larva migrans

Summary

Summary: Infections caused by nematode larvae which never develop into the adult stage and migrate through various body tissues. They commonly infect the skin, eyes, and viscera in man. Ancylostoma brasiliensis causes cutaneous larva migrans. Toxocara causes visceral larva migrans.

Top Publications

  1. Puente Puente S, Bru Gorraiz F, Azuara Solís M, Colomo Gómez C, Gonzalez Lahoz J. [Cutaneous larva migrans: 34 outside cases]. Rev Clin Esp. 2004;204:636-9 pubmed
    Cutaneous larva migrans (CLM) is a frequent dermal disease in travelers, caused by larvae of nonhuman ancylostoma. We describe 34 outside cases of CLM diagnosed since January 1991 to June 2002. Nineteen male and female. Age: 35...
  2. Blackwell V, Vega Lopez F. Cutaneous larva migrans: clinical features and management of 44 cases presenting in the returning traveller. Br J Dermatol. 2001;145:434-7 pubmed
    Cutaneous larva migrans (CLM) is the result of a nematode infection, and shows a characteristic creeping eruption...
  3. Sato H, Matsuo K, Osanai A, Kamiya H, Akao N, Owaki S, et al. Larva migrans by Baylisascaris transfuga: fatal neurological diseases in Mongolian jirds, but not in mice. J Parasitol. 2004;90:774-81 pubmed
    Raccoon roundworms (Baylisascaris procyonis) and other Baylisascaris species cause patent or latent larva migrans (LM) in a variety of mammals and birds, including humans...
  4. Hochedez P, Caumes E. Hookworm-related cutaneous larva migrans. J Travel Med. 2007;14:326-33 pubmed
  5. Caumes E, Ly F, Bricaire F. Cutaneous larva migrans with folliculitis: report of seven cases and review of the literature. Br J Dermatol. 2002;146:314-6 pubmed
    ..Folliculitis should be added to the dermatological manifestations of cutaneous larva migrans. Treatment is more difficult than in classical forms of cutaneous larva migrans.
  6. Brenner M, Patel M. Cutaneous larva migrans: the creeping eruption. Cutis. 2003;72:111-5 pubmed
    Cutaneous larva migrans (CLM) is the most common tropically acquired dermatosis. It is caused by hookworm larvae, which are in the feces of infected dogs and cats...
  7. Diba V, Whitty C, Green T. Cutaneous larva migrans acquired in Britain. Clin Exp Dermatol. 2004;29:555-6 pubmed
  8. Beattie P, Fleming C. Cutaneous larva migrans in the west coast of Scotland. Clin Exp Dermatol. 2002;27:248-9 pubmed
  9. Heukelbach J, Jackson A, Ariza L, Feldmeier H. Prevalence and risk factors of hookworm-related cutaneous larva migrans in a rural community in Brazil. Ann Trop Med Parasitol. 2008;102:53-61 pubmed publisher
    The epidemiology of hookworm-related cutaneous larva migrans (HrCLM) in endemic communities is not well understood...

More Information

Publications87

  1. Petithory J. [Visceral and cutaneous larva migrans]. Rev Prat. 2007;57:1977-83 pubmed
    The syndrome of visceral larva migrans was described for the first time in 1952 by Beaver. He demonstrated that the presence of nematodes larvae, particularly in the liver, were those of Toxocara canis and T. cati...
  2. Heukelbach J, Feldmeier H. Epidemiological and clinical characteristics of hookworm-related cutaneous larva migrans. Lancet Infect Dis. 2008;8:302-9 pubmed publisher
    Hookworm-related cutaneous larva migrans is caused by the migration of animal hookworm larvae in the human skin...
  3. Pinelli E, Herremans T, Harms M, Hoek D, Kortbeek L. Toxocara and Ascaris seropositivity among patients suspected of visceral and ocular larva migrans in the Netherlands: trends from 1998 to 2009. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 2011;30:873-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Infection with Toxocara sp. may result in visceral larva migrans (VLM) or ocular larva migrans (OLM) caused by the migrating larvae. Although A...
  4. Kannathasan S, Murugananthan A, Rajeshkannan N, de Silva N. Cutaneous larva migrans among devotees of the Nallur temple in Jaffna, Sri Lanka. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e30516 pubmed publisher
    Many cases of Cutaneous Larva Migrans (CLM) have been observed among devotees, during and immediately after the annual festival at the Nallur Hindu temple in Jaffna.
  5. Yap F. Cutaneous larva migrans in Hospital Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia: rate of correct diagnosis made by the referring primary care doctors. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 2011;105:405-8 pubmed publisher
    A retrospective study was undertaken to determine the clinical features of cutaneous larva migrans (CLM) seen in the Department of Dermatology, Hospital Kuala Lumpur (Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia) and to assess the rate of correct diagnosis ..
  6. Bowman D, Montgomery S, Zajac A, Eberhard M, Kazacos K. Hookworms of dogs and cats as agents of cutaneous larva migrans. Trends Parasitol. 2010;26:162-7 pubmed publisher
    Dogs and cats are hosts to hookworms that may cause zoonotic disease, most notably, cutaneous larva migrans. Ancylostoma braziliense is most often implicated in dermatological lesions, and Ancylostoma caninum has been associated with ..
  7. Kuo Y, Wu Y, Su K. Cutaneous larva migrans induced by swallowing live pond loaches. Clin Exp Dermatol. 2011;36:878-81 pubmed publisher
    ..Consumption of uncooked freshwater loaches may result in cutaneous larva migrans. We report the case of a 70-year-old Taiwanese man who presented with a serpiginous skin rash on his abdomen...
  8. Guimaräes L, Silva J, Saad K, Lopes E, Meneses A. Larva migrans within scalp sebaceous gland. Rev Soc Bras Med Trop. 1999;32:187-9 pubmed
    A case of larva migrans or serpiginous linear dermatitis on the scalp of a teenager is reported. An ancylostomid larva was found within a sebaceous gland acinus...
  9. Feldmeier H, Schuster A. Mini review: Hookworm-related cutaneous larva migrans. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 2012;31:915-8 pubmed publisher
    Hookworm-related cutaneous larva migrans (HrCLM) is a parasitic skin disease caused by the migration of animal hookworm larvae in the epidermis...
  10. Simon M, Simon N. Cutaneous larva migrans. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2003;19:350-2 pubmed
    Cutaneous larva migrans is occasionally seen in pediatric emergency outpatient care settings. It results from infestation of hookworm larvae into the epidermis. The infestation is self-limited but may produce severe discomfort...
  11. Schuster A, Lesshafft H, Reichert F, Talhari S, de Oliveira S, Ignatius R, et al. Hookworm-related cutaneous larva migrans in northern Brazil: resolution of clinical pathology after a single dose of ivermectin. Clin Infect Dis. 2013;57:1155-7 pubmed publisher
    To assess the effect of ivermectin on the morbidity caused by hookworm-related cutaneous larva migrans in patients in hyperendemic areas, we treated 92 patients (with 441 tracks in total) from Manaus, Brazil, with single-dose ivermectin (..
  12. Santarém V, Giuffrida R, Zanin G. [Cutaneous larva migrans: reports of pediatric cases and contamination by Ancylostoma spp larvae in public parks in Taciba, São Paulo State]. Rev Soc Bras Med Trop. 2004;37:179-81 pubmed
    Cutaneous larva migrans in children from Taciba, São Paulo, Brazil, was related to contact with sand in public squares, where Ancylostoma spp larvae were detected...
  13. Caumes E. Treatment of cutaneous larva migrans and Toxocara infection. Fundam Clin Pharmacol. 2003;17:213-6 pubmed
    The treatment of cutaneous larva migrans and Toxocara infection relies on antihelminthic agents such as thiabendazole, albendazole and ivermectin. The efficacy of these agents varies according to the helminthic disease.
  14. Dangoudoubiyam S, Vemulapalli R, Ndao M, Kazacos K. Recombinant antigen-based enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for diagnosis of Baylisascaris procyonis larva migrans. Clin Vaccine Immunol. 2011;18:1650-5 pubmed publisher
    Baylisascaris larva migrans is an important zoonotic disease caused by Baylisascaris procyonis, the raccoon roundworm, and is being increasingly considered in the differential diagnosis of eosinophilic meningoencephalitis in children and ..
  15. Kienast A, Bialek R, Hoeger P. Cutaneous larva migrans in northern Germany. Eur J Pediatr. 2007;166:1183-5 pubmed
    We report a 14-month-old female infant with typical cutaneous larva migrans, but without a history of travelling outside Germany. Cutaneous larva migrans is most commonly observed in and imported from tropical countries...
  16. Bouchaud O, Houze S, Schiemann R, Durand R, Ralaimazava P, Ruggeri C, et al. Cutaneous larva migrans in travelers: a prospective study, with assessment of therapy with ivermectin. Clin Infect Dis. 2000;31:493-8 pubmed
    The purpose of this prospective study was to update epidemiological data on cutaneous larva migrans (CLM) and to assess the therapeutic efficacy of ivermectin...
  17. Leone N, Baronio M, Todros L, David E, Brunello F, Artioli S, et al. Hepatic involvement in larva migrans of Toxocara canis: report of a case with pathological and radiological findings. Dig Liver Dis. 2006;38:511-4 pubmed
    Patients with the clinical syndrome of visceral larva migrans as a result of Toxocara species, have typical lesions in the liver consisting of granulomas that contain numerous eosinophils and often Charcot-Leyden crystals...
  18. Jackson A, Heukelbach J, Calheiros C, Soares V, Harms G, Feldmeier H. A study in a community in Brazil in which cutaneous larva migrans is endemic. Clin Infect Dis. 2006;43:e13-8 pubmed
    Cutaneous larva migrans (CLM) is a common but neglected parasitic skin disease in impoverished communities of the developing world.
  19. Kannathasan S, Murugananthan A, Rajeshkannan N, de Silva N. A simple intervention to prevent cutaneous larva migrans among devotees of the Nallur Temple in Jaffna, Sri Lanka. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e61816 pubmed publisher
    ..2% (95%ci: 51.2%-65.0%)...
  20. Schuster A, Lesshafft H, Talhari S, Guedes de Oliveira S, Ignatius R, Feldmeier H. Life quality impairment caused by hookworm-related cutaneous larva migrans in resource-poor communities in Manaus, Brazil. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2011;5:e1355 pubmed publisher
    Hookworm-related cutaneous larva migrans (CLM) is a common but neglected tropical skin disease caused by the migration of animal hookworm larvae in the epidermis...
  21. Gavin P, Kazacos K, Tan T, Brinkman W, Byrd S, Davis A, et al. Neural larva migrans caused by the raccoon roundworm Baylisascaris procyonis. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2002;21:971-5 pubmed
    Baylisascaris procyonis, the common raccoon roundworm, is a rare cause of devastating or fatal neural larva migrans in infants and young children...
  22. Heukelbach J, Mencke N, Feldmeier H. Editorial: Cutaneous larva migrans and tungiasis: the challenge to control zoonotic ectoparasitoses associated with poverty. Trop Med Int Health. 2002;7:907-10 pubmed
  23. Roussere G, Murray W, Raudenbush C, Kutilek M, Levee D, Kazacos K. Raccoon roundworm eggs near homes and risk for larva migrans disease, California communities. Emerg Infect Dis. 2003;9:1516-22 pubmed
    The raccoon roundworm, Baylisascaris procyonis, is increasingly recognized as a cause of serious or fatal larva migrans disease in humans and animals...
  24. Mets M, Noble A, Basti S, Gavin P, Davis A, Shulman S, et al. Eye findings of diffuse unilateral subacute neuroretinitis and multiple choroidal infiltrates associated with neural larva migrans due to Bbaylisascaris procyonis. Am J Ophthalmol. 2003;135:888-90 pubmed
    To report childhood infection with Baylisascaris procyonis (raccoon round worm) manifesting as diffuse unilateral subacute neuroretinitis (DUSN) and choroidal infiltrates in association with neurologic disease (neural larva migrans).
  25. Heukelbach J, Gomide M, Araujo F, Pinto N, Santana R, Brito J, et al. Cutaneous larva migrans and tungiasis in international travelers exiting Brazil: an airport survey. J Travel Med. 2007;14:374-80 pubmed
    Hookworm-related cutaneous larva migrans (CLM) and tungiasis are commonly diagnosed in travelers returning from endemic areas, but reliable data on disease occurrence do not exist...
  26. Heukelbach J, Wilcke T, Feldmeier H. Cutaneous larva migrans (creeping eruption) in an urban slum in Brazil. Int J Dermatol. 2004;43:511-5 pubmed
    Cutaneous larva migrans (CLM) is caused by the penetration of larvae of animal hookworms into the skin. Knowledge about this ectoparasitosis is mainly based on the examination of travelers or other expatriates...
  27. Roest M, Ratnavel R. Cutaneous larva migrans contracted in England: a reminder. Clin Exp Dermatol. 2001;26:389-90 pubmed
    We report a case of cutaneous larva migrans contracted in England. This case serves as a reminder that the lack of travel abroad should not preclude the diagnosis. We discuss clinical presentation and management of cutaneous larva migrans.
  28. del Mar Sáez De Ocariz M, McKinster C, Orozco Covarrubias L, Tamayo Sanchez L, Ruiz Maldonado R. Treatment of 18 children with scabies or cutaneous larva migrans using ivermectin. Clin Exp Dermatol. 2002;27:264-7 pubmed
    ..onchocerciasis and other filarial diseases, ivermectin has been used for the treatment of scabies, head lice, larva migrans and gnathostomiasis...
  29. Hamat R, Rahman A, Osman M, Unyah N, Abdullah W, Isa N. Cutaneous larva migrans: a neglected disease and possible association with the use of long socks. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 2010;104:170-2 pubmed publisher
    Cutaneous larva migrans is a common parasitic skin disease that can be easily prevented by wearing 'protective' footwear. However, this has been under-emphasized in terms of what constitutes the protective footwear...
  30. Mukherjee A, Ahmed N, Samantaray J, Mirdha B. A rare case of cutaneous larva migrans due to Gnathostoma sp. Indian J Med Microbiol. 2012;30:356-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Examination of the worms in the parasitology laboratory revealed it to be a larva of Gnathostoma sp. She was advised treatment with Albendazole for 21 days, and there was no recurrence of lesions...
  31. Lesshafft H, Schuster A, Reichert F, Talhari S, Ignatius R, Feldmeier H. Knowledge, attitudes, perceptions, and practices regarding cutaneous larva migrans in deprived communities in Manaus, Brazil. J Infect Dev Ctries. 2012;6:422-9 pubmed
    Hookworm-related cutaneous larva migrans (HrCLM) is a neglected parasitic skin disease commonly found in resource-poor communities in tropical countries...
  32. Kaplan K, Goodman Z, Ishak K. Eosinophilic granuloma of the liver: a characteristic lesion with relationship to visceral larva migrans. Am J Surg Pathol. 2001;25:1316-21 pubmed
    Children with the clinical syndrome of visceral larva migrans as a result of Toxocara species have typical lesions in the liver and other viscera, consisting of palisading granulomas that contain numerous eosinophils and often Charcot-..
  33. Velho P, Faria A, Cintra M, de Souza E, de Moraes A. Larva migrans: a case report and review. Rev Inst Med Trop Sao Paulo. 2003;45:167-71 pubmed
    ..What attracts attention in this case is the exuberance and rarity of clinical manifestation. Based on the pertinent literature, we discuss the mechanisms of parasital infection, the natural history of the disease and its treatment...
  34. Malvy D, Ezzedine K, Pistone T, Receveur M, Longy Boursier M. Extensive cutaneous larva migrans with folliculitis mimicking multimetameric herpes zoster presentation in an adult traveler returning from Thailand. J Travel Med. 2006;13:244-7 pubmed
    Hookworm-related cutaneous larva migrans (CLM) is a frequent cutaneous disease among travelers returning from the tropics. It can be misdiagnosed or treated incorrectly...
  35. Robson N, Othman S. A case of cutaneous larva migrans acquired from soiled toilet floors in urban Kuala Lumpur. Med J Malaysia. 2008;63:331-2 pubmed
    ..being a common skin dermatosis in the tropics, physicians in the tropics may miss the diagnosis of cutaneous larva migrans for other pruritic skin manifestation...
  36. Dangoudoubiyam S, Kazacos K. Differentiation of larva migrans caused by Baylisascaris procyonis and Toxocara species by Western blotting. Clin Vaccine Immunol. 2009;16:1563-8 pubmed publisher
    Baylisascaris procyonis and Toxocara species are two important causes of larva migrans in humans. Larva migrans caused by Toxocara spp. is well known and is diagnosed serologically by enzyme immunoassay...
  37. Caumes E, Danis M. From creeping eruption to hookworm-related cutaneous larva migrans. Lancet Infect Dis. 2004;4:659-60 pubmed
  38. Galanti B, Fusco F, Nardiello S. Outbreak of cutaneous larva migrans in Naples, southern Italy. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 2002;96:491-2 pubmed
    An outbreak of cutaneous larva migrans occurring in Naples, southern Italy, and involving 6 people is described...
  39. Caumes E. Treatment of cutaneous larva migrans. Clin Infect Dis. 2000;30:811-4 pubmed
    Cutaneous larva migrans caused by the larvae of animal hookworms is the most frequent skin disease among travelers returning from tropical countries...
  40. Malhotra S, Raj R, Pal M, Goyal V, Sethi S. Cutaneous larva migrans in an unusual site. Dermatol Online J. 2006;12:11 pubmed
  41. Golding J. Two students, 2 tropical beaches, 2 injured feet. J Fam Pract. 2006;55:773-4 pubmed
  42. Miesen W. Clinical microbiological case: a skin lesion on the left foot in a Dutch traveler returning from Thailand. Clin Microbiol Infect. 2003;9:864-5, 905-6 pubmed
  43. Saito F, Okabe Y, Suga H, Watanabe T, Arinaga T, Naito Y, et al. [A case of hepatic eosinophilic granuloma, which needs distinction with metastatic liver cancer]. Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai Zasshi. 2008;105:1509-14 pubmed
    ..for nematose in the assay of multi dot-ELISA for parasite, hepatic eosinophilic granuloma caused by visceral larva migrans was accidentally complicated by pancreatic cancer, and operation for the pancreatic cancer was done...
  44. Gourgiotou K, Nicolaidou E, Panagiotopoulos A, Hatziolou J, Katsambast A. Treatment of widespread cutaneous larva migrans with thiabendazole. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 2001;15:578-80 pubmed
    Cutaneous larva migrans (CLM) is a characteristic eruption that is caused by penetration and migration in the skin of nematode larvae...
  45. Ying M, Xiaosu H, Wang B. A case of ectopic parasitism: Fasciola hepatica larvae burrow through a human brain and mimic cerebral aneurysm. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 2007;101:1051-2 pubmed
    ..Twenty-six days after his admission to the hospital, a flatworm emerged from the right eye of the patient. The worm was identified as Fasciola hepatica, based on the morphological characteristics of the worm. ..
  46. Kincaid L, Klowak M, Klowak S, Boggild A. Management of imported cutaneous larva migrans: A case series and mini-review. Travel Med Infect Dis. 2015;13:382-7 pubmed publisher
    Cutaneous larva migrans (CLM), a zoonotic helminthiasis imported to Canada by travelers to the tropics, causes morbidity due to severe, intractable pruritus...
  47. Diaz Camacho S, Willms K, de la Cruz Otero M, Zazueta Ramos M, Bayliss Gaxiola S, Castro Velázquez R, et al. Acute outbreak of gnathostomiasis in a fishing community in Sinaloa, Mexico. Parasitol Int. 2003;52:133-40 pubmed
    ..binucleatum, a species found in Ecuador and Mexico. The results describe the first known outbreak of acute gnathostomiasis on the American continent. ..
  48. Lederman E, Weld L, Elyazar I, von Sonnenburg F, Loutan L, Schwartz E, et al. Dermatologic conditions of the ill returned traveler: an analysis from the GeoSentinel Surveillance Network. Int J Infect Dis. 2008;12:593-602 pubmed publisher
    ..The most common skin-related diagnoses were cutaneous larva migrans (CLM), insect bites including superinfected bites, skin abscess, and allergic reaction (38% of all diagnoses)...
  49. Schneider R, Auer H. Incidence of Ascaris suum-specific antibodies in Austrian patients with suspected larva migrans visceralis (VLM) syndrome. Parasitol Res. 2016;115:1213-9 pubmed publisher
    ..The possible role of A. suum in the human visceral larva migrans (VLM) syndrome has been discussed controversially during past decades, even though various case reports, ..
  50. Rodríguez Caballero A, Martínez Gordillo M, Caballero Salazar S, Rufino González Y, Ponce Macotela M. Toxocara canis: Analysis of the kinetics of antigen release and antibody production in an in vivo model for the detection of past or present infection. Vet Parasitol. 2017;243:183-187 pubmed publisher
    ..This soil-transmitted helminth causes visceral larva and ocular larva migrans in paratenic hosts. The detection of T...
  51. Li D, Chen X, Zhou J, Xu Z, Nawa Y, Dekumyoy P. Short report: case of gnathostomiasis in Beijing, China. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2009;80:185-7 pubmed
    ..Cutaneous and visceral larva migrations associated with G. spinigerum were diagnosed. Twenty-three cases in 12 provinces have been reported in the Chinese literature but none have been reported in English...
  52. Rao R, Prabhu S, Sripathi H. Cutaneous larva migrans of the genitalia. Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol. 2007;73:270-1 pubmed
  53. Paul M, Stefaniak J, Pecold K, Twardosz Pawlik H. [Analysis of comparative immunological profiles of intraocular fluid and serum samples in patients suspected of ocular toxoplasmosis or toxocarosis]. Wiad Parazytol. 2004;50:425-33 pubmed
  54. de Gentile L, Pichard E, Roy Mtioui B, Chabasse D. [Larva migrans]. Med Trop (Mars). 2004;64:330 pubmed
  55. Gill G, Welch E, Bailey J, Bell D, Beeching N. Chronic Strongyloides stercoralis infection in former British Far East prisoners of war. QJM. 2004;97:789-95 pubmed
    ..It is usually characterized by a 'larva currens' rash and marked eosinophilia. The condition is eminently treatable, and continued diagnostic surveillance is needed, if cases of potentially fatal hyperinfection are to be avoided. ..
  56. Bailey M. Tropical skin diseases in British military personnel. J R Army Med Corps. 2013;159:224-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Tropical skin infections such as cutaneous larva migrans, cutaneous myiasis, cutaneous leishmaniasis and leprosy do occur in British troops and require specialist ..
  57. Caumes E. Efficacy of albendazole ointment on cutaneous larva migrans in 2 young children. Clin Infect Dis. 2004;38:1647-8 pubmed
  58. Conde J, Feldman S, Vallejos Q, Quandt S, Whalley L, Brooks T, et al. Cutaneous larva migrans in a migrant Latino farmworker. J Agromedicine. 2007;12:45-8 pubmed
    ..This report provides information on the case history of cutaneous larva migrans in a Latino migrant farmworker. Treatment options are reviewed, and information for prevention is discussed.
  59. Te Booij M, de Jong E, Bovenschen H. Löffler syndrome caused by extensive cutaneous larva migrans: a case report and review of the literature. Dermatol Online J. 2010;16:2 pubmed
    In rare cases, cutaneous larva migrans may be complicated by Löffler syndrome. This syndrome is thought to result from a type I hypersensitivity reaction related to the pulmonary larval migration phase of various parasites...
  60. Otake Sato M, Sato M, Yoonuan T, Pongvongsa T, Sanguankiat S, Kounnavong S, et al. The role of domestic dogs in the transmission of zoonotic helminthes in a rural area of Mekong river basin. Acta Parasitol. 2017;62:393-400 pubmed publisher
    ..Thirteen zoonotic helminth species were observed. Causative agents of visceral and cutaneous larva migrans occurred in 44.1% and 70% of the samples respectively. Spirometra erinaceieuropaei was detected in 44...
  61. Sow D, Soro F, Javelle E, Simon F, Parola P, Gautret P. Epidemiological profile of cutaneous larva migrans in travelers returning to France between 2003 and 2015. Travel Med Infect Dis. 2017;20:61-64 pubmed publisher
    Cutaneous larva migrans (CLM) is caused by the penetration and migration of canine or feline hookworm larvae into the skin, and frequently affects travelers from high-income countries returning from tropical and sub-tropical areas...
  62. Georgiev V. Necatoriasis: treatment and developmental therapeutics. Expert Opin Investig Drugs. 2000;9:1065-78 pubmed
    ..Another clinical manifestation often associated with hookworm infections is cutaneous larva migrans (CLM)...
  63. Zein U, Habib H. An HIV positive man with single erythema skin lesion: a case report of neglected tropical disease. Acta Med Indones. 2013;45:220-3 pubmed
    ..Patient was treated successfully with albendazole, cetirizine, chlorethyl spray and betamethasone cream. ..
  64. Rao D, Rao V. Larva currens in a case of organophosphorous poisoning. Indian J Med Microbiol. 2006;24:133-4 pubmed
    ..By stool examination and other laboratory investigations it was diagnosed as cutaneous larva currens due to Strongyloides stercoralis in a case of organophosphorus poisoning. Patient responded very well to a course of albendazole...
  65. Worth C, Heukelbach J, Fengler G, Walter B, Liesenfeld O, Hengge U, et al. Acute morbidity associated with scabies and other ectoparasitoses rapidly improves after treatment with ivermectin. Pediatr Dermatol. 2012;29:430-6 pubmed publisher
    ..001). In patients living in resource-poor setting, scabies was associated with considerable morbidity. Treatment with ivermectin rapidly reconstituted health in almost all cases...
  66. Damante J, Chinellato L, Oliveira F, Soares C, Fleury R. Larva migrans in the oral mucosa: report of two cases. Braz Dent J. 2011;22:166-70 pubmed
    Cutaneous Larva migrans is a very common disease in tropical regions. In the oral mucosa, the infection occurs in the same way as in the skin, but it is rarer. This report describes two cases of Larva migrans in the oral mucosa...
  67. Thompson A, Glover G, Postey R, Sexsmith J, Hutchison T, Kazacos K. Baylisascaris procyonis encephalitis in Patagonian conures (Cyanoliseus patagonus), crested screamers (Chauna torquata), and a western Canadian porcupine (Erethizon dorsatum epixanthus) in a Manitoba zoo. Can Vet J. 2008;49:885-8 pubmed
    ..Baylisascaris procyonis, the common raccoon roundworm, not previously identified in Manitoba, is considered the likely cause of neural larval migrans in these cases...
  68. Sherman S, Radford N. Severe infestation of cutaneous larva migrans. J Emerg Med. 2004;26:347-9 pubmed
  69. Ishida K, Kubota T, Matsuda S, Sugaya H, Manabe M, Yoshimura K. A human case of gnathostomiasis nipponica confirmed indirectly by finding infective larvae in leftover largemouth bass meat. J Parasitol. 2003;89:407-9 pubmed
    ..This is the first report indicating that the largemouth bass (Micropterus salmoides) serves as a source of G. nipponicum infection in humans...
  70. Ramos e Silva M, de Moura Castro Jacques C. Leishmaniasis and other dermatozoonoses in Brazil. Clin Dermatol. 2002;20:122-34 pubmed
  71. Tan H, Goh C. Parasitic skin infections in the elderly: recognition and drug treatment. Drugs Aging. 2001;18:165-76 pubmed
    ..Less common parasitic infections in the elderly, including cutaneous larva migrans and cutaneous leishmaniasis, present with a characteristic clinical picture and can be effectively treated ..
  72. Park S, Park I, Park H, Lee S, Huh S, Magnaval J. Five cases of ocular toxocariasis confirmed by serology. Korean J Parasitol. 2000;38:267-73 pubmed
    ..We also suggest that ocular toxocariasis should be thoroughly investigated even when an evocative uniocular inflammatory lesion is encountered in peripheral retina without a systematic disease...
  73. Potasman I, Feiner M, Arad E, Friedman Z. Cutaneous larva migrans, sacroileitis, and optic neuritis caused by an unidentified organism acquired in Thailand. J Travel Med. 1998;5:223-5 pubmed
    ..The parasite, which had been acquired in Thailand, caused cutaneous larva migrans, sacroileitis, and 2 years later optic neuritis and panuveitis...
  74. Morais F, Maciel A, Arantes T, Muccioli C, Allemann N. [Ultrasonographic findings in ocular toxocariasis]. Arq Bras Oftalmol. 2012;75:43-7 pubmed
    ..To evaluate ophthalmic ultrasound findings in the three presentation forms of ocular toxocariasis (peripheral or posterior pole granulomas and chronic endophthalmitis), in patients with confirmed diagnosis of ocular toxocariasis...
  75. Sturchler D, Schubarth P, Gualzata M, Gottstein B, Oettli A. Thiabendazole vs. albendazole in treatment of toxocariasis: a clinical trial. Ann Trop Med Parasitol. 1989;83:473-8 pubmed
    Between 1986 and 1988, 34 patients (age range six to 83 years) with visceral or ocular larva migrans were randomly assigned to a five-day treatment with thiabendazole 2 x 25 mg kg-1 day-1 (15 patients) or albendazole 2 x 5 mg kg-1 day-1 (..
  76. Patterson C, Kersey P. Cutaneous larva migrans acquired in England. Clin Exp Dermatol. 2003;28:671-2 pubmed
  77. Hattori S, Niimi Y, Kawana S. Creeping eruption caused by a larva of the suborder Spirurina type X. Eur J Dermatol. 2003;13:87-9 pubmed
    ..Because a considerable number of people are fond of eating raw or nearly-raw fish and shellfish in Japan, opportunities for developing creeping eruption cause by parasites present in raw fish and shellfish are relatively high...
  78. Nakamura Uchiyama F, Yamasaki E, Nawa Y. One confirmed and six suspected cases of cutaneous larva migrans caused by overseas infection with dog hookworm larvae. J Dermatol. 2002;29:104-11 pubmed
    Cutaneous larva migrans (CLM) is characterized as creeping eruption/serpiginous erythema and/or mobile erythematous induration on the skin. In Japan, Gnathostoma spp...