anisakiasis

Summary

Summary: Infection with roundworms of the genus ANISAKIS. Human infection results from the consumption of fish harboring roundworm larvae. The worms may cause acute NAUSEA; VOMITING; or penetrate into the wall of the DIGESTIVE TRACT where they give rise to EOSINOPHILIC GRANULOMA in the STOMACH; INTESTINES; or the OMENTUM.

Top Publications

  1. Puente P, Anadón A, Rodero M, Romaris F, Ubeira F, Cuellar C. Anisakis simplex: the high prevalence in Madrid (Spain) and its relation with fish consumption. Exp Parasitol. 2008;118:271-4 pubmed
    ..These results are discussed in relation to the much lower prevalence observed in Galicia (N.W. Spain)...
  2. Valentini A, Mattiucci S, Bondanelli P, Webb S, Mignucci Giannone A, Colom Llavina M, et al. Genetic relationships among Anisakis species (Nematoda: Anisakidae) inferred from mitochondrial cox2 sequences, and comparison with allozyme data. J Parasitol. 2006;92:156-66 pubmed
    ..and the A. simplex complex. Comparison of anisakid data with those currently available for their cetacean-definitive hosts suggests parallelism between host and parasite phylogenetic tree topologies...
  3. Moschella C, Mattiucci S, Mingazzini P, De Angelis G, Assenza M, Lombardo F, et al. Intestinal anisakiasis in Italy: case report. J Helminthol. 2004;78:271-3 pubmed
    A case of intestinal anisakiasis caused by Anisakis sp. larva type I in a woman from Italy who consumed raw marinated anchovies, is reported...
  4. Couture C, Measures L, Gagnon J, Desbiens C. Human intestinal anisakiosis due to consumption of raw salmon. Am J Surg Pathol. 2003;27:1167-72 pubmed
  5. Daschner A, Cuellar C, Sánchez Pastor S, Pascual C, Martín Esteban M. Gastro-allergic anisakiasis as a consequence of simultaneous primary and secondary immune response. Parasite Immunol. 2002;24:243-51 pubmed
    Gastro-allergic anisakiasis has been reported as an entity in which an acute parasitism by Anisakis simplex is accompanied by an immunoglobulin (Ig)E-mediated systemic allergic reaction...
  6. D Amelio S, Mathiopoulos K, Brandonisio O, Lucarelli G, Doronzo F, Paggi L. Diagnosis of a case of gastric anisakidosis by PCR-based restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis. Parassitologia. 1999;41:591-3 pubmed
    ..simplex complex. PCR-RFLP proved to be a cost-effective and reliable tool for the exact identification of Anisakis larvae recovered from infected humans. ..
  7. Baldwin R, Rew M, Johansson M, Banks M, Jacobson K. Population structure of three species of Anisakis nematodes recovered from Pacific sardines (Sardinops sagax) distributed throughout the California Current system. J Parasitol. 2011;97:545-54 pubmed publisher
    ..As a result, the recovery of 3 Anisakis species and a panmictic distribution of their haplotypes could not be used to confirm or deny the presence of population subdivision of Pacific sardines in the California Current system. ..
  8. Yasunaga H, Horiguchi H, Kuwabara K, Hashimoto H, Matsuda S. Clinical features of bowel anisakiasis in Japan. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2010;83:104-5 pubmed publisher
    Bowel anisakiasis is rare, and the incidence and clinical features of this condition remain unclear...
  9. Yoon S, Yu J, Park M, Shim J, Kim H, Kim K. CT findings of surgically verified acute invasive small bowel anisakiasis resulting in small bowel obstruction. Yonsei Med J. 2004;45:739-42 pubmed
    Acute invasive small bowel anisakiasis is an extremely rare cause of small bowel obstruction. The authors report a case of surgically verified small bowel anisakiasis resulting in small bowel obstruction...

More Information

Publications73

  1. Daschner A, Cuellar C. The hidden sense of symptoms: urticaria can be beneficial. Med Hypotheses. 2010;75:623-6 pubmed publisher
    ..We analyse this symptom-complex in the context of Gastro-allergic Anisakiasis (GAA), where the human is an incidental host for the cosmopolitan fish-nematode Anisakis simplex (A. simplex)...
  2. Pampiglione S, Rivasi F, Criscuolo M, De Benedittis A, Gentile A, Russo S, et al. Human anisakiasis in Italy: a report of eleven new cases. Pathol Res Pract. 2002;198:429-34 pubmed
    The authors report on eleven new human cases of anisakiasis occurring in Italy, and emphasize the importance of the infection in clinical medicine, histopathology and public health...
  3. Rodriguez E, Anadón A, García Bodas E, Romaris F, Iglesias R, Garate T, et al. Novel sequences and epitopes of diagnostic value derived from the Anisakis simplex Ani s 7 major allergen. Allergy. 2008;63:219-25 pubmed publisher
    Anisakis simplex allergens may cause severe allergic reactions in infected patients. Human anisakiasis can be specifically diagnosed by detection of immunoglobulin E (IgE) antibodies against O-deglycosylated nAni s 7 allergen captured by ..
  4. Caballero M, Umpierrez A, Moneo I, Rodriguez Perez R. Ani s 10, a new Anisakis simplex allergen: cloning and heterologous expression. Parasitol Int. 2011;60:209-12 pubmed publisher
    b>Anisakiasis is a human disease caused by accidental ingestion of larval nematodes belonging to the Anisakidae family. Anisakiasis is often associated with a strong allergic response. Diagnosis of A...
  5. Nakajo M, Setoguchi Y, Onohara S, Nakajo M. Computed tomographic features of two cases of acute gastric anisakiasis. Abdom Imaging. 2011;36:509-13 pubmed publisher
    Little is known about the detailed computed tomography (CT) features of acute gastric anisakiasis. Our two cases showed transiently swollen gastric folds comprised of the remarkably thickened contrast little-enhanced submucosal layer ..
  6. Kapral C, Haditsch M, Wewalka F, Schatzlmayr W, Lenz K, Auer H. [The first case of anisakiasis acquired in Austria]. Z Gastroenterol. 2009;47:1059-61 pubmed publisher
    b>Anisakiasis is caused by a fish parasite of the Nematode family...
  7. Anadón A, Romaris F, Escalante M, Rodriguez E, Garate T, Cuellar C, et al. The Anisakis simplex Ani s 7 major allergen as an indicator of true Anisakis infections. Clin Exp Immunol. 2009;156:471-8 pubmed publisher
    ..decipiens. The results also support the hypothesis that the Ani s 7 major allergen does not participate in maintaining the antigenic stimulus during chronic infections...
  8. Moore D, Girdwood R, Chiodini P. Treatment of anisakiasis with albendazole. Lancet. 2002;360:54 pubmed
  9. Farjallah S, Slimane B, Busi M, Paggi L, Amor N, Blel H, et al. Occurrence and molecular identification of Anisakis spp. from the North African coasts of Mediterranean Sea. Parasitol Res. 2008;102:371-9 pubmed
  10. Kobayashi Y, Shimakura K, Ishizaki S, Nagashima Y, Shiomi K. Purification and cDNA cloning of a new heat-stable allergen from Anisakis simplex. Mol Biochem Parasitol. 2007;155:138-45 pubmed
    The nematode Anisakis simplex is a representative parasite for marine animals and occasionally causes not only anisakiasis but also allergic reactions in sensitized subjects...
  11. Ishida M, Harada A, Egawa S, Watabe S, Ebina N, Unno M. Three successive cases of enteric anisakiasis. Dig Surg. 2007;24:228-31 pubmed
    Enteric anisakiasis is relatively rare, and the preoperative diagnosis is difficult. We report 3 cases of enteric anisakiasis: 1 was confirmed by operation, and the other 2 cases were suspected by the patient history...
  12. Nieuwenhuizen N, Lopata A, Jeebhay M, Herbert D, Robins T, Brombacher F. Exposure to the fish parasite Anisakis causes allergic airway hyperreactivity and dermatitis. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2006;117:1098-105 pubmed
    ..Several case reports show allergy and anaphylactic reactions to the fish parasite Anisakis in the domestic and occupational setting. Further research is needed on the prevalence and mechanisms of disease...
  13. Nadler S, D Amelio S, Dailey M, Paggi L, Siu S, Sakanari J. Molecular phylogenetics and diagnosis of Anisakis, Pseudoterranova, and Contracaecum from northern Pacific marine mammals. J Parasitol. 2005;91:1413-29 pubmed
    ..Phylogenetic trees inferred from ITS sequences yielded robustly supported relationships for Pseudoterranova and Anisakis species that are primarily consistent with previously published phenograms based on multilocus electrophoretic data...
  14. Magnaval J, Berry A, Nadrigny M. [Anaphylactic shock revealing anisakiasis]. Presse Med. 2002;31:1309-11 pubmed
    The manifestations of anisakiasis are essentially digestive pain, nausea or transit disorders. When it is initially asymptomatic, it is later revealed by a major complication, which is occlusion on an eosinophilic granuloma of the ileum...
  15. Pellegrini M, Occhini R, Tordini G, Vindigni C, Russo S, Marzocca G. Acute abdomen due to small bowel anisakiasis. Dig Liver Dis. 2005;37:65-7 pubmed
    The popularity in Western countries of dishes based on raw fish has led to an increased incidence of anisakiasis, a human parasitic disease caused by the ingestion of live anisakid larvae...
  16. Schuster R, Petrini J, Choi R. Anisakiasis of the colon presenting as bowel obstruction. Am Surg. 2003;69:350-2 pubmed
    b>Anisakiasis is a disease caused by human infection by the Anisakis larvae, a marine nematode found in raw or undercooked fish...
  17. Noh J, Kim B, Kim S, Ock M, Park M, Goo J. A case of acute gastric anisakiasis provoking severe clinical problems by multiple infection. Korean J Parasitol. 2003;41:97-100 pubmed
    Acute gastric anisakiasis with multiple anisakid larvae infection is reported. A 68-year-old woman residing in Busan, Korea, had epigastric pain with severe vomiting about 5 hours after eating raw anchovies...
  18. Strømnes E, Andersen K. "Spring rise" of whaleworm (Anisakis simplex; Nematoda, Ascaridoidea) third-stage larvae in some fish species from Norwegian waters. Parasitol Res. 2000;86:619-24 pubmed
    ..simplex L3 in the study area...
  19. Pacios E, Arias Diaz J, Zuloaga J, González Armengol J, Villarroel P, Balibrea J. Albendazole for the treatment of anisakiasis ileus. Clin Infect Dis. 2005;41:1825-6 pubmed
  20. Del Carmen Romero M, Valero A, Navarro Moll M, Martin Sanchez J. Experimental comparison of pathogenic potential of two sibling species Anisakis simplex s.s. and Anisakis pegreffii in Wistar rat. Trop Med Int Health. 2013;18:979-84 pubmed publisher
    ..The purpose of this study is to confirm possible differences in pathogenicity between A. simplex s.s. and A. pegreffii using an experimental model which simulates infection in humans...
  21. Pravettoni V, Primavesi L, Piantanida M. Anisakis simplex: current knowledge. Eur Ann Allergy Clin Immunol. 2012;44:150-6 pubmed
    b>Anisakiasis, firstly described in 1960s in the Netherlands, is a fish-borne parasitic disease caused by the consumption of raw or undercooked fish or cephalopods contaminated by third stage (13) larvae of the Anisakidae family, in ..
  22. Ozcan H, Avcu S, Pauwels W, Mortele K, De Backer A. Acute intestinal anisakiasis: CT findings. Acta Gastroenterol Belg. 2012;75:364-5 pubmed
    Small bowel anisakiasis is a relatively uncommon disease that results from consumption of raw or insufficiently pickled, salted, smoked, or cooked wild marine fish infected with Anisakis larvae...
  23. Kobayashi Y, Ohsaki K, Ikeda K, Kakemoto S, Ishizaki S, Shimakura K, et al. Identification of novel three allergens from Anisakis simplex by chemiluminescent immunoscreening of an expression cDNA library. Parasitol Int. 2011;60:144-50 pubmed publisher
    ..is a representative nematode parasitizing marine organisms, such as fish and squids, and causes not only anisakiasis but also IgE-mediated allergy. Although 10 kinds of proteins have so far been identified as A...
  24. Umehara A, Kawakami Y, Ooi H, Uchida A, Ohmae H, Sugiyama H. Molecular identification of Anisakis type I larvae isolated from hairtail fish off the coasts of Taiwan and Japan. Int J Food Microbiol. 2010;143:161-5 pubmed publisher
    Anisakid nematodes are known to cause the zoonotic disease, anisakiasis, through the consumption of raw or undercooked fish...
  25. Lee E, Kim Y, Jeong H, Lee O. [The mucosal changes and influencing factors in upper gastrointestinal anisakiasis: analysis of 141 cases]. Korean J Gastroenterol. 2009;53:90-7 pubmed
    b>Anisakiasis is a well known parasitosis resulted from eating raw seafoods and there were many reports of cases. However, its endoscopic and clinical characteristics have not been reviewed well...
  26. Yoo H, Kim S, Lee J, Kim M, Han J, Choi B. The association of anisakiasis in the ascending colon with sigmoid colon cancer: CT colonography findings. Korean J Radiol. 2008;9 Suppl:S56-60 pubmed publisher
    The association of anisakiasis of the colon with colon cancer is rare and difficult to diagnose. Only one case of this type has been reported to date. In this study, we report a case of synchronous colon cancer and colonic anisakiasis...
  27. Caramello P, Vitali A, Canta F, Caldana A, Santi F, Caputo A, et al. Intestinal localization of anisakiasis manifested as acute abdomen. Clin Microbiol Infect. 2003;9:734-7 pubmed
    ..angioedema to life-threatening anaphylactic shock associated with gastrointestinal symptoms or 'gastroallergic anisakiasis'), and direct tissue damage, due to invasion of the gut wall, development of eosinophilic granuloma, or ..
  28. Umehara A, Kawakami Y, Araki J, Uchida A. Multiplex PCR for the identification of Anisakis simplex sensu stricto, Anisakis pegreffii and the other anisakid nematodes. Parasitol Int. 2008;57:49-53 pubmed
    ..The multiplex PCR using these primers yielded distinct PCR products for each of the anisakid nematodes. The multiplex PCR established in this study would be a useful tool for identifying anisakid nematodes rapidly and accurately...
  29. Mattiucci S. Parasites as biological tags in population studies of demersal and pelagic fish species. Parassitologia. 2006;48:23-5 pubmed
    ..gladius). This study demonstrates the potential value of these anisakid nematodes, at both larval and adult stages, as "biological tags" for these fish species in European waters...
  30. Moschella C, Mattiucci S, Mingazzini P, Mongardini M, Chein A, Miccolis D, et al. Intestinal anisakiasis in Italy: a case treated by emergency surgery. G Chir. 2005;26:201-5 pubmed
    b>Anisakiasis is a fish-borne zoonotic disease. A case of intestinal anisakiasis in a woman who had consumed raw marinated anchovies was reported...
  31. Pontes T, D Amelio S, Costa G, Paggi L. Molecular characterization of larval anisakid nematodes from marine fishes of Madeira by a PCR-based approach, with evidence for a new species. J Parasitol. 2005;91:1430-4 pubmed
    ..A. Based on estimations of the genetic distance, this new taxon seems to be more similar to A. ziphidarum (0.0335) than to other species of the genus...
  32. Mineta S, Shimanuki K, Sugiura A, Tsuchiya Y, Kaneko M, Sugiyama Y, et al. Chronic anisakiasis of the ascending colon associated with carcinoma. J Nippon Med Sch. 2006;73:169-74 pubmed
    Chronic anisakiasis of the colon is rare and difficult to diagnose. We report a case of chronic anisakiasis associated with advanced colonic carcinoma. A 69-year-old man was admitted for abdominal pain, diarrhea, and urticaria...
  33. Lopez Serrano M, Gomez A, Daschner A, Moreno Ancillo A, de Parga J, Caballero M, et al. Gastroallergic anisakiasis: findings in 22 patients. J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2000;15:503-6 pubmed
    Ingestion of Anisakidae larvae in raw seafood may cause anisakiasis. However, despite the high level of consumption of seafood in Spain, only a few cases of anisakiasis have been reported until now...
  34. Rodriguez Mahillo A, Gonzalez Munoz M, Gomez Aguado F, Rodriguez Perez R, Corcuera M, Caballero M, et al. Cloning and characterisation of the Anisakis simplex allergen Ani s 4 as a cysteine-protease inhibitor. Int J Parasitol. 2007;37:907-17 pubmed
    ..Larvae invading the gastrointestinal mucosa excrete/secrete proteins implicated in the pathogenesis of anisakiasis that can induce IgE mediated symptoms...
  35. Alonso Gómez A, Moreno Ancillo A, López Serrano M, Suarez de Parga J, Daschner A, Caballero M, et al. Anisakis simplex only provokes allergic symptoms when the worm parasitises the gastrointestinal tract. Parasitol Res. 2004;93:378-84 pubmed
    ..Allergic symptoms are the most frequent manifestation of A. simplex parasitism. We could not find any patient allergic to the thermostable proteins of parasite...
  36. Costa G, Pontes T, Mattiucci S, D Amelio S. The occurrence and infection dynamics of Anisakis larvae in the black-scabbard fish, Aphanopus carbo, chub mackerel, Scomber japonicus, and oceanic horse mackerel, Trachurus picturatus from Madeira, Portugal. J Helminthol. 2003;77:163-6 pubmed
    ..in A. carbo were high irrespective of sex and season. No relationship between host length and prevalence of infection was observed for A. carbo, while for S. japonicus a weak positive significant relationship was found...
  37. Mattiucci S, Paoletti M, Borrini F, Palumbo M, Palmieri R, Gomes V, et al. First molecular identification of the zoonotic parasite Anisakis pegreffii (Nematoda: Anisakidae) in a paraffin-embedded granuloma taken from a case of human intestinal anisakiasis in Italy. BMC Infect Dis. 2011;11:82 pubmed publisher
    b>Anisakiasis is an important fish-borne zoonosis provoked by larval stages of nematodes belonging to the genus Anisakis. The detection and identification of human infections is difficult...
  38. Romero M, Valero A, Martin Sanchez J, Navarro Moll M. Activity of Matricaria chamomilla essential oil against anisakiasis. Phytomedicine. 2012;19:520-3 pubmed publisher
    The increase in diagnosed cases of anisakiasis and the virtual absence of effective treatments have prompted the search for new active compounds against Anisakis L(3) larvae...
  39. Quiazon K, Yoshinaga T, Ogawa K, Yukami R. Morphological differences between larvae and in vitro-cultured adults of Anisakis simplex (sensu stricto) and Anisakis pegreffii (Nematoda: Anisakidae). Parasitol Int. 2008;57:483-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Also, adult male A. simplex (s.s.) and A. pegreffii were found to be distinguishable by differences in the distribution pattern of the caudal papillae, particularly the 3rd pair of distal papillae...
  40. Hochberg N, Hamer D. Anisakidosis: Perils of the deep. Clin Infect Dis. 2010;51:806-12 pubmed publisher
    ..Intestinal and/or ectopic cases may require surgical removal; albendazole has been used occasionally. Preventive measures include adequately freezing or cooking fish...
  41. Audicana M, Kennedy M. Anisakis simplex: from obscure infectious worm to inducer of immune hypersensitivity. Clin Microbiol Rev. 2008;21:360-79, table of contents pubmed publisher
    ..Not only may allergic symptoms arise from infection by the parasites ("gastroallergic anisakiasis"), but true anaphylactic reactions can also occur following exposure to allergens from dead worms by food-..
  42. Mattiucci S, Paoletti M, Webb S. Anisakis nascettii n. sp. (Nematoda: Anisakidae) from beaked whales of the southern hemisphere: morphological description, genetic relationships between congeners and ecological data. Syst Parasitol. 2009;74:199-217 pubmed publisher
    ..e. A. ziphidarum and A. nascettii, and that formed by their definitive hosts further supports the hypothesis of host-parasite co-evolutionary relationships, as previously suggested for Anisakis spp. and their cetacean hosts...
  43. Kim S, Jo Y, Park Y, Kim S, Song M, Lee H, et al. Four cases of gastric submucosal mass suspected as anisakiasis. Korean J Parasitol. 2006;44:81-6 pubmed
    b>Anisakiasis is a parasitic disease caused by ingestion of raw fish infected with anisakid larvae. Endoscopic changing patterns of submucosal lesions in chronic gastric anisakiasis have not been known yet...
  44. Fumarola L, Monno R, Ierardi E, Rizzo G, Giannelli G, Lalle M, et al. Anisakis pegreffi etiological agent of gastric infections in two Italian women. Foodborne Pathog Dis. 2009;6:1157-9 pubmed publisher
    Two cases of gastric anisakiasis have been documented in two Italian women who had consumed raw anchovies (Engraulis encrasicolus)...
  45. Cho S, Lee H. Immune reactions and allergy in experimental anisakiasis. Korean J Parasitol. 2006;44:271-83 pubmed
    ..In our review, we were able to determine that L3 infection of experimental animals may constitute a good model system for further exploration of immune mechanisms and allergy in anisakiasis of humans.
  46. Repiso Ortega A, Alcántara Torres M, González de Frutos C, de Artaza Varasa T, Rodriguez Merlo R, Valle Muñoz J, et al. [Gastrointestinal anisakiasis. Study of a series of 25 patients]. Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2003;26:341-6 pubmed
    ..The aim of the present study was to evaluate the incidence, clinical patterns, histopathological lesions, treatment, and outcome of Anisakis simplex infection in our environment...
  47. Daschner A, Pascual C. Anisakis simplex: sensitization and clinical allergy. Curr Opin Allergy Clin Immunol. 2005;5:281-5 pubmed
    Whereas gastric anisakiasis has been known for several decades, the implications of Anisakis simplex-related allergic disorders had not been thoroughly studied until the late 1990s...
  48. Bahlool Q, Skovgaard A, Kania P, Haarder S, Buchmann K. Microhabitat preference of Anisakis simplex in three salmonid species: immunological implications. Vet Parasitol. 2012;190:489-95 pubmed publisher
    ..simplex in rainbow trout and brown trout, but not in Baltic salmon. Physiological, immunological and pathological implications of microhabitat differences are discussed...
  49. Shih H, Ku C, Wang C. Anisakis simplex (Nematoda: Anisakidae) third-stage larval infections of marine cage cultured cobia, Rachycentron canadum L., in Taiwan. Vet Parasitol. 2010;171:277-85 pubmed publisher
    ..pegreffii. Based upon the results of this study, strategies to ensure the safety of seafood manufactured from cobia and to prevent the potential risks of anisakiasis or allergies risk to consumers were suggested.
  50. Rodriguez Perez R, Moneo I, Rodriguez Mahillo A, Caballero M. Cloning and expression of Ani s 9, a new Anisakis simplex allergen. Mol Biochem Parasitol. 2008;159:92-7 pubmed publisher
    ..When people eat raw or undercooked parasitized fish, they can suffer anisakiasis, an important immune human response to parasitic infection of the gastrointestinal tract...
  51. Sasaki T, Fukumori D, Matsumoto H, Ohmori H, Yamamoto F. Small bowel obstruction caused by anisakiasis of the small intestine: report of a case. Surg Today. 2003;33:123-5 pubmed
    Enteric anisakiasis is a relatively rare disease that is difficult to diagnose preoperatively...
  52. Mattiucci S, Fazii P, De Rosa A, Paoletti M, Megna A, Glielmo A, et al. Anisakiasis and gastroallergic reactions associated with Anisakis pegreffii infection, Italy. Emerg Infect Dis. 2013;19:496-9 pubmed publisher
    Human cases of gastric anisakiasis caused by the zoonotic parasite Anisakis pegreffii are increasing in Italy. The disease is caused by ingestion of larval nematodes in lightly cooked or raw seafood...
  53. Choi S, Kim J, Jo J, Cho M, Yu H, Cha H, et al. Anisakis simplex larvae: infection status in marine fish and cephalopods purchased from the Cooperative Fish Market in Busan, Korea. Korean J Parasitol. 2011;49:39-44 pubmed publisher
    ..simplex L3 are more frequently infected during the spring season in some species of fish. Our study revealed that eating raw or undercooked fish or cephalopods could still be a source of human infection with A. simplex L3 in Korea...
  54. Audicana M, Ansotegui I, de Corres L, Kennedy M. Anisakis simplex: dangerous--dead and alive?. Trends Parasitol. 2002;18:20-5 pubmed
    ..This review discusses the problems and clinical implications associated with A. simplex, other related conditions, and the way in which disease manifestations vary from person to person...
  55. Cuellar C, Daschner A, Valls A, De Frutos C, Fernández Fígares V, Anadón A, et al. Ani s 1 and Ani s 7 recombinant allergens are able to differentiate distinct Anisakis simplex-associated allergic clinical disorders. Arch Dermatol Res. 2012;304:283-8 pubmed publisher
    Diagnosis in gastro-allergic anisakiasis (GAA) is straightforward, when clinical history is combined with further allergological evaluation of specific IgE by means of skin prick test and serum specific IgE...
  56. Kang D, Oh J, Park W, Lee J. [Small bowel obstruction caused by acute invasive enteric anisakiasis]. Korean J Gastroenterol. 2010;56:192-5 pubmed
    b>Anisakiasis usually occurs in the stomach and can easily be diagnosed by digestive tract endoscopy as opposed to enteric anisakiasis which is very rare and difficult to be diagnosed definitively...
  57. Arizono N, Yamada M, Tegoshi T, Yoshikawa M. Anisakis simplex sensu stricto and Anisakis pegreffii: biological characteristics and pathogenetic potential in human anisakiasis. Foodborne Pathog Dis. 2012;9:517-21 pubmed publisher
    b>Anisakiasis is one of the most common fishborne helminthic diseases in Japan, which is contracted by ingesting the larvae of the nematode Anisakis spp. carried by marine fish. Anisakis simplex sensu stricto (s.s.) and A...
  58. Castan B, Borda F, Inarrairaegui M, Pastor G, Vila J, Zozaya J. Digestive anisakiasis: clinical manifestations and diagnosis according to localization. Rev Esp Enferm Dig. 2002;94:463-72 pubmed
    Digestive anisakiasis is a parasitic disease whose clinical manifestations depend on the effect of Anisakis simplex on the digestive tract wall. Larvae are acquired by eating raw or poorly cooked fish...
  59. Manfredi M, Crosa G, Galli P, Ganduglia S. Distribution of Anisakis simplex in fish caught in the Ligurian Sea. Parasitol Res. 2000;86:551-3 pubmed
    ..2-70.7), moderate in the blue whiting (Micromesistius poutassou), and low in the red mullet (Mullus barbatus) and the striped mullet (M. surmuletus). The larval burden was strongly related to host length in the common and blue scad...
  60. Anadón A, Rodriguez E, Gárate M, Cuellar C, Romaris F, Chivato T, et al. Diagnosing human anisakiasis: recombinant Ani s 1 and Ani s 7 allergens versus the UniCAP 100 fluorescence enzyme immunoassay. Clin Vaccine Immunol. 2010;17:496-502 pubmed publisher
    Commercially available serological methods for serodiagnosis of human anisakiasis either are poorly specific or do not include some of the most relevant Anisakis allergens...
  61. Suzuki J, Murata R, Hosaka M, Araki J. Risk factors for human Anisakis infection and association between the geographic origins of Scomber japonicus and anisakid nematodes. Int J Food Microbiol. 2010;137:88-93 pubmed publisher
    It has been reported that nearly all cases of anisakiasis in Japan are caused by Anisakis simplex sensu stricto...
  62. Iñiguez A, Santos C, Vicente A. Genetic characterization of Anisakis typica and Anisakis physeteris from marine mammals and fish from the Atlantic Ocean off Brazil. Vet Parasitol. 2009;165:350-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Our study verified the dominance of A. typica infecting hosts from the Brazilian coast and showed, for the first time, the presence of A. physeteris in the intermediate/paratenic host A. thazard in this region...
  63. Choi S, Lee J, Kim M, Hur G, Shin S, Park H. The clinical characteristics of Anisakis allergy in Korea. Korean J Intern Med. 2009;24:160-3 pubmed publisher
    Anisakidae larvae can cause anisakiasis when ingested by humans...
  64. Umehara A, Kawakami Y, Araki J, Uchida A. Molecular identification of the etiological agent of the human anisakiasis in Japan. Parasitol Int. 2007;56:211-5 pubmed
    ..pegreffii and A. simplex C. A. simplex is a common parasite in fishes and cephalopods and capable of causing anisakiasis in humans. Therefore, identification of sibling species of A. simplex was important for human health...