vestibulocochlear nerve diseases

Summary

Summary: Pathological processes of the VESTIBULOCOCHLEAR NERVE, including the branches of COCHLEAR NERVE and VESTIBULAR NERVE. Common examples are VESTIBULAR NEURITIS, cochlear neuritis, and ACOUSTIC NEUROMA. Clinical signs are varying degree of HEARING LOSS; VERTIGO; and TINNITUS.

Top Publications

  1. Schade G, Giese A, Hess M. [Hoarseness in a case of right-sided partial hearing loss, tinnitus and incomplete facial palsy. Suspected low grade astrocytoma of the medulla oblongata with involvement of cranial nerves VII, VIII and X]. HNO. 2003;51:232-4 pubmed
  2. Berlin C, Hood L, Morlet T, Rose K, Brashears S. Auditory neuropathy/dys-synchrony: diagnosis and management. Ment Retard Dev Disabil Res Rev. 2003;9:225-31 pubmed
    ..Recommendations for management include visual language exposure through methods such as American Sign Language (ASL), Cued Speech, or baby signs, and closely following patients...
  3. Kim H, Lee S, Lee H. Acute peripheral vestibular syndrome of a vascular cause. J Neurol Sci. 2007;254:99-101 pubmed
    ..There has been no previous report of APVS presumably of a vascular cause...
  4. Nikolaou G, Roosli C, Huber A, Probst R. Neuromuscular choristoma of the internal auditory meatus. ORL J Otorhinolaryngol Relat Spec. 2012;74:246-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Histomorphological examination of the tumor revealed a nodular lesion with fascicular and nodular assembled smooth muscle cells, connective tissue and nerve fibers...
  5. Miyashita T, Kobayashi Z, Numasawa Y, Akaza M, Ishihara S, Shintani S. Epstein-Barr virus-associated meningitis presenting with hearing impairment. Intern Med. 2012;51:1755-7 pubmed
    ..We presume that the hearing impairment was due to auditory nerve neuritis related to extension of inflammation of the meninges. This is the first reported case of EBV-associated meningitis showing hearing impairment...
  6. Harno H, Hirvonen T, Kaunisto M, Aalto H, Levo H, Isotalo E, et al. Subclinical vestibulocerebellar dysfunction in migraine with and without aura. Neurology. 2003;61:1748-52 pubmed
    ..The authors' aim was to determine whether neurotologic findings are in accordance with the type of migraine and whether test findings differ from those of healthy controls...
  7. Bassim M, Ewend M, Buchman C. Secondary intracanalicular extension of a primary intracochlear schwannoma. Otol Neurotol. 2007;28:863-4 pubmed
  8. Lassaletta L, Patron M, Del Rio L, Alfonso C, Roda J, Rey J, et al. Cyclin D1 expression and histopathologic features in vestibular schwannomas. Otol Neurotol. 2007;28:939-41 pubmed
    ..To evaluate cyclin D1 expression in vestibular schwannoma and its relationship with histologic, clinical, and radiologic features...
  9. Ribeiro F, Marotta L, Eckley C. Clinical significance of a hearing and imaging workup in a child with cochlear nerve aplasia and a normal internal auditory canal. Ear Nose Throat J. 2009;88:E18-20 pubmed
    ..We also briefly review the embryogenesis of the inner ear and auditory pathway. A patient with similar findings in the setting of a bilateral hearing loss and insufficient imaging would be at risk of inappropriate cochlear implantation...

More Information

Publications62

  1. Brozek Madry E, Niemczyk K, Morawski K. [Intralabyrinthine schwannoma of the vestibulocochlear nerve]. Otolaryngol Pol. 2009;63:437-41 pubmed publisher
    ..Presenting and discussing the patient with intravestibular schwannoma of the vestibulocochlear nerve, the course of disease, audiologic and radiologic examination and treatment possibilities...
  2. Liang C, Zhang B, Wu L, Du Y, Wang X, Liu C, et al. The superiority of 3D-CISS sequence in displaying the cisternal segment of facial, vestibulocochlear nerves and their abnormal changes. Eur J Radiol. 2010;74:437-40 pubmed publisher
  3. Oysu C, Aslan I, Ulubil A, Baserer N. Incidence of cochlear involvement in hyperbilirubinemic deafness. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. 2002;111:1021-5 pubmed
    ..On the other hand, if the ABR is used as the single means of screening, auditory neuropathic conditions will probably be underlooked. Therefore, we recommend dual screening of hearing by ABR and OAEs in hyperbilirubinemic newborns...
  4. Cruzmaurício J, Reis J. [Cochlear otosclerosis]. Acta Med Port. 2002;15:41-4 pubmed
    ..A rare case of cochlear otosclerosis is described with clinical data, CT and RMN images. The aim of this note is to improve the acknowledgement of in vivo otosclerosis physiopathology...
  5. Clift J, Wong R, Carney G, Stavinoha R, Boyev K. Radiographic analysis of cochlear nerve vascular compression. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. 2009;118:356-61 pubmed
  6. Maison S, Usubuchi H, Liberman M. Efferent feedback minimizes cochlear neuropathy from moderate noise exposure. J Neurosci. 2013;33:5542-52 pubmed publisher
  7. Ceranic B, Luxon L. Progressive auditory neuropathy in patients with Leber's hereditary optic neuropathy. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 2004;75:626-30 pubmed
    ..To investigate auditory neural involvement in patients with Leber's hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON)...
  8. Godfrey D, Xu J, Godfrey M, Li H, Rubin A. Effects of unilateral vestibular ganglionectomy on glutaminase activity in the vestibular nerve root and vestibular nuclear complex of the rat. J Neurosci Res. 2004;77:603-12 pubmed
    ..This recovery resembles our previous finding for glutamate concentrations in the vestibular nuclei and may partially underlie central vestibular compensation after peripheral lesions...
  9. Szmulewicz D, Waterston J. Two patients with audiovestibular sarcoidosis. J Clin Neurosci. 2012;19:158-61 pubmed publisher
    ..Both patients responded to high dose oral corticosteroid treatment, although one patient has required multiple trials of immunosuppressant drug therapy because of relapsing disease...
  10. Aarnisalo A, Pirvola U, Liang X, Miller J, Ylikoski J. Apoptosis in auditory brainstem neurons after a severe noise trauma of the organ of Corti: intracochlear GDNF treatment reduces the number of apoptotic cells. ORL J Otorhinolaryngol Relat Spec. 2000;62:330-4 pubmed
    ..This can be prevented partially by rescuing primary cochlear neurons from degeneration with local GDNF treatment...
  11. Sen A, Khan M, Ramsden R, Gillespie J. Stenosis of the internal auditory meatus masquerading as bilateral vestibular schwannomas: a cautionary tale. J Laryngol Otol. 2005;119:995-7 pubmed
    ..We present a case (along with literature review) where a stenotic IAM was clinically and radiologically misdiagnosed as a vestibular schwannoma...
  12. Sanyelbhaa Talaat H, Kabel A, Samy H, Elbadry M. Prevalence of auditory neuropathy (AN) among infants and young children with severe to profound hearing loss. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2009;73:937-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Those infants were reassessed in our centers for detecting cases with auditory neuropathy. The study group was subjected to immittancemetry, behavioral observation audiometry, ABR and cochlear microphonics...
  13. De Leenheer E, Dhooge I, Veuillet E, Lina Granade G, Truy E. Cochlear implantation in 3 adults with auditory neuropathy/auditory dys-synchrony. B-ENT. 2008;4:183-91 pubmed
    ..Cochlear implantation was successful in 2 out of 3 cases. We conclude that AN/AD implantee candidates should be counselled with care...
  14. Okamura T, Kurokawa Y, Ikeda N, Abiko S, Ideguchi M, Watanabe K, et al. Microvascular decompression for cochlear symptoms. J Neurosurg. 2000;93:421-6 pubmed
    ..The object of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of a new neurovascular decompression technique in relieving symptoms of cochlear nerve dysfunction...
  15. Amano T, Tokunaga S, Shono T, Mizoguchi M, Matsumoto K, Yoshida F, et al. Cerebellar hemangioblastoma manifesting as hearing disturbance. Neurol Med Chir (Tokyo). 2009;49:418-20 pubmed
    ..After the operation, the patient's hearing acuity improved dramatically. Cerebellar hemangioblastoma should be considered in the differential diagnosis of CP angle tumors associated with hearing disturbance...
  16. Rambold H, Boenki J, Stritzke G, Wisst F, Neppert B, Helmchen C. Differential vestibular dysfunction in sudden unilateral hearing loss. Neurology. 2005;64:148-51 pubmed
    ..In 45%, a vestibular lesion was found, of which 53% had a combined impairment of the cochlea and the ipsilateral posterior semicircular canal, possibly reflecting vascular disease in the common cochlear artery...
  17. Bernardeschi D, Dunnebier E, Sauvaget E, Herman P, Wassef M, Tran Ba Huy P. Vascular malformation (so-called hemangioma) of Scarpa's ganglion. Acta Otolaryngol. 2004;124:1099-102 pubmed
    ..Surgery is the treatment of choice for these lesions as early intervention ensures better postoperative facial function. It is important to make the differential diagnosis if conservative management of vestibular schwannoma is adopted...
  18. Jahn K. Vertigo and balance in children--diagnostic approach and insights from imaging. Eur J Paediatr Neurol. 2011;15:289-94 pubmed publisher
    ..However, new data from neurophysiology and imaging help to understand the pathophysiology and the therapeutic principles in these disorders...
  19. Hitier M, Besnard S, Vignaux G, Denise P, Moreau S. The ventrolateral surgical approach to labyrinthectomy in rats: anatomical description and clinical consequences. Surg Radiol Anat. 2010;32:835-42 pubmed publisher
    ..We suggest a description of a surgical ventrolateral approach to labyrinthectomy in rats, with preservation of the stapedial artery...
  20. Mason J, De Michele A, Stevens C, Ruth R, Hashisaki G. Cochlear implantation in patients with auditory neuropathy of varied etiologies. Laryngoscope. 2003;113:45-9 pubmed
    ..The study reviews the authors' experience with six patients diagnosed with auditory neuropathy, four of whom have undergone cochlear implantation...
  21. Kim M, Oh C, Han D, Kwon O, Jung H, Han M. Intraosseous dural arteriovenous fistula of the skull base associated with hearing loss. Case report. J Neurosurg. 2002;96:952-5 pubmed
    ..The authors report a case in which an intraosseous DAVF and associated hearing loss probably resulted from cochlear nerve or vascular compression caused by the draining vein or nidus of the DAVF...
  22. Rodríguez Domínguez F, Cubillana Herrero J, Cañizares Gallardo N, Pérez Aguilera R. [Prevalence of auditory neuropathy: prospective study in a tertiary-care center]. Acta Otorrinolaringol Esp. 2007;58:239-45 pubmed
  23. Basta D, Ernst A. [Vibrotactile neurofeedback training with the Vertiguard®-RT-system. A placebo-controlled double-blinded pilot study on vestibular rehabilitation]. HNO. 2011;59:1005-11 pubmed publisher
    ..The present study is therefore aimed at investigating the therapeutic outcome of a new vibrotactile neurofeedback system for the first time in a pilot study...
  24. Gibson W, Graham J. Editorial: 'auditory neuropathy' and cochlear implantation - myths and facts. Cochlear Implants Int. 2008;9:1-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Rather than continuing to use a blanket and often misleading term, we are now in a better position to describe each individual case exhibiting this phenomenon according to the correct site of lesion...
  25. Narne V, Vanaja C. Perception of envelope-enhanced speech in the presence of noise by individuals with auditory neuropathy. Ear Hear. 2009;30:136-42 pubmed publisher
    ..To investigate the effect of background noise on perception of unprocessed and envelope-enhanced speech in individuals with auditory neuropathy (AN)...
  26. Wagner W. [Complete unilateral vestibulocochlear loss]. HNO. 2006;54:294-7 pubmed
  27. Salzman K, Davidson H, Harnsberger H, Glastonbury C, Wiggins R, Ellul S, et al. Dumbbell schwannomas of the internal auditory canal. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2001;22:1368-76 pubmed
    ..In this article, the imaging and clinical features of these dumbbell schwannomas are described...
  28. Califano L, Mazzone S, Salafia F. Utility of the hyperventilation test in the evaluation of the dizzy patient. Curr Opin Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2013;21:487-91 pubmed publisher
  29. Bronstein A. Under-rated neuro-otological symptoms: Hoffman and Brookler 1978 revisited. Br Med Bull. 2002;63:213-21 pubmed
    ..However, we have provided evidence for Hoffman and Brookler's impression that visually triggered complaints should not be summarily dismissed, as they often point to an underlying vestibular disorder...
  30. Duan J, Wang J, Chen H, Jin J. [The study of 80 Hz auditory steady-state evoked potentials in patients with auditory neuropathy]. Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi. 2008;22:296-7 pubmed
    ..To investigate the character of 80 Hz auditory steady-state evoked potentials in auditory neuropathy (AN) patients and the correlation between it and ABR...
  31. Schroder J, Hackel V, Wanders R, Göhlich Ratmann G, Voit T. Optico-cochleo-dentate degeneration associated with severe peripheral neuropathy and caused by peroxisomal D-bifunctional protein deficiency. Acta Neuropathol. 2004;108:154-67 pubmed
    ..The inclusions usually showed a bilaminar structure, whereas trilaminar structures, typically seen in adrenoleukodystrophy, and multilaminar structures were less frequently seen...
  32. Puri V, Jones E. Childhood vertigo: a case report and review of the literature. J Ky Med Assoc. 2001;99:316-21 pubmed
    ..This paper attempts, via case report and literature review, to discuss the various etiologies of acute vertigo in the pediatric population, provide diagnostic clues, and evaluate some of the available diagnostic modalities...
  33. Jen J. Recent advances in the genetics of recurrent vertigo and vestibulopathy. Curr Opin Neurol. 2008;21:3-7 pubmed publisher
    ..To focus on recent advances in the genetics of recurrent vertigo, with an overview on episodic ataxia, benign recurrent vertigo (mainly migraine-associated vertigo), bilateral vestibulopathy, and Ménière's disease...
  34. Xoinis K, Weirather Y, Mavoori H, Shaha S, Iwamoto L. Extremely low birth weight infants are at high risk for auditory neuropathy. J Perinatol. 2007;27:718-23 pubmed
    ..Therefore, we hypothesize that infants from the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) are at significantly higher risk for AN than normal term infants...
  35. Shehata Dieler W, Volter C, Hildmann A, Hildmann H, Helms J. [Clinical and audiological findings in children with auditory neuropathy]. Laryngorhinootologie. 2007;86:15-21 pubmed
    ..Perisynaptic synchronisation disorder is one of the possible pathogenesis underlying auditory neuropathy. In this paper we describe the clinical presentation and audiological findings in pediatric auditory neuropathy and its management...
  36. Martínez Quintana E, Rodríguez González F. Vestibulopathy after a modified Blalock-Taussig procedure in a cyanotic congenital heart disease patient. Am J Otolaryngol. 2013;34:248-51 pubmed publisher
    ..We report the case of a cyanotic congenital heart disease patient with vertigo and dizziness who underwent a modified B-T fistula on childhood and developed, many years later, a vertiginous syndrome probably of vascular origin...
  37. Kotjan H, Purves B, Small S. Cochlear implantation for a child with cochlear nerve deficiency: parental perspectives explored through narrative. Int J Audiol. 2013;52:776-82 pubmed publisher
    ..The objective of this study was to explore, from the parents' perspectives, decision-making regarding a cochlear implant (CI) for their child when a favourable outcome is less likely because of abnormal neurophysiology...
  38. Valero M, Hancock K, Liberman M. The middle ear muscle reflex in the diagnosis of cochlear neuropathy. Hear Res. 2016;332:29-38 pubmed publisher
    ..These data suggest that the MEMR may be valuable in the early detection of cochlear neuropathy. ..
  39. Arweiler Harbeck D, Bagus H, Ramm B, Vogel A. [Optimizing interdisciplinary flow of information : development of a communication system for a cochlear implant center with out-patient rehabilitation]. HNO. 2010;58:465-71 pubmed publisher
    ..Therefore, a databank has been designed to achieve an effective interdisciplinary flow of information between diagnostics, therapy and rehabilitation...
  40. Pawlak Osinska K, Kaźmierczak H, Kuczyńska R, Szaflarska Popławska A. [Looking for the auditory and vestibular pathology in celiac disease]. Otolaryngol Pol. 2007;61:178-83 pubmed
    ..The results confirm the hypothesis that neurological signs--vestibular in our study--appeared early, were connected with the histopathological changes of jejunum and remained despite of correct treatment of the disease...
  41. Leigh R, Thurtell M. Vestibular areflexia: under the radar. Ann Neurol. 2007;61:499-500 pubmed
  42. Chen X, Qian M, Tu W, Liao Q, Zhou B. [Cardiac schwannoma: report of a case]. Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi. 2006;35:186-7 pubmed
  43. Xing G, Liu Z, Wang D, Lu L, Bu X. [Therapeutic trial with corticosteroid for auditory neuropathy]. Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Ke Za Zhi. 2002;37:256-8 pubmed
    ..To explore the feasibility of corticosteroid for the treatment of auditory neuropathy...
  44. Gurgel R, Roehm P, Hansen M. Disseminated histoplasmosis presenting as a unilateral cranial nerve VIII mass: a case report. Otol Neurotol. 2006;27:1014-6 pubmed
    ..To report a unique presentation of disseminated histoplasmosis...
  45. Zhang Z, Li Y, Hu L, Wang Z, Huang Q, Wu H. Cochlear implantation in children with cochlear nerve deficiency: a report of nine cases. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2012;76:1188-95 pubmed publisher
    ..This study sought to investigate whether there is any benefit from cochlear implantation for children with cochlear nerve deficiency...
  46. Adunka O, Roush P, Teagle H, Brown C, Zdanski C, Jewells V, et al. Internal auditory canal morphology in children with cochlear nerve deficiency. Otol Neurotol. 2006;27:793-801 pubmed
    ..To describe the internal auditory canal (IAC) and inner ear morphologic characteristics of children with cochlear nerve (CN) deficiency...
  47. Levi J, Looney L, Murray R, Inverso Y, O Reilly R, Morlet T. Auditory nerve function following cochleitis. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2012;76:1696-701 pubmed publisher
    ..Continuous cochlear nerve stimulation at various levels may aid in function recovery after endocochlear inflammation...
  48. Hughes K, Hodgson D. Unilateral ataxia and head tilt in a 7-year-old Thoroughbred stallion. Temporohyoid osteoarthropathy. Aust Vet J. 2006;84:136-7, 141-2 pubmed
  49. Brookler K. Electronystagmography in a patient labeled 'learning-disabled'. Ear Nose Throat J. 2004;83:90 pubmed
  50. Santarelli R, Arslan E. Electrocochleography in auditory neuropathy. Hear Res. 2002;170:32-47 pubmed
    ..These results suggest that ECohG can be useful in AN diagnoses since it is the only reliable tool in evaluating the auditory peripheral function in the presence of a desynchronized ABR...
  51. Landau M, Barner K. Vestibulocochlear nerve. Semin Neurol. 2009;29:66-73 pubmed publisher
    ..In this review, the authors discuss the anatomy of CN VIII, the clinical evaluation of patients with vertigo and hearing loss, and specific disease entities...
  52. Levine R. Tinnitus: diagnostic approach leading to treatment. Semin Neurol. 2013;33:256-69 pubmed publisher
    ..Hyperacusis, a frequent accompaniment of tinnitus, and its treatment are discussed. ..
  53. Thomsen J, Berner B, Tos M. Vestibular neurectomy. Auris Nasus Larynx. 2000;27:297-301 pubmed
    ..Surgical experience is necessary in order obtain good results, the number of patients needing the operation is small and centralization of the treatment is mandatory...