pulmonary echinococcosis


Summary: Helminth infection of the lung caused by Echinococcus granulosus or Echinococcus multilocularis.

Top Publications

  1. Rausch R, Wilson J, Schantz P. A programme to reduce the risk of infection by Echinococcus multilocularis: the use of praziquantel to control the cestode in a village in the hyperendemic region of Alaska. Ann Trop Med Parasitol. 1990;84:239-50 pubmed
    ..The method would be applicable for the control of E. multilocularis in most hyperendemic regions. Success depends, however, on elimination of unrestrained dogs and a precise schedule of treatment...
  2. Kolyvanos Naumann U, Kaser L, Vetter W. [Echinococcus granulosus (cystic echinococcosis)]. Praxis (Bern 1994). 2003;92:2185-8; quiz 2189, 2227 pubmed
  3. Emilio C, Losurdo G, Mollero L, Giacchino R. Multiorgan echinococcosis in a pediatric patient. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2005;24:660-1 pubmed
  4. Nahmias J, Goldsmith R, Soibelman M, el On J. Three- to 7-year follow-up after albendazole treatment of 68 patients with cystic echinococcosis (hydatid disease). Ann Trop Med Parasitol. 1994;88:295-304 pubmed
  5. Moro P, McDonald J, Gilman R, Silva B, Verastegui M, Malqui V, et al. Epidemiology of Echinococcus granulosus infection in the central Peruvian Andes. Bull World Health Organ. 1997;75:553-61 pubmed
    ..An increase in echinococcosis prevalence may result after premature cessation of control programmes...
  6. Reuter S, Seitz H, Kern P, Junghanss T. Extrahepatic alveolar echinococcosis without liver involvement: a rare manifestation. Infection. 2000;28:187-92 pubmed
    ..Alveolar echinococcosis (AE) primarily affects the liver and extrahepatic disease is considered the consequence of a secondary infection via metastatic spread from the hepatic focus...
  7. Shalabi R, Ayed A, Amin M. 15 Years in surgical management of pulmonary hydatidosis. Ann Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2002;8:131-4 pubmed
    ..This study aims to evaluate the management of different presentations of pulmonary hydatidosis and their outcome over 15 years...
  8. Topcu S, Kurul I, Altinok T, Yazici U, Demir A. Giant hydatid cysts of lung and liver. Ann Thorac Surg. 2003;75:292-4 pubmed
    ..The postoperative course was uneventful and she was discharged on the 10th postoperative day. We believe that the simultaneous management of concomitant pulmonary and hepatic hydatid cysts through a thoracicroute is a convenient option...
  9. Morar R, Feldman C. Pulmonary echinococcosis. Eur Respir J. 2003;21:1069-77 pubmed
    ..Detection of antibody directed against specific echinococcal antigens is found in only approximately half of patients with pulmonary cysts. Surgical excision of the cyst is the treatment of choice whenever feasible...

More Information

Publications148 found, 100 shown here

  1. Hegglin D, Ward P, Deplazes P. Anthelmintic baiting of foxes against urban contamination with Echinococcus multilocularis. Emerg Infect Dis. 2003;9:1266-72 pubmed
  2. Erdogan A, Ayten A, Demircan A. Methods of surgical therapy in pulmonary hydatid disease: is capitonnage advantageous?. ANZ J Surg. 2005;75:992-6 pubmed
    ..The best surgical therapy for the treatment of this disease is still unclear. In this clinical retrospective study, we aimed to investigate whether capitonnage is an effective therapy method for a pulmonary hydatid cyst or not...
  3. Gencer M, Ceylan E. Pulmonary echinococcosis with multiple nodules mimicking metastatic lung tumor in chest radiography. Respiration. 2008;75:345 pubmed
  4. Carmena D, Benito A, Eraso E. The immunodiagnosis of Echinococcus multilocularis infection. Clin Microbiol Infect. 2007;13:460-75 pubmed
    ..Progress in the immunodiagnosis of intestinal E. multilocularis infection in definitive hosts, particularly the detection of excretory-secretory and integument products of the worm in faeces (copro-antigens) by ELISA, is also discussed...
  5. Doiz O, Benito R, Sbihi Y, Osuna A, Clavel A, Gomez Lus R. Western blot applied to the diagnosis and post-treatment monitoring of human hydatidosis. Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis. 2001;41:139-42 pubmed
    ..The antigen used is proposed as a standard antigen for the diagnosis and follow-up of pre- and postsurgical hydatidosis. ..
  6. Sun H, Chang Z, Qiu C, Zhang Y, Chen S, Tong X. [Analysis on the misdiagnosis of cases with parasitic diseases]. Zhongguo Ji Sheng Chong Xue Yu Ji Sheng Chong Bing Za Zhi. 2004;22:191-2 pubmed
  7. Basavana G, Siddesh G, Jayaraj B, Krishnan M. Ruptured hydatid cyst of lung. J Assoc Physicians India. 2007;55:141-5 pubmed
    ..Intraoperatively communication between cyst and bronchus could be demonstrated. Interesting CT appearance and demonstrable communication of cyst with bronchus is the reason for this case report. ..
  8. Ziino G, Giuffrida A, Bilei S, Panebianco A. Bacteria isolated from 25 hydatid cysts in sheep, cattle and goats. Vet Rec. 2009;165:234-6 pubmed
    ..Citrobacter freundii was isolated from seven of the cysts, Aeromonas hydrophila from three, Staphylococcus species from two, Salmonella species from two and Escherichia coli and Proteus vulgaris from one...
  9. Yamano K, Kanetoshi A, Goto A, Kishimoto M, Kobayashi N, Fujimoto S, et al. Japanese monkey (Macaca fuscata) with alveolar echinococcosis after treatment with albendazole for 10 years: serodiagnosis and determination of albendazole metabolites. Parasitol Res. 2009;106:69-74 pubmed publisher
    ..In this study, it was demonstrated that tests which have been used in human cases were also effective for diagnosing alveolar echinococcosis and for assessing curative effects in nonhuman primates such as M. fuscata...
  10. Fatimi S, Naureen S, Moizuddin S, Puri M, Yousuf M, Javed M, et al. Pulmonary hydatidosis: clinical profile and follow up from an endemic region. ANZ J Surg. 2007;77:749-51 pubmed
    ..Pre-op and post-op chemotherapies decrease the risk of intraoperative infection and recurrence. Chest X-ray and abdominal ultrasound should be carried out in case of even minimum clinical suspicion, especially in endemic areas. ..
  11. Tefera E, Knapp J, Teodori M. Hydatid cyst of the interventricular septum. Glob Cardiol Sci Pract. 2017;2017:e201709 pubmed publisher
    ..Presentation, management and follow-up of the patient is discussed...
  12. Smelser C, Moher J. Visual diagnosis: an adolescent girl who has fever, cough, and chronic chest pain. Pediatr Rev. 2002;23:216-20 pubmed
  13. Georgescu S, Dubei L, Lazescu D, Crumpei F, Anton R. Hydatid disease cured by minimally invasive therapy. Rom J Gastroenterol. 2004;13:43-8 pubmed
    ..The postoperative hospital stay was 14 days. This case was unusual because of the paucity of symptoms in spite of the multiple abdominal cysts and because it was cured by a modern, minimally invasive approach. ..
  14. Dabir S, Boloursaz M, Javaherzadeh M, Radpay B, Parsa T. The anesthetic management of an intrabronchial escape of a hydatid's ruptured laminated membrane during rigid bronchoscopy. Paediatr Anaesth. 2004;14:886-8 pubmed
  15. Hafsa C, Belguith M, Golli M, Rachdi H, Kriaa S, Elamri A, et al. [Imaging of pulmonary hydatid cyst in children]. J Radiol. 2005;86:405-10 pubmed
    ..CT is useful for diagnosis of atypical or complicated lesions and to detect bronchiectasis. ..
  16. Ozpolat B, Sayin M, Dogan O, Dogan Y. Simultaneous traumatic rupture of bilateral pulmonary hydatid cysts. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2005;130:908-9 pubmed
  17. Taha A. Diagnosis of ruptured pulmonary hydatid cyst by means of flexible fiberoptic bronchoscopy: a report of three cases. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2005;130:1196-7 pubmed
  18. Schnitzler J, Schöneberg I, Altmann D, Alpers K, Krause G. [Echinococcosis in Germany. Notifications under the Protection Against Infection Act (2001-2004)]. MMW Fortschr Med. 2007;149:47 pubmed
  19. Ozekinci S, Bakir S, Mizrak B. [Evaluation of cystic echinococcosis cases given a histopathologic diagnosis from 2002 to 2007 in Diyarbakir]. Turkiye Parazitol Derg. 2009;33:232-5 pubmed
    ..Cystic echinococcosis was found to be an important public health problem in Diyarbakir region. For the eradication of echinococcosis it is necessary to get reliable data, and to implement an appropriate eradication program. ..
  20. Sato Y, Nakao M, Nakaya K, Ito A. Experimental infection of larval Echinococcus multilocularis in the rodent brain as a model for cerebral alveolar echinococcosis. J Helminthol. 1998;72:59-64 pubmed
    ..Jirds were also found to be infected with metacestodes in the cranial cavity, but neither unusual behaviour nor establishment of cysts inside the brain was observed in jirds during the course of infection. ..
  21. Brainard D, Ryan E. Images in clinical medicine. Thoracic echinococcosis. N Engl J Med. 2003;348:528 pubmed
  22. Uchikov A, Shopov A, Ali K. [Diagnosis and treatment of perforated pulmonary echinococcosis]. Khirurgiia (Sofiia). 2003;59:11-2 pubmed
    ..In the study the we have examined 278 patients with pulmonary echinococcus, 14 of which have perforation of the cyst into the pleural cavity. ..
  23. Ozturk E, Ozturk A, Zeyrek F, Demirbag R, Temamogullari A. Recurrent pulmonary microemboli secondary to primary cardiac hydatidosis. Heart Lung Circ. 2007;16:457-9 pubmed
    ..Due to extensive distribution of the pulmonary cysts, only the cardiac cyst was taken surgically. The patient remains in our care without any pulmonary improvement despite appropriate medical treatment. ..
  24. Ciftci I, Esme H, Sahin D, Solak O, Sezer M, Dilek O. Effect of octenidine dihydrochloride on viability of protoscoleces in hepatic and pulmonary hydatid diseases. J Natl Med Assoc. 2007;99:674-7 pubmed
    ..Because of the rapid and strong scolocidal effectiveness of octenidine dihydrochloride on protoscoleces, it may be used as a scolocidal agent during both perioperative and in the PAIR method. ..
  25. Vuitton D, Mantion G, Bartholomot B, Giraudoux P, Bresson Hadni S. [Parasite-host relationships and treatment]. Bull Acad Natl Med. 2008;192:1103-16; discussion 1116-7 pubmed
    ..Prevention thus relies on simple lifestyle measures: cooking potentially contaminated food, regular treatment of domestic animals with praziquantel, and precautions when touching potentially infected definitive hosts (foxes and dogs). ..
  26. Kilani T, El Hammami S. Pulmonary hydatid and other lung parasitic infections. Curr Opin Pulm Med. 2002;8:218-23 pubmed
    ..Clinical presentation is variable according to the great variety of parasites that may involve the lungs. ..
  27. Zhang Q, Huang T, Li B, Li Z, Liao K. [Misdiagnosis of pulmonary hydatid cyst rupture: report of 38 cases]. Zhonghua Jie He He Hu Xi Za Zhi. 2003;26:474-6 pubmed
    ..Hydatid cyst rupture can be misdiagnosed as other lung diseases, most commonly pneumonia and tuberculosis. ..
  28. Turkyilmaz Z, Sonmez K, Karabulut R, Demirogullari B, Göl H, Basaklar A, et al. Conservative surgery for treatment of hydatid cysts in children. World J Surg. 2004;28:597-601 pubmed
  29. Paredes R, Jimenez V, Cabrera G, Iragüen D, Galanti N. Apoptosis as a possible mechanism of infertility in Echinococcus granulosus hydatid cysts. J Cell Biochem. 2007;100:1200-9 pubmed
    ..We conclude that apoptosis may be involved in hydatid cyst infertility. This is the first report on the presence of programmed cell death in E. granulosus. ..
  30. Hardisson D, Nistal M, Casillas M. [Bronchocentric granulomatosis and pulmonary hydatidosis]. Arch Bronconeumol. 2002;38:150-2 pubmed
    ..We report the case of a 46-year-old woman with bronchocentric granulomatosis associated with pulmonary hydatidosis. The likely immuno-pathogenic mechanisms leading to bronchial lesions are briefly discussed. ..
  31. Aslam F, Bhaila I, Nadeem N, Fadoo Z. Salmonella typhi-infected lung hydatid cyst. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2005;24:270-2 pubmed
    ..Salmonella typhi was isolated from the abscess. Hydatid cyst was diagnosed at surgery. This is the first reported case of a pulmonary hydatid cyst infected with S. typhi. ..
  32. Racil H, Ben Amar J, El Filali Moulay R, Ridene I, Cheikrouhou S, Zarrouk M, et al. [Complicated hydatid cysts of the lung]. Rev Mal Respir. 2009;26:727-34 pubmed
    ..Complicated pulmonary hydatidosis may present some diagnostic difficulties, even in endemic regions. Management may be difficult, costly, and may require pulmonary resections. ..
  33. Djuricic S, Grebeldinger S, Kafka D, Djan I, Vukadin M, Vasiljevic Z. Cystic echinococcosis in children - the seventeen-year experience of two large medical centers in Serbia. Parasitol Int. 2010;59:257-61 pubmed publisher
    ..The large number of infected children during a long period of investigation indicates an active transmission of disease and a lack of program for control and prevention of CE in Serbia...
  34. Anadol D, Ozcelik U, Kiper N, Gocmen A. Treatment of hydatid disease. Paediatr Drugs. 2001;3:123-35 pubmed
    ..Therefore, medical therapy may be an alternative option in uncomplicated cysts and in patients at high risk from surgery. The adjuvant use of drugs with surgery and percutaneous treatment can also be recommended for some patients. ..
  35. Ulku R, Onen A, Onat S. Surgical treatment of pulmonary hydatid cysts in children: report of 66 cases. Eur J Pediatr Surg. 2004;14:255-9 pubmed
    ..The usage of double-lumen tubes may decrease intra- and postoperative complications. Thoracophrenotomy can be chosen as the surgical procedure in the management of hepatic and pulmonary hydatid cysts. ..
  36. Boubia S, Kafih M, Ridai M, Zerouali N. [Long-term prognosis of hydatid lung cyst treated by video-assisted thoracic surgery]. Rev Pneumol Clin. 2005;61:298-300 pubmed
    ..With the advent of mini-invasive surgery, video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) is a good means of diagnosis and therapeutic in thoracic surgery. We report 14 cases of hydatid cyst of the lung treated by VATS. Outcome as uneventful. ..
  37. Kurkcuoglu I, Eroglu A, Karaoglanoglu N, Polat P. Complications of albendazole treatment in hydatid disease of lung. Eur J Cardiothorac Surg. 2002;22:649-50 pubmed
    ..We concluded that albendazole should be used in postoperative period in patients with hydatid disease of the lung to prevent recurrent disease. ..
  38. Hübner M, Manfras B, Margos M, Eiffler D, Hoffmann W, Schulz Key H, et al. Echinococcus multilocularis metacestodes modulate cellular cytokine and chemokine release by peripheral blood mononuclear cells in alveolar echinococcosis patients. Clin Exp Immunol. 2006;145:243-51 pubmed
    ..Such a mixed profile might be required for limiting parasite growth but also for reducing periparasitic tissue and organ damage in the host. ..
  39. Aygencel S, Demircan A, Keles A. Two hydatid cases in emergency department. Eur J Emerg Med. 2007;14:241-2 pubmed
  40. Mehta K, Gundappa R, Contractor R, Sangani V, Pathak A, Chawda P. Comparative evaluation of thoracoscopy versus thoracotomy in the management of lung hydatid disease. World J Surg. 2010;34:1828-31 pubmed publisher
    ..We strongly recommend the use of thoracoscopy as a primary tool for the management of uncomplicated, unilateral lung hydatid disease. Thoracoscopy offers a great advantage over open thoracotomy in terms of very low morbidity. ..
  41. Boussetta K, Siala N, Brini I, Aloui N, Sammoud A, Hammou A, et al. [The hydatid cyst of the lung in children: 54 cases]. Tunis Med. 2005;83:24-7 pubmed
    ..Chest echography was contributory in 77% of cases. 74% of the children were operated without complications. The others were lost. ..
  42. Sakamoto T, Gutierrez C. Pulmonary complications of cystic echinococcosis in children in Uruguay. Pathol Int. 2005;55:497-503 pubmed
    ..The present study shows that a close relationship exists between pulmonary echinococcosis and pneumonia...
  43. Yamano K, Hada N, Yamamura T, Takeda T, Honma H, Sawada Y. Serodiagnostic potential of chemically synthesized glycosphingolipid antigens in an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for alveolar echinococcosis. J Helminthol. 2006;80:387-91 pubmed
  44. Ozkok A, Gul E, Okumus G, Yekeler E, Gulluoglu M, Kiyan E, et al. Disseminated alveolar echinococcosis mimicking a metastatic malignancy. Intern Med. 2008;47:1495-7 pubmed
    ..We report a case of disseminated alveolar echinococcosis with liver, lung, and bone involvement mimicking a metastatic malignancy. ..
  45. Partrinou V, Dougenis D, Kritikos N, Polydorou A, Vagianos C. Treatment of postoperative bronchobiliary fistula by nasobiliary drainage. Surg Endosc. 2001;15:758 pubmed
    ..The fistula was successfully closed in a short time. This conservative method reduces the risks of reoperation. Therefore, it should be considered the treatment of choice in the management of bronchobiliary fistula. ..
  46. Larrieu E, Frider B. Human cystic echinococcosis: contributions to the natural history of the disease. Ann Trop Med Parasitol. 2001;95:679-87 pubmed
  47. Oudni M rad M, M rad S, Gorcii M, Mekki M, Belguith M, Harrabi I, et al. [Cystic echinococcosis in children in Tunisia: fertility and case distribution of hydatid cysts]. Bull Soc Pathol Exot. 2007;100:10-3 pubmed
    ..The fertility of the cyst was independent of its site or its size and no incidence of age of children was detected. Nevertheless, the fertility rate is higher in females than in males for the liver localization. ..
  48. Baden L, Elliott D. Case records of the Massachusetts General Hospital. Weekly Clinicopathological exercises. Case 4-2003. A 42-year-old woman with cough, fever, and abnormalities on thoracoabdominal computed tomography. N Engl J Med. 2003;348:447-55 pubmed
  49. Tackmann K. [Alveolar echinococcosis--does the danger of infection wait in central Europe?]. Pneumologie. 2004;58:287-8 pubmed
  50. Gawor J, Malczewski A, Stefaniak J, Nahorski W, Paul M, Kacprzak E, et al. [Risk of alveococcosis for humans in Poland]. Przegl Epidemiol. 2004;58:459-65 pubmed
    ..5%) and south-east (39.3%) of Poland with foci of infection in some counties (up to 70% foxes infected). It makes the high potential risk for human infection in these areas. ..
  51. Hasdiraz L, Oguzkaya F, Bilgin M. Is lobectomy necessary in the treatment of pulmonary hydatid cysts?. ANZ J Surg. 2006;76:488-90 pubmed
    ..We believe that the decision of lobectomy must be taken very carefully, even in the case of infected hydatid cysts, atelectasis, giant cysts and multiple cysts in the same lobe. ..
  52. Koul P, Wahid A, Lone G, Bhat T. A chest wall swelling in a young girl. Med J Aust. 2007;186:213 pubmed
  53. Manduz S, Katrancioglu N, Dogan K. [A cardiac hydatid cyst case seen after operation on pulmonary hydatid cyst]. Anadolu Kardiyol Derg. 2007;7:440-1 pubmed
  54. Pfefferkorn U, Viehl C, Barras J. Ruptured hydatid cyst in the right thorax: differential diagnosis to pleural empyema. Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2005;53:250-1 pubmed
    ..Pleural fluid analysis was suspicious for parapneumonic pleural empyema. After thoracoscopy led to the correct diagnosis a combined surgical and chemotherapy approach achieved complete remission. ..
  55. Makni F, Hachicha L, Mseddi F, Hammami H, Cheikhrouhou F, Sellami H, et al. [Contribution of Western blotting to the diagnosis of hydatidosis]. Bull Soc Pathol Exot. 2007;100:171-3 pubmed
    ..This study proved the value added of Western blot compared to the other traditional techniques for the immunodiagnostic and the post-surgical monitoring of hydatidosis...
  56. Dokumcu Z, Arslan S, Divarci E, Erdener A, Ozcan C. Thoracoscopic Treatment of Pulmonary Hydatid Cysts May Have a High Morbidity Risk in Children: Retrospective Analysis. Eurasian J Med. 2017;49:172-177 pubmed publisher
    ..However, there have been very few pediatric studies published during this period. Our goal is to review our results and evaluate the efficiency of thorascopy in pediatric patients...
  57. Rebhandl W, Turnbull J, Felberbauer F, Tasci E, Puig S, Auer H, et al. Pulmonary echinococcosis (hydatidosis) in children: results of surgical treatment. Pediatr Pulmonol. 1999;27:336-40 pubmed
    ..Ideally, benzimidazole treatment should be combined with surgery. New serological tests can improve diagnostic accuracy. ..
  58. Lioulias A, Kotoulas C, Kokotsakis J, Konstantinou M. Acute pulmonary embolism due to multiple hydatid cysts. Eur J Cardiothorac Surg. 2001;20:197-9 pubmed
    ..The post-operative recovery was uneventful and the patient, 42 months later, has a normal life. ..
  59. Bousnina S, Racil H, Maghraoui O, Marniche K, Ben Mrad S, Ghedira H, et al. [Hydatid pulmonary embolisms. Seven cases]. Rev Pneumol Clin. 2005;61:31-6 pubmed
    ..Treatment is surgical resection of the embologenic focus then embolectomy. The role of medical treatment is not clearly defined. The short- and mid-term prognosis is generally poor. ..
  60. Ulku R, Yilmaz H, Onat S, Ozcelik C. Surgical treatment of pulmonary hydatid cysts: report of 139 cases. Int Surg. 2006;91:77-81 pubmed
    ..The mortality rate was 1.8% (3 patients). Surgery is the treatment of choice for most patients with pulmonary hydatid cysts. Thoracaphrenotomy can be chosen as the surgical procedure in management of hepatic and pulmonary hydatid cysts. ..
  61. Bouchikh M, Ouadnouni Y, Msougar Y, Lakrambi M, Smahi M, Harrak L, et al. [Pulmonary hydatid cyst presenting as dysphonia]. Rev Mal Respir. 2007;24:905-8 pubmed
    ..The post-operative result was satisfactory with relief of the compression and improvement in phonation. This report illustrates that hydatid cyst of the lung may occasionally present with signs of mediastinal compression. ..
  62. Yang Y, Craig P, Sun T, Vuitton D, Giraudoux P, Jones M, et al. Echinococcosis in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, northwest China. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 2008;102:319-28 pubmed publisher
  63. Dyer R, Gordon P, De Groot K, Walther G, James M. Excision of a giant hydatid cyst of the lung under thoracic epidural anaesthesia. Anaesth Intensive Care. 2001;29:181-4 pubmed
    ..Thoracic epidural anaesthesia may be a safer method than general anaesthesia for removal of a hydatid cyst in a patient with severe respiratory compromise. ..
  64. Negroni R, Arechavala A. [Clinical problems in medical mycology: problem no. 14. Pulmonary hydatid cyst]. Rev Iberoam Micol. 2004;21:216-7 pubmed
  65. Li T, Chen X, Zhen R, Qiu J, Qiu D, Xiao N, et al. Widespread co-endemicity of human cystic and alveolar echinococcosis on the eastern Tibetan Plateau, northwest Sichuan/southeast Qinghai, China. Acta Trop. 2010;113:248-56 pubmed publisher
    ..These chronic cestode zoonoses constitute an unparalleled major public health problem for pastoral Tibetan communities, and pose great difficulties for adequate treatment access and effective transmission control in such remote regions. ..
  66. Gauci C, Merli M, Muller V, Chow C, Yagi K, Mackenstedt U, et al. Molecular cloning of a vaccine antigen against infection with the larval stage of Echinococcus multilocularis. Infect Immun. 2002;70:3969-72 pubmed
    ..multilocularis eggs in mice. ..
  67. Beyrouti M, Beyrouti R, Abbes I, Kharrat M, Ben Amar M, Frikha F, et al. [Acute rupture of hydatid cysts in the peritoneum: 17 cases]. Presse Med. 2004;33:378-84 pubmed
    ..The optimal strategy is to treat the patients at the non-complicated stage of the hydatid cyst and, above all, prevent the hydatid infestation. ..
  68. Kalinova K. [Research on the problems of recurrence in childhood hydatidosis]. Khirurgiia (Sofiia). 2003;59:26-8 pubmed
    ..We observed a higher rate of recidives in conservative methods than in radical ones. ..
  69. Kilic D, Findikcioglu A, Bilen A, Koc Z, Hatipoglu A. Management of complicated hydatid cyst of the thorax. ANZ J Surg. 2007;77:752-7 pubmed
    ..A modified capitonnage method is recommended for complicated hydatid cyst treatment as it has a low morbidity rate. ..
  70. Ntusi N, Horsfall C. Severe disseminated hydatid disease successfully treated medically with prolonged administration of albendazole. QJM. 2008;101:745-6 pubmed publisher
  71. Santivañez S, Sotomayor A, Vasquez J, Somocurcio J, Rodriguez S, Gonzalez A, et al. Absence of brain involvement and factors related to positive serology in a prospective series of 61 cases with pulmonary hydatid disease. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2008;79:84-8 pubmed
    ..Cyst status in terms of complications should be described to allow appropriate assessment of serologic evaluations. ..
  72. Nabi M, Waseem T, Tarif N, Chima K. Pulmonary hydatid disease: is capitonnage mandatory following cystotomy?. Int J Surg. 2010;8:373-6 pubmed
    ..We conclude that capitonnage with cystotomy may be a preferred procedure due to its lower rate of complications. ..
  73. Santic Z. [Clinico-epidemiologic aspects of pulmonary echinococcosis in western Herzegovina from 1969 to 1998]. Med Arh. 2001;55:97-9 pubmed
    This research has included 111 pulmonary echinococcosis patients in the billy-mountainous, more cattle raising region of Western Herzegovina. Since 1969, the prevalence of pulmonary echinococcosis, which was 27 (0...
  74. Kabiri e, Caidi M, al Aziz S, el Maslout A, Benosman A. Surgical treatment of hydatidothorax. Series of 79 cases. Acta Chir Belg. 2003;103:401-4 pubmed
    ..4 years). Hydatid cysts of the lung should be treated before complications occur, particularly intrapleural rupture because it considerably increases morbidity. ..
  75. Idomir M, Cocuz M, Ticău O, Ghib L. [Correlations between the level and frequency of blood eosinophilia and hydatid cyst location]. Bacteriol Virusol Parazitol Epidemiol. 2003;48:153-6 pubmed
  76. Oak S, Parelkar S, Viswanath N, Gera P, Pathak R. Primary pulmonary hydatid cysts in children-a report of three cases. Pediatr Surg Int. 2005;21:652-4 pubmed
    ..Of these six hydatid cysts, two were treated with thoracotomy with cyst enucleation and capittonage, three with thoracoscopy-assisted minithoracotomy with enucleation and capittonage, and one with limited resection. ..
  77. Nuesch R. [Worms and the lung]. Ther Umsch. 2005;62:773-7 pubmed
    ..A combination of these methods will show the best results for most helminthes. As specific therapy is widely available for most helminthiases a precise diagnosis is important. ..
  78. Kakisaka T, Sato N, Kamiyama T, Nakagawa T, Nakanishi K, Matsushita M, et al. Hepatopulmonary fistula caused by alveolar echinococcosis: report of a case. Surg Today. 2006;36:937-40 pubmed
    ..We report this case to emphasize that the first-line treatment for a hepatopulmonary fistula caused by HAE should be radical surgery, which results in relief of symptoms and a good outcome. ..
  79. Stolpe C, Theegarten D, Racz P. [Pulmonary echinococcosis]. Pneumologie. 2003;57:387 pubmed
  80. Lidetul D, Hutchinson G. The prevalence, organ distribution and fertility of cystic echinoccosis in feral pigs in tropical North Queensland, Australia. Onderstepoort J Vet Res. 2007;74:73-9 pubmed
    ..The high prevalence rate and fertility of cysts in feral pigs confirm that feral pigs can take part in the sylvatic cycle of the parasite in the region. The public health significance of this observation is potentially very important. ..
  81. Singh R. A case of pulmonary echinococcosis. Ann Trop Med Parasitol. 2008;102:463-5 pubmed publisher
  82. Olmez D, Babayigit A, Arslan H, Uzuner N, Ozturk Y, Karaman O, et al. Multiorgan involvement in a pediatric patient with hydatid disease. J Trop Pediatr. 2008;54:417-9 pubmed publisher
    ..To our knowledge, there is no pediatric case with hydatid disease in the literature reporting simultaneous involvement of spleen, kidney, liver and lungs as in our case. ..
  83. Konno K, Oku Y, Tamashiro H. Prevention of alveolar echinococcosis--ecosystem and risk management perspectives in Japan. Acta Trop. 2003;89:33-40 pubmed
    ..Well-designed epidemiological surveys are, therefore, urgently required prior to large outbreaks, based on understanding of the ecosystem around E. multilocularis. ..
  84. Ozvaran M, Ersoy Y, Uskul B, Unver E, Yalcin E, Baran R, et al. Pleural complications of pulmonary hydatid disease. Respirology. 2004;9:115-9 pubmed
    ..In regions in which echinococcal disease is endemic, a high level of clinical suspicion is necessary for diagnosis and appropriate management of this condition. ..
  85. Harzallah L, Bacha M, Garrouche A, Messak A, Ben Cherifa L, Bakir D, et al. [Primitive pleural hydatid cyst: case report]. Rev Med Liege. 2007;62:506-8 pubmed
    ..We report the case of a primitive pleural hydatid cyst diagnosed in 43 years old man. Throug this case, imaging features are emphasized. ..
  86. Singh N, Srinivas R, Bal A, Aggarwal A. Lung carcinoma mimicking hydatid cyst: a case report and review of the literature. Med Oncol. 2009;26:424-8 pubmed publisher
    ..The case highlights the fact that a lung carcinoma may rarely have clinical, radiological, and serological features similar to those of a pulmonary hydatid cyst. ..
  87. Chacko J, Raot S, Basawaraj K, Chatterjee S. Ruptured hydatid cyst masquerading as tension pneumothorax. Anaesth Intensive Care. 2009;37:840-2 pubmed
    ..Ruptured hydatid cyst should be considered as a possibility in patients who present with sudden onset respiratory distress and hypoxia in geographical areas where the disease may be prevalent. ..
  88. Bulut N, Dagıstanlı S. A Case of Ruptured Pulmonary Hydatid Cyst of the Liver and Review of the Literature. Case Rep Radiol. 2017;2017:7639056 pubmed publisher
    ..Although the cyst rupture can occur spontaneously, it can also occur upon albendazole treatment. Its surgical treatment includes cystotomy, capitonnage, and wedge resection...
  89. Priemer J, Jakob W. [A case of Echinococcus granulosus hydatid cyst in a zoo born dromedary in the Berlin-Fridrichsfelde zoo]. Berl Munch Tierarztl Wochenschr. 1998;111:100-3 pubmed
  90. Todorov T, Boeva V. Echinococcosis in children and adolescents in Bulgaria: a comparative study. Ann Trop Med Parasitol. 2000;94:135-44 pubmed
    ..8% v. 38.3% of the patients), most cysts found in the adults were hepatic (73.5% of patients) and relatively few were in the lungs (14.4% of patients)...
  91. Bhattacharya S, Roy C, Das S, Goswami P, Mondal J, Ghosal D. A case of disseminated hydatidosis. J Indian Med Assoc. 2003;101:672-4 pubmed
    ..The unique features of this case include the degree of dissemination, the multiplicity of sites and the peculiar nature of herniation of the hepatic cysts into the parietes...
  92. Sakamoto T, Cabrera P. Immunohistochemical observations on cellular response in unilocular hydatid lesions and lymph nodes of cattle. Acta Trop. 2003;85:271-9 pubmed
    ..From our findings, we consider that infiltration of eosinophils and the subpopulations of lymphocytes infiltrating the hydatid lesions in the liver and lungs are derived from cells in the draining lymph nodes of both organs...