. IgA1 levels in milk and serum samples from intestinal parasite-infected or normal puerperae. Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz. 2008;103:511-3 pubmed
    ..There was a correlation between serum and milk IgA1 levels and puerperae with any parasite in their stool (r = 0.6723; p = 0.0166). This finding may reinforce the importance of breast-feeding for the protection of neonates. ..
  29. Dumba R, Kaddu J, Wabwire Mangen F. Intestinal helminths in Luweero district, Uganda. Afr Health Sci. 2008;8:90-6 pubmed
    ..The District Health workers, community leaders and extension staff should educate the community on the importance of personal hygiene and environmental sanitation to minimize the risks of helminth infections. ..
  30. Suarez V, Cristel S, Busetti M. Epidemiology and effects of gastrointestinal nematode infection on milk productions of dairy ewes. Parasite. 2009;16:141-7 pubmed
    ..041) MPL than those of UG. The present study showed that dairy sheep were negatively affected by worms, even when exposed to short periods of high acute nematode (mainly Haemonchus contortus) infection...
  31. Elwakil H, Hewedi I. Pathogenic potential of Blastocystis hominis in laboratory mice. Parasitol Res. 2010;107:685-9 pubmed publisher
    ..In conclusion, this study revealed that large number of B. hominis is essential for oral infection of mice and that vacuolar forms of B. hominis can invade the lamina propria, the submucosa, and even the muscle layers...
  32. Feldmeier H. [Intestinal helminthiases]. Med Monatsschr Pharm. 2010;33:255-60 pubmed
    ..Nematodes are usually treated with the benzimidazoles mebendazole and albendazole. Ivermectin, a macrocyclic lactone, is an alternative. Praziquanel is the drug of choice for the treatment of intestinal cestodes. ..
  33. Shin E, Lee S, Kim J, Chai J. T-helper-1 and T-helper-2 immune responses in mice infected with the intestinal fluke Neodiplostomum seoulense: their possible roles in worm expulsion and host fatality. J Parasitol. 2007;93:1036-45 pubmed publisher
    ..This study shows that mixed Th1 and Th2 responses occur during the course of N. seoulense infection in BALB/c mice. Heavy infiltrations of macrophages in the small intestine may participate in host damage and worm expulsion...
  34. Altaş M, Sevgili M, Gökçen A, Aksin N, Bayburs H. [The prevalence of gastro-intestinal nematodes in hair goats of the Sanliurfa region]. Turkiye Parazitol Derg. 2009;33:20-4 pubmed
    ..45%), Haemonchus contortus (39.79%), Gongylonema pulchrum (32.53%), Nematodirus spathiger (33.73%), N. filicollis (13.25%), Trichostrongylus vitrinus (13.25%), Chabertia ovina (25.30%), Trichuris ovis (22.88%) and T. skrjabini (34.93%). ..
  35. Uslu H, Dane S, Uyanik M, Ayyildiz A. Relationships between intestinal parasitosis and handedness. Laterality. 2010;15:465-74 pubmed publisher
    ..Lower rate of helminth infections in the present study, and higher asthma incidences in the left-handed population in literature, may be associated with different immune machinery in left-handed people than in right-handed ones. ..
  36. Magi M, Macchioni F, Dell Omodarme M, Prati M, Calderini P, Gabrielli S, et al. Endoparasites of red fox (Vulpes vulpes) in central Italy. J Wildl Dis. 2009;45:881-5 pubmed
    ..By immunologic assay, antigens of Echinococcus spp. were detected in fecal samples of 20 foxes, but results could not be confirmed by fecal examination or molecular tests. ..
  37. Standley C, Adriko M, Alinaitwe M, Kazibwe F, Kabatereine N, Stothard J. Intestinal schistosomiasis and soil-transmitted helminthiasis in Ugandan schoolchildren: a rapid mapping assessment. Geospat Health. 2009;4:39-53 pubmed
    ..Our results emphasise how social and demographic variables such as migration may affect epidemiological trends and confound the impact of existing treatment regimes. ..
  38. van Lieshout L, Verweij J. Newer diagnostic approaches to intestinal protozoa. Curr Opin Infect Dis. 2010;23:488-93 pubmed publisher
    ..Improved technology also has become available for differentiating protozoa subspecies, which facilitates outbreak investigations and extensive research in molecular epidemiology. ..
  39. Morgan E, Coles G. Comment on: Arithmetic or geometric means of eggs per gram are not appropriate indicators to estimate the impact of control measures in helminth infections. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 2008;102:297-8; author reply 298 pubmed publisher
  40. Al Mekhlafi M, Surin J, Atiya A, Ariffin W, Mahdy A, Abdullah H. Anaemia and iron deficiency anaemia among aboriginal schoolchildren in rural Peninsular Malaysia: an update on a continuing problem. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 2008;102:1046-52 pubmed publisher
    ..Improvement of socioeconomic status and health education together with periodic mass deworming should be included in public health strategies for the control and prevention of anaemia and IDA in this population. ..
  41. Capece B, Virkel G, Lanusse C. Enantiomeric behaviour of albendazole and fenbendazole sulfoxides in domestic animals: pharmacological implications. Vet J. 2009;181:241-50 pubmed publisher
    ..This article reviews the current knowledge on the pharmacological implications of the enantiomeric behaviour of albendazole sulfoxide and oxfendazole in domestic animals...
  42. Vila J, Alvarez Martinez M, Buesa J, Castillo J. [Microbiological diagnosis of gastrointestinal infections]. Enferm Infecc Microbiol Clin. 2009;27:406-11 pubmed publisher
  43. Abdolrasouli A, McMillan A, Ackers J. Sexual transmission of intestinal parasites in men who have sex with men. Sex Health. 2009;6:185-94 pubmed publisher
  44. Uysal H, Boral O, Metiner K, Ilgaz A. Investigation of intestinal parasites in pig feces that are also human pathogens. Turkiye Parazitol Derg. 2009;33:218-21 pubmed
    ..lamblia (p=0.01) in pigs less than 6 months and of A. suum in those over 6 months was found to be statistically significant (p=0.005). Our results revealed that pigs are important sources of these parasites...
  45. Monse B, Naliponguit E, Belizario V, Benzian H, van Helderman W. Essential health care package for children--the 'Fit for School' program in the Philippines. Int Dent J. 2010;60:85-93 pubmed
    ..The programme is a partnership project between the Philippine Department of Education and the Local Government Units with support for capacity development activities from the German Development Cooperation and GlaxoSmithKline. ..
  46. Perez Cordon G, Cordova Paz Soldan O, Vargas Vasquez F, Velasco Soto J, Sempere Bordes L, Sanchez Moreno M, et al. Prevalence of enteroparasites and genotyping of Giardia lamblia in Peruvian children. Parasitol Res. 2008;103:459-65 pubmed publisher
    ..This is the first study of molecular characterization of G. lamblia in Peruvian children and confirms the importance of asymptomatic patients in the transmission of the giardiosis, especially in places with poor hygiene and sanitation...
  47. Gunduz T, Limoncu M, Cümen S, Ari A, Serdağ E, Tay Z. The prevalence of intestinal parasites and nasal S. aureus carriage among food handlers. J Environ Health. 2008;70:64-5, 67 pubmed
    ..9%) and Giardia intestinalis (24.6%). The authors conclude that food handlers should be screened and treated from time to time and that a periodic program of health education on food safety and hygiene should be given. ..
  48. Arani A, Alaghehbandan R, Akhlaghi L, Shahi M, Lari A. Prevalence of intestinal parasites in a population in south of Tehran, Iran. Rev Inst Med Trop Sao Paulo. 2008;50:145-9 pubmed
  49. Bruzinskaite R, Sarkunas M, Torgerson P, Mathis A, Deplazes P. Echinococcosis in pigs and intestinal infection with Echinococcus spp. in dogs in southwestern Lithuania. Vet Parasitol. 2009;160:237-41 pubmed publisher
    ..granulosus eggs from 8 dog faeces revealed the genotype G6/7 ('pig/camel strain') in all cases. The high infection pressure with Echinococcus spp. in family farms necessitates initiating control programs...
  50. Fernandes H, D Souza C, Swethadri G, Naik C. Ameboma of the colon with amebic liver abscess mimicking metastatic colon cancer. Indian J Pathol Microbiol. 2009;52:228-30 pubmed
    ..Colonic ameboma accompanied by amebic liver abscess may be misdiagnosed as metastatic colon cancer. A high index of suspicion is essential for diagnosis when dealing with colonic masses and liver lesions, especially in the tropics. ..
  51. Junker K, Davies O, Jansen R, Crowe T, Boomker J. Nematodes from Swainson's spurfowl Pternistis swainsonii and an Orange River francolin Scleroptila levaillantoides in Free State Province, South Africa, with a description of Tetrameres swainsonii n. sp. (Nematoda: Tetrameridae). J Helminthol. 2008;82:365-71 pubmed publisher
    ..The single female has the globular shape typical of the genus...
  52. Abdelqader A, Gauly M, Wollny C, Abo Shehada M. Prevalence and burden of gastrointestinal helminthes among local chickens, in northern Jordan. Prev Vet Med. 2008;85:17-22 pubmed publisher
    ..The prevalences of A. galli and R. cesticillus were higher in male than female hosts while those of C. infundibulum and H. carioca were higher in females. The median worm burden was 7 (range 0-168) worms per chicken...
  53. Haque R. Human intestinal parasites. J Health Popul Nutr. 2007;25:387-91 pubmed
  54. Boia M, Carvalho Costa F, Sodré F, Porras Pedroza B, Faria E, Magalhães G, et al. Tuberculosis and intestinal parasitism among indigenous people in the Brazilian Amazon region. Rev Saude Publica. 2009;43:176-8 pubmed
    ..35.4% for Entamoeba histolyticaD dispar and 33.3% vs. 10.7% for Giardia lamblia). It is concluded that tuberculosis and intestinal parasitism are frequent in these communities, thus requiring control measures and better medical care...
  55. Ivanov V. New species of Crossobothrium (Cestoda: Tetraphyllidea) from the broadnose sevengill shark, Notorynchus cepedianus, in Argentina. J Parasitol. 2009;95:1479-88 pubmed publisher
    ..laciniatum , seem to be restricted to hexanchid sharks, and a single species of shark can be parasitized by multiple species of Crossobothrium, as is the case with N. cepedianus, and probably Hexanchus griseus...
  56. Mohan S, Verma A, Baijal S. Hydatidiarrhea. Indian J Gastroenterol. 2007;26:238-9 pubmed
    ..Hydatid cysts rarely rupture into the bowel lumen. We describe five patients presenting with passage of hydatid membranes in stool. Early surgical intervention may prevent erosion of such cysts into the hollow viscus...
  57. Kuchta R, Scholz T. Diversity and distribution of fish tapeworms of the "Bothriocephalidea" (Eucestoda). Parassitologia. 2007;49:129-46 pubmed
    ..Out of 305 nominal taxa, only 125 species are considered to be valid. In addition, the spectrum of definitive hosts and geographical distribution of bothriocephalideans are briefly discussed...
  58. Akinsanya B, Otubanjo O. Helminth parasites of Clarias gariepinus (Clariidae) in Lekki Lagoon, Lagos, Nigeria. Rev Biol Trop. 2006;54:93-9 pubmed
    ..75% and 3.76% respectively. Parasite prevalence was related to the length and weight of the specimens. The fish samples were observed to show negative allometric growth and smaller samples recorded higher helminth infection...
  59. Rodrigues L, Newcombe P, Cunha S, Alcantara Neves N, Genser B, Cruz A, et al. Early infection with Trichuris trichiura and allergen skin test reactivity in later childhood. Clin Exp Allergy. 2008;38:1769-77 pubmed publisher
    ..Intestinal helminth parasites are prevalent in childhood in developing countries and are associated with a lower prevalence of allergen skin test reactivity and asthma...
  60. deSchoolmeester M, Martinez Pomares L, Gordon S, Else K. The mannose receptor binds Trichuris muris excretory/secretory proteins but is not essential for protective immunity. Immunology. 2009;126:246-55 pubmed publisher
    ..This work suggests that, despite binding components of T. muris E/S, the MR is not critically involved in the generation of the immune response to this parasite...
  61. Tuncay S, Delibaş S, Inceboz T, Over L, Oral A, Akisu C, et al. An outbreak of gastroenteritis associated with intestinal parasites. Turkiye Parazitol Derg. 2008;32:249-52 pubmed
    ..The prevalence of pathogenic parasites was high among the people who had a toilet outdoors. Drinking water was thought to be a principal source of this outbreak...
  62. Kim D, Lillehoj H, Hong Y, Park D, Lamont S, Han J, et al. Immune-related gene expression in two B-complex disparate genetically inbred Fayoumi chicken lines following Eimeria maxima infection. Poult Sci. 2008;87:433-43 pubmed publisher
    ..1 vs. M15.2 birds. These results suggest that genetic determinants within the chicken MHC influence resistance to E. maxima infection by controlling the local and systemic expression of immune-related cytokine and chemokine genes...
  63. Loscher T, Saathoff E. Eosinophilia during intestinal infection. Best Pract Res Clin Gastroenterol. 2008;22:511-36 pubmed publisher
    ..It increases considerably in populations with a high prevalence of parasitic infections, as in developing tropical countries or in travellers to those areas...
  64. Al Braiken F. Is intestinal parasitic infection still a public health concern among Saudi children?. Saudi Med J. 2008;29:1630-5 pubmed
    ..To determine the possible health risk associated with intestinal parasite infections among children with gastroenteritis in Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia...
  65. Gómez Puerta L, Ticona D, López Urbina M, Gonzalez A. The Andean hog-nosed skunk Conepatus chinga Molina, 1782 as a new definitive host for Spirometra erinacei Faust, Campbell & Kellog, 1929. Vet Parasitol. 2009;160:334-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Four cestodes were studied and identified as S. erinacei. This is the first report showing that the Andean hog-nosed skunk is one of the natural hosts for this parasite...
  66. Viana R, Bispo J, de Araújo C, Benigno R, Monteiro B, Gennari S. [Parasitic dynamics of gastrointestinal nematode infection in the periparturient period of beef cattle in the State of Para]. Rev Bras Parasitol Vet. 2009;18:49-52 pubmed
    ..However, adult cows, when well managed, are not an important factor in the epidemiology of gastrointestinal nematodes, even in the post partum period...
  67. Beltrame M, Fugassa M, Sardella N. First paleoparasitological results from late Holocene in Patagonian coprolites. J Parasitol. 2010;96:648-51 pubmed publisher
    ..The parasites found in the coprolites allow us to deduce what these people were eating and, thus, indicate what other pathogens, such as viruses, bacteria, and parasitic protozoans, may have infected them via the same sources...
  68. Ostan I, Kilimcioglu A, Girginkardeşler N, Ozyurt B, Limoncu M, Ok U. Health inequities: lower socio-economic conditions and higher incidences of intestinal parasites. BMC Public Health. 2007;7:342 pubmed
    ..The aim of the present study was to determine and compare the incidences of intestinal parasitic infections and the socio-economic status of two near primary school children in Manisa, a western city of Turkey...
  69. Alaofè H, Zee J, Dossa R, O Brien H. Intestinal parasitic infections in adolescent girls from two boarding schools in southern Benin. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 2008;102:653-61 pubmed publisher
    ..These findings reinforce the need to involve mothers in health initiatives to control intestinal parasitism in Benin...
  70. Adeoye G, Osayemi C, Oteniya O, Onyemekeihia S. Epidemiological studies of intestinal helminthes and malaria among children in Lagos, Nigeria. Pak J Biol Sci. 2007;10:2208-12 pubmed
    ..5%). Intensity of malaria was highest in children whose families used nets only, lowest in those who combined insecticides, coils and nets. Sixty seven percent of infected cases were single infections while 29% were mixed infections...
  71. Takizawa M, Falavigna D, Gomes M. Enteroparasitosis and their ethnographic relationship to food handlers in a tourist and economic center in Paraná, Southern Brazil. Rev Inst Med Trop Sao Paulo. 2009;51:31-5 pubmed
    ..05). The high overall occurrence of enteroparasites found indicates improper hygiene and sanitation conditions. Effective educational measures should be implemented to prevent the transfer of pathogenic organisms to food via handling...
  72. Clough D, Heistermann M, Kappeler P. Host intrinsic determinants and potential consequences of parasite infection in free-ranging red-fronted lemurs (Eulemur fulvus rufus). Am J Phys Anthropol. 2010;142:441-52 pubmed publisher
    ..Male mating and reproductive success were not correlated to any measure of parasite infection, which suggests a nonfunctional role of the parasites we examined in primate sexual selection...
  73. Samie A, Guerrant R, Barrett L, Bessong P, Igumbor E, Obi C. Prevalence of intestinal parasitic and bacterial pathogens in diarrhoeal and non-diarroeal human stools from Vhembe district, South Africa. J Health Popul Nutr. 2009;27:739-45 pubmed
    ..and Aeromonas are the most common bacterial causes of diarrhoea in Vhembe district of South Africa...
  74. Le H, Brouwer I, Verhoef H, Nguyen K, Kok F. Anemia and intestinal parasite infection in school children in rural Vietnam. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr. 2007;16:716-23 pubmed
    ..This study hypothesized that besides iron deficiency, intestinal parasites infection is also a determinant of anemia in schoolchildren in rural Vietnam...
  75. Flisser A, Valdespino J, Garcia Garcia L, Guzman C, Aguirre M, Manon M, et al. Using national health weeks to deliver deworming to children: lessons from Mexico. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2008;62:314-7 pubmed publisher
    ..The challenge remaining is to sustain the deworming programme until other longer-term behavioural, environmental and socioeconomic changes can be implemented...
  76. Ben Musa N. Intestinal parasites in school aged children and the first case report on amoebiasis in urinary bladder in Tripoli, Libya. J Egypt Soc Parasitol. 2007;37:775-84 pubmed
    ..The rates of protozoa were Entamoeba histolytica 4%, Entamoeba coli 4% and Giardia lamblia 2%. The problem was created by parasitosis in endangering children's health are more increasing in Tripoli District...
  77. Jenkins D, Allen L, Goullet M. Encroachment of Echinococcus granulosus into urban areas in eastern Queensland, Australia. Aust Vet J. 2008;86:294-300 pubmed publisher
  78. Farid A, Shimohira T, Kobayashi I, Sawada J, Horii Y. Intestinally implanted Nippostrongylus brasiliensis adult worms decrease serum paraoxonase-1 activity in rats. Parasitol Int. 2009;58:178-83 pubmed publisher
    ..Due to the prolonged intestinal phase of gastrointestinal nematode infections, alterations in PON1 activity during this phase need to be further examined to elucidate the mechanism of alteration in PON1 activity...
  79. El Guamri Y, Belghyti D, Achicha A, Tiabi M, Aujjar N, Barkia A, et al. [Epidemiological retrospective survey intestinal parasitism in the Provincial Hospital Center (Kenitra, Morocco): review of 10 years (1996-2005)]. Ann Biol Clin (Paris). 2009;67:191-202 pubmed publisher
    ..The relationship between the infestation index calculed, sex, age, the annual and seasonal changes, polyparasitism and intestinal parasitic infection is discussed...
  80. Kurniawan A, Karyadi T, Dwintasari S, Sari I, Yunihastuti E, Djauzi S, et al. Intestinal parasitic infections in HIV/AIDS patients presenting with diarrhoea in Jakarta, Indonesia. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 2009;103:892-8 pubmed publisher
    ..hominis, but gross seasonal disturbances may have influenced our findings. Intestinal parasites should be looked for routinely in this group of individuals and should be treated to reduce complications and the likelihood of transmission...
  81. Lahmar S, Sarciron M, Rouiss M, Mensi M. Echinococcus granulosus and other intestinal helminths in semi-stray dogs in Tunisia: infection and re-infection rates. Tunis Med. 2008;86:657-64 pubmed
    ..Assessing the baseline prevalence and the re-infection rate of E. granulosus and other cestodes in dogs is important for a control program based on regular dog dosing treatment with praziquantel mainly to young rural dogs...
  82. Diniz L, Magalhães E, Pereira F, Dietze R, Ribeiro Rodrigues R. Presence of intestinal helminths decreases T helper type 1 responses in tuberculoid leprosy patients and may increase the risk for multi-bacillary leprosy. Clin Exp Immunol. 2010;161:142-50 pubmed publisher
    ..Our results suggest that a pre-existing infection by intestinal helminths may facilitate the establishment of M. leprae infection or its progression to more severe forms of leprosy...
  83. Ogbolu D, Alli O, Ogunleye V, Olusoga Ogbolu F, Olaosun I. The presence of intestinal parasites in selected vegetables from open markets in south western Nigeria. Afr J Med Med Sci. 2009;38:319-24 pubmed
    ..There is also dire need for the improvement of sanitary facilities in our markets and vegetable vendors should also be included in the screening of food handlers...
  84. Boping Z, Wenbin W. Seasonal population dynamics of Pallisentis (Neosentis) celatus (Acanthocephala: Quadrigyridae) in the intestine of the rice-field eel Monopterus albus in China. J Helminthol. 2007;81:415-20 pubmed
    ..As immature male worms exhibit a higher proportion of the worm population than females in all seasons, further studies are needed to determine if such a situation compensates for the shorter life span of males...
  85. Graczyk T, Majewska A, Schwab K. The role of birds in dissemination of human waterborne enteropathogens. Trends Parasitol. 2008;24:55-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Where justifiable, the presence of waterfowl should be supported; however, management of drinking and recreational water resources needs to be improved by incorporating effective protection measures for pathogens linked to these birds...
  86. Ataş A, Alim A, Ataş M. [Distribution of intestinal parasites in patients presenting at the environmental-food and medicine analysis laboratory of Sivas municipality during the years 1993-2006]. Turkiye Parazitol Derg. 2008;32:59-64 pubmed
    ..3%) Trichuris trichiura and 1 (0.1%) Dicrocoelium dentriticum. Parasites detected in cellophane tape specimens included 64 (34.4%) Enterobius vermicularis and 11 (5.9%) Taenia saginata...
  87. Ben Musa N, Sehari A, Hawas A. Intestinal parasitic infections among school children in Tripoli, Libya. J Egypt Soc Parasitol. 2007;37:1011-6 pubmed
    ..This was a preliminary approach to clarify the status on intestinal parasites since reliable reportable data being still comparatively lacking, which might be a guide for a feasible national control program...
  88. Turner J, Jackson J, Faulkner H, Behnke J, Else K, Kamgno J, et al. Intensity of intestinal infection with multiple worm species is related to regulatory cytokine output and immune hyporesponsiveness. J Infect Dis. 2008;197:1204-12 pubmed publisher
    ..Total immune reactivity and anti-inflammatory cytokine production relate inversely. Our data suggest that gut nematodes are important mediators of immunoregulation...
  89. Al Mekhlafi M, Atiya A, Lim Y, Mahdy A, Ariffin W, Abdullah H, et al. An unceasing problem: soil-transmitted helminthiases in rural Malaysian communities. Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health. 2007;38:998-1007 pubmed
    ..Public health personnel need to reassess current control measures and identify innovative and integrated ways in order to reduce STH significantly in rural communities...
  90. Díaz Serrano K, da Silva C, de Albuquerque S, Pereira Saraiva M, Nelson Filho P. Is there an association between bruxism and intestinal parasitic infestation in children?. J Dent Child (Chic). 2008;75:276-9 pubmed
    ..No empirical evidence exists, however, of such association. Therefore, this study's purpose was to investigate the existence of an association between bruxism and intestinal parasitic infestation in children...
  91. Epe C. Intestinal nematodes: biology and control. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract. 2009;39:1091-107, vi-vii pubmed publisher
    ..After a comprehensive description of their life cycle and biology, which are indispensable for understanding and justifying their control, current recommendations for nematode control are presented and discussed thereafter...
  92. Babiker M, Ali M, Ahmed E. Frequency of intestinal parasites among food-handlers in Khartoum, Sudan. East Mediterr Health J. 2009;15:1098-104 pubmed
    ..7%), Taenia saginata (0.3%) and Strongyloides stercoralis (0.1%). We recommend more frequent screening of food-handlers and that the direct faecal smear technique is efficient for the detection of such parasites...